The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System is used for the classification of drugs. It is controlled by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology (WHOCC), and was first published in 1976.[1] The classification system divides drugs into different groups according to the organ or system on which they act and/or their therapeutic and chemical characteristics. Each bottom-level ATC code stands for a pharmaceutically used substance in a single indication (or use). This means that one drug can have more than one code: acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), for example, has A01AD05 as a drug for local oral treatment, B01AC06 as a platelet inhibitor, and N02BA01 as an analgesic and antipyretic. On the other hand, several different brands share the same code if they have the same active substance and indications. ...
The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System is used for the classification of drugs. It is controlled by the WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology (WHOCC), and was first published in 1976.[1] The classification system divides drugs into different groups according to the organ or system on which they act and/or their therapeutic and chemical characteristics. Each bottom-level ATC code stands for a pharmaceutically used substance in a single indication (or use). This means that one drug can have more than one code: acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), for example, has A01AD05 as a drug for local oral treatment, B01AC06 as a platelet inhibitor, and N02BA01 as an analgesic and antipyretic. On the other hand, several different brands share the same code if they have the same active substance and indications. ...
ListMoto.com - (Anatomical_Therapeutic_Chemical_Classification_System) The ANATOMICAL THERAPEUTIC CHEMICAL (ATC) CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM is used for the classification of active ingredients of drugs according to the organ or system on which they act and their therapeutic , pharmacological and chemical properties. It is controlled by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for DRUG Drug Statistics Methodology (WHOCC), and was first published in 1976
The ATC system is based on the earlier Anatomical Classification System, which is intended as a tool for the pharmaceutical industry to classify pharmaceutical products (as opposed to their active ingredients).[2] This system, confusingly also called ATC, was initiated in 1971 by the European Pharmaceutical Market Research Association (EphMRA) and is being maintained by the EphMRA and the Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence and Research Group (PBIRG). Its codes are organised into four levels.[3] The WHOs system, having five levels, is an extension and modification of the EphMRAs. It was first published in 1976.[1] ...
|p|The SAGE Encyclopedia of Pharmacology and Society explores the social and policy sides of the pharmaceutical industry and its pervasive influence in society.
Title:Predicting Targeted Polypharmacology for Drug Repositioning and Multi- Target Drug Discovery. VOLUME: 20 ISSUE: 13. Author(s):X. Liu, F. Zhu, X. H. Ma, Z. Shi, S. Y. Yang, Y. Q. Wei and Y. Z. Chen. Affiliation:State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, P. R. China.. Keywords:Computer aided drug design, drug discovery, drug repositioning, gene expression, multi-target, network pharmacology, systems pharmacology, virtual screening. Abstract:Prediction of polypharmacology of known drugs and new molecules against selected multiple targets is highly useful for finding new therapeutic applications of existing drugs (drug repositioning) and for discovering multi-target drugs with improved therapeutic efficacies by collective regulations of primary therapeutic targets, compensatory signalling and drug resistance mechanisms. In this review, we describe recent progresses in exploration of in-silico methods for predicting polypharmacology of known drugs and new molecules ...
ATC code A07 Antidiarrheals, intestinal anti-inflammatory/anti-infective agents is a therapeutic subgroup of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, a system of alphanumeric codes developed by the WHO for the classification of drugs and other medical products. Subgroup A07 is part of the anatomical group A Alimentary tract and metabolism. Codes for veterinary use (ATCvet codes) can be created by placing the letter Q in front of the human ATC code: for example, QA07. ATCvet codes without corresponding human ATC codes are cited with the leading Q in the following list. National issues of the ATC classification may include additional codes not present in this list, which follows the WHO version. A07AA01 Neomycin A07AA02 Nystatin A07AA03 Natamycin A07AA04 Streptomycin A07AA05 Polymyxin B A07AA06 Paromomycin A07AA07 Amphotericin B A07AA08 Kanamycin A07AA09 Vancomycin A07AA10 Colistin A07AA11 Rifaximin A07AA12 Fidaxomicin A07AA51 Neomycin, combinations A07AA54 Streptomycin, ...
ATC code J07 Vaccines is a therapeutic subgroup of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, a system of alphanumeric codes developed by the WHO for the classification of drugs and other medical products. Subgroup J07 is part of the anatomical group J Antiinfectives for systemic use. National issues of the ATC classification may include additional codes not present in this list, which follows the WHO version. J07AC01 Anthrax antigen J07AD01 Brucella antigen J07AE01 Cholera, inactivated, whole cell J07AE02 Cholera, live attenuated J07AE51 Cholera, combinations with typhoid vaccine, inactivated, whole cell J07AF01 Diphtheria toxoid J07AG01 Hemophilus influenzae B, purified antigen conjugated J07AG51 Hemophilus influenzae B, combinations with toxoids J07AG52 Hemophilus influenzae B, combinations with pertussis and toxoids J07AG53 Hemophilus influenzae B, combinations with meningococcus C, conjugated J07AH01 Meningococcus A, purified polysaccharides antigen J07AH02 Other ...
ATC code N07 Other nervous system drugs is a therapeutic subgroup of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, a system of alphanumeric codes developed by the WHO for the classification of drugs and other medical products. Subgroup N07 is part of the anatomical group N Nervous system.[1] Codes for veterinary use (ATCvet codes) can be created by placing the letter Q in front of the human ATC code: QN07...[2] National issues of the ATC classification may include additional codes not present in this list, which follows the WHO version ...
Stavudine (2-3-didehydro-2-3-dideoxythymidine, d4T, brand name Zerit®) is a thymidine analogue active against HIV. It is phosphorylated by cellular kinases into active triphosphate. Stavudine triphosphate inhibits the reverse transcriptase by competing with natural substrate, thymidine triphosphate. It also causes termination of DNA synthesis by incorporating into it. Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Stavudine. ... Jump to: navigation, search See also Avogadros number Atomic mass unit Dalton (unit) External links Learning by Simulations Calculation of Molecular Formulas from Molecular Masses Categories: Chemistry stubs , Mass , Chemical properties ... The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System is used for the classification of drugs. ... The pregnancy category of a pharmaceutical agent is an assessment of the risk of fetal injury due to the pharmaceutical, if it is used as directed by the mother. ... Wikinews has news related to this article: ...
ATC code N Nervous system is a section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System, a system of alphanumeric codes developed by the WHO for the classification of drugs and other medical products.[1]. Codes for veterinary use (ATCvet codes) can be created by placing the letter Q in front of the human ATC code: QN...[2] ATCvet codes without corresponding human ATC codes are cited with the leading Q in the following list.. ...
ATC code G02 A section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. G Genito-urinary system and sex hormones Additional recommended knowledge
ATC code P01 A section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. P Antiparasitic products, insecticides and repellents Additional
ATC code N05 A section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. N Nervous system Additional recommended knowledge Daily Visual Balance
Whereas it should hold you comfy while pregnant its going to additionally make the task of nursing easier after your precious new child is here because of the way in what does breakthrough bleeding during pregnancy look like it is able to fold into simply the proper position. The uterus was removed suring the body of a deceased feminine. Counting on the civil registration quantity, we also searched for loo who stuffed 2 or extra ADHD medication prescriptions (methylphenidate Ritalin N06BA04, atomoxetine N06BA09, or modafinil N06BA07) listed in the Danish Prescription Registry, 24 which receives knowledge on dispensed prescriptions including drug Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System code and dispensing date from all pharmacies in Denmark since January 1995. Remember, none of the signs (besides possibly nausea) is one hundred reliable. Nonetheless, again pain is among the fundamental symptoms of preterm labor - labor that starts earlier than 37 weeks pregnant. These vitamins are ...
The National Center for Biomedical Ontology was founded as one of the National Centers for Biomedical Computing, supported by the NHGRI, the NHLBI, and the NIH Common Fund under grant U54-HG004028 ...
Chemical classification systems attempt to classify as elements or compounds according to certain chemical functional or structural properties. 30 relations.
Chemical classification - Provides an introduction to the basics of classification and where you can find detailed help and advice.
For this assignment, you will apply what you have learned about chemical classifications and the communication of hazards. To complete this assignment, follow the steps below:Download the SDS for acetone, reproduced with permission from Sigma-Aldrich, Co. LLC.Review the SDS, and present in a concise form the hazards of acetone discussed in the document.Analyze the information in the SDS, and discuss how you would propose to handle drums of acetone that are stored and the measures you would take when using acetone in a manufacturing operation.Your completed project must be at least two pages in length, and you must use at least one academic resource in addition to the SDS in your response. Follow APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment. APA formatting, however, is not necessary.Resources. ...
Background The Valencian Autonomous Community (Spain) has implemented a scheme of purchasing services with the participation of public and private providers. Five districts are managed using public¿private partnership. The financing model is capitation and inter-center invoice. The pharmaceutical benefits are not included in the per capita assignment. Objectives Modeling and explaining pharmacy expenditure using electronic prescriptions drug data. Methods A database of electronic prescription corresponding to 625,246 patients between November 2008 and October 2009 was used to run four linear models that explain the pharmaceutical expenditures. We take as dependent variable the neperian log of total pharmacy annual cost per patient in the primary health setting. The independent variables used combined demographics with revised classification in 18 chronic conditions obtained from the anatomical therapeutic chemical classification index (ATC). Results The retrospective model selected included: ...
VIDAL Group is a leading European healthcare informatics and information systems company. With a team of over 200 pharmacists, pharmacologists, physicians, researchers, health informaticists, database architects, and application developers, VIDAL Group provides hospitals, primary care physicians, pharmacists, and patients with online access to up-to-date drug databases and related treatment-based information. The VIDAL Group team utilizes their collective expertise to provide relevant content from regulatory agencies, drug development organisations and peer-reviewed journals. In order to maximize opportunities for combining information produced by VIDAL Group with other healthcare-related information, VIDAL Group publishes its information using a number of standards relating to the clinical use of medications such as the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification (ATC). Supporting the information access needs of both patients and ...
Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) and Medicare Benefits Scheme (MBS) records were linked to follow-up questionnaires completed between September 2012 and December 2014 by participants of the 45 and Up Study - a cohort study of residents of New South Wales, Australia, aged 45 years and older. After exclusions, 58,425 participants were included in the analyses. According to the basic antidepressant-based indicator, the supply of any antidepressant (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification (ATC) code beginning with N06A) in the 30 days prior to the survey completion date was considered indicative of depression treatment in the last month. This algorithm was refined to: i) exclude tricyclic antidepressants (ATC code N06AA), which are commonly prescribed for insomnia and pain; and ii) re-categorise as not treated for depression those antidepressant recipients who were also supplied an anxiolytic or sedative (ATC codes beginning with N05B and N05C) in the 12 months prior to the survey. ...
Inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing contributes to the global spread of antimicrobial resistance. The pending weekend with changed availability of general practitioners (GP) and increased patient concern may increase the intention to prescribe antimicrobials. The aim of this study is to analyse variation in antimicrobial prescribing between weekdays and weekend in Irish general practice. All prescribing data over a 15 month period was obtained from the 30 practices participating in the Supporting the Improvement and Management of Prescribing for urinary tract infection (SIMPle) study. Antimicrobials were classified using anatomical therapeutic chemical classification code guidelines. Prescribing of antimicrobials per total number of prescriptions was compared between weekdays (Monday to Thursday) and the weekend (Friday to Sunday). Antimicrobials were generally more often prescribed during weekends; the antimicrobial prescribing rate was greater by 9.2 % on Friday compared to average ...
While most minerals are silicates, many non-silicate minerals are found in the earths crust and are important as well. This lesson will use...
How our unique Rediscovery Platform can help you all over your life product management cycle. Polypharmaology uses spherical harmonics proprietary to predict your best targets.
Mass spectrometric measurements commonly yield data on hundreds of variables over thousands of points in time. Refining and synthesising this raw data into chemical information necessitates the use of advanced, statistics-based data analysis techniques. Here we present an example of combining data dimensionality reduction (factorisation) with exploratory classification (clustering) and show that the results complement and broaden our current perspectives on aerosol chemical classification ...
My groups focus has been on the study of mammalian viruses that are significant causes of morbidity and mortality in humans, in particular hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and dengue virus. We are especially interested in using chemical tools to elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying the replication of viral pathogens and to validate new antiviral targets and strategies. Current themes in my laboratory include the use of small molecules and RNAi as complementary tools to interrogate the role of specific host factors in viral replication; the use of mass spectrometry-based methods to investigate the structure and function of specific lipids in viral replication; the use of activity-based chemoproteomic profiling to characterize virus-induced changes in the host NTPome; exploitation of the host reactive cysteineome to develop irreversible, host-targeted antiviral compounds; and the investigation of polypharmacology as a strategy to develop more effective antivirals with ...
5-HT2C Receptor Structures Reveal the Structural Basis of GPCR Polypharmacology. / Peng, Yao; McCorvy, John D.; Harpsøe, Kasper; Lansu, Katherine; Yuan, Shuguang; Popov, Petr; Qu, Lu; Pu, Mengchen; Che, Tao; Nikolajsen, Louise F.; Huang, Xi-ping; Wu, Yiran; Shen, Ling; Bjørn-Yoshimoto, Walden E.; Ding, Kang; Wacker, Daniel; Han, Gye Won; Cheng, Jianjun; Katritch, Vsevolod; Jensen, Anders A.; Hanson, Michael A.; Zhao, Suwen; Gloriam, David E.; Roth, Bryan L.; Stevens, Raymond C.; Liu, Zhi-jie.. In: Cell, Vol. 172, No. 4, P719-730.E14, 2018, p. 719-730.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review ...
The European Union has added NMP to its restricted substance list. NMP was previously restricted in consumer products including paint strippers several years ago with a concentration limit of 0.3% due to the chemicals classification as toxic to reproduction. To address workplace exposures, in 2018, the European Chemicals Agency issued a regulation restricting the manufacture, use, and sale of all products, including paint strippers, containing NMP in concentrations greater than 0.3% unless certain conditions are met. The restriction goes into play May 9, 2020. The European Chemicals Agency classifies NMP as a Substance of Very High Concern because of its toxicity to reproduction based on developmental toxicity. This chemical is also on REACHs candidate list for authorization, meaning that it could be banned or companies would be required to submit an application to continue using, begin using, or sell this chemical (note this doesnt apply to imported products ...
Endocrine System. Chapter 9. Endocrine Organs. Hormones. Chemical messengers that are released from one tissue and transported through blood to a target tissue. Chemical classification: amino acids, steroids, prostaglandins Receptors on target organ determine effect of hormone Slideshow 2640311 by elkan
Article Legal lookout: OSHA revises haz-com standard. Chemical classification, labeling and training standards look to change under a recent OSHA proposal to bring U.S. regs in line with global standards. On Sept. 30, 2009, OSHA proposed revisions t...
Here, we provide evidence that ritanserin functions as a lipid and protein kinase inhibitor with broad action against diverse lung cancer types that is serotonin-independent. Using quantitative chemical proteomics, we discovered that ritanserin targets a kinase network in A549 proteomes (Fig. 5B), which suggests polypharmacology as a likely mode of action in A549 and potentially other NSCLC cells (including H1650). Despite promiscuous activity in the kinome, ritanserin was not cytotoxic in noncancerous primary cells (Fig. 2B), which is likely due to differences in cell metabolism and signaling between tumor and noncancerous cells, as previously reported for ritanserin in glioblastoma (Dominguez et al., 2013); further investigations are needed to determine whether ritanserin can specifically kill lung tumor cells in vivo.. A surprising finding from our studies was the identification of c-RAF as the primary target for ritanserin in H82 SCLC proteomes (Figs. 5 and 8). Recent studies demonstrated ...
Although drugs are usually targeted to be selective for a single protein, it is recognized that other proteins may also be affected, a phenomenon called polypharmacology. While off-target interactions can cause potentially harmful side-effects, in some cases, an effect on an unintended target might suggest new disease indications for established drugs. Chemoinformatics, statistical programs, and experimental techniques are being utilized by Brian Shoichet of the University of California San Francisco to predict off-target interactions. Similarities between 3665 (existing and experimental) drugs and a set of over 65,000 known ligands to protein receptors in the body were examined. In addition, the ligands were arranged into around 250 classes depending on the type of receptor to which they bind. This exhaustive survey yielded hundreds of previously unrecognised potential interactions between drugs and protein receptors in the body. A number of these potential interactions were confirmed by ...
IDENTIFICATION AND USE: streptomycin is an antibiotic produced by the soil actinomycete Streptomyces griseus. It acts by inhibiting the initiation and elongation processes during protein synthesis. Streptomycin is an Aminoglycoside Antibacterial and Antimycobacterial. The chemical classification of streptomycin is Aminoglycosides.. Streptomycin is a broad-spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic typically used for treatment of active tuberculosis, always in combination with other antituberculosis agents. Streptomycin is usually used in combination with agents that are known to be hepatotoxic and the role of streptomycin in liver injury has been difficult to assess, but most information suggests that streptomycin is not hepatotoxic.. HUMAN EXPOSURE/TOXICITY: intravenous and intramuscular therapy with streptomycin has been linked to mild and asymptomatic elevations in serum alkaline phosphatase, but therapy rarely affects aminotransferase levels or bilirubin and changes typically resolve rapidly once ...
V03AN03 - Helium. The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system from Drugs-about.com includes all drugs classified in groups at five different levels.
C05BA53 - Heparin, combinations. The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system from Drugs-about.com includes all drugs classified in groups at five different levels.
D10af52. The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system from sdrugs.com includes all drugs classified in groups at five different levels.
D08ag02. The Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system from sDrugs.com includes all drugs classified in groups at five different levels.
Using Bromine Water to Test for an Alkene (unsaturated hydrocarbons) - lesson plan ideas from Spiral. Tagged under: chemistry,hydrocarbon,GCSE,Alkene (Chemical Classification),science,YouTube Editor,alkene,c3,c2,c1,Bromine (Chemical Element),Bromine Water,Unsaturated Hydrocarbon (Chemical Classification),unsaturated,alkali,bromine
Course Code: WTD162. Course Name: Hazard Communication Training. Prerequisite: None. Department: Environmental Health & Safety. Length of Session: 1 Hour. Audience: All employees who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals when working Session Description: The KSU Hazard Communication Program provides employees with the necessary information to protect their health and well-being from chemical hazards. The campus-wide program has been updated to include the Globally Harmonized System of Chemical Classification and Labeling (GHS) that was added in 2012.. Hazard Communication (HazCom) training is required for all employees who may be exposed to hazardous chemicals when working. Exposure or exposed under the HazCom standard means that an employee is subjected to a hazardous chemical in the course of employment through any route of entry (inhalation, ingestion, skin contact, or absorption) and includes potential (e.g., accidental or possible) exposure. For more information, see the KSU Hazard ...
/PRNewswire/ -- Booming interest in products containing cannabidiol (CBD), a therapeutic chemical compound found in cannabis, has resulted in over half of CBD...
The purpose of the World Health Organization (WHO) Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system is to be used as a tool for drug utilization research in order to improve quality of drug use. Drugs are divided into different groups according to the organ or system on which they act and their chemical, pharmacological and therapeutical properties.. Return to footnote 4 referrer. ...
The purpose of the World Health Organization (WHO) Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) classification system is to be used as a tool for drug utilization research in order to improve quality of drug use. Drugs are divided into different groups according to the organ or system on which they act and their chemical, pharmacological and therapeutical properties.. Return to footnote 4 referrer. ...
The Mary D. Pretlow Anchor Branch opened as the Ocean View Branch on July 21, 1923 on the second floor of the Ocean View Branch of the Trust Company of Norfolk building on A Avenue. In 1939, it was moved into a large room in Ocean View School, the moved to its present location in 1961 and was renamed for Mary Denson Pretlow, Norfolk Public Librarys second library director. The Pretlow Branch closed in February 2005 and reopened on April 1 at a temporary location so that a larger, regional or anchor, library could be built on the site. Mary D. Pretlow Anchor Branch opened in 2008. The $10.8 million regional facility with 90 public computers and a huge childrens area featured a 110-seat public meeting room and a wing for the Ocean View Station Museum. It was the citys first anchor branch library.. Miss Mary Denson Pretlow became the librarian of the Norfolk Public Library in 1917, when the library board still operated as a private corporation. She oversaw the reclassification of the ...
Background and objective: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare histiocytic proliferative disorder of unknown etiology and mainly affects young children. The histological feature is granuloma-like proliferation of langerhans-type dendritic cells. Although the possible role of viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, Human Herpes virus -4), Human Herpes virus-6 (HHV-6), Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2 and Cytomegalovirus (CMV, Human Herpes virus-5) is suggested in the pathogenesis of LCH by some investigators, its exact pathophysiology has not been cleared yet. In this study, we investigated the presence of HSV types 1 and 2 in Iranian children with LCH Methods: In this retrospective study, we investigated the prevalence of presence of HSV types 1 and 2 (in 30 patients with LCH), using paraffin-embedded tissue samples and 30 age and tissue-matched controls (operated for reasons other than infectious diseases) from the Department of Pediatric Pathology, Tehran, Iran, by nested Polymerase
A.N.U. B.PHARMACY SYLLABUS WITH EFFECT FROM 2012-13 ACADEMIC YEAR) 501 PHARMACEUTICAL CHEMISTRY-IV (MEDICINAL-II) Quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) studies, basic concepts of computer aided drug design, different drug design approaches, basic General Anaesthetics : Introduction, classification, mechanism of action, synthesis and therapeutic uses of halothane, ketamine, methohexital. Local Anaesthetics : Introduction, chemical classification, ideal requirements, mode of action, SAR, structures of important local anaesthetics, metabolism and synthesis of benzocaine, procaine, lidocaine, tetracaine and cinchocaine. Hypnotics and Sedatives - SAR of barbiturates, synthesis, metabolism and therapeutic uses of phenobarbital, amylobarbital, pentobarbital, cyclobarbitone calcium, thiopental, hexobarbital. chlordiazepoxide, diazepam, alprazolam. Anti-psychotics - SAR of phenothiazines, synthesis and therapaeutic uses of promethazine, Prochlorperazine, Fluphenazine, chlorpromazine, ...
Ang Sistema ng klasipikasyon sa Anatomika, Terapeutika at Kemikal o Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) ay ginagamit para sa klasipikasyon ng mga aktibong sangkap ng mga droga batay sa pagtalab ng droga sa organo o sistema at kung ano ang mga taglay na kemikal, terapeutika, at parmakolohikal. Kasalukuyang hinahawakan ito ng World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology (WHOCC), at unang nailathala noong 1976.[1] Hinahati ng sistemang pangkodigo sa medikasyon ang mga droga sa ibat-ibang pangkat batay sa pagtalab nito sa mga organo o sistema at/o batay sa pagkakakilanlang terapeutiko at kemikal. Nagrerepresenta ang bawat kodigong ATC para sa mga bagay na ginagamit sa medikasyon, o kombinasyon ng mga sabtans, o sa isang pangisahang indikasyon (o ng paggamit). Ibig sabihin nito na ang isang droga ay maaaring magkaroon ng mahigit sa isang kodigo. Halimbawa na lamang nito ay ang acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), na mayroong A01AD05 bilang droga para sa lokal na ...