TY - JOUR. T1 - Antitobacco media awareness of rural youth compared to suburban and urban youth in Indiana. AU - Zollinger, Terrell W.. AU - Saywell, Robert M.. AU - Overgaard, Amanda D.. AU - Przybylski, Michael J.. AU - Dutta-Bergman, Mohan. PY - 2006/4/1. Y1 - 2006/4/1. N2 - Purpose: This study examined the awareness and impact of antitobacco media messages among rural, suburban, and urban youth. Method: Self-administered questionnaires were received from 1,622, 1,059, and 1,177 middle school (sixth, seventh, and eighth grade) students in rural, suburban, and urban locations, respectively. Logistic regression compared media awareness and impact among the groups, controlling for grade, gender, race, and smoking behavior. Results: Compared to rural youth, suburban youth were more likely to recall media messages about the dangerous health effects of tobacco use (odds ratio [OR] = 1.94) and have their personal choice to use tobacco affected by the messages (OR = 1.85). Suburban and urban youth ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cognitive function, body mass index and mortality in a rural elderly Chinese cohort. AU - Gao, Sujuan. AU - Jin, Yinlong. AU - Unverzagt, Frederick. AU - Cheng, Yibin. AU - Su, Liqin. AU - Wang, Chenkun. AU - Ma, Feng. AU - Hake, Ann. AU - Kettler, Carla. AU - Chen, Chen. AU - Liu, Jingyi. AU - Bian, Jianchao. AU - Li, Ping. AU - Murrell, Jill R.. AU - Clark, Daniel. AU - Hendrie, Hugh. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Background: Previous studies have shown that poor cognition and low body mass index were associated with increased mortality. But few studies have investigated the association between cognition and mortality across the entire cognitive spectrum while adjusting for BMI. The objective of this study is to examine the associations between cognitive function, BMI and 7-year mortality in a rural elderly Chinese cohort. Methods: A prospective cohort of 2,000 Chinese age 65 and over from four rural counties in China were followed for 7-years. Cognitive function, BMI and other ...
Data from the 1984 National Health Interview Surveys Supplement on Aging are used to examine the relationship between health status & health care use among rural elderly. Measures of health status include self-perceived health, functional limitations, & limitations in activities of daily living; health service use is measured by number of doctors office visits & hospital stays. Logistic regression reveals that rural residence does not have a significant effect on either health status or service use, once various demographic characteristics are controlled, except for lower use of doctors by nonmetropolitan & farm residents. This discrepancy may be due to differences in types of illness, health beliefs, strength of informal care networks, or availability of public & private insurance.. ...
The impact of poverty on rural youth by Wayne L. Larson; 1 edition; First published in 1969; Subjects: Attitudes, Economic conditions, High school students, Rural poor, Social conditions
Hello all,. I am very pleased to be part of this important discussion. In regards to the challenges that rural youth preparing for and accessing decent work face, we cannot ignore the issue of hazardous exposures that may negatively affect the long term health and development of our future rural workers. When we discuss issues of decent work for youth in rural settings, we often speak about the right to security, the right to education; yet the fundamental human right to health is often left out of the equation. This is where we need to speak up, and I hope that we can use this medium for reminding us all of its importance. The threat of occupational illness and disease in this young cohort must be a matter of international concern.. The Challenge: The age of young workers in question in this forum, aged 15 to 17, coincides with the World Health Organizations (WHO) definition of adolescence, as the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood. This ...
This report explores the issue of urban-rural differences in Europe according to a number of quality of life domains, namely: income and deprivation; housing; employment and education; work-life balance; access to work, school, family, friends and services; and subjective well-being.
Rural population (% of total population) in Guinea was last measured at 62.84 in 2015, according to the World Bank. Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Rural population (% of total population) in Guinea.
Downloadable! Our spatial analysis indicates that in 2000 over one third of the rural population in developing countries was located on less favored agricultural land and areas, which are constrained by biophysical conditions or poor market access. We examine whether these spatial distributions of rural population in 2000 influence subsequent changes in the rate of poverty from 2000 to 2012 in 83 developing countries. We find no evidence of a direct impact on changes in poverty, but there is a significant indirect impact via the elasticity of poverty reduction with respect to growth. If climate change leads to more people concentrated in these areas, or an increase in unfavorable agricultural regions, then the poverty-reducing impact of overall per capita income growth could be further weakened. Reducing poverty will require targeting rural populations in less favored lands and remote areas and encouraging out-migration.
Rural population in Faeroe Islands was last measured at 28907 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Rural population in Faeroe Islands.
Summary and citation information for the document Adolescent Alcohol Use: Do Risk and Protective Factors Explain Rural-Urban Differences? (Working Paper), produced by Maine Rural Health Research Center.
Abstract: The morbidity and the death rate in our country remain a burning issue for both the scientists and the government. These factors show not only the living quality but also the index of all human development. The statistics analysis reveals that the situation with morbidity and the death rate is complicated. In some regions, the morbidity rate decreases while the death rate remains sustainable. In other regions, though, it increases, which harms the whole country. All these factors do not allow our country to stand in line with the most developed countries. However, the situation differs in some regions, where the death and morbidity rates are rather low. The Tyumen Region stands among them. This article observes the morbidity and death rates of rural population in municipal districts of the Tyumen Region. The existing studies show that the numbers for the rural population are bigger than in city districts. Yet in some cases, the rural inhabitants suffer fewer diseases than the city ...
This study aimed to compare the prevalence of hypertension between the island and rural residents in Dalian, China, and to explore associated risk factors of hypertension in order to provide evidence for the establishment of targeted strategy of hypertension prevention and treatment for island and rural residents. The modified MONICA questionnaire survey was performed on 7764 island and rural residents aged ≥40 years (including 2652 island residents and 5112 rural residents). Our data showed that totally weighted prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher in rural residents than in island residents (61.9% vs. 55.2%, P<0.001). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that older age, higher BMI, lower education level, and higher LDL-C and UA levels were independently associated with increased risk of having hypertension both in island and in rural residents. The weighted awareness rate (29.9% vs. 17.3%, P<0.001), treatment rate (51.4% vs.
Rural population, male (% of total) in Lesotho was reported at 36.65 % in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Lesotho - Rural population, male (% of total) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on August of 2020.
Access to an improved water source , rural (% of rural population): Q5 (highest) in Guinea was reported at 75 % in 2012, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Guinea - Access to an improved water source , rural (% of rural population): Q5 (highest) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on August of 2020.
Rural population (persons). Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Rural population, female (% of total) in Germany was reported at 12.06 % in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Germany - Rural population, female (% of total) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on February of 2020.
What makes for a thriving regional economy? And why does it matter? These are questions that a lot of folks out here in rural America are asking every day. Overall, rural population has declined in recent years, according to the U.S. census.. But thats not the full picture. The fact is that some rural areas are thriving, while others are on the decline. (For a detailed look, check out this map: http://ow.ly/BwbMd.). ...
Dwyer, S.; Lauener, R.; Willis-Owen, S.; Genuneit, J.; Horak, E.; Ege, M.; Cookson, W.; Mutius, Erika von; Moffatt, M. (2017): Gene Expression Study Of Childhood Asthma And Atopy In A Rural Environment. In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 195 ...
The blastulas of unique organisms can take many diverse shapes. The unexpressed allele is known as recessive. As mentioned,, a monophyletic clade includes one particular ancestor and all its descendants.. The fertilized egg is currently known as a zygote. Fertilization happens internally. After the zygote splits into two cells, its known as a two-celled embryo.. For example, genetic counselors are professionals working with families who might be impacted by genetic diseases. This fact is extremely inconvenient for people who wish to take care of embryonic and fetal human beings as property. Many frown upon the expenses of cloning on account of the time-to-cost ratio.. You will be amazed at the variety of puzzled expressions. Lifetime of a few of these universes is too short. It takes a prolonged quantity of time for a product to result for the sum of money it costs to generate a clone.. Furthermore, it features the light source. Gastrulation proceeds differently depending on the organism its ...
How useful is gender in explaining the economic roles of Africas rural peoples? by Michael W. Warner; 1 edition; First published in 1996
I should point out that the percentage of residents moving away from rural counties was actually higher in the 1950s, 1960s and 1980s. Whats changed is a steady decline through the decades in natural population growth (births minus deaths) in rural America. In hundreds of rural counties, most in fact, deaths are now outpacing births.. This is because more and more young people are moving away from rural areas in search of better job opportunities in the cities. This has happened before, but its getting to the point where there just arent that many young people around anymore. This explains why the average age in rural America is on the rise.. Immigrants from abroad have brought new vitality to many US cities. Yet as of 2013, foreign-born residents made up only 2.4% of the rural population vs. 7.9% in metropolitan areas. Part of this is because rural residents are much more suspicious of immigrants, according to the WAPO/Kaiser survey.. Rural residents are nearly three times as likely, 42%, as ...
Read about a project to establish and compare smoking prevalence, smokeless use/dual use, and tobacco use risk factors between urban and rural youth and families.
Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. More info » ...
Health promotion for rural populations: Partnership interventions Family & Community Health Wolters Kluwer 0160-6379 10.1097/00003727-199304000-00004
News, features and analyses on Improving the lives of rural populations: better nutrition & agriculture productivity from IPS Inter Press Service - News and Views from the Global South
Total urban and rural population, given as estimates to 2016, and UN projections to 2050. Projections are based on the UN World Urbanization Prospects and its median fertility scenario.
To develop appropriate technology to increase cowpea processing efficiency and encourage increased utilization among Nigerias rural population and urban poor. In the U.S. this research will […]
The Role of Services and Facilities in Population Sustainability of Rural Settlements (Case Study: The Villages in Central Region of Birjand city)
EXCERPT: The number of people living in rural (nonmetro) counties stood at 46.1 million in July 2016-14 percent of all U.S. residents spread across 72 percent of the Nations land area. The rural population declined by 21,000 between July 2015 and July 2016, according to the U.S. Census Bureaus latest population estimates, the sixth consecutive year of modest population losses. Although many rural counties have shown population losses for decades, this is the first period on record of overall rural population decline . . .County population change includes two major components: natural change (births minus deaths) and net migration (in-migrants minus out-migrants). While natural change has gradually trended downward over time, net migration rates tend to fluctuate in response to economic conditions. Since 2010, the increase in rural population from natural change (270,000 more births than deaths) has not matched the decrease in population from net migration (462,000 more people moved out than ...
This paper estimates the impact of the first nation-wide e-commerce expansion program on rural households. To do so, we combine a randomized control trial with new survey and administrative microdata. In contrast to existing case studies, we find little evidence for income gains to rural producers and workers. Instead, the gains are driven by a reduction in cost of living for a minority of rural households who tend to be younger, richer and in more remote markets. These effects are mainly due to overcoming logistical barriers to e-commerce, rather than to additional investments to adapt e-commerce to the rural population. ...
Introduction: Lifestyle of an individual is responsible for sixty percent of his/her state of health. Many studies of this problem indicate that in the style of life of schoolchildren, anti-health behaviours dominate over health promoting behaviours.
Group concept mapping is a means of organizing qualitative data using a set of statistical analysis techniques. It differs from other forms of group data collection by virtue of the fact that, despite some interaction between participants, the data is collected on an individual basis and is then aggregated using statistical analysis. The members of the group then interpret the results in a collective and usually consensual manner to identify the meaning that emerges from the information gathered.. Our analysis sheds light on the differences between individual and collective representations and the progression that occurs in passing from one level to the other.. ...
Europes rural areas are diverse in terms of population, demography, economic and social structures and labour markets. It is this diversity that is part of their richness. Nevertheless, many of Europes rural areas face a common challenge their capacity to create high quality, sustainable jobs is falling behind urban areas.
The area where the health facilities are very uncommon and is located at distance from urban areas is called rural area. Rural areas are deficient of various types of health facilities and also associated with many types of health problems. ...
MORE PEOPLE than ever are living in the small towns, distant suburbs and farms that make up rural America, the government reported Wednesday. About 64.8 million people, or 25 percent of the U.S.
Its official. There are now more Chinese who call home in one of Chinas urban centers than those who remain on the farm. It is a process that began in the late 70s with Deng Xiao Ping opening up Chinas economy, and according to the McKinsey study
White women in the US are living shorter, unhealthier lives, and those living in rural areas are hardest hit. The trend is being blamed in part on drug use and a lack of opportunity.
Background. The extent to which certain maternal, child and family characteristics are associated in families with a 3-year-old child were examined. Method. A total population of families with a 3-year-old child and living in the New Forest were identified. Measures of child behaviour and the maternal GHQ-30 were obtained. Results. Whereas...
The [email protected] Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access. Shodhganga Mirror Site ...
Click for all AYPF resources. Use the advanced search function to find resources by main topic, youth population, policy and legislation, products, or year.
Note: This data has been uploaded by the respective states after calculating the population based on census 2011 and the decadal growth rate. ...
Originally Posted by marmac I doubt honking would accomplish anything. What is he supposed to do ? Speed up to 55 mph? With the size of todays
For many rural Chinese, the dream is to live in a big city. But some people are now rejecting urban life and moving back to the countryside to grow safer food and enjoy a more tranquil existence.
Small Town, Big Sewer Environmental Threat By David Brigham, President of Leelanau Forum The village of Northport lies near the end of the Leelanau Peninsula on
An intensive off-campus course designed for students interested in the intersection of art and the rural environment at CU-Boulder.
Rural Communities at Risk: How Perishing Municipalities in the Japanese Alps Are Actively Seeking Ways to Revitalise Their Populations
A campaign for better broadband in rural parts of Shropshire may grind to a halt unless new people come forward to take up the cause.
Chuvashsko-Sorminskoye Rural Settlement or Chuvash-Sorma Rural Settlement (Russian: Чувашско-Сорминское се́льское поселе́ние; Chuvash: Чăваш Сурăм ял тăрăхĕ, Chăvash Surăm yal tărăkhĕ) is an administrative[1] and municipal division (a rural settlement) of Alikovsky District of the Chuvash Republic, Russia.[2] It is located in the eastern part of the district. Its administrative center is the locality (a selo) of Chuvashskaya Sorma.[2] Rural settlements population: 1,758 (2006 est.).[source?] Chuvashsko-Sorminskoye Rural Settlement comprises sixteen rural localities.[2] The Cheboksary-Yadrin highway crosses the territory of the rural settlement. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Indigenous beliefs and attitudes to AIDS precautions in a rural South African community: An empirical study. AU - Liddell, C. AU - Barrett, Louise. AU - Bydawell, Moya. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. N2 - Background: It was recently hypothesized that indigenous belief systems might have a bearing on attitudes toward HIV/AIDS prevention in Southern Africa (1). Purpose: This article comprises the first empirical test of the hypothesis. Methods: Participants (n = 407) lived in a remote rural area of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, and were divided into younger (18-24 years) and older (35-45 years) cohorts. All participants completed a questionnaire measuring Attitudes to AIDS Precautions, indigenous knowledge, indigenous beliefs about ancestral protection, and indigenous beliefs about illness. Results: Indigenous beliefs pertaining to health behavior emerged as multidimensional in both structure and effect. Among older participants, there were significant associations between indigenous belief ...
In the U.S. diabetes prevalence estimates for adults ≥ 65 years exceed 20%. Rural communities have higher proportions of older individuals and health disparities associated with rural residency place rural communities at risk for a higher burden from diabetes. This study examined the adequacy of care received by older rural adults for their diabetes to determine if older rural adults differed in the receipt of adequate diabetes care when compared to their non-rural counterparts. Cross-sectional data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey were examined using bivariate and multivariate analytical techniques. Logistic regression analysis revealed that older rural adults with diabetes were more likely to receive less than adequate care when compared to their non-rural counterparts (OR = 1.465, 95% CI: 1.454-1.475). Older rural adults receiving less than adequate care for their diabetes were more likely to be: male, non-Caucasian, less educated, unmarried, economically poorer, inactive, a
The prevalence of osteo-arthritis among elderly as per the present study was 56.6%. Community survey data in rural and urban areas of India shows the prevalence of osteoarthritis to be in the range of 17 to 60.6%. The prevalence of osteo-arthritis amongst elderly in rural areas of Amritsar was 60.6%2, while it was 17% amongst the elderly of rural areas of Wardha (Maharastra)3. In Aligarh the prevalence of osteo-arthritis was 30.2%4.. Present study showed significant difference in the prevalence of osteo-arthritis in elderly of rural and urban areas. The low prevalence of osteo-arthritis in rural elderly could be due to differences in their life style. Rural elderly are usually more mobile, (in present study also limitation of movements in rural elderly was significantly less than in urban elderly) have less obesity compared to urban elderly and have better socialinteractions.. The last factor makes rural elderly to divert their minds away from symptoms. It was seen in the present study that peak ...
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All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population. All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. 2000-2030. ,http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population,.. All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster., ,http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population, [assessed 2000-2030]. All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. [Internet]. 2000-2030. Avaliable from: ,http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population,.. All countries compared for ...
This study forms part of FAO s programmes to strengthen forestry activities which directly benefit rural people in developing countries. The linkages through which rural people draw directly on forests and forest products take many forms, ranging from the use of forest land for shifting cultivation to small processing enterprises based upon raw materials from the forest. Some forest products, such as fuelwood, are essential to meeting people s basic needs. In aggregate it is likely that almost all rural people in non-industrial countries depend on forests and trees for at least some of the inputs into their life systems.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). January 12, 2017. A new CDC study demonstrates that Americans living in rural areas are more likely to die from five leading causes than their urban counterparts. In 2014, many deaths among rural Americans were potentially preventable, including 25,000 from heart disease, 19,000 from cancer, 12,000 from unintentional injuries, 11,000 from chronic lower respiratory disease, and 4,000 from stroke. The percentages of deaths that were potentially preventable were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. The report and a companion commentary are part of a new rural health series in CDCs Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.. This new study shows there is a striking gap in health between rural and urban Americans, said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. To close this gap, we are working to better understand and address the health threats that put rural Americans at increased risk of early death.. Some 46 million Americans - 15 percent of ...
The article presents the results of analyses covering the social, economic and demographic structure of Poland's non-farm rural population, that are based on the data provided by the National Census of May 2002. Special attention was given in these analyses to the non-farm rural population's breakdown into the groups of employed, unemployed and vocationally passive persons as well as to the structure of each of these groups according to the criterion of sex, age and the level of education. The structure of the group of employed persons was additionally analysed in accordance with the criterion of the main place of work and the status of employment (hired employees and self-employed persons), whereas the structure of the group of unemployed persons was additionally examined in accordance with the criterion of duration of the search for a job. All the analysed structures of the non-farm rural population were compared with the analogous structures of the urban population. One of the main ...
Migration is an important process of change for rural populations in developing countries. Migration is a primary cause of behaviour change - by their very act of migrating, migrants are different from those who do not migrate. The focus of the current study is male rural-urban migration in Tanzania and its interaction with sexual behaviour. The analysis presents results from a comparison with individual-level analyses of two populations, one (composed of recent rural-urban migrants) in an urban area and one in a rural area. Detailed migration histories (n=96 rural-urban migrants) and in-depth interviews (n=96 rural-urban migrants, n=51 rural residents) form the basis of the study. Three key research questions are addressed: How does the sexual behaviour of migrants differ from that of rural residents? How do HIV knowledge levels vary between rural-urban migrants and rural residents? What factors are associated with either intentions of behaviour change or reported behaviour? The results are ...
In later periods, there are large estates (manorial system) that comprise these settlements, but it may be that such settlements were independent before the establishing of such estates. A crucial point is that most textual evidence dates from the 9th century and not earlier.. Dwellers within an estate might be free or not, dependent or nor, but archaeology is not able to see these differences. Instead, its the economic condition that can be understood from archaeological evidence.. Wickham argues that the rural population was not sufficient to sustain an economy of scale (like the Roman one). Steuer (1997) describes a model of top-down and peer-to-peer exchange, and they can coexist in the same world system.. Grave goods are not local products: they include objects like rings, fibulae and belt fittings. What or who moved these objects? Were they traded or were people carrying them? Whatever the case, these rural populations had access to distribution networks ranging as far as the Alps, as is ...
Latvijos Verslo Portalas / Latvijos ekonominiai rodikliai / Latvija - Rural population growth (annual %) Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Risk-Awareness of Cutaneous Malignancies among Rural Populations. AU - Moore, John. AU - Zelen, Dan. AU - Hafeez, Imran. AU - Ganti, Apar Kishor. AU - Beal, James. AU - Potti, Anil. PY - 2003/12/1. Y1 - 2003/12/1. N2 - The prevention of skin cancer relies not only on the knowledge of the risks of ultraviolet rays, but also on the appropriate measures to minimize solar exposure. We conducted a questionnaire-based survey among a rural population to evaluate perceptions regarding (i) sun-related behaviors, (ii) measures taken to protect themselves, and (iii) self-skin assessment knowledge. Questions included data on patients knowledge of deleterious effects of sun exposure, their habits and perceptions about adequate protection, their knowledge of a suspicious cutaneous lesion, and if a physician had spoken to them about the risks of ultraviolet/solar exposure. One hundred and six adults (38 males and 68 females) seen in a primary care clinic were enrolled in our study. Of these, ...
The overarching goal of this study is to engage rural primary care clinics and community organizations to test interventions designed to increase HPV vaccinations in both male and female patients aged 9-26 years. Using a step-wedge randomized controlled trial, we will design and test the effectiveness of multi-component primary care practice-based interventions on the completion of the HPV vaccine series and will explore implementation timing in high and low functioning practices to determine how specific characteristics affect the delivery of the full series. Additionally, we will design and test the impact of a community organization-based intervention intended to educate the public about HPV and cancer risk and risk reduction via vaccination ...
The overarching goal of this study is to engage rural primary care clinics and community organizations to test interventions designed to increase HPV vaccinations in both male and female patients aged 9-26 years. Using a step-wedge randomized controlled trial, we will design and test the effectiveness of multi-component primary care practice-based interventions on the completion of the HPV vaccine series and will explore implementation timing in high and low functioning practices to determine how specific characteristics affect the delivery of the full series. Additionally, we will design and test the impact of a community organization-based intervention intended to educate the public about HPV and cancer risk and risk reduction via vaccination ...
Children are exposed to environmental contaminants by placing contaminated hands or objects in their mouths. We quantified hand- and object-mouthing frequencies of Bangladeshi children and determined if they differ from those of U.S. children to evaluate the appropriateness of applying U.S. exposure models in other socio-cultural contexts. We conducted a five-hour structured observation of the mouthing behaviors of 148 rural Bangladeshi children aged 3-18 months. We modeled mouthing frequencies using 2-parameter Weibull distributions to compare the modeled medians with those of U.S. children. In Bangladesh the median frequency of hand-mouthing was 37.3 contacts/h for children 3-6 months old, 34.4 contacts/h for children 6-12 months old, and 29.7 contacts/h for children 12-18 months old. The median frequency of object-mouthing was 23.1 contacts/h for children 3-6 months old, 29.6 contacts/h for children 6-12 months old, and 15.2 contacts/h for children 12-18 months old. At all ages both hand- and object
The Study Coordinating Center (SCC) of the RURAL Cohort Study will be at the School of Medicine at Boston University under the leadership of principal investigator, Vasan Ramachandran, MD. The SCC will be responsible for overseeing the overall management of the study, including investigators, cores, and RURAL infrastructure. The SCC will also coordinate with the NHLBI project office and the various external monitoring boards and committees.. The Pulmonary Core of the RURAL Cohort Study will be led by the School of Medicine at Boston University under the leadership of George OConnor, MD along with his colleague, Hector Marquez, MD. The Pulmonary Core will be responsible for the measurements of minor and major spirometry, as well as the interpretation of lung CT image. abnormalities.. ...
Under nutrition is one of the major problems among the rural elderly which directly affects their health. In order to understand this problem, Dr. Natarajan has conducted a number of research studies on Geriatric Nutrition in the rural areas. The thrust on nutrition in old age given by Prof. Natarajan has attracted international attention also. Research awards were given to him by the Roussel Scientific Institute, Mumbai and the World renowned Sandoz Foundation for Gerontological Research, Australia for studies on Geriatric Nutrition. Based on the results of his research work Dr.Natarajan has identified the common nutritional deficiencies among the rural elderly, and has formulated low and moderate cost menus suitable for the older persons. Impressed by Dr. Natarajans work on Geriatric Nutrition, Helpage India has published his book NUTRITION FOR BETTER HEALTH IN OLD AGE for National and International circulation. The book is found to be very useful in imparting knowledge on nutritional ...
1. Peer Support and Group Programs - Mental Health and Wellbeing Peer support and group programs connect you with people who understand your experiences, to share stories and learn coping strategies. ...