Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes case reports in all areas of obstetrics and gynecology.
Placental infection measured by placental smear at delivery is a standard indicator, widely used to characterize malaria infection in pregnant women. However, a single measure can hardly reflect the entire history of infection during pregnancy. To investigate the relation between this indicator and peripheral infection during pregnancy, we used data collected in a randomized trial of malaria prophylaxis in 928 pregnant women in Burkina Faso, 1987-1988, during which repeated measures of peripheral infection were taken. We analyzed placental infection using a logistic model, with two methods for handling missing data. Peripheral infection during two periods of pregnancy was significantly related to placental infection at delivery, before the fifth month: OR = 2.9 [1.3; 6.3]; after 7 months: OR = 4.9 [2.7; 8.8]). Therefore, an early peripheral infection may persist throughout gestation, and placental infection is a good indicator of the womens parasitological status during pregnancy.
All pregnant women who came for delivery at a district hospital in Mandla and a civil hospital in Maihar were screened for Plasmodium falciparum (placental parasitemia using a rapid test and microscopy and peripheral and umbilical cord parasitemia using microscopy alone). Two rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), Paracheck Pf and ParaHITf, were used. At Mandla, the sensitivity and specificity of the Paracheck Pf for P. falciparum were 93% and 84%, respectively. The positive predictive values (PPVs) and negative predictive values (NPVs) were 50% and 99%, respectively. At Maihar, the sensitivity and specificity of the ParaHITf for P. falciparum were 87.5% and 97%, respectively. The PPVs and NPVs were 75.4% and 98.7%, respectively. Placental infection was significantly associated with low birth weight. The RDTs for the identification of P. falciparum were more sensitive in placental blood than the placental blood smear by microscopy. Thus, the RDTs should be useful for rapid assessment of malaria at delivery.
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
The aim of my project is to characterize the role of placental infection in the aetiology of pregnancy complications. In this study we will utilize samples from a large, prospective cohort study consisting of approximately 4500 primiparous women. Using well-phenotyped cases and matched controls, we will explore the potential presence of infectious agents in the placenta, as well as investigating markers of inflammation in maternal blood serially-collected throughout pregnancy. Potentially, this project will further our understanding of the biological basis of foetal growth restriction and pre-eclampsia, while identifying biomarkers for clinical applications.. ...
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Demographic information of IH about patient gender, birth weight, race, gestational age, prenatal testing procedures, placental abnormalities, maternal complications during pregnancy, type of fertilization and delivery type are collected ...
Refer this content as: Points de Vue International Review of Ophthalmic Optics, Varilux X series Everything you need to know about this new progressive lens, online publication, www.pointsdevue.com, September 2017. ...
Issue Fresh electron-vue project gives webpack error: ReferenceError: process is not defined Look like issue #516 solved by #726 for build:web Reproduction vue init simulatedgreg/electron-vue test_vue_error cd test_vue_error npm install ...
For those of you who have been looking for a way to open Intergraph VUE files directly in Navisworks, there is an Autodesk Labs project that may interest you. Viewing Intergraph Smart™ / SmartPlant 3D® VUE files in Autodesk Navisworks...
Malaria in pregnancy has been associated with maternal morbidity, placental malaria, and adverse birth outcomes. However, data are limited on the relationships between longitudinal measures of malaria during pregnancy, measures of placental malaria, and birth outcomes. This is a nested observational study of data from a randomized controlled trial of intermittent preventive therapy during pregnancy among 282 participants with assessment of placental malaria and delivery outcomes. HIV-uninfected pregnant women were enrolled at 12-20 weeks of gestation. Symptomatic malaria during pregnancy was measured using passive surveillance and monthly detection of asymptomatic parasitaemia using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). Placental malaria was defined as either the presence of parasites in placental blood by microscopy, detection of parasites in placental blood by LAMP, or histopathologic evidence of parasites or pigment. Adverse birth outcomes assessed included low birth weight (LBW), preterm
Malaria in pregnancy has been associated with maternal morbidity, placental malaria, and adverse birth outcomes. However, data are limited on the relationships between longitudinal measures of malaria during pregnancy, measures of placental malaria, and birth outcomes. This is a nested observational study of data from a randomized controlled trial of intermittent preventive therapy during pregnancy among 282 participants with assessment of placental malaria and delivery outcomes. HIV-uninfected pregnant women were enrolled at 12-20 weeks of gestation. Symptomatic malaria during pregnancy was measured using passive surveillance and monthly detection of asymptomatic parasitaemia using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). Placental malaria was defined as either the presence of parasites in placental blood by microscopy, detection of parasites in placental blood by LAMP, or histopathologic evidence of parasites or pigment. Adverse birth outcomes assessed included low birth weight (LBW), preterm
It is still unclear how mother-to-child HCV transmission occurs in the perinatal period, and our present findings may help to shed some light on the route of infection. During the perinatal period, there are two possible major routes of HCV transmission from mother to child: placental infection and birth canal infection. Placental infection results from active transport of virus from mother to child, or from micro-transfusion of virus due to placental membrane damage. In all of the three brothers, blood exchange between the fetus and the mother through the placenta had been good, because anti-HCV antibody (immunoglobulin G) had been transferred to all fetuses and was detected in the umbilical blood at birth in all cases. However, only the second child had been infected with HCV. Negativity for HCV RNA in the umbilical blood of this child was different from the viral titer in the serum of his mother, which indicated a very high level of HCV RNA, as shown in Table 1. Thus placental infection by ...
Pre-term labor is presumed to result from spreading of lower genital infection to upper part, subsequently to decidual and choioamniotic tissues. Host response to this injury include the expression of protein which is responsible to the inflammatory reactions. The expression of the inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α increase in case of infection.These cytokines may play an essential role in the pathophysiology of spontaneous pretem labor with intact membrane.An observational analytic cohort study was caried out on cases of spontaneous pre-tefln labor with intact membrane. The objectives of this study are to examine the relationship between l) the histologic amnionitis and placentitis and the incidence of preterm delivery,2) the expression of amniotic fluids IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α and the incidence of preterm delivery, 3) the level of amniotic fluids IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α and the grade of histologic amnionitis and placentitis in case of pre-term labor ...
Placentitis is an inflammation within the placenta that is responsible for approximately up to forty percent of late term abortions in your mares. - Wag!
Subchorionic hemorrhage (long) I had a high risk pregnancy with my daughter/first pregnancy because I had a subchorionic hemorrhage. I know they're commo…
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Marginal cord insertion is a type of abnormal cord insertion. Epidemiology The estimated incidence is at ~7% 1 of singleton pregnancies but ~25% of twin pregnancies. Hence, it is very important to locate the umbilical cord in all patients, part...
Im 10w5d and had went to the ER 2 days ago after noticing I was bleeding. I freaked out thinking the worst! The ultrasound showed the baby is perfect, but it also showed that I have a 1cm subchorionic hemorrhage. Has anyone else had to go through this? Im so scared itll get worse. We tried for 3 years...
At my 20 week scan which was about two weeks ago, I was told I have marginal cord insertion which means the umbilical cord attached to the placenta...
Stereotypical alterations in cortical patterning are associated with maternal illness-induced placental dysfunction. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24155294 Abstract We have previously shown in mice that cytokine-mediated damage to the placenta can temporarily limit the flow of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus. The placental vulnerability is pronounced before embryonic day 11, when even mild immune challenge results in fetal…
You cant really tell how serious placenta abruptio is by the amount of vaginal bleeding. Sometimes the blood gets trapped between the placenta and the wall of the uterus. So there might be a serious problem even if there is only a little bleeding.. Call 911 or emergency services right away if you have: ...
As quickly as your care provider has examined your placenta, the placenta should be placed into a food-grade container or bag, sealed tightly and refrigerated or placed on ice.. For Hospital Births~ Hospital staffs are very busy and can easily be distracted. Your placenta could accidentally be discarded or sent to pathology where it could be ruined for encapsulation. Your placenta is not their highest priority. Most hospitals will accommodate your desire to take the placenta home by preparing it for transport, but once packaged they will not accept any responsibility for proper storage of it during your stay. You, your partner or doula, must take responsibility to keep an eye on your placenta.. I recommend that either your birthing partner or doula be in charge of the placenta once it is birthed so that it is properly stored and not lost or damaged. It is always best to be prepared for unexpected situations. Bring a cooler and some gallon sized zip lock bags to the hospital with you.. Hospital ...
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The LEUKO EZ VUE® test is a rapid lateral flow cassette test used to detect elevated levels of lactoferrin, a marker of fecal leukocytes.
Empower yourself to have the best babymoon possible! Placenta Encapsulation, prepared by a specialist, can be a powerful tool for you and your baby. For centuries, women all over the world have prepared their placentas into a powdered capsule to help recover from their labors and births. We now know that the ingestion of placenta has many other benefits too!. Here is a summary of the scientific studies and articles about the benefits of ingesting your placenta.. ...
Its that time of year again! Placentas! Placentas! Placentas everywhere! When a mamma ewe has her darling little lambys, after they are all delivered safely, the attendant (read: MLady) knows that delivery is finished when the ewe finally passes her placenta. Its a massive, slimy, gnarly, bloody mess. But MLady waits n watches for it, cause until…
We offer our clients safe, affordable placenta encapsulation, placenta prints and placenta tinctures. Our process is easy and seamless and includes prompt pickup, delivery and a fast turnaround time.
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Morphology and histology of placentas of wild-type, Cul4b heterozygous and absorbed embryos at 14.5 dpc.(A) Representative photographs of placentas of wild-type
The time after baby is born can be both peaceful and unsure. For those concerned about creating their best experience, looking to alternative methods of support is common. In recent years, the practice of Placenta Encapsulation has become more mainstream as reports spill in about the wonderful benefits. If youre looking for the highest safety standards and best possible experience, look no further than our Postpartum Placenta Specialists ...
Placenta in the front Hey everybody! Im 19 1/2 weeks and this is my first time posting. I had my anatomy scan on Mon and the tech told me that my placenta is…
I was told that this was a great way to keep from experiencing baby blues. I had really bad baby blues with my first and now that I am pregnant again I have been looking into this. It looks like it costs around $300? to have it done. But the cost isnt what concerns me as much as the fact that its going somewhere and you get it back hoping it is in fact YOUR placenta!!!! Yuck.... So, this makes me feel like I can do it myself (maybe enlisting my moms help)! I am excited! Just ordered the capsule filler. Thank you for showing how to do this step by step! ...
Im seriously considering taking my placenta home this time round (not due until december) and turning it into captules to take during birth recovery. What are you planning to do with yours, or what have you done in the past? - page 2
There are a number of natural therapies and medical interventions that may be useful in treating a retained placenta. Heres what you need to know about them.
Крем с экстрактом плаценты обладает регенерирующими и увлажняющими свойствами
Im pregnant with my 2nd child - 14 yrs after my first and Ive just found out that I might need a cesarean due to low lieing placenta. I know theres
Zanzibar has transitioned from malaria control to the pre-elimination phase, and the continued need for intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy (IPTp) has been questioned. We conducted a prospective observational study to estimate placental malaria positivity rate among women who did not receive IPTp with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. A convenience sample of pregnant women was enrolled from six clinics on the day of delivery from August of 2011 to September of 2012. Dried placental blood spot specimens were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR); 9 of 1,349 specimens (0.7%; precision estimate = 0.2-1.1%) were PCR-positive for Plasmodium falciparum. Placental infection was detected on both Pemba (N = 3) and Unguja (N = 6). Placental malaria positivity in Zanzibar was low, even in the absence of IPTp. It may be reasonable for the Ministry of Health to consider discontinuing IPTp, intensifying surveillance efforts, and promoting insecticide-treated nets and effective case management of ...
Placental infection by Salmonella enterica typhimurium in a murine model : mechanisms of pathogenesis and role of inflammatory cell death
Protection from placental malaria is acquired over successive pregnancies, with the prevalence of placental malaria being lower in multigravid than primigravid women. Although Ab to placental-type parasites have been associated with improved pregnancy outcomes (20, 45), it remains unclear to which part(s) of the VAR2CSA molecule protective Ab bind and whether protection from placental malaria requires a large repertoire of Ab to multiple domains and/or different allelic variants of VAR2CSA. Data from this study were obtained using samples collected prior to implementation of intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp). Today, IPTp is the standard of care in many African countries; therefore, studies similar to the one reported herein would be difficult to repeat. IPTp reduces the number of infections during pregnancy and the Ab response to placental isolates (3). Although the number of women followed was relatively small (n = 89 women), the sample set included parasitological data and serum samples ...
Symptoms of placental abruption include bleeding from the vagina, severe painin the abdomen or back, and tenderness of the uterus. Depending on the severity of the bleeding, the mother may experience a drop in blood pressure, followed by symptoms of organ failure as her organs are deprived of oxygen. Sometimes, there is no visible vaginal bleeding. Instead, the bleeding is said tobe "concealed." In this case, the bleeding is trapped behind the placenta, orthere may be bleeding into the muscle of the uterus. Many patients will haveabnormal contractions of the uterus, particularly extremely hard, prolongedcontractions. Placental abruption can be total (in which case the fetus willalmost always die in the uterus), or partial.. Placental abruption can also cause a very serious complication called consumptive coagulopathy. A series of reactions begin that involve the elements of the blood responsible for clotting. These clotting elements are bound togetherand used up by these reactions. This ...
There were 52 histology-positive cases; 38 (73.1%) active (acute and chronic) and 14 past infections. Intervillous parasitaemia was low (60% had < 1% parasitaemia) and monocytosis mostly mild (63%). Compared with uninfected placentas, acute Plasmodium falciparum infections were associated with stillbirth (RR 3.8, 95% CI 1.2-12.1), lower maternal haemoglobin (mean difference: 1.5 g/dL, 95% CI 0.5-2.5), lower birth weight (mean difference 451 g, 95% CI 169-609) and shorter gestation (mean difference 0.8 weeks, 95% CI 0.2-1.4). Chronic or past infections were not associated with these outcomes. Among the 11 peripheral Plasmodium vivax cases, placental parasites were absent, but they were associated with increased placental polymorphonuclear cells ...
My story of subchorionic hemorrhage pregnancy complications in first trimester of my fourth pregnancy. (What is a subchorionic hemorrhage?)
Looking for abruptio placenta? Find out information about abruptio placenta. A pregnancy disorder in which the placenta separates prematurely from the uterus Explanation of abruptio placenta
Find the best abruptio placenta doctors in New Delhi. Get guidance from medical experts to select abruptio placenta specialist in New Delhi from trusted hospitals - credihealth.com
What is placenta abruptio? Placenta abruptio is a pregnancy problem in which the placenta separates too early from the wall of the uterus. The placenta is a round, flat organ that forms during pregnancy. It gives the baby food and oxygen from the mother. In a normal pregnancy, the placenta stays firmly...
We can answer your questions about your childs birth injury, and help you to understand why it happened and whether it was preventable.