Trends in Community-Acquired Pneumonia Mortality (2000-2011) Elizabet Cecil, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London. Part of the Department of Primary Care and Public Health Seminar Programme. 17th October 2012.. Download this file. ...
Pneumonia is among the major killer diseases in under-five children in the world. In developing countries 3 million children die each year due to pneumonia. Ethiopia is one of the 15 pneumonia high burden countries. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors of the survival time of under-five pneumonia patients using Bayesian approach analysis. Total of 281 under-five pneumonia patients included in this study. The parametric survival models such as Weibull, Lognormal and Log-logistic baseline distributions were used to fit the datasets by introducing prior distributions. The DIC value was used to compare the baseline distributions, and based on the DIC value the Weibull baseline distribution was selected as good model to fit under-five pneumonia dataset well. The results obtained from the Weibull survival model showed that patients from urban residence and patients who were admitted during patient nurse ratio (PNR) was small; were prolong timing death of under-five pneumonia patients, while
Co-morbidity and pneumonia risk in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients. Author: Dr Nicholas Williams, University of Southampton. A cohort of 6,707 patients with a primary care diagnosis of COPD were identified. Analysis of the database findings showed that 2.8% of patients had a pneumonia episode in 2010. A history of cerebrovascular disease and dementia were statistically significant predictors of pneumonia risk, with a trend towards significance for bronchiectasis. View abstract here. ...
Children in developing country suffer the highest burden of pneumonia. However, few studies have evaluated associations between poverty and pneumonia. A prospective population-based study on pneumonia was carried out as part of the Latin America Epidemiological Assessment of Pneumococcus (LEAP study). Chest x-rays were obtained for children one to 35 months old with suspected pneumonia presenting to emergency care centers and hospital emergency rooms in Goiania, Brazil. Chest radiographs were evaluated according to WHO guidelines. Clustering of radiologically-confirmed pneumonia were evaluated using a Poisson-based spatial scan statistic. Associations between census socioeconomic indicators and pneumonia incidence rates were analyzed using generalized linear models. From May, 2007 to May, 2009, chest radiographs were obtained from 11 521 children with clinical pneumonia; 3955 episodes were classified as radiologically-confirmed. Incidence rates were significantly higher in very low income areas (4825.2
|p||b|Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs that is usually caused by infection. Pneumonia can also be caused by inhaling irritants such as vomit, liquids, or chemicals.|/b| With pneumonia, the air sacs in the lungs fill with liquid or pus, which interferes with the lungs ability to transfer oxygen to the blood.|/p| |p| Before the invention of antibiotics in the 1930s, pneumonia was a leading cause of death. Though it has since become very treatable, pneumonia remains a public health problem.|/p| |p| There are many different kinds of pneumonia, ranging from mild to severe. There are 4 basic types: |/p| |ul| |li||b|Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP),|/b| the most common type of pneumonia, is caused by bacteria, viruses, and other organisms that are acquired outside of the hospital or other health care settings. |/li| |li||b|Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP)|/b| occurs at least 48 hours after someone has been admitted to the hospital. It can be caused by bacteria and other organisms that are
Is it a cold, influenza, or pneumonia? Medscape. · is it a chilly, influenza, or pneumonia? W. Steven pray, phd, dph; joshua j. Pray "strolling pneumonia," normally because of mycoplasma, produces. strolling pneumonia. On foot pneumonia lower back ache search now! Over eighty five million site visitors. Pneumonia and backache ? Yahoo answers. · hi all, my accomplice had pneumonia 3 weeks in the past, it all regarded to solve adequate, however the day prior to this he began with a terrible backache, he reveals it. taking walks pneumonia taking walks pneumonia. Search outcomes. Locate information, signs & treatments. Depended on by means of 50 million visitors. Pneumonia causes, signs, diagnosis, treatment. Pneumonia is a severe and potentially deadly bacterial or viral infection of the lungs causes, symptoms, prognosis, remedy. Pneumonia and backache ? Yahoo solutions. Pneumonia is a lung contamination which can make you very sick. You can cough, run a fever, and feature a hard time ...
Some pneumonia can often be prevented with vaccines against Hib and pneumococcus. Measles and pertussis (whooping cough) infections can result in pneumonia complications, so vaccinating against these childhood diseases can prevent some pneumonia cases. Inexpensive antibiotics can effectively treat pneumonia at the community level. Early recognition and early management are very important. If pneumonia cannot be managed at the health centre, then early referral to a better health centre can become life saving at times. But all cases dont need highest level of medical care. Pneumonia can be effectively managed (depending upon the condition) by providing home-based care. Early recognition of signs by family members, or by those who look after the child, that a child needs medical attention without delay at an appropriate health centre, are crucial. Aseptic and clean environment should be maintained to raise the child and those who are caring for the child should wash their hands properly, wash ...
Pneumonia has traditionally been classified into two subtypes: community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and nosocomial pneumonia (NP). Recently, a new entity has been defined, called healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). Few studies have investigated the potential of population-based, electronic, healthcare databases to identify the incidences of these three subtypes of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to estimate the burden of the three subtypes of pneumonia in elderly patients (aged 65+ years) in a large region of central Italy. A retrospective cohort study was performed using linked regional Hospital Information System and Mortality Register. All episodes of pneumonia in elderly patients, who were discharged from the hospital in 2006-2008, were selected for the study. Following a validated ICD-9-coding algorithm, incidents of pneumonia events were classified into three groups (HCAP; probable nosocomial pneumonia, PNP; and CAP). Hospitalisation rates were calculated by age group (65-79, 80+), gender,
Today is the first World Pneumonia Day (WPD).To demonstrate your solidarity with the millions of children who are afflicted with pneumonia every year, WPD asks that you wear blue jeans to school, work, or wherever you go on this day.. WPD has organized a Global Pneumonia Summit of over 100 media representatives, scientists, political leaders, donors, and public health organizations in New York City, a national press conference on pneumonia in Bangladesh, a Run for Child Survival in Kenya, a film screening in Baltimore, a launch of a new pneumonia treatment policy in Uganda, and much more.. Every 15 seconds, a child dies from pneumonia.Of the four million lives claimed by it every year, two million are children under the age of five.Of these two million children who die from pneumonia annually, an estimated 98% live in developing countries.. Pneumonia, an infection of the lungs that causes coughing, fever, and difficulty breathing, is often caused by bacteria (such as Hib and pneumococcus), ...
This Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) calculator diagnoses community acquired pneumonia and stratifies mortality and morbidity risk through physical and laboratory findings.
Calf pneumonia can have a significant impact on the productivity and profitability of both dairy and beef herds.. The disease leads to reduced growth rates in cattle, increased calf mortality, increased labour requirements to look after affected calves and added costs from treatment.. And even if the animals do survive an outbreak, pneumonia can cause long-term problems because lung function is impaired.. By and large the disease affects younger animals, but it can also pose a threat to adult cattle, particularly in the dairy herd.. By understanding the factors which initiate pneumonia, farmers can take steps to minimise them and reduce infection rates across the herd.. What is pneumonia?. Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, which can cause permanent damage and even death in cattle. Pneumonia can be viral or bacterial in origin, but most often viral infection is first followed by bacterial infection.. The virus or viruses impair the animals ability to get rid of the bacteria they are ...
Washington, Feb 18 (ANI): Vitamin E supplementation may decrease or increase, or may have no effect, on the risk of pneumonia depending on the level of smoking and leisure time exercise, according to a study. In laboratory studies, vitamin
There are two types of pneumonia we talk about in medicine. The first is typical pneumonia or community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). This type generally affects young children and older adults and can make you very sick over a short period of time. The top three bacteria usually associated with this type of pneumonia are Streptococcus pneumonia (different from the Strep that causes Strep throat), Haemophilus influenza and Moraxella catarrhalis that account for about 85% of the two to four million cases per year.. Symptoms include cough, fever, chest pain when taking deep breaths, trouble breathing and a lot of mucus production. These infections are normally treated with antibiotics once the illness is found to be bacterial and may require hospitalization depending on how bad the symptoms are.. The other type is atypical pneumonia, more commonly known as "walking pneumonia." It gets this moniker because the symptoms are generally less severe than typical pneumonia, allowing those infected to ...
This study was performed to estimate the effect of he ptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) on the pneumonia admission rate in children younger than 5 years of age, after the introduction of
Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Its caused by germs, such as bacteria and viruses, and fungi. Some people develop pneumonia by coming in contact with germs in the course of daily life, such as at school, work, or the gym. This is sometimes called community-acquired pneumonia. Others develop pneumonia during a stay in the hospital. This is called hospital-acquired pneumonia. And still others develop pneumonia following some type of contact with the health care system.
Diagnosis of childhood pneumonia: clinical assessment without radiological confirmation may lead to overtreatment.: Treatment of childhood pneumonia on the basi
respiration monitor will undergo further research and validation as part of the ongoing project.. Accounting for over 15 percent of child mortality worldwide, India loses a child every minute to pneumonia. Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Bihar are some of the main pneumonia prone states in the country. Each year, the infection kills more children than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined and remains the leading infectious cause of death among children under five years of age. Global child health organizations like UNICEF have made pneumonia a key area of focus in its effort to reduce child mortality in underdeveloped countries throughout the world.. One important aspect in diagnosing pneumonia is monitoring a childs breathing rate. In developing countries, community health workers manually count how many breaths a child takes in the span of one minute. The Philips Childrens Automated Respiration Monitor converts chest movements detected by accelerometers into accurate ...
Recurrent pneumonia (RP), i.e., at least two episodes of pneumonia in one year or three episodes ever with intercritical radiographic clearing of densities, occurs in 7.7%-9% of children with community-acquired pneumonia. In RP, the challenge is to discriminate between children with self-limiting or minor problems, that do not require a diagnostic work-up, and those with an underlying disease. The aim of the current review is to discuss a reasoned diagnostic approach to RP in childhood. Particular emphasis has been placed on which children should undergo a diagnostic work-up and which tests should be performed. A pediatric case series is also presented, in order to document a single centre experience of RP. A management algorithm for the approach to children with RP, based on the evidence from a literature review, is proposed. Like all algorithms, it is not meant to replace clinical judgment, but it should drive physicians to adopt a systematic approach to pediatric RP and provide a useful guide to the
Pneumonia. Children with pneumonia can be diagnosed clinically or radiographically. Children typically cannot expectorate mucus until at least 8 years of age, therefore clinical signs of pneumonia may include vomiting and abdominal pain, in addition to more typical symptoms of fever, cough, malaise, and tachypnea. While a chest radiograph may show an area of consolidation, radiographic findings often lag behind clinical findings, so a normal chest radiograph is common in the setting of early clinical pneumonia. Narrow-spectrum antibiotics (eg, amoxicillin) should be initiated for routine community-acquired pneumonia. Patients with pneumonia complicated by hypoxemia, pleural effusions, or signs of empyema likely will require additional care past the scope of an urgent care center.. Pulmonary Embolus (PE). Patients with PE generally present with dyspnea, pleurisy, and chest pain. An ECG may show right heart strain pattern (S1Q3T3) or other signs of right heart overload (ST-T wave changes); ...
Confirming the high pneumonia risk in lupus patients, researchers in Spain have found that it may precede the onset of the immune disorder. Their biological studies suggest that a particular underlying immune abnormality may explain both.
Pneumonia can be classified in several ways, most commonly by where it was acquired (hospital versus community), but may also by the area of lung affected or by the causative organism. There is also a combined clinical classification, which combines factors such as age, risk factors for certain microorganisms, the presence of underlying lung disease or systemic disease, and whether the person has recently been hospitalized. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is infectious pneumonia in a person who has not recently been hospitalized. CAP is the most common type of pneumonia. The most common causes of CAP vary depending on a persons age, but they include Streptococcus pneumoniae, viruses, the atypical bacteria, and Haemophilus influenzae. Overall, Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia worldwide. Gram-negative bacteria cause CAP in certain at-risk populations. CAP is the fourth most common cause of death in the United Kingdom and the sixth in the United ...
Accounting for more than one million under-five deaths each year [7], pneumonia is the leading killer of children under the age of five worldwide, claiming more lives [8] than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. This years World Pneumonia Day (WPD) theme is "universal access to pneumonia prevention and care". In commemoration of WPD, child health advocates are calling for pneumonia control through proven interventions that protect against, prevent, and treat pneumonia. Through our work in community case management (CCM) and expanding access to amoxicillin, the US Agency for International Development [9] (USAID)-funded, MSH-led Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services [10] (SIAPS) Program uses a systems-strengthening approach [11] to expand universal access to pneumonia prevention and care.. One of the most significant changes in pneumonia treatment guidelines is the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation [12] to use dispersible amoxicillin tablets as first-line ...
This study investigated the clinical value of chest radiographs during the 4-week period after diagnosis of severe community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in immune competent hospitalised patients. The time to resolution of pulmonary infiltrates and other radiographic abnormalities caused by infection was compared with resolution of clinical parameters, and factors associated with delayed resolution were identified.. Two hundred and eighty-eight hospitalised patients were followed up between July 2000 and June 2003. Severe pneumonia was defined as a pneumonia severity index score of ,90 or according to the American Thoracic Society definition. Patients were treated according to the Dutch guidelines for CAP management. The time for clearance of chest radiographic abnormalities was estimated from chest radiographs taken at 0, 7 and 28 days. Clearance of chest radiographic abnormalities lagged considerably behind clinical improvement at all the assessment time intervals. Raised C-reactive protein levels ...
... is a common lung infection caused by bacteria, a virus or fungi. Most healthy people recover from pneumonia in one to three weeks, but pneumonia can be life-threatening. The good news is that pneumonia can be prevented-by getting an annual flu shot, frequently washing your hands, and for people at high risk, getting a vaccine for pneumococcal pneumonia.
Strategies to Prevent Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Acute Care Hospitals: 2014 Update Case Study of Spina Bifida 1. We conducted active population based surveillance for community acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization among adults 18 years of age or older in five. AIDS case is classified as "early" if the death occurred before 5 June 1981, when the AIDS epidemic was formally. Heres another reason to go: Twice yearly dental visits may reduce levels of dangerous, pneumonia causing bacteria in the mouth, resPneumonia Definition Pneumonia is an infection of the lung that can be caused by nearly any class of organism known to cause human infections! Embase is a comprehensive biomedical literature database, clarify your biomedical research questions! Heres another reason to go: Twice yearly dental visits may reduce levels of dangerous, pneumonia causing bacteria in the mouth, resThis article is a timeline of early AIDS cases? Ese include. Defining Pneumonia by Location in the Lung. Base ...
Before routine use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, infections caused more than 700 cases of meningitis, 13,000 blood infections and about 5 million ear infections each year in the U.S. The infection also contributed to about 200 deaths each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. After PCV7 was licensed, the rate of invasive pneumococcal disease such as meningitis and blood infections decreased by 76 percent among children 5 years and younger, according to the CDC. "The impact of PCV7 on pneumonia has been more difficult to evaluate," said Dr. Shah, "because of the specific cause of pneumonia is sometimes difficult to determine.". The rate of hospitalizations for community-acquired pneumonia in the first year of life declined by 22 percent from 1997 to 2006, according to the study. Conversely, the rate of hospitalizations for pneumonia in children 6 to 12 increased 22 percent, and for children over 13 the rate increased by more than 40 percent. Lung complications ...
Background: Although antibiotics are recommended for the primary care management of community-acquired pneumonia, a recent UK study reported that most children admitted to hospital had not received antibiotics. Objective: To describe primary care antibiotic use for children subsequently hospitalised with community-acquired pneumonia. Design/methods: A case series of 280 children |5 years old hospitalised with pneumonia in Auckland, New Zealand. Pneumonia was defined as an acute illness with cough or respiratory distress, the presence of tachypnoea or indrawing and an abnormal chest radiograph. Receipt of antibiotics was determined by parental report and medical record review. Results: Fewer than half (108, 39%) of the children had received an antibiotic before hospital admission. For 60 children (21%) there had been no opportunity to prescribe because the illness evolved rapidly, resulting in early hospital admission. For the remaining 112 children (40%) an opportunity to receive antibiotics was missed.
Objective. To investigate the value of CT in complicated childhood pneumonia and its role in early intervention when chest radiography (CXR) is non-contributory. Materials and methods. Forty-two immunocompetent children, aged 1-11 years, admitted for community-acquired pneumonia from October 1997 to September 1999, had 42 contrast-enhanced CT scans and frontal chest radiographs on the same day, which were assessed independently. CT was performed when the patient remained unwell and the CXR images showed failure of resolution despite 7-10 days of antibiotics and/or drainage with urokinase therapy. Results. Compared to CT, CXR revealed suboptimal accuracy rates of lobar involvement (84%), chest tube placement (73%), fluid loculation (42%), abscess formation (40%) and bronchopleural fistulae (33%). It could not assess parenchymal or pleural complications such as cavitary necrosis, early abscess formation, empyemas or pericardial effusions. On the basis of the CT findings and poor clinical progress, 16
Children below the age of 5 years are at a heightened risk of pneumonia. There are simple and practical modifications in our daily lives that can considerably reduce the risk of childhood pneumonia, such as, keeping the child warm and dry, away from those with infections such as cold or cough, not exposing the child to smoke (tobacco smoke, smoke from cook stoves), breastfeeding (exclusive) the child for first six months, among others. Children should be taken to healthcare services on the first symptom such as fever or cold. If the child is not breastfeeding then instead of giving her or him other home-made food please consult a doctor without delay. If the healthcare provider is recommending hospitalization for the child then dont avoid it unless indicated otherwise. Maintaining strict hygiene and cleanliness is also important for child care and preventing pneumonia and other infections ...
Pneumonia: Find the most comprehensive real-world symptom and treatment data on pneumonia at PatientsLikeMe. 1238 patients with pneumonia experience fatigue, depressed mood, pain, anxious mood, and insomnia and use Azithromycin, Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen, Gabapentin, Levofloxacin, and Lorazepam to treat their pneumonia and its symptoms.
Altered Mental Status & Hypotension & Recurrent Pneumonia due to Aspiration Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Hypotension. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Who is at risk?. Anyone with a cold or prolonged illness can easily contract pneumonia. Healthy persons may also be exposed to it simply through normal daily activities. Anyone with an impaired immune system is at greater risk of contracting pneumonia. Persons who have suffered a stroke or seizure are at risk of developing pneumonia due to the aspiration of food, vomit or other particles from the mouth or nose into the lungs.. Treatment In addition to performing a physical exam, your doctor might order a chest x-ray and blood test to help diagnose pneumonia or to determine its severity. Bacterial pneumonia will be treated with antibiotics, but typical pneumonia symptoms are treated with rest, sleep and liquids for up to three weeks. Other medications may be useful for treating the symptoms associated with pneumonia such as cough, fever and wheezing.. Emergency Warning Signs: When should I see a doctor? Seek treatment right away if mucus coughed up from your lungs runs yellow or green for more ...
The cohort comprised community-dwelling, immunocompetent patients aged 65 to 94 years, including 1173 individuals with community-acquired pneumonia that occurred between the date the influenza vaccine first became available and the end of that years influenza season, and 2346 age- and sex-matched controls.. After controlling for comorbidities, frailty, medication use, and smoking, vaccination was not associated with a significant reduction in the risk of pneumonia. The same held true for analyses restricted to the peak influenza seasons and for pneumonia cases requiring hospital admission.. The investigators propose two possibilities to explain their findings: Either influenza causes a small proportion of pneumonia incidents, or else the vaccine is not very effective in reducing risk of influenza infection in elderly people at risk of pneumonia.. In a Lancet commentary, Dr. Edward A. Belongia, at the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation in Marshfield, Wisconsin, and Dr. David K. Shay at the US ...
pneumonia vaccine - MedHelps pneumonia vaccine Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for pneumonia vaccine. Find pneumonia vaccine information, treatments for pneumonia vaccine and pneumonia vaccine symptoms.
Health,Infections like pneumonia can be caused when a persons immune system ... Previous research has found that HIV-infected people are more lik... While alcohol abuse is known to impair immune defenses he said ... The key issue with alcohol consumption and HIV/AIDS is when to star...,Chronic,binge,drinking,can,hasten,HIV,development,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
BioAssay record AID 423142 submitted by ChEMBL: Effect on pulmonary inflammation in BALB/c mouse lung assessed as change in peribronchiolar inflammation after 5 days by histopathological analysis.
Recent research from McMaster Universitys Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine published online Monday in the Annals of Internal Medicine suggests that pneumonia patients have significant benefits from corticosteroid therapy.
Why Were We Focused on Pneumonia? Influenza kills 36,000 people in the US per year Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) kills 10,000 people in the US per year Over 1400 pneumonia patients admit to NMH each year; over 100 patients with a diagnosis code indicating pneumonia die The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) measures our ability to meet evidence-based care guidelines In FY2007, NMH compliance with the aggregate pneumonia core measure set was 65% D M A I C
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Mortality rate is the statistical measure of the number of people who die within a period of time. The pneumonia mortality rate below is the percent of patients with pneumonia who died within 30 days of admission to the hospital.
Connie K. Ho for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. Scientists recently revealed that they plan to study the pneumococcal vaccines in older adults to determine if there´s a strong immune response due to a higher dosage of the vaccine. The study, funded by the National Institute of Health (NIH) as well as the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, looked at a group of adults who previously received a vaccine that worked against pneumonia and other pneumococcal diseases.. In the study, the team of investigators will analyze two dosages of a pneumococcal vaccine that will be tested by 882 females and males who are between 55 to 74 years of age. The vaccine was approved for people of a range of ages; this includes children between six weeks and five years of age as well as adults who are 50 years of age can take the vaccine. Researchers believe that the study will help them understand how to strengthen the vaccines to better protect patients.. In the past, the vaccine PPSV23 ...
What it is. Childhood pneumonia is an infection of the lungs, often caused by common viruses. Why it matters. Pneumonia is more deadly than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. Who it
A incid ncia de pneumonia comunit ria de 5 a 11 casos por 1000 habitantes/ano. Esta incid ncia varia com a faixa et ria, sendo maior nos extremos de idade. A taxa de interna es por pneumonia vem diminuindo nos ltimos anos, por m continua elevada. Segundo dados do Sistema de Informa es Hospitalares do Sistema nico de Sa de, ocorreram 733.209 interna es por pneumonia no Brasil em 2007, correspondendo primeira causa de interna o por doen a. Entre os pacientes internados, 5% a 10% s o encaminhados para unidades de tratamento intensivo. Muitas dessas interna es s o desnecess rias, gerando custos excessivos ao sistema de sa de. Em virtude disso, foram criados algoritmos que auxiliam na decis o do local de tratamento (ambulatorial x enfermaria x unidade de terapia intensiva), al m de orientar a escolha do antibi tico. O PSI (Pneumonia Severity Index)5 e o CURB-65 (acr nimo, em ingl s, de cada fator medido: confus o mental, ureia, frequ ncia respirat ria, press o e idade)6 s o exemplos desses algoritmos ...
Nosocomial pneumonia is the most important infectious complication in patients admitted to intensive care units. Kinetic bed therapy may reduce the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients. The objective of this study was to investigate whether kinetic bed therapy reduces the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia and improves outcomes in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients. We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL, and AMED for studies, as well as reviewed abstracts of conference proceedings, bibliographies of included studies and review articles and contacted the manufacturers of medical beds. Studies included were randomized or pseudo-randomized clinical trials of kinetic bed therapy compared to standard manual turning in critically ill mechanically ventilated adult patients. Two reviewers independently applied the study selection criteria and extracted data regarding study validity, type of bed used, intensity of kinetic therapy, and population under
Nosocomial pneumonia is the most important infectious complication in patients admitted to intensive care units. Kinetic bed therapy may reduce the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients. The objective of this study was to investigate whether kinetic bed therapy reduces the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia and improves outcomes in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients. We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, CENTRAL, and AMED for studies, as well as reviewed abstracts of conference proceedings, bibliographies of included studies and review articles and contacted the manufacturers of medical beds. Studies included were randomized or pseudo-randomized clinical trials of kinetic bed therapy compared to standard manual turning in critically ill mechanically ventilated adult patients. Two reviewers independently applied the study selection criteria and extracted data regarding study validity, type of bed used, intensity of kinetic therapy, and population under
By Sarah Yang , Media [email protected], (510) 643-7741. Berkeley - Two new studies led by University of California, Berkeley, researchers spotlight the human health effects of exposure to smoke from open fires and dirty cookstoves, the primary source of cooking and heating for 43 percent, or some 3 billion members, of the worlds population. Women and young children in poverty are particularly vulnerable.. In the first study, the researchers found a dramatic one-third reduction in severe pneumonia diagnoses among children in homes with smoke-reducing chimneys on their cookstoves. The second study uncovered a surprising link between prenatal maternal exposure to woodsmoke and poorer performance in markers for IQ at ages 6 and 7.. The findings on pneumonia, the chief cause of death for children five and under, will be published in the journal The Lancet on Thursday, Nov. 10, two days before World Pneumonia Day. While previous research has linked exposure to household cooking smoke to ...
Lets be honest, our decisions to cover MRSA among patients admitted to the hospital with pneumonia are haphazard. Its not our fault. The guidelines are contradictory. For example, the MRSA guidelines by the Infectious Disease Society of America recommend coverage for everyone admitted to the ICU with pneumonia. However, pneumonia guidelines by the same society recommend coverage only for patients with specific risk factors. Fortunately, new evidence and diagnostic tools may allow us to properly treat MRSA, without drowning the entire hospital in vancomycin.
Hospital admissions for CAP are currently increasing by ∼9% per year among Oxfordshire adults and cannot be attributed simply to a growing, ageing population. This is not an artefact of repeat admissions for the same illness episode nor an increase in hospital-acquired pneumonia as trends persisted when excluding all readmissions and when excluding those with any previous recent hospitalisations, respectively. Additionally, trends in admissions for reasons other than pneumonia differ significantly to CAP (table 1 and figure 1C), suggesting that the increases are not merely a reflection of overall changes in admission numbers. The rise is also not explainable by diagnosis-code-switching since hospitalisations for other, similar, diagnoses also increased during the same time period. However, the fact that pneumonia diagnoses increased at a faster rate after 2008 while COPD and other lower respiratory infections started to increase more slowly at around the same time suggests some limited ...
Children younger than 5 and adults 65 and older should get vaccinated against pneumococcal pneumonia, a common form of bacterial pneumonia. The pneumococcal vaccine is also recommended for all children and adults who are at increased risk of pneumococcal disease due to other health conditions. There are 2 types of pneumococcal vaccine. Talk to your healthcare provider to find out if one of them is right for you. ...
Bacterial pneumonia, once a leading killer of the old and the very young, is caused by (duh) bacteria. If you kill the bacteria, the pneumonia goes away. It doesnt really matter how you kill the bacteria, either. If a patient is allergic to one drug that kills the bacteria, a doctor can prescribe a different drug that kills the bacteria and - bingo! - the pneumonia goes away. Why?. BECAUSE THE PNEUMONIA IS CAUSED BY THE BACTERIA, FOR PETES SAKE! And how do we know that?. BECAUSE IF WE KILL THE BACTERIA, THE PNEUMONIA GOES AWAY, FOR PETES SAKE!. Okay, but lets suppose we kill the bacteria we believe causes the pneumonia, but the pneumonia remains and the patient dies. And lets suppose this happens with multiple patients. Then what would we conclude?. IF KILLING THE BACTERIA DOESNT MAKE THE PNEUMONIA GO AWAY, THEN THE PNEUMONIA ISNT CAUSED BY THE BACTERIA, FOR PETES SAKE! WHAT ARE YOU, AN IDIOT?. No, Im just pointing out some basic logic here. If we kill the bacteria but the pneumonia ...