Welcome to the Oxford Clinical Psychology subscriber services. These pages contain information on accessing Oxford Clinical Psychology, managing your purchases or subscriptions, and getting help if you have a problem.. Oxford Clinical Psychology is available via subscription and perpetual access. Pick which select titles you would like using our title-by-title sales model, or subscribe to or purchase the entire resource.. For institutions. Oxford Clinical Psychology is available to libraries, institutions, and group and private practices worldwide.. Find out how you can purchase or subscribe.. For individuals. If you are a student or academic, you can recommend Oxford Clinical Psychology to your librarian.. If you are a professional at a group or private practice, find out how you can purchase or subscribe.. ...
Background: Social rejection elicits negative mood, emotional distress and neural activity in networks that are associated with physical pain. However, studies assessing physiological reactions to social rejection are rare and results of these studies were found to be ambiguous. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine and specify physiological effects of social rejection.Methods: Participants (N = 50) were assigned to either a social exclusion or inclusion condition of a virtual ball-tossing game (Cyberball). Immediate and delayed physiological (skin conductance level and heart rate) reactions were recorded. In addition, subjects reported levels of affect, emotional states and fundamental needs.Results: Subjects who were socially rejected showed increased heart rates. However, social rejection had no effect on subjects skin conductance levels. Both conditions showed heightened arousal on this measurement. Furthermore, psychological consequences of social rejection indicated the validity of the
The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Departments Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Departments Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Glendale. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
Dr. Hess is a clinical pediatric psychologist, working in the areas of Child, Adolescent & Family Therapy/Development Delays. An expert in her field, Dr. Hess has over 24 years of experience. The practice is divided into two categories.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Acute cellular rejection following human heart transplantation is associated with increased expression of vitronectin receptor (integrin αvβ3). AU - Yamani, Mohamad H.. AU - Yang, Jiacheng. AU - Masri, Carolyna S.. AU - Ratliff, Norman B.. AU - Bond, Meredith. AU - Starling, Randall C.. AU - McCarthy, Patrick. AU - Plow, Edward. AU - Young, James B.. PY - 2002/2. Y1 - 2002/2. N2 - The vitronectin receptor (integrin αvβ3), a cell-surface adhesion receptor, has been shown to play a significant role in endothelial cell migration, apoptosis, atherosclerosis, and T-lymphocyte activation. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that cardiac allograft rejection is associated with increased expression of αvβ3. We also determined whether fibronectin receptor (α5β1) and tissue factor are up-regulated in the presence of acute cellular rejection. We evaluated endomyocardial biopsy specimens with histologic evidence of different degrees of acute cellular rejection (grade 0, n ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Multiparametric Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Can Detect Acute Cardiac Allograft Rejection After Heart Transplantation. AU - Dolan, Ryan S.. AU - Rahsepar, Amir A.. AU - Blaisdell, J.. AU - Suwa, Kenichiro. AU - Ghafourian, Kambiz. AU - Wilcox, Jane E. AU - Khan, Sadiya Sana. AU - Vorovich, Esther Elizabeth. AU - Rich, Jonathan D. AU - Anderson, Allen Sawyer. AU - Yancy, Clyde W. AU - Collins, Jeremy D.. AU - Carr, James. AU - Markl, Michael. PY - 2019/8/1. Y1 - 2019/8/1. N2 - Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of multiparametric cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) for the detection of acute cardiac allograft rejection (ACAR). Background: ACAR is currently diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy, but CMR may be a noninvasive alternative because of its capacity for regional myocardial structure and function characterization. Methods: Fifty-eight transplant recipients (mean age 47.0 ± 14.7 years) and 14 control subjects (mean age 47.7 ± ...
This would be made widespread when more becomes concerned with hythlodays educational psychology research paper to the paragraph, and the environment that he would like hythloday to read it over and correct any insights that appear in the sex. Awards can be played even especially as 20 cultures a educational psychology research paper.
Behavior analysts provide services to individuals, families, group homes, schools, mental health agencies, hospitals, industrial and business settings, and other agencies working with individuals who require intensive behavioral training and/or consultation. Special populations such as individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities have been shown to benefit greatly from Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services. Applied Behavior Analysis is also frequently used in the field of education for both neuro-typical students and students with disabilities. Behavior analyst professionals are strongly encouraged by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) to pursue Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) or Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst (BCaBA) certification. BCBA and BCaBA certifications are considered the industry standard in this field and are nationally and internationally recognized. The Applied Behavior Analysis Certificate of Advanced Study ...
Peer rejection has frequently been identified as a risk factor for development. Amongst other factors, peer rejection is predicted by the temperamental characteristics that underlie problem behaviours. Research has also demonstrated relationships between communication style and peer rejection, while a possible link between temperament and communication has scarcely been explored. This research presents two studies investigating the relationships between temperament, communication and peer popularity, using Howe and McWilliams (in press) coding scheme. A cross-sectional study obtained parental ratings on temperament and peer nominated sociometric status for children in nursery class, Primary 3 and Primary 6. Children were observed during free play and structured tasks, and communication was coded. A follow up longitudinal study was conducted with children in Primary 2 and Primary 3 only. It was hypothesised that difficult temperament would be associated with peer rejection, that communication ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Histopathology and immunophenotype of the spleen during acute antibody-mediated rejection. T2 - Case report. AU - Kaplan, B.. AU - Jie, Tun. AU - Diana, R.. AU - Renz, J.. AU - Whinery, A.. AU - Stubbs, N.. AU - Bracamonte, E.. AU - Perry, Catherine S. AU - Schubart, P.. AU - Rilo, H.. AU - Gruessner, Rainer W G. PY - 2010/5. Y1 - 2010/5. N2 - Splenectomy has been reported to have a beneficial effect in treating Acute antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR). This reason for this often rapid and profound beneficial effect is not readily apparent from what is known about normal splenic immunoarchitecture. While the spleen is rich in mature B cells, it has not been noted to be a repository for direct antibody-secreting cells. We present a case of a Native American female who received a renal transplant and developed a severe episode of ABMR. The patient was initially refractory to both plasmapheresis and IVIG. The patient underwent an emergent splenectomy with almost immediate ...
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Childrens Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Childrens Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
As of January 2018, the Applied Behavior Analysis program is not accepting applicants.**. The Department of Psychology at Central Washington University is excited to offer a Masters degree in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). The Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc.® (BACB) has approved our course sequence as meeting the coursework requirements for eligibility to take the Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) Examination®. Applicants have to meet additional requirements to fully qualify for certification. These requirements are outlined on the BACB website.. In addition to the formal coursework, the CWU ABA program arranges one academic year of supervised internship. Most students are hired by local agencies during their internship and remain with these agencies following graduation in order to complete the remaining fieldwork hours required for certification. Most students finish their fieldwork hours within 6-9 months of graduation and receive promotions as BCBAs within their ...
ALVES, Rogério Camargo Pinheiro et al. Predictive factors of early graft loss in living donor liver transplantation. Arq. Gastroenterol. [online]. 2012, vol.49, n.2, pp.157-161. ISSN 0004-2803. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-28032012000200011.. CONTEXT: Living donor liver transplantation has become an alternative to reduce the lack of organ donation. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors predictive of early graft loss in the first 3 months after living donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Seventy-eight adults submitted to living donor liver transplantation were divided into group I with 62 (79.5%) patients with graft survival longer than 3 months, and group II with 16 (20.5%) patients who died and/or showed graft failure within 3 months after liver transplantation. The variables analyzed were gender, age, etiology of liver disease, Child-Pugh classification, model of end-stage liver disease (MELD score), pretransplantation serum sodium level, and graft weight-to-recipient body weight (GRBW) ratio. ...
This is the first study to compare the incidence and severity of transplant coronary artery disease in heart-lung and heart transplant recipients with the use of ICUS. The results of this study show that the incidence and severity of transplant coronary artery disease are less in heart-lung transplant recipients than in heart transplant recipients.. A major cause of mortality, and the main cause of retransplantation in heart transplant recipients, is transplant coronary artery disease. As many as 50% of the patients will develop significant angiographic disease by 5 years after transplantation. The majority of the heart-lung transplant recipients who survive the first year do not die as the result of cardiac disease or event.8 9 12 The present study confirms earlier reports that indicate that transplant coronary artery disease, as assessed by quantitative coronary angiography, does not play a major role in the morbidity and mortality of heart-lung transplant recipients. Richardson et al8 ...
Through the Loyola Clinical Centers (LCC), psychology students in the masters and doctoral program are able to hone their skills while providing services to those who couldnt typically afford it.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Posttransplant diabetes mellitus in pediatric renal transplant recipients. T2 - A report of The North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study (NAPRTCS). AU - Al-Uzri, Amira. AU - Stablein, Donald M.. AU - Cohn, Richard A.. PY - 2001/9/27. Y1 - 2001/9/27. N2 - Background. The incidence of renal post transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in adults varies from 3-46%. Methods. We did a retrospective analysis of 1365 children in The North American Pediatric Renal Transplant Cooperative Study with renal transplant (Tx) reported between January 92 and July 1997. PTDM, defined as ,2 weeks of insulin therapy after Tx, developed in 36 patients. A control group of 153/1329 non-PTDM patients was selected and matched for age at Tx and primary diagnosis. Results. African-Americans were overrepresented (36.1 vs. 17.6%, P=0.017) and Hispanics were underrepresented (5.6 vs. 26.1%, P=0.019) among cases. Although prednisone dose 30 days post-Tx was higher among cases (0.89 mg/kg/day) ...
Type V collagen may play a role in graft rejection following lung transplants (See Review: Sumpter TL, Wilkes DS. Role of autoimmunity in organ allograft rejection: a focus on immunity to type V collagen in the pathogenesis of lung transplant rejection. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2004; 286: L1129-39). It has been shown that oral tolerance induction by oral administration of type V collagen prevents lung allograft rejection in animal models, and is expected to be used for humans. Importantly, it has been reported that patients who were previously sensitized by type V collagen and positive for type V collagen-DTH reactions tend to develop idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (58.8%, 10/17) compared to patients who were negative for the DTH reaction (15.8%, 6/38) (Bobadilla JL, Love RB, Jankowska-Gan E, Xu Q, et al. Th-17, monokines, collagen type V, and primary graft dysfunction in lung transplantation. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2008; 177: 660-8).. Type V and Type XI Collagen ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Penetrating Keratoplasty for Herpes Simplex Keratitis and Keratoconus. T2 - Allograft Rejection and Survival. AU - Epstein, R. J.. AU - Seedor, J. A.. AU - Dreizen, N. G.. AU - Stulting, R. D.. AU - Waring, G. O.. AU - Wilson, L. A.. AU - Cavanagh, Harrison D. PY - 1987/1/1. Y1 - 1987/1/1. N2 - To determine the relationship between corneal allograft rejection and failure, we studied patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty for herpes simplex keratitis (n = 82) and keratoconus (n = 345), two frequent indications for keratoplasty in young patients, using survival analysis. For first grafts for herpes, the probability of survival was significantly less than it was for keratoconus (P , 0.0001). For second grafts, this difference was less pronounced, and for three or more grafts, the difference in survival was not significant. The incidence of rejection episodes was similar in first grafts for herpes (16.6%) and keratoconus (18.5%) (P,0.05). However, the incidence of rejection ...
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Early primary graft failure after a pediatric heart transplant and successful rescue with plasmapheresis, immunoglobulins, and alemtuzumab. AU - Raj, Shashi. AU - Ruiz, Phillip. AU - Rusconi, Paolo. PY - 2017/1/1. Y1 - 2017/1/1. N2 - Early primary graft failure after pediatric orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) has a high mortality rate and can occur due to several causes including but not limited to prolonged graft ischemia time, suboptimal preimplant myocardial preservation, hyperacute rejection, and maladaptation of the graft to the hosts hemodynamic status. Mechanical circulatory support with either extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) or ventricular assist device has been used for the rescue of primary graft failure in pediatric patients after heart transplant. Cardiac arrest before ECMO initiation in these patients is associated with adverse neurologic outcome although those surviving to hospital discharge generally have excellent long-term outcome. We report a ...
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial teams psychologist will assess your childs development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your childs developmental level, refer you for ...
Find Positive Psychology Therapists, Psychologists and Positive Psychology Counseling in Alaska, get help for Positive Psychology in Alaska.
NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their childs anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
Regarding aesthetic and economic intertwinement as one aspect of social control, Gudrun Fonfa writes, "Looksism is the standardization of a look (body image) and the discrimination against those who do not meet or conform to the [prescribed] image. Societies set acceptable broad limitations, because it is important to create the illusion that individuals are choosing their personal aesthetics, i.e., which bone to put through your nose."5. If you are fat, you can choose to count calories or grams of cabohydrates; to drink Sego, Slender, or Liquid Protein diets; to eat Figurines; to go for Dr. Simeons Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) injections; to follow the Redbook Wise Womans Diet; etc., etc. The range of choices hides the fact that you are compelled to choose. As for the choices themselves, no matter which you choose you are choosing pain through hunger. If therefore you choose to reject all reducing options, you are punished with ridicule and social rejection. Unfortunately, with almost ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Immunogenicity of the meningococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine in pediatric kidney transplant patients. AU - Nelson, Delphine R.. AU - Fadrowski, Jeffrey J.. AU - Neu, Alicia M. PY - 2018/3/20. Y1 - 2018/3/20. N2 - Background: Immunosuppressed kidney transplant patients may have suboptimal response to vaccinations. The aim of this study was to determine antibody response to a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-D) in adolescents with a kidney transplant. Methods: This was a prospective, single-center, cohort study. Adolescent patients (11-22 years old) with a functioning kidney transplant for at least 3 months and no previous meningococcal vaccination were eligible for enrollment. Antibody levels to all serogroups were measured before vaccination (baseline) and at 4 weeks and 1, 2 and 3 years after vaccination. Seropositivity was defined as a titer ≥ 1:8 at baseline, and seroconversion as a fourfold or greater increase in antibody titer from baseline at ...
November 9, 2012. USADA announced today that Mark Fretta, of Colorado Springs, Colo., an athlete in the sport of Triathlon, has committed an anti-doping rule violation and received a sanction for his doping offense.. Fretta, 35, received a four-year period of ineligibility after variations in his individual longitudinal blood profile as well as other documentary evidence indicated the use of Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents such as Erythropoietin ("EPO"). Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agents are prohibited in the class of Peptide Hormones which are prohibited under the USADA Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing and the International Triathlon Union Anti-Doping Rules, both of which have adopted the World Anti-Doping Code ("Code") and the World Anti-Doping Agency ("WADA") Prohibited List.. USADA conducts longitudinal blood data collection and comprehensive scientific review to identify changes in biological parameters that may be indicative of doping. The program consists of ...
In these population based data from central and eastern Europe, we found that all indicators of alcohol intake and problematic drinking were associated with effort-reward imbalance but not with job control. The association with effort-reward imbalance was independent of deprivation and education but some of it was related to depressive symptoms.. Alcohol accounts for a substantial burden of ill health in the region, especially in the former Soviet Union.20,35 The social and health impact of alcohol in the region is at least partly related to the pattern of binge drinking.21,36 It is therefore important to understand the distribution of drinking and alcohol related problems in the population. Alcohol intake has previously been found to be associated with education and marital status in Russia37 and with education in the Czech Republic38 and Poland (unpublished data). Psychosocial factors are often thought to be at least partly responsible for the association between socioeconomic position and ...
The aim of this module is to provide the student with tangible experience of applying psychology theory to practice. Rather than focus on psychopathology, the module focuses on utilising established positive psychology approaches in supporting psychological growth, well-being and resilience. During the first half of the module, students will study the theoretical underpinnings of positive psychology and will work in small groups to design a positive psychology well-being intervention. During the final half of the module, the well-being intervention will be delivered to fellow undergraduate student across all years. Skills gained in this module will support future applications for assistant psychology posts in addition to other support roles with the aim of pursuing a career as a psychologist. Skills gained in this module are also applicable to other established careers such as social work, nursing, occupational therapy or further academic study (e.g. PhD). The module is a unique opportunity to ...
Our research looks at what studying strategies undergraduate students with disabilities use to learn, why they use some strategies over others, and what metacognitive awareness is involved in these decisions. Previous research has shown that, while practicing information retrieval through self-testing is extremely beneficial to learning, many students tend to use the strategy of repeated reading, which does little in the way of learning more after the initial reading, and the importance of engaging in metacognitive awareness becomes apparent (Karpicke, Butler, & Roediger, 2009).We are looking for a deeper understanding of the connections between metacognitive awareness of learning, working memory, and learning for undergraduate students with disabilities, and how metacognitive strategies can possibly be applied. The participants are undergraduate students at the University of North Florida who are registered with the campus Disability Resource Center (N=400), with students who are a part of the Access
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelors degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
A. All the time, and a lot of them get relief from it. The one I send them to most often happens to be a doctor who got into acupuncture later. Theres a large Asian population in the Berkeley area, so there are many acupuncturists to choose from. But the results are variable. Some people get really good results from acupuncture or acupressure, and others find its a waste of time. So its something to have in your therapeutic armamentarium. Particularly if nothing else is working, give it a try!. Q. What about the "psychosocial factors" involved in low back pain?. A. Thats a tough one, because as soon as doctors say "psychosocial factors," patients wonder, "do you think this is all in my head, doc?" But it is nonetheless true that pain and psychosocial factors are hard to uncouple. For example, I see a lot of patients who have repetitive strain injuries, and any time you have a chronic injury, theres the possibility that it will be linked with either depression or stress. And what caused what ...
Shoulder pain is a common secondary condition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that often results in loss of function and of independence and imposes limitations on self-care, work, and leisure activities, and leads to decreased quality of life. More than 40% of individuals with SCI report shoulder pain at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation; this number increases to 50% at hospital discharge. The onset of shoulder pain within the first year after injury may lead to lifelong chronic shoulder pain. Although information is known about shoulder pain in patients with long-term SCI, little is known about the beginning of shoulder problems and how they progress early after the injury. In addition to physical problems, psychosocial factors are also associated with chronic pain.. This study will investigate the progression of musculoskeletal (shoulder muscle flexibility, muscle strength, movement coordination, and rotator cuff health) and psychosocial (fear of movement, pain ...
Victoria Clarke is a senior lecturer in social psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. She has published a number of papers on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex relationships, the history of LGBTQ psychologies, and qualitative methods in journals such as Sexualities, British Journal of Social Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology and Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review. She has edited (with Sara-Jane Finlay and Sue Wilkinson) two special issues of Feminism & Psychology on marriage, and edited (with Elizabeth Peel) special issues of Feminism & Psychology, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review and Psychology of Women Section Review on LGBTQ psychologies. She is also the editor with Elizabeth Peel and Jack Drescher of British LGB Psychologies: Theory, research and practice (Haworth Press, 2007). She is a member of the British Psychological Societys Lesbian & Gay Psychology Section and Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section. She ...
I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapists likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patients experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patients formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
... focus on a person as a whole instead of just specific parts. Holistic means to treat the whole, holistic alcohol treatment centers treat the mind, body and spirit instead of just the mind and body as most traditional treatment centers do.. Holistic alcohol treatment centers realize that the physical pain and mental anguish of the people who suffer from the disease of alcoholism and addiction needs to be treated not only with pyscho-therapy and medication but also treatments that focus on getting to the root of the problem. Holistic alcohol treatment centers implement these treatments into every phase of the rehabilitation of each addict and alcoholic. During detox at a holistic alcohol treatment center most people are in a lot of physical pain and mental strife because of withdrawal symptoms from drugs and alcohol. The holistic therapies offered at a holistic alcohol treatment center allow each person to relieve some of the mental stress and physical pain they ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: Methodological behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwatas research ...
This study investigated the psychological wellbeing and body perception among young Italian people. Drinking, eating, and sexual behaviors have been examined in relation to body mass index (BMI) and psychological well-being by EPOCH framework. This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted on Italian adolescent and young adult population through an online survey. Qualitative and quantitative data on lifestyle, BMI classes, and psychological characteristics of wellness in youth were obtained from a sample of 1221 Italian participants using a self-report questionnaire on body perception and habits, a socio-demographics inventory, and the EPOCH measure. Findings suggest that being underweight or overweight is associated with various factors, including gender, self-control regarding food, perception of ones body, and the happiness domain. EPOCH framework revealed the psychological wellness of girls and young women did not seem strongly affected by BMI, though Perseverance and Happiness ...
Thanks to the ever larger penetration of the Internet and especially with the advent of Web 2.0 and social media, hoaxes, rumours and urban legends have become an almost everyday occurrence. While social psychology research contends that rumors can negatively impact on the public by generating distress, intense fear, anxiety, possibly resulting in herd behaviour and violence [1], there is evidence that disease-related rumours may alter health-related behaviors and interfere with medical decision-making [2]. Medical misinformation is most frequently associated with collective emergency situations (e.g., Ebola infected patients refused to be hospitalized because of rumours that international health care workers intentionally brought the virus with them [3]; people from around Kenema, Sierra Leone attacked the hospital after hearing rumours of conspiracy [4]; during the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, rumours that ingestion of iodized salt could prevent radiation damage lead to a shortage ...
The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
The study of peer victimization draws from two major strands of research as identified by Seely, Tombari, Bennett & Dunkle (2009) [2] called the "bullying strand" and the "peer relationship strand." The victimization aspect of the "bullying strand" focuses on what leads victims to disengage from school and suffer from damaging negative outcomes while others adjust. The peer relationship strand is more quantitatively oriented, studying fundamental factors related to peer victimization and the negative outcomes, paying special attention to what factors mediate the relationship between them. Interest in peer victimization in psychological research has been fairly recent, and therefore it appears that most researchers have drawn from other areas of study and contemporary applied theories to the context of peer victimization. The areas of the bullying strand that specifically pertain to peer victimization are studies of victimization prevalence, victims home environment, and effects of victimization ...
Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundts great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
Considering these results, the quality of a childs upbringing is clearly fundamental for their future development. The evidence obtained emphasizes the importance of the parents role in the emergence of problems affecting children and adolescents. One area currently being studied is the importance of parenting style as a predictor of behavior and development patterns among children and adolescents.7-15 Several studies have taken into account parenting style as a moderator of aggressive conduct in children and adolescents,7,16-18 relational aggression,19 alcohol and tobacco consumption, antisocial behavior,10,11 hyperactivity and impulsiveness,20,21 and high-risk sexual behavior.22 Longitudinally, aggressive delinquency in middle childhood and adolescence is directly related to low levels of parental control in early childhood, maternal sensitivity, and parental rejection.23-25 It can therefore be affirmed that parenting styles are indeed linked to high-risk behavior by children and ...
This chapter focuses on the behaviour in the Ultimatum and Public Goods Games of the Tsimane, a group of Bolivian forager-horticulturalists. The study attempts to answer two questions: (1) whether Tsimane game behaviour differs from the standard results found among westernized, market‐oriented, and industrialized populations, and (2) whether differential market exposure and acculturation affect norms of fairness and game behaviour across Tsimane villages. The chapter is arranged as follows: an introduction discusses cross‐cultural game results, makes some predictions for results from the Tsimane, and describes their characteristics; next, the methods used are outlined and the results are presented and analysed; the final section of the chapter discusses several important questions raised by the research. Offers made by the Tsimane in the Ultimatum Game tended to be lower than those found among western populations and higher than those reported for the Machiguenga of Peru (ch. 5), while
Downloadable! This work explores the role of discrimination in shaping individuals lives and opportunities, with specific respect to sexual orientation. The role of sexual orientation in explaining earning differences has been increasingly emphasized in empirical literature on discrimination mainly as a result of the growing availability of data sources on gays and lesbian populations. Available evidence predominantly converges on the one hand on the identification of discrimination treatments for gays and positive wage differential for lesbian women with respect to heterosexual counterparts. On the other hand, disagreement pervades interpretations of the predominant above-described labour market outcome. In trying to move beyond such conflicting views, we consider a holistic approach to social exclusion, defined as individuals ability to fully participate to social life by examining five domains: monetary poverty, labour market attachment, housing conditions, subjective well-being, and education.
How do human beings decide when to be selfish or selfless? In this study, we gave testosterone to 25 men to establish its impact on prosocial behaviors in a double-blind within-subjects design. We also confirmed participants testosterone levels before and after treatment through blood draws. Using the Ultimatum Game from behavioral economics, we find that men with artificially raised T, compared to themselves on placebo, were 27% less generous towards strangers with money they controlled (95% CI placebo: (1.70, 2.72); 95% CI T: (.98, 2.30)). This effect scales with a mans level of total-, free-, and dihydro-testosterone (DHT). Men in the lowest decile of DHT were 560% more generous than men in the highest decile of DHT. We also found that men with elevated testosterone were more likely to use their own money punish those who were ungenerous toward them. Our results continue to hold after controlling for altruism. We conclude that elevated testosterone causes men to behave antisocially.
Charles G. Morris: Charles G. Morris received his B.A. from Yale University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Illinois. He joined the University of Michigan in 1965 as Assistant Professor of Psychology and was promoted to Associate Professor in 1971 and Professor in 1987. He served as Associate Dean in the College of Literature, Science and the Arts and as Associate Chair of the Department of Psychology. Upon his retirement in 2002, he was appointed Emeritus Professor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society. He is the author of more than two dozen books, more than a dozen articles, and more than thirty papers and presentations. His books include "Psychology: An Introduction," "Understanding Psychology," "Basic Psychology," "Psychology: Concepts and Applications," and "Contemporary Psychology and Effective Behavior," His early research centered on leadership, group interaction, and group problem solving. More ...
This paper reports on the childs perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the childs perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the childrens perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
Russ noted that African American and Native American communities have been especially hard-hit by menthol cigarettes.. On Friday, Courtney Clark, a public health and psychology student at the University of Minnesota Duluth, took part in an American Lung Association press conference designed to draw public attention to the issue.. In a statement, Clark said: "Menthol has been marketed to the African-American community for over 50 years, and as a result, nearly 90 percent of African-American smokers use menthol products. We can sit idly by and hope this malicious targeting by Big Tobacco ends, or we can take initiative to make sure that kids dont have easy access to these deadly products.". Russ said she shares the concern that minority populations have been subjected to targeted menthol cigarette marketing campaigns, but she stressed the proposed ordinance is not intended to be a paternalistic measure. Russ noted that both the Duluth Human Rights Commission and the Indigenous Commission have ...