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Edited by Dr. Miguel Ángel Royo-Bordonada. This thematic series on public health ethics follows a previous Public Health Reviews issue on the topic of public health ethics training in the European region, to emphasize the neglect and the importance of the topic for public health education in Europe. The current issue evolved from a Working Group of the Association of Schools of Public Health in the European Region (ASPHER) which was mandated to develop public health ethics curriculum materials for European schools of public health, as well as for practitioners and policy makers. Training of public health professionals in this field is essential to ensure confidence, credibility and public trust, when addressing the wide range of ethical conflicts that arise frequently in public health policy and practice.. Publication charges for this collection were funded by ASPHER. Articles have undergone the journal's standard peer-review process overseen by the Guest Editor, who declares no competing ...
Intent: We will describe a partnership between three universities, two in Norway and one in Canada, in order to illustrate how the integration of occupational science and public health perspectives on diverse health determinants contributed to interdisciplinary graduate education through a collaborative international exchange. Two specific initiatives will be addressed: the development of integrated occupational science and public health curriculum materials, and the participation of students from each country in courses at the institutions overseas. Argument: The conditions of everyday life and the occupations these conditions enable are well recognized as key determinants of health and well-being within occupational science, occupational therapy and public health. Within occupational science in particular, there is growing recognition that full realization of the vision of health promotion through occupation requires expanding beyond individual-level approaches in order to address socio-political
To measure the effect of quality improvement interventions, it is appropriate to use analysis methods that measure data over time. Examples of such methods include statistical process control analysis and interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis. This article compares the use of statistical process control analysis and interrupted time series with segmented regression analysis for evaluating the longitudinal effects of quality improvement interventions, using an example study on an evaluation of a computerized decision support system.. ...
Self-rated health status (SRHS) is a reliable and valid measure for assessing the subjective and objective health of individuals. Previous studies have either focused predominantly on the elderly or investigated only a narrow range of factors potentially associated with SRHS. In examining student populations, these past studies were limited to single countries. The objectives of this study were to assess which candidate variables were independently associated with SRHS in university students, to compare these variables by country and by gender, and to investigate which of the variables was most important as a rating frame for SRHS. The data is from the Cross-National Student Health Survey, conducted in 2005 in universities in Germany, Bulgaria, and Poland (n = 2103; mean age = 20.7 years). SRHS was assessed with a single question using a five-point scale ranging from 'excellent' to 'poor'. The study also measured a wide range of variables including: physical and psychological health, studying, social
Four sets: 1. Policy framework; 2. Regional strategy for appropriate health care technology; 3. Policy formulation and implementation; 4. Country situation analysis. This set of four books proposes a macro policy and is designed to serve as a stem policy and to provide a framework for the operation and technical policies still to be developed by individual countries. It is part of a proposed interregional approach aimed at producing a complimentary set of guidelines and documents to assist countries in health care technology policy formulation and implementation. They cover the development of a regional strategy for health technology management, health technology management policy formulation, and guidelines for conducting a country situation analysis for health technology management ...
PREVENTION OF DENTAL CARIES THROUGH THE EFFECTIVE USE OF FLUORIDE - THE PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH. Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that dental caries is a severe public health problem across the world. The current global and regional patterns of dental caries reflect distinct risk profiles of countries which relate to the structure of the society, living conditions, lifestyles, and the existence of preventive oral health programmes. Research conducted in high income countries documents that systematic use of fluoride reduces the burden of dental caries; such research is scarce in low and middle income countries.. Objectives: This article reviews the evidence on effective use of fluoride, highlights the public health approach to fluoridation, and clarifies how automatic fluoridation contributes to breaking social inequities in dental caries.. Data collection: Scientific publications on fluoride administration stored in PubMed/Medline and caries data from the WHO ...
LIFEPATH. Tennessee's Public Health Training Center. The Tennessee Long-Distance Internet Facilitated Educational Program for Applied Training in Health (Tennessee LIFEPATH) is a workforce development partnership aimed at public health employees in the state of Tennessee. Tennessee LIFEPATH's mission is to provide a home for the collaborative partnership between Tennessee's academic public health training providers and the Tennessee's public health workforce, and to provide comprehensive, competency-based training for that workforce. LIFEPATH's vision is to be a vital collaboration that will provide multiple entry points for public health workers to obtain public health education and training designed to improve their skills, experiences, and competencies. LIFEPATH provides a wide range of academic and non-academic programs to assure that Tennessee's public health workforce has the knowledge, skills, and training to meet Tennessee's present and forthcoming health challenges. Tennessee LIFEPATH ...
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Public Health Recommendations for the Prevention and Control of Head Lice Infestation in Schools and Child Care Settings A Guide for School and Child Care Setting Administrators For further information call or visit us on the World Wide Web Acute Disease Service Oklahoma State Department of Health Phone (405) 271-4060 http://ads.health.ok.gov FOREWARD The Head Lice Control Manual is intended to: 1) provide basic information about head lice infestation, treatment, and prevention, 2) communicate the recommendations of the Oklahoma State Department of Health regarding head lice control, and 3) provide a foundation for school and child care setting head lice policies. This manual has been prepared by a joint working group consisting of: epidemiologists of the Communicable Disease Division, nurses and nurse practitioners of the Nursing Service and the Local Health Service, nurses of the School Health Program of the Maternal and Child Health Service, all of the Oklahoma State Department of Health. ...
BACKGROUND: Millions of consumers have accessed health information online. However, little is known about their health status. OBJECTIVE: To explore use of Internet health information among those who were sicker (fair/poor general health status) compared with those reported being healthier. METHODS: A national, random-digit telephone survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project identified 521 Internet users who go online for health care information. Our primary independent variable was general health status rated as excellent, good, fair, or poor. Patterns of Internet use, and types of information searched were assessed. RESULTS: Among the 521 users, 64% were female, most (87%) were white, and median age was 42 years. Most individuals indicated that they learned something new online (81%) and indicated that they believe most information on the Internet (52%). Compared with those with excellent/good health, those with fair/poor health (N = 59) were relative newcomers to the Internet but tended
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This systematic review provides clear evidence that FGM/C entails harms to women's physical health throughout their life, from the moment of cutting as an infant or child, to sexuality and childbirth in adulthood. Predictably, the most common direct, procedure-related complication includes haemorrhage, most likely resulting from laceration of the internal pudendal artery or the clitoral artery. It is difficult to determine the number of females who die from procedure-related complications. Only a few studies reported death, but highly publicised fatalities from FGM/C heighten the awareness of the possible harms posed by the procedure, such as three recent cases in Egypt and Kenya.88-90. We found several long-term consequences of FGM/C, including increased risks of urinary tract infections, bacterial vaginosis, dyspareunia and obstetric complications. Studies have been published since we conducted our search, and they corroborate our findings.91-98 The identified risks from FGM/C are also ...
The role of information technology (IT) in the world of business process improvement can take many forms. From an automation standpoint, no one knows more about the subject than the IT professionals within an organization. From the business unit perspective, no one knows more than the department professionals. The article selected for this analysis is titled "Whose is Process Improvement Anyway?" by Meridith Levinson. It describes two separate organizations that utilize IT in their business process improvement strategies. It further describes the hurdles that must be overcome to make IT a leader in business process improvement initiatives. As technology improves and newer business process improvement software is developed, IT becomes more ingrained in the practice of automating outdated business practices. As one might guess would happen, lines are drawn in the proverbial sand and political infighting ensues between those that want to automate and those that see an outside organization telling ...
BACKGROUND: Migration, for various reasons, continues to increase the immigrant population of Norway. Few studies compare adolescent ethnic Norwegians (EN) with adolescent immigrants for their health status and health behavior. This study describes differences in health status and health behavior between adolescent EN and immigrant groups from Pakistan, Somalia and Vietnam (PSV) seen as one group, and also between EN and each of the three immigrant groups. It also examines whether age at arrival in Norway and parental education impact health status and health behavior for each of the three immigrant groups. METHODS: In 2006, the Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), in cooperation with the city of Oslo (Drug Competence Center), carried out a questionnaire survey in Oslo schools for 11,500 pupils aged 14-17. 10,880 individuals answered the questionnaire (response rate of 93%). Health status in terms of self-assessed health, mental health status and chronic physical illness and health behavior in ...
A new survey indicates that small hospitals expect bigger hospitals to lead the drive toward a new health delivery model, where clinically integrated networks will provide care and insure the patients receiving it.. The survey, from the New York-based consultancy firm, Kurt Salmon, discovered that 77 percent of respondents see clinical integration initiatives occurring in their markets. Eighty-one percent of the community hospital executives surveyed said they believe clinically integrated networks will develop their own insurance product or develop one through collaboration with a payer.. The survey also revealed that most are under the belief that large health systems and hospitals will develop clinically integrated networks. Only 18.5 percent of respondents believed hospitals with under 300 beds could build one, while 61 percent see large regional health systems in their markets positioning themselves to own the entire integrated care continuum. Large, urban hospitals are three times more ...
Adgate JL, Goldstein BD, McKenzie LM. 2014. Potential public health hazards, exposures and health effects from unconventional natural gas development. Environ Sci Technol 48(15):8307-8320.. Bell IR, Baldwin CM, Schwartz GE. 1998. Illness from low levels of environmental chemicals: relevance to chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia. Am J Med 105(3A):74S-82S.. Bhattacharyya N. 2009. Contemporary assessment of the disease burden of sinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy 23(4):392-395.. Burch RC, Loder S, Loder E, Smitherman TA. 2015. The prevalence and burden of migraine and severe headache in the United States: updated statistics from government health surveillance studies. Headache 55(1):21-34.. Casey JA, Curriero FC, Cosgrove SE, Nachman KE, Schwartz BS. 2013. High-density livestock operations, crop field application of manure, and risk of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in Pennsylvania. JAMA Intern Med 173(21):1980-1990.. Casey JA, Savitz DA, Rasmussen SG, ...
Rural areas in developing counties lack transportation for health delivery partly because of the geography of area [4], individual lifestyles, low household prioritization on health, and inadequacy of policy to provide transportation for health delivery as shown by our results. This challenges the effectiveness of primary health delivery programmes and strategies implemented to increase access to maternal and child health services in particular. This paper demonstrates the need for effective transportation in health delivery particularly in developing countries [11, 13] where ambulance services may not be efficient in supporting access to critical health services, and presents a framework for sustainable transportation services driven by community participation.. In the construct of the current paradigm of PHC in Ghana, referral is relied heavily upon because the main services provided under the CHPS strategy are preventive health and basic health care. This makes transportation issues very ...
The mission of the Mental Health Association is to promote an environment of empowerment and acceptance for all people dealing with mental health issues through advocacy, education, and comprehensive support services. We foster opportunities for growth, recovery, inclusion, and, most importantly HOPE. We envision a community in which all members with mental health issues are accepted, not stigmatized, and have an opportunity to reach their full potential.. Founded in 1965, the Mental Health Association of Washington County is a non-profit agency dedicated to assisting people with mental illness. For over 45 years, the Mental Health Association has played a leading role in advocacy, providing services, and educating the community.. The Mental Health Association has been a catalyst for change in improving the availability and diversity of Mental Health services. The Mental Health Association developed and operated the first social and vocational rehabilitation services in the county. Besides the ...
Back to Researcher Profiles Sharla Smith, MPH, PhD, serves as an Assistant Professor in the Preventive Medicine and Public Health Department at the University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita. Dr. Smith's research focus concerns strategies for infant mortality, community health education, organizing and financing public health services, and program and partnership development. She has specific expertise in maternal and child health issues that relate to the public health systems, public health agencies, policy, and community organizations.. Her current research focuses on the association of public health delivery systems and injury related infant mortality. She has taught several public health courses including public health law, introduction to public health, introduction to health policy and politics, and epidemiology. Dr. Smith earned a Master of Public Health degree in Health Policy and Management and a PhD in Health Systems and Services Research from the University of Arkansas for ...
Background There is increasing emphasis on pharmacists' assuming responsibility for public health promotion and delivery with formal expansion of public health activities in their practice. A number of pharmacy school accreditation bodies now incorporate public health competencies within expected professional training outcomes. The objective of this study was to characterize pharmacy student perceptions towards pharmacist public health services roles and responsibilities. Methods All undergraduate students at the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University were surveyed 1 week following a student-led breast cancer awareness event. A questionnaire was devised from a literature review and comprised of 10 questions assessing pharmacy student motivations, perceptions and anticipated comfort with various pharmacist-conducted public health activities. Results Ninety-four per cent of students responded, most having participated in the breast cancer awareness event. They generally felt pharmacist ...
Drawing on the principles and procedures for systematic review of QI interventions12 we searched for articles on the application of SPC in healthcare QI published between 1966 and June 2004 (see appendix A) in the following databases: Web of Science, Ovid Medline(R), EMBASE, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), PsycInfo, and the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination databases. We also included articles found by searching reference lists or from elsewhere which we were aware of, if they met our inclusion criteria: original empirical studies of SPC application in improvement of clinical/patient care processes in healthcare organisations, published in English. We excluded articles dealing with application of SPC in laboratory or technical processes (eg, film processing) and in surveillance/monitoring (unless they also contained empirical data about improvement efforts), as well as tutorials (unless they contained empirical case studies), letters, book reviews and ...
Racial/ethnic differences in health are evident among men. Previous work suggests associations between mental and physical health but few studies have examined how mood/anxiety disorders and chronic physical health conditions covary by age, race, and ethnicity among men. Using data from 1,277 African American, 629 Caribbean Black, and 371 non-Hispanic White men from the National Survey of American Life, we examined associations between race/ethnicity and experiencing one or more chronic physical health conditions in logistic regression models stratified by age and 12-month mood/anxiety disorder status. Among men ,45 years without mood/anxiety disorders, Caribbean Blacks had lower odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Among men aged 45+ years with mood/anxiety disorders, African Americans had greater odds of chronic physical health conditions than Whites. Future studies should explore the underlying causes of such variation and how studying mental and chronic physical health ...
Mental Health Status of Prisoners in Jail It is recognized that one of the major issues in jail management is responding to the needs of a growing number of inmates with mental health problems. The purpose of this study was to assess the nature and severity of mental health problems among inmate population. The mental health status of 1,500 (1,337 responded) inmates of the 30 prisons located in nationwide area was examined using Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). And the scores on MMPI were examined in relation to some offender characteristics such as type of offence, treatment classification, frequence of discipline. The result indicates that the percentage of inmate population with scores over 70 on every sub-categories of the scale is higher than that of general populations reflecting high rate of deviation from average normal mental health. It seems likely that many of inmates are in need of specific mental health treatment services. The nature and severity of mental health
This project integrates theoretical work on justice and health care with practical research on decision-making and limit-setting in managed care organizations (MCOs). Dr. Daniels explores the issue of legitimacy and its role in decisions by private insurers and governments that affect patient welfare. Among the areas his study addresses are: 1) how conditions needed to establish legitimate limit-setting can be applied to create detailed and specific regulatory requirements; 2) how MCOs can use concepts of legitimacy to improve decisions about coverage of new technologies, treatment guidelines, and disease management; 3) incorporating these processes into regulatory requirements; 4) including specific features of fair process in benchmarks of fairness; and 5) using them to address issues of access, benefits, efficiency, and process in nations' health reform efforts and in developing countries. Dr. Daniels explores the conditions under which limit-setting decisions can achieve legitimacy and ...
Quorum Quenching (QQ) has been developed over the last few years to overcome practical issues related to membrane biofouling, which is currently the major difficulty thwarting the extensive development of membrane bioreactors (MBRs). QQ is the disruption of Quorum Sensing (QS), cell-to-cell communication enabling the bacteria to harmonize their behavior. The production of biofilm, which is recognized as a major part of the biocake formed on a membrane surface, and which leads to biofouling, has been found to be one of the bacterial behaviors controlled by QS. Since the enzymatic disruption of QS was reported to be efficient as a membrane biofouling mitigation technique in MBRs, the application of QQ to lab-scale MBRs has been the subject of much research using different approaches under different operating conditions. This paper gives an overview of the effectiveness of QQ in mitigating membrane biofouling in MBRs. It is based on the results of previous studies, using two microbial strains, ...
Back to Researcher Profiles Dr. Beatty's research interests are in public health services and systems research, performance management, rural public health and rural health disparities. Kate Beatty is an assistant professor in the Department of Health Services Management and Policy at East Tennessee State University's College of Public Health. Dr. Beatty received her PhD in Public Health Studies at Saint Louis University's College for Public Health and Social Justice in August 2013. More specifically, she has worked with both national and state-level data to examine factors associated with accreditation on local health departments, with a focus on the unique challenges faced by rural communities.. Dr. Beatty has worked with other researchers and practitioners in public health services and systems research, including the Missouri Practice-Based Research Network, on several projects related to local health department accreditation. More recently, Dr. Beatty has begun working with health management ...
The task force also discerned that minorities experience significantly poorer health outcomes when compared to their white counterparts. While the health status for Americans overall is improving, the health status for minorities is declining. Because of these disparities, the U.S. Secretary created the federal Office of Minority Health to continually monitor minority health issues and to recommend ways to improve the health status and outcomes for minorities.. The Commissioner's Advisory Council on Health Disparity and Health Equity Background. In 1990, Virginia's State Health Commissioner created the Minority Health Advisory Committee (MHAC) to ensure that the health priorities and health concerns of Virginia's minority populations were adequately addressed by the Virginia Department of Health. The MHAC included appointed representatives from local, state and federal public health agencies, University of Virginia's Center for Public Service, Virginia Commonwealth University's Department of ...
Articles like How academic medical centers and health systems are rising to meet the challenge of innovation from Russell Reynolds Associates can provide you with insights and expertise to help navigate difficult organizational challenges. Read more.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oral health status and development of ventilator-associated pneumonia. T2 - A descriptive study. AU - Munro, Cindy L.. AU - Grap, Mary Jo. AU - Elswick, R. K.. AU - McKinney, Jessica. AU - Sessler, Curtis N.. AU - Hummel, Russell S.. PY - 2006/9/1. Y1 - 2006/9/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and may be influenced by oral health. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between ventilator-associated pneumonia and oral health status, changes in oral health status during the first 7 days after intubation, and microbial colonization of the oropharynx and trachea. METHODS: A total of 66 patients were enrolled within 24 hours of intubation and were followed up for up to 7 days. Data on oral health measures and the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) were collected at baseline, day 4 (n = 37), and day 7 (n = 21). A regression model was used to predict risk of pneumonia at day 4. RESULTS Dental plaque and oral ...
The One Health Center of Excellence for Research and Training in UF's Emerging Pathogens Institute, in collaboration with U.S. and Mongolian institutions, has identified the first known case of an equine influenza virus in camels. Their findings will be published in the December issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.. "Over the last 10 years, we've been amazed at all the cross-species jumps of influenza. Now we're finding yet another," says Gregory C. Gray, center director and environmental and global health professor in UF's College of Public Health and Health Professions.. Although there is no immediate risk, the inter-mammalian transmission of the virus is a major concern for public health researchers interested in controlling the threat of pandemic influenza, he says.. Camels have recently been implicated in the transfer of the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome virus to man. This new discovery further demonstrates the potential role of camels in the ecology of zoonotic diseases, which ...
Younger people with heart failure often experience poor self-rated health. Furthermore, poor self-rated health is associated with long-term sick leave and disability pension. Socio-demographic factors affect the ability to return to work. However, little is known about people on sick leave due to heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between self-rated health, mood, socio-demographic factors, sick leave compensation, encounters with healthcare professionals and social insurance officers and self-estimated ability to return to work, for people on sick leave due to heart failure. This population-based investigation had a cross-sectional design. Data were collected in Sweden in 2012 from two official registries and from a postal questionnaire. In total, 590 subjects, aged 23-67, responded (response rate 45.8%). Descriptive statistics, correlation analyses (Spearman bivariate analysis) and logistic regression analyses were used to investigate associations. Poor ...
No human society is mundane to healthcare delivery method. Apparently, the process of healthcare delivery depicts the extent of the social development of a particular society. However, the healthcare delivery process in Nigeria from the colonial era attained a new paradigm by shifting from the practice of traditional medicine to the western styled patterns. Since the colonial Nigeria, both the traditional and western medicine has been dependable sources of preventive medicine for the Nigeria populace. In spite of the outright condemnation of the traditional healthcare practices, it received unbridled patronage by a larger Nigeria populace, thus the post-independence Nigeria witnessed a paradox of health care delivery.. Aim: This paper aims to provide an understanding on the revolutions in the healthcare delivery system in Nigeria since the colonial period.. Methodology: An extensive review of literature was carried out to elicit information on the Nigerian healthcare delivery since the colonial ...
Examines and compares the health status and health service utilization of women and men in a provincial correctional jail in Atlantic Canada. Finds that prisoners experienced a number of physical and mental health issues and a large proportion used health services during incarceration. The quality and accessibility of health services played a significant role in how participants viewed health care in jail. Sex and gender are shown to influence the health status and use of health services among provincial prisoners. Females report more heath issues and poorer overall health, as well as more difficulties accessing health services during incarceration than male prisoners. Race also plays a role in health status and health service utilization. Aboriginal prisoners rate their overall physical and mental health poorer than non-Aboriginals. They also report a greater need for health services, but use them less than non-Aboriginal prisoners.. ...
Health expenditure; public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia was last measured at 54.83 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Public health expenditure consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds. Total health expenditure is the sum of public and private health expenditure. It covers the provision of health services (preventive and curative), family planning activities, nutrition activities, and emergency aid designated for health but does not include provision of water and sanitation.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Health expenditure - public (% of total health expenditure) in Malaysia.
Objectives: To evaluate the oral health status of the professional soccer players in Thailand. Methods: Twenty-five Thailand professional soccer players' oral conditions were examined and included in this study. DMFT, Quigley & Hein plaque index (PI), Löe & Silness gingival index, World Health Organization malocclusion index, pocket depth, TMJ examination and history of dental trauma were recorded. Results: The results demonstrated poor oral health level including dental caries (84%), DMFT score mean was 10.08, dental attrition (60%) and periodontal pocket (36%). Thirty percent of all players presented bruxism. More than 40% of athletes were bothered by their oral health with 28% reporting an impact on quality of life and 18% on training and performance. Conclusion: The oral health of Thai professional soccer players was poor that may result in negative impact on well-being, training and performance. As oral health is an important element of overall health and well-being, health promotion is required
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of advanced access scheduling on processes and intermediate outcomes of diabetes care and utilization. AU - Subramanian, Usha. AU - Ackermann, Ronald T.. AU - Brizendine, Edward J.. AU - Saha, Chandan. AU - Rosenman, Marc B.. AU - Willis, Deanna R.. AU - Marrero, David G.. PY - 2009/3/1. Y1 - 2009/3/1. N2 - Background: The impact of open access (OA) scheduling on chronic disease care and outcomes has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of OA implementation at 1 year on: (1) diabetes care processes (testing for A1c, LDL, and urine microalbumin), (2) intermediate outcomes of diabetes care (SBP, A1c, and LDL level), and (3) health-care utilization (ED visits, hospitalization, and outpatient visits). METHODS: We used a retrospective cohort study design to compare process and outcomes for 4,060 continuously enrolled adult patients with diabetes from six OA clinics and six control clinics. Using a generalized linear model framework, data were modeled with linear ...
Examines and compares the health status and health service utilization of women and men in a provincial correctional jail in Atlantic Canada. Finds that prisoners experienced a number of physical and mental health issues and a large proportion used health services during incarceration. The quality and accessibility of health services played a significant role in how participants viewed health care in jail. Sex and gender are shown to influence the health status and use of health services among provincial prisoners. Females report more heath issues and poorer overall health, as well as more difficulties accessing health services during incarceration than male prisoners. Race also plays a role in health status and health service utilization. Aboriginal prisoners rate their overall physical and mental health poorer than non-Aboriginals. They also report a greater need for health services, but use them less than non-Aboriginal prisoners.. ...
Sanitation and process control costs increased the costs of producing meat and poultry by about 0.5 percent in the period preceding the promulgation of the Pathogen Reduction/Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (PR/HACCP) rule of 1996. However, there was no benefit in trying to avoid these costs. Large slaughter plants and all further-processing plants with poor performance of sanitation and food safety process controls were more likely to exit their industries than other plants. Moreover, the fraction of costs required for sanitation and process control was about the same for large plants as for small plants, suggesting that larger plants were no better able than small plants to absorb sanitation and process control costs. Results also suggest that PR/HACCP raised wholesale meat and poultry prices by about 1 percent. Ollinger, Michael; Mueller, Valerie
Process Control Application Note Introduction The modern world will always need wastewater treatment plants, and these plants will always need a way to improve process control. Process control can relate to proper viscosity for pumping, effluent testing, or digestion efficiency in tanks. But the ability to monitor and control polymer costs in cake solids is one of the most cost effective tests that any plant could perform, savings thousands of dollars a year with a more accurate solids test. CEM has spent the last 40 years developing process control equipment that has proven to not only reduce analysis time, but to do so while maintaining the accuracy and precision typically found with industry standard methods. This combination allows users of the SMART 6™ and Phoenix™ technologies to see ROI’s in less than a year in many cases. The newly introduced SMART 6 can provide solids and TSS results in just 2-3minutes. The Phoenix Muffle Furnace can
Study Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of process improvement steps taken in correctional and substance abuse treatment settings to enhance assessments of substance abusing offenders, case plan development, transfer of information to community-based treatment agencies, and the monitoring of services provided by community based treatment agencies. In each domain, grantees were to focus on organizational and system-level implementation strategies, and to engage both community corrections and community-based treatment providers in a process that would leverage key facilitators, address barriers, and jointly address the public safety concerns of criminal justice agencies with the public health goals of NIDA and the community-based treatment partners.. Specifically, NIDA charged the cooperative with testing implementation strategies that could result in sustained uptake and delivery of services in three domains: (1) delivery of medication-assisted treatment for ...
Diane Bickford has a master's degree in social work and has maintained her ASQ certification in Quality Management and Organizational Excellence since 2000. She received her Six Sigma Black Belt in 2010. She has over 20 years of quality management and operations experience in a variety of healthcare settings including adult MH/MR, skilled nursing facilities and children's psychiatric care. Diane received her training in Professional Coaching from Duquesne University and is certified through the International Coaches Federation.. Diane's leadership experience has been in both for and non-profit organizations. At the Center for Organ Recovery and Education, Diane oversees regulatory affairs, human resources/organizational development and all process improvement functions. Diane has developed and implemented quality management and process improvement programs throughout organizations. She has designed and presented numerous training courses to include: advanced level leadership training, ...
This article describes the application of multivariate statistical process control techniques to a series of mid-infrared spectra collected online from a styrene/ 2-ethylhexyl acrylate emulsion copolymerization process. Principal component analysis of the mid-infrared spectral data indicated that in situ monitoring of the complex copolymerization process was feasible in the spectral region of interest. It was also observed that projection to latent structures or partial least squares (PLS) could be used for the effective indirect online prediction of individual monomer conversions and copolymer compositions over a substantial range of process operating conditions. A combination of the developed PLS methodology with a mid-infrared attenuated total reflection probe proved to be an effective tool for the efficient online characterization of polymer quality, thereby overcoming the lack of robust online conversion and composition measuring devices. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci ...
A Framework for Detecting Interactions Between Co-Incident Clinical Processes: 10.4018/jehmc.2010040103: The detection of treatment conflicts between multiple treatment protocols that are co-incident is a difficult and open problem that is particularly
Abstract-Background: Software Process Improvement (SPI) maturity models have been developed to assist organizations to enhance software quality. Agile methodologies are used to ensure productivity and quality of a software product. Amongst others they are applied in Small and Medium - sized Enterprises (SMEs). However, little is known about the combination of Agile methodologies and SPI maturity models regarding SMEs and the results that could emerge, as all the current SPI models are addressed to larger organizations and all these improvement models are difficult to be used by Small and Medium - sized firms. Combinations of these methodologies could lead to improvement in the quality of the software products, better project management methodologies and organized software development framework. Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the main Agile methodologies and SPI maturity models applied in SMEs, the combinations of these methodologies, and the results that could emerge. Through ...
Global Rugged Electronics Market Professional Survey Report 2018 1 Industry Overview of Rugged Electronics 1.1 Definition and Specifications of Rugged Electronics 1.1.1 Definition of Rugged Electronics 1.1.2 Specifications of Rugged Electronics 1.2 Classification of Rugged Electronics 1.2.1 Industrial computing and hand held devices 1.2.2 Tracking devices 1.2.3 Rugged Hard Ware Devices 1.2.4 Others 1.3 Applications of Rugged Electronics 1.3.1 Mining and Metal 1.3.2 Power 1.3.3 Chemicals 1.3.4 Transportation 1.3.5 Healthcare 1.3.6 Defense 1.3.7 Aerospace 1.3.8 Adventure Sports 1.3.9 Others 1.4 Market Segment by Regions 1.4.1 North America 1.4.2 China 1.4.3 Europe 1.4.4 Southeast Asia 1.4.5 Japan 1.4.6 India 2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Rugged Electronics 2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers 2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Rugged Electronics 2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Rugged Electronics 2.4 Industry Chain Structure of Rugged Electronics 3 Technical Data and ...
As an Acting Systems Redesign Coordinator I help facilitate integrated healthcare teams through the Lean A3 process improvement framework in order to develop, coordinate and implement newly redesigned processes that are created by front line employees. I work closely with the executive leadership team, as well as other high-level management personnel to analyze management techniques, processes, and styles for improving organizational effectiveness. I assist with analyzing the facility, strategic business units, division and service multi-functional programs, functions, and outcomes to determine whether the management systems in current use efficiently accomplishes objectives sought. With the help of the improvement teams I monitor the collection and analysis of organizational outcome data related to the delivery of patient care to determine if the implemented process improvements are producing the desired outcomes. I facilitate Rapid Process Improvement Events (RPIE) utilizing the Lean A3 ...
The study assessed the value of currently-available data on the rates of caesarean section as an indicator of safe-motherhood programmes. Data, collected through the routine health information system of the Ministry of Health, Kenya, were used for analyzing the available process indicators. The methodology of this study illustrates both usefulness and limitations of readily-available healthcare information. The rate of hospital-based caesarean section was 6.3% of all births (range 0.3-37%), whereas the rate of population-based caesarean section was 0.95% (range 0.1%-4%). The rate of population-based caesarean section indicates a significant unmet need for obstetric care in the rural areas and may be a useful tool for monitoring progress on safe-motherhood initiatives in poor settings. Rates of population-based caesarean section are low in Kenya, especially in the rural areas. The rate of caesarean section may be a valuable process indicator for identifying the gaps in obstetric care and may be ...
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Andrew Sinclair, Founder & President, Biopharm Services Ltd.. Rapid evaluation of technology options needs to be introduced early in product/process development, both for individual products and in development of improved manufacturing platforms. A foundation supporting such efforts is the use of economic analysis that allow the impact of a technology to be evaluated across a complete end-to-end platform process. This presentation evaluates the approaches and illustrates the potential of the standardized approach to look at those technologies that could impact on the next generation CHO MAb-production platform. It will focus on the potential or otherwise of the N-1 concentrated seed and potential of a novel Membrane Hydrogel Capture Step.. 11:45 Poster Highlight:Streamlining and Standardizing Direct Material Change Assessments in Biopharmaceutical Manufacturing. Jia Liu, Ph.D., Scientist, Global Biologics MSAT, Genentech, Inc.. Understanding and controlling direct materials is essential to ...