4-Beta-D-glucoside, arbre dor (French), bioflavonoid, borovice hvezdicovit (Czech), caffeic acid, catechin, condensed tannins, epicatechin, ferulic acid, Flavangenol , free glucose, French maritime pine bark extract, French Pinus maritime bark, gallic acid, L-(feruloyl)-beta-D-glucose, L-(p-coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucose, maritime pine tree bark, merim nd (Estonian), oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes, OPCs, PCOs, p-coumaric acid, phenolcarbonic acids, phenolic acids, phenolic fruit acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, pi mar tim (Catalan), pi pinastre (Catalan), pin de Bordeaux (French), pin de Corte (French), pin des Landes (French), pin maritime (French), pin m sog en (French), Pinaceae (family), pinastro (Italian, Spanish), pinheiro-bravo (Portuguese), pino costiero (Italian), pino gallego (Spanish), pino mar timo (Spanish), pino marittimo (Italian), pino resinero (Spanish), pino rodeno (Spanish), pino rubial (Spanish), Pinus pinaster, Pinus maritima, polyphenols, proanthocyanidins, procyanidins, ...
4-Beta-D-glucoside, arbre dor (French), bioflavonoid, borovice hvezdicovit (Czech), caffeic acid, catechin, condensed tannins, epicatechin, ferulic acid, Flavangenol , free glucose, French maritime pine bark extract, French Pinus maritime bark, gallic acid, L-(feruloyl)-beta-D-glucose, L-(p-coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucose, maritime pine tree bark, merim nd (Estonian), oligomeric proanthocyanidin complexes, OPCs, PCOs, p-coumaric acid, phenolcarbonic acids, phenolic acids, phenolic fruit acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, pi mar tim (Catalan), pi pinastre (Catalan), pin de Bordeaux (French), pin de Corte (French), pin des Landes (French), pin maritime (French), pin m sog en (French), Pinaceae (family), pinastro (Italian, Spanish), pinheiro-bravo (Portuguese), pino costiero (Italian), pino gallego (Spanish), pino mar timo (Spanish), pino marittimo (Italian), pino resinero (Spanish), pino rodeno (Spanish), pino rubial (Spanish), Pinus pinaster, Pinus maritima, polyphenols, proanthocyanidins, procyanidins, ...
Pine wilt disease (PWD) caused by pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, is the most destructive diseases of pine and poses a threat of serious economic losses worldwide. Although several of the mechanisms involved in disease progression have been discovered, the molecular response of Pinus massoniana to PWN infection has not been explored. We constructed four subtractive suppression hybridization cDNA libraries by taking time-course samples from PWN-inoculated Masson pine trees. One-hundred forty-four significantly differentially expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were identified, and 124 high-quality sequences with transcriptional features were selected for gene ontology (GO) and individual gene analyses. There were marked differences in the types of transcripts, as well as in the timing and levels of transcript expression in the pine trees following PWN inoculation. Genes involved in signal transduction, transcription and translation and secondary metabolism were highly expressed after 24
The tree-killing mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) is an important disturbance agent of western North American forests and recent outbreaks have affected tens of millions of hectares of trees. Most western North American pines (Pinus spp.) are hosts and are successfully attacked by mountain pine beetles whereas a handful of pine species are not suitable hosts and are rarely attacked. How pioneering females locate host trees is not well understood, with prevailing theory involving random landings and/or visual cues. Here we show that female mountain pine beetles orient toward volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from host limber pine (Pinus flexilis James) and away from VOCs of nonhost Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva Bailey) in a Y-tube olfactometer. When presented with VOCs of both trees, females overwhelmingly choose limber pine over Great Basin bristlecone pine. Analysis of VOCs collected from co-occurring limber and Great Basin bristlecone pine trees revealed only a few
Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) grows in a range of different climates in the southwestern Mediterranean region and the existence of a variety of latitudinal ecotypes or provenances is well established. In this study, we have conducted a deep analysis of the transcriptome in needles from two P. pinaster provenances, Leiria (Portugal) and Tamrabta (Morocco), which were grown in northern Spain under the same conditions. An oligonucleotide microarray (PINARRAY3) and RNA-Seq were used for whole-transcriptome analyses, and we found that 90.95 % of the data were concordant between the two platforms. Furthermore, the two methods identified very similar percentages of differentially expressed genes with values of 5.5 % for PINARRAY3 and 5.7 % for RNA-Seq. In total, 6,023 transcripts were shared and 88 differentially expressed genes overlapped in the two platforms. Among the differentially expressed genes, all transport related genes except aquaporins were expressed at higher levels in Tamrabta than in
How to Propagate Pinus Radiata. This article explains the basics of planting pinus radiata. Pinus radiata is an evergreen tree that grows to by , and it grows at a very fast rate. Pinus radiata is hardy to zone 8. It is in leaf all year;...
Pinus montezumae ----------- Montezuma pine Pinus monticola---------- Western white pine. Pinus muricata----------------- Bishop pine.. Pinus nigra----------------------European black pine, Australian black pine.. Pinus oaxacana -----------------.................. Pinus palustris----------------- Long-leaf pine. Pinus parviflora---------Japanese white pine. Pinus patula--------- Mexican weeping pine.. Pinus pinaster -------Maritime pine, cluster pine. Pinus pinea ---------------Roman pine, umbrella pine, stone pine.. Pinus ponderosa----------------- Ponderosa pine, Western yellow pine. Pinus pseudostrobus-Smooth-bark Mexican pine. Pinus pungens-------------------.................. Pinus radiata----------------- Monterey pine, Himalayan pine, radiata pine.. Pinus remota--------------------- .................. Pinus rigida -----------------.................. Pinus roxburghii----------------- Chir pine, Himalayan long-leaf pine. Pinus serotina--------------------- ............. Pinus ...
Recent wildfires in mountain pine beetle (Dendrocronas ponderosae; MPB) post-outbreak lodgepole (pinus contorta var. latifolia) stands in the western United States have generated concern among stakeholders and disagreement over predicted fire behavior in the scientific literature. A study was conducted of wildland firefighters observations of fire behavior in beetle-killed lodgepole pine forests to garner a better understanding of expected vs. observed fire behavior, with a focus on what fire behaviors surprised firefighters. Twelve MPB post-outbreak wildfires and one prescribed fire were ...
The pine nuts, as the most expensive ones, are a source of healthy oil. Accordingly, the hypothesis was genetic differences of pine species (Pinus spp.) affect their nut oil content and fatty acid phytovariability. A completely randomized design experiment with three replicates was done in Isfahan Flower Garden, Iran, using four pine species of chir pine (Pinus longifolia Roxb.), stone pine (P. pinea L.), eldar pine (P. eldarica Medv.) and mugo pine (P. mugo pumilio XENARI). The mugo pine and eldar pine species contained the highest (44.10%) and the lowest (37.40%) oil percentage, respectively. The eldar pine (12.45%) and the chir pine (12.23%) species contained the highest and the stone pine species (11.18%) contained the least rate of saturated fatty acids (SFA). Palmitic (6.33%) and oleic (36.29%) acids were the highest in the stone pine specie, and stearic acid (3.86%) was the highest in the chir pine specie. For human health, high levels of unsaturated fatty acids and little amount of saturated
Basic botanical data Official Latin Name:Pinus strobus Common Name: Pinus maritima, P. pinaster, white pine, French Marine Pine Bark Extract, French Maritime Pine Bark Extract, Leucoanthocyanidins, OPC, Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins, PCO, Pinus maritima, Pinus pinaster, Procyandiol Oligomers, Procyanodolic Oligomers, Part Used: Bark Chemistry:95% Pinus Maritima Pinus Maritima is a water-soluble flavonoid, or polyphenol, complex with powerful antioxidant properties and effects on reducing blood clotting. Proanthocyanidins are at least 15 to 25 times more powerful than vitamin E in neutralizing the iron and oxygen species free radicals that attack lipids. Pine trees are evergreen conifers (cone-bearing trees) that originate almost exclusively in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Pines are the source of many commercial products. Pine medicinal preparations are made from the essential oil of distilled leaves, from the resin and its derivatives produced from the bark, and from the ...
The significant geographic extent of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) in the interior West and the large proportion within the mixed-severity fire regime has led to efforts for more ecologically based management of lodgepole pine. New research and demonstration activities are presented that may provide knowledge and techniques to manage lodgepole pine forests in the interior West. First, at the stand and watershed levels, a current application of a suite of restoration treatments to lodgepole pine stands within a watershed in central Montana is discussed. Second, a Bitterroot Ecosystem Management Research Project (BEMRP) study is presented that characterized landscape and patch dynamics in lodgepole pine forests at a coarser spatial resolution. Various landscape metrics for quantification of the range of variation in aerial extent of cover type and structural stage categories were used, and the implications for ecosystem management are discussed. ...
The mountain pine beetle (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) (MPB) has infested and killed millions of hectares of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm) forests in British Columbia, Canada, over the past decade. It is now spreading out of its native range into the Canadian boreal forest, with unknown social, economic and ecological consequences. This review explores the ramifications of the MPB epidemic with respect to mid-term timber supply, forest growth, structure and composition, vegetation diversity, forest fire, climate change, and ecosystem resilience. Research confirms that, in British Columbia, all of these variables are more significantly impacted when salvage logging is used as management response to the outbreak. We conclude that appropriate management in response to MPB is essential to ensuring ecologically resilient future forests and reliable mid-term timber supplies for affected human communities. We highlight knowledge gaps and avenues for research to advance our
Stone Pine cone with pine nuts - note two nuts under each cone scale. In Europe, pine nuts come from the Stone Pine (Pinus pinea), which has been cultivated for its nuts for over 6,000 years, and harvested from wild trees for far longer. The Swiss Pine (Pinus cembra) is also used to a very small extent.. In Asia, two species are widely harvested, Korean Pine (Pinus koraiensis) in northeast Asia (the most important species in international trade), and Chilgoza Pine (Pinus gerardiana) in the western Himalaya. Four other species, Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica), Siberian Dwarf Pine (Pinus pumila), Chinese White Pine (Pinus armandii) and Lacebark Pine (Pinus bungeana), are also used to a lesser extent.. In North America, the main species are three of the pinyon pines, Colorado Pinyon (Pinus edulis), Single-leaf Pinyon (Pinus monophylla), and Mexican Pinyon (Pinus cembroides). The other eight pinyon species are used to a small extent, as are Gray Pine (Pinus sabineana), Torrey Pine (Pinus torreyana) ...
General purpose of this lecture is to presentation on Mountain Pine Beetle in British Columbia. Mountain Pine Beetle attacks all types of pine trees, but p
...As mountain pine beetles march across the forests of western North Ame...Dr. Francois Teste and colleagues from the University of Alberta in Ca...Lodgepole pines a variety of the pine species Pinus contorta ...Using germination techniques Teste and colleagues assessed the viabil...,Storing,seeds,for,a,rainy,day,--,or,in,this,case,,a,fire,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Regenerating longleaf pine by artificial means is an essential component of restoring the ecosystem across most of its range because there are limited acres of longleaf stands remaining. Establishing longleaf pine is an early step in the ecosystem restoration process. An overview discussion of artificial regeneration techniques and related issues are presented this paper. Other papers follow in the proceedings that provide more specific information related to reestablishing longleaf pine forests. ...
Pycnogenol, a standardized extract of French maritime pine bark, is composed of flavonoids, procyanidins, and phenolic acids. The mixture of the components has shown greater pharmacological effects than its purified components, such as cardiovascular benefits, antihypertensive effects, alleviation of allergies and asthma, reduction of thromboxane, and antidiabetic effects [18,20,32]. However, a recent study showed that the Korean red pine (P. densiflora) bark extract is also composed of flavonoids and phenolic acids, and has considerable antioxidant effects [33]. Several studies discovered antiadipogenic and anti-inflammatory effects of P. densiflora bark extract, but further studies are required to validate the effectiveness [34,35]. French maritime and Korean red pine bark extract have been studied in many diseases but rarely in ocular diseases. The role of pine bark extract in age-related cataract is still unclear. That being said, other antioxidant substances can be used to prevent oxidative ...
Pinus massoniaia Lamb has gained more and more attention as the most important tree species for timber and forestation in South China. Gene expression studies are of great importance to identify new and elite cultivars. Real-time quantitative PCR, a highly sensitive and specific method, is commonly used in the analysis of gene expression. The appropriate reference genes must be employed to normalize the calculation program for ascertaining repeatable and significant results. Herein, eleven housekeeping genes were evaluated during different stages of P. massoniana post nematode inoculation in this study. Three statistical approaches such as geNorm, NormFinder and BestKeeper were selected to analyze the stability of candidate genes. The results indicated that U2af and β-TUB were the most stable reference genes. These two genes could be used for the normalization in most of the experiments of P. massoniana, while Histone and AK were the least stable ones. In addition, EF expressed at the lowest average Ct
ABSTRACT During periods with epidemic mountain pine beetle ( Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) populations in lodgepole pine ( Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var. latifolia Engelm.) forests, large amounts of tree foliage are thought to undergo changes in moisture content and chemistry brought about by tree decline and death. However, many of the presumed changes have yet to be quantified. In this study, we quantified and compared fuel moisture, chemistry, and resulting flammability of bark beetle affected foliage in terms of ignitability, combustibility, consumability, and sustainability at a site in far eastern Idaho, USA. Results revealed substantial decreases in moisture content, the proportion of starches and sugars, and crude fat and increases in the proportions of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose in foliage of trees attacked in the previous year (yellow foliage) or more than two years previously (red foliage). Increases in emission rates of several terpenes that were correlated with
Pine trees are struck by a variety of diseases and pests depending on the location of the tree. One of the most common pine tree diseases is Canker disease. Canker disease leaves resin or dark, sticky patches all over the wood of the tree. This disease can be deadly to trees and spreads quickly. Needle cast is another commonly seen pine tree disease. Needle cast starts as dark spots on needles, which turn into reddish rings. The needles die from the ring to the tip. If needle cast is not stopped, the tree will slowly die. Blister rust is a fungus that attacks pine trees from gooseberry and currant bushes. The rust needs both plants to grow on the pine trees. Pine root rot is caused by a disease that attacks the roots of pine trees. The needles appear brown at the top of the tree, and the trees often fall down in high winds. Pine wilt is caused by a small beetle that attacks the trees by breeding and choking the plant. The trees turn brown and die.. ...
Recommended use Source of antioxidants that help protect cells against oxidative damage caused by free radicals. Recommended Dose Adults: 1-2 Capsules 2 times per day Medicinal Ingredients (per capsule) Pinus pinaster (Maritime pine, Stem bark).................25mg Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid).......................25mg Non-Medicinal Ingredients Inulin, Oryza sativa (Rice) hull powder, Rice bran, Hypromellose. No artificial fillers, binders, and coloring. Storage Store unopened bottles in a cool, dry place. Refrigerate after opening. Benefits Brain booster, anti-inflammatory, treats impotence, improves micro-circulation, reduces swelling of legs Pine Bark contains more than 40 different types of antioxidants and flavonoids that are rich in oligomeric proanthocyanidin compounds (OPC). Elixir Botanicas Pine Bark is made from the stem of Pinus pinaster, the French maritime pine. It contains between 65-90% OPC with vitamin C added to enhance their anti-aging properties. Potent Antioxidant: Pine bark ...
TAPIA, C. et al. EFFECT OF THE REACTION CONDITIONS OVER THE YIELD AND PROPERTIES OF METHYLCELLULOSE OBTAINED FROM PINUS RADIATA KRAFT BLEACHED CELLULOSE. Bol. Soc. Chil. Quím. [online]. 2002, vol.47, n.3, pp.289-297. ISSN 0366-1644. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0366-16442002000300013.. Kraft bleached cellulose from Pinus radiata was submitted to methylation reactions in heterogeneous media. After activation with 29% (w/w) NaOH solution, methylation reactions were carried out both with dimethyl sulfate (DMS) and methyl iodide (MI). The effects of the pressing ratio, reaction time and type of methylation agent were studied. The better yields were obtained with dimethylsulphate and the pressing ratio and reaction time were not signficant over the yield. Methylcellulose (MC) of high degree of substitution was extracted with water and the MC of low degree of substitution was extracted with 8%w/w NaOH. Some of the MCs obtained were characterized by viscosity average molecular weight, thermal behavior, ...
Pinus strobus grows approximately 1 m (3.3 ft) annually between the ages of 15 and 45 years, with slower height increments before and after that age range.[5] The tallest presently living specimens are 50-57.55 m (164 ft 1 in-188 ft 10 in) tall, as determined by the Native Tree Society (NTS).[6] Three locations in southeastern United States and one site in northeastern United States have trees that are 55 m (180 ft) tall. The southern Appalachian Mountains have the most locations and the tallest trees in the present range of Pinus strobus. One survivor is a specimen known as the "Boogerman Pine" in the Cataloochee Valley of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. At 57.55 m (188 ft 10 in) tall, it is the tallest accurately measured tree in North America east of the Rocky Mountains. It has been climbed and measured by tape drop by the Native Tree Society. Before Hurricane Opal broke its top in October 1995, Boogerman Pine was 63 m (207 ft) tall, as determined by Will Blozan and Robert Leverett using ...
Scientific name: Pinus banksiana A.Lambert 1803. Synonyms: Pinus divaricata (Aiton) Dum.Cours., Pinus hudsonica Poir., Pinus rupestris Michx.f. Common names: Black pine, Hudson Bay pine, Jack pine, Scrub pine
We have surveyed a chloroplast DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism in 745 individuals, distributed rangewide in eight allopatric natural populations of jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) and eight allopatric natural populations of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.). The polymorphic region of the chloroplast genome is located near duplicated psbA genes. Fourteen length variants were found in the survey, and these variants distinguished the two species qualitatively. Variant diversities were high in both species (hes = 0.43 in jack pine; hes = 0.44 in lodgepole pine). Population subdivision was weak within and among lodgepole pine subspecies and in jack pine (i.e., theta values were less than 0.05). This weak subdivision is compatible with theoretical predictions for paternally inherited markers in wind-pollinated outcrossers, as well as for polymorphisms with high length mutation rates. If these populations are at a drift-migration equilibrium, the chloroplast DNA restriction fragment ...
Fumigation of 2 year-old Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) trees with episodes of O3 (up to 120 nl l- as compared to 25 nl l-) throughout two summer seasons produces taller plants with greater stem diameters but reduced root:shoot ratios. Both light and electron microscopy of current year needles carried out at mid-summer reveal extensive accumulations of starch, particularly in the endodermis, and crushing of the phloem sieve cells. Parallel measurements of starch levels also reveal a non-mobilizable component. All these features probably indicate that episodes of high summer O3 detrimentally affect the normal ability of Aleppo pines to withstand severe water stress and this may account for their reduced vitality in Mediterranean regions. By autumn, however, the amounts of starch are similar to those in low O3-grown trees and no evidence of the phloem sieve tube crushing remain although plastids do show increased num bers of plastoglobull. Similar summer high level O3-fumigated needles also ...
A new University of Colorado Boulder study shows for the first time that episodes of reduced precipitation in the southern Rocky Mountains, especially during the 2001-02 drought, greatly accelerated development of the mountain pine beetle epidemic.
By Superfoods Australia August 10, 2019 , cracked cell wall pine pollen pine pollen pine pollen australia pine pollen energy pine pollen extract pine pollen extract australia Pine pollen tincture pine pollen tincture australia We now have our amazing liquid Pine Pollen Tincture in stock with fresh batches constantly on the go. We used our amazing raw organic wild harvested Pine Pollen to make this liquid tincture which allows rapid absorption and a convenient way to get the most out of the pollen. We extracted our Pine Pollen with.... ...
Georgia, in particular, there has been a strong effort toward restoration. Janisse Ray, in her elegant book of essays Ecology of a Cracker Childhood (2001), exposed many Georgians to the beauty and importance of the longleaf-grassland ecosystem. Several good examples of longleaf-grassland forest remain in the state. The military bases Fort Stewart and Fort Benning have the largest remaining blocks, while the Nature Conservancy controls several thousand acres, the Moody Tract in Appling County being its best holding of old-growth longleaf. In 2017, the state acquired the Sansavilla Wildlife Management Area, a nearly 17,000-acre stretch along the Altamaha River, with the aim of revitalizing its longleaf pine. Several high-quality stands also thrive on privately held lands, especially on some large quail plantations near Thomasville and Albany, including the Birdsong Nature Center and the Joseph W. Jones Ecological Research Center at Ichauway. Groups like the Longleaf Alliance, the Georgia Forestry ...
The heartwood from the pine tree, heart pine, is preferred by woodworkers and builders over the sapwood,[1] due to its strength, hardness and golden red coloration. The longleaf pine, the favored tree for heart pine, nearly went extinct due to logging. Before the 18th century, in the United States, longleaf pine forests, covered approximately 30-60 million acres along the coastal plain from Virginias southern tip to eastern Texas. These pine trees, 80 to 120 feet tall, require 100 to 150 years to become full size and can live up to 500 years. An inch of heart pine requires 30 years growth. Due to deforestation and over-harvesting since colonial days, only about 3% of the original Longleaf Pine forest remains.[2] The source of much of the available heart pine found on the market is longleaf pine from old buildings.[3] Before 1900 it was a source for poles, pilings, posts, sawlogs, flooring, plywood, pulpwood and naval stores (tapped for turpentine).[4] ...
Get this from a library! Modeling the effect of landscape pattern on mountain pine beetles. [Josie Hughes; Pacific Forestry Centre.;]
Its pliant branches gives it the common name "limber" and specific epithet flexilis. Its long needles are a dark, blueish green, its bark is heavily creased and dark grey. Its pale wood is lightweight and soft. Pinus flexilis is typically a high-elevation pine, often marking the tree line either on its own, or with whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis), either of the bristlecone pines, or lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta). In favourable conditions, it makes a tree to 20 meters (65 ft), rarely 25 meters (80 ft) tall. However, on exposed treeline sites, mature trees are much smaller, reaching heights of only 5-10 meters (15-35 ft).[8] In steeply-sloping, rocky, and windswept terrain in the Rocky Mountains of southern Alberta, limber pine is even more stunted, occurring in old stands where mature trees are consistently less than 3 metres (10 ft) in height.[9] One of the worlds oldest living Limber Pine trees grows on the banks of the upper North Saskatchewan River at Whirlpool Point in Alberta. Recent ...
Washington, D.C. - U.S. Senators Susan Collins and Angus King announced today that Pine Tree Legal Assistance will receive two technology grants from the Legal Services Corporation (LSC) totaling $261,250. The first grant for $175,250 will be used for a project benefitting low-income veterans, while the second grant for $86,000 will be used for improvements to statewide legal websites.. "For the past five decades, Pine Tree Legal Assistance has been steadfast in its commitment to ensuring all Mainers, regardless of income, have equal access to the justice system," said Senators Collins and King in a joint statement. "This investment will help Pine Tree Legal advance its mission by increasing the usability of legal websites and improving the accessibility of resources for veterans and others.". Pine Tree Legal Assistance will use the first technology grant to improve the design and content of StateSideLegal.org, the first national website focused exclusively on veterans federal legal rights and ...
Villarreal, M., V. Rubio, M.T. de Troya & F. Arenal. A new Ophiostoma species isolated from Pinus pinaster in the Iberian Peninsula. Mycotaxon 92: 259-268. 2005.. ABSTRACT: An unknown species was isolated from Pinus pinaster infested by Tomicus piniperda (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Central Spain. The new taxon is distinguished from other species by morphological features as well as by phylogenetic analysis of aligned sequences of the ITS region of the rRNA operon. Taxonomic implications are discussed, and the new combinations O. allantosporum, O. angusticollis, O. coronatum and O. tenellum, are proposed. KEYWORDS: Ophiostoma sejunctum, phylogeny, taxonomy. ...
Pine pollen may be coating sidewalks and cars with yellow dust, but it is not to blame for making people sneeze. People suffer from pollen allergies, but pine pollen doesnt contribute to it. The chemical composition of pine pollen appears to make it less allergenic than other types. Because pine pollen is heavy, it tends to fall straight down, and does not scatter easily in the wind; therefore, it rarely reaches human noses.
Pinus strobus, commonly called Eastern white pine, is a rapid-growing, long-lived, needled evergreen tree that is native to the northeastern United States and Canada (State tree of Maine and Michigan). Although pyramidal in its early years, it matures to a broad oval habit with an irregular crown. Typically grows 50-80 in cultivation, but will grow to 100 tall in the wild, with records existing to over 200. Landscape size and shape can be controlled through pruning, however, to the extent that white pine may be sheared and grown as a hedge. Bluish green needles (to 5" long) are soft to the touch and appear in bundles of five. Cylindrical, brown cones ( 4-8" long) are usually not produced until 5-10 years. An important timber tree (perhaps more so in the 18th and 19th centuries than now) which was and is valued for its lightweight, straight-grained wood (orange heartwood and white sapwood ...
Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana, a gymnosperm, is a tree that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. ...
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Quantifying stem growth loss at the tree-level in a |i|Pinus radiata|/i| plantation to repeated attack by the aphid, |i|Essigella californica|/i|
Eyles, A and Smith, D and Pinkard, EA and Smith, I and Corkrey, R and Elms, S and Beadle, CL and Mohammed, CL (2011) Photosynthetic responses of field-grown Pinus radiata trees to artificial and aphid-induced defoliation. Tree Physiology, 31. pp. 592-603. ISSN 0829-318X ...
Read "Suppression of CCR impacts metabolite profile and cell wall composition in Pinus radiata tracheary elements, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
What is Pycnogenol?. Maritime Pine Pycnogenol is a complex of water-soluble, highly bioavailable, antioxidant nutrients extracted from the Maritime Pine tree. It has been one of the hottest selling antioxidants in the United States for the last 9 years. However, the history of Maritime Pine Pycnogenol extends for generations. Before Maritime Pine Pycnogenol was developed as a dietary supplement, there were reports throughout history of decoctions made from pine bark that healed various ailments. The earliest reports have been traced back to the early 1300s. The most talked about early discovery is that of Jacques Cartier s french expedtition in 1535. His crew was struck with Scurvy while in North America, and the local Indians prepared a pine bark-derived tea that assisted them to recovery within two weeks. In 1966, Dr. Jacques Masquelier read of this story while he was visiting North America, and further research led to his discovery of Leucocyanidol.. Our Maritime Pine Pycnogenol formulation ...
French maritime pine bark extract (Pycnogenol®) displays a variety of anti-inflammatory effects in vivo. Aim of this study was to determine whether human plasma after oral intake of Pycnogenol...
Korean pine(Pinus koraiensis S. et Z.) is an economically important species in Korea because it will be harvested largely within next 20~30 years. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in green moisture content, specific gravity and shrinkage in the stems of a Korean pine trees to provide fundamental information for technical processes. The followings are the results of this study. 1. There were about 110% differences in the heartwood and sapwood green moisture contents (heartwood=59.5%; sapwood=170.6%). 2. There were no significant differences in average volumetric shrinkage between heratwood and sapwood, even though there were significant differences in moisture contents between them. Therefore, moisture content did not significantly influence on the shrinkage. 3. There was no significant relationship between height and shrinkage in heartwood. However, in the sapwood, shrinkage was highly correlated with the height. 4. Shrinkage levels were the most significant in south-bound ...
Pine pollen can be a potent herbal taken from a pine plant. Many people and companies make the natural powder out from the pollen. It is then simple for men and women to accept it. There are many advantages that come with pine pollen powder.. Two of the popular Phyto-androgens are Gibberellins and brassinosteroids. Gibberellins are like testosterone in framework and therefore are greatly employed in the very first stages of germination. Professionals have found out that Gibberellins imitate male growth hormone thus stimulate the creation of androgen. The Phyto androgens have been found to control the measures in the prostate. The sterol element of gibberellins oversees how big the prostate. In case the prostate is just too large, it shrinks and viceversa. The brassinosteroids help with removing xenobiotic materials in the liver therefore maintaining you more healthy.. The product is not merely suitable for men-its also well suited for women. Industry experts have found out that the Eurycoma ...
Pine pollen is surely an intense natural herb acquired coming from a pine shrub. Some people and businesses make your natural powder out of your pine pollen tablet. This makes it basic for people to adopt it. There are numerous pros who go with pollen natural powder.. A pair of the well known Phyto-androgens are Gibberellins and brassinosteroids. Gibberellins are exactly like male growth hormone in structure and they are vigorously utilized as an element of the primary stages of germination. Professionals have found that Gibberellins replicate androgenic hormone or testosterone in this manner animate the roll-out of androgen. The Phyto androgens have moreover been discovered to handle the action on the prostate. The sterol section of gibberellins controls the measure of the prostate. On the off of possibility how the prostate is just too enormous, it psychologists and the opposite. The brassinosteroids assistance in expelling xenobiotic materials from your liver organ following trying to keep ...
Faunal Associations: In North America, many kinds of insects are known to feed on the foliage, wood, and other parts of Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra). These species include Tomicus piniperda (Common Pine Shoot Beetle), Pilophorus gracilis (a plant bug) and other plant bugs, Eulachnus rileyi and other aphids, Chionaspis pinifoliae (Pine Needle Scale) and other armored scales, and the larvae of Dioryctria zimmermani (Zimmerman Pine Moth) and other moths (Cranshaw, 2004; Wheeler et al., 1983; Blackman & Eastop, 2013; ScaleNet, 2014). Other insects that feed on this and other pines (Pinus spp.) include the larvae of long-horned beetles (Cerambycidae), weevils (Curculionidae), stink bugs (Pentatomidae), spittle bugs (Cercopidae), mealybugs (Pseudococcidae), larvae of sawflies (Diprionidae, Pamphiliidae), and the larvae of a butterfly, Callophrys niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin). Some vertebrate animals use pines as a source of food and shelter. The seeds of these trees are eaten by the Mourning Dove, ...
Pycnogenol on USA-s registreeritud kaubamärk nimi toode, mis on saadud männikoorest puu tuntakse Pinus pinaster. Toimeainete pycnogenol võib ekstraheerida ka muudest allikatest, sealhulgas maapähklivõi nahka, viinamarja seemne ja nõiapuu koore; Pycnogenol kasutatakse ravimiseks vereringehäired, allergiad, astma, kumin kõrvus, kõrge vererõhk, lihasvalu, valu, osteoartriit, diabeet, attention deficit-hüperaktiivsus (ADHD), haigus naise reproduktiivsüsteemi nimetatakse endometrioos, menopausis sümptomid, valulik menstruatsioon, erektsioonihäired (ED), ja silmahaigus nimega retinopaatia; Seda kasutatakse ka ennetamiseks südamehäired ja veresooni, sh insulti, südamehaigusi ja veenilaiendid; Pycnogenol kasutatakse aeglustada vananemisprotsessi, säilitab terve nahk, tõstavad sportlikku vastupidavust ja parandada meeste viljakust; Mõned inimesed kasutavad kreemid, mis sisaldavad pycnogenol nagu "anti-vananemine" tooteid.. Pycnogenol sisaldab aineid, mis võivad parandada vereringet. ...
Pycnogenol® reduced skin wrinkles by three percent and increased skin smoothness by six percent. "To date, Pycnogenol® is the only natural supplement that stimulates hyaluronic acid production in human skin. And, we are encouraged by the molecular evidence confirmed in this study that shows nutritional supplementation with Pycnogenol® benefits human skin," explains Dr. Jean Krutmann, the lead researcher from the Leibniz Research Institute in Dusseldorf, Germany.. Study results confirmed Pycnogenol® improved skin at a physiological and molecular level. Pycnogenol® increased hyaluronic acid in women by 44 percent after 12 weeks of supplementation. Hyaluronic acid binds large quantities of water in the skin and in other tissues, such as cartilage. An increased amount of hyaluronic acid explains the increased skin hydration, higher elasticity and overall smoother skin appearance found in women taking Pycnogenol®.. "This exciting and technically advanced investigation with women representing ...
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