The worldwide Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer Market report is an in-depth research on the current situation of the Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry. The research study of Global Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer Market 2017 offers a strategic assessment of Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer market. The industry report focuses on the growth opportunities, which will help the Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry to expand operations in the existing markets globally.. Firstly, Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer Market report introduces a basic overview of the Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry, which includes Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer definitions, applications, classifications and Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry chain structure. Worldwide Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer market analysis is provided for the international market including Environmentally-friendly PVC Plasticizer industry ...
Olvex 51 Biobased Plasticizer for PVC has been developed by Brazils SGS Polímeros. Olvex 51 is a bio-based, renewable primary plasticizer produced from vegetable raw materials and renewables which is used as a substitute for petroleum-based plasticizers (DOA, DOP/DEHP, etc) replacing it in 100% and used in traditional PVC, PLA. It can replace conventional phthalate based plasticizers that have restrictions in many markets and products in the industrialization of nitrile rubber.. PolyOne, in conjunction with ADM, has commercialized a soy-based plasticizer that can directly replace butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), which has issues concerning toxicity and price volatility. Based on the chemistry, PolyOnes biobased plasticizer is very compatible with PVC resin and has been applied to flooring and caulk and sealant products that can be used in sustainable building projects. The company is also in an agreement with Segetis, an innovative bio-based chemical company, to explore the development of ...
Diisononyl phthalate (DINP), di (2-ethyl) hexyl phthalate (DEHP), n-octyl phthalate (DNOO), isodecyl phthalate (DIDP) Butyl phthalate (BBP) and dibutyl phthalate (DBP) are collectively called phthalates (or salts), and are commonly used plasticizers for PVC products. Plasticizers are added to PVC to improve the softness, cold resistance, and light stability of PVC. The amount of plasticizer added for different uses of PVC products is different. For example, the weight ratio of phthalates in PVC for food packaging is about 28%, and flexible plastics for toys reach 35% to 40%. Studies have shown that phthalate-containing PVCs are easily released when exposed to grease or at high temperatures above 100 ° C. Due to different recognition of the hazards of phthalate ester-containing PVC, the scope and degree of recognition of its impact are different, so the use restrictions of phthalate ester-containing PVC in different countries are also different. Management regulations and requirements The ...
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Plasticizers (UK: plasticisers) or dispersants are additives that increase the plasticity or decrease the viscosity of a material. These are the substances which are added in order to alter their physical properties. These are either liquids with low volatility or may be even solids. They decrease the attraction between polymer chains to make them more flexible. Over the last 60 years more than 30,000 different substances have been evaluated for their plasticizing properties. Of these, only a small number - approximately 50 - are today in commercial use. The dominant applications are for plastics, especially polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The properties of other materials are also improved when blended with plasticizers including concrete, clays, and related products. According to 2014 data, the total global market for plasticizers was 8.4 million metric tonnes including 1.3 million metric tonnes in Europe. Plasticizers for plastics are additives, most commonly phthalate esters in PVC applications. ...
Abstract Due to their versatility, robustness, and low production costs, plastics are used in a wide variety of applications. Plasticizers are mixed with polymers to increase flexibility of plastics. However, plasticizers are not covalently bound to plastics, and thus leach from products into the environment. Several studies have reported that two common plasticizers, bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalates, induce adverse health effects in vertebrates; however few studies have addressed their toxicity to non-mammalian species. The aim of this review is to compare the effects of plasticizers in animals, with a focus on aquatic species. In summary, we identified three main chains of events that occur in animals exposed to BPA and phthalates. Firstly, plasticizers affect development by altering both the thyroid hormone and growth hormone axes. Secondly, these chemicals interfere with reproduction by decreasing cholesterol transport through the mitochondrial
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) memiliki metode pengukuran warna untuk cairan tidak berwarna, yang merupakan metode standar untuk menganalisa plasticizer. Skala yang digunakan untuk plasticizer berwarna terang adalah warna APHA, atau dikenal sebagai skala Hazen.. Tetapi untuk plasticizer berwarna gelap, yang tidak dapat dilihat dengan skalah APHA, metode ASTM harus digunakan. Metode tes ini menggunakan skala warna Gardner.. Atas berkembangnya teknologi seni akhir-akhir ini, analisa/pengukuran warna dapat dilakukan secara objektif menggunakan Konica Minolta CM-5 Spectrophotometer. CM-5 dapat melakukan evaluasi warna untuk plasticizer secara akurat, menggantikan metode tradisionil dan evaluasi visual secara subjektif.. Untuk mengetahui lebih lanjut mengenai pengukuran warna untuk plasticizer atau cairan lainnya, Anda dapat menghubungi kita di [email protected] ...
Plasticizer Databook contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. The generic plasticizers contain data for particular chemical compound from numerous sources and these generic plasticizer tables usually contain the most extensive information.
Plasticizer Databook contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 375 generic and commercial plasticizers. The generic plasticizers contain data for particular chemical compound from numerous sources and these generic plasticizer tables usually contain the most extensive information.
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The thermoplastic polymeric base materials for use herein furthermore can comprise from 5% to 90%, or from 10% to 85%, or from 15% to 70%, or preferably from 30% to 65% by weight of a suitable compatible plasticiser or a blend of suitable compatible plasticizers. Suitable plasticizers for use in the present invention generally can include any conventional plasticizers which decrease hardness and modulus, enhance pressure sensitive tack and reduce melt and solution viscosity h may be desirable that the plasticizer be water soluble or water dispersible or alternatively be a wax-like substance such as polyethylene or polypropylene glycol, glycerin, glycerol and its esters, butylene glycol or sorbitol. Other plasticizers suitable for use in the present invention may be esters of sucrose; phthalate plasticizers such as dioctyl phthalate and butyl benzyl phthalate (e. g., Santicizer 160 from Monsanto), benzoate plasticizers such as 1,4-cyclohexane dimethanol dibenzoate (e.g., Benzoflez 352 from ...
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Plasticizers are used to increase the plasticity and fluidity of the material, their main application is in polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Tecnosintesi is specialized in phthalate-free plasticizers, biodegradable plasticizer of low toxicity
The fatigue fracture surface micromorphology of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) was studied as a function of molecular weight (M), plasticizer content, and residual orientation, with particular attention given to how these variables affect the formation of discontinuous growth bands (DGBs). Discontinuous growth bands, which form on a number of polymeric solids under cyclic loading, represent successive increments of crack extension through a craze zone. As expected, DGB width showed little change in size over the molecular weight range or specimen orientations examined and increased in size with increasing plasticizer content. On the other hand, the cyclic stability of these bands increased markedly with an increase in molecular weight, but to a lesser extent with additions of a plasticizer. The internal structure of the bands became more ragged with increasing M, whereas the addition of a plasticizer reestablished the crisp and well-defined micromorphology associated with DGBs in low-M polymers. ...
Polylactic acid (PLA) is becoming an increasingly important biopolymer for packaging applications. PLA brittleness limits its applicability. This study evaluated PLA properties with increasing amounts of added polyethylene glycol (PEG) plasticizer. Oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of cast films was determined using the newly available Dynamic Accumulation (DA) method. Arrhenius temperature sensitivity of OTR and polymer Permeability was also determined. Permeability of neat PLA is 4.848 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa; hence, 4.84 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa, 4.07 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa and 5.42 ml mm (STP)/m2 s kPa by adding PEG 1 %, 5% and 10% respectively. The main conclusion from this work is increasing PEG will enhance the PLA permeability number but excess PEG in PLA film will decrease the permeability number.
The PVC membrane of an ion-selective electrode (ISE) sensitive to dibasic phosphate ions (HPO4-ISE) has not been optimized for maximum selectivity, sensitivity, and useable ISE lifetime and further work was necessary to improve its performance. Two areas of investigation are reported here: include the parameters for the lipophilicity of the plasticizer compound used and the amount of cyclic polyamine ionophore incorporated in the PVC membrane. Six candidate plasticizers with a range of lipophilicity were evaluated for their effect on the useable lifetime, sensitivity, and selectivity of the ISE against 13 different anions. Selectivity was determined by a modified fixed interferent method, sensitivity was determined without interferents, and the usable lifetime evaluated at the elapsed time where 50% of the HPO4-ISE failed (L50). The results show that choosing a plasticizer that has a lipophilicity similar to the ionophores results in the best selectivity and sensitivity and the longest L50.
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Global Plasticizers Market. Market Overview:The global Plasticizers market was valued at USD 16.26 billion in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 27.46 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 6.00% from 2017 to 2025. Plasticizers are used in plastic manufacturing to improve the physical properties of final product. They are either low volatility liqui
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Databook of Plasticizers contains data on selection of the most important plasticizers in use today. The selection includes 410 generic and commercial plasticizers,...
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Given the widespread occurrence of phthalates in the aquatic environment, fish are also likely to be exposed to phthalates via the water column, food and/or via the sediments, depending on their ecological niche. In support of this, a study in wild fish in The Netherlands measured median concentrations of DEHP and DBP at 1.7 and 1.0 µg kg−1 (wet wt.), respectively, with 95th percentile values reaching up to 141 µg DEHP kg−1 and 26 µg DBP kg−1 (wet wt.) (Peijnenburg & Struijs 2006). Laboratory studies have further shown that phthalates bioconcentrate in fish. For example, the BCF for DEHP was 120 in the carp and for BBP, 9.4 in bluegill sunfish (Staples et al. 1997). The presence of phthalates in wild fish and their ability to concentrate in body tissues demonstrate their potential to induce adverse effects on the health of wild populations, but there has been little bearing on this expectation.. Very few studies have comprehensively addressed the biological effects of phthalates on ...
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Triethyl citrate is an ester of citric acid. It is a colorless, odorless liquid used as a food additive (E number E1505) to stabilize foams, especially as whipping aid for egg white.[3] It is also used in pharmaceutical coatings and plastics.[4] Triethyl citrate is also used as a plasticizer for polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and similar plastics.[5] Triethyl citrate has been used as a pseudo-emulsifier in e-cigarette juices. It functions essentially like lecithin used in food products, but with the possibility of vaporization which lecithin does not have. ...
Plasticizers are often used to make plastics more pliable, particularly polyvinyl chloride (PVC or vinyl). Eastman 168 SG is a non-phthalate plasticizer, and is the main alternative to phthalates in applications from flooring and wallcoverings to toys to medical devices and many other applications that require flexible vinyl. Eastman 168 SG can also be used in some waterborne adhesives and in some rubber formulations. Eastman 168 SG has several US FDA and European food-contact clearances in adhesive and plastics applications.. Eastman 168 SG comes with the security of supply required by manufacturers of flexible vinyl products facing demanding quality assurance protocols and compliance requirements such as toys, medical devices, and food-contact articles. Eastman Chemical is the only domestic manufacturer of this vital molecule, with two facilities supplying the US and global markets. With Eastman 168 SG, manufacturers have a proven and cost effective non-phthalate alternative to make PVC ...
Teknor Apex has studied the effects of plasticiser migration into non-PVC thermoplastics in contact with plasticised PVC parts in medical devices. Result show that some plasticisers cause defects while others exhibit no effects.
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Solid polymer electrolyte films based on poly(vinyl chloride)-lithium triflate (PVC-LiCF3SO3) have been prepared by the solution-cast technique in various concentrations. The film with the highest...
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VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a technique that can be used to convert lignin - a by-product of pulp mills and biorefineries - into a concrete plasticiser that is competitive against the synthetic and lignosulphonate-based admixtures currently on the market. In its water-soluble form, lignin can also be used as an additive in paints, printing inks, coatings and manufacture of gypsum products. The workability of fresh concrete and the strength of the final product are important to builders. In fresh concrete, the lignin solution produced using VTTs LigniOx technique works noticeably better than commercial lignosulphonate-based plasticiser and even provides a promising alternative to synthetic superplasticisers. The LigniOx solution enables use of only a small amount of water, producing a highly workable paste that hardens into a strong final product. VTTs LigniOx technology converts lignin water-soluble by means of oxygen oxidation. The technique can be used to process ...
Plasticizer Definition - A plasticizer is either a non-surface active compound or an active substance added to a suspension, usually a mix, to...
2016 Global Super Plasticizers Industry Report is a professional and in-depth research report on the worlds major regional market conditions of the Super Plasticizers industry, focusing on the main regions (North America, Europe and Asia) and the main countries (United States, Germany, Japan and China).
Plasticizers, procurement research, Superplasticizers, plasticizers suppliers, category management, supplier selection, supplier analysis, Pricing Strategies, Negotiation Strategies, Cost Modeling, Procurement Best Practices.
Plasticizers, procurement research, Superplasticizers, plasticizers suppliers, category management, supplier selection, supplier analysis, Pricing Strategies, Negotiation Strategies, Cost Modeling, Procurement Best Practices.
[115 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Non-Phthalate Plasticizer Sales Market Report 2017 report by QYResearch Group. In this report, the global Non-Phthalate Plasticizer market is...
It is now well established that the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR alpha) is expressed in different types of immune cells and plays a pivotal role in the regulation of age-related production of inflammatory cytokines. However, the role(s) of this receptor in the regulation of immune cell homoeostasis in ageing non-lymphoid and lymphoid organs has not yet been resolved. We examine this issue here by evaluating the hepatic and splenic immune status and immunoglobulin (Ig) production in male PPAR alpha-null mice and their wild-type littermates at one and 2 years of age. In comparison with the age-matched control animals, PPAR alpha-null mice exhibited age-related elevations in the numbers of total, as well as of phenotypically distinct subpopulations of intrahepatic immune cells (IHIC) and splenocytes. Moreover, at 2 years of age, these alterations in hepatic immune cells were accompanied by significant increases in hepatic levels of the pro-inflammatory ...
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The report focuses on United States major leading industry players providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out. The DEHP Plasticizer industry development trends and marketing channels are analyzed. Finally the feasibility of new investment projects are assessed and overall research conclusions offered ...
Today, processed and packaged foods are considered as among the major sources of human exposure to plasticizers and bisphenol which migrate from plastic pa
PROFLEX PLASTICIZERS are primarily derived from sulfonamide chemistry. These are high-quality resin modifiers which exceptional performance and product quality.. Traditional applications for the ProFlex line include fluorescent pigments, melamine-formaldehyde resins, nail lacquers, and printing inks:. ProFlex 8 - n-ethyl o/p Toluenesulfonamide. ProFlex 8 is a plasticizer and adhesion promoter with high thermal stability.. The product is highly polar and it readily plasticizes the more difficult resins, such as nylon and other polyamides, shellac, cellulose acetate, zein, and other protein materials.. ProFlex 9S - o/p Toluenesulfonamide (40/60). ProFlex 9S is successfully used as a plasticizer for melamine and various other resins.. It improves the stability, flexibility and the flow properties of these resins. 9S can also be used in low-pressure melamine formaldehyde laminates, urea formaldehyde resins and as a reactive plasticizer in epoxy, polyurethane, and melamine based resins. Systems ...
US headquartered polymer manufacturer Eastman Chemical Company today announced at the Compamed trade fair in Düsseldorf, Germany, that Eastman 168 (trademarked) SG non-phthalate plasticiser is now available in Europe.