The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease, including HIV infection; alcohol and other drug use; tobacco; unhealthy dietary behaviors; inadequate physical activity. YRBSS also measures the prevalence of obesity and asthma among youth and young adults.
Risk Perception Leading to Risk Taking Behaviour Amongst Farmers in England and Wales, Health and Safety Executive (HSE), ADAS Consulting Ltd books
The majority of young people in Middlesbrough dont get involved in risk taking behaviour, but if they do, there are a number of professionals and agencies who work to support them.
Each year, approximately three million cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) occur among teenagers (1), and approximately one million become pregnant (2). Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is the sixth leading cause of death among persons aged 15-24 years in the United States (3). Unprotected sexual intercourse and multiple sex partners place young persons at risk for HIV infection, other STDs, and pregnancy. To determine trends in sexual risk behaviors among high school students, CDC analyzed data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) for the years 1991, 1993, 1995, and 1997. This report summarizes the results of this analysis, which indicate that, from 1991 to 1997, the percentage of U.S. high school students who had ever had sexual intercourse decreased, and the prevalence of condom use among currently sexually active students increased. The YRBS, a component of CDCs Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, measures the prevalence of health-risk behaviors among ...
Abstract: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences of colorism on perceived harm of sexual risk taking behaviors among 243 African American adolescent females. Additionally, this study sought to examine the potential moderating role of cultural pride reinforcement messages and cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages. Hierarchal linear regressions were conducted to examine the studys hypotheses. The findings revealed that higher levels of acceptance of Eurocentric standards of beauty were associated with lower levels of perceived harm of sexual risk taking variables. However, further analyses revealed that this relationship did not remain significant. Additionally, neither cultural pride reinforcement messages or cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages served as significant moderators in the relationship between colorism and perceived harm of sexual risk taking.. Colorism and perceived sexual risk taking among African American adolescent girls: where does ...
This study aimed to determine demographic, behavioural and self-report disease/treatment variables among HIV-infected individuals (n = 666) that predict unprotected intercourse with a partner of unkno
Researchers are increasingly exploring the role of emotions in interactive decision‐making. Recent theories have focused on the interpersonal effects of emotions-the influence of the decisionmakers expressed emotions on observers decisions and judgments. In this paper, we examine whether people assess others risk preferences on the basis of their emotional states, whether this affects their own behavior, and how this assessment matches others actual behavior. To test these ideas, we used an experimental Stag Hunt game (n = 98), and included non‐trivial financial consequences. Participants were told (truthfully) that their counterparts previous task had left them happy, fearful, or emotionally neutral. People who were told their counterparts were fearful reported that they expected less risky decisions from these counterparts than people told their counterparts were neutral or happy. As a result, given that the Stag Hunt is a coordination game, these participants were themselves less
Four focus groups , each of 10-15 males, ages 20-50 years old, MSM will be conducted by a medical sociologist. Two groups will be HIV negative participants and two groups of HIV positive MSM. Every group will meet for two hours. The focus group will be recorded and the collected data will be processed further for evaluation and extraction of the relevant information.. The volunteers will sign an inform consent prior to entrance to the study. ...
Four focus groups , each of 10-15 males, ages 20-50 years old, MSM will be conducted by a medical sociologist. Two groups will be HIV negative participants and two groups of HIV positive MSM. Every group will meet for two hours. The focus group will be recorded and the collected data will be processed further for evaluation and extraction of the relevant information.. The volunteers will sign an inform consent prior to entrance to the study. ...
Sex differences in risk seeking behaviour, emergency hospital admissions, and mortality are well documented. Males are more likely to be admitted to an
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was developed by the Centers for Disease Control to monitor priority health-risk behaviors among students nationwide. Chicago Public Schools has administered the Youth Risk Behavior Survey since the surveys inception in 1991. The YRBS is administered every other year to a random sample of middle school and high school classrooms. Student participation is voluntary and anonymous. Topics covered include unintentional injuries and violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, physical activity and obesity and asthma. The data are used to:. ...
N.C. Division of Public Health / Surveillance and Evaluation Team / 919-707-5425 / www.ncpublichealth.com State of North Carolina / Department of Health and Human Services / www.dhhs.state.nc.us N.C. DHHS is an equal opportunity employer and provider. The N.C. Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N.C. YRBS) provides a critical source of public health data for understanding the scope of injury-related problems and measuring progress toward overall goals among public school students. N.C. YRBS is a comprehensive statewide sample of 2,000 middle and 2,300 high school students from across the state. Every other spring in odd years, a core set of injury-related questions are asked along with other health and risk-factor questions. Risk-factor variables include information such as alcohol use, seat belt use and physical assault. The sampling scheme is intended to generate a statewide representative sample of weighted data. Increasing school district participation and data utilization are two keys for future ...
REFERENCES. 1. Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Silva GA, Menezes AM,Monteiro CA, Barreto SM, et al. Chronic noncommunicable diseases in Brazil: Burden and current challenges. Lancet. 2011; 377(9781):1949-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60 135-9. [ Links ] 2. MacArthur GJ, Smith MC, Melotti R, Heron J,Macleod J, Hickman M, et al. Patterns of alcohol use and multiple risk behaviour by gender during early and late adolescence: The ALSPAC cohort. J Public Health. 2012; 34(Suppl. 1):i20-30. http://dx. doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fds006. [ Links ] 3. Hurrelmann K, Richter M. Risk behaviour inadolescence: The relationship between developmental and health problems. J Public Health. 2006; 14(1):20-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10389-005-0 005-5. [ Links ] 4. Spring B, Moller AC, Coons MJ. Multiple healthbehaviours: Overview and implications. J Public Health. 2012; 34(Suppl. 1):i3-10. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1093/pubmed/fdr111. [ Links ] 5. Guedes DP, Guedes JE, Barbosa DS, Oliveira JA,Stanganelli LCR. ...
Abstract:We elicit and estimate risk preferences for a pool of young adults in the UK, and explore their links with healthy eating and risky health behaviours. We construct the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) as an overall indicator of nutritional quality, and we use it to complement the body mass index BMI. While for females we find no significant association between the BMI and risk preferences, males with high BMI appear more risk-seeking. However, this association disappears when controlling for the quality of the diet. For males, the HEI is significantly associated with risk preferences. Males smoking status is not associated with risk preferences.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mental health, social support, and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among HIV-negative adolescent sexual minority males. T2 - three U.S. cities, 2015. AU - For The NHBS-YMSM Study Group. AU - Agnew-Brune, Christine B.. AU - Balaji, Alexandra B.. AU - Mustanski, Brian. AU - Newcomb, Michael E.. AU - Prachand, Nik. AU - Braunstein, Sarah L.. AU - Brady, Kathleen A.. AU - Hoots, Brooke E.. AU - Smith, Justin S.. AU - Paz-Bailey, Gabriela. AU - Broz, Dita. PY - 2019/12/1. Y1 - 2019/12/1. N2 - We examined the association between mental health issues, social support, and HIV among adolescent sexual minority males (SMM), who are disproportionally affected by HIV. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men (NHBS-YMSM) data among SMM aged 13-18 years were collected in three cities (Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia). Separate log-linked Poisson regression models were used to estimate associations between mental health issues and social support ...
This study looks at the effects of ownership structure, and on the risk taking behaviour of banks in Ghana. Using data from twenty-one (21) banks during 2000-2010, the study employs random effects panel data regressions. The results show that banks prefer to hold high excess reserves instead of lending to borrowers when they perceive the markets to be risky. Locally owned banks tend to be more efficient in managing their risk than foreign-owned banks while closed corporations tend to perform better in managing risk than locally-owned banks. ...
Although some adults may want this to be the standard, it is far from accurate in describing the world of todays teenagers. The reality is that sexual behavior is almost universal among American adolescents. Eighty-five percent of young adults ages 18 to 24 and 56 percent of adolescents ages 15 to 17 report having "been with someone in an intimate or sexual way (including but not limited to intercourse)."1 In addition, 66 percent of adolescents and young adults ages 15 to 24 report having engaged in oral sex.2. According to data from the 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 48 percent of all high school students and 65 percent of high school seniors report having engaged in sexual intercourse.3 A similar survey of college students found that 80 percent of students 18 to 24 years of age had engaged in sexual intercourse.4 In addition, studies have found that even those young people who remain virgins during their teen years ...
What issues affect looked after children?. Children in care and care leavers are more likely to experience poor health, educational and social outcomes. Young people leaving care in the UK are five times more likely to attempt suicide than their peers.(28). Few children or young people choose to become looked after. A high percentage enter the care system as a result of abuse or neglect, their experiences are also likely to have included one or more of the following: domestic violence, substance misusing parent(s), poverty, homelessness, the loss of a parent, or inadequate parenting. Whilst many remain in the care system only for brief periods, a considerable number spend a significant proportion of their childhood in care.. Children and young people who are looked after have the same core health needs as other young people, but what happens during childhood influences adult well-being and the likelihood of risk taking behaviours, employment, the development of ill health and disease. Looked ...
You will provide advice and guidance, identify evidence based specialist training and develop curriculum resources to support schools to improve the health and wellbeing of children and young people. Areas of responsibility could include building resilience, emotional health and wellbeing, sexual health, healthy relationships, diet and nutrition, physical activity, healthy eating, smoking and tobacco, substance misuse and risk taking behaviours. You will quality-assure the work of external providers of public health/health and wellbeing interventions, and work with schools and providers to embed a financially sustainable model of training delivery in the specified areas ...
The model developed by using further analysis of our data demonstrated some other associations. Children were more likely to wear helmets than adults, had a higher incidence of accidents in summer months, and were less likely to be involved in motor vehicle accidents. Summer cycling accidents were less likely to involve motor vehicles, presumably because of improved weather conditions and longer day length as well as proportionately more children on bicycles. Our model was unable to show direct links between some factors. For example, helmet use and motor vehicle involvement were conditionally independent for each given age group and for whether a head injury was sustained. This absence of a difference in the rate of motor vehicle involvement for helmet wearers and non-wearers sheds some light on the vexed issue of risk taking behaviour since it means within each age group and head injury category helmet wearers and non-wearers were just as likely to be involved in the more serious type of ...
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At baseline (October to November 2014), 37 peer support groups for YLHIV were established in Luwero and Nakasongola districts. During this same time period, we recruited a cohort of 473 support group members, aged 15-24 years. After a 9-month intervention period (January to September 2015), we completed the end-line survey with 350 members of the original cohort. Multivariate logistic regression analysis applied to longitudinal data was used to assess changes in key outcomes from baseline to end line.. Results ...
The proposed Center for Prevention Implementation Methodology (Ce-PIM) for Drug Abuse and Sexual Risk Behavior is designed to accelerate research through the ap...
Three measures of risk-taking and four measures of performance were employed to investigate the effects of fear of failure (FF) on these two variables. All Ss were required to participate in all tests and seven hypotheses were formulated and examined within the general areas stated above. In the area of risk-taking, it was found that as the subjective failure became more intense, the high FF Ss tended to take fewer and fewer risks. Likewise, FF was found to have a debilitating effect on three of the performance tasks employed. The previous finding that high FF Ss set wider confirming intervals (CIs) than low FF Ss was also substantiated. Two questionnaires (Risk-Taking and Performance) were administered in attempts to obtain more direct indices of the effects of FF motivation in these two areas. Neither questionnaire proved to be as successful as the behavioral measures. (Author)(*PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)
This article explores the influence of competitive conditions on the evolutionary fitness of risk preferences, using the professional competition between fund managers as a practical example. To explore how different settings of competition parameters, the exclusion rate and the exclusion interval, affect individual investment behavior, an evolutionary model is developed. Using a simple genetic algorithm, two attributes of virtual fund managers evolve: the amount of capital they invest in risky assets and the amount of excessive risk they accept, where a positive value of the latter parameter indicates an inefficient investment portfolio. The simulation experiments illustrate that the influence of competitive conditions on investment behavior and attitudes towards risk is significant. What is alarming is that intense competitive pressure generates risk-seeking behavior and diminishes the predominance of the most skilled. Under these conditions, evolution does not necessarily select managers with ...
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently analyzed data from Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) conducted between 1991 and 1997 ...
Purpose: Teenagers have high rates of risky behavior including drug/alcohol use, smoking, sexual activity which affect health. Risky behaviors are prevalent in the United States, England, Australia, Canada and among Newark teenagers. This presentation describes: global perspectives on risky behaviors in teenagers; an intervention to reduce risky behaviors; gender differences on outcomes. The intervention guided by Banduras social learning theory focused on sexuality discussions, mentoring, health/fitness classes, cultural events, community service, and recognition. Methods: Pretest post-test design. Four intervention (n=230 girls;n=221 boys)/five comparison schools(n=134 girls; n=110 boys) participated. Intervention participants were randomly selected. Comparison participants were convenience sample. Intervention/comparison schools were matched on demographic variables. Instruments: AFL Core and Demographic Questionnaires. Pearson Chi Square, Mann Whitney U statistics and .05 level of ...
Data from the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapies were examined to assess whether there are associations between neurocognitive functioning and risky behaviors among people living with HIV. Among the 658 HIV positive study participants examined, median age was 41 years; 57% were white, 32% were black, and 11% were Hispanic or of another ethnicity; 77% were male; 53% were men who have sex with men; median baseline cd4 count was 464 cells/mm3; 78% had a viral load ...
Humans and animals learn from experience by reducing the probability of sampling alternatives with poor past outcomes. Using simulations, J. G. March (1996) illustrated how such adaptive sampling could lead to risk-averse as well as risk-seeking behavior. In this article, the author develops a formal theory of how adaptive sampling influences risk taking. He shows that a risk-neutral decision maker may learn to prefer a sure thing to an uncertain alternative with identical expected value and a symmetric distribution, even if the decision maker follows an optimal policy of learning. If the distribution of the uncertain alternative is negatively skewed, risk-seeking behavior can emerge. Consistent with recent experiments, the model implies that information about foregone payoffs increases risk taking. ...
Health risk behaviours rising for most age groups, but some improvements in young people page on the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare website
Recent research shows that adolescents area high-risk group for HIV infection, and that educational campaigns designed to reduce risk taking concerning HIV/AIDS have been largely ineffective with this population. It is probable that irrational psychodynamic processes underlie this risky behavior. In order to explore these behaviors, a sample of...
Just over two-thirds (66.9%) of college-aged women engaged in unprotected sex during their last sexual encounter involving alcohol.
We are basically risk averse. Most of the people that you think are going to be risk-averse, are. For example, older workers, workers with seniority, and those in stereotypically risk-averse industries (e.g., retail banking) are more risk averse than others where other variables are constant.. INFOSEC got most of its people from banking, and most from a very conservative bank that never really changed its ways from the old "Bankers" vs. everyone mentality. Managers at any bank, especially those with long tenure, are much more risk averse than managers from other industries.. But because INFOSEC is a high-end consulting firm, it will attract risk-taking candidates. This will create a striking imbalance within the company, between the old guard from the bank and the new, risk-taking employees. The account executives and the owner are all from a large, conservative bank. They are indeed risk-averse, not understanding that they can take certain risks with clients and still maintain a good ...
The American Camp Association is a community of camp professionals who, for over 100 years, have joined together to share our knowledge and experience and to ensure the quality of camp programs. Because of our diverse 11,000 plus membership and our exceptional programs, children and adults have the opportunity to learn powerful lessons in community, character-building, skill development, and healthy living - lessons that can be learned nowhere else.. ...
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Risky health behaviors which includes tobacco and alcohol use, sexual activity, and rash motor vehicle driving are declining among the American youth.
Many educators agree that risk-taking is a quality that they want to encourage in their classrooms, but it may be difficult to support it in the classroom. We may tell students that they can learn from making mistakes, but who wants to make a mistake if theyre being graded? The notion of working for high…
The head of the U.S. House of Representatives Financial Services Committee Friday said investment banks should not face the same capital rules as commercial banks, but that risk-taking restraints were needed.
Stoke boss Mark Hughes wants to see both greater defensive discipline and more risk-taking in attack from his side when they face Bournemouth this weekend.
Chapter 6. Recommendations for Avoiding Risky Behaviors Make Healthy Choices Background One of the most important things individuals and families can do to promote good health is to make smart choices. Avoiding risky behaviors such as using tobacco or drugs, or abusing alcohol - even driving without a safety belt - can save lives and improve health.
In this data visualization, the authors document trends in abstaining from sex while never married for U.S. women born 1938-1939 to 1982-1983. Using data from the six most recent National Surveys of Family Growth, the authors estimates suggest that for women born in the late 1930s and early 1940s, 48 percent to 58 percent reported abstaining from sex while never married. Abstinence then declined rapidly among women born in the late 1940s through the early 1960s, leveling off at between 9 percent and 12 percent for more recent birth cohorts. Thus, for U.S. ...
In this data visualization, the authors document trends in abstaining from sex while never married for U.S. women born 1938-1939 to 1982-1983. Using data from the six most recent National Surveys of Family Growth, the authors estimates suggest that for women born in the late 1930s and early 1940s, 48 percent to 58 percent reported abstaining from sex while never married. Abstinence then declined rapidly among women born in the late 1940s through the early 1960s, leveling off at between 9 percent and 12 percent for more recent birth cohorts. Thus, for U.S. ...
Lets just get right to it: sex is the best. Its one of the most pleasurable things a person can do, even when youre pregnant. While getting intimate is
There is consensus that education on the prevention of health risk behaviour and an increased repertoire of life skills could facilitate a reduction in health risk behaviours. This article reports on the results of a survey ...
Adolescence is a time when youth make decisions, both good and bad, that have consequences for the rest of their lives. Some of these decisions put them at risk of lifelong health problems, injury, or death. The IOM held three public workshops between 2008 and 2009 to provide a venue for researchers, health care providers, and community leaders to discuss strategies to improve adolescent health.
Your teen is into someone and you have a bad feeling about this kid. You worry that your child will be led into a risky behavior if they stay together. Do you forbid them to hang out? Dr. G has some must-read tips for you.
Health,Concern over side effects of various drugs could be increasing especi...But dont throw the baby with bathwater advise Boston researchers a...In an analysis appearing in the May/June issue of Health Affairs r... You cant evaluate the acceptability of a risk without also lookin...To that end Cohen and a colleague evaluated the risk of dying afte...,Drug,Risks,Must,Be,Balanced,Against,Benefits,,Researchers,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
MENS risk-taking behaviour ensures they are far more likely than women to be involved in major trauma incidents, new figures show.
Last time we met, I implored you to take a damn risk already. This statement is all well and good for me, while I sit safely away from the consequences of your potential failures. But I can assure you, Ive made my fair share of mistakes too. Possibly more than my fair share. Im encouraging you…
Whether youre building your network or pitching a product or angling for a raise or launching your own business, there is one thing you will inescapably have to face: risk. Whether the risk is social ridicule, failure of a product, the inability to repay a loan or loss of credibility, the prospect of failure can be a terrifying one for many people. Thats understandable. Failure affects not only our own lives, but the people around us. If your belief in yourself is low to begin with, you might not be able to cope with the impact of failure well enough to try again.. ...