TY - JOUR. T1 - Childhood health problems following planned caesarean delivery at term. T2 - a population-based retrospective cohort study of Scottish data. AU - Black, Mairead Eileen. AU - Mclernon, D.. AU - Norman, J.. AU - Bhattacharya, Siladitya. PY - 2015/4. Y1 - 2015/4. M3 - Abstract. VL - 122. SP - 4. EP - 4. JO - BJOG-An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. JF - BJOG-An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. SN - 1470-0328. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Emotional impact on the results of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic test. T2 - An observational retrospective study. AU - Mella, Sara. AU - Muzzatti, Barbara. AU - Dolcetti, Riccardo. AU - Annunziata, Maria Antonietta. PY - 2017/10/2. Y1 - 2017/10/2. N2 - Background: BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are associated with a higher risk of breast and ovarian tumors. This study evaluated the emotional states of women 1 month after having received the results of the genetic test and assessed eventual associations with the type of outcome, personal/familiar disease history and major socio-demographic variables. Methods: The study, an observational retrospective one, involved 91 women, evaluated 1 month after receiving their results. Patients were administered the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Profile of Mood States and emotional Thermometers. Results: Anxiety was significantly higher than depression (p , 0.001), and 21.3% and 21.3% of the sample were, respectively, possible and probable ...
Background: In the case of life-threatening conditions such as respiratory or cardiac arrest, or the clinical deterioration of the patient, a Code Blue activation may be instigated. A Code Blue activation involves a team of advanced trained clinicians attending the emergency needs of the patient. Aims and objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the number of cases of Code Blue activations, looking at the timing, clinical ward, diagnosis and activation criteria while noting cases where escalation from a Medical Emergency Team (MET) call occurs in one Regional Healthcare Service in Victoria, Australia, over a six-year period. Methods: A quantitative retrospective descriptive study of Code Blue emergencies over a six-year period from June 2010 to June 2016 was conducted. Data collected from the RISKMAN program operating at a single site was imported into SPSS (V 22) for descriptive statistical analysis. A STROBE EQUATOR checklist was used for this study (see File S1). Findings: The majority ...
Game Coaching System Design and Development: A Retrospective Case Study of FPS Trainer: 10.4018/ijgbl.2013040105: This paper is a retrospective case study of a game-based learning (GBL) researcher who cooperated with a professional gamer and a team of game developers to
As Canadas population ages, the location of end of life care (whether at home, extended care facility or hospital) may change depending on the location of death. We carried out a study to identify determinants of the place of death. Data on deaths in British Columbia between 2004 and 2008 were obtained from the Vital Statistics Agency. Place of death was categorized into home, extended care facility, hospital or other. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the effects of age, sex, marital status, residence, place of birth and cause of death on place of death using adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Of the 153,111 deaths in the study, 16.5% occurred at home, 29.0% in extended care, 51.0% in hospital and 3.5% occurred elsewhere. Male deaths were less likely to occur in extended care as compared with female deaths (odds ratio 0.73, 95% CI 0.71-0.75). Age (odds ratio 3.31, 95% CI 3.19-3.45 for those for ≥90 vs 70-79 years), marital status (odds ratio 1.42, 95% CI 1
TY - JOUR. T1 - A retrospective multicenter study on long-term prevalence of chronic pain after cardiac surgery. AU - Claudio, Marcassa. AU - Pompilio, Faggiano. AU - Cesare, Greco. AU - Marco, Ambrosetti. AU - Luigi, Temporelli Pier. PY - 2015/11/11. Y1 - 2015/11/11. N2 - Background There are limited data on sternotomy as a cause of chronic postsurgical pain, mainly restricted to 1 year after surgery. Aims To assess the prevalence of chronic poststernotomy pain and its interference on daily living. Methods In three groups of patients, a standardized telephone interview was obtained at 3 months (nU313), 1 year (nU313), and 3 years (nU319) following the rehabilitation program after cardiac surgery, in 11 rehabilitation centers. Presence, site, and the severity and interference of pain on selected daily living items were assessed. Results The prevalence of pain after cardiac surgery was 35.3% in the 3-month group, 26.8% in the 1-year group, and 19.8% in the 3-year group (P. AB - Background There ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep-related infant deaths in Victoria. T2 - A retrospective case series study. AU - Bugeja, Lyndal. AU - Dwyer, Jeremy. AU - McIntyre, Sara Jane. AU - Young, Jeanine. AU - Stephan, Karen. AU - McClure, Roderick John. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - Background There is general agreement that in some circumstances, sharing a sleep surface of any kind with an infant increases the risk of sudden unexpected death in infancy. There is a paucity of research conducted in Australia examining this issue. This study examines the frequency and distribution of sleep-related infant deaths in a defined population, and reports the proportion that occurred in the context of bed-sharing. Methods A retrospective population-based case series study was conducted of infants (≤365 days) who died in a sleeping context during the period 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2010 in the state of Victoria, Australia. Information about the infant, caregiver, sleeping environment and bed-sharing was collected from a ...
Contributors YY and XM conceived the study, provided overall guidance and revised the manuscript. XM, LW and YY have full access to the data in the study and take responsibility for the data integrity and the accuracy of data analysis. LW, YY and FL designed and supervised the study. QW, HS and DY led the data collection. LW searched the literature, analysed the data, interpreted the results and drafted the manuscript. YZ, DY, ZP, YH, YW, JX, JZ, HZ, YZ and QD collected the data. FL, YY, AY and QX revised the manuscript. All authors contributed to the critical revisions of the manuscript. ...
Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are widely prescribed in people with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to investigate whether SGLT2 inhibitor prescription is associated with COVID-19, when compared with an active comparator. We performed a propensity-score-matched cohort study with active …
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Read Risk Factors for Poor Compliance with Adjuvant S-1 Chemotherapy for Gastric Cancer: A Multicenter Retrospective Study, Annals of Surgical Oncology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
A total of 182 patients were included in this study. Of all the 182 patients, 126 were male (69.23%) and 56 were female (30.77%). The mean age was (56.75±12.45) years. The median follow-up time was 48 months (3-99 months). At the end of the follow-up, 50 patients (27.47%) died due to the disease after a median of 29.74 months and 59 patients (32.42%) had tumor recurrence after a median of 22.12 months. The 5-year cancer-specific survival of all patients was 68.30% (95% CI: 60.16%-75.84%); the 5-year recurrence-free survival was 60.70% (95% CI: 53.16%-68.84%). In the univariate analysis, diabetes mellitus, tumor invasion status, Fuhrman grade, serum album, serum cholestenone, anemia, and neutrophils percentage were associated with the cancer-specific survival and Fuhrman grade, serum album and anemia were associated with the recurrence-free survival. Variables with significant differences on univariate analysis were included in Cox multivariate regression analysis. Multivariate Logistic ...
We present a retrospective multicenter study of pralatrexate treatment outcomes in an Australian practice setting for patients with relapsed/refractor
Tyner, G A and Nolen-Walston, R D and Hall, T and Palmero, J P and Couetil, L and Javsicas, L and Stack, A and Schott, H and Johnson, A and Hardefeldt, L and Gruntman, A and Sommardahl, C and Menzies-Gow, N J and dePedro, P and Norman, T and Fennell, L C and Axon, J E and Lindborg, S and Aceto, H and Boston, R and Engiles, J (2011) A Multicenter Retrospective Study of 151 Renal Biopsies in Horses. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY INTERNAL MEDICINE, 25 (3). pp. 532-539. Full text not available from this repository ...
Older people frequently attend the emergency department (ED) and have a high risk of poor outcome as compared to their younger counterparts. Our aim was to study routinely collected clinical parameters as predictors of 90-day mortality in older patients attending our ED. We conducted a retrospective follow-up study at the Leiden University Medical Center (The Netherlands) among patients aged 70 years or older attending the ED in 2012. Predictors were age, gender, time and way of arrival, presenting complaint, consulting medical specialty, vital signs, pain score and laboratory testing. Cox regression analyses were performed to analyse the association between these predictors and 90-day mortality. Three thousand two hundred one unique patients were eligible for inclusion. Ninety-day mortality was 10.5 % for the total group. Independent predictors of mortality were age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.06, 95 % confidence interval [95 % CI] 1.04-1.08), referral from another hospital (HR 2.74, 95 % CI 1.22-6.11),
Of the 87,702 new adult TB cases in the Free State (2009-2012), 22.8% had an unsuccessful TB treatment outcome, the majority of these cases (18.3%) were co-infected with HIV. As HIV is one of the major factors fuelling the growing TB epidemic [20, 25, 26] - 61% of the TB cases in the province were co-infected with HIV/AIDS, which was slightly lower than the 65% average reported over the same period for South Africa [27] - the analysis of data in this paper was stratified by HIV status. During the study period (2009-2012), the HIV status of the majority (81.4%) of cases was known. In line with the WHO [19] recommendation that all patients with (presumptive) TB be offered HIV testing, it is encouraging to note that by 2014, there was a substantial improvement in the country as a whole, with 93% of TB patients knowing their HIV status [1]. Similarly to other studies [1, 4-7] we found significant differences in treatment outcomes between patients who were HIV-negative and HIV-positive. Over the four ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A retrospective case series evaluating the outcome of implants with low primary stability. AU - Lee, Kwan Joo. AU - Cha, Jae Kook. AU - Sanz-Martin, Ignacio. AU - Sanz, Mariano. AU - Jung, Ui Won. PY - 2019/9/1. Y1 - 2019/9/1. N2 - Objectives: There is a need of more studies on whether low primary implant stability would negatively influence the success of implant therapy. Therefore, this retrospective study analyses outcomes of implants placed with low primary stability and factors that may be related to implant failures. Material and methods: This retrospective study included 156 patients, restored with 169 implants that presented manual rotation within an observed follow-up time of a minimum of 34 days and a maximum of 9.28 years. Descriptive statistics, survival analyses (life tables and Kaplan-Meier estimates) and radiographic assessment based on marginal bone level measurements were performed. This original study was adherent to STROBE guidelines. Results: Seven implants ...
Incidental appendectomy--yes or no? A retrospective case study and review of the literature.: The data from the current survey and literature review support inc
The present study provides a cross sectional view of resource use among IBD patients attending a single centre. We believe this is the most comprehensive available record of the costs associated with IBD for the UK National Health Service. Although there are obvious limitations to the external validity of a single centre study, the characteristics of our patient cohort are very similar to those described for other parts of the UK in terms of demographics, crude incidence and prevalence rates, disease severity and extent, and hospitalisation rates.13,20-27 Clearly, practice patterns may vary between different hospitals with respect to the use of specific pharmaceuticals or surgical techniques, and some larger tertiary centres will attract a patient population that is skewed towards more severely afflicted individuals.. There are significant obstacles to studying the costs of specific diseases in the UK. Diagnostic information is not routinely coded for most ambulatory care episodes and there is ...
Long-term follow-up of a retrospective comparison of reduced-intensity conditioning and conventional high-dose conditioning for allogeneic transplantation from matched related donors in myelodysplastic ...
The hypothesis is that the effectiveness of the infected hip prosthesis revision surgery in a one stage time has a high success rate, even in cases with bone graft use.
This study evaluated the long-term clinical outcomes between Resolute zotarolimus-eluting stent and paclitaxel-eluting stent in patients with small coronary
Three laboratories present a harmonised system for the retrospective comparison of south west Asian heroin. It consists of an improved gas chromatographic (GC) profiling method and a computerised data retrieval. The investigations of the GC were necessary with a view to improve the reproducibility of the system. The necessity of a strict quality control is emphasized. The peaks of the GC profile were investigated for abundance, intensity, GC behaviour (reproducibility) and correlations, 16 of them were selected for describing the heroin profile in the database. The results from intra-lab profile comparisons are reported. The reproducibility of the analysis was good and the variation between the samples was large, thus, allowing conclusions with a high degree of certainty. The criteria of similarity were defined. The system is successfully running in all three labs. In connection with inter-laboratory comparison, the aspects of method harmonisation and standardisation are discussed. It appeared ...
In this multicenter retrospective study, the outcomes of 836 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who underwent transplantation with a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling donor were analyzed according to 2 types of conditioning: reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) in 215 patients, and standard myeloablative (or high-dose) conditioning (SMC) in 621 patients. In multivariate analysis, the 3-year relapse rate was significantly increased after RIC (hazard ratio [HR], 1.64; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.2-2.2; P = .001), but the 3-year nonrelapse mortality (NRM) rate was decreased in the RIC group (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.41-0.91; P = .015). The 3-year probabilities of progression-free and overall survivals were similar in both groups (39% after SMC vs 33% in RIC; multivariate P = .9; and 45% vs 41%, respectively; P = .8). In conclusion, the lower 3-year NRM after RIC is encouraging, since these patients were older (age > 50 years in 73% RIC vs 28% in SMC, P < .001) and ...
Introduction. Complement activating donor specific antibodies may be associated with worse outcomes in a cohort of patients who have undergone HLA-AIT. We looked for differences in renal allograft outcomes in patients with HLA class 1 and class 2 complement activating IgG antibodies.. Methods: We analysed samples from 121 HLA-AIT who had pre-transplant DSA and subsequently underwent direct transplantation.C3d (Immucor) assay was performed at preconditioning/pre-transplant. IgG C3d results were correlated with HLA class and for prediction of rejection and allograft survival.. Results: Of 121 patients,11 had C3d positive IgG DSA for class1 and 31 had C3d positive IgG DSA positive for class 2. 5 patients had C3d IgG DSA positive for both classes. Either class 1 or class 2 C3d positive DSA was not associated with early rejection (p 0..64 and p0.146 respectively). C3d class 1 DSA was not associated with predicting long term graft survival (p 0.1) ...
Our pilot study has established the feasibility of conducting a major record review of adverse events in the United Kingdom. We found that 10.8% of patients admitted to hospital experience an adverse event, with an overall 11.7% rate of adverse events when multiple adverse events are included. About half of these events were judged preventable. A third of adverse events led to moderate or greater disability or death. Some adverse events are serious and are traumatic for both staff and patients. Others are frequent, minor events that go unnoticed in routine clinical care and yet together have massive economic consequences.. This study is primarily a pilot and has certain limitations. The study was small and based on only two hospitals. In addition, the case mix does not accurately reflect hospital practice. The specialties included in the review could have higher rates of adverse events than other specialties. Nevertheless, the specialties we chose constitute a large proportion of inpatient ...
Our pilot study has established the feasibility of conducting a major record review of adverse events in the United Kingdom. We found that 10.8% of patients admitted to hospital experience an adverse event, with an overall 11.7% rate of adverse events when multiple adverse events are included. About half of these events were judged preventable. A third of adverse events led to moderate or greater disability or death. Some adverse events are serious and are traumatic for both staff and patients. Others are frequent, minor events that go unnoticed in routine clinical care and yet together have massive economic consequences.. This study is primarily a pilot and has certain limitations. The study was small and based on only two hospitals. In addition, the case mix does not accurately reflect hospital practice. The specialties included in the review could have higher rates of adverse events than other specialties. Nevertheless, the specialties we chose constitute a large proportion of inpatient ...
Citation : Rutty J E, Woodward H and Rutty G N (2000) A 50 year retrospective study of height, weight and body mass index at the time of death in those aged 16-103. Royal College of Nursing Research Society Annual Conference (Sheffield), 13-15 April ...
Abstract Objective The objective of this retrospective descriptive study was to assess overall survival and disease free survival of patients treated for epithelial ovarian cancer by a gynaecologic-oncologist in a single Dutch peripheral teaching hospital and to identify independent prognostic factors. Study design A retrospective series of 242 patients treated ... read more for epithelial ovarian cancer between 1999 and 2011 at Meander Medical Centre was reviewed. Data on patient, tumour and treatment characteristics were collected. Outcomes were overall survival and progression free survival. Data were analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test and Cox regression analysis. Results Median follow-up was 35 months (range 1-203). Staging procedures were performed in 81 patients of which 63% were complete. 61% of patients had advanced stage disease. In 46%, debulking surgery was complete. Five-year overall survival and progression free survival for all patients was 52% and 47%, ...
This study investigated clinical outcome and post-progression management in a large cohort of French patients with ALK+ NSCLC treated with crizotinib.
In absence of patient-level databases, multi-national, retrospective chart review studies can be undertaken to provide robust naturalistic data to inform evaluations of treatment patterns, resource utilization, costs of care, clinical outcomes and safety.
In this retrospective cohort study, significant rates of serious infections requiring hospitalisation occurred in patients with SLE and with LN in an Australian cohort. The incidence rate of 19.5 infections per 100 patient-years in the LN cohort is comparable to 23.9 infections per 100 patient-years determined by Feldman et al,4 as was the incidence in non-renal lupus in the same study; 10.8 infections per 100 patient-years.. No statistically significant difference was detected in risk of serious infections between the patient groups based on univariable and multivariable Cox regression models. Analysis for incidence was not made in the largest contemporary study comparing both cohorts.4 Nephritis was also not determined to be a significant cofactor in serious infection in an SLE cohort on multivariable regression in Ruiz-Irastorza et als research.21 Furthermore, no statistically significant difference was detected in hospital admissions, hospital length of stay, ICU admission and death within ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Depressive symptoms in the last days of life of patients with cancer: a nationwide retrospective mortality study. AU - Janberidze, Elene. AU - Pereira, Sandra Martins. AU - Hjermstad, Marianne Jensen. AU - Knudsen, Anne Kari. AU - Kaasa, Stein. AU - van der Heide, Agnes. AU - Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Bregje. PY - 2016/6. Y1 - 2016/6. U2 - 10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000722. DO - 10.1136/bmjspcare-2014-000722. M3 - Article. VL - 6. SP - 201. EP - 209. JO - BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care. JF - BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care. SN - 2045-435X. IS - 2. ER - ...
Current ultrasound machines are capable of recording clips using two types of capture: Prospective and Retrospective data collection.
The present study was carried out in the postgraduate department of Pathology at Government Medical College, Srinagar, India, to study the histopathological pattern of thyroid lesions reported a tertiary care hospital in Kashmir retrospectively for a period of three years. During this study, 165 thyroidectomy specimens were analyzed. Their corresponding slides were retrieved and reviewed. Out of these, 37 cases were non-neoplastic and 128 were neoplastic. Among neoplastic cases 40 cases were benign, 87 cases were malignant and one case was diagnosed as having a well differentiated tumor of uncertain malignant potential. Peak incidence was in the third decade of life with female predominance. Among the malignant tumors, the highest incidence was that of papillary carcinoma of thyroid (83.90%), followed by follicular and medullary carcinoma (6.89% each). Colloid goitre (12.72%) was the most frequent entity in the benign category. The remarkable observation of this study was that the neoplastic ...
Background Childhood obesity is a significant health problem in the UK. To date, there is little known about the pattern of change in body mass index (BMI) following renal transplantation in UK paediatric patients. Our objectives in this study were to (i) describe trends in BMI seen in UK patients undergoing renal transplantation in the short and medium term and (ii) identify risk factors predisposing children to excessive weight gain following transplantation.. Methods A retrospective case note review was performed across 12 of 13 paediatric nephrology centres in the UK, with BMI measurements recorded pre-transplantation and for 4 years thereafter. BMI% was used to assess changes in adiposity over time. International Obesity Taskforce definitions of overweight and obesity…. Read Full Article. ...
In Chinese patients with diabetes, having hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels that are too high or too low may be associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease and death, according to a research letter published Jan. 25 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.. In this population-based retrospective cohort study, Eric Yuk Fai Wan, MSc, CStat, of the University of Hong Kong, and colleagues examined 117,389 adult Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes without any history of cardiovascular disease. After a median follow-up of 54.5 to 58.5 months, a J-shaped curvilinear relationship was observed between HbA1c levels and cardiovascular disease incidence, all-cause mortality and other outcomes. An HbA1c range of ≥7.0 percent to ,7.5 percent had the lowest risk of new cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease-related mortality. By comparison, an HbA1c ,6.5 percent or ≥8.0 percent was associated with a ...
Phospholipase Cγ1 (PLCγ1) is highly expressed in human tumours. Our previous studies reported that both stable and inducible PLCγ1 down-regulation can inhibit formation of breast-cancer-derived experimental lung metastasis. Further, high expression of PLCγ1 and its constitutively activated forms (i.e., PLCγ1-pY1253, PLCγ1-pY783) is associated with worse clinical outcome in terms of incidence of distant metastases, but not of local relapse in T1-T2, N0 breast cancer patients. In the present retrospective study, we analysed the prognostic role of PLCγ1 in early breast cancer patients stratified according to the St. Gallen criteria and to their menopausal status. PLCγ1-pY1253 and PLCγ1-pY783 protein expression levels were determined by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays, and were correlated with patients clinical data, using univariate and multivariate statistical analyses. In our series, the prognostic value of PLCγ1 overexpression was restricted to Luminal type tumours. From
The role of paternal factors in determining the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes has received less attention than maternal factors. Similarly, the interaction between the effects of race and socioeconomic status (SES) on pregnancy outcomes is not well known. Our objective was to assess the relative importance of paternal vs. maternal education in relation to risk of low birth weight (LBW) across different racial groups. We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study using Washington state birth certificate data from 1992 to 1996 (n = 264,789). We assessed the associations between maternal or paternal education and LBW, adjusting for demographic variables, health services factors, and maternal behavioral and obstetrical factors. Paternal educational level was independently associated with LBW after adjustment for race, maternal education, demographic characteristics, health services factors; and other maternal factors. We found an interaction between the race and maternal education on risk
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Although little debate exists on the need for advanced neonatal services for the most immature and surgically complex neonates, ongoing controversies exist regarding which facilities are qualified to provide these services and what is the most appropriate measure for such qualification. These issues are, in general, based on the need for comparison of facility experience (measured by patient volume or census), location (inborn/outborn deliveries, regional perinatal center, or childrens hospital), or case mix (including stillbirths, delivery room deaths, and complex congenital anomalies).. Several studies have explored the topic of center experience as measured by volume or census of VLBW infants.30-35 Phibbs et al conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of 48 237 California VLBW infants to examine differences in neonatal mortality among NICUs with various levels of care and patient volumes. When compared with high-volume, high-level centers, the odds ratio of death was 1.19 ...
To quantify the risk and types of sequelae attributable to prior enteric infections, we undertook a population-based retrospective cohort study using linked administrative records. The risk for first-time hospitalization for sequelae was modeled by using Cox proportional regression analysis controlling for other health and sociodemographic factors. We identified a significant increase of 64% in the rate of first-time hospitalization for sequelae for persons with prior enteric infections: 52% for intragastrointestinal sequelae and 63% for extragastrointestinal sequelae compared with first-time hospitalization for those without prior infection. Extragastrointestinal sequelae occurred predominantly during the first 5 years after first-time enteric infection. In contrast, most intragastrointestinal sequelae occurred &gt;10 years later. Infective gastroenteritis during childhood or adolescence increases the risk for first-time hospitalization for intragastrointestinal and extragastrointestinal disease
In a retrospective population-based cohort study involving 92 735 older women with incident invasive breast cancer, Smith and colleagues compared risk of death,
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The impact of deferring critically ill children in referral hospitals away from their designated pediatric critical care unit (PCCU) on patients and the healthcare system is unknown. This population-based retrospective cohort studys goal was to identify the factors associated with deferrals of critically ill children away from their designated PCCU, evaluate patient outcomes as they related to deferrals away from a PCCU and study the impact of the 2010 referral policy implementation.
In the context of an aging population, homecare visits by family physicians may contribute to maintaining older patients at home; however, home visits by family physicians have decreased in number in the last decade with the emergence of homecare-oriented healthcare services. The authors aimed to describe the diversity of activities and evolution over time of home visits by Swiss family physicians. From 2006 to 2015, Vaud family physicians made 451,634 home visits. Most home visits were routine visits while emergency home visits were rare.
A retrospective study on the prevalence, severity and outcomes of intraventricular haemorrhage in infants with a low birth weight in a quarternary hospital in a low- to middle-income country
Cardiologist - heart disease Presentation template. Unique Cardiologist - heart disease Presentation templates with Color Full Variations, Custom Animated
Memorial Hospital in Linkou (CGMH) … ... Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) is a JCI accredited, multi-specialty hospital situated amidst the flourishing district of Linkou, Taiwan. Cureus. Our coordinators will be by your side every step of the way, starting from your appointment, all the way to your airport pickup and hotel accommodations. Methods: The median total, intensive care unit (ICU), and ward costs of LT were US$64,250, $43,357, and $16,138 (currency ratio 1:30), respectively. 3) Take Taxi from Chiayi THSRstation to Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, transportation time is around 10 mins, cost is around USD7. The average cost was NTD$45,709.30 ± NTD$66,697.40 (US$1408.70 ± US$2084.30; US$1 = NTD$32) and average LOS was 13.9 ± 14.1 days (range: 1-129). , The United States had the shortest LOS (6 days) in contrast to Canada with the longest LOS (34-47 days). Chiayi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, certificated by College of American ...
Harm avoidance and depression, anxiety, insomnia, and migraine in fifth-year medical students in Taiwan Ching-Yen Chen,1–3 Nan-Wen Yu,2–4 Tien-Hao Huang,4 Wei-Shin Wang,4 Ji-Tseng Fang2,3,5 1Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan; 2School of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 3Medical Education Research Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 4Department of Psychiatry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; 5Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan Purpose: During medical school training, increased stress, depression, and anxiety are common. Certain personality traits, particularly harm avoidance (HA), may increase the risk of psychopathological disorders, insomnia, and migraine among medical students. This study evaluated the role HA may play on levels of stress, depression, anxiety, and insomnia among Taiwanese medical students starting their fifth and final year of medical school.Patients
Our study investigated health service use for people in the last year of life, comparing those who died with and without Alzheimers disease (AD) documented on the death certificate. Using a population-based retrospective cohort design, and utilizing the Western Australian Data Linkage System for the period 2000-2002 (2.5 years), the study found that 992 people died of either AD alone or AD with at least one other condition recorded on the death certificate. Of those with documented AD, 90.4% were aged 75 or more years, two-thirds were female (68.8%), more than one-half were widowed (59.3%) and the majority lived in a major city (77.0%). Most deceased people had comorbidities recorded on death certificates (90.0%); the majority having either two (34.5%) or three (28.8%) comorbid conditions. Over two-thirds of people aged over 75 years with AD died in a residential aged care facility (RACF, 67.4%), while the greatest proportion of people without AD died in hospital (52.9%). When a comparison was ...
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of nasopharynx: a single-center retrospective study, Shujun Ding, Tongai Jin, Min Xu, Yong Liang, Shoufeng Wang, Lingyun Lv, De Huai
Castor oil as a natural alternative to labor induction: A retrospective descriptive study. Women Birth. 2017 Aug 21;: Authors: DeMaria AL, Sundstrom B, Moxley GE, Banks K, Bishop A, Rathbun L Abstract AIM: To describe birthing outcomes among women who consumed castor oil cocktail as part of a freestanding birth center labor induction protocol. METHODS: De-identified data...
Stroke is a major risk factor for osteoporosis and fractures. No study has evaluated the association between diuretic use and risk of vertebral fracture in stroke patients, although a considerable proportion of stroke patients are prescribed diuretics for hypertension. Our study aimed to investigate whether treatment with thiazides or loop diuretics affects the risk of vertebral fracture after stroke. A population-based propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients with a new diagnosis of stroke between 2000 and 2011 were included. After propensity score matching, 9468 patients were included in the analysis of the effect of thiazides, of who 4734 received thiazides within 2 years after stroke. To analyze the loop diuretic effect, 4728 patients were included, of who 2364 received loop diuretics. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) of vertebral fractures among
Introduction Peking Union Medical College Hospital is set medical treatment 、teaching and scientific research in one of the large level of first-class comprehensive hospital ,which is the clinical college of Peking Union Medical College H
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Splenectomy during cytoreductive surgery in epithelial ovarian cancer Hengzi Sun,1 Xiaoning Bi,1 Dongyan Cao,1 Jiaxin Yang,1 Ming Wu,1 Lingya Pan,1 Huifang Huang,1 Ge Chen,2 Keng Shen1 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China; 2Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China Background: The aim of the study was to analyze the underlying causes and application of splenectomy in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and assess its effect on the surgical satisfaction and prognosis of these patients.Materials and methods: Clinical data of patients with ovarian epithelial cancer treated with cytoreductive surgery were collected from 2000 to 2015 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital.Results: A total of 2,882 patients underwent ovarian cancer cytoreductive surgery at
The COVID-19 outbreak strongly affected Italy, putting a strain on the National healthcare system. Hospitals quickly reorganized the activity to cope with the emergency. This retrospective comparative study aimed to analyze the impact of the lockdown imposed in Italy during the COVID-19 outbreak on acute orthopedic trauma, in order to identify critical issues for improvement and future planning. We collected data on all the trauma admissions to a single University hospital DEA (Department of Emergency and Acceptance) in Rome during the COVID- 19 pandemic lockdown in Italy, comparing them with the corresponding period in 2019. We reported demographic data; the characteristics of the injury, including the anatomical location, fracture, sprain, dislocation, contusion, laceration, whether the injury site was exposed or closed, where the injury occurred, and polytrauma. We also recorded the waiting time in the emergency room and mode of transportation. The study sample was composed of 1199 patients, ...
Acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (AIN) is an uncommon cause of acute kidney injury in children, accounting for less than 10% of cases. There is limited information regarding the range of underlying diagnoses and how these may differ geographically. We undertook a retrospective case note review of consecutive cases of biopsy-proven AIN, presenting to a single UK tertiary paediatric centre, to describe the range of AIN in our caseload, define key characteristics and response to treatment, with the aim of informing paediatric nephrology practice. Cases were identified retrospectively from departmental records. Data extracted included demographics, presenting clinical and biochemical features, renal biopsy histology, treatment and follow-up. Ten cases were identified over 8 years (2007-2014). Age range 6-16 years. Male:Female ratio 1:9. Final diagnoses included 6 tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis syndrome (TINU), 2 idiopathic, 1 sarcoidosis, 1 child with Streptococcal disease. Of the TINU cases,
TY - JOUR. T1 - WE‐G‐BRCD‐01. T2 - A Procedure for Efficient Large‐Scale Retrospective Clinical Studies for Online Adaptive Radiotherapy. AU - Lambrecht, M.. AU - Graves, Y.. AU - Gautier, Q.. AU - Tian, Z.. AU - Kim, G.. AU - Uribe‐sanchez, A.. AU - Jia, X.. AU - Jiang, S.. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - Purpose: Online adaptive radiotherapy (ART) is promising for handling inter‐fraction variations of patients geometry. Before a clinical implementation of this advanced technology, it is necessary to study its potential clinical gains and optimal frequencies to be used for various tumor sites. The goal of this work is to establish and examine a procedure for efficient large‐scale retrospective clinical studies for online ART using a GPU‐based re‐planning platform. Methods: The proposed procedure utilizes an in‐house developed GPU‐based replanning software called SCORE. SCORE starts by applying deformable registration from CT to CBCT and correcting CBCT artifacts and ...
Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has been employed for patients with relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) after up-front ASCT. The present retrospective study aimed to examine the survival benefit from salvage ASCT. Among 446 patients with relapsed MM after up-front single ASCT, 70 patients rec
http://www.njbariatricsurgeons.com/wp-content/uploads/alsnj-logo-color-300x128.png 0 0 Advanced Laparoscopic http://www.njbariatricsurgeons.com/wp-content/uploads/alsnj-logo-color-300x128.png Advanced Laparoscopic2011-11-18 16:28:212017-01-06 21:02:41Routine Drain Placement in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: An Expanded Retrospective Comparative Study of 755 Patients and Review of the Literature ...
My scientific biography reflects my career as an academic cardiothoracic surgeon. Over the years I was engaged both in clinical and basic science research. In both areas I focused on topics that are close and relevant to my clinical practice. Collaboration with other disciplines was key to achieve high-quality research. The early phase of my clinical research is characterized by a series of retrospective analyses of cohorts of patients that were unique because of clinical presentation, the surgical procedure, or unusual complication. Typically these studies were single-center retrospective studies. Most of these studies included evaluation of long-term outcomes with follow-up of ten years or longer. Examples of such studies include assessment of the long-term outcome of patients undergoing allograft aortic valve replacement using various techniques (Ref. # 11, 12, 13), comparison of linear repair vs. endoaneurysmorrhaphy for left ventricular aneurysm (Ref. # 19), long term outcomes of patients ...
The purpose was twofold: (1) to develop a comprehensive profile of patients discharged from an inpatient oncology rehabilitation unit and (2) to explore the relationships between patient characteristics and functional status. A retrospective review of electronic data from all patients discharged from oncology rehabilitation between November 1, 2008, and March 31, 2010, was conducted. Data elements included age, sex, primary language, living arrangements, cancer diagnosis, comorbidities, and admission and discharge Functional Independence Measure (FIM™) scores. Descriptive statistics were compiled for all data elements. General linear regression was conducted to determine the descriptors independently associated with FIM™ discharge and FIM™ change scores. There were 153 eligible records. The patients age ranged from 38 to 97 years (M = 72.6, SD = 12.9); 59.5% were women, and 39.3% lived alone prior to hospitalization. The most common diagnoses were colorectal cancer (n = 45, 28.8%), metastatic
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Department of nuclear medicine at Linkou/Taipei/Keelong Chang Gung Memorial Hospital 長庚核子醫學科(北院區)相關資訊包括:核子醫學新聞,核醫掃描簡介,衛教文件,正子掃描,以及I-131治療病房
Department of nuclear medicine at Linkou/Taipei/Keelong Chang Gung Memorial Hospital 長庚核子醫學科(北院區)相關資訊包括:核子醫學新聞,核醫掃描簡介,衛教文件,正子掃描,以及I-131治療病房
Previous studies of predictors of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have limitations: (1) some focused on patients with clinically recognized chronic kidney disease (CKD); (2) others identified population-based patients who developed ESRD, but lacked earlier baseline clinical measures to predict ESRD. Our study was designed to address these limitations and to identify the strength and precision of characteristics that might predict ESRD pragmatically for decision-makers--as measured by the onset of renal replacement therapy (RRT). We conducted a population-based, retrospective case-control study of patients who developed ESRD and started RRT. We conducted the study in a health maintenance organization, Kaiser Permanente Northwest (KPNW). The case-control study was nested within the adult population of KPNW members who were enrolled during 1999, the baseline period. Cases and their matched controls were identified from January 2000 through December 2004. We evaluated baseline clinical characteristics
A nationwide retrospective study of exogenous lipid pneumonia (ELP) was carried out to update the data on this disease, with emphasis on thoracic computed tomography (CT) scan and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) findings. The inclusion criteria were: 1) presence of abnormal imaging features compatible with the diagnosis of ELP; 2) presence of intrapulmonary lipids; and 3) exogenous origin of the lipid pneumonia. Forty four cases were included (20 males and 24 females; mean age 62 +/- 11 yrs), of which four were occupational (chronic inhalation of cutting mist or oily vapour in an industrial environment). Thirty of the 40 nonoccupational cases were related to aspiration of liquid paraffin used for the treatment of constipation. A condition possibly favouring oil aspiration or inhalation was present in 34 patients (77%), most commonly gastro-oesophageal reflux (n = 20) and neurological or psychiatric illness (n = 14). Fever (39%), weight loss (34%), cough (64%), dyspnoea (50%) and crepitations (45%) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A retrospective case-control study to investigate horse and jockey level risk factors associated with horse falls in Irish Point-to-Point races. AU - Smith, Laura J.. AU - Tabor, Gillian. AU - Williams, Jane. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - Horse racing as a high-risk sport can pose a significant risk to equine welfare. There have been limited epidemiological reviews of fall risk specific to point-to-point racing. This study aimed to identify horse and jockey level risk factors associated with horse falls and compare these to published findings for Hurdle and Steeplechase racing. The study used a retrospective matched case-control design. Relevant variables were identified, and information was collated for all races in the 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons. Cases and controls were matched with a 1:3 ratio. Controls (n=2,547) were selected at random from all horses that completed in the same race (n=849). Horse and jockey level variables were analysed through univariable analysis to ...
This study aimed to identify the incidence rate of Acute kidney injury (AKI) in our center and predict in-hospital mortality and long-term survival after heart transplantation (HTx). This single-center, retrospective study from October 2009 and March 2020 analyzed the pre-, intra-, and postoperative characteristics of 95 patients who underwent HTx. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Risk factors were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression models. The log-rank test was used to compare long-term survival. Thirty-three (34.7%) patients developed AKI. The mortality in hospital in HTx patients with and without AKI were 21.21 and 6.45%, respectively (P | 0.05). Recipients in AKI who required renal replacement therapy (RRT) had a hospital mortality rate of 43.75% compared to 6.45% in those without AKI or RRT (P | 0.0001). A long cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (OR:11.393, 95% CI: 2.183 to 59.465, P = 0.0039) was positively related to the
This multicenter retrospective study shows that the self-expanding and fully retrievable stent-based mechanical thrombectomy device, Solitaire FR revascularization device, can safely and effectively retrieve clots from the large arteries in the anterior and posterior cerebral circulation. Successful revascularization (mTICI 2b or 3) was achieved in 85% of arterial occlusions, resulting in 55% of patients with good functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale ≤2) at 3 months. The good functional outcome was significantly higher in patients treated previously with IV tPA compared with those without. This association may be due to a higher rate of successful revascularization in patients with prior tPA (86% versus 81%) because age, NIHSS score, baseline ASPECTS score, and time to treatment were comparable between groups.. Remarkably, 77% of patients achieved revascularization with ≤2 passes of the device. Hence, the mean number of pass attempts (1.8) was lower than in the previously reported ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adenosine for temporary flow arrest during intracranial aneurysm surgery. T2 - A single-center retrospective review. AU - Bendok, Bernard R.. AU - Gupta, Dhanesh K.. AU - Rahme, Rudy J.. AU - Eddleman, Christopher S.. AU - Adel, Joseph G.. AU - Sherma, Arun K.. AU - Surdell, Daniel L.. AU - Bebawy, John F.. AU - Koht, Antoun. AU - Batjer, H. Hunt. PY - 2011/10/1. Y1 - 2011/10/1. N2 - Background: Clip application for temporary occlusion is not always practical or feasible. Adenosine is an alternative that provides brief periods of flow arrest that can be used to advantage in aneurysm surgery, but little has been published on its utility for this indication. Objective: To report our 2-year consecutive experience with 40 aneurysms in 40 patients for whom we used adenosine to achieve temporary arterial occlusion during aneurysm surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our clinical database between May 2007 and December 2009. All patients who underwent microsurgical clipping of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fetal outcome of lupus pregnancy. T2 - A retrospective case-control study of the Hopkins Lupus Cohort. AU - Petri, Michelle. AU - Allbritton, Jill. PY - 1993/11. Y1 - 1993/11. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907435016&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907435016&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:84907435016. VL - 48. SP - 717. EP - 719. JO - Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey. JF - Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey. SN - 0029-7828. IS - 11. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A busy day effect on perinatal complications of delivery on weekends. T2 - A retrospective cohort study. AU - Snowden, Jonathan M.. AU - Kozhimannil, Katy Backes. AU - Muoto, Ifeoma. AU - Caughey, Aaron B.. AU - McConnell, K. John. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2017 Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. Copyright: Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - Objective To evaluate whether busy days on a labour and delivery unit are associated with maternal and neonatal complications of childbirth in California hospitals, accounting for weekday/weekend births. Design This is a population-based retrospective cohort study. Setting Linked vital statistics/patient discharge data for California births between 2009 and 2010 from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. Participants All singleton, cephalic, non-anomalous California births between 2009 and 2010 (N=724 967). Main outcomes The key exposure was high daily ...
Considering the epidemiology of acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation related to young and active patients, the impact on working capacity is highly relevant. The purpose of this study was to determine the capacity of work and time to return to work (RTW) after AC joint stabilization. We hypothesized that manual working patients show more restrictions returning to work. In this retrospective case series, pre- and posttraumatic working capacity of 54 patients (FU-rate 80.1%, FU time 23, range 18-45 month) stabilized in single TightRope technique was analyzed. Clinical outcome (DASH, Constant-Murley score) and complications were evaluated in addition. Fifty one of 54 patients (94.5%) were returned to work at final follow-up. The median time to return was 13 (5-143) weeks. Manual working patients showed lower RTW-rates (91.2% vs. 100%; p = .151), longer RTW-time (15.5 vs. 6 weeks; p = .008), and more often persistent shoulder symptoms at work (55.9% vs. 5%; p | .001). After stabilization of AC joint
Background Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCHo) is a common biochemical diagnosis in older age. Evidence of impact is inconclusive and guidelines are inconsistent. With increasing numbers of thyroid function tests (TFTs) performed, GPs frequently have to make management decisions regarding this diagnosis. However, little is known about how SCHo is currently being managed in primary care. Aim To explore management of SCHo in primary care and GP reported rationale for treatment of SCHo in older individuals. Design Descriptive study using retrospective case note review and GP survey. Setting Nineteen General Practices, Central England, UK. Methods Follow-up of a large cohort with subsequent detailed review of individuals for whom therapy had been initiated following diagnosis of SCHo. Data on practice policies, and rationale behind treatment were collected via GP questionnaire. Results Forty-two individuals were treated following identification of SCHo. Factors regarded as supporting instigation of
SPU 2019 Abstracts: Renal ultrasound to evaluate for blunt renal trauma in children: a retrospective comparison to gold standard diagnostic test study
Graduates of Peking Union Medical College - the names, photos, skill, job, location. Information on the Peking Union Medical College - contacts, students, faculty, finances.
The objective of this study was to examine early and long-term results of surgical aortic valvotomy in neonates and infants aged less than four months and to identify predictors of outcome. Between August 1994 and April 2012, 83 consecutive patients younger than 4 months of age underwent open heart valvotomy for critical aortic stenosis in our institution. Median age was 17 days (range 0-111 days). We examined clinical records to establish determinants of outcome and illustrate long-term results. Fifty-six patients (67 %) were neonates. Associated cardiac malformations were found in 24 patients (29 %), including multilevel left heart obstruction in 5. The median follow-up was 4.2 years. The time-related survival rate was 87 and 85 % at 5 and 15 years, respectively. The time-related survival without reintervention was respectively 51, 35 and 18 % at 5, 10 and 15 years. The time-related survival without aortic valve replacement was respectively 67, 54 and 39 % at 5, 10 and 15 years. Ventricular
TY - JOUR. T1 - Focus on pediatric and adolescent varicocele: a single institution experience. AU - Cimador, Marcello. AU - Caruso, Anna Maria. AU - De Grazia, Enrico. AU - Sergio, Maria. AU - Pensabene, Marco. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - The aim of this study was to report our long-term diagnostic and surgical outcomeduring the last 18 years, in paediatric and adolescent management ofvaricocoele. The present retrospective study enrols 374 patients observed at ourinstitution between 1994 and 2011. Patients were divided into three groups:Group A includes 142 youngsters and adolescents treated with open surgery forleft varicocoele, in which a pre-operative CDUS was not performed; Group Bincludes 65 patients treated with open surgery in which a pre-operative CDUSevaluation was carried out, to assess varicocoele haemodynamic pattern andtesticular volume. Group C includes 167 patients treated by laparoscopy andwith pre-operative CDUS assessment. For all groups post-operative follow-upconsisted of CDUS ...
AS is a hereditary kidney disease caused due to mutation of a specific protein of the type IV collagen family constituting the basement membrane. The disease is accompanied by progressive renal failure, hearing loss, and ocular abnormalities, and its prevalence has been estimated at 1 in 5,000 people in the United States or Europe. AS accounts for 0.5% of adults and 12.9% of children among all patients with ESRD [7,8]. Most of the clinical symptoms in patients with AS manifest as recurrent gross hematuria and PMH before the age of 5 years. Proteinuria is uncommon at a young age, but it gradually increases with age [5,7,8]. In our study, the male-to-female ratio was 2:1, and 26 patients (78.8%) visited the hospital before the age of 18 years. At the first visit, recurrent gross hematuria was the most common initial symptom (57.6%). When the symptoms were divided into hematuria and proteinuria, hematuria was observed in all patients, whereas proteinuria was found in only 33.3% of the patients. ...
Two hundred seventy-five thousand maternal deaths, 2.7 million neonatal deaths, and 2.6 million stillbirths have been estimated in 2015 worldwide, almost all in low-income countries (LICs). Moreover, more than 20 million severe disabilities result from the complications of pregnancy, childbirth or its management each year. A significant decrease of mortality/morbidity rates could be achieved by providing effective perinatal and newborn care also in high-income countries (HICs), especially in peripheral hospitals and/or rural areas, where the number of childbirths per year is often under the minimal threshold recognized by the reference legislation. We report on a 2 years retrospective cohort study, conducted in a first level peripheral hospital in Cefalù, a small city in Sicily (Italy), to evaluate care provided and mortality/morbidity rates. The proposed goal is to improve the quality of care, and the services that peripheral centers can offer. We collected data from maternity and neonatal records,
Liu C-J1, Chuang W-L2, Lee C-M3, Yu M-L2, Lu S-N3, Dai C-Y2, Huang J-F2, Hu T-H3, Chen C-H3, Hung C-H3, Wang J-H3, Wu S-S4, Liao L-Y5, Kuo H-T6, Chao Y-C7, Tung S-Y8, Yang S-S9, Su W-W4, Lin C-L5, Kao J-H1, Liu C-H1, Chen P-J1, Chen D-S1 1National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan; 2Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 3Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; 4Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan; 5Taipei City Hospital, Ren-Ai Branch, Taipei, Taiwan. 6Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan; 7Tri-Service General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; 8Chai-Yi Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; 9Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan Presented at the 60th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 30 October - 3 November 2009, Boston, ...
Clinical laboratories frequently receive orders to perform additional tests on existing specimens (add-ons). Previous studies have examined add-on ordering patterns over short periods of time. The objective of this study was to analyze add-on ordering patterns over an extended time period. We also analyzed the impact of a robotic specimen archival/retrieval system on add-on testing procedure and manual effort. In this retrospective study at an academic medical center, electronic health records from were searched to obtain all add-on orders that were placed in the time period of May 2, 2009 to December 31, 2014. During the time period of retrospective study, 880,359 add-on tests were ordered on 96,244 different patients. Add-on testing comprised 3.3 % of total test volumes. There were 443,411 unique ordering instances, leading to an average of 1.99 add-on tests per instance. Some patients had multiple episodes of add-on test orders at different points in time, leading to an average of 9.15 add-on tests
Toxicologist Lin Chieh-liang (林杰樑) was hospitalized at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Linkou after fainting shortly after getting out of bed yesterday morning.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of long-term safety and efficacy of omalizumab in chronic urticaria. T2 - 9 year retrospective study. AU - Marcelino, J.. AU - Costa, A. C.. AU - Silva, P.. AU - Mendes, A.. AU - Alonso, E.. AU - Duarte, F.. AU - Aguiar, P.. AU - Pedro, E.. AU - Pereira Barbosa, M.. PY - 2016/8. Y1 - 2016/8. M3 - Meeting Abstract. VL - 71. SP - 558. EP - 558. JO - Allergy - European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. JF - Allergy - European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. SN - 0105-4538. IS - Suppl102. ER - ...
Excessive weight loss in newborns is associated with neonatal complications such as jaundice and dehydration, which cause renal failure, thrombosis, hypovolemic shock, and seizures. The identification of the risk factors for excessive weight loss will help to discover preventive measures. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with excessive weight loss, defined as weight loss of ≥10%, in breastfed full-term newborns in Japan. The present retrospective study, which was performed in a tertiary perinatal center accredited as a Baby-Friendly Hospital, included neonates who were born alive with a gestational age of ≥37 weeks. Cases of multiple births, admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), referral to another facility, or exclusive formula feeding were excluded. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the association between maternal or neonatal characteristics and excessive weight loss. We studied 399 newborns, of whom 164 (41%) had
The prevalence of stroke in hospitalized nonrheumatic AF patients was high. The population-specific risk factors for stroke were age | or = 75 y, diabetes, history of hypertension, high systolic blood pressure and LA thrombi by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). These merit further evaluatio …
Zika virus (ZIKV) has emerged as an important health problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, geographical distribution and trend of immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies against ZIKV between 2009 and 2015 in Mozambique. The median age of participants was 3 years [interquartile range (IQR): 1.0-6.0 years)] and 56.5% (480/850) of them were male. Of the 850 samples, 42 (4.9%) were positive for IgM antibodies against ZIKV. Positive samples were found in 9 provinces of the country. Frequency of IgM antibodies against ZIKV was slightly higher in patients aged 5-9 years old, and in the north region of the country.
Objective: Air quality in Allegheny. County, Pennsylvania, has improved over the last decade, and we investigated whether the lower concentrations of fine Particulate matter (PM10) are still associated with adverse health outcomes. Methods: Daily cardiopulmonary hospital admissions in elderly residents of Allegheny County and countywide average PM10 measures were available from 1995 through 2000.
To examine the association between the use and timing of IFN-α2b and clinical outcomes, we analyzed in a retrospective multicenter cohort study of 446 COVID-19 patients in Hubei, China. Regression models estimated that early administration (≤5 days after admission) of IFN-α2b was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality in comparison with no admission of IFN-α2b, whereas late administration of IFN-α2b was associated with increased mortality. Among survivors, early IFN-α2b was not associated with hospital discharge or computed tomography (CT) scan improvement, whereas late IFN-α2b was associated with delayed recovery. Additionally, early IFN-α2b and umifenovir alone or together were associated with reduced mortality and accelerated recovery in comparison with treatment with lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) alone. Administration of IFN-α2b during the early stage of COVID-19 could induce favorable clinical responses.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Postoperative complications and 90-day mortality in radical cystectomy in high-risk patients: A monocentric retrospective observational study. AU - Simonato, Alchiede. AU - Pavone, Carlo. AU - Fontana, Dario. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. N2 - Aim: Assessing the incidence of immediate postoperative complications and 90-day mortality in high-risk patients who have undergone radical cystectomy; evaluating the correlation between preoperative conditions and surgery outcomes. Materials and methods: This is a monocentric retrospective observational study in which data of 65 patients have been analyzed.High-risk criteria: (a) Age ≥75 years, (b) obesity, (c) age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index ≥8, (d) anemic status, and (e) pT ≥3. More than 50% of patients had two or more high-risk indicators. Postoperative complications were assessed through Clavien-Dindo classification.Results: Average age of patients was 70.4 years, average age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index was 5.8, and ...
Poisoning in toddlers and infants is almost always unintentional due to their exploratory behavior, which is different from adults. The prevalence and background of childhood poisoning in Qatar is still unknown. The aim of this study is to explore the extent of childhood poisoning in Qatar and, specifically, to describe the frequency of poisoning as a cause of Accident & Emergency (A&E) admission, the demographic profile of affected patients, the circumstances leading to exposure, and the specific agents involved in poisoning among children under age 14 in our setting. This study was a cross-sectional survey of children up to 14 years old utilizing retrospective data between October 2009 and October 2012. The data were collected from the childhood poisoning case registry and patient medical records at the Accident and Emergency (A&E) Unit of all the Hamad Medical Corporation hospitals. Pharmacists reviewed all the handwritten medical records. Data written on the data collection form were transferred
A retrospective analysis on the occurrence of arsenic in ground-water resources of the United States and limitations in drinking-water-supply characterizations / ...
According to a comprehensive literature review, this is the first population-based retrospective cohort study that provides solid evidence of the association between CHM use and HCC risk among patients with CHB treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues. Results of the present study reveal that usage of prescribed CHM products by a large number of patients after CHB diagnosis is associated with significantly reduced HCC risk by 37%.. Although medical guidelines do not currently recommend that complementary and/or alternative medicine be used in treating patients with CHB; CHM products have been commonly used worldwide for treating various illnesses. A previous study conducted in Taiwan reported that the overall prevalence of insurance-covered TCM use in outpatient services among patients with liver cancer was 21%.11 Other studies have reported that 11% of women with early-stage breast cancer,22 24% of patients with asthma,23 ,24 5% of patients receiving fracture treatment25 and 52.6% of patients with ...
Purpose : Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis is an indolent yet serious condition with poor visual prognosis. Our purpose is to present long-term clinical outcomes in patients treated with immunomodulatory therapy (IMT) in the long-term. Methods : A retrospective analysis of JIA-associated uveitis patients presenting between 2005 to 2016 with a minimum of 3 years follow-up was conducted. Information collected included presenting and final visual acuities (VA), development of band keratopathy, cataract and glaucoma, IMT used as well as side effects. Remission was defined as successful inflammation-free weaning off of IMT. Results : A total of 61 patients with JIA-associated uveitis were identified, 88.5% were female. Mean age at presentation of 38 of patients not in remission (NR) was 16.2 years (range 3-44 years), and mean follow-up was 106.1 months SEM=4.69. Of the 23 patients in the remission group, mean age at presentation was 13.5 years (range 4-39), and mean follow-up ...
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe CT angiography (CTA) findings of lumen contrast heterogeneity and intraluminal thrombus volume and to evaluate their relationship with rapid aneurysm growth in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) between 3 and 5 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS This institutional review board-approved and HIPAA-compliant single-center retrospective study included CTA studies obtained between January 2004 and December 2014 in 140 patients with AAA (101 men, 39 women; mean age ± SD, 70 ± 9 years old; age range, 22-87 years old). Standardized measurements for aneurysm intraluminal thrombus volume and a relatively new metric termed lumen contrast heterogeneity were obtained from the CTA images. AAA growth rate data were acquired from all subsequent cross-sectional studies. The association between the imaging findings and rapid aneurysm growth (, 0.4 cm/y) was evaluated using multivariate logistic regression. Patient comorbidities and medications were added ...