... , Family Poaceae | Punjab/Federal Board Syllabus, What is Poaceae?, Taxonomy and diversity of Poaceae, Botânica - POACEAE, Poaceae, eXtreme botany: Poaceae, Poaceae bestimmen, Poaceae..., Cat Attacks Innocent Poaceae
The following cool-season grasses are most often used in Maine lawns:. Kentucky bluegrass is the dominant grass type in traditional northern lawns. A blend of three or more varieties of Kentucky bluegrass forms an excellent lawn in a full-sun, well-drained site with moderate-to-high fertility and regular irrigation. Kentucky bluegrass knits together well because it spreads by underground rhizomes. It tolerates cold winter temperatures and heavy wear, making it an excellent athletic field choice. In the heat of summer, it sometimes becomes dormant and turns brown, but it greens up again when temperatures drop. When this grass is over-fertilized or over-watered, it can develop a layer of thatch (dead tissue at the base of the plants) that interferes with water movement and grass growth.. Fine fescues include red fescue, chewings fescue, and hard fescue. They have finer texture than Kentucky bluegrass. They are quite tolerant of dry soils, acid soils, and low fertility, and perform well in shady ...
Abstract:. The mixed salt stress is common in nature. Salt stressalways affects plant growth. Different plant species have different adaptive capacity to salty soil. Leymus chinensis is an herbaceous plant with different leaf colors. However, little research was conducted to explore the different tolerance mechanisms to salt stress among the three different leaf colour genotypes of Leymus chinensis (grey green, transitional color, yellow green). Pot experiments for Leymus chinensis in three leaf colors were conducted under mixed salt treatments in 2010. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein concentrations, and the activity of various antioxidant enzymes [i.e., superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione reductase (GR), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR) and monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR)] were determined and compared among the three leaf color genotypes of Leymus chinensis. The concentrations of MDA and protein, and the activity of antioxidant enzymes ...
Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus Cabaret, Cabaret Japanese Silver Grass, Grass, [Miscanthus sinensis Cabaret], San Marcos Growers
We collected naturally recolonizing Spartina alterniflora (smooth cord grass) from each of three restored sites and one undisturbed reference site in southwestern Louisiana to assess the impact of wetland restoration on genetic diversity. We used amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) to produce 94 polymorphic genetic markers, which were used to characterize genetic diversity as average heterozygosity and the proportion of polymorphic loci . Overall our findings indicate that restored populations of S. alterniflora maintain levels of genetic diversity comparable to natural populations, which should provide some measure of resistance against environmental disturbances. Diversity estimates were lowest for the natural reference site ( = 0.1059; = 0.2763), whereas estimates for the three restored sites ranged from = 0.1148 to 0.1256 and = 0.3114 to 0.3202. All sites maintained sufficiently high diversity levels to suggest significant rates of outcrossing. Overall, genetic differentiation among
Description: This perennial grass is about 3-7 tall; it forms a large tuft of leafy culms. The culms are light green to pale reddish green, glabrous, terete, and usually unbranched. Alternate leaves are located primarily along the lower one-half of each culm. The leaf blades are up to 2 long and 1 " across; their upper sides are medium green and glabrous, while their lower sides are light green and glabrous. Most leaf blades are arching and rather floppy; larger leaf blades usually have white central veins that are conspicuous. The leaf sheaths are light green to reddish green, glabrous, longitudinally veined, and open. The ligules consist of short white hairs. Each culm terminates in 1-3 floral spikes (rarely up to 5 floral spikes) that are erect to ascending. These spikes are narrowly cylindrical and 4-12" long; their spikelets are sessile or nearly so. Gama Grass is monoecious, producing separate male (staminate) and female (pistillate) florets on the same inflorescence. Spikelets of male ...
Global change is predicted to promote plant invasions world-wide, reducing biodiversity and ecosystem function. Phenotypic plasticity may influence the ability of introduced plant species to invade and dominate extant communities. However, interpreting differences in plasticity can be confounded by phylogenetic differences in morphology and physiology. Here we present a novel case investigating the role of fitness trait values and phenotypic plasticity to global change factors between conspecific lineages of Phragmites australis. We hypothesized that due to observed differences in the competitive success of North American-native and Eurasian-introduced P. australis genotypes, Eurasian-introduced P. australis would exhibit greater fitness in response to global change factors. Plasticity and plant performance to ambient and predicted levels of carbon dioxide and nitrogen pollution were investigated to understand how invasion pressure may change in North America under a realistic global change scenario. We
We present the distribution of Cd and Zn in sediment cores taken under Spartina alterniflora Loisel. marsh and compare with adjacent mud flats without plant cover. Vertical distribution of Cd and Zn i
Background/Question/Methods Herbivory is expected to have important effects on grassland plant community structure and biomass. However, the effects of herbivores may be mitigated by plant resource availability, which can influence plant compensatory response and plant defense, and may vary among herbivore taxonomic groups. Although a number of experiments have tested the relative importance and interactive effects of herbivory and plant resource availability in limiting plant biomass, little is known about how different herbivore taxonomic groups contribute to these patterns particularly in terrestrial systems. We tested for the additive or interactive effects of insect and non-bovine mammalian herbivores on plant community structure and biomass in a restored grassland in south-central Kansas. The experiment consisted of ninety-six, 3.5x4 m plots. Mammal access was restricted by fencing while insect abundance was reduced by applying a pyrethroid-based insecticide every two weeks during the ...
Botanical Name: Miscanthus sinensis Phonetic: Miss-Kan-thuss sih-nen-siss Common Name(s): Japanese Silver Grass, Eulalia Family: Poaceae Origin: China, Korea, Japan Plant Type: Perennial grass Persistence: Deciduous Leaf Type: Linear, arching Number of Leaflets: - Leaf Color: Dark green Fall Color: - Texture: Medium Density: Dense Bloom Season: Summer Flower Color(s): Coppery Exposure: Full sun to part shade USDA: 5-9 Climate Zone(s): 2-9, 14-24 Growth Rate: …
This variegated grass grows to considerable height in full sun, sometimes to 2.7 meters (9 feet) tall. It features a notifeable white stripe on every leaf. The flowers are tassle-like, occur in autumn, and give way to silvery seeds on plumes. Miscanthus sinensis Variegatus (Eulalia, Maiden Grass, Japanese Silver Grass) Deciduous: yes Hardiness Zones: 5-9…
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Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Chinese silver grass, Japanese silver grass or eulalia grass, is a clump-forming warm season grass that typically grows to 3-7 tall. It is native to lowlands and lower alpine areas in Japan, Korea and China. It has escaped gardens and naturalized in over 25 states in the Central and Eastern U.S. east of the Mississippi River plus in several western States including Colorado and California. This grass features a dense clump of upward-arching stems and leaves which give it a rounded, fountain-like appearance. Linear leaves (to 3-4 long and 3/8" wide) have tapered tips, serrate margins and whitish to silvery midribs. Foliage often turns attractive shades of yellow to orange by mid-fall before gradually fading to beige-tan for winter. Pink to red flowers in feathery, whisk-like, loose terminal panicles (8-10" long) bloom above the foliage from late August to October. Flower panicles gradually turn beige by mid-fall as the seeds mature. Flower panicles and ...
Miscanthus sinensis, commonly known as Chinese silver grass, Japanese silver grass or eulalia grass, is a clump-forming warm season grass that typically grows to 3-7 tall. It is native to lowlands and lower alpine areas in Japan, Korea and China. It has escaped gardens and naturalized in over 25 states in the Central and Eastern U.S. east of the Mississippi River plus in several western States including Colorado and California. This grass features a dense clump of upward-arching stems and leaves which give it a rounded, fountain-like appearance. Linear leaves (to 3-4 long and 3/8" wide) have tapered tips, serrate margins and whitish to silvery midribs. Foliage often turns attractive shades of yellow to orange by mid-fall before gradually fading to beige-tan for winter. Pink to red flowers in feathery, whisk-like, loose terminal panicles (8-10" long) bloom above the foliage from late August to October. Flower panicles gradually turn beige by mid-fall as the seeds mature. Flower panicles and ...
Often grown as an ornamental plant, Miscanthus sinensis can be a focal point in the garden as its tall greeny white striped leaves often contrast with other foliage. It is an herbaceous perennial grass, growing to forming dense clumps from an underground rhizome. The juice of young stems is used medicinally to disperse poisons, dissolve blood clots and remove inflammation. It is also increasingly being used as a source of biomass. To order this plant please contact us [email protected] ...
Cattle producers see more profit when they add legumes to fescue pastures and manage grazing systems properly, says Patrick Davis, University of Missouri Extension livestock specialist.. Fescue remains the hardy mainstay of southwestern Missouri pastures. Adding legumes gives fescue fields more nutritional punch and profit, Davis says. Proper management is key to making grasses and legumes work well together, he says. This begins with management-intensive grazing (MIG).. Under MIG, cattle graze on forage 3 to 8 inches tall. Cattle begin grazing at 8 inches and eat forage down to 3 inches. This is followed by paddock rest until the forage reaches original height. This strategy promotes stronger roots and gives cattle best-quality forage, Davis says. Forage in this range also contains less ergovaline, a toxic alkaloid. The highest concentrations of ergovaline are in the bottom 2 inches of the plant and seed heads.. Add legumes into fescue pastures for other benefits. Pasture quality improves and ...
Crossbred steers (n = 64) were grazed on warm- or cool-season grasses, without or with energy supplementation of wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS), and were finished on a corn-based diet with or without 35% WDGS. Grass type was the major contributor in determining the fatty acid profile, especially in the neutral lipid layer. Warm-season grasses decreased concentrations of most fatty acids compared to cool-season grasses. The provision of WDGS as an energy supplement while grazing dissipated any differences caused by grass type.
Poaceae or Gramineae are the "true" grasses. They are a large family of Monocot flowering plants. There are about 10,000 species and 660 genera, and they are one of most ecologically and economically important of all plant families. Rushes, and sedges fall outside this family, but they are related.. Grasslands are about 20% of the vegetation cover of the Earth. Poaceae also live in many other habitats, including wetlands, forests, and tundra.. Domestication of poaceous cereal crops such as maize (corn), wheat, millets, and rice are eaten around the world. The Poaceae are the most economically important plant family in modern times, providing forage, building materials (bamboo, thatch) and fuel (ethanol), as well as food.. ...
Phragmites australis is a cosmopolitan grass and often the dominant species in the ecosystems it inhabits. Due to high intraspecific diversity and phenotypic plasticity, P. australis has an extensive ecological amplitude and a great capacity to acclimate to adverse environmental conditions; it can therefore offer valuable insights into plant responses to global change. Here we review the ecology and ecophysiology of prominent P. australis lineages and their responses to multiple forms of global change. Key findings of our review are that: (1) P. australis lineages are well adapted to regions of their phylogeographic origin and therefore respond differently to changes in climatic conditions such as temperature or atmospheric CO2; (2) each lineage consists of populations that may occur in geographically different habitats and contain multiple genotypes; (3) the phenotypic plasticity of functional and fitness-related traits of a genotype determine the responses to global change factors; (4) genotypes with
Ang mga damo o Poaceae at Gramineae ay isang pamilya sa Klase Liliopsida (ang mga monocot) ng mga namumulaklak na halaman. Ang mga halaman na napapaloob sa pamilyang ito ay kalimitang tinatawag na damo. Ang mga mukhang palumpong o kaya puno na halaman na kabilang sa pamilyang ito ay tinatawag na kawayan (meron din namang hindi makahoy at mala-yerba na kawayan). Mayroong mga 600 na sari at mga 9000-10,000 o mas marami pang uri ng damo (Kew Index of World Grass Species). Ang mga pamayanan ng mga halaman kung saan nakakarami ang mga Poaceae ay tinatawag na damuhan o grassland; sinasabing ang mga damuhan ay bumubuo sa 20% ng balot ng halaman ng mundo. Ang mga uri ng damo ay makikita sa ibat ibang habitat gaya ng mababasang lup, gubat at tundra. Sinasabing ang Poaceae ay ang pinakamahalagang pamilya ng halaman sa ekonomiya ng tao: kasama na dito ang mga pangunahing pagkain na butil at cereal na sinasaka sa buong mundo, damo sa damuhan at mga damong pinapakain sa hayop, at kawayan, na isang ...
Soreng, R.J., Davidse, G., Peterson, P.M., Zuloaga, F.O., Judziewicz, E.J., Filgueiras, T.S., Morrone, O. & Komaschenko, K. 2012. World-wide Phylogenetic Classification of Poaceae (Gramineae): căo (草), capim, çayır, çimen, darbha, ghaas, ghas, gish, gramas, graminius, gräser, grasses, gyokh, he-ben-ke, hullu, kasa, kusa, nyasi, pastos, pillu, pullu, zlaki, etc. First published 13 Jan. 2000 as Classification of New World Grasses (Poaceae/Gramineae). Data are under continuous revision after this time. This page last revised 18 Oct 2012 (previous significant revisions/updates, 13 Dec. 2011, Apr. 2012, 8 Aug. 2012). Available on line Poaceae. Accessed 6 Sept. ...
Leymus Hochst., a polyploid perennial genus in the wheat tribe (Poaceae: Triticeae), includes about 30 species that distribute in a wide range of ecological habitats over the temperate and subtropical and tropic alpine regions [1-3]. The natural habitats of Leymus species range from coastal to inland areas, including saline or alkaline lands, dry or semi-dry areas, as well as shady and moist forests. Morphologically, Leymus species exhibit large variation with absent (L. akmolinensis) to strong rhizomes (L. racemosus), single (L. ambiguus) to multiple spikelets (L. cinereus) per node, erectly involute (L. paboanus) to loosely flat (L. multicaulis) leaf, and subulate (L. innovatus) to lanceolate (L. arenarius) to absent (L. duthiei) glumes [1, 3-5].. The sectional delimitation of Leymus has been proposed by different scholars (See Table S1, Additional File 1). According to morphological characteristics, Tzvelev [4] and Löve [1] divided Leymus into four sections: sect. Leymus, sect. Anisopyrum, ...
This recovery strategy has been prepared in cooperation with the jurisdictions responsible for the buffalograss. Environment Canada has reviewed and accepts this document as its recovery strategy for the buffalograss, as required under the Species at Risk Act.
This proposed recovery strategy has been prepared in cooperation with the jurisdictions responsible for the buffalograss. Environment Canada has reviewed and accepts this document as its recovery strategy for the buffalograss, as required under the Species at Risk Act.
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Hot summers and high temperatures make the grasslands susceptible to fires, which are very common to grassland areas. What Does it Look Like? Steppes of Eurasia North American Prairie The Pampas Plant Adaptations The plants of the the temperate grasslands survive due to their growth point being close to the ground, and that even though fires occur, the grasses and flowers are not destroyed since they have underground stems and buds ...
Spartina er en slekt i grasfamilien. De er utbredt langs strendene på begge sider av Atlanterhavet. I Europa vokser de nordover til Skottland og Danmark, og de mangler i Norge. I Nord-Amerika finnes de også i innlandet og ved stillehavskysten. Én art vokser på isolerte øyer lengst sør i Atlanterhavet og Det indiske hav. Spartina vokser som regel i overgangen mellom strandeng og den øverste fjæresonen. De kan danne store bestander på mudderrike strender. Røttene er godt forankret, og stengelen kan vokser 10-15 cm i året slik at plantene ikke begraves i mudder. De tåler mye salt og kan overleve flere timers neddykking i sjøvann. Alle artene i slekta har C4-fotosyntese. Den eneste arten som sikkert fantes i den gamle verden fram til det 19. århundre var Spartina maritima, som vokser langs atlanterhavskysten i Europa og Afrika. Den amerikanske arten Spartina alterniflora ble ved et uhell innført til Sør-England og Vest-Frankrike. I 1870 ble det oppdaget en steril hybrid mellom disse ...
Shiyomi, M., 1989: Systems approach for grassland ecosystems. I. Experimental approaches for energy and matter flows in grassland
Gracillimus is an industry standard and has been around for a long time. It is durable with slender wiry blades, upright habit, and nice flower plumes. Reddish bloom appears between October and November.. Miscanthus (Maiden Grass) is a tall, graceful grass with superior winter-long interest, flower plumes, and foliage that stay intact all winter.. Though late to emerge in spring, grasses create a striking vertical accent in the summer garden; their flowers add grace to the fall garden, and in winter, they add more interest than almost any other plant. There are many to choose from in our climate.. Photo courtesy of Walters Gardens Inc.. The photo on bottom left shows a variety or cultivar similar to the one above. It may be a different color or slightly different size, but it gives you an idea of what it will look like in a garden or landscape setting.. One of our Wicked Ruggeds, a list with our choices for perennials that stand the test of time... rugged, hardy and durable.. ...
Turf grass type: Bunch-type grasses, such as tall fescue and perennial ryegrass, must be mowed to a height of 3″or more because their growing points are above ground. Sod-forming grasses such as fine fescues and Kentucky bluegrass can be mowed lower because they grow from a point at or slightly below ground level. Lawns that contain both bunch-type and sod-forming grasses should be mowed high to accommodate the bunch grasses.. Environmental conditions: Higher mowing during hot weather protects and insulates the growing points of cool-season turf grasses. Higher mowing results in more leaf area, more photosynthesis, and deeper root systems. This enables the grasses to withstand periodic high-temperature stress. If the growing points of turf grass plants are damaged, a stubby, brown appearance results. Lawns grow in response to environmental conditions; lawns require more frequent mowing in the cool, moist weather of spring and fall when they grow rapidly, than in the hot, dry conditions of ...
Perennials; culms solid, tufted, without stolons. Leaf-blades with inrolled margins when in bud; leaf-sheath keeled or rounded on back, with tubercle-based hairs, especially on nodes and often at the mouth; ligule short, truncate, ciliate or glabrous; blades linear, glabrous or sparingly hairy, margins revolute when dry. Inflorescence composed of spike-like racemes with articulate rachis, the central axis branched, racemes digitately or racemosely arranged, or combined into panicles. Spikelets in alternate pairs, the one pedicelled, the other sessile; spikelets dorsiventrally arranged, the uppermost pair forming a triad with terminal spikelet; rachis of racemes and also pedicels with translucent longitudinal groove, hairy throughout, or partly so along edges; spikelets lanceolate, dorsally compressed, often with 1 or more depressions or pits, aromatic. Sessile spikelet with fascicle of hairs at base, falling together with adjacent rachis joint and pedicel; glume herbaceous, the lower glume as ...
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Four hundred ninety-two acres of native bluestem range were divided into nine pastures for summer grazing by yearling steers. Five pastures were burned April 28; four were not burned. Burned and not burned pastures were treated with 0, 40, or 80 lbs. of nitrogen per acre applied aerially as granular urea. Stocking rates were determined from previous work on herbage production from experimental plots under similar treatments. Both average daily gains and weight gains per acre were greater from each burned treatment than from not burned treatments with similar fertilization and stocking rate. Steers grazing an early-season-stocked pasture intensively for 76 days produced the highest average daily gain of 1.72 lbs. highest gains per acre (137 lbs.) were on the burned pasture that received 80 lbs. of nitrogen per acre ...
The relationship between hay fever symptoms and Poaceae is not consistently linear and reaches a plateau. At the beginning of the season (0|Poaceae|10 grains/m3), a priming and a pre-priming phenomena are observed, without any threshold.
|div id=full-description| |p class=description| Miscanthus are the queen of ornamental grasses. They have been an icon in Europe and North America for well over a hundred years. Introduced from Japan circa 1870, Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932) and the
Tropical grasslands ecosystems, also known as savannas, are located at approximately 5 to 30 degrees latitude north and south of the equator, mainly in South America, central Africa, and northern Australia. They have two seasons, rainy and dry, and are home to a tremendous variety of plants and animals.
Grass is the key ingredient in Irish livestock farming and sets us apart from most other countries. The benefits are seen in reduced production costs and in the green and environmentally friendly image of our milk and meat products. The rainfall that so often makes grass utilisation difficult is what allows such a consistent supply of grass from year to year. 2011 was a good year for grass growth and the weather allowed a long grazing season.. Grass reseeding is an important grassland management tool leading to increased productivity of livestock farming. Essentially you are sowing the very best grass varieties that are available and replacing broadleaf weeds, grass weeds and older less productive perennial ryegrass plants. There has been a strong message from research and advisory organisations and the seed trade in the past ten years that reseeding pays and delivers increased stock carrying capacity, reduces costs and increases profitability. Based on reseeding rates in Ireland in the past few ...
Of late public taste has been turned to the advantageous effect of grasses in landscape gardening. Ferns had the credit of first winning attention from colour to form, and grasses next stepped in to confirm the preference for grace and elegance over gaudy colouring.... So wrote Margaret Plues in her book British Grasses (1867) which…
Get this grass leaves conservation plants sticker and clip art to create the outstanding graphic design in a few clicks! With Fotors powerful online stickers collection, you can easily customize your own design.
|div id=full-description| |p class=description| Stipa tenuissima is a wonderfully impressive plant, with its evergreen base clump of 60cm (24in) high leaves topped, in summer with an array of flowering spikes, which turn from silvery green to gold
The post Inking a skeleton plant playing a ukulele for a organic fabric pot brand called Grass Roots#art #illustration #tshirt #grass #weed #skull #freelan...
I came upon this revelation while preparing for the talk I am going to give this month at a conference organized by Larry Weaner that is to be hosted in Philadelphia by the Morris Arboretum and in New London, CT by Connecticut College.. The basis of my talk will be my own experiences with alternatives to Kentucky bluegrass and the two or three other turf grasses that are the default choices for lawns today. My thesis is that if you broaden your sights and find a grass species that is naturally adapted to the soil and location, you shouldnt have to cater to it with constant chemical applications and endless irrigation. Grassland, after all, is one of the toughest types of plant communities, commonly flourishing where conditions are too difficult to permit the growth of woody plants.. This, I believed was an original thought, until I spent a couple of days reading late-19th-century gardening books at the New York Botanical Garden library. Published before the advent of the modern chemical ...
Teulu mawr o blanhigion blodeuol yw Poaceae neu Gramineae (teulur gwir weiriau/glaswelltau). Maen cynnwys tua 10,000 o rywogaethau mewn tua 675 genws a 12 is-deulu.[1][2] Mae ganddynt flodau bach wediu trefnu mewn "sbigolion" (spikelets). Maer blodaun cael eu peillio gan y gwynt. Ceir y teulu ledled y byd ac mae glaswelltiroedd yn ffurfio tua 25% o lystyfiant y byd.[2] Maer teulun cynnwys y grawnfwydydd megis gwenith, indrawn a reis a chnydau eraill megis cansen siwgr.[2] ...
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location ...
The many tall wildflowers provide great winter food sources for birds and other wildlife. This mix thrives in full sun areas containing rocky or sandy well-drained soils.
... Sporobolus clandestinus (Sporobolus asper) Full sun, moderately dry to dry moisture level, sandy soil. 3-4 feet height. Germination Code: A Native Region: Scattered lightly statewide Warm-season grower. Occurs in sandy prairies. Poor value for wildlife. grass;sun;dry;sand
For those who asked...I used the Kidlet tutorial at JC Handmade for the car organizer. I used part of a quilted zig zag pillow sham for the front of the bag. I adapted her design a bit by making it larger 15x15 and I changed the size of the pocket to accomodate the book, but other than that its pretty much the same. I also sewed two lengths of the polka dot ribbon together on the edges for the handle. I wanted polka dots to be on both sides, plus it gave it a bit more weight and strength. Oh, and I added a tall pocket on the inside to hold a bottle. Hope this helps ...
Sometimes you have to laugh, call yourself an idiot and then put on your big girl panties and fix your mistake. This is my peace sign quilt...well, almost. Notice something missing...well I didnt and neither did all the people who read this pattern for me. Nice to know at least I wasnt alone. Too bad the commenter who pointed out my mistake was anonymous. Id like to thank her. Shes got a great eye for seeing whats really there, or not there in this case! Yup, the bottom bar of the peace sign is missing. Yeah, I have to redo the pattern. Shouldnt be hard, just embarrassing ...
Early turnout to grass and the use of proven grazing technologies will increase dairy cow performance and reduce costs of milk production. Teagasc has organised a series of on-farm demonstrations of the practicalities of early spring grassland management ...
Early turnout to grass and the use of proven grazing technologies will increase dairy cow performance and reduce costs of milk production. Teagasc has organised a series of on-farm demonstrations of the practicalities of early spring grassland management ...