Big data technology has been developed rapidly in recent years. The performance improvement mechanism of targeted poverty alleviation is studied through the big data technology to further promote the comprehensive application of big data technology in poverty alleviation and development. Using the data mining knowledge to accurately identify the poor population under the framework of big data, compared with the traditional identification method, it is obviously more accurate and persuasive, which is also helpful to find out the real causes of poverty and assist the poor residents in the future. In the current targeted poverty alleviation work, the identification of poor households and the matching of assistance measures are mainly through the visiting of village cadres and the establishment of documents. Traditional methods are time-consuming, laborious, and difficult to manage. It always omits lots of useful family information. Therefore, new technologies need to be introduced to realize intelligent
Looking for poverty trap? Find out information about poverty trap. the situation where a slight increase in earnings leads to an individual or family being worse off overall as a consequence of losing entitlement to other... Explanation of poverty trap
Chinese President Xi Jinping (C back) gives a speech while presiding over a symposium on poverty relief in Taiyuan, capital of north Chinas Shanxi Province, June 23, 2017. (Xinhua/Pang Xinglei). TAIYUAN, June 24 (Xinhua) -- Chinese President Xi Jinping has called on enhanced efforts and precise measures to eradicate extreme poverty.. Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, made the remarks when presiding over a symposium on poverty relief Friday in northern Chinas Shanxi Province.. It must be ensured that areas and people stricken by extreme poverty enter a moderately prosperous society along with the rest of the nation, Xi said. ...
Zhao Jiangtao, person in charge of the Press Center for the Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the Peoples Republic of China: Ladies and gentlemen, media friends, good morning. Welcome to the third press conference held in the press center. The theme of this conference is rural revitalization and poverty alleviation. Since the founding of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, substantial developments have been achieved in the work related to agriculture and rural areas. Remarkable achievements have been recorded, indeed. The Chinese people have risen up and become rich. With the continuous progress of poverty alleviation, we are getting closer to completing the task of building a moderately prosperous society in all aspects.. Today, we are delighted to invite Mr. Han Changfu, director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group and minister of agriculture and rural affairs, and Mr. Liu Yongfu, director of the Office of State Council Leading Group of Poverty ...
More sub-Saharan Africans are living in extreme poverty now than in 1990, said a major United Nations report Monday, warning the region will miss most of its development goals. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), set in 2000, strive to halve extreme poverty and hunger in the world by 2015.
Education: Children living in extreme poverty often lack access to the most fundamental elements of education. There may be a school house, but there are no books or school supplies. Or the teacher is barely literate. Not only does a lack of education make it extremely difficult for a child to escape extreme poverty, but it can also do the same for many adults. Many poor adults living in remote locations speak a regional language or dialect that is not understood by others in their country, making it difficult for them to trade their goods with those outside the village or district. Economic Development: For every 100 people in the United States who want to work, more than 96 currently have a job. How did we come to have it so good? In part, because we have near universal literacy and most workers can do simple arithmetic. We have dozens of banks and credit unions willing to lend money at low rates. We have a well-developed distribution system that gets food from the farm to the local market ...
Would you say that over the past three decades (since about the mid-1980s) the percentage of people in the world who live in extreme poverty - previously defined as living on less than $1.25 per day - has:. A) Increased. B) Decreased. C) remained the same. The right answer is B: extreme poverty has decreased by more than half during that time period. Yet according to a Barna Group survey taken in 2014, more than eight in 10 Americans (84 percent) were unaware global poverty has reduced so drastically, and more than two-thirds (67 percent) said they thought global poverty had risen.. Additionally, more than two-thirds of US adults (68 percent) said they dont believe its possible to end extreme global poverty within the next 25 years. One exception to this pessimism was practicing Christians. Defined by Barna as people who have attended a church service in the past month and say their religious faith is very important in their life, practicing Christians under 40 are the most optimistic at ...
We updated the data for youth literacy (female, male and total), extreme poverty (,1.25 US$/day) and annual population growth! There seem to be some backward revisions in the extreme poverty data. See the latest changes in the Gapminder World.. ...
Downloadable! This paper aims to present another explanation for poverty traps, by the presence of hazardous event probability. We show that adaptation and mitigation policies have different effects on the occurrence of poverty traps : the former could cause a poverty trap while the latter could save from the trap since it decreases the abrupt event probability. As a result, we present a new trade-off between adaptation and mitigation policy other than the usual dynamic trade-off highlighted in many studies (Zemel (2015), Tsur and Zemel (2015)), which is crucial for developing countries. Our simulation results show that a trapped economy adopts an aggressive exploitation policy with higher abrupt event risk while the economy at high equilibrium becomes more precautionary. We also show that when the economy faces a higher risk, the ratio between adaptation and mitigation increases.
Title: Poverty alleviation and social disadvantage , Author: Arora, Sonia (Lawyer), ISBN: 9788176117685, , 8176117684, Category: Books, Full Title: Poverty alleviation and social disadvantage /, Publisher: Jaipur : RBSA Publishers,
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The Toronto Poverty Reduction Strategy is the City of Torontos long-term strategy to address immediate needs, create pathways to prosperity, and drive systemic change for those living in poverty in the City. The Toronto Poverty Reduction Strategy contains 17 recommendations to be achieved by 2035. Every four years, the Poverty Reduction Strategy releases a refreshed Action […]
One of the things that the President has been fighting endlessly is poverty. This is why he set up the Presidential Initiative on Poverty and Hunger. The Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) in State House was established in 2000 as a clearing house for pledges made by President Yoweri Museveni. In 2003, the department was mandated to develop wealth creation models. The department has so far designed more than 12 initiatives aimed at increasing productivity and value addition.. A model parish is an innovation evolved by the President to demonstrate how systematically a high concentration of projects in a model parish can be used to tackle poverty and speed up rural transformation.. PAD works in tandem with other government anti-poverty initiatives. The programme aims at enhancing or supplementing the five pillars of the Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP) and the Prosperity For All programme, especially the element that calls for the creation of Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies ...
Hospitals and other health care providers say it is an essential tool in ensuring access to care, and to prescription drugs, for their low-income patients.. Pharmaceutical companies say it has expanded beyond its original purpose and is being used by hospitals to pad their profits.. Members of Congress are divided: some are supportive and some are skeptical.. The section 340B program that requires drug companies to provide discounts to selected hospitals and other providers that serve large numbers of low-income patients has been the subject of controversy in recent years. During that time, the administration has generally sided with hospitals and maintained the program.. That support was tempered recently when the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services proposed a 28 percent cut in Medicare payments to hospitals for drugs provided to low-income patients through the 340B program. Hospital industry groups responded by suing the federal government and will have their day in court later this ...
Background: This article reports on a study that explored the impact of diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of low-income households. Diarrhoeal diseases continue to be an important cause of illness and death worldwide. One major cause of infantile diarrhoea is the rotavirus, an airborne virus to which almost all children in both the developing and developed world will be exposed to at least once. The study, as well as the clinical trials and cost studies, was commissioned by GlaxoSmithKline to assist in the decision-making processes regarding whether and how to implement a newly developed vaccine against rotavirus through national immunisation programmes. The objective of the study was to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the impact of severe diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of a selected group of low-income households. Methods: The study was qualitative, explorative and descriptive in nature. A recently developed quality of life (QoL) assessment instrument, based on a
Rural Health Promotion and Poverty Alleviation Initiative (RUHEPAI) is a registered Non Governmental Organization (S.5914/5624) operating in rural communities of Uganda to promote sustainable approaches to poverty alleviation, proper land use and management, environmental conservation, food security attainment, water, hygiene and sanitation, sexual reproductive health and HIV/AIDS.
Child Poverty in London includes a number of maps of the data. These include three static maps created with QGIS (showing child poverty in 2008, 2013 and the changes in child poverty 2008-2013), an OpenLayers map (showing the changes in child poverty rates), and a Leaflet map which allows you to view the 2008 & 2013 child poverty rates and also view the changes in child poverty 2008-2013 ...
DFID, NERC and ESRC are seeking to commission an independent external Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Programme. The Review is being managed by the ESRC on behalf of the funders.. ESPA is a seven-year £40.5 million investment. It aims to deliver high-quality, cutting-edge research that will improve understanding of the way ecosystems function, the services they provide and their relationship with the political economy and sustainable growth. ESPAs research will provide the evidence and tools to enable decision-makers to manage ecosystems sustainably and in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation.. ...
Thursday, December 10, 2015. The Microcredit Summit Campaign released its 17th annual survey of the global microfinance industry December 9th at the Inclusive Finance India Summit held in New Delhi, India. Campaign Director Larry Reed featured the publication, Mapping Pathways out of Poverty: The State of the Microcredit Summit Campaign Report, 2015, in his presentation on Wednesday to attendees of Indias premier financial inclusion conference.. According to the report, the global microfinance community reached 211 million borrowers in 2013, 114 million of whom were living in extreme poverty (households living on less than $1.90 per day, PPP). While the microfinance community provided loans to the most clients since the Microcredit Summit Campaign began tracking this number in 1997, the number of poorest clients fell for the third straight year.. The report underscores that the challenge microfinance faces in realizing its original goal - to alleviate poverty by providing quality microfinance ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - The nations poverty rate remained stuck at a record level last year, while household income dropped and the number of people who dont have health insurance declined. A Census Bureau report released Wednesday provided a mixed picture of the economic well-being of U.S. households for 2011 as the nation enters the final phase of a presidential election campaign in which the economy is the No. 1 issue. The overall poverty rate stood at 15 percent, statistically unchanged from the 15.1 percent rate in the previous year. Experts had expected a rise in the poverty rate for the fourth straight year, but unemployment benefits and modest job gains helped stave that off, the bureau reported. For last year, the official poverty line was an annual income of $23,021 for a family of four. While unemployment eased slightly from 2010 to 2011, the gap between rich and poor increased. The median, or midpoint, household income was $50,054, 1.5 percent lower than 2010 and a second straight
Schaffer, M. A. (1993). The influence of partner relationship and social supports on the prenatal health behaviors of low income women. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Minnesota, 1993 ...
Data & statistics on Population Poverty Rates by Sex of Household Head and Residence: Poverty Indices according to Region of Residence, Gender, Sector of Employment, Education Level, and Mode of Living of Head of Household (1990, 1996), Disaggregates rural poverty rates across Malawis three regions. Poverty rates in the rural south have historically been highest, while those in the north are lowest. The relative disadvantage of southerners relates in part to land constraints in the face of high population density: the 2008 Population Census puts the population density in the south at 184 persons per square kilometer compared to only ..., Descriptive statistics of variables Variable District-level Access to services Distance from Accra Distance from regional capital Agro-ecological zone Forest Coastal Ethnic fractionalization Share of rural population Population density (log) Literacy rate Headcount ratio Poverty gap Per capita total expenditures (log) Per capita capital expenditures (log) Internal
Solar projects implemented to serve low-income communities that provide direct electricity bill benefits to low-income community ratepayers are now eligible under the CEIPs low-income projects. This should be seen as a great opportunity by EPA and community advocates to ramp up programs to deliver solar-generating capacity to low-income communities. In addition, doing so aligns the CEIP with the White Houses Clean Energy Savings for All initiative to increase access to solar energy for low- and moderate-income communities. This initiative includes a goal of 1 gigawatt (GW) of solar to low- and moderate- income families by 2020, the launch of the Department of Energys National Community Solar Partnership to help unlock solar access for renters, and the promotion of shared solar policies and programs across the country. The CEIP would help advance these goals.. EPA also seeks comment on the proposed 50 percent/50 percent division of the 300-million short ton of emissions matching pool into ...
In 1999, one in four British children lived in poverty-the third highest child poverty rate among industrialized countries. Five years later, the child poverty rate in Britain had fallen by more than half in absolute terms. How did the British government accomplish this and what can the United States learn from the British experience? Jane Waldfogel offers a sharp analysis of the New Labour governments anti-poverty agenda, its dramatic early success and eventual stalled progress. Comparing Britains anti-poverty initiative to U.S. welfare reform, the book shows how the policies of both countries have affected child poverty, living standards, and well-being in low-income families and suggests next steps for future reforms. Britains War on Poverty evaluates the three-pronged anti-poverty strategy employed by the British government and what these efforts accomplished. British reforms sought to promote work and make work pay, to increase financial support for families with children, and to invest ...
Data & statistics on changes over time in uk poverty rates: Changes over time in UK poverty rates, Changes in poverty over time in UK, Poverty rates over time, Great Britain, 1994/5 to 2004/05...
This pamphlet excerpts a chapter on macroeconomic policy from the Poverty Reduction Policy Source book, a guide prepared by the World Bank and IMF to assist countries in developing and strengthening their poverty reduction strategies. It probes the relationship between macroeconomic policy matters, such as growth and inflation, and the fight against poverty, and explains how sound monetary and fiscal policies-key tools of the macroeconomist-can help to spur growth and ease poverty.
Consistency in Supplemental Poverty Measurement: Adding Imputed In‐Kind Benefits to Thresholds and Impact on Poverty Rates for the United States
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
Now you see it, now you dont. Steve Bell sums up the governments plans to scrap child poverty targets. Instead of measuring and acting on child poverty, they just want to measure how many children have parents who are out of work and how well they do at their GCSEs.. Reducing child poverty is one of the first duties of any government. And ending child poverty starts with counting it - without tracking whether child poverty is going up or down, the government cant draw up a proper plan to do so. Instead of scrapping targets to end poverty, they should be working hard to meet them.. Sign the petition to tell the government #AllKidsCount. ...
Laurence Chandy examines two competing visions for how extreme poverty can be eradicated. While one focuses on unlocking the potential for rapid and broad-based development through the economic transformation of poor countries, the other advocates the establishment of a global social safety net.
There are no silver bullets in the fight against extreme poverty, but cash transfers have shown themselves to be a powerful weapon in the arsenal, explains John McArthur.
Its no surprise that growing up in poverty makes it more likely youll be poorer as an adult.. But new research shows that the earliest years of life are the most critical in determining future earnings. Even more strikingly, a growing body of research shows that childhood poverty causes lasting changes in the brain - from its overall structure down to the level of gene expression.. These findings highlight the importance of programs that specifically address the needs of the youngest children, the researchers say.. Early experiences are built into our bodies, for better or worse, says Professor Jack Shonkoff of Harvard University, speaking at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Diego.. If you begin with the experience of adversity and stress, those get translated into changes in brain function and structure that get translated into changes in cellular and neuronal connections, and most recently, down into lasting changes in how the DNA is expressed, ...
This post is part of a series on childhood poverty in the United States in partnership with Save the Children and Julianne Moore. Moore leads the or...
Downloadable! Micro simulated general equilibrium approach was used to analyze the economic significance of the current export promotion policy of Ethiopia. Simulation results, in general, indicated little achievements of economic growth and poverty reduction under selective export promotion. In this policy approach, only rural households were able to acquire higher income and lower poverty incidence. These achievements however were transmitted to small and big urban households when export promotion was assumed to be implemented across the board of all agricultural activities. Significant economic and inter-industrial growths were attained when the coffee industry was given equal policy treatments like other export agriculture
Jim Yong Kim called for a global drive to wipe out extreme poverty by 2030, acknowledging that reaching the goal will require extraordinary efforts.
49 year-old Josphat Mokami Maroa lives in Nyangiti, Kenya. Anyone who has met him knows to never mistake his soft-spokenness for timidity. Even from the rhythm of his gait, you sense a palpable determination.. Josphat is surrounded by the fruits of his labor: nine healthy children all in school living among three rooms on three arable acres of land. His wife Robi also runs a small shop, in addition to their honey farm and vegetable garden. Josphat has always worked hard; but he can recall season after season when long hours of planting maize, cassava and sorghum didnt yield enough to provide for his wife and then small children. They even lost a six-month old son in 1997. Josphat said of his four decades in extreme poverty, We had little hope for improvement.. In 2009, Josphat enrolled in a Nuru farming group and received an agriculture loan. Other Nuru members elected him as their chairperson. He eventually joined Nuru Kenya staff and serves today as an Agriculture Field Manager. Here was ...
Join the movement to end extreme poverty worldwide by 2030 by tackling such issues as education, clean water, gender equality, maternal health and renewable energy. Take on what you want to change. #takeon #endpoverty
How can you buy and contribute to the UN Millennium goal to end extreme poverty? Listen to Peter Young, founder of Buying2Give and an Australian with a mission to end poverty.. ...
The progress in achieving the target set for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) continues to be diverse across goals and regions. The goals aim at actualizing a universal standard of being free from grinding poverty, being educated and healthy and having ready access to clean water and sanitation. While progress has lagged for education and health related MDGs, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty has indeed fallen. To accelerate further progress in the latter, development strategies have to attempt to increase not only the rate of growth but also the share of income going to the poorest section of the population along the rural-urban continuum. Economic projections for developing countries prepared by the World Bank state that approximately 970 million people will continue in 2015 to live below $1.25 a day. This would be equivalent to 15.5% of the population in the developing world. Herein, the pertinent challenge of reducing extreme poverty through creation of new income
What evidence is there to support President Reagans contention that we lost the War on Poverty? If we take a careful look at the statistical data compiled by the U.S. Census Bureau, we find ample evidence that the incidence of poverty remains disturbingly large, both as a percentage of the population and in absolute numbers. To document the point, we will have to struggle through a few paragraphs of statistical data, but the numbers are important if we are to state the case correctly.. The Census Bureau reported in August 2005 that the poverty rate in 2004 had actually increased since 2003, up to 12.7 percent in 2004 from 12.5 percent in 2003. This translated into an additional 1.1 million people in poverty, with some 37 million Americans living in poverty in 2004. The progress eliminating poverty in the forty years since Lyndon Johnson declared war on poverty is negligible. In 1964 the Census Bureau estimated that 19 percent of the U.S. population lived in poverty, approximately 36 million ...
He recalled one woman who had been through the system 11 times due to an unresolved dental problem, receiving antibiotics and painkillers each time until she started having problems bordering on addiction because of the painkillers.. The woman was referred to the dental clinic at Swedish and had one tooth extracted, Gibbon said. That solved all of this repetition of going to the ER and the primary care physician over and over, he said. The high utilization was reduced, and the addiction cycle that was starting was ended.. Oral surgeon Dr. Amy Winston, one of the founding members of the Swedish Community Specialty Clinic and dental director at Swedish Hospital, said the beauty of the Swedish clinic model is that no one physician or dentist has to commit too much volunteer time to the work because it is divided among so many people.. She also praised Swedish for treating the whole patient and not trying to compartmentalize its health services into a narrow niche.. Swedish has a bigger ...
Many ask whether our findings in Britain would generalize to low-income children and to other outcomes, such as education, in the United States. Unfortunately, we think they may. Robert Crosnoe recently tested how thousands of low-income children across the United States fared when they attended schools with students with similar versus different socioeconomic status. He found that low-income students did worse in math and science, and also reported more psychosocial problems, when they attended schools that had higher proportion of students from middle- and high-income families. Low-income minority children were the most negatively affected in this study.. Of course, without an experimental study, it is impossible to say that exposure to more affluent neighbors or peers caused low-income children to do worse in these settings. The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) Study tried to overcome this problem by randomly assigning housing vouchers to move families out of high poverty ...
Diabetes case management that takes a patient s specific culture into consideration can help increase life expectancy and decrease the incidence of diabetes-related complications
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
ObjectiveTo evaluate progress in timely vaccination coverage associated with low-income households.DesignThe US National Immunization Survey.ParticipantsChildre
In 2000, His Excellency President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni established the Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) in his office to specifically address wealth creation at household level. Under the Presidents guidance, PAD developed the Presidential Initiative Against Hunger and Poverty to reflect His Excellencys vision in fighting hunger whilst assisting homesteads to generate adequate incomes. The Initiative formally launched in January 2004 in Ruharo Parish in Bushenyi District, is gradually spreading to other districts. To date, there are 19 Model Parishes all over the country under implementation and five in the pipeline. PAD has registered success in the model parishes and is proud that the model parish concept is to be rolled out as a national strategy for fighting poverty at the household level (according to the 2011-2016 NRM Manifesto). PAD identified and linked entrepreneurs to H.E. the President, eventually their projects were funded by Government. They include, Mrs. Kizza of St. Jude ...
This Economic Information Bulletin describes characteristics of low-income households that had very low food security in 2005. The U.S. Department of Agriculture monitors the food security of low-income households to assess how effectively the Governments domestic nutrition assistance programs meet the needs of their target populations. USDA seeks to reduce the prevalence of very low food security among low-income households as part of its strategic plan under the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). Nord, Mark
The Dispensary of Hope, a growing not-for-profit network, is helping low-income patients get the necessary medications they are not able to afford on their own. Approximately 1,000 medical practices across the country are donating drug samples to Dispensary of Hope that they would normally destroy. The drugs that these medical practices would destroy but send to the Dispensary of Hope are valued at tens of millions of dollars. The Dispensary of Hope is a 30-location medication dispensary system. The network consists of prescription drug contributors, collection and distribution sites, and dispensing medical centers that help patients who do not have insurance coverage and with income levels below 200% of the federal poverty guidelines.. For more information and to see if there is a dispensary near you, please visit the Dispensary of Hope website at http://www.dispensaryofhope.org.. ...
The 2014 Kids County data book was released this month - evaluating the well being of children in each state. Today, WFHB news director Alycin Beketsh speaks with Indiana Youth Institute President and CEO Bill Stanczykiewicz about Indianas childhood poverty rate for todays community report.. Links ...
Summary:. This paper presents a Joint Staff Advisory Note on the Republic of Armenias Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Armenias poverty and extreme poverty rates declined in 2006 to 26.5 percent and 4.1 percent of the population, respectively-results which surpassed PRSP-1 projections. Inequality also decreased to a rate below the PRSP-1 goal, as measured by a reduction in the Gini coefficient from 0.395 in 2004 to 0.369 in 2006. Prudent fiscal and monetary policies were instrumental in maintaining macroeconomic stability and contributing to poverty reduction.. ...
Some 15.7 per cent of people in Jordan live in extreme poverty, according to the latest survey conducted by the government.. In a press conference, Prime Minister Omar Al-Razzaz said today that the poverty rate was at 14.4 per cent in 2010, up from 13.3 per cent 2008. Unofficial estimates place the poverty rate at 20 per cent in 2016.. Absolute poverty takes in to account all those living on less than $1 a day, according to the World Bank.. A survey on household income and expenditures 2017-2018 issued by the Department of Statistics revealed earlier that there were one million poor people out of 7.1 million Jordanians in the kingdom. There are nearly 10 million people living in Jordan including approximately 1.5 million Syrian refugees.. PM: Jordan seeks to borrow $1bn from World Bank to cover debt ...
The story of child poverty in Canada is very much an urban story. One out of every 10 children living in urban areas was poor in 2010, compared to one in 20 children living in non-urban areas. Three-quarters (or 76 per cent) of all poor children in Canada lived in one of the urban centres shown in the chart above.*. Child poverty isnt a question of jobs: the cities with worst child poverty only had middle-of-the-pack unemployment rates (out of the 19 cities, St. Johns, N.L. was 8th highest and Vancouver, B.C. was 11th highest). Similarly, the cities with the lowest unemployment rates in 2010 (Regina and Quebec) did not score particularly well in terms of child poverty. This is why its so important to talk about the living wage in Vancouver and wages in general.. St. Johns in Newfoundland had the highest child poverty rate of all Canadian cities (15.8 per cent or one in every 6 children). Vancouver saw the second-highest child poverty at 13.8 per cent. Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo and ...
Define poverty line. poverty line synonyms, poverty line pronunciation, poverty line translation, English dictionary definition of poverty line. Noun 1. poverty line - a level of personal income defining the state of poverty poverty level personal income - the income received by a single individual...
With extreme poverty on the rise amid the COVID-19 pandemic for the first time in more than two decades, senior officials briefing the Security Council today called for redoubled efforts to break the vicious cycle of poverty, fragility and conflict still devastating many nations.. Briefing the 15-member Council, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres emphasized that, even before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the global conflict landscape was deteriorating. Conflicts have become more complex, fuelled by greater regionalization, the proliferation of non-State armed groups and their links to criminal and extremist interests. According to the World Bank Fragility and Conflict Report, one of every five people in the Middle East and North Africa lives in close proximity to a major conflict. Humanitarian needs have multiplied, reaching the highest levels since the Second World War and the number of people at risk of starvation has doubled.. Warning that such trends have put many ...
Senior Research Associate Florencia Gutierrez believes Missouri should increase its resources for poor families.. Across the board in children living in high poverty areas and children whose parents lack secure employment, we found an 11% increase, said Gutierrez. Since the 2008 recession, the unemployment rate has consistently declined. We assumed with that decline we would see a decline in the child poverty rate. That hasnt been the case.. Some of the positive trends included the teen birth rate declining by 39%, fewer teens are abusing alcohol and drugs and the number of teens not graduating from high school on time is at a record low in Missouri.. We know that at a national level, there has been large investments in education and prevention campaigns when it comes to teen pregnancy and abuse of alcohol and drugs among teens. Weve also seen a large push from the federal government around education to set regulations and to hold states accountable for the drop out crisis that we saw in ...
|p|Year Up, a non-profit organization headquartered in Boston, was founded by a former software entrepreneur in 2000 to provide a year of training and work experience to urban young adults ages 18 to 24. It has been able to develop a network of program sites across the country without the constraints imposed by public funding. Initial results from a small-scale impact study conducted by Mobility demonstrate that Year Up students experience remarkable earnings gains after a year in the labor market, compared to a control group. These gains were achieved during one of the worst economic recessions in recent memory, a recession that hit young people particularly April 2011 A Promising Start Year Ups Initial Impacts on Low-Income Young Adults Careers Anne Roder Mark Elliott economic mobility corporation 1 A Promising Start Year Ups Initial Impacts on Low-Income Young Adults Careers hard. Also, the Year Up experience does not deter young people from pursuing further education-program participants are
Over the last two decades, Ethiopia has registered fast economic growth which has led to significant national poverty reduction. However, there were significant differences in the pace and nature of poverty reduction across Ethiopias regions, according to...
Get this from a library! Mali : poverty reduction strategy paper-progress report.. -- This paper reviews Maliâ??s 2012â??2017 Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy Paper. Maliâ??s GDP was CFAF 1,741.89 billion in 2012; real growth was?1.2 percent, that is, excluding inflation (2.7 ...
Note: Updates to this data product are discontinued. Over 1 in 4 rural children are living in families that are poor, according to the official poverty measure, up from 1 in 5 in 1999, but this change was uneven across the rural landscape. Counties with high vulnerability to child poverty, those with both low young adult education levels and high proportions of children in single-parent families, were generally the most hard-hit by the recession of the past decade and experienced substantial increases in their already high child poverty rates. Along with the recession, an increase in rural children in single-parent households, continuing from the 1990s, was a major contributor to the rise in child poverty after 2000. Three factors that shape the geography of high and increasing rural child poverty are explored below: economic conditions, young adult education levels, and family structure. This collection of maps complements the July 2015 Amber Waves feature, Understanding the Geography of Growth in
Indeed, the report found that half of all people living in absolute poverty in the worlds 35 poorest countries - most of them in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia - are 12 years old or less.. Children should not be cruelly condemned to a life without hope, without good education, and without access to quality health care. We must do better for them, the Banks president, Jim Yong Kim, said at a press conference here on the eve of the annual meetings here of the Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).. Later this week, Kim will host a special event with Malala Yousafzai, who was awarded the European Parliaments Sakharov Prize Thursday and is considered a favourite for winning the 2013 Nobel Peace Prize. He said the 16-year-old Pakistani school girl and education activist was a powerful symbol of hope for the 400 million children who remain in extreme poverty.. She would not be denied, he said in a reference to her continuing fight for girls education before and after the 2012 ...
A task force formed by Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback is preparing to open discussions about finding ways to reduce childhood poverty.
This statistic describes the prevalence of extreme poverty in the least developed countries in the Arab region from 1990 to 2012.
Childrens Health Insurance Program (CHIP): accomplishments, challenges, and policy recommendations. Providing care for children and adolescents facing homelessness and housing insecurity. 65% report that poverty has a high negative impact on childrenâ s mental health. One in five children receive food stamps, Census Bureau reports. Development of a tool to identify poverty in a family practice setting: a pilot study. When unmet basic needs and poverty-associated risks are identified, pediatricians can refer families to appropriate community services and public programs. Poverty and other adverse social determinants have a detrimental effect on child health and are root causes of child health inequity in the United States. Healthy Steps for Young Children: sustained results at 5.5 years. 1. 4. Consequences of Poverty on Child Health . Therefore, the income supports and direct benefits provided by these government programs have cut family poverty almost in half, from an estimated 31% to ...
Rebecca Santiago, R.N., doesnt stop her work as a community health nurse navigator at Saint Francis Cares Curtis D. Robinson Center for Health Equity just because its the weekend. Sunday mornings will find her in the Hartford, Conn., area at a church, mosque, barber shop or beauty salon, reaching out to people who need medical care but dont know how to access it. She may be taking someones blood pressure or drawing blood for a prostate cancer screening. And when those tests turn up problems, . . .
In this grim honorless age of evil greedy Trump, there is yet some great good in the world. Yale College (1973) and University of Connecticut School of Medicine (1977) graduate Charles Halasz, MD, has just been awarded Americares Free Clinics prestigious 2018 Dr. Patch Adams Award for over 20 years of distinguished community service to low-income patients with no insurance or not eligible for government support. Dr. Halasz is a Norwalk, Connecticut dermatologist, who is also board-certified in internal medicine. Dr. Halasz is also Assistant Clinical Professor of Dermatology at Columbia Univristys College of Physicians & Surgeons in New York City. The Dr. Patch Adams award was presented as part of the Fairfield County Medical Association (FCMA) Physician Extraordinaire Award Ceremony October 25. Dr. Halaszs low-income patients, over 200 each year for over 20 years, are typically refugees from foreign countries and continents such as Nepal, the former Yugoslavia, Central America, and South ...
This project was a mixed-method, multi-level study of low income families of children with special needs and the system which served them, focusing primarily on child care, employment, and balancing work and family. This approach included an analysis of existing national and state-level data sets, statewide surveys of parents and child care providers, and a field study to look at these issues at the local level in three selected communities in the state of Maine: Portland, Lewiston/Auburn, and Presque Isle. While the primary focus was on access to child care, this project also looked at the related issues of welfare reform, the impact of work force participation on having a child with special needs, and the issue of coordination of early intervention services with the child care system. The goal was to understand better the issues facing low income families with special needs children across the programs and policies affecting their employment, access to child care, and meeting the special needs ...
This paper evaluates the health impact of a signature initiative of the War on Poverty: the roll out of the modern Food Stamp Program (FSP) during the 1960s and early 1970s. Using variation in the month the FSP began operating in each U.S. county, we find that pregnancies exposed to the FSP three months prior to birth yielded deliveries with increased birth weight, with the largest gains at the lowest birth weights. These impacts are evident with difference-in-difference models and event study analyses. Estimated impacts are robust to inclusion of county fixed effects, time fixed effects, measures of other federal transfer spending, state by year fixed effects, and county-specific linear time trends. We also find that the FSP rollout leads to small, but statistically insignificant, improvements in neonatal infant mortality. We conclude that the sizeable increase in income from Food Stamp benefits improved birth outcomes for both whites and African Americans, with larger impacts for births to ...
Abstract: African Americans suffer disproportionately from higher rates of diet related chronic diseases compared with Caucasians. The purpose of this project was to design and implement a nutrition education intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors among low-income, African American caretakers of young children. Study participants were low-income, African American residents of Guilford County, NC, and primary meal preparers and caretakers of a child less than 12 years of age. Participants (N=14) were recruited from community agencies (Guilford County WIC; Department of Social Services) and through a church with a high African American population. Participants received nutrition education classes that addressed barriers to healthy behaviors. Pre and post tests were given to assess changes in nutrition knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy regarding dietary behavior. Overall, pre and post test results indicated a significant increase in nutrition knowledge, self reported ...
BEIJING, April 19 (Xinhua) -- The Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee on Friday held a meeting to discuss the current economic situation, poverty alleviation work in 2018, and a regulation on CPC publicity work.. Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the meeting.. Chinas economy maintained stable operation in the first quarter, with better-than-expected growth rate setting a good start for the year, according to a statement released after the meeting.. However, the economy is faced with many issues and difficulties, as tensions in the external environment tend to rise while downward pressure on the domestic economy remains, the statement said.. The issues are partly due to cyclical factors, but to a larger degree they have deeper structural and institutional roots, and must be tackled with unwavering efforts and sustained patience, the statement said.. The meeting stressed the need to consolidate general economic and ...
Over the past two decades, poverty alleviation efforts have shifted from a focus on foreign aid and building technical capacity to orchestrating new market opportunities. This new approach involves finding ways to connect businesses operating in urban centres with beneficiaries living in rural settings. Such connections may involve the sourcing of agricultural products (e.g. organic grains, coffee) or animal by-products (e.g. honey, milk) from rural producers, as well as the selling of innovative products to rural consumers (e.g. crop insurance, tele-health services, mobile banking).
This workshop was organised to provide a space for Rwanda based conservation and development organisations to share their experiences of linking conservation (and particularly great ape conservation) and poverty alleviation, reflecting on what has worked, what hasnt and why; understand the framework for conservation and development policies in Rwanda; identify what changes are needed (from specific practices to national policies) in order to maximise conservation-poverty linkages; and develop practical proposals for how these changes might be brought about, and what role a group of conservation and development organisations in Rwanda could play (for example through information exchange, learning and joint action).. This publication is an output of the Poverty and Conservation Learning Group (PCLG) - Event Report, 2016. ...
Almost 9 percent of low-income mothers with young children experienced a major depressive episode in the past year. Even though depression is one of the most treatable mental illnesses, more than one-third of these women received no treatment. Untreated parental depression poses risks for childrens cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral development. It also raises the
The Detroit Dental Health Project (DDHP)aims to promote oral health and reduce disparities within the community of low-income African-American children (0-5 years) and their main caregivers (14+ years), living in the City of Detroit. The driving theme of the Project is to identify determinants and design interventions to answer the following question: why do some low-income African-American children and their main caregivers have better oral health than others who live in the same community? The Project has 3 support cores, 4 research core projects and 1 pilot study. The Project has selected a multistage random sample of African-American families living in the poorest 39 Census Tracts in the City of Detroit. A total of 1,022 families were recruited and interviewed at a community center in Detroit during the year 2 (2002). We have collected data about the social characteristics of parents, families, and neighborhoods that are associated with disparities in oral health; lead levels in saliva and ...
The deputy chairman of the Planning Commission, Montek Singh Ahluwalia told reporters Tuesday that the poverty line was meant to reflect conditions of absolute poverty in the country.. This poverty line is not the line that we think a person can comfortably survive… the poverty line has been identified as a rock-bottom, bare subsistence kind of line, he said.. Indias poverty line measurements are significantly lower than those used by international organisations like the World Bank, which assesses poverty according to the percentage of people who live on less than $1.25 a day.. The figures from the Planning Commission, an influential government body that formulates national five-year economic plans, suggested overall poverty levels fell from 37.2 percent in 2004-05 to 29.8 percent in 2009-10.. The statistics mean about 360 million Indians now live in poverty, according to the Planning Commission.. The data is used to determine access to welfare benefits for Indias 1.2 billion population. ...
Extreme poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon. It is not just a lack of sufficient income; it involves many other factors too. Many international organisations still measure poverty based exclusively on income, such as the World Banks $1.90 a day definition. These approaches fail to capture the complexity of extreme poverty and its wide-ranging impact on human rights. According to UNDPs Human Development Report 2019, over 1.3 billion people are living in multidimensional poverty, when measured by the Multidimensional Poverty Index. ...
The Australian tax-transfer system targets those in need and, as a consequence, is prone to poverty traps, areas where higher private income leads to very little gain in disposable income, and high effective marginal tax rates (EMTRs) in general. This can severely impact on peoples ability to work their way out of poverty. Particularly acute disincentives face people in subsidised state rental housing. This paper examines available evidence on the EMTR problem, then looks at various incremental solutions before considering more radical solutions such as the negative income tax (NIT).. ...
www.livebelowtheline.com From May 7th-11th, thousands of Australians will be living on a day to raise money and awareness to combat extreme poverty. Participants challenge themselves to experience what it is like to face extreme poverty, and raise money from sponsors to support overseas development. Head to www.livebelowtheline.com to sign up or make a donation. We ran a competition asking LBLers to submit videos of their tips to (1), how to survive on a day, or (2), raise funds. This video is made from their entries.. Tags: 2, 2012, 720, aid, australia, below, challenge, Charitable, charity, community, CSA, dollar, Extreme Poverty, fundraising, HD, human, LBL, Line, live, live below the line, meal plan, nonprofit, oaktree, Oaktree Foundation, Organization, outreach, poverty, rights, the, video competition, web. ...
The impact of poverty on rural youth by Wayne L. Larson; 1 edition; First published in 1969; Subjects: Attitudes, Economic conditions, High school students, Rural poor, Social conditions
This paper evaluates the existing evidence of how and to what extent capture fisheries and aquaculture contribute to food security and poverty reduction. In doing so the authors evaluate the quality and scientific rigor of that evidence, identify the key conclusions that emerge from the literature, and assess whether these conclusions are consistent across the sources.
In the context of the Country Programme of Cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNICEF 2006-2010, the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) has coordinated the process of developing a new approach to child poverty for Viet Nam. Among the key outputs of this ongoing process are the child poverty rate and child poverty index presented in the present report.. The present report was prepared by Dr. Chris de Neubourgh, Dr. Franciska Gassman, and Keetie Roelen of the Graduate School of Governance, University of Maastricht, the Netherlands. It is the result of a multi-year process, involving extensive technical consultations and inputs from all relevant ministries including the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs, Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education ...
Residents of low-poverty neighborhoods are more likely to have savings and to have higher total savings than those in high-poverty neighborhoods. The savings discrepancy is especially notable among low-income households: Fifty-nine percent of low-income families living in low-poverty neighborhoods have money they consider to be savings, and 54 percent have at least $1,000 in liquid assets, compared with just 35 percent and 28 percent, respectively, among residents with the same income who reside in high-poverty areas. Even when controlling for household income, net worth, homeownership, race, age cohort, household composition, and presence of children, families living in high-poverty communities have lower savings than those living in low-poverty neighborhoods.. ...
Considerable evidence has highlighted the heightened susceptibility of developmental delay in children from low-income homes; consequently, this study explored whether environmental toxicant exposure may be a contributing factor to disruption in language and cognitive development for children reared in poverty. Using a sample of 190 low-income mothers and their young children, mothers completed questionnaires on toxicant exposure in the home environment. Exposure to toxicants, especially pesticides, was reported by about 20% of mothers at or around pregnancy, and 30% when their children were between 1 and 2 years of age. Toxicant exposure was significantly associated with lags in language and cognition even when controlling for socioeconomic factors. Study findings highlight the importance of the American Academy of Pediatrics policy statements arguing for pediatricians to take a strong anticipatory guidance role in counseling parents to limit chemical exposure in the home and engage in safe ...
We at UNICEF believe that no child should have their chances limited by poverty. One step ahead for measuring and reporting child poverty- institutional approach organized by UNICEF Albania and INSTAT in partnership with Observatory for Children and Youth Rights brought together national and international experts to discuss about new tools and approaches to measure and report multidimensional child poverty and how to make the data relevant for policy discussions.. If child poverty and deprivation is prioritized and informs policies and programmes, change can happen. First step is to understand who and where are the poor children? What are the different measures of poverty and deprivation that children in Albania are facing? said Edina Kozma, Deputy Representative in Albania.. UNICEF Albania is working with INSTAT in producing child deprivation data according to the EUROSTAT child deprivation module, a new method of measuring child poverty included in the EU- SILC survey. Thanks to this ...
The Social Planning Council of Cambridge and North Dumfries (SPC) held its third annual Poverty Symposium as part of DIRECTIONS DAY on June 12, 2008. The importance and purpose of the 2008 symposium was to engage community groups in ideas and solutions around poverty reduction, to raise awareness of local and national poverty initiatives and to find and utilize a forum for community collaboration.. The SPC welcomed Peggy Matchim and Aisling Gogan, from Newfoundland and Labrador, to speak on the provinces Poverty Reduction Strategy. Aisling outlined the provincial Poverty Reduction Strategy while discussing the developmental process and how community partners were involved. Peggy focused on the community perspective and highlighted the successes and challenges of multi-sector collaboration in St. Johns. Also discussed were meaningful methods used to engage citizens and community reflections on the provinces Poverty Reduction Strategy.. Following the keynote speakers, there were four workshops ...
High unemployment rates continue to hinder poverty reduction efforts in Africa, says new report released this week, stressing that African countries must give priority to diversifying their economies to create decent jobs to boost social development.
The Title X program was created nearly 50 years ago to ensure low-income Americans can afford birth control and other reproductive healthcare. Each year, the Title X program provides 4 million low-income patients with affordable birth control, STD testing, cancer screenings and more. In fact, 60% of women get their usual medical care from a Title X-supported healthcare center. In Maine, 23,800 low-income people receive Title X services every year, the large majority of which are women seeking birth control. Independent providers around the country, like MFP, serve a crucial role in making this healthcare available and affordable to women and families.. Plaintiff(s): The Family Planning Association of Maine d/b/a Maine Family Planning Center Attorney(s): Emily Nestler. Co-Counsel/Cooperating Attorneys: Emily Ullman and Jennifer Saperstein with Covington & Burling LLP; Richard OMeara with Murray Plumb & Murray. Summary:. We filed our complaint in federal district court on March 6, 2019 and filed ...
Summary:. The first Annual Progress Report (APR) of Togo highlights many of the reforms implemented during the first year of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) while recognizing some weaknesses and implementation constraints. It draws attention to important advances in macrocritical structural reforms, notably in the areas of public financial management; fiscal governance; domestic arrears clearance to private suppliers; and banking sector restructuring. It also presents a macroeconomic framework consistent with the one agreed under the fifth Extended Credit Facility (ECF) review mission. It is recommended that the next APR should elaborate more on the macroeconomic challenges and risks.. ...
Poverty Reduction in Nigeria Using Information Technology: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2646-1.ch014: According to a UNDP Report (1998), about 54% of Africas population is estimated to live in absolute poverty. Currently in Nigeria, rapid change and vigorous
About 90 percent of the former high-rise public-housing residents stayed in the city of Chicago and many have moved to neighborhoods that are still high poverty but not nearly as high as before (40 percent poverty rate, on average). In fact, the census-block poverty rate rose slightly (between a half and a full percentage point) for all city residents except the 10 percent of the population living in the least-poor neighborhoods. The most concentrated pockets of poverty in Chicago have been effectively dismantled and the residents have fanned out across a much larger area of the city, driving poverty rates up slightly in all but the least poor areas of the city.. Dionissi Aliprantis and I have studied how these public housing demolitions in Chicago have affected crime. We exploit variation in the timing of the closures to measure the closures impact on crime in the census blocks where they are located as well as those within a half-mile radius. We use data on the year that each building was ...