Read "A high-resolution radiation hybrid map of the proximal region of rat Chromosome 4, Mammalian Genome" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
en] The callipyge (CLPG) gene was fine-mapped by linkage analysis to a 4.6-cM chromosome interval on distal ovine OAR18q, flanked by microsatellite markers IDVGA30 and OY3. The OAR18q linkage map and human HSA14q transcript map were aligned by genotyping two bovine-hamster whole-genome radiation hybrid panels with the microsatellite markers, as well as with sequences corresponding to HSA 14q genes. Using Type I loci mapping to the IDVGA30-OY3 interval as anchor points, we have constructed a 1.4-Mb bovine BAC contig containing the IDVGA30-OY3 interval. We demonstrate that the IDVGA30-OY3 interval spans approximately 770 kb and contains at least four genes: YY1, WARS, DLK1, and GTL2 ...
Williams, J. L., Eggen, A., Ferretti, L., Farr, C. J., Gautier, M., Amati, G., Ball, G., Caramorr, T., Critcher, R., Costa, S., Hextall, P., Hills, D., Jeulin, A., Kiguwa, S. L., Ross, O., Smith, A. L., Saunier, K., Urquhart, B. and Waddington, D., A bovine whole-genome radiation hybrid panel and outline map. Mamm. Genome 2002. 13: 469-474 ...
Read "An extensive and comprehensive radiation hybrid map of bovine Chromosome 15: comparison with human Chromosome 11, Mammalian Genome" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The genus Seriola, which includes yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata), amberjack (Seriola dumerili), and kingfish (Seriola lalandi), accounted for ,60% of the total Japanese mariculture production in 2011 [1]. Yellowtail, in particular, are very popular with Japanese consumers. At present, culturists rely on the capture of wild juveniles to provide the seed as commercial scale methods for captive reproduction and early rearing have yet to be developed. Thus, there is a clear need to develop methods for breeding to preserve wild stocks and facilitate the selection of economically important traits. The latter requires genomic information such as the chromosomal locations of genetic polymorphisms and expressed genes. Currently, there are a limited number of yellowtail families available for linkage analysis. Even though a female linkage map with 180 microsatellite markers has been reported [2], there remains a need for maps of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and cDNAs to inform yellowtail genomic ...
Richa Agarwala and Alejandro Schäffer developed software, called rh_tsp_map, to construct radiation hybrid maps and to integrate maps that contain overlapping marker sets. Many improvements in version 3.0 of rh_tsp_map were implemented by Edward Rice. He is also first author of an extensive tutorial and set of man pages that now accompany the rh_tsp_map download shown as a link on the left. The radiation hybrid mapping methods are based on: a new strategy to select framework markers, a known reduction from the radiation hybrid mapping problem to the traveling salesman problem, and using the existing software CONCORDE to solve large instances of the traveling salesman problem. The map construction software was used at NCBI to construct dense human radiation hybrid maps. Follow the link on the right to learn more about these maps. The software has also been used to construct maps of the cat and the dog, which are described in some of the references, as well as other vertebrates. Participants ...
Richa Agarwala and Alejandro Schäffer developed software, called rh_tsp_map, to construct radiation hybrid maps and to integrate maps that contain overlapping marker sets. Many improvements in version 3.0 of rh_tsp_map were implemented by Edward Rice. He is also first author of an extensive tutorial and set of man pages that now accompany the rh_tsp_map download shown as a link on the left. The radiation hybrid mapping methods are based on: a new strategy to select framework markers, a known reduction from the radiation hybrid mapping problem to the traveling salesman problem, and using the existing software CONCORDE to solve large instances of the traveling salesman problem. The map construction software was used at NCBI to construct dense human radiation hybrid maps. Follow the link on the right to learn more about these maps. The software has also been used to construct maps of the cat and the dog, which are described in some of the references, as well as other vertebrates. Participants ...
Background: The uneven distribution of recombination across the length of chromosomes results in inaccurate estimates of genetic to physical distances. In wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) chromosome 3B, it has been estimated that 90% of the cross over events occur in distal sub-telomeric regions representing 40% of the chromosome. Radiation hybrid (RH) mapping which does not rely on recombination is a strategy to map genomes and has been widely employed in animal species and more recently in some plants. RH maps have been proposed to provide i) higher and ii) more uniform resolution than genetic maps, and iii) to be independent of the distribution patterns observed for meiotic recombination. An in vivo RH panel was generated for mapping chromosome 3B of wheat in an attempt to provide a complete scaffold for this ~1 Gb segment of the genome and compare the resolution to previous genetic maps. Results: A high density RH map with 541 marker loci anchored to chromosome 3B spanning a total distance of ...
The success of a RH mapping project depends on the level of radiation-induced breakage of chromosomes and the ability to recover subchromosome fragments. An additional consideration is the ability to detect chromosome breaks with available markers. We have material of an alloplasmic durum line with the A and B genome chromosomes where a portion of the 1D chromosome carrying scsae from hexaploid wheat has been introgressed. Radiation induces breakage over the entire genome of this line and except for breakages in the 1D portion, all other breakages are masked due to addition of complementary A and B genome chromosome after crossing the irradiated RH0 plants with LDN16. Using DNA-based markers for chromosome 1D, we have successfully identified the critical breakages (Figures 5 and 6).. In our study, we used 39 DNA-based markers in analyzing radiation-induced breakages in a mapping population of 87 individuals. Twenty-seven of these markers identified breakages in chromosome 1D (Figure 5) and the ...
The Lith1 region on Chromosome (Chr) 2 contains a gene that markedly affects the prevalence of cholesterol gallstones in inbred mice. We report the high-resolution genetic and radiation hybrid maps of the chromosomal region surrounding Lith1, using three resources: a DNA panel from 188 progeny from two reciprocal backcrosses between C57BL/6 and Mus spretus inbred strains; 423 progeny of an N4 generation from backcrossing the susceptible C57L/J alleles at Lith1 into the resistant AKR/J strain; and the newly developed hamster-mouse T31 radiation hybrid panel. We mapped 17 microsatellite markers in the D2Mit182 to D2Mit14 region and two candidate genes for Lith1, the canalicular bile salt export pump (Bsep) also known as sister of P-glycoprotein (Spgp) and the low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related gene megalin (Gp330). Both genetic maps were in agreement and ordered the microsatellite markers into a 10.4 +/- 1.5 cM region. The high-resolution physical map revealed ordering of microsatellite
A program written by UCSC student Jim Kent, called GigAssembler, is used to periodically assemble a widely used public draft version of the human genome sequence using updated data from GenBank at the National Center For Biotechnology Information (NCBI). This assembly is steadily improving as the the public sequencing consortium churns out new data. We will look at the coverage statistics on the latest assembly, and then look at web tools to explore it, and what they find. The three most widely used public annotation browsers are the UCSC Genome browser (genome.ucsc.edu), the Ensembl genome browser (www.ensembl.org), and the NCBI map viewer (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/guide), the latter based on NCBIs own sequence assembly. We will focus on the UCSC browser, which shows a rich variety of data mapped to the genome sequence, including predicted genes, expressed sequence tags, full length mRNAs, genetic and radiation hybrid map markers, cytogenetically mapped clones, single nucleotide ...
Radiation Hybrid Map, Physical Map, and Low-pass Genomic Sequence of the Canine Prcd Region on CFA9 and Comparative Mapping With the Syntenic Region on Human chromosome 17( Small Star, Filled ...
Vertebrate Tpr and its probable homologs in insects and yeast are heptad repeat-dominated nuclear proteins of M(r) 195,000 to M(r) 267,000 the functions of which are still largely unknown. Whereas two homologs exist in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, it has remained uncertain whether metazoans possess different paralogs or isoforms of Tpr that might explain controversial reports on the subcellular localization of this protein. To address these possibilities, we first determined the sequence and structure of the murine tpr gene, revealing a TATA box-less gene of approximately 57 kb and 52 exons. Southern hybridization of genomic DNA and radiation hybrid mapping showed that murine tpr exists as a single-copy gene on chromosome 1; RNA blotting analyses and EST (expressed sequence tag) database mining revealed that its expression results in only one major mRNA in embryonic and most adult tissues. Accordingly, novel antibodies against the N- and C-terminus of Tpr identified the full-length protein as the ...
Mapping resources The group discussed the benefits of construction of a database of restriction fragment fingerprints for a BAC library. The value of this database will be to reduce the redundancy of the clone sets with which the mappers have to work, thereby simplifying the mapping problem. End sequences from the fingerprinted clones would be very valuable as an additional data set. There is no evidence that fingerprints are a true measure of clone fidelity. The issue was raised as to whether further investment should be made in generating and mapping additional random STSs to assist in long-range mapping. It was agreed that additional markers will be needed but that the most useful ones will be those generated from the ends of contigs, rather than random markers. There was some agreement that there may be a need for rapid RH mapping of such directed markers in a year or so. More importantly, there was general agreement that a long range mapping plan is needed. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
This unit provides an introduction to the various types of hybrid panels in use and reviews the status of commercially available panels
This page provides quick access to the Comparative mapping functions available in the Map Viewer. Currently, comparative maps are calculated using HomoloGene orthology predictions. Once the gene pairs have been established, blocks of conserved syteny can be established using the positions of each gene object in their respective builds. Data used to calculate the Gene Table View is available from our FTP site.. ...
Molecular tools to analyse and identify inherited diseases have become quickly available over the last five years. To date DNA polymorphisms covering the entire canine genome can be used by all well-equipped laboratories, to identify markers for any disease. DNA libraries of the canine genome containing large-insert clones of dog DNA are also available, which is required to focus on the smallest possible region linked to the disease, when a linked marker has been identified. When a small chromosomal region has been identified, it is possible to analyse genes of interest in that area. Here the availability of the genome map of other species, like man and mouse, is very important. Comparison of syntenic regions of different species almost always reveals genes shared by all mammalian species. With such methods it is now possible to find any functional gene mutation, even when it is an yet unknown gene of which the function has not yet been identified. The internet has become as important as the lab ...
Molecular tools to analyse and identify inherited diseases have become quickly available over the last five years. To date DNA polymorphisms covering the entire canine genome can be used by all well-equipped laboratories, to identify markers for any disease. DNA libraries of the canine genome containing large-insert clones of dog DNA are also available, which is required to focus on the smallest possible region linked to the disease, when a linked marker has been identified. When a small chromosomal region has been identified, it is possible to analyse genes of interest in that area. Here the availability of the genome map of other species, like man and mouse, is very important. Comparison of syntenic regions of different species almost always reveals genes shared by all mammalian species. With such methods it is now possible to find any functional gene mutation, even when it is an yet unknown gene of which the function has not yet been identified. The internet has become as important as the lab ...
The nuclear‐encoded species cytoplasm specific (scs) genes control nuclear-cytoplasmic compatibility in wheat (genus Triticum). Alloplasmic cells, which have nucleus and cytoplasm derived from different species, produce vigorous and vital organisms only when the correct version of scs is present in their nucleus. In this study, bulks of in vivo radiation hybrids segregating for the scs phenotype h ...
Among domestic animals, the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), particularly the river buffalo, holds great promise and potential for animal production. According to estimates by the "Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations" the global water buffalo population has increased 98% in the last decades, from 88 million in 1961 to 174 million in 2005. Buffalo is the most important farm animal species in Asia, especially India, where it is extensively used for milk, meat, fuel and fertilizer production (from manure), as well as for draught power [1]. Currently, river buffalo can be found in many countries worldwide. The growth of its population outside of the Asian continent is mainly related to the increasing interest in milk production used to produce cream, butter, yogurt and many cheeses. Brazil, for instance, is the largest buffalo breeding center outside the Asian continent holding the largest buffalo herd in the Americas.. River buffalo, along with domestic cattle, belongs to the ...
Water buffalo is a globally important species for agriculture and local economies. A de novo assembled, well annotated, reference sequence for the water buffalo is an important prerequisite for studying the biology of this species, and necessary to manage genetic diversity and to use modern breeding and genomic selection techniques. However, no such genome assembly has been previously reported. There are two species of domestic water buffalo, the river (2n=50) and the swamp (2n=48) buffalo. Here we describe a draft quality reference sequence for the river buffalo created from Illumina GA and Roche 454 short read sequences using the MaSuRCA assembler. The assembled sequence is 2.83 Gb, consisting of 366,983 scaffolds with a scaffold N50 of 1.41 Mb and contig N50 of 21,398 bp. Annotation of the genome was supported by transcriptome data from 30 tissues, and identified 21,711 predicted protein coding genes. Searches for complete mammalian BUSCO gene groups found 98.6% of curated single copy
We carried out whole genome resequencing of 127 chicken including red jungle fowl and multiple populations of commercial broilers and layers to perform a systematic screening of adaptive changes in modern chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus). We uncovered ,21 million high quality SNPs of which 34% are newly detected variants. This panel comprises ,115,000 predicted amino-acid altering substitutions as well as 1,100 SNPs predicted to be stop-gain or -loss, several of which reach high frequencies. Signatures of selection were investigated both through analyses of fixation and differentiation to reveal selective sweeps that may have had prominent roles during domestication and breed development. Contrasting wild and domestic chicken we confirmed selection at the BCO2 and TSHR loci and identified 34 putative sweeps co-localized with ALX1, KITLG, EPGR, IGF1, DLK1, JPT2, CRAMP1, and GLI3, among others. Analysis of enrichment between groups of wild vs. commercials and broilers vs. layers revealed a ...
This track shows locations of Sequence Tagged Site (STS) markers along the draft assembly. These markers have been mapped using either genetic mapping (Genethon, Marshfield, and deCODE maps), radiation hybridization mapping (Stanford, Whitehead RH, and GeneMap99 maps) or YAC mapping (the Whitehead YAC map) techniques. Since August 2001, this track no longer displays fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) clones, which are now displayed in a separate track.. Genetic map markers are shown in blue; radiation hybrid map markers are shown in black. When a marker maps to multiple positions in the genome, it is shown in a lighter color.. ...
Background:The publication of the first draft chicken sequence assembly became available in 2004 and was updated in 2006. However, this does not constitute a definitive and complete sequence of the chicken genome, since the microchromosomes are notably under-represented. In an effort to develop maps for the microchromosomes absent from the chicken genome assembly, we developed radiation hybrid (RH) and genetic maps with markers isolated from sequence currently assigned to chromosome Unknown (chrUn). The chrUn is composed of sequence contigs not assigned to named chromosomes. To identify and map sequence belonging to the microchromosomes we used a comparative mapping strategy, and we focused on the small linkage group E26C13. Results:In total, 139 markers were analysed with the chickRH6 panel, of which 120 were effectively assigned to the E26C13 linkage group, the remainder mapping elsewhere in the genome. The final RH map is composed of 22 framework markers extending over a 245.6 cR distance. ...
Abstract: : Purpose: Anterior segment diseases including aniridia occur in the dog. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the canine PAX6 gene for the presence of causal mutations and to determine both its map position and transcriptional complexity in the canine genome. Methods: A canine pedigree was identified in which aniridia segregates as an autosomal recessive trait. Whole blood was used to make genomic DNA for analysis. PAX6 cDNA was cloned by RT-PCR from a canine retinal cDNA library. To test for the presence of multiple transcripts, primers were designed from human isoform b and used opposite canine primers. A canine radiation-hybrid (RH3000) panel was used to map PAX6 in relation to 3 genes on CFA18 (WT1, CD44, COLF1). To facilitate exon scanning in normal, affected, and carrier animals, primers were designed to span both introns and exons. Results: The entire 1289 bp coding sequence of canine PAX6 was cloned and shows 97% homology with the human sequence and 99.8% homology with the ...
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The Canine Genome and DNA Testing in REDMOND, WA. All Things Pawsitive is your local Veterinarian in REDMOND serving all of your needs. Call us today at (425) 882-4303 for an appointment.
Ferranti, Pasquale and Facchiano, Angelo and Zappacosta, Francesca and Vincenti, Donatella and Rullo, Rosario and Masala, Bruno Lucio and Di Luccia, Aldo (2001) Primary structure of α-globin chains from river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis L.) hemoglobins. ...
Genome maps are essential for identifying genes that cause inherited disease. They consist of a series of markers, or molecular street signs, positioned along each chromosome, which act as reference points for navigating different regions of the genome. Currently, the canine map is composed of about several hundred such markers, which provide addresses for over 90 percent of the genome and as a result, the current map has proven useful for identifying the general location of several disease genes. But a much more highly refined map is necessary if we are to actually clone disease genes of interest (not just identify their location) and, subsequently, develop affordable and reproducible genetic tests. This proposal aims to characterize several hundred random clones, each containing a small portion of the canine genome, and then order them on the existing map, relative to the markers and genes already positioned. These clones, called BACs, will serve as entry points along the canine genome to begin a
The rat and mouse had a common ancestor 15-40 Myr ago, and although substantial chromosomal rearrangements have occurred since they diverged, there is still a high degree of similarity in gene organization in the two genomes. Taking advantage of this similarity, mapping information can be transferred between the two genomes and prediction of positions for hitherto unmapped genes can be made with a high degree of accuracy. In this work, we have put together available information for 916 orthologous rat and mouse gene pairs and, with very few exceptions, all of the gene pairs fell into 52 distinct chromosomal segments (sex chromosomes not included). Most of these segments were confirmed by mouse-on-rat heterologous painting (zoo-FISH) and they were used to make up the backbone of a rat-mouse comparative map. This comparative map was used as a framework for making a rat-mouse prediction map. Predictions for the rat genome were made in two ways. Firstly, the relative position for each orthologous ...
Notice: Shapes and Sizes May Vary from Country to Country - With these interactive charts, you can see the chestiest and most well-endowed countries in the world. The U.S. boasts a voluptuous, mostly D-cup p...
Note: This page retrieves genomic DNA for a single region. If you would prefer to get DNA for many items in a particular track, or get DNA with formatting options based on gene structure (introns, exons, UTRs, etc.), try using the Table Browser with the "sequence" output format ...
Systematic forward genetics using somatic cell mutants is a powerful tool in elucidating biochemical pathways [1]. However, it is often difficult to identify the genetic loci responsible for a particular somatic cell mutant phenotype. Map-based positional cloning strategies can be used in somatic cell hybrids to analyze mutants with recessive phenotypes. By tracking DNA sequence variants that co-segregate with heritable traits, the genes accounting for these traits can be localized to specific chromosomal locations [2]. Recent advances in genome sequencing have facilitated the assembly of physical maps of candidate regions, but fine mapping and narrowing of candidate regions is still often tedious and remains a major obstacle in somatic cell genetics. Consequently, there is a need to efficiently map the positions of genes in somatic cell mutants.. We previously established a method to enrich for human genes that complement rodent somatic cell mutants [3]. The mutant rodent cells are fused with ...
Background Although many QTL for various traits have been mapped in livestock, location confidence intervals remain wide that makes difficult the identification of causative mutations. The aim of this...
The default setting for the map is the satellite view which is optimized for clear viewing of the symbols and icons. By selecting the "settings" tab, however, it is possible to change to a hybrid map (e.g. a satellite map with major streets and localities superimposed), or to the standard map.. When viewing SODmap at a regional scale level, individual points will not be visible. Instead, white numbers will indicate major clusters of trees sampled in each area. The number itself represents the actual number of samples and it is positioned approximately in the central point of the cluster of contiguous sampled trees. As you enlarge the view, major clusters of sampled trees will split into smaller clusters; again the numbers will be positioned in the center of the sample area each number represents.. When the scale allows for it, the actual individual trees will be visible as colored drop pins. Red pins indicate SOD positive trees, while green indicates trees that were sampled but were negative for ...
A strategy was developed to generate expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from human pancreatic islet gene products using differential display of mRNA. Screening of over 2,000 cDNA amplification products identified 42 cDNAs that were preferentially expressed in pancreatic islets relative to exocrine tissue. Public database analysis showed that 29 (69%) corresponded to novel genes, in contrast with only 66 of 250 (26.4%) cDNA clones randomly selected from a human islet library. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) and/or Northern analysis of RNA from multiple tissues confirmed that expression was enhanced in human islet cell RNA for 11 of 15 tested cDNAs. Sequencetagged sites developed from 19 islet cDNAs were used to map these genes to human chromosomes using a combination of monochromosomal somatic-cell hybrids, genome-wide radiation hybrids, and mega-yeast artificial chromosome analysis. These results indicate that this PCR-based cDNA selection strategy yields information on a ...
Bubalis: 18 assigned downloads, like Water Buffaloes Bubalus bubalis, Kompong Thom Province, Cambodia, Southeast Asia from stock-photos
Do I really need to know every little bump (tuberosity)? It just seems like so much material. Im not sure if I can fit it all in my brain! Thank goodness tomorrow is Friday! I can catch up over the weekend and focus on my courses under control. Im starting to wonder if it is possible to keep up with classes in vet school. I think feeling behind is just a part of my new life as a vet student. Im really not sure if I can study any more tonight. My brain has had it for the night! But this is what I have always wanted to do, so Im enjoying it despite all of the studying. I think Ill like it better when Im out of anatomy. One of my friends gave this explanation...As a pre-vet student you are thirsty for knowledge of veterinary science...vet school is like trying to take a drink out of a fire hose at full blast. ...
Using the direct identification of repeat expansion and cloning technique, we cloned a novel long CAG/CTG trinucleotide repeat on chromosome 17. Using radiation hybrid panels, the CAG/CTG repeat was mapped to chromosome 17q. The CAG/CTG repeat is hig
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are a large family of zinc metalloenzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide. They participate in a variety of biological processes, including respiration, calcification, acid-base balance, bone resorption, and the formation of aqueous humor, cerebrospinal fluid, saliva, and gastric acid. They show extensive diversity in tissue distribution and in their subcellular localization. CA IX is a transmembrane protein and is one of only two tumor-associated carbonic anhydrase isoenzymes known. It is expressed in all clear-cell renal cell carcinoma, but is not detected in normal kidney or most other normal tissues. It may be involved in cell proliferation and transformation. This gene was mapped to 17q21.2 by fluorescence in situ hybridization, however, radiation hybrid mapping localized it to 9p13-p12. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2014 ...
DNA BASER Assembler - affordable sequence assembly, free and safe download. DNA BASER Assembler - affordable sequence assembly latest version: Tool used to assemble DNA samples.
Watch this video to see how to assemble Sanger trace data in SeqMan Pro. After assembly, you can use SeqMan Pros integrated views to see read alignment, assembly coverage, and base quality. You can also edit and annotate the consensus sequence directly in SeqMan Pro.
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Building and characterization of MVA-GZ. (A) Genome map of MVA recombinant MVA-gz (top rated), which encodes gfpzeo (gz) under the regulate of an early modified
Press Release issued Oct 13, 2017: Whey, a by-product of the cheese manufacturing sector, is a rich source of protein. It also contains milk fat, but in minimal quantities. This whey collected thus contains a higher amount of water. To remove the excess water, the whey is concentrated and demineralized. Following this, it is spray-dried so as to obtain flowing powder. Whey protein can be of any one the three types: whey protein isolate, whey protein concentrate, and whey protein hydrolysate.
The Canine Genome and DNA Testing in Spring, TX. Treaschwig Veterinary Clinic is your local Veterinarian in Spring serving all of your needs. Call us today at (281) 443-2626 for an appointment.
Correlation and regression analysis of the body measurements of the Doro Ncanga Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) reared extensively in the Savanna of Mount Tambora Dompu Regency, Indonesia
The genome of a female Hereford cow has been sequenced by the Bovine Genome Sequencing and Analysis Consortium, a team of researchers led by the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.[1] It is one of the largest genomes ever sequenced. The results, published in the journal Science on April 24, 2009,[2] are likely to have a major impact on livestock breeding.[3] They were obtained by more than 300 scientists in 25 countries after six years of effort.. The size of the bovine genome is 3 Gb (3 billion base pairs). It contains approximately 22,000 genes of which 14,000 are common to all mammalian species. Bovines share 80 percent of their genes with humans; cows are less similar to humans than rodents (humans and rodents belong to the clade of Supraprimates). They also have about 1,000 genes shared with dogs and rodents but not identified in humans.[4]. The charting of key DNA differences, also known as haplotypes, between several varieties of cattle could allow ...
SynMap analysis of Alligator (x-axis) to Chicken (y-axis). Alligator contigs ordered and oriented according to their Syntenic Path to chicken chromosomes, and syntenic gene pairs are colored by their synonymous mutation rates. Note that nearly the entire chicken genome is covered by alligator contigs, but there are many alligator contigs that are not syntenically mapped to chicken. These probably contain few genes to extract a syntenic signal (minimum of three genes required by this analyis) or are made up of only non-genic (repetitive) sequences. Also, the regions of secondary synteny (not on the 45-degree line) are probably due to most recent paleo-tetraploidy event in the vertebrate lineage (1R or 2R). Results may be regenerated at: http://genomevolution.org/r/5ec3 ...