TY - JOUR. T1 - Biological and analytical variability of CA 15.3 antigen: influence on cut-offs and reference change values.. AU - Mullier, François. AU - Gras, Jeremie. AU - Philippe, Marianne. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. M3 - Literature review. VL - 45. JO - Clinical Chemistry. JF - Clinical Chemistry. SN - 0009-9147. ER - ...
Background and Objectives: Laboratory reference values are an important tool for clinical management of patients. Reference values being used in most laboratories in Iran have been provided from the established reference values from developed countries. However, several variables can affect on these laboratory parameters. Therefore, this study was carried out to establish the reference values of hematological parameters in the blood donors of central province of Iran as a general population. Methods: Blood samples of 1100 male blood donors were collected consecutively from Blood Transfusion Organization. Complete blood cell (CBC) count in 2012 and differential was performed using an automated hematology analyzer. Results: The median and 95% reference values (2.5th-97.5th) for Hb and platelet counts were 15.5 g/dl (14.1-17.7) and 209 ×109 cells/L (151-322) respectively. The median for total WBC count, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte and eosinophil were 6.7 ×109 cells/L (4.3-11.2), %58 (%50-%70),
Age- and sex-specific reference intervals are an important prerequisite for interpreting thyroid hormone measurements in children. However, only few studies have reported age- and sex-specific pediatric reference values for TSHbasal (TSH), free T3 (fT3), and free T4 (fT4) so far. Reference intervals are known to be method- and population-dependent. The aim of our study was to establish reference intervals for serum TSH, fT3, and fT4 from birth to 18 years and to assess sex differences. 2,194 thyroid hormone tests obtained from a hospital-based pediatric population were included into our retrospective analysis. Individuals with diagnoses or medications likely to affect thyroid function were primarily excluded, as well as the diagnostic groups, if different from the purely healthy subgroup (n = 414). Age groups were ranging from 1 day to 1 month, 1 - 12 months, and 1 - 5, 6 - 10, 11 - 14, and 15 - 18 years, respectively. Levels of fT3, fT4 and TSH were measured on Advia® Centaur™ automated immunoassay
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Objectives To define and discuss reference ranges for commonly determined laboratory parameters in healthy adults from southern Tanzania. Methods A population. The test for total cholesterol is used alone or as part of a lipid profile to help predict. Laboratory reference range values. Any given result should be interpreted based on the reference value of the laboratory in which the test was. Laboratory tests to measure cholesterol levels may be. Sections Lab Values, Normal Adult. ...
Thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) concentration was measured in 27 control and 155 intensive care patients to (a) establish normal reference ranges, (b) measure thrombin generation in critically ill patients, and (c) determine the characteristics of the TAT assay for the diagnosis of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in children. The normal reference range was 1-4.3 micrograms/l (median 2.3 micrograms/l), and 89.7% of patients had raised TAT concentrations. Median TAT concentrations in the presence of DIC (27 micrograms/l) were significantly higher than in its absence (8 micrograms/l). Sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the assay were 97.3%, 28.3%, 76.3%, and 81.3%, respectively, at a cut off of 4 micrograms/l. Excess thrombin production occurs in the majority of critically ill children. The TAT assay is potentially useful in the diagnosis of DIC in children.. ...
AIM: To develop age-, sex-, and ethnic-appropriate normative reference ranges for standard echocardiographic measurements of the left heart by combining echocardiographic measurements obtained from adult volunteers without clinical cardiovascular disease or significant cardiovascular risk factors, from multiple studies around the world. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Echocardiographic Normal Ranges Meta-Analysis of the Left heart (EchoNoRMAL) collaboration was established and population-based data sets of echocardiographic measurements combined to perform an individual person data meta-analysis. Data from 43 studies were received, representing 51 222 subjects, of which 22 404 adults aged 18-80 years were without clinical cardiovascular or renal disease, hypertension or diabetes. Quantile regression or an appropriate parametric regression method will be used to derive reference values at the 5th and 95th centile of each measurement against age. CONCLUSION: This unique data set represents a large, ...
Definition of reference values in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is reference values? Meaning of reference values as a finance term. What does reference values mean in finance?
Strong or Weak Handgrip Normative Reference Values for the German Population across the Life Course Stratified by Sex, Age, and Body Height. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Asymptomatic population reference values for three knee patient-reported outcomes measures: evaluation of an electronic data collection system and implications for future international, multi-centre cohort ...
2. 2 Sample Percentile (or Quartile) Speed Values (mph) Source: John McFadden/Dave Petrucci. Any data value that falls below the "lower fence" or above the "upper fence" may be considered an outlier. Another approach used to identify lower and upper fences is: Where: Q1 = 1st quartile (25th percentile value) Q3 = 3rd quartile (75th percentile value) IQR = Interquartile range = Q3 − Q1 The use of the percentiles to establish fences is sometimes preferred over the mean and standard-deviation approach because of the fact that the mean and standard deviation are not resistant to the outliers we are trying to identify. Graphs and tables also provide information on how the data are distributed. Content created by John McFadden/Dave Petrucci. Content created by John McFadden/Dave Petrucci. Content created by John McFadden/Dave Petrucci. 1. 1 Histogram of Spot Speeds Source: John McFadden/Dave Petrucci. Bar graphs, Pareto charts, and pie charts are useful to show how quantitative or qualitative data ...
Reference curves for stature and weight in British children have been available for the past 30 years, and have recently been updated. However weight by itself is a poor indicator of fatness or obesity, and there has never been a corresponding set of reference curves to assess weight for height. Body mass index (BMI) or weight/height has been popular for assessing obesity in adults for many years, but its use in children has developed only recently. Here centile curves for BMI in British children are presented, from birth to 23 years, based on the same large representative sample as used to update the stature and weight references. The charts were derived using Coles LMS method, which adjusts the BMI distribution for skewness and allows BMI in individual subjects to be expressed as an exact centile or SD score. Use of the charts in clinical practice is aided by the provision of nine centiles, where the two extremes identify the fattest and thinnest four per 1000 of the population.. ...
You know the drill when it comes to hormonal blood work; its a lot of poking and prodding on multiple days of your menstrual cycle. In my experience, my patients have had all the right testing done (mostly), but no one has taken the time to sit down with them and explain what the results truly mean.. The biggest pitfall of serum (blood) hormone testing is that the reference ranges are MASSIVE. Which means it is highly unlikely that your results will be deemed "abnormal" even though you know something is wrong. So thats what this blog is for; Im going to break it all down for you and discuss what the results mean and the REAL range youre looking for. Note: the following reference ranges are for women and are Canadian units. 1) Estradiol ...
Background: This is the first study to publish the normative reference values for assessment of the level of muscular strength through the
EFSA has published population reference intakes (PRIs) for protein, completing the latest stage of its work on dietary reference values (DRVs). A PRI indicates the amount of an individual nutrient that the majority of people in a population need for good health depending on their age and sex. EFSAs Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies set PRIs for protein for adults, infants and children, and pregnant and breast-feeding women, as follows:
Objective:. To evaluate the feasibility of functional MRI method developed in an animal model and to construct normal reference ranges for in vivo placental perfusion using functional MRI. This will be based on imaging studies in patients undergoing termination of pregnancy (TOP) at 16 to 32 weeks for fetal reason in a tertiary referral center.. Method:. All patients undergoing TOP at 16 to 32 weeks will be offered to participate in this study.. 120 patients will be included. 15 per group of weeks of gestation: 16+0-17+6 SA, 18+0-19+6 SA, 20+0-21+6 SA, 22+0-23+6 SA, 24+0-25+6 SA, 26+0-27+6 SA, 28+0-29+6 SA, 30+0-31+6 WG.. MRI will be performed in the same hospital, during hospital stay, within 45 minutes.. Two MRI sequences will be used to measure placental perfusion:. ...
To help counteract this inherent nature of the cat, we recommend annual blood and urine tests. This concept is called Patient Trending which allows our doctors to do a number of things. Firstly, we are able to establish normal values for your individual cat while they are young and healthy. Secondly, by comparing the results year after year, we are able to detect changes early. Not only are we able to detect changes when values fall outside the normal reference range, we are able to spot and monitor changes within the reference range. For example, if your cats kidney values begin to increase but are still within the reference range, we have an opportunity to begin treatment early and monitor the trends more closely. Patient Trending can be a powerful tool to detect and treat disease early. Again, the main goal is to ensure our patients lead healthier, longer lives.. ...
Abstract: In this study, we calculate confidence intervals for the mean of a normal data and a contaminated normal data. Some robust estimators against outliers are also considered to construct confidence intervals that are more resistant to outliers than the Student t confidence interval. The confidence intervals of these estimators are computed and compared with each other for normal and contaminated normal data to determine which is better. The performance of these confidence intervals is evaluated and compared by calculating the estimated coverage probability, the average width and the standard error by using simulation. Sps t followed by MAD t are recommended at any rate of contamination, while Student t is not preferred at all for contaminated data and the sample mean and the sample standard deviation are not good choices for constructing confidence interval, but highly recommended for normal data without outliers as expected ...
Hi, does anyone know what the reference ranges are for thyroid tests? My doc told me Im fine, and she gave me a copy of the report, but it doesnt list the reference range. It only lists my result. H...
Reference ranges are the acceptable range for a patient's test result, and act as a high/low indicator. See information about Critical Care MOC reference ranges.
Aim: Empirical studies in medicine - and most other fields of study - yield results that are uncertain to a certain degree. Medical research on interventions has made tremendous leaps forward by quantifying and reporting this uncertainty using p-values and confidence intervals. In contrast to this, most diagnostic studies that determine optimal cutpoints or reference values for diagnostic measures ignore that their outcomes, i.e. the specific cutpoints or normal ranges they recommend, are subject to chance variability. Methods: In this paper we use a simple simulation approach to quantify the variability of optimal cutpoints for two published studies. The first determined an optimal cutpoint for Becks Depression Inventory (BDI) in adults. The second determined reference values for Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) in children. Results: We find that frequently employed cutpoints to interpret BDI scores and QST results are highly variable. For the BDI we find that replication of this study may identify
From a sample of 958 individuals, a group with no anamnestic recall of notable low back trouble (n=510) was selected to provide reference values for lumbar sagittal mobility. The measurement technique employed a flexicurve to give angular measures for maximal sagittal mobility in upper (T12-L4) and lower (L4-S2) regions. The results are presented in the form of reference ranges and modal values, stratified by age and sex. A wide variation in the normal range of mobility at all ages is confirmed. Males had higher values for flexion, whilst females showed higher values for extension and for mobility in the lower region. Sagittal mobility declined with age at different rates in males and females for both flexion/extension and upper/lower measures. Generally speaking, mobility was reduced by some 50% in old age compared with childhood, the reduction being most marked for measures of flexion and upper lumbar mobility.. ...
コードの臭い 同じインスタンスをいくつも生成するクラスがある。 リファクタリングコード refactor (change value to reference) テストコード # rspec describe Client do describe self.number_of_orders_for(orders, c…
Each laboratory should check if the reference ranges are transferable to its own patient population and determine own reference ranges if necessary. For diagnostic purposes, the results should always be assessed with the patients medical history, clinical examinations and other findings ...
Each laboratory should check if the reference ranges are transferable to its own patient population and determine own reference ranges if necessary. For diagnostic purposes, the results should always be assessed with the patients medical history, clinical examinations and other findings ...
Reference data has an importance that approaches metadata in terms of the significance of individual data values. Codes have definitions, not just corresponding descriptions. These definitions may not be formally stated, but they need to be understood to use the reference data tables. For instance, reference data is used to control business rules: if a business rule includes an actual data value, this will nearly always be reference data (i.e., a code). The semantics of the code value control the logic of the business rule. Codes are also important in reporting hierarchies, where users must understand what is meant by each of the categories appearing in a report.. Reference data, therefore, acts like metadata in certain respects, but it is not treated like metadata. IT professionals seem to view defining a database as an IT task, but populating it with data as the job of the business users. From this viewpoint, reference data values become the responsibility of the users. In reality, however, ...
Dr. Ed Friedlander answered: A little bit: Are you maybe becoming iron deficient? This isnt a real cause for concern -- lab reference ranges are set so that s...
The European Food Safety Agencys (EFSA) publication of dietary reference values (DRVs) for sodium and chloride marks the end of ten years of work by nutrition scientists. The work, begun in 2009 aimed to update values for macronutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals that were last set in the 1990s. Read EFSAs article including interviews with some of its scientists on what this feat means, and its expected effects both on diets, health and policy work.. ...
Toxicological Reference Values (TRVs) are developed to protect humans exposed at chemical substances via the environment either by oral or inhalation routes. These values are derived by different international agencies or organisms and used in risk assessment. It is important for risk assessors and managers who will analyze and use the conclusions of the risk assessment to understand the robustness and the degree of uncertainties of the TRV. The level of confidence in a TRV depends of several parameters used at each step of the construction of a TRV (selection of the critical effect, the dose and endpoint used for value derivation and uncertainty factors). Some organisms, such as US EPA or RIVM, attribute a confidence index to the value they have developed while others do not. In order to homogeneously inform risk assessors on the quality of values developed a confidence index could be proposed. This index may also help assessors to chose a TRV, if several values are available. To develop this index,
Reference values for B-mode abdominal ultrasound are being controversially discussed due to the limited data in the literature. A systematic survey of data published so far is presented for liver and hepatic vessels. A literature search for ref
CLIA-certified testing laboratories such as ZRT are required to provide reference ranges as an aid to interpretation of test results. Ideally, reference ranges provide the expected range of values for a healthy population. When methodology and equipment is identical for testing a particular analyte among different laboratories, reference ranges for that analyte should be the same. However, when
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, Geographic Comparison Tables. Notes: Data are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. A hyphen (-) indicates data are not available.. Measure: The foreign-born population includes people who are not U.S. citizens at birth.. Back to top. ...
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey, Geographic Comparison Tables.. Notes: Data are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. A hyphen (-) indicates data are not available.. Measure: A measure derived by dividing the population under 18 years by the 18 to 64 years population and multiplying by 100.. Back to top. ...
The Enhanced Histogram Tool. Histograms are vital to accurate image processing. The histogram tool has been enlarged and made more flexible. You can select and control a range of pixel values in your histogram, and then float your mouse over the histogram to read out the pixel value versus percentile values. For those with an analytical bent, histogram data to can now be saved to a DataLog for plotting in Excel or other spreadsheet software. Click here for more details (PDF). ...
I hope I am completely overthinking this and that there is an easy & obvious answer :)Use Case - When a page that contains a table loads, I need to be ab...
Perhaps but the fact is that I need to execute code from some files in the filesystem and I need to have a common stack for them 2 questions came to my mind: 1.- How can I execute code from files in the filesystem? (I choose exec for that) 2.- If exec is my only option: how can I use a common stack for them? Thanks 2009/10/28 Dave Angel ,davea at ieee.org, , Garito wrote: , ,, Hi! ,, Im trying to use exec in a recursive way but I have a problem ,, ,, When I read the manual I understand that the globals and the locals are ,, passed by reference but if I try to use it in a recursive way the new ,, values ,, added in a step are not passed to the next one ,, ,, Could someone point me how to do that? ,, ,, Thanks ,, ,, ,, , see , http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html,http://www.catb.org/%7Eesr/faqs/smart-questions.html, , , Post some sample code, and show what doesnt work; maybe youll get some , help that way. , , Ill point out just one thing: you cannot add new local variables at , ...
Is this ready to land? It was r+ed 2 weeks ago. http://review.xiph.org/1030/diff/1697/src/decode.c File src/decode.c (right): ... ...
My displayed datagridview column order is going to be changing around a lot as I work on the webform display. Is there any way to reference the column values by names instead of numbers? I have...
various disagreements and quotes... I agree that you disagree.... :) RECURRINGCHAR does not break normal form. It simply optimizes the storage of reference values (recurring keys). This allows for the use of long words as reference values with a great deal of system storage savings and a boost in performance in certain circumstances. This is more a form of compression then anything else, as a matter of fact, this is very similar to the LZ78 family of substitutional compressors. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/compression-faq/part2/section-1.html The advantage here is that we are targeting a normalized value in its atomic state, The recurrence rate of this these values is extremely high which allows us to store this data in a very small space and optimize the access to this data by using the dictionary that we create. ,What if tomorrow you will need to change text name for OPEN status to ,OPEN_PENDING_SOMETHING? With your design, you will need to update all ,rows in the table changing it. ...
As you probably know, the tonal ranges in levels are divided into three parts: shadows, highlights, and midtones. The histogram shows a graphical representation of where these tonal ranges are concentrated in an image. Take a look at the three images shown in the following figure. Superimposed on each image is the images histogram. Notice how the tonal range for the top photo, which is underexposed, is concentrated on the left side of the histogram in the shadows area. The tonal range of the middle photo, which is overexposed, is concentrated at the right side of the histogram in the highlights area. And, the bottom photo, which is properly exposed, shows a pretty even distribution along the length of the histogram.. Open the Histogram palette by choosing Window,Histogram. As you adjust the levels in an image, look at the Histogram palette to see how the lights and darks are balanced. As you move the Shadow, Midtone, and Highlight sliders, notice how the lights and darks redistribute in the ...
Everyone knows as a daily matter, those of us as professionals dedicated to the real estate sector, that we have to play around with the different types of prop
The function is currently defined as function(x) { r ,- quantile(x, c(0.25, 0.75)) h ,- (r[2] - r[1])/1.34 4 * 1.06 * min(sqrt(var(x)), h) * length(x)^(-1/5 ...
Caveat-The published results are from a mixed-effect prediction model and the median followup was only 7.9 years and prediction is the operative word. Though the study is "longitudinal",numbers in their tables do not represent for example following the same people over a lifetime and noting the per decade change in oxygen uptake. Still their data suggest that the often quoted 5-10 % decrease per decade may be too optimistic and rates of changes likely accelerate with aging.The confidence intervals for each age range are quite large and you have to wonder what are the mechanisms responsible for such wide variation in loss of exercise capacity within an age range. If subendocardial fibrosis is the ( or a) culprit what are the factors that accelerate or retard that process ...
Just to add to this conversation... Starting igf was 170, after 3 weeks on OLs mk it was 240 which is the upper reference limit of the lab. Thats
Angle Property Of Cyclic Quadrilateral. Under able guidance of our trained professionals, we offer an extensive range of Angle Property of Cyclic Quadrilateral. We ensure our ranges are manufactured using charts and cardboards, which are of superior quality and durable. This quadrilateral is creative and important in shape. Our products are available with us at a wide range colors. These products are preferred widely for demonstration for the school students.. ...
Summary statistics (like the mean and range) are especially useful for getting an initial sense of how samples from two groups (levels of a categorical variable) compare. This can also be helpful for identifying erroneous values in your dataset. Because many statistical tests require data to be "normally distributed" (follow the bell-curve), graphs like histograms, box-plots, and Q-Q (quantile-quantile) plots are very useful for determining what test to perform. ...
Fixed DDDs are assigned for combinations. These DDDs are based on an average dose regimen of three times daily, and dosages in the upper area of the recommended dose ranges are chosen. The strengths of the various components are not taken into consideration. E.g. 6 UD (= 30 ml) is the fixed DDD for products where the recommended dose is 5-10 ml ...
Fixed DDDs are assigned for combinations. These DDDs are based on an average dose regimen of three times daily, and dosages in the upper area of the recommended dose ranges are chosen. The strengths of the various components are not taken into consideration. E.g. 6 UD (= 30 ml) is the fixed DDD for products where the recommended dose is 5-10 ml ...
Celebrate 15 years of evidence-based quality goals! The 8th update of the biologic variation database, with updated specifications and new analytes for 2014.
Please note that the reference ranges for laboratory tests are subject to periodic change. The values shown on this page may be updated from time to time. The ranges printed on each report always represent the most current values and should be followed when there is any difference noted between them and the numbers shown here. ...
Study Flashcards On Lab Reference Range at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
In a regression analysis using the usual model for Normal data, ten y values are observed, one at each of x=1,2,3,...10. Compute the estimated
Recently the long-awaited resolution of Cabinet of Ministers on reference трамадола to drugs, on Yury Lutsenkos belief was accepted, has to help to settle the address of this preparation and not to allow its illegal distribution.
Create a Golden Copy of data for distribution to downstream systems with unrivalled solutions for the management of reference data from Asset Control
The one-sample Wilcoxon signed rank test is a non-parametric alternative to one-sample t-test when the data cannot be assumed to be normally distributed. Its used to determine whether the median of the sample is equal to a known standard value (i.e. theoretical value ...
Results of the decentral measurement of 70 tumor samples from ten different tumors. The central reference value is marked in red, the blue labels represent the
These values are for general reference only; refer to the laboratory normals from the lab you are using for specific reference values applicable to your situation.. ...
This enumerated type contains the possible values that can be used when sorting results in the GetItemsAwaitingFeedback, GetMyeBayBuying, and GetMyeBaySelling calls. Assume that each of sort values can be used in any of the three calls above unless it is specifically called out that a certain enumeration value will not work/is not applicable to a call. Types that use ItemSortTypeCodeType:. GetItemsAwaitingFeedbackRequestType, ItemListCustomizationType Calls that use one or more values of ItemSortTypeCodeType:. GetItemsAwaitingFeedback, GetMyeBayBuying, GetMyeBaySelling ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Definition of the upper reference limit of glycated albumin in blood donors from Italy. AU - Agnello, Luisa. AU - Ciaccio, Marcello. AU - Lo Sasso, Bruna. AU - Bellia, Chiara. AU - Bivona, Giulia. AU - Cosma, Chiara. AU - Sasso, Bruna Lo. AU - Plebani, Mario. AU - Zaninotto, Martina. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Glycated Albumin (GA) has been proposed as a short-term indicator of glycemic homeostasis. The aim of this study is to describe the distribution of GA in a large sample of blood donors from Italy to evaluate whether demographic features, namely age and sex, could influence GA levels and define specific reference limits. The study included 1334 Italian blood donors. GA was measured using an enzymatic method (quantILab Glycated Albumin, IL Werfen, Germany). The upper reference limit (URL) was calculated using the non-parametric percentile method. A modest, although significant, increase of GA was observed in relation to age (p,0.001), especially in males, where the ...
With aging, the incidence of falls and fractures increases. There has during the last decades been secular changes in demographics so that the proportion of elderly increases in society. Hence, there is an increasing need for clinicians to be able to make a solid appraisal of the elderly patients functional capacity, as to identify individuals with an increased risk to fall. If high risk individuals could be targeted fall preventive strategies might be implemented in specific risk cohorts. This would require reference values for muscle strength tests and functional tests, in order to defined high risk individuals performing inferior. From the MrOS Sweden cohort, 999 subjects aged 70-80 years were evaluated. Muscle strength and functional performance was tested by timed-stands test, 6-m and 20-cm narrow walk tests and Jamar handgrip strength test. Normative data is presented. With increasing age, there was a 10-18% successively decline in performance throughout the entire age span. This study ...
Normal hemodynamic indices before the recruitment (including blood cell count and liver/kidney function). For example: WBC,4.0×109/L, NEU ,1.5×109/L, PLT,100×109/L, BIL,1.5 times of upper limit of normal reference value, ALT and AST,2.5 times of upper limit of normal reference value, and CRE,1.2mg/ ...
EFSA has launched a public consultation on its draft scientific opinion on dietary reference values for riboflavin (vitamin B2). Riboflavin is involved in energy metabolism and the functioning of various enzymes. The document proposes dietary reference values for riboflavin for adults, infants and children, pregnant and lactating women. EFSA invites interested parties to submit written comments by 28 May 2017. Public consultation on the draft scientific opinion on dietary reference values for riboflavin
Quantitative T1-mapping is rapidly becoming a clinical tool in cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to objectively distinguish normal from diseased myocardium. The usefulness of any quantitative technique to identify disease lies in its ability to detect significant differences from an established range of normal values. We aimed to assess the variability of myocardial T1 relaxation times in the normal human population estimated with recently proposed Shortened Modified Look-Locker Inversion recovery (ShMOLLI) T1 mapping technique. A large cohort of healthy volunteers (n = 342, 50% females, age 11-69 years) from 3 clinical centres across two countries underwent CMR at 1.5T. Each examination provided a single average myocardial ShMOLLI T1 estimate using manually drawn myocardial contours on typically 3 short axis slices (average 3.4 ± 1.4), taking care not to include any blood pool in the myocardial contours. We established the normal reference range of myocardial and blood T1 values, and assessed
Result: The result column shows counts that fall within the normal range.. Flag: Counts that are above or below the reference range are recorded in the flag column, and marked with an L for low or H for high.. Reference interval (or reference range): The reference interval shows the normal range for each measurement for the lab performing the test. Different labs may use different reference intervals.. White blood cells: White blood cells help protect individuals from infections. The above CBC report shows that the patients total white cell count is 7.2, which is within the normal range of 4.0-10.5.. Red blood cells: Red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. The above CBC report indicates that the patient has a red cell count of 3.5. This count is lower than the normal range of 4.7-6.1, and is therefore recorded in the flag column and marked with an L for low.. Hemoglobin (Hb or Hgb): Hemoglobin is a protein in the red cell that carries oxygen. The above CBC ...
In the context of large-scale human system immunology studies, controlling for technical and biological variability is crucial to ensure that experimental data support research conclusions. In this study, we report on a universal workflow to evaluate both technical and biological variation in multiparameter flow cytometry, applied to the development of a 10-color panel to identify all major cell populations and T cell subsets in cryopreserved PBMC. Replicate runs from a control donation and comparison of different gating strategies assessed the technical variability associated with each cell population and permitted the calculation of a quality control score. Applying our panel to a large collection of PBMC samples, we found that most cell populations showed low intraindividual variability over time. In contrast, certain subpopulations such as CD56 T cells and Temra CD4 T cells were associated with high interindividual variability. Age but not gender had a significant effect on the frequency of ...
Reference ranges are the acceptable range for a patient's test result, and act as a high/low indicator. See information about Infectious Disease Certification reference ranges.
... : ROTEM parameters of Extrinsically Activated Thromboelastometry test (EXTEM), Intrinsically Activated Thromboelastometry test (INTEM) and Fibrinogen Thromboelastometry test (FIBTEM) with normal reference range in a normal volunteer preoperatively [9 ...
General information Specimen transport: At room temperature Repeat frequency: At significant change of clinical symptoms Special precautions: None Laboratory information Normal reference range: Age specific (mean ± 2SD) Age...
Pancytopenia refers to decreases in all peripheral blood lineages and is considered to be present when all three cell lines are below the normal reference range.Pancytopenia can be associated with a multitude of disease states, some of which are life
Pilot project: developing a common methodology on reference budgets in Europe PROPOSAL FOR A METHOD FOR COMPARABLE REFERENCE BUDGETS IN EUROPE Tim Goedemé Bérénice Storms Karel Van den Bosch April 2015
Please read the following memo about Reference Range changes that will be made in the next 2 - 3 weeks by the Special Coagulation Laboratory.
Reference data are data that define the set of permissible values to be used by other data fields. Reference data gain in value when they are widely re-used and widely referenced. Typically, they do not change overly much in terms of definition, apart from occasional revisions. Reference data are often defined by standards organizations, such as country codes as defined in ISO 3166-1. Examples of reference data include: Units of measurement Country codes Corporate codes Fixed conversion rates e.g., weight, temperature, and length Calendar structure and constraints Reference data should be distinguished from master data, which represent key business entities such as customers and materials in all their necessary detail (e.g., for customers: number, name, address, and date of account creation). In contrast, reference data usually consist only of a list of permissible values and attached textual descriptions. A further difference between reference data and master data is that a change to the ...
If you have an underactive thyroidyour thyroid has been surgically removedor you have had radioactive iodine to treat an overactive thyroid, you may struggle with an inability to lose weight. In this situation, its helpful to understand the factors contributing to difficult weight loss and how you can address them so that you can lose weight with hypothyroidism. At that point, you are considered euthyroid, which means that your thyroid function is normal.. Some studies show, however, that TSH levels in weiyht upper end of the reference range are linked to increased weight, higher body mass index BMIand higher rates Can loss weight eutroxsig obesity. To that end, Caan physicians aim to keep the TSH level at the mid-point of the reference range, or even lower, in some eutroxxig. Conventional therapy for hypothyroidism is levothyroxinea synthetic form of the T4 hormone. Some studies, however, have shown that nutritional deficiencies, genetic defects, and Can i loss weight on eutroxsig factors ...
Because cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death worldwide, more than half of the population can expect to develop cardiovascular disease during their lifetime.21 Thus, identifying QTL for cardiovascular disease-relevant phenotypes in healthy nonobese persons, and subsequently demonstrating variations in the corresponding candidate genes, is important to cardiovascular disease genetics. We believe that our study exemplifies the utility of this combined linkage and association approach. MZ and DZ twins permit quantification of genetic and environmental variance. As reported earlier,22 the body size parameters and serum lipid concentrations were all influenced by genetic variance. DZ twins, who are perfectly matched for age and who are generally exposed to very similar environmental conditions, are ideal subjects for efficient sib-pair analyses. Thus, far fewer subjects are needed to gain insight into QTL.. We showed that the PPARγ gene locus is a QTL for BMI, LDL, and HDL ...
Importantly, because many different definitions of cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction have been used historically, the committee specifically defined cardiotoxicity or cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction as a decrease in LVEF ,10 percentage points to a value ,53%, which is the normal reference value for two-dimensional echocardiogram. This expert consensus also acknowledged the use of global longitudinal strain as a potential marker for early detection of cardiotoxicity during cancer therapy.. A reduction of ,15% in global longitudinal strain from baseline immediately after or during anthracycline therapy may be predictive of cardiotoxicity; a reduction ,8% may not be clinically significant. The use of cardiac imaging was left to clinician discretion, but echocardiogram was recommended as the preferred imaging modality when performed. The panel also suggested the use of serum biomarker evaluation, including troponin and BNP, but did not mandate testing due to a lack of ...
The signal corresponds to the conductivity measurement of a water solution during the time, the conductivity value in the water solution is controlled by a slow feed-back system, the reference value is change lets suppose an increase in one unit, and some actuators increase the solution conductivity until the new reference value is achieved. So I guess that the function could be described as a step function with a high amortiguation ...
To be honest, no method can automatically reference certain cell value when creating a copy of a worksheet. Actually, you can create a new sheet and then reference the cell value from previous worksheet with the following user-defined function.. 1. After creating a new blank worksheet (says Sheet3), please press Alt + F11 keys at the same time to open the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window.. 2. In the Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications window, click Insert , Module. Then copy and paste the following VBA code into the Code window.. VBA: Use/reference value from previous worksheet in Excel ...
National Health and Medical Research Council Nutrient Reference Values for a Female aged 31-50, height 1.6m, Physical Activity Level 1.6. ...
A single center study has identified reference values for opportunistic screening for osteoporosis using CT scans done for other reasons.
The Directorate General of Customs Valuation is actively pursuing Tanveer Plan and the development of database values and issuance of reference values
Objective data from the clinical laboratory are critical to the majority of medical decisions, including initial diagnosis and monitoring of treatment outcome. Laboratory errors, including inaccurate RIs, can lead to inappropriate diagnosis, unnecessary test repetition, and inappropriate follow-up investigations (7). Excessively wide RIs may mask subclinical disorders, and the use of incorrect RIs may confuse the clinical picture. Therefore, relevant RIs are essential for correct test result interpretation and reducing the risk of false negatives and false positives. Failure to provide proper RIs in the pediatric population carries obvious consequences for immunochemical analytes such as TSH (8) and ferritin (9).. The current investigation established RIs in a large, multiethnic pediatric cohort. However, the study was not without its limitations. As it was a cross-sectional investigation, the long-term health of the participating children was not verified. Additionally, the RIs provided are ...
The highest (spring) tidal ranges are generated when the sun, moon and earth are in line. Water flows in greater volumes when attracted by this combined gravitational pull. The lowest (neap) tidal ranges are generated when the sun, moon and earth describe a right angle. The split gravitational pull causes water to flow in lesser volumes.. Tidal stream resources are generally largest in areas where a good tidal range exists, and where the speed of the currents are amplified by the funnelling effect of the local coastline and seabed, for example, in narrow straits and inlets, around headlands, and in channels between islands ...
A body composition measuring instrument includes a body composition calculating unit for calculating the body composition of a user by using a plurality of electrodes, a reference value storage region for storing information of a reference value related to the past body composition of the user, a display control unit for performing a control to display a position of the body composition during the time calculated by the body composition calculating unit in reference to a line showing the reference value on a predetermined graph, and a display section for providing a display corresponding to the output from the display control unit.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) created the growth charts that are most commonly used in the United States. They were last updated in 2000. After collecting growth measurements from thousands of U.S. children over a period of time, the CDC was able to show the range of these measurements on one chart, using percentile curves.. Being in a high or a low percentile does not necessarily mean that a child is healthier or has a growth or weight problem. Lets say that 4-year-old boy, who is in the 10th percentile for weight, is also in the 10th percentile for height. So 10% of kids are shorter and weigh less than he does, and most kids - 90% - are taller and weigh more. That just means that hes smaller than average, which usually doesnt mean there is a problem. If his parents and siblings are also smaller than average, and there are other signs that hes healthy and developing well, doctors would likely conclude that theres no cause for concern.. ...
Reference Materials (RMs) are also available from Fapas for some analyte/matrix combinations. RMs have a much higher degree of characterisation than PT or QC materials with a defined chain of traceability. RMs undergo formal stability testing for both short-term and long-term applications. RMs have an associated datasheet which lists the reference values and their expanded uncertainty U. The value of U is not a performance limit but is the uncertainty relating to the reference value. RMs therefore have a greater degree of trust in their values and can be used for method calibration purposes. Fapas RMs are generated according to the principles of ISO Guide 34. ...
Reference Materials (RMs) are also available from Fapas for some analyte/matrix combinations. RMs have a much higher degree of characterisation than PT or QC materials with a defined chain of traceability. RMs undergo formal stability testing for both short-term and long-term applications. RMs have an associated datasheet which lists the reference values and their expanded uncertainty U. The value of U is not a performance limit but is the uncertainty relating to the reference value. RMs therefore have a greater degree of trust in their values and can be used for method calibration purposes. Fapas RMs are generated according to the principles of ISO Guide 34. ...
Therefore, clinicians should use the PCT results in conjunction with other laboratory findings and clinical signs of the patient and interpret the concrete values in the context with the clinical situation of the patient. The reference ranges below are therefore given for orientational purpose only.. ...
Some children who are unwell can have damage caused to their kidneys either by the illness itself, or the drugs used to treat the illness. Currently we measure a substance called creatinine in blood tests to check how well the kidneys are working. However, creatinine is slow to show any damage to the kidney, so we may not find out that damage has occurred until it is too late to reverse it. Also doing this test means having to take a blood sample. A number of substances, which we call biomarkers, can be measured in the urine. We think that some of these biomarkers might be useful at telling us how well a child s kidneys are working, and whether any damage is occurring ...
A formula in which the individual values in a cell range are evaluated is referred to as an array formula. The difference between an array formula and other formulas is that the array formula deals with several values simultaneously instead of just one.. Not only can an array formula process several values, but it can also return several values. The results of an array formula is also an array.. To multiply the values in the individual cells by 10 in the above array, you do not need to apply a formula to each individual cell or value. Instead you just need to use a single array formula. Select a range of 3 x 3 cells on another part of the spreadsheet, enter the formula =10*A1:C3 and confirm this entry using the key combination CommandCtrl + Shift + Enter. The result is a 3 x 3 array in which the individual values in the cell range (A1:C3) are multiplied by a factor of 10.. In addition to multiplication, you can also use other operators on the reference range (an array). With LibreOffice Calc, ...
Please return to our September 17, 2017 multi-site reference intervals discussion, and in particular to Heather DeVriess comment and question about a combined INR and reportable range. So many of us are grappling with multi-site services, George hopes our participants can provide some advice on this topic. Thank you.
Know how to verify your Test Reference Cords to reduce the negative loss readings or inconsistent test results in DTX-xFM Fiber Adapters.
|p|The Encyclopedia of Global Studies is the reference work for the emerging field of global studies. It covers both transnational topics and intellectual appro
Université de Liège - ULg , Département clinique des animaux de compagnie et des équidés , Département clinique des animaux de compagnie et des équidés ,] ...
The authors appear to have enrolled a much more homogeneous group of patients than seen in previous trials. The requirement for symptoms, electrocardiographic changes, and biomarker elevation has likely led to a study of these 2 strategies in a higher risk NSTE ACS population. One challenge in this type of study is how to define the occurrence of a "new MI." The requirement for biomarker elevation at randomization makes defining the occurrence of an MI after randomization more difficult. The authors used 3 different definitions: early new MI occurring within 24 h of randomization, late new MI from 24 h to 7 days post-randomization, and post-PCI MI. Early new MI did not require biomarker elevation, likely due to challenges in separating this entity from the MI at randomization. Although both the late new MI and post-PCI endpoints did require troponin re-elevations of ,20%, the post-PCI endpoint did not use the complete definition of a Type 4a MI (,5 × 99th percentile upper reference limit) if a ...
QA WG, Remember first that the new SpecGL has 9 mandatory requirements, which is quite cool because its easy to convince people to do the job. http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/WD-qaframe-spec-20041122/ ================================= * Requirement : Include a conformance clause. * Requirement : Define the scope. * Requirement : Identify who or what will implement the specification. * Requirement : Make a list of normative references. * Requirement : If the technology is subdivided, then indicate which subdivisions are mandatory for conformance. * Requirement : If the technology is subdivided, then address subdivision constraints. * Requirement : Address Extensibility. * Requirement : Identify deprecated features. * Requirement : Define how deprecated feature is handled by each class of product. ================================= Possible Review of Specs to show that our requirements are implemented NOTE: Any assignments will be enforced only if the person has personally accepted to review by mail or ...
Specializing in artificial intelligence since 1988, Stottler Henke delivers software systems that solve problems which defy traditional approaches ...
Stenciling, like depth-buffering, enables and disables drawing on a per-pixel basis. You draw into the stencil planes using GL drawing primitives, then render geometry and images, using the stencil planes to mask out portions of the screen. Stenciling is typically used in multipass rendering algorithms to achieve special effects, such as decals, outlining, and constructive solid geometry rendering. The stencil test conditionally eliminates a pixel based on the outcome of a comparison between the reference value and the value in the stencil buffer. To enable and disable the test, call glEnable and glDisable with argument GL_STENCIL_TEST. To specify actions based on the outcome of the stencil test, call glStencilOp. func is a symbolic constant that determines the stencil comparison function. It accepts one of eight values, shown in the following list. ref is an integer reference value that is used in the stencil comparison. It is clamped to the range [0,$2 sup n - 1$], where $n$ is the number of ...
HgO enriched in 202Hg was used for the preparation of a solution of 202Hg enriched CH3Hg. The CH3HgCl was synthesised by reaction with a Grignard reagent and a subsequent comproportionionation reaction between dimethylmercury, (CH3)Hg, and HgCl2, that was optimised to give a high yield of the product, pure from other Hg species and by-products of the synthesis reaction ...
Definition of Gaussian distribution with photos and pictures, translations, sample usage, and additional links for more information.
Some members of the family might already be showing indicators of familial hypercholesterolemia and never notice it. If their LDL ranges are higher than a hundred ninety, or a hundred and sixty in teens, they could have FH. Additional indicators include the onset of heart illness, including clogged arteries and coronary heart assaults, before age 55 for men and before age sixty five for girls. There are additionally minor bodily indications akin to gentle coloured, raised fat deposits around the eyes, elbows, fingers or ankles or white rings in the iris of the eye. If anybody has these signs, they should discuss them with their physician and have applicable blood exams completed to determine their cholesterol levels. ...