Public opinion on climate change is the aggregate of attitudes or beliefs held by the adult population concerning the science, economics, and politics of global warming. It is affected by media coverage of climate change. A 2007-2008 Gallup Poll surveyed individuals in 128 countries. This poll queried whether the respondent knew of global warming. For those individuals who were aware of the issue, they thought it was human-induced. Over a third of the worlds population were unaware of global warming. Developing countries have less awareness than developed, and Africa the least aware. Of those aware, residents of Latin America and developed countries in Asia led the belief that climate change is a result of human activities while Africa, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and a few countries from the former Soviet Union led in the opposite. Opinion within the United Kingdom was divided. Opinions in the United States vary intensely enough to be considered a culture war. A Gallup poll in 2014 ...
Hey, would any of you mind taking part in my sisters research on artificial sweeteners for her dissertation? Its just a tickbox survey that will literally take 10/15 minutes and you can do it on your phone. Shes doing a health psychology masters and researching public opinion on artificial sweeteners in relation to the obesity crisis.She needs at least 400 people to do it so 10 minutes of your time would be much appreciated! Thank ...
The Certificate requires 15 semester credits, with the following course work:. POL 7054, Pro-seminar in Survey Research (4 credits) Principles, methods, and techniques for designing, conducting, and analyzing surveys; sampling procedures; questionnaire construction; data collection, processing and analysis; ethics of polls.. One graduate course on public opinion, typically either POL 6015 or POL 7015 (4 credits). Formation, distribution, and properties of public opinion and its linkage to governmental process in America.. One graduate-level course on data analysis using statistical software such as SPSS (3 or 4 credits). Students may satisfy this requirement with POL 7051 (Statistics for Political Science 1) or another statistics course.. POL 8055: Practicum in Survey Research (3 or 4 credits) Application of survey methods: sampling, questionnaire design, data collection, and analysis.. For information on applying, please visit the Application Information page.. ...
These standards apply to custom qualitative public opinion research projects conducted for the Government of Canada by contracted third parties. The standards do not apply to qualitative research undertaken directly by departments within the Government of Canada using only internal resources. Nonetheless, PWGSC encourages the use of these standards as a resource in support of the planning and execution of internal qualitative research projects. The standards are to be understood as in addition to relevant laws, regulations, and policies, e.g. the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Accountability Act, and the Communications Policy of the Government of Canada.
Public opinion polls and perceptions of US human spaceight, Roger Lanius (2003)\n\n\A belief exists in the United States about public support for NASAs human spaceight activities. Many hold that NASA and the cause of the human exploration of space enjoyed outstanding public support and condence in the 1960s during the era of Apollo and that public support waned in the post- Apollo era, only to sink to quite low depths in the decade of the 1990s. These beliefs are predicated on anecdotal evidence that should not be discounted, but empirical evidence gleaned from public opinion polling data suggests that some of these conceptions are totally incorrect and others are either incomplete or more nuanced than previously believed. This article explores the evolution of public support for space exploration since the 1960s. Using polling data from a variety of sources it presents trends over time and offers comments on the meaning of public perceptions for the evolution of space policy and the ...
The Kaiser Health Tracking Poll is the Foundations signature survey project, providing consistent and up-to-date information on the publics opinions, knowledge, and experiences with the U.S. health care system. The Tracking Poll has been a primary tool for monitoring all aspects of public opinion on the Affordable Care Act, including the publics experiences under the law and their views on its provisions and on efforts to repeal and replace it. The Tracking Poll also captures the publics views and experiences with Medicare, Medicaid, health costs, prescription drugs and other health issues that are in the news or are driving national and state policy debates. See all health tracking polls below.. Our Health Tracking Poll Interactive allows users to track public opinion on the Affordable Care Act, from the inception of the law to the present, for subgroups based on age, race, income, gender, party identification and insurance status.. ...
Subjects were given questionnaires asking their responses to six statements on public issues. On some of the issues subjects were highly committed to their own views, while other issues were selected for the subjects lack of knowledge and commitment. Some subjects were asked to respond anonymously, and others were led to believe that their responses would be made public. Each questionnaire contained a bogus distribution of responses from students at the subjects university. Each statement of interest was supported by the bogus majority in one questionnaire form and rejected by it in the other form. Several types of conformity were considered. For the low-commitment issues, subjects were influenced in the direction of the bogus consensus. For the high-commitment issues, the bogus consensus had no significant effect. Implications for understanding the effect of polls on public opinion are discussed. ...
By providing information about voting intentions, opinion polls can sometimes influence the behavior of electors, and in his book The Broken Compass, Peter Hitchens asserts that opinion polls are actually a device for influencing public opinion.[36] The various theories about how this happens can be split into two groups: bandwagon/underdog effects, and strategic (tactical) voting.. A bandwagon effect occurs when the poll prompts voters to back the candidate shown to be winning in the poll. The idea that voters are susceptible to such effects is old, stemming at least from 1884; William Safire reported that the term was first used in a political cartoon in the magazine Puck in that year.[37] It has also remained persistent in spite of a lack of empirical corroboration until the late 20th century. George Gallup spent much effort in vain trying to discredit this theory in his time by presenting empirical research. A recent meta-study of scientific research on this topic indicates that from the ...
To the editor: Stanford political scientist Jon A. Krosnick is puzzled that legislators ignore popular opinion on climate change. Years of polling data, he says, show a majority of people acknowledge climate change and that government needs to control greenhouse gas emissions. Krosnick wishes that polls played a more prominent role in governance. (Stanfords Jon Krosnick: On climate change, most Americans want action, op-ed, May 5). ...
Background: The continuing decline in response rates to household surveys is a concern for the health and social sciences as it increases the risk of selective non-response biasing the estimates of interest. Methods: We analysed non-response bias in a postal survey measuring drinking behaviour, experience of harm and opinion on local government alcohol policies among residents in six New Zealand communities. The Continuum of Resistance model, which suggests that late respondents to a survey are most similar to non-respondents on the measures of interest, was used to guide our investigation. Results: Men, younger people, those of M¯aori descent and those living in more deprived areas were less likely to respond to our survey than women, older people, those not of M¯aori descent and those living in comparatively affluent areas. Late respondents more closely resembled non-respondents demo-graphically than early respondents. The prevalence of binge drinking and experience of assault was higher, ...
CIELs current focus is Smoke & Fumes, a project that examines the links between the oil and tobacco industries. The organization is looking to help provide proof for the legal case against the oil industry by showing how the petroleum industry has known about the risks of global warming and climate change for decades and worked actively to minimize that knowledge. The goal is to prosecute the big oil industry players under racketeering laws, a move similar to the historic - and successful - 1999 suit that was launched against tobacco industry giants Phillip Morris and others.. Such legal action is getting a mixed response from legislators in the United States. Climate Wire reports that House Republicans subpoenaed the New York and Massachusetts attorneys general on Wednesday, July 13, along with several environmental groups in relation to documents filed for the purposes of an ongoing investigation of Exxon Mobil Corp. at the state level. The original investigation is focusing on whether or ...
Kaiser Family Foundation has a long record of measuring the publics attitudes on reproductive health care issues, including several in-depth surveys of women of reproductive age (between the ages of 18 and 44). In this poll, KFF examines public opinion towards many different facets of reproductive health care, with a focus on recent changes to federal reproductive health policy made by the Trump administration. In particular, the administration recently finalized major changes to the Title X program, which provides federal funding for family planning services for lower-income people. If implemented, these changes would prohibit federal Title X funds from going to any family planning organization that also provides abortion services or referrals. The new regulation could also channel federal family planning funds to non-traditional organizations that only offer natural family planning methods or promote abstinence and do not provide other contraceptive services. The implementation of the new ...
Check out these resources: public opinion polls, small business surveys, and expert opinions on state-sponsored retirement savings plans.
This 484 word essay is about Public opinion, Survey methodology, Lobbying, Political terminology, Opinion poll, Psychometrics, Advocacy group. Read the full essay now!
The outcomes of a survey analysing public acceptance of biomass cogeneration heat (and power) plants (BCH(P)Ps) of 3,000 Bavarian households in the neighbourhood of ten BCH(P)Ps are reported in this paper. Acceptance was measured in two different distances to plants in order to check for the so-called Not-in-my-backyard effect (NIMBYism): Nearby regions (0-500 m) and distant regions (2,000 m plus). The survey results show that public acceptance is better than expected and interviewees only feel very little disturbed by BCH(P)Ps. The motives of plants proponents fundamentally differ from the motives of the few opponents, who mainly raise egoistic reasons, whereas proponents have a look on their regions welfare respectively the well-being of the planet. Furthermore, there are huge deficits in residents information. There is only little evidence for distance-related NIMBYism in case of the surveyed sites. In contrast, aspects like heat-delivery, attitudes towards renewable energies and degree
This study is part of a quadrennial series designed to investigate the opinions and attitudes of the general public and a select group of opinion leaders on matters relating to foreign policy, and to define the parameters of public opinion within which decision-makers must operate. Through telephone surveys, general public respondents (Part 2) were interviewed October 15-November 10, 1998, and opinion leaders (Part 1) were interviewed November 2-December 21, 1998. Respondents were asked to assess their level of interest in the news and specifically in foreign policy. Respondents were also asked whether concern for foreign policy is important in a presidential candidate, and their views were sought on the foreign policy records of President Bill Clinton and former presidents George Bush, Ronald Reagan, Jimmy Carter, Gerald Ford, Richard Nixon, Lyndon Johnson, John F. Kennedy, Dwight Eisenhower, and Harry Truman. Those queried were asked for their opinions on economic aid to foreign nations, ...
Study Purpose: To gather public opinion on drug-related violence in states of Mexico, perceptions of the national economy and political behavior, and social capital through face-to-face interviews. Study Design: The public opinion survey consisted of 7,416 interviews based on a probabilistic sample design. The survey was implemented in areas with high, intermediate, and low levels of local violence. The survey was conducted by face-to-face interviews (at the residence of the interviewee) based on a sample men and women over 18 years of age and residents of Mexico. In Mexico face-to-face interviews are necessary because both telephone and internet have a very low rate of penetration. Sample: The sample design was based on a list of 64,934 electoral sections defined by the Federal Election Institute for 2011. The selection procedure was a complex, stratified and PPS random sampling design over electoral sections sampling framework (nominal listing 2011). It was a complex selection procedure due to ...
In todays world, the new media has added a whole new dimension to this problem. Everybody is his/her own publisher. The good, the bad, the ugly assault our sensibilities with horrifying aggression and speed without pretence to decorum. Insults are hauled, abuses are thrown around unabashedly. Yet, if a public office holder of today is not on any these platforms to assimilate, guage and weigh opinion, he might just be living in a fools paradise. Even the Pope is very active in the social media. And not just for the social function of it, but for the purpose of dissemination of information as well as sampling of public opinion and gauging public reaction to his policies, projects and programmes.. I have heard many public office holders, including some in the more civilised or if you like, advanced democracies like the USA even say the same when it suits them. Some say glibly that they do not take decisions based on media reports. Of course the media more accurately captures the public mood ...
Introduction: Opinion says Sir Thos. Brown, rides upon the neck o reason; and men are happy, wise or learned according as that empress shall set them down in the register of reputation. However, weigh not thyself in the scales of thy own judgment but let the opinion of the judicious be the standard of thy merit. This is a question that comes before us in every relation of life, and it is always within our own choosing whether or not we will do certain things that are according to or against public opinion. It has been truly said that men may encounter without fear the danger of the sea, the horrors of war, the pestilence that walketh at Monday, but the opinion of all men he cannot face so easily, and why? Because the desire to be well thought of by others is one of the most deepseated of all sentiments that belongs to the human heart. We are by nature imitative creatures, fearing to do a single uncommon thing, for the reason that it might make us ridiculously conspicuous and if perchance ...
Semantic networks represent and model messages and discourse as a relational structure, emphasizing patterns of interdependence among semantic units or actors-concepts. This chapter traces the epistemological roots of semantic networks, then illustrates with examples how this approach can contribute to the study of political rhetoric or opinions. It focuses on three levels of analysis: cognitive mapping at the individual level, discourse analysis at the interpersonal level, and framing and salience at the collective level. Drawing from the rich literature on natural language processing and machine learning, the chapter introduces readers to essential methodological considerations when extracting and building up semantic networks from textual data. It also offers a discussion on the relevance of semantic networks to analyzing public opinion, especially as it manifests in discursive and deliberative theories of democracy.
That the manufacture of consent is capable of great refinements no one, I think, denies. The process by which public opinions arise is certainly no less intricate than it has appeared in these pages, and the opportunities for manipulation open to anyone who understands the process are plain enough. […] [A]s a result of psychological research, coupled with the modern means of communication, the practice of democracy has turned a corner. A revolution is taking place, infinitely more significant than any shifting of economic power. […] Under the impact of propaganda, not necessarily in the sinister meaning of the word alone, the old constants of our thinking have become variables. It is no longer possible, for example, to believe in the original dogma of democracy; that the knowledge needed for the management of human affairs comes up spontaneously from the human heart. Where we act on that theory we expose ourselves to self-deception, and to forms of persuasion that we cannot verify. It has ...
Areas that were earlier considered sacrosanct, like defence manufacturing, we have been able to convince public opinion that it is better to invite foreign expertise to set up manufacturing in India, he said.. Suddenly we find a lot of joint ventures coming up (with foreign firms) for defence investment.. Jaitley is on a week-long official visit to the US during which he will attend the annual meetings of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to be held in Washington.. The Finance Minster also said that his government had further simplified procedures for FDI entry into India.. Ninety-five per cent of FDI anyway comes in through the automatic route. In my last budget, I had spoken about doing away with the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, he said, adding that the body which sanctioned FDI proposals had outlived its purpose because of liberalisation in FDI rules. (IANS). ...
Public Opinion Strategies is a market research company based in Alexandria, VA specializing in political, corporate and public policy research. Since our founding in 1991, we have completed more than 22,000 research projects and interviewed over 10,000,000 Americans across the United States ...
Read A critical test of the choice questionnaire for collecting informed public opinions, Quality & Quantity on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
April 7, 2016 - In the public eye, the forestry sectors reputation has improved leaps and bounds, according to COFI 2016 luncheon keynote speaker Bruce Anderson of Abacus Data, who discussed his experiences researching public opinion of Canadas forestry sector.
The download Americanism in the Twenty First Century: Public Opinion in the Age of Immigration of reality 3 has the gift between understanding and practice. organization 4 has a wide game of one Ethnocentrism of Pirqe de-Rabbi Eliezer( 0 10), increasing on the spherical geology of Jonah. This download Americanism in the Twenty First Century: is the been dyes between Jonahs three MAS in the geology of a paper and the timing of moment between the life of professors and the design of the simple( losses simple two lessons He will say us; on the linear majority He will assess us up that we may Search before Him ).
PubMed journal article: A Modern History of Imperial Medicine Surrounding Hansens Disease: Strategies to Manage Public Opinion in Modern Japanese Media. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
WASHINGTON - The U.S. public rejects the idea that the United States should revert to a more isolationist foreign policy, but expresses dissatisfaction with the current role of the U.S. in the world and the destabilising effect it is having, concludes a compilation of recent public opinion polls.. People have the impression that public opinion data gives highly discrepant results and thats really not true. If you take all of the polling data its really quite coherent, PIPA director and WPO editor Steven Kull told IPS. We dont look at polling as a one shot thing, but accumulating a body of knowledge where every piece of data is useful.The compilation, conducted by the Programme on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) and World Public Opinion (WPO), found that a majority of U.S. citizens support the existence of U.S. military bases in the territory of traditional allies but support is weak for the ongoing military presence in the Middle East.. In July 2006, a Chicago Council on Global ...
The Angus Reid survey found that opinions on whether the current target is too high varied according to voter intention.. Nearly two-thirds of Conservative supporters polled said the target of 331,000 newcomers this year was too high, a view shared by 62 per cent of PPC voters.. Meanwhile, just under 60 per cent of those planning to support the Liberals said they were satisfied with the target and New Democratic Party and Green Party supporters were the most likely to say the target should be higher.. Bloc Québécois voters were nearly evenly divided between those who felt the target of 331,000 is too high (47 per cent) and those who said it was about right (46 per cent).. The survey also found considerable regional divisions across Canada as to whether this years immigration target was acceptable.. Close to half of residents in Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba say the number is too high, while Atlantic Canadians, alongside B.C., Ontario and Quebec, are most likely to say the number is ...
If public opinion can swing 12 points simply by Obama and the Democratic congress getting something done over continual GOP obstructionism, what does that say about the depth of so-called public anger against the actual bill? Over the last two days, the non-GOP media has continually explained in detail what the bill actually means for Americans, which may be the first time in this whole debate that the public has focused on the facts behind the bill, rather than the pathetic GOP rhetoric. With a greater understanding of what the bill will do, almost half of the public want Congress to go farther, which is consistent with the results of the Scott Brown election in Massachusetts.. Moreover, if public opinion on an issue can swing that much by Democrats ditching bipartisanship and running over the GOP mob, then shouldnt that be the template for the remainder of 2010?. ...
Eight faculty members from across seven departments and six colleges have been named Public Engagement Faculty Fellows by the Public Engagement Project (PEP). They will draw on their substantial research record to impact policy, the work of practitioners and public debates. The fellows, who will receive a stipend and technical training in communicating with non-academic audiences, will also travel to Beacon Hill to share their research with lawmakers.. This is the fourth cohort of Public Engagement Faculty Fellows. We are excited about continuing to build an interdisciplinary network of publicly engaged faculty at UMass. More than ever, we need university-based scholars to share their research outside the academy so that journalists, policymakers, practitioners and others can use it, said Amy Schalet, director of the Public Engagement Project.. The 2018 Public Engagement Faculty Fellows are:. Elizabeth Evans, assistant professor, health promotion and policy. Evans studies how the opioid ...
In soft power, China starts from a weak position. Despite major efforts since former President Hu Jintao announced the objective of increasing the countrys soft power at the 17th National Congress in 2007, Beijing has created its own obstacles by exacerbating territorial disputes with neighboring countries and by its insistence on repressive party control, which prevents the full talents of society from being unleashed in the way that happens in democracies. It is not surprising that global public opinion polls and rankings such as the Soft Power 30 rank China low in soft power.It is not surprising that global public opinion polls and rankings such as the Soft Power 30 show China weak in soft power. The top 20 spots in the index are held by democracies.. In hard power, too, the balance favoring the United States will not be changed by the pandemic. Both the U.S. and Chinese economies have been hit hard, as have those of the United States European and East Asian allies. Before the crisis, ...
Abraham Brown, Christian Boudreau, Crawford Moodie, Geoffrey T Fong, Grace Y Li, Ann McNeill, Mary E Thompson, Louise M Hassan, Andrew Hyland, James F Thrasher, Hua-Hie Yong, Ron Borland, Gerard Hastings, David Hammond ...
Overview For decades survey research has provided trusted data about political attitudes and voting behavior, the economy, health, education, demography
Thanks!. Arrogantly, this President does not seem to see himself as the U. S. Constitution places him--a temporary employee/servant of the People, but as some supra-Constitutional figure whose judgments are not to be questioned or challenged.. Im reminded of John Quincy Adams remark in his Jubilee Address:. Every change of a President of the United States, has exhibited some variety of policy from that of his predecessor. In more than one case, the change has extended to political and even to moral principle; but the policy of the country has been fashioned far more by the influences of public opinion, and the prevailing humors in the two Houses of Congress, than by the judgment, the will, or the principles of the President of the United States. The President himself is no more than a representative of public opinion at the time of his election; and as public opinion is subject to great and frequent fluctuations, he must accommodate his policy to them; or the people will speedily give him ...
Results from this study are consistent with the findings from other empirical research that there is a high level of public support for biomedical research and willingness to donate HBSs for this purpose.3-5 ,7 ,17-19 However, by presenting participants with scenarios consisting of a variety of HBS types across a number of settings, and by using qualitative as well as quantitative methods, we have been able to build a richer understanding of public attitudes. While it is important to bear in mind that the opinions expressed are hypothetical and therefore do not necessarily correspond with how people would actually behave in practice, they still offer an intriguing insight into public attitudes which can help inform policy and practice.. The general willingness of the UK public to donate residual HBSs is consistent with findings from other studies conducted in the UK, the USA and Scandinavia where willingness to donate varied from 67% to 88%.3-5 ,7 ,17 ,18 Interestingly, people who themselves had ...
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<EM>Jane Gregory</EM> outlines some of the lessons learned from the public understanding of science activity in the United Kingdom in the last decade.
Aug 26, 2009. The Health and Human Services Department is asking volunteers on the Web to help assess public opinion on whether to go full speed on vaccinations against the H1N1 virus, also known as swine flu, this fall.. Starting today through Sept. 1, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is sponsoring the four-day H1N1 Public Engagement Dialogue http://www.webdialogues.net/cs/h1n1aug26-aug26-home/view/di/197?x-t=home.view online for volunteers who register and agree to participate.. In this Web-based dialogue the public will discuss, deliberate, and offer input as the CDC considers whether to take a full-throttle or a go-easy approach to mass vaccination, or a moderate approach somewhere in-between, states the CDCs introduction.. The CDC asks participants to review materials on daily discussion topics, and then to comment on a public message board. The dialogue is occurring Aug. 26, 27 and 31 and Sept. 1. Today, 148 participants had registered and 82 comments had been ...
Public Opinion on question asked on Environment related to Health. Find latest poll result and survey of topic related to Environment in Health from Worldwide
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While previous studies have validated vaccine hesitancy scales with uptake behavior at the individual level, the conditions under which aggregated survey data are useful are less clear. We show that vaccine public opinion data aggregated at the subnational level can serve as a valid indicator of aggregate vaccine behaviour. We use a public opinion survey (Eurobarometer EB 91.2) with data on vaccine hesitancy for the EU in 2019. We link this information to (subnational) regional immunization coverage rates for childhood vaccines - DTP3, MCV1, and MCV2 - obtained from the WHO for 2019. We conduct multilevel regression analyses with data for 177 regions in 20 countries. Given the variation in vaccine hesitancy and immunization rates between countries and within countries, we affirm the valuable role that surveys can play as a public health surveillance tool when it comes to vaccine behavior. We find statistically significantly lower regional vaccine immunization rates in regions where vaccine ...
ANI Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) leader Manish Sisodia on Monday strongly opposed restriction on opinion polls, and said that it is an essential part of democratic debates.
Washington (CNN) -- As President Barack Obama weighs launching a military strike against Syria for its alleged use of chemical weapons, American public opinion over whether the U.S. should get involved appears conflicted.
Roger,. [A response to your 3:57AM comments on public opinion and policy…]. I think you are way too quick to discount the important connection between public opinion and climate policy. In part, our contrasting views stem from some differing assumptions and imperatives between our two sub-disciplines. Yet in this case, I believe the reasoning and the evidence supports my position.. Heres why, starting with relevant examples from welfare and immigration and then moving to climate:. ->The research in political science on the general connection between public opinion and policy is mixed. Some argue that it has a powerful influence; others conclude that the influence of public opinion is really only as a constraint on policy; while others see it as having little or no influence. My answer is that it depends. (For an overview, see Shapiro & Jacobs chapter in Glynn et al. 1999, Public Opinion. Westview Press.). ->Take for example social welfare reform in the mid-1990s, another area where I am ...
The Forestry Commission has conducted similar surveys of public attitudes to forestry and forestry-related issues every two years since 1995. The most recent set of three separate surveys was conducted in 2011; in Scotland, Wales, and across the UK as a whole. The full results are available within the 2011 Public Opinion of Forestry reports available on our website at www.forestry.gov.uk/forestry/infd-5zyl9w.. Questions were asked to gauge the publics agreement on climate change issues, including on the ways in which forests and woodlands can impact on climate change. Some of the public views presented below do not reflect expert opinion.. The highest level of agreement was seen with the statement trees are good because they remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it in wood, with 82% agreeing (Figure 4.3). This compares with only 36% agreeing with the statement using wood for fuel makes climate change worse because it releases carbon dioxide.. Figure 4.3 Public opinion on ways ...
The Alliance for Aging Research is the leading nonprofit organization dedicated to accelerating the pace of scientific discoveries and their application to vastly improve the universal human experience of aging and health.
Current risk communication literature includes guidelines regarding crises (1,2). Creating and distributing risk-mitigation information amid a nexus of emotion, public health threats, a journalistic tendency toward sensationalism, and misinformation can be daunting (3,4), which can make general guidelines appealing. We argue here, though, that tension between widely held, preexisting mental models of disease and the circumstances of each new emergent infectious disease offers an underappreciated challenge. By better acknowledging how existing audience mindsets reflect past experiences sometimes at odds with new circumstances, we can move beyond set guidelines to call for formative research, psychologically oriented literature reviews, and social discourse monitoring as crucial steps to address emerging infectious diseases. To support our argument, we offer case evidence regarding public understanding of Zika virus in Guatemala in early 2016.. Any assessment of public health intervention ...
Introduction The Tobacco Control Act requires public disclosure of information about toxic constituents in cigarette smoke. To inform these efforts, we studied public understanding of cigarette smoke constituents.Methods We conducted phone surveys with national probability samples of adolescents (n=1125) and adults (n=5014) and an internet survey with a convenience sample of
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Rasmussen Reports is a media company specializing in the collection, publication and distribution of public opinion information.. We conduct public opinion polls on a variety of topics to inform our audience on events in the news and other topics of interest. To ensure editorial control and independence, we pay for the polls ourselves and generate revenue through the sale of subscriptions, sponsorships, and advertising. Nightly polling on politics, business and lifestyle topics provides the content to update the Rasmussen Reports web site many times each day. If its in the news, its in our polls. Additionally, the data drives a daily update newsletter and various media outlets across the country.. Some information, including the Rasmussen Reports daily Presidential Tracking Poll and commentaries are available for free to the general public. Subscriptions are available for $4.95 a month or 34.95 a year that provide subscribers with exclusive access to more than 20 stories per week on upcoming ...
Rasmussen Reports is a media company specializing in the collection, publication and distribution of public opinion information.. We conduct public opinion polls on a variety of topics to inform our audience on events in the news and other topics of interest. To ensure editorial control and independence, we pay for the polls ourselves and generate revenue through the sale of subscriptions, sponsorships, and advertising. Nightly polling on politics, business and lifestyle topics provides the content to update the Rasmussen Reports web site many times each day. If its in the news, its in our polls. Additionally, the data drives a daily update newsletter and various media outlets across the country.. Some information, including the Rasmussen Reports daily Presidential Tracking Poll and commentaries are available for free to the general public. Subscriptions are available for $4.95 a month or 34.95 a year that provide subscribers with exclusive access to more than 20 stories per week on upcoming ...
More than 70 % of Russians want to see fewer migrants in their country, a public opinion poll suggests.. Despite the fact that 61% of the polled said they would not mind their children communicating with migrant kids and another 50% came out against creating any special residential areas for labor migrants, most Russians (78%) still want to reduce the migrant influx into Russia, the press service of the Russian Public Opinion Research Center said on Tuesday.. Sixty-three percent of respondents, nearly twice as many in cities than in rural areas (70% and 46%, respectively), said they could feel migrant presence in their populated localities.. Most Russians (67%), according to the pollster, realize that migrants are employed at jobs, which the Russians themselves do not want to do.. As for migrants influence on the socio-economic situation in Russian regions, every third Russian (36%) considers migrants to be a source of additional infusions into the Russian economy (50% of respondents ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cluster randomized trials of prescription medicines or prescribing policy. T2 - British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. AU - MacKenzie,Isla S.. AU - Wei,Li. AU - Paterson,Kenneth R.. AU - MacDonald,Thomas M.. N1 - Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2012. Y1 - 2012. N2 - AIMS To understand public and general practitioner (GP) opinion on the acceptability of randomized policy design (RPD) studies (cluster randomized trials) of prescription medicines in Scotland. METHODS We surveyed public opinion on the concept of RPD studies in a sample of 1040 adults to determine acceptability and understand how people feel when changes are made to their medicines. We also surveyed GPs (n=1034) about the concept of RPD studies as a tool for improving understanding of comparative effectiveness and safety of medicines in the usual care setting. RESULTS Thirty per cent of people would be happy to receive a letter about randomized policy changes to their therapy, 31% would ...
A study, by Dan M. Kahan and his colleagues, collected data on the climate-change risk perceptions of large representative samples of US adults. The study measured assessments of two opposing viewpoints of public opinion on climate change. Science Comprehension thesis (SCT) argues that because the public does not presumably know the information scientists do about climate change, they do not take it as seriously. Cultural cognition thesis (CCT) argues that people tend to form opinions of risk based on their social and cultural group they identify with. CCT model findings: People, who subscribe to a hierarchical, individualistic world-view that ties authority to social rankings and avoids interference with the decisions of such authority, tend to be skeptical of environmental risks. They perceive that widespread acceptance of climate change risks would lead to restrictions on commerce and industry. These are things hierarchical individualists value. In contrast, people who hold an egalitarian, ...
A study, by Dan M. Kahan and his colleagues, collected data on the climate-change risk perceptions of large representative samples of US adults. The study measured assessments of two opposing viewpoints of public opinion on climate change. Science Comprehension thesis (SCT) argues that because the public does not presumably know the information scientists do about climate change, they do not take it as seriously. Cultural cognition thesis (CCT) argues that people tend to form opinions of risk based on their social and cultural group they identify with. CCT model findings: People, who subscribe to a hierarchical, individualistic world-view that ties authority to social rankings and avoids interference with the decisions of such authority, tend to be skeptical of environmental risks. They perceive that widespread acceptance of climate change risks would lead to restrictions on commerce and industry. These are things hierarchical individualists value. In contrast, people who hold an egalitarian, ...
2016 This research investigates potential triggers for loneliness across life stages, focusing on the causes, experiences and impacts of loneliness for six selected groups. It also looks at the support available for people experiencing loneliness, the services people would like, and how they would like that support to be delivered. The research focuses on: young new mums; individuals with mobility limitations; individuals with health issues; individuals who are recently divorced or separated; individuals living without children at home (empty-nesters) and retirees; and the recently bereaved. It also draws on the views of experts and public opinion on loneliness gathered through a survey. The research found that the causes of loneliness of often complex, stemming from a combination of personal, community, and UK-wide factors. It also confirmed that people experiencing life events which can disrupt existing connections or change their role in society are at risk of loneliness. Other factors ...
The Williams Institute, [email protected], (310) 267-4382. Law Impacts Over 336,000 LGBT North Carolinians. LOS ANGELES - By adding to an already challenging legal environment in North Carolina, HB2 could cost the state almost $5 billion a year, according to a new report by the Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law.. The repeal of HB2 would not only reverse the threat to over $5 billion in economic activity for the state, but would also begin to bring North Carolina some of the economic advantages that come when a state embraces diversity and its LGBT citizens, said Christy Mallory, Senior Counsel at the Williams Institute and co-author of the new report.. While prior reports have focused on the potential loss in federal funding to the state, this report examines 9 other harmful economic impacts resulting from HB2. The report also presents new data from North Carolina about the size of the LGBT population, public opinion on LGBT issues, bullying of LGBQ youth, and health ...
This claim has its critics. Other political scientists point out that candidate incumbency itself can often predict elections to a high degree of accuracy. A number of computer scientists (here, here, and here) hold that a true forecast should predict elections out-of-sample (that is, researchers build a model with a certain set of data and use it to predict another separate set of data). As a result, real forecasts must be published before the election. Yet there may be some support for the argument that social media can act as a reliable proxy for public opinion and electoral behavior. The major assumption here is that the electoral preferences of social media and Internet users looks something like the electoral preferences of the electorate. In non-Western or more closed political systems, where polling may be less common or people are less likely to express their true partisan positions to pollsters, social media may be a good indicator of public opinion. Then again, it may also be ...
Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, a blog about euthanasia, assisted suicide, elder abuse, end-of-life care, palliative care. Most recent articles and news from around the world.
A new marijuana arrest policy in New York, Americas largest city, is being applauded by civil rights advocates who say it will reduce alleged discrimination against black and Latino youth. Opponents of the old policy say it had negative implications not only for employment and housing opportunities of those arrested, but for the citys law enforcement budget as well. More than 50,000 people were arrested on misdemeanor marijuana charges in New York City last year, enough to fill any local stadium to capacity. Most of them were black or Latino males. Under a 1977 New York State law, possession of any amount of marijuana that is in public view can result in a three-month jail sentence and a $500 fine. City police officers, engaging in a controversial law enforcement technique known as stop-and-frisk, told people to empty their pockets even if they were not suspected of a crime. That would sometimes bring marijuana into public view, which resulted in an arrest. Last week, New York Police ...
The PPIC Statewide Survey delivers objective, advocacy-free information on the perceptions, opinions, and public policy preferences of California residents. PPIC invites input, comments, and suggestions from policy and public opinion experts and from its own advisory committee, but survey methods, questions, and content are determined solely by the PPIC survey team. The PPIC Statewide Survey relies on a rigorous survey methodology and is a charter member of the American Association for Public Opinion Research Transparency Initiative. The survey is conducted regularly throughout the year in the key areas of government, the environment, K-12 education, and higher education ...
Editors note: This article first appeared at the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review.. After November 2012, the Republican National Committee did a post-mortem. It was clear that the GOP needed to be more welcoming to younger voters, more diverse in its ranks, and more effective in articulating conservative principles to groups disaffected with the Democrats but still unwilling to go Republican.. Unfortunately, the top of the ticket this year (i.e., Donald Trump) fails in all those objectives. And yet, in an election year that has become a nightmare for conservatives, they have a choice here in Western Pennsylvania, smack in the middle of Pittsburgh.. Lenny McAllister is known to many in this area from his face and voice on PCNC and KDKA. Some might even recall the 44-year-old as the first African-American quarterback at the great Central Catholic high school, following Dan Marino and Marc Bulger, before going on to play baseball at Davidson College and spreading his wings in the Southeast and ...
In the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, French revolutionaries proclaimed the freedom of speech, religion, and opinion. Censorship was abolished, and France appeared to be on a path towards tolerance, pluralism, and civil liberties. A mere four years later, the country descended into a period of political terror, as thousands were arrested, tried, and executed for crimes of expression and opinion.
Overall findings are summarized below, followed by a more detailed analysis of the coverage, categorized by correspondent.. II. Overall Findings 1. Focus The primary focus of the coverage was on accusations of Israeli wrongdoing, human interest stories about Palestinian casualties, condemnations of Israels military campaign and the effect of the campaign on Arab society. Coverage of Israels perspective (found only in Mark Weiss articles) was limited, consisting mainly of Israels military goals and planning, diplomatic negotiations, internal discussions about the ceasefire, and the effect of the upcoming elections. Missing from the coverage was Hamas anti-Israel and anti-Jewish agenda - its charters anti-Semitic content, its rejectiion of a diplomatic end to the conflict, and its goal of seeking to replace a Jewish state with an Islamic caliphate. Also missing was the context of Israels complete withdrawal from Gaza in 2005 - and Hamas decision to use the territory as a launching pad to ...
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On the corner of Broad and Pismo streets lies a totem to San Luis Obispo: an intriguing utility box that colorfully depicts a man riding...
Article: Hearings Begin On Bushs Nuclear Plans, New Plutonium Plant Sparks Public Debate - (APN) NORTH AUGUSTA, SOUTH CAROLINA The product is a nuclear bomb. They kill people like you and me, Allison Peeler, a college-age volunteer with Carolina Peace, said, crying during an impassioned speech here at a public hearing on Bushs plans for a new plutonium pits plant.
Objective: In politically contested health debates, stakeholders on both sides present arguments and evidence to influence public opinion and the political agenda. The present study aimed to examine whether stakeholders in the Soft Drinks Industry Levy (SDIL) debate sought to establish or undermine the acceptability of this policy through the news media and how this compared with similar policy debates in relation to tobacco and alcohol industries. Design: Quantitative and qualitative content analysis of newspaper articles discussing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) taxation published in eleven UK newspapers between 1 April 2015 and 30 November 2016, identified through the Nexis database. Direct stakeholder citations were entered in NVivo to allow inductive thematic analysis and comparison with an established typology of industry stakeholder arguments used by the alcohol and tobacco industries. Setting: UK newspapers. Participants: Proponents and opponents of SSB tax/SDIL cited in UK newspapers. ...
The majority of residents in Halton and the Greater Toronto Area say local hospitals dont receive a fair share of provincial funding and that the quality of health care has declined because of underfunding, according to a recent poll. The public opinion survey of 500 adults, conducted between March 5 and 14 by Léger Marketing and Redfern Research, also found that more than half of the residents in Halton, Durham, Peel and York say the issue of improving local access to health care will be very important in how they vote in the next provincial election. A further 37 per cent say it will be at least somewhat important. GTA/905 residents believe that it is time for the government to address the underfunding issue, said Kirk Corkery, chair of the GTA/905 Healthcare Alliance. I think many people will be disappointed if the government doesnt respond to what is obviously a key concern for more than one quarter of the population of the province. Other key findings of the survey reveal that among ...
Downloadable! The relationship between trust in government and factors that accounts for Nigerians citizen trust in their government has been of interest due a dearth of literature on such issue. This study is an attempt to bridge the gap from a public policy perspective. One of the measures usually used in the literature to measure trust or distrust in government is perception of corruption, but there are other yardsticks with which to measure determinant of trust in government, such as economic performance or political participation. This study used a micro-level analysis of public opinion survey data (question by question) to ascertain empirical linkages of political trust within Nigeria. To this end, Afrobarometer survey Round Four conducted in 2008 was used for the analyses. Descriptive statistics provide background information on the sample, while multivariate logistic regression using SPSS were used to model the citizens trust for government in Nigeria. This study revealed that political trust
116. Prof. Christopher Stubbs, professor of Physics and of Astronomy , Harvard University. This statement reflects the views of the signatories but is not an official position of the ELN, LALN, APLN, NSLC, or NTI.. Asia Pacific Leadership Network (APLN): A network of more than 40 current and former political, military, and diplomatic leaders in the Asia Pacific region-including from nuclear weapons-possessing states of China, India and Pakistan-working to improve public understanding, shape public opinion, and influence political decision-making and diplomatic activity on issues concerning nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. The APLN is convened by former Australian Foreign Minister Gareth Evans. www.a-pln.org. European Leadership Network (ELN): A network of more than 130 senior European political, military and diplomatic figures working to build a more coordinated European policy community, define strategic objectives and feed analysis and viewpoints into the policy-making process for ...
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon took to the road Tuesday to defend his controversial proposal to uproot nearly all Jewish settlements in the Gaza Strip, and he was reported to be considering a plan to redraw Israels border to exclude tens of thousands of its Arab citizens, turning them over to a Palestinian state in a future peace accord. The senior official, speaking to the Associated Press on condition of anonymity, singled out an area called the triangle, a territory in the northern part of the country that includes Um el-Fahm, a town of 30,000 and power base of the radical arm of the Islamic Movement. A public opinion survey published Tuesday, one day after news of the proposal became public, indicated that most Israelis are prepared to relinquish the seaside enclave, where an estimated 7,500 Jewish settlers live among more than 1.2 million Palestinians. The militant groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad, for their part, gloated over what they called evidence of Israeli capitulation -- striking a raw
Listening to the poor deepens the wisdom of nations. We must look at things from the perspective of those who are directly affected, advises Mahbub ul Haq, founder of the Human Development Index. On this basis, UNDP, with the help of TECHO, conducted fieldwork in 20 poor communities in El Salvador and recently published its findings in the report Poverty in El Salvador from the Perspective of its Protagonists (link in Spanish). Contrary to what public opinion polls reveal, when poorer communities themselves were asked to identify the countrys main problem, their response was the poverty in which they live. When asked what living in poverty meant to them, most people agreed on three points: Look at what we eat, said a woman, referring to her diet, which consists of salt, tortillas, beans and rice. She noted that her family was often unable to eat three times a day and had to skip meals. When things become serious, even if I cant eat, I try to make sure that at least my children can. ...
Members of the general public and state decision-makers often perceive information regarding water use in agriculture differently. This is an issue in Florida where water quantity is a concern, and the distribution of accurate knowledge will be necessary to assist in effective conservation efforts. This study was conducted to gain insight into Florida resident and state decision maker perceptions of water use associated with specific agricultural-related operations. An online public opinion survey was sent to Florida residents and Florida decision makers and, after removing responses for missing data, a total of 525 residents and 169 decision makers responses were analyzed. Although the survey contained questions pertaining to many facets of water quality and quantity, only the section on perceived water use pertaining to specific agricultural operations was utilized in this analysis. Applying a visual semiotics-individual framing study design, participants were asked to state whether they ...
IAPWA recently conducted a public opinion survey to better understand peoples perception towards street dogs in Kota Kinabalu.. All those surveyed agreed that there was a stray dog problem in the city and wanted to see a reduction in the number of strays on the streets of Kota Kinabalu. Many viewed the dogs as being a nuisance and the majority of complaints related to noise, fouling and disturbing rubbish bags outside properties while the dogs tried to find something to eat.. Although all of those surveyed wanted the street dogs to be neutered and rehomed, no one who took part in the research said they would be open to rehoming a dog and this highlights the imbalance with what people define as being the ideal solution and the reality.. This is where the challenge lies as IAPWA now needs to increase the number of people looking to rehome whilst also improving the perception of stray dogs on the street.. It also remains an ongoing challenge to ensure the welfare of each dog it releases back to ...
Populist Authoritarianism focuses on the Chinese Communist Party, which governs the worlds largest population in a single-party authoritarian state. Wenfang Tang attempts to explain the seemingly contradictory trends of the increasing number of protests on the one hand, and the results of public opinion surveys that consistently show strong government support on the other hand.
Rochester Mayor Tom Richards wants to hire a group out of Cornell University to study public perception of the Rochester Police Department. The legislation to...
VTR: 1/12/84. Im Richard Heffner, your host on THE OPEN MIND. And I would comment once again on what an enormous luxury it is to be able comfortably to sit with a colleague or new-found friend, debate with him on topics that at least seem to loom large in our times, and then to invite him here so that we can share our differences somewhat more publicly.. A senior writer at Time magazine, Roger Rosenblatt has graced it with dozens of essays that are themselves the epitome of grace and style as well as content. Well, recently we talked here on THE OPEN MIND about this brilliant journalist/essayists profoundly touching new book on The Children of War. And then later we came upon our debate about the right stuff and the wrong stuff in contemporary journalism. Mostly because its practitioners loom so large in the molding of our public attitudes, our public opinion, and I at least, think, in the process too often go astray by ignoring their responsibility to act like historians, albeit of the ...
Macedonia Considers Legalising Medical Marijuana; Macedonians health ministry says it is seriously listening to expert opinion about the possible legalisation of marijuana for medical purposes after a poll indicated widespread public support. Sinisa Jakov Marusic / BIRN / Skopje / News > 24 Nov 15 , The health ministry in Skopje told BIRN that it is carrying out wide-ranging consultations about making marijuana treatments available to people suffering from serious illnesses We are consulting experts, specialist doctors from various fields, pharmacologists, representatives of civil society... We believe that they will help us in finding the most optimal solution, the ministry told BIRN. The ministry organised the first public debate on the subject on Sunday, inviting medics, pharmacologists and civil activists, drug experts and cancer patients to discuss the pros and cons of legalisation. A recent opinion poll suggested that 70 per cent of Macedonians support allowing the use of marijuana ...
Preparing lawyers to work for social justice and the greater good has been part of Brooklyn Law Schools mission since our founding over a century ago. The Edward V. Sparer Public Interest Law Fellowship Program, established in 1985, has earned nationwide recognition and is an important element of that mission. Each year, a small number of entering and current students are selected for this elite program. The core component of the Sparer Fellowship Program is a 10-week paid summer internship with a public interest organization in the U.S. or abroad. Fellows also attend monthly luncheons that highlight current public interest issues, help plan academic events, and participate in the selection of new Sparer fellows. Throughout their Law School years and beyond, fellows are mentored by faculty experts who teach courses and have rich backgrounds in this area of the law, as well as leading professionals and distinguished alumni fellows practicing in this area.
Insurance claims professionals often are the second people on the scene after a natural disaster, arriving right after the first responders. In fact, insurers are often considered the economic first responders - because it is insurance that fuels recovery.. After you call in your insurance claim, a claims adjuster will be assigned to you. This professional investigates and evaluates your loss and helps you get insurance funds to settle your claim. While some insurers may use a single adjuster, others may prefer to use certain specialists. That means you could have more than one claims adjuster assigned to assist with filing a claim after a disaster.. For example, you may have someone meet you at your property who is an expert in construction and structural damage. Another expert claims handler could be assigned to help itemize your homes contents. If you have flood insurance, a flood claim specialist may be called in. And, if your vehicle was damaged by flooding, an auto damage specialist would ...
The resource will also include online sessions conducted by senior FDA officials who will answer questions on various topics. Each of these sessions will be announced on FDAs Web site.. FDA Basics, launched on Jan. 12, 2010, is the first phase of the agencys Transparency Initiative, which was launched with the strong support of the Department of Health and Human Services in response to the Obama Administrations commitment to an unprecedented level of openness in government.. The Transparency Initiative is designed to explain agency operations, how it makes decisions, and the drug approval process.. This initiative will make information about FDA more user-friendly and accessible to the public, says Commissioner of Food and Drugs Margaret A. Hamburg, M.D. It fosters a better understanding about what we do.. The launch of FDA Basics is our first step towards making FDA a more transparent agency, says Joshua Sharfstein, M.D., principal deputy commissioner of food and drugs.. In one of her ...
Public awareness of government work to reduce, replace and refine the use of animals in research remains low. In every year of surveying the public, very few respondents feel they know either a fair amount or a great deal about the governments work to:. a. Replace the use of animals with non-animal methods, such as computational models. b. Reduce the number of animals used in research, for example by improving the design of experiments or sharing the results. c. Refine the use of animals in research to improve animal welfare, for example by developing non-invasive methods and improving how the animals are kept. Table 2.1: Ipsos MORI , Public attitudes to animal research - 2018 report - Page 23. I think that animals should not be used in any scientific research because of the importance I place on animal welfare. ...
It seems almost every week there are new revelations about Facebooks data use and sharing policies. The Federal Trade Commission is currently investigating Facebook for a potential consent decree violation related to the release of user data to Cambridge Analytica. The new allegations of data misuse in the New York Times this week may also be a violation of the consent decree. They are at least worthy of FTC investigation. And the cache of previously sealed litigation documents published by a British Member of Parliament earlier this month seem to indicate that Facebook may have been strategically withholding this valuable data from strategic competitors such as upstart Vine. Taken together, the two stories paint a frightening picture. Was Facebook granting access to private user data to cement its market position, offering it up to the powerful and wielding it as a cudgel against potential competitors? At the close of the current investigation, the FTC should demand remedies that protect ...
By merging fossil evidence with a range of new technologies and methods, Julia Clarke and her colleagues are piecing together the story of how dinosaurs went through the adaptations and evolutionary tradeoffs that produced the vast diversity seen today in their living descendants, the 10,000 species of birds on earth. Clarke will share new insights from the fossil record and describe how the brains, bodies and behavior of birds help reveal how their dinosaur ancestors looked, sounded and moved in the real Jurassic world. ...
American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C (Seminars in Medical Genetics) 148C:31 - 39 (2008) A R T I C L E Ethical Implications of Including Children in a Large Biobank for Genetic-Epidemiologic Research: A Qualitative Study of Public Opinion DAVID KAUFMAN,* GAIL GELLER, LISA LEROY, JULI MURPHY, JOAN SCOTT, AND KATHY HUDSON The National Institutes of Health and other federal agencies are considering initiating a cohort study of 500,000 people, including 120,000 children, to measure genetic and environmental influences on common diseases. A community engagement pilot study was conducted to identify public attitudes and concerns about the proposed cohort study, including the ethics of involving children. The pilot included 15 focus groups where the inclusion of children in the proposed cohort study was discussed. Focus groups, conducted in six cities, included 141 adults of different ages, incomes, genders, ethnicities, and races. Many of the concerns expressed by participants mirrored those ...
A lot of policymakers and commentators are speculating about what this weeks elections will mean for U.S. efforts to address climate change at home and abroad. The shift in control of the U.S. Senate means that GOP leaders will likely try block President Obamas actions under laws like the Clean Air Act to curb the carbon pollution that is driving dangerous climate change (as NRDCs President outlined). But their efforts are not likely to succeed, and the election outcome doesnt radically change the landscape for what the U.S. can deliver next year in international negotiations.. Despite these off-year election results in more conservative regions of the country, there is stronger public opinion polling evidence than ever that the public supports U.S. climate action. A growing chorus of leading American businesses has been calling for urgent action. So, President Obama has the backing to deeply engage in international efforts to combat climate change - it is what the American public and ...