Explanations of psychological phenomena seem to generate more public interest when they contain neuroscientific information. Even irrelevant neuroscience information in an explanation of a psychological phenomenon may interfere with peoples abilities to critically consider the underlying logic of this explanation. We tested this hypothesis by giving naïve adults, students in a neuroscience course, and neuroscience experts brief descriptions of psychological phenomena followed by one of four types of explanation, according to a 2 (good explanation vs. bad explanation) x 2 (without neuroscience vs. with neuroscience) design. Crucially, the neuroscience information was irrelevant to the logic of the explanation, as confirmed by the expert subjects. Subjects in all three groups judged good explanations as more satisfying than bad ones. But subjects in the two nonexpert groups additionally judged that explanations with logically irrelevant neuroscience information were more satisfying than ...
The National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A) was designed to estimate the lifetime-to-date and current prevalence, age-of-onset distributions, course, and comorbidity of DSM-IV disorders in the child and adolescent years of life among adolescents in the United States; to identify risk and protective factors for the onset and persistence of these disorders; to describe patterns and correlates of service use for these disorders; and to lay the groundwork for subsequent follow-up studies that can be used to identify early expressions of adult mental disorders. The core NCS-A interview schedule was an adaptation of the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). NCS-A also administered the non-verbal subtest (Matrices subtest) of the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT). In addition to interviewing adolescents, information was collected from a parent or a parent surrogate to obtain an additional perspective on the adolescents mental ...
The National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A) was designed to estimate the lifetime-to-date and current prevalence, age-of-onset distributions, course, and comorbidity of DSM-IV disorders in the child and adolescent years of life among adolescents in the United States; to identify risk and protective factors for the onset and persistence of these disorders; to describe patterns and correlates of service use for these disorders; and to lay the groundwork for subsequent follow-up studies that can be used to identify early expressions of adult mental disorders. The core NCS-A interview schedule was an adaptation of the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). NCS-A also administered the non-verbal subtest (Matrices subtest) of the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT). In addition to interviewing adolescents, information was collected from a parent or a parent surrogate to obtain an additional perspective on the adolescents mental ...
The centuries-old philosophical idea that man has an image of the self containing an image of the self (of the second order) obtains a new life in the mathematical model of the subject possessing reflexion. One assumption underlying the model is that the subject tends to generate patterns of behavior such that some kind of similarity is established between the subject himself and his second order image of the self. We demonstrate that this model allows a single explanation for three diverse, experimentally observed phenomena: (a) the nonlinear relation between magnitude estimation and categorization of identical stimuli (Parducci, Stevens, Galanter), (b) the avoidance of the value of 0.5 in estimating stimuli equidistant from two samples on a psychological scale (Poulton, Simmonds), and (c) the formal correspondence between, on the one hand, frequency of choice for particular alternatives and, on the other, reinforcement rate, found in some experiments with animals and people (Herrnstein, Baum). ...
New research by Associate Dean Paul Litton and MU Associate Professor of Philosophy Philip Robbins shows that offenders with genetic mental disorders are judged more negatively than mentally disordered offenders whose criminal behavior is rooted in environmental factors, such as childhood abuse. Additionally, offenders with genetic mental disorders are judged just as negatively as offenders whose mental disorder has no explanation.. Before conducting two surveys with 600 participants, Dean Litton and Professor Robbins hypothesized that offenders with a mental disorder that predisposes them to criminal behavior would be judged more negatively if the disorder was genetic rather than environmental in origin. That hypothesis was confirmed, though they were surprised that genetic explanations did not mitigate judgments of blame compared to cases with no explanation of the offenders disorder.. They also expected to find that different environmental explanations would elicit different judgments. For ...
This course involves a careful examination of the etiology (biological, psychological, and social), clinical diagnosis, and treatment of severe and persistent mental illness (i.e., schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, severe character pathology, dual diagnosis) in a community mental health setting. A comprehensive, integrative, and contemporary theoretical framework through which to understand and treat severe and persistent mental illness across the lifespan will be introduced. Students will become adept at differential diagnosis, and the application of effective, evidenced-based treatments found in community mental health settings. Included will be consideration of issues related to the early onset of psychosis; the inclusion of family members in treatment; and the application of recovery and wellness principles in the treatment of severe mental illness. CMHW student
The goal of the UM ADAPT program is that all Trainees will be supported for two consecutive summers and two academics years in the program. We very strongly believe that 2 consecutive years in the UM ADAPT program will significantly enhance the Trainees experience and maximize their potential for successfully completing an advanced graduate degree in a biomedical or behavioral discipline related to aging. ...
The word frequency effect is a psychological phenomenon where recognition times are faster for words seen more frequently than for words seen less frequently. Word frequency depends on individual awareness of the tested language. The phenomenon can be extended to different characters of the word in non-alphabetic languages such as Chinese. A word is considered to be high frequency if the word is commonly used in daily speech, such as the word "the." A word is considered to be low frequency if the word is not commonly used, such as the word "strait." Some languages such as Chinese have multiple levels of daily speech that impact frequency of words. There is frequency at the character level or at the word level. There is also an effect of frequency at the orthographic level. Lower frequency words benefit more from a single repetition than higher frequency words. Most studies looking at the word frequency effect use eye tracking data. When words have a higher frequency, readers fixate on them for ...
In psychology, Stockholm syndrome is a term used to describe a real paradoxical psychological phenomenon wherein hostages express empathy and have positive feelings towards their captors, sometimes to the point of defending them. These feelings are generally considered irrational in light of the danger or risk endured by the victims, who essentially mistake a lack of abuse from their captors for an act of kindness ...
Image via Wikipedia pointer to symptommedia.org - fantastic video resource of specific symptoms of mental illness. The intention of these clips are to be used in the classroom setting as visual compliments to the written description of symptoms for psychological phenomena found in the DSM handbook.
Emotion analysis (EA) and sentiment analysis are closely related tasks differing in the psychological phenomenon they aim to catch. We address fine-grained models for EA which treat the computation of the emotional status of narrative documents as a regression rather than a classification problem, as performed by coarse-grained approaches. We introduce Ekmans Basic Emotions (BE) and Russell and Mehrabians Valence-Arousal-Dominance (VAD) model-two major schemes of emotion representation following opposing lines of psychological research, i.e., categorical and dimensional models-and discuss problems when BEs are used in a regression approach. We present the first natural language system thoroughly evaluated for fine-grained emotion analysis using the VAD scheme. Although we only employ simple BOW features, we reach correlation values up until r = .65 with human annotations. Furthermore, we show that the prevailing evaluation methodology relying solely on Pearsons correlation coefficient r is ...
Graduate standing and/or consent of the graduate program coordinator is a prerequisite to enrollment in graduate (500 level) courses.. PSY 510 Career Development in Clinical and Counseling Psychology (3).. Prerequisites: Admission to the MA Psychology program.. This graduate seminar course will examine career development theories and techniques in clinical and counseling psychology. Course content will explore decision-making models and interrelationships among and between work, family and other life roles and factors, including the role of multicultural issues in career development.. PSY 517 Seminar in Physiological Psychology (3).. Prerequisites: PSY 230 or MAT 131; PSY 417 and PSY 418.. An advanced study of the physiological correlates of psychological phenomena including learning, motivation, emotion, sleep and personality. Three hours of seminar per week.. PSY 520 Seminar in Psychopharmacology (3).. Prerequisite: PSY 320 and PSY 417 are recommended.. The role of drugs on cognition, emotion, ...
The researchers in the Crusius group investigate a variety of topics in social cognition. One key interest concerns how trust vs. distrust changes the way humans process information and influences social behavior. Furthermore, we explore how social comparisons, their underlying cognitive processes, and their emotional consequences affect psychological phenomena at the intraindividual, the interpersonal, and at the group level. Further important research areas include moral cognition and moral behavior, stereotyping and prejudice, the consequences of ostracism, the psychology of personal beliefs such as mind-body dualism, and empathy and perspective taking. Taken together, our research interests cover a broad array of basic and applied questions about social behavior. ...
Abstract: In this contribution first results of experiments on pedestrian flow through bottlenecks are presented and then compared to simulation results obtained with the Social Force Model in the Vissim simulation framework. Concerning the experiments it is argued that the basic dependence between flow and bottleneck width is not a step function but that it is linear and modified by the effect of a psychological phenomenon. The simulation results as well show a linear dependence and the parameters can be calibrated such that the absolute values for flow and time fit to range of experimental results ...
A brief primer on the genetics of 15q11.2. This microdeletion is one of the genetic disorders that occurs due to the duplication architecture of the human genome. The genomic regions on the left and on the right of this microdeletion are almost identical (segmental duplications), which may results in a misalignment when DNA is replicated. When the replication machinery skips the part between both segmental duplications and the genomic region between is deleted, a microdeletion has occurred. Microdeletions are causes of many genetic disorders including Angelman Syndrome or DiGeorge Syndrome. Also, some microdeletions have a wide range of associated disorders such as the 15q13.3 microdeletion. These are the diseases that we compare 15q11.2 to when we think of genomic disorders. And this results in a psychological phenomenon called anchoring heuristic.. How bad is 15q11.2? Anchoring refers to the fact that our perception of a given situation is influenced by using comparisons. If microdeletions at ...
Stockholm syndrome, or capture-bonding, is a psychological phenomenon described in 1973 in which hostages express empathy and sympathy and have positive feelings toward their captors, sometimes to the point of defending and identifying with the captors. Wikipedia. In political terms, most people might tend to associate the word occupation with a (foreign) military presence that controls a region or country. Any such occupation may not necessarily imply troops visibly patrolling the streets. It can be much subtler. Take Britain, for instance. The Guardian journalist Seumas Milne says that the USs six military bases, dozens of secretive facilities and 10,000 military personnel in Britain effectively tie the countrys foreign policy into the agenda of the US empire and its endless wars.. The vast majority of Brits do not regard this as an occupation. They might feel they are being protected by the US with which Britain has a special relationship. Such is the Stockholm syndrome.. The ...
Oliva Sabuco de Nantes Barrera (1562-1622) was a Spanish writer in holistic medical philosophy in the late 16th - early 17th century. She was interested in the interaction between the physical and psychological phenomena; therefore she wrote a collection of medical and psychological treatises that target human nature and explain the effects of emotions on the body and soul. She analyzed theoretical claims of ancient philosophers and wrote an early theory of what is now considered applied psychology. She was born in Alcaraz, Spain in 1562 and was baptized in the Holy Trinity church on December 2 of that same year. Her mother was Francisca de Cozar and her father was Don Miguel Sabuco y Alvarez. By 1580, at the age of 18, she was married to Don Acacio de Buedo. Although not much is known about her formal education it is evident that Oliva Sabuco was taught medicine by her father. She was well acquainted with classical and contemporary philosophy and was knowledgeable about medical theory. By age ...
Psychology is a form of science, involving the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. The clinical profession of human psychology recognizes mental processes, their effects upon human behavior, and even helps treat behavioral or emotional disorders. Learn more about different psychological phenomenons from the articles provided below.. ...
We present a theory of human artistic experience and the neural mechanisms that mediate it. Any theory of art has to ideally have three components. The logic of art: whether there are universal rules or principles; The evolutionary rationale: why did these rules evolve and why do they have the form that they do; What is the brain circuitry involved? Our paper begins with a quest for artistic universals and proposes a list of Eight laws of artistic experience (...) -- a set of heuristics that artists either consciously or unconsciously deploy to optimally titillate the visual areas of the brain. One of these principles is a psychological phenomenon called the peak shift effect: If a rat is rewarded for discriminating a rectangle from a square, it will respond even more vigorously to a rectangle that is longer and skinnier that the prototype. We suggest that this principle explains not only caricatures, but many other aspects of art. Example: An evocative sketch of a female nude may be one which ...
The bandwagon effect is a psychological phenomenon whereby people do something mostly because others are doing it, often ignoring their personal princip...
In the Measurement and Modeling Lab, we tackle research questions aimed at advancing measurement and modeling of Psychological Phenomena, particularly in the areas of health and well-being (e.g, depressive symptomology, physical activity, concussion symptoms, sexual health). MML research projects include studies of data collection and data analytic strategies that are employed in many disciplines, but with specific emphasis on understanding factors (e.g., language background, item wording) influencing peoples response processes in the generation of responses to questionnaires/surveys at a single time point and over time, and on advancing novel strategies to model correlational patterns of interest. ...
Change Blindness is an interesting psychological phenomenon thats attracting a lot of research these days. There are a number of theories about why it occurs, and from a quick look at the literature Im inclined to think its something to do with the role of attention and something called re-entrant processing.
Epistemic status: very speculative. This is mythmaking: youve been warned. Ra is the Sun God The Egyptian god Ra was a symbol of divine kingship, all-powerful and all-seeing. Hes a good metaphor for a certain kind of psychological phenomenon that involves thought distortions around authority and legitimacy. A new demon, if you will, in the…
The image of heiress Patty Hearst, with her automatic rifle slung over her shoulder during a 1974 bank robbery, is synonymous with any mention of the Stockholm syndrome, described as the tendency for abductees to sympathize with, and even join, their abductors. Thirty years later when kidnapping victim Elizabeth Smart was found to have taken no action to escape her kidnappers after nine months of opportunities, the term was flaunted by the news again. But in psychological circles, the Stockholm syndrome is not necessarily taken for granted quite so easily. Is the Stockholm syndrome a real psychological phenomenon, or is it just a media buzzword, an attention-grabbing label that can be slapped onto every abduction case where the victim could have escaped but didnt?. It was 1973 when furloughed prisoner Janne Olsson attempted to rob the Norrmalmstorg Kreditbanken in Stockholm, Sweden. A police standoff ensued, during which Olsson took four young women hostage who worked at the bank. He demanded ...
Psychology has made, and continues to make, a significant contribution to the discipline area of education. Since one of the main aims of education concerns student learning -- which is an indisputably psychological phenomenon -- we argue that the emerging research agenda of embodied cognition has much to offer educational practitioners, researchers, and/or policy-makers. Although embodied cognition is still in its infancy, the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary nature of the literature provides some thought-provoking recommendations to enhance educational practice or practices, which in turn can bring about student learning more effectively. Consequently, this article will be concerned with the discussion of two issues: first, we provide a brief historical overview that foregrounds embodied cognition, and, second, we outline the educational implications of embodied cognition through the use of some examples significant to education. We conclude with an argument for the
The perception of absolute distance has been assumed to be important in the perception of the size of objects and the depth between them. A different hypothesis is proposed. It is asserted that perceived relative size and distance are the primary psychological phenomena, with perceived absolute distance derived from the perceptual summing of perceived relative depths. In agreement with this point-of-view, it is stressed that relative, rather than absolute retinal extents, are the determiners of visually perceived extents. A principle called the adjacency principle is identified as perceptually organizing the relative retinal stimuli. This principle states that the apparent size or position of any object in the field-of-view is determined by whatever size or distance cues occur between it and adjacent objects. (Author)*SPACE PERCEPTION
Do we experience time differently when we are enjoying ourselves? In this video Robin Miller, MD explains how this psychological phenomenon works.
I think that a well-known psychological phenomenon is impeding progress in cosmology - we humans tend to prefer beliefs that we find personally comfortable and convenient. It is far more convenient to publish results from refined and extended Dark Matter simulations that have been developed over years than to learn how to create and study solutions of a new gravitational theory. For many, the intellectual barrier is significant, possibly leading them to seek comfort in the demise of STVG. After Einsteins General Relativity appeared in 2015/2016, and Eddington confirmed in 1919 its prediction of the precession of the orbit of Mercury, Eddington was accused of being one of only three people in the world who understood GR. Eddington was puzzled, and wondered aloud who might be the third! Although GR is now familiar to many, STVG is more complex. Nevertheless, this last year has seen the appearance of about a dozen preprints from those independently studying the predictions of STVG for particular ...
Spit on the contrary appears much more simple. Two opposing screens show the artist s face. He spits and spittle hits his face and runs down slowly. The opposite position of the images evokes the impression as though he spat into his own face. Spitting in someone s face is an act of humiliation born by fury or contempt. Spitting oneself consequently appears as a form of self-contempt which, as a psychological phenomenon, largely remains invisible. Also, the splitting of the self, in this regard, gains some schizophrenic aspect. Or does the artist meets himself with a masculine display pattern as young hooligans in bigger towns like to spit on the street? A starting point for Spit was a photographic series in which Kunkel collected photos of spittle in the city. Childhood games like spitting cherry stones as far as possible or who has more spittle in his mouth (Collecting as much saliva as possible in one s mouth to imagine lemons is helpful and then making a huge blob on the ground) lie in the ...
A method of modifying behavior is disclosed which can be implemented by one or more behavior mechanisms in order to modify behavior of target subjects, for example, in industries, such as the health c
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms; Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities; Endocrine System Diseases; Mental Disorders; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Neoplasms; Nervous System Diseases; Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases; Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms; Skin and Connective Tissue Diseases ...
Here: a look at the associations between negative psychological states and CV health, physiologic and health behavior mechanisms, and ways to diagnose and treat depression and anxiety disorders.
Here: a look at the associations between negative psychological states and CV health, physiologic and health behavior mechanisms, and ways to diagnose and treat depression and anxiety disorders.
article{79249bf7-3417-458c-8907-74f11cbad542, abstract = {Objective: The present study examined whether socio-economic status (SES) of the family of origin, inadequate parenting, and pro and perinatal factors are antecedents of criminality among men and women who develop a major mental disorder. Method: The sample included the 82 men and 79 women from the 1953 Stockholm birth cohort who developed a major mental disorder by age 30. Information was extracted from obstetric files, health, social and work records and official criminal records. Results: Among males, neonatal complications increased the risk of offending two-fold. the risk of violent offending 2.5 times, and the risk of early start offending 3 times. Neither pregnancy or birth complications. inadequate parenting, or SES of the family of origin increased the risk for offending. Among females, none of the factors that were examined were associated with offending. Conclusion: Complications in the neonatal period are associated with ...
Title:Microendophenotypes of Psychiatric Disorders: Phenotypes of Psychiatric Disorders at the Level of Molecular Dynamics, Synapses, Neurons, and Neural Circuits. VOLUME: 15 ISSUE: 2. Author(s):S. Kida and T. Kato. Affiliation:Department of Bioscience, Faculty of Applied Bioscience, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo 156-8502, Japan.. Keywords:Animal model, bipolar disorder, depression, endophenotype, microendophenotype, psychiatric disorder, PTSD, schizophrenia.. Abstract:Psychiatric disorders are caused not only by genetic factors but also by complicated factors such as environmental ones. Moreover, environmental factors are rarely quantitated as biological and biochemical indicators, making it extremely difficult to understand the pathological conditions of psychiatric disorders as well as their underlying pathogenic mechanisms. Additionally, we have actually no other option but to perform biological studies on postmortem human brains that display features of psychiatric disorders, ...
BURLINGTON, MA-If you have children, teens and young adults at home, this is a must-attend talk at the 7th Annual Health, Fitness & Wellness Expo on Sunday, March 10, at Burlington Marriott Hotel in Burlington, MA.. Dr. Kiran Lulla, MD, Medical Director at Boston Childrens Hospital and at Metro West Medical Center, will discuss anxiety and depression in children at the Expo.. "Anxiety and depression are the two most common psychiatric disorders in children, teens and young adults globally," says Dr. Lulla, who has helped patients and their families with transitions, relationship issues and more as a Board-Certified Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist for more than 25 years. "Anxiety affects 1 in 4 individuals and depression affects 1 in 6 individuals in this broad category. The most commonly affected are usually females. Girls : Boys ratio is 3:1.". As Medical Director at Boston Childrens Hospital and at Metro West Medical Center, Dr. Lulla has supported families through these various issues. ...
The journal aims to publish papers which bring together clinical observations, psychological and behavioural abnormalities and genetic data. All papers are fully refereed. Psychiatric Genetics is also a forum for reporting new approaches to genetic research in psychiatry and neurology utilizing novel techniques or methodologies. Psychiatric Genetics publishes original Research Reports dealing with inherited factors involved in psychiatric and neurological disorders. This encompasses gene localization and chromosome markers, changes in neuronal gene expression related to psychiatric disease, linkage genetics analyses, family, twin and adoption studies, and genetically based animal models of neuropsychiatric disease. (source ...
Boston Mental Health Interventions must be tailored to the individual and any possible dual conditions or co-occurring disorders. Speak with an experienced mental disorders intervention specialist today at: 800-980-3927. Get the answers you need. Learn how to expertly stage and perform a mental health intervention.. If someone you care about doesnt recognize the impact their condition is having on them and those who care about them, wont get help to treat their condition, doesnt think the problem is that bad - or acknowledges they need help, but doesnt follow up on getting it - you are in the right place. Without competent assistance, dealing with mental disorders, risky behaviors, substance abuse, etc can leave families discouraged or convinced that nothing can be done.. Fortunately, these are the exact types of difficulties we are trained to deal with when encountering those who are displaying mental health disorders. In fact, every family seeking our assistance has told us they were met ...
Minnesota Mental Health Interventions must be tailored to the individual and any possible dual conditions or co-occurring disorders. Speak with an experienced mental disorders intervention specialist today at: 800-980-3927. Get the answers you need. Learn how to expertly stage and perform a mental health intervention.. If someone you care about doesnt recognize the impact their condition is having on them and those who care about them, wont get help to treat their condition, doesnt think the problem is that bad - or acknowledges they need help, but doesnt follow up on getting it - you are in the right place. Without competent assistance, dealing with mental disorders, risky behaviors, substance abuse, etc can leave families discouraged or convinced that nothing can be done.. Fortunately, these are the exact types of difficulties we are trained to deal with when encountering those who are displaying mental health disorders. In fact, every family seeking our assistance has told us they were ...
By Lita Lee, Ph.D.Mental problems from a nutritional viewDiscusses nutritional causes of mental and emotional problems: poor digestion of protein and sugar, hypothyroidism and a junk food diet. Many people who do not feel well who have normal blood chemistries are told they have emotional and/or mental problems. Many are prescribed drugs for depression. I have never believed that people just go nuts. I believe that mental or emotional problems are a result of abnormal body chemistry, poor nutrition and hormonal imbalances. This article presents a nutritional support program for these problems.
The title tells us accurately what this book is about: mild versions of mental illnesses. The authors state- and I believe them- that a mental disorder is not a discrete box to fit people into; mental disorders exist on a continuum, from almost unnoticeable to full blown psychosis (or, in the case of autism, Kanners syndrome). They examine mild forms of mania, ADHD, depression, OCD, anger, anxiety and autism, and say "If mild forms of mental disorders are making you (and those around you) miserable, you should seek treatment and be able to be happy". They also point out that some of these mild disorders can confer advantages as well as problems: a person with hypomania can get a lot of things done; people with mild autism can focus incredibly well. Obviously, not all shadow syndromes have good sides; constantly being sad, lacking emotions, being angry all the time, perpetual worrying and having obsessions are not good things ...
Abstract: The effects of the Brown Creek Correctional Institutes Intermediate Care Social Skills Day Training Program were investigated using a population of forty-three adult male inmates with severe persistent mental illness. Comparisons were made for similar time periods before, during and after in regard to level of care, inpatient hospitalizations, behavioral infractions, and disciplinary segregations. Cost benefits were also investigated. Results indicate that the number and length of hospitalizations, length and number of disciplinary segregations, and number of behavioral infractions were lower for inmates during the program. However, some increases were found in these variables after inmates were transferred to other institutions. This increase could possibly be explained because of transfer to a lower level of care after participating in the Social Skills Day Training Program. Cost benefits were also found as a result of the lower number of hospitalizations, behavioral infractions, ...
Mental Disorder in Canada An Epidemiological Perspective (eBook) : Mental Disorder in Canada explores the history of psychiatric epidemiology, evaluates methodological issues, and analyzes the prevalence of several significant mental disorders in the population. The collection also includes essays on stigma, mental disorder and the criminal justice system, and mental health among women, children, workers, and other demographic groups. Focusing specifically on Canadian scholarship, yet wide-reaching in scope, Mental Disorder in Canada is an important contribution to the dissemination and advancement of knowledge on psychiatric epidemiology.--Pub. desc.Canada has long been recognized as a leader in the field of psychiatric epidemiology, the study of the factors affecting mental health in populations. However, there has never been a book dedicated to the study of mental disorder at a population level in Canada. This collection of essays by leading scholars in the discipline uses data from the countrys
Read on Investigating the Psychiatric Manifestations of Joint Hypermobility, Psychotic Experiences and Social Emotional Processing: A Large Cohort Study of Adolescents.
Anti-endothelial-cell antibodies are associated with psychiatric manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).Our primary aim in this study was to seek and characterize molecules that behave as endothelial autoantigens in SLE patients with psychiatric manifestations. By screening a cDNA library from human umbilical artery endothelial cells with serum from an SLE patient with psychosis, we identified one positive strongly reactive clone encoding the C-terminal region (C-ter) of Nedd5, an intracytoplasmatic protein of the septin family. To evaluate anti-Nedd5 serum immunoreactivity, we analyzed by ELISA specific IgG responses in 17 patients with SLE and psychiatric manifestations (group A), 34 patients with SLE without psychiatric manifestations (group B), 20 patients with systemic sclerosis, 20 patients with infectious mononucleosis, and 35 healthy subjects. IgG specific to Nedd5 C-ter was present in 14 (27%) of the 51 SLE patients. The mean optical density value for IgG immunoreactivity ...
Lutgens, D., Malla, A., Joober, R. and Iyer, S. (2015), The impact of caregiver familiarity with mental disorders on timing of intervention in first-episode psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 9: 388-396. doi: 10.1111/eip.12121 ...
The elderly population is increasing both in numbers and as a proportion of the overall population. Mental disorders are common among the elderly. Most older people with mental disorders live in the community and attend primary care rather than specialist psychiatric services. Many studies have shown low rates of detection and treatment of mental disorders in the elderly population. There are no published data on the range of mental disorders among the community dwelling elderly in an Irish context. This thesis describes the range of mental disorders among older people in a Dublin community and considers issues which contribute to the detection and treatment of these disorders ...
WEDNESDAY, Feb. 11, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- People with mental health conditions such as depression, chronic anxiety and schizophrenia tend to die at younger ages than their peers without psychiatric disorders, a new research review says.. In fact, the researchers estimated that mental health disorders typically rob people of nearly a decade of life, and account for 8 million deaths worldwide each year.. The findings, published online Feb. 11 in JAMA Psychiatry, come from an analysis of over 200 international studies spanning several decades. Researchers said the studies help put the global toll of mental health disorders into perspective.. Although the study found an association between mental health conditions and earlier death, it wasnt designed to prove that the disorders were a direct cause of the early deaths.. When people think of lives lost to mental illness, they might automatically focus on one cause of death -- namely, suicide, said Dr. Mark Olfson, a professor of clinical ...
Severe mental disorders such as bipolar disorder and schizophrenia often co-occur with chronic medical illnesses, especially cardiovascular disease and diabetes. These comorbidities are associated with a more severe course of mental illness, reduced quality of life, and premature mortality. Although the association between mental disorders and physical health complications has long been recognized, medical conditions remain undertreated in clinical psychiatric practice, and the life expectancy for individuals with serious psychiatric disorders is approximately 30% shorter than that of the general US population. Factors that are related to the mental illness (eg, cognitive impairment, reduced ability to function, and a lack of communication skills) as well as factors such as the high cost of medical care may make accessing general health care a difficult task for patients. Even when medical care is received by patients, the quality is often poor, and dangerous illnesses may be undiagnosed and ...
Five of the most common psychiatric disorders share genetic risk factors, an international study published in the Lancet has found. These disorders include; autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), clinical depression, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.. These disorders that we thought of as quite different may not have such sharp boundaries, said one of the lead researchers, Dr Jordan Smoller of Massachusetts General Hospital, USA.. In the largest genetic study of mental illness to date, researchers compared the genomes of 33,000 people with one of five common psychiatric disorders to nearly 28,000 unaffected controls. All participants were of European ancestry. Genetic variations called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) identified in four regions of the genome were significantly associated with the psychiatric disorders. Two of these regions were involved in regulating the flow of calcium in nerve cells - a process that regulates brain activity. These findings hint at a ...