In this large longitudinal study, the proportional frequency and the frequency of newly identified depression between 3 and 12 months posthospitalization were similar after stroke and TIA when assessed with the PHQ-8 scale or by the PHQ-8 and/or use of antidepressants. The frequency of poststroke depression varies between published studies depending on the setting, patient population, diagnostic criteria, time period, and inclusion and exclusion criteria. According to a meta-analysis published in 2005, the pooled frequency of depressive symptoms among stroke survivors at any time during follow-up was 33% (95% CI, 29%-36%). The pooled frequencies varied when grouped by method of mood assessment; it was lowest in studies that used a single simple question to determine depression status (14%; 95% CI, 14%-15%) and highest when using standardized questionnaires such as the Montgomery Asberg depression rating scale (41%; 95% CI, 23%-60%).2 None of the included studies used the PHQ-8 scale.. Consistent ...
The investigators hope to learn the efficacy of 6 weeks treatment of RO4995819 versus placebo as adjunctive therapy in patients with MDD having inadequate response to ongoing antidepressant treatment based on mean change in Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) scores from baseline to end of treatment.. This knowledge is valuable because it is a new medication, which may have utility in the population of patients with major depressive disorder. ...
[Source: JAMA, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.] Original Investigation / Caring for the Critically Ill Patient / May 19, 2019 Derivation, Validation, and Potential Treatment Implications of Novel Clinical Phenotypes for Sepsis Christopher W. Seymour, MD, MSc1,2,3; Jason N. Kennedy, MS1,3; Shu Wang, MS4; et al., Chung-Chou H. Chang, PhD3,4,5; Corrine F. Elliott, MS 6; Zhongying Xu, MS 4; Scott Berry, PhD 6; Gilles Clermont, MD, MSc 1,3; Gregory Cooper, MD, PhD 7; Hernando Gomez, MD, MPH 1,2,3; David T. Huang, MD, MPH 1,2,3; John A. Kellum, MD, FACP, MCCM 1,3; Qi Mi, PhD 8; Steven…
Change from baseline on Illness Density Index, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale and Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Scale, Clinical Global Impression of Change, GAF, SAs, NAS, Q-LES-Q-SF & neuropsychological ...
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The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale is a clinician-rated evaluation whose purpose is to analyze the severity of anxiety. The scale is intended for adults, adolescents, and children and should take approximately ten to fifteen minutes to administer. The scale is a public document. Since it is in the public domain, it is widely available for administration. The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale is composed of fourteen items. On the scale, each item is presented in a specific format. Following the item number, the item itself is listed along with a brief description of the criterion. This description is in the form of a short phrase that elaborates on the item and provides specificity to the clinician regarding the appropriate evaluation. Adjacent to each item is a five-point scale, displaying the numerals 0 to 4 outlined by a square. To learn more about the specific scoring regarding the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, please proceed to the Scoring section. Each criterion on the scale is an independent ...
Background: Amisulpride is a selective D2-D3 antagonist that has been reported to be effective in the treatment of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder. However, no prospective study to date has assessed the effectiveness and tolerability of this compound in mania. Method: Twenty DSM-IV-defined acutely ill manic bipolar patients with a Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score of 20 or more entered this open, prospective, 6-week study. Assessments included the YMRS, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), the Clinical Global Impressions Scale for Bipolar Disorder, Modified (CGI-BP-M), and the systematic report of adverse events. Amisulpride was added to other medications, but other antipsychotics were not allowed. Results: Fourteen patients (70%) completed the study. Using last-observation-carried-forward (LOCF) analyses, amisulpride produced significant improvements on the YMRS (p = .0001), the HAM-D (p , .0141), and the overall (p = .0003), mania (p = .0001), and depression (p = ...
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a glutathione precursor that has been shown to have antidepressant efficacy in a placebo-controlled trial. The current study aimed to investigate the maintenance effects of NAC following eight weeks of open-label treatment for bipolar disorder. The efficacy of a double blind randomized placebo controlled trial of 2 g/day NAC as adjunct maintenance treatment for bipolar disorder was examined. Participants (n = 149) had a Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Score of ≥12 at trial entry and, after eight weeks of open-label NAC treatment, were randomized to adjunctive NAC or placebo, in addition to treatment as usual. Participants (primarily outpatients) were recruited through public and private services and through newspaper advertisements. Time to intervention for a mood episode was the primary endpoint of the study, and changes in mood symptoms, functionality and quality of life measures were secondary outcomes. There was a substantial decrease in symptoms during the eight
Background: N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a glutathione precursor that has been shown to have antidepressant efficacy in a placebo-controlled trial. The current study aimed to investigate the maintenance effects of NAC following eight weeks of open-label treatment for bipolar disorder. Method: The efficacy of a double blind randomized placebo controlled trial of 2 g/day NAC as adjunct maintenance treatment for bipolar disorder was examined. Participants (n = 149) had a Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Score of ≥12 at trial entry and, after eight weeks of open-label NAC treatment, were randomized to adjunctive NAC or placebo, in addition to treatment as usual. Participants (primarily outpatients) were recruited through public and private services and through newspaper advertisements. Time to intervention for a mood episode was the primary endpoint of the study, and changes in mood symptoms, functionality and quality of life measures were secondary outcomes. Results: There was a substantial ...
All three forms of childhood adversity were associated with an increased likelihood of experiencing more current stressful events. Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale were significantly higher in participants with a history of sexual abuse. Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Perceived Stress Scale were significantly higher, and scores on the WHO Quality of life instrument were significantly lower in participants with a history of physical abuse by parents. They were more likely to receive augmentation and combination treatment after the initial antidepressant treatment, whereas overall response rates to treatment did not differ. Scores on the Beck Scale for suicide ideation were significantly higher after treatment and/or at baseline in patients with sexual or physical abuse. Physical illness was more prevalent in individuals with physical abuse by parents or separation of parents. ...
The team prospectively studied 101 patients with hepatobiliary carcinoma.. Depressive symptoms were measured at diagnosis using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale.. Sociodemographic and disease-specific data were gathered from the patients charts.. The team measured several factors in a subsample of patients that included stress, alcohol, tobacco, and drug use .. Sleep quality, physical activity, social support, natural killer cell number and cytotoxicity were also assessed.. The team then measured plasma levels of interleukin -4, interleukin-5, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interferon gamma.. Survival was measured from date of diagnosis to death.. The researchers found that at diagnosis, 37% of patients reported a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score of 16.. The team found that sociodemographic and disease-specific variables significantly predicted survival.. Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score significantly predicted ...
Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of agomelatine in the prevention of relapse in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).. Method: Patients with GAD (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale [HARS] ≥ 22, with items 1 and 2 ≥ 2, item 1 + 2 ≥ 5; Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale [MADRS] ≤ 16; and , 20% decrease in HARS total score between screening and baseline) who responded to a 16-week course of agomelatine 25-50 mg/d treatment were randomly assigned to receive continuation treatment with agomelatine (n = 113) or placebo (n = 114) for 26 weeks. The main outcome measure was time to relapse during this maintenance period. The estimated risk of relapse was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and groups were compared using a log-rank test stratified for country. The study was undertaken in 31 clinical centers in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, and Sweden from November 2007 to September 2009.. Results: During the 6-month maintenance period, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factors associated with reported childhood depressive symptoms at age 8 and later self-reported depressive symptoms among boys at age 18. AU - Ronning, John A.. AU - Haavisto, Antti. AU - Nikolakaros, Georgios. AU - Helenius, Hans. AU - Tamminen, Tuula. AU - Moilanen, Irma. AU - Kumpulainen, Kirsti. AU - Piha, Jorma. AU - Almqvist, Fredrik. AU - Sourander, Andre. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. KW - Depressive symptoms. KW - Child. KW - Adolescence. KW - Epidemiology. KW - Follow-up. KW - RISK-FACTORS. KW - PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS. KW - CHILDRENS DEPRESSION. KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES. KW - MAJOR DEPRESSION. KW - 18-YEAR-OLD BOYS. KW - PUBERTAL STATUS. KW - ADOLESCENTS. KW - POPULATION. KW - INVENTORY. KW - 3124 Neurology and psychiatry. U2 - 10.1007/s00127-010-0182-6. DO - 10.1007/s00127-010-0182-6. M3 - Article. VL - 46. SP - 207. EP - 218. JO - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. JF - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. SN - 0933-7954. IS - 3. ER - ...
The present study aimed to analyze the association among depression, sleep quality, and quality of life using the Japanese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders Non-Patient Edition (SCID-I/NP), and to compare these findings with those obtained using self-reported scales, in an urban male working population in Japan. The present study included 324 middle-aged participants (43.8 ± 8.37 years) (participation rate: 69.5%). The Japanese version of the SCID-I/NP was administered by a single physician. Self-reported scales, including the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Assessment (PSQI), and 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were used to assess depression, sleepiness, sleep quality, and quality of life, respectively. Participants were then divided into a major depressive disorder (MDD) and control group based on the results of structured interviews, following which self-reported scale scores were
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American Psychiatric Association (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association (2010, September 23). Proposed revision of the diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevisions/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=165 Berntsen, D. (2009). Involuntary…
21; MMSE: modified Mini-Mental State Examination, scores converted to standard MMSE range; BDI: Beck Depression Inventory-II; BAI: Beck Anxiety Inventory; UPDRS: Unified Parkinsons Disease Rating Scale; NA: not applicable; ns: not significant ...
Two unblinded trials have been published with (n=59) treatment resistant depressed patients. Over 30% were responders after 10 weeks. Response was defined as at least a 50% reduction of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, a depression severity scale. In a long term naturalistic follow-up of this study, 30 patients received an additional 9 months of stimulation. Response was sustained, and remission rates were significantly improved (from 17% to 29%). Remission is defined as a score on the HDRS of 10 or less, that is to say these patients were free of depressive symptoms. This suggests that the efficacy of VNS is probably something that takes time. Patients might benefit if VNS is given during a longer period of time ...
[ATTACH] Emphasis on restoring physical health, and overlooking mental health A recent study published in American Psychiatric Associations...
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OBJECTIVES To identify neurodevelopmental differences in regional brain volume between medication-free paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients and controls at 2-year follow-up after cognitive behavioural therapy. METHODS We assessed 17 medication-free paediatric OCD patients (mean age 13.8 years; SD = 2.8; range 8.2-19.0) and 20 controls, matched on age and gender, with T1-weighted MR scans in a repeated measures design at three time points with intervals of 6 months and 2 years. Voxel based morphometry (VBM) was used to test whole brain voxel-wise for the effects of diagnosis and time on regional grey matter (GM) and white matter volumes. RESULTS GM volume of the orbitofrontal cortex showed a group × time interaction effect, driven by an increase of GM volume over the whole time period in OCD patients and a decrease in controls. When splitting the groups in two age groups (8-12 and 13-19 years) this interaction effect was only seen in the youngest age group. CONCLUSIONS
American Psychiatric Association. Choosing Wisely: Antipsychotic Medications. www.psychiatry.org/choosingwisely. Last accessed February 15, 2014.. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). 5th edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. American Psychiatric Association, Gelenberg AJ, Freeman MP, Markowitz JC, Rosenbaum JF, Thase ME, et al. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with major depressive disorder: third edition. American Psychiatric Association; Oct 2010. www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=24158. Last accessed May 4, 2014. Bostic JQ, Prince JB, Buxton DC. Child and adolescent psychiatric disorders. In Stern TA, Fava M, Wilens TE, Rosenbaum JF, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 69.. Croft HA, Pomara N, Gommoll C, Chen D, Nunez R, Mathews M. Efficacy and safety of vilazodone in major depressive disorder: a randomized, ...
The purpose of this study was to compare the validity of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) in nonelderly (,65 years), young-elderly (age, 65-75), and old-elderly (,75 years) patients with Parkinsons disease (PD). 57 nonelderly, 88 young-elderly, and 81 old-elderly PD patients were administered the GDS-15 and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV depression module. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted for GDS-15 scores against a DSM-IV diagnosis of major or minor depression. The discriminant validity of the GDS-15 was high for nonelderly, young-elderly, and old-elderly subjects (ROC area under curve = 0.92, 0.91, and 0.95, respectively), with optimal dichotomization at a cut-off of 4/5 (85% sensitivity and 84% specificity in nonelderly; 89% sensitivity and 82% specificity in young-elderly) and 5/6 (90% sensitivity and 90% specificity in old-elderly). In conclusion, the GDS-15 has comparable validity in younger and older PD patients, suggesting its ...
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Is cognitive lifestyle associated with depressive thoughts and self-reported depressive symptoms in later life. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Get prices for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) by American Psychiatric Association. Price includes delivery. ISBN: 9780890425558 - or search for other books in
The Beck Anxiety Inventory is a 21-question assessment that measures the severity of anxiety in adults ages 17 to 80, as stated by Pearson Clinical. Either a person self-administers the test, or a...
A diet typically consumed by the Tuscan population - high in vegetables, olive oil, fish, fruits, grains, potatoes, (tomato) sauces, eggs and moderate in wine, red meat and processed meat - was consistently associated with lower depressive symptoms over time in the InCHIANTI cohort. The association between the typical Tuscan dietary pattern and repeated measures of depressive symptoms attenuated after adjustment for confounding factors, but remained statistically significant.. Using RRR to identify dietary patterns and the prospective design of the study with its repeated assessment of depressive symptoms are major strengths of this study. In addition, our study is unique in using continuous scores for depressive symptoms instead of using a cut-off point. This is an advantage because continuous scores are more likely to reflect reality compared with using a cut-off point for depressive symptoms, as the latter could be considered arbitrary. It might be argued that interpreting continuous CES-D ...
In adults with major depressive disorder, adding aripiprazole to antidepressant therapy (ADT) resulted in significant improvement in the primary endpoint, the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) Total Score.
The American Psychiatric Association has published 5 editions of a manual for the classification of mental disorders. Each edition has been titled Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and has used the abbreviation DSM: DSM-I (1952) DSM-II (1968) DSM-III (1980) DSM-III-R (1987) DSM-IV (1994) Using DSM-IV as an example, these books should be cited as follows: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994. A text revision of DSM-IV was published in 2000 as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, abbreviated DSM-IV-TR. This book Less ...
The American Psychiatric Association has published 5 editions of a manual for the classification of mental disorders. Each edition has been titled Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and has used the abbreviation DSM: DSM-I (1952) DSM-II (1968) DSM-III (1980) DSM-III-R (1987) DSM-IV (1994) Using DSM-IV as an example, these books should be cited as follows: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994. A text revision of DSM-IV was published in 2000 as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, abbreviated DSM-IV-TR. This book Less ...
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Few studies have analyzed predictors of length of stay (LOS) in patients admitted due to acute bipolar manic episodes. The purpose of the present study was to estimate LOS and to determine the potential sociodemographic and clinical risk factors associated with a longer hospitalization. Such information could be useful to identify those patients at high risk for long LOS and to allocate them to special treatments, with the aim of optimizing their hospital management. This was a cross-sectional study recruiting adult patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria) who had been hospitalized due to an acute manic episode with a Young Mania Rating Scale total score greater than 20. Bivariate correlational and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of LOS. A total of 235 patients from 44 centers were included in the study. The only factors that were
OBJECTIVES: To standardise the delivery of a brief group cognitive behaviour therapy intervention (CBT-G). To apply the intervention in a research setting and to estimate its effect on recurrence rates in recently depressed older adults, in preparation for a definitive study. METHOD: A CBT-G therapy manual was produced and the Cognitive Therapy Rating Scale (CTS-R) modified to assess therapy delivery. Forty-five adults aged 60 and over who had met ICD-10 criteria for major depression in the previous year and were still taking antidepressant medication were randomly allocated to CBT-G/antidepressant combination or antidepressant alone. Depression severity was measured at baseline, randomisation and 6 and 12 months after start of CBT-G using the Montgomery Asberg Rating Scale for Depression (MADRS). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: One-year recurrence rates on the MADRS were encouragingly lower in participants receiving CBT-G [5/18 (27.8%)] compared with controls [8/18 (44.4%)] although this did not achieve
References. Amado, B. G., Arce, R., & Herraiz, A. (2015). Psychological injury in victims of child sexual abuse: A meta-analytic review. Psychosocial Intervention, 24, 49-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psi.2015.03.002 [ Links ] American Psychiatric Association - APA. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [ Links ] American Psychiatric Association - APA. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author. [ Links ] American Psychiatric Association - APA. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [ Links ] Arce, R., Fariña, F., & Novo, M. (2014). Competencia cognitiva en penados primarios y reincidentes: implicaciones para la reeducación. Anales de Psicología, 30, 259-266. http:s//doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.1.158201 [ Links ] Arce, R., Fariña, F., Seijo, D., & Novo, M. (2015). Assessing impression management with the MMPI-2 in ...
BACKGROUND: Common etiology of vascular diseases and later-life depression may provide important synergies for prevention. We examined whether standard clinical risk profiles developed for vascular diseases also predict depressive symptoms in older adults. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Whitehall II study with baseline examination in 1991; follow-up screenings in 1997, 2003, and 2008; and additional disease ascertainment from hospital data and registry linkage on 5318 participants (mean age 54.8 years, 31% women) without depressive symptoms at baseline. Vascular risk was assessed with the Framingham Cardiovascular, Coronary Heart Disease, and Stroke Risk Scores. New depressive symptoms at each follow-up screening were identified by General Health Questionnaire caseness, a Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale score ≥16, and use of antidepressant medication. RESULTS: Diagnosed vascular disease (that is, coronary heart disease or stroke) was associated with an increased risk for
We found mild depressive symptoms to be frequent and with little change in prevalence during the 18-month follow-up after stroke. Our rates of depressive symptoms (from 23% to 29%) are similar to17 or, more often, lower than those in many other studies.1,3,19,24,40 This may be due to the inclusion criteria of the patients and measures of depression used. Our patients were younger, with a mean age of only 55 years, had experienced their first significant stroke, and had no other severe concomitant diseases. Most similar rates are in a study17 using a self-rating scale, and the greatest differences are when comparing studies using DSM-III-R criteria with older patients.2,3. Depressive symptoms were often persistent after stroke. Almost half of the patients who were depressive in the acute phase and/or at 2 months were also depressive at 12 and/or 18 months. This is in line with several other studies.4,17,22 Robinson et al41 claim that the continuity of depressive symptoms may be particularly ...
Levels of self-reported depression and anxiety among HIV-positive patients in Albania: a cross-sectional study. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Since the DSM-IV was published in 1994, weve seen many advances in our knowledge of psychiatric illness. This Text Revision incorporates information culled from a comprehensive literature review of research about mental disorders published since DSM-IV was completed in 1994. Updated information is included about the associated features, culture, age, and gender features, prevalence, course, and familial pattern of mental disorders. The DSM-IV-TR brings this essential diagnostic tool up-to-date, to promote effective diagnosis, treatment, and quality of care. Now you can get all the essential diagnostic information you rely on from the DSM-IV along with important updates not found in the 1994 edition.Stay current with important updates to the DSM-IV-TR : Benefit from new research into Schizophrenia, Aspergers Disorder, and other conditions Utilize additional information about the epidemiology and other facets of DSM conditions Update ICD-9-CM codes implemented since 1994 (including Conduct Disorder,
Since the DSM-IV was published in 1994, weve seen many advances in our knowledge of psychiatric illness. This Text Revision incorporates information culled from a comprehensive literature review of research about mental disorders published since DSM-IV was completed in 1994. Updated information is included about the associated features, culture, age, and gender features, prevalence, course, and familial pattern of mental disorders. The DSM-IV-TR brings this essential diagnostic tool up-to-date, to promote effective diagnosis, treatment, and quality of care. Now you can get all the essential diagnostic information you rely on from the DSM-IV along with important updates not found in the 1994 edition.Stay current with important updates to the DSM-IV-TR : Benefit from new research into Schizophrenia, Aspergers Disorder, and other conditions Utilize additional information about the epidemiology and other facets of DSM conditions Update ICD-9-CM codes implemented since 1994 (including Conduct Disorder,
Depressive symptoms in old age are common, but the prevalence, persistence, and incidence of depressive symptoms in older adults with and without dementia receiving in-home care is less well studied, and descriptions of the relationship between severity of cognitive decline and depressive symptoms over time is, to our knowledge, lacking. The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence, incidence and persistence of depressive symptoms over a 36-month follow-up period among older adults receiving in-home care at baseline, and to explore the association between cognitive function and the course of depressive symptoms over time ...
|p|Abnormal and clinical psychology courses are offered in psychology programs at universities worldwide, but the most recent major encyclopedia on the topic wa
TY - JOUR. T1 - Symptom profiles in children with ADHD. T2 - Effects of comorbidity and gender. AU - Newcorn, Jeffrey H.. AU - Halperin, Jeffrey M.. AU - Jensen, Peter S.. AU - Abikoff, Howard B.. AU - Arnold, L. Eugene. AU - Cantwell, Dennis P.. AU - Conners, C. Keith. AU - Elliott, Glen R.. AU - Epstein, Jeffrey N.. AU - Greenhill, Laurence L.. AU - Hechtman, Lily. AU - Hinshaw, Stephen P.. AU - Hoza, Betsy. AU - Kraemer, Helena C.. AU - Pelham, William E.. AU - Severe, Joanne B.. AU - Swanson, James M.. AU - Wells, Karen C.. AU - Wigal, Timothy. AU - Vitiello, Benedetto. PY - 2001/1/1. Y1 - 2001/1/1. N2 - Objective: To examine ratings and objective measures of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms to assess whether ADHD children with add without comorbid conditions have equally high levels of core symptoms and whether symptom profiles differ as a function of comorbidity and gender. Method: Four hundred ninety-eight children from the NIMH Collaborative Multisite Multimodal ...
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BACKGROUND: Post-stroke depression (PSD) seriously affects the rehabilitation of nerve function and quality of life. However, the pathogenesis of PSD is still not clear. This study aimed to investigate the demographic, clinical, and biochemical factors in patients with PSD. METHODS: Patients with an acute ischemic stroke, who met the inclusion criteria at Shanghai Tenth Peoples Hospital from April 2016 to September 2016, were recruited for this study. The stroke severity was assessed using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and the mental state was assessed using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) at 1 week of admission ...
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Background. Prevalence rates of depression based on the GMS-AGECAT system are markedly higher than rates of major depression diagnosed using DSM-III and DSM-III-R criteria. Interpreting this finding is difficult since AGECAT diagnostic criteria have not been published. Methods. We conducted a survey in Edmonton, Canada, in which 1119 community...
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An electronic-circuit fabricating system wherein an inspecting machine is provided for each of working machines such as a mask printing machine and an electronic-component mounting machine, to inspect a result of an operation of each working machine, and a monitoring device is arranged to receive information on monitoring-object portions of the working machines and information on the inspected result of the operation, to estimate the present state of each monitoring-object portion on the basis of these kinds of information, to obtain a tendency of change of the present state on the basis of the present state and stored past data, and to monitor the working machines so that the present state does not exceed a predetermined threshold state. When the present state of the monitoring-object portion has exceeded the thresholds state, the monitoring device estimates a cause for an abnormality of the working machine on the basis of the information on the
One-sample test. ## Hollander & Wolfe (1973), 29f. ## Hamilton depression scale factor measurements in 9 patients with ## mixed anxiety and depression, taken at the first (x) and second ## (y) visit after initiation of a therapy (administration of a ## tranquilizer). x ,- c(1.83, 0.50, 1.62, 2.48, 1.68, 1.88, 1.55, 3.06, 1.30) y ,- c(0.878, 0.647, 0.598, 2.05, 1.06, 1.29, 1.06, 3.14, 1.29) wilcox.test(x, y, paired = TRUE, alternative = "greater") wilcox.test(y - x, alternative = "less") # The same. wilcox.test(y - x, alternative = "less", exact = FALSE, correct = FALSE) # H&W large sample # approximation ## Two-sample test. ## Hollander & Wolfe (1973), 69f. ## Permeability constants of the human chorioamnion (a placental ## membrane) at term (x) and between 12 to 26 weeks gestational ## age (y). The alternative of interest is greater permeability ## of the human chorioamnion for the term pregnancy. x ,- c(0.80, 0.83, 1.89, 1.04, 1.45, 1.38, 1.91, 1.64, 0.73, 1.46) y ,- c(1.15, 0.88, 0.90, 0.74, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Joint-Attention and the Social Phenotype of School-Aged Children with ASD. AU - Mundy, Peter Clive. AU - Novotny, Stephanie. AU - Swain-Lerro, Lindsey. AU - McIntyre, Nancy. AU - Zajic, Matt. AU - Oswald, Tasha. PY - 2017/5/1. Y1 - 2017/5/1. N2 - The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two children with ASD and 34 controls were assessed with the Childhood Joint Attention Rating Scale (C-JARS). The C-JARS exhibited internally consistency, α = 0.88, and one factor explained 49% of the scale variance. Factor scores correctly identified between 88 and 94% of the children with ASD and 62-82% of controls. These scores were correlated with the ADOS-2, but not other parent-report symptom measures. The ...
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Xerocomus s. l. in the light of the present state of knowledge JOSEF ŠUTARA Prosetická 239, Teplice, Czech Republic Šutara J. (2008): Xerocomus s. l. in the light of the present
Clinical scores for acute, chronic, subjective symptoms and objective signs correlated well with each other. The symptom measures by modified POEM is easy to perform by parents or patients and correlated better with most other clinical scores, making it an all-round ideal symptom-based severity scor …
Immunomodulatory therapy should be considered early, because NSAIDs or a short course of oral corticosteroids may be sufficient for symptom remission in recent-onset cases, whereas those with long-standing symptoms often require more intensive and prolonged immunotherapeutic interventions, the authors write.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR (Text Revision) (Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM Hardcover)) -
Dr. Allen Frances writes that the American Psychiatric Association approval of the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual this past weekend m
Last Friday, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) published the fifth edition of what is considered the "bible" for diagnosing mental disorders…
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The DSM-5 was published by the American Psychiatric Association and includes updated descriptions of new disorders. Read about 10 of these discoveries.
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Psychiatric Symptoms Associated with Brain Tumors: A Clinical Enigma - Volume 11 Issue 1 - Despina Moise, Subramoniam Madhusoodanan
1. In describing the nerves and their functions, it will be necessary to classify them, or to reduce them to such arrangement, as the present state of our knowledge on the subject will admit. The foll...
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There are several closely-banded model scales that fall either side of the 1:100 scale, with roughly a 23% size spread - but which is which and how do they fit
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Previous studies have detected abnormal serum ferritin levels in patients with depression; however, the results have been inconsistent. This study used quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) for the first time to examine brain iron concentration in depressed patients and evaluated whether it is related to severity. We included three groups of age- and gender-matched participants: 30 patients with mild-moderate depression (MD), 14 patients with major depression (MDD) and 20 control subjects. All participants underwent MR scans with a 3D gradient-echo sequence reconstructing for QSM and performed the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) test. In MDD, the susceptibility value in the bilateral putamen was significantly increased compared with MD or control subjects. In addition, a significant difference was also observed in the left thalamus in MDD patients compared with controls. However, the susceptibility values did not differ between MD patients and controls. The susceptibility values
For this study, 461 Chinese Han patients with depressive disorder were recruited. The AKT1 genotype and allele distribution were determined by PCR amplification and direct sequencing. UNPHASED software was used to analyze associations between the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, total score, four factors and the AKT1 rs2494746 and rs3001371 polymorphisms. The results indicate that there is a significant association between suicidal ideation and anxiety symptoms in depressed patients and the rs2494746 polymorphism. The other AKT1 polymorphism, rs3001371, was significantly associated with work and activities. Patients with the rs3001371-A allele had a significantly more severe illness compared to patients with the rs3001371-G allele. Thus, AKT1 polymorphisms appear to be associated with depression severity, anxiety symptoms, work and activities, and suicide attempts in patients with depressive disorder.
Persecutory delusions are one of the most common and distressing symptoms of psychosis. Many studies indicate an association of persecutory delusions with depression. A direct role for depression-related cognitive factors in the maintenance of persecutory delusions has not been systematically examined, despite such processes being implicated in a cognitive model. To determine whether depression in people with persecutory delusions is associated with the same cognitive factors implicated in major depressive disorder, and to examine these factors as predictors of the persistence of persecutory delusions over time. A systematic literature review formed the basis of two linked studies: one cross-sectional and one longitudinal. In the first study, 60 participants with persecutory delusions and schizophrenia spectrum diagnoses were classified into two groups, according to whether or not they met ICD-10 criteria for major depression. Assessments were made of delusions, depression and key cognitive ...
A phase 3 clinical trial of tetrabenazine showed the drug to be effective in the treatment of chorea associated with Huntingtons disease (HD). The results of the study presented at the 129th annual meeting of the American Neurological Association validated the treatment success that has been seen in Europe, Australia, and Canada. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 84 patients with HD, patients received either tetrabenazine or a placebo for 12 weeks. The objective was to change baseline scores on the Unified Huntingtons Disease Rating Scale, which is used to assess clinical elements. After 12 weeks, the chorea score for the tetrabenazine group had decreased by 5 points, whereas the scores for the placebo group had decreased by only 1.5 points. Tetrabenazine also was proven to be superior to placebo on the Clinical Global Impression Scale, which assesses severity of illness and change in clinical condition. The drugs manufacturer, Prestwick Pharmaceuticals Inc, plans to ...
Bipolar disorder dates back to the time of Hippocrates (Healy). Hippocrates was the first to put mania and melancholia on our cultural radar (Healy). The symptoms he used to diagnose mania were that of nausea, shivering, insomnia, and lack of thirst (Healy). Until recently, bipolar II disorder has been virtually unknown and highly underdiagnosed. DSM-IV has separated bipolar disorders into two types, bipolar II and I. (Chengappa, Levine, Gershon, Kupfer). These two disorders may have differing genetic, biological, phenomenological attributes and course of illness characteristics (Chengappa, Levine, Gershon, Kupfer). There are many reasons for this. A lack of education regarding the disorder, misdiagnosis, and improper treatments are the number one reason for misdiagnosis. Physicians and mental health clinicians are just now learning the symptoms of bipolar II disorder. During a 2005 chart review, 37% of 90 bipolar II disorder patients were misdiagnosed as having unipolar depression. Bipolar II ...
OBJECTIVE: The Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder (STEP-BD) is designed to evaluate the longitudinal outcome of patients with bipolar disorder. The STEP-BD disease-management model is built on evidence-based practices and a collaborative care approach designed to maximize specific and nonspecific treatment mechanisms. This prospective study examined the longitudinal relationships between patients satisfaction with care, levels of hope, and life functioning in the first 1000 patients to enter STEP-BD. METHODS: The study used scores from the Care Satisfaction Questionnaire, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Range of Impaired Functioning Tool, Young Mania Rating Scale, and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale at 5 time points during a 1-year interval. Analyses tested mediational pathways between care satisfaction, hope, and life functioning, depression, and mania using mixed-effects (random and fixed) regression models. RESULTS: Increases in care satisfaction were associated with
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) can be an important mediator of inflammation recently shown in studies to increase the excitability of small diameter sensory neurons at least in part via activation of the S1P1 receptor subtype. but not its inactive enantiomer, W140. The hyperalgesic effects of S1P were mimicked by intraplantar injection of the well characterized S1PR1 agonist, SEW2871. The development of S1P-induced hyperalgesia was clogged by apocynin, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, L-NAME, a non-selective NOS inhibitor and by the potent PN decomposition catalysts (FeTM-4-PyP5+ and MnTE-2-PyP5+). Our findings provide mechanistic insight into the signaling pathways engaged by S1P in the development of hyperalgesia and focus on the contribution of the S1P1 receptor-to-PN signaling in this process. [69; 68] at least in part via INCB8761 activation of S1PR1 [11] and that S1P derived following bioconversion of ceramide, contributes to NGF-induced excitation of rat sensory neurons [70; 36]. Interestingly, ...
1. Introduction. Managing depressive symptoms effectively has become an important social issue in South Korea. Cho, Nam, and Suh [1] studied the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Korean adults. They found that 25.3% of Korean adults had depression scores above the cutoff of 16 on the Korean version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and 8.6% of those had depression scores above 25 [2] . Depressive symptoms refer to physical and mental states that are accompanied by a depressed mood [3] . In this study, depressive symptoms include negative affect, somatic symptoms, and anhedonia [4] . Negative affect is a depressed mood, which includes dysphoric mood or sadness. Somatic symptoms are somatic complaints such as sleep disturbance or fatigue. Anhedonia is lack of positive affect such as feeling good or happy. Individuals who have salient depressive symptoms usually have impaired psychosocial functioning [5] . Specifically, it has been suggested that differential ...
Background: Depression diagnosis requires five or more symptoms (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-DSM-5). One of them must be either Depressed mood or Anhedonia, named main criteria. Although the secondary symptoms can be divided into somatic and non-somatic clusters, the DSM-5 identify depression in all or none fashion. In contrast, depression severity is a continuous variable. Therefore, it is commonly assessed with scales such as the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD). Previously, we reported that patients with moderate depression (MD) exhibit greater impairments in cardiac-autonomic modulation than severely depressed (SD) patients. However, clinicians usually do not use scales.Objective: To verify whether the DSM-5 symptoms would be able to discriminate SD from MD and MD from non-depressed (ND) subjects.Material and Methods: Depression was diagnosed based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5® Disorders. The HAMD evaluated depression severity. In depressed
Looking for online definition of major depressive episode in the Medical Dictionary? major depressive episode explanation free. What is major depressive episode? Meaning of major depressive episode medical term. What does major depressive episode mean?
For the study, which was supported by Allergan affiliate Forest Laboratories, adults with bipolar I disorder who were experiencing an acute manic or mixed episode were enrolled in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial consisting of an initial 12- to 16-week open-label period and a 26-week double-blind randomized withdrawal period. The target asenapine dosage was 10 mg twice-a-day in the open-label period but could be titrated down to 5 mg. After completing the open-label period, subjects meeting stabilization/stable-responder criteria (based on Young Mania Rating Scale [YMRS] and Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale [MADRS] scores ≤12) were randomized to asenapine or placebo treatment in the double-blind period. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Dysfunction of the neural network associated with sustained attention in cancer patients with clinically significant depressive symptoms. AU - Kim, Lee Su. AU - Hwang, Hee Sung. AU - Jon, Duk In. AU - Ham, Byung-Joo. AU - Seok, Jeong Ho. PY - 2008/12/5. Y1 - 2008/12/5. N2 - Introduction: A breast cancer diagnosis is a major stressor in women that might mediate disabling depressive symptoms. Dysfunction of the neural network associated with attentive processing of emotional information has been considered an important pathophysiologic mechanism of depression. Attention deficit and related brain abnormalities in patients with clinically significant depressive symptoms were investigated by comparing patients without clinically significant depressive symptoms when they were diagnosed with breast cancer. Methods: Twelve breast cancer patients with clinically significant depressive symptoms and 12 breast cancer patients without clinically significant depressive symptoms participated in ...
Los Angeles, California (PRWEB) May 10, 2016 -- The American Psychiatric Association (APA) has called on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to reclassify
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Montgomery AL News - montgomeryadvertiser.com is the home page of Montgomery AL with in depth and updated Montgomery local news. Stay informed with both Montgomery AL news as well as headlines and stories from around the world.
Montgomery AL News - montgomeryadvertiser.com is the home page of Montgomery AL with in depth and updated Montgomery local news. Stay informed with both Montgomery AL news as well as headlines and stories from around the world.
The Society for Humanistic Psychology (Division 32 of APA), in conjunction with other organizations in psychology, have written an open letter to the DSM-5. Early co-signers include Society for Community Research and Action: Division of Community Psychology (Division 27 of APA) and Society for Group Psychology and Psychotherapy (Division 49 of APA). We invite mental health professionals to sign on in support of this petition to the DSM5 Task Force of the American Psychiatric Association. DSM and DSM-5 are trademarks of the American Psychiatric Association. Disclaimer: The American Psychiatric Association is not affiliated with nor endorses this website.