TY - JOUR. T1 - Neighborhood effects on an individuals health using neighborhood measurements developed by factor analysis and cluster analysis. AU - Li, Yu Sheng. AU - Chuang, Ying Chih. PY - 2009/1. Y1 - 2009/1. N2 - This study suggests a multivariate-structural approach combining factor analysis and cluster analysis that could be used to examine neighborhood effects on an individuals health. Data were from the Taiwan Social Change Survey conducted in 1990, 1995, and 2000. In total, 5,784 women and men aged over 20 years living in 428 neighborhoods were interviewed. Participants addresses were geocoded with census data for measuring neighborhood-level characteristics. The factor analysis was applied to identify neighborhood dimensions, which were used as entities in the cluster analysis to generate a neighborhood typology. The factor analysis generated three neighborhood dimensions: neighborhood education, age structure, and neighborhood family structure and employment. The cluster analysis ...
Downloadable! In the neighbourhood effects literature, the socialisation mechanism is usually investigated by looking at the association between neighbourhood characteristics and educational attainment. The step in between, that adolescents actually internalise educational norms held by residents, is often assumed. We attempt to fill this gap by looking at how educational commitments are influenced by neighbourhood characteristics. We investigate this process for migrant youth, a group that lags behind in educational attainment compared to native youth, and might therefore be particularly vulnerable to neighbourhood effects. To test our hypothesis we used longitudinal panel data with five waves (N=4179), combined with fixed-effects models which control for a large portion of potential selection bias. These models have an advantage over naïve OLS models in that they predict the effect of change in neighbourhood characteristics on change in educational commitment, and therefore offer a more dynamic
This study adds to the current literature by using multiple validated scales and indices that measured neighborhood and community characteristics and examined their independent relationships with self-care and outcomes in patients with T2DM. We found that neighborhood violence, aesthetics, walking environment, activities, food insecurity, neighborhood comparison, and social support have statistically significant associations with diabetes self-care behaviors and health outcomes to varying degrees. However, we did not find significant relationships between neighborhood safety, crime, perceived neighborhood problems, availability of recreational facilities, neighborhood rating, and access to healthy foods and self-care behaviors and health outcomes. This is the first study to our knowledge that used a large sample size and all available measures of neighborhood factors to assess these relationships. In addition, we entered variables in blocks and examined the amount of variance explained by each ...
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate differences in associations between crime rates, cycling, and weight status between people living in low and high socioeconomic status (SES) neighbourhoods. In total, 470 participants in the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam were included (age: 63-70 y). Body height and weight were measured using a stadiometer and calibrated weight scale, respectively. Cycling behaviour was assessed in a face-to-face interview, and neighbourhood crime rates were assessed using data from police reports. Men residing in high SES neighbourhoods cycled more than males residing in low SES neighbourhoods. Cycling was negatively related to crime rates among both men and women living in low SES neighbourhoods. Among men living in low SES neighbourhoods, more cycling was associated with lower BMI. Interventions aiming to prevent obesity in older people may consider aiming at increasing bicycle use in lower SES neighbourhoods, but neighbourhood safety issues should
Introduction: Studies have shown that neighborhood factors (e.g., socioeconomic disadvantage, food sources) have been associated with weight. However, neighborhood factors are often overlooked in weight loss interventions, and few studies examine the influence of neighborhoods on weight change. We examined the neighborhood environment and its association with weight change in a 12-mo. weight loss intervention.. Hypothesis: Individuals who live in obesogenic neighborhood environments (e.g., low income, absence of grocery stores) would be less likely to lose weight over time compared to those who live in healthy environments.. Methods: This analysis included data on body weight assessed at 0 and 6 mos and calculated as percent change. Residential address at baseline was geocoded using ArcGIS software and assigned the appropriate census tract. Key neighborhood measures included grocery store and restaurant density, proportion Black and low income, and an index of neighborhood socioeconomic ...
Objective Investigated the relation of family and neighborhood socioeconomic status to symptoms and disability in pediatric patients with chronic abdominal pain. Hypothesis This study tested the hypothesis that measures of family and neighborhood SES would be highly correlated and that SES would be highly correlated with child symptoms and disability. Thus, lower SES would be associated with higher symptoms and disability. In addition, the study tested the hypothesis that the significant relation between socioeconomic status and child health would be mediated by childrens passive coping with pain. Methods Census data was used to obtain measures of neighborhood SES of 566 pediatric patients, ages 8-17 years old. Measures of family SES were obtained from patients parents. Patients completed questionnaires regarding their symptoms and disability. Results Family and neighborhood SES were highly correlated. There was no significant correlation between neighborhood or family SES and health. Because ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Self-assessed health status and neighborhood context. AU - Baum, Scott. AU - Kendall, Elizabeth. AU - Parekh, Sanjoti. PY - 2016/10/1. Y1 - 2016/10/1. N2 - In recent years, there has been growing interest in the relationship between the characteristics of neighborhoods and the health and well-being of residents. The focus on neighborhood as a health determinant is based on the hypothesis that residing in a disadvantaged neighborhood can negatively influence health outcomes beyond the effect of individual characteristics. In this article, we examine three possible ways of measuring neighborhood socio-economic status, and how they each impact on self-reported health status beyond the effect contributed by individual-level factors. Using individual-level data from the Household Income and Labor Dynamics Australia survey combined with neighborhood-level (suburb) data, we tested the proposition that how one measures neighborhood socio-economic characteristics may provide an important ...
Effects of Target Plant Species Body Size on Neighbourhood Species Richness and Composition in Old-Field Vegetation. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Neighborhood factors associated with same-sex households in U.S. cities. Reevaluating poverty concentration with spatial analysis: Detroit in the 1990S
The Obesity and Neighborhood Environment (ONE) database is a collection of variables derived using spatial analysis techniques that link community-level data to individual Add Health respondent residential locations in both space and time. The database provides physical, social, and economic neighborhood environment measures corresponding with Add Health respondent locations in Waves I and III. Community-level data include density and proximity to recreational facilities, land use patterning, population, economic, climate, and crime statistics, which are linked spatially and temporally to individual-level Add Health behavior and health outcome data. Request for these files must include a brief justification explaining the necessity and relevance of the data to the research agenda. There are no special security requirements. For more information, please see the study website.. ...
The Obesity and Neighborhood Environment (ONE) database is a collection of variables derived using spatial analysis techniques that link community-level data to individual Add Health respondent residential locations in both space and time. The database provides physical, social, and economic neighborhood environment measures corresponding with Add Health respondent locations in Waves I and III. Community-level data include density and proximity to recreational facilities, land use patterning, population, economic, climate, and crime statistics, which are linked spatially and temporally to individual-level Add Health behavior and health outcome data. Request for these files must include a brief justification explaining the necessity and relevance of the data to the research agenda. There are no special security requirements. For more information, please see the study website.. ...
... About one out of five Americans suffers from allergies. An allergy is an exaggerated response from the immune system to a substance such as dust, pollen, pet dander or mold.
Introduction: The identification of neighborhood level factors that are associated with use of EMS for acute stroke could identify novel targets for interventions to improve EMS activation and access to stroke treatment.. Objective: To investigate the association between neighborhood level factors and use of EMS for acute stroke.. Methods: We identified 2905 neurologist-adjudicated cases of ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage that presented to the emergency department in the bi-ethnic Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi stroke surveillance project (2000-2008). Cases were geocoded by home address and assigned to census tracts (proxies for neighborhoods). Clinical information and use of EMS were abstracted from medical records. Census tract data were obtained from the 2000 US Census and the Corpus Christi Police Department. The association of census tract level factors (frequencies of age over 65 years, violent crime, Hispanic ethnicity, and household income) with EMS use was ...
Introduction: Neighborhood environments have been investigated in relation to individual cardiovascular disease risk. However, few studies have examined the contribution of neighborhood environments to racial/ethnic differences in cardiovascular health (CVH).. Hypothesis: We hypothesized that there would be significant racial/ethnic differences in ideal CVH and these differences would be reduced after adjustment for neighborhood factors.. Methods: We used data from the MESA baseline examination (2000-2002; mean age=62, SD=10). Ideal cardiovascular health was defined using guidelines from the American Heart Association 2020 Strategic Impact Goals. We examined seven CVH indicators (blood pressure, fasting glucose, cholesterol, body mass index, diet, physical activity, and smoking) and three summary measures (health factors, health behaviors, overall CVH). We compared racial/ethnic differences in ideal CVH before and after adjustment for neighborhood factors (socioeconomic, physical activity, ...
In mammalian biology, insulated neighborhoods are chromosomal loop structures formed by the physical interaction of two DNA loci bound by the transcription factor CTCF and co-occupied by cohesin. Insulated neighborhoods are thought to be structural and functional units of gene control because their integrity is important for normal gene regulation. Current evidence suggests that these structures form the mechanistic underpinnings of higher-order chromosome structures, including topologically associating domains (TADs). Insulated neighborhoods are functionally important in understanding gene regulation in normal cells and dysregulated gene expression in disease. Mammalian gene transcription is generally controlled by enhancers. Enhancers can regulate transcription of genes at large distances by looping to physically contact their target genes. This property of enhancers makes it difficult to identify an enhancers target gene(s). Insulators, another type of DNA regulatory element, limit an ...
Plans to build an upscale alcohol and drug detox center in a residential neighborhood are meeting growing resistance here. At the neighborhoods Common
Neighborhood socioeconomic status (NSES) is associated with cognitive functioning in older US women. Future research is needed on the longitudinal relationships between NSES, cognitive impairment, and cognitive decline.
This is the first study in which researchers use a population-level database to examine the independent effect of a composite measure of neighborhood risks and resources relevant to child development (the Child Opportunity Index) on individual-level pediatric acute care visits. Comparing the spatial distribution of neighborhood child opportunity and income revealed that child opportunity can be used to capture distinct aspects of neighborhood context and help identify different clusters of high- and low-risk neighborhoods. Neighborhood child opportunity was significantly associated with pediatric acute care visit frequency and a range of diagnoses after controlling for patient-level characteristics and area-level income.. Children who lived in neighborhoods with low levels of child opportunity were substantially more likely to be frequent users of acute care. Compared with children in neighborhoods with the highest levels of child opportunity, children in low-opportunity neighborhoods were also ...
Background: In previous public health surveys large differences in health have been shown between citizens living in different neighbourhoods in the Ã-rebro municipality, which has about 125000 inhabitants. The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of health with an emphasis on the importance of neighbourhood characteristics such as the influence of neighbourhood social cohesion and social capital. The point of departure in this study was a conceptual model inspired by the work of Carpiano, where different factors related to the neighbourhood have been used to find associations to individual self-rated health. Methods: We used data from the survey Life & Health 2004 sent to inhabitants aged 18-84 years in Ã-rebro municipality, Sweden. The respondents (n = 2346) answered a postal questionnaire about living conditions, housing conditions, health risk factors and individual health. The outcome variable was self-rated health. In the analysis we applied logistic regression ...
by Lindsey Ranner CHICAGO (AP)-People who collapse from cardiac arrest in poor Black neighborhoods are half as likely to get CPR from family members at home or bystanders on the street as those in better-off white neighborhoods, according to a study that found the reasons go beyond race. Dr. Comilla SassonStudy Lead Author The findings suggest a big need for more knowledge and training, the researchers said.
To explore associations between pets, and specifically dog ownership and sleep, health, exercise and neighbourhood. Cross sectional examination of 6575 participants of the Whitehall II study aged between 59 and 79 years. We used self-assessed measurement scales of the Short Form (SF36), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Control, Autonomy, Self-realisation and Pleasure (CASP), Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), sleep, exercise, and perceptions of local neighbourhood. In addition the Mini Mental State Examination which is administered to test global cognitive status (MMSE). We found 2/7 people owned a pet and of those 64% were
Thanks to new data from the Federal Reserve, we now know that population density and the ability for a neighborhood to improve may be more connected than previously thought.
Among African American youth, moving from a poor neighborhood to one with less poverty results in a lower use of African American Vernacular English, new Stanford research shows.
Unhealthy diets, especially in poorer neighbourhoods, have been linked to a limited choice of fresh foods, numerous ready foods and many fast-food restaurants.. Residents in these areas are more likely to experience early atherosclerosis: a disease that blocks blood vessels with fatty materials called plaques.. Atherosclerosis doesnt tend to have any symptoms initially but it leads to conditions such as peripheral vascular disease, heart attacks and strokes.. New research enrolled 5950 adults in a study with a 12 year follow-up period to find out whether social and physical factors are responsible for atherosclerosis in poor communities.. Dr Jeffrey Wing, the lead author of this study, said:. ...
TLP is located in a residential neighborhood on the upper part of a hill in the city of , an incredibly dynamic city that sits on the worlds busiest land border with the city of San Diego. The house is composed of three volumes that contain the main living spaces. The shape of these three volumes, trapezoidal prisms, respond to the irregular shape of the plot ...
This study addresses a gap in the food environment literature by investigating spatial differences in the inter relationship of price, variety and quality of food in southern England. We conducted a survey of all grocery stores (n=195) in the city of Southampton, UK, and ranked neighbourhoods according to national quintiles of deprivation. We found no difference in availability or cheapest price across neighbourhoods. However, the poorest neighbourhoods had less variety of healthy products and poorer quality fruit and vegetables than more affluent neighbourhoods. Dietary inequalities may be exacerbated by differences in the variety and quality of healthy foods sold locally; these factors may influence whether or not consumers purchase healthy foods.
Indicator 16 (Neighborhood Safety) provided parental views of the safety of their neighborhoods, showing major differences in the living situations of children of different racial backgrounds. While the prevalence of poverty in a neighborhood is not the only element that contributes to neighborhood safety and support for young children, it is a powerful indicator. Moreover, addressing conditions at a neighborhood level requires looking beyond individual service strategies to community-building ones.. Several analyses of high poverty or high child vulnerability census tracts have showed that the poorest census tracts also are the most diverse. In an analysis of all census tracts in the United States on ten indicators related to child-raising vulnerability, Village Building and School Readiness showed that tracts with six or more vulnerability factors were primarily populated by people of color (83 percent non-white and/or Hispanic), while those with no vulnerability factors were primarily white, ...
The study found that 9-18-year-olds who lived in places with more greenery had significantly less aggressive behaviors than those living in neighborhoods with less greenery. Both short-term (one to six months) and long-term (one to three years) exposure to greenspace within 1,000 meters surrounding residences were associated with reduced aggressive behaviors. The behavioral benefit of greenspace equated to approximately two to two-and-a-half years of adolescent maturation ...
The purpose of this investigation was to characterize supermarkets, measure the distance from shoppers residence to supermarkets they shopped at, and explore the associations of these with shoppers BMI. We found that most shoppers lived more than one kilometre from the supermarket and that the price of a basket of common foods across all five supermarkets was inversely associated with BMI of its shoppers. This relationship between the price of food basket with BMI remained significant even after adjusting for socio-economic confounders. These findings suggest that many people shop for food outside of their immediate residential neighbourhood and that BMI may be a function of food pricing.. Investigations of the BE have predominantly focused on identifying the associations between individual characteristics such as lifestyle behaviours and obesity with characteristics in the surrounding environment, including potential destinations such as supermarkets. The main methods used for defining the ...
7.2 Participants views of their neighbourhoods, the visual infrastructure in Savage, Bagnall and Longhursts (2005) terms, are socially constructed into motifs. This paper has described some specific motifs provided by participants. Moreover, the research provides insight into the process by which neighbourhoods are imagined. I argue that participants construct their views of the built environment by comparing aspects of their actual neighbourhood to an idealised conception of what we could call the good neighbourhood. 7.3 Participants discussed several motifs related to aspects of their own neighbourhoods that were less than ideal. These negative motifs related to issues of unsightliness or risk. The concept of signal disorders (Innes 2004) is useful in understanding negative perceptions of the risky aspects of neighbourhoods. Participants photographed physical disorders such as graffiti, isolated and unlit places, and evidence of drug use as representations of risk, which made them ...
If the treatment team knows a patient comes from a socioeconomically deprived area and is at higher risk, they can help that patient stay connected with MD Anderson resources after returning home," Reitzel says. "Knowing more about where a person lives can signal the need for more comprehensive recommendations and follow-up to prevent the development of second primary malignancies and increase overall survival.. "Our next step is to do more research and determine what it is about these areas that contributes to negative clinical outcomes so we can better help these patients.". ...
In this paper, we have described one individual-level measure of exposure to the Well London programme: self-report participation at the time of trial outcome assessment survey; and three neighbourhood-level measures of exposure: neighbourhood prevalence of self-report participation (from survey); and project-contact event rate and the amount of project time delivered during the 3.5-year programme, calculated from programme monitoring data. The results from the adult household survey conducted at follow-up show a modest level of self-reported exposure and that individuals with lower levels of education, men who were in work or aged 35-54 years and women who were unemployed and seeking work, were less likely to report having taken part in the Well London programme. This indicates potential inequity of access for those who might benefit most from the intervention. At the neighbourhood level, there was correlation between the two programme monitoring-derived measures, but neither was correlated ...
A man arrested after a two-hour standoff at a home in a local neighborhood that started, police say, after he pointed a gun toward officers who responded to a domestic disturbance has been charged.
RICE UNIVERSITY NEWS & MEDIA: 11/9/12. Children living in poorer neighborhoods are nearly 30 percent more likely to be obese than children in more affluent residences, according to a new study from Rice University.. The study by Rice sociologists Rachel Tolbert Kimbro, director of the Kinder Institute for Urban Researchs Urban Health Program, and Justin Denney, associate director of the program, reveals that living in neighborhoods with higher levels of poverty and lower levels of education is associated with increased child obesity risk, regardless of family composition or other individual factors. The research also showed that living in neighborhoods with a higher proportion of foreign-born residents is associated with reduced child obesity risk. Read more. ...
Significant attention has been paid to the influence of neighbourhood poverty on psychosocial well-being,1 ,3 ,29 yet few studies have considered the poverty histories of neighbourhoods. Using data from GROW, we investigated the relationship between the poverty histories of neighbourhoods and three indicators of psychosocial well-being-depressive symptoms, sense of control and number of stressors. We found evidence that the poverty histories of neighbourhoods matter for psychosocial well-being, but the extent to which they matter depends on the outcome under investigation.. Our hypothesis that women who resided in long-term high-poverty and increasing poverty neighbourhoods would be more likely to report depressive symptoms and experience a lower sense of control and more stressors compared with women residing in long-term low-poverty neighbourhoods was corroborated for sense of control, although not for depressive symptoms or number of stressors. Women residing in decreasing poverty ...
Effect of neighbourhood deprivation and social cohesion on mental health inequality: a multilevel population-based longitudinal study - Volume 44 Issue 11 - D. Fone, J. White, D. Farewell, M. Kelly, G. John, K. Lloyd, G. Williams, F. Dunstan
The lives of black Americans are better than they were half a century ago. The humiliation of Whites Only signs are gone. Rates of black poverty have decreased. Black teen-pregnancy rates are at record lows - and the gap between black and white teen-pregnancy rates has shrunk significantly. But such progress rests on a shaky foundation, and fault lines are everywhere. The income gap between black and white households is roughly the same today as it was in 1970. Patrick Sharkey, a sociologist at New York University, studied children born from 1955 through 1970 and found that 4 percent of whites and 62 percent of blacks across America had been raised in poor neighborhoods. A generation later, the same study showed, virtually nothing had changed. And whereas whites born into affluent neighborhoods tended to remain in affluent neighborhoods, blacks tended to fall out of them.. This is not surprising. Black families, regardless of income, are significantly less wealthy than white families. The Pew ...
The sidewalks in the West 70s are wide. But whether that generosity of concrete preceded the multigenerational throngs that move along the streets or was poured to accommodate them is an urban chicken-and-egg question. As residential neighborhoods in Manhattan go, this part of the Upper West S | Halstead Real Estate
Big Bear Lake - A mountain landscape left parched and depleted of vegetation due to one of the driest winters on record may be to blame for an influx of wild burros into residential neighborhoods for food and water. An earlier influx left about 20 burros killed by vehicles on roads, and in 1997, a plan was established to capture burros in residential areas and have them corralled and put up for adoption through the Bureau of Land Managements Wild Horse and Burro Program. About 90 burros were captured and adopted by private parties through the program, which reduced the burro population in the mountains to a sustainable level,.... ...
Some people living in disadvantaged neighborhoods may be at increased risk of problem drinking - though much may depend on race and gender, according to a new study in the November issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. Researchers found that of nearly 14,000 U.S. adults surveyed, those living in low-income neighborhoods [...]. ...
The city centre of Edinburgh is a World Heritage Site, transport hub, business, shopping and cultural centre and residential neighbourhood. The City of Edinburgh Council (CEC) has a key role in balancing these sometimes competing roles as the city experiences significant growth. There have been many interesting, sometimes high profile, developments over the last few years.. Ben Wilson, Principal Planner with CEC, will be conducting a walking tour through the World Heritage site, starting from CEC offices at Waverley Court and passing through Caltongate, Quartermile, Fountainbridge and ending at Haymarket.. We will meet at CEC offices at 5.45pm for some refreshments prior to commencing the walk.. For RTPI members, attending this event will contribute to your CPD.. ...
There will be no resolution of public benefits/planned community abuse until the Mayor Scharff and City Manager Keene decide that Palo Alto sits in a deep no-win development hole. When the history books are written for 2013, citizens will be puzzled how their common sense and sense of community failed to serve public interests. Citizens are alarmed and motivated by lack of due diligence and stewardship for residential neighborhoods jammed with 1500+ all-day commuter parked vehicles, gridlocked intersections, biking safety, and serial office buildings approved with totally inadequate on-site parking (sometimes no on-site parking at all ...
started with a lawnmower and a pickup now employs 25 people.. We cant shut them down. We have to provide a place for them to go.. Mr. Shepard explained that a Special Permit would allow neighbors to have a say in the process. Can you eliminate this entirely from residential neighborhoods? asked Bob Winner of Elm Street.. The Article likely to draw the most opposition on Town Meeting floor is a change in the WRPOD (Water Resources Overlay Protection District) map, presented by Chairman of the Board of Selectmen Eric Sonnett.. Our current WRPOD is inadequate in protecting the towns water supply, Mr. Sonnett said. Secondly, it is illegal. Mr. Sonnett explained the definitions of zones. Zone 1 is a 400 radius around a well-head. Zone Two is the area in which during a 180 day period water could reach the well-head with the well pumping 24 hours a day, seven days a week. And Zone Three is all the area where the topography; a drop of water could at some time end up in a well-head. (Photo: ...
The corporation is Venoco Inc., an independent oil company with revenue of more than half a billion dollars a year, which currently owns an oil storage facility in Carpinteria….This Denver-based firm is spending lavishly to pass a ballot initiative specifically exempting itself from the citys industrial development and environmental rules.. Thats because its afraid that Carpinterias elected officials, left to their own devices, might not greenlight its proposal to operate a 10-story oil derrick round the clock on its property next to a 225-home residential neighborhood and on the edge of the ecologically sensitive coastal bluffs.. [Gruesome details follow…..]. So here we are on the cusp of a new California trend: businesses that dont care to bother with legitimate government regulatory procedures scampering directly to the voters. All it takes is money. Venoco has reported spending more than $155,000 on the initiative up to the end of 2009, but a company spokesman told me last week that ...
Ever since that night, the two Groves have struck me as a vivid illustration of the stark dualities of race and class in a nation that likes to tell itself it has overcome the former and made immaterial the latter. If youre one of those who still believes that fiction, consider this scenario: Dangerous levels of contaminants have been found in the soil of a residential neighborhood. What happens next?. Turns out - though not to the surprise of anyone who understood the fiction to be just that - that it depends very much upon race and class. Just days after the discovery of toxins in the soil of a park in Coconut Grove, residents were alerted, the park closed, the soil capped. All within the last few weeks.. ...
It goes without saying that nobody in a residential neighborhood wants a neighbor who turns a house into a shady boarding house operation, with residents coming and going at all hours and creating a
You not allowing me to nail you to my cross is an infringement of my religious freedom! How dare you. Do you have any idea how much effort I put into building this cross? Years and years of research finding just the right species of Dogwood, then I had to grow the thing from seed, and carefully prune and trim to make sure that when mature it would yield enough lumber for the construction. I even went out and gathered the iron ore myself for the nails, and dont get me started on the trouble I ran into in getting a permit to build the forge in a residential neighborhood! And do you even show the tiniest shred of appreciation for all that? No, of course not. The least you could do is climb up there, stand still, and quit whining. Its for your own good, you know. Why are you always so selfish?. See, this is why societys falling apart these days, no one is willing to do their part and take personal responsibility. Sheesh.. ...
Front yards are a significant part of the ambiance of the single-family residential neighborhoods in and around Hancock Park. As explained at a mid-November presentation held at The Ebell and led by architect John Kaliski, there is a public realm that exists between the front façades of houses on opposite sides of a street. The […]. Continue Reading. ...
Family day-care operations would be allowed in residential neighborhoods if no one living within 300 feet of the home objects, under an ordinance proposed Wednesday night.Mayor Charles Flanagan made
Brazilian architect and designer Diego Revollo recently completed the Real Parque Loft in a residential neighborhood of São Paulo, Brazil. The space was reconfigured from its original, broken up floor plan to an open, loft-like space. | What Surrounds You
Health, ...PHILADELPHIA (June 4 2013) Living in a neighborhood that supports a h...The five-year study found that significantly fewer people became obese...Previous cross-sectional snapshot studies have shown that healthier... Interpretation of results from cross-sectional analyses is limited si...,Neighborhood,features,could,prevent,obesity,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Chaix, B., Leyland, A. , Sabel, C., Chauvin, P., Rastam, L., Kristersson, H. and Merlo, J. (2006) Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmo, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(4), pp. 427-435 ...
Previous studies have shown that cancer incidence is related to a number of individual factors, including socioeconomic status. The aim of this study was to refine the current knowledge about indicators associated with cancer incidence by evaluating the influence of neighbourhood characteristics on breast, prostate and lung cancer incidence in Denmark ...
The Annex is one of Torontos oldest neighbourhoods and its first streetcar suburb, characterized by its distinctive tall narrow houses, and lively community along Bloor Street. Considered a food and shopping mecca, this district is well known by Torontonians as one of the friendliest neighborhoods in the city. Due to the proximity of the neighbourhood to the University of Toronto and, as a result, its large population of students and faculty, the commercial strip along Bloor Street has quite the feel of a college neighbourhood (albeit an affluent one). Most of the commercial activity in the neighbourhood takes place along Bloor St, which is filled with small restaurants, pubs and bookshops. The side streets are mostly residential, with long, narrow townhouses to the south of Bloor and large, stately mansions to the north. The borders of the neighbourhood are, to some extent, debatable, however, less so than many other neighbourhoods in the city. The eastern and western boundaries are generally agreed
Rates for patients with diabetes are two times higher in low-income neighborhoods compared to high-income neighborhoods in California.... A new study
I want to discuss a new concept racial blind spots that I have been developing with my colleagues in Detroit and Chicago. Much of our understanding of racial residential preferences comes from asking people in surveys about hypothetical neighborhoods with imaginary racial compositions. By gauging preferences in this way, we sidestep the really important point that people don t buy imaginary homes in hypothetical neighborhoods. People buy and rent real homes in actual communities. And if peoples knowledge of the metropolitan area and of the neighborhoods they might live in is racialized and by that I mean if residents of different racial/ethnic backgrounds know about different communities in the metropolitan area in which they live and if that knowledge is shaped by the racial/ethnic composition of the community, then these patterns of knowledge or the lack of knowledge may constitute an important barrier to integrated living, since it is difficult to move into a neighborhood if you don t know ...
On Quality Hill, a small area in the northeastern part of the town, south of Buffalo Bayou, stood great houses shaded by the big oaks that lined narrow thoroughfares. Gardens of flowers surrounded houses screened by tall hedges. Here the manner of life was thoroughly in keeping with the setting. Wealthy businessmen wearing high silk hats drove downtown in velvet-upholstered carriages, to spend a few hours in offices resplendent with red plush. In harness with gold or silver buckles prancing horses drew gleaming victorias as fashionable women took their regular afternoon drives. On warm days, ice tinkled in mint juleps." ...
In East Harlem, families live with traffic exhaust, cockroaches, and mold. Kids there are three times more likely to suffer an asthma attack that sends them to an ER.
Health, ...People living in neighbourhoods where they perceived traffic made it u...This was one of the surprise findings in the study led by Tanya Berry... We found that the more people perceived that traffic was a problem in...Study results also showed that age and neighbourhood SES also increa...,Traffic,density,and,increased,BMI,linked,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
In a cardiac arrest, the heart suddenly stops beating. About 350,000 patients have a cardiac arrest outside the hospital each year in the United States. Only 8% to 10% survive and that number varies regionally. But does the racial make-up of a neighborhood influence the likelihood that a bystander will deliver CPR or use an electrical shock device known as a defibrillator to rescue the person, and does it influence survival from cardiac arrest? video.
The big news in the hood for the past week or so was a devastating fire in a local grocery store.. Now, given where I live, this just wasnt any old grocery store.. Like everything else around here - gaslights, brick sidewalks, wrought iron, window boxes, and even a couple of small cobble-stoned streets - this store was ye olde quaint charming to look at: charming awning, fruit displays on the sidewalk, bakery shelves laden with yummy looking goodies. This store is so charming looking, it appears on some postcards of Boston. As as with so much that looks good - brick side walks can be slippery, and cobble stone streets are completely treacherous - looks can deceive, and this store had its share of problems.. Theyve had a couple of health violations over the years, and have been shut down for short bursts of time.. Most people in the neighborhood are aware of the stores rat issues. This is the city, after all, and you do occasionally see the critters out and about in the evening. But a friend ...
If your heart suddenly stops beating, the racial makeup of the neighborhood may determine the likelihood of receiving CPR from a passer-by or having access to a
Design, Setting, and Participants: We used data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a population-based cohort study of adults aged 45 to 84 years at baseline (July 17, 2000, through August 29, 2002). A total of 5124 participants free of T2DM at baseline underwent 5 clinical follow-up examinations from July 17, 2000, through February 4, 2012. Time-varying measurements of neighborhood healthy food and physical activity resources and social environments were linked to individual participant addresses. Neighborhood environments were measured using geographic information system (GIS)- and survey-based methods and combined into a summary score. We estimated hazard ratios (HRs) of incident T2DM associated with cumulative exposure to neighborhood resources using Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for age, sex, income, educational level, race/ethnicity, alcohol use, and cigarette smoking. Data were analyzed from December 15, 2013, through September 22, 2014 ...
What are the effects of regeneration on neighbourhoods and communities? Our work looks at areas such as effective strategies for transforming disadvantaged places.
What are the effects of regeneration on neighbourhoods and communities? Our work looks at areas such as effective strategies for transforming disadvantaged places.
Show moreSocial scientists regularly rely on population estimates when studying change in small areas over time. Census tract data in the United States are a prime example, as there are substantial shifts in tract boundaries from decade to decade. This study compares alternative estimates of the 2000 population living within 2010 tract boundaries to the Census Bureaus own retabulation. All methods of estimation are subject to error; this is the first study to directly quantify the error in alternative interpolation methods for U.S. census tracts. A simple areal weighting method closely approximates the estimates provided by one standard source (the Neighborhood Change Data Base), with some improvement provided by considering only area not covered by water. More information is used by the Longitudinal Tract Data Base (LTDB), which relies on a combination of areal and population interpolation as well as ancillary data about water-covered areas. Another set of estimates provided by the National ...
A body of research has focused on young people not in education, employment or training (NEET) over the past decade. Research has examined characteristics, risk factors, and subsequent outcomes for NEETs. Some studies have also evaluated the effect of intervention programmes aimed at reducing the incidence of NEET or supporting NEETs re-engagement in education or employment. This type of research is crucial for policy making because only when the determinants of NEETs are fully understood can effective policy be developed to address the NEET problem. The NEET problem is complex arising from interplay between individual, family, and contextual (school, labour market, neighbourhood) factors. Although low educational attainment is a marked indicator of young people becoming NEET there are deep-rooted individual, family and contextual factors contributing to risks of becoming NEET. These factors may be traced back to early childhood. There have been debates on whether NEET status is transitional ...
Most days are wet, the remains from all night long storms with thunder so loud it shakes the building and rattles the windows. The summer was dry and hot, with bare blue skies and almost no clouds; so striking was the lack of them that I remember commenting on the first big batch I saw in the sky. Now that winters here its not particularly cold, but the dampness permeates everything. I find myself sweating, even when Im not hot. I wear my snow stomping boots to work and can barely handle the warmth, but its better than being wet, so I keep doing it. I still pass the same taxi drivers, but theyve finally stopped calling out to me. This is not because they are implicitly accepting me into the neighborhood by excusing me from their sales catcalls. This is because they are often huddled in their cars now, the cold keeping them from shouting to me. The familiar stray dogs of the neighborhood are looking leaner, and weather beaten in a way that makes me tense up with empathy. They run with their ...
We make use of predicted social and civic activities (social capital) to account for selection into social occupations. Individual selection account
Capable tools are desired for urban spatial policies planning in China to safeguard its sustainable development strategy. This study develops an activity-based Land Use/Transport Interaction (LUTI) model to forecast the urban activity impacts of the land-use policies. Essentially, its endogenized and interactive features in residential and employment distribution modeling mark it out from the traditional Lowry models. The LUTI model proposed consists of four models, i.e., a transport sub-model, a residential location model, an employment location model and a real estate rent model. It is then applied to the Beijing metropolitan area to characterize the urban activity evolution trend under the land use policies of recent years. The results show that with the increasing number of floorspace developed on the outskirts, more residents and employers are relocating there and sub-centers are formed to divide the service of central Beijing. This trend is consistent with the objective of government ...
Longitudinal Study of Youth Assets and Risk Behaviors. A longitudinal observational study of youth and their parents. Surveys are administered in home at one year intervals for a total of five waves of data collection. This study is designed to refine the youth asset survey tool, better understand the relationship between youth assets, risk factors, demographic factors, and neighborhood factors. Funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Role: Co-investigator/ ...
After decades of rigorous study in the United States and across the Western world, a great deal is known about the early risk factors for offending. High impulsiveness, low attainment, criminal parents, parental conflict, and growing up in a deprived, high-crime neighborhood are among the most important factors.
The departure from the uniform grid is said to have been inspired by the LEnfant plan for Washington and the related "cities beautiful" movement. It would appear that in the ex-Mayors cultural frame of reference of the 1880s, the uniform grid lacked the ingredients that would enhance beauty in a neighbourhood. Most contemporary planners seem to agree with Ladds assessment as they rarely, if ever, produce uniform, orthogonal grids. Ladd, as a land owner and successful businessman, may have also discerned the land use inefficiency of the Portland grid; his neighbourhood blocks are, on average, at least twice the size and the street density considerably lower than the surrounding districts (Figure 1). Contemporary planners followed in Ladds steps with even larger blocks for the same reason.. The hierarchy of streets in an era of horse, cart and coach would seem hardly necessary as neither the traffic volume nor its speed would be sufficient to justify it; they bear no comparison with ...
Millions of bacteria-infected mosquitoes flying in a suburban neighborhood are being hailed as an innovation that may kill off more bugs that spread Zika and other viruses.
You are a great pet dentist and all the puppies in the neighborhood are coming to you for treatment. Choose your patient for the day and help him out. C...
STYLISH VILLA COMPLETELY AND RECENTLY RE DECORATED ON A LARGE PLOT IN A DESIRABLE, RESIDENTIAL LOCATION. This outstanding property offers flexible accommodation as a wonderful family, or luxury holiday home. One of the outstanding features of this property are the beautiful, south facing landsca... More details › ...
For African-Americans, the isolation of living in a racially segregated neighborhood may lead to an important health issue: higher blood pressure.
a) In General- To be eligible to receive a grant under this title, an eligible entity shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require. (b) Contents of Application- At a minimum, an application described in subsection (a) shall include the following: (1) A description of a plan to significantly improve the academic outcomes of children living in an identified neighborhood by providing a pipeline that addresses the neighborhoods needs, as identified by the needs analysis described in paragraph (4) and supported by evidence-based practices. (2) A description of the neighborhood that the eligible entity will serve. (3) Measurable annual goals for the outcomes of the grant, including-- (A) performance goals, in accordance with the metrics described in section 106(a), for each year of the grant; and (B) projected participation rates and any plans to expand the number of children served or the neighborhood proposed ...
SATVI author, Associate Professor Tom Scriba has co-authored a paper in which the authors aimed to establish if individual-level covariates were associated with cell-mediated immune response (interferon gamma (IFN-γ)) at vaccine trial enrolment (baseline) in a long-term retrospective analysis (LTR) and after BCG vaccination in a short-term prospective analysis (STP).. ...
At least my comments are based on first hand knowledge and experience no right, as opposed to pure speculation. Apparently I have to be repetitive in a vain attempt to educate you on the real issues. You obviously dont care to learn about the impact this problem is having on the neighborhood, nd you still never answered my question. You claimed that our parking problem are "not real" compared to the ones in the downtown residential area. How do you know that? Have you visited our neighborhood and seen whats going on first hand? Have you spoken to anyone who lives here? Im guessing the answer is an emphatic no. How perfect is that. Knows zero about the problem, but weighs in like the ultimate authority. Shows no interest to learn about the real problems that people are experiencing in our neighborhood on a daily basis, dismissing them as being self-centered whiners. If you had a shred of credibility or logic I could almost get upset. Like someone said, the loudest critics are usually the ones ...
East End-South is a region of Pittsburgh, made up of several distinct neighborhoods on the eastern side of Pittsburgh. Oakland, a bustling college neighborhood home to Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh, is located here, as well as many quieter neighborhoods including Squirrel Hill and Shadyside.
Whenever I find myself mentally whining that my 1920s house is too small in some places, I remind myself that the original owners managed to raise three kids there, so two people should be able to navigate around its choke points without much difficulty.. The fact that my nearly 1,800-square-foot house seems cozy is yet another testimony to how our expectations about the way we live have changed in the time since our house was built. I was reminded of this by the recent release of the 1940 Census data. While I already knew who lived in our house at that point -- and have met the three people then listed on the census form as children living in the house -- I still was curious to see what I could learn from the form.. I had to wade well into the document to find the specific house I was looking for, but that gave me more of an overall glimpse of my neighborhood on the way. Several things were clear: Families were larger. Very few women worked, with usually only a single wage earner per ...
Homeowner Phil Rush looks at the remains of his home destroyed by wildfire in Santa Rosa on Oct. 11, 2017. Rush said he and his wife and dog escaped with only their medication, a bag of dog food when flames overtook their entire neighborhood on October 9. The toll from Northern Californias ranging wildfires continued to grow as officials said the fires destroyed up to 2,000 structures and killed at least 17 people ...
Four years ago today I was diagnosed with APL.. Four month months later I was in remission.. 28 months later I was done with chemotherapy and medication.. In 16 months the medical community and insurance companies will consider me "cured".. The whole thing was an interesting experience. I know I changed significantly from the experience. Today I am relaxed and in the moment. I get more enjoyment out of the day to day than I can ever remember. Okay those summers in the 70s being a free and curious kid roaming the neighborhood on a bicycle were pretty awesome.. Link to first post on my leukemia diagnosis.. Link to the leukemia category of my blog.. ...
When an airstrike hit a west Mosul neighborhood on March 17, four-and-a-half-year-old Hawra was inside one of the houses leveled.
Whether patterns of physical activity in different communities can be attributed to the built environment or instead reflect self-selection is not well understood. The objective of this study was to examine neighborhood preferences and behavior-specific physical activity among residents who moved to a new urbanist-designed community.
I have called for early resolution of problems with the Habitats Regulation Assessment which mean that referenda for Neighbourhood Plans are being delayed. The work is being undertaken by Natural England following an earlier court case. The referenda are required to bring into legal force the contents of Neighbourhood Plans.. I said:. "There are two issues here. First, Neighbourhood Plans were supposed to be simple documents produced by communities but we are making them ever more complicated by the inclusion, for example, of assessments under the Habitats Regulation Assessment. If Neighbourhood Plans identify sites within them I agree that they have to have some form of habitat assessment. But the burden of this is falling in the wrong place on communities. Second, the length of time being taken to complete the work has held up the approval and referenda of Neighbourhood Plans. In two cases from my own constituency the Neighbourhood Plans are urgently required to make sense of a plan for new ...
Source: Lawrence Association of Neighborhoods. 2011 candidate questionnaire from the Lawrence Association of Neighborhoods.. Download PDF / 153.7 KB. E-mail this to a friend. ...
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Participation - The Basics has been devised by Siobhán Clancy, Artist in Residence on Heliums Fireflies Project at Temple Street Childrens University Hospital and a
It appears the country will have yet another chance to elect a member of the Bush family to the residence on Pennsylvania Avenue.
A very eccentric independent label run by Johnny R from his Gwalchmai residence on Anglesey. This label consistently produced innovative material, which at
Several weeks after The Why Factory - a newly established research institute, lead by MVRDV and the Technical University Delft - had moved into their new residence on the top floor of the Faculty Bui…
Shop for cheap hotels and compare discount hotel prices in Colon, PM using our price map. You can also view Name Your Own Price® winning hotel bids for local neighborhoods.
United Ways Trunk or Treat event created a wonderful impact for visitors and our local neighborhood. See the graphic below for a list of sponsors, partners, and contributors who helped us make a difference! ...
Does your neighborhood really define health? Most of us make a choice between suburbs, countryside, or city and settle down. But others, particularly those living in poverty, dont always get to make that choice-the choice that could actually determine our quality and length of life. So how does this choice affect our health? Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing PhD Candidate Laura Samuel is finding out.
The City of Tampas Nehemiah Project is completing the first of 11 homes being built and sold at market rate in a neighborhood that is one of the most impoverished in the city.
ANCA-ST) Chapter announced Friday its endorsements of the 13 candidates on the Moving Sunland-Tujunga Forward slate for the upcoming Neighborhood Council election set for April 2
While some of you were getting in touch with nature in PetVille's Crystal Springs Theme, Zynga accidentally spoiled the surprise on their next feature to come to the game: Neighborhoods. A