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Generations of readers have learned social psychology from this book-it provides balanced, up-to-date, and accurate coverage of basic topics, research, and theories. Balancing cutting-edge findings and classic work in the field, the user-friendly Social Psychology shows how its methods and theories can be applied to everyday experiences and current social issues. Interesting and easy to read and understand, the topics covered are broad in scope but not overwhelming; these include: perception of people and events; attitudes and influence; social interactions and relationships; helping and hurting others; social psychology and health; and social psychology and the law. Teachers, health professionals, lawyers, business leaders, and people in many different professions will find Social Psychology to be a valuable reference and handbook.
Research examining food selectivity supports the use of various reinforcement procedures combined with extinction to increase the consumption of non-preferred foods. A multiple baseline across participants design was used to evaluate an intervention consisting of a token economy and escape extinction to increase consumption of non-preferred foods for three students with autism who demonstrated food selectivity. This multi-component intervention examined the effects of back-up reinforcers as an alternative to contingent escape from meals. Specifically, the number of bites taken and the frequency of challenging behavior were measured. During the intervention phase, participants were reinforced with tokens for taking a bite of non-preferred foods and for the absence of challenging behavior. All participants increased in the number of bites taken of non-preferred foods while challenging behavior decreased during the intervention phase and following maintenance probes. The study provides evidence that a
The CPIP uniquely integrates complementary training experiences at the Psychiatry Departments Vermont Center for Children, Youth, and Families (VCCYF) and the Psychology Departments Behavior Therapy and Psychotherapy Center (BTPC). At the VCCYF, interns receive advanced training in the application of evidence-based interventions from the family perspective, directly addressing both child and parent emotional and behavioral strengths and difficulties. In the framework of the Vermont Family Based Approach, interns apply health promotion, prevention, and intervention to help the well families remain well, prevent at-risk children from developing emotional and behavioral problems, and intervene comprehensively with children and families challenged by psychopathology. At the VCCYF, interns collaborate with professionals in psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and genetics. At the BTPC, interns receive advanced training in culturally competent, evidence-based treatment of torture survivors ...
Local resource for applied behavior analysis therapists in Glendale. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to applied behavior analysis therapy, applied behavior analysis clinics, applied behavior analysis specialists, autism therapy, autism treatments, autism clinics, and applied behavior analysis support, as well as advice and content on autism support groups and autism societies.
The activity of lipoamide dehydorgenase (E.C.1.6.4.3) was measured in arterial homogenates from very young pigeons (5-8 weeks old) known to differ in their susceptibility to atherosclerosis. The activity of the arterial enzyme was significantly lower in the atherosclerosis-susceptible White Carneau pigeons than it was in the atherosclerosis-resistant Show Racer pigeons. Lipoamide dehydrogenase is a component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate multienzyme complexes. The first complex catalyzes the conversion of pyruvate to oxaloacetate via acetyl-CoA, and this reaction represents a crucial link between glycolysis and the Krebs cycle. The second complex is essential for the oxidative breakdown of carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids via the Krebs cycle. Reduced activity of these complexes, resulting from low activity of lipoamide dehydrogenase, favors reduction of pyruvate to lactate and a shift to glycolysis. This situation is in accord with other results obtained in avian and ...
Facial affect perception impairments impede social functioning in schizophrenia. What remains unknown is how individuals with schizophrenia assign value to pleasant facial expressions that typically motivate social affiliation. The current study adapted a matching pennies game (Shore & Heerey, 2011) to assess the subjective value of social feedback in terms of money. Individuals with schizophrenia and controls were instructed to choose the same side of a coin as six computerized partners, each of whom provided different rates of monetary feedback and types of social feedback. In a later test phase, participants chose which partner to play from amongst pairs of partners. Among participants who appropriately learned task contingencies, individuals with schizophrenia failed to use genuine smiles to motivate choices to the same extent as controls; however, money was equally valued. These findings suggest that there is a reduced sensitivity to social rewards in schizophrenia ...
Homing pigeon is a variety of domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) derived from the rock pigeon, selectively bred to find its way home over extremely long distances (up to 1,800 km). The wild rock pigeon has an innate homing ability, meaning that it will generally return to its nest and mate. Their average flying speed over moderate distances is around 80 km/h (50 miles per hour) but speeds of up to 140 km/h (90 miles per hour) have been observed in top racers for short distances. Homing pigeons are called messenger or carrier pigeons when they are used to carry messages. Pigeons can find their way back from distant places they have never visited before. Most researchers believe that homing ability is based on a "map and compass" model, with the compass feature allowing birds to orient and the map feature allowing birds to determine their location relative to a goal site (home loft). While the compass mechanism appears to rely on the sun, some researchers believe that the map mechanism ...
I received my B.A. and M.A. in sociology from the Miami University of Ohio. My Ph.D. in sociology is from Duke University (1975) and my postdoctoral training, in aging, was performed at Duke University School of Medicine. I am a sociologist interested in social psychology, aging and adult development, medical sociology, and family relationships. I have performed extensive research in these areas. My most recent work examines social precursors of depression, the effects of stress on health, and the relationships between religion and health. I enjoy teaching Social Psychology (SOC 106/PSY 116),and graduate seminars in medical sociology and life course and aging. In 1991, I won the Trinity College Distinguished Teaching Award for my outstanding work in the classroom. I collect murder mysteries ...
Dr. Hess is a clinical pediatric psychologist, working in the areas of Child, Adolescent & Family Therapy/Development Delays. An expert in her field, Dr. Hess has over 24 years of experience. The practice is divided into two categories.
Remember • Operant conditioning extinction differs from classical conditioning extinction • Responds decreases to near zero for both • Operant conditioning: - Transient increase - Extinction induced aggression Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect: PREE • Extinction occurs at different rates depending on the schedule: - Continuous reinforcement: FAST extinction - Partial reinforcement schedules: SLOWER extinction - Variable schedules show slower extinction than fixed (rate or time) schedules. • PREE used to describe greater persistence in instrumental responding during extinction after partial (or intermittent) reinforcement training - Faster extinction after continuous reinforcement training. • Partial reinforcement schedules show RESISTANCE TO EXTINCTION Other Extinction Effects • magnitude reinforcement extinction effect - Less persistence of instrumental behavior in extinction following training with a large reinforcer - More persistance of responding with a small or moderate ...
Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) book. Happy reading Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. Its free to register here to get Book file PDF Oxford Handbook of Human Action (Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience) Pocket Guide ...
Behavior analysts provide services to individuals, families, group homes, schools, mental health agencies, hospitals, industrial and business settings, and other agencies working with individuals who require intensive behavioral training and/or consultation. Special populations such as individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental disabilities have been shown to benefit greatly from Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) services. Applied Behavior Analysis is also frequently used in the field of education for both neuro-typical students and students with disabilities. Behavior analyst professionals are strongly encouraged by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) to pursue Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) or Board Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst (BCaBA) certification. BCBA and BCaBA certifications are considered the industry standard in this field and are nationally and internationally recognized. The Applied Behavior Analysis Certificate of Advanced Study ...
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B.F. Skinner (1904-1990) is often referred to as the father of operant conditioning, and his work is frequently cited in connection with this topic. His book "The Behavior of Organisms",[5] published in 1938, initiated his lifelong study of operant conditioning and its application to human and animal behavior. Following the ideas of Ernst Mach, Skinner rejected Thorndikes reference to unobservable mental states such as satisfaction, building his analysis on observable behavior and its equally observable consequences.[6]. To implement his empirical approach, Skinner invented the operant conditioning chamber, or "Skinner Box", in which subjects such as pigeons and rats were isolated and could be exposed to carefully controlled stimuli. Unlike Thorndikes puzzle box, this arrangement allowed the subject to make one or two simple, repeatable responses, and the rate of such responses became Skinners primary behavioral measure.[7] Another invention, the cumulative recorder, produced a graphical ...
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Have you ever felt insecure in your career … A Threat from Within," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28(3), 395-408. Hogan, Robert, Clinton B. …. Career Assessment Tests & Quizzes. A career assessment test helps to determine the best career option for an individual based on skills, aptitude, interest …. "Hes a big personality who is an extremely successful basketball … thats the …. you need to take a job aptitude test. These kinds of career tests can be invaluable to job seekers and established professionals alike because they show you how your personality can affect how you interact with others in a work …. Corporate Social Responsibility Interview Questions And Answers Corporate social responsibility (CSR) among small-medium enterprises … pretest interviews were conducted with two … I already know the answers to these rhetorical questions. On individual projects … ...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): We propose a reconfigurable fault-tolerant deflection routing algorithm (FTDR) based on reinforcement learning for NoC. The algorithm reconfigures the routing table through a kind of reinforcement learning-Q-learning using 2-hop fault information. It is topology-agnostic and insensitive to the shape of the fault region. In order to reduce the routing table size, we also propose a hierarchical Q-learning based deflection routing algorithm (FTDR-H) with area reduction up to 27 % for a switch in an 8 × 8 mesh compared to the original FTDR. Experimental results show that in the presence of faults, FTDR and FTDR-H are better than other fault-tolerant deflection routing algorithms and a turn model based fault-tolerant routing algorithm.
A generally disc-shaped token of the type having a body produced by multiple injection of plastic material and method of fabricating the same, which includes a core produced by a first injection of plastic material and having a central portion defining the central portion of the body of the token and a peripheral portion with radial projections defining at least part of the edge of the body of the token. The core incorporates an insert including a contactless electronic microchip identification device buried in the central portion during the first injection and retained at its periphery by projections or fingers attached to the injection mold and defining openings in the core. The body of the token includes a covering layer produced by a second injection of plastic material around the peripheral portion of the core to produce in conjunction with the core the whole of the edge and the annular peripheral portion of the body of the token. A decorated label is fixed to each face of the token. The token may
About the Author:. Dr. David Stein is a pediatric psychologist specializing in neuropsychological testing, assessment of neurodevelopmental disorders, and behavioral and cognitive behavioral therapy. Dr. Stein is the founder of New England Neurodevelopment, LLC, in Concord, MA. He was on the faculty of Boston Childrens Hospital and an Instructor at Harvard Medical School from 2010 to 2016. Dr. Stein has spoken nationally and internationally regarding neurodevelopment and related disorders. He is the author of several scholarly articles, chapters, and this book.. Dr. Stein is a graduate of Tufts University and William James College. He completed his APA Internship in Child Psychology at Harvard Medical School/The Cambridge Hospital and his post-doctoral fellowship in Pediatric Psychology at Boston Childrens Hospital & Harvard Medical School.. ...
As of January 2018, the Applied Behavior Analysis program is not accepting applicants.**. The Department of Psychology at Central Washington University is excited to offer a Masters degree in Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). The Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc.® (BACB) has approved our course sequence as meeting the coursework requirements for eligibility to take the Board Certified Behavior Analyst (BCBA) Examination®. Applicants have to meet additional requirements to fully qualify for certification. These requirements are outlined on the BACB website.. In addition to the formal coursework, the CWU ABA program arranges one academic year of supervised internship. Most students are hired by local agencies during their internship and remain with these agencies following graduation in order to complete the remaining fieldwork hours required for certification. Most students finish their fieldwork hours within 6-9 months of graduation and receive promotions as BCBAs within their ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Self-administration of cocaine increases the release of acetylcholine to a greater extent than response-independent cocaine in the nucleus accumbens of rats. AU - Mark, Gregory. AU - Hajnal, Andras. AU - Kinney, Anthony E.. AU - Keys, Alan S.. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. N2 - Rationale: The neurochemical effects of psychostimulant exposure may depend on how these drugs are encountered. A useful method for examining this issue is to compare neurotransmitter release following response-dependent, or self-administered, drug exposure and response-independent exposure. Objectives: This experiment examined the effect of active and passive cocaine administration on acetylcholine (ACh) efflux in the shell region of the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in rats. Methods: One group of rats (CSA: cocaine self-administration) was trained to lever-press for intravenous infusions of cocaine (0.42 mg/kg per infusion) on a fixed-ratio-1 schedule of reinforcement. Cocaine infusions were accompanied by the onset ...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): This paper surveys the field of reinforcement learning from a computer-science perspective. It is written to be accessible to researchers familiar with machine learning. Both the historical basis of the field and a broad selection of current work are summarized. Reinforcement learning is the problem faced by an agent that learns behavior through trial-and-error interactions with a dynamic environment. The work described here has a resemblance to work in psychology, but differs considerably in the details and in the use of the word reinforcement. The paper discusses central issues of reinforcement learning, including trading off exploration and exploitation, establishing the foundations of the field via Markov decision theory, learning from delayed reinforcement, constructing empirical models to accelerate learning, making use of generalization and hierarchy, and coping with hidden state. It concludes with a survey of some
TY - JOUR. T1 - Blockade of the Serotonin 5-HT 2A Receptor Suppresses Cue-Evoked Reinstatement of Cocaine-Seeking Behavior in a Rat Self-Administration Model. AU - Dhonnchadha, B. Á Nic. AU - Fox, R. G.. AU - Stutz, S. J.. AU - Rice, K. C.. AU - Cunningham, Kathryn. PY - 2009/4. Y1 - 2009/4. N2 - The serotonin 5-HT 2A receptor (5-HT 2AR) may play a role in reinstatement of drug-seeking. This study investigated the ability of a selective 5-HT 2AR antagonist to suppress reinstatement evoked by exposure to cues conditioned to cocaine self-administration. Cocaine self-administration (0.75 mg/kg/0.1 mL/6 s infusion; FR 4) was trained in naïve, free-fed rats to allow interpretation of results independent from changes related to food deprivation stress. Pretreatment with the selective 5-HT 2AR antagonist M100907 (volinanserin) failed to reduce rates of operant responding for cocaine infusions. On the other hand, M100907 (0.001-0.8 mg/kg ip) significantly suppressed the cue-induced reinstatement of ...
Bird fanciers lung is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by bird droppings. The lungs become inflamed with granuloma formation. Bird fanciers lung (BFL), also called bird-breeders lung and pigeon-breeders lung, is a subset of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). This disease is caused by the exposure to avian proteins present in the dry dust of the droppings and sometimes in the feathers of a variety of birds. Birds such as pigeons, parakeets, cockatiels, shell parakeets (budgerigars), parrots, turtle doves, turkeys and chickens have been implicated. People who work with birds or own many birds are at risk. Bird hobbyists and pet store workers may also be at risk. This disease is an inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs. Initial symptoms are breathlessness especially after sudden exertion or when exposed to temperature change and can be very similar to asthma, hyperventilation syndrome or pulmonary embolism. One of the defining characteristics of bird fanciers lung is that many ...
Through the Loyola Clinical Centers (LCC), psychology students in the masters and doctoral program are able to hone their skills while providing services to those who couldnt typically afford it.
The present study examined in 8-hour sessions the effects of d-amphetamine (1.0, 5.6, and 10 mg/kg) on the acquisition of lever-press responding by rats exposed to procedures in which water delivery was delayed by 0, 8, or 16 seconds relative to the response that produced it. Although neither shaping nor autoshaping occurred, substantial levels of operative-lever responding developed whenever responses produced water. Rats that did not receive water and yoked-control rats that received response-independent water emitted relatively few responses. The lowest dose (1.0 mg/kg) of d-amphetamine either had no effect on or enhanced rates of operative-lever pressing, whereas higher doses typically produced an initial reduction in lever pressing. Nonetheless, overall rates of operative-lever pressing at these doses were as high as, or higher than, those observed with vehicle. Thus, response acquisition was observed under all reinforcement procedures at all drug doses. In the absence of drug, stimulus control of
Eseja: Classical Conditioning VS Operant Conditioning. Both classical and operant conditionings are basic forms of learning. Acquisition occurs in both conditio
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dopamine Activity in the Nucleus Accumbens During Consummatory Phases of Oral Ethanol Self-Administration. AU - Doyon, William M.. AU - York, Jennifer L.. AU - Diaz, Laurea M.. AU - Samson, Herman H.. AU - Czachowski, Cristine L.. AU - Gonzales, Rueben A.. PY - 2003/10. Y1 - 2003/10. N2 - Background: This present study was designed to clarify the role of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens during operant ethanol self-administration by separating bar pressing (ethanol seeking) from ethanol consumption. Furthermore, we sought to define the relationship between ethanol in the brain and the accumbal dopamine response after oral self-administration of ethanol. Methods: Two separate groups of male Long-Evans rats were trained to bar press with 10% ethanol or water. Rats were trained to elicit an escalating number of bar presses across daily sessions before gaining access to the drinking solution for 20 min. Microdialysis was performed before (during a waiting period), during, and after ...
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Three experiments compared various ways of examining food preferences in the common brushtail possum (Trischosurus vulpecula). The first experiment compared the preferences obtained between four foods using paired-stimulus (PS) and multiple-stimulus without-replacement (MSWO) assessments. The ranked orders identified by the two methods produced similar orders in individual possums, but were idiosyncratic across possums. Following this, Experiment 2 involved a progressive-ratio (PR) reinforcer assessment with all four foods used in the preference assessments of Experiment 1. For each possum, each of the four foods functioned as reinforcers when presented in a single-schedule arrangement, including those foods identified as less preferred. Experiment 3 used concurrent-schedules, with a PR schedule on one alternative and fixed-ratio (FR) on the other. It was found that higher break points and response rates, as well as flatter demand functions were found for the same food in both Experiment 2 and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of linalool on extinction of mouse operant behaviour. T2 - Behavioural Pharmacology. AU - Shaw, D. AU - Norwood, Kelly. AU - Kennedy, Paul J.. AU - Leslie, J.C.. N1 - This paper is dedicated to the memory of our friend and colleague, David Shaw (1970-2017).. PY - 2020/2/1. Y1 - 2020/2/1. N2 - Linalool is an enanitomer monoterpene compound identified as the pharmacologically active constituent in a number of essential oils and has been reported to display anxiolytic properties in humans and in animal models and to exert both GABAergic and glutamatergic effects. In Experiment 1 linalool (100, 200, and 300, i.p.) had no significant effects compared with saline in an activity tracker with C57BL/6j mice. Experiment 2 assessed the effects on operant extinction with mice of chlordiazepoxide at a dose (15 mg/kg, i.p.) previously shown to facilitate extinction, and the same doses of linalool, compared with saline. Linalool had a dose-related facilitatory effect on extinction. ...
The professional practice of behavior analysis is one domain of behavior analysis: the others being radical behaviorism, experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. The professional practice of behavior analysis is the delivery of interventions to consumers that are guided by the principles of behaviorism and the research of both the experimental analysis of behavior and applied behavior analysis. Professional practice seeks maximum precision to change behavior most effectively in specific instances. Behavior analysts are mental health professionals and, in some states, may hold a license, certificate or registration as a behavior analyst. In other states, there are no laws governing their practice and, as such, the practice may be prohibited as falling under the practice definition of other mental health professionals. This is rapidly changing as Behavior Analysts are becoming more and more common. The professional practice of behavior analysis is a hybrid discipline with ...
Patients at the NJ Craniofacial Center of Morristown benefit from the multidisciplinary expertise of surgical and medical pediatric specialists who share a commitment to using new technology and medical advances for patients and education and support for their families. We offer specialized programs in patients with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders and also mild craniofacial disorders, plagiocephaly and/ or torticollis.. At our Comprehensive Team Meeting, all members of the craniofacial team meet to evaluate a child with moderate to severe craniofacial disorders. We are proud to have a Pediatric Psychologist as part of our team. The craniofacial teams psychologist will assess your childs development and will offer support and treatment to both you and your child. As your child ages, craniofacial disorders will have a varying impact on his or her life as well as the life of your family. For younger children, our psychologist will assess your childs developmental level, refer you for ...
Find Positive Psychology Therapists, Psychologists and Positive Psychology Counseling in Alaska, get help for Positive Psychology in Alaska.
NEW YORK - Children and adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety or tic disorders are being treated in a new specialized outpatient clinic at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center - one of the only programs of its kind in the New York metro area.. In addition to a clinic in Manhattan, the Pediatric OCD, Anxiety and Tic Disorders (POCAT) program will offer a unique, day camp-style intensive summer treatment program situated in White Plains, N.Y., at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Westchester Division. The POCAT program is co-led by pediatric psychologist Dr. Shannon M. Bennett and psychiatrist Dr. Justin Mohatt.. "Anxiety is a normal part of growing up, but when it interferes with school, friendships or family life, we recommend parents seek treatment for their child. If a family is going to extreme measures to accommodate their childs anxiety, or if their child has a problem with involuntary movements or vocalizations, we can offer help," says Dr. ...
Objectives: To evaluate the impact of video-based interactive crisis resource management (CRM) training on no-flow time (NET) and on proportions of team member verbalisations (TMV) during simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Further, to investigate the link between team leader verbalisation accuracy and NFT. Methods: The randomised controlled study was embedded in the obligatory advanced life support (ALS) course for final-year medical students. Students (176; 25.35 ± 1.03 years, 63\% female) were alphabetically assigned to 44 four-person teams that were then randomly (computer-generated) assigned to either CRM intervention (n = 26), receiving interactive video-based CRM-training, or to control intervention (n = 18), receiving an additional ALS-training. Primary outcomes were NET and proportions of TMV, which were subdivided into eight categories: four team leader verbalisations (TLV) with different accuracy levels and four follower verbalisation categories (FV). Measurements were made of all
Dr Georg Auzinger is a Consultant and Reader in Intensive Care Medicine and the Clinical Director for Critical Care at Kings College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. He graduated from the Medical School of the University of Innsbruck in 1990. He trained in Internal Medicine in Austria, followed by Specialist Intensive Care training at the Alfred Hospital in Melbourne, Australia. The Alfred Hospital is a quaternary referral institution for Major Trauma, Heart and Lung Transplantation, Extracorporeal Cardiac and Respiratory Support, Burns and Hyperbaric Medicine. In 2002 he was appointed as a Consultant Intensivist at Kings College Hospital for General and Liver Intensive Care Units (ICUs). He was the Lead Clinician for the Liver ICU from 2007 until 2015, when he was appointed Clinical Director for Critical Care at Kings.. Doctor Auzinger has special interests in extracorporeal cardio-respiratory assist, acute liver failure, liver transplantation, ARDS, fungal infection, and TEE and TTE in ...
The acute toxicities of 13 granular anticholinesterase insecticides were compared with their technical grade active ingredients by administering single oral doses of chemical to adult Northern bobwhites (Colinus virginianus) and evaluating resultant LD50 values and dose-response curves. Similar tests with ringed turtledoves (Streptopelia risoria) were conducted with five of the granular formulations to check for interspecific differences. The test chemicals were Amaze 15G (isofenphos), Counter 15G (terbufos), Dasanit 15G (fensulfothion), Diazinon 14G (diazinon), Di-Syston 15G (disulfoton), Dyfonate 20G (fonofos), Furadan 10G (carbofuran), Lorsban 15G (chlorpyrifos), Nemacur 15G (fenamiphos), Parathion 10G (parathion), Tattoo 10G (bendiocarb), Temik 15G (aldicarb), and Thimet 15G (phorate). Information is also presented on dose-response relations and their use in hazard assessment, granule size and hazard, response patterns, and toxic signs. The general conclusions were: (1) The organophosphates
Scientific goals. The primary goal is to determine if simultaneous abstinence from heroin and cocaine can be elicited by combining two approaches: flexible methadone dosing and voucher-based CM. Secondary goals include: 1) comparing saliva and plasma levels of methadone, cortisol, and prolactin as predictors of treatment outcome; and 2) evaluating the impact of methadone maintenance on renal function, lipid profile, and cardiac function.. Methods. During an initial 6-week baseline phase, cocaine-abusing opioid-dependent outpatient participants (300 enrolled; 180 evaluable) will be stabilized on methadone 70 mg/day. At the end of baseline, participants who continue to use heroin and cocaine will be randomized to one of two dosing regimens and one of two CM conditions. In the flexible-dose regimen, participants will receive individualized dose increases (15 mg/day) to a maximum of 190 mg /day, based on heroin use and withdrawal. In the fixed-dose regimen, participants methadone dose will be ...
At the baseline, all eligible participants underwent informed consent; completed baseline assessments; received rapid HIV testing; provided specimens for syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia testing; and received a medical examination. Those who reported a high-risk sexual or drug exposure episode with an HIV-positive or serostatus-unknown source within the preceding 72 hours immediately initiated postexposure prophylaxis. All other participants received a 4-day starter pack of Truvada to be initiated only in the case of a future high-risk exposure to HIV. All participants began the voucher-based CM intervention upon study entry. For the initial 8 weeks of study conduct, participants presented to the study site three times weekly for a urine drug screen for methamphetamine metabolites. Participants who provided urine samples that were negative for methamphetamine metabolites earned vouchers, which escalated in value for successive negative urine samples. A participant with a missing sample or a ...
Hiatal hernias are repaired laparoscopically with increasing use of reinforcement material. Both synthetic and biologically derived materials reduce the recurrence rate compared to primary crural repair. Synthetic mesh introduces complications, such as mesh erosion, fibrosis, and infection. Urinary bladder matrix (UBM) represents a biologically derived material for use in hiatal hernia repair reinforcement with the potential to improve durability of repair without incurring the risks of other reinforcement materials. Methods: The 15 cases presented involved hiatal hernia repair with primary crural repair with UBM reinforcement and fundoplication. Patients were followed for an average of 3 years, and were assessed with upper gastrointestinal (GI) series, endoscopy, and assessments of subjective symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Results: Hernia diameters averaged 6 cm. Each repair was successful and completed laparoscopically. UBM exhibited favorable handling characteristics when ...
Native and non-native species have damaged and threatened cultural resources at Casa Grande Ruins National Monument since the early 1930s. Even mammals and birds that might not normally be considered pests threaten archeological sites by burrowing, nesting, feeding, and roosting on or near the sites. Species that particularly threaten cultural resources and human health and safety include round-tailed ground squirrels (Spermophilus tereticaudus), house finches (Carpodacus mexicanus), common pigeons (Columba livia), and European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris).. The acidic urine and fecal matter of birds damages the monuments archeological sites by reacting with their alkaline walls. This is especially a concern at areas of animal concentration, such as nesting and roosting sites. Burrowing mammals dig up archeological resources, in some cases exposing them to water, wind, and theft, and disrupt the artifact layering. Rodent burrows can also undermine the bases of prehistoric structures. In some ...
An improved seal-insert and seal for a toner hopper as used in toner cartridge assemblies for printers, copiers and facsimile machines. In one embodiment, the seal has two slotted, rectangular outer pieces joined together with slot alignment and joined by an inner layer of two-sided tape. The two-sided tape is made with a long u-shape which does not interfere with the slots in the outer pieces. The open end of the u-shaped tape configuration allows a seal to be inserted or removed from between the outer pieces to close or open the slots. The seal-insert is applied over the passage from the toner hopper. The outer pieces are made from an antistatic and/or a conductive material, such as an aluminum laminate or plastic impregnated with conductive particles. Alternately, the outer pieces may be made from plastic covered with an antistatic and/or conductive spray or coating. In another embodiment, a tear-seal is made from antistatic and/or conductive material, and is provided with a tear-guide secured to and
In these population based data from central and eastern Europe, we found that all indicators of alcohol intake and problematic drinking were associated with effort-reward imbalance but not with job control. The association with effort-reward imbalance was independent of deprivation and education but some of it was related to depressive symptoms.. Alcohol accounts for a substantial burden of ill health in the region, especially in the former Soviet Union.20,35 The social and health impact of alcohol in the region is at least partly related to the pattern of binge drinking.21,36 It is therefore important to understand the distribution of drinking and alcohol related problems in the population. Alcohol intake has previously been found to be associated with education and marital status in Russia37 and with education in the Czech Republic38 and Poland (unpublished data). Psychosocial factors are often thought to be at least partly responsible for the association between socioeconomic position and ...
The aim of this module is to provide the student with tangible experience of applying psychology theory to practice. Rather than focus on psychopathology, the module focuses on utilising established positive psychology approaches in supporting psychological growth, well-being and resilience. During the first half of the module, students will study the theoretical underpinnings of positive psychology and will work in small groups to design a positive psychology well-being intervention. During the final half of the module, the well-being intervention will be delivered to fellow undergraduate student across all years. Skills gained in this module will support future applications for assistant psychology posts in addition to other support roles with the aim of pursuing a career as a psychologist. Skills gained in this module are also applicable to other established careers such as social work, nursing, occupational therapy or further academic study (e.g. PhD). The module is a unique opportunity to ...
MyRewards! is a iPad app for parents who want to encourage their children to perform certain duties and activities. Using positive reinforcement, children are motivated to perform their tasks, what increases their self-confidence and good habits. My Rewards! allows parents to set goals, grant prizes and motivate the children to earn the prizes by achieving the goals. Experts in child behaviour agree on positive reinforcement for kids as one ot the most effective techniques for educating children. With MyRewards! children are motivated to to perform their tasks with positive reinforcement, to get a reward upon completion. more ...
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Our research looks at what studying strategies undergraduate students with disabilities use to learn, why they use some strategies over others, and what metacognitive awareness is involved in these decisions. Previous research has shown that, while practicing information retrieval through self-testing is extremely beneficial to learning, many students tend to use the strategy of repeated reading, which does little in the way of learning more after the initial reading, and the importance of engaging in metacognitive awareness becomes apparent (Karpicke, Butler, & Roediger, 2009).We are looking for a deeper understanding of the connections between metacognitive awareness of learning, working memory, and learning for undergraduate students with disabilities, and how metacognitive strategies can possibly be applied. The participants are undergraduate students at the University of North Florida who are registered with the campus Disability Resource Center (N=400), with students who are a part of the Access
Dr. Derek Reed is a Licensed Behavior Analyst in the State of Kansas and an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Behavioral Science at the University of Kansas where he directs the Applied Behavioral Economics Laboratory. Derek received his Bachelors degree in Psychology from Illinois State University and his Masters and Ph.D. in School Psychology from Syracuse University. He has served as Associate Editor for Behavior Analysis in Practice and The Psychological Record, and guest Associate Editor for The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. He serves as a reviewer on the editorial boards of The Behavior Analyst, Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. Derek has published over 90 peer reviewed papers and book chapters, coauthored three edited books, and was the 2016 recipient of the American Psychological Association Division 25 B. F. Skinner Foundation New Applied Researcher ...
A. All the time, and a lot of them get relief from it. The one I send them to most often happens to be a doctor who got into acupuncture later. Theres a large Asian population in the Berkeley area, so there are many acupuncturists to choose from. But the results are variable. Some people get really good results from acupuncture or acupressure, and others find its a waste of time. So its something to have in your therapeutic armamentarium. Particularly if nothing else is working, give it a try!. Q. What about the "psychosocial factors" involved in low back pain?. A. Thats a tough one, because as soon as doctors say "psychosocial factors," patients wonder, "do you think this is all in my head, doc?" But it is nonetheless true that pain and psychosocial factors are hard to uncouple. For example, I see a lot of patients who have repetitive strain injuries, and any time you have a chronic injury, theres the possibility that it will be linked with either depression or stress. And what caused what ...
These records are digital images of Confederate pension files and applications for admission to the Confederate soldiers home acquired from the Missouri Department of Records and Archives in Jefferson City, Missouri. The applications are arranged in alphabetical order on 27 reels of 35mm microfilm. The pensions are for Confederate veterans who were living in Missouri, although they may have enlisted from another state. The Confederate Soldiers Home in Higginsville, Missouri, was open for infirm and dependent former Confederate soldiers and sailors, their wives, widows, and orphans.
An airplane returning to Los Angeles International Airport on Tuesday morning dropped jet fuel onto a school playground, dousing several students at Park Avenue Elementary School in Cudahy, officials said. Delta Flight 89 - a Boeing 777 - had...
Shoulder pain is a common secondary condition in people with spinal cord injury (SCI) that often results in loss of function and of independence and imposes limitations on self-care, work, and leisure activities, and leads to decreased quality of life. More than 40% of individuals with SCI report shoulder pain at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation; this number increases to 50% at hospital discharge. The onset of shoulder pain within the first year after injury may lead to lifelong chronic shoulder pain. Although information is known about shoulder pain in patients with long-term SCI, little is known about the beginning of shoulder problems and how they progress early after the injury. In addition to physical problems, psychosocial factors are also associated with chronic pain.. This study will investigate the progression of musculoskeletal (shoulder muscle flexibility, muscle strength, movement coordination, and rotator cuff health) and psychosocial (fear of movement, pain ...
Evidence-based recommendations on reinforcement of a permanent stoma with a synthetic or biological mesh to prevent a parastomal hernia
An Ohio judge has capitulated to the abortion industry by allowing a substandard facility to remain in operation after the Ohio Department of Health revoked its license and ordered the center to be shut down.. Judge Myron Duharts decision blocked the order to close Capital Care Network -Toledos last-standing abortion facility. This ruling allows the abortion center to remain open as an appeal is made to the Ohio Department of Health. Department officials concluded after a March hearing that the facility was not able to meet standards required by state law, thus resulting in the revocation of the centers license and the subsequent order to close.. Ohio, like many states that have taken various steps to ensure womens health and safety, requires businesses that commit abortions to have a transfer agreement with a nearby hospital. Capital Care Network lacked the ability to obtain an agreement with a local hospital, instead working with a clinic in Michigan - 50 miles away from Toledo. The Ohio ...
2015) Learning ecology: YouTubing and content creation. In: Unlocking borders in education: proceedings of the 3rd Pre-University Conference, 6 September 2014, Bandar Sunway. Proceedings of the Sunway Academic Conference (2014). Sunway College Kuala Lumpur, Bandar Sunway, pp. 5-8. ISBN 978-967-13697-0-8 Soo, Shen Hin and Tan, Madeline Tanamal Ka Yen and Ho, Ju Yi and Low, Wen Ling and Maryam Muhammad Yahya, and Ho, Jessica Sze Yin * ...
Contingency management (CM) treatments are efficacious in reducing substance use. A relatively new approach, called prize-based CM, which uses prizes to reinforce substance abstinence, is effective in decreasing certain types of substance use, but its efficacy has not been evaluated in the treatment of cigarette smoking. One purpose of the current study is to assess the efficacy of a prize reinforcement intervention for reducing cigarette smoking. A second purpose is to test the differential efficacy of two schedules of reinforcement, using cigarette smoking as an exemplar. We will randomly assign 110 patients to one of three conditions: 1) Standard treatment; 2) Traditional prize reinforcement; or 3) Early-treatment enhanced prize reinforcement. Patients in each condition will receive counseling for their smoking based on current standard of care guidelines. All patients will participate in a one-week baseline period, followed by a four-week intervention. Throughout both phases, each patient ...
Victoria Clarke is a senior lecturer in social psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol, UK. She has published a number of papers on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex relationships, the history of LGBTQ psychologies, and qualitative methods in journals such as Sexualities, British Journal of Social Psychology, Qualitative Research in Psychology and Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review. She has edited (with Sara-Jane Finlay and Sue Wilkinson) two special issues of Feminism & Psychology on marriage, and edited (with Elizabeth Peel) special issues of Feminism & Psychology, Journal of Gay & Lesbian Psychotherapy, Lesbian & Gay Psychology Review and Psychology of Women Section Review on LGBTQ psychologies. She is also the editor with Elizabeth Peel and Jack Drescher of British LGB Psychologies: Theory, research and practice (Haworth Press, 2007). She is a member of the British Psychological Societys Lesbian & Gay Psychology Section and Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section. She ...
Human beings are social organisms with an intrinsic desire to seek and participate in social interactions. Social anhedonia is a personality trait characterized by a reduced desire for social affiliation and reduced pleasure derived from interpersonal interactions. Abnormally high levels of social anhedonia prospectively predict the development of schizophrenia and contribute to poorer outcomes for schizophrenia patients. Despite the strong association between social anhedonia and schizophrenia, the neural mechanisms that underlie individual differences in social anhedonia have not been studied and are thus poorly understood. Deficits in face emotion recognition are related to poorer social outcomes in schizophrenia, and it has been suggested that face emotion recognition deficits may be a behavioral marker for schizophrenia liability. In the current study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to see whether there are differences in the brain networks underlying basic face ...
Both the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and mesolimbic dopamine, particularly in the nucleus accumbens (NAc), have been implicated in allowing an animal to overcome effort constraints to obtain greater benefits. However, their exact contribution to such decisions has, to date, never been directly compared. To investigate this issue we tested rats on an operant effort-related cost-benefit decision-making task where animals selected between two response alternatives, one of which involved investing effort by lever pressing on a high fixed-ratio (FR) schedule to gain high reward [four food pellets (HR)], whereas the other led to a small amount of food on an FR schedule entailing less energetic cost [two food pellets, low reward (LR)]. All animals initially preferred to put in work to gain the HR. Systemic administration of a D2 antagonist caused a significant switch in choices towards the LR option. Similarly, post-operatively, excitotoxic ACC lesions caused a significant bias away from HR choices
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I attended a very good lecture last week on contemporary views of countertransference. It inspired me to write a brief overview of the concept here, with more to follow.. To understand countertransference, it helps to tackle transference first. Transference was a word coined by Sigmund Freud to label the way patients "transfer" feelings from important persons in their early lives, onto the psychoanalyst or therapist. Psychoanalysis was specifically designed to encourage transference. Intentional opacity and non-disclosure by the therapist promotes transference; the patient naturally makes assumptions about the therapists likes and dislikes, attitude toward the patient, life outside the office, and so forth. These assumptions are based on the patients experiences with, and assumptions regarding, other important relationships, such as childhood relations with parents. In this way the patients formative dynamics are re-created in the therapy office for both participants to observe. Patients ...
The Serene® CL-30 offers fantastic features for both the hard of hearing as well as the visually impaired. Hearing features include amplification up to 40dB, High definition sound technology for unmatched voice clarity, Digital Tone Enhancement, a super loud ringer and 2 visual ring flashers. For the visually impaired, the phone offers large back-lit buttons, talking caller ID, and a talking keypad for verbal reinforcement of the numbers being dialed. Additional Features: Amplification up to 40dB 8 one-touch speed dial buttons Talking Caller ID with call-waiting announces the callers number before answering Large back-lit keys talk-back in loud voice to affirm the desired number or key was pressed Audio and visual voice mail indicator One-touch call-for-help button for hands-free emergency calls HDS (Hi-Definition Sound) technology makes every word crisp and clear Digital Tone Control enhances voice tone and pitch making difficult to hear words easy to understand High performance
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). Presented by Southern California Diagnostic Center. For Counselors, Teachers, School Psychologists, and any school personnel working with students with ASD.. This training will provide participants with an understanding of the basic principles of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), and how they can be used to address difficulties associated with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).. Participants will learn the behavioral characteristics of autism, etiology, treatment myths, and research based information. Additional content includes the assessment of behavior, appropriate data collection methods, and effective ABA teaching strategies to address the unique learning needs and challenging behaviors associated with ASD. This is a beginning level workshop ...
In the first study to analyze parent praise in a real-world setting, its been found that the kind of praise parents give their babies and toddlers influences the childs motivation later on, and plays a role in childrens beliefs about themselves and their desire to take on challenges five years later.. The study analyzed video of 53 mothers interacting with their children at 1, 2, and 3 years of age. The children were interviewed about their attitudes five years later. Those who had received more praise directed at their actions and efforts were more likely to prefer challenges than those who heard praise directed at them personally (e.g., Youre great, youre amazing vs Well done, you worked hard on that). They were also more likely to believe that abilities and behavior could change and develop.. The amount of praise wasnt important; what mattered was the ratio of process praise compared to person praise.. Parents of boys tended to give more process praise than parents of ...
Douglas Weiss, Ph.D. is an author, speaker, licensed psychologist, and marriage counselor who specializes in sexual issues. He is also the founder and president of the American Association for Sex Addiction Therapy, as well as the clinical director of the Heart to Heart Counseling Center in Colorado Springs, Colorado. He has written over forty books on self-help and sexual and marital issues, including sexual anorexia. Weiss received a Bachelor of Arts in Pastoral Ministries from United Wesleyan College, a dual masters degree in Divinity and in Marriage and Family Counseling from Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, as well as a doctorate in Psychology from North Central University. He has been married to his wife Lisa, his business partner and co-worker at the Heart to Heart Counseling Center, for over twenty-five years and they have two children. Weiss has stated that he suffered from sexual addiction throughout his teenage years and young adulthood and has identified his past as the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Self-administration of barbiturates and benzodiazepines. T2 - A review. AU - Ator, Nancy A.. AU - Griffiths, Roland R.. PY - 1987/6. Y1 - 1987/6. N2 - Studies of barbiturate and benzodiazepine self-administration are categorized by species and route of administration. Reinforcement, defined as self-administration of drug greater than of a non-drug control, has been demonstrated most often in studies employing the IV route, and there has been greater reliability in this result for a given drug among barbiturates rather than among benzodiazepines. Most studies of PO self-administration in rodents have not demonstrated reinforcement, despite a number of behavioral manipulations to induce drug intake. Studies of PO barbiturate self-administration in monkeys have demonstrated reinforcement but recent studies of PO benzodiazepine self-administration in baboons have not, although physical dependence was demonstrated. Reinforcement via the IG route has not been reliably demonstrated. ...
The webinar will be available to members of Pharmacist Society and Generation NP, two online social media communities created by Skipta, the premier closed-loop social networking platform for medical professionals. This webinar, the latest in an on-going series, is part of CRNs initiative to help ensure that healthcare practitioners have access to science-based information on dietary supplements and the supplement industry. The webinar will be held Dec. 10, from 2-3 p.m., EST, and will be co-presented by Taylor Wallace, senior director, scientific and regulatory affairs, CRN, and Andrea Singer, associate professor, Medicine and Obstetrics & Gynecology at Georgetown University Medical Center and clinical director of the National Osteoporosis Foundation. The webinar will review updated recommendations for calcium and vitamin D intake and explore the role of calcium in bone health as well as other non-skeletal benefits. Wallace and Singer will examine research on the two nutrients, including ...
Introduction. Behaviourism originated with the work of John B. Watson from 1913. Behaviourism is based on the following sets of claims: (1) Psychology is the study of behaviour. Psychology is not the science of mind. This statement also forms a type of behaviourism: Methodological behaviourism claims that psychology should concern itself with the behaviour of organisms (human and non-human). Psychology should not concern itself with mental states or events or with constructing internal information processing accounts of behaviour. In its historical foundations, methodological behaviourism shares with analytical behaviourism the influence of positivism. One of the goals of positivism was to unify psychology with natural science. Methodological behaviourism is a dominant theme in the writings of John Watson. John Broadus Watson was one of the most prominent psychologist scientists of his era, writing on applied psychology for academic journals, business publications, and popular magazines and is ...
Dr Salisbury qualified from University College London in 1980 and trained as a pathologist at University College Hospital London and Kings College Hospital London. He was appointed as Clinical Senior Lecturer to Kings College School of Medicine & Dentistry and Honorary Consultant Histopathologist to Kings College Hospital in 1987 and promoted to Reader in Histopathology in 1997. He was Clinical Director of Histopathology from 1997 to 2004 and was appointed Head of the Clinical Service in 2011.. Dr Salisbury is the joint lead of the Clinical Academic Department of Cellular Pathology and a member of the Cancer Clinical Academic Group Executive Board of Kings Health Partners.. Dr Salisburys specialist interests are in haematopathology, dermatopathology, autopsy pathology and osteoarticular pathology. He has written two books (on bone and joint diseases and on molecular pathology), several book chapters and over 140 articles in academic journals.. ...
Expert: Dr. Brian Iwata received his Ph.D. in psychology from Florida State University and subsequently held positions at Western Michigan University and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is Distinguished Professor in Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Florida, where he also has directed the Florida Center on Self-Injury and the Prader-Willi Syndrome Program. Brian is the former chief editor of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis and former president of the Association for Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, the Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Division 33 of the American Psychological Association, and the Florida Association for Behavior Analysis. His primary areas of interest are disorders of learning and behavior and research methodology. He has published over 240 articles and chapters on these topics, and he has received $7 million in research grants to support that work. Much of Dr. Iwatas research ...
Hatchery research sheds light on problems in sea cucumber aquaculture, Morgan A., 2002, Hatchery research sheds light on problems in sea cucumber aquaculture,Secretariat of the Pacific Com,, , SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 17: 36-37.,
This study investigated the psychological wellbeing and body perception among young Italian people. Drinking, eating, and sexual behaviors have been examined in relation to body mass index (BMI) and psychological well-being by EPOCH framework. This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted on Italian adolescent and young adult population through an online survey. Qualitative and quantitative data on lifestyle, BMI classes, and psychological characteristics of wellness in youth were obtained from a sample of 1221 Italian participants using a self-report questionnaire on body perception and habits, a socio-demographics inventory, and the EPOCH measure. Findings suggest that being underweight or overweight is associated with various factors, including gender, self-control regarding food, perception of ones body, and the happiness domain. EPOCH framework revealed the psychological wellness of girls and young women did not seem strongly affected by BMI, though Perseverance and Happiness ...
Cryptococcal infection is acquired from the environment. C. neoformans and C. gattii inhabit different ecologic niches. C. neoformans is frequently found in soils contaminated with avian excreta and can easily be recovered from shaded and humid soils contaminated with pigeon droppings. In contrast, C. gattii is not found in bird feces. Instead, it inhabits a variety of arboreal species, including several types of eucalyptus tree. C. neoformans strains are found throughout the world; however, var. grubii (serotype A) strains are far more common than var. neoformans (serotype D) strains among both clinical and environmental isolates. The geographic distribution of C. gattii was thought to be largely limited to tropical regions until an outbreak of cryptococcosis caused by a new serotype B strain began in Vancouver in 1999. This outbreak has extended into the United States, and C. gattii infections are being encountered increasingly in several states in the Pacific Northwest. ...
Thanks to the ever larger penetration of the Internet and especially with the advent of Web 2.0 and social media, hoaxes, rumours and urban legends have become an almost everyday occurrence. While social psychology research contends that rumors can negatively impact on the public by generating distress, intense fear, anxiety, possibly resulting in herd behaviour and violence [1], there is evidence that disease-related rumours may alter health-related behaviors and interfere with medical decision-making [2]. Medical misinformation is most frequently associated with collective emergency situations (e.g., Ebola infected patients refused to be hospitalized because of rumours that international health care workers intentionally brought the virus with them [3]; people from around Kenema, Sierra Leone attacked the hospital after hearing rumours of conspiracy [4]; during the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, rumours that ingestion of iodized salt could prevent radiation damage lead to a shortage ...
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The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: A Portuguese version of the adults test. O Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Uma versão portuguesa do teste para adultos. José Pestana*1, Sofia Menéres*2, Maria João Gouveia2, Rui Filipe Oliveira3. 1ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal. 2ISPA - Instituto Universitário, APPsyCI-Applied Psychology Research Center Capabilities & Inclusion, Lisboa, Portugal. 3Departamento de Biociências, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa, Portugal / Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Lisboa, Portugal / Champalimaud Center for the Unknown, Neurosciences, Lisboa, Portugal. Correspondência. ABSTRACT. The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) is a Theory of Mind task that assesses the ability to understand others mental states in both healthy and clinical populations. The goal of the present study was to translate the revised version of the adults RMET to the Portuguese (European) language, investigate item validity for this version and differences ...
Experimental psychology emerged as a modern academic discipline in the 19th century when Wilhelm Wundt introduced a mathematical and experimental approach to the field.Introduction to Experimental Psychology Consciousness (Chapter 3 in Myers) Consciousness as a process: The study of consciousness has a frustratingly long history in.Introduction to Educational Psychology What is Educational Psychology.Experimental psychology is an approach to psychology that treats it as one of the natural sciences, and therefore assumes that it is susceptible to the experimental.. The birth of experimental psychology as a discipline in its own right is often dated from the appearance of Wilhelm Wundts great handbook, the Grundzüge der...Introduction to the basic topics of psychology, including learning, motivation, cognition, development, abnormal, physiological, social, and personality ...
Fig. 1 Prior alcohol use enhances persistence, motivation, and compulsivity for cocaine self-administration.. (A) Drug treatment paradigm to study alcohol and cocaine coadministration. Access to voluntary alcohol (10% alcohol, 2 hours per day) and voluntary cocaine (self-administration, 0.8 mg/kg per injection) was restricted to 3 p.m. to 5 p.m. and 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., respectively, to avoid metabolic interaction between the two drugs. (B) Alcohol self-administration. Animals in the alcohol-primed group began drinking alcohol on day 1 of the paradigm; animals in the alcohol-concurrent group began drinking on day 11. All groups start cocaine self-administration (0.8 mg/kg per infusion) on day 11. The average alcohol intake during the alcohol-priming period was 1 g/kg during the first 5 days, increasing to 1.2 g/kg during the second 5 days. Alcohol intake was similar in the alcohol-primed versus alcohol-concurrent groups from days 11 to 32 [two-way repeated-measures (RM) analysis of variance ...
Seesaw nystagmus is characterized by cyclic eye movements with a conjugate torsional component and a dissociated vertical component. In the first half of the cycle, one eye elevates and intorts, whereas the other eye depresses and extorts. The pattern is reversed in the remaining half of the cycle. We describe a patient with a giant pituitary adenoma who developed pendular seesaw nystagmus. Disturbance in the visuovestibular system is postulated to contribute to this form of seesaw nystagmus. Lesions compressing the optic chiasm and the accessory optic system could interrupt the transmission of retinal error signals to the inferior olivary nucleus and the interstitial nucleus of Cajal, thus interfering with the adaptive mechanism of the vestibulo-ocular reflex and leading to pendular seesaw nystagmus ...
PURPOSE: A randomized three-arm phase II study was undertaken to evaluate the optimum administration schedule of pemetrexed and gemcitabine in chemotherapy-naïve patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to three schedules of pemetrexed 500 mg/m2 plus gemcitabine 1,250 mg/m2, separated by a 90-minute interval, on a 21-day cycle as follows: schedule A, pemetrexed followed by gemcitabine on day 1 and gemcitabine on day 8; schedule B, gemcitabine followed by pemetrexed on day 1 and gemcitabine on day 8; and schedule C, gemcitabine on day 1 and pemetrexed followed by gemcitabine on day 8. RESULTS: One hundred fifty-two eligible patients (schedule A, n = 59; schedule B, n = 31, and schedule C, n = 62) received a median of five (schedule A), two (schedule B), and four (schedule C) treatment cycles. Overall, 66% of patients experienced grade 3 or 4 neutropenia. Common grade 3 and 4 nonhematologic toxicities were dyspnea (11%), fatigue (16%), and
Charles G. Morris: Charles G. Morris received his B.A. from Yale University and his M.A. and Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Illinois. He joined the University of Michigan in 1965 as Assistant Professor of Psychology and was promoted to Associate Professor in 1971 and Professor in 1987. He served as Associate Dean in the College of Literature, Science and the Arts and as Associate Chair of the Department of Psychology. Upon his retirement in 2002, he was appointed Emeritus Professor. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society. He is the author of more than two dozen books, more than a dozen articles, and more than thirty papers and presentations. His books include "Psychology: An Introduction," "Understanding Psychology," "Basic Psychology," "Psychology: Concepts and Applications," and "Contemporary Psychology and Effective Behavior," His early research centered on leadership, group interaction, and group problem solving. More ...
This paper reports on the childs perception of parental involvement and the effect it has on grades in mathematics, science, social studies, and language arts. The study specifically involved the relationship between the value the children perceive the parents place on education and the value the children themselves place on education, the relationship between the childs perception of parents helping the child with homework in the elementary and middle school years and the amount of time the child spends on homework in high school, and the relationship between the childrens perception of expectations the parents have for him/her and the expectations the children place on themselves. Questionnaires were given to 102 9th graders. The data was analyzed using correlation analyses and a one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Implications for parents and educators are also noted ...
Russ noted that African American and Native American communities have been especially hard-hit by menthol cigarettes.. On Friday, Courtney Clark, a public health and psychology student at the University of Minnesota Duluth, took part in an American Lung Association press conference designed to draw public attention to the issue.. In a statement, Clark said: "Menthol has been marketed to the African-American community for over 50 years, and as a result, nearly 90 percent of African-American smokers use menthol products. We can sit idly by and hope this malicious targeting by Big Tobacco ends, or we can take initiative to make sure that kids dont have easy access to these deadly products.". Russ said she shares the concern that minority populations have been subjected to targeted menthol cigarette marketing campaigns, but she stressed the proposed ordinance is not intended to be a paternalistic measure. Russ noted that both the Duluth Human Rights Commission and the Indigenous Commission have ...
A new survey commissioned by Scholastic in conjunction with The Gates Foundation shows that 88 percent of teachers believe the rewards of teaching outweigh the challenges.. This statistic was compounded by the 89 percent of teachers who reported satisfaction with their jobs, which went unchanged from 2011. An overwhelming 98 percent also viewed teaching in the greater context of making a positive change, rather than viewing it as just another way to make a living.. Although there is widespread job satisfaction, teaching does not come without its obstacles. 38 percent reported they would like to see increased parental interaction and involvement in their childs education, a testament to the long-acknowledged integral role that parents play in education.. Further, three in four teachers feel their voice is not adequately heard at the school, state or federal levels of education.. The survey was conducted in July 2013, using a sample of over 20,157 PreK-12 public school teachers.. Share on Facebook ...
The treatment of acute pain in patients maintained on methadone is difficult due to increased pain sensitivity (hyperalgesia) and cross-tolerance to other opioids. This study aimed to investigate whether remifentanil elicits antinociception in methadone-maintained subjects in a dose-dependent manner. Eight chronic methadone-maintained subjects attended the testing session approximately 20 h after their normal methadone dose (range 50-110 mgday(-1)). Following a 20 min saline infusion, subjects were administered intravenous remifentanil in seven increasing doses ranging from 0.5 to 3.5 microgkg(-1)min(-1), each for 2 0min. Testing was performed in the last 10 min of each infusion. The testing measures included nociception, as measured by the cold pressor test, withdrawal using the subjective opiate withdrawal scale (SOWS), and subjective opioid effects using the morphine-benzedrine group scale (MBG). Results showed dose-dependent increase in cold pressor tolerance time from baseline of 15.6+/-3.5 ...
Five male Long-Evans rats, maintained at 80% of their free-feeding weight, were trained to bar-press for food reward on a one-minute fixed-interval (FI1) schedule of reinforcement. Once stable FI1 baseline response rates were established, dose-response functions were generated for Chlordiazepoxide HC1 (CDZ). Subsequent treatments with CDZ were followed by 30 min. pulsed microwave radiation (MWR) and FI1 behavioral assessment. Pulsed MWR exposures were in the far zone of an anechoic chamber at an averaged incident power density of 1 mW/sq cm (PRF = 300/sec, 3 usec pulse width). After 2 replications of the combined treatments another CDZ dose-response function was generated. This was followed by 3 more CDZ and MWR replications the first of which was carried out at an averaged incident power density of 1 mW/ sq cm2 Increased rates of response for the CDZ and 1 mW/sq cm MWR treatment were demonstrated relative to initial CDZ dose-response functions in 4 of 5 rats tested. However, the dose-response functions
The school was established in 1909, when Arizona Territory taxpayers voted to organize a union district from several elementary districts. In September of that year, Yuma Union High School began with four teachers in three rooms near the corner of Main and Third Streets. At the end of the first year, twelve seniors graduated. Yuma Highs distinctive mascot came when the original school building was destroyed by fire in 1910. The school then used the Yuma Territorial Prison, which had been closed, for the next three years. Classes were held in the cellblocks, and assemblies took place in the prison hospital. In 1912, the city of Yuma notified the school that the prison was needed as a city jail. The school board carried through a bond election to build a new school, at 400 South 6th Avenue (where the current campus is today). In 1914, school began in the newly constructed "Main" building. That same year, the Yuma football team traveled to Phoenix Union High School to play the Coyotes. Yuma High ...
To evaluate the nutritional status of mentally retarded children in the region of Galicia, northwest Spain, on the basis of serum biochemistry variables. The following serum biochemistry variables were determined in a sample of 128 mentally retarded children (81 boys and 47 girls): albumin, prealbu...
You Have Not Saved Any Essays. Eye contact "a meeting of the eyes of two people. Like in any other meeting, someone plays a role of an initiator.Nonverbal Communication and Eye Contact Essay. 1.2 When communicating with a child you have to take into account their age and what stage of development.Four Important Functions Of Nonverbal Communication English Language Essay. Published: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: 23rd March, 2015. This essay.think that eye contact had anything to do with language, or a persons culture. While researching a topic for this paper I came across an article.Eye contact occurs when two people look at each other s eyes at the same time. In human beings, eye contact is a form of nonverbal communication and is thought.The Impact of Eye Contact. Youre at a business event and the colleague youve been having an intense conversation with begins to shift.Eye contact Eye Contact Eye contact is an important aspect of non-verbal behaviour. In interpersonal interaction, it serves ...
27 New Eng.L. Rev. 1173. NOTES: An Analysis of the Legal Issues Surrounding the Forced Use of Ritalin: Protecting a Childs Right to Just Say No. By, James C. OLeary *. * For my father.. SUMMARY:. ... Methylphenidate hydrochlo ride, better known by its brand name Ritalin, is the most widely prescribed stimulant drug for this purpose. ... Ritalin is the most common amphetamine prescribed to hyperactive children for this purpose. By 1974 Ritalin had beaten out the once popular and less expensive drug Dexedrine as the drug of choice in treating hyperactive children. ... Nobody knows exactly why Ritalin produces the opposite result in hyperactive children. ... It is the position of this note that, given such a large task and limited resources, the school system has unwittingly become addicted to the use of Ritalin as an easy solution to the difficult problem of educating hyperactive children. ... These three rationales are all potentially at work in the involuntary use of Ritalin on ...
In March 2017, ZTE pleaded guilty to illegally exporting U.S. technology to Iran and North Korea in violation of trade sanctions, and was fined a total of US$1.19 billion by the U.S. Department of Commerce. It was the largest-ever U.S. fine for export control violations.[23][24]. ZTE was allowed to continue working with U.S. companies, provided that it properly reprimand all employees involved in the violations. However, the Department of Commerce found that ZTE had violated these terms and made false statements regarding its compliance, having fired only 4 senior officials and still providing bonuses to 35 other employees involved in the violations. On 16 April 2018, the Department of Commerce banned U.S. companies from providing exports to ZTE for seven years.[25][26][27] At least 25% of components on recent ZTE smartphones originated from the U.S., including Qualcomm processors and certified Android software with Google Mobile Services.[28][29] An analyst stated that it would take a ...
June - Tragedy in Charleston, SC prompts removal of all things Confederate : SCOTUS rules against Sons of Confederate Veterans stating license plates are government property and can regulate its content; "Dukes of Hazzard" program is removed from TV Lands lineup; Miami, Fla car museum covers roof of Gen. Lee car on display; Alabama Gov. Bentley removes all four Confederate flags from monument on State Capitol; SC Gov. Haley signs bill to remove Confederate memorial battle flag from State House grounds, flag removed on July 10th; Univ. of Texas removes Confederate memorial from campus; City of Mobile removes all its historic flags from its city seal; Hillsborough County, Fla removes its historic flag display from the government center; Wichita, KS removes battle flag from Veterans memorial park; Cities of Columbus, Starkville, Hattiesburg, Magnolia and Grenada, MS remove state flag from city property, Natchez, Philadelphia and Vicksburg will eventually do the same; Virginia and Maryland ...
Caroline L. Tait National Network for Aboriginal Mental Health Research Alcohol-Related Birth Effects and Aboriginal Peoples: Prevention, Identification and Intervention Services This presentation examines
This component is grounded in the past work of the Center. It continues the tradition of working with complex populations in new settings. However, it addresses the problem that shorter (standard or traditional tobacco dependence) interventions do not appear to work well in this population, and it tests a research-based alternative that has shown effectiveness in prior research. If the Innovative System (IS) that we propose is shown to be effective in this population, this line of research will offer the field a strategy to more effectively address tobacco dependence among persons with non-nicotinic drug abuse disorders. It is an extended treatment, and with appropriate adaptations, could become a continuing care intervention in a variety of health systems using a variety of health care personnel, including pharmacists, primary care physicians & nurses.. Drug addiction treatment patients, including those in treatment for opioid dependence, have a high rate of tobacco dependence, especially ...
He FJ, Marrero NM, and MacGregor GA. Salt intake is related to soft drink consumption in children and adolescents. A link to obesity? Hypertension. 2008;51:629-634.. The link between salt intake and fluid intake is well characterized in adults. The World Health Organization has estimated that reducing daily salt intake by half, to ∼5 g/d, would reduce fluid intake by about 350 mL/d per person. While intake of water is seldom of concern, much of the fluids consumed in developed nations contribute significant calories to the daily diet. Soft drink intake in children, in particular, is a concern due to the proposed link between intake of sweetened beverages and obesity. To determine a link between salt intake and soft drink consumption, He et al. analyzed data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey for young people in Great Britain. The survey, conducted in 1997, provides a representative sample of young people between the ages of 4 and 18 years.. Data from 1688 participants (837 girls) were ...
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This book is based on the idea that a behavior management plan can be as effective in preventing problematic classroom behavior as it is in managing it and utilizes an evidence-based approach to solving problems. It offers easy-to-implement, research-based plans for addressing problematic classroom behavior in two key areas: on-task time/assignment completion and disruption/rule violation. The author introduces a dozen behavior management plans in non-technical language. This eliminates the need for extensive training in behavior therapy or learning theory. FEATURES: An introductory chapter addressing evidence-based practice in education Explaining the scientific nature of the books plans and introducing the rationale behind the use of such practice. A chapter on the beeper system for enhancing student engagement. Introduces a recently developed device, the MotivAider explains how it works, when it is best used, and what can be expected when it is used. A common format in each plan chapter ...