Looking for poverty trap? Find out information about poverty trap. the situation where a slight increase in earnings leads to an individual or family being worse off overall as a consequence of losing entitlement to other... Explanation of poverty trap
Zhao Jiangtao, person in charge of the Press Center for the Celebration of the 70th Anniversary of the Founding of the Peoples Republic of China: Ladies and gentlemen, media friends, good morning. Welcome to the third press conference held in the press center. The theme of this conference is rural revitalization and poverty alleviation. Since the founding of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, substantial developments have been achieved in the work related to agriculture and rural areas. Remarkable achievements have been recorded, indeed. The Chinese people have risen up and become rich. With the continuous progress of poverty alleviation, we are getting closer to completing the task of building a moderately prosperous society in all aspects.. Today, we are delighted to invite Mr. Han Changfu, director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group and minister of agriculture and rural affairs, and Mr. Liu Yongfu, director of the Office of State Council Leading Group of Poverty ...
Would you say that over the past three decades (since about the mid-1980s) the percentage of people in the world who live in extreme poverty - previously defined as living on less than $1.25 per day - has:. A) Increased. B) Decreased. C) remained the same. The right answer is B: extreme poverty has decreased by more than half during that time period. Yet according to a Barna Group survey taken in 2014, more than eight in 10 Americans (84 percent) were unaware global poverty has reduced so drastically, and more than two-thirds (67 percent) said they thought global poverty had risen.. Additionally, more than two-thirds of US adults (68 percent) said they dont believe its possible to end extreme global poverty within the next 25 years. One exception to this pessimism was practicing Christians. Defined by Barna as people who have attended a church service in the past month and say their religious faith is very important in their life, practicing Christians under 40 are the most optimistic at ...
We updated the data for youth literacy (female, male and total), extreme poverty (,1.25 US$/day) and annual population growth! There seem to be some backward revisions in the extreme poverty data. See the latest changes in the Gapminder World.. ...
Downloadable! This paper aims to present another explanation for poverty traps, by the presence of hazardous event probability. We show that adaptation and mitigation policies have different effects on the occurrence of poverty traps : the former could cause a poverty trap while the latter could save from the trap since it decreases the abrupt event probability. As a result, we present a new trade-off between adaptation and mitigation policy other than the usual dynamic trade-off highlighted in many studies (Zemel (2015), Tsur and Zemel (2015)), which is crucial for developing countries. Our simulation results show that a trapped economy adopts an aggressive exploitation policy with higher abrupt event risk while the economy at high equilibrium becomes more precautionary. We also show that when the economy faces a higher risk, the ratio between adaptation and mitigation increases.
Title: Poverty alleviation and social disadvantage , Author: Arora, Sonia (Lawyer), ISBN: 9788176117685, , 8176117684, Category: Books, Full Title: Poverty alleviation and social disadvantage /, Publisher: Jaipur : RBSA Publishers,
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One of the things that the President has been fighting endlessly is poverty. This is why he set up the Presidential Initiative on Poverty and Hunger. The Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) in State House was established in 2000 as a clearing house for pledges made by President Yoweri Museveni. In 2003, the department was mandated to develop wealth creation models. The department has so far designed more than 12 initiatives aimed at increasing productivity and value addition.. A model parish is an innovation evolved by the President to demonstrate how systematically a high concentration of projects in a model parish can be used to tackle poverty and speed up rural transformation.. PAD works in tandem with other government anti-poverty initiatives. The programme aims at enhancing or supplementing the five pillars of the Poverty Alleviation Programme (PAP) and the Prosperity For All programme, especially the element that calls for the creation of Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies ...
Background: This article reports on a study that explored the impact of diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of low-income households. Diarrhoeal diseases continue to be an important cause of illness and death worldwide. One major cause of infantile diarrhoea is the rotavirus, an airborne virus to which almost all children in both the developing and developed world will be exposed to at least once. The study, as well as the clinical trials and cost studies, was commissioned by GlaxoSmithKline to assist in the decision-making processes regarding whether and how to implement a newly developed vaccine against rotavirus through national immunisation programmes. The objective of the study was to obtain a comprehensive understanding of the impact of severe diarrhoea in babies on the quality of life of a selected group of low-income households. Methods: The study was qualitative, explorative and descriptive in nature. A recently developed quality of life (QoL) assessment instrument, based on a
... (RUHEPAI) is a registered Non Governmental Organization (S.5914/5624) operating in rural communities of Uganda to promote sustainable approaches to poverty alleviation, proper land use and management, environmental conservation, food security attainment, water, hygiene and sanitation, sexual reproductive health and HIV/AIDS.
Child Poverty in London includes a number of maps of the data. These include three static maps created with QGIS (showing child poverty in 2008, 2013 and the changes in child poverty 2008-2013), an OpenLayers map (showing the changes in child poverty rates), and a Leaflet map which allows you to view the 2008 & 2013 child poverty rates and also view the changes in child poverty 2008-2013 ...
DFID, NERC and ESRC are seeking to commission an independent external Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) Programme. The Review is being managed by the ESRC on behalf of the funders.. ESPA is a seven-year £40.5 million investment. It aims to deliver high-quality, cutting-edge research that will improve understanding of the way ecosystems function, the services they provide and their relationship with the political economy and sustainable growth. ESPAs research will provide the evidence and tools to enable decision-makers to manage ecosystems sustainably and in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation.. ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - The nations poverty rate remained stuck at a record level last year, while household income dropped and the number of people who dont have health insurance declined. A Census Bureau report released Wednesday provided a mixed picture of the economic well-being of U.S. households for 2011 as the nation enters the final phase of a presidential election campaign in which the economy is the No. 1 issue. The overall poverty rate stood at 15 percent, statistically unchanged from the 15.1 percent rate in the previous year. Experts had expected a rise in the poverty rate for the fourth straight year, but unemployment benefits and modest job gains helped stave that off, the bureau reported. For last year, the official poverty line was an annual income of $23,021 for a family of four. While unemployment eased slightly from 2010 to 2011, the gap between rich and poor increased. The median, or midpoint, household income was $50,054, 1.5 percent lower than 2010 and a second straight
Schaffer, M. A. (1993). The influence of partner relationship and social supports on the prenatal health behaviors of low income women. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Minnesota, 1993 ...
Data & statistics on Population Poverty Rates by Sex of Household Head and Residence: Poverty Indices according to Region of Residence, Gender, Sector of Employment, Education Level, and Mode of Living of Head of Household (1990, 1996), Disaggregates rural poverty rates across Malawis three regions. Poverty rates in the rural south have historically been highest, while those in the north are lowest. The relative disadvantage of southerners relates in part to land constraints in the face of high population density: the 2008 Population Census puts the population density in the south at 184 persons per square kilometer compared to only ..., Descriptive statistics of variables Variable District-level Access to services Distance from Accra Distance from regional capital Agro-ecological zone Forest Coastal Ethnic fractionalization Share of rural population Population density (log) Literacy rate Headcount ratio Poverty gap Per capita total expenditures (log) Per capita capital expenditures (log) Internal
Solar projects implemented to serve low-income communities that provide direct electricity bill benefits to low-income community ratepayers are now eligible under the CEIPs low-income projects. This should be seen as a great opportunity by EPA and community advocates to ramp up programs to deliver solar-generating capacity to low-income communities. In addition, doing so aligns the CEIP with the White Houses Clean Energy Savings for All initiative to increase access to solar energy for low- and moderate-income communities. This initiative includes a goal of 1 gigawatt (GW) of solar to low- and moderate- income families by 2020, the launch of the Department of Energys National Community Solar Partnership to help unlock solar access for renters, and the promotion of shared solar policies and programs across the country. The CEIP would help advance these goals.. EPA also seeks comment on the proposed 50 percent/50 percent division of the 300-million short ton of emissions matching pool into ...
In 1999, one in four British children lived in poverty-the third highest child poverty rate among industrialized countries. Five years later, the child poverty rate in Britain had fallen by more than half in absolute terms. How did the British government accomplish this and what can the United States learn from the British experience? Jane Waldfogel offers a sharp analysis of the New Labour governments anti-poverty agenda, its dramatic early success and eventual stalled progress. Comparing Britains anti-poverty initiative to U.S. welfare reform, the book shows how the policies of both countries have affected child poverty, living standards, and well-being in low-income families and suggests next steps for future reforms. Britains War on Poverty evaluates the three-pronged anti-poverty strategy employed by the British government and what these efforts accomplished. British reforms sought to promote work and make work pay, to increase financial support for families with children, and to invest ...
Data & statistics on changes over time in uk poverty rates: Changes over time in UK poverty rates, Changes in poverty over time in UK, Poverty rates over time, Great Britain, 1994/5 to 2004/05...
This pamphlet excerpts a chapter on macroeconomic policy from the Poverty Reduction Policy Source book, a guide prepared by the World Bank and IMF to assist countries in developing and strengthening their poverty reduction strategies. It probes the relationship between macroeconomic policy matters, such as growth and inflation, and the fight against poverty, and explains how sound monetary and fiscal policies-key tools of the macroeconomist-can help to spur growth and ease poverty.
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
All the included articles were published in the last ten years. Twelve were performed in high-income countries (11 in Europe 32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39, 40,42,43 and one in New Zealand 41) and one in China 26. Three British articles 33,36,37 used data from the same cohort; two Finnish articles 34,35 likewise analyzed the same cohort; and two Spanish articles 38,39 used data from the same cross-sectional study, evaluating the outcome differently (continuous or categorical variable) or in distinct moments of life. Thus, the 13 articles refer to nine different studies.. Five articles were based on four studies with a cross-sectional design, which collected information on socioeconomic status retrospectively during interviews with individuals 60 years or older 26,38,39,42,43. The other articles were based on five studies with prospective longitudinal designs 32,33,34,35,36,37,40,41. Two Finnish cohorts 32,34,35 and the New Zealand cohort 41 evaluated young adults (24-39 years), while in the British ...
Now you see it, now you dont. Steve Bell sums up the governments plans to scrap child poverty targets. Instead of measuring and acting on child poverty, they just want to measure how many children have parents who are out of work and how well they do at their GCSEs.. Reducing child poverty is one of the first duties of any government. And ending child poverty starts with counting it - without tracking whether child poverty is going up or down, the government cant draw up a proper plan to do so. Instead of scrapping targets to end poverty, they should be working hard to meet them.. Sign the petition to tell the government #AllKidsCount. ...
Laurence Chandy examines two competing visions for how extreme poverty can be eradicated. While one focuses on unlocking the potential for rapid and broad-based development through the economic transformation of poor countries, the other advocates the establishment of a global social safety net.
Its no surprise that growing up in poverty makes it more likely youll be poorer as an adult.. But new research shows that the earliest years of life are the most critical in determining future earnings. Even more strikingly, a growing body of research shows that childhood poverty causes lasting changes in the brain - from its overall structure down to the level of gene expression.. These findings highlight the importance of programs that specifically address the needs of the youngest children, the researchers say.. "Early experiences are built into our bodies, for better or worse," says Professor Jack Shonkoff of Harvard University, speaking at a meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Diego.. "If you begin with the experience of adversity and stress, those get translated into changes in brain function and structure that get translated into changes in cellular and neuronal connections, and most recently, down into lasting changes in how the DNA is expressed," ...
This post is part of a series on childhood poverty in the United States in partnership with Save the Children and Julianne Moore. Moore leads the or...
Downloadable! Micro simulated general equilibrium approach was used to analyze the economic significance of the current export promotion policy of Ethiopia. Simulation results, in general, indicated little achievements of economic growth and poverty reduction under selective export promotion. In this policy approach, only rural households were able to acquire higher income and lower poverty incidence. These achievements however were transmitted to small and big urban households when export promotion was assumed to be implemented across the board of all agricultural activities. Significant economic and inter-industrial growths were attained when the coffee industry was given equal policy treatments like other export agriculture
Jim Yong Kim called for a global drive to wipe out extreme poverty by 2030, acknowledging that reaching the goal will require extraordinary efforts.
49 year-old Josphat Mokami Maroa lives in Nyangiti, Kenya. Anyone who has met him knows to never mistake his soft-spokenness for timidity. Even from the rhythm of his gait, you sense a palpable determination.. Josphat is surrounded by the fruits of his labor: nine healthy children all in school living among three rooms on three arable acres of land. His wife Robi also runs a small shop, in addition to their honey farm and vegetable garden. Josphat has always worked hard; but he can recall season after season when long hours of planting maize, cassava and sorghum didnt yield enough to provide for his wife and then small children. They even lost a six-month old son in 1997. Josphat said of his four decades in extreme poverty, "We had little hope for improvement.". In 2009, Josphat enrolled in a Nuru farming group and received an agriculture loan. Other Nuru members elected him as their chairperson. He eventually joined Nuru Kenya staff and serves today as an Agriculture Field Manager. Here was ...
Join the movement to end extreme poverty worldwide by 2030 by tackling such issues as education, clean water, gender equality, maternal health and renewable energy. Take on what you want to change. #takeon #endpoverty
How can you buy and contribute to the UN Millennium goal to end extreme poverty? Listen to Peter Young, founder of Buying2Give and an Australian with a mission to end poverty.. ...
The progress in achieving the target set for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) continues to be diverse across goals and regions. The goals aim at actualizing a universal standard of being free from grinding poverty, being educated and healthy and having ready access to clean water and sanitation. While progress has lagged for education and health related MDGs, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty has indeed fallen. To accelerate further progress in the latter, development strategies have to attempt to increase not only the rate of growth but also the share of income going to the poorest section of the population along the rural-urban continuum. Economic projections for developing countries prepared by the World Bank state that approximately 970 million people will continue in 2015 to live below $1.25 a day. This would be equivalent to 15.5% of the population in the developing world. Herein, the pertinent challenge of reducing extreme poverty through creation of new income
He recalled one woman who had "been through the system 11 times" due to an unresolved dental problem, receiving antibiotics and painkillers each time until she "started having problems bordering on addiction because of the painkillers.". The woman was referred to the dental clinic at Swedish and had one tooth extracted, Gibbon said. "That solved all of this repetition of going to the ER and the primary care physician over and over," he said. "The high utilization was reduced, and the addiction cycle that was starting was ended.". Oral surgeon Dr. Amy Winston, one of the founding members of the Swedish Community Specialty Clinic and dental director at Swedish Hospital, said the beauty of the Swedish clinic model is that no one physician or dentist has to commit too much volunteer time to the work because it is divided among so many people.. She also praised Swedish for treating the whole patient and not trying to compartmentalize its health services into a narrow niche.. "Swedish has a bigger ...
Many ask whether our findings in Britain would generalize to low-income children and to other outcomes, such as education, in the United States. Unfortunately, we think they may. Robert Crosnoe recently tested how thousands of low-income children across the United States fared when they attended schools with students with similar versus different socioeconomic status. He found that low-income students did worse in math and science, and also reported more psychosocial problems, when they attended schools that had higher proportion of students from middle- and high-income families. Low-income minority children were the most negatively affected in this study.. Of course, without an experimental study, it is impossible to say that exposure to more affluent neighbors or peers caused low-income children to do worse in these settings. The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) Study tried to overcome this problem by randomly assigning housing vouchers to move families out of high poverty ...
Diabetes case management that takes a patient s specific culture into consideration can help increase life expectancy and decrease the incidence of diabetes-related complications
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
ObjectiveTo evaluate progress in timely vaccination coverage associated with low-income households.DesignThe US National Immunization Survey.ParticipantsChildre
In 2000, His Excellency President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni established the Poverty Alleviation Department (PAD) in his office to specifically address wealth creation at household level. Under the Presidents guidance, PAD developed the Presidential Initiative Against Hunger and Poverty to reflect His Excellencys vision in fighting hunger whilst assisting homesteads to generate adequate incomes. The Initiative formally launched in January 2004 in Ruharo Parish in Bushenyi District, is gradually spreading to other districts. To date, there are 19 Model Parishes all over the country under implementation and five in the pipeline. PAD has registered success in the model parishes and is proud that the model parish concept is to be rolled out as a national strategy for fighting poverty at the household level (according to the 2011-2016 NRM Manifesto). PAD identified and linked entrepreneurs to H.E. the President, eventually their projects were funded by Government. They include, Mrs. Kizza of St. Jude ...
The poverty gap index can be interpreted as the average percentage shortfall in income for the population, from the poverty line.[5] If you multiply a countrys poverty gap index by both the poverty line and the total number of individuals in the country you get the total amount of money needed to bring the poor in the population out of extreme poverty and up to the poverty line, assuming perfect targeting of transfers. For example, suppose a country has 10 million individuals, a poverty line of $500 per year and a poverty gap index of 5%. Then an average increase of $25 per individual per year would eliminate extreme poverty. Note that $25 is 5% of the poverty line. The total increase needed to eliminate poverty is US$250 million-$25 multiplied by 10 million individuals. The poverty gap index is an important measure beyond the commonly used headcount ratio. Two regions may have the similar headcount ratio, but distinctly different poverty gap indexes. A higher poverty gap index means that ...
The Obama administration says it is concerned that some states are restricting access by low-income people to costly, revolutionary drugs for a liver-wasting disease called hepatitis C.
Philadelphia has the highest poverty rate among the nations 10 most populous cities, as well as the highest percentage of residents living in deep poverty, which is defined by the Census Bureau as half the poverty income threshold. Philadelphias deep poverty rate has generally been slightly less than half its overall rate; in 2016, it was 12.3 percent. For a family consisting of one adult and two children, the poverty threshold was $19,337 in 2016, and the deep poverty threshold was $9,669.
Matt Davies, head of international policy and advocacy, said the organisation wanted to share its findings with academics, policy makers, and professionals working on human rights, social justice and sustainable development. By giving travel grants, the group ensured that "grass-roots movements" led by people living in poverty could also play a key role in the talks.. "The starting point for us is that it is those who are living in poverty on a day-to-day basis who need to have a voice to tell social workers and politicians what it is that theyre fighting for and living, but also to be at a point where they can engage in a true dialogue with policy makers," Davies told IPS.. More than 1,000 people from 25 countries participated in the ATD Fourth World research project, and some of them who travelled to Paris for the colloquium told IPS that they especially wanted to highlight the negative effects of poverty on children and teenagers.. "We have to break the silence and talk about the violence ...
In 2018, workers in female-householder families worked full-time, year-round at a greater rate, with employment changes concentrated among blacks and Hispanics. Poverty rates for all people in all female-householder families dropped by 1.7 percentage points, to 26.8%, the lowest rate for this group on record.. Female-householder families were the only family type to experience a statistically significant decrease in poverty between 2017 and 2018.. Improvements to the measurement of poverty make comparisons across time challenging. The figure below presents adjusted historical estimates using the methodology outlined in another America Counts story released today.. Without these adjustments, the previous low for female-householder families was a tie between 2000 (28.5%) and 2017 (28.5%). With these adjustments, the poverty rate in 2000 was higher (30.3%).. ...
The 2011 annual national poverty reduction conference held in Beijing in November was held to help develop the economy in poor areas and poor households, the development of production, out of poverty...
Over the period as a whole, there was only a small drop in the number of people living on less than $2 per day, to 2.47 billion in 2008 from 2.59 billion in 1981, although the number rose then fell within the period, and has fallen substantially since 1999, when 2.94 billion lived below $2 a day.. The estimates, which are updated every few years by the Banks Development Research Group, are widely used in international development. The Banks official international line is set at $1.25 a day, the average of the poverty lines in the worlds poorest 10 to 20 countries. Each country has its own poverty line and (naturally) richer countries tend to have higher lines. The Bank also looks at other lines, such as $2, which is the median poverty line for all developing countries.. The poverty line is designed to compare spending power across different countries. That is done using the purchasing-power parity exchange rates, which are derived from the results of the price surveys conducted for the 2005 ...
Multiple Perspectives for Poverty Reduction: 10.4018/978-1-5225-3247-7.ch027: The 193 United Nations member countries, focused on halving world poverty by 2015, set eight Millennium Development Goals. A new 2030 agenda for sustainable
Summary:. The Sixth Five Year Plan, as outlined in Bangladeshs Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, targets strategic growth and employment. The medium-term macroeconomic framework plan entails the involvement of both the private and public sectors. Human resources development strategy programs reaching out to the poor and the vulnerable population, as well as environment, climate change, and disaster risk management, have been included in the plan. Managing regional disparities for shared growth and strategy for raising farm productivity and agricultural growth have been outlined. Diversifying exports and developing a dynamic manufacturing sector are all inclusive in the proposed plan.. ...
After two decades of economic stagnation and little progress in poverty reduction, the seeds of an economic renaissance in sub-Saharan Africa, with faster growth and less poverty, have been sown in recent years. This Issues Brief, after reviewing recent economic developments, outlines the key policy issues that countries in the region will need to address and the contribution that the international community, including the IMF, will need to make to build on recent gains and establish a virtuous cycle of sustained high-quality growth.
CPR News is exploring why the state has such a high child poverty rate, what the impact is on our collective society, and what can be done about it.
The paper provides an examination of the relevance of ethics to poverty reduction. It argues that linking the shared values that define the social arrangements and institutions, which we refer to as ethical perspectives, to the emerging welfare
2017-09-08 - Government implementation of free Senior High School policy is a major poverty reduction mechanism in the country, according to the suspended General Secretary of the Peoples National Convention (PNC), Mr. Atik Mohammed.
Publication Can Protected Areas contribute to Poverty Reduction? Opportunities and Limitations. Poverty has become the central concern for development ...
Providing secure access to land for the rural poor represents one of the key factors in achieving food security and sustainable agricultural development.. Nearly three-quarters of the worlds poor and hungry live in rural areas in the developing world. Not surprisingly, severe poverty and hunger are concentrated among those who are landless or farm plots too small to provide for their needs. More than 30 percent of the rural poor in Latin America and the Caribbean are landless. A study in Bangladesh found that more than half of all landless and near-landless rural households live in extreme poverty. By contrast, only 10 percent of farmers with more than 3 ha of land experienced extreme poverty (see graph). Numerous other studies have confirmed that reduction in or loss of access to land leads directly to reduced income and access to food.. For the poor and hungry in rural areas, access to land resources tends to be both inadequate and insecure. Many work as tenants or sharecroppers. Impoverished ...
Convening the communication and media (for) development, social and behavioural change community through a social networking and shared knowledge strategy. Focus on health, governance, HIV/AIDS, children, media development, conflict management, environment, rights, disasters, gender and other major Development issues.
WSU accepts and for WSU course equivalencies. From beyond the white picket fence, all seemed normal according to relatives and close friends. I suffered many forms of abuse until I fled home at age 18 and continues. This island has statistically endured sad stories that females are sexually abused by relatives a staggering 1in 3 women still today and abuse by Priests in our province is quite frankly gut wrenching. New York State Newspapers. The site is run by a pilot who is in the trenches daily. He is funny, has an engaged audience, and an active blog. Also, he is very receptive to comments as we have already had a small conversation on Facebook. Because we have been working in this area for a long time and during this period, we executed a plethora of orders and all our clients remained satisfied. We try to make our site comfortable and easy in use so we provide our clients with comfortable monitor panel where you can keep a close watch on working process. Also, if you decide to become our ...
The Commonwealth Fund Scorecard on State Health System Performance for Low-Income Populations, 2013, finds wide gaps by income in access to care, quality of care received, and health outcomes in all states, and major differences between states in health system performance for people with below-average incomes. The Affordable Care Act provides state and local leaders with unprecedented opportunity along with new tools and resources to raise the standard for everyone and to begin to close the geographic and income divide. This issue brief reviews provisions of the law that have the potential to benefit low- and modest-income individuals, including those that expand health insurance coverage; strengthen primary care and improve care coordination; bolster the capacity of providers serving low-income communities; move toward greater accountability for the quality and cost of care; and invest in public health. It concludes by highlighting some of the challenges that lie ahead.. ...
How do the many the different components of the UNFPA mandate contribute to poverty reduction? This publication analyzes this question in detail, looking at both the micro level (impacts on individuals and households) and the larger picture. The document concludes that the strength of UNFPAs contribution to poverty reduction resides in the complementarity of different interventions and the synergies by which population dynamics, gender equality and reproductive health work together to reduce poverty.
How do the many the different components of the UNFPA mandate contribute to poverty reduction? This publication analyzes this question in detail, looking at both the micro level (impacts on individuals and households) and the larger picture. The document concludes that the strength of UNFPAs contribution to poverty reduction resides in the complementarity of different interventions and the synergies by which population dynamics, gender equality and reproductive health work together to reduce poverty.
We asked Labs participants what their views on poverty were. We then asked Labs participants what they believed to be the causes of extreme poverty in developing countries, such as sub-saharan Africa.
The CMS could ask insurers to return cost-sharing reduction payments they have already spent on low-income patients since the payments were cut off in October if Congress doesnt act on the issue, according to Standard and Poors analyst Deep Banerjee. The agency said in October that although insurers would be accountable if they received "overpayments" of CSRs for 2016, the CMS would not reimburse any shortfalls, and the same may be true for 2017, Banerjee said.. ...
Not satisfied with trying to stamp out malaria, recycling poo water into something people can drink and subjecting world + dog to software over the years, now Bill Gates wants to solve hunger in sub-Saharan Africa.. "Help me give away 100,000 chickens," Gates said on Twitter, "If I were living in extreme poverty, Id want to raise chickens," he added in a second tweet.. The Harvard drop-out and Microsoft founder who went on to become the richest man on the planet has spent his post-CEO years trying to right the wrongs against humanity exacted in his previous life.. The phasianine giveaway came about after Gates said hed met "many poor people" in Africa and discovered, "just about anyone whos living in extreme poverty is better off if they have chickens".. The birds are easy and inexpensive to care for and they are a "good investment", he claimed:. "Suppose a new farmer starts with five hens. One of her neighbors owns a rooster to fertilize the hens eggs. After three months, she can have a ...
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When I hear "Licensing limits who we can take care of!" I hear, "I want to be able to take on high-risk cases!" Because, having a license has allowed me to take care of any woman who CAN be expected to safely birth at home, including women on Medicaid and with insurance. While yes, women expecting twins, breeches, and who have hypertension or diabetes cannot be taken care of at home, SHOULD we actually be doing that? And, arent low income women especially deserving of midwifery care? Do they KNOW what low income women go through seeking out a provider? Or how theyre treated like cattle once in the obstetric system? Or does freedom of choice only apply to the middle- and up class? Theres a reason why the vast majority of women having home births are white, middle class, and college educated ...
Recently, Congresswoman Barbara Lee said to me, This is a moment when people are suffering. They are one paycheck -- if they have a paycheck -- away from poverty. Thats why Lee has maintained a laser-like focus on addressing poverty. One in eight Americans -- approximately 37 million people -- now live below the federal poverty line of $19,971 for a family of four. (A woefully inadequate measure that is 42 years old and fails to account for basic necessities.) Thats 4.9 million more people than in 2000 and the poverty rate for children is the highest of all age groups. Nearly 60 million people live just above the poverty line. Using the British standard of measurement, approximately 30 percent of Americans -- and 40 percent of American children -- are living in poverty. In January, Lee introduced House Concurrent Resolution 198 to get her colleagues on record saying that the US should set a national goal of cutting poverty in half over the next 10 years. The resolution stated that policy
At 16.5 percent, Washingtons child poverty rate is slightly lower than the national number. Click through for a look at which Washington ZIP codes have the highest levels of child poverty, and which have the smallest concentrations of children living in poverty. less ...
A 2014 survey answered by 2,636 women in the United States determined that low-income women are more likely to participate in clinical trials. Learn more here.
There has been too little progress in ending poverty since President Johnson famously declared war on poverty in the United States in his January 8, 1964 State of the Union Message. Over one seventh of Americans still are poor. Recent poverty rates are among the highest since the declaration of a war on poverty. Women, children, Blacks, and Hispanics are still disproportionately poor. Without public benefits, many more would be poor. The U.S. has an exceptionally high relative poverty rate among high income countries at least in part because our public benefits do less to reduce poverty. Official poverty measurement does not capture the sizable gains in health care coverage for the poor since the 1960s, but health care coverage still falls far short of the universal coverage that is now standard in other high income ...
A report by the United Nations agency UNICEF, shows while other countries are reducing child poverty there has been little improvement in New Zealand.
A new Council MetroStats research report says theres good news and bad when it comes to areas of the region where poverty is most concentrated; the poverty rate is down, but some concentrations of poverty continue to persist.. Concentrated poverty is known to have a negative influence on residents economic mobility, health, and overall well-being. The Councils annual analysis of Areas of Concentrated Poverty is intended to highlight the place-based dimensions of disparities in our region.. ...
We just hit the 50th anniversary of the War on Poverty, and the numbers are grim: $22 trillion spent, but according to the Census Bureau, a slightly |
Recent gains in millennium development goal 1 have seen the number of hungry people in the world decrease to fewer than 1 billion.
Annette KING Social Development Spokesperson 12 December 2011 MEDIA STATEMENT John Keys gutless stance on poverty Johns Keys sudden about-face on the need for an official poverty measure is being driven purely by cynical politics as he ...
Fifty years after Americas declaration of war on poverty, well look at whats been won, and what lost. Look for new thinking.
In 2008 12% , one in eight, of the world population lived in extreme poverty, less than $1 a day. Ill quote from Balkrishna C. Raos article Alleviating Poverty in the 21st Century, Challenge Magazine, May 2014, According to World Bank estimates for 2008 (Chen and Ravallion 2010), 801 million people in developing countries were exposed to extreme poverty that is $1 a day, and 2.47 billion people [37% or 3 in 8] lived on less than $2 a day. But nearly 3 billion people were employed globally in 2011, although, according to the ILO report, the employment0-to-population ratio on average has been decreasing, thereby pointing to rising unemployment. The 37%, 3 of 8 humans, who still live in poverty of less than $2 a day would disagree that The same machine . . . has leveled the field globally for billions. In fact that statement could be inflammatory and insulting to anyone laboring in that condition. 30% of the worlds workers, according to the article, still labor for less than $2 a day. 49% ...
U.S. poverty is becoming increasingly concentrated both geographically and racially, according to a new study from the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. The authors find that while the poverty rate has moved up and down in a relatively narrow range over the last 40 years, mostly mirroring the ups and downs of the economy, that a deeper look at the data reveals some disturbing trends.. ...
The percentage of Virginia children living in poverty in 2010 was at its highest rate since 1998, an anti-poverty group reported Tuesday.
There's new - and shocking - evidence about the toll that health care costs are taking on the world's most vulnerable. A joint report published
The good news is that the Government of China is aware of all of these challenges and some of them are being studied and will hopefully be addressed.. Two other issues need also to be mentioned. One concerns the misunderstanding between the Government and the Special Rapporteur as to the terms on which Special Procedures missions take place. In my report, I have stated very clearly my views on this matter and I believe it is important for the system as a whole and for China as a key member of this Council to ensure that the same rules apply to China as to all other countries. The other issue is the concern explained in detail in my report about the very rapidly shrinking space for the expression of views that differ from those of the Party, for the meaningful use of the courts to defend rights, and for established complaints mechanisms to be utilized. In his campaign against official corruption, President Xi Jinping has emphasized the importance of ensuring the accountability of Party and ...
According to the National Poverty Center, the number of households in the US living in extreme poverty-on less than $2 a day per person-has increased by 130 percent since 1996.
Social capital, which is a key term in sociology, is often used in economics and other fields as well. An extensive literature has accumulated on the relationship between social capital and economic development [1]. Economists from the World Bank reported that social capital, which is characterised by trust and social bond, played an important role in poverty reduction. Different groups could support each other and supply health or education services. In addition, it has been noted that the poor could benefit more from group memberships and active participation in decision making than the rich[2]. This could be explained by the richs ability to buy health or education services irrespective of their social capital.. Could social capital reduce health inequity that is linked to poverty in a similar manner as in poverty reduction? Different scholars have proposed different explanations to account for the existence of health inequity. The neo-materialists emphasise that even in the most affluent ...
To find out whether low income status among blacks or other factors can account for the racial disparity of prostate cancer mortality we conducted this study.. Cancer registry and death data in all the 159 Georgia counties were sorted by percentage of families with annual incomes less than $10,000. We merged every 10 counties as a county group based on similar percent of low income families, and 16 county groups were formed. The data available for the year 1999-2004.. It was found that 1) the incidence rate ratio of blacks over whites ranged from 1.6 to 2.3, whereas the mortality ratio ranged from 1.9 to 3.5 in our 16 county groups. This indicates that the higher mortality rates in blacks is partly due to higher incidence rate, but other factors also play important role; 2) the incidence rates in blacks is not related to percent of low income families, but the mortality rates among blacks are positively with the increase of low income families (R2 =0.25), indicating social economic factors other ...
Counted Out, series homepage, News & Observer: "North Carolinas public schools are failing to help thousands of low-income children who have shown they are smart enough to handle advanced work. An unprecedented analysis of seven years of state data shows that a far larger proportion of more affluent students are selected for gifted classes over their low-income peers with the same end-of-grade test scores…". ...
The Memphis trial was designed to test the effects of the program with a large sample of very low-income African-Americans living in a major urban area, when the program was administered through a local health department, and the program developers had limited involvement in its implementation. In this trial, 1,139 low-income pregnant women (98% unmarried, 67% ,19 years old, 92% African-American) were randomly assigned to experimental or comparison services; 743 were followed after delivery. The sample has resided in extraordinarily stressful neighborhoods and has endured extreme poverty. At registration, the mean level of neighborhood disorganization (assessed by census tract data at the block group and using the Lauritsen scale) was 3.43 SD above the national mean, i.e., the average level of adversity in the sample neighborhoods was among the worst in the nation (in the top 1000th). 85% of the sample had incomes below the federal poverty guidelines ...
St. Agnes Hospital in Baltimore, Md., is one of the 131 hospitals run by Ascension Health. Its a not-for-profit, Catholic health care system that treats many low-income patients who cant pay their bills. News on NewsHub.org
Stamford, Conn.-- July 12, 2016-- AmeriCares and the National Council for Behavioral Health have partnered to expand access to care for millions of low-income patients living with mental illness.
The budget Paul Ryan released last week is, essentially, an effort to have low- and middle-class households bear the entire burden of closing the fiscal gap and bear the costs of financing an additional tax cut for high income households.
MAKING ENDS MEET / The well-off are better off, but the ranks of the poor are growing, and middle- and low-income workers feel pressure of high prices The gap between high-income and low-income Americans is widening, the ranks of the poor in California and nationwide are swelling, and middle-class workers have lost ground compared with the 1970s, several national and state studies show. A disturbing new picture of low- and middle-income family finances is emerging from U.S. Census studies and from analyses of census and other data by the California Budget Project, the Brookings Institution, UC Berkeley researchers and organizations studying specific demographic or geographic groups. The increase in inequality in income is a longtime trend, but the pressure on middle- and low-income workers is going up rapidly, said Alice Rivlin, an economist at the Brookings Institution and vice chair of the Federal Reserve from 1996 to 1999. On Tuesday, the California Budget Project, a public policy research
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A new impact investment initiative aims to create opportunities for underserved women around the world. Womens History Month may be over, but as the many events and panel discussions held at the United Nations on and around March 8 to celebrate International Womens Day showed, not only is there much work yet to be done, its getting done. ...
Its a little unclear to me exactly how it happened that 8 million poor families got left out of the tax-cut bill. Was it an accident or a bargaining chip? DeLay explained that there were many bigger priorities than poor people (the many hours spent in the House debating another attempt to outlaw flag-burning, perhaps?), and then tried to hold the poor kids hostage to yet another tax increase for the rich. The Senate at any rate has voted to restore the money to the poor families, and, yes, to those in the $100,000-150,000 range (given that the original tax cut was sold precisely and repeatedly as a tax cut for every family, they never really had the right to cut some families out, but then this is the government that sold a war on Iraq based on non-existent WMDs; Big Shrug)(some Rs said that they could neglect the poor, as in the last bill, because they werent taxpayers; when the Rs talk about taxes, they always neglect to count Social Security and sales tax, the regressive taxes, and ...
This paper presents an assessment of Haitis qualification for assistance under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrangement is scheduled to be discussed by the IMF Executive Board in parallel with this document. The impact of prolonged political conflicts and violence, periods of high external assistance followed by the withdrawal of economic support, and natural disasters has been severe. The government has begun the preparation of a full Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). An important objective of the authorities is to achieve robust and sustainable real economic growth.
GEPAT is a farmers collective with 500 registered farmers in the Kagera region (N.W. Tanzania). It also works closely with a radiostation.
With the clock ticking toward a default on the national debt, some economists are predicting financial disaster if Congress fails to act before the August 2 deadline. Many New Yorkers-about 1.5 million-already deal with a kind of daily economic disaster, in that their income is below the poverty line. The number of poor people and per capita poverty rate both rose in the U.S. after the recent recession, but the "p word" is all but absent from the national political dialogue. Everyone, it seems, is tired of talking about poverty.. Everyone but poor people, of course. ...
Millennium goals as described by the UN: "The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - which range from halving extreme poverty rates to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 ...
In a recent commentary in the Washington Times, Alan Reynolds says: No economist who hopes to avoid professional ridicule would try to deny that consumption is a better measure of long-term living standards than the most widely cited income distribution...
Original title: Armoede in Kaart 2018. Poverty Survey 2018 is the second edition of the SCP series on poverty to be released in the form of a digital publication. Each page addresses a research question such as: What is poverty? How many poor people are there in the Netherlands? Which groups are most at risk of poverty? How large is a poor households shortfall? This study is based on data from 2016. This edition is limited to the key figures on poverty; a more extensive version will be published in 2019.. ...
At the Commission on Poverty summit on Saturday, Chief Secretary Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-nor tried to spin the results as saying the the poverty rate was "stable", much to the dismay of social workers, who find it bizarre that even though the government claims to be working hard for the poor, its efforts have hardly made a dent into trying to reduce the poverty rate ...
The poor population in Americas suburbs rose 53 percent last decade, double the 26 percent increase in cities, confronting communities with unaccustomed challenges.
Documentary photographer Jill Freedman recounts her experience living among demonstrators in the mud and rain during the 1968 Poor Peoples Campaign in Washington, D.C.
Ron Haskins discusses the positive impacts that the War on Poverty-specifically Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid-has had on the health, life expectancy and poverty rates of the elderly.
In interviews, parents agreed that encouragement from child care programs like Union Baptist, as well as warnings from doctors, had helped. But just as important, they said, were health worries that have taken hold in low-income communities because of the epidemics of obesity and diabetes.. Shannon Freeland, a 35-year-old pharmacy tech instructor, said both her grandmothers died in their 50s. One, who weighed 300 pounds, had a heart attack, while the other died from diabetes after amputations that began with her toes and ultimately took both legs.. "Grandparents arent supposed to pass like that," said Ms. Freeland, whose first child, Iren, was overweight as a toddler. "Thats when it started to click for me.". She added, "We were pricking Irens finger at age 2, and that was scary for me.". Ms. Freeland said it was still hard to eat better, partly because it is expensive, but also because with three children, the pull of fast food is strong. She has tried shopping at Whole Foods, but said she ...