TY - JOUR. T1 - The Ro ribonucleoprotein particle. T2 - Induction of autoantibodies and the detection of Ro RNAs among species. AU - Mamula, Mark J.. AU - OBrien, Charles A.. AU - Harley, John B.. AU - Hardin, John A.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - High titers of autoantibody specific for the Ro(SSA) ribonucleoprotein are frequently found in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjogrens syndrome. In this study we have analyzed the immune responses to the Ro particle when utilized as an immunogen in animal hosts. Anti-Ro autoantibodies which bound autologous Ro ribonucleoprotein particles were induced in rabbits. In immunodiffusion studies using crude rabbit tissue extracts, the rabbit antibody made a precipitin line of identity with a prototype human anti-Ro serum. In solid-phase assays, the human autoimmune serum and the antigen-induced rabbit serum competed for similar or overlapping epitopes on the Ro particle. The rabbit and human sera precipitated the four Ro RNAs from human cells ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - B cell apotopes of the 60-kDa Ro/SSA and La/SSB autoantigens. AU - Reed, Joanne. AU - Jackson, Michael. AU - Gordon, Thomas. PY - 2008. Y1 - 2008. M3 - Article. VL - 31. SP - 263. EP - 267. JO - Journal of Autoimmunity. JF - Journal of Autoimmunity. SN - 0896-8411. IS - 3. M1 - CC. ER - ...
Principal Investigator:NAKAMURA Kouji, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1997, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:応用微生物学・応用生物化学
Human 52 kDa Ro protein ELISA Kit;Human 52 kDa ribonucleoprotein autoantigen Ro/SS-A ELISA Kit;Human RING finger protein 81 ELISA Kit;Human RING-type E3 ubiquitin transferase TRIM21 ELISA Kit;Human ro(SS-A) ELISA Kit;Human sjoegren syndrome type A antigen ELISA Kit;Human SS-A ELISA Kit;Human tripartite motif-containing protein 21 ELISA Kit;Human RNF81 ELISA Kit;Human RO52 ELISA Kit;Human SSA1 ELISA Kit;Human Ro/SSA ELISA Kit;Human SSA ELISA Kit;Human tripartite motif containing 21 ELISA Kit;Human E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase TRIM21 ELISA Kit;Human Sicca syndrome antigen A ELISA Kit;Human Sjogren syndrome antigen A1 (52kDa, ribonucleoprotein autoantigen SS-A/Ro) ELISA Kit ...
The purpose of this study was to determine whether phosphorylation has an effect on the characteristics of the 60 kD Ro antigen throughout the cell cycle. Cell extracts of synchronized HEp-2 cells were phosphorylated in vitro with exogenous ATP, exam
Small, non-coding Y RNAs are abundant vertebrate RNAs. All four Y RNAs have an essential role in DNA replication and display functional redundancy. As Y RNAs are enriched in human solid tumours, understanding their molecular mechanism during replication and cell proliferation is of high importance. In this issue (p. 1239) Torsten Krude and Eyemen Kheir investigate the expression levels and dynamic association between Y RNAs and chromatin during the cell cycle of cancer and non-cancer cell lines. Although the authors find no differences between cancer and control cell lines, they report that Y RNAs are higher expressed in proliferating cells than in quiescent ones. Y RNAs associate with euchromatin and chromatin-bound RNA levels peak in S phase compared with other cell cycle stages. Furthermore, Krude and Kheir show that Y RNAs associate with early-replicating euchromatin in G1 phase are transiently displaced from active DNA replication foci in S phase and associate again with replicated ...
Clone REA611 recognizes the human CD45RO antigen, a 180 kDa single-chain membrane glycoprotein, which is an isoform of CD45. CD45RO is expressed by most thymocytes, activated and memory T cells, granulocytes, B cell subsets, and monocytes. CD45RO binds to galectin-1 and CD22. CD45RO antibodies are commonly used in combination with antibodies against CD45RA to discriminate memory T cells from naive T cells. Additional information: Clone REA611 displays negligible binding to Fc receptors. - USA
Clone REA611 recognizes the human CD45RO antigen, a 180 kDa single-chain membrane glycoprotein, which is an isoform of CD45. CD45RO is expressed by most thymocytes, activated and memory T cells, granulocytes, B cell subsets, and monocytes. CD45RO binds to galectin-1 and CD22. CD45RO antibodies are commonly used in combination with antibodies against CD45RA to discriminate memory T cells from naive T cells. Additional information: Clone REA611 displays negligible binding to Fc receptors. - Belgique
This review traces the historical development of information regarding the Ro (SSA) and La (SSB) autoantibody systems over the past twenty years. Clinical and serologic findings are integrated with...
Enzyme immunoassay for the determination of IgG antibodies to Ro52antigen in human serum or plasma.SmartEIA kit is specifically designed for automated analysis using the Agility instrument.
Domnevano je, da bolezen povzroča avtoimunska reakcija limfocitov T na določene antigene, ki so izraženi v žlezah slinavkah in solznih žlezah. Gre natančneje za izgubo tolerance pri celicah pomagalkah (CD4+) na lastne antigene, čeprav tarčni antigeni niso znani. Predlagano je bilo tudi, da določeni virusi, ki okužijo omenjene žleze, sprožijo uničujoč imunski odziv preko svojih antigenov. Sicer je izražena tudi sistemska hiperaktivnost limfocitov B. Večina bolnikov ima protitelesa proti ribonukleoproteinskim (RNP) antigenom SS-A (Ro) in SS-B (La); tovrstna protitelesa so prisotna tudi pri bolnikih s sistemskim eritematoznim lupusom (SLE), zato za sindrom diagnostično niso značilna. Ne glede na povzročitelja so glavna tarča duktalne epitelijske celice omenjenih eksokrinih žlez, pa tudi drugih žlez, npr. v nosnem delu žrela (nazofarinksu), zgornjih dihalih ter v nožnici. Histološka preiskava prizadetega tkiva pokaže intenzivno infiltracijo limfocitov (predvsem celic CD4+) ...
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Sera of patients with Sjögrens syndrome often contain autoantibodies directed against non-organ-specific antigens such as immunoglobulins (rheumatoid factors) and extractable nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens (Ro/SS-A, La/SS-B). Ro/SS-A autoantigen consists of two polypeptides (52 and 60 kDa) in conjunction with cytoplasmic RNAs, whereas the 48-kDa La/SS-B protein is bound to RNA III polymerase transcripts. Autoantibodies to Ro/SS-A and La/SS-B antigens are usually detected at the time of diagnosis and are associated with earlier disease onset, longer disease duration, salivary gland enlargement, more severe lymphocytic infiltration of minor salivary glands, and certain extraglandular manifestations. Antibodies to α-fodrin (120 kDa), a salivary gland-specific protein, as well as muscarinic receptor 3 (M3R) also have been found in sera of patients with Sjögrens syndrome. The major infiltrating cells in the affected exocrine glands are activated T and B lymphocytes. T cells predominate in mild ...
We have identified the Saccharomyces cerevisiae homolog of the signal recognition particle (SRP) and characterized its function in vivo. S.cerevisiae SRP is a 16S particle that includes a homolog of the signal sequence-binding protein subunit of SRP (SRP54p) and a small cytoplasmic RNA (scR1). Surprisingly, the genes encoding scR1 and SRP54p are not essential for growth, though SRP-deficient cells grow poorly, suggesting that SRP function can be partially by-passed in vivo. Protein translocation across the ER membrane is impaired in SRP-deficient cells, indicating that yeast SRP, like its mammalian counterpart, functions in this process. Unexpectedly, the degree of the translocation defect varies for different proteins. The ability of some proteins to be efficiently targeted in SRP-deficient cells may explain why previous genetic and biochemical analyses in yeast and bacteria did not reveal components of the SRP-dependent protein targeting pathway.. ...
In 1979, Immuno Concepts pioneered the industry conversion from rodent tissue to HEp-2 cells for detection of ANAs. They followed up with HEp-2000, the only patented ANA substrate genetically altered to improve sensitivity for detection of autoantibodies to SS-A/Ro. Today, Immuno Concepts has the automated solution for IFA assays. Together the AFT3000 and Image Navigator can process a patient sample from collection tube to image-interpretive result, far beyond the darkroom. Come see whats next.. ...
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Depletion of xWRN reduces SSA. (A) Western blot of the depleted NPE. The three lanes on the right are quantitation controls and contain normal NPE at 1%, 2%, an
Anti-Ro & Anti-La antibodies : Guideline for the management of babies born to mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and other autoimmune disorders
Protein-RNA and protein-protein interactions involved in the assembly of the signal recognition particle (SRP) were examined using fluorescence spectroscopy. Fluorescein was covalently attached to the 3′-terminal ribose of SRP RNA following periodate oxidation, and the resulting SRP RNA-Fl was reconstituted into a fluorescent SRP species that was functional in promoting translocation of secretory proteins across the membrane of the endoplasmic reticulum. Each of the two protein heterodimers purified from SRP elicited a substantial change in fluorescein emission upon association with the modified RNA. The binding of SRP9/14 to singly-labeled SRP RNA-Fl increased fluorescein emission intensity by 41% at pH 7.5 and decreased its anisotropy from 0.18 to 0.16. The binding of SRP68/72 increased the fluorescein anisotropy from 0.18 to 0.23 but did not alter the emission intensity of SRP RNA-Fl. These fluorescence changes did not result from a direct interaction between the dye and protein because the ...
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There may be some significant variations in HEp-2 immunofluorescence assay (IFA) staining depending on the manufacturer of HEp-2 cell slides employed. Some autoantigens and epitopes may not be available in some cell preparations. To ensure that the HEp-2 slide in use can detect anti-Ro60/SS-A and anti-La/SS-B staining, appropriate reference materials, such as those from www.AutoAb.org, should be used to verify the HEp-2 slide and other reagents employed in the assay. Experts in the field also advise to have low titer positive controls to test each new batch of HEp-2 slides for appropriate sensitivity. If well-defined standards for anti-Ro60/SSA and anti-La/SS-B do not show nuclear staining, this is a clear indication that the IFA has not been optimized for those autoantigens. The Ro60 autoantigen, in particular, seems to be labile and can be extracted by mild solvents and even prolonged exposure to some buffers. Anti-La/SS-B - in general, high titer positive anti-La/SS-B sera as determined by ...
Campioni di DNA provenienti da 636 individui da 173 famiglie europee in cui sono nati bambini affetti da BAV (119 svedesi, 38 finlandesi, 2 norvegese e 14 italiane) è stato genotipizzato ed è stata eseguita limputazione dei loci HLA di classe I ed HLA di classe II. Dallanalisi è emerso che gli alleli HLA-Cw*06, -DRB1*13, -DQA1*01 e -DQB1*06 conferiscono protezione dallo sviluppo BAV, mentre la trasmissione ai feti di HLA-DQA1*04 conferisce suscettibilità alla malattia. Inoltre, lanalisi ha rivelato che laplotipo DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 13-01:03-06:03 è significativamente associato con la protezione dallo sviluppo BAV, mentre DRB1-DQA1-DQB1 08-04:01-04:02 è significativamente associato con suscettibilità al BAV. Infine, è stato osservato anche un effetto di origine parentale per questi alleli: -Cw*06 è associato una minore trasmissione materna ai bambini affetti, mentre DQB1*06 e DRB1*07 sono associati ad una inferiore trasmissione paterna ...
A double diffusion test system for the screening and semi-quantitative determination of autoantibodies to SS-A/SS-B in human serum. The presence of t...
Anti-CD45RO antibody conjugated to PE/Cy5® [UCHL1] validated for Flow Cyt and tested in Human. Immunogen corresponding to tissue, cells or virus
The human helicase and ATPase up-frameshift suppressor 1 (UPF1), traditionally known as a major player in several RNA quality control mechanisms, is emerging as a crucial caretaker of the stability of the genome. Work from my laboratory has provided
Tested in order to determine the specificity of antibodies that have produced a positive ANA pattern (homogeneous and speckled) on HEp-2 cells. Antigens included are: SSA/Ro60, SSB/La, Sm, nRNP, ...
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All patients in the study group were white; there were 13 females (68.4%), and mean age at implant was 36 ± 10 years. Mean time from pacemaker implantation to rheumatologic evaluation was 13 ± 7 years. Six patients (31.6%) had markers of immunologic disease. One had a previous diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus with ANA, anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-DNA, and anti-Ro/SSA 60 kDa antibody positivity. Five additional patients exhibited connective disease-related antibodies: 5 ANA+ (1 of them anti-Ro/SSA 52 kDa+).. Two patients (10.5%) thus had evidence of antibodies against SS-A/Ro specificities; 1 was positive for Ro/SSA 52 kDa and the other for Ro/SSA 60 kDa. Neither of the patients had a family history of rheumatic disease. In both cases, the AV block was associated with complete left bundle branch block, suggesting an involvement of the Purkinje fibers (in the Ro/SSA 52 kDa case, infra-Hisian block was documented by using intracardiac recordings). AV block was the first and isolated clinical ...
ATLANTA — Among mothers with anti-Ro antibodies who had previously delivered a baby with congenital heart block, hydroxychloroquine was associated with a 50% in risk of that complication in subsequent pregnancies, according to a speaker at ACR/ARP 2019.“Mothers with lupus or who generate anti-Ro antibodies can cause a number of comorbidities, including congenital heart block and skin
Case 2 had a number of features which are more closely associated with SLE. Firstly, there was a history of sun exposure. In this context, it is noteworthy that anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies, which were positive in this patient, are particularly associated with photosensitivity (Sontheimer et al. 1979). One model of the pathogenesis of photosensitivity in SLE proposes that exposure of keratinocytes to ultraviolet light increases the surface expression of Ro antigen. Anti-Ro antibodies would then bind these receptors and precipitate a cutaneous reaction which then begets a systemic reaction (Furukawa et al. 1999). It is tempting to speculate that such a mechanism may have triggered the final illness in Case 2, but this cannot be known for certain. This case showed vascular thrombosis in the affected lymph nodes, a feature which is seen in SLE.. Case 2 also showed focal evidence of haemophagocytosis in the lymph nodes. This was an interesting observation, but one whose significance is uncertain. ...
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and clinical significance of associated metabolic alterations [dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hyperuricemia] in a large series of unselected patients with primary Sjögrens syndrome (SS). METHODS: We analyzed 254 consecutive patients with primary SS who had a complete analytical followup study for at least 5 consecutive years. The control group consisted of 254 age and sex-matched patients without systemic autoimmune diseases consecutively followed during the same period in a primary care center. RESULTS: In comparison with controls, patients with primary SS showed a higher frequency of dyslipidemia (47% vs 33%; p = 0.002), DM (28% vs 18%; p = 0.006), and hyperuricemia (9% vs 4%; p = 0.007). The mean age at SS diagnosis was 10 years greater in patients with DM (p , 0.001) and hyperuricemia (p = 0.009). Hypercholesterolemia was associated with a lower frequency of immunological markers such as anti-Ro/SSA antibodies (p = 0.001), anti-La/SSB ...
Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA. 2011 Sep-Oct;2(5):686-99. doi: 10.1002/wrna.85. Epub 2011 Apr 21. Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt; Review
Author: Ranjan, A. et al.; Genre: Journal Article; Published online: 2017-05-18; Open Access; Title: Signal recognition particle prevents N-terminal processing of bacterial membrane proteins.
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