Title:Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions for HIV Prevention among South AfricanYouth: A Meta-Analytic Review. VOLUME: 11 ISSUE: 7. Author(s):Lori A.J. Scott-Sheldon, Paige Walstrom, Abigail Harrison, Seth C. Kalichman and Michael P. Carey. Affiliation:The Miriam Hospital, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, CORO West, Suite 309, 164 Summit Ave., Providence, RI 02906, USA.. Keywords:HIV, intervention, meta-analysis, sex, South Africa, youth.. Abstract:Objectives: To examine the efficacy of sexual risk reduction interventions among South African youth. Methods: Electronic databases were searched to identify studies published between 2007 and early 2013. Studies were eligible if they (1) targeted youth age 9-26, (2) evaluated sexual risk reduction interventions and (3) reported at least one behavioral outcome. Independent raters coded study characteristics, and intervention content. Weighted mean effect sizes were calculated; positive effect sizes indicated less sexual risk behavior ...
Incarcerated adolescents represent a group at high risk for health consequences associated with risky sexual behaviors. Condom use is more common with non-main than main sex partners and substance use in conjunction with sexual risk also appears to vary by partner type. The research team will conduct a small randomized trial to pilot test a partner-specific HIV risk reduction intervention for currently or recently incarcerated adolescents who report problematic substance use. Participants will be randomized to a 5 session HIV risk reduction group intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model, or a 5 session healthy lifestyles psychoeducation intervention, and then reassessed 3 months after their access to the general community is reinstated. The main hypothesis is that participants in the HIV risk reduction intervention condition will have lower levels of sex-related HIV risk behavior and of substance use in conjunction with sexual risk, relative to those in a healthy ...
Incarcerated adolescents represent a group at high risk for health consequences associated with risky sexual behaviors. Condom use is more common with non-main than main sex partners and substance use in conjunction with sexual risk also appears to vary by partner type. The research team will conduct a small randomized trial to pilot test a partner-specific HIV risk reduction intervention for currently or recently incarcerated adolescents who report problematic substance use. Participants will be randomized to a 5 session HIV risk reduction group intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model, or a 5 session healthy lifestyles psychoeducation intervention, and then reassessed 3 months after their access to the general community is reinstated. The main hypothesis is that participants in the HIV risk reduction intervention condition will have lower levels of sex-related HIV risk behavior and of substance use in conjunction with sexual risk, relative to those in a healthy ...
In this study, oxygen reduction behavior of TiH2 powders during dehydrogenation process was investigated based on thermodynamics. During the hydrogenation–dehydrogenation (HDH) method to fabricate Ti powder, TiH2 was formed from a Ti sponge through hydrogenation annealing, and was easily pulverized even by ball milling due to its brittle nature. The ball milling process caused an increase in the oxygen concentration from 0.133 to 0.282 wt %, and transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron Spectroscopy results demonstrated that the formation of oxide layers such as TiO and TiO2 formed on the surface of the TiH2 powder resulted in the higher oxygen content. Dehydrogenation, which is the process originally conducted to eliminate hydrogen from TiH2, was used to remove and/or reduce oxygen, resulting in the reduction of the oxygen concentration from 0.282 to 0.216 wt %. Thermodynamic calculations confirmed the possibility of oxygen reduction by atomic hydrogen but molecular hydrogen has no
Adult, Aged, Antihypertensive Agents, Biomarkers, Blood Pressure, Cardiology, Cardiovascular Agents, Cardiovascular Diseases, Chronic Disease, Delivery of Health Care, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diabetic Angiopathies, Diagnostic Imaging, Diet, Drug Combinations, Early Diagnosis, Electronic Health Records, Evidence-Based Medicine, Exercise, Female, General Practice, Health Promotion, Hospitalization, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Life Style, Lipids, Male, Medication Adherence, Middle Aged, Nurses Role, Obesity, Patient Selection, Physicians Role, Primary Health Care, Prognosis, Risk Assessment, Risk Reduction Behavior, Self Care, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Smoking Prevention, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological. ...
February - Heart Health. Heart disease remains the number one killer of both men and women in the United States.1 While heart disease is often viewed as something to worry about when you get older, an estimated six in 10 preventable heart disease and stroke deaths happen to people under age 65.2 That is OVER HALF! The key risk factors for heart disease are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. The good news is that heart health can be improved at any age by eating a nutritious diet, exercising most days of the week, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting tobacco. This toolbox contains resources to help find tips and strategies that have proven effective. Fortunately, these same risk reduction behaviors pertain to nearly all chronic conditions. You can promote better health by using the materials located in the toolbox for activities, education, and programs. Remember, its never too late to start protecting heart health. ...
Download The Portfolio Diet For Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction Full Book, Available in PDF, ePub, Tuebl, Textbook and Kindle. Read Online FREE book in a
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed invasive cancer among women. Many factors, both genetic and non-genetic, determine a womans risk of developing breast cancer and several breast cancer risk prediction models have been proposed. It is vitally important to risk stratify patients as there are now effective preventive strategies available. All women need to be counseled regarding healthy lifestyle recommendations to decrease breast cancer risk. As such, management of these women requires healthcare professionals to be familiar with additional risk factors so that timely recommendations can be made on surveillance/risk-reducing strategies. Breast cancer risk reduction strategies can be better understood by encouraging the women at risk to participate in clinical trials to test new strategies for decreasing the risk. This article reviews the advances in the identification of women at high risk of developing breast cancer and also reviews the strategies available for breast cancer prevention.
Context: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a public health concern. Workplace interventions that focus on modifying lifestyle habits may reduce CVD risk factors in people at risk. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program that integrated dietary modification, physical activity, stress management, and behavior modification counseling to reduce the risk of CVD in at-risk adults. Methods: Twelve 1-year cohorts who participated in a comprehensive employer-sponsored lifestyle intervention program targeting diet, exercise, behavior modification, and stress management between 2006 and 2010 at a rural university in Appalachian Ohio were studied. Body composition, fasting glucose and lipid levels, and maximal oxygen consumption were measured at baseline, after 100 days, and at 1 year. Repeated-measures analyses of variance were conducted to compare measures at baseline with measures at 100 days and at 1 year. Results: Seventy-four ...
Dive into the research topics of Projected impact of polypill use among US adults: Medication use, cardiovascular risk reduction, and side effects. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
To review human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk reduction interventions among injecting drug users (IDUs) that have adopted a network approach.,The design and outcomes of selected network-based interventions among IDUs are reviewed using the network concepts of the dyad (two-person relationship), the personal risk network (an index person and all of his or her relationship), and the sociometric network (the complete set of relations between people in a population) and community.,In a dyad intervention among HIV-serodiscordant couples, many of which included IDUs, there were no HIV seroconversions. Participants in personal risk network interventions were more likely to reduce drug risks and in some of these interventions, sexual risks, than were participants in individual-based interventions. Sociometric network interventions reached more IDUs and may be more cost-effective than individual-based interventions.,Network-based HIV risk reduction interventions among IDUs, and others at risk for ...
This study investigated the impact of HeartMaths Power to Change Performance stress and health risk reduction program on physiological and psychological stress and health risk factors in a sample of correctional peace officers. Eighty-eight officers from three facilities were randomized to an experimental group and a wait-list control group. The experimental group participated in the stress and health risk reduction program, which was delivered over two consecutive days. The program included instruction on health risk factors as well as training in positive emotion-focused stress reduction techniques intended to reduce negative emotional arousal, improve physiological balance, increase positive affect, and enhance performance. Learning and practice of the techniques was enhanced by heart rate variability feedback, which helped participants learn to self-generate physiological coherence, a beneficial mode associated with increased efficiency and synchronization in the functioning of physiological
My previous blog on consent touched briefly on the topic of power differentials conferred by hierarchical social positions, which I think warrants further examination on how it impacts sexual violence prevention. Interventions that target individual actions, behaviors, and knowledge are known as risk-reduction strategies. Such strategies rely on the individual capacity to protect oneself from…
The Section for Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation helps those who already have heart and vascular disease and those who are at high risk of developing it with programs that include nutritional services, prescriptive exercise programs, stress testing, multiple cardiovascular risk reduction programs, peripheral vascular rehabilitation program in collaboration with Vascular Medicine, comprehensive cardiovascular care for women, and educational programs for patients and healthcare providers.
The Section for Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation helps those who already have heart and vascular disease and those who are at high risk of developing it with programs that include nutritional services, prescriptive exercise programs, stress testing, multiple cardiovascular risk reduction programs, peripheral vascular rehabilitation program in collaboration with Vascular Medicine, comprehensive cardiovascular care for women, and educational programs for patients and healthcare providers.
Background: The University of Pittsburgh HIV/AIDS program provides care to over 1,500 HIV-infected persons. MSM and MSM who use injection drugs (MSM-IDU) represent 58% of the clinic population. Since 2010, there has been a steady increase in new syphilis diagnoses from 1.5% to 4% with the majority of cases representing re-infection. The CDC RESPECT protocol was adapted for implementation with HIV-positive MSM to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors through client-centered discussions.. Methods: This is a longitudinal descriptive research project intended to inform on: (1) the feasibility of implementing RESPECT using a peer counselor; (2) the compendium of client-identified risk reduction strategies, and; (3) the effectiveness of risk reduction strategies.. Results: Between 9/29/2010 through 7/9/2012, 161 non-duplicated clients were referred to RESPECT. Unsafe oral sex was the predominant sexual risk category (73.1%) followed by unsafe sex involving friends with benefits, group sex, or sex with a ...
The health effects of where people live, work, and interact are well documented, as are the value of neighborhood-level structural interventions designed to improve health. But place-based characteristics that contribute to disparities in HIV transmission and disease burden are poorly understood, possibly resulting in less-effective HIV risk reduction interventions and programming.. ...
Organizations can create a successful risk reduction program by clearly defining and adhering to processes for reporting, investigating and addressing the causes of accidents.. ...
Click Here to Purchase Tickets // GSI TRRP Training 2019 WHO & WHAT:Texas Risk Reduction Program regulations (TRRP; 30 TAC 350) establish con...
Those with ≥150 min per week in moderated or vigorous activities were low risk while those with less than 150 or sedentary activity were higher risk.
To deploy effective COVID-19 prevention and risk reduction strategies, its important to learn the immune response to COVID-19. Heres what we know.
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Purpose: The purpose of this section is to provide a detailed review of high-risk lesions and their associated risk of upgrade at surgical excision in order to guide in management and appropriate risk reduction strategies. Recent Findings:
The Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases IDM, Tübingen Lifestyle Intervention Program TULIP, International Graduate Program 1302
This report summarizes the collaborative efforts, activities and progress of the Pesticide Risk Reduction Program since 2003 in developing and implementing a reduced-risk strategy to manage Ascochyta blight disease of chickpea in Canada. The Programs Ascochyta blight strategy was developed in collaboration with pulse industry representatives including grower groups, commodity experts, researchers, and government specialists.. The objective of this strategy is to reduce risks to humans and to the environment from pesticides used to control Ascochyta blight in chickpea, while helping growers to ensure viable disease management and farm profitability. Within this strategy, pesticide risks and pest management issues are identified, reduced-risk solutions to address these issues are discussed and prioritized, and a plan of actions to support the strategy implementation is developed and carried out.. Chickpea is an important pulse crop in western Canada and is a priority commodity for the Program. ...
The electrochemical properties of two Ni(NNN)X2 pincer complexes are reported where X = Cl or Br and NNN is N,N′-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)bis-aldiminopyridine. Cyclic voltammetry under 1 atm of CO2 suggests electrocatalytic CO2 reduction activity, however, bulk electrolysis shows a poor Faradaic efficiency for
Bhatt DL, Steg G, Miller M, et al. Cardiovascular Risk Reduction with Icosapent Ethyl for Hypertriglyceridemia. N Engl J Med. 2019;380:11-22. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1812792
When the program participants were compared to their control group peers, the program participants had, on average, a 35% lower risk of having Chlamydia than the control participants (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.98; P=.04). Overall, participants in the program condition had higher self-reported condom use during sexual activity in the previous 14 days (P=.004) and 60 days (P
Solicitations of bids for specific implementation projects are posted on the government procurement website, Buyandsell.gc.ca, periodically as the requirements are developed by strategy implementation working groups. Emphasis is on projects that will lead to adoption of reduced-risk pest management tools or systems, and can be implemented within a relatively short timeframe of about three years.. Postings may include requirements for research and demonstration trials, workshops, strategy support (literature reviews, development of a strategic plan, measurement of risk reduction, etc.), and others for implementation of reduced-risk pest management solutions.. For more information, please contact:. Leslie ...
As mentioned, cultural factors may strongly influence risk behaviors of Latinos. For example, machismo may make it more difficult for Latinas to discuss condoms with their partners.(37) This issue was investigated by Suarez-Al-Adam et al.(38) in a sub-sample of Latinas who participated in a larger-scale intervention that recruited participants from sexually transmitted disease clinics and social service agencies in New Jersey.(39) All of the Latinas were recruited from social service agencies. More than half (60%) of the Latina participants had been born in Puerto Rico, 18% were from the U.S., another 18% had been born in Latin America and 4% from the Caribbean. Eighty-three percent of the women chose to be interviewed in English. The investigation compared 2 interventions that both took place over 7 sessions and were conducted in small, all-female groups. The control intervention consisted of a health-promotion information, and the experimental group received an HIV risk-reduction intervention. ...
The massive outbreak of cholera in 2008 that affected over 100 000 people and killed 4 000 and the measles outbreak of 2009 and early 2010 which affected over 10,544 with over 520 deaths, were testimony to the status of the social service system and a wake up call for everyone.. Urgent and important steps needed to be taken to reverse the tide. The Government, with the support of donors, launched several initiatives to address the underlying causes of cholera. These included the Emergency Rehabilitation and Risk Reduction programme, the Bulawayo Water and Sewerage Response programme, and Zim-Fund. These initiatives have contributed to the recovery of the water and sanitation sector and to reductions in cholera cases and other related deaths.. Transition funds were set up in health, education, and child protection which brought partners together to plan and coordinate national scale interventions at sectoral level under the leadership of the ministries of Health and Child Care, Primary and ...
To maximize the public health benefit of expenditures on HIV prevention, treatment and care in Sub Saharan Africa programs are needed that synergistically combine intervention strategies, target the intensity of interventions to attributable risk, support couples to reduce their risk of HIV transmission within the partnership, and facilitate safe and acceptable uptake of available treatment and prevention services. The goal of this study is to advance methodological innovations in the support of cost- effective combination HIV prevention programs. The study will develop reliable indicators for intervention exposure using biometric identifiers, develop indicators that capture dynamic multi-component risk reduction strategies, establish proof of concept for the combination and scalability of proven HIV intervention components never before brought to scale (HIV self-testing, PrEP for discordant couples), carefully assess the safety and acceptance of the strategy, and examine important operational ...
We evaluated the extent to which cardiovascular risk-reducing behaviors are initiated as a result of knowledge of newly detected coronary artery disease, based on test results from noninvasive electron beam computed tomography (EBCT). A total of 703 men and women, aged 28 to 84 years, asymptomatic a …
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness that requires continuing medical care and ongoing patient self-management education and support to prevent acute complications and to reduce the risk of long-term complications. Diabetes care is complex and requires multifactorial risk reduction strategies beyond glycemic control. A large body of evidence exists that supports a range of interventions to improve diabetes outcomes ...
I try to stay up-to-date as much as possible with primary literature, but also review articles and other publications related to diabetes. A recent article caught my eye in late 2018 and has caused a buzz among colleagues, practitioners and other individuals involved with diabetes education and management. In November 2018, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) published the 2018 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on Novel Therapies for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease. This article was timely given the recent updates in the American Diabetes Association and European Association for the Study of Diabetes consensus guidelines on the management of hyperglycemia for type 2 diabetes (T2DM).. In the ACC publication, the focus is solely on patients with T2DM and ASCVD; therefore, the article extensively reviews the role of sodium glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor ...
This is a brand new event for 2021 and will be a roundup of the latest developments Professional Pensions has to offer. This will include regulatory updates, the latest innovation in investments, risk reduction strategies, and funding targets for both DB and DC schemes. This event will take a workshop format with an emphasis on networking with delegates - this will involve smaller groups of delegates and a more informal presentation format. ...
Mediation is known for its several benefits and, according to a recent study, meditation may also help in cardiovascular risk reduction.
Telmisartan Market by Indication (Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk Reduction) and Distribution Channel (Hospital Pharmacies, ...
Ramiril 2.5 MG Capsule is used for hypertension, cardiovascular risk reduction etc. Know Ramiril 2.5 MG Capsule uses, side-effects, composition, substitutes, drug interactions, precautions, dosage, warnings only on | Practo
Ramveda 10 MG Tablet is used for hypertension, cardiovascular risk reduction etc. Know Ramveda 10 MG Tablet uses, side-effects, composition, substitutes, drug interactions, precautions, dosage, warnings only on | Practo
Scientific evidence suggests that its important to use a disciplined lifestyle in preventing chronic diseases. Some research sometimes contradicts that,
A recent study reported in JAMA Oncology evaluated 10-year and 20-year breast cancer-specific mortality following diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma i
Individual-level and group-level risk reduction interventions are effective in increasing condom use and reducing unprotected sex.
This career development program will foster the applicants ability to become an independent investigator by providing didactic course work, structured mentorsh...
The evaluated SMBG-structured lifestyle intervention is applicable to motivate individuals with type 2 diabetes for lifestyle changes. Integration of this short-term, highly motivational, and low-cost intervention into basic therapy for patients without insulin therapy could strengthen patient empow …
Lifestyle changes can have drastic impact on your heart health. Get tips about making lifestyle changes for a healthy heart from Discovery Health.
Posted August 24, 2016. Let?s face it, you?re probably not as successful as you think you should be. Either you?re not making the money you want, you don?t have the relationship(s) you want, or you don?t have the body you want. Or maybe all of these things are true. You?re definitely not alone. The truth is that winning at. read more. ...
If youre wondering how to look younger, try making some of these easy lifestyle changes that have both health and anti-aging benefits.
If someone told you there were simple steps that could minimize bladder leakage, youd probably give them a try. Check out the 5 lifestyle changes you can make today.
Staying Safe participants plan in advance how to access new equipment prior to using drugs.9 They also share harm reduction strategies and new injection ...
Being 16 weeks pregnant is a milestone. PregnancyMama gives you insights into your babys growth, physical, emotional and lifestyle changes you should expect in week 16, with tips on how to cope.