The National Orientation Agency (NOA) in collaboration with the Green World Matters Limited has embarked on Operation keep your environment clean, in an attempt to boost cleanliness and inculcate the habit of frequent sanitation among the people of Kaduna State.. Speaking with journalists at the event, the chief operating officer of the Green World Matters Limited, Mrs. Ladi Faruk, said the essence of the exercise was to sensitise the public on the need to maintain a clean environment that can boost their health and the condition of the area.. "The environment has become very dirty. We asked for volunteers and they came out to participate in the cleaning exercise as you can see. Kaduna has become very dirty. I grew up here in Kaduna and it has never been this dirty. There is the need for environmental sanitation to be enforced because government alone cannot do it. We asked for change and it has come, but we need to participate if the change must become a reality. The Green World Matter ...
Company profile for Fujian Longma Environmental Sanitation Equipment Co. Ltd. including key executives, insider trading, ownership, revenue and average growth rates. View detailed 603686.CN description & address.
Improved sanitation facilities; rural (% of rural population with access) in Middle East and North Africa was last measured at 80.04 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Improved sanitation facilities - rural (% of rural population with access) in Middle East and North Africa.
... was last measured at 94.30 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population with at least adequate access to excreta disposal facilities that can effectively prevent human, animal, and insect contact with excreta. Improved facilities range from simple but protected pit latrines to flush toilets with a sewerage connection. To be effective, facilities must be correctly constructed and properly maintained.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Improved sanitation facilities (% of population with access) in Belarus.
The environmental sanitation situation in Kampalas peri-urban areas was reviewed and investigated through field studies, structured interviews with personnel from key institutions and administration of questionnaires to households in a selected peri-urban settlement (Bwaise III Parish). In this settlement, specific field and laboratory measurements were undertaken so as to create a better understanding of the environmental sanitation situation, anthropogenic pollution loads and their transport and impact (with a focus on Phosphorus) in Kampalas Peri-urban areas in pursuit of interventions for improving the environmental sanitation and protecting the shallow groundwater resource there. The review revealed that the urban poor in Kampala, like elsewhere in developing countries, are faced with inadequate basic services caused by a combination of institutional, legal and socio-economic issues and that the communities coping strategies are in most cases detrimental to their health and well-being. ...
1. The National Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Program (NRWSSP) was developed with the involvement of all the key stakeholders. The GRZ and other stakeholders are strongly committed to its implementation, as are the cooperating partners who have indicated funding to the sector. The program design has taken into account experiences and lessons learnt from past interventions in the water sector, particularly the rural water supply and sanitation sub-sector.. 2The design of the program has taken into account lessons learnt from the Banks RWSSI and the experience of other donors. These lessons include, the adoption of demand driven and program approach based on decentralized implementation by communities, fast tracking through the use of country system and avoiding delays in starting, and implementing the program activities so that the objectives are attained on time.. 3The NRWSSP creates the conditions to improve the sustainability of the sub-sector through a better policy that will enhance ...
The Vessel Sanitation Program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention assists the cruise ship industry to prevent and control the introduction, transmission, and spread of gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses on cruise ships.
The Vessel Sanitation Program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention assists the cruise ship industry to prevent and control the introduction, transmission, and spread of gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses on cruise ships.
A systematic review of the literature on the effects of water and sanitation in schools was performed. The goal was to characterize the impacts of water and sanitation inadequacies in the academic environment. Published peer reviewed literature was screened and articles that documented the provision of water and sanitation at schools were considered. Forty-one peer-reviewed papers met the criteria of exploring the effects of the availability of water and/or sanitation facilities in educational establishments. Chosen studies were divided into six fields based on their specific foci: water for drinking, water for handwashing, water for drinking and handwashing, water for sanitation, sanitation for menstruation and combined water and sanitation. The studies provide evidence for an increase in water intake with increased provision of water and increased access to water facilities. Articles also report an increase in absenteeism from schools in developing countries during menses due to inadequate sanitation
Unsafe sanitation is a massive problem that is becoming more urgent as our global population increases and trends like water scarcity and urbanization intensify. About 4.5 billion people-more than half the worlds population-either practice open defecation or use unsafe sanitation facilities and services. To be effective, sanitation must be carefully managed at all stages, from the point that waste is collected and contained to how it is transported and treated. If there are gaps or breaks at any stage, then harmful human waste flows into surface waters and fields where children play and people of all ages live, eat, drink and bathe.. Poor sanitation, which is widely accepted as a chief contributor to waterborne diseases, is the cause of more than 1,200 deaths of children under five-years-old per day, more than AIDS, measles, and tuberculosis combined. Inadequate sanitation and hygiene were the cause of more than half a million deaths from diarrhea alone, in 2016. Despite the indisputable ...
The cholera epidemic already blamed for more than 1,100 deaths in Haiti could worsen because of poor sanitation in the earthquake-ravaged country, U.S. medical researchers reported Thursday.
More rankings: Africa , Asia , Central America & the Caribbean , Europe , Middle East , North America , Oceania , South America , World , Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on peoples health. Basic and safely managed sanitation services can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and ...
Development Relevance: Sanitation is fundamental to human development. Many international organizations use hygienic sanitation facilities as a measure for progress in the fight against poverty, disease, and death. Access to proper sanitation is also considered to be a human right, not a privilege, for every man, woman, and child. Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on peoples health. Basic and safely managed sanitation services can reduce diarrheal disease, and can significantly lessen the adverse health impacts of other disorders responsible for death and disease among millions of children. Diarrhea and worm infections weaken children and make them more susceptible to malnutrition and opportunistic infections like pneumonia, measles and malaria. The combined effects of ...
This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a rural sanitation intervention, within the context of the Government of Indias Total Sanitation Campaign, to prevent diarrhoea, soil-transmitted helminth infection, and child malnutrition. It is based on a cluster-randomised controlled trial between May 20, 2010, and December 22, 2013, in 100 rural villages in Odisha, India.
Scientist from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory found a simple a reliable way of capturing carbon dioxide from ambient air. This method seems to be better than the current methods since it requires lower energy during carbon dioxide removal and material (guanidine) recycle. The method needs to be improved, so more information could be acquire…
Mineral referss to a group inorganic ions in their elemental from. The essential minerals for nutrition, which must be supplied in the diet, may be classified as :1. Macroelements - essential for the normal development and functioning of the body at levels of 100 mg or more per day.2. Microelements - essential to the body…
Secara alami tubuh memiliki kemampuan untuk melindungi dan meredam dampak negatif dari reaktifitas radikal bebas. Komponen yang dapat melakukan perlindungan tersebut adalah antioksidan. Namun jika jumlah radikal bebas di dalam tubuh banyak daripada jumlah antioksidan yang dihasilkan tubuh maka tubuh memerlukan antioksidan dari luar. Antioksidan dari luar itu dapat diperoleh dari sayur - sayuran, buah…
In a bid to improve the health and well-being of millions of people worldwide, the United Nations on 21 June 2011 launched a major push to accelerate progress towards the goal of halving, by 2015, the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation.. Access to sanitation has been recognized by the UN as a human right, a basic service required to live a normal life. And yet, some 2.6 billion people, or half the population in the developing world, still lack access to improved sanitation.. The drive, "Sustainable sanitation: The Five-Year-Drive to 2015," was established by the General Assembly in a resolution adopted last December that called on Member States to redouble efforts to close the sanitation gap, one of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that world leaders have pledged to achieve by 2015.. The resolution also called for an end to open defecation, the most dangerous sanitation practice for public health and one practiced by over 1.1 billion people who have no ...
Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the rural population using improved sanitation facilities. Improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system,septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the urban population using improved sanitation facilities. Improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system,septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
No wonder George Castanza didnt go to the bathroom in India and it costs the country 54 Billion dollars a year! A lack of toilets and poor hygiene practices in India cost Asias third largest economy almost $54 billion every year, the World Bank said on Monday.. Premature deaths, treatment for the sick, wasted time and productivity, as well as lost tourism revenues, are the main reasons for the high economic losses, the bank said in a report.. "For decades, we have been aware of the significant impacts of inadequate sanitation in India," Christopher Juan Costain, the World Banks head for South Asias water and sanitation programme, told a news conference.. "The report quantifies the economic losses to India, and shows that children and poor households bear the brunt of poor sanitation.". The study "Economic impacts of inadequate sanitation in India" is based on figures taken from 2006, but experts say these remain similar now. It said the largest economic loss was as a result of poor public ...
Halving the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation is the least on-track target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), as 2.5 billion people still lack basic sanitation facilities. A lack of investment in water, hygiene, and sanitation as well as government failure to plan country-wide programs has hindered progress, according to the U.N. Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking Water report…" (Anderson, 11/19).. Thomson Reuters Foundation: Almost two billion people use water contaminated by ...
The projects offer a vastly increased and more equitable provision of water and sanitation services to the project towns. The projects, especially access to public toilets and stand pipes, will bring about significant changes and together with the implementation of micro-finance schemes for household level latrine construction will improve the quality of peoples lives in the project area and tackling poverty, gender and health issues.. The water supply projects vastly increase the access, availability, reliability, quantity and quality of water to each of the project towns, especially benefiting the poor. In common with sanitation projects they will have a significant impact on public health and general living conditions. The projects will reduce the use of water from contaminated sources and those of unreliable quality and yield such as shallow wells and surface water, reducing the incidence of water borne disease.. Increased access to sufficient clean water supplies within 200m of properties ...
Diarrhoeal diseases are still a major challenge in Nepal because of inadequate safe water supply, poor sanitation and living conditions. However, several other factors such as the literacy rate, socio-economic status, and social, religious or personal perception of the cause of disease may influence the rate of morbidity and mortality of diarrhoeal diseases. A yearly minimum death of 30,000 and morbidity of 3.3 episodes per child was estimated due to diarrhoea. An environmental health education programme, along with water supply and sanitation intervention, is an effective mitigation measure to reduce diarrhoeal diseases in Nepal. ...
This report presents the results of a Global Economic and Sector Work Study on the Political Economy of Sanitation in Brazil, India, Indonesia, and Senegal that was conducted by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and the World Bank. The purpose of the study was to help WSP and the World Bank through a better understanding of the political economy of sanitation in their efforts to support partner countries and development practitioners in the de sign, implementation, and effectiveness of operations that aim to provide pro-poor sanitation investments and se...[Read full description] ...
The expert noted that the Latin American region met the UN Millennium Development Goal target for water in 2010, but the advancements are still not reaching all. Regarding sanitation, the goal remains unachieved and 3 million people still practice open defecation. "Because of stricter definitions for the related goals within the framework of the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development these will reveal an even more dramatic lack of access to safe water and sanitation in the region", he warned. "When people have inadequate living and housing conditions, where they do not have access to safely managed water services, they tend to store water in unsafe ways that attract mosquitos," the UN expert on adequate housing, Leilani Farha, noted. "In addition, poor sanitation systems where wastewater flows through open channels and is disposed of in unsafe pits leads to stagnant water and unfit housing - a perfect habitat for breeding mosquitos." The right to the full enjoyment of the highest attainable ...
Sanitation is a passion, not a job," said Noma Neseni last year at the Global Forum on Sanitation and Hygiene in Mumbai, India. "I became a human rights commissioner because of toilets. What is gender equality or poverty alleviation when we are forced to defecate in the open?". Ms. Nomathemba (Noma) Neseni, the Director of the Institute of Water and Sanitation Development (IWSD) and Human Rights Commissioner in Zimbabwe passed away on 30 August after a short illness.. She took over the leadership of IWSD in mid-2007, after working for a number of years as Deputy Director. Ms. Neseni had extensive experience in the water and sanitation (WASH) sector, ranging from project planning to gender mainstreaming. She wrote a book [1] on WASH financing, which was published in May this year.. At IWSD, Deputy Director Mr. Lovemore Mujuru has taken up the post of Acting Executive Director.. Ms. Neseni served for many years as the National Coordinator for Zimbabwe for the Water Supply and Sanitation ...
Sanitation inspectors, auditors, foremen... Sanitation inspectors, auditors, foremen... Sanitation inspectors, auditors, foremen... Sanitation inspectors, auditors, foremen... Sanitation inspectors, auditors, foremen... Chartered Accountant CA ICAI Chartered Accountants CA ICAI CAinINDIA ICAI Announcements Accounting Standards CA News ICAI Students ICAI Members Case Laws CPT IPCC Final ICAI Course CA Course ICAI Forum CA Question Papers ICAI Study Material
Study reveals impact of combined water and sanitation interventions in rural Bangladesh | Source: ICDDRB, Jan 25, 2013 A study by icddr,b researchers has demonstrated how combined water and sanitation interventions can significantly improve basic hygiene practices in rural communities. This and other encouraging findings were shared during a seminar organised by icddr,b on Thursday,…
BACKGROUND: Parasitic infection is the most prevalent among rural communities in warm and humid regions and where water, hygiene and sanitation facilities are inadequate. Such infection occurs in rural areas where water supplies are not enough to drink and use, and in the absence of environmental sanitation, when the rubbish and other wastes increased, and sewage and waste water are not properly treated. Hence the aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasitosis and associated risk factors ...
The improvement of water quality is closely associated with man-environment relationships. There should be a dialogue between all actors and the community when undertaking water and sanitation activities. For positive results and better sustainability, the community should be involved and participate at all stages of water development and environmental sanitation schemes. A combination of safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene practices like hand washing is a pre-requisite for morbidity and mortality rate reduction, especially among under five years old children in developing countries. To reduce the incidence and prevalence of diarrhoeal diseases, improvements in the availability, quantity, and quality of water, improved sanitation, and general personal and environmental hygiene are required. The majority of people in developing countries do not have access to piped drinking water and must carry; transport and store water within their homes and in the process the quality of water may
Student Rebuilders: The world water crisis has many complex parts that are all related: drinking water scarcity, food insecurity, declining ocean health, gender inequality and climate change-just to name a few. In this blog post, Water Wisdom is focusing on the Sanitation Crisis. Like drinking water, access to sanitation facilities is recognized as a basic human right, yet billions of people continue to live without it, contributing to the spread of disease and even death. Many sanitation activists feel that drinking water gets all the glory, while sanitation remains taboo; but they are both equally essential for a safe and healthy community. Jack Sim, Founder of the World Toilet Organization wants to make toilets as cool as cell phones - read more below to see how his solutions can impact the problem.. There are many things we can choose not to do but we cannot choose not to go to the toilet.. Yet about 40% of all human beings still do not have a proper toilet.. Were at the 11th hour of the ...
Preamble We, the Ministers and Heads of Delegations responsible for sanitation and hygiene in Africa, together with senior civil servants, academics, civil society, development partners and the private sector at the 4thAfrican Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene (AfricaSan), convened by the Government of Senegal with support from the African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW) in Dakar, Senegal, May 25-27, 2015: Recognizing that while an estimated 133 million people living in Africa gained improved sanitation since 1990, the level of progress has not kept pace with demographic change; many countries do not have adequate high-level leadership, financial and human resources to implement existing policies, fail to tackle equity, do not build, manage or maintain sanitation systems and services, or create the large-scale hygiene behaviour change; Mindful that an estimated 61% of people living in Africa do not have access to improved sanitation and that 21% still defecate in the open; Noting that ...
Analyzing the survey results, Camila Gadotti, Professional Service Account Representative for 3M Food Safety Department was surprised there were still a proportion of respondents (though small) who didnt have a cleaning and sanitation program in place. "This is such an important part of food safety and quality, and yet we still have some people who dont have a program in place. Also majority of people still rely on visual check, which is not a good system for a sanitation program.". Since respondents could check more than one choice for which method they used, a lot of people did visual check in conjunction with other microbial or ATP swab testing. Of these methods, Gadotti pointed out that microbial testing, given that it could take 24 to 48 hours to get results, would be a slow process. "In this time frame, the product could have been sold in the market. So while the test results could still be used for corrective steps to improve sanitation, its not the ideal choice for testing.". Instead, ...
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) provide clear targets by 2015 and it turns out that sanitation is by far the largest of all the MDG targets affecting about 40% of the global population. The objective of the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance (SuSanA) is to show how Sustainable Sanitation projects should be planned with participation of stakeholders through capacity development activities. Developing the capacity of societies to collaboratively learn through change and uncertainty is fundamental for sustainability science. The aim of this contribution it is to analyze the role of graph database management (GDM) for improve capacity development and knowledge building in the Sustainable Sanitation framework. We provide a theoretical model with four features of network research: link analysis, social network, pattern recognition and keyword search that we illustrate with some examples. Network research allows us to observe how the information in Sustainable Sanitation is scattered properly ...
This Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation reports on access to drinking-water and sanitation worldwide and on progress towards related targets under Millennium Development Goal 7 to halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The estimates presented in the 2013 report describe the situation as of end-2011. This 2013 update presents country and regional estimates for the year 2011 and global trends in sanitation, open defecation and access to drinking-water for the period 1990-2011. It also introduces the process of formulating proposals for post-2015 targets and corresponding indicators for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH ...
Sanitation has received little attention from law and policy makers, and implementers for a long time although it was not completely outside the purview of laws and policies in India. The past couple of decades have witnessed a significant change in the manner in which sanitation is viewed, both at the national and international levels. While this change is accompanied by a growing interest among academics and practitioners in the policy perspectives on sanitation, the enquiry into its legal dimensions has lagged behind considerably. This book is the first comprehensive study of the right to sanitation and its multiple dimensions with a special emphasis on India. It analyses the right in terms of its narrow understanding focusing on toilets and various broader components, such as its gender, social, environmental dimensions, as well as specific issues such as manual scavenging and the conditions of work of sanitation workers.
Sustainable and Low-Cost Sanitation for the 21st Century essay, buy custom Sustainable and Low-Cost Sanitation for the 21st Century essay paper cheap, Sustainable and Low-Cost Sanitation for the 21st Century essay paper sample, Sustainable and Low-Cost Sanitation for the 21st Century essay sample service online
Hébert, J.R. (1985). Effects of components of sanitation on nutritional status: findings from South Indian settlements. International Journal of Epidemiology, 14(1), 143-152. doi: 10.1093/ije/14.1.143. © 1985 International Epidemiological Association.. ...
At E.P.I.C., we understand the importance of bringing hygiene and sanitation education to the local people, as well as providing them with access to safe, clean drinking water. One of the obvious reasons is that if clean water suddenly becomes available to them, but if they are not made aware of the necessity to collect and store the water in clean containers, then it will immediately become contaminated upon collection.. According to the World Health Organization, no single type of intervention has a greater overall impact on the national development of public health than does the provision of safe drinking water and proper disposal of human excreta. Human feces are the primary source of diarrheal pathogens. Poor sanitation, lack of access to clean water, and inadequate personal hygiene are responsible for an estimated 90 percent of childhood diarrhea (WHO 1997).. Members of E.P.I.C. go into each community after a well has been drilled and the hand-pump has been installed, to teach the women ...
The Directorate of Water Supply and Sanitation Coordination was established in September 1993, as a direct result of the approval by Cabinet of the Water and Sanitation Sector Policy, with the mandate to take full responsibility for the implementation of rural water supply for the rural communities on communal land.. Based on its mandate under the existing legislation and the policy framework, the Directorate of Water Supply and Sanitation Coordination has developed and adopted Vision, Mission and Value statements to guide its activities towards the ultimate Government goal to... promote and maintain the welfare of the people.. The emphasis of the statements is primarily on the clients of the Directorate ofWater Supply and Sanitation Coordination, which are the rural communities living on communal land.. Mission Statement. ...
In 2015 there were 965 million people in the world forced to practise open defecation (OD). The adverse health effects of OD are many: acute effects include infectious intestinal diseases, including diarrheal diseases which are exacerbated by poor water supplies, sanitation and hygiene; adverse pregnancy outcomes; and life-threatening violence against women and girls. Chronic effects include soil-transmitted helminthiases, increased anaemia, giardiasis, environmental enteropathy and small-intestine bacterial overgrowth, and stunting and long-term impaired cognition. If OD elimination by 2030 is to be accelerated, then a clear understanding is needed of what prevents and what drives the transition from OD to using a latrine. Sanitation marketing, behaviour change communication, and enhanced community-led total sanitation (CLTS + ), supplemented by nudging, are the three most likely joint strategies to enable communities, both rural and periurban, to become completely OD-free and remain so. ...
This paper looks at the relationship between economic inequality and urban environmental quality in developing countries, with specific reference to the provision of water and sanitation services. The paper explores the consequences of dual systems, in which a proportion of a city s residents are served by subsidised town water and sanitation facilities, whilst another section of the city has been forced to develop a variety of on-site strategies through their own efforts. A number of conclusions are reached: firstly, it is argued that poorer households are generally more adversely affected by low levels of provision and that standard project evaluation techniques perpetuate this bias; secondly, the cost structure of service provision implies that equal access to a standardised system is more efficient than the differentiated levels of access and treatment which prevail; and, thirdly, it is argued that access to water and sanitation and the means by which such systems are financed can be one of
This area of work aims at supporting Protocol Parties and other states in ensuring safe and efficient management of water supply and sanitation services, by strengthening national capacity and scaling up the uptake of risk-based management approaches. In particular, capacity is built on water safety plan (WSP) and sanitation safety plan (SSP) approaches, based on existing guidance and tools. Following the recognition that sanitation-related matters often receive inadequate political and technical attention in the pan-European region, this programme area had an important focus on sanitation during the triennium of 2017-2019 and will continue to have it in future activities for 2020-2022. There are also close links with the area of work of increasing resilience to climate change, particularly as regards safe management of water and sanitation services during extreme weather events, such as floods and droughts, and safe reuse of wastewater. Activities further substantiate and foster the setting of ...
A water tank installed by the Syrian Arab Red Crescent at a school in Al Adlieh being used as a shelter for internally displaced people. Many people living in temporary shelters are a risk from contaminated water supplies, or a lack of supplies altogether. Some shelters may be able to truck in water, but less reputable firms take water from unsafe sources. SARC volunteers installed this tank and also carry out hygiene promotion at the shelter in Rural Damascus. Ibrahim Malla/IFRC. ...
Tropical diseases directly affect more than one billion people in the developing world each year [1]. Neglected Tropical Diseases, or NTDs, are defined as chronic, debilitating infections that are especially endemic in regions of severe poverty and poor sanitation, and for which treatments and preventions remain largely overlooked [1]. Conditions such as chagas, dengue, lymphatic filariasis, and schistosomiasis represent a small fraction of such infections, yet they account for millions of afflictions each year [2]. Despite the staggering statistics, however, few effective treatments have been made available to plagued populations. Largely found in tropical communities with unsafe drinking water, poor sanitation, and substandard housing, these populations remain socially and medically marginalized on a global scale [1]. In fact, each year only a small fraction of medicines introduced to market by multinational pharmaceutical companies are specifically intended for treatment of tropical diseases ...
The proposed WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) WASH Post 2015 goals for sanitation calls for universal access to basic improved sanitation - by the year 2030. Using largely small scale project approaches that have failed to deliver sustainable sanitation service delivery - especially for the poor -- most countries have not yet achieved the more modest MDG sanitation goals. However, many countries have already started working to achieve the goal of universal access by taking steps to make the transformational changes needed to stop doing
Sanitation and process control costs increased the costs of producing meat and poultry by about 0.5 percent in the period preceding the promulgation of the Pathogen Reduction/Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (PR/HACCP) rule of 1996. However, there was no benefit in trying to avoid these costs. Large slaughter plants and all further-processing plants with poor performance of sanitation and food safety process controls were more likely to exit their industries than other plants. Moreover, the fraction of costs required for sanitation and process control was about the same for large plants as for small plants, suggesting that larger plants were no better able than small plants to absorb sanitation and process control costs. Results also suggest that PR/HACCP raised wholesale meat and poultry prices by about 1 percent. Ollinger, Michael; Mueller, Valerie
The scenario in our country is not very promising. The state of our rivers be it the Ganga, the Yamuna or the Sutlej is deplorable. According to the World Development Report published in 1993, we have the dubious distinction of having the highest percentage of population, nearly 80 per cent without adequate sanitation and about 25 per cent without safe drinking water. Even other developing countries are better than us with regard to sanitation. China has already achieved the target of providing safe drinking water to 80 per cent of its population and sanitation to about 70 per cent. This is not to deny that efforts have been made to improve the situation in our five year plans from time to time.. A water supply and sanitation programme was initiated in 1954 for the supply of adequate safe drinking water and sanitation for the entire urban and rural population. In 1972 an accelerated rural water supply programme was started and the decade of 80s was declared as the drinking water supply and ...
Having to go to the bathroom outside isnt just embarrassing or uncomfortable, it can be dangerous. Open defecation can contaminate water sources and promote the spread of diseases and malnutrition. 946 million people are in need of clean, private toilets and we need international cooperation to see that those people get them.. Read more: Ghana Says "Lets Talk Shit," Because Theyre Fed Up With Open Defecation. Despite being an island, Singapore has no natural water supply and has been threatened by water scarcity. Recognizing its unreliable water supplies and dependence on foreign water resources as vulnerabilities, Singapore developed its own sustainable water systems - including one that turns poop into water. The tiny nation is now a champion not only for clean water, but also for sanitation because good sanitation is key to maintaining clean water supplies and public health.. ...