Rainfall pattern effect on soil erosion in soils with different texture and mineralogy. No significant main or interaction effects on soil erosion were observed (Table 3). Nevertheless, IR treatment caused higher soil erosion than SR. Soil erosion was higher in SCL compared to SL. Equally, kaolinitic soils eroded more than quartz-dominated soils.. Rainfall pattern effect on steady-state infiltration rate in soils with different texture and mineralogy. The SSIR was 10.57 mm.h-1 in SCL kaolinitic soils under IR compared to 4.68 mm.h-1 in SL kaolinitic soils. However, under the same rainfall pattern, SSIR was 2.99 mm.h-1 in SCL and 2.87 mm.h-1 in SL in quartz-dominated soils. Moreover, the dominance of quartz resulted in lower SSIR than for kaolinitic soil within the same rainfall pattern and texture class. In the SR treatment, SSIR was 5.79 mm-h-1 in kaolinitic SCL soils compared to 3.67 mm.h-1 in quartz-dominated SCL soils. Therefore, both IR and SR rainfall patterns reduced SSIR in SCL and SL ...
Trend and climate change were studied in annual rainfall data for the period of 62 years (1949-2010) of Sagar and 65 years (1945-2010) of Damoh districts of Bundelkhand region of central India. The analysis of weekly rainfall probability was also carried out at both the locations for field operations and crop planning in rainfed agricultural system for improving the farmers livelihood. Mean annual rainfall was 1233.8 mm with 32.6% variability for Sagar and 1225.1 mm with 30.3% variability for Damoh region. Sagar and Damoh region exhibited significant decreasing trend in the total amount of annual rainfall in the last 15 years (1996 to 2010). Also, both locations showed significant long-term decreasing trend in annual rainfall. Climate of both the regions have changed as in the recent 15 years annual rainfall had decreased by 156.4 and 310.7 mm at Sagar and Damoh from their long period average (LPA), respectively. The Initial and conditional rainfall probability analysis at Damoh reinforced
Your mind and your experience call to me You have lived and your intelligence is sexy I want to know what you got to say I want to know what you got to say I want to know what you got to say I can tell you taste like the sky cause you look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You think like a whip on a horses back Stretched out to the limit you make it crack Send that horse round and round the track I want to know what you got to say I want to know what you got to say I want to know what you got to say I can tell you taste like the sky cause you look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You look like rain You
Frequency of power outages associated with extreme events. There were fifty two reports of power outages across nineteen countries caused by extreme events during the first three months of 2013. Overall, the results from the bulletins search gave an impression of how frequent and widespread power outages are during extreme events. The events and outages occurred in both economically developed and less developed nations and in island and mainland state settings. It is interesting to note that none of the media reports contained any reference to health impacts.. The surprisingly high number of power outages reported in the PHE Extreme Events Bulletin is likely to be an under-representation of worldwide power outages. This is despite the news articles included in the PHE Extreme Events Bulletin being collected from several international media sources. These media sources include Google News, BBC, UK broadsheets and international webpages including PreventionWeb, UNISDR and ReliefWeb. While this ...
Climate variability is an important stress factor for rural livelihoods in most developing countries where households have been adapting to environmental shocks for decades. Climate change results in increased variability and poses new challenges for rural livelihoods, as well as for policymakers in adjusting policies to changing conditions. This paper examines the potential relationships between rainfall data and household self-reported harvest shocks and local (spatial) variability of harvest shocks and coping strategies based on a survey of 2,700 rural households in the Kagera region of northern Tanzania. The results show that rainfall patterns in the region are very location-specific and that the distribution of household reported harvest shocks differs significantly between districts and correspond to the observed variability in local climate patterns. Coping strategies are focused on spreading risks and include reduced consumption, casual employment, new crops, external support and the ...
Many engineering, natural, human, and social phenomena are dominated by extreme events, which might not always be conveniently characterized by the extreme value theory. There are methods such as the generalized Pareto and extreme distribution function theories are derived from the extreme value theory that can be used to describe most extreme events. However, recent researches show that the extreme value theories do not work well for some extreme events especially at the tails of the events, which can be rather well described by the Dragon Kings theories. Furthermore, there are other extreme cases which intrinsically lay at the very tails of the events in the regions of ...
The meteorological station at our Wallingford, Oxfordshire site has been measuring local weather conditions, including daily rainfall, sunshine and temperature parameters, since 1962. Observations are also made of cloud cover, present weather and visibility.Daily dataThese graphs display the data manually recorded from the met site over the last six months. Latest values are
The calibration procedure will automatically perform calibration at four points of rainfall intensity typically in the range 40-80mm/hr.. This allows the company to offer users more detailed technical information on the product and improved service levels.. All gauges will now be supplied with a printed multi-point calibration certificate, essential for traceability of data and product performance auditing.. Gauges are accurate to A correction algorithm is now also provided as standard, allowing users to undertake correction of rainfall data at extremely high rainfall densities if required ( With correction, all tipping buckets provide intensity errors of In addition to the calibration improvements, the funnel outlet diameter on the 0.2mm- and 0.5mm-capacity buckets have been increased to remove funnel back-up effects, reducing cost of ownership and the need for service visits in the field.. All Casella tipping bucket rain gauges are WMO and BMO compliant and calibrated in full compliance with ...
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The depth-duration-frequency (DDF) model developed as part of the Flood Estimation Handbook (FEH) enables estimates of design rainfall to be made at any location in the UK. This study presents a shortcut method for estimating seasonal design rainfall for a summer and winter season, respectively, using a simple seasonal correction factor in combination with the FEH DDF estimate of design rainfall. The seasonal correction factors were derived for the summer and winter season for a range of durations. The observed correction factors were linked to standard average annual rainfall available from the FEH CD-ROM, thereby enabling the use of this method at any location in the UK. The results obtained in this study are shown to correspond well to the summary statistics on seasonal rainfall presented in the Flood Studies Report.. ...
Abstract. Sampling along a precipitation gradient in tropical South America extending from ca. 0.8 to 2.0 m a−1, savanna soils had consistently lower exchangeable cation concentrations and higher C / N ratios than nearby forest plots. These soil differences were also reflected in canopy averaged leaf traits with savanna trees typically having higher leaf mass per unit area but lower mass-based nitrogen (Nm) and potassium (Km). Both Nm and Km also increased with declining mean annual precipitation (PA), but most area-based leaf traits such as leaf photosynthetic capacity showed no systematic variation with PA or vegetation type. Despite this invariance, when taken in conjunction with other measures such as mean canopy height, area-based soil exchangeable potassium content, [K]sa , proved to be an excellent predictor of several photosynthetic properties (including 13C isotope discrimination). Moreover, when considered in a multivariate context with PA and soil plant available water storage ...
The west basin of Lake Erie has been seriously impacted by rain water runoff which carries contaminants and phosphorous which in turn fuels large blooms of toxic algae. To mitigate this a simple green infrastructure project, to be designed and tested is the installation of rain gardens. Rain gardens are constructed around drains and catch basins to collect rainwater before it goes into the subsurface system. The rain gardens will have native plants chosen for their ability to filter contaminants and having high uptakes for phosphorous. The first flush of rain is often the most contaminated so even small rain events can be detrimental to water quality and with a rain garden should greatly reduce that water from ever reaching the storm drains.. Our rain garden project is supporting the work that the Essex Region Conservation Authority does and will be constructed as a pilot project in the Town of Harrow, at the arena adjacent the Harrow High School where stormwater from the municipal parking lots ...
Abstract. This study presents past and projected temporal changes in mean temperature and rainfall around the Marsabit Forest Reserve (MFR), a sub-humid montane forest in Kenya. Rainfall data for the period 1961-2014 and temperature data for the period 1972-2011 were acquired from the Marsabit meteorological station. Future projections (2006-2100) were based on data from five models that participated in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) under Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5. Climate simulations for the 2071-2100 period were compared to the 1961-1990 IPCC baseline period to establish significant change. The MFR recorded a mean rainfall of 784 mm which declined annually at a rate of 6 mm over the period of the study. The long rains (March-May) recorded a mean of 379 mm and decreased annually by 10 mm while the short rains (October-December) recorded a mean of 269 mm and decreased annually by 2 mm between 1961 and 2014, with no statistically ...
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The fine particulate matter produced by car exhaust and other human sources of pollution forms cloud condensation nuclei, leads to the production of clouds and increases the likelihood of rain. As commuters and commercial traffic cause pollution to build up over the course of the week, the likelihood of rain increases: it peaks by Saturday, after five days of weekday pollution has been built up. In heavily populated areas that are near the coast, such as the United States Eastern Seaboard, the effect can be dramatic: there is a 22% higher chance of rain on Saturdays than on Mondays.[61] The urban heat island effect warms cities 0.6 to 5.6 °C (1.1 to 10.1 °F) above surrounding suburbs and rural areas. This extra heat leads to greater upward motion, which can induce additional shower and thunderstorm activity. Rainfall rates downwind of cities are increased between 48% and 116%. Partly as a result of this warming, monthly rainfall is about 28% greater between 32 to 64 km (20 to 40 mi) downwind ...
The fine particulate matter produced by car exhaust and other human sources of pollution forms cloud condensation nuclei, leads to the production of clouds and increases the likelihood of rain. As commuters and commercial traffic cause pollution to build up over the course of the week, the likelihood of rain increases: it peaks by Saturday, after five days of weekday pollution has been built up. In heavily populated areas that are near the coast, such as the United States Eastern Seaboard, the effect can be dramatic: there is a 22% higher chance of rain on Saturdays than on Mondays.[61] The urban heat island effect warms cities 0.6 to 5.6 °C (1.1 to 10.1 °F) above surrounding suburbs and rural areas. This extra heat leads to greater upward motion, which can induce additional shower and thunderstorm activity. Rainfall rates downwind of cities are increased between 48% and 116%. Partly as a result of this warming, monthly rainfall is about 28% greater between 32 to 64 km (20 to 40 mi) downwind ...
A maritime climate maintains relatively temperate, wet conditions. Average high temperatures at sea level vary seasonally from the 30s in January to the 60s in July. In contrast, monthly rainfall totals, averaging 4 to 6 inches in Kodiak, show little seasonal variation. Some lowlands along the east side of Kodiak Island receive more than twice the amount of total annual rainfall as lowlands along the islands westside due to storm travel patterns coupled with the rain shadow effect of mountains. Some mountains receive substantial snowfall and small glaciers ring the shadowed sides of tallest peaks. ...
MIT engineers have created an algorithm that can pinpoint the underlying patterns leading up to real world 'extreme events,' in hopes develop ways to prevent them.
Geochemical, isotope and clay mineralogical analyses of the palaeosols indicate a range in soil alkalinity and amount of water logging. Estimates of mean annual rainfall from palaeosol compositions are 1000-1500 mm per year. The high mean annual rainfall and variable soil alkalinities contrast markedly with dry periods that developed deep penetrating cracks and evaporite deposits. It is concluded that during the early Carboniferous, this region experienced a sharply contrasting seasonal climate and that the floodplain hosted a mosaic of closely juxtaposed but distinct habitats in which the tetrapods lived. The diversification of coastal floodplain environments identified here may link to the evolution and movement of tetrapods into the terrestrial realm ...
Changes in the hydrological characteristics have an impact on the environment. The reasons for the impact in the Bregalnica river basin are heavy rains and long
A rain garden is a garden of native shrubs, perennials, and flowers planted in a small depression, which is generally formed on a natural slope. It is designed to temporarily hold and soak in rain water runoff that flows from roofs, driveways, patios or lawns. Rain gardens are effective in removing up to 90% of nutrients and chemicals and up to 80% of sediments from the rainwater runoff. Compared to a conventional lawn, rain gardens allow for 30% more water to soak into the ground. It is not a pond or wetland, but is dry most of the time and typically holds water during and following a rainfall event.
So...my previous post concerned the horrific drought we are facing here in California, with a third straight year of below average rainfall, less than half of normal in many places. And yet, one place in California has been hit this weekend with way more of the wet stuff than they need, with serious consequences: Death Valley.. Death Valley National Park (the climate station at Furnace Creek anyway) is recognized as the driest place in the United States, with an overall average rainfall of 1.92 inches a year (a bit more in the last 30 years, about 2.54 inches). So how many places in the world can you think of that can get half of a years average precipitation in one day? That happened yesterday at Death Valley, as they got 0.96 inches (on top of about 0.20 inches the previous day). And two more storms are due this week.. That doesnt sound like very much to anyone who lives in a more humid climate, but in a desert, nothing holds the water back...no soils to speak of, no plants. Gullies and ...
Those of us in the Bay Area are looking out our windows right now and seeing the wind and rain. Only the hard core "ducks" as I call those who come out in this weather, are shopping for plants or tending to their gardens in this weather. Im not one of those. If its raining or has just rained, Im staying inside and pining for clear skies. That said, have you noticed that after a rain our gardens seem to positively glow? More so than if we watered the garden by hand. The rain doesnt just "clean" the air, a good thing in itself. No I believe that rain is a much healthier way for our gardens to receive moisture. Call it prana if you will or the fact that Mother Nature just does everything better. Of course when we get a lot of rain, like in these series of storms, the rain is soaking deeper into the ground than is usually the case when we hand water the garden. That means it gets to plants with deeper root systems ...
After rain: the blue that is left over, that lingers, that breathes anew.. After rain: the sky in the rear view mirror, the little moments, "Stairway to Heaven" playing on the radio, the crescendo, the birds, and why.. After rain: the so-much that is blue, so far, so unreachable, so present, its flickering noticed only via distance.. After rain: the crisp air that taints my lungs with blue, that lies beneath, that immovable, impassive sheet.. After rain: you, alone, you, here.. After rain: the impenetrable sadness of all this.. That is, Im driving in the car, singing to Nashvilles "Nothing in the World Will Ever Break My Heart Again," and Im crying though Im not sure why, and somehow it seems that all of the sadness of my entire existence, all of the sadness of the phantom individuals that have dipped in and out of my life, all of the sadness of my mother, the sky, the world, it has all caught up to me in this moment and the harder I cry, the more I cant stop singing, and the harder I sing, ...
Focus On The Family spokesman STUART SHEPARD, speaking four years ago today: "Would it be wrong to ask people to pray? Would it be wrong if we asked people to pray for rain? O.K., not just rain, abundant rain. Torrential rain. Urban and small stream flood advisory rain. Would it be wrong if we prayed for rain on, say, a particular night at, say, a particular location? Ah, say the evening of August 28th, right here at Mile High Stadium here in Denver. During the prime time t.v. hour when a certain presumptive nominee is set to give a certain acceptance speech at a certain Democratic National Convention?. "Im talkin umbrella aint gonna help ya rain. Not flood people out of their houses rain, just good old swamp the intersections rain. Were not asking for hail the size of canned hams, or lightening bolts to set the bunting on fire. Just rain. Beautiful rain. Network cameras cant see the podium rain. Attendees cant walk to the indoor arena without wishing for hip waders rain.. "I know you ...
Equation 5) The dependency on rainfall P(R) is based on mosquito density surveys. In a rural town in western Kenya, the average number of blood fed An. Gambiae and funestus mosquitos per house was measured (per month) between October and May 2000 (Okara 2010). The data suggest an approximately linear relationship between mosquito population and rainfall level. Hydrologic studies suggest rainfall leads to increases in standing water necessary for larval growth. We model P(R) with a simple linear approximation: P(R) = R(t, r) (Equation 6) where R(t, r) is the monthly average rainfall (mm) at location r and time t. The vegetation factor P(V) is based on the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The NDVI algorithm used in the TERRA/MODIS mission is described in detail by (Huete et al. 1999). The NDVI scale ranges between -0.1 and 0.9 where -0.1 represent bodies of water; values close to 0 correspond to sand, rock, desert or snow; and values between 0.2 and 0.4 represent shrubs and ...
Equation 5) The dependency on rainfall P(R) is based on mosquito density surveys. In a rural town in western Kenya, the average number of blood fed An. Gambiae and funestus mosquitos per house was measured (per month) between October and May 2000 (Okara 2010). The data suggest an approximately linear relationship between mosquito population and rainfall level. Hydrologic studies suggest rainfall leads to increases in standing water necessary for larval growth. We model P(R) with a simple linear approximation: P(R) = R(t, r) (Equation 6) where R(t, r) is the monthly average rainfall (mm) at location r and time t. The vegetation factor P(V) is based on the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The NDVI algorithm used in the TERRA/MODIS mission is described in detail by (Huete et al. 1999). The NDVI scale ranges between -0.1 and 0.9 where -0.1 represent bodies of water; values close to 0 correspond to sand, rock, desert or snow; and values between 0.2 and 0.4 represent shrubs and ...
Your rain garden should be located at least 10 feet from your home in a low spot where water naturally collects. It should have at least one-half day of sun and a gentle slope leading from your roof downspout, driveway or walkway to the garden. You can create a low swale from the roof downspout to the rain garden to ensure that water drains into the garden.. To build the rain garden, mark out a 150- to 450-sq.-ft. area, depending on the size of your house and amount of paved areas. Remove the sod and dig a shallow depression about 6 inches deep. Use the soil to form a berm on the lowest side of the garden to retain water. A 6-inch-deep rain garden should drain water within 7 hours. If the rain garden is deeper, the water may stay longer, creating a mosquito-breeding site. ...
Aquifers recharge mainly by local rainfall, which depend on the air mass humidity and orographic lifting, causing rain. The stable isotopes of the water molecule, i.e., oxygen-18 and deuterium, are useful tracers to determine the water source origin. Moreover, the calculation of the deuterium excess enables one to differentiate between the air masses from the Atlantic Ocean or the Mediterranean Sea. A transect from one coast to the other one and going through the city of Toulouse have been made to sample the groundwater and determine their isotopic characteristic. A monthly rainfall sampling has also been done over one year, close to the city Toulouse, to see how the d-excess values range over the season. The discussion replaces these results in available isotopic data.
Water engineering design statistics, such as extreme rainfall IDF or peak or low flow QDF statistics, obviously are influenced by these temporal variations (oscillations, trends). It is shown in the paper, based on the Brussels 10-minutes rainfall data, that rainfall design values may be about 20% biased or different when based on short rainfall series of 10 to 15 years length, and still 8% for series of 25 years lengths. Methods for bias correction are demonstrated. The definition of "bias" depends on a number of factors, which needs further debate in the hydrological and water engineering community ...
Chapter 1. This thesis presents studies on the variability of precipitation in the Netherlands from datasets collected by radars, rain gauges and disdrometers. Accurate rainfall estimates are highly relevant in hydrology, meteorology and climatology as precipitation has a large impact on society. Precipitation has been studied extensively in the past, although it is impossible to describe all processes and behavior involved. This thesis attempts to add to the knowledge on precipitation. In the first chapter a short overview of rainfall variability at different scales is presented together with the most common instruments for measuring precipitation.. Chapter 2. The spatial variability of daily rainfall accumulations is studied. Ninety-day averaged semi-variograms are created based on a 30-year data set gathered by automatic stations operated by the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI). This is complemented by a one-year dataset of 10 gauges within a 5 km radius around CESAR (Cabauw ...
Cleaning up the backyard can be a lot of work and not so much fun, but I managed to find an artistic and exciting project to tackle besides the cleaning. I saw some chains rain that looked awesome at the nursery. And with all the rain we had lately, it made me think of the fountain and rain chain my neighbor has. Rain chains can create such charm in your garden. I am hoping to find one of those unique rainchains that uses recycle water. The rain chains & fountain combo are very nice yard accessories and can also be used as a pond for your water plants. ...
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All this rain is depressing! I have tons of things to do and the rain is cramping my style… although not as much as my Psoriatic Arthritis, which is totally inflamed a day before this rain, during and usually a day before it quits. I always wondered why my knees ached the day before a rain, but not during the day it rained, unless it rained for an extended period. Now, I know. I have has the Psoriatic part of this disease for over twenty nine years, but the Arthritic part only started, once I retired in 2006. I believe the constant exercise of working kept it hidden, so I have to increase my exercise level again to curb this crap. The Psoriasis had always, since the very late seventies… early 1980, been associated with the stress level in my life. Believe me… with the past life I lived, I should look like a Leper, so I am thankful that I only have what I have now. I have an appointment in May with a specialist to see what more I can do ...
The Canopy: Trees in the canopy can go more than 30 m tall; moreover, they form a dense layer of trees that absorbs up to 95 % of sunlight Climate: The climate in Southeast Asia stays hot and humid year-round due to its location near the equator.The climate of Southeast Asia is a tropical wet climate in the Köppen climate zone system. The climate is influenced by wind systems which start in the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. Temperature :The daily temperature range is 10 C to 25 C. The humidity is very oppressive! PRECIPITATION : The average humidity is from 70-90% and the annual precipitation is heavy; 60 to over 100 inches during the months , October to February along the northeastern part of the region, while heavy rains occur along the southwestern part from April to August. TEMPERATURE :The climate is hot and humid all year round. It is dense, warm and wet beacuse its surrounded by oceans. The temperature in a rain forest rarely gets higher than 80 °F or drops below 68 °F What is ...
A rural watershed is modeled to determine the effect of varying rainfall patterns on stormwater management detention basins designed for center peaking events. A hydrologic model of the watershed was developed and calibrated. The model was selectively urbanized with and without stormwater detentio.... Full description. ...
The topography and continental configuration of East Asia favor the year-round existence of storm tracks that extend thousands of kilometers from China into the northwestern Pacific Ocean, producing zonally elongated patterns of rainfall that we call frontal rain events. In spring and early summer (known as Meiyu Season), frontal rainfall intensifies and shifts northward during a series of stages collectively known as the East Asian summer monsoon. Using a technique called the Frontal Rain Event Detection Algorithm, we create a daily catalog of all frontal rain events in east China during 1951-2007, quantify their attributes, and classify all rainfall on each day as either frontal, resulting from large-scale convergence, or nonfrontal, produced by local buoyancy, topography, or typhoons ...
Introduction. Rainfall regimes in different parts of Africa are different, even in smaller regions, though some regional coherence is reported broadly in Sahel, East Africa and South Africa.1 African rainfall studies fall into several categories such as (a) teleconnections between regional rainfall anomalies and transport, (b) rainfall cycles (periodicities), (c) regional sea-surface temperature (SST) forcing, (d) relationships between atmospheric pressure and circulation patterns and atmospheric modelling, (e) relationship between 2 3-year or quasi-biennial oscillations (QBO) and 3 4-year or quasi-triennial oscillations (QTO), and (f) trends and predictions.. (a) Teleconnections between regional rainfall anomalies and transport. Some major rainfall anomalies are reported to occur simultaneously throughout Africa2,3 and global teleconnections have been invoked to explain the similarity in rainfall anomalies.4 Nicholson2 observed a certain degree of interhemispheric connectivity, but the ...
In this review, attention is confined to rain attenuation and to its influence on the availability of terrestrial radiocommunication systems operating at frequencies above 10 GHz. The availability objectives recently established by the Comité Consultatif International des Radiocommunications for digital systems, the information necessary, and a calculation procedure applicable for system design are examined. Various methods for predicting attenuation due to rain are compared and reviewed. Present trends for the use of frequencies above 10 GHz in terrestrial systems are illustrated, and areas in which further study is needed are indicated. ...
The raw yet elegant power of the flow of life… on me, in me-through me! Each a beautiful force to experience on its own, yet somehow my joy and felt sense of being alive was amplified by the two flows coexisting for me in that moment. The mysterious yet familiar sense of power generating from my womb that Im starting to cultivate as I move through the world while menstruating harmonized with my joy and gratitude for the rain and my natural expression through dance to create a new yet ancient way of being. I have danced in the rain many times as a child and an adult, yet-really for the first time-I knew why I was dancing.. Understanding how vital water & rain is to my being and thriving ecosystems, then expressing my longing to feel part of and intimately connected to this flow of life force through the world, I practice gratitude for the water around me and use the oldest method I know for being present without being in my head & intellectual mind-dance. Even so, when I dance in the rain, up ...
The rain did not stop. I wish that it stops falling now. The miracle really did happen. My kids were almost present today. I wonder why they ever went to school with an unstoppable rain. Im happy to see them. We did a lot of things but I miss those who are not around. I wonder why mother nature pours too much rain today Ive heard there is a typhoon somewhere in Surigao. The streets are all wet and muddy. The latest outfit of the town are wearing jackets, boots, raincoats with matching colorful umbrellas but to some who dont want to bring all those stuff they just cover their heads with their hands, book and bag. I couldnt go out in the house with a heavy rain even if doing that is one of my ultimate dream. I easily get sick and my pneumonia might strike again if I ever do that. I just got to stay here and relax. Do my work and finish the pending ones. I got to do it now or else there will be no more time for me. Hi madz Im ok i just hope I could catch up with all the deadlines. I would like ...
Enterococcus is an EPA-approved fecal contamination indicator. Samples taken by Riverkeeper, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and CUNY Queens College staff, and processed on the Riverkeeper vessel, according to the 2014 Quality Assurance Project Plan. Rainfall data comes from wunderground.com. Wet weather is a common trigger of fecal contamination. ...
Enterococcus is an EPA-approved fecal contamination indicator.. Samples taken by citizen scientists and processed at laboratories that arent directly affiliated with Riverkeeper, using methods and study designs that are consistent with Riverkeepers Hudson River and Citizen Testing programs.. Rainfall data comes from wunderground.com. Wet weather is a common trigger of fecal contamination. ...
Buying Guide - Rain Barrels - National Geographics Green Guide. via Buying Guide - Rain Barrels - National Geographics Green Guide. via Buying Guide - Rain Barrels - National Geographics Green Guide. While rainwater may not always be safe to drink, it can be used for a variety of other applications-from watering your lawn and…
averaging from 1 to 1.5 inches of rain and melted snow. The average rainfall for the state during the winter is 3.9 inches, during spring 8.3 inches, during...autumn 7.4 inches. Most of the rainfall occurs just proceeding and during the period of plant growth, thus being received by the crop at the most effective ...
As of: January 2020 With Thailand facing the threat of more frequent floods and droughts in its water catchment areas as a result of climate change, the proj...
Heat waves, cold spells and the increased frequency in extreme events due to climate change have a high impact on human health. Extreme temperatures are an immediate threat to human health in Europe, and adaptation measures are needed to tackle climate impacts and their associated socio-economic costs within EU. The cost perspective alone should give pause: the implementation of adaptation measures are likely to create savings in the long-term and increase the well-being of populations at large.. Extreme events have caused substantial economic losses in Europe, averaging up to 14 billion euros annually since 2000. The reported losses have so far focused on structural damages on physical assets. What we have failed to assess is the costs on human health and society.. An average length hospitalization from any cause costs approx. 4.200 euros in the EU. By the end of the century, it is estimated that over 170.000 annual hospital admissions in Europe will be caused by temperature increase. For ...
Rain gardens are shallow depressions planted with different types of flowers, grasses or shrubs that collect storm water and allow it to soak into the ground. They can be located in various places on a property to treat different sources of storm water. Storm water can carry a significant amount of pollutants to our streams, lakes and wetlands. Urban/residential development (rooftops, driveways and sidewalks) increase the quantity of water draining to streams and rivers (too much) and the rate of the runoff (water runs off faster creating higher peak flows.) A rain garden is a practical yet aesthetically pleasing means to reduce the impacts of development.. There are three rain garden demonstration projects in Woodstock where you can see what they look like and how they work:. ...
The next SWORDS meeting of the 2017-2018 programme is scheduled for Tuesday the 13th of February 2018. The meeting will be held at the School of Mathematics, Cardiff University and will include the AGM. There will be drinks available from 5.15pm in room M/1.04 on the first floor in the School of Mathematics. The talk will commence at 5.45pm in room M/0.40 (ground floor). .. Abstract. The Bartlett-Lewis rainfall model is a well-known model based on a clustered point process. It is defined using primary and secondary processes. The primary process is known as the parent process or the storm arrival process. Starting at each point of the parent process there is an associated secondary process called a daughter process or a cell arrival process. Each cell then has an associated rainfall duration and intensity, and the total rainfall intensity at time t is the sum of the intensities from all active cells at that time. The standard Bartlett-Lewis model uses a Poisson process for the storm arrival ...
The O- and H-isotope composition of rainfall collected over a variety of time periods at the University of Cape Town (UCT) between 1996 and 2008 has been determined. A continuous record of monthly rainfall from 1996 to ...
My work in the environmental field makes me familiar with the many things we can do at home to protect the environment. But it takes money and time to act on these tips. This past year we were finally able to work on a few "greening" home improvements, shared here for inspiration . . .. Rain Gardens. Last year we reached out to the Washtenaw County Water Resource Commissioners Office to help develop a plan to capture and infiltrate more of the runoff from our roof. Years ago we installed a rain barrel but it is limited to 50 gallons per rain, with use in between rains. I live in Ann Arbor on a pretty small parcel and there is not much room for rain storage and infiltration…or a garden. But we were able to identify 2 different rain garden locations-one a swale along one side of the house and another in the front of the house.. After choosing plants and a design we installed the rain garden last spring-digging, mulching, and placing rocks and native plants strategically for rain water capture ...
It was raining yesterday and after a good spell of very dry and hot weather in Winston Salem it was a thrill to see the rain, oh how we take rain for granted. The grass is already looking greener today it needed a good drink. I walked up and down my street in it with Jasmine and smelt it, yep it smells of pure freshness. So next time it rains, stop for a second in your busy day and breath in lets be thankful for it ...
Dempers & Seymour Pty Ltd (D&S) developed a Mining Rock Mass Model (MRMM) which was used to develop pit slope design parameters for the Project. In 2008 D&S geotechnically logged 131 exploration drill holes for 24,225m. D&S also designed and logged seven geotechnical holes to complete geotechnical coverage of the designed pit extents.. Based on the rigorous analyses of the MRMM, D&S has provided a range of recommend pit slope parameters for the pit design. Rock conditions at Watershed are generally good with the recommended pit inter-ramp slope angle being between 47 to 55 degrees for the weathered/transitional material and between 48 to 55 degrees for the fresh rock.. Batter heights and angles varied by material type and domain, the average height recommended for the weathered/transitional material was 10m with a 55 degree slope. In the fresh rock batter height were generally set as 20m.. Pit dewatering will be undertaken by in-pit sump pumping with inflow from pit walls and seasonal rainfall ...
According to recent investigations, a huge difference exists in the mechanical stability of austenite between the grain-refined structure states obtained in reversion annealing at 800-700 °C or at 900 °C, in a 301LN type austenitic stainless steel. Precipitation of chromium nitride occurring at these lower temperatures has been argued to be the factor reducing the stability. To prove this argument, a fine-grained, very stable austenitic structure was created at 900 °C in 1 s, and subsequently annealed at lower temperatures between 850 and 750 °C, up to 1000 s. It was found that the subsequent annealing at 750 and 800 °C resulted in prominent gradual decrease of the mechanical stability under tensile straining, detectable after 10 s annealing duration and continued until 1000 s. Only minimal grain growth occurred, which decreased the stability very marginally. The degree of the stability drop followed the predicted kinetics of the Cr2N precipitation with regards as its dependence on annealing
Site of Study and Climate The experiment was carried out at the Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute farm, which is located in the semi-arid region of the country at longitude 75º 28´E and the latitude of 26º 26´N and at altitude of 320 m above mean sea level. The mean relative humidity ranged between from 20 to 85%. The maximum and minimum ambient temperature ranged between 6 to 46ºC. The annual rainfall in this area ranges from 200 to 400 mm with an erratic distribution throughout the year. The study was conducted between March to July, 2009. During the study period the mean environmental temperature and relative humidity ranged between 22.8-38.2°C and 35-52 percent, respectively. Animals. The Garole sheep was procured from the native tract in 1997 and adapted at Sheep Breeding Farm, CSWRI Avikanagar. A crossbreeding programme was started with the aim to introduce the FecBB allele from dwarf Garole into Malpura sheep for enhancing the proliï¬ cacy. Garole rams were crossed ...
Last autumn - when the picture above was taken - we didnt have any rain so, despite the availability of a mushroom hunter, we werent able to go forage in those lovely Tuscan Hills. It rained just as we were leaving - an arrangement that would, of course, suit most holiday visitors. But not those seeking mushrooms as without the rain the fruiting heads stay small and hidden. To get the full impact that rain is necessary ...
More rain tonight and its expected to rain sporadically over the weekend and virtually all day on Sunday, so thatll probably mean both Ben and Joes games will be cancelled. The upside is that if there is continual or heavy rain Ill be able to get out on the paddock again with the roller and get it really nice and smooth ...
DeWalt, SJ, SA Schnitzer, J Chave, F Bongers, RJ Burnham, Z Cai, G Chuyong, DB Clark, CEN Ewango, JJ Gerwing, E Gortaire, T Hart, G Ibarra-Manriquez, K Ickes, D Kenfack, MJ Macia, JR Makana, M Martinez-Ramos, Jo Mascaro, S Moses, HC Muller-Landau, MPE Parren, N Parthasarathy, DR Perez-Salicrup, FE Putz, H Romero-Saltos, and D Thomas. 2010. Annual rainfall and seasonality predict pan-tropical patterns of liana density and basal area. Biotropica 42(3): 309-317 ...
DeWalt, SJ, SA Schnitzer, J Chave, F Bongers, RJ Burnham, Z Cai, G Chuyong, DB Clark, CEN Ewango, JJ Gerwing, E Gortaire, T Hart, G Ibarra-Manriquez, K Ickes, D Kenfack, MJ Macia, JR Makana, M Martinez-Ramos, Jo Mascaro, S Moses, HC Muller-Landau, MPE Parren, N Parthasarathy, DR Perez-Salicrup, FE Putz, H Romero-Saltos, and D Thomas. 2010. Annual rainfall and seasonality predict pan-tropical patterns of liana density and basal area. Biotropica 42(3): 309-317 ...
Looking for CBI? Find out information about CBI. in agriculture, artificial watering of the land. Although used chiefly in regions with annual rainfall of less than 20 in. , it is also used in wetter areas... Explanation of CBI
In this study we investigate whether present-day variation in a key component of the immune system (baseline leucocyte concentrations) represents evolutionary adaptation to ecological factors. In particular, we test three hypotheses, namely that leucocyte concentrations will be positively related to one of the following: risk of disease transmission between hosts, which is related to host abundance (hypothesis 1), risk of disease infection from the environment due to parasite viability and abundance (hypothesis 2), and risk of injury and subsequent infection, for example following attacks by predators (hypothesis 3). No support was found for hypothesis 1: neither population density nor group size were associated with variation in leucocyte concentrations. Hypothesis 2 was supported: for both sexes, lymphocyte and phagocyte concentrations were positively correlated with annual rainfall, as predicted if interspecific variation in the immune system is related to parasite prevalence (primates suffer ...
The White House used this graph to make it look like heavy rainfall events are increasing Here is the actual graph, without the last two years cut off.
Enjoy watching butterflies and hummingbirds flit from flower to flower all summer long. This collection is best suited for growing conditions in the east and mid-west, with average rainfall and part sun/part shade. 9 plants.
The felling of tropical forests may also effect global climate. As the trees recede, rainfall patterns could change and the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increase. CO2 levels have risen nearly 30 per cent since 1825 according to the UN Environment Programme. Most of that has resulted from the burning of fossil fuels in industrial countries. Deforestation will further increase CO2 levels which some scientists say may eventually lead to a warming of the earths atmosphere - known as the greenhouse effect. The actual results of the projected 2-3 C increase are unknown. Some studies show a change in world rain distribution which would dramatically reduce the food producing potential of todays temperate areas (Europe and the North American cornbelt). Even such a seemingly small temperature increase could cause global ice caps to melt, increasing sea levels, flooding cities and farmlands and prompting enormous relocation problems. All this may sound like imaginative science fiction ...
Rainfall: In the summer, both scenarios project a 10-25% increase in rainfall over most of the basin, and exceeding 25% over the central north of the basin. RCP 8.5 results in projections with pockets of lower increase of up to 10% within the central and eastern parts of the basin. In the winter, both scenarios project a decrease in precipitation over the mountain range of up to 10%. RCP 8.5 shows a decrease extending south through the central and eastern parts of the basin. The rest of the basin will see an increase in precipitation ranging from 5-25%. During monsoon season rainfall is projected to increase by 15% and 14% for RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, respectively. Temperature: Overall, the G...
A fully equipped meteorological station records data at the field station. We hope to have updated daily data available on this website in the near future. We have future plans to record meteorological data in various microclimates around the Reserve. We dont have plans to collect in and around Lake Berryessa, but if there is interest, we can expand our sensor network.. We ask all researchers to register their datasets. This entails listing the metadata of their project. The metadata catalogue for on-going and completed projects is available.. Data Registry Link. Dataset look up link. Markley Cove Weather 1971-2000. Data from the Dam. ...
Rainfall: The Brahmaputra basin receives an average of just over 1,100 mm of rain annually. Of the annual total, 70% is received during the monsoon season (June- September) and 20% in the pre-monsoon season. Winter is the driest season. Rainfall distribution varies considerably between the southern and northern parts of the basin. The lower Brahmaputra basin receives approximately 2,216 mm of rain annually, which is over three times more than the upper basin. There are approximately 164 rainy days a year in the upper Brahmaputra and 214 in the lower Brahmaputra basin. Temperature: Over the past decades and across the basin, temperatures are changing over time and showing mixed trends acro...
Today it is raining outside.. which matches my spirit perfectly.. i choose not to complain over the rain, its actually a welcome change and feels satisfying to my soul.. its easier to cry and be down in the rain isnt it?. if people complain over the rain or how it affects their moods we get it. really it makes sense. its harder to feel sad when its beautiful outside.. well today is my lucky day.. rain.. rain outside.. rain in my soul.. a perfect match.. my heart is broken. my arms are empty. conners bedroom is stockpiled of crap we threw in there so we dont have to go in there. the door remains closed.. so do the doors of my heart.. Its not in my nature to feel so empty. its uncharted territory for me. and i dont like it.. not one bit.. rain…. tomorrow conner would be starting the 2nd grade with his friends.. with his cystic fibrosis…. had it not robbed us of him.. his backpack would be stocked full of all his new goodies that he loved so much to shop for. surely itd be filled with ...
The lichen looked just as dried out as my ferns, but as I started heading back to the car, the first rain drops started to fall. We had a good soaking rain the first night, and a slightly less impressive storm a day later. Were not at 2.7 inches for the rainfall year, still 50% of normal but its a start. Lets keep our fingers crossed for more - the gardens, the trees, the flowers, the critters - we all need it ...
The threat of heavy rain is on the way out, but heat & humidity work back in tomorrow. Heres when it will bring back the heavy rainfall.
... including extremes, records and averages as well as archived historical data.
... including extremes, records and averages as well as archived historical data.
After so many years of drought, we have had amazing amounts of rain. The lakes and rivers are all full and there is flooding every where. Yesterday, Kinsey and I stopped on Gavilan Canyon where it crosses the Rio Ruidoso to take a few pictures. Its been closed for about 2 weeks from all the water ...
A system of low pressure will move through today with very little precipitation. Scattered rain is more likely in local southern counties. Highs today will reach the lower 50s. Scattered rain remains possible overnight with lows in the upper 30s. Tomorrow will be pleasant with mostly sunny skies. Highs will reach the lower 60s.
One of the way global warming scientists "prove" the earth is warming is by aggregating temperature data from meteorological stations throughout the globe. Stations located in urban areas (ones that are surrounded by cities and towns) tend to show higher temperatures, because asphalt and concrete and buildings tend to trap heat. Rural stations tend to show cooler temperatures, which are no doubt a better measure of the true, natural temperature ...
you can not just will something to not exist. you may not like the terms i put on what i described but it exist. rain from a cloud caught before it hits the ground. it does not matter if we call it shat it still exist and i have a bottle of ungrounded rain. google is not the final source GOD ...
I dont quite like it if it rains in the evening coz my kids would be restless when they are stuck in the house. Usually at about 5pm, they will start pointing outside wanting to play in the garden. On rainy days they become grumpy and cranky coz they are restricted from having outdoor fun ...
Stoney Creek Home of the Month April - Dancing in the Rain. Before looking for the rainbow, try dancing in the rain. Model stitched on 28 Ct. Antique white Jobe
This ML Kishigo Premium Black Series Class 3 High Visibility Rain Jacket in waterproof breathable polyester and sealed seams provides excellent protection. Black sections deliver a clean appearance along with great style, and 2in. Oralite® reflective trim keeps you visible in daylight and lowlight conditions, even in the rain. Waterproof zippers on front and 3 pockets on back add further protection. Cuffs can be adjusted for a custom fit. Back and armpits are ventilated to prevent overheating. D-ring access on back is reinforced. ANSI 107-2015 Class 3 compliant.
One of the most wonderful things about little kids is their absolute innocence and the extreme wonder they display when presented with new and unfamiliar things. They find magic in things that adults tend to take for granted. Don Swift, dad to little Harper, took advantage of a summer shower to show Harper what rain is all about. In the sweet video, which he posted on his YouTube channel, Swift holds Harper in his arms and goes out to dance with her in the rain.. ...
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Find the Moose Youth XC1 Rain Jacket - 2922-0068 at Dennis Kirk. Shop our complete selection of Dirt Bike parts and accessories including the Moose Youth XC1 Rain Jacket - 2922-0068.
Rain Taxi , 1998-2019 , Rain Taxi Review of Books and its authors. All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.. contact , subscribe. ...
Check out the latest Rain industries ltd price at BSE and NSE today. Get live financial news and updates of the Rain industries ltd with comparison and stock trading tips.
An immune system protein could act as an early warning system for lung cancer: a blood test could be used for people at increased risk of developing the disease, such as smokers and passive smokers.
A tiny protein called RhoC found in breast tumors may someday give doctors and patients an early warning system that could spot dangerously
6 Mar 2012 : Column 732 three times a year, but the statistics show that it happens far more than that. Rainfall patterns are changing and development patterns have changed. We have, fortunately, got some affordable housing and market housing built in some of those communities, but that has added to the burden on the sewerage systems, which are just not up to the job. South West Water still has work to do and it also has to take responsibility for taking over the private sewerage systems. I welcome that change, but it will add to the costs going forward. The measures are long overdue and will, I hope, help to offset some of the burden on bill payers.. I have some concerns about the debt model that has been agreed between Ofwat and the water companies. The debt that has been taken on over previous decades to provide infrastructure is not being paid off to any significant degree. Under the debt model, those loans are repackaged periodically.. The water companies and Ofwat argue that that is a ...
I am not saying it is the case but it is possible for them to lie if they realy needed to keep a cap on something.. I am disappointed that you dismissed Caroline Carter as being paranoid, good science has a balanced view on all possibilities untill proven wrong.. Living where you do I would expect you are used to seeing vehicle and industrial pollution, perhaps your sky has always been horrid so you dont see the change. Perhaps hardly any planes fly over your patch anyway or you never looked up till recently and think it is all normal. Rainfall is random and it is impossible to draw any firm conclusion from sampling amounts taken at widely spaced locations. It could rain more in one part of the west and far less in the east or randomly rain more or less where the measures are taken. If I lived far from a met rain gauge and did my own measurements of rain and found I had recorded twice the rainfall than they had in a year, I would correctly assume that locality was responsible for the difference. ...
In the near future NASA faces an important decision about the termination of the Tropical Rainfall Measurement Mission (TRMM) satellite.
Many dogs and cats do not like the feel of rain, both when it comes to it falling on their coats and when walking on a wet ground. On rainy days, kitties are often lucky in the sense that they can keep their bathroom habits indoors, using their sheltered litter boxes. For pups, though, the world is most often their bathroom, and that means going out in the rain to do their business. If your pup does not like going out in the rain, brainstorm their situation and what solutions might help. You could try accompanying your pup outside and holding an umbrella over them. Another option is to ensure your yard has at least one area with overhead protection from rain, whether it be from a tree or something constructed, and to use that area for rainy day bathroom breaks. For those who will tolerate it and benefit from it, there are also raincoats for dogs, as well as boots to protect their feet from wet ground. Then again, sometimes all it takes is for you to accompany them outside in the rain, as they ...
Co-author: Sandro Vaienti (University of Marseille) By using new techniques originally developed for the analysis of extreme values of dynamical systems, several long records of temperatures at different locations are analysed by showing that they have the same recurrence time statistics of a chaotic dynamical system perturbed with dynamical noise and by instrument errors. The technique provides a criterion to discriminate whether the recurrence of a certain temperature belongs to the natural climate variability or can be considered as a real extreme event with respect to a specific time scale fixed as parameter. The method gives a self-consistent estimation of the convergence. ...
Their silent colloquy was interrupted by a rain shower. This time the downpour was cool rather than cold and fell without hail. The four twinks got to their feet, smiling at the welcome interruption. They raised their faces and their arms to natures cleansing and cooling rains, letting the rain drum on their heads and chests. The refreshing waters flowing down their sides and their bellies, dividing around the prows of their proud cocks, sluicing down their cleavages. The youths joined hands and circled clockwise as if in a dance, all the while looked up at the rain clouds, blinking away the drops that fell onto their faces and plastered the hair to their heads. For that moment they were just four happy youngsters without a care in the world or even the sense to come in out of the rain, like naughty boys taking perverse delight in deliberately stomping their way through a puddle rather than going around it, much to their mothers consternation and dismay. Well mothers may grumble but isnt a ...
Doskonały sposób na pielęgnację zarostu oraz skóry pod nim. Olejek do brody Bearded Man Rain Forest porwie Cię swoim aromatycznym zapachem. Kosmetyk świetnie nawilża oraz odżywia. Sprawdź koniecznie!
There was no fog, mist, rain or precipitation on this night. The air quality listed on airnow.gov was "good," with a rating of 48 ...
As Ive mentioned, weve been getting epic amounts of rain. Usually, I dont think much of it because it simply means more water to paddle on. However, it has been so wet that mowing the lawn has been impossible. Today, Fathers Day, I decided that it was necessary for me to mow the lawn come hell or high water. (Thought I was joking about the high water part when I started, but noooo....) About two weeks ago, I fed and limed the lawn again as it was doing somewhat poorly. Then it began to rain. After each rainfall, there seemed to be a rustling noise followed by an audible *POP!* and the grass would grow another 2". This morning, I went out to empty the compost into the bin we keep out back and my feet were disappearing with each footstep into the verdant leviathan which my lawn has become. Drastic intervention was required, rain or no rain ...
Meteorologist Myles Hendersons First Warning Forecast Rain chances climb, temperatures fall… Temperatures will fall into the mid 50s this afternoon. Most of the day will be mostly cloudy with showers moving in.
Woke this morning at 2.30am to the sound of the heaviest rain Ive heard since the beginning of the year, was great to hear on the roof. Feels quite warm today hope tomorrow can get anoth heat going for some storms in the afternoon, evening. Mid to upper level shear looks really good with plenty of moisture feeding in from the NE also instibility is quite high. Looks interesting anyway ...
Effects of temperature and precipitation on grassland bird nesting success as mediated by patch size, Zuckerberg, Benjamin, Ribic Christine A., and McCauley Lisa A. , Conservation Biology, Feb-6-2018, (2018) ...
* Light rains to help stabilize crop losses * Corn and soybean crops already severely harmed * Cool snap provides some relief in Midwest By Sam Nelson CHICAGO, Aug 15 (Reuters) - Midday weather
Hi Rain, Im interested in how your company is setup and its by-laws because there is a piece of property that I may attempt to setup in a fashion in which the land use is clearly oriented towards permaculture with as little as mechanized technology as possible. Ive seen some intentional communities general structure but Ive never had the chance to ask someone these types of questions directly. So, if you feel like responding, here goes: 1- What type of legal entity is it (LLC, C-corp, or a non-profit)? 2-Assuming the land is 100% paid off, how is the each persons financial share determined as they join (past purchase value, current tax appraisal, third party appraisal)? 3- When another person(s) wishes to share the land, how much do they put down, what payment periods, and what problems/solutions did you discover along the way regarding these methods? 4- Assuming there are two parties whove paid their share which comes to 100% of the property; when a third party comes along and wishes to ...