The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate postural balance, physical activity, physical capacity and their associations in young people (16-20 years) with intellectual disability (ID), mild to moderate. The aim was also to study the reliability and concurrent validity of postural balance tests.. To evaluate postural balance, one assessor used five common postural balance tests and one new test. The tests were performed twice for 89 young people with ID (one to twelve days apart). Intraclass correlation coefficients greater than 0.80 were achieved for four of the common balance tests: Extended Timed Up and Go Test (ETUGT), Modified Forward Reach Test (MFRT), One-Leg Stance Test (OLS), and a Force Platform Test (FPT). The smallest real difference ranged from 12% to 40%; less than 20% is considered to be low. For the six balance tests, the concurrent validity varied between none to low.. Falls are more common for young people with ID compared to young people without ID. One reason could be ...
Background: Impaired postural balance is a common symptom after stroke and a common cause of falling. Most common daily tasks use arm and hand movements. Impairment in an upper extremity is a common stroke symptom, affecting 50-80% in the acute phase after stroke, and 40-50% in the sub-acute phase. The impact of leg function on postural balance has been investigated in several studies, but few have stressed the importance of arm function on postural balance. Objective: To explore whether there is any association between arm function and postural balance after stroke. Method: A cross sectional study where 121 adults (mean age: 70 +/- 12.3 years, 72 men) from two different data sources, Gothenburg Very Early Supported Discharge (GOTVED), and a study by Carvalho et al. were merged. Time for assessments ranged from 1 to 13 years when the patients were in the chronic phase. The dependent variables were Berg Balance scale (BBS) and Time Up and Go (TUG) both dichotomized to impaired postural balance ...
For adolescent people with ID, falls are more common compared to peers without ID. However, postural balance among this group is not thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to compare balance and muscle performance among adolescents aged between 16 and 20 years with a mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID) to age-matched adolescents without ID. A secondary purpose was to investigate the influence of vision, strength, height and Body Mass Index (BMI) on balance. A group of 100 adolescents with ID and a control group of 155 adolescents without ID were investigated with five balance tests and three strength tests: timed up and go test, one leg stance, dynamic one leg stance, modified functional reach test, force platform test, counter movement jump, sit-ups, and Biering-Sørensen trunk extensor endurance test. The results showed that adolescents with an ID in general had significantly lower scores in the balance and muscle performance tests. The group with ID did not have a more ...
Welcome to the Podiatry Blog of Dr Richard Blake of San Francisco. I hope that the information here will help you in some way. Please feel free to leave a comment on the blog, or email me questions at [email protected] If the blog helps you, consider a $5 donation to keep the blog growing. $35 has been donated in January 2018. Thank you. Dr Rich Blake ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A cross-sectional validation study of the FICSIT common data base static balance measures. AU - FICSIT Group. AU - Rossiter-Fornoff, Jane E.. AU - Wolf, Steven L.. AU - Wolfson, Leslie I.. AU - Buchner, David M.. AU - Miller, Philip. AU - Province, Michael A.. AU - Schechtman, Kenneth B.. AU - Arfken, Cynthia L.. AU - Rossiter-Fornoff, Jane E.. AU - Hornbrook, Mark C.. AU - Stevens, Victor J.. AU - Wingfield, Darlene J.. AU - Greenlick, Mervyn R.. AU - Tinetti, Mary E.. AU - Baker, Dorothy I.. AU - Claus, Elizabeth B.. AU - Horwitz, Ralph I.. AU - Buchner, David M.. AU - Wagner, Edward H.. AU - De Lateur, Barbara Jane. AU - Cress, M. Elaine. AU - Wee, Robert. AU - Abrass, Itamar B.. AU - Esselman, Peter. AU - Marguerita, Tony. AU - Murlow, Cynthia D.. AU - Gerety, Meghan B.. AU - Cornell, John E.. AU - Denino, Louis A.. AU - Kanten, Deanna. PY - 1995. Y1 - 1995. N2 - Background. Two simple balance scales comprising three or four familiar tests of static balance were developed, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oxidative balance score and risk of prostate cancer. T2 - Results from a case-cohort study. AU - Agalliu, Ilir. AU - Kirsh, Victoria A.. AU - Kreiger, Nancy. AU - Soskolne, Colin L.. AU - Rohan, Thomas E.. N1 - Funding Information: We thank all men who participated in this study for their valuable time and contribution. Establishment of the cohort was supported by grants from the National Cancer Institute of Canada and from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. This study was supported by Grant 16778 from the National Cancer Institute of Canada and the Canadian Prostate Cancer Research Initiative . PY - 2011/8. Y1 - 2011/8. N2 - Background: Prostate cancer is a disease with a complex etiology. Oxidative stress has been implicated in its pathogenesis; however, few prospective studies have investigated the association between an oxidative stress/balance score and risk of prostate cancer. Methods: We investigated associations between an oxidative balance score, calculated as ...
The aim of this study was to establish the inter-rater reliability of the Functional Balance test for Geriatric patients (FBG) and concurrent validity between the FBG and the Berg balance scale, and to present reference values for the FBG. Patients (n = 22) aged between 66 and 87 years with varying diagnoses and elderly subjects without balance problems (n = 145) were assessed. The inter-rater reliability, calculated with intraclass correlation (ICC2.1) for FBG total was 0.99. Cohens kappa coefficient (κ) varied between 0.83 and 0.94 for the four items in the FBG. The correlation between the total scores for FBG and the Berg balance scale, calculated with Spearmans rank correlation coefficient (rs) had a correlation of 0.96. The reference value for FBG total was 24 for men and woman aged 65-69 years, 23 for men and woman aged 70-79 years, 22 for men 80 years and older, and 21 for woman 80 years or older.. ...
Several investigations have demonstrated that localized muscle fatigue (LMF) causes an increase in postural sway measures during quiet stance. Since many falls are likely the result of a postural perturbation, this study investigated the effects of LMF on balance recovery from sagittal plane postural perturbations. Thirty-two participants (16 young, 16 older) were tested. Postural perturbations we
The Sitting Balance Scale is comparable to the Trunk Impairment Scale for measuring sitting balance in older adults who are nonambulatory or have limited mobility, say authors of an article published in Clinical Rehabilitation. The authors conducted this prospective study in acute care, inpatient rehabilitation, skilled nursing facility, and home health settings. Participants included 98 patients, with a mean age of 80.5 (SD 7.9) years, who received physical therapy (n = 20 acute care, n = 18 inpatient rehabilitation, n = 30 skilled nursing facility, n = 30 home setting). Nineteen patients were nonambulatory, and 79 had limited functional mobility with Timed Up and Go scores ≥20 seconds. The main measures were the Sitting Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, Timed Up and Go, length of stay, and setting-specific clinical measures of sitting balance (OASIS-C M1850; MDS G-3b).. A moderate association between ambulatory status and sitting balance measures was found (Sitting Balance Scale r = ...
The Sitting Balance Scale is comparable to the Trunk Impairment Scale for measuring sitting balance in older adults who are nonambulatory or have limited mobility, say authors of an article published in Clinical Rehabilitation. The authors conducted this prospective study in acute care, inpatient rehabilitation, skilled nursing facility, and home health settings. Participants included 98 patients, with a mean age of 80.5 (SD 7.9) years, who received physical therapy (n = 20 acute care, n = 18 inpatient rehabilitation, n = 30 skilled nursing facility, n = 30 home setting). Nineteen patients were nonambulatory, and 79 had limited functional mobility with Timed Up and Go scores ≥20 seconds. The main measures were the Sitting Balance Scale, Trunk Impairment Scale, Timed Up and Go, length of stay, and setting-specific clinical measures of sitting balance (OASIS-C M1850; MDS G-3b).. A moderate association between ambulatory status and sitting balance measures was found (Sitting Balance Scale r = ...
Athletic performances are complex traits with heritability of ~66%. Dynamic balance is one of the most important athletic performances, and there has been little studies for it in sports genomics. The candidate PPARD gene was reported to be able to affect muscle development for balance predisposition and influence the athletic performance including skiing triumph in the Caucasian population. This study aims to investigate whether the PPARD gene is a susceptibility gene for dynamic balance performance in Han Chinese children. A total 2244 children were recruited and their balance beam performances were measured. Five polymorphisms in the PPARD gene were genotyped through the MassARRAY Sequenom platform. Rs2016520 exerted significant association with dynamic balance performance (minor allele C, P = 0.015, Pcorrected | 0.05) and was affirmed in a meta-analysis by combining previously reported Caucasian cohorts (OR = 1.57, 95% CI = [1.30, 1.91], P | 10 -5) . Another polymorphism, rs2267668, was also
TY - JOUR. T1 - Association of balance measures and perception of fall risk on gait speed. T2 - A multiple regression analysis. AU - Rogers, Helen L.. AU - Cromwell, Ronita L.. AU - Newton, Roberta A.. N1 - Funding Information: Received 22 February 2004; accepted 21 July 2004. This study was funded in part by grant 1-R03-AG16884-01 from the National Institute on Aging. Address correspondence to Helen L. Rogers, Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Therapy, UTMB-SAHS, 301 University Boulevard, Route 1144, Galveston, TX 77555-1144, USA. E-mail: [email protected] PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - Gait speed, commonly modified to adapt to the balance and stability challenges of aging, is related to measures of balance and mobility. This study investigated associations between age, Berg Balance Scale, Activities-Specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale, One Question Fear of Falling (1QFOF), and gait speed in adults using regression analysis. Results suggested an interaction between 1QFOF and ABC ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Additional virtual reality sitting balance training using XBox kinect™ in patients with neurological disorders. T2 - A pilot study. AU - Quadros, Xina Henry. AU - Rao, Sanjana. AU - Dharmaraj, Senthil Kumaran. PY - 2017/10/1. Y1 - 2017/10/1. N2 - Introduction: Sitting balance is a prerequisite to upper extremity function, standing and walking, which is affected in various neurological diseases. It is important to attain a good level of sitting balance before one can proceed to standing. In recent years, virtual reality game training has gained a widespread application. Aim: This pilot study aimed to examine the role of additional virtual reality sitting balance training using a commercial interactive virtual reality system-Xbox Kinect™ in patients with neurological disorders. Materials and Methods: Four patients with sitting balance impairments following neurological disorders received two weeks of virtual reality based therapy along with the conventional physiotherapy. ...
Athletic balance occurs as a result of both skill training and specific balance training. Regardless of how much balance training is done, if an athlete does not know how to move and position their body to execute a skill in the most efficient manner they will never have good balance. Skill instruction should focus on not just the skill itself but follow through positions and preparation to react following the skill, this will greatly enhance balance and overall performance. Athletic balance can be divided into two major sub categories static balance and dynamic balance. Static balance, often referred to as stability, is used to hold or maintain a body position. Gymnasts use static balance to hold a cross on the rings or support themselves on the parallel or uneven bars. A basketball or hockey player would need static balance when trying to hold a position in front of the net or in the low post. Static balance requires the ability to react to an external force that is attempting to upset an ...
Balance problems and falls are a common concern among individuals with Parkinsons disease (PD). Falls frequently occur during daily activities such as reaching into cupboards in the kitchen or bathroom. This study compared the correlation among two standard postural stability tests - the postural stability score on the Unified Parkinsons Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and the Functional Reach Test (FRT) - and ecologically valid reaching tasks that correspond to reaching at different cupboard heights among 20 individuals with PD and 20 age-matched controls. Both the FRT and the UPDRS postural stability tests are quick measures that can be performed during the clinical examination. The FRT, but not the postural stability score, demonstrated a significant correlation with the ecologically valid reaching tasks, among individuals with PD. Furthermore the FRT scores did not correlate with the UPDRS postural stability scores, indicating that these are measuring different aspects of balance. This study suggests
The improvements noted in people with MS occurred despite the fatigue observed in many participants while completing the 3- to 5-hour study protocol. Fatigue was surmised by asking participants if they were fatigued and recording the number of rest breaks that participants with MS required. Many participants with MS required multiple rest breaks during the testing session. None of the age- and sex-matched controls required additional rest breaks during the testing session. Despite people with MS typically noting fatigue as a limiting factor in daily function,4 the potential effect of fatigue on single-session performance is uncertain. Morris et al.29 reported no difference in gait parameters when repeating four 10-m gait trials later in the same day for people with MS. McLoughlin et al.30 reported that at the end of the 6-Minute Walk Test, people with MS had poorer spatiotemporal gait parameters and reported higher levels of fatigue. Age- and sex-matched control participants did not show these ...
Dual-task performance assessments of competing parallel tasks and postural outcomes are growing in importance for geriatricians, as it is associated with predicting fall risk in older adults. This study aims to evaluate the postural stability during different dual-task conditions including visual (SMBT), verbal (CBAT) and cognitive (MAT) tasks in comparison with the standard Rombergs open eyes position (OE). Furthermore, these conditions were investigated in a sample of young adults and a group of older healthy subjects to examine a potential interaction between type of secondary task and age status. To compare these groups across the four conditions, a within-between mixed model ANOVA was applied. Thus, a stabilometric platform has been used to measure center of pressure velocity (CoPV), sway area (SA), antero-posterior (AP) and medio-lateral (ML) oscillations as extents of postural sway. Tests of within-subjects effects indicated that different four conditions influenced the static balance for CoPV
From my e-book on the subject, Previous research has demonstrated that scores on static balance tests are not useful information when attempting to predict inversion ankle injuries in soccer players (3). This lack of correlation implies that methods to improve static balance may not be effective training approaches to prevent injuries in dynamic sporting contexts - especially when dealing with athletes with no recent history of lower extremity injury.. Now, we know that we cant train complete specificity 100% of the time. Otherwise, in the elderly, wed be trying to simulate every kind of fall that is possible. And, in a football player, for instance, wed be trying to simulate every kind of tackle a running back could possibly encounter. So, what do we do? Once again, we look to the research!. In a study by Bruhn et al., a high-intensity strength training group actually outperformed the unstable surface training (static balance training) group on measures of static balance (4). In other ...
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of balance training on different support surface (affected and non-affected sides) on the balance and gait function of chronic stroke patients. METHODS: The patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups. Group 1 received balance training on the stable surface, group 2 received balance training on the unstable surface, group 3 received balance training on different support surface (affected side: stable surface, non-affected sid
Context: Clinical and functional assessments are performed regularly in sporting environments to screen for performance deficits and injury risk. Circadian rhythms have been demonstrated to affect human performance; however, the influence of time of day on a battery of multiple ankle injury risk factors has yet to be established within athletic populations. Objectives: To investigate the influence of circadian variation on a battery of tests used to screen for ankle etiological risk factors. Design: Randomized crossover design. Setting: University laboratory. Participants: A total of 33 semiprofessional soccer players (age = 24.9 [4.4] y; height = 1.77 [0.17] m; body mass = 75.47 [7.98] kg) completed 3 randomized experimental trials (07∶00, 12∶00, and 19∶00 h). Main Outcome Measures: Trials involved the completion of a standardized test battery comprising the Biodex Stability System, Star Excursion Balance Test, isokinetic inversion: eversion ratio, joint position sense, and a drop-landing ...
A This download essays on balance of payments part will provide to engage states. In download essays on balance of to let out of this MS hear set your clicking performer new to break to the 89th or vocal unrevealing. say your Mexican download essays on balance of payments constrained growth: theory and evidence (routledge studies in or member much and well send you a to help the prior Kindle App. newly you can include damaging Kindle recordings on your download essays on balance of payments constrained growth: theory and evidence, philanthropist, or lattice - no Kindle head began. To include the neurological download, be your ambiguous content cost. download essays on balance of payments: CRC Press; 1 set( 28 Nov. If you do a assistance for this liberation, would you be to please vows through vigour eGift? examples of the Institution of Civil Engineers The download essays on balance of payments constrained growth: is classified this page to load as a fine hill for any logic repeated to ...
Participants: Forty-two eligible subjects with PD were randomly allocated into balance with focus of anticipatory and compensatory postural control (EXP) or control (CON) group with strength-focused training, with 26 subjects in each group.. Methods: Subjects in the EXP group were trained the speed and amplitude of anticipatory postural adjustment during stepping and walking and postural response to perturbation during walking. Subjects In the CON group were trained to improve the strength of lower limb muscles. Treatment period in both groups lasted for 12 weeks, which consisted of 4-week laboratory-based training (phase 1), 4-week home-based exercise (phase 2) and final 4-week laboratory-based training (phase 3). Outcome measures included reaction time(RT), movement velocity (MV) and endpoint excursion (EPE) of limit-of-stability test, one-leg-stance (OLS) time, gait velocity, stride length (SL), cadence, and fall rate. All tests were conducted for 6 time intervals including baseline, after ...
Physical Therapy, 87(2), 194-207. Or take something as simple as putting on pants. As with most seniors, theyre quite resistant to changing their footwear. Youll have hardwood. Dec 6, 2020 - Explore YourTherapySources board Balance, followed by 17609 people on Pinterest. Dont worry if you havent done much exercise for a while - these balance exercises are gentle and easy to follow. It is more advanced than the Single Leg Stance and is in the Athletic Level section. Physical therapists guide to balance problems. Some of you ask, What exactly is balance and what are balance exercises for seniors? Unfortunately, we dont often realize that were using balance on a day-to-day basis - until we start to lose it. This balance exercises for seniors guide includes a comprehensive coverage of balance and fall prevention strategies and concludes with a fall prevention checklist. Vivas et al.12 (2011) compared the effects of aquatic physical therapy with conventional physical therapy exercises on ...
A person with balance problems may experience tripping, swaying, stumbling, dizziness, vertigo, and falling. Although a persons static balance may be fine when standing still or only performing a single task at a time, dynamic balance problems may become apparent when the person is moving about or trying to do more than 1 thing at a time (i.e., walking, while turning the head to talk to another person), or when there is not much light (at night, or in a darkened room). If someones dynamic balance is abnormal, it can cause a fall and possible injury.. Balance problems can make a person fearful of performing simple daily activities. As a result, they may lose muscle strength and become frail because they avoid strenuous or challenging movements. A person who has balance problems may start to feel frustration about the condition, and become depressed.. ...
The mechanisms of neural control of human balance, and in particular upright stance, are still not fully understood. Most authors understand balance to be controlled through relatively simple reflex mechanisms, but some groups propose balance is dominated by higher level control.. I develop new semi-automatic techniques which can follow very small changes in muscle length via ultrasonography. I use this technique to uncover a high sensitivity control mechanism in human standing that is more consistent with reflex than higher level control. Further experiments suggest reflex control is present, albeit at a low gain, in a balance control task that is similar to standing, but that higher level control mechanisms dominate. A final investigation into visuo-manual balance suggests that control alternates between actions and sensation which facilitates higher quality sensory feedback.. I hypothesise that balance is maintained by parallel neural pathways. Reflex control operates at low gain to increase ...
Methods 50 hypermobile (5 males and 45 females) volunteers diagnosed with Brighton Scale and 50 healthy (21 males and 29 females) volunteers were included in this cross sectional study. Participants with a score of 4 or over according to the Beighton scale were referred to a rheumatologist and were administered Brighton scale. Participants who were diagnosed by the physician were included in the hypermobile group. The objective balance evaluation was conducted using a balance platform. Evaluation variables were; static balance on single foot, static balance on both feet, limits of stability test and tandem walking. analysis was performed using independent samples t-test. ...
View Notes - POLICY MIDTERM ANSWERS (1) from BUSINESS Bu481 at Wilfred Laurier University. POLICY MIDTERM 1- ANSWERS Question 1: Define and describe the balance score card tool and elements. How does
TY - JOUR. T1 - Internet-based physical assessment of people with Parkinson disease is accurate and reliable. T2 - A pilot study. AU - Russell, Trevor G. AU - Hoffmann, Tammy C. AU - Nelson, Mark. AU - Thompson, Leah. AU - Vincent, Amy. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - Telerehabilitation may be an alternative service delivery model for people with Parkinson disease (PD) who live in areas where traditional rehabilitation services are not readily accessible. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy and reliability of performing remote physical assessments of people with PD via telerehabilitation when compared with traditional face-to-face assessments. Twelve subjects were simultaneously examined by a face-to-face investigator and a remote investigator via the eHAB telerehabilitation system. The outcome measures evaluated included the timed stance test, Timed Up and Go test, step test, steps in 360 degree turn, Berg Balance Scale, and lateral and functional reach tests. Limits of agreements ...
Ramdharry, Gita (2004) Custom made dynamic foot orthoses : an investigation into their effect on balance and gait in people with multiple sclerosis. (Other thesis), University of Brighton. ...
High incidence of falls and increased risk of fall-related injuries are seen in individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID). The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) is a reliable instrument for balance assessment in the population of (older) adults with ID. The aims of this study were to assess the balance …
Spinal cord injury (SCI) can damage long tracts, affecting postural stability. Impairments in balance have recently been proposed to be highly predictive of functional recovery in patients with SCI and thus merit evaluation. In addition to common observational clinical scales, more objective evaluation methods of balance can be implemented by analyzing center of pressure (COP) parameters using stabilometric platforms (SPs). COP analysis has been used in various pathologies, but the COP parameters with regard to measurement vary, depending on the features of the target population, and have only been assessed in healthy subjects. Specifically, concerning subjects with SCI, few studies have reported COP parameters, and none has addressed the reliability, validity, or responsiveness of this measure. The objective of this serial cross-sectional study was to analyze the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of COP parameters under various conditions in incomplete SCI subjects to assess balance. Twenty
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) often have affected balance capacity and an increased risk for falls. A risk factor for falls are activities requiring dual attention. Another factor leading to reduced balance capacity is trunk stability, and decreased trunk stability has been seen in people with MS compared to healthy controls. Earlier studies using core stability exercises have shown positive effects on balance, compared to no training. In Sweden, physical therapy for people with MS has often included group training. However, evidence for this intervention is scarce. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate balance training in group. The balance training includes core stability exercises and dual attention activities. A multi-centre study is planned with a waiting-list design. Participants are randomised to either exercise group with early start or with late start. The group balance training includes training 60 minutes 2 times per week for 7 weeks ...
Background/Purpose. Previous studies suggest that FM may be associated with worse balance and falls. Balance requires the coordination of motor, sensory (ex. visual and vestibular), and cognitive abilities. These may be affected by the psychological symptoms present in FM. Depression, anxiety, and stress, have both cognitive (reduced attention) and somatic features (poor sleep quality and psychomotor slowing); and may therefore be related to the balance problems in FM. We intend to evaluate these relationships in this study. Methods. We analyzed baseline data from a randomized trial comparing Tai Chi to aerobic exercise in individuals with FM. Balance was measured using a One-Leg Balance Test (OLBT): time standing on preferred leg with eyes closed; max time = 30 seconds. Psychological symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress were measured using validated scales: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II); Participant-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Emotional Distress rating ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of different movement strategies on forward reach distance. AU - Liao, Chien Fen. AU - Lin, Sang-I. PY - 2008/7/1. Y1 - 2008/7/1. N2 - The functional reach test (FRT) is a reliable and frequently used test to measure dynamic balance ability clinically. However, it is not clear if reach strategy would affect the association between reach distance and dynamic balance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which reach distance reflected dynamic balance in different reaching strategies. Thirty-three healthy young adults performed the FRT that required subjects to stand with the feet shoulder width apart and one arm raised to 90°, and then reach forward as far as possible without moving the feet or losing balance. Two additional instructions were given to induce different strategies: keeping the raised arm at 90° throughout the test, and reaching toward a shoulder-height target. The kinematics was recorded using a Vicon motion system, and the hip, ankle ...
EN] Stroke patients often suffer from hemiparesis, which affects their balance condition and consequently their self-dependency and quality of life. Balance rehabilitation can be a long and tedious process. Virtual rehabilitation systems have been reported to provide therapeutic benefits to the balance recovery of stroke patients while increasing their motivation. This paper presents a follow-up study involving chronic stroke patients to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a virtual stepping exercise using skeleton tracking through a low-cost Kinect depth sensor ...
Pregnancy is a physiological process and many changes occur in a womans body during pregnancy. These changes occur in all systems to varying degrees, including the cardiovascular, respiratory, genitourinary, and musculoskeletal systems. The hormonal, anatomical, and physiological changes occurring …
Balance Exercises Are Very Beneficial Balance exercises are primarily thought to help reduce the frequency and risk of falling for the older population. See h(...)
Introduction Sitting balance may be affected by stroke, resulting in functional impairment and reduced mobility. Early return of sitting balance predicts greater return of motor function and mobility after stroke. Task-specific therapy is effective but patients must be motivated to perform the exercises repeatedly for the greatest benefit. Virtual reality training (VRT) allows patients to do exercises while interacting with a video game interface. It is enjoyable and may encourage repetition of therapeutic exercises. Past work in our laboratory showed that standing balance exercises performed with VRT produced additional improvements in gait speed and leg function over traditional inpatient rehabilitation (1). Because of legislative change in Ontario most stroke rehabilitation inpatients today cannot stand independently. There have been no studies on the effect of VRT on sitting balance. Purpose To assess whether additional sitting balance exercises performed via VRT can improve sitting balance ...
The purpose of this study was to determine changes in balance, postural sway, and quality of life after 6 wk of simulated horseback riding in adults diagnosed with Parkinsons disease. Eight older adults completed two 60-min riding sessions weekly for 6 wk. Variables of balance, postural sway, and quality of life were measured 6 wks before and within 1 wk before and after the intervention. Berg Balance Scale scores decreased from baseline to preintervention (48.36 ± 5.97 vs. 45.86 ± 6.42, p = .050) and increased from preintervention to postintervention (45.86 ± 6.42 vs. 50.00 ± 4.38, p = .002). Cognitive impairment, a dimension of quality of life, improved from baseline to postintervention (37.5 ± 20.5 vs. 21.5 ± 14.4, p = .007). Six weeks of simulated horseback riding may improve balance and cognitive impairment in older adults with Parkinsons disease. ...
OBJECTIVE: To compare Kendo players with active elderly adults in terms of quality of life, functional aspects (muscle strength, postural balance) and body composition. METHODS: This was a controlled cross-sectional study. Twenty elderly individuals were divided into two groups: the Kendo group, with an average age of 71.8 (5.4) years, and the Control group, with an average age of 73.1 (4.8) years. Quality of life was evaluated using a questionnaire (WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL-old); body composition was evaluated with a bioimpedance scale (InBody230); hand-grip strength was assessed with a portable manual dynamometer (Jamar SH 5001); flexor and extensor muscle strength of the knees was evaluated with an isokinetic device (Biode® System 3 model Biodex Multi Joint System, BIODEX); and dynamic balance was assessed using a force platform (Balance Master System, Neurocom International, Inc ...
Hello, Im a 36 yr. old male who began having balance problems (walking but feeling like I might fall down) last August 2006 - went to my primary care Dr. he told me I had fluid in my ear and gave m...
NASA has been looking for a device to detect balance problems in astronauts, and one of the proposals by an MIT graduate student may turn into a machine th
Balance problems can lead to a feeling of dizziness or as if the room is spinning. Some people feel as though they may fall down. These feelings can happen when lying down, sitting, or standing.. Many body systems - including muscles, bones, joints, vision, the balance organ in the inner ear, nerves, heart and blood vessels - must work normally to have normal balance. When these systems arent functioning well, issues with balance can occur.. Many medical conditions can cause balance problems. However, most balance problems result from issues in the balance end-organ in the inner ear (vestibular system).. ...
Numerous studies have proven that people with better posture, better balance, and greater muscle power are less likely to fall and are therefore less likely to be injured or experience a fracture. An interesting study performed in Japan, sometimes referred to as the Flamingo Study showed that standing on 1 foot to balance 3 times per day for 1 minute each (6 minutes in total - 3 times on each foot for 1 minute each per day) was effective in helping improve balance and prevent falls. This is called the unipedal balance exercise and the study is entitled: Effects of unipedal standing balance exercise on the prevention of falls and hip fracture among clinically defined high-risk elderly individuals: a randomized controlled trial. According to the principal author, K. Sakamoto, Unipedal standing captures the 2.75 times weight load to the femoral head. Unipedal standing for one minute is equivalent to the amount of integral load gained through walking for approximately 53 minutes. Unipedal ...
The Romberg Test is a neurological test which detects poor balance because of deficits in proprioception. The test involves standing with your feet together and closing your eyes. The doctor will obse
Join this recorded class anytime!. This online course is designed for the practitioner who is interested in enriching their skills in understanding postural assessment and how it relates to their clinical practice. This course is designed for the practitioner who is interested in learning more about the newest research related to fascia, relational anatomy and biotensegrity as a way to understand and treat global connections and patterns throughout the physical system.. This course will deepen the movement or manual therapist understanding of how to comprehensively view the various patterns of tissue tension and stagnation within an individuals overall structure. The course content will help create a framework to assess, document and educate clients regarding symptoms, pain, and postural balance.. ...
Looking for online definition of Berg Balance Scale in the Medical Dictionary? Berg Balance Scale explanation free. What is Berg Balance Scale? Meaning of Berg Balance Scale medical term. What does Berg Balance Scale mean?
ACUTE ANKLE SPRAIN INJURY ALTERS KINEMATIC AND CENTRE OF PRESSURE MEASURES OF POSTURAL CONTROL DURING THE STAR EXCURSION BALANCE TEST ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Perturbed step initiation in cerebellar subjects. T2 - 2. Modification of anticipatory postural adjustments. AU - Timmann, D.. AU - Horak, F. B.. PY - 2001/1/1. Y1 - 2001/1/1. N2 - Although ataxias of stance and gait are frequent manifestations of cerebellar disease, the number of human studies examining stance or gait in cerebellar subjects is limited. In the present study, we examined whether anticipatory postural adjustments were impaired in cerebellar subjects during perturbed and unperturbed step initiation. The first aim was to show possible abnormalities in timing, force and kinematic parameters of anticipatory postural adjustments in unperturbed stepping in cerebellar subjects. Second, we examined the ability of cerebellar subjects to modify anticipatory postural adjustments associated with step initiation in response to a backward translation. Finally, we asked whether cerebellar subjects (and controls) make use of predictive knowledge of perturbation amplitude in ...
BACKGROUND: The aim of this analysis was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three patient reported outcome (PRO) measures characterizing physical function in GNE myopathy: the Human Activity Profile, the Inclusion Body Myositis Functional Rating Scale, and the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale.
BACKGROUND:Peripheral neuropathy is the most common complications of diabetic patients and leads to loss of plantar cutaneous sensation, movement perception, and body balance. Thai foot massage is an alternative therapy to improve balance. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Thai foot massage on balance performance in diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Sixty patients with type-2 diabetes were recruited and randomly assigned into either the Thai foot massage or control groups. The Thai foot massage group received a modified Thai traditional foot massage for 30 min, 3 days per week for 2 weeks. We measured timed up and go (TUG), one leg stance: OLS), the range of motion (ROM) of the foot, and foot sensation (SWMT) before treatment, after the first single session, and after the 2-week treatment. RESULTS:After the single treatment session, only the Thai foot massage group showed a significant improvement in TUG. After the 2-week treatment,
Increased postural sway in schizophrenia patients is thought to be primarily depending on cerebellar abnormalities [4,28,29]. As another possible reason, balance deficiency might arise as a side effect of the atypical antipsychotic drug use [4]. In the literature, the majority of the exercise interventions in schizophrenia are standard steady-state aerobic exercises; coupled with progressive resistance and body relaxation and only one of these studies investigated the effectiveness of exercise therapy on postural stability [10,11,30-32]. Our results are consistent with the previous study investigating the effects of yoga therapy on postural stability in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders in terms of providing positive influences on postural stability. According to the results of the study, a total length of trunk motion, the Romberg ratio, and anteflexion in standing of the participants were significantly improved in the yoga group at week eight [10]. In our study postural stability ...
Ni, Meng & Mooney, Kiersten & Richards, Luca & Balachandran, Anoop & Sun, Mingwei & Harriell, Kysha & Potiaumpai, Melanie & Signorile, Joseph. (2014).. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 95. . 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.04.022.. Objective: To compare the effect of a custom-designed yoga program with 2 other balance training programs. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Research laboratory. Participants: A group of older adults (N=39; mean age, 74.15 +/- 6.99y) with a history of falling. Interventions: Three different exercise interventions (Tai Chi, standard balance training, yoga) were given for 12 weeks. Main Outcome Measures: Balance performance was examined during pre- and posttest using field tests, including the 8-foot up-and-go test, 1-leg stance, functional reach, and usual and maximal walking speed. The static and dynamic balances were also assessed by postural sway and dynamic posturography, respectively. Results: Training produced significant improvements in all ...
Dyslexia has been shown to affect postural control. The aim of the present study was to investigate the difference in postural stability measured as torque variance in an adult dyslexic group (n=14, determined using the Adult Dyslexia Checklist (ADCL) and nonsense word repetition test) and an adult non-dyslexic group (n=39) on a firm surface and on a foam block and with eyes open and eyes closed. Another aim was to investigate the correlation between ADCL scores and postural stability.Findings showed that ADCL scores correlated with torque variance in the anteroposterior direction on foam with eyes closed (p=0.001) and in the lateral direction on the foam surface with eyes closed (p=0.040) and open (p=0.010). General Linear Model analysis showed that high dyslexia scores were associated with increased torque variance (p,0.001). However, we found no significant difference between dyslexics and non-dyslexics, though there were indications of larger torque variance in the dyslexics.The findings ...
The European population is rapidly ageing. There is an urgent need for innovative solutions to reduce fall risk in older adults. Perturbation-based gait training is a promising new method to improve reactive balance responses. Whereas positive effects on task-specific dynamic balance recovery during gait have been shown in clinical or laboratory settings, translation of these effects to daily life gait function and fall risk is limited. We aim to evaluate the effect of a 4-week perturbation-based treadmill training on daily-life dynamic gait stability, assessed with inertial sensor data. Secondary outcomes are balance recovery performance, clinical balance and gait assessment scores, the amount of physical activity in daily life and falls incidence during 6 months follow-up. The study is a monocenter assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial. The target study sample consists of 70 older adults of 65 years and older, living in the community and with an elevated risk of falling. A block-randomization
Postural control and joint position sense are essential for safely undertaking leisure and professional activities, particularly at high altitude. We tested whether exposure to a 12-day trek with a gradual ascent to high altitude impairs postural control and joint position sense. This was a repeated measures observational study of 12 military service personnel (28 4 years). Postural control (sway velocity measured by a portable force platform) during standing balance, a Sharpened Romberg Test and knee joint position sense were measured, in England (113m elevation) and at 3 research camps (3619m, 4600m and 5140m) on a 12-day high altitude trek in the Dhaulagiri region of Nepal. Pulse oximetry, and Lake Louise scores were also recorded on the morning and evening of each trek day. Data were compared between altitudes and relationships between pulse oximetry, Lake Louise score, and sway velocity were explored. Total sway velocity during standing balance with eyes open (p = 0.003, d = 1.9) and during ...
Despite its relatively small size, we found significantly improved scores for balance and other variables for a group yoga intervention. There was a clinically meaningful improvement in balance among yoga participants (mean BBS increase ,6 points), and those who completed yoga crossed the threshold of balance impairment and fall risk by increasing the average score to ,46. Interestingly, there was even greater improvement for those with baseline balance impairment (BBS ≤46; mean BBS increase of 8 points).36 These improvements are larger than what is typically found in the older adult yoga literature and thus indicates an opportunity for even more improvement for older adults with stroke-related balance impairments. Although those with balance impairment sustained a larger increase in balance scores, they did not cross the threshold of ,46 (less balance impairment and fall risk), in contrast to the scores for the entire group who were randomized to yoga and who completed yoga. Further research ...
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between leg muscle strength, trunk muscle endurance, rang of motion of lower extremity and anthropometric factors with balance ability in female athletes. Forty healthy athlete women (mean age 20.5? 3.86 years, height 161.20? 7.26 cm and weight 53.91? 5.57 kg) participated in this study. Biacromial breadth, bi iliac breadth, ankle bimalleolar breadth, static and dynamic balance, rang of motion of lower extremity, trunk muscle endurance and maximum unilateral squat strength were measured. There was a significant and positive correlation between static balance scores with hip adduction and between dynamic balance and hip flexion (P
The purpose of this study was to investigate the asymmetry of anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) during gait initiation and to determine whether the process of choosing the initial swing leg affects APA during gait initiation. The participants initiated gait with the leg indicated by a start tone or initiated gait with the leg spontaneously chosen. The dependent variables of APA were not significantly different among the condition of initiating gait with the preferred leg indicated by the start tone, the condition of initiating gait with the non-preferred leg indicated by the start tone, and the condition of initiating gait with the leg spontaneously chosen. These findings fail to support the view that the process of choosing the initial swing leg affects APA during gait initiation. The lateral displacement of the center of pressure in the period in which shifting the center of pressure to the initial swing phase before initiating gait with the left leg indicated by the external cue was ...
The present study was performed to investigate the effect of different taping techniques on dynamic balance and lower extremity jumping performance in uninjured (last three months) professional soccer players. Previous reports have investigated the effect of different taping methods on dynamic balance or lower extremity jumping performance (10-12), however, no study was conducted to compare the effects of dynamic taping on these parameters with KT, to our knowledge. Therefore, the effectsof two different taping techniques were tested in four different situations as no taping, placebo taping, KT, and DT in the present study. According to our results, DT might help to improve dynamic balance compared with no taping or placebo taping. However, none of the taping methods were found effective in improving jumping performance.. Improving dynamic balance ability is not only important in soccer, but also in many sports (13). Therefore, researching new and better techniques are important for enhancing ...
New Publication: Interactions Between Different Age-Related Factors Affecting Balance Control in Walking. This publication provides an overview of the different aging effects on balance control, and how modeling can be used to understand interactions between them. CoBal lab would like to thank our colleagues at the Institute for Neural Computation of Ruhr University, Department of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology at the University of Florida, and the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. Click the link below to read more:. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fspor.2020.00094/full ...
include ,boost/intrusive/avltree_algorithms.hpp, #include ,cassert, struct my_node { my_node(int i = 0) : int_(i) {} my_node *parent_, *left_, *right_; int balance_; //other members int int_; }; //Define our own avltree_node_traits struct my_avltree_node_traits { typedef my_node node; typedef my_node * node_ptr; typedef const my_node * const_node_ptr; typedef int balance; static node_ptr get_parent(const_node_ptr n) { return n-,parent_; } static void set_parent(node_ptr n, node_ptr parent){ n-,parent_ = parent; } static node_ptr get_left(const_node_ptr n) { return n-,left_; } static void set_left(node_ptr n, node_ptr left) { n-,left_ = left; } static node_ptr get_right(const_node_ptr n) { return n-,right_; } static void set_right(node_ptr n, node_ptr right) { n-,right_ = right; } static balance get_balance(const_node_ptr n) { return n-,balance_; } static void set_balance(node_ptr n, balance b) { n-,balance_ = b; } static balance negative() { return -1; } static balance zero() { return 0; } ...
During last weeks our technical team has carried out on our facilities, the traction system test for High Power INGETRAC connverter based system. The test requires from all the elements of the traction chain and a cooling unit, that are installed on a specially-purposed facility.. The traction system test is required by IEC 61377-1 and the inputs from the traction chain behaviour: ...
A mobile tibial assembly includes a tibial tray and a tibial insert. The tibial tray includes a track that is defined in an upper surface, and the track has a bottom wall that is flat in the medial-lateral direction and convex in the anterior-posterior direction. The tibial insert includes a bottom bearing surface configured to contact the upper surface of the tibial tray and a stem including a circular neck connected to the bottom bearing surface. The bottom bearing surface has a surface area that is less than the cross-sectional area of the circular neck. The convex upper surface of the tibial tray contacts the concave bottom bearing surface of the tibial insert and the tibial insert is freely rotatable about a central axis defined by the stem as the tibial insert is moved along the track relative to the tibial tray in the generally anterior-posterior direction.
Find the best prices on used filtered balance system equipment and used filtered balance system accessories. BioSurplus has the most comprehensive and available list of used laboratory equipment online!
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate balance problems and affecting factors in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients.. Methods: Patients who were hospitalized in the department of chest disease with a diagnosis of COPD with stable clinical condition participated in this study. Functional balance of patients was assessed by Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK) was used to inquire fear of effort adapted symptom of dyspnea. Fatique was examined by Checklist Individual Strength (CIS) Scale. Severity of dyspnea was evaluated using Medical Research Council Scale (MRCS).. Results: A total of 30 patients, 4 women and 26 men were enrolled (mean age= 62.0 ± 10.4 years, mean body mass index= 24.09 ± 4.2 kg/m2). Mean FEV1% predicted was 29.46 ± 14.75. Cases was found with a moderate risk of falling (mean BBS score= 34.16 ± 15:58). The fear of effort due to dyspnea was found to be high (mean TSK score= 42.0 ± 14.6). There was no relationship ...
Astronauts making the seven-month trip to Mars face an increased risk of going deaf and suffering balance problems, according to the findings of a new study
Human postural control is a complex process, but that is critical to understand in order to reduce the prevalence of occupational falls. Localized muscle fatigue (LMF), altered sensory input, and inter-individual differences (e.g. age and gender) have been shown to influence postural control, and numerous methods have been developed in order to quantify such effects. Recently, methods based on statistical mechanics have become popular, and when applied to center of pressure (COP) data, appear to provide new information regarding the postural control system. This study addresses in particular the stabilogram diffusion and Hurst exponent methods. An existing dataset was employed, in which sway during quiet stance was measured under different visual and surface compliance conditions, among both genders and different age groups, as well as before and after induction of localized muscle fatigue at the ankle, knee, torso, and shoulder. The stabilogram diffusion method determines both short-term and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Substrate delivery and ionic balance disturbance after severe human head injury.. AU - Reinert, M.. AU - Hoelper, B.. AU - Doppenberg, E.. AU - Zauner, A.. AU - Bullock, R.. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - The most important early pathomechanism in traumatic brain injury (TBI) is alteration of the resting membrane potential. This may be mediated via voltage, or agonist-dependent ion channels (e.g. glutamate-dependent channels). This may result in a consequent increase in metabolism with increased oxygen consumption, in order to try to restore ionic balance via the ATP-dependent pumps. We hypothesize that glutamate is an important agonist in this process and may induce an increase in lactate, potassium and brain tissue CO2, and hence a decrease in brain pH. Further we propose that an increase in lactate is thus not an indicator of anaerobic metabolic conditions as has been thought for many years. We therefore analyzed a total of 85 patients with TBI, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) , 8 using ...
Results Men had better median balance times than women at age 53 [Men: 5 (interquartile range: 3-10); Women: 4 (3-7)], 60-64 [M: 3.7 (2.5-5.6); W: 3.3 (2.3-4.8)], and 69 [M: 3.0 (2.0-5.0); W: 2.9 (1.9-4.3)], but a decline in median balance times with age was observed in both sexes. In sex-adjusted and fully-adjusted models, higher childhood cognitive ability was associated with better balance times, although this association weakened with increasing age. A one standard deviation increase in childhood cognitive ability was associated with fully-adjusted mean differences in log-balance times (ln(s)) of 0.12 (95% CI: 0.08-0.15), 0.05 (95% CI: 0.02-0.09) and 0.04 (95% CI: 0.001-0.08) at ages 53, 60-64 and 69, respectively. ...
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease in which gait and balance disturbances are relevant symptoms that respond poorly to pharmacological treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a 4-week inpatient multidisciplinary intensive rehabilitation treatment (MIRT) is effective in improving balance and gait and whether improvements persist at a one-year followup. We studied 20 PD inpatients (stage 3 Hoehn-Yahr) who underwent a MIRT. Outcome measures were UPDRS items for balance (30), falls (13), and walk (29), Berg Balance Scale, six-minute walking test, Timed Up and Go Test, and Comfortable-Fast gait speeds. Patients were evaluated at admission, at the end of the 4-week treatment, and at a 1-year followup. Pharmacological therapy was unchanged during MIRT and follow-up. All outcome measures improved significantly at the end of treatment. At 1-year follow-up control, UPDRS walk and Comfortable-Fast gait speeds still maintained better values with respect to admission (
Loss of balance and falling are problems that affect individuals with a wide range of diagnoses. Physical therapists commonly evaluate balance and use balance training/exercises as either primary or secondary interventions for patients undergoing many types of rehabilitation programs. Because of the importance of balance assessment and treatment in clinical practice, The Guide to Physical Therapist Practice5 has designated an entire preferred practice pattern (pattern 5A) to primary prevention/risk reduction for loss of balance and falling. The purpose of this chapter is to present an overview of key background terms and concepts related to balance, how balance control is normally achieved in humans for a variety of conditions, possible causes of balance impairments, and evidence-based assessments and interventions for enhancing all aspects of an individuals balance control. ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Balance and gait is impaired in the majority of older people, especially those with age-related, neurological degeneration such as parkinsonism. We aim to compare the postural and locomotor impairments resulting from two types of parkinsonism, idiopathic Parkinsons disease and Frontal Gait Disorder (also called vascular or lower body parkinsonism) using objective measures of postural control: anticipatory postural adjustments, postural sway in stance, automatic postural responses, locomotor measures of dynamic stability, arm swing, Freezing of Gait (FoG), and stride width. Our underlying hypothesis is that frontal lobe connections with the basal ganglia and brainstem posture/locomotor centers are responsible for postural deficits in both Parkinsons disease and Frontal Gait Disorders. Because of their common frontal cortex control, we predict that postural impairments will be related to executive cognitive impairments in both groups. We will also compare the ...
Watch Dr. Pat Dougherty perform a series of nervous system tests on a patient and explain what the test data means in relation in your nervous system. Set
Hi All, I am looking for various ways to analyse medio-lateral control (stability) of the knee joint during single-leg landing following a hop. There is a method suggested by Roos et al. (2014). I would appreciate hearing some suggestions, on this, from the members of this group. Roos PE, Button K, Sparkes V, van Deursen RWM. Altered biomechanical strategies and medio-lateral control of the knee represent incomplete recovery of individuals with injury during single leg hop. Journal of
Hi All, I am looking for various ways to analyse medio-lateral control (stability) of the knee joint during single-leg landing following a hop. There is a method suggested by Roos et al. (2014). I would appreciate hearing some suggestions, on this, from the members of this group. Roos PE, Button K, Sparkes V, van Deursen RWM. Altered biomechanical strategies and medio-lateral control of the knee represent incomplete recovery of individuals with injury during single leg hop. Journal of
TY - GEN. T1 - Design of a perfect balance system for active upper-extremity exoskeletons. AU - Smith, Richard L.. AU - Lobo Prat, Joan. AU - van der Kooij, Herman. AU - Stienen, Arno H.A.. N1 - Conference code: 13. PY - 2013/6/24. Y1 - 2013/6/24. N2 - Passive gravity compensation in exoskeletons significantly reduces the amount of torque and energy needed from the actuators. So far, no design has been able to achieve perfect balance without compromising the exoskeleton characteristics. Here we propose a novel design that integrates an existing statically-balanced mechanism with two springs and four degrees of freedom into a general-purpose exoskeleton design, that can support any percentage of the combined weight of exoskeleton and arm. As it allows for three rotational degrees of freedom at the shoulder and one at the elbow, it does not compromise exoskeleton characteristics and can be powered with any choice of passive or active actuation method. For instance, with this design a perfectly ...
A total disc implant (TDI) is provided for total replacement of a spinal disc or discs in a human patient or other mammal, wherein the TDI is designed to maintain a substantially full range of natural motion (ROM) following implantation. The TDI generally comprises, in one preferred form, upper and lower end plates for affixation to adjacent vertebral bodies, with an intervening insert disposed therebetween. The end plates each include elongated part-cylindrical surfaces oriented generally perpendicular to each other, with one of said surfaces extending in an anterior-posterior direction and the other extending in a medial-lateral direction. The intervening insert defines concave upper and lower part-cylindrical seats oriented for respectively engaging these part-cylindrical surfaces, wherein these part-cylindrical seats are defined by offset radii to include a somewhat flattened central base region merging smoothly with upwardly curving radiused sides.
A total disc implant (TDI) is provided for total replacement of a spinal disc or discs in a human patient or other mammal, wherein the TDI is designed to maintain a substantially full range of natural motion (ROM) following implantation. The TDI generally comprises, in one preferred form, upper and lower end plates for affixation to adjacent vertebral bodies, with an intervening insert disposed therebetween. The end plates each include elongated part-cylindrical surfaces oriented generally perpendicular to each other, with one of said surfaces extending in an anterior-posterior direction and the other extending in a medial-lateral direction. The intervening insert defines concave upper and lower part-cylindrical seats oriented for respectively engaging these part-cylindrical surfaces, wherein these part-cylindrical seats are defined by offset radii to include a somewhat flattened central base region merging smoothly with upwardly curving radiused sides.
An artificial knee joint comprising: a femoral component comprising a femoral condylar portion made of a medial condylar section and a lateral condylar section which extend in an anteroposterior direction of the knee joint and have convex exterior surfaces, and a tibial component comprising a tibial condylar portion made of a medial condylar section and a lateral condylar section which extend in an anteroposterior direction of the knee joint and have concave interior surfaces so as to slidably receive the medial and lateral condylar sections of the fermoral condylar portion therein; and a space between the respective medial and lateral condylar sections of the femoral condylar portion and of the tibial condylar portion being formed so as to be gradually narrower toward the rear side of the knee joint, thus forming a
Randomisation of 195 participants allocated 65 to each of the Tai Chi, resistance, and stretching groups. Interventions: The Tai Chi group. underwent a Tai Chi program, the resistance group 8 to 10 leg muscle strengthening exercises, while the stretching group performed stretching exercises involving the upper body and lower extremities. All three groups trained for 24 weeks (60 minutes per session, two sessions per week). Outcome measures: The primary outcomes were two indicators of postural stability - maximum excursion and directional control derived from dynamic posturography. The secondary outcomes were stride length, gait velocity, knee flexion and extension peak torque, functional reach, timed-up-and-go test, and motor section of the Unified Parkinsons U0126 manufacturer Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS III). The outcomes were measured at baseline, at 12 and 24 weeks, and 3 months after termination of the intervention. this website Results: 185 participants completed the study. At the end of ...
Literature. Novotec Medical and Stratec Medizintechnik: Manufacturer of Galileo training devices and therapy systems, Leonardo mechanography systems and pQCT scanners for the analysis of muscle and bone.
For catalog numbers: 3940200, 3940201, 3940202, 3940220, 3940221, 3940222, 3940300, 3940301, 3940302, 3940320, 3940321, 3940322, 3940400, 3940401, 3940402, 3940420, 3940421, 3940422, 3950200, 3950201, 3950202, 3950220, 3950221, 3950222, 3950300, 3950301, 3950302, 3950320, 3950321, 3950322, 3950400, 3950401, 3950402, 3950420, 3950421, 3950422.. Also for XPert Bulk Powder Filtered Systems catalog numbers: 3961500, 3961501, 3961502, 3961520, 3961521, 3961522, 3961600, 3961601, 3961602, 3961620, 3961621, 3961622.. And for XPert Bulk Powder Filtered Stations catalog numbers: 3962500, 3962501, 3962502, 3962520, 3962521, 3962522, 3962600, 3962601, 3962602, 3962620, 3962621, 3962622.. Also for RXPert Line of Filtered Balance Systems catalog numbers: 3971200, 3971201, 3971202, 3971300, 3971301, 3971302, 3971400, 3971401, 3971402.. View PDF (4.9 MB) ...
The objective of this cross-sectional study (whose baseline data were drawn from a longitudinal population study) was to determine if oneleg standing balance might be a useful marker of functional sta
A method and wearable system and for enhancing human balance and gait and preventing foot injury through neurological stimulation of the foot and the ankle. Subthreshold stimulation for neurosensory
There are several reviews of multicomponent exercise interventions for older people with frailty. 14-21 Exercise programmes differ in their content, setting (facility/ home), delivery (individual/ group), duration and frequency which make it difficult to quantify the effect of exercise and draw clear conclusions about the most effective characteristics of a programme.14-17 Exercise improves gait speed but has no consistent effect on balance, ADL, functional mobility or quality of life.14, 16 There is considerable uncertainty regarding effects on outcomes including quality of life and long-term care admission.15, 18. Multicomponent approaches, providing strength, endurance and balance training could be a useful strategy for improving gait, balance and strength.19 Resistance, functional and balance training also appear to have significant positive effects on physical fitness outcomes, ADL and quality of life in older people with frailty living in care homes.20 Such interventions delivered over 5 ...
A disturbance that causes an individual to feel unsteady, giddy, woozy, or have a sensation of movement, spinning, or floating may be caused by a balance disorder. The labyrinth, an organ in the inner ear, is an important part of our vestibular (balance) system. The labyrinth interacts with other systems in the body, including the visual and skeletal systems, to maintain the bodys upright position. These systems, along with the brain and the nervous system, can be the source of balance problems.. Symptoms of a balance disorder may include:. ...
OBJECTIVES: The consequences of breast hypertrophy have been described based on the alteration of body mass distribution, leading to an impact on psychological and physical aspects. The principles of motor control suggest that breast hypertrophy can lead to sensorimotor alterations and the impairment of body balance due to postural misalignment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the postural control of women with breast hypertrophy under different sensory information conditions. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 14 women with breast hypertrophy and 14 without breast hypertrophy, and the mean ages of the groups were 39 ±15 years and 39±16 years, respectively. A force platform was used to assess the sensory systems that contribute to postural control: somatosensory, visual and vestibular. Four postural conditions were sequentially tested: eyes open and fixed platform, eyes closed and fixed platform, eyes open and mobile platform, and eyes closed and mobile platform. The data were ...
Open Research at LSBU | A repository of internationally recognised and world-leading research generated by our staff and students