In this large longitudinal study, the proportional frequency and the frequency of newly identified depression between 3 and 12 months posthospitalization were similar after stroke and TIA when assessed with the PHQ-8 scale or by the PHQ-8 and/or use of antidepressants. The frequency of poststroke depression varies between published studies depending on the setting, patient population, diagnostic criteria, time period, and inclusion and exclusion criteria. According to a meta-analysis published in 2005, the pooled frequency of depressive symptoms among stroke survivors at any time during follow-up was 33% (95% CI, 29%-36%). The pooled frequencies varied when grouped by method of mood assessment; it was lowest in studies that used a single simple question to determine depression status (14%; 95% CI, 14%-15%) and highest when using standardized questionnaires such as the Montgomery Asberg depression rating scale (41%; 95% CI, 23%-60%).2 None of the included studies used the PHQ-8 scale.. Consistent ...
The investigators hope to learn the efficacy of 6 weeks treatment of RO4995819 versus placebo as adjunctive therapy in patients with MDD having inadequate response to ongoing antidepressant treatment based on mean change in Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) scores from baseline to end of treatment.. This knowledge is valuable because it is a new medication, which may have utility in the population of patients with major depressive disorder. ...
[Source: JAMA, full page: (LINK). Abstract, edited.] Original Investigation / Caring for the Critically Ill Patient / May 19, 2019 Derivation, Validation, and Potential Treatment Implications of Novel Clinical Phenotypes for Sepsis Christopher W. Seymour, MD, MSc1,2,3; Jason N. Kennedy, MS1,3; Shu Wang, MS4; et al., Chung-Chou H. Chang, PhD3,4,5; Corrine F. Elliott, MS 6; Zhongying Xu, MS 4; Scott Berry, PhD 6; Gilles Clermont, MD, MSc 1,3; Gregory Cooper, MD, PhD 7; Hernando Gomez, MD, MPH 1,2,3; David T. Huang, MD, MPH 1,2,3; John A. Kellum, MD, FACP, MCCM 1,3; Qi Mi, PhD 8; Steven…
Change from baseline on Illness Density Index, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale and Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Scale, Clinical Global Impression of Change, GAF, SAs, NAS, Q-LES-Q-SF & neuropsychological ...
Die Universität zu Köln ist eine Exzellenzuniversität mit dem klassischen Fächerspektrum einer Volluniversität. Als eine der größen Hochschulen Europas arbeitet sie in Forschung und Lehre auch international auf höchstem Niveau.
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In the child study, an analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed highly significant effects of omega-3 on each of the three rating scales. In the bipolar depression study, 8 of the 10 patients who completed at least 1 month of follow-up achieved a 50% or greater reduction in Hamilton depression (Ham-D) scores within 1 month. No significant side effects were reported in any of the studies ...
The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale is a clinician-rated evaluation whose purpose is to analyze the severity of anxiety. The scale is intended for adults, adolescents, and children and should take approximately ten to fifteen minutes to administer. The scale is a public document. Since it is in the public domain, it is widely available for administration. The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale is composed of fourteen items. On the scale, each item is presented in a specific format. Following the item number, the item itself is listed along with a brief description of the criterion. This description is in the form of a short phrase that elaborates on the item and provides specificity to the clinician regarding the appropriate evaluation. Adjacent to each item is a five-point scale, displaying the numerals 0 to 4 outlined by a square. To learn more about the specific scoring regarding the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, please proceed to the Scoring section. Each criterion on the scale is an independent ...
The CGI is a standardized assessment tool used to measure treatment response among psychiatric patients, and is widely used in psychopharmacology trials as an outcome measure. It is designed to assess global severity of illness and change in the clinical condition over time. It consists of 3 global subscales: Severity of Illness; Global Improvement; Efficacy Index. Item 1 is rated on a seven-point scale (1=normal to 7=extremely ill); item 2 on a seven-point scale (1=very much improved to 7=very much worse); and item 3 on a four-point scale (from none to outweighs therapeutic effect). The CGI is typically administered several times during treatment to track progress. While it takes only about 5 minutes to complete, its use requires knowledge of the patients clinical history in order for the clinician to determine change in condition ...
Background: Amisulpride is a selective D2-D3 antagonist that has been reported to be effective in the treatment of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder. However, no prospective study to date has assessed the effectiveness and tolerability of this compound in mania. Method: Twenty DSM-IV-defined acutely ill manic bipolar patients with a Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) score of 20 or more entered this open, prospective, 6-week study. Assessments included the YMRS, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), the Clinical Global Impressions Scale for Bipolar Disorder, Modified (CGI-BP-M), and the systematic report of adverse events. Amisulpride was added to other medications, but other antipsychotics were not allowed. Results: Fourteen patients (70%) completed the study. Using last-observation-carried-forward (LOCF) analyses, amisulpride produced significant improvements on the YMRS (p = .0001), the HAM-D (p , .0141), and the overall (p = .0003), mania (p = .0001), and depression (p = ...
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a glutathione precursor that has been shown to have antidepressant efficacy in a placebo-controlled trial. The current study aimed to investigate the maintenance effects of NAC following eight weeks of open-label treatment for bipolar disorder. The efficacy of a double blind randomized placebo controlled trial of 2 g/day NAC as adjunct maintenance treatment for bipolar disorder was examined. Participants (n = 149) had a Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Score of ≥12 at trial entry and, after eight weeks of open-label NAC treatment, were randomized to adjunctive NAC or placebo, in addition to treatment as usual. Participants (primarily outpatients) were recruited through public and private services and through newspaper advertisements. Time to intervention for a mood episode was the primary endpoint of the study, and changes in mood symptoms, functionality and quality of life measures were secondary outcomes. There was a substantial decrease in symptoms during the eight
Background: N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a glutathione precursor that has been shown to have antidepressant efficacy in a placebo-controlled trial. The current study aimed to investigate the maintenance effects of NAC following eight weeks of open-label treatment for bipolar disorder. Method: The efficacy of a double blind randomized placebo controlled trial of 2 g/day NAC as adjunct maintenance treatment for bipolar disorder was examined. Participants (n = 149) had a Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Score of ≥12 at trial entry and, after eight weeks of open-label NAC treatment, were randomized to adjunctive NAC or placebo, in addition to treatment as usual. Participants (primarily outpatients) were recruited through public and private services and through newspaper advertisements. Time to intervention for a mood episode was the primary endpoint of the study, and changes in mood symptoms, functionality and quality of life measures were secondary outcomes. Results: There was a substantial ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Thyroid hormones affect recovery from depression during antidepressant treatment. AU - Pae, Chi Un. AU - Mandelli, Laura. AU - Han, Changsu. AU - Ham, Byung Joo. AU - Masand, Prakash S.. AU - Patkar, Ashwin A.. AU - Steffens, David C.. AU - De Ronchi, Diana. AU - Serretti, Alessandro. PY - 2009/6. Y1 - 2009/6. N2 - The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether thyroid hormonal changes during menopause may affect the development and the course of major depressive disorder. Methods: Thirty-nine female patients (n = 17 in pre-menopause; n = 22 in post-menopause) with major depressive disorder based on Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition) criteria and who were euthyroid and not on hormonal replacement therapy, participated in a prospective, 6-week, open-label naturalistic study. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-17 item, the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, the Clinical Global Impression scale and the Cognitive Failure Questionnaire ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the concurrent validity of the French language version of the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenics (CDSS). Ninety-five schizophrenic patients meeting the DSM-III-R criteria were enrolled in the study. The depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenics (CDSS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Montgomery and Asberg Rating Scale (MADRS), and Widlocher Psychomotor Retardation Scale (ERD). The psychotic symptoms were evaluated with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) and the extrapyramidal symptoms with the Extrapyramidal Syndrome Rating Scale (ESRS). The CDDS was significantly correlated with all the conventional depression-rating scales. We only found significant positive correlations between the CDSS and the PANSS-positive sub-scale. The CDSS total score was significantly correlated with some PANSS-positive items (delusions and hallucinatory behaviour). No significant correlation between ...
All three forms of childhood adversity were associated with an increased likelihood of experiencing more current stressful events. Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale were significantly higher in participants with a history of sexual abuse. Scores on the Beck Depression Inventory, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and Perceived Stress Scale were significantly higher, and scores on the WHO Quality of life instrument were significantly lower in participants with a history of physical abuse by parents. They were more likely to receive augmentation and combination treatment after the initial antidepressant treatment, whereas overall response rates to treatment did not differ. Scores on the Beck Scale for suicide ideation were significantly higher after treatment and/or at baseline in patients with sexual or physical abuse. Physical illness was more prevalent in individuals with physical abuse by parents or separation of parents. ...
The team prospectively studied 101 patients with hepatobiliary carcinoma.. Depressive symptoms were measured at diagnosis using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale.. Sociodemographic and disease-specific data were gathered from the patients charts.. The team measured several factors in a subsample of patients that included stress, alcohol, tobacco, and drug use .. Sleep quality, physical activity, social support, natural killer cell number and cytotoxicity were also assessed.. The team then measured plasma levels of interleukin -4, interleukin-5, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and interferon gamma.. Survival was measured from date of diagnosis to death.. The researchers found that at diagnosis, 37% of patients reported a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score of 16.. The team found that sociodemographic and disease-specific variables significantly predicted survival.. Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale score significantly predicted ...
Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of agomelatine in the prevention of relapse in patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).. Method: Patients with GAD (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale [HARS] ≥ 22, with items 1 and 2 ≥ 2, item 1 + 2 ≥ 5; Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale [MADRS] ≤ 16; and , 20% decrease in HARS total score between screening and baseline) who responded to a 16-week course of agomelatine 25-50 mg/d treatment were randomly assigned to receive continuation treatment with agomelatine (n = 113) or placebo (n = 114) for 26 weeks. The main outcome measure was time to relapse during this maintenance period. The estimated risk of relapse was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and groups were compared using a log-rank test stratified for country. The study was undertaken in 31 clinical centers in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, and Sweden from November 2007 to September 2009.. Results: During the 6-month maintenance period, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factors associated with reported childhood depressive symptoms at age 8 and later self-reported depressive symptoms among boys at age 18. AU - Ronning, John A.. AU - Haavisto, Antti. AU - Nikolakaros, Georgios. AU - Helenius, Hans. AU - Tamminen, Tuula. AU - Moilanen, Irma. AU - Kumpulainen, Kirsti. AU - Piha, Jorma. AU - Almqvist, Fredrik. AU - Sourander, Andre. PY - 2011. Y1 - 2011. KW - Depressive symptoms. KW - Child. KW - Adolescence. KW - Epidemiology. KW - Follow-up. KW - RISK-FACTORS. KW - PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS. KW - CHILDRENS DEPRESSION. KW - GENDER-DIFFERENCES. KW - MAJOR DEPRESSION. KW - 18-YEAR-OLD BOYS. KW - PUBERTAL STATUS. KW - ADOLESCENTS. KW - POPULATION. KW - INVENTORY. KW - 3124 Neurology and psychiatry. U2 - 10.1007/s00127-010-0182-6. DO - 10.1007/s00127-010-0182-6. M3 - Article. VL - 46. SP - 207. EP - 218. JO - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. JF - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. SN - 0933-7954. IS - 3. ER - ...
The present study aimed to analyze the association among depression, sleep quality, and quality of life using the Japanese version of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders Non-Patient Edition (SCID-I/NP), and to compare these findings with those obtained using self-reported scales, in an urban male working population in Japan. The present study included 324 middle-aged participants (43.8 ± 8.37 years) (participation rate: 69.5%). The Japanese version of the SCID-I/NP was administered by a single physician. Self-reported scales, including the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Assessment (PSQI), and 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) were used to assess depression, sleepiness, sleep quality, and quality of life, respectively. Participants were then divided into a major depressive disorder (MDD) and control group based on the results of structured interviews, following which self-reported scale scores were
Sell Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR, by American Psychiatric Association, 4th Edition, Text Revision - ISBN 9780890420256 - Ship for free! - Bookbyte
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM-III) published by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980, and now translated in many languages, has raised a great interest in the whole world. It has probably had on psychiatric thinking as important an impact as th …
Introduction: Botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection into the glabellar region is currently being studied as a treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). Here we explore efficacy data of this novel approach in a pooled analysis.. Methods: A literature search revealed 3 RCTs on this topic. Individual patient data and clinical end points shared by these 3 trials were pooled and analyzed as one study (n=134) using multiple regression models with random effects.. Results: In the pooled sample, the BTA (n=59) and the placebo group (n=75) did not differ in the baseline variables. Efficacy outcomes revealed BTA superiority over placebo: Improvement in the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale or Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale 6 weeks after baseline was 45.7% for BTA vs. 14.6% for placebo (p,0.0001), corresponding to a BTA response rate of 54.2% (vs. 10.7%) and a BTA remission rate of 30.5% (vs. 6.7%).. Discussion: Equalling the status of a meta-analysis, this study increases evidence that a single ...
Genetic Bases of Hearing Loss: Future Treatment Implications Luis F. Escobar, MD Medical Director Medical Genetics & Neurodevelopmental Pediatrics of Indiana Peyton Manning Children s Hospital St. Vincent
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Bipolar I disorder (BID) and its treatments have shown to be associated with deep impacts on patients subjective feelings and quality of life (QOL). There are also some comments about impact of these feelings on course and outcome of patients with BID. This study was aimed to evaluate quality of life in patients with BID and to assess its relationship with course of disorder. Fifty patients with BID were recruited based on the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I) from May 2008 and followed for 12 months. Quality of life and mood disorder recurrence were assessed through World Health Organization Quality of Life and SCID-I tools respectively at baseline and after 6 and 12 months. Repeated measures analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the independent effect of QOL and demographic factors on BID recurrence. Fifty patients (66% male; 48% never married; 48% in primary school level) with mean ± SE age and age of BID onset 33.8±1.5 and 26.6±1.1 years ...
American Psychiatric Association (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author. American Psychiatric Association (2010, September 23). Proposed revision of the diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder. http://www.dsm5.org/ProposedRevisions/Pages/proposedrevision.aspx?rid=165 Berntsen, D. (2009). Involuntary…
BACKGROUND: The expression of depressive symptoms in older people with cancer is heterogeneous because of specific features of age or cancer comorbidity. We aimed to identify depressive symptom profiles in this population and describe the associated features including survival.. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients ≥70 years who were referred to geriatric oncology clinics were prospectively included in the ELCAPA study. In this subanalysis, depressive symptoms were used as indicators in a latent class analysis. Multinomial multivariable logistic regression and Cox models examined the association of each class with baseline characteristics and mortality.. RESULTS: For the 847 complete-case patients included (median age, 79 years; interquartile range, 76-84; women, 47.9%), we identified five depressive symptom classes: no depression/somatic only (38.8%), no depression/pauci-symptomatic (26.4%), severe depression (20%), mild depression (11.8%), and demoralization (3%). Compared with the no ...
21; MMSE: modified Mini-Mental State Examination, scores converted to standard MMSE range; BDI: Beck Depression Inventory-II; BAI: Beck Anxiety Inventory; UPDRS: Unified Parkinsons Disease Rating Scale; NA: not applicable; ns: not significant ...
Parkinsons disease is a neurodegenerative disorder. Its main symptoms are those from the scope of motor and non-motor functions. Both groups of those symptoms considerably influence the patients health-related quality of life. Non-motor symptoms are frequently overlooked, and, as a consequence, poorly treated. It leads to complications in therapy and a decreased level of quality of life of both patients and their caretakers. One of the co-occurring disorders is depression. Many of the symptoms overlap with those of Parkinsons disease. This presents additional requirements for the clinician/researcher and their psychometric tools. There are many clinical scales and self-report questionnaires successfully used for screening, diagnosis, or checking the progress in the treatment of depression. These include: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Inventory of Depressive Symptoms - Self-Rated (IDS-SR), Patient ...
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Two unblinded trials have been published with (n=59) treatment resistant depressed patients. Over 30% were responders after 10 weeks. Response was defined as at least a 50% reduction of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, a depression severity scale. In a long term naturalistic follow-up of this study, 30 patients received an additional 9 months of stimulation. Response was sustained, and remission rates were significantly improved (from 17% to 29%). Remission is defined as a score on the HDRS of 10 or less, that is to say these patients were free of depressive symptoms. This suggests that the efficacy of VNS is probably something that takes time. Patients might benefit if VNS is given during a longer period of time ...
It may be useful if you have a diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder, are worried you may have the condition, someone close to you has been diagnosed, or would like to know more about the disorder. This resource provides information, not advice. The content in this resource is provided for general information only. It is not intended to, and does not, amount to advice which you should rely on.. It is not in any way an alternative to specific advice. You must therefore obtain the relevant professional or specialist advice before taking, or refraining from, any action based on the information in this resource. If you have questions about any medical matter, you should consult your doctor or other professional healthcare provider without delay. If you think you are experiencing any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention from a doctor or other professional healthcare provider.. Although we make reasonable efforts to compile accurate information in our resources and to update ...
Professionals who diagnose ADHD use the diagnostic criteria set forth by the American Psychiatric Association (1994) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
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The best way to tell if you have ADD/ADHD is a comprehensive evaluation. This should include a clinical interview that looks at both childhood and current symptoms, assessments of executive functioning and a computer-based test of attention and focus.
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OBJECTIVES To identify neurodevelopmental differences in regional brain volume between medication-free paediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients and controls at 2-year follow-up after cognitive behavioural therapy. METHODS We assessed 17 medication-free paediatric OCD patients (mean age 13.8 years; SD = 2.8; range 8.2-19.0) and 20 controls, matched on age and gender, with T1-weighted MR scans in a repeated measures design at three time points with intervals of 6 months and 2 years. Voxel based morphometry (VBM) was used to test whole brain voxel-wise for the effects of diagnosis and time on regional grey matter (GM) and white matter volumes. RESULTS GM volume of the orbitofrontal cortex showed a group × time interaction effect, driven by an increase of GM volume over the whole time period in OCD patients and a decrease in controls. When splitting the groups in two age groups (8-12 and 13-19 years) this interaction effect was only seen in the youngest age group. CONCLUSIONS
The construct validity of a Chinese-language version of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) was tested on a sample of 138 Hong Kong Chinese married couples. Confirmatory factor analysis identified 2 factors: (a) depressive symptom factors and (b) interperso …
American Psychiatric Association. Choosing Wisely: Antipsychotic Medications. www.psychiatry.org/choosingwisely. Last accessed February 15, 2014.. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). 5th edition. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. American Psychiatric Association, Gelenberg AJ, Freeman MP, Markowitz JC, Rosenbaum JF, Thase ME, et al. Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with major depressive disorder: third edition. American Psychiatric Association; Oct 2010. www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=24158. Last accessed May 4, 2014. Bostic JQ, Prince JB, Buxton DC. Child and adolescent psychiatric disorders. In Stern TA, Fava M, Wilens TE, Rosenbaum JF, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2016:chap 69.. Croft HA, Pomara N, Gommoll C, Chen D, Nunez R, Mathews M. Efficacy and safety of vilazodone in major depressive disorder: a randomized, ...
The purpose of this study was to compare the validity of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) in nonelderly (,65 years), young-elderly (age, 65-75), and old-elderly (,75 years) patients with Parkinsons disease (PD). 57 nonelderly, 88 young-elderly, and 81 old-elderly PD patients were administered the GDS-15 and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV depression module. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted for GDS-15 scores against a DSM-IV diagnosis of major or minor depression. The discriminant validity of the GDS-15 was high for nonelderly, young-elderly, and old-elderly subjects (ROC area under curve = 0.92, 0.91, and 0.95, respectively), with optimal dichotomization at a cut-off of 4/5 (85% sensitivity and 84% specificity in nonelderly; 89% sensitivity and 82% specificity in young-elderly) and 5/6 (90% sensitivity and 90% specificity in old-elderly). In conclusion, the GDS-15 has comparable validity in younger and older PD patients, suggesting its ...
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The Beck Anxiety Inventory is a 21-question assessment that measures the severity of anxiety in adults ages 17 to 80, as stated by Pearson Clinical. Either a person self-administers the test, or a...
Surgery is being offered to an increasing proportion of the over 60s and postpoerative cognitive dysfunction may occur in the elderly. We investigated that age could be a risk factor. The confounding effects, such as learning effect due to repeated testing and the effect of distress on the test performance, were controlled for by control group. METHOD: Twenty patients aged at least 60 years completed neuropsychological test 1 day before and 1 week after surgery. We measured Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), digit span, A test, similarity test, Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and State Anxiety Inventory (SAI). The authors compared postoperative cognitive dysfunction by neuropsychological test in the elderly patients with those in the control group ...
A diet typically consumed by the Tuscan population - high in vegetables, olive oil, fish, fruits, grains, potatoes, (tomato) sauces, eggs and moderate in wine, red meat and processed meat - was consistently associated with lower depressive symptoms over time in the InCHIANTI cohort. The association between the typical Tuscan dietary pattern and repeated measures of depressive symptoms attenuated after adjustment for confounding factors, but remained statistically significant.. Using RRR to identify dietary patterns and the prospective design of the study with its repeated assessment of depressive symptoms are major strengths of this study. In addition, our study is unique in using continuous scores for depressive symptoms instead of using a cut-off point. This is an advantage because continuous scores are more likely to reflect reality compared with using a cut-off point for depressive symptoms, as the latter could be considered arbitrary. It might be argued that interpreting continuous CES-D ...
In adults with major depressive disorder, adding aripiprazole to antidepressant therapy (ADT) resulted in significant improvement in the primary endpoint, the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) Total Score.
The American Psychiatric Association has published 5 editions of a manual for the classification of mental disorders. Each edition has been titled Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and has used the abbreviation DSM: DSM-I (1952) DSM-II (1968) DSM-III (1980) DSM-III-R (1987) DSM-IV (1994) Using DSM-IV as an example, these books should be cited as follows: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994. A text revision of DSM-IV was published in 2000 as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, abbreviated DSM-IV-TR. This book Less ...
The American Psychiatric Association has published 5 editions of a manual for the classification of mental disorders. Each edition has been titled Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and has used the abbreviation DSM: DSM-I (1952) DSM-II (1968) DSM-III (1980) DSM-III-R (1987) DSM-IV (1994) Using DSM-IV as an example, these books should be cited as follows: American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 1994. A text revision of DSM-IV was published in 2000 as Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, abbreviated DSM-IV-TR. This book Less ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Prefrontal cortex and amygdala volume in first minor or major depressive episode after cancer diagnosis. AU - Yoshikawa, Eisho. AU - Matsuoka, Yutaka. AU - Yamasue, Hidenori. AU - Inagaki, Masatoshi. AU - Nakano, Tomohito. AU - Akechi, Tatsuo. AU - Kobayakawa, Makoto. AU - Fujimori, Maiko. AU - Nakaya, Naoki. AU - Akizuki, Nobuya. AU - Imoto, Shigeru. AU - Murakami, Koji. AU - Kasai, Kiyoto. AU - Uchitomi, Yosuke. PY - 2006/4/15. Y1 - 2006/4/15. N2 - Background: Major and minor depressive episodes in cancer patients are frequent and are frequently seen as the first depressive episode in a patients life. However, the neurological basis of these depressive episodes remains largely unknown. Methods: Subjects were 51 breast cancer survivors (BCS) who had no history of any depressive episode before the cancer diagnosis (11 BCS with a history of a first minor depressive episode after cancer diagnosis, 11 BCS with a history of a first major depressive episode after cancer diagnosis, ...
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Few studies have analyzed predictors of length of stay (LOS) in patients admitted due to acute bipolar manic episodes. The purpose of the present study was to estimate LOS and to determine the potential sociodemographic and clinical risk factors associated with a longer hospitalization. Such information could be useful to identify those patients at high risk for long LOS and to allocate them to special treatments, with the aim of optimizing their hospital management. This was a cross-sectional study recruiting adult patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria) who had been hospitalized due to an acute manic episode with a Young Mania Rating Scale total score greater than 20. Bivariate correlational and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of LOS. A total of 235 patients from 44 centers were included in the study. The only factors that were
American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition. Washington, DC: the Association, 1980.. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition, Revised. Washington, DC: the Association, 1987.. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC: the Association, 1994.. Beutler, L.E., and Clarkin, J.F. Systematic Treatment Selection. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 1990.. Blashfield, R.K. Alternative taxonomic models of psychiatric classification. In: Robins, L.N., and Barrett, J.E., eds. The Validity of Psychiatric Diagnoses. New York: Raven, 1989. pp. 19-34.. Clark, L.A.; Watson, D.; and Reynolds, S. Diagnosis and classification of psychopathology: Challenges to the current system and future directions. Annu Rev Psychol 46:121-153, 1995.. Edwards, G., and Gross, M. Alcohol dependence: Provisional description of a clinical syndrome. ...
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of depression among the oldest old and to analyze factors associated with depression. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study was undertaken in Umeå, Sweden. Out of 319 eligible participants aged 85, 90 and 95 years and older, it was possible to evaluate 242 people (75.9%) for depression. Data were collected from structured interviews and assessments in the participants homes, and from medical charts, relatives and caregivers. Depression was screened for using the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 and further assessed with the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale. Cognition was assessed using the Mini-mental State Examination, activities of daily living (ADL) using the Barthel ADL Index, nutrition using the Mini Nutritional Assessment and well-being using the Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale. RESULTS: The 85-year-olds had a significantly lower prevalence of depression than the 90- and 95-year-olds (16.8% vs. 34.1% and 32.3%). No ...
OBJECTIVES: To standardise the delivery of a brief group cognitive behaviour therapy intervention (CBT-G). To apply the intervention in a research setting and to estimate its effect on recurrence rates in recently depressed older adults, in preparation for a definitive study. METHOD: A CBT-G therapy manual was produced and the Cognitive Therapy Rating Scale (CTS-R) modified to assess therapy delivery. Forty-five adults aged 60 and over who had met ICD-10 criteria for major depression in the previous year and were still taking antidepressant medication were randomly allocated to CBT-G/antidepressant combination or antidepressant alone. Depression severity was measured at baseline, randomisation and 6 and 12 months after start of CBT-G using the Montgomery Asberg Rating Scale for Depression (MADRS). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: One-year recurrence rates on the MADRS were encouragingly lower in participants receiving CBT-G [5/18 (27.8%)] compared with controls [8/18 (44.4%)] although this did not achieve
References. Amado, B. G., Arce, R., & Herraiz, A. (2015). Psychological injury in victims of child sexual abuse: A meta-analytic review. Psychosocial Intervention, 24, 49-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psi.2015.03.002 [ Links ] American Psychiatric Association - APA. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [ Links ] American Psychiatric Association - APA. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: Author. [ Links ] American Psychiatric Association - APA. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [ Links ] Arce, R., Fariña, F., & Novo, M. (2014). Competencia cognitiva en penados primarios y reincidentes: implicaciones para la reeducación. Anales de Psicología, 30, 259-266. http:s//doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.1.158201 [ Links ] Arce, R., Fariña, F., Seijo, D., & Novo, M. (2015). Assessing impression management with the MMPI-2 in ...
BACKGROUND: Common etiology of vascular diseases and later-life depression may provide important synergies for prevention. We examined whether standard clinical risk profiles developed for vascular diseases also predict depressive symptoms in older adults. METHODS: Data were drawn from the Whitehall II study with baseline examination in 1991; follow-up screenings in 1997, 2003, and 2008; and additional disease ascertainment from hospital data and registry linkage on 5318 participants (mean age 54.8 years, 31% women) without depressive symptoms at baseline. Vascular risk was assessed with the Framingham Cardiovascular, Coronary Heart Disease, and Stroke Risk Scores. New depressive symptoms at each follow-up screening were identified by General Health Questionnaire caseness, a Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale score ≥16, and use of antidepressant medication. RESULTS: Diagnosed vascular disease (that is, coronary heart disease or stroke) was associated with an increased risk for
We found mild depressive symptoms to be frequent and with little change in prevalence during the 18-month follow-up after stroke. Our rates of depressive symptoms (from 23% to 29%) are similar to17 or, more often, lower than those in many other studies.1,3,19,24,40 This may be due to the inclusion criteria of the patients and measures of depression used. Our patients were younger, with a mean age of only 55 years, had experienced their first significant stroke, and had no other severe concomitant diseases. Most similar rates are in a study17 using a self-rating scale, and the greatest differences are when comparing studies using DSM-III-R criteria with older patients.2,3. Depressive symptoms were often persistent after stroke. Almost half of the patients who were depressive in the acute phase and/or at 2 months were also depressive at 12 and/or 18 months. This is in line with several other studies.4,17,22 Robinson et al41 claim that the continuity of depressive symptoms may be particularly ...
Levels of self-reported depression and anxiety among HIV-positive patients in Albania: a cross-sectional study. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Background: Although depression is prevalent among Chinese international students (CIS), only 4% of CIS seek treatment. Behavioural activation (BA) has been suggested as a culturally sensitive treatment for depression that has the potential to meet the clinical needs of CIS. The current pilot study tested the feasibility, acceptability and themes for future cultural adaptations of a Chinese translated BA treatment (C‐BA) among CIS. Methods: Six CIS with elevated depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI ≥ 14) completed a six‐session individual C‐BA treatment and assessments at pre‐ and post‐treatment and a 1‐month follow‐up. Primary outcome measures included treatment feasibility, acceptability and qualitative interview data informing future adaption of C‐BA. Exploratory analyses examined group changes in depressive symptoms over time and clinically significant symptom changes on individual levels. Results: All participants found the treatment to be highly feasible ...
Since the DSM-IV was published in 1994, weve seen many advances in our knowledge of psychiatric illness. This Text Revision incorporates information culled from a comprehensive literature review of research about mental disorders published since DSM-IV was completed in 1994. Updated information is included about the associated features, culture, age, and gender features, prevalence, course, and familial pattern of mental disorders. The DSM-IV-TR brings this essential diagnostic tool up-to-date, to promote effective diagnosis, treatment, and quality of care. Now you can get all the essential diagnostic information you rely on from the DSM-IV along with important updates not found in the 1994 edition.Stay current with important updates to the DSM-IV-TR : Benefit from new research into Schizophrenia, Aspergers Disorder, and other conditions Utilize additional information about the epidemiology and other facets of DSM conditions Update ICD-9-CM codes implemented since 1994 (including Conduct Disorder,
Since the DSM-IV was published in 1994, weve seen many advances in our knowledge of psychiatric illness. This Text Revision incorporates information culled from a comprehensive literature review of research about mental disorders published since DSM-IV was completed in 1994. Updated information is included about the associated features, culture, age, and gender features, prevalence, course, and familial pattern of mental disorders. The DSM-IV-TR brings this essential diagnostic tool up-to-date, to promote effective diagnosis, treatment, and quality of care. Now you can get all the essential diagnostic information you rely on from the DSM-IV along with important updates not found in the 1994 edition.Stay current with important updates to the DSM-IV-TR : Benefit from new research into Schizophrenia, Aspergers Disorder, and other conditions Utilize additional information about the epidemiology and other facets of DSM conditions Update ICD-9-CM codes implemented since 1994 (including Conduct Disorder,
Since the DSM-IV was published in 1994, weve seen many advances in our knowledge of psychiatric illness. This Text Revision incorporates information culled from a comprehensive literature review of research about mental disorders published since DSM-IV was completed in 1994. Updated information is included about the associated features, culture, age, and gender features, prevalence, course, and familial pattern of mental disorders. The DSM-IV-TR brings this essential diagnostic tool up-to-date, to promote effective diagnosis, treatment, and quality of care. Now you can get all the essential diagnostic information you rely on from the DSM-IV along with important updates not found in the 1994 edition.Stay current with important updates to the DSM-IV-TR : Benefit from new research into Schizophrenia, Aspergers Disorder, and other conditions Utilize additional information about the epidemiology and other facets of DSM conditions Update ICD-9-CM codes implemented since 1994 (including Conduct Disorder,
Depressive symptoms in old age are common, but the prevalence, persistence, and incidence of depressive symptoms in older adults with and without dementia receiving in-home care is less well studied, and descriptions of the relationship between severity of cognitive decline and depressive symptoms over time is, to our knowledge, lacking. The aim of the present study was to describe the prevalence, incidence and persistence of depressive symptoms over a 36-month follow-up period among older adults receiving in-home care at baseline, and to explore the association between cognitive function and the course of depressive symptoms over time ...
|p|Abnormal and clinical psychology courses are offered in psychology programs at universities worldwide, but the most recent major encyclopedia on the topic wa
TY - JOUR. T1 - Symptom profiles in children with ADHD. T2 - Effects of comorbidity and gender. AU - Newcorn, Jeffrey H.. AU - Halperin, Jeffrey M.. AU - Jensen, Peter S.. AU - Abikoff, Howard B.. AU - Arnold, L. Eugene. AU - Cantwell, Dennis P.. AU - Conners, C. Keith. AU - Elliott, Glen R.. AU - Epstein, Jeffrey N.. AU - Greenhill, Laurence L.. AU - Hechtman, Lily. AU - Hinshaw, Stephen P.. AU - Hoza, Betsy. AU - Kraemer, Helena C.. AU - Pelham, William E.. AU - Severe, Joanne B.. AU - Swanson, James M.. AU - Wells, Karen C.. AU - Wigal, Timothy. AU - Vitiello, Benedetto. PY - 2001/1/1. Y1 - 2001/1/1. N2 - Objective: To examine ratings and objective measures of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms to assess whether ADHD children with add without comorbid conditions have equally high levels of core symptoms and whether symptom profiles differ as a function of comorbidity and gender. Method: Four hundred ninety-eight children from the NIMH Collaborative Multisite Multimodal ...
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BACKGROUND: Post-stroke depression (PSD) seriously affects the rehabilitation of nerve function and quality of life. However, the pathogenesis of PSD is still not clear. This study aimed to investigate the demographic, clinical, and biochemical factors in patients with PSD. METHODS: Patients with an acute ischemic stroke, who met the inclusion criteria at Shanghai Tenth Peoples Hospital from April 2016 to September 2016, were recruited for this study. The stroke severity was assessed using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), and the mental state was assessed using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) at 1 week of admission ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - The VAGUS insight into psychosis scale - Self-report and clinician-rated versions. AU - Gerretsen, Philip. AU - Remington, Gary. AU - Borlido, Carol. AU - Quilty, Lena. AU - Hassan, Sabrina. AU - Polsinelli, Gina. AU - Teo, Celine. AU - Mar, Wanna. AU - Simon, Regina. AU - Menon, Mahesh. AU - Pothier, David D.. AU - Nakajima, Shinichiro. AU - Caravaggio, Fernando. AU - Mamo, David C.. AU - Rajji, Tarek K.. AU - Mulsant, Benoit H.. AU - Deluca, Vincenzo. AU - Ganguli, Rohan. AU - Pollock, Bruce G.. AU - Graff-Guerrero, Ariel. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Copyright: Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2014/12/30. Y1 - 2014/12/30. N2 - The aim of this study was to develop self-report and clinician-rated versions of an insight scale that would be easy to administer, sensitive to small changes, and inclusive of the core dimensions of clinical insight into psychosis. Ten-item self-report (VAGUS-SR) and five-item clinician-rated (VAGUS-CR) ...
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Background. Prevalence rates of depression based on the GMS-AGECAT system are markedly higher than rates of major depression diagnosed using DSM-III and DSM-III-R criteria. Interpreting this finding is difficult since AGECAT diagnostic criteria have not been published. Methods. We conducted a survey in Edmonton, Canada, in which 1119 community...
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