TY - JOUR. T1 - Photoinduced electron-transfer processes between phthalocyanines and perylene derivatives. AU - Kitazume, Koji. AU - Chen, Yu. AU - Itou, Mitsunari. AU - Araki, Yasuyuki. AU - Uchida, Satoshi. AU - Ito, Osamu. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Photoinduced electron-transfer processes between phthalocyanines (H 2Pc and ZnPc) as electron donors and perylene derivatives as electron acceptors have been studied using a time-resolved, nanosecond transient absorption method in benzonitrile. The observed findings show that intermolecular electron transfer takes place via the excited triplet states of ZnPc and H2Pc, as confirmed by the characteristic transient absorption bands in the near-IR region. The visible light excitation of the mixtures of H2Pc and the perylene derivatives adsorbed onto TiO 2 gave a relatively high photovoltaic efficiency.. AB - Photoinduced electron-transfer processes between phthalocyanines (H 2Pc and ZnPc) as electron donors and perylene derivatives as electron ...
MGO-induced cell morphological changes in HUVECs after treatment with hypericin were observed. As shown in Fig. 1A, the percentage of apototic cells was increased (43%) in HUVEC incubated for 24 h in the EGM-2 media containing 400 μM MGO. In addition to decrease in cell number, typical morphological features such as shrinkage, fragmentation and rounding of the cell were observed at this time. But, treatment with hypericin rescued the morphological changes such as a loss of confluence and decreased the number of floating cell fragments induced by MGO. To determine the effect of hypericin on MGO-induced cytotoxicity in HUVECs, we performed an MTT assay. HUVEC cell viability was significantly reduced after MGO treatment, but hypericin treatment restored cell viability (Fig. 1B). Moreover, pretreatment with 0.5 μM hypericin increased cell viability.. It is known that MGO can increase intracellular ROS levels and may induce cell death. Therefore, we measured ROS formation in HUVECs following ...
Among photothermal materials, perylene diimide radical anions were promising organic candidates with intense and characteristic near-infrared (NIR) …
A new family of perpendicularly entangled perylene diimides has demonstrated remarkable electron transport characteristics with comparable mobility reaching 0.16 cm2 V−1 s−1 with better processability and low threshold voltage. ...
The polyketide generated by the function of CTB1 must undergo successive ring closure, oxidation, hydration and methylation reactions to form the polyketomethylene backbone of cercosporin. Cyclization of the aromatic ring of cercosporin is likely accomplished via the Claisen condensation as proposed for other polyketide compounds (Birch, 1967), and would be mainly catalysed by the function of TE domain in the CTB1. The N-terminal conserved sequence (LFGDQ) and a conserved histidine residue in the C terminus of CTB1 may also involve cyclization as shown for the WA protein involved in naphthopyrone production (Fujii et al., 2001). The polypeptides encoded by CTB3 and CTB5 show similarities to FAD/FMN-dependent monooxygenases/oxidoreductases that are likely involved in the polyketide oxidations. The CTB6 and CTB7 products are similar to oxidoreductases/hydrogenases and are likely responsible for hydration. Methylation at C2 and C11 of cercosporin is presumably completed by the translational ...
In this study we have focused on the response of SKBR-3 cells to both single 17-DMAG treatment as well as its combination with photodynamic therapy with hypericin. Low concentrations of 17-DMAG without any effect on survival of SKBR-3 cells significantly reduced metabolic activity, viability and cell number when combined with photodynamic therapy with hypericin. Moreover, IC10 concentation of 17-DMAG resulted in significant increase of SKBR-3 cells in G1 phase of the cell cycle, followed by an increase of cells in G2 phase when combined with photodynamic therapy. Furthermore, 17-DMAG already decreased HER2, Akt, P-Erk1/2 and survivin protein levels in SKBR-3 cells a short time after its application. In this regard, 17-DMAG protected also SKBR-3 cells against both P-Erk1/2 as well as survivin upregulations induced by photodynamic therapy with hypericin. Interestingly, IC10 concentration of 17-DMAG led to total depletion of Akt, P-Erk1/2 proteins and to decrease of survivin level at 48 h. On the other
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Hypericin induced death receptor-mediated apoptosis in photoactivated tumor cells.. AU - Ali, Seyed Mohamed. AU - Chee, Soo Khee. AU - Yuen, Gan Yik. AU - Olivo, Malini. PY - 2002/6. Y1 - 2002/6. N2 - Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a malignant disease of the head/neck region with a 5-year survival level of approximately 65%. To explore the novel therapeutic strategies in the management of this disease, the potential effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in NPC cells were investigated. PDT, a new mode of treatment, is based on the combined use of light-absorbing compounds and light irradiation. Two human NPC cells such as, poorly differentiated (NPC/CNE2) and moderately differentiated (NPC/TW0-1) and other types of tumor cells like colon (CCL-220.1) and bladder (SD) undergo rapid apoptosis when treated with PDT sensitized with hypericin (HY). It has been shown that this compound has a strong photodynamic effect on tumors and viruses. However, the initiating events of PDT ...
The absolute fluorescence quantum yields (ΦFL) of these compounds were evaluated and summarized in Table 3. The ΦFL of DABP (0.083) is much smaller than that of BP (0.25), whereas an increase in ΦFL of DABPIm (0.33) was observed by the substitution of the imide unit. This value is also comparable to BPIm (ΦFL = 0.36). Additionally, ΦFL of TABPIm (0.11) was much smaller than that of DABPIm. The ΦFL values decreased by introducing nitrogen atoms, whereas an increased trend of ΦFL values was observed by the substitution of the imide unit (vide infra).. Then, we also evaluated the quantum yields of the intersystem crossing pathway (ΦISC) by 1O2 phosphorescence measurements using energy transfer from the triplet excited states of these derivatives to O2, assuming a negligible quenching process from the singlet excited states.66 Singlet oxygen was generated for these molecules employed as a sensitizer in oxygen-saturated toluene solution and detected by 1O2 phosphorescence at 1270 nm. We ...
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PAH concentrations were determined in a dated sediment core collected from Esthwaite Water (EW), a seasonally anoxic lake in the English Lake District. The most dramatic variations are associated with increased PAH fluxes from 1900 and a sub-surface maximum (29 mg m−2 year−1) in the late 1960s to early 1970s, followed by a fivefold decrease in fluxes to the sediment-water interface. This trend is believed to reflect enhanced fossil fuel burning, followed by general improvements in combustion technologies, shifts in the fuels used for domestic space heating and the implementation of various emission controls on releases from certain known PAH sources. When the relative contributions from individual compounds to the ∑PAH were plotted as vertical profiles, coherent time trends emerged. Perylene dominated the pre-1900 sedimentary PAH composition, contributing ,75% to the ∑PAH mixture. The perylene profile provides good evidence for both natural and anthropogenic sources to EW. The ratios of ...
Abbrev Analyte Units* Method (95 only) acenphth Acenaphthene ug/kg SW8270/SIM acnphens acenaphthene-SIM ug/kg acnphyls acenaphthylene-SIM ug/kg ag Silver mg/kg SW7740 anthra Anthracene mg/kg anthras Anthracene-SIM ug/kg anthraug Anthracene ug/kg SW8270/SIM arohydr Aromatic Hydrocarbons mg/kg SW8270 as Arsenic mg/kg SW7060 benanthr Benzo(a)anthracene mg/kg benanths Benzo(a)anthracene-SIM ug/kg benflans Benzo(b)fluoranthene-SIM ug/kg benflant Benzo(b)fluoranthene mg/kg benzacid Benzoic acid mg/kg benzofls Benzo(k)fluoranthene-SIM ug/kg bisester Hexanedioic acid, bis(2-ethylhexyl) mg/kg SW8270 bismthno 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, bis(8 mg/kg SW8270 bisphth bis(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate mg/kg bnzantug Benzo(a)anthracene ug/kg SW8270/SIM bnzbflug Benzo(b)fluoranthene ug/kg SW8270/SIM bnzkflug Benzo(k)fluoranthene ug/kg SW8270/SIM bnzprlug Benzo(g,h,i)perylene ug/kg SW8270/SIM bnzpyrug Benzo(a)pyrene ug/kg SW8270/SIM bperyl Benzo(g,h,i)perylene mg/kg bperyls Benzo(g-h-i)perylene-SIM ug/kg Abbrev ...
Low density surface sites are believed to play an important role in processes occurring on oxide surfaces, including catalysis and particle and film nucleation. However, our understanding of the role and chemical nature of such sites play in these processes is limited by the inability to experimentally detect minority surface sites in many oxide systems. The research performed for this dissertation is focused on developing a surface science technique utilizing fluorescent molecules to titrate specific surface sites on planar fused silica surfaces in an ultra-high vacuum (UHV) environment. High sensitivity (low detection limit) is achieved by using derivatives of perylene, a high quantum yield fluorophore. High specificity is attained by employing perylene derivatives with functional groups designed to react chemically with and titrate various sites. In addition to titrating the well-studied hydroxyl sites with perylene-3-methanol (density ~ 10¹⁴ cm⁻²), which is used to establish the ...
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The regulatory management option analysis (RMOA) list includes substances for which an RMOA either is under development or has been completed since the start of the implementation of the SVHC Roadmap in February 2013.. For each substance, the table shows the assessing Member State (submitter), the concern, the outcome and the suggested follow-up from the RMOA, and the date of the latest update to the list entry.. Other process details and relevant documents are also available and can be accessed through the Details icon for the list entry.. ...
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Hypericin is a first-in-class, synthetic photosensitiser that is being developed by Soligenix using a proprietary manufacturing process. The natural form of
Dosage Information Special tip:. Although most clinical studies have been done using an Extract standardized for hypericin, there seems to be some doubt as to what aspect of the herb is truly responsible for its clinical efficacy. Research findings indicate that a substance called hyperforin may have even more potent mood-enhancing properties than hypericin (29). For this reason, when treating depression, look for an extract standardized to contain 0.3% hypericin and 3.0% hyperforin. • For depression, PMS, and the majority of other ailments mentioned: Take 900 mg a day--either a 300 mg pill three times a day or a 450 mg pill twice a day. To avoid missing doses, you can also simplify the regimen by taking two 300 mg capsules in the morning and one in the evening (or vice versa). If using a tincture, follow the instructions on the bottle for dosage equivalence. • For skin infections and hemorrhoids: Apply ...
NADPH-oxidases (Nox) and the related Dual oxidases (Duox) play varied biological and pathological roles via regulated generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Members of the Nox/Duox family have been identified in a wide variety of organisms, including mammals, nematodes, fruit fly, green plants, fungi, and slime molds; however, little is known about the molecular evolutionary history of these enzymes. We assembled and analyzed the deduced amino acid sequences of 101 Nox/Duox orthologs from 25 species, including vertebrates, urochordates, echinoderms, insects, nematodes, fungi, slime mold amoeba, alga and plants. In contrast to ROS defense enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase and catalase that are present in prokaryotes, ROS-generating Nox/Duox orthologs only appeared later in evolution. Molecular taxonomy revealed seven distinct subfamilies of Noxes and Duoxes. The calcium-regulated orthologs representing 4 subfamilies diverged early and are the most widely distributed in biology. Subunit
PRINCETON, N.J., Sept. 5, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Soligenix, Inc. (OTCQB: SNGX) (Soligenix or the Company), a late-stage biopharmaceutical company developing products that address unmet medical needs in the areas of inflammation, oncology and biodefense, announced today the acquisition of a novel orphan drug candidate, known as SGX301 (synthetic hypericin). SGX301 is poised to enter pivotal Phase 3 clinical testing for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) and is highly synergistic with the companys existing development pipeline. As part of the acquisition, Soligenix acquired all rights for synthetic hypericin, including intellectual property, and preclinical and clinical data. SGX301 is a novel, first-in-class, photodynamic therapy utilizing safe visible light for activation. The active ingredient, synthetic hypericin, is a potent photosensitizer which is topically applied to skin lesions and activated by fluorescent light. This treatment approach avoids the risk of secondary ...
We propose using halogenated organic dyes as nanoprobes for electric fields and show their greatly enhanced Stark coefficients using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We analyse halogenated variants of three molecules that have been of interest for cryogenic single molecule spectroscopy: perylene Single-Molecule Microscopy and Spectroscopy
In 2013, then-Rice physicist Alejandro Manjavacas found that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the family of molecules that perylene belongs to, with just a few carbon rings should produce visible plasmons. There are dozens of PAHs, all of which contain rings of carbon atoms that are decorated with hydrogen atoms.. Waves of energy that can interact with and harvest energy from passing light depending on their frequency, plasmons are a rhythmic movement in the sea of electrons that constantly flow across the surface of conductive nanoparticles. Building off Manjavacas work, the researchers were able to work out that the PAH plasmons were highly sensitive to charge, leading them to the conclusion they could be easily utilised for electrochromic glass.. "Dr Halas learned that one of the major hurdles in the electrochromic device industry was making a window that could be clear in one state and completely black in another," study co-lead author Grant Stec said. "We set out to do that and ...
Until now, there hasnt been a general fluorescent dye that scientists could use to stain the material secreted by cells and view it under a confocal microscope. This extracellular material plays a key role in the fate of cells, including stem cell differentiation and cancer progression. Current dyeing methods, including antibody-targeted staining, have been limited to visualizing one component or only certain kinds of tissues. But now a research team led by Jie Shen at Johannes Gutenberg University and Klaus Müllen at Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research, both in Mainz, Germany, has solved this problem by preparing a positively charged macromolecule that fluoresces red when its amine groups bond to negatively charged extracellular material (J. Am. Chem. Soc., DOI: 10.1021/ja8022362). The water-soluble dye is composed of a central perylene chromophore, a polyphenylene dendrimer scaffold, and a polymer shell bearing multiple amine groups. The researchers used the dye to stain fruit fly ...
I make up 28 colour palettes for some of my students. Heres what I put in, in this order around the palette - buff titanium DS, hansa yellow light (or medium), Hansa yellow deep or New Gamboge DS, Quinacridone Gold DS, an orange (I use either DV Benzamida Orange Deep or DS Quin Sienna), pyrrol scarlet DS or Permanent red DV, Pyrrol crimson, Quin Rose, Imperial purple DS, Moonglow DS, Ultramarine, Cerulean chromium, phthalo blue GS, cobalt turquoise DS, phthalo green BS, perylene green, undersea green DS, sap green DS, rich green gold, yellow ochre, goethite DS, raw sienna, quinacridone burnt orange, burnt sienna, indian red, burnt umber, raw umber, Janes grey. There are obviously infinite choices and alternatives for a large palette like this! While these are all DS colours, for some of them Da Vinci is an alternative - they are also great paints. You can see this palette painted out in the palette section of me website ...
2 displays a plot of the tip sample separation versus voltage at constant tunneling current. The average work function and initial tip-sample separation can be determined from this s-V data. 14 studied the electronic structure of cobalt-induced magic clusters grown on a Si(1 1 1)-7 × 7 surface using STM and STS. Figure 3 exhibits a series of empty- and filled-state STM images and the corresponding line profiles of the same Si(1 1 1)-7×7 unit cell containing a magic Co cluster taken at various bias voltages. Moreover, the combination with high resolution SEM not only enables tip navigation on complex structures for fast and precise location of the desired testing points, but also adds functions such as chemical analysis and focused electron-beam (FEB) irradiation. 2. 63 manipulated and measured the electrical transport and optical properties of a perylene nanostick using their four-probe STM system in UHV conditions. To manipulate a nanostick, they first made some differently-shaped hooks ...
Sulphur Red GGF is a perylene dye. This product appears as a red powder. It can be used in paints and inks. It can also be used to dye paper, cotton ...
Langhals, Heinz; Demmig, Stefan und Huber, Helmut (1988): Rotational barriers in perylene fluorescent dyes. In: Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular Spectroscopy, Vol. 44, Nr. 11: S. 1189-1193 [PDF, 309kB] ...
Kirk, Paul M. (2009). Cercospora Fresenius, 1863. In: Index Fungorum Partnership (2017). Index Fungorum. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=177881 on 2017-12- ...
ஹைபெரிக்கம் perforatum சீனா பிரவுன் நன்றாக தூள் 0.3% Hypericin 80 மெஷ் ≤5.0% ≤10PPM EC396-2005, ஐக்கிய சோசலிச கட்சி 34, இபி 8.0, FDA, முதிர்ந்த இருந்து
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Standard curve for each gene.Materials and Methods Ethics StatementThe study protocol was approved by the Medical Ethics andHuman Clinical Trial Committee of the Jinan Central Hospital. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients.Cell Culture and Drug TreatmentThe human AFPGC cell line FU97 was obtained from the Japanese Collection of Research Bioresources (Japan) and was maintained in DMEM (Invitrogen) supplemented with 10 fetal bovine serum (FBS; Invitrogen), with 1 antibiotics at 37uC in 5 CO2 humidified air. As2O3 (Sigma) was dissolved in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) at 1 mol/L as a stock solution and stored at 4uC. For in vitro use, the stock solution was diluted to the appropriate concentration in growth medium MedChemExpress Hypericin without FBS. Exponentially growing cells were treated with As2O3 at final concentrations of 1, 5, or 10 mmol/L. Control cultures were treated with distilled PBS at a final concentration of 0.1 in culture medium. All experiments were performed ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Radical Anions of trifluoromethylated perylene and naphthalene imide and diimide electron acceptors. AU - Roznyatovskiy, Vladimir V.. AU - Gardner, Daniel M.. AU - Eaton, Samuel W.. AU - Wasielewski, Michael R.. PY - 2014/2/7. Y1 - 2014/2/7. N2 - A series of electron-deficient perylene and naphthalene imides and diimides (1-4) with varying degrees of trifluoromethylation were synthesized. Single crystal X-ray analysis afforded detailed structural information, while spectroelectrochemical and EPR spectroscopy provided characterization of the radical anions of 1-4. This study reveals that trifluoromethylation of the imides and diimides makes their one-electron reduction potentials substantially more positive relative to the unsubstituted counterparts, while their other properties remain largely unchanged.. AB - A series of electron-deficient perylene and naphthalene imides and diimides (1-4) with varying degrees of trifluoromethylation were synthesized. Single crystal X-ray ...
A novel fluorescent pH sensor with tunable response range was designed based on highly fluorescent 3,4:9,10-perylene tetracarboxylic ammonium, which could coordinate the paramagnetic Fe(3+) ions to turn off its fluorescence and could also release Fe
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Hypericum perforatum Extract (St Johns wort Extract) is sourced from the flower of the plant Hypericum perforatum. The species name perforatum refers t...
Citation: Howard, C., Bremner, P.D., Fowler, M.R., Isodo, B., Scott, N.W., Slater, A. (2009) Molecular identification of Hypericum perforatum L. by PCR amplification of the ITS and 5.8S rDNA region. Planta Medica, 75 (8), pp. 864-869. ...
The spatial distribution, composition, and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments and suspended particulate matter (SPM) from the Pearl River Estuary and adjacent coastal areas were examined. Total PAH concentrations varied from 189 to 637 ng/g in sediments and 422 to 1,850 ng/g in SPM. PAHs were dominated by 5,6-ring compounds in sediments and by 2,3-ring compounds in SPM samples. Assessment of PAH sources suggested that biomass and coal combustion is the major PAH source to the outer part of the estuary sediments and that petroleum combustion is the major PAH source to the inner part of estuary sediments. As for SPM samples, PAH isomer pair ratios indicated multiple (petroleum, petroleum combustion, and biomass and coal combustion) PAH sources, and significant temporal variations could exist for the sources of water column PAHs in the study area. The distribution of perylene in SPM samples indicated that the river was the dominant source of perylene in SPM and that perylene
Hypericum perforatum extract is prepared from a flowering plant species of the genus Hypericum. Hypericum perforatum extract, also known as St Johns wort extract, is a s
The fringelite pigments, a group of phenanthroperylene quinones discovered in purple coloured specimens of the Upper Jurassic crinoid Liliocrinus, demonstrate exceptional preservation of organic compounds in macrofossils. Here we report the finding of hypericin and related phenanthroperylene quinones in Liliocrinus munsterianus from the original Fringeli locality and in the Middle Triassic crinoid Carnallicrinus carnalli. Our results show that fringelites in fact consist of hypericin and closely related derivatives and that the stratigraphic range of phenanthroperylene quinones is much wider than previously known. The fossil occurrence of hypericin indicates a polyketide biosynthesis of hypericin-type pigments in Mesozoic crinoids analogous to similar polyketides, which occur in living crinoids. The common presence of a characteristic distribution pattern of the fossil pigments and related polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons further suggests that this assemblage is the result of a stepwise ...
Hypericin, a naturally occurring pigment, is found in certain species of plants from the genus Hypericum, the most common of which is Saint Johns Wort (Hypericum perforatum). Recent interest in hypericin is provoked by the discovery that it possesses extremely high toxicity towards certain viruses notably the class of enveloped viruses that includes human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and toward tumors, and that this toxicity absolutely requires light. Consequently, a detailed understanding of the interaction of hypericin with cellular components (membranes, proteins, nucleic acids) and with light is of fundamental biological importance. The antiviral and antineoplastic activities of hypericin and its derivatives and its mode of action have been widely studied, in the last two decades. This review is focused on the results obtained in the study of hypericin heteroassociations with biological macromolecules, DNA and human serum albumin in particular. An alternative type of the hypericin photosensitizing
Due to the contribution of hypertension to various cardiovascular diseases, many studies are currently focused on identifying efficient bioactive compounds with antihypertensive activity and thus reducing the levels of cardiovascular disease. ACE inhibitors are an important component of the therapeutic regimen for treating hypertension, but due to the increase in the prevalence of side effects of synthetic compounds, alternative and complementary medicines which may consist of pure bioactive compound or a combination of various compounds from natural sources are gaining importance in overcoming hypertension. Hypericum perforatum has been studied for various activities including anti-bacterial, anti-depressant, anti-oxidant properties, but studies on its cardiovascular effects specifically ACE inhibitory activity have not yet been explored. In this study, ACEI assay-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract of Hypericum perforatum was carried out other to isolate a compound with ACE inhibition. ...
St Johns Wort Bloom Hypericum Perforatum Blossom photo, resolution 2065×2743 pixel, Image type JPEG, free download and free for commercial use.
Hiperisin, sar kantaron (Hypericum perforatum L.) olarak bilinen bitkinin aktif bile enlerinden birisidir. Hiperisinin antit m ral zellikleri oldu u solid organ t m rlerinin h cre dizileri ve hayvan modellerinde g sterilmi ve bunun mitokondrial fonksiyonlarda bozulma neticesinde ortaya kt g sterilmi tir. In vitro antil semik etkisi de vard r. Ancak etki mekanizmas tam olarak ayd nlat labilmi de ildir. Hiperium ekstrakt ile hiperisine ait kar la t rmal sitotoksisite al mas yoktur ve sitotoksisitenin alt nda yatan mekanizma ayd nlat lamam t r. Bu al mada Ege B lgesinde yeti en sar kantaron otundan Hypericum perforatum ekstrakt n n elde edilip, bu ekstrakt n HL-60 l semik h cre dizisinde doz ve zamana ba ml sitotoksisitesi olup olmad n ve varsa bu sitotoksisik etkiyi hiperisinin sitotoksik zellikleri ile kar la t rmak ve bu etkinin alt nda yatan mekanizman n a klanmas ama lanm t r. Sar kantaron otu ekstrakt n n 1/1000, 1/5000, 1/10.000, 1/50.000 dil syonlar ile yap lan deneylerde, IC50 dozunun ...
Herbal medicine. herb data for St. Johns Wort, Hypericum Perforatum, Johnswort, Amber, Touch-and-heal, Goat weed, Hardhay, Klamath Weed, Rosin Rose, Hypericum, Tipton weed
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0129]The hue of the organic pigment used in the present invention is not limited. A magenta pigment, a yellow pigment or a cyan pigment may be used. Specifically, a magenta pigment, a yellow pigment or a cyan pigment such as perylene, perinone, quinacridone, quinacridonquinone, anthraquinone, anthanthrone, benzimidazolone, disazo condensation, disazo, azo, indanthrone, phthalocyanine, triarylcarbonium, dioxazine, aminoanthraquinone, diketopyrrolopyrrole, thioindigo, isoindoline, isoindolinone, pyranthrone or isoviolanthrone pigment or a mixture thereof may be used. More specifically, useful are a perylene pigment such as C.I. pigment red 190 (C.I. No. 71140), C.I. pigment red 224 (C.I. No. 71127) or C.I. pigment violet 29 (C.I. No. 71129), a perinone pigment such as C.I. pigment orange 43 (C.I. No. 71105) or C.I. pigment red 194 (C.I. No. 71100), a quinacridone pigment such as C.I. pigment violet 19 (C.I. No. 73900), C.I. pigment violet 42, C.I. pigment red 122 (C.I. No. 73915), C.I. pigment red ...
Ang-Lee MK, Moss J, Yuan CS. Herbal medicines and perioperative care. JAMA. 2001;286:208-216.. Apaydin EA, Maher AR, Shanman R, et al. A systematic review of St. Johns wort for major depressive disorder. Syst Rev. 2016;5(1):148.. Beaubrun G, Gray GE. A review of herbal medicines for psychiatric disorders. Psychiatr Serv. 2000;51:1130-1134.. Biffignandi PM, Bilia AR. The growing knowledge of St. Johns wort (Hypericum perforatum L) drug interactions and their clinical significance. Curr Ther Res. 2000;61:389-394.. Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Newton, MA: Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000:359-366.. Breidenbach T, Hoffmann MW, Becker T, Schlitt H, Klempnauer J. Drug interaction with St. Johns wort with cyclosporin. Lancet. 2000;355:576-577.. Breidenbach T, Kliem V, Burg M, Radermacher J, Hoffman MW, Klempnauer J. Profound drop of cyclosporin A whole blood trough levels caused by St. Johns wort (Hypericum perforatum) [letter]. ...