Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries and wanted to share their experience. Understandable and easy to access to reading materials recommended in each modules. Benefits to curr...
Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries from École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries and wanted to share their experience. Understandable and easy to access to reading materials recommended in each modules. Benefits to curr...
We studied the removal of two phthalic acid diesters (PAEs), di- n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), from leachates of a municipal solid waste landfill treatment facility....
With the rapid and large increase of waste quantities, China, surpassed the USA as the worlds largest municipal solid waste (MSW) generator since 2004. The phenomena and critical issues of MSWM in China inspired this paper to investigate and analyse the MSWM in an urban area of China. Comparing with the increasing rates of MSW generation, little has been done concerning the municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Not only the local government and authorities are responsible for the MSWM, but also the individuals are playing a significant role in MSWM. An integrated waste management system should be built in order to improve the holistic MSW system and reduce the waste production. The aim of the study is to investigate and analyse the current status and problems of MSWM in an urban area of China and to analyse to what extent a viable reduction of the MSW can be implemented and management systems to be improved in the near future. In this study, two case studies of Shanghai and Linköping are ...
Previous studies have raised concerns about possible excess risks of bladder, brain and hepatobiliary cancers and leukaemias near landfill sites. Several cancers have been implicated, but no consistent pattern has emerged. We present a large nationwide analysis of selected cancers near landfill sites in Great Britain. The base population comprised people living within 2 km of 9565 (from a total of 19196) landfill sites that were operational at some time from 1982 to 1997, with populations living more than 2 km from a landfill as reference. Risks of cancers at the above sites were computed with adjustment for age, sex, year of diagnosis, region and deprivation. National post-coded registers provided a total of 341856640 person-years for the adult cancer analyses and 113631443 person-years for childhood leukaemia. There were 89786 cases of bladder cancer, 36802 cases of brain cancer, 21773 cases of hepatobiliary cancer, 37812 cases of adult leukaemia and 3973 cases of childhood leukaemia. In spite ...
Anyone applying for a DEQ Solid Waste Disposal Permit should contact the Solid Waste Program for an Initial Site Evaluation. The evaluation process will allow the Department to discuss with you what types of plans should be submitted and what conditions m
The significant generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) has become a controversial global issue. Pyrolysis and gasification technologies for treating rejects from solid waste disposal sites (SWDSs), for which over 50 % of MSW is attributed to combustible species, have attracted considerable attention. MSW is an alternative energy source that can partly replace fossil resources; there is an increasing awareness that global warming caused by the utilization of fossil resources is occurring.. The goal of this thesis is to realize the efficient and rational utilization of MSW and decrease the harmful impact of pollutants, such as dioxin, HCl, and CO2, on the environment. To achieve this goal, some fundamental studies have been experimentally and numerically conducted to enhance the understanding of the properties of municipal solid waste thermal conversion.. In this thesis, the pyrolysis behaviors of single pelletized recovered fuel were tested. A detailed comparison of the pyrolysis behaviors of ...
Atmospheric pollution is of a major public health concern in many large cities worldwide. However, in many cases only a little attention has been given to this issue in developing countries. Example is the case of Alexandria city in Egypt where two municipal solid waste (MSW) dumpsites were located at the east and west directions of the city. One of the main activities leading to this problem includes deposition of compost and incineration of MSW, which contain high levels of heavy metals. Such activities tend to increase the elemental background levels in the surrounding agricultural land driving to adverse temporal and/or spatial variations of heavy metals levels in soils.. Atmospheric deposition of anthropogenic derived chemicals is an important source of environmental pollution. It contributes to the load of pollutants in urban runoff [1, 2].. Municipal Solid Waste management depends on the characteristic of the solid waste including the gross composition, moisture contents, average particle ...
Highlights: ► The isotopic signature of δ{sup 13}C-DIC of leachates is linked to the reactivity of MSW. ► Isotopic signatures of leachates depend on aerobic/anaerobic conditions in landfills. ► In situ aeration of landfills can be monitored by isotope analysis in leachate. ► The isotopic analysis of leachates can be used for assessing the stability of MSW. ► δ{sup 13}C-DIC of leachates helps to define the duration of landfill aftercare. - Abstract: Stable isotopic signatures of landfill leachates are influenced by processes within municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills mainly depending on the aerobic/anaerobic phase of the landfill. We investigated the isotopic signatures of δ{sup 13}C, δ{sup 2}H and δ{sup 18}O of different leachates from lab-scale experiments, lysimeter experiments and a landfill under in situ aeration. In the laboratory, columns filled with MSW of different age and reactivity were percolated under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. In landfill simulation reactors, ...
Incorporation of waste materials, in this case, municipal solid waste (MSW) and marble residue rich in calcium carbonate in the production of traditional ceramics could give rise to industrial cost savings. At the same time, the utilization and recycling of wastes as a secondary raw material can help solve environmental problems associated with the wastes. In this study, ceramic tile bodies were obtained by adding recycled municipal solid wastes (MSW) and marble residues to standard clay samples. Water absorption capacity and bending strength were measured to evaluate the properties of the resulting ceramic materials. Water absorption increases with an increase in the residue percentage. Addition of waste residues to ceramics also gives rise to a decrease in bending strength. Use of residues in the manufacture of bricks and roofing tiles affects the final properties of these products. The most suitable products were selected based on technological and ceramic behaviour. With respect to the ...
Article Influence of magnetic treatment on the improvement of landfill leachate treatment. Magnetic treatment is an alternative simple approach by which landfill leachate treatment could be improved. The purpose of landfill leachate treatment is to r...
Article Self-sustained vermicomposting plant at municipal solid waste generation point. The increase in quantum of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation puts additional burden on MSW and energy management. Out of all the wastes, the biodegradable wa...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Production of butanol and hydrogen by fermentation techniques using steam treated municipal solid wastes : EU BESTF2 MSWBH. AU - de Vrije, Truus. AU - Claassen, Pieternel A.M.. N1 - Project number BESTF14001. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. U2 - 10.18174/463764. DO - 10.18174/463764. M3 - Report. T3 - Wageningen Food & Biobased Research report. BT - Production of butanol and hydrogen by fermentation techniques using steam treated municipal solid wastes : EU BESTF2 MSWBH. PB - Wageningen Food & Biobased Research. CY - Wageningen. ER - ...
Hans-Günter Ramke is Professor of Waste Management and Sanitary Landfilling at the Technische Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe - University of Applied Sciences and Arts (DE). He graduated in Civil Engineering at the Technical University Braunschweig, specialising in Environmental Engineering, Road Construction, Geotechnical Engineering. He received his PhD at the same university in 1991. Since 2002 he is publicly certified Expert on Waste Management and Landfill Technology by the Chamber of Engineers of Lower Saxony, Germany. He is Head of the Laboratory of Waste Management, whose main activities include: analyses of municipal and industrial wastes; municipal solid waste management; restoration and aftercare of landfills; computer modelling of water balances and emissions of landfills; energetic utilisation of biological wastes and biomass; hydrothermal carbonisation of organic wastes and residues.. ...
The risk of groundwater pollution is regarded as the principal impact of the disposal of waste on land. In examining this problem, geophysical and geochemical studies were carried out at a solid waste disposal site in Owerri, southeastern Nigeria. The method of solid waste disposal in use is the landfill disposal method. Azimuthal electrical resistivity (ER) soundings were conducted around the site to determine the directions of contaminant transport. Surface and groundwater samples were collected and analysed to determine some geochemical parameters usually considered to be indicators of pollution from solid waste disposal. Comparative studies were made of the geochemical regime before and after the siting of the landfill. Grain size analysis of sediment samples collected at the landfill site were analysed, and found to consist of sand particles with high porosity and permeability. A collection of litho-geophysical logs of the study area gives insight about the nature of the porosity and ...
Landfills are a common method of solid waste disposal. However, not many people are aware of the dangers posed by landfills and the toxic substances which are a substantial threat to the environment. Here are some facts about landfills which many people may not be aware of.
Decaying Food and Municipal Waste Release as Much Greenhouse Gas Pollution as a Million Cars. BALTIMORE - A new report concludes that Marylands municipal waste landfills release four times more methane and carbon dioxide than the states previous estimates, contributing as much greenhouse gas pollution as almost a million cars driving for a year.. The Environmental Integrity Projects report, Greenhouse Gases from Marylands Landfills: Underestimated and Under Regulated, is based on a review of state and federal records and data, with its numbers confirmed through collaboration with the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE).. In total, decaying food, discarded consumer products, and other household waste in Marylands municipal waste landfills released about 51,500 tons of methane - a potent greenhouse gas - in 2017, the most recent year for which complete data were available, which was more than four times the 12,500 tons estimated by Maryland, according to EIPs report.. In response ...
SESSION 2B. Waste Generation and Composition. Seasonal Variations of Compost Characteristics from Municipal Solid Wastes of Mysore City, Karnataka, India, Shiddappa, Belagali and Shyamala D.C, India. Biodegradability of The Organic Fraction Content from The Municipal Solid Waste Confined in a Closured Landfill,Otoniel Buenrostro, Alfredo Nila, Liliana Márquez, Mexico. SESSION 2C. Composting and Biological Treatment. Hyperspectral Sensing Techniques for Mesophilic Anaerobic Reaction Monitoring and Control, Silvia Serranti, Andrea Fabbri, Giuseppe Bonifazi, Italy. Biowaste Quality and Its Effect on the Fertilizer Value of Compost, Nils Bauerschlag, Anna Wagner, Sebastian Kaufeld, Germany. Effect of Plastic on Biodegradation of Municipal Solid Waste, Susmita Dutta, Debabrata Mukhopadhyay, Jyotiprakash Sarkar, Rahul Patra And Nilesh Halder, India. Preliminary Design for Rotating Barrel Composting System for Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Benin Metropolis, Nigeria, Dennis Iyeke Igbinomwanhia, ...
storm water, residuals, clay liner materials, heavy metal, surface area, surface complexation model, SEM analysis, pycnometry, Freundlich isotherm, competitive interaction, clay, metal species binding kinetics, first order reaction, shrinking-core model, redox potential, pH, porosity, hydraulic conductivity, diffuse-layer model, competitive adsorption, FITEQL, MINTEQ, speciation,, RFA, Scientific Discipline, Waste, Sustainable Industry/Business, Municipal, Sustainable Environment, Technology for Sustainable Environment, Chemistry and Materials Science, Ecology and Ecosystems, Environmental Engineering, clay liners, computer based leachate model, landfill design, modeling, municipal waste, evaluation of leaching, landfills, municipal solid waste landfills, heavy metal emissions, waste management, geosynthetic clay liners, urban waste ...
Landfills Infrastructure Essay, Research Paper THE LANDFILLS INFRASTRUCTURE What is the largest construction you can think of? Does a landfill come to your mind? Probably not. One of the largest buildings on the face of the earth is the Pyramid of the sun, constructed in Mexico and covers approximately thirty million cubic feet of space.
Knowledge on the pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in landfill leachates, which are an important source of PPCPs in the environment, was very limited. Hence, four sampling campaigns were conducted to determine eighteen PPCPs in the landfill leachates from a landfill reservoir in Shanghai. Five of the target PPCPs were first included in a landfill leachate study. Additionally, their removal from landfill leachates by a full-scale membrane bioreactor (MBR) was illustrated. The results showed fourteen out of eighteen PPCPs were detectable in at least one sampling campaign and achieved individual concentrations ranging from 0.39 to 349μg/L in the landfill leachates. Some PPCPs exhibited higher contamination levels than those reported in other countries. Good removal of PPCPs by MBR led to a largely reduced contamination level (|LOQ to 10.6μg/L) in the treated landfill leachates, which was, however, still much higher than those in municipal wastewaters in Shanghai. To the best of our
-The Star- KUALA LUMPUR: About 90% of landfills in the country are mere open dumpsites and only a handful are sanitary landfills that meet the rules set by the Housing and Local Government Ministry. Of these landfills, the Government has identified 16 critical ones situated near water intake points or the sea. It is learnt…
There are multiple opportunities to learn more about proper yard waste management.. Residents can consult this brief guide about other ways to protect our lakes by keeping the streets leaf-free.. The Ripple Effects website has a detailed information about leaf management and other important storm water issues. On the Ripple Effects website, you can sign up to receive text or email alerts on when the street gutter should be raked in advance of a rainstorm to prevent a release of nutrients into the storm water system. Ripple Effects is the website for the Madison Area Municipal Stormwater Partnership.. Residents can also go to the Streets Division yard waste website, www.cityofmadison.com/yardwaste. Collection rules, the pickup schedule map, and a short video about the yard waste collection process can all be found there.. While on the Streets Division yard waste website, residents are encouraged to provide their feedback about yard waste collection, and other Streets Division services, via an ...
Information about Cd distribution inside single municipal solid waste and biomass fly ash particles is fundamental since it affects its leachability. The internal 2D distributions of the main and trace elements in such highly inhomogeneous matrixes were successfully determined by means of the combined synchrotron radiation induced micro X-ray fluorescence (mu-SRXRF) and tomography (mu-SRXRFT) techniques. Scanning mu-SRXRF measurements show Cd elemental distribution within single fly ash particles to be inhomogeneous, but no information can be obtained about its internal distribution. During mu-SRXRFT analysis, single fly ash particles are successively measured by a rotational-translational scan in a VH = 2 x 5 mum(2) microbeam. The 2D internal elemental distribution images, obtained by the modified simultaneous algebraic reconstruction technique algorithm, provide the size and the location of Cd-containing areas together with the location of other measurable elements. Results showed Cd concentration to
EPA is proposing amendments to the ``Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills (Landfills NSPS), to the ``Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills (landfills emission guidelines), to the ``National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air...
Renewable Methanol Market by Feedstock (Agricultural Waste, Forestry Residues, Municipal Solid Waste, Co2 Emissions, and Others), Application (Formaldehyde, Dimethyl Ether & Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE), Gasoline, Solvents, and Others), and End-User Industry (Chemicals, Transportation, Power Generation, and Others): Global Opportunity Analysis and Industry Forecast, 2020-2027. ...
This statistic represents the rate of metals recovered from municipal solid waste in the United States between 1990 and 2017, by type.
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Fermentation of Municipal Solid Waste to Lactic Acid using Lactobacillus Salivarius. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Landfills (municipal and hazardous waste) water quality impact publications are available. Emphasis is on groundwater pollution and other adverse impacts associated with landfilling of solid wastes in Subtitle D and C landfills
Landfills (municipal and hazardous waste) water quality impact publications are available. Emphasis is on groundwater pollution and other adverse impacts associated with landfilling of solid wastes in Subtitle D and C landfills
A transfer station in waste terminology is a location that facilitates the transport of refuse (trash disposed of in the black bins). Our transfer station serves to temporarily store refuse collected throughout the City before a larger truck is ready to pick it up and transport it for the long haul to the nearest landfill. As the Citys own landfills are all closed, the destinations are private landfills. In 2004, the City of Los Angeles purchased Central L.A. Recycling & Transfer Station (CLARTS). As the recycling operations that were previously done at the facility have ceased, the City continues to operate the facility as a transfer station. Learn more about transfer stations and their operations.. ...
Widespread disposal of landfill leachate to municipal sewer infrastructure in the United States calls for an improved understanding of the relative organic-chemical contributions to the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) waste stream and associated surface-water discharge to receptors in the environment. Landfill leachate, WWTP influent, and WWTP effluent samples were collected from three landfill-WWTP systems and compared with analogous influent and effluent samples from two WWTPs that did not receive leachate. Samples were analyzed for 73 per-/poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), 109 pharmaceuticals, and 21 hormones and related compounds. PFAS were detected more frequently in leachate (92%) than in influent (55%). Total PFAS concentrations in leachate (93,100 ng/L) were more than ten times higher than in influent (6,950 ng/L), and effluent samples (3,730 ng/L). Concentrations of bisphenol A; the nonprescription pharmaceuticals cotinine, lidocaine, nicotine; and the prescription pharmaceuticals
B. Industrial Solid Waste. Industrial solid waste - the non-toxic or non-hazardous waste generated by various industries is normally not identified as different from municipal solid waste coming from domestic and commercial activities. In many ASEAN countries, it has been included as part of municipal solid waste. As a result, there is an absence of a systematic database on industrial solid waste and the exact rates of industrial waste generation are not known. The lack of information on industrial solid waste is lamentable because it can actually include a wide range of materials that may have different levels of impact on the environment.. The types of industrial solid waste would include packaging materials, paper, housekeeping wastes, food wastes, scrap materials such as glass and ceramics, resins, plastics, metal and plastic scraps, stones, cloth, rubber, straw, wood waste, products which are off-specification and a variety of materials not officially specified as or are known to be ...
Waste Flow Chart Uftmf Example Inlet For Treated Download Flowcharts Municipal Solid Management Ewater Treatment Waste Flow Chart Flowcharts food waste flow chart integrated solid waste management flow chart biomedical waste flow chart solid waste management flow chart wastewater management flow chart The rectangle symbol is your go-to symbol. It represents any step in the process flow youre diagramming and is the workhorse of the flowchart diagram. Give it a lump of sugar and it will love you forever. Find Your Next Flowcharts
Half of the plastics we use today are used once and then left to accumulate in landfills. This statistic is symbolic of a greater issue: given our ever-increasing rate of plastic consumption, overstuffed landfills will create dire problems for future generations. And while humans eventually will have to face the consequences of plastic pollution on…
Landfills in San Francisco on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Landfills in San Francisco, CA.
According to the latest EPA data, Americans generated about 250 million tons of trash in 2011 and recycled and composted almost 87 million tons of this material, equivalent to a 34.7 percent recycling rate. Municipal solid waste does not include industrial, hazardous, or construction waste. It is things that we commonly use and then throw away such as packaging, food waste, computers, and furniture. Hazardous has any of the four characteristics: ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, or toxicity.. Organic materials comprise the largest percent of municipal solid waste. Paper and paperboard are next at 28 percent and yard trimmings and food waste accounts for another 28 percent.. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) set forth a framework for the management of non-hazardous wastes, as well as giving the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the authority to control hazardous waste from the cradle-to-grave, which includes the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of inorganic anions on Fenton oxidation of organic species in landfill leachate. AU - Deng, Yang. AU - Rosario-Muniz, Edualberto. AU - Ma, Xingmao. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Fenton oxidation typically achieves only a moderate removal efficiency of chemical oxidation demand (COD) in treatment of a landfill leachate, incomparable to some other chemical oxidation processes (e.g. electrochemical oxidation). A traditional viewpoint is that the remaining highly oxidized organic species become recalcitrant to hydroxyl radical (OH·)-induced oxidation at a higher degree of Fenton oxidation. Although this may, at least partially, be true, the effects of inorganic anions, which are abundant in leachate, on Fenton oxidation have been largely ignored. The objective of this study is to assess the roles of three inorganic anions (nitrate, sulfate, and chloride) originally present in or externally added to leachate during Fenton oxidation of refractory organic species in ...
IV. Policies: King County solid waste facilities are designed, constructed, and operated primarily for the management of municipal solid waste. Waste other than municipal solid waste may be accepted with conditions, including formal waste clearance, or prohibited. King Countys rules for acceptance of various waste types are described below.. A. Aerosol cans or small pressurized containers are accepted if they have been completely emptied through use. A can is empty when all contents have been completely sprayed out, and minimal or no product remains in the can. Containers holding compressed gases are empty when the pressure inside the container is equal-or nearly equal-to atmospheric pressure. Aerosol cans that are not empty are not accepted from residents in large quantities (more than 10 cans) and are not accepted from businesses in any quantity. Pressurized containers from residential customers may also be taken to household hazardous waste facilities. Call the Household Hazards Line at ...
473.811 Waste management by counties, defined local units. Subdivision 1. County acquisition of facilities. To accomplish the purpose specified in section 473.803, each metropolitan county may acquire by purchase, lease, gift or condemnation as provided by law, upon such terms and conditions as it shall determine, including contracts for deed and conditional sales contracts, solid waste facilities or properties or easements for solid waste facilities which are in accordance with rules adopted by the agency, the policy plan and the approved county master plan, and may improve or construct improvements on any property or facility so acquired. No metropolitan city, county or town shall own or operate a hazardous waste facility, except a facility to manage household hazardous waste. Each metropolitan county is authorized to levy a tax in anticipation of need for expenditure for the acquisition and betterment of solid waste facilities. If a tax is levied in anticipation of need, the purpose must be ...
URBAN FOOD WASTE COMPOSTINGBijaya K. Adhikari Department of Bioresource Engineering McGill University, Montreal December 2005 A thesis su...
Solid waste collection is among the occupations with the highest risk for injuries and illnesses. Solid waste collector injuries were characterized in terms of injury risk and employment industry sector (public versus private) using Kentucky workers compensation first reports of injury and claims data. When compared to 35-44-year-old workers, solid waste collectors who were under 35 years of age
Reichelderfer said they wanted to get this version of updates completed prior to next year when they are expected to begin reviewing the rules again as part of a periodic update of the 15-year plan which is meant to prohibit and limit the receipt of solid waste generated outside the district; govern the maintenance, protection and use of solid waste collection or solid waste facilities in the district; and govern the development and implementation of a program for the inspection of solid waste materials generated outside of the state ...
Landfills Air Pollution. Air Compliance and Enforcement Jeff Meyer. Overview. Landfill Overview Emissions Permit Applicability Potential to Emit Permit Requirements Federal Regulations. Landfill Overview. 846 Landfill sites in New Jersey Slideshow 1617196 by marlo
Waste disposal simply means removing and destroying or storing damaged, used or other unwanted domestic, agricultural or industrial products and substances. Disposal includes burning, burial at landfill sites or at sea, and recycling, while improper waste disposal re disposal of refuse without proper supervision which often amounts damage to the environment and ultimately to the human body system The environmentalists expressed their serious concern over the unscientific and improper management of municipal solid waste, describing it as hazardous to human health. Improper disposal of hazardous waste causes adverse effects on human health and the environment. The normal practices of waste disposal such as insanitary open dump, land filling, discharge in water courses, or open-pit burning will need modification when dealing with hazardous wastes. The principle hazard of improper waste disposal is contamination of soil and groundwater. This arises largely from the waste containing hazardous ...
Dioxin emissions from municipal solid waste incinerators are one of the major sources of dioxins and therefore are an exposure source of public concern. There is growing epidemiologic evidence of an increased risk for non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL) in the vicinity of some municipal solid waste incinerators with high dioxin emission levels. The purpose of this study was to examine this association on a larger population scale. The study area consisted of four French administrative departments, comprising a total of 2270 block groups. NHL cases that had been diagnosed during the period 1990-1999, and were aged 15 years and over, were considered. Each case was assigned a block group by residential address geocoding. Atmospheric Dispersion Model System software was used to estimate immissions in the surroundings of 13 incinerators which operated in the study area. Then, cumulative ground-level dioxin concentrations were calculated for each block group. Poisson multiple regression models, incorporating
The project will establish a sustainable and effective solid waste management (SWM) system in Ebeye, the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), by (i) building a high-temperature incinerator and upgrading the dump site, (ii) upgrading and replacing equipment for municipal solid waste management, (iii) strengthening institutional capacity to sustain the SWM services, The
Legislation for Solid Waste Management: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9610-5.ch002: The legal and institutional framework, as well as the international trends in solid waste management, serves as the basis for the formulation of a policy
SWANAs updated Managing Integrated Solid Waste Management Systems addressing the many and varied duties of the municipal solid waste system manager.
Many interventions were sought in the past to address the human health and aquatic life implications associated with poor Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) practices. Majority of such interventions failed to recognise that such human health risks and threats to aquatic life are to a large extent moderated by unique characteristics of different urban and rural spaces where such waste is generated. They failed to employ multiple criteria-based evaluation models that are appropriate in depicting the complex and often interrelated criteria inherently associated with MSWM. This study used the Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) to evaluate several interdependent variables that define human health and aquatic life hazards associated with poor MSWM practices. Specifically, HCA was used to identify relative similarities among, and distances between a sample of 26 Ethiopian cities and towns in terms of MSWM health threats. Results indicated that threats to human health and aquatic life are ...
On Oct. 30, 2019, EPA, FDA and USDA jointly announced a new partnership with the Food Waste Reduction Alliance (FWRA) https://www.usda.gov/media/press-releases/2019/10/30/usda-epa-and-fda-announce-partnership-food-waste-reduction-alliance an industry-led initiative focused on reducing food waste by increasing food donation and sending unavoidable food waste to productive use and away from landfills https://foodwastealliance.org/ - The Agencies will … formalize industry education and outreach efforts with the Grocery Manufacturers Association, the Food Marketing Institute, and the National Restaurant Association … - The EPA/FDA/USDA partnership with FWRA is a continuation of the Winning on Reducing Food Waste Initiative, a collaborative government effort to reduce food loss and waste https://www.usda.gov/sites/default/files/documents/usda-fda-epa-formal-agreement.pdf - Summarized by Jack Cooper [email protected] - Text to 301 384 8287 - #FoodWaste ...
Bioreactor landfills have become a feasible alternative to the typical â dry tombâ landfill. By recirculating leachate and/or adding additional liquid wastes, bioreactor landfills operate to rapidly degrade and transform organic wastes. The reactions within a bioreactor landfill create elevated temperatures. The intent of this study was to determine the effect of elevated temperature on the degradation of lignocellulose compounds. In order to observe the effects of temperature on lignin, small bioreactors were created in the laboratory. Several experiments were performed by the authors. Solubility of lignin based on temperature and time of thermal exposure were conducted. In addition, degradation studies were conducted based on biological treatment of lignin as well as a combination of biological and thermal treatment. Samples were collected at specified intervals to determine the amount of water soluble lignin (WSL), volatile fatty acids (VFAs), lignin monomers, and/or methane present. Lignin ...
Learn about how our solid waste incinerators and combustion systems provide solutions for metal recovery, medical waste disposal, and solid waste streams.
DOVER - The City of Dover, along with the towns of Rollinsford, Lee and Madbury, will hold a Hazardous Waste Collection Day next month. The collection is set for Saturday, Aug. 26,from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m., at the Citys Community Services facility, 271 Mast Road in Dover. The goal of Hazardous Waste Collection Day is to allow for the proper disposal of household hazardous materials. Residents of the four communities can bring household hazardous waste to Community Services for
Madison Wis. -- Wisconsin residents would lose their ability to send old computers and other household electronics to landfills in the state under legislation proposed by state Sen. Mark Miller of Monona. Miller on Tuesday said he would introduce legislation similar to that he proposed in February 2004 but with some changes to the original proposal. He expects broad legislative,Bill,would,ban,computers,from,landfills,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Maine State Department of EnvironmenMaine State Department of Environmental Protection, Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management Solid Waste Programstal Protection, Bureau of Remediation and Waste Management, Residuals, Sludge and Composting Program
Definitions of Terms Used in Sewage and Sewage Disposal Practice. After several conferences were held to try to unify sewerage and sewage disposal practice terminology in 1926, there remained considerable differences of opinion. In the fall of 1926, definitions in alternate of approximately 70 terms were sent to about 100 sanitary engineers, 35 of whom replied, giving definite expressions of opinion. Definitions of Terms used in Sewerage and Sewage Disposal Practice harmonizes these differences in technical opinions, compiling a wide range of vocabulary into a useful, concise list. This document would be useful to engineers in the field of sewerage and sewage disposal.
TY - JOUR. T1 - A comparison of syringe disposal practices among injection drug users in a city with versus a city without needle and syringe programs. AU - Tookes, Hansel E.. AU - Kral, Alex H.. AU - Wenger, Lynn D.. AU - Cardenas, Gabriel A.. AU - Martinez, Alexis N.. AU - Sherman, Recinda L.. AU - Pereyra, Margaret. AU - Forrest, David W. AU - LaLota, Marlene. AU - Metsch, Lisa R.. PY - 2012/6/1. Y1 - 2012/6/1. N2 - Background: The United States (U.S.) approved use of federal funds for needle and syringe programs (NSPs) in December 2009. This study compares syringe disposal practices in a U.S. city with NSPs to a U.S. city without NSPs by examining the prevalence of improperly discarded syringes in public places and the self-reported syringe disposal practices of injection drug users (IDUs) in the two cities. Methods: We conducted visual inspection walkthroughs in a random sample of the top-quartile of drug-affected neighborhoods in San Francisco, California (a city with NSPs) and Miami, ...
If you or your business generates, collects or hauls solid waste - including construction and demolition debris, yard debris, food waste, recyclables or household garbage - there are important rules you need to know about proper recycling and disposal. Knowing which requirements apply to you can help save natural resources and reduce your disposal costs.
There is a growing understanding, at the global level, about the negative impacts that waste can have on the local environment (air, water, land) and human health etc. The increasing complexity, costs, and coordination implied by proper waste management require multi-stakeholder involvement at every stage of the process. Waste management is usually one of the most complex and cost-intensive public services, even when well organized and operated properly. In developing countries, waste management has the highest share in municipalities׳ budgets, spending from 20% to 50% of their available budget on solid waste management. A significant part (up to 80-90%) of the solid waste management budget is used for waste collection. Services typically cover, however, only about 40-70% of all urban solid wastes, with the remainder being uncollected and less than 50% of the population being served.. Population growth, urbanization, and economic development are expected to produce increasing quantities of ...
Generally solid waste includes municipal waste, industrial solid waste and hazardous waste, and the industrial hazardous wastes in this article refers to hazardous products which are produced or discharged during the production or processing of industrial plant and mining enterprises. It is classified as National Hazardous Waste List or recognized as hazardous solid waste. T
As the generation of industrial wastes increases, waste treatment is steadily becoming a serious economic and environmental issue. Existing waste has mainly been treated by landfilling after incineration. A shortage of landfill sites necessitates waste management alternatives other than traditional incineration and landfill. This paper focuses on a cost-benefit analysis that evaluates the economic and environmental performances of five treatment strategies for flammable industrial wastes: incineration, refuse plastic fuel (RPF) boiler, RPF cement furnace, cement furnace after shredding of wastes, and paper incineration after shredding of wastes. For such purposes, our model considered the entire process of each waste treatment, which involves collection, transportation, treatment, recovery, and the disposal of flammable industrial wastes that pose risks to their surroundings. Case studies of each treatment processes are reviewed, and a cost-benefit analysis is performed to evaluate and identify the
The Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection promotes pollution prevention, recycling, composting and best management practices for solid waste. Our staff is responsible for enforcement of the county code requirements for solid waste, recycling and prohibiting open burning. Daily activities include inspection of private landfills and mobile home parks, and responding to complaints regarding improper storage and disposal of solid waste, garbage and refuse, illegal dumping, and open burning. Upon request, we conduct individual property evaluations and neighborhood surveys to assess general sanitation and waste management practices.. Click here for more information on Recycling in Forsyth County.. Citizens are encouraged to report incidents of unauthorized dumping and open burning to the Office of Environmental Assistance and Protection at (336) 703-2440. To report someone littering on any roadway visit Swat-A-Litterbug. Solid waste services vary depending on where you live in Forsyth ...
DUDLEY -- Saturday will be Hazardous Waste Collection Day at the Wayne County Landfill, 460-B S. Landfill Road, Dudley. Household hazardous waste may be brought to the landfill on that day from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. The service is free to Wayne County residents. Household hazardous wastes include materials that are: * Corrosive: Like oven cleaners, bleach, and other products that can cause skin burns * Reactive: Like chlorine, lye, some laboratory chemicals and other products that can explode or give off gases * Toxic: Like pesticides, herbicides, antifreeze and other poisonous materials that can kill or cause illness Wayne County Solid Waste Department officials offer the following suggestions for preparing/transporting wastes: * Leave materials in their original containers * Never mix materials * Wrap bottles with newspaper for padding * Bring the items to the Household Hazardous Waste Collection Facility, located at the Wayne County Landfill (Dudley Convenience Center) * At the landfill, people ...
Exemptions. Pursuant to N.J.S.A. 13:1E-99.16(d), the governing body of a municipality may exempt persons occupying commercial or institutional premises within its municipal boundaries from the source-separation requirements of the ordinance which requires persons generating municipal solid waste within its municipal boundaries to source-separate from the municipal solid waste stream the specified recyclable materials, if those persons have otherwise provided for the recycling of all designated recyclable materials. To be eligible for an exemption pursuant to this section, a commercial or institutional generator of solid waste shall file an application for exemption with the Municipal Recycling Coordinator on forms to be provided for this purpose. The form shall include, at a minimum, the following information: the name of the commercial or institutional entity; the street address location and lot and block designation; the name, official title and phone number of the person making application on ...
For further information: Donald L. Hassig, Director, Cancer Action NY; P O Box 340, Colton, NY 13625; [email protected]; www.canceractionny.org; 315 262 2456. ****************************************************************************************. OPEN WASTE BURNING AS A MAJOR SOURCE OF DIOXIN RELEASES. Donald L. Hassig, Director, Cancer Action. The 1997 US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) report, Evaluation of Emissions from the Open Burning of Household Waste in Barrels, provides a quantification of pollutants released by open waste fires. (Lemieux, 1997) The author indicates that burning the residential waste (paper, plastics, rubber, foam rubber and metal foils) of 1.5 families in barrels can release an amount of dioxins into the environment equal to that released by a municipal solid waste incinerator burning 200 tons per day. In follow-up test burns, the Agency has determined that open waste burning creates and releases dioxins over a considerable range of values due to ...
Heat, gas, and leachate are primary by-products of landfill processes in municipal solid waste landfills. In nuclear waste repository, temperature of the waste also raises due to radioactivity processes. Temperature increase in the repository induces hydro-mechanical processes of its sealing material. Moderate to high temperature is expected to be encountered in the field situation. In this thesis, a study on the thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior of compacted bentonite-sand mixtures which are among the materials proposed to be used as sealing material for landfills and hazardous waste repository is presented. Mixtures of a calcium-type bentonite, Calcigel, and quartz sand were used in this study. Series of tests including suction and swelling pressure measurement, drying-wetting under unconfined and confined conditions were conducted at a moderately high temperature. Tests at room temperature including basic and physico-chemical characterization, microstructure and fabric studies, and osmotic ...
All members of the chemical group of phthalates are salts of phthalic acid and in the international literature dealing with phthalates, the chemical group seems to have been regarded as phthalic acid diesters only, although, the diesters might be degraded to phthalic acid monoesters and phthalic acid. PDEs are widely used in a range of different products such as in, cardboard, paint, ink, adhesives, perfumes, but mainly as plasticisers in polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics. They are not chemically bound to the products and are therefore able to migrate to the aquatic environment. Biodegradation is considered to be the most significant fate process for phthalate diesters (Staples et al., 1997) and degradation of phthalate diesters to monoesters has been shown to occur in both aerobic (Inman et al., 1984; Shelton et al., 1984) and anaerobic (Ejlertsson et al., 1996) laboratory studies. Together with the diesters also the monoesters and phthalic acid has been found in old landfills with methanogenic ...
Allied Waste Industries, Inc. was a Fortune 500 company headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. A vertically integrated company that owned and operated solid waste collection businesses, recycling facilities, and landfills, it was a leader in the solid waste industry in the United States. It served more than 10 million residential, commercial and industrial customers across 128 major markets in 37 states and Puerto Rico. After purchasing Houston-based giant waste hauler Browning-Ferris Industries (BFI) in 1999, together with private equity firms The Blackstone Group and Apollo Management., Allied Waste Industries, Inc. became the second largest non-hazardous solid waste management company in the United States (behind industry leader Waste Management, Inc.), with annual revenues of over $5 billion and assets of nearly $14 billion. On June 23, 2008, Allied was purchased by its smaller competitor Republic Services, Inc for US$6.1 billion. The merged company, retaining the Republic name, has become the ...
In the north Front Range region, responsible solid waste management has long been a shared goal of the governing agencies within Larimer County. The sister cities of Loveland and Fort Collins collaborated with the County to open a jointly owned landfill (5887 N. Taft Hill Rd) in 1972 to ensure environmental regulations can be met for trash disposal in our region. With a closure date for the Larimer County landfill approaching (2025), these partners plus the neighboring community of Estes Park are once again working together, to evaluate waste management needs and develop guidance plans into the next 50-100 years.. The Coalition was formed in 2015 to address the future of solid waste management in light of the upcoming Larimer County landfill closure. The Coalition includes a Policy Advisory Committee (PAC) made up of elected officials from Fort Collins, Loveland, Estes Park, and Larimer County, and a Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) made up of staff members from the same entities.. The current ...
Waste to Energy: A Possibility for Puerto Rico, 5-2007 - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. WASTE TO ENERGY: A POSSIBILITY FOR PUERTO RICO May 2007 Prepared for US Environmental Protection Agency, Region 2 Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs Michael Carim, Whitney Blake, Alex Amerman, Billy Gridley, Monica Kurpiewski, Sung Ah Lee, Safet Marke, Nina Kishore, Adam Raphaely, Allison Diana Reilly Faculty Advisor: Dr. Steven Cohen Table of Contents Executive Summary………………………………………………………………………...……1 Introduction…………....…………………………………………………………………...…….2 Section I
Land, structures and other appurtenances or improvements where municipal or residual waste disposal or processing is permitted or takes place or where hazardous waste is treated, stored or disposed. The term includes land thereby used or affected during the lifetime of operations, including areas where solid waste management actually occurs, support facilities, offices, equipment sheds, air and water pollution control and treatment systems, access roads, associated on-site or contiguous collection, transportation and storage facilities, closure and post-closure care and maintenance activities, contiguous borrow areas and other activities in which the natural land surface has been disturbed or used as a result of or incidental to operation of the facility. A waste facility must meet the requirements of Title 25 of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Code, Article VII to Article IX, and any state or federal act or laws, as applicable and amended, such as the Solid Waste Management Act,[16] the Clean ...
The city will host a Household Hazardous Waste Collection event on Saturday, March 25, from 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. at the Duncanville High School softball parking lot (on the west side of North Greenstone Lane). Please bring your drivers license and utility bill. No vouchers are required. Please see the attached flyers for additional information, or contact Solid Waste Coordinator Jessica Smith at (972) 780-4900.. ...
Leachate continues to be generated from landfills at the Auburn Road Landfill Superfund Site in Londonderry, New Hampshire. Impermeable caps on the three landfills at the site inhibit direct infiltration of precipitation; however, high water-table conditions allow groundwater to interact with landfill materials from below, creating leachate and ultimately reducing conditions in downgradient groundwater. Reducing conditions can facilitate arsenic transport by allowing it to stay in solution or by liberating arsenic adsorbed to surfaces and from geologic sources, such as glacial sediments and bedrock. The site occupies a 180-acre parcel of land containing streams, ponds, wetlands, and former gravel pits located in glacial sediment. Four areas, totaling 14 acres, including three landfills and one septage lagoon, were used for waste disposal. The site was closed in 1980 after volatile organic compounds associated with industrial waste dumping were detected. The site was added to the U.S. ...
A lot has been said, written, and demonstrated about the inadequacies in solid waste management and its associated problems. According to a United Nations Conference on Human Settlement report, one third to one-half of solid waste generated within most cities in low- and middle-income countries, of which Ghana is no exception, are not collected. They usually end up as illegal dumps on streets, open spaces, and waste lands (UNCHS 1996).. Despite the importance of adequate solid waste management to the urban environment, the performance of many city authorities in this respect leaves much to be desired. According to Malombe (1993), irregular services rendered to producers of refuse by municipal councils compel them to find ways of disposing of refuse. He observed that the main methods adopted by the producers are burning, composting, or indiscriminate dumping.. This is very pertinent in Ghana where waste management services are largely inefficient and ineffective. It is estimated that about 83% of ...
Two researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Curtis Travis and Sheri Hester, have just published a new study of chemical contamination of planet Earth and have confirmed what many people already knew: the entire surface is polluted. What separates Travis and Hester from other U.S. government researchers before them is their stated belief that all this pollution is taking its toll on human health: We maintain that ambient [normal, everyday] levels of pollution have risen to the point where human health is being affected on a global scale. Furthermore, they conclude that planet-wide contamination seems certain to increase because U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) does not even try to prevent the spread of low levels of chemicals through air, water, and soil. EPAs regulatory programs have other goals. EPAs regulatory programs are aimed at protecting the most-exposed individual near any given facility. Whether its mercury released from a municipal solid waste incinerator ...
Easily track the collection schedule using the Recycle Coach app or the waste collection calendar.. During weeks when leaf and yard waste is not collected, residents should not set their leaf bags to the curb - they will not be collected with regular garbage pickup. Leaf bags should be in paper bags or reusable containers. Leaf and yard waste will not be picked up if its in plastic bags.. This past year, weve asked Cornwallites to be more careful about their waste. The landfill will be full in a little over a decade, said Dave Kuhn, Waste Management Supervisor. We can no longer accept leaf and yard waste in the landfill. This is a reusable material and it needs to be separated.. Leaf and yard waste decomposes at the landfill site (separate from the tipping face, where garbage is dumped). After a year, it turns into rich compost. Residents can pick up the compost for free and use it in their home gardens.. If you havent tried grasscycling yet, this is the year to start, encouraged Kuhn. ...
Fairfield residents may take their household hazardous materials to HazWaste Central at 90 Sargent Drive in New Haven (exit 46 off I-95 and follow the signs) any Saturday from the mid May to the last Saturday in October from 9am to 12 noon.. Once a year, the town sponsors a Household Hazardous Waste Collection Day at Veterans Park on Reef Road.. For more details, visit the HazWaste Central web page.. ...
The management of municipal solid waste (MSW), particularly the role of incineration, is currently a subject of public debate. Incineration shows to be a good alternative of reducing the volume of waste and eliminating certain infectious components. Moreover, Municipal Waste Incinerators (MWI), are reported to be highly hygienic and apart from that MWIs are immediately effective in terms of transport (incinerators can be built close to the waste sources) and incinerations nature. Nevertheless, the emissions of many hazardous substances make the Municipal Waste Incineration (MWI) plants to be unpopular. Metals (especially lead, manganese, cadmium, chromium and mercury) are concentrated in fly and bottom ashes. Furthermore, incomplete combustion produces a wide variety of potentially hazardous organic compounds, such as aldehydes, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), chlorinated hydrocarbons including polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDD) and dibenzofurans (PCDF), and even acid gases, ...
Appropriate disposal of used tampons is still lacking in many countries. Because the lack of menstrual management practices in some countries, many sanitary pads or other menstrual products will be disposed into domestic solid wastes or garbage bins that eventually becomes part of a solid wastes.[53]. The issue that underlies the governance or implementation of menstrual waste management is how country categorizes menstrual waste. This waste could be considered as a common household waste, hazardous household waste (which will required to be segregated from routine household waste), biomedical waste given amount of blood it contains , or plastic waste given the plastic content in many commercial disposal pads (some only the outer case of the tampon or pads).[54]. Ecological impact varies according to disposal method (whether a tampon is flushed down the toilet or placed in a garbage bin - the latter is the recommended option). Factors such as tampon composition will likewise impact sewage ...
A review of the need for coal gasification is made at the National level and for the State of Ohio. Current State energy policy promotes the construction of both low and high-Btu coal gasification plants in Ohio. Water requirements of such an industry are estimated and water availability is determined for the Southeastern Ohio study area. Direct stream use, reservoir and groundwater sources are compared economically. Linear programming optimization models are also developed for the coal gasification siting problem. These incorporate the cost of plants, gas transmission, coal supply and transport, solid waste disposal and water supply. Economic efficiency is achieved in meeting the demand for gas at designated market centers. Conclusions are drawn and recommendations made for further analysis ...
In March Lawrence Scioto Solid Waste Management District Director Dan Palmer attended a Scrap Tire Management Summit. The summit was organized by the Organization of Solid Waste Districts of Ohio, in partnership with the County Commissioners Association of Ohio and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).. One of the over reaching goals of the summit was to bring officials together from throughout the state to talk about scrap times and what can be done to address illegal dumping thats occurring throughout the state.. Palmer said he came away from the summit with a lot of ideas, to help address the issue of tire dumping in Scioto and Lawrence Counties.. Since late last year the Lawrence Scioto Solid Waste Management District, has been involved in an awareness campaign, aimed at informing the communities about penalties of tire dumping.. As a part of the campaign Palmer visited with law enforcement agencies, scrap yards and many other places passing out posters, addressing the possible ...
We should definitely capture any leaking methane from the fossil natural gas system, but lets do so without creating incentives for more fossil natural gas, since in the next decades we will need to get off fossil fuels entirely if we are to preserve our climates stability.. How about the biological methane being emitted from landfills and manure lagoons? Certainly we should capture all of that, but in ways that do not create any perverse incentives. Lets ensure that we are reducing pollution and creating clean energy, which will substitute for dirty energy.. Consider landfill natural gas. The only reason methane comes out of landfills is because theres organic matter in there. If food waste were a country, it would be the third largest greenhouse gas emitter in the world. So where methane is being produced at a landfill, by all means, lets capture it.. Out of the more than 1,000 landfills with significant potential for captured gas, only about 600 do it. And they mostly generate power ...
The Central Landfill is a 154-acre (62 ha) waste disposal site in Johnston, Rhode Island. It is the states only landfill and receives more than 90% of the states solid waste. It has been on the Environmental Protection Agencys Superfund National Priorities List since 1986. The site is owned and operated by the Rhode Island Resource Recovery Corporation (RIRRC). It is the states only landfill and receives more than 90% of the states solid waste. As of 2014[update], the landfill receives about 750,000 tons of waste, which costs about $32 million. It has reached its maximum allowed height and, as it expands outwards to incorporate another 102 acres of land, it is expected to reach capacity in 2038. The agency has explored several options to extend its life, such as cutting the amount of trash it processes, limiting disposal to residential waste, burning trash, and employing temporary measures while waiting for technological solutions. It cannot increase its height further without approval from ...
LA Sanitation (LASAN) provides solid resources collection services to 750,000 households, comprised of 530,000 single-family and 220,000 multi-family units (duplex to four-unit buildings). The four-bin collection system consists of blue bins (recyclables), green bins (tree and yard trimmings), black bins (residual waste) and brown bins (horse manure).. LA Sanitation offers bulky items collection to 600,000 multi-family units. Using the calculation methodology adopted by the State of California, the City has achieved a landfill diversion rate of 76.4%. The City recognizes that waste management is a fundamental component of overall environmental sustainability and climate change efforts, and an integral part of the effort to reduce greenhouse gases.. The Zero Waste Progress Report 2013 conducted by the UCLA Engineering Extensions Municipal Solid Waste Management Program reported that the City of Los Angeles has achieved a recycling rate of 76.4%. An additional survey conducted by the UCLA ...
The Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) is an organization of more than 8,500 public and private sector professionals committed to advancing from solid waste management to resource management through their shared emphasis on education, advocacy and research. For more than 50 years, SWANA has been the leading association in the solid waste management field. SWANA serves industry professionals through technical conferences, certifications, publications and a large offering of technica
Application of a safe and reliable technology to destroy dioxins and furans contained in off-gas from municipal solid waste incinerators, based on catalytic filtration and design optimisation of the off-gas cleaning system and operation parameters ...
Quantification and characterization of municipal solid waste is the basis for proper planning of solid waste management but required the…. Read More ...
Burning waste in cement kilns is another form of incineration, and it wastes resources and results in emissions that are harmful to peoples health.. In order to make cement, high temperature kilns (reaching temperatures of up to 1500°C) are needed to produce the clinker that is ultimately ground up and made into cement. Traditionally, coal is used in these kilns, but in the past two decades many alternative fuels have been used. The term alternative fuel has often been used to disguise the fact that this fuel is actually waste.. Cement kilns are neither properly designed for this purpose, nor are they held to the same regulatory standard as other incinerators. The types of waste that cement companies try to burn include used solvents, spent tires, waste oil, paint residue, biomass such as wood chips, treated wood and paper, municipal solid waste, medical waste, and sewage sludge. These are added, along with coal, to the kilns. The cement industry uses these materials because they are ...