Policy-making is a dynamic process involving the interplay of various factors, with power, one of its core components, at the heart of every policy process [1]. Fundamental to any policy process are the roles of the actors. The actors influence the process through their knowledge, experiences, beliefs and power [1]. Although power has a profound role in policy-making, empirical evidence suggests that health policy analysis has paid only limited attention to the issue of power in low and middle income countries [2]. Further, power is rarely examined because this is difficult, requiring a combination of empirical evidence and theorising. The definition of power is ambiguous too, especially when it is used in operational terms for research [3]. Dhal [3] states that the way power is defined and understood has implications in policy-making. There are conflicting views on power dynamics, including on the common assumption that power is and should always be top-down.. Many of the debates around policy ...
Duration: 2009 - 2011 Introduction. New technologies for distributing but also creating visual images can have a profound impact on the way public policy is made. In this project this impact, whether it is present, and if so, in which way, was researched. Next to the new technologies also traditional technologies for creating and distributing visual images were looked at with the aim to find how these technologies influence public policy making. The relation between government and citizens was looked at but also the relation between experts and scholars among each other, as well as in relationship to the government.. Click here to view the project plan. ...
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The policy-making culture in Slovakia and the whole Central and Eastern Europe has a traditional, predominantly legalistic nature with only little or no access of public / independent experts into policy development. One of the prerequisites of a democratic and well functioning society is effective public administration with a more professional policy making culture. This kind of policy culture is one in which a variety of analytical tools and policy instruments are applied to make and implement relevant, inclusive and high quality public policies, where public is consulted and actively involved into policy formulation, where development, monitoring and evaluation tools are in use, where strategic and project management skills are applied and where the whole process of policy making is transparent. The objectives of the project is to analyze in a case study the existing organizational and institutional arrangements as well as the practice of policy making in Slovakia, analyze the relationship ...
EU Policy Making - How does everyday decision-making differ from constitutional bargaining and why? - Politics - Essay 2011 - ebook 1.99 € - GRIN
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Evidence of a significant vaccine policy shift can be witnessed not only in the number of new vaccines available in Japan but also in the way that vaccine policy is being formulated. In 2010, policy makers decided for the first time ever to commission economic analyses as a reference in their consideration of subsidy allocation. This research offers a firsthand account of the recent changes in vaccine policies by examining the decision-making process from the perspective of the researchers commissioned to perform the economic evaluations. In order to understand the vaccine policy-making process, a review was made of all the documents that were distributed and discussed during the government committee meetings from February 2010 when the revision of the Preventive Vaccination Law was initially proposed to May 2012 when the final recommendations were made. Economic evaluations were conducted for seven vaccines under consideration in the routine immunization program
Each country, especially the emerging ones, have to back their health policy on the evidence brought by the research focused on health systems in order to implement sound, balanced health services for their citizens. Thailand Vietnam and India present in the video below their national institutes devoted to health systems research. Related articles Boston doctors…
Rhiannon Birch, Director of Strategic Insights and Planning at the University of Derby, observes how the recent deluge of HE policy papers has brought contrasting reactions and opinions on how the sector should engage with government proposals.. A couple of weeks ago, Nicola Owen wrote for this Blog on the avalanche of policy papers which had emerged from the DfE. With the sheer quantity of policy thrown at the sector, its been interesting to observe how responses have percolated through, and this weeks news provides some points for comparison.. One way of responding to a policy deluge is to think about the sectors positioning and its options to influence future policy development. In terms of a direct approach to policy engagement, Stephen Meeks piece on the Universities Policy Engagement Network (UPEN) highlighted that the relationship between research and policy making has mattered more than ever in the past year, and outlines how policy networks can facilitate direct engagement with ...
The workshop will aim at increasing the awareness and encourage potential stakeholders to apply for ESPON targeted analyses to support their policy-making processes. Targeted Analyses are powerful means to transfer knowledge, share experience and facilitate the use of European territorial evidence rooted in real place-based policy development processes. ESPON Targeted analyses are demand-driven and tailor-made research activities that since 2007 have provided support to a wide range of stakeholders representing their cities, regions, national governments, EU funded programmes etc.. During the workshop stakeholders will share their experiences in designing their proposals, cooperating with researchers in the implementation stage and using their results in policy-making. The EGTC will provide a step-by-step guidance and engage in an interactive dialogue with potential stakeholders who are interested to apply for targeted analyses. The partner café will provide a networking opportunity for ...
This paper examines the highly contested and ongoing biotechnology (Bt) policy-making process in Ghana. We analyse media content on how Bt is viewed in the context of Ghanas parliamentary debate on the Plant Breeders Bill and within the broader public policy-making literature. This paper does not seek to take a position on Bt or the Bill, but to understand how policy actors influence the debate with political and scientific rhetoric in Ghana. The study reveals that in the midst of scientific uncertainties of Bts potential for sustainable agriculture production and food security, policy decisions that encourage its future adoption are heavily influenced by health, scientific, economic, environmental and political factors dictated by different ideologies, values and norms ...
Improving the health of people in the UK will improve the productivity of our nation, and enhancing our health and care industries will provide a platform for creating health related jobs: the health dividend.1 The next UK government therefore needs to make health central to all its policies.2 And it must not surrender our rights to health in the post-Brexit era.3. Local authorities have recognised the opportunity of getting health into all policies, including education, environment, economy, licensing, leisure, and town planning, as they seek to become public health councils.4 National government must now become a public health government. The new government must think beyond its term of office and implement policies through which the UK grows the wellbeing of future generations. ...
This course analyzes the rise of America=s global leadership during the post-1945 era, its role in changing the international political and economic system and the subsequent challenges to that leadership during the last four decades. The course covers four major issue areas: a) theories about the origins of the Cold War; b) governmental institutions and the policy-making process; c) domestic sources of foreign policy; and d) the future of American foreign policy in a post-Cold War environment. COURSE REQUIREMENTS: There will be two quizzes (30%); a midterm examination (30%) and final examination (40%). One week prior to the quizzes, a take-home list of terms, names and concepts will be provided to each student. During the quizzes, students will be expected to identify a set of terms that appear on the take-home list. The exact number of these terms, etc., will be determined by the instructor. Both the midterm and final examinations will require students to answer a range of essay questions ...
This report aims to provide a basis for understanding these challenges and the solutions available. It highlights the range of policy options available, complemented by country examples.
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So, let me start with one of the western worlds great thinkers, writers and policy-makers - setting off confidently, poetically and catastrophically on the wrong foot.. Thomas Jefferson, in his remarkable text for the U.S. Declaration of Independence wrote: We hold these truths to be self-evident.. Were all familiar with the thrust of this sentence, even if the grammatical construction is a tad dated. People all too often make the same kinds of observation when trying to build support for their arguments. They say: its beyond question or its just common sense or, an old-time favourite of mine, its as plain as the nose on your face.. This is where we begin to go wrong. Of course, the Jeffersonians amongst you may complain that I have extracted his quote from its context … that the truths he held to be self-evident were that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of ...
This article adopts an operational protocol for evaluating participation from Jürgen Habermass theory of communicative action. The research setting is citizen participation in a city governments policy-making process on smoking in public places. Participation as communicative action is evaluated by the extent to which citizens accept the validity of what policy makers say and by whether citizens feel that they can raise concerns about a proposed policy in unrestricted communication environments. Findings indicate that citizens feel participatory in a decision-making process if they recognize policy makers validity claims and perceive uncoerced speech conditions. Communicative action variables exercise significant predictability on a dependent variable indicating policy legitimacy. © 2010 International Communication Association ...
The scientific community is increasingly being called upon to provide evidence and advice to government policy-makers across a range of issues, from short-term
General - The Coating Line Operator position is a non-exempt, hourly position responsible for starting, stopping, cleaning and maintaining a Coating Machine while ensuring that good quality coated yarn is made.. Policy Making Responsibility - The Coating Line Operator will have no policy making responsibility.. Decision Making Responsibility - Routine decisions related to prioritization and product quality.. Supervisory Responsibility - There is no supervisory responsibility associated with this position.. Safety - Employees are responsible for individual compliance with all safety rules, regulations and policy procedures. Employee responsibilities include, but are not limited to:. ...
Our hypothesis is that synthetic information systems built by integrating relevant mathematical models can provide timely, comprehensive situational awareness a...
Enlightened as many others have been in recent years to the plethora of academic research and text re Landscapes, has more than any other element in land management, altered my procedure and understanding of my profession. There is an unfortunate axiom with all UK academic and scientific work in that both academics and scientists are…
Rights: This volume was digitized and made accessible online due to deterioration of the original print copy. If you are the author of this work and would like to have online access removed, please contact the Library Administration Office, 785-532-7400, [email protected] ...
Shahid Akhter, editor, ETHealthworld.com spoke to Dr. Robert Schroering, Managing Director at Midwest Implant Institute, India, to know more about the trends ..
The main objective of this tender on ESPON 2020 data and map update II is to contract one or more service providers to collect data and metadata, build up time series and fill in existing data ...
By John Cassid y. Janu Mitch McConnell is in a difficult situation after revelations from John Boltons forthcoming book contradicted Republican talking points in defense of the.
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Qualifications: MSc, BSc Bio: Nabila has a professional background in social research, worked with urban working children and people who face difficulties to meet their basic needs. She has completed her Masters in Statistics in the Department of Statistics, Biostatistics and Informatics at University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. She is working on the research project- the relationship between psychoses and offending in New South Wales-A data linkage study: implications for mental health policy development.. ...
Available in: Paperback. The central role that bureaucracy plays in the policy process is played by individuals, namely, by subject matter experts and
Description. ESD.864 Modeling and Assessment for Policy explores how scientific information and quantitative models can be used to inform policy decision-making. Students will develop an understanding of quantitative modeling techniques and their role in the policy process through case studies and interactive activities. The course addresses issues such as analysis of scientific assessment processes, uses of integrated assessment models, public perception of quantitative information, methods for dealing with uncertainties, and design choices in building policy-relevant models. Examples used in this class focus on models and information used in earth system governance. ESD.864 Modeling and Assessment for Policy explores how scientific information and quantitative models can be used to inform policy decision-making. Students will develop an understanding of quantitative modeling techniques and their role in the policy process through case studies and interactive activities. The course addresses ...
Downloadable! The US federal system provides great potential for estimating the effects of policy on behavior. There are numerous empirical studies that exploit variation in policies over space and time. In pursuing this line of enquiry, the issue of policy endogeneity is central. If state policy making is purposeful action, responsive to economic and political conditions within the state, then it may be necessary to identify and control for the forces that lead policies to change if one wishes to obtain unbiased estimates of a policys incidence. The aim of this paper is to investigate how recognition of policy endogeneity affects attempts to analyze policy incidence. Throughout, we take a specific context -- workers compensation benefits. We contrast the use of differences-in-differences estimation, where a comparison is made between a group affected by the policy change and a control group, with instrumental variables estimation when political variables are used as instruments. Although conclusions
TY - CHAP. T1 - Cluster analysis in policy studies. AU - LI, Jinjing. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85014184508&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Chapter. SN - 9781447329374. SP - 217. EP - 236. BT - Evidence-Based Policy Making in the Social Sciences. A2 - Stoker, Gerry. A2 - Evans, Mark. PB - Policy Press. CY - Bristol, UK. ER - ...
The paper has described the experiences of district level actors in implementing the SDIP and illustrates a number of challenges they faced. In the discussion, we expand on the most important issues raised by respondents with reference to the wider literature on the implementation of health policy in developing countries.. The study had a number of limitations. First, while it was always our intention to follow a descriptive approach to studying implementation [16], methods grounded in health policy analysis theory may have been able to provide deeper insights by stating a set of hypotheses to test empirically [24]. There are analytical frameworks, for example, that integrate politics, process and power into the study of health policies [15]. Second, we focused on early implementation only, motivated by the need to provide timely findings in the evaluation of an ongoing programme. We recognise this provides an incomplete picture, a snapshot of implementation over what is, at a minimum, a ...
More than 20 policy experts from AIR will present at the 39th annual fall conference of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM) taking place November 2-4 in Chicago, IL. APPAM is dedicated to improving public policy and management by fostering excellence in research, analysis and education. This years conference theme,
Title: The policy-making process of an emerging polity : a study of the making of a constitutional architecture for Europe Abstract: The European Unions constitution-making process has been characterized by a piecemeal approach to integration, which has given rise to a treaties-, rather than a constitution-based compound polity. In 1989-91, the end of the Cold War and subsequent dissolution of the Soviet Union prompted the EC leaders to expand the Communitys remit into policy areas beyond economic and monetary union. Eventually, the post-Maastricht era was characterized by an unprecedented string of EC/EU accession applications from across the continent; hence the maturation of what seemed to be a quasi-constitutional moment for Europe, during which European leaders seemed willing to tie the Unions constitutional loose ends that had accumulated over the previous fifty years of piecemeal constitution-making and disjointed incrementalism, into one simplified constitutional treaty text, ...
In 1992, at Rio de Janeiro, the international community achieved a conceptual breakthrough. No longer, it was hoped, would environmental issues be regarded as a luxury or afterthought. Rather, they would become a central part of the policy-making process, integrated with economic and social development. Developing countries would be helped to pursue a more environmentally sound path to modernization than that followed by the developed countries. The big picture. -- a positive vision of long-term growth, equity, justice and environmental protection -- seemed firmly in view.. ...
This course explores the foundations of policy making in developing countries. The goal is to spell out various policy options and to quantify the trade-offs between them. We will study the different facets of human development: education, health, gender, the family, land relations, risk, informal and formal norms and institutions. This is an empirical class. For each topic, we will study several concrete examples chosen from around the world. While studying each of these topics, we will ask: What determines the decisions of poor households in developing countries? What constraints are they subject to? Is there a scope for policy (by government, international organizations, or non-governmental organizations (NGOs))? What policies have been tried out? Have they been successful ...
Legislating against unfair trading practices in the agri-food sector would ultimately push up prices and cause farmers and consumers to lose out, writes Christian Verschueren.. Christian Verschueren is director-general of EuroCommerce, the European association of retailers and wholesalers.. After more than a decade of allegations about unfair trading practices hitting farmers incomes, there is still no proof to back them. The recent announcement by the European Commission that it is moving to the next step of drafting a legislative proposal to tackle such practices is therefore incompatible with evidence-based policy making.. The debate has long been fed by the misleading argument that retailers are the main source of farmers problems and that the solution lies in EU legislation. But this is based solely on assertion, and distracts from where policy could really help farmers flourish in the future. If the Commission cannot demonstrate that unfair trading practices pose a real problem for ...
The health policy decision-making processes in Spain are subject to influences by stakeholders that could indicate a degree of capture of policies and health agencies that is avoidable. Inappropriate influences were described at all levels of health administration and policy. Interviewees gave an account of how the private sector uses different strategies that range from subtle influences to overt corruption, taking advantage in many cases of loopholes in the legislation and the lack of sufficient administrative technical capacity. Stakeholders involved in the study expressed their concern at the increasing vulnerability of the government to external influences due to the progressive loss of technical and strategic capacity stemming from the strict cutbacks in human resources in the public sector.. We were already aware of the general strategies used by corporations to capture public health policy8; however, there is a scarcity of evidence-based facts. An exception we have found is the recent ...
Article Dynamics and control policies analysis of semi-active suspension systems using a full-car model. Several control policies of semi-active systems, namely skyhook, groundhook and hybrid controls, are presented. Their ride comfort, suspension di...
In water quality management, mathematical models are used to evaluate management alternatives, and to support the policy making process. Environmental models involve substantial uncertainty which can be very critical when striving to identify polluters, to direct the use of taxpayers dollars, and to determine management strategies that have considerable social and economic implications. This research project aims to address the urgent need for novel policy analysis tools that can effectively support environmental management by combining environmental modelling with Bayesian inference techniques. One of the most degraded Canadian freshwater ecosystems (Bay of Quinte) will be used as a case study. Some of the anticipated benefits from this research, such as the quantification of uncertainty in model predictions, alignment with the policy practice of adaptive management, and expression of model outputs as probability distributions will be useful for stakeholders and policy makers when making ...
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Fischer G, Frohberg KK, Keyzer MA, & Parikh KS (1988). Linked National Models: A Tool for International Food Policy Analysis. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-247-3734-6 Full text not available from this repository ...
This course examines public policy and the policy making process at all levels of government. Emphasis is on the roles of various participants in the executive and legislative branches as well as private individuals and groups. Prerequisite: sophomore or departmental permission.
The Guttmacher Policy Review (GPR) analyzes sexual and reproductive health policy making in Washington and state capitals across the U.S. and makes connections across a wide range of sexual and reproductive health topics, including abortion, contraception, teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and maternal and child health.
Pharmaceutical policy making raises particular challenges in reconciling key objectives for health policy, such as ensuring affordable access to the latest eff
Although not reflected in this census poverty data because its based on an income measure, child care is an extra burden on families.
Alberto Cottica, the mastermind behind the event, had a vision of putting two groups of people who traditionally dont mingle much in the same room - policy makers and network scientists - to see what emerges as a result. Policy makers presented a variety of policy problems, and network scientists helped better frame the problems and address them through applying principles from network theory.. I had the privilege of presenting my perspective of what policy making in the digital era looks like (slides will be put on Slideshare soon). I will summarize below the main points from my intervention, but, more interestingly, reflect on feedback from the group.. My presentation consisted of three elements ...
Statistics surrounds us. Everything you see in the form of pie charts, Venn diagrams, pictograms etc. are all presentations of some data or the other. Statistical data help us predict when it will snow, which animal is likely to go extinct, when we are likely to be hit by a cyclone or tsunami.. Isnt it great that statistics helps us prepare ourselves for any situation and can be applied anywhere?. In India, we celebrate National Statistics Day on June 29. This day has been bookmarked to raise awareness about the importance of statistics and its influence on policy making and socio-economic concerns. Its also a very special day as it commemorates the 125th birth anniversary of late Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, the pioneer of statistics in India.. India is home to some amazing statisticians who have contributed to the field of statistics immensely. We bring you five of the most famous Indian statisticians.. ...
OPINION: In every other field, from new airplanes to new medicines, the onus is on the advocate to provide clear, scientific evidence that the idea is safe.
After a series of events that were met with injustice for students with high needs, including high-profile criminal hearings, and a lack of support from the powers designed to protect teachers, McDaniel-Muldoon knew it was time for a change. [After realizing the system had failed these students], thats when I decided to get my PhD in policy making. I was going to be the voice of the teachers. Unfortunately, she quickly discovered there was very little room amongst the policy makers for experienced teachers to have a voice. She saw the opportunity to make a difference as an assessment consultant, helping teachers to harness the power of assessment data to improve their practice in the service of students. However, this potential was quickly gutted as No Child Left Behind was passed.. And once again I had a dark night of the soul. What had I done? I left [teaching], something that I loved and was so good at.. Fortunately, Oakland County Schools still saw her great value, and she began her ...
By Archna Devraj. Its convenient to externalise the enemy, says national convenor of the Jan Swasthya Abhiyan, B Ekbal, but its the lack of political commitment and glaring deficiencies in the system that are really responsible for the mess the public health sector is in. In this interview, Dr Ekbal discusses the JSA campaign and the decline in Keralas model healthcare system. Fresh from the partial victory scored by the Left Front parties over the controversial Patents (Amendment) Bill, against which the Jan Swasthya Abhiyan (JSA) lobbied extensively with MPs and health policymakers, JSA national convenor B Ekbal, however, asserts that the battle is far from over and adds that close monitoring will be essential to safeguard the hard-won concessions. An informal alliance of 21 networks working on public health-related issues in different parts of the country, the JSA was formed as a follow-up to the first Peoples Health Assembly in Savar, Bangladesh, in December 2000 and the National ...