Nutritional status particularly in relation to the possible risk of morbidity and mortality in children has long been recognised as a field of major concern. A cross-sectional study was undertaken with 1280 under five children in the urban slum community of Chetla, the field practice area of All India Institute of Hygiene & Public Health, Calcutta, during 1991 to identify their nutritional status. Wt/age being the most sensitive indicator was considered; and the children were graded using the Indian Academy of Pediatrics classification. It is evident from table 1, that more than half of the under five children were undernourished in the series, 27.7%, 16.8%, 5.3% and 1.8% being suffering from grade I, II, III and IV undernutrition respectively.
Urban slum populations in Africa continue to grow faster than national populations. Health strategies that focus on non-communicable diseases (NCD) in this segment of the population are generally lacking. We determined the prevalence of diabetes and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors correlates in Kibera, Nairobis largest slum. Methods We conducted a population-based household survey utilising cluster sampling with probability proportional to size. Households were selected using a random walk method and consenting residents aged 18 years and above were recruited. The WHO STEPS instrument was administered. A random capillary blood sugar (RCBS) was obtained; known persons with diabetes and subjects with a RCBS ,11.1 had an 8 hours fasting blood sugar (FBS) drawn. Diabetes was defined as a RCBS of ≥ 11.1 mmol/l and a FBS of ≥ 7.0 mmol/l, or a prior diagnosis or receiving diabetes drug treatment. Results Out of 2061 enrolled; 50.9% were males, mean age was 33.4 years and 87% ...
Background and aims: India has a high burden of tobacco usage and its related morbidity and mortality. Almost 30% of the above 15 years of age of the Indian population use some forms of tobacco. Men usually use smoked tobacco, while women more likely use smokeless (chewed) tobacco. Tobacco usage has been identified as a risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among slum dwellers in urban cities. This study explored the tobacco consumption patterns and its determinants in an urban slum community of New Mumbai. Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. Study methods included review of secondary literature and policy documents on tobacco control. Primary data were collected from the Turbhe slum community in New Mumbai using semi-structured interview schedules. Cluster sampling followed by simple random sampling technique was used to achieve the sample size of 300 households. Results: The prevalence of tobacco consumption in Turbhe slums was very high. Twenty five percent of tobacco
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The growing slum population in the developing world is an increasing challenge for local health authorities. Little is known of the patterns of disease occurrence including treatment types offered in this population. The paper describes reported child mortality and its determinants, including the main diseases affecting children and treatments, in the slum population of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. 1500 households in three slum communities were included in a cross-sectional survey. Reported death rates in the households per 1000 children (0-107 months) within the last year from the interview were 20.5 for boys and 27.0 for girls. More girls than boys died in infancy (age < 12 months). The most frequent reported causes of deaths were tetanus in infancy and diarrhoea among children aged ≤ 12 months. Vaccination coverage (DPT, polio, measles and BCG) was 73% for children < 3 years of age. The results showed that gender difference in mortality may have been influenced by the patterns of treatment ...
FRIDAY, Sept. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Growing up in a poor neighborhood significantly increases kids odds of becoming obese adults, and the risk is highest among teens, a new study says.. It found that children from poor neighborhoods had 31% higher odds for adult obesity, and the risk was much higher (29%) among 11- to 18-year-olds than for younger children (13%).. Growing up in a disadvantaged neighborhood sticks with you, and can have a negative impact on ones health through increasing ones chance of obesity in adulthood, said lead author Steven Alvarado, a professor of sociology at Cornell University in Ithaca, N.Y.. Disadvantaged neighborhoods were defined by seven factors, including median income and home values, and the percentage of residents who were living in poverty, unemployed or had earned bachelors degrees.. To account for other factors that can influence a childs obesity risk -- such as genes and their parents behaviors -- Alvarado compared siblings.. Siblings largely ...
Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national urban poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Cambodia.
Today, most of the slum areas in Nairobi are accessible because of the good job KeRRA is doing. National Government should continue supporting KeRRA in order to implement more road projects in our slums. Lastly, I am truly encouraging KeRRA staff to continue doing a good job and improving state of the roads in Nairobi slums ...
Published: 12th Feb 2020 £1.4m of funding has been secured to help engage local residents with regeneration plans in one of Liverpools most deprived areas. The University of Liverpools Heseltine Institute for Public Policy has secured funding from the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) project, to develop a greater understanding of local issues and to empower residents to engage in the redesign of public services. The Heseltine Institute will invest the money into Clubmoor ward, an area of Liverpool with 15,000 residents and that is amongst the 5% most deprived areas in the UK. The institute will use this funding to work with the already established MyClubmoor project, by engaging 60 residents and 20 community researchers and delivering 6 citizen focus groups and 2 community workshops. This project is one of 53 others that have been selected by UKRI to target communities that would not normally engage in regeneration plans. Susan Jarvis, deputy director … (To read the full article, subscribe ...
Background: Cardiovascular primary prevention should be targeted at those with the highest global risk. However, it is unclear how best to identify such individuals from the general population. The aim of this study was to compare mass and targeted screening strategies in terms of effectiveness, cost effectiveness and coverage.. Methods: The Scottish Health Survey provided cross-sectional data on 3921 asymptomatic members of the general population aged 40-74 years. We undertook simulation models of five screening strategies: mass screening, targeted screening of deprived communities, targeted screening of family members and combinations of the latter two.. Results: To identify one individual at high risk of premature cardiovascular disease using mass screening required 16.0 people to be screened at a cost of £370. Screening deprived communities targeted 17% of the general population but identified 45% of those at high risk, and identified one high-risk individual for every 6.1 people screened ...
Does where you live influence your health? Yes, and maybe even more dramatically than you might expect. When a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) offered a program in the 1990s to move families out of poor neighborhoods, it created a unique opportunity not only to improve peop...
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
Whats been touted by many as a climate win could in reality cause undue toxic burden for poor communities, communities of color
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi. OBJECTIVE: To determine the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of mothers and the knowledge of health workers regarding care of the newborn umbilical cord. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS: Mothers with infants less than three months of age attending well child clinics and health workers (HW) in the clinics, maternity and newborn units of public health, facilities serving an urban slum area in Nairobi, Kenya. RESULTS: Of the 307 mothers interviewed, 91% and 28% of mothers knew of the need for hygiene whilst cutting and tying the cord, respectively. Regarding postnatal cord care, 40% had good knowledge and 66% good practice. Fifty-one percent of mothers knew and 54% practised postnatal cord care for the appropriate duration of time. Seventy-nine percent of mothers were afraid of handling an unhealed cord. After multivariate analysis, the following variables showed significant independent ...
How high urban housing costs and income inequality have exacerbated urban poverty. A few years ago, on a drive from New York to Washington, I turned off I-95 in Baltimore to see H.L. Menckens home. Abandoned row houses lined the street, some boarded up with plywood, others simply gutted. Signs offering fast cash for houses and a number to call for unwanted cars outnumbered pedestrians. It was a landscape of rot and neglect with few signs of renewal and investment.. Writers have expended vast amounts of ink about the recent resurgence of cities, yet pockets of great poverty like West Baltimore have proven disturbingly resilient. Maryland has one of the nations lowest poverty rates, but is one of eight states where 70 percent of the poor are concentrated in one city. In most of the citys schools, close to 50 percent of students qualify for federally assisted meals.. Looking at data from the 2006 US Census American Community Survey, many urban cities have poverty rates that far exceed the ...
Policing Urban Poverty demonstrates that, since the nineteenth century, a core task of the police has been crime control and order maintenance, especially in poor communities. This illuminating book f
We have given series of warnings to ward and community heads to follow due process before allocating land but you still find people building indiscriminately.. A lot of houses are built without consideration; and that is why it has become difficult for the people of such areas to feel the impact of government.. Government cannot construct roads or provide water where people have built structures without following proper town planning regulations.. We advise residents to adhere to urban planning rule to enable government make available those facilities that are lacking in these slum areas, she said.. The general manager noted that most of the slums sprang up on government-owned land sold illegally.. This problem has been a persistent one; people living in these slum areas believe it is their ancestral land and development is going faster than our ability to control. ...
DHAKA, 23 June 2010 - Urban slums have the worst performance regarding womens and childrens wellbeing and access to basic services compared to...
This data shows anonymized questionnaire responses from women to examine the relationship between protective factors and common mental disorders in an urban slum setting
With the growing urban populations, especially in slums, the sustainable development of major Kenyan cities and their basic facilities have become a priority for the country.
Mayor of London Sadiq Khan proposes to introduce the planned ultra low emission zone (ULEZ) in 2019, a year ahead of schedule.. He has launched a new consultation which also includes plans to extend the ULEZ to the north and south circular roads in the same year and more details on the introduction of a charge for old polluting vehicles from October 2017.. New research shows people living in Londons most deprived communities, often by busy roads, are on average exposed to 25% higher levels of harmful NO2 pollution.. The proposals are part of the mayors second air quality consultation.. ...
POWERMYLEARNING, a K-12 nonprofit that helps bring personalized learning programs to high-poverty schools in the U.S., has received $6.5 million ...
Novartis annual program supports independent eye care initiatives worldwide via grant funding in some of the worlds most remote areas and deprived communities.
Patients in California hospitals were more likely to die within 60 days of being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia – a cancer of the blood and bone marrow – if they were unmarried, lived in a less-affluent neighborhood or lacked health insurance. The UC Davis study also found that patients treated at a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center were more likely to survive.
Patients in California hospitals were more likely to die within 60 days of being diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia – a cancer of the blood and bone marrow – if they were unmarried, lived in a less-affluent neighborhood or lacked health insurance. The UC Davis study also found that patients treated at a National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center were more likely to survive.
Inspector admitted to hospital with head injury; Cidco conducts drive in Kopar Khairane to cordon off its plot and keep encroachers out.
A new study has found that people tend to gain weight if they relocate to a more socioeconomically deprived neighborhood. Since certain regions in the United
Rates of diabetes and severe obesity are about one-fifth lower in the women who moved to a lower poverty area than in those who did not.
Two new studies say that poor neighborhoods have a wider variety of food choices than do more affluent ones, and found no relationship between the type of food being sold and obesity.
Photo conditions of use: KHPT does not grant permission to any organization, institute or individual for use of the photographs for any commercial or non-commercial or educational purposes for ethical and confidentiality reasons. ...
Photo conditions of use: KHPT does not grant permission to any organization, institute or individual for use of the photographs for any commercial or non-commercial or educational purposes for ethical and confidentiality reasons. ...
Newport News, VA New www.Nano-Cacao.com Website Created by G3-Development will Equip Local Residents with 99% Premium NanoCacao Oils from Meso America
Downloadable! Comparisons of poverty - indicating where or when poverty is greatest, for example - typically matter far more to policy choices than aggregate poverty measures, such as how many people are deemedpoor.So the authors examine how measurement practices affect empirical poverty profiles. They discuss the pros and cons of alternative approaches to developing a poverty profile and use those approaches on the same data set. In Indonesia, as in many countries, past methods of building poverty profiles have used the food-energy-intake method, defining the poverty line as the normal consumption spending at which a person typically attains a predetermined food-energy-intake in each subgroup. The authors argue that his method can yield differences in poverty lines (between urban and rural areas, for example) that exceed the cost-of-living differences the poor face. So, that method can mislead policy choices aimed at reducing absolute poverty. For comparison, they explore a cost-of-basic-needs
Urban areas in the Global South now house most of the worlds urban population and are projected to house almost all its increase between now and 2030.
No, this isnt the first time the fashionable, First-Lady-approved theory has been debunked - see posts here, here, and here - but its gratifying to see the NYTs formidable Gina Kolata get front-page space for a thorough treatment. One study found poor neighborhoods had nearly twice as many supermarkets and large-scale grocers per square mile as wealthier ones; another found no relationship between what type of food students said they ate, what they weighed, and the type of food within a mile and a half of their homes. [Tyler Cowen, Jacob Sullum] And Katherine Mangu-Ward notes the juxtaposition of Kolatas piece with an opinion piece in the paper the very same day: Food Deserts Are Not Real. Also, We Can Fix Them.. Filed under: eat drink and be merry, New York Times, obesity. ...
Jacqueline Novogratz tells a moving story of an encounter in a Nairobi slum with Jane, a former prostitute, whose dreams of escaping poverty, of becoming a doctor and of getting married were fulfilled in an unexpected way.
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Hey guys! I took a bit of a break from personal work the past couple of weeks. Mostly I was watching Euro 2012, but now that that particular bladder-kicking contest is over I am back to work. I took a long weekend and managed to fit in some pieces here and there. Firstly, a little diorama of one particular slum area in the city of Dustrum. Ive not really done this kind of isometric cut-away before and it was really fun! Im going to do a couple more different parts of the city at some point ...
COPS: FACISTS OR HEROES?. In a climate of controversy about cops, I continue to write a series in which cops are quite human. Why?. The roots of my decision lie as far back as childhood in a poor neighborhood. Cops didnt show up in our area with less than two, and usually more. When my grandfather was murdered, no serious investigation ensued. Since that time, I have been harassed, beaten, and when I reported an attempted rape-sneered at by cops.. It wasnt until my early twenties that I actually had a civil conversation with a cop. Id broken my leg up on the hill where I farmed. Unfortunately, my vehicle-an old Volkswagen-chose that period of time to break down. A friend drove me to the hospital which was roughly thirty miles away then took me and my unwieldy cast home.. If youve ever farmed, or just had animals, you know that minor things like broken legs doesnt stop your responsibilities. Way too soon, my walking cast wore through and needed replacing. I hitched a ride with a neighbor to ...
24/7 Wall St: Poverty might mean different things in different parts of the world and to different people, but it is largely defined as being unable to afford a minimum standard of living. The United States has come a long way in addressing the problem, but progress seems to have slowed despite the recent years of economic recovery. In many ways, the problem has even escalated. Though the economy has added millions of jobs since the recession ended, many of the jobs created are not the same as jobs that were lost. In many areas, the problem of poverty has worsened during the recovery. Poverty is perhaps the most persistent of problems, with consequences that can span a lifetime, be transferred across generations, and loom in the minds of individuals and families living at the edge of poverty.. Click here to see how poverty is measured. ...
Chumbawamba - Poverty Knock Lyrics. Chumbawamba Miscellaneous Poverty Knock (Chorus) Poverty poverty knock, my loom is a saying all day Poverty poverty knock, gaffers too
Author:Beena H Patel, Kapil M Gandha, Hetal T Koringa, Jitesh P Mehta, Dipesh V Parmar, Sudha B Yadav. Keywords:Unmet need, contraception, family planning, reproductive health, Urban Slums. Type:Original Article. Full PDF Abstract ...
Author:Beena H Patel, Kapil M Gandha, Hetal T Koringa, Jitesh P Mehta, Dipesh V Parmar, Sudha B Yadav. Keywords:Unmet need, contraception, family planning, reproductive health, Urban Slums. Type:Original Article. Full PDF Abstract ...
Research Question: To what extent, the people get affected by poverty? Poverty & Inequality Introduction Poverty is a state or condition in which a...
Why are working families still locked in poverty? How can Universal Credit be reformed to unlock families from in-work poverty? How can better progression for part-time staff help right the wrong of in-work poverty? We look at areas such as wages, productivity, and benefits.
Why are working families still locked in poverty? How can Universal Credit be reformed to unlock families from in-work poverty? How can better progression for part-time staff help right the wrong of in-work poverty? We look at areas such as wages, productivity, and benefits.
STUDY OBJECTIVE--To assess whether small area measures of socioeconomic deprivation predict variation in individual smoking behaviour. To examine the adequacy of an individual level statistical model for the analysis of data on groups of individuals who live in the same geographical area. DESIGN--Individual level and two level logistic regression analysis of data on individual smoking from a regional health survey, and neighbourhood deprivation scores for 1991 census wards calculated from 1991 census data. SETTING--The North West Thames Regional Health Authority area. PARTICIPANTS--Random sample of 8,251 adults in North West Thames Regions. MAIN RESULTS--There was a highly significant association between being a smoker and the neighbourhood deprivation score of the area of residence. With the two level model, after allowing for age and sex, the estimated odds ratio of being a smoker for an individual in the highest quintile of deprivation compared with someone in the lowest quintile was 1.52 ...
Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Albania was last measured at 2.90 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Poverty gap at urban poverty line is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the nonpoor as having zero shortfall) as a percentage of the national urban poverty line. This measure reflects the depth of poverty as well as its incidence.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Poverty gap at urban poverty line (%) in Albania.
[Fuji Xerox (Japan)] Home | About Fuji Xerox | Sustainability Report 2015 | Helping to Educate Children in Disadvantaged Communities - [Sustainability Report introduces the challenges Fuji Xerox faces and the status of our performances grappling with these issues.]
CalEnviroScreen was designed by the California Environmental Protection Agency (CalEPA) to serve as a tool for identifying Californias most disadvantaged communities when prioritizing time, resources, and programs in those portions of the state that are most in need of assistance. However, the tool has long been criticized by disparate groups with widespread interests for its flaws in methodology. And while an update (CalEnviroScreen 3.0) was released late last year, the issue at hand remains unaddressed - and perhaps, worse. The latest version of the CalEnviroScreen tool continues to ignore Californias most disadvantaged communities, both rural and urban.. In total, 30 of Californias 58 counties do not have a single census tract identified in the top 25 percent scores of CalEnviroScreen - the methodology now used to consider applicants for Cap-and-Trade funding for disadvantaged communities. The use of CalEnviroScreen as a screening tool for grant solicitations and awards completely excludes ...
We found that practice level deprivation was associated with lower achievement for five out of 16 indicators in a local primary care pay-for-performance scheme. Deprivation-achievement gaps closed over time for one indicator but opened up for three others. Overall, the observed differences were modest. Almost all of the indicators we analysed involved cumulative registration of at-risk patient populations, so that we would have expected gaps to close over time once ceilings in achievement had been reached. For the most part, this did not occur. We also found that considerable scope for improvement still existed by the end of the scheme. For example, the final mean proportions of targeted patients with recorded alcohol use and offers of screening and recording of chlamydia test results were 55 and 6.2 % respectively. This is the first inequalities analysis of a local pay-for-performance scheme; our findings on achievement contrast with those of the national scheme [24]. We also found ...
Although outcome measures improved more in the FLNP group than in the control group, the results of this trial fail to show that FLNP improved parenting or child or parental well-being more than could be expected by chance and do not provide evidence that FLNP represents value for money. Three main reasons for these negative results warrant consideration. The first is that the FLNP may not be effective in changing parenting in a universal setting. It would appear that programmes like Triple P which focus primarily on behaviour management are effective in a universal setting and this may simply be a better approach. Triple P is a more costly programme than FLNP. It can be offered more intensively with five different levels of intervention for different levels of need, including universal media coverage, and well-resourced trials have been able to offer the programme in this way. FLNP is a stand-alone group-based programme which may work synergistically with other parenting interventions including ...
BACKGROUND: The Well London program used community engagement, complemented by changes to the physical and social neighborhood environment, to improve physical activity levels, healthy eating, and mental wellbeing in the most deprived communities in London. The effectiveness of Well London is being evaluated in a pair-matched cluster randomized trial (CRT). The baseline survey data are reported here. METHODS: The CRT involved 20 matched pairs of intervention and control communities (defined as UK census lower super output areas (LSOAs); ranked in the 11% most deprived LSOAs in London by the English Indices of Multiple Deprivation) across 20 London boroughs. The primary trial outcomes, sociodemographic information, and environmental neighbourhood characteristics were assessed in three quantitative components within the Well London CRT at baseline: a cross-sectional, interviewer-administered adult household survey; a self-completed, school-based adolescent questionnaire; a fieldworker completed ...
Selection of individual variables for any measure should be based on the theoretical fit with the concept we are interested in measuring, such as material deprivation, and on the particular context of a country. Most deprivation measures include domains relating to income, employment, socioeconomic status or class (often based on job type), education, housing and ownership of specific goods or items. Some measures also include domains relating to access to various services (schools, shops, doctors) or information on the environment (street lighting, crime rates).. There are strong theoretical grounds to include each of the listed domains in deprivation measures. For example, low-income and unemployment reflect deprivation as they limit material resources, while low levels of education disadvantage people in accessing many resources, such as better jobs or services. Sound theoretical mechanisms also connect these domains to health, for example, income curbs access to factors (eg, food, housing, ...
Book holiday rentals near Jamuna Future Park Dhaka City on Tripadvisor! View the Best 1 traveler reviews from properties near Jamuna Future Park in Dhaka City, Bangladesh
Background: The objective of this study was to analyse the association between area deprivation at municipality level and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obesity across Germany, controlling for individual socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: The analyses are based on a large survey conducted in 2006. Information was included from 39,908 adults aged 20 years or above. Area deprivation was assessed using the German Index of Multiple Deprivation (GIMD) at municipality level. About 4,700 municipalities could be included and assigned to a deprivation quintile. Individual SES was assessed by income and educational level. Multilevel logistic models were used to control for individual SES and other potential confounders such as age, sex and physical activity. Results: We found a positive association of area deprivation with T2D and obesity. Controlling for all individual-level variables, the odds ratios for municipalities in the most deprived quintile were significantly increased for T2D (OR ...
Municipalities and public-minded organizations face a challenge in designing effective interventions to improve conditions in disadvantaged communities. Disadvantaged communities are subject to a set…
Downloadable! This paper uses the recent approach of multidimensional deprivation measures to provide a comprehensive and wide ranging assessment of changes to living standards in India during the period, 1992/93-2004/5.This covers the reforms and the immediate post reforms time periods. The study is based on the simultaneous use of two parallel data sets, namely the NSS and NFHS data sets covering proximate rounds and near identical time periods. The study is conducted both at regionally disaggregated levels and by socio economic groups. The deprivation dimensions range widely from the conventional expenditure dimensions to non expenditure dimensions such as access to drinking water and clean fuel, to health dimensions such as child stunting and the mother’s BMI. The use of decomposable deprivation measures allows the identification of regions, socio economic groups and deprivation dimensions that are contributing more than others to total deprivation.
When he was 7 years old, Guillermo Padilla landed in the hospital with appendicitis. While a frightening experience for any child, it was even more so for the young boy who spoke little English. His parents - Mexican immigrants who were determined that their son learn Spanish first - had to translate for him. That made an indelible impression on the youngster.
Youth volunteering initiatives are often promoted on the basis that participation will help young people make transitions in their lives. The UK-wide Millennium Volunteers initiative, for example, used the strapline MV for your CV while the Scottish Saltire Awards state volunteering look[s] great on your CV.. These individualistic approaches are characteristic of a broader trend encouraging young people to take control of their futures by acquiring experiences to ease transitions into education or employment. Approaching volunteering in this way, however, is argued to be more readily accessible by those from affluent backgrounds, thus potentially disadvantaging those with fewer resources.. This paper presents findings from my PhD research into young peoples attitudes and experiences of volunteering in areas of socio-economic deprivation. The paper draws on focus groups and semi-structured interviews with young volunteers, aged twelve to eighteen, and semi-structured interviews with ...
Nigeria is experiencing a serious and alarming rise in the levels of urban poverty when compared to rural poverty, so what are its characteristics? This study was carried out in Agege area of Lagos State to determine conditions under which the urban poor live in order to provide information, which will help the city and state administrators, develop more positive policies and actions towards the poor.. The paper finds that:. ...
In Nigeria, over 60 percent of the population lack access to modern health care facilities. Low access and effective utilisation even where available, are affected by inadequate health workforce, low quality of care, distance, and poor policy implementation. This research examines the nature of health care in emerging communities and urban slums of south west Nigeria. The study synthesises Giddens Structuration theory, Dahlgren and Whiteheads Social model of health, and Andersen and Newmans Framework of health service utilisation as its theoretical framework ...
This is one of the first surveys to collect data on socioeconomic background, mental and physical health and healthcare utilisation, and to combine these factors with distance to healthcare services. Spanning a wide geographical area in one of the most disadvantaged areas of England,13 findings from the survey identified several key risk factors of A&E attendance, including young age, depression, high education, non-employment, poor housing, as well as longer distance from a GP and shorter distance to an A&E service.. Considering the increase in A&E attendance across England,1 particularly in disadvantaged areas,3 it is important to understand the reasons behind this rise and to design strategies to reduce health inequalities. A&E attendance was significantly higher for 18 to 24 year olds, when controlling for other factors, which has been found in previous work,20 and may be due to heightened rates of accidents, trauma and alcohol-related attendances at A&E,21 or higher use of A&E for primary ...
Indicator 16 (Neighborhood Safety) provided parental views of the safety of their neighborhoods, showing major differences in the living situations of children of different racial backgrounds. While the prevalence of poverty in a neighborhood is not the only element that contributes to neighborhood safety and support for young children, it is a powerful indicator. Moreover, addressing conditions at a neighborhood level requires looking beyond individual service strategies to community-building ones.. Several analyses of high poverty or high child vulnerability census tracts have showed that the poorest census tracts also are the most diverse. In an analysis of all census tracts in the United States on ten indicators related to child-raising vulnerability, Village Building and School Readiness showed that tracts with six or more vulnerability factors were primarily populated by people of color (83 percent non-white and/or Hispanic), while those with no vulnerability factors were primarily white, ...
Across these practices, there is substantial variation in the proportion of patients living in communities with higher poverty, lower education, and greater social deprivation even in an affluent region. This is important because living in a cold spot is associated with worse chronic care and quality, such as higher obesity and lower colon cancer screening rates. However, the relationship between quality and living in a cold spot is complex, and some quality measures seem better for patients living in cold spots, such as cervical cancer screening.. Our US-based, EHR-derived findings support the results of others that neighborhood deprivation affects screening, diabetes, and obesity though we were unable to find other studies that assessed diabetes control.35⇓⇓⇓⇓⇓-41 This reinforces the notion that deprived neighborhoods have distinct effects on health and care delivery and underscores the importance of using geography as a lens through which to view population health. Although ...
An automated machine that dispenses water for cash may be the solution to irregular supplies for 1.2 million people living in the Kenyan capitals slums, Nairobi City Water & Sewerage Company Ltd. said.
Sure Start local programmes (SSLPs) represent a large scale, area based effort by the government of the United Kingdom to enhance the health and development of children under 4 years and their families who live in socially deprived communities in England. These programmes aim to improve services and create new ones in small areas with average populations of just under 13 000 people, including about 700 children aged 0-3 years. The first SSLPs began in 1999, and a total of 524 existed by 2004. SSLPs are a unique approach to enhancing the life prospects of disadvantaged children, in that all children aged 0-3 years and their families living in a prescribed area are targets of intervention, and thus of evaluation of effectiveness.. Because of their local autonomy, SSLPs do not have a protocol to promote adherence to a prescribed model, as do other early interventions that are known to be effective.1-3 All SSLPs are expected, nevertheless, to provide core services of outreach or home visiting; ...
Preventing children from smoking is a public health priority. This study evaluated the effects of a sport-for-health smoking prevention programme (SmokeFree Sports) on smoking-related intentions and cognitions among primary school children from deprived communities. A non-randomised-controlled trial targeted 9-10 year old children from Merseyside, North-West England. 32 primary schools received a programme of sport-for-health activities over 7 months; 11 comparison schools followed usual routines. Data were collected pre-intervention (T0), and at 8 months (T1) and one year post-intervention (T2). Smoking-related intentions and cognitions were assessed using an online questionnaire. Intervention effects were analysed using multi-level modelling (school, student), adjusted for baseline values and potential confounders. Mixed-sex focus groups (n = 18) were conducted at T1. 961 children completed all assessments and were included in the final analyses. There were no significant differences between the two
Tanzania 2018 will be incredible. The team will work in the Maasai community at the foothills of Mt Meru, working towards community development and improvement in the new and fast growing city of Arusha. There are numerous options for the team to choose from - from working in school construction and helping out with the kids, to teaching English for employability in Arusha, to working on youth development schemes for the Maasai. The Swahili/English language barrier is significant in Arusha - primary schools for deprived children only speak Swahili, whilst secondary schools only speak in English. Support these desperate children from deprived communities - by not only offering them the fun and games of childhood, but also supporting their English learning in order that they can continue at school. Because education is so undeniably important. The youth development scheme is similarly invaluable - running community projects and initiatives to deter disadvantaged youth from pursuing a life of abuse ...
Slum communities surrounding Jinja in Eastern Uganda face a myriad of challenges. Located on the eastern bank of the Nile, around 20,000 people are crowded into eight slum areas.
At a White House event this morning, First Lady Michelle Obama highlighted an important new provision that allows schools in high-poverty areas to fight hunger by providing free breakfasts and...
David Cameron has resigned as Prime Minister after Britain voted to leave the European Union.. It followed a turbulent night with Remain campaigners quietly confident until the early hours when results from Newcastle and Sunderland showed better than expected returns for the Brexit camp.. A surprise victory for a Brexit in Swansea, which was expected to vote to Remain, did little to dampen concerns despite Scotland overwhelmingly backing staying in the Union.. Other votes in Wales began to show a trend towards a surprise Leave vote, particularly in deprived communities.. Big wins for David Camerons campaign in London and Oxford did little to allay fears that early predictions had been wrong, as the pound began to tank - down by 6% by around 1pm.. Leave passed the finishing post just after 6am, as it became clear that nothing could swing the vote back in favour of the Remain campaign.. With the Leave campaign securing 52 per cent of the vote, Mr Cameron addressed the nation in an emotional ...
Sen. Barack Obama visited one of the worlds worst slums Sunday, where he told residents he wants everyone in America to know about their plight.
January 2008. Addressing urban high-poverty school teacher attrition by addressing urban high-poverty school teacher retention: why effective teachers persevere. Recruiting and retaining quality teachers specific for high-poverty schools in urban areas is a national concern, especially in light of the No Child Left Behind federal legislation. The educational realities, detrimental effects of poverty, and human despair that often depress low-income communities can prove to be quite overpowering for many teachers new to the profession and significantly contribute to.... Author(s): Sueanne E. McKinney, Robert Q. Berry, Daniel L. Dickerson and Gloria Campbell-Whately ...
Ruth Lupton, in this valuable study, shows how government has attempted to regenerate deprived areas by examining what has happened in 12 of the most deprived neighbourhoods. She gives particular attention to the New Labour government which, in 1997, launched its National Strategy for Neighbourhood Renewal ...
Many studies in geography have demonstrated that results can vary according to scale and configuration of spatial units. However, implications of the MAUP-Modifiable Area Unit Problem-have received little attention in urban planning and policy studies. The first objective of this paper is to demonstrate how identification of poor areas (residential areas with 40% or more of low-income population) is sensitive to changes in scale. The second objective is to measure the completeness (to what degree targeting only poor areas is adequate to reach all the poor population of a metropolis) and the efficiency (to what degree the population benefitting from targeted interventions is poor) of area-based interventions. The methodology to identify poverty areas is based on three spatial levels of analysis: dissemination areas (DAs), census tracts (CTs) and districts, namely micro, meso and macro levels. Hierarchical linear models are used to analyze the variance partitioned between these levels. Results of ...
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Using cotinine validation to identify smokers, we estimate that 1046 of the 3475 women in the study population smoked during pregnancy, which is 25% higher than figures based on self reported smoking (839/3475). The projected true smoking prevalence for pregnant women in Scotland (after adjusting for area deprivation, maternal age, and self reported smoking) is 28%, notably higher than the 23% based on self reporting.2 Projected figures suggest that in Scotland each year more than 17% of pregnant smokers (n=2400) are not identified as such and are therefore not offered smoking cessation services.. There was a striking difference in smoking prevalence in pregnant women between area deprivation categories, reflecting that seen elsewhere.22 Nearly 40% of smokers in the least deprived areas (deprivation categories 1+2) did not report their smoking status compared with only 22% of smokers in the most deprived areas (categories 4+5). This possibly reflects a greater expectation in more affluent areas ...
Studies from sub-Saharan Africa have shown that a substantial proportion of patients diagnosed with HIV enter into HIV medical care late. However, data from low or middle-income countries outside Africa are scarce. In this study, we investigated risk factors associated with delayed entry into care stratified by gender in a large cohort study in India. 7701 patients were diagnosed with HIV and 5410 entered into care within three months of HIV diagnosis. Nearly 80% entered into care within a year, but most patients who did not enter into care within a year remained lost to follow up or died. Patient with risk factors related to having a low socio-economic status (poverty, being homeless, belonging to a disadvantaged community and illiteracy) were more likely to enter into care late. In addition, male gender and being asymptomatic at the moment of HIV infection were factors associated with delayed entry into care. Substantial gender differences were found. Younger age was found to be associated with
Mark Tully is the interim director of the Institute of Mental Health Sciences and a Professor of Public Health at Ulster University.. Prof Tullys research focuses on addressing population levels of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour, which are major causes of poor physical and mental wellbeing. His research includes interventions targeting older adults and socio-economically disadvantaged communities. In addition, he is interested in the effects of changes in the built environment on behaviours. ...
Young people from fifteen deprived neighbourhoods have started working on local community projects designed to help them raise their ambitions, broaden ...
Teenage conception rates are an important social and health measure for local councils and decision makers. Historically, areas with high teenage conception rates have also had relatively high deprivation measures such as unemployment and child poverty. ONS has used a wide range of official statistics to help people explore the teenage conception rates and measures of deprivation in their area ...
Little research exists on the impact of behavior change interventions in disadvantaged communities. We conducted a prospective study to explore the effectiveness of motivational interviewing on physic
Neng is fourteen years old. She lives and works on Venus Alley, a lane in the notorious Jembatan Besi slum in Jakarta, Indonesia. Unlike other children her age, she rarely gets to see the sun.
TERI - The Energy and Resources Institute: not-for-profit, policy research organization - working in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development
The objective of our site is to educate our audience consisting of young adults to the late 30s about the unsanitary living conditions in Indian slums. Currently, the living conditions in the slums are abominable; therefore, children are dying at a rapid rate. All generations are experiencing malnutrition and the slum-dwelling population has increased over the decades. We would like to illustrate to our readers how the slum-dwellers have been impacted, how the education system is not giving children the precious gift of learning they all deserve, the necessary support they need from their parents but do not receive, and the basic facilities to live a healthy life or live at all. With our presented information, we attached several links to organizations that are already volunteering to help the slums in India. We want to inspire people globally to aid and help cure the unsanitary conditions in Indian slums by educating them about the conditions and the life of a slum-dweller. ...
Co-Sponsor(s): Co-sponsored by West Coast Poverty Center. Contrary to the familiar urban-suburban narrative about poverty in the U.S., there are more poor persons living in the suburbs of American cities than in the cities themselves today. Poverty rates have increased dramatically in suburbs over the last 20 years, as has the concentration of poverty in suburbs. The rise of poverty in suburbs, however, has not coincided with a decrease of poverty in cities. In fact, poverty is more prevalent in cities today than in 1990.. Apart from its practical and demographic significance, the changing spatial distribution of poverty in metropolitan America creates new challenges for the delivery of antipoverty assistance and transform safety net politics. This book offers several important original insights into the interconnections between place, poverty, and the safety net in contemporary America using a unique combination of data from the Census Bureau, administrative data from state safety net programs, ...
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SafetyLit is produced by the SafetyLit Foundation in cooperation with San Diego State University and the World Health Organization.
Some people living in disadvantaged neighborhoods may be at increased risk of problem drinking - though much may depend on race and gender, according to a new study in the November issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. Researchers found that of nearly 14,000 U.S. adults surveyed, those living in low-income neighborhoods [...]. ...
The police blitzes in this Olympic city’s biggest slums are meant to show the world that Rio is winning the fight against violent drug gangs that have ruled the shantytowns for decades. With this weekend’s occupation of the Rocinha slum, home to 100,000 people, authorities secured key areas near athletic events planned for the 2016 Games.
The percentage of public schools where more than three quarters of students are eligible for free or reduced price lunch - a key indicator of poverty - has increased in the past decade, and children at these schools are less likely to attend college or be taught by teachers with advanced degrees.
Indonesias recovery from the economic effects of the pandemic must focus on the sectors where the greatest number of workers have fallen into poverty, according to a researcher from the University of Indonesias Social and Economic Research Institute (LPEM UI).
How was it ?... well the climb to the top of the kilimajaro gets though and at the times you just want to give up but something I learned working among the slums in a country that is resistant to change that has no empathy what so ever for the slum dwellers where is more sabotages and setbacks on your way so much politics where the interests of the child is the least of the priority of those on the top , is that we cannot give up , because then you will not experience achievement . Your dreams will remain just that - dreams and the only way to turn them into reality is if we keep persevering .Climbing a trail that is very steep with a lot of stone scree requires a great physical and mental effort trust me easy done compared with what one was to endure on the daily basics to maximize the potential of the children and their parents ...