Looking for online definition of Ornithorhynchus anatinus in the Medical Dictionary? Ornithorhynchus anatinus explanation free. What is Ornithorhynchus anatinus? Meaning of Ornithorhynchus anatinus medical term. What does Ornithorhynchus anatinus mean?
It goes without saying that platypuses are extremely weird. As monotremes, they are one of the oldest mammal lineages, and, of course, their morphology is so bizarre that when the first samples were brought back from Australia, scientists thought they were taxodermal farces. Yes, platypuses have venom. Its produced by male platypuses in spurs on their hind feet. The venom sting can be extremely painful although it is not fatal to humans.. But platypuses can go a long way to informing evolution. By assembling the platypus genome, we can glimpse ancient, shared traits that were present when our lineages diverged. Last year, the platypus genome project was completed.. Among many of the wonderful and odd elements of the platypus genome, the most striking was one of the genes regulating platypus venom. It was a derivative of beta-defensin. Even more surprising, the platypus and snake genes appeared to be almost identical. Almost.. The evolution of both proteins are the result of replication events ...
We present a draft genome sequence of the platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus. This monotreme exhibits a fascinating combination of reptilian and mammalian characters. For example, platypuses have a coat of fur adapted to an aquatic lifestyle; platypus females lactate, yet lay eggs; and males are equipped with venom similar to that of reptiles. Analysis of the first monotreme genome aligned these features with genetic innovations. We find that reptile and platypus venom proteins have been co-opted independently from the same gene families; milk protein genes are conserved despite platypuses laying eggs; and immune gene family expansions are directly related to platypus biology. Expansions of protein, non-protein-coding RNA and microRNA families, as well as repeat elements, are identified. Sequencing of this genome now provides a valuable resource for deep mammalian comparative analyses, as well as for monotreme biology and conservation.
Genome Research is publishing several papers related to analyses of the duck-billed platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) genome sequence. The place of (egg-laying) monotremes, such as the platypus, in mammalian evolutionary history has remained controversial. Now, researchers are finding that the distinctive anatomical and physiological properties of the platypus are reflected in the newly sequenced platypus genome. Through comparative genomics, the platypus genome is providing remarkable insights into the evolution of venom components, the sex-determination system, testicular descent, and small RNA pathways. Primary research reports describing these novel insights will appear online May 8, concurrent with publication of the platypus genome sequence report in the journal Nature ...
Genome Research is publishing several papers related to analyses of the duck-billed platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) genome sequence. The place of (egg-laying) monotremes, such as the platypus, in mammalian evolutionary history has remained controversial. Now, researchers are finding that the distinctive anatomical and physiological properties of the platypus are reflected in the newly sequenced platypus genome. Through comparative genomics, the platypus genome is providing remarkable insights into the evolution of venom components, the sex-determination system, testicular descent, and small RNA pathways. Primary research reports describing these novel insights will appear online May 8, concurrent with publication of the platypus genome sequence report in the journal Nature ...
Genome Research is publishing several papers related to analyses of the duck-billed platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) genome sequence. The place of (egg-laying) monotremes, such as the platypus, in mammalian evolutionary history has remained controversial. Now, researchers are finding that the distinctive anatomical and physiological properties of the platypus are reflected in the newly sequenced platypus genome. Through comparative genomics, the platypus genome is providing remarkable insights into the evolution of venom components, the sex-determination system, testicular descent, and small RNA pathways. Primary research reports describing these novel insights will appear online May 8, concurrent with publication of the platypus genome sequence report in the journal Nature ...
Mammalian sex chromosomes evolved from an ancient autosomal pair. Mapping of human X- and Y-borne genes in distantly related mammals and non-mammalian vertebrates has proved valuable to help deduce...
The platypus is one of the few living mammals to produce venom. Males have a pair of spurs on their hind limbs that secrete venom that is only seasonally active to breeding season, supporting the theory that the use of venom is for competition of mates only, not protection. While the spur remains available for defense outside of breeding season, the platypuss venom gland lacks secretion. While the after effects are described as excruciatingly painful, this venom is not lethal to humans. Many archaic mammal groups possess similar tarsal spurs, so it is thought that, rather than having developed this characteristic uniquely, the platypus simply inherited its venom from its distant ancestors. Rather than being a unique outlier, the platypus is the last demonstration of what was once a common mammalian characteristic, and it can be used as a model for non-therian mammals and their venom delivery and properties. The venom is produced in the crural glands of the male, which are kidney-shaped alveolar ...
Despite its well-known identity and presence within metropolitan streams, the majority of Melburnians are unlikely to have seen a wild platypus due to their predominantly nocturnal behaviour and shy nature. For those who have been fortunate enough to sight the elusive creature, it surely proves for a memorable and enlightening experience. This was certainly the case for me whilst recently assisting environmental consultant and wildlife ecologist Josh Griffiths with platypus population surveys in Melbournes north-western suburbs.. Platypus surveys are undertaken twice yearly around Melbourne in order to assess population health and determine long-term population trends. The surveys involve setting specially designed traps at fixed locations within Melbourne waterways in the hope of catching platypuses which may inhabit an area. Once a platypus has been caught, various data is collected on the sex, weight, age and health of the individual, with each platypus also being equipped with a unique ...
The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is an aquatic mammal found in eastern Australia and Tasmania, and one of five species in a distinct subclass named Prototheria, the egg-laying mammals.[2] It has an extremely pliable bill similar in shape to a ducks. Also, like a duck, it has webbed feet. Like all mammals it has fur and suckles its young. The platypus can find its prey in water due to its ability to detect electric fields produced by muscular contractions. The male platypus has a spur on each hind foot which can deliver venom - a feature which very few mammals possess. It has no visible ears. An excellent swimmer, the platypus spends much of its time guddling for food (mainly aquatic worms, yabby (freshwater crayfish) and any other small creature it can uncover from the walls of its watery world. It swims with an alternating left-to-right paddling of its front feet. Despite all four of its feet being webbed, its hind feet remain held against its body, instead, being used for steering ...
Archer, M., T. F. Flannery, A. Ritchie, and R. E. Molnar. 1985. First Mesozoic mammal from Australia-An early Cretaceous monotreme. Nature 318:363-366.. Archer, M., P. Murray, S. Hand, and H. Godthelp. 1993. Reconsideration of monotreme relationships based on the skull and dentition of the Miocence Obduron dicksoni. Pages 75-94 in Mammal Phylogeny. Volume 1. Mesozoic Differentiation, Multituberculates, Monotremes, Early Eutherians, and Marsupials. (F. S. Szalay, M. J. Novacek, and M. C. McKenna, eds.). Springer Verlag, New York.. Augee, M. L., ed. 1992. Platypus and Echidnas. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.. Burrell, H. 1974. The Platypus. Rigby, Adelaide.. Gemmell, N. J., T.R. Grant, P.S. Western, J. Walmsley, J. M. Watson, N.D. Murray, and J.A. Marshall Graves. 1995. Determining platypus relationships. Australian Journal of Zoology 43:283-291.. Grant, T. 1995. The Platypus: A Unique Mammal. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.. Grant, T. 2007. Platypus. CSIRO Publishing, ...
Kant and the Platypus: Essays on Language and Cognition book download Umberto Eco and Alastair McEwen Download Kant and the Platypus: Essays on Language and Cognition Kant and the Platypus: Essays on Language and Cognition Umberto Eco,. Cognitive semantics November 2000 Mariner Books ISBN:78. Kant and the Platypus: Essays on...
Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). When released in the synaptic cleft, GABA binds to three major classes of receptors: GABAA, GABAB, and GABAC receptors. GABAA and GABAC receptors are ionotropic and mediate fast GABA responses by triggering chloride channel openings, while GABAB receptors are metabotropic and mediate slower GABA responses by activating G-proteins and influencing second messenger systems. GABAA receptors, the major sites for fast inhibitory neurotransmission in the CNS, are regulated by phosphorylation mechanisms, affecting both their functional properties and their cell surface mobility and trafficking. GABA release by the presynaptic terminal is negatively regulated by GABAB autoreceptors, and is cleared from the extracellular space by GABA transporters (GATs) located either on the presynaptic terminal or neighboring glial cells ...
Glycolysis is the process of converting glucose into pyruvate and generating small amounts of ATP (energy) and NADH (reducing power). It is a central pathway that produces important precursor metabolites: six-carbon compounds of glucose-6P and fructose-6P and three-carbon compounds of glycerone-P, glyceraldehyde-3P, glycerate-3P, phosphoenolpyruvate, and pyruvate [MD:M00001]. Acetyl-CoA, another important precursor metabolite, is produced by oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate [MD:M00307]. When the enzyme genes of this pathway are examined in completely sequenced genomes, the reaction steps of three-carbon compounds from glycerone-P to pyruvate form a conserved core module [MD:M00002], which is found in almost all organisms and which sometimes contains operon structures in bacterial genomes. Gluconeogenesis is a synthesis pathway of glucose from noncarbohydrate precursors. It is essentially a reversal of glycolysis with minor variations of alternative paths [MD:M00003 ...
The duck-billed platypus weighs between 2 and 5 pounds, and males are generally larger than females. Platypuses lose fat seasonally after the winter, making them lighter in the spring than in the...
Scientists believe all mammals evolved from reptiles, and the animals that became platypuses and those that became humans shared an evolutionary path until about 165 million years ago when the platypus branched off. Unlike other evolving mammals, the platypus retained characteristics of snakes and lizards, including the pain-causing poison that males can use to ward off mating rivals ...
platypus][1]The platypus is [a bit like a fruitcake][2]. Shove a bunch of leftover genes in there, mix it up and send it to your relatives see what kind of animal you get.. Thats kind of the approach evolution used when designing this odd creatures venom; scientists have just determined that the venom contains over 80 different toxins in 13 different classes. The poison can kill small animals, and can leave humans in pain for weeks. The venom is delivered through a barb on the males foot-its thought that the fellas use the poison during mating season to show dominance.. At least three of the toxins are unique to the platypus and the rest are strikingly similar to proteins from a variety of animals including snakes, lizards, starfish, and sea anemones. It seems that some of these toxins have evolved separately in different animal lineages to perform the same function, a process called convergent evolution. [The study][3]s lead author, Wesley Warren, told [Nature News][4]:. Warren says that ...
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The platypus joins the ranks of linkurl:fruit flies,;http://www.the-scientist.com/news/home/53844/ linkurl:rice,;http://www.the-scientist.com/news/20020404/04/ linkurl:humans,;http://www.the-scientist.com/article/display/23065/ and other subjects of intense genetic study with the linkurl:publication;http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v453/n7192/full/nature06936.html of its genome sequence today (May 7) in __Nature__. Researchers say that exploring the genome of the platypus, which sits at a u
Although it lays eggs, and doesnt have breasts or nipples, the platypus is still classified as a mammal. Platypuses are part of the group of egg-laying mammals called "monotremes." These are not "proto-mammals." Nor are they "primitive". Monotreme mammals have been evolving for the same amount of time as all other mammals. As humans we share a common ancestor with platypuses, approximately 220 million years ago. That doesnt mean that it isnt useful to understand more about the platypus, but interpretations should be careful not to assume the platypus has maintained the ancestral state of all mammalian traits ...
The TERT gene encodes the catalytic subunit of the telomerase complex and is responsible for maintaining telomere length. Vertebrate telomerase has been studied in eutherian mammals, fish, and the chicken, but less attention has been paid to other vertebrates. The platypus occupies an important evolutionary position, providing unique insight into the evolution of mammalian genes. We report the cloning of a platypus TERT (OanTERT) ortholog, and provide a comparison with genes of other vertebrates. The OanTERT encodes a protein with a high sequence similarity to marsupial TERT and avian TERT. Like the TERT of sauropsids and marsupials, as well as that of sharks and echinoderms, OanTERT contains extended variable linkers in the N-terminal region suggesting that they were present already in basal vertebrates and lost independently in ray-finned fish and eutherian mammals. Several alternatively spliced OanTERT variants structurally similar to avian TERT variants were identified. Telomerase activity is
The platypus is nocturnal and semi-aquatic, inhabiting small streams and rivers over an extensive range from the cold highlands of Tasmania and the Australian Alps to the tropical rainforests of coastal Queensland as far north as the base of the Cape York Peninsula. Inland, its distribution is not well known: it is extinct in South Australia (bar an introduced population on Kangaroo Island) and is no longer found in the main part of the Murray-Darling Basin, probably because of the declining water quality brought about by extensive land clearing and irrigation schemes. Along the coastal river systems, its distribution is unpredictable; it appears to be absent from some relatively healthy rivers, and yet maintains a presence in others that are quite degraded (the lower Maribyrnong, for example). The platypus is an excellent swimmer and spends much of its time in the water. When swimming they are distinguished from other Australian mammals by the absence of visible ears. It keeps its eyes tightly ...
THE DUCKBILL PLATYPUS. By Nathan Kresevic. Extra, Extra do you want learn all about a duckbill platypus? If you do, then read on! ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 67e28-ZDc1Z
Learn about this unique animal with unusual features. Find interesting duckbill platypus information including how they live, eat, reproduce, and more.
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Looking for Crural gland? Find out information about Crural gland. semiaquatic egg-laying mammal, Ornithorhynchus anatinus, of Tasmania and E Australia. Also called duckbill, or duckbilled platypus, it belongs to the order... Explanation of Crural gland
When the platypus was first encountered by European naturalists, they were divided over whether the female laid eggs. This was not confirmed until 1884, when William Hay Caldwell was sent to Australia, where, after extensive searching assisted by a team of 150 Aborigines, he managed to discover a few eggs.[15][30] Mindful of the high cost per word, Caldwell tersely wired London, "Monotremes oviparous, ovum meroblastic." That is, monotremes lay eggs, and the eggs are similar to those of reptiles in that only part of the egg divides as it develops. The species exhibits a single breeding season; mating occurs between June and October, with some local variation taking place between different populations across its range.[49] Historical observation, mark-and-recapture studies, and preliminary investigations of population genetics indicate the possibility of both resident and transient members of populations, and suggest a polygynous mating system.[58] Females are thought likely to become sexually ...
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Its been a very interesting conversation so far, and theres been something of a debate between Simon and Austin. I dont want to leave Matthew out of the conversation, but I actually think there are some interesting points of agreement that might be found between Simon and Austin. Before anyone asks a question that might point to that, I do want to bring up something which feels like an elephant in the room, which is the question of the state. Its perhaps more associated with anarchism today, but the idea of smashing the state, of overthrowing the state, is a concept going back to Marx, which has been central to Marxists revolutionary practice for a long time. Even in the 1980s, Marxists were more aware of this imperative to overcome the capitalist state. And the question of social housing was considered in that framework. I would like the panelists to reflect on the question of the state and its relevance to leftist politics today regarding housing.. SE: One of the things we do in ASH is ...
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Long-time supporters of ongoing sun safety education and UV swimwear solutions for children, Platypus Australia are well known within their
You can get the list of the available GRCh37 marts by running the following command: , listMarts(host=grch37.ensembl.org) biomart version 1 ENSEMBL_MART_ENSEMBL Ensembl Genes 2 ENSEMBL_MART_SNP Ensembl Variation 3 ENSEMBL_MART_FUNCGEN Ensembl Regulation 4 ENSEMBL_MART_VEGA Vega 5 pride PRIDE (EBI UK) The following command will give you the list of datasets available for the GRCh37 snp mart: , grch37_snp = useMart(biomart="ENSEMBL_MART_SNP", host="grch37.ensembl.org") , listDatasets(grch37_snp) dataset description version 1 ecaballus_snp Equus caballus Short Variation (SNPs and indels) (EquCab2) EquCab2 2 hsapiens_snp Homo sapiens Short Variation (SNPs and indels) (GRCh37.p13) GRCh37.p13 3 hsapiens_structvar Homo sapiens Structural Variation (GRCh37.p13) GRCh37.p13 4 oanatinus_snp Ornithorhynchus anatinus Short Variation (SNPs and indels) (OANA5) OANA5 5 tnigroviridis_snp Tetraodon nigroviridis Short Variation (SNPs and indels) (TETRAODON8.0) TETRAODON8.0 6 oaries_snp Ovis Aries Short Variation ...
26268 Homo sapiens , 71538 Mus musculus , 300849 Rattus norvegicus , 325469 Danio rerio , 394601 Xenopus tropicalis , 421895 Gallus gallus , 462774 Pan troglodytes , 474940 Canis lupus familiaris , 511798 Bos taurus , 712024 Macaca mulatta , 100017217 Monodelphis domestica , 100069351 Equus caballus , 100080179 Ornithorhynchus anatinus , 100152568 Sus scrofa , 100227908 Taeniopygia guttata , 100355202 Oryctolagus cuniculus , 100388071 Callithrix jacchus , 100543868 Meleagris gallopavo , 100555189 Anolis carolinensis , 100582299 Nomascus leucogenys , 100672572 Loxodonta africana , 100696069 Oreochromis niloticus , 100929587 Sarcophilus harrisii , 100975412 Pan paniscus , 101005480 Papio anubis , 101051367 Saimiri boliviensis , 101072686 Takifugu rubripes , 101107741 Ovis aries , 101123745 Gorilla gorilla , 101174855 Oryzias latipes , 101277809 Orcinus orca , 101328256 Tursiops truncatus , 101378673 Odobenus rosmarus divergens , 101440041 Dasypus novemcinctus , 101471292 Maylandia zebra , ...
32 Homo sapiens , 100705 Mus musculus , 116719 Rattus norvegicus , 430557 Gallus gallus , 452219 Pan troglodytes , 515338 Bos taurus , 556236 Danio rerio , 706909 Macaca mulatta , 100023765 Monodelphis domestica , 100066740 Equus caballus , 100076923 Ornithorhynchus anatinus , 100154993 Sus scrofa , 100192373 Xenopus tropicalis , 100222747 Taeniopygia guttata , 100339362 Oryctolagus cuniculus , 100402980 Callithrix jacchus , 100474644 Ailuropoda melanoleuca , 100539060 Meleagris gallopavo , 100606756 Nomascus leucogenys , 100657186 Loxodonta africana , 100685468 Canis lupus familiaris , 100711220 Oreochromis niloticus , 100728089 Cavia porcellus , 100753124 Cricetulus griseus , 100932425 Sarcophilus harrisii , 100959432 Otolemur garnettii , 100985999 Pan paniscus , 101012644 Papio anubis , 101037726 Saimiri boliviensis , 101077743 Takifugu rubripes , 101086680 Felis catus , 101114816 Ovis aries , 101135848 Gorilla gorilla , 101171338 Oryzias latipes , 101272632 Orcinus orca , 101332565 Tursiops ...
The proof that ancestral mammal at monotreme divergence had trichromatic (rather than tetrachomatic) vision involves a significant technical issue: showing that the first 4 exons of SWS1 are truly deleted rather than simply missing from the assembly: vertebrate genomes being incomplete, absence of evidence in an assembly (or trace archives) does not constitute evidence of absence in the genome but more commonly lack of coverage, even for a species such as platypus with 33,353,710 reads. Opsins dont lend themselves to simplistic reconstructions based on retina spectroscopy and processed transcripts because of potential evolutionary convergence of spectral properties and multiple lineage-specific expansions and contractions of genes. Whats needed here are complete genomes and syntenic validation of orthology, lacking hereto a certain degree here in key species (eg 3 of 6 known chicken opsins are missing from its current assembly). However using the platypus genome, it is possible to reliably ...
February 6, 2009-National Geographic researchers are trying to collect DNA samples from these odd duck-billed mammals to determine whether there are separate subspecies.
February 6, 2009-National Geographic researchers are trying to collect DNA samples from these odd duck-billed mammals to determine whether there are separate subspecies.
Hyperalgesia is induced by platelet-activating factor (PAF) which comes about in an inflammatory or an allergic response. This seems to occur via immune cells interacting with the peripheral nervous system and releasing pain-producing chemicals (cytokines and chemokines).[4]. One unusual cause of focal hyperalgesia is platypus venom.[5]. Long-term opioid (e.g. heroin, morphine) users and those on high-dose opioid medications for the treatment of chronic pain, may experience hyperalgesia and experience pain out of proportion to physical findings, which is a common cause for loss of efficacy of these medications over time.[3][6][7] As it can be difficult to distinguish from tolerance, opioid-induced hyperalgesia is often compensated for by escalating the dose of opioid, potentially worsening the problem by further increasing sensitivity to pain. Chronic hyperstimulation of opioid receptors results in altered homeostasis of pain signalling pathways in the body with several mechanisms of action ...
context source (HKRMS) Bruce, A. J. (1990). Additions to the marine shrimp fauna of Hong Kong. In: Morton B, editor. Proceedings of the Second International Marine Biological Workshop: The Marine Flora and Fauna of Hong Kong and Southern China. The Marine flora and fauna of Hong Kong and southern china II. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong. 2: 611-648. [details] ...
Writing in PLoS Genetics, Makova explains that by comparing the DNA of the X and Y chromosomes in eutherian mammals to the DNA of the non-sex chromosomes in the opossum and platypus, the researchers were able to go back in time to the point when the X and Y chromosomes were still swapping DNA, just like the non-sex chromosomes in the opossum and platypus. The scientists then were able to observe how the DNA of the X and Y chromosomes changed over time relative to the DNA of the non-sex chromosomes. "Our research revealed that the Y-specific DNA began to evolve rapidly at the time that the DNA region split into two entities, while the X-specific DNA maintained the same evolutionary rate as the non-sex chromosomes," said Makova.. After determining that the Y chromosome has been evolving more rapidly and has been losing more genes as a result, they wanted to find out why the Y chromosome has not already disappeared entirely. "Today, the human Y chromosome contains less than 200 genes, while the ...
Great Debate Series First Baptist Church of Forsyth, Georgia (all meetings at 6:30 pm, childcare provided) September 13: Mr. Bill Underwood, President, Mercer University. Issue: The Death Penalty. September 20: Dr. Mark Douglas, Associate Professor of Christian Ethics, Columbia Theological Seminary. Issue: Stem Cell Research. September 27: Dr. David Gushee, Distinguished Professor of Christian Ethics,…
The newly sequenced genome of the Amborella plant addresses Darwins "abominable mystery" -- the question of why flowers suddenly proliferated on Earth millions of years ago. The genome sequence sheds new light on a major event in the history of life on Earth: the origin of flowering plants, including all major food crop species. On 20 December 2013, a paper by the Amborella Genome Sequencing Project that includes a full description of the analyses performed by the project, as well as implications for flowering plant research, will be published in the journal Science. The paper is among three on different research areas related to the Amborella genome that will be published in the same issue of the journal ...
By Jennifer Copley, Last Updated 12 May 2016). Where: Golden Ears Provincial Park, near Maple Ridge, British Columbia. Description: Golden Ears is a race in the 5 Peaks annual trail racing series. There are two race options for adults - the 13 kilometer/8 mile Enduro Course and the 8.5 kilometer/5 mile Sports Course, as well as 1 kilometer and 3 kilometer childrens races. The courses take runners along beautiful forest trails, with gorgeous scenery throughout. I did the 2016 Enduro course, which included the Alouette Valley, Incline, Eric Dunning, and Lookout trails (the Sports Course omitted Eric Dunning and Incline).. Cost: $45 for early bird registration; $55 closer to the race date (if youd like to do more trail races, you can save money by purchasing a 5 Peaks Season Pass).. Time: Times are quite variable, depending on ability and trail running experience. Times for the 2016 Enduro Course ranged from 1:01:45 to 2:23:04, and for the Sports Course from 35:24 to 2:03:51.. ...
By Jennifer Copley, Last Updated 6 April 2016). Where: North Vancouver, BC, Canada. Description: There are two Cap Crusher race options, 8 kilometers/5 miles and 13 kilometers/8 miles, both running through beautiful, hilly forest trails. The scenery was so gorgeous on this one that I was never bored. The 13k course was a crazy, twisty-turny maze, and I fully expected to get lost after viewing the course map. The organizers sent an e-mail prior to the race saying that anyone who got lost and felt it was due to poor organization could claim a free race. My first thought was, challenge accepted, because I could get lost in a closet. But they had volunteers everywhere and bright pink flags marking the trails at such short intervals that it was impossible to wander off course. Overall, I was very impressed with the organization, and will definitely do more Coast Mountain Trail Series races in the future.. Cost: The price for the 8k ranges from $35 to $65 and the 13k from $45 to $75, depending on how ...
This variety can form a small tree or large bush with a conical shape. Its many stems sometimes form a single trunk. Rough, green leaves with rounded ends share
If I had access to a time traveling machine, I would visit [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Georg_Elser]Georg Elser[/URL] during one of his nightshifts in the Bürgerbräukeller (yeah, I got those Umlauts on my keybord ...) while he was hewing a hole in a column to make room for a bomb that was to explode on the evening of 8 November 1939 when Hitler was scheduled to give a speech there. This speech took place, but Hitler had to leave earlier than expected because there was fog at Munich Airport so he couldnt use the plane and had to take the train. So the deadly bomb exploded exactly 13 minutes too late ... ...
If I had access to a time traveling machine, I would visit [url=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Georg_Elser]Georg Elser[/URL] during one of his nightshifts in the Bürgerbräukeller (yeah, I got those Umlauts on my keybord ...) while he was hewing a hole in a column to make room for a bomb that was to explode on the evening of 8 November 1939 when Hitler was scheduled to give a speech there. This speech took place, but Hitler had to leave earlier than expected because there was fog at Munich Airport so he couldnt use the plane and had to take the train. So the deadly bomb exploded exactly 13 minutes too late ... ...
1970 Mercury Cyclone GT. Jon Kaase BOSS 466 crate engine - His redesigned Boss 429 heads on a .030 over 460 Ford block. Hydraulic roller cam, B Grant Demon 850 carb. 2 1/8 hand built headers into a 3 exhaust with 12 Flowmaster. Heavily fortified C-6 [2500 stall] and a gear vendor overdrive, going into a 9 Currie [3.50] rear end. Sub frames were tied together for structural integrity. It has power steering and air conditioning, and is a daily driver.. We replaced the MSD distributor with a Ford vacuum advance unit - better highway performance, better gas mileage [14.3 mpg highway], much more driver friendly around town.. And more fun than a person should legally be allowed to have on the streets ...