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1EJ7: The transition between the open and closed states of rubisco is triggered by the inter-phosphate distance of the bound bisphosphate.
SWISS-MODEL Template Library (SMTL) entry for 2k9b.1. Structure and membrane interactions of the antibiotic peptide dermadistinctin K by multidimensional solution and oriented 15N and 31P solid-state NMR spectroscopy
This patent search tool allows you not only to search the PCT database of about 2 million International Applications but also the worldwide patent collections. This search facility features: flexible search syntax; automatic word stemming and relevance ranking; as well as graphical results.
PURPOSE: Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P-MRS) affords unique insight into cardiac energetics but has a low intrinsic signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) in humans. Theory predicts an increased (31)P-MRS SNR at 7T, offering exciting possibilities to better investigate cardiac metabolism. We therefore compare the performance of human cardiac (31)P-MRS at 7T to 3T, and measure T1s for (31)P metabolites at 7T. METHODS: Matched (31)P-MRS data were acquired at 3T and 7T, on nine normal volunteers. A novel Look-Locker CSI acquisition and fitting approach was used to measure T1s on six normal volunteers. RESULTS: T1s in the heart at 7T were: phosphocreatine (PCr) 3.05 ± 0.41s, γ-ATP 1.82 ± 0.09s, α-ATP 1.39 ± 0.09s, β-ATP 1.02 ± 0.17s and 2,3-DPG (2,3-diphosphoglycerate) 3.05 ± 0.41s (N = 6). In the field comparison (N = 9), PCr SNR increased 2.8× at 7T relative to 3T, the Cramer-Ráo uncertainty (CRLB) in PCr concentration decreased 2.4×, the mean CRLB in PCr/ATP decreased 2.7× and the PCr
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Our Bulletin 836P Solid-State Pressure Sensors measure liquids or gases from -14.5...10,000 psi. These sensors are available in display and non-display models with IO-Link Technology, discrete, and analog outputs. There are various process connections that include flush mount and sanitary connections for application flexibility.. ...
31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) can provide information on the composition of phospholipid (PL) membranes, lipid headgroup orientation relative to the bilayers normal, and the phase state of PL systems. Interaction of the membrane with ions, drugs, other small molecules and peptides may lead to lipid phase change and lamellar phase disturbances, which can also be revealed in 31P NMR spectra. Traditional 31P NMR spectroscopy has been used for years, mainly to study lipid phase state. In the last few years, however, its utility has been extended by a number of solid-state methods in field-cycling spectroscopy. Membrane mimicking systems have been complemented with bicelles, which are more convenient for studying peptide structure in lipid-peptide interactions. Another challenge is the study of ordered membrane domains (rafts) induced in the presence of cholesterol or certain proteins. As a result, recent work has refined the structure of PL headgroups and elucidated membrane responses to ...
PHOSPHORUS-32 | H3P | CID 26751 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
|p|Mr Stephen Wild has been a Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology for 8 years. He was born and bred in Harrogate and Harrogate remains his place of residence.|br /| |p|Mr Wild has trained in seve...
BACKGROUND: In vivo hepatic phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) provides biochemical information about phosphorus metabolism. AIM: To assess 31P MRS as a prognostic marker in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) in relation to the current clinical prognostic models. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty three patients with PBC of varying functional severity and 16 matched healthy volunteers were studied using in vivo 31P MRS. Spectra were acquired using a 1.5 T spectroscopy system. Peak area ratios of phosphomonoesters (PME), inorganic phosphate (Pi), and phosphodiesters (PDE) and nucleotide triphosphate (NTP) were calculated. Pugh score, Christensen prognostic index, and R value according to the Mayo model were calculated from the clinical data. RESULTS: The PME/NTP, Pi/NTP, PME/PDE, and PME/Pi ratios and the PME signal height ratio (SHR) were significantly higher, while the PDE/NTP and PDE/SHR were significantly lower in PBC patients compared with healthy volunteers (p , ...
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Phosphorus-32 Radionuclide Orthophosphoric acid in 1ml 0.02M HCl Shipped ambient. O-PHOSPHORIC ACID IN 0.02M HCI 8500-9120Ci(314-337TBq)/mmol ...
Phosphorus-32 Radionuclide Orthophosphoric acid in 1ml 0.02M HCl Shipped ambient. O-PHOSPHORIC ACID IN 0.02M HCI 8500-9120Ci(314-337TBq)/mmol ...
Intracellular and extracellular spaces and the direct quantification of molar intracellular concentrations of phosphorus metabolites in the isolated rat heart using 31P NMR spectroscopy and phosphonate markers
Methods for determining the presence of a target polynucleotide sequence using chemical hybridization in sequential probe and displacement complex formation with potential for signal gain prior to detection are disclosed.
|p|Mr Varadaraj has had excellent training and over 20 years of General Surgical, Urological experience and has performed complex surgeries along with managing emergency & routine Urology patients...
31P-NMR studies of glucose and glutamine metabolism in cultured mammalian cells.: 31P-NMR measurements of the concentrations of phosphorus-containing metabolite
The ability of brain cells to regulate intracellular pH (pHi) and several phosphate metabolites was evaluated during 1 h of hypercapnia (inspiratory CO2 fraction of 0.10 and 0.05) in anesthetized rats by 31P high-field (145.6 MHz) nuclear magnetic re
The invention provides methods of suppression, prevention, and/or treatment of infection by viruses. A polynucleotide comprising an immunostimulatory sequence (an ISS) is administered to an individual who is at risk of being exposed to, has been exposed to or is infected with a virus. The ISS-containing polynucleotide is administered without any antigens of the virus. Administration of the ISS-containing polynucleotide results in reduced incidence and/or severity of one or more symptoms of virus infection.
We hypothesized that unexplained increases in nucleoside triphosphates (NTP) observed by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) after treatment of tumours by DNA-damaging agents were related to chemotherapy-induced ...
DNA - Deoxyribonucleic Acid and RNA - Ribonucleic Acid: Biology Assignment Help, Homework Help, Project Help and Instant solution for DNA-RNA with qualified biology experts.
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B. Rajagopalan, W.J. McKenna, M.J. Blackledge, G.K. Radda; Measurement of Phosphorus Metabolism in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy by 31P Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Clin Sci (Lond) 1 January 1988; 74 (s18): 9P. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/cs074009P. Download citation file:. ...
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Biomolecular nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy allows the characterisation of structural and dynamic properties of ribonucleic acids (RNAs) in solution
GERALD FINK, RICHARD BRIMACOMBE; Synthesis and Applications of a Two-Step Reagent Forming Cross-links between Ribonucleic Acid and Protein. Biochem Soc Trans 1 December 1975; 3 (6): 1014-1015. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bst0031014. Download citation file:. ...
METHODS AND ARRAYS FOR DNA SEQUENCING - A method of sequencing a first polynucleotide strand having a first polynucleotide sequence, the first polynucleotide strand resembling a second polynucleotide strand having a known second polynucleotide sequence, the method employing a data set which, for one or more fragment(s) of the second polynucleotide sequence, contains: for each position along each said fragment: (i) first probe data describing the hybridization intensity of the first polynucleotide strand with a respective first probe designed to bind to a portion of the second polynucleotide strand centered at said position; and (ii) second probe data describing the respective hybridization intensities of the first polynucleotide strand with each of a set of second probes, each said second probe being designed to bind with a respective mutation of the corresponding portion of the second polynucleotide sequence which is formed by mutating the corresponding portion of the second polynucleotide ...
PS(18:0/20:4(8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)) is a phosphatidylserine (PS or GPSer). It is a glycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylserine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. As is the case with diacylglycerols, glycerophosphoserines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the C-1 and C-2 positions. Fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. PS(18:0/20:4(8Z,11Z,14Z,17Z)), in particular, consists of one chain of stearic acid at the C-1 position and one chain of eicsoatetraenoic acid at the C-2 position. The stearic acid moiety is derived from animal fats, coco butter and sesame oil, while the eicsoatetraenoic acid moiety is derived from fish oils. Phosphatidylserine or 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine is distributed widely among animals, plants and microorganisms. It is usually less than 10% of the total phospholipids, the greatest concentration being in myelin from brain tissue. However, it may comprise 10 to 20 ...
Perspective: Machines for RNAi. Life beyond cleavage: The case of Ago2 and hematopoiesis. RISC is a 5 phosphomonoester-producing RNA endonuclease
Everyone* knows that DNA codes for proteins. In between the DNA and the protein though, there is an intermediate molecule called RNA - ribonucleic acid (DNA is deoxyribonucleic acid). RNA is similar to DNA in many respects - long chain of bases that we can consider letters, which form a code - but its less…
இரைபோ கருவமிலம் அல்லது ஆர்.என்.ஏ. (RNA - Ribonucleic acid) என்பது ஒரு கருவமிலம் ஆகும். இதனை இரைபோக் கருக்காடி, ஐங்கரிமவினியக் கருக்காடி, ஐவினியக் கருக்காடி, ஐங்கரிமவினியக் கருவமிலம், ஐவினியக் கருவமிலம் என்ற பெயர்கள் கொண்டும் அழைக்கலாம். இது அனைத்து உயிரினங்களுக்கும் தேவையான நான்கு பெரிய பிரிவுகளில் அடங்கும் பருமூலக்கூறுகளில் ஒன்றான கருவமிலங்களில் ஒன்றாகும். இவையும் டி.என்.ஏ யைப் ...
A multinuclear (1H, 13C, 31P and 195Pt) magnetic resonance spectroscopy study of mixed ligand platinum(II) complexes with new N,N-dialkyl-N-acyl(aroyl)thioureas as ...
Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy can determine the status of high energy phosphates in vivo. However, its application to human cardiac studies requires precise spatial localization without significant contamination from other tissues. Using image-selected in-vivo spectroscopy (ISIS), a technique that allows three-dimensional localization of the volume of interest, 12 subjects were studied to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of phosphorus-31 spectroscopy of the human heart. Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging was performed using a commercial 1.5 tesla system to define the volume of interest.. Phosphorus-31 spectra were obtained from the septum and anteroapical region of the left ventricle in 10 studies. Relative peak heights and areas were determined for high energy phosphates. The mean phosphocreatine to adenosine triphosphate ratio was 1.33 ± 0.19 by height analysis and 1.23 ± 0.27 by area analysis. Duplicate measurements in four subjects showed a ...
Extracts of barley leaves infected with bromegrass mosaic virus (BrMV) incorporated radioactivity into RNA when incubated with [3H]UTP in the presence of actinomycin D (Semal & Kummert, 1970). The radioactive product thus obtained was partly resistant to pancreatic RNase in × 2:SSC (0.15 m-NaCl, 0.015 m-sodium citrate, pH 7.0:SSC) but was entirely hydrolysed by this enzyme in × 0.05:SSC (Semal, 1970). A sequential synthesis of double- and single-stranded RNA was obtained under certain experimental conditions (Semal & Kummert, 1971). The present results identify the radioactive product associated with duplex RNA as a segment of BrMV-RNA. Cell-free extracts of the second leaf of barley seedlings, whose first leaf had been inoculated 3 days earlier with BrMV, were used to prepare the crude virus-induced RNA polymerase fraction. This fraction was incubated for 3½ min. with tritiated UTP (1 to 2 c/mm - The Radiochemical Centre, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England), 10-3 m-EDTA, 20 µg./ml. of
TY - JOUR. T1 - Metabolism of phosphonium choline by Rat-2 fibroblasts. T2 - Effects of mitogenic stimulation studied using 31P NMR spectroscopy. AU - Aiken, Nanci R.. AU - Szwergold, Enjamin S.. AU - Kappler, Francis. AU - Stoyanova, Radka. AU - Kuesel, Annette C.. AU - Shaller, Calvin. AU - Brown, Truman R.. PY - 1996/5/1. Y1 - 1996/5/1. N2 - Phospholipid turnover increases with both mitogenic stimulation and oncogenic transformation. Recent 31P nuclear-magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy studies of human tumors, animal tumor models and cell systems have reported elevated phosphomonesters with growth and oncogenic transformation, as well as changes in these levels associated with treatment. In order to gain insights into the mechanisms underlying these changes, we used a phosphonium analog of choline and 31P NMR spectroscopy to study choline metabolism in quiescent and mitogenically stimulated Rat-2 fibroblasts. Cell growth status of these cells has a significant effect on choline ...
Compositions and Methods for Inhibiting Expression of the PCSK9 Gene - The invention relates to a double-stranded ribonucleic acid (dsRNA) for inhibiting the expression of the PCSK9 gene (PCSK9 gene), comprising an antisense strand having a nucleotide sequence which is less that 30 nucleotides in length, generally 19-25 nucleotides in length, and which is substantially complementary to at least a part of the PCSK9 gene. The invention also relates to a pharmaceutical composition comprising the dsRNA together with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier; methods for treating diseases caused by PCSK9 gene expression and the expression of the PCSK9 gene using the pharmaceutical composition; ...
The present invention relates to a wide range of genetic analyses using the technique of nucleic acid hybridization. These genetic analyses include, for example, the diagnosis of infections by foreign microbes and the detection of specific genetic traits and abnormalities. More specifically, the present invention is related to the detection of the presence of a polynucleotide sequence of interest.
Detection of circulating ribonucleic acid (cRNA) from blood is an unmet need in clinical diagnostics. Here we describe methods that...
Although I am fully convinced of the truth of the views given in this volume, I by no means expect to convince experienced naturalists whose minds are stocked with a multitude of facts all viewed, during a long course of years, from a point of view directly opposite to mine. It is so easy to hide our ignorance under such expressions as "plan of creation," "unity of design," etc., and to think that we give an explanation when we only restate a fact. Any one whose disposition leads him to attach more weight to unexplained difficulties than to the explanation of a certain number of facts will certainly reject the theory. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - 31P nuclear magnetic resonance study of the proton-irradiated KTiOPO4 AU - Kim, Se Hun. AU - Lee, Cheol Eui. PY - 2013/10/17. Y1 - 2013/10/17. N2 - 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was employed to study the effects of proton irradiation on KTiOPO4 (KTP) in view of the previously studied paramagnetic impurity doping effects. High-resolution 31P NMR measurements showed significant increase in the isotropic chemical shifts of the two inequivalent phosphorus sites in the proton-irradiated KTP system, indicating decrease in the electron density around the phosphorous nuclei. The 31P NMR linewidths of the KTP system manifested anomalies associated with the superionic transition and with the polaron formation, which became much weaker after proton irradiation. Besides, the activation energy of the charge carriers increased significantly after proton irradiation.. AB - 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was employed to study the effects of proton irradiation on KTiOPO4 (KTP) in ...
In the Lake Champlain Basin, phosphorus (P) loading from streambank erosion and cropland are both important P sources, and a better understanding of the factors affecting riparian P loss is needed to help prioritize riparian restoration efforts. We utilized solution phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and an enzyme hydrolysis method to characterize P and assess bioavailability in 14 commonly mapped riparian soils from northwestern Vermont. Surface horizons were sampled from distinct series at two riparian restoration sites to capture a range of soil properties. Samples were extracted with sodium hydroxide-ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (NaOH-EDTA) and analyzed by solution 31P NMR to speciate and quantify P compounds, and commercially available phosphatase enzymes were used to fractionate water-extractable molybdate unreactive P (MUP) into labile orthophosphate monoesters and orthophosphate diesters. Phosphorus extracted by NaOH-EDTA ranged from 74 to 510 mg P kg-1 ...
There are two ways to curdle milk protein: 1) Add milk-curdling enzymes like chymosine - they clip off the bound phosphates from the milk protein, and the casein precipitates out 2) The alternative is to not to use enzymes and just acidify the milk preferably with citric acid and heat it up, this binds up the calcium from milk and the casein precipitates also, with phosphates intact, but the properties such as texture of the product would be different. (Other acids work as well, sour milk curdles because lactic acid forms there by fermentation of sugars ...
Milled wood lignins isolated from genetically modified poplar trees were studied by quantitative 31P NMR spectroscopy, in combination with thioacidolysis and mild alkaline hydrolysis. The genetictransformation of the trees included down regulation of CAD and COMT enzyme activities.These analyses confirmed that moderate CAD down-regulation does not substantially alter ligninstructure. In contrast, severe CAD deficiency alters the lignin structure more profoundly by decreasingthe syringyl/guaiacyl ratio and increasing the degree of condensation of the lignin. Themost severe alterations were observed in the lignins from the COMT-transformed lines ...
Recently, considerable attention has been focused on a class of materials known as metallic glasses.1This is due both to a desire for a re-examination of some heretofore fundamental concepts of...
A long history in transplant medicine and now the era of Regenerative Medicine. Cord blood stem cells are doing amazing things. Learn More ...
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Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.. See eligibility criteria ...
Participant eligibility includes age, gender, type and stage of disease, and previous treatments or health concerns. Guidelines differ from study to study, and identify who can or cannot participate. If you need assistance understanding the eligibility criteria, please contact the study team.. See eligibility criteria ...