TY - JOUR. T1 - Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). AU - Pineda, J. A.. AU - Holmes, T. C.. AU - Swick, Diane. AU - Foote, S. L.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). The effects of stimulus intensity, repetition rate, and anesthesia (ketamine 20 mg/kg i.m.) on peak latencies and inter-peak intervals were evaluated. Monkey wave forms consisted of approximately 7 peaks (I-VII), each exhibiting similar latencies across sessions, with later peaks exhibiting greater variability. In some subjects, additional peaks (IIa, IIIa) and slow potentials were recorded. The slow potentials provided a substratum for peaks IV through VII. As with human, monkey peaks exhibited systematic changes in latency with changes in stimulus intensity or repetition rate. These shifts ...
A 17-year-old, 1-kg, colony-housed, male squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) developed clinical signs of congestive heart failure. The monkey presented with lethargy, increased heart and respiratory rates, and mild abdominal distention. The clinical history, laboratory analysis, and radiographic findings were consistent with heart failure due to dilative cardiomyopathy. Gross and microscopic examination of the heart confirmed a dilative cardiomyopathy. This is the first report describing congestive heart failure caused by dilative cardiomyopathy in a squirrel monkey. Spontaneous dilative cardiomyopathy may be infrequently observed in the squirrel monkeys because they are not routinely housed in the research environment during their advancing years ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genetic relationships among three squirrel monkey types. T2 - Implications for taxonomy, biomedical research, and captive breeding. AU - Vandeberg, John L.. AU - Williams‐Blangero, Sarah. AU - Moore, Charleen M.. AU - Cheng, Min‐Lee ‐L. AU - Abee, Christian R.. PY - 1990. Y1 - 1990. N2 - Fourteen electrophoretically variable and 12 monomorphic erythrocytic and serum proteins were used to determine the genetic relationships among Bolivian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis), Peruvian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis), and Guyanese squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus sciureus). The results supported the classification scheme of Hershkovitz (AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 7:155-210, 1984), which is used above. A profile of marker phenotypes can unambiguously discriminate between the two species examined, and can discriminate most S. b. boliviensis from most S. b. peruviensis. All three groups can be distinguished unambiguously by the location of ...
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Summary 3H-labelled 70S RNA of squirrel monkey retrovirus (SMRV) hybridized to a high degree (> 52%) to the DNA of various tissues of two squirrel monkeys. Hybridization of the same probe to DNAs of other primates including New World monkeys (Woolly monkey, capuchin, owl monkey), Old World monkeys (rhesus, African green), apes (gibbon, chimpanzee), and human (A204 cells infected with MPMV) revealed no significant hybridization. Analysis of the kinetics of hybridization indicated that SMRV provirus was present in multiple copies in various squirrel monkey tissues (C 0 t ½ = 120 to 400) and in SMRV-infected A204 cells at a low number of copies (C 0 t ½ = 1500). These results demonstrate that SMRV is an endogenous virus of squirrel monkeys and the first isolated from a New World monkey.
Animals. Adult female squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) weighing between 0.5 and 0.7 kg were purchased from Worldwide Primates (Miami, FL) and quarantined for 1 month according to California State regulations. All care and treatments were carried out in accordance with the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (1996) and were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at the Parkinsons Institute. Monkeys were housed in a room with a 13:11-h light/dark cycle with food given once daily and water ad libitum. Animals were divided into two treatment groups: control (n = 6) and paraquat-treated (n = 8). The paraquat group received one s.c. injection of 2.5 mg/kg paraquat dichloride hydrate (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) per week for 6 weeks and were euthanized 2 or 4 weeks after the final injection. This treatment paradigm was chosen for several reasons. We used a dose of 2.5 mg/kg paraquat because higher doses induced lung toxicity, as previously reported in other species ...
Saimiri has a complicated taxonomic history, and there is continuing disagreement about the number of valid taxa. Despite these controversies, one point of consensus among morphologists has been that the eastern Amazonian populations of squirrel monkeys form a single terminal taxon, Saimiri sciureus sciureus (Linnaeus, 1758). This group is distributed to both the north and south of the middle to lower Amazon River and in the Marajó Archipelago. However, a recent molecular study by Lavergne and colleagues suggested that the Saimiri sciureus complex (comprised of S. s. sciureus sensu lato, S. s. albigena, S. s. macrodon, and S. s. cassiquiarensis) was paraphyletic. The discordance between morphological and molecular studies prompted us to conduct a new multidisciplinary analysis, employing a combination of morphological, morphometric, and molecular markers. Our results suggest the currently recognized taxon S. s. sciureus contains two distinct species, recognized by the Phylogenetic Species ...
Abstract We report a trial in squirrel monkeys of 2 recombinant Plasmodium vivax malaria vaccine candidates based on the circumsporozoite (CS) protein. One recombinant (NSI81 V20), produced in Escherichia coli, contains the repeat region of the CS protein. The other (VIVAX-1) recombinant is yeast-derived and contains the entire repeat domain and part of the surrounding N-terminal and C-terminal regions. Both antigens were administered with alum and muramyl tripeptide as adjuvants. No formulations caused toxic side effects. Both antigens, when administered with alum, induced high levels of sporozoite antibodies in all animals. Another group of animals was immunized with irradiated sporozoites alone. Upon challenge, a few immunized animals did not develop detectable parasitemia and others developed parasitemia only after a prolonged prepatent period. Monkeys immunized with irradiated sporozoites had higher levels of antibody but no increased protection. There was no correlation between protection and
The effects of the dopamine receptor D1 partial agonist, SKF 38393, on behavior maintained by cocaine was assessed in squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus). One group of subjects was trained to press...
Summary Adult cebus (Cebus sp.), patas (Cercopithecus patas), rhesus (Macaca mulatta), and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys were found susceptible to experimental infection with Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae (as evidenced by febrile response, weight loss, antibody production, and recovery of leptospires from hemoculture of some of the animals), although they did not show frank illness. Vervets were similarly susceptible to infection with L. canicola, L. mini georgia, and L. pomona. Leptospiruria was uncommon. Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) given L. icterohaemorrhagiae had in contrast clinically acute leptospiral disease, sometimes fatal, with pronounced icterus and minimal hepatic lesions accompanied by markedly increased indirect bilirubin and normal transaminase levels. The findings suggest that hemolysis may be a significant factor in the early development of jaundice in these animals. In some of the primates tested, the tendency of leptospiral agglutinins to disappear within a few
Why do humans see in all three colors? There isnt a certain answer. Multiple hypotheses have been proposed. Peter Lucas, my former professor, believes our ability to see reds was advantageous in helping our ancestors see young red leaves, which are especially nutritious, against a background that is mostly made up of shades of green (Lucas et al., 1998). Our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and gorillas, consume a diet mainly composed of leaves. Or perhaps we see reds because red fruit is often ripe and therefore we can distinguish ripe fruit against a green background (Allen, 1879; Mollon, 1989; Fleagle, 1999). Yet, if this were the complete answer, wouldnt we expect New World Monkeys, who consume fruit, to see red wavelengths? Another hypothesis suggests that our ability to see shades of red occurred so that male Old World Monkeys could more easily discern the sexual swellings of females that were in estrous (Liman and Innan, 2003 ...
Tolbutamide (TB; 1-butyl-3-p-tolylsulfonylurea) was used for metabolism studies with hepatocytes isolated from the rat, rabbit, dog, and squirrel monkey to validate their usefulness as models for comparative in vivo metabolism. Hepatocytes were prepared by whole liver or biopsy perfusion. TB (3 X 10(-4) M) was metabolized by each of the preparations over a 4-hr incubation period at rates ranging from 175.8 to 9.2 pmol/10(6) cells/min with the rates from hepatocytes from: rat greater than rabbit much greater than squirrel monkey greater than dog. The metabolite profiles determined in extracts of hepatocyte suspensions after 4 hr of incubation showed marked species differences. The major metabolite for the rat and squirrel monkey was 1-butyl-3-p-hydroxy-methylphenylsulfonylurea (73.2 and 46.7% of total metabolites, respectively). p-Tolylsulfonylurea and p-tolylsulfonamide were the major metabolites found in the dog (44.1 and 40.2%, respectively). Rabbit hepatocytes formed mostly ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for Q5IS84 (OPRM_SAIBB), Mu-type opioid receptor. Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis (Bolivian squirrel monkey)
An adult male squirrel monkey with severe bilateral exophthalmia and conjunctivitis was euthanatized. Necropsy revealed, in a sagittal section of the head (Fig. 135), a gray-white mass involving the...
Staphylococcus simiae is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative member of the bacterial genus Staphylococcus consisting of clustered cocci. This species was originally isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of South American squirrel monkeys, Saimiri sciureus, and found to be genetically similar to S. aureus, but more biochemically similar to S. piscifermentans. A draft genome of S. simiae was sequenced. Pantůcek, R; Sedlácek, I; Petrás, P; Koukalová, D; Svec, P; Stetina, V; Vancanneyt, M; Chrastinová, L; Vokurková, J; Růzicková, V; Doskar, J; Swings, J; Hájek, V (September 2005). "Staphylococcus simiae sp. nov., isolated from South American squirrel monkeys". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 (Pt 5): 1953-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63590-0. PMID 16166694. Suzuki, H; Lefébure, T; Bitar, PP; Stanhope, MJ (2012). "Comparative genomic analysis of the genus Staphylococcus including Staphylococcus aureus and its newly described sister species Staphylococcus ...
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Pardini, L; Dellarupe, A; Bacigalupe, D; Quiroga, M A; Moré, G; Rambeaud, M; Basso, W; Unzaga, J M; Schares, G; Venturini, M C (2015). Isolation and molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in a colony of captive black-capped squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). Parasitology International, 64(6):587-590.. Basso, W; Handke, M; Sydler, T; Borel, N; Grimm, F; Sidler, X; Deplazes, P (2015). Involvement of Toxoplasma gondii in reproductive disorders in Swiss pig farms. Parasitology International, 64(2):157-160.. Jurankova, J; Basso, W; Neumayerova, H; Balaz, V; Janova, E; Sidler, X; Deplazes, P; Koudela, B (2014). Brain is the predilection site of Toxoplasma gondii in experimentally inoculated pigs as revealed by magnetic capture and real-time PCR. Food Microbiology, 38:167-170.. Broglia, A; Basso, W (2014). Parasites present in meat and viscera of land farmed animals. In: Dikeman, M; Devine, C. Encyklopedia of Meat Sciences. Oxford: Elsevier, 34-41.. Bacigalupe, D; Basso, W; Caspe, S G; ...
Liptak JM, Vogelnest L, Shimmin AJ, Moses PA, Simpson DJ: Use of osteogenic protein-1 in the management of a nonunion radial fracture in a squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis). Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 14:165-168, 2001. PDF ...
A Black-capped squirrel monkey will typically reach sexual maturation at around 3 years of age for females and 5 years of age for males.[4][6]The yearly reproductive cycle of mature Saimiri has been observed by several researchers to be affected by a number of environmental factors, including the cycles of rainfall and levels of illumination in their habitat. The mating season coincides with the dry season, and will typically result in a single infant being born to each mother.[8]It has been suggested that adult female monkeys are more receptive to environmental cues for the mating season to begin, and the response in males is in part attributed to behavioural and scent cues from the females.[16] During the mating season, males of the species will gain a large amount of subcutaneous upper body fat, leading to what is known as a fatted appearance. Males will also become more irritable and aggressive, fight more frequently for the purpose of achieving dominance within the troop, and engage in ...
It is shaped like its great ancestor, the squirrel monkey. Its body has a waxy covering so that water just slides off. The teeth are both sharp and flat. It is colored multiple shades of green to blend with the forest. Reproduction: The flying tree monkey can only reproduce when it is matured. This takes 7 years for males to mature and 5 years for females. They reprduce in fall, and the birth comes in spring. Social Strucute: The flying tree monkey travels in groups of 8-100. This increases the chances of its survival because if one monkeys sees food predator, then it alerts the whole pack. Locomotion: The flying tree monkey flies (glides) across the trees. It has very strong arms which help it grasp branches to swing on. Symbiotic Relationships: Mutalism-The flying tree monkey shares a mutalistic relationship with the mnoose. The moose guard the territory in change for food from the monkeys. Behavioral Adaptations The flying tree monkey uses tools (sticks and strands) to get insects from ...
Editor,. We read, over and over again, that portions of our community are telling our City Council that for one reason or another, cell phone and/or wireless antennae should not be installed in their neighborhood. That is all well and good. However, if they do not belong in one neighborhood, they should really be excluded from the entire community. Plainly and simply stated, either we do without cell phones, iPhones, and their ilk, or we accept them. Palo Alto City Council, as you consider applications for future installations, please ask the question of those who oppose the application, should we allow this installation or require the removal of all such technology from Palo Alto?. Some should not be protected from blight and health risk while impacting their fellow citizens.. John Baum. El Cajon Way. Palo Alto. Sukkah policy. Editor,. I think it is a sad day for us all when an elderly gentleman cannot erect his sukkah, a clearly temporary structure, as he has done for 11 years.. It is obvious ...
Bond R, Manning E, Clarkson T. The effect of physical conditioning on cardiac performance of squirrel monkeys with coronary atherosclerosis. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1975;74(7):673. doi: .. Download citation file:. ...
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This person had hardly ever left Palo Alto in his life, so I bump into him every year or so eking out a living, sometimes living in an apartment, or with friends, in garages, etc, and occasionally in his car. This guy was one of the nicest people you would, or would not, want to know, meaning he bent over double-backwards to not aggravate and be nice to people but he hardly fits into the typical Palo Alto circles. He would help out old people move and sometimes charge them nothing for it, even though it put him out. He did odd jobs, painting and such in the area, and would hook up with others and work as a team. This guy did not have the management skills to manage his life or work and on one occasion when I would talk to him I understood the devastating effect that messing with these people can have on them. He had had his van towed and did not have the money to pay to get it out. All his tools and possessions were in the van so when it was towed his survival was at stake. Without money he ...
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Lee Daniel Kravetzs Strange Contagion: Inside the Surprising Science of Infectious Behaviors and Viral Emotions and What They Tell Us About Ourselves was born out of tragedy. A series of teen suicides among students and alumni of Palo Altos Gunn High School suggested an epidemic was underway. Kravetz, a new father and resident of Palo Alto, was concerned about his community. What was causing these students to commit suicide? Could the epidemic be stopped? How? These questions prompted Kravetz to explore the way emotions and behaviors are communicated in a society.. Kravetz learns that emotions are not terribly different from communicable diseases. We are highly suggestible creatures, and the emotions of others are easily transmitted. We catch everything from the goals of others around us to courage or bravery or fear to the host of feelings, positive or negative, that others around us bring into the room.. In fact, we are so susceptible to the spread of viral emotions that we dont really even ...
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The primatologist had written to the agency that the trial, which involved observing the effects of nicotine addiction in squirrel monkeys, was "cruel and unnecessary.". 1 Comment. ...
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