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Background: Social rejection elicits negative mood, emotional distress and neural activity in networks that are associated with physical pain. However, studies assessing physiological reactions to social rejection are rare and results of these studies were found to be ambiguous. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine and specify physiological effects of social rejection.Methods: Participants (N = 50) were assigned to either a social exclusion or inclusion condition of a virtual ball-tossing game (Cyberball). Immediate and delayed physiological (skin conductance level and heart rate) reactions were recorded. In addition, subjects reported levels of affect, emotional states and fundamental needs.Results: Subjects who were socially rejected showed increased heart rates. However, social rejection had no effect on subjects' skin conductance levels. Both conditions showed heightened arousal on this measurement. Furthermore, psychological consequences of social rejection indicated the validity of the
The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Department's Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Department's Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
Welcome to Your Pediatric Psychologist. As a committed and expert in pediatric psychology, my mission is to help children with medical conditions and their families succeed and restore normality by elevating psychological care beyond the expected
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Glendale. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
In a recent theoretical account of persecutory delusions, it is suggested that anxiety and worry are important factors in paranoid experience [Freeman, D., Garety, P. A., Kuipers, E., Fowler, D., & Bebbington, P. E. (2002). A cognitive model of persecutory delusions. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 41(4), 331-347]. In emotional disorders worry has been understood in terms of catastrophising. In the current study, the concept of catastrophising is applied for the first time with persecutory delusions. Thirty individuals with current persecutory delusions and 30 non-clinical controls participated in a cross-sectional study. The group with persecutory delusions was also followed up at 3 months to assess predictors of delusion persistence. At its most severe, 21% of individuals with persecutory delusions had clinical worry, 68% had levels of worry comparable with treatment seeking GAD patients. Further, high levels of anxiety, worry and catastrophising were associated with high levels of persecutory
TY - JOUR. T1 - Assessing women's sexual arousal in the context of sexual assault history and acute alcohol intoxication. AU - Gilmore, Amanda K.. AU - Schacht, Rebecca L.. AU - George, William H.. AU - Otto, Jacqueline M.. AU - Davis, Kelly Cue. AU - Heiman, Julia R.. AU - Norris, Jeanette. AU - Kajumulo, Kelly F.. N1 - Funding Information: This article was completed by the first author in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master's in Science in clinical psychology under the supervision of Dr. George. This research was funded through a grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (AA13565) to Dr. George. Thanks to Dr. Lori Zoellner for her helpful comments. Portions of this manuscript were presented in November 2009 at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. PY - 2010/6. Y1 - 2010/6. N2 - Introduction.: Few studies have examined differences in women's sexual arousal based on sexual assault history ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Urine proteomic profiling for biomarkers of acute renal transplant rejection.. AU - Liang, Shu Ling. AU - Clarke, William. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - Acute allograft rejection is a serious impediment to long-term success in renal transplantation. Early detection of rejection is crucial for treatment of rejection, and can help avoid long-term effects such as chronic rejection or loss of the transplanted organ. The current diagnostic paradigm is a combination of clinical presentation, biochemical measurements (serum creatinine), and needle biopsy. There are significant efforts underway to find alternate biomarkers for early detection of acute rejection, including protein profiling of urine by mass spectrometry. One approach for protein profiling is to use affinity mass spectrometry - we describe a method for this using ProteinChips and SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry.. AB - Acute allograft rejection is a serious impediment to long-term success in renal transplantation. Early detection ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Multiparametric Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Can Detect Acute Cardiac Allograft Rejection After Heart Transplantation. AU - Dolan, Ryan S.. AU - Rahsepar, Amir A.. AU - Blaisdell, J.. AU - Suwa, Kenichiro. AU - Ghafourian, Kambiz. AU - Wilcox, Jane E. AU - Khan, Sadiya Sana. AU - Vorovich, Esther Elizabeth. AU - Rich, Jonathan D. AU - Anderson, Allen Sawyer. AU - Yancy, Clyde W. AU - Collins, Jeremy D.. AU - Carr, James. AU - Markl, Michael. PY - 2019/8/1. Y1 - 2019/8/1. N2 - Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for the detection of acute cardiac allograft rejection (ACAR). Background: ACAR is currently diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy, but CMR may be a noninvasive alternative because of its capacity for regional myocardial structure and function characterization. Methods: Fifty-eight transplant recipients (mean age 47.0 ± 14.7 years) and 14 control subjects (mean age 47.7 ± ...
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Peer rejection has frequently been identified as a risk factor for development. Amongst other factors, peer rejection is predicted by the temperamental characteristics that underlie problem behaviours. Research has also demonstrated relationships between communication style and peer rejection, while a possible link between temperament and communication has scarcely been explored. This research presents two studies investigating the relationships between temperament, communication and peer popularity, using Howe and McWilliam's (in press) coding scheme. A cross-sectional study obtained parental ratings on temperament and peer nominated sociometric status for children in nursery class, Primary 3 and Primary 6. Children were observed during free play and structured tasks, and communication was coded. A follow up longitudinal study was conducted with children in Primary 2 and Primary 3 only. It was hypothesised that difficult temperament would be associated with peer rejection, that communication ...
Corneal Graft Rejection (Immunology) - Drugs in Development, 2021 provides an overview of the Corneal Graft Rejection pipeline landscape.. The report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Corneal Graft Rejection, complete with analysis by Stage of Development, Drug Target, Mechanism of Action (MoA), Route of Administration (RoA) and Molecule Type. The report also covers the descriptive Pharmacological Action of the therapeutics, its complete research and development history and latest news and press releases. Additionally, the report provides an overview of key players involved in therapeutic development for Corneal Graft Rejection and features dormant and discontinued projects.. The report helps in identifying and tracking emerging players in the market and their portfolios, enhances decision making capabilities and helps to create effective counter strategies to gain competitive advantage.. The report is built using data and information sourced from ...
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Children's Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Children's Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Unusual presentations of BK virus infections in pediatric renal transplant recipients. AU - Drake, Keri A.. AU - Najera, Lydia. AU - Reed, Robyn C.. AU - Verghese, Priya S.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2013/2. Y1 - 2013/2. N2 - BKV has emerged as a significant pathogen in the field of transplantation, predominantly causing BKV nephropathy in renal transplant recipients and hemorrhagic cystitis in HSCT recipients. However, case reports describe more diverse complications, and we too present three unusual cases of BKV infections in pediatric renal transplant recipients. First, we describe a case of biopsy-proven renal damage secondary to BKV prior to the onset of viremia, demonstrating that BKV nephropathy can occur without preceding viremia. We also present two renal transplant recipients with persistent BK viruria, one with BKV-associated hemorrhagic cystitis and the other with microscopic hematuria. Therefore, we conclude that BKV ...
ALVES, Rogério Camargo Pinheiro et al. Predictive factors of early graft loss in living donor liver transplantation. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2012, vol.49, n.2, pp.157-161. ISSN 0004-2803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032012000200011.. CONTEXT: Living donor liver transplantation has become an alternative to reduce the lack of organ donation. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors predictive of early graft loss in the first 3 months after living donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Seventy-eight adults submitted to living donor liver transplantation were divided into group I with 62 (79.5%) patients with graft survival longer than 3 months, and group II with 16 (20.5%) patients who died and/or showed graft failure within 3 months after liver transplantation. The variables analyzed were gender, age, etiology of liver disease, Child-Pugh classification, model of end-stage liver disease (MELD score), pretransplantation serum sodium level, and graft weight-to-recipient body weight (GRBW) ratio. ...
This is the first study to compare the incidence and severity of transplant coronary artery disease in heart-lung and heart transplant recipients with the use of ICUS. The results of this study show that the incidence and severity of transplant coronary artery disease are less in heart-lung transplant recipients than in heart transplant recipients.. A major cause of mortality, and the main cause of retransplantation in heart transplant recipients, is transplant coronary artery disease. As many as 50% of the patients will develop significant angiographic disease by 5 years after transplantation. The majority of the heart-lung transplant recipients who survive the first year do not die as the result of cardiac disease or event.8 9 12 The present study confirms earlier reports that indicate that transplant coronary artery disease, as assessed by quantitative coronary angiography, does not play a major role in the morbidity and mortality of heart-lung transplant recipients. Richardson et al8 ...
Through the Loyola Clinical Centers (LCC), psychology students in the master's and doctoral program are able to hone their skills while providing services to those who couldn't typically afford it.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Posttransplant diabetes mellitus in pediatric renal transplant recipients. T2 - A report of The North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study (NAPRTCS). AU - Al-Uzri, Amira. AU - Stablein, Donald M.. AU - Cohn, Richard A.. PY - 2001/9/27. Y1 - 2001/9/27. N2 - Background. The incidence of renal post transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in adults varies from 3-46%. Methods. We did a retrospective analysis of 1365 children in The North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study with renal transplant (Tx) reported between January 92 and July 1997. PTDM, defined as ,2 weeks of insulin therapy after Tx, developed in 36 patients. A control group of 153/1329 non-PTDM patients was selected and matched for age at Tx and primary diagnosis. Results. African-Americans were overrepresented (36.1 vs. 17.6%, P=0.017) and Hispanics were underrepresented (5.6 vs. 26.1%, P=0.019) among cases. Although prednisone dose 30 days post-Tx was higher among cases (0.89 mg/kg/day) ...
Type V collagen may play a role in graft rejection following lung transplants (See Review: Sumpter TL, Wilkes DS. Role of autoimmunity in organ allograft rejection: a focus on immunity to type V collagen in the pathogenesis of lung transplant rejection. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2004; 286: L1129-39). It has been shown that oral tolerance induction by oral administration of type V collagen prevents lung allograft rejection in animal models, and is expected to be used for humans. Importantly, it has been reported that patients who were previously sensitized by type V collagen and positive for type V collagen-DTH reactions tend to develop idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (58.8%, 10/17) compared to patients who were negative for the DTH reaction (15.8%, 6/38) (Bobadilla JL, Love RB, Jankowska-Gan E, Xu Q, et al. Th-17, monokines, collagen type V, and primary graft dysfunction in lung transplantation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2008; 177: 660-8).. Type V and Type XI Collagen ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Penetrating Keratoplasty for Herpes Simplex Keratitis and Keratoconus. T2 - Allograft Rejection and Survival. AU - Epstein, R. J.. AU - Seedor, J. A.. AU - Dreizen, N. G.. AU - Stulting, R. D.. AU - Waring, G. O.. AU - Wilson, L. A.. AU - Cavanagh, Harrison D. PY - 1987/1/1. Y1 - 1987/1/1. N2 - To determine the relationship between corneal allograft rejection and failure, we studied patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty for herpes simplex keratitis (n = 82) and keratoconus (n = 345), two frequent indications for keratoplasty in young patients, using survival analysis. For first grafts for herpes, the probability of survival was significantly less than it was for keratoconus (P , 0.0001). For second grafts, this difference was less pronounced, and for three or more grafts, the difference in survival was not significant. The incidence of rejection episodes was similar in first grafts for herpes (16.6%) and keratoconus (18.5%) (P,0.05). However, the incidence of rejection ...
The International Student Support Program (ISSP) has been put together by the UQ School of Psychology to assist our international students with settling into university in Australia - academically, culturally and socially.. All of our international psychology students are invited to take advantage of the different sessions and activities on offer so that they can get the best out of their studies at UQ.. By participating in this program, students will meet and get to know other students (both Australian and international from a range of different countries), as well as academic and professional staff, the Psychology Students' Association (PSA) and the Psychology Student Support Tutors (PSST). The sessions are an opportunity to make life-long friends, and to quickly learn the important differences between studying in Australia and another country. All the sessions in the program are designed to set our international students up for success in their studies and beyond ...
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial team's psychologist will assess your child's development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your child's developmental level, refer you for ...
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NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their child's anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
TYLER NOONAN Lewis & Clark College (Deborah Heath). Deshen, Shlomo. Mutual Rejection and Association among the Discredited: Blind People in Israel. Human Organization November, 1991 Vol. 50: 89-95. (In the following I read an article by Shlomo Deshen observing the effects of being blind in Israel and the social rejections and associations among these discredited people. His work is based on interactions with 57 people aged 35-50 years of age. However he was in contact with other disabled minorities of social separation. He was in contact with around 100 legally blind individuals. This is my summary of his analysis.). Deshen describes that the "able-bodied" or sighted people evaluate the condition's of a disabled individual. In order to then categorize, or negatively channel them, into separate social niches other than their own. The disabled (not only blind people) can only submit to this separation and do not create symbols of their own to challenge this stereotype. Ethnic minorities can ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Immunogenicity of the meningococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine in pediatric kidney transplant patients. AU - Nelson, Delphine R.. AU - Fadrowski, Jeffrey J.. AU - Neu, Alicia M. PY - 2018/3/20. Y1 - 2018/3/20. N2 - Background: Immunosuppressed kidney transplant patients may have suboptimal response to vaccinations. The aim of this study was to determine antibody response to a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-D) in adolescents with a kidney transplant. Methods: This was a prospective, single-center, cohort study. Adolescent patients (11-22 years old) with a functioning kidney transplant for at least 3 months and no previous meningococcal vaccination were eligible for enrollment. Antibody levels to all serogroups were measured before vaccination (baseline) and at 4 weeks and 1, 2 and 3 years after vaccination. Seropositivity was defined as a titer ≥ 1:8 at baseline, and seroconversion as a fourfold or greater increase in antibody titer from baseline at ...
This 6-day modular programme will be of interest to practitioners from coaching, coaching psychology, HR, management and allied fields interested in learning more about Positive Psychology and Positive Psychology Coaching. The programme introduces the theory, research and practice of positive psychology coaching with a particular focus on facilitating positive transitions and developing resilience. Positive psychology models of PERMA, RAW and INSIGHT will be covered.. It is recommended that Learners who have no prior experience of coaching initially attend the 5-day TILM approved Coaching Development Programme.. CONTENTS ...
November 9, 2012. USADA announced today that Mark Fretta, of Colorado Springs, Colo., an athlete in the sport of Triathlon, has committed an anti-doping rule violation and received a sanction for his doping offense.. Fretta, 35, received a four-year period of ineligibility after variations in his individual longitudinal blood profile as well as other documentary evidence indicated the use of Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents such as Erythropoietin ("EPO"). Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents are prohibited in the class of Peptide Hormones which are prohibited under the USADA Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing and the International Triathlon Union Anti-Doping Rules, both of which have adopted the World Anti-Doping Code ("Code") and the World Anti-Doping Agency ("WADA") Prohibited List.. USADA conducts longitudinal blood data collection and comprehensive scientific review to identify changes in biological parameters that may be indicative of doping. The program consists of ...
Another type of doctoral program is the doctor of psychology (PsyD) program. Students in PsyD programs will learn the tenets of how to create, conduct and analyze data. They will learn to become informed and skilled consumers of modern findings, but there is a much lighter focus on the detailed ways in which to conduct research. These programs are geared towards students who plan to work directly with clients, rather than teach or do research.. Research is a major part of the curriculum for most graduate level psychology degree programs. At the master's level students receive formal training so they can better understand the scientific method and how to apply it to psychological research. At the doctoral level there is a divide in how much emphasis is placed on conducting research. While both types of programs teach students about the how and why, the PhD program will more strongly highlight the mechanics of how psychological research is conducted. PsyD programs will give more of an overview so ...
The School of Psychology at Bangor brings together a large group of outstanding scientists with international research reputations in clinical psychology, neuropsychology and clinical and cognitive neuroscience. A number of staff also hold appointments as consultant psychologists or medical consultants with the NHS and contribute to clinical practice as well as to the training of clinical psychologists, medical students and NHS staff. The School runs its own clinical psychology training programme, leading to the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology.. Key research strengths within the clinical psychology domain include dementia, neuropsychology and rehabilitation, learning disability, developmental disorders, addictions, and cognitive-behavioural approaches. Close links with other departments and with NHS services produce tremendous opportunities for collaborative clinical psychology research. The School supports the practical implementation of research findings to improve patient care with close ...
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
A. All the time, and a lot of them get relief from it. The one I send them to most often happens to be a doctor who got into acupuncture later. There's a large Asian population in the Berkeley area, so there are many acupuncturists to choose from. But the results are variable. Some people get really good results from acupuncture or acupressure, and others find it's a waste of time. So it's something to have in your therapeutic armamentarium. Particularly if nothing else is working, give it a try!. Q. What about the "psychosocial factors" involved in low back pain?. A. That's a tough one, because as soon as doctors say "psychosocial factors," patients wonder, "do you think this is all in my head, doc?" But it is nonetheless true that pain and psychosocial factors are hard to uncouple. For example, I see a lot of patients who have repetitive strain injuries, and any time you have a chronic injury, there's the possibility that it will be linked with either depression or stress. And what caused what ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Joint Attention and Early Social Developmental Cascades in Neurogenetic Disorders. AU - Hahn, L. J.. N1 - Funding Information: Preparation for this article was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health Loan Repayment Grant #L40 MH108014. The author thanks Marie Moore Channell for her helpful feedback on earlier versions of this article. The author also extends her gratitude to Deborah Fidler for her guidance and support with this article. Publisher Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier Inc.. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - This review examines what is known about joint attention and early social development in three neurogenetic syndromes: Down syndrome, Williams syndrome, and fragile X syndrome. In addition, the potential cascading effects of joint attention on subsequent social development, especially social interaction and social cognition, are proposed. The potential issues and complexities associated with conducting prospective, longitudinal studies of infant social development ...
Thomas Swales, PhD, ABPP, has been elected president of the Ohio Psychological Association (OPA).. Dr. Swales specializes in independent psychological, neuropsychological and forensic evaluations. He received his PhD in clinical psychology in the health psychology/pediatric psychology track from the University of Miami. He completed an internship in clinical psychology at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center and fellowship in clinical neuropsychology at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute. He is board certified in clinical neuropsychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology. For more than 20 years, Dr. Swales has provided psychological and neuropsychological consultations to patients with a wide variety of psychiatric and neurological disorders. He has a wealth of clinical experience with both children and adults. He has also served extensively as an expert witness and consultant. Dr. Swales also has extensive academic experience in education and training, research and ...
Shoulder pain is a common secondary condition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that often results in loss of function and of independence and imposes limitations on self-care, work, and leisure activities, and leads to decreased quality of life. More than 40% of individuals with SCI report shoulder pain at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation; this number increases to 50% at hospital discharge. The onset of shoulder pain within the first year after injury may lead to lifelong chronic shoulder pain. Although information is known about shoulder pain in patients with long-term SCI, little is known about the beginning of shoulder problems and how they progress early after the injury. In addition to physical problems, psychosocial factors are also associated with chronic pain.. This study will investigate the progression of musculoskeletal (shoulder muscle flexibility, muscle strength, movement coordination, and rotator cuff health) and psychosocial (fear of movement, pain ...
Victoria Clarke is a senior lecturer in social psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. She has published a number of papers on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex relationships, the history of LGBTQ psychologies, and qualitative methods in journals such as Sexualities, British Journal of Social Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology and Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review. She has edited (with Sara-Jane Finlay and Sue Wilkinson) two special issues of Feminism & Psychology on marriage, and edited (with Elizabeth Peel) special issues of Feminism & Psychology, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review and Psychology of Women Section Review on LGBTQ psychologies. She is also the editor with Elizabeth Peel and Jack Drescher of British LGB Psychologies: Theory, research and practice (Haworth Press, 2007). She is a member of the British Psychological Society's Lesbian & Gay Psychology Section and Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section. She ...
I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapist's likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patient's experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patient's formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
Holistic alcohol treatment centers focus on a person as a whole instead of just specific parts. Holistic means to treat the whole, holistic alcohol treatment centers treat the mind, body and spirit instead of just the mind and body as most traditional treatment centers do.. Holistic alcohol treatment centers realize that the physical pain and mental anguish of the people who suffer from the disease of alcoholism and addiction needs to be treated not only with pyscho-therapy and medication but also treatments that focus on getting to the root of the problem. Holistic alcohol treatment centers implement these treatments into every phase of the rehabilitation of each addict and alcoholic. During detox at a holistic alcohol treatment center most people are in a lot of physical pain and mental strife because of withdrawal symptoms from drugs and alcohol. The holistic therapies offered at a holistic alcohol treatment center allow each person to relieve some of the mental stress and physical pain they ...
Although attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been linked to emotion dysregulation, few studies have experimentally investigated this whilst controlling for the effects of comorbid conduct disorder (CD). Economic decision-making games that assess how individuals respond to offers varying in fairness have been used to study emotion regulation. The present study compared adolescent boys with ADHD (n = 90), ADHD + CD (n = 94) and typical controls (n = 47) on the Ultimatum Game and examined the contribution of ADHD and CD symptom scores and callous and unemotional traits to acceptance levels of unfair offers. There were no significant differences in acceptance rates of fair and highly unfair offers between groups, and only boys with ADHD did not significantly differ from the controls. However, the subgroup of boys with ADHD and additional high levels of aggressive CD symptoms rejected significantly more ambiguous (i.e., moderately unfair) offers than any other subgroup, suggesting ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: 'Methodological' behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwata's research ...
The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults' test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others' mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults' RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
The study of peer victimization draws from two major strands of research as identified by Seely, Tombari, Bennett & Dunkle (2009) [2] called the "bullying strand" and the "peer relationship strand." The victimization aspect of the "bullying strand" focuses on what leads victims to disengage from school and suffer from damaging negative outcomes while others adjust. The peer relationship strand is more quantitatively oriented, studying fundamental factors related to peer victimization and the negative outcomes, paying special attention to what factors mediate the relationship between them. Interest in peer victimization in psychological research has been fairly recent, and therefore it appears that most researchers have drawn from other areas of study and contemporary applied theories to the context of peer victimization. The areas of the bullying strand that specifically pertain to peer victimization are studies of victimization prevalence, victims' home environment, and effects of victimization ...
Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundt's great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
Russia was the leading doping offender in global sport during 2014, followed by Italy and India, the World Anti-Doping Agency said on Wednesday.Russia, whose participation in the Rio Olympics' athletics programme is in doubt due to a doping scandal, accounted for 148 of the 1,693 failed tests recorded, according to WADA's 2014 Anti-Doping Rule Violations Report.Find out which countries reported the most Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) in 2014: pic.twitter.com/O2H6GuPvW9 WADA (@wada_ama) April 27, 2016Italy (123), India (96), Belgium (91), France (91), Turkey (73), Australia (49), China (49), Brazil (46) and South Korea (43) rounded out the top 10 spots on the list that illustrates doping offenses committed in global sport.The total number of failed tests globally fell 13 percent from the 1,953 recorded in the previous year.Athletics and bodybuilding had the most violations with 248 and 225, respectively, followed by cycling, weightlifting, powerlifting, football, wrestling, boxing, rugby ...
Considering these results, the quality of a child's upbringing is clearly fundamental for their future development. The evidence obtained emphasizes the importance of the parents' role in the emergence of problems affecting children and adolescents. One area currently being studied is the importance of parenting style as a predictor of behavior and development patterns among children and adolescents.7-15 Several studies have taken into account parenting style as a moderator of aggressive conduct in children and adolescents,7,16-18 relational aggression,19 alcohol and tobacco consumption, antisocial behavior,10,11 hyperactivity and impulsiveness,20,21 and high-risk sexual behavior.22 Longitudinally, aggressive delinquency in middle childhood and adolescence is directly related to low levels of parental control in early childhood, maternal sensitivity, and parental rejection.23-25 It can therefore be affirmed that parenting styles are indeed linked to high-risk behavior by children and ...
The Department of Psychology at the University of the Free State (UFS) presented an international conference entitled: Teaching of Psychology in South Africa on the Main Campus in Bloemfontein. The conference aimed to stimulate dialogue and debate about Psychology teaching at higher education institutions in South Africa, particularly in the areas of teaching research and critical thinking. Attending the conference were, from the left: Ms Melanie Winter (student in the Department of Psychology at the UFS), Prof. Dap Louw (Departmental Chairperson in the Department of Psychology at the UFS), Prof. Dave Myers (Head of the Department of Psychology at the Hope College in Michigan, United States of America and co-ordinator of the conference), and Ms Melody Mentz (Junior Lecturer in the Department of Psychology at the UFS ...
Background: Researchers and practitioners have developed numerous online interventions that encourage people to reduce their drinking, increase their exercise, and better manage their weight. Motivations to develop eHealth interventions may be driven by the Internet’s reach, interactivity, cost-effectiveness, and studies that show online interventions work. However, when designing online interventions suitable for public campaigns, there are few evidence-based guidelines, taxonomies are difficult to apply, many studies lack impact data, and prior meta-analyses are not applicable to large-scale public campaigns targeting voluntary behavioral change. Objectives: This meta-analysis assessed online intervention design features in order to inform the development of online campaigns, such as those employed by social marketers, that seek to encourage voluntary health behavior change. A further objective was to increase understanding of the relationships between intervention adherence, study adherence,
Russ noted that African American and Native American communities have been especially hard-hit by menthol cigarettes.. On Friday, Courtney Clark, a public health and psychology student at the University of Minnesota Duluth, took part in an American Lung Association press conference designed to draw public attention to the issue.. In a statement, Clark said: "Menthol has been marketed to the African-American community for over 50 years, and as a result, nearly 90 percent of African-American smokers use menthol products. We can sit idly by and hope this malicious targeting by Big Tobacco ends, or we can take initiative to make sure that kids don't have easy access to these deadly products.". Russ said she shares the concern that minority populations have been subjected to targeted menthol cigarette marketing campaigns, but she stressed the proposed ordinance is not intended to be a paternalistic measure. Russ noted that both the Duluth Human Rights Commission and the Indigenous Commission have ...