Evaluation of the Anti-obesity Activity of Platycodon grandiflorum Root and Curcuma longa Root Fermented with Aspergillus oryzae Platycodon grandiflorum;Curcuma longa;fermentation;lipid accumulation;anti-obesity; In the present study, the phenolic compound level, antioxidant activity, and inhibition of lipid accumulation in Aspergillus oryzae-fermented water extracts of the Platycodon grandiflorum (PG) root and the Curcuma longa (CL) root were determined. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were decreased after fermentation. However, the flavonoid content of the fermented PG (FPG) was increased by 2.9-fold that of the PG before fermentation. In addition, the antioxidant activities were significantly decreased following fermentation. The potential anti-obesity activity was assessed by determining lipid accumulation and mRNA expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma ($PPAR{\gamma}$) in 3T3-L1 cells. Aspergillus
In this study, a method of metabolite profiling based on UPLC-QTOF/MS was developed to analyze Platycodon grandiflorum. In the optimal UPLC, various metabolites, including major platycosides, were separated well in 15 min. The metabolite extraction protocols were also optimized by selecting a solvent for use in the study, the ratio of solvent to sample and sonication time. This method was used to profile two different parts of P. grandiflorum, i.e., the roots of P. grandiflorum (PR) and the stems and leaves of P. grandiflorum (PS), in the positive and negative ion modes. As a result, PR and PS showed qualitatively and quantitatively different metabolite profiles. Furthermore, their metabolite compositions differed according to individual plant samples. These results indicate that the UPLC-QTOF/MS-based profiling method is a good tool to analyze various metabolites in P. grandiflorum. This metabolomics approach can also be applied to evaluate the overall quality of P. grandiflorum, as well as to
Definition of balloon flower - Chinese bellflower, Platycodon grandiflorus, a perennial plant having large bell-shaped flowers which in bud resemble balloons; al
which I had not tried in my garden before. I bought it based on just the name alone: balloon flower. Intruiguing, eh? Its scientific name is no less wonderful: Platycodon grandiflores "fuji blue." Sounds like a cross between a platypus and oxycodone, with a crayola crayon tacked on the end ...
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Platycodon grandiflorus meaning a broad bell is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae, and the only member of its genus. It is native to East Asia (China, Korea, Japan and East Siberia). This species is known as platycodon ...
How to Create Decorative Balloon Flowers. Turning balloons into flowers is a very simple but original way to create decorations for the perfect little princess party or an afternoon tea with a garden theme. Or maybe you just want to find a...
The most exotic Balloon Flower yet, Komachi resembles a mass of blue umbrellas seen from above, something like Renoirs famous painting Les Parapluies.
Best grown in light, medium moisture, organically rich, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Avoid wet or poorly-drained soils. Plants are easily grown from seed. Division and transplanting are possible but tricky because of the fragile, fleshy root systems of these plants, and it is probably best to leave plants undisturbed once established. Deadheading spent flowers generally prolongs the bloom period. New season plant stems emerge late in spring, so gardeners must be careful not to damage crowns by early cultivation (leaving old plant stems in place throughout winter to the point when the new growth first appears helps mark plant locations). Taller plants often need to be staked because of floppy stems. Consider cutting back plant stems by 1/2 in May to reduce plant height and possibly avoid staking ...
Since numerous flowers are borne on a single stem you have a choice. Either pick off individual spent flowers, or wait until they are all spent and clip off the entire stem. Im a hopeful gardener so I simply pick off the individual flowers just as the petals begin looking worn but before they fall off. If you dont pinch the faded flower off then, a seed pod will form which looks very similar to an unopened flower bud. The purpose of deadheading is to remove spent flowers before the plant spends energy developing seeds (the hard green pod you describe). Therein my hope lies: the plant will redirect its energy into producing more flowers rather than developing seeds ...
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So you want to come up with some wedding shower favor sayings, well it does not have to be hard, but there are a few steps that you will w ...
... Gentle Warriors Herbal Supplement Wisdom You Can Swallow Ingredients Platycodon root, Zhejiang fritillary bulb, Bamboo se
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Theobroma grandiflorum in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06 ...
As you may have figured out already, blue is one of my favorite colors, even if the "blue" of flowers is more or less purple. I finally found a decent bloom on my camellia this year! Most are tinged with brown spots or brown edges. The sweet woodruff is one of those plants that can get a little aggressive in the growth department, but it makes a lovely ground cover for shady areas. I love the interesting spring growth on columbine and balloon flower. Thanks for stopping by ...
The three vegetables are Gosarinamul (고사리나물) sauteed fern shoots (brown veggies), Dorajinamul (도라지나물) sauteed balloon flower roots (yellow-white veggies), and Shigeumchinamul (시금치나물) blanched and seasoned spinach.
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Cornish Bellflower is a, deciduous, vigorous, clump-forming,. perennial herb, growing to 70cm.. Flowers are white, bell-shaped and up to 2cm.. There is a pronounced 3-lobed stigma.. Sepals are triangular and pointed.. Basal leaves are heart-shaped, toothed and up to 8cm.. ...
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The next morning, after a bowl of warm oatmeal, I set off into a torrent of gray mist and howling winds. The lower pressure systems grip on the mountain refused to budge. I crawled up along the loose rock of the ridge, around pockets of brush pine, carefully stepping over the bellflowers and avens, serenaded…
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Erythronium grandiflorum, AVALANCHE LILY, 100 SEEDS Yellow Glacier Lily Erythronium grandiflorum Pursh Other names: dogtooth violet, avalanche lily, fawn lily, snow lily, trout lily Distribution Moist, shaded to open sites, sagebrush slopes to montane forest, sometimes to near treeline, in w. and s.c. parts of MT. Also from s. B.C., WA and OR to WY and CO. HARDY TO AT LEAST ZONE 5 Height: 6-14 in.Conditions: Sun - Partial Shade, moist well-drained soilHardiness Zone: 3-9 GERMINATION INSTRUCTIONS: SEED REQUIRES 4 WEEKS OF COLD, MOIST
Sideroxylon grandiflorum, known as tambalacoque or dodo tree, is a long-lived tree in the family Sapotaceae, endemic to Mauritius. It is valued for its timber. The Sideroxylon grandiflorum fruit is analogous to the peach. They are both termed drupes because both have a hard endocarp, or pit, surrounding the seed, with the endocarp naturally splitting along a fracture line during germination. In 1973, it was thought that this species was dying out. There were supposedly only 13 specimens left, all estimated to be about 300 years old. The true age could not be determined because tambalacoque has no growth rings. Stanley Temple hypothesized that the dodo, which became extinct in the 17th century, ate tambalacoque fruits, and only by passing through the digestive tract of the dodo could the seeds germinate. Temple (1977) force-fed seventeen tambalacoque fruits to wild turkeys. Seven of the fruits were crushed by the birds gizzard. The remaining ten were either regurgitated or passed with the birds ...
In order to explore the compatible principles of Xiebai decoction family, formulae from ancient and modern Xiebai decoction family were collected and sorted in this study. The compatible characteristics, core herbs, as well as the relativity of herbs nature in Xiebai decoction family were analyzed based on scale free network and other data-mining methods such as association rules, clustering analysis and correspondence analysis. The scale free network results showed that in Xiebai decoction family, Mori Cortex-Lycii Cortex-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma was used as the core compatible group and formed the complicated compatible network with other additional herbs; association rules results showed that the core herbs in such formulae included Mori Cortex, Lycii Cortex, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, scutellaria root, Platycodon root, Anemarrhena, and almond, which formed corresponding herbal pairs and compatibility; clustering analysis showed that Mori Cortex was the core herb in Xiebai decoction ...
1. Erythronium grandiflorum Pursh, Fl. Amer. Sept. 1: 231. 1814. Glacier-lily Bulbs slender, 30-50 mm. Leaves 5-20 cm; blade green, lanceolate, ± glaucous, base gradually narrowed to petiole, margins ± wavy. Scape 5-30 cm. Inflorescences usually 1-flowered, sometimes up to 5-flowered. Flowers: tepals recurved, bright yellow with (in live specimens) narrow paler zone at base, or white to creamy white with yellow base, narrowly ovate, 20-35 mm, length at least 4 times width, inner usually auriculate at base; stamens 11-18 mm; filaments white, ± slender, linear, less than 0.8 mm wide; anthers cream, yellow, red, or purplish red; pollen yellow or red; style white, 10-15 mm; stigma unlobed or with slender, recurved lobes (1-)2-4 mm. Capsules oblong to narrowly obovoid, 2-5 cm. 2n = 24.. Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora): w North America.. This beautiful species is often very abundant in mountain meadows of western North America, especially in the Rocky Mountains, where it may form spectacular ...
Delphinium grandiflorum var. chinensis by Curtis, John. High quality art prints with a selection of frame and size options, and canvases. Royal Horticultural Society
This page highlights species information RE: Cardiospermum grandiflorum from the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/).
Dosage forms. Dried roots, extracts, and other preparations.. Medicinal uses. Uses supported by clinical data. None.. Uses described in pharmacopoeias and in traditional systems of medicine. As an expectorant and antitussive (1, 3-5) used to treat coughs, colds, upper respiratory infections, sore throats, tonsillitis, and chest congestion (1, 7). In Chinese traditional medicine, Radix Platycodi has been used to treat cough with sputum, tonsillitis, pertussis, and asthma (16). Also used to treat stomatitis, peptic ulcers, and chronic inflammatory diseases (17, 18).. Uses described in folk medicine, not supported by experimental or clinical data. Other medical uses for Radix Platycodi include the treatment of viral infections and high blood pressure (6).. Pharmacology. Experimental pharmacology. Anti-inflammatory activity. The anti-inflammatory activity of Radix Platycodi has been attributed to the platycodins (17, 19, 20). In vivo studies have shown that intragastric administration of the drug ...
The importance of lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) as a cut flower has increased over recent decades. Eustoma is a perennial herbaceous genus of the family Gentianaceae. The genus is represented by three species, whose distribution is restricted from the southern United States to Central America, including the Caribbean islands. E. grandiflorum is a half-hardy perennial that grows up to 60 cm tall, and its flower color ranges from white to purple. However, due to indirect selection, the plantlets have a tendency to rosette (heat-induced resting stage) if they are exposed to temperatures above 25°C. In order to generate heat-tolerant cultivars and reduce the rosette problem, a breeding program was conducted and interspecific crosses between E. grandiflorum and Eustoma exaltatum were performed. In its natural habitat, E. exaltatum grows at temperatures above 35°C during the summer. Hundreds of hybrids have been obtained in various generations: F1, BC1, S1 and S2. Two types of E. exaltatum were ...
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Epimedium Grandiflorum this species is deciduous and the new growth rises in early spring shortly after which, the yellow flowers emerge. Leaves are flushed reddish-bronze when young but colour up to a fresh green when mature. Flowers are borne in short racemes and can vary a little in colour.. In early Spring cut back the old leaves to get the best out of the emerging fresh foliage. (Grandiflorum also to be found with flowers in shades of purple). Position - Dappled shade. Hardiness - Fully hardy. Height - 40cm. Flowering - April/May. Soil - Humus rich moist yet free draining. ...
We found this one at Joe Pye Weeds Garden in Carlisle, MA. It has lovely pure white blossoms with the long spurs that grandiflorums are famous for. Pure white flowers appear between April and May.. Epimedium is a choice, semi-evergreen ground cover known for its graceful heart-shaped foliage and Columbine-like flowers (flowers arise before the leaves). It does well in dry conditions and deep shade, and is one of the hardiest perennials.. The photo on bottom left shows a variety or cultivar similar to the one above. It may be a different color or slightly different size, but it gives you an idea of what it will look like in a garden or landscape setting.. One of our Wicked Ruggeds, a list with our choices for perennials that stand the test of time... rugged, hardy and durable.. ...
When young, the plants are seen heading skywards, perhaps up trees or just into thin air, or trailing on the ground; when older, hanging in cascades of hemp-like stems.
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location ...
Campanula flowers look best spilling over a tall pot or a hanging basket. Campanula isophylla is a trailing form of bellflower plants. Get tips for growing campanula flower as a house plant.
EWGs Tap Water Database chemical contaminant results for Liberty Utilities - Bellflower - Norwalk. Find out what chemicals are in your tap water.
The best North American modern firsthand account is as usual that by Samuel Thayer in his wonderful book Natures Garden. He notes that the species he uses most is woodlander Erythronium americanum, not documented as edible (only medicinal) by Moerman. He rates the early spring bulbs highly, tasting " like sweet corn or snow peas..crunchy, sweet and tender raw"…but he notes that they are small and it takes a lot of effort to pick a decent amount (he also notes that E. grandiflorum bulbs, a species that grows in alpine meadows, are bigger). Various early foraging authors in the 50s and 60s, including Euell Gibbons, note that the leaves, flower stalks, buds and flowers of americanum are eaten raw and cooked. Thayer is not fond of the leaves or flowers, however, saying that they are "best before unfurled…bitter aftertaste…worse after cooking", but he comments that others enjoy the taste. I havent noticed any bitterness the times Ive tried different species. Gibbons also mentions that white ...
1 fl oz , 30 ml. The White Sage of Ojai Botanical Fragrance by Ojai Wild is a blend of earthy white sage leaves with the woody, floral and citrus notes of guiacawood, jasmine grandiflorum and vintage lemon grass. The Ojai Wild Botanical Cologne collection highlights the pure spirit and beauty you find rooted in the landscapes of California. Each unisex scent reflects the soul of the botanical and captures its wild essence. In addition, all Ojai Wild colognes combine a decanted raw extract of a treasured California botanical with select vintage essential oils, resins, and absolutes. These ingredients are ethically sourced and sometimes aged 35 years. ...
Eustoma grandiflorum Griesb. Seed propagation (Tsukada et al. 1981) is the best method to start a crop although tissue culture (Semeniuk and Griesbach 1987) and rooting of cuttings (Roh et al. 1986a) are also possible. Seeds germinate within 15 days at 25°C. During the first 60 to 90 days after germination, temperatures above 25°C should be avoided to prevent heat stress. The optimum temperature is considered near 10° to 15°C. Seedlings should be transplanted before the stem elongates, and root disturbance should be minimized to prevent wilting when the plants show visible buds. More than 60 days of 16 hours of long days are required to accelerate flowering by about 15 to 25 days (Tsukada et al. 1981).. Most commercial cultivars are tall, cut flower types that require the application of growth retardants for pot plant production (Roh and Lawson 1984a, Tjia and Sheehan 1986). In the Florist and Nursery Crops Laboratory, genetic dwarf selections were obtained from tissue culture and multiplied ...