Meningococcal disease is a nationally notifiable disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. Rates of the disease have decreased since 2000 and are currently at a historic low (1). The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) and Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) are the two surveillance systems in the United States that track cases of meningococcal disease (2). Whereas NNDSS (a passive surveillance system) covers all of the United States and records both probable and confirmed cases of meningococcal disease, ABCs (an active surveillance system) covers six states and portions of four other states and records only culture-confirmed cases. However, ABCs surveillance data are more detailed than NNDSS and are more widely used in vaccine policy and development. To determine whether ABCs estimates of the number of cases of meningococcal disease were far lower than NNDSS counts and the contribution of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to that difference, CDC conducted ...
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Even with legal and regulatory restrictions on release and use of data sets that can be used for public health surveillance, mechanisms have been created that facilitate surveillance and other programs ability to share data or to use other programs data. In many cases, the possibility exists to either 1) deidentify the data, 2) obtain a subset of restricted data that complies with regulations concerning release (e.g., a perturbed data set in which data are changed before the dissemination in such a way that the disclosure risk for the confidential data is decreased but the information content is retained as far as possible, or one with small cells suppressed), or 3) develop agreements whereby data are released to others who need it for public health surveillance but who agree not to identify or contact any persons. In some cases, with sufficient cooperation or collaboration between surveillance program and data steward, surveillance programs are able to obtain at least a subset of data that ...
The purpose of this quality improvement study is to measure the effectiveness of surveillance using optimized statistical process control (SPC) methods and feedback on rates of surgical site infection (SSI) compared to traditional surveillance and feedback.. The primary objective is to determine if hospital clusters randomized to receive feedback from optimized SPC surveillance methods collectively have lower rates of SSI compared to hospital clusters randomized to receiving feedback from traditional surveillance methods. Secondary objectives are 1) to estimate and compare the number of signals identified using optimized SPC methods and traditional surveillance methods; 2) to estimate and compare the time and effort required to investigate signals generated using optimized SPC methods and traditional surveillance methods; and 3) to estimate the number and proportion of false-positive signals identified using optimized SPC methods and traditional surveillance methods.. The Early 2RIS study will ...
Subject: 1994 Surveillance Report CDC HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, Vol. 6, No. 1. Mid-year Edition U.S. HIV and AIDS cases reported through June 1994 Report Description The U.S. HIV and AIDS case data presented below are extracted from the HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, published semi-annually by the Division of HIV/AIDS, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333. In addition to the data presented here, the printed copy of the report contains maps and figures. Single copies of the printed report are available from: CDC National AIDS Clearinghouse P.O. Box 6003 Rockville, MD 20849-6003 (800) 458-5231 (800) 243-7012 (TTY/TDD) Notice to Readers: With this issue, the HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report will be published semi-annually as mid-year and year-end surveillance summaries. Suggested citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 1994;6(no.1). Table 1. AIDS cases and annual rates per 100,000 ...
Since the first cases of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were reported in the United States in 1981, surveillance case definitions for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (the cause of AIDS) and AIDS have undergone several revisions to respond to diagnostic advances. ...
Read chapter 3 Active Surveillance Systems: Recent concerns about the unexpected adverse effects of marketed drugs, such as COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2) inhib...
In 1998, the WHO African region adopted a strategy called Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR). Here, we present the current status of IDSR implementation; and provide some future perspectives for enhancing the IDSR strategy in Africa.. In 2017, we used two data sources to compile information on the status of IDSR implementation: a pretested rapid assessment questionnaire sent out biannually to all countries and quarterly compilation of data for two IDSR key performance indicators (KPI). The first KPI measures country IDSR performance and the second KPI tracks the number of countries that the WHO secretariat supports to scale up IDSR. The KPI data for 2017 were compared with a retrospective baseline for 2014.. By December 2017, 44 of 47 African countries (94%) were implementing IDSR. Of the 44 countries implementing IDSR, 40 (85%) had initiated IDSR training at subnational level; 32 (68%) had commenced community-based surveillance; 35 (74%) had event-based surveillance; 33 (70%) ...
Connex Clinical Surveillance allows clinicians to proactively view patient status 24/7, helping them to respond earlier than with most traditional methods used today on medical/surgical floors. The Connex System integrates into your hospitals network infrastructure for ease of deployment, and builds on your existing vital signs workflow to give clinicians immediate access to the critical data they need to help keep their patients safer than ever before ...
These results emphasised the need for routine antimicrobial surveillance at least at regional level, and preferably at each hospital or even each unit. Based on this report, it is clear that the concept of know your bugs has never been as crucial to guiding and optimising empirical treatment for bacteraemic infections in particular. This also applies to several other common hospital-acquired pathogens such as enterococci, where current comprehensive data on vancomycin resistance in private institutions are largely lacking. The true incidence of Clostridium difficile infections is also unknown. These challenges must all be urgently addressed to improve future private sector HAI pathogen and AMR surveillance.. The Group for Enteric Respiratory and Meningeal disease Surveillance in South Africa (GERMS-SA). GERMS-South Africa is an active laboratory-based surveillance programme for bacterial and fungal pathogens of public health importance. Funded by the NHLS and Centers for Disease Control and ...
A Long History in Ventilated Patient Clinical Surveillance Bernoullis roots go back over 25 years to when the company first began to develop and sell mechanical ventilators.
A Long History in Ventilated Patient Clinical Surveillance Bernoullis roots go back over 25 years to when the company first began to develop and sell mechanical ventilators.
This Work-Related Lung Disease (WoRLD) Surveillance Report is the sixth in a series of occupational respiratory disease surveillance reports (see page iv) produced by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). It presents summary tables and figures of occupational respiratory disease surveillance data focusing on various occupationally-relevant respiratory diseases, including pneumoconioses, occupational asthma and other airways diseases, and several other respiratory conditions. For many of these diseases, selected data on related exposures are also presented. The 2002 WoRLD Surveillance Report has three major sections: (1) a section that provides data highlights and data usage limitations; (2) a section comprised of 15 subsections, each concerning a major disease category and (where available) related occupational exposures, and one subsection concerning smoking status; (3) a section of appendices that provide descriptions of data sources, methods, and other ...
The Annual HIV, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Hepatitis, and Tuberculosis (TB) Surveillance Report for the District of Columbia shows the District continues to experience complex epidemics of HIV, STIs, hepatitis, and TB.
We evaluated performance of 5 case definitions for Zika virus disease surveillance in a human cohort during an outbreak in Singapore, August 26-September 5, 2016. Because laboratory tests are largely inaccessible, use of case definitions that include rash as a required clinical feature are useful in identifying this disease.
TB surveillance has traditionally depended on reporting by laboratories, public health clinics, hospitals, and private practitioners. Several retrospective studies (3,10-13) indicate that TB cases may be underreported, particularly those without positive cultures. In this study, we found that 6% of all TB cases in the three participating health plans had not been reported to state health departments. Most cases missed by traditional surveillance were culture- and smear-negative; however, nearly all patients with missed cases had clinical evidence of pulmonary disease and were therefore of public health interest.. The recent shift of populations at risk for TB, including Medicaid recipients, into managed care raises concerns about reporting. As the proportion of patients with TB who are cared for outside traditional public health-funded clinics grows, the benefit of adjunct surveillance methods based on pharmacy data is likely to increase, since these data are available for a large segment of the ...
Terming June as very crucial in the fight against the Covid-19 pandemic, the Odisha government, here on Wednesday, asked the District Collectors to focus on the community surveillance.
The Annual Surveillance Report has been published each year since 1997. The report provides a comprehensive analysis of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia and includes estimates of incidence and prevalence of HIV and viral hepatitis, by demographic and risk groups, patterns of treatment for HIV and viral hepatitis infection, and behavioural risk factors for HIV and hepatitis C infection. ...
The details of bibliography - HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections in Australia: annual surveillance report 2012
A. a patient with acute respiratory illness (that is, fever and at least one sign or symptom of respiratory disease, for example, cough or shortness of breath) AND with no other etiology that fully explains the clinical presentation AND a history of travel to or residence in a country, area or territory that has reported local transmission of Covid-19 disease during the 14 days prior to symptom onset ...
FOR SINGLE DATA YEARS: Case rates are calculated based on the resident population of the ABCs surveillance areas for the data year involved. For census years (e.g. 2010), population counts enumerated as of April 1 are used. For all other years, populations estimates as of July 1 are used. Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for years after a census year and match the data year vintage (e.g. July 1, 2011 resident population estimates from Vintage 2011 are used as the denominator for 2011 rates). Postcensal population estimates are used in rate calculations for the years between censuses (e.g. 1991-1999, 2001-2009). Data reflect cases of Hib disease among children less than 5 years of age submitted to Active Bacterial Core surveillance.. The Active Bacterial Core surveillance (ABCs) system is an active laboratory and population-based surveillance system that provides reports of H. influenzae cases from all or parts of 10 states in the United States. ABCs is supported by ...
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Detection of antibodies (serology) can be used for both diagnosis and population surveillance. Antibody tests show how many people are infected, including those with minor symptoms. The exact mortality rate and herd immunity level of the disease can be determined from the results of this test.. Part of the immune response to infection is the production of antibodies, including IgM and IgG. These can be used in individuals starting 7 days after the onset of symptoms to detect infection, determine immunity, and under population surveillance.. Usage:. ...
About IDSP: The Integrated Disease Surveillance Program (IDSP) is a disease surveillance scheme under the Ministry of Health and Family Affairs in India, assisted by the World Bank. The scheme aims to strengthen disease surveillance for infectious diseases to detect and respond to outbreaks quickly. The scheme seeks to set up a Central Disease Surveillance Unit and a State
The Surveillance, Evaluation and Research program monitors the pattern of transmission of HIV, viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible infections (STIs) in Australia. We also conduct research and evaluation of public health interventions.. Our public health surveillance activities are conducted in collaboration with the Australian Commonwealth Government Department of Health, State and Territory health departments and collaborating networks. Each year we publish an Annual Surveillance Report which includes an analysis and interpretation of recent trends in new diagnoses of HIV, viral hepatitis and STIs. In these reports we also estimate prevalence and incidence of infection in key population subgroups.. We collaborate with a national network of 25 specialist sexual health services; research laboratories in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and PNG; the School of Population Health at the University of Melbourne; the Burnet Institute in Melbourne; and the Menzies School of Health Research.. Our ...
An Introduction to HIV Case Surveillance. Irum Zaidi Epidemiologist Global AIDS Program Centers for Disease Control. Have you ever laid awake at night wondering…. How many people know their HIV status (diagnosed) in my country?. Have you ever laid awake at night wondering…. Slideshow...
In the aftermath of the Ebola crisis the Gates Foundation has announced that it will be giving $75m to a network of disease surveillance sites in Africa and Asia to gather better data about childhood mortality.
The definition and use of racial categories in health data were largely unquestioned until recently because of the tacitly accepted role of genetically transmitted physical characteristics in defining racial groups (such as skin colors), as well as the role of genetically transmitted physical characteristics in health status differences (such as skin cancers). When race is used in health data, there is a tendency to assume that a genetic reason may explain differences. But often there is no known potential genetic explanation for differences that are documented. Until recently, there has been little research dedicated to how well or how poorly the racial categories of health data used for public policy actually meet scientific criteria of mutually exhaustive and exclusive groupings of people by any definable characteristics. A recent multiracial Public Health Service workshop concluded, Current concepts of race and ethnicity in public health surveillance data lack clarity, precision and ...
PREDICTs surveillance for emerging pathogens focuses on areas of the world at the highest risk for zoonotic disease emergence. The goal is to move countries away from a reactive post-outbreak response to a proactive approach in which pathogens of pandemic potential are discovered at their source before diseases have the opportunity to spillover.. Our staff and partners focus surveillance on species most likely to serve as reservoirs of disease, and we work at human-animal interfaces where pathogen transmission is most likely to occur.. Traditional public health and disease surveillance systems have ignored the inextricable link between animals, humans and the environment. PREDICT has been instrumental in broadening understanding, improving capabilities, and linking key stakeholders to build a more comprehensive and flexible approach to surveillance. Rather than prescribing an across-the-board surveillance plan, we allow project leads in each country to establish targeted, measurable, adaptive, ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Emerging Infections Program (EIP) network conducts population-based surveillance for pathogens of public health importance. Central to obtaining estimates of disease burden and tracking microbiological characteristics of these infections is accurate laboratory detection of pathogens. The use of culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) in clinical settings presents both opportunities and challenges to EIP surveillance. Because CIDTs offer better sensitivity than culture and are relatively easy to perform, their use could potentially improve estimates of disease burden. However, changes in clinical testing practices, use of tests with different sensitivities and specificities, and changes to case definitions make it challenging to monitor trends. Isolates are still needed for performing strain typing, antimicrobial resistance testing, and identifying other molecular characteristics of organisms. In this article, we outline current and future EIP
This is the fourth in a series of posts mapping global surveillance challenges discussed at EFFs State Surveillance and Human Rights Camp in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This article has been co-written with Elonnai Hickok - Centre for Internet and Society India, and a speaker at EFFs Camp....
From September 2 through November 30, 2013, we enrolled 175 health facilities; 130(74%) were private and 45(26%) were public. Of the 175 health facilities, 77 (44%) facilities classified as adequate reporting and 98 (56%) were reporting poorly. Multivariate analysis identified three factors to be independently associated with weekly adequate reporting: having weekly reporting forms at visit (AOR19, 95% CI: 6-65], having posters showing IDSR functions (AOR8, 95% CI: 2-12) and having a designated surveillance focal person (AOR7, 95% CI: 2-20 ...
Communicable Diseases Intelligence, publishes a number of annual, quarterly, and regular reports produced by various communicable disease surveillance groups. This document summarises the methodology used for each of these regular reports to be published during 2012.
To identify people with chronic diseases, provincial and territorial health insurance registry records are linked using a unique personal identifier to the corresponding physician billing claims, hospital discharge abstract records and prescription drug records.. Data are collected by fiscal year since 1995-1996 in most provinces and territories.Footnote 2 However, the start year for reporting CCDSS data is determined on a case-by-case basis for each disease to allow enough time to capture all prevalent cases as well as to ensure that previously prevalent cases are excluded from incident cases. Under this distributed model, CCDSS data extraction is conducted in each jurisdiction using a standardized analytical protocol developed by PHAC.Footnote 3,Footnote 4 Using this protocol, case definitions are applied to these linked databases and individual data are aggregated at the provincial or territorial level before being submitted to PHAC for analysis and reporting. Throughout the process, data are ...
Integrating Data from INDEPTH Networks Health and Demographic Surveillance System Centres And Multiple Household Surveys to Monitoring Vital Events in Kenya
article{fc8de849-b9a8-491d-8dce-4bf518305f7a, abstract = {One way to maintain confidence in vaccination programmes is to improve monitoring of immunisation safety. We studied active parental reporting of adverse events after a booster dose of diphtheria-tetanus toxoid (DT). 7193 children received the vaccine. Questionnaires were submitted by 84.2% of the parents, who reported reactions for 9.2% of the children. Four percent of events were classified as moderate/severe by interviews. Relative risk of redness and swelling reported was 0.24 (95% CI. 0.13-0.42) compared to a clinical trial, while it was 71.0 (44-114) compared to passive surveillance. Active surveillance by parental reports is a useful complement to passive surveillance of childhood immunisations to generate hypotheses for evaluation in controlled studies. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.}, author = {Netterlid, Eva and Edwinson Månsson, Marie and Håkansson, Anders}, issn = {1873-2518}, keyword = {Local reactions,Vaccine ...
Historically, surveillance was difficult and expensive.. Over the decades, as technology advanced, surveillance became easier and easier. Today, we find ourselves in a world of ubiquitous surveillance, where everything is collected, saved, searched, correlated and analyzed.. But while technology allowed for an increase in both corporate and government surveillance, the private and public sectors took very different paths to get there. The former always collected information about everyone, but over time, collected more and more of it, while the latter always collected maximal information, but over time, collected it on more and more people.. Corporate surveillance has been on a path from minimal to maximal information. Corporations always collected information on everyone they could, but in the past they didnt collect very much of it and only held it as long as necessary. When surveillance information was expensive to collect and store, companies made do with as little as possible.. Telephone ...
This includes an executive summary and more detailed reports with the public health context of PRAMS data and actions. Each topic includes a multi-year table and detailed tables.. Because we must wait until the birth year ends and send our files to CDC for processing, we cannot provide surveillance report data until at least two years after each birth year.. Contact us at our [email protected] email address or call 505-476-8895 if you need the most recent data or need a printed copy of the entire surveillance report.. ...
This surveillance report was prepared by EUVAC.net, which is a European surveillance network for vaccine-preventable diseases. The network collects data on surveillance systems and selected epidemiological characteristics of vaccine preventable diseases in the EU and other participating countries. It is jointly funded by ECDC and the Statens Serum Institut (Denmark). ...
This surveillance report was prepared by EUVAC.net, which is a European surveillance network for vaccine-preventable diseases. The network collects data on surveillance systems and selected epidemiological characteristics of vaccine preventable diseases in the EU and other participating countries. It is jointly funded by ECDC and the Statens Serum Institut (Denmark). ...
This surveillance report was prepared by EUVAC.net, which is a European surveillance network for vaccine-preventable diseases. The network collects data on surveillance systems and selected epidemiological characteristics of vaccine preventable diseases in the EU and other participating countries. It is jointly funded by ECDC and the Statens Serum Institut (Denmark). ...
Your pharmacy teams priority is optimizing medication use to deliver the most cost-effective therapy for every patient. That requires quickly identifying patients who need adjustments to improve patient safety, quality and performance.
BCT encourages bat workers and members of the public to submit dead bats to the Animal & Plant Health Agencys (APHA) passive surveillance programme...
Information and communication technologies are not value-neutral. I examine two domains, public health surveillance and sustainability, in five papers covering: (i) the design and development of a software package for computer-assisted outbreak detection; (ii) a workflow for using simulation models to provide policy advice and a list of challenges for its practice; (iii) an analysis of design documents from three smart home projects presenting intersecting visions of sustainability; (iv) an analysis of EU-financed projects dealing with sustainability and ICT; (v) an analysis of the consequences of design choices when creating surveillance technologies. My contributions include three empirical studies of surveillance discourses where I identify the forms of action that are privileged and the values that are embedded into them. In these discourses, the presence of ICT entails increased surveillance, privileging technological expertise, and prioritising centralised forms of knowledge.. ...
Guidelines recommend SC1 within 6 months of EMR. SERT accurately stratifies the incidence of RRA after EMR. SERT = 0 lesions could safely undergo first surveillance at 18 months, whereas lesions with SERT scores between 1 and 4 (SERT 1-4) require surveillance at 6 and 18 months. (Clinical trial regi …
Viral detection is often asymptomatic and occasionally prolonged, especially for bocavirus and rhinovirus. In clinical settings, the interpretation of positive PCR tests, particularly in young children and those who live with them, may be confounded.
These are provisional cases of selected national notifiable diseases from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). NNDSS data from the 50 states, New York City, the District of Columbia are collated and published weekly on the NNDSS Data and Statistic web page (https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/data-and-statistics.html). Cases reported by state health departments to CDC for weekly publication are provisional because of the time needed to complete case follow-up. Therefore, numbers presented in later weeks may reflect changes made to these counts as additional information becomes available. The national surveillance case definitions used to define a case are available on the NNDSS web site at https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/. Information about the weekly provisional data and guides to interpreting data are available at: https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/infectious-tables.html ...
This table contains provisional cases of national notifiable diseases from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). NNDSS data from the 50 states, New York City, the District of Columbia and the U.S. territories are collated and published weekly on the NNDSS Data and Statistics web page (https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/data-and-statistics.html). Cases reported by state health departments to CDC for weekly publication are provisional because of the time needed to complete case follow-up. Therefore, numbers presented in later weeks may reflect changes made to these counts as additional information becomes available. The national surveillance case definitions used to define a case are available on the NNDSS web site at https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/. Information about the weekly provisional data and guides to interpreting data are available at: https://wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/infectious-tables.html ...
Brownstein was trained as an epidemiologist at Yale University, where he received his PhD. Dr. Brownsteins research interests are in the development of methods and data sources in public health informatics which focuses on two major areas: (1) the design, evaluation and implementation of public health surveillance systems and (2) statistical modeling of public health surveillance data to improve prevention and control activities. This research has focused on a variety of infectious disease systems including malaria, HIV, dengue, West Nile virus, Lyme disease, RSV, salmonella, listeria and influenza.. Dr. Brownstein has advised the World Health Organization, Institute of Medicine, the US Departments of Health and Human Services and Homeland Security, and the White House on real-time public health surveillance data. He has used this experience in his role as Vice President of the International Society for Disease Surveillance. He has authored over one hundred articles in the area of disease ...
NNDSS - Table I. infrequently reported notifiable diseases - 2015. In this Table, provisional cases of selected infrequently reported notifiable diseases (,1,000 cases reported during the preceding year) are displayed. Note:These are provisional cases of selected national notifiable diseases, from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). NNDSS data reported by the 50 states, New York City, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories are collated and published weekly as numbered tables printed in the back of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Cases reported by state health departments to CDC for weekly publication are provisional because of ongoing revision of information and delayed reporting. Case counts in these tables are presented as they were published in the MMWR issues. Therefore, numbers listed in later MMWR weeks may reflect changes made to these counts as additional information becomes available. Footnote:-: No reported cases N: Not ...
NNDSS - Table I. infrequently reported notifiable diseases - 2015. In this Table, provisional cases of selected infrequently reported notifiable diseases (,1,000 cases reported during the preceding year) are displayed. Note:These are provisional cases of selected national notifiable diseases, from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). NNDSS data reported by the 50 states, New York City, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories are collated and published weekly as numbered tables printed in the back of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Cases reported by state health departments to CDC for weekly publication are provisional because of ongoing revision of information and delayed reporting. Case counts in these tables are presented as they were published in the MMWR issues. Therefore, numbers listed in later MMWR weeks may reflect changes made to these counts as additional information becomes available. Footnote:-: No reported cases N: Not ...
data.cdc.gov , Last Updated 2017-01-05T16:46:43.000Z. NNDSS - Table I. infrequently reported notifiable diseases - 2016. In this Table, provisional* cases of selected† infrequently reported notifiable diseases (,1,000 cases reported during the preceding year) are displayed. Note: These are provisional cases of selected national notifiable diseases, from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS). NNDSS data reported by the 50 states, New York City, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories are collated and published weekly as numbered tables printed in the back of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). Cases reported by state health departments to CDC for weekly publication are provisional because of ongoing revision of information and delayed reporting. Case counts in these tables are presented as they were published in the MMWR issues. Therefore, numbers listed in later MMWR weeks may reflect changes made to these counts as additional information becomes ...
Abstract. Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis historically associated with exposure to infected livestock. This study summarizes cases of Q fever, a notifiable disease in the United States, reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through two national surveillance systems with onset during 2000-2012. The overall incidence rate during this time was 0.38 cases per million persons per year. The reported case fatality rate was 2.0%, and the reported hospitalization rate was 62%. Most cases (61%) did not report exposure to cattle, goats, or sheep, suggesting that clinicians should consider Q fever even in the absence of livestock exposure. The prevalence of drinking raw milk among reported cases of Q fever (8.4%) was more than twice the national prevalence for the practice. Passive surveillance systems for Q fever are likely impacted by underreporting and underdiagnosis because of the nonspecific presentation of Q fever.
The Australian Influenza Surveillance Report and Activity Updates are compiled from a number of data sources, which are used to monitor influenza activity and severity in the community. These data sources include laboratory-confirmed notifications to NNDSS; influenza associated hospitalisations; sentinel influenza-like illness (ILI) reporting from general practitioners and emergency departments; ILI-related call centre calls and community level surveys; and sentinel laboratory testing results.
The Australian Influenza Surveillance Report and Activity Updates are compiled from a number of data sources, which are used to monitor influenza activity and severity in the community. These data sources include laboratory-confirmed notifications to NNDSS; influenza associated hospitalisations; sentinel influenza-like illness (ILI) reporting from general practitioners and emergency departments; ILI-related call centre calls and community level surveys; and sentinel laboratory testing results.
The case outlines the challenges that the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Helsinki, Finland is facing in light of an ongoing national health care reform. The health care reform has taken precedence over other research activities, and the Institute is anticipating changes to population health surveillance methods. The Institute elected a new Director General in the fall of 2018 who will influence decisions about which population surveillance data collection methods are used. The Health Monitoring Unit at the Institute fears that the Director General will decide that all surveillance data will be collected using administrative patient registries with the consequent elimination of population health surveys. The team responsible for the 2017 National FinHealth population health survey must determine how they can advocate for the continued use of survey data in population health surveillance.
Public health surveillance is one of the most effective and efficient ways of monitoring population health on daily basis. The main purpose of the communicable disease surveillance is to identify potential threats to public health due to communicable disease and to provide guidance to prevention and control programs. Most people do not recognize the critical role public health surveillance plays in their daily lives. The reason is that potential threats to peoples are either being eliminated or eradicated before they start appearing in large populations. At the local level, surveillance of communicable disease serves various functions including monitoring trends of infectious diseases, assessment of communicable disease risks, and to provide information which may be used to track the progress of disease prevention and control programs. Communicable disease surveillance plays a major role in local, state and national health security through early detection of outbreaks and effective public ...
The Oregon Public Health Division collects data from a variety of sources to inform physicians and the public about the infections that are identified in Oregon and whom they tend to affect. This page is your link to data on the diseases we track.
TY - JOUR. T1 - HIV/AIDS surveillance in Japan, 1984-2000. AU - Kihara, Masahiro. AU - Ono-Kihara, Masako. AU - Feldman, Mitchell D.. AU - Ichikawa, Seiichi. AU - Hashimoto, Shuji. AU - Eboshida, Akira. AU - Yamamoto, Taro. AU - Kamakura, Mitsuhiro. PY - 2003/2. Y1 - 2003/2. N2 - The HIV/AIDS surveillance system in Japan, which began collecting data on the number of AIDS patients in 1984 and the number of HIV-infected persons in 1987, has played an important role in monitoring the trend and magnitude of Japans HIV/AIDS epidemic and its distribution across various population subgroups. However, the system lacks any personal identifiers, making it impossible to eliminate duplication or to track cases for disease progression. It also does not permit the identification of the residence of HIV-infected persons because the residence of only the reporting physician is documented under the New Infectious Diseases Control Law, effective since April 1, 1999. The number of people with HIV/AIDS in Japan ...
Surveillance and follow-up continues to expand as more diseases become reportable. The communicable disease program staff is responsible for morbidity reporting and gathering, compiling and interpreting data and statistics for all communicable diseases reported in Niagara County. They communicate with Niagara County based hospitals on a daily basis to assess for cluster activity or anything unusual and the electronic state reporting system has greatly improved staff efficiency.. Community education continues to be a vital component of the program. Staff is available to provide information to the general public on a variety of infections and diseases.. You can reach the Communicable Disease Surveillance Program in Niagara County by calling (716) 278-8598.. Page last updated 3/23/17. ...
Surveillance is the systematic, regular collection of information on the occurrence, distribution and trends of a specific infection, disease or other health-related event. HIV surveillance is designed to collect and integrate data reported from a variety of sources, including behavioural surveillance, case reporting, seroprevalence surveillance, and sexually transmitted infections surveillance. The goals of second generation HIV surveillance are to help countries better understand the HIV epidemic trends over time, to better understand the behaviours driving the epidemic, to focus on subpopulations at highest risk for infection and to better use surveillance data for planning the response to the epidemic. HIV surveillance in the Eastern Mediterranean Region needs to be strengthened in order to fill the gaps in our understanding of the dynamics of the epidemic and to be in a better situation to plan appropriately for an effective response. This training course is part of a series of 4 training ...
Virtually all low- and middle-income countries are undergoing an epidemiological transition whose progression is more varied than experienced in high-income countries. Observed changes in mortality and disease patterns reveal that the transition in most low- and middle-income countries is characterized by reversals, partial changes and the simultaneous occurrence of different types of diseases of varying magnitude. Localized characterization of this shifting burden, frequently lacking, is essential to guide decentralised health and social systems on the effective targeting of limited resources. Based on a rigorous compilation of mortality data over two decades, this paper provides a comprehensive assessment of the epidemiological transition in a rural South African population. We estimate overall and cause-specific hazards of death as functions of sex, age and time period from mortality data from the Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System and conduct statistical tests of changes and
This document contains the case definitions for meningococcal disease (invasive) which is nationally notifiable within Australia. This definition should be used to determine whether a case should be notified.
This document contains the case definitions for meningococcal disease (invasive) which is nationally notifiable within Australia. This definition should be used to determine whether a case should be notified.
Carbapenem-Resistant Gram- Negative Bacilli in Canadian Acute-Care Hospitals: Surveillance Report January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2012
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Follow-up care, surveillance protocol, and secondary prevention measures for survivors of colorectal cancer. T2 - American society of clinical oncology clinical practice guideline endorsement. AU - Meyerhardt, Jeffrey A.. AU - Mangu, Pamela B.. AU - Flynn, Patrick J.. AU - Korde, Larissa. AU - Loprinzi, Charles L.. AU - Minsky, Bruce D.. AU - Petrelli, Nicholas J.. AU - Ryan, Kim. AU - Schrag, Deborah H.. AU - Wong, Sandra L.. AU - Benson, Al B.. PY - 2013/12/10. Y1 - 2013/12/10. N2 - Purpose The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has a policy and set of procedures for endorsing recent clinical practice guidelines that have been developed by other professional organizations. Methods The Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) Guideline on Follow-up Care, Surveillance Protocol, and Secondary Prevention Measures for Survivors of Colorectal Cancer was reviewed by ASCO for methodologic rigor and considered for endorsement. Results The ASCO Panel concurred with the CCO recommendations and ...
Revised Classification System The revised classification system for HIV infection is based on the recommended clinical standard of monitoring CD4+ T- lymphocyte counts, since this parameter consistently correlates with HIV-related immune dysfunction and disease progression and provides information needed to guide medical management of persons infected with HIV (14-18, 22-28). The classification system also allows for use of the percentage of CD4+ T-cells instead of absolute CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts (Appendix A). Other markers of immune status -- such as serum neopterin, beta-2 microglobulin, HIV p24 antigen, soluble interleukin-2 receptors, immunoglobulin A, and delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) skin-test reactions -- may be useful in the evaluation of individual patients but are not as strongly predictive of disease progression or as specific for HIV-related immunosuppression as measures of CD4+ T-lymphocytes (14-21, 31). DTH skin-test reactions are often used in conjunction with the Mantoux ...
The use of statistical techniques recently developed for application with sequential cross sectional data allowed quantification of the relative importance of influences on decisions about food choices. New findings included a temporal association between fast food consumption and BMI; two independent healthful eating indicators; and evidence of precursors and consequences of running out of food. While the findings are directly applicable to adults in Western Australia, the methods offer the possibility of wider application.. ...
Author Summary Public health agencies use surveillance systems to detect and monitor chronic and infectious diseases. These systems often rely on data sources that are chosen based on loose guidelines or out of convenience. In this paper, we introduce a new, data-driven method for designing and improving surveillance systems. Our approach is a geographic optimization of data sources designed to achieve specific surveillance goals. We tested our method by re-designing Texas provider-based influenza surveillance system (ILINet). The resulting networks better predicted influenza associated hospitalizations and contained fewer providers than the existing ILINet. Furthermore, our study demonstrates that the integration of Internet source data, like Google Flu Trends, into surveillance systems can enhance traditional, provider-based networks.
Updated 5/4/20. As part of Minnesotas overall surveillance efforts, MDH urgently needs data that tells us more about who is seeking care in a hospital setting for symptoms that may be related to COVID-19. This syndromic surveillance effort requires MDH to be able to compute ratios of the volume of inpatient and emergency department patients presenting with COVID or COVID-like symptoms as a function of total daily emergency department and hospital patient volume. This will enable monitoring of hot-spots as social distancing policies are adjusted and assist in the states response effort.. MDH is utilizing an existing service to support this activity. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, beginning a few years ago, the Department of Human Services (DHS) funded the Encounter Alert Service (EAS) infrastructure to support statewide care coordination. MDH has been working with DHS to leverage this existing EAS infrastructure to fulfill the syndromic surveillance use case since more than half of the ...
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What every regime, regardless of ideology, fears the most is the people. In this respect Uncle Sam is no different from North Korea or East Germany, as evidenced by actions taken against its population: targetting peace activists, labor unions, students, etc. Today American citizens are the most spied on in the world, but this massive…
This report published in Communicable Diseases Intelligence Volume 27, No 2, June 2003 contains an analysis and tables of monthly notifiable diseases and laboratory data, and quarterly surveillance reports.