The common name "tuatara" comes from Maori words meaning "spines on back," in reference to the crest on the backs of males and females. Tuatara have a lizard-like appearance: both groups are elongate with four limbs (most lizards) and both lizards and tuatara are known to shed their tails (caudal autotomy). The groups diverge, however, on the presence or lack of a paired hemipenes, the morphology of the teeth and skull, and other important features. Tuatara are long-lived species, reaching sexual maturity at about 20 years. Two species of tuatara, Sphenodon guntheri and Sphenodon punctatus, are located in New Zealand, and are the only species known to exist ...
Cotylosauria is considered as "stem - reptiles". They closely resemble the Labyrinthodont amphibians. It is not easy to distinguish these two groups separately. In the Mesozoic era giant dinosaurs dominated the earth. In the late cretaceous period of Mesozoic era they became extinct In the present day world nearly 5,000 known species of reptiles are living. Reptiles are poikiothennic vertebrates. They are first true land vertebrates. They are the first amniotic group of vertebrate animals. The Present day reptiles are sphenodon, lizards, snakes, turtles and crocodiles. GENERAL CHARACTERS OF REPTILES The Reptiles origin from labyrinthodont Amphibians in the carboniferous period of Paleozoic era. Present day living Reptiles are 5,000 species. They have an endoskeleton of dry epidermal scales and in some, bony dermal plates are present. The Reptiles flourished in the Mesozoic era. Gant Dinosaurs dominated the earth and seas. Mesozoic era is the "Golden age of Reptiies". Most of the giant Reptiles ...
Reptiles have become increasingly common as domestic pets, and with them reptile-associated Salmonella infections in humans. From 1990 to 2000, a total of 339 reptile-associated Salmonella cases were reported in Sweden. In 1996, as part of its efforts to adapt its import regulations to those of the European Union, Sweden no longer required certificates stating that imported animals were free of Salmonella. A subsequent increase was noted in the incidence of reptile-associated cases from 0.15/100,000 in the period 1990-1994 to 0.79/100,000 in 1996 and 1997. After a public education campaign directed toward the general public was begun through the news media, the incidence dropped to 0.46/100,000. Children were the most affected age group among patients (incidence 1.3/100,000). Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis was the most frequent serotype (24% of isolates), followed by S. Typhimurium (9% of isolates). Import restrictions and public information campaigns are effective public health measures
Reptile is the common name for one of the main groups of land vertebrates. It is not used so much by biologists, who use more accurate terms. The name "reptile" comes from Latin and means "one who creeps". All living reptile species are cold blooded, have scaly skin, and lay cleidoic eggs.[1][2] They excrete uric acid (instead of urea), and have a cloaca. A cloaca is a shared opening for the anus, urinary tract and reproductive ducts. Reptiles also share an arrangement of the heart and major blood vessels which is different from that of mammals.[3] Many important groups of reptiles are now extinct, for example the mosasaurs. We used to say the dinosaurs were extinct, but they survive in the form of their feathered descendants (birds). Ancient reptiles that do survive include the turtles, the crocodiles and the Tuatara, the lone survivor of its group. The great majority of present-day reptiles are snakes and lizards. The study of living reptiles is called herpetology. ...
Reptile is the common name for one of the main groups of land vertebrates. It is not used so much by biologists, who use more accurate terms. The name "reptile" comes from Latin and means "one who creeps". All living reptile species are cold blooded, have scaly skin, and lay cleidoic eggs.[1][2] They excrete uric acid (instead of urea), and have a cloaca. A cloaca is a shared opening for the anus, urinary tract and reproductive ducts. Reptiles also share an arrangement of the heart and major blood vessels which is different from that of mammals.[3] Many important groups of reptiles are now extinct, for example the mosasaurs. We used to say the dinosaurs were extinct, but they survive in the form of their feathered descendants (birds). Ancient reptiles that do survive include the turtles, the crocodiles and the Tuatara, the lone survivor of its group. The great majority of present-day reptiles are snakes and lizards. The study of living reptiles is called herpetology. ...
There are countless species and varieties of reptiles around the world. Even though there are many differences, reptiles do share a few common traits.For starters, they use lungs to breathe. Lizards might breathe using the same muscles they use to run and crocodiles have a more flexible diaphragm, but overall, reptiles have lungs that are more advanced than amphibians, but not as refined as mammals. Reptiles also have scales made of keratin protein. Scales provide protection from predators, help retain water, and can play a role in courtship and territorial clashes. Reptiles are not the only animals to have scales, but it is a common characteristic among all reptiles.Another characteristic is that theyre all four-legged vertebrates (or descended from four-limbed animals, like snakes). This is another shared trait with other types of animals, which indicates that reptiles are an evolutionary middle ground of sorts between amphibians and mammals. For the most part, female reptiles lay eggs but ...
The results presented here add a critical lineage to the emerging picture of MHC evolution in amniotes, with a genome-level characterization of MHC organization in an evolutionarily divergent reptile, the tuatara. The tuatara MHC region appears to be large with a high repeat content. We found a total of seven class I sequences and 11 class II β sequences, but some appeared to represent pseudogenes. Chromosome 13q appears to contain the core MHC, as clones containing classical class I, class II beta, and class II alpha chain genes map to here, but additional class I genes were located chromosome 4p.. The MHC in tuatara has low gene density compared with other species. We found at most five genes on individual BAC clones, and many clones contained only one or two genes and a high number of repetitive elements. The low density of tuatara MHC genes is a likely reason for challenges in identifying other MHC-associated genes like TAP1, TAP2, TAPBP, or C4 or framework genes like DAXX, BRD2, or TNXB on ...
Circulatory systems in fish, amphibians and mammals. Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals (Double Circulation).The circulatory system of a Frog forms a double loop. Adult frogs develop an apparatus and a digestive tract.Recall some of the adaptations each group has and how they help the animals better.RESPIRATION IN BIRDS-REPTILES-MAMMALS Respiratory System in Bird Respiratory System in Reptile Respiratory System in Mammals---a comparative anatomy.While something as basic as breathing may sound universal, the fact is that amphibians, birds, and mammals all do it differently.. The digestive system of birds is. the reproductive habits or mammals and those of reptiles, birds, and amphibians.Order Squamata Since reptiles were the first to inhabit dry land, several evolutionary changes were required in the.Many people who care for reptiles will at some point hear or read about the renal portal system. amphibians, birds and reptiles.). come from the digestive.. Animal genitalia: amphibians, reptiles and. ...
When we think of reptiles and their parasites, we tend to (or should be!) thinking about how the presence of bloodsucking ectoparasites and the many different types of endoparasites may harm our reptile. While a healthy reptile can sustain a certain number of endo- and ectoparasites, a stressed or already compromised reptile cannot. Since captivity is, in and of itself, stressful, experienced herpers learn that it is better to deal with the issue right from the start, rather than wait for a problem to develop and to spread throughout all their other enclosures and reptiles.. What most herpers - and other pet owners - fail to realize is that humans may become infected with diseases borne by the ectoparasites, as well as become infected with organisms that pass through the reptiles digestive tract (nicely known as the fecal-oral route). What follows are abstracts and other information on some of the tickborne and other zoonoses from reptile hosts.. Seasonal activity and host associations of ...
During 1994-1995, health departments in 13 states reported to CDC persons infected with unusual Salmonella serotypes in which the patients had direct or indirect contact with reptiles (i.e., lizards, snakes, or turtles). In many of those cases, the same serotype of Salmonella was isolated from patients and from reptiles with which they had had contact or a common contact. For some cases, infection resulted in invasive illness, such as sepsis and meningitis. This report summarizes clinical and epidemiologic information for six of these cases. Connecticut. During January 1995, a 40-year-old man was hospitalized because of an acute illness characterized by constipation, lower back pain, chills, and fever. He reported having taken ranitidine and an antacid for symptoms of heartburn before onset of mild diarrhea 3 days before hospitalization. A blood culture yielded Salmonella serotype Wassenaar. A magnetic resonance image scan of the right sacrum suggested osteomyelitis. Ciprofloxacin therapy was ...
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... have dry scaly skin rather than hair or feathers. But they dont need moisturizer! Their special covering actually helps them hold in moisture and lets them live in dry places.. Reptile scales are connected in a "sheet," which is the outermost layer of skin. Every so often, this layer of skin is shed and replaced. In some reptiles the skin flakes off in chunks. In snakes, the skin is usually shed in one piece. You may not think of turtle and tortoise shells as being scaly, but they are! Theyre shells are complex structures made up of bones and scales that develop from the outer layer of skin. Its natural body armor!. Heating Up and Cooling Down. Reptiles, like amphibians, are ectotherms ( "cold-blooded"). This means that they cant produce sufficient internal heat to maintain a constant body temperature. Instead, reptiles are responsible for regulating their own body temperature. When its cold outside and they need to warm up, they often bask in the sun to raise their body ...
Diseases of reptiles eyes are frequently seen in veterinary practice. The causes of these lesions are often identical to those responsible for inducing ophthalmic disease in mammals and birds. Although the approach to treatment is similar to that in mammals, anatomic differences in the reptile eye cause special conditions to reptiles. Because ciliary muscles of reptiles are composed of striated muscle rather than smooth muscle fibers, conventional mydriatic agents (parasympatholytics) such as tropicamide and atropine are ineffective in producing pupillary dilation. The second difference is that in those reptiles lacking movable eyelids, the corneas are covered by a clear protective epidermally derived structure called spectacle. This structure appears impervious to topical medications, thus making treatment of the globe difficult. The spectacle is periodically replaced during molting cycles (ecdysis).. Congenital ocular malformations (especially microphthalmos) occur with some frequency in ...
However, while reptiles are often easier to maintain and require less attention than a dog or cat, their convenience comes at a price. Reptiles usually require specialized food and specific living conditions. Quite often, potential owners must have their cages custom built and have to monitor things such as lighting and heat within the cage at all times.. Reptiles have very specific husbandry needs and, if those needs are not met, are prone to a variety of illnesses and disorders. Some of the more common problems include ball pythons who are picky eaters and refuse food, iguanas who do not properly digest their food because of temperatures, boas who become listless and refuse food when it becomes too cold, and many reptiles run the high risk of calcium deficiencies.. Also, people often become un-enamored with their scaly friends when they realize that reptiles do not offer forth the same kind of warmth and affection as their warm-blooded cousins. With more instinctive behaviorisms and smaller ...
The etiology of reptilian viral diseases can be attributed to a wide range of viruses occurring across different genera and families. Thirty to forty years ago, studies of viruses in reptiles focused mainly on the zoonotic potential of arboviruses in reptiles and much effort went into surveys and challenge trials of a range of reptiles with eastern and western equine encephalitis as well as Japanese encephalitis viruses. In the past decade, outbreaks of infection with West Nile virus in human populations and in farmed alligators in the USA has seen the research emphasis placed on the issue of reptiles, particularly crocodiles and alligators, being susceptible to, and reservoirs for, this serious zoonotic disease. Although there are many recognised reptilian viruses, the evidence for those being primary pathogens is relatively limited. Transmission studies establishing pathogenicity and cofactors are likewise scarce, possibly due to the relatively low commercial importance of reptiles, difficulties with
Scientists have discovered a fossil of a new ancient marine animal that resembles present-day dolphins. The said fossil gives a hint of how marine reptiles survived mass extinction 250 million years ago.
The skeleton of an elasmosaur dinosaur, a rare 25-foot-long marine reptile, has been found for the first time in the mountains of Alaska.
The distribution on serovars of 60 Salmonella isolates from reptiles kept in captivity in Denmark during the period 1995-2006 was investigated. The isolates were all recovered from clinical specimens submitted to the National Veterinary Institute. A majority of the samples were from reptiles in zoological gardens or similar, while a minor number was from reptiles kept in private homes. A total of 43 serovars were detected, most of them being what is usually called exotic serotypes, and many not having a trivial name, while a few isolates belonged to well-known human pathogenic serovars, such as S. Enteritidis, S. Typhimurium, S. Bovismorbificans. One isolate was rough and two were non-typeable. Isolates from turtles belonged to the subspecies enterica, while many isolates from both sauria and snakes belonged to other subspecies. The findings underline the potential zoonotic risk by handling reptiles in zoological garden or other public settings, or keeping pet reptiles in private homes ...
Ticks can be removed by grasping them at the point of attachment and slowly pulling their mouth parts out of the reptiles skin.. To eliminate mites, pesticides and medications are used to kill the parasites both on the reptiles body and within the terrarium. Be very careful when using these chemicals around reptiles because they can cause serious illness or death if pets overdose from the medication, drink from contaminated water, or if ventilation is inadequate. Throw out all substrates and cage furnishings that could be harboring mites. Use newspaper as a floor covering throughout the treatment period and then refurnish the cage with mite-free substrates, branches, rocks, hide boxes, etc.. Bot larvae can be removed from their chamber within the skin by gently enlarging their breathing hole and pulling them out with a pair of tweezers. Maggots must be picked out of or flushed from a reptiles damaged skin. If the reptile has open wounds, it should be treated with topical antiseptics. ...
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GENERAL INFORMATION. This article provides an introduction to reptilian therapeutics. There are few drug preparations licensed for use in reptiles. Drugs authorized for use in other species or for humans may be administered under the responsibility of the veterinarian. It is important to note that some drugs may be very safe in certain species and fatal in another. For example, ivermectin while apparently safe in most snakes and lizards, causes death in most chelonia.. All reptiles should be accurately weighed before being medicated to avoid overdosage, and during treatment to monitor response.. All reptiles are ectothermic and a change in temperature may have profound influences on drug distribution, metabolism, excretion, and hence elimination half-life. Some therapeutic regimens state a fixed temperature at which the reptile should be held during treatment. The advantage of this approach is that where pharmacokinetic evidence exists the elimination of the drug will be known and constant. ...
Between the later part of the Triassic and the very end of the Cretaceous, the seas of the world (and some of its rivers, lakes and estuaries as well) were inhabited by the remarkable group of swimming reptiles known as the plesiosaurs.
British paleontologists say theyve worked with international colleagues to identify fossil remains as those of a new kind of extinct flying reptile.
This course covers the identification, distribution, natural history, ecology, conservation history and conservation status of all the Northern and Southern California amphibian and reptile species and subspecies that are listed as threatened or endangered by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. This course also covers all Northern California and selected Southern California species included in the current (2016) edition of the UC Press/CDFW publication "California Amphibian and Reptile Species of Special Concern," such as the western pond turtle and the coast horned lizard. Also included is introductory material on survey techniques. The course is designed for agency biologists, consultants, planners, public utilities staff and others who are interested in the natural history and conservation biology of Northern California amphibians and reptiles.. ...
The identification of species boundaries for allopatric populations is important for setting conservation priorities and can affect conservation management decisions. Tuatara ( Sphenodon) are the...
Introduction. The Biology and Diversity of Extant Reptiles. The word reptile itself does not describe a monophyletic group of vertebrates, like the mammals or birds. It is used to classify a polyphyletic group of animals that are a subset of the larger group of Amniotes. The term is best described through a cladogram: Dr. Paul M. Barrett 2001 The reptiles first appeared in the early Carboniferous, having evolved from labyrinthodont amphibians. They had several distinct advantages over the amphibians that allowed them to flourish during the cold, dry Permian period. These lead them to be the most successful group of vertebrates and this period was referred to as the age of reptiles. They exploited all terrestrial niches, a few marine and even one group took to the air. No other group of vertebrates had ever displayed such diversity and mammals today are their only match. They were the first group of tetrapods to successfully overcome the major problems of terrestrial life, namely desiccation, ...
He also shared his two books, "Reptiles Up Close" and "More Reptiles Up Close." When Nieves was 8 years old, he became interested in reptiles while caring for a a garter snake that his brother brought home. He spends most of time his time educating others about reptiles and amphibians at schools, libraries and zoos. His books have become an additional way to share and David is currently working on Amphibians Up Close ...
The worlds most poisonous snakes belong to a family called elapids, which includes cobras, taipans, mambas and sea snakes (like Belchers sea snake). Plants for reptile and amphibians vivariums. Hatchlings are greenish in color and boldly marked with round spots and an orange ring around the carapace. A: Dinosaurs evolved from more primitive reptiles about 230 million years ago. The word alligator is taken from the Greek word meaning " Crocodilos lizard. These illnesses and outbreaks are why CDC recommends that turtles and other reptiles are not kept as pets in households with young children. [775 KB] Gastrointestinal (Enteric) Diseases from Animals: Information about zoonotic outbreaks, prevention messages, and helpful resources ...
Substrates commonly used in reptile enclosures include those in the list below. Some of these substrates are inappropriate for some reptiles. Some are inappropriate for all reptiles and are included here so that you will be forewarned against buying them despite pet store recommendations and the implied or explicit wording on product packaging and advertisements.. Substrates should not be collected in the wild as the soil, leaves, sand, gravel, etc., may contain organisms that are harmful to your reptile. Even if you dont use herbicides and pesticides in your yard, these chemicals are transported through the air as both dry and wet deposits, and so contaminate soil, leaves, and the woody parts of plants, even those at some distance from the point of application.. Particulate substrates, even when made from natural or biodegradable products such as plant fibers, should not be used for any lizard who smells with its tongue. Particles become stuck to the tongue and are swallowed. Over time, ...
Drinking. Drinking. As. Thus they pay a price for their efficient water retention.Organisms in different environments utilize different structures in osmoregulation and excretion.Like birds, many reptiles excrete ni-trogenous waste as insoluble uric acid or urate salts (Minnich, 1972).. In all reptiles, birds, and mammals, the process of excretion, water and salt balance and the regulation of pH in body fluids are controlled by the kidneys.Fish utilize kidneys to filter out the wastes from their blood and then use their skin and gills to excrete. excretory system.Reptiles tend to have a broad innate immune response followed by a more moderate adaptive response, and as an ectotherm, their immune response is strongly affected by.I hope this helps you to understand the differences in excretion between humans and reptiles ...
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Reptiles generally reproduce sexually, though some are capable of asexual reproduction. All reproductive activity occurs through the cloaca, the single exit/entrance at the base of the tail where waste is also eliminated. Most reptiles have copulatory organs, which are usually retracted or inverted and stored inside the body. In turtles and crocodilians, the male has a single median penis, while squamates, including snakes and lizards, possess a pair of hemipenes, only one of which is typically used in each session. Tuatara, however, lack copulatory organs, and so the male and female simply press their cloacas together as the male discharges sperm.[106]. Most reptiles lay amniotic eggs covered with leathery or calcareous shells. An amnion, chorion, and allantois are present during embryonic life. The eggshell (1) protects the crocodile embryo (11) and keeps it from drying out, but it is flexible to allow gas exchange. The chorion (6) aids in gas exchange between the inside and outside of the ...
Reptiles generally reproduce sexually, though some are capable of asexual reproduction. All reproductive activity occurs through the cloaca, the single exit/entrance at the base of the tail where waste is also eliminated. Most reptiles have copulatory organs, which are usually retracted or inverted and stored inside the body. In turtles and crocodilians, the male has a single median penis, while squamates, including snakes and lizards, possess a pair of hemipenes, only one of which is typically used in each session. Tuatara, however, lack copulatory organs, and so the male and female simply press their cloacas together as the male discharges sperm.[113]. Most reptiles lay amniotic eggs covered with leathery or calcareous shells. An amnion, chorion, and allantois are present during embryonic life. The eggshell (1) protects the crocodile embryo (11) and keeps it from drying out, but it is flexible to allow gas exchange. The chorion (6) aids in gas exchange between the inside and outside of the ...
Suture zones, shared regions of secondary contact between long-isolated lineages, are natural laboratories for studying divergence and speciation. For tropical rainforest, the existence of suture zones and their significance for speciation has been controversial. Using comparative phylogeographic evidence, we locate a morphologically cryptic suture zone in the Australian Wet Tropics rainforest. Fourteen out of 18 contacts involve morphologically cryptic phylogeographic lineages, with mtDNA sequence divergences ranging from 2 to 15 per cent. Contact zones are significantly clustered in a suture zone located between two major Quaternary refugia. Within this area, there is a trend for secondary contacts to occur in regions with low environmental suitability relative to both adjacent refugia and, by inference, the parental lineages. The extent and form of reproductive isolation among interacting lineages varies across species, ranging from random admixture to speciation, in one case via ...
Scientists have uncovered a new species of gigantic reptile that flew the skies over Brazil 115 million years ago, the BBC reports. The reptile, by far the largest of its kind ever found, had a wing... Science News Summaries. | Newser
... can often be found in the intestinal tract of reptiles. A reptile with Salmonella can possibly infect its owner.Salmonella in iguanas is a health problem that can affect their owners sometimes more than the reptile itself. Beneficial bacteria, known as probiotics, have long been known to aid the intestinal tract of humans. Now a product is available for salmonella-positive reptiles. Many reptile-related diseases can be traced to the health of the reptiles intestinal tract. A good, well-balanced probiotic offers a safe approach for the gut of reptiles. Many have said that the use of NutriBAC has increased their reptiles appetite, reversed constipation, and stopped regurgitation following feedings. A good probiotic or beneficial bacteria, like NutriBAC, is simply a "tool" in the husbandry of reptiles and amphibians. NutriBAC is the only probiotic patented for use in reptiles and amphibians ...
Amphisbaenia (called amphisbaenians or worm lizards) is a group of usually legless squamates, comprising over 180 extant species. Amphisbaenians are characterized by their long bodies, the reduction or loss of the limbs, and rudimentary eyes. As many species have a pink body and scales arranged in rings, they have a superficial resemblance to earthworms. While the genus Bipes retains forelimbs, all other genera are limbless. Although superficially similar to the snakes and Dibamidae, recent phylogenetic studies suggest that they are most closely related to the Lacertidae. Amphisbaenians are widely distributed, occurring in North America, Europe, Africa, South America, and the Caribbean. Most species are less than 6 inches (150 mm) long. Despite a superficial resemblance to some primitive snakes, amphisbaenians have many unique features that distinguish them from other reptiles. Internally, their right lung is reduced in size to fit their narrow bodies, whereas in snakes, it is always the left ...
A popular "get well" card shows a raccoon saying to a snake, "You wouldnt get these stomach aches if you chewed your food properly." Vets know, however, that indigestion in snakes and other reptiles often results not from swallowing food whole but from a parasitic infection. The gastrointestinal disease cryptosporidiosis represents a particularly severe problem: although it is rarely otherwise serious in mammals, reptiles seem especially prone to it and the condition is often fatal. Furthermore it is highly contagious, so early diagnosis would represent a good way to limit its spread among reptiles. Unfortunately, though, diagnosis is extremely difficult. Scientists at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna have developed a test for the identification of the cryptosporidia that cause the condition, enabling them to assess its prevalence in pet lizards and snakes. The results are published in the current issue of the Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation.. Although known for over ...
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Lamas, A. M., López-Orge, R. H., González Lama, Z., Zapatero-Ramos, L., Martínez-Fernández, A. R. (1985). Chalcides sexlineatus Boettger y Müller, 1914. Nuevo hospedador de Oochoristica tuberculata Luhe, 1898. Revista Ibérica de Parasitología, 45 (1): 89-90. López-Jurado, L. F. (1998). Chalcides sexlineatus Steindachner, 1891 - Gestreifter Kanarenskink, Gran Canaria-Skink. Pp. 201-213. En: Bischoff, W. (Ed.). Die Reptilien der Kanarischen Inseln, der Selvagens-Inseln und des Madeira-Archipels. En: Böhme, W. (Ed.). Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Band 6. Aula-Verlag, Wiebelsheim. López-Jurado, L. F., Báez, M. (1985). La variación de Chalcides sexlineatus en la isla de Gran Canaria (Islas Canarias). Bonner Zoologische Beitrage, 36 (3-4): 315-336. Martínez-Rica, J. P. (1989). El atlas provisional de los anfibios y reptiles de España y Portugal (APAREP). Presentación y situación oficial. Asociación Herpetológica Española. Monografías de herpetología, 1. 73 pp. ...
Taxonomic database that provides basic information about all living reptile species, such as turtles, snakes, lizards, and crocodiles, as well as tuataras and amphisbaenians, but does not include dinosaurs.
Children love to explore the great outdoors. Spotting turtles, frogs, lizards and snakes in the wild is fun and can help build an appreciation of the wonders of wildlife. To help keep the experience healthy, parents and guardians should be aware that reptiles and amphibians can harbor Salmonella bacteria that are easily transmitted to people handling them. That includes wild as well as pet store varieties of these animals.. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Salmonella outbreaks from contact with reptiles and amphibians have caused hundreds of people to become ill in recent years; many of these outbreaks are linked to small turtles. Children under five years old are the most commonly affected, which is why CDC recommends parents prevent their young children from contacting reptiles and amphibians. CDC notes, in fact, that since 1975 the Food and Drug Administration has banned the sale and distribution of turtles with a shell length of less than four inches in ...
Taxonomic database that provides basic information about all living reptile species, such as turtles, snakes, lizards, and crocodiles, as well as tuataras and amphisbaenians, but does not include dinosaurs.
Every terrarium hobbyist and prospective owner of reptiles or amphibians will want to read, reread, and constantly refer to this fact-filled, color-illustrated book. It offers enthusiasts detailed advice and information on everything from choosing and acquiring an animal to its feeding, housing, breeding, and health care. The author, an expert herpetologist, discusses advantages and disadvantages of acquiring captive-bred animals verses collecting them from the wild. He also advises on which reptiles and amphibians amateurs should avoid collecting, how to maintain hygienic and properly heated and lighted cages and terrariums, and how to treat the animals injuries and ailments. Finally, he names and describes the 25 best reptiles and amphibians for hobbyists to acquire and maintain, and tells why they are the best. Among them are the Corn Snake, the Garter Snake, the African Fat-tailed Gecko, the Red-footed Tortoise, the Green Treefrog, and 20 more. Color photos throughout.
XplorMor International fieldwork, expeditions and programs encourage discovery, appreciation and conservation of our planet. Our reptile and amphibian observations, coined Herpetology in Photography, document the physical appearance, behaviors, habitats and patterns of reptiles and amphibians. Our aim is for this scientific research and beautiful photography to engage people in learning more about reptiles and amphibians, and protecting species and their habitats.
XplorMor International fieldwork, expeditions and programs encourage discovery, appreciation and conservation of our planet. Our reptile and amphibian observations, coined Herpetology in Photography, document the physical appearance, behaviors, habitats and patterns of reptiles and amphibians. Our aim is for this scientific research and beautiful photography to engage people in learning more about reptiles and amphibians, and protecting species and their habitats.
Lepidosaur herbivory describes herbivorous lepidosaurs. Living non-avian reptiles form a paraphyletic group that consists of over 9, species of crocodiles, turtles, and lepidosaurs. The most diverse...
The following information was copied from the California Department of Fish and Game document titled NATIVE REPTILE CAPTIVE PROPAGATION LAWS AND REGULATIONS in March of 2008. These may not be the current regulations. To download a PDF with information regarding captive propagation of native reptiles and amphibians, follow the link on the special permits page that should be labelled Native Reptile Captive Propogation ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Fossil reptiles at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Fossil reptiles easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
The Reptile Report is your one stop for the most interesting news, stories, and photos of reptiles, amphibians, and invertebrates.