TY - JOUR. T1 - Radiographic evaluation of destructive periodontal disease in blue mink in relation to age and blood morphology. AU - Hammer, Anne Sofie. AU - Andersen, Thomas Holmen. AU - Eriksen, Thomas. AU - Kortegaard, Hanne E.. AU - Dietz, Hans Henrik. AU - Chriél, Mariann. PY - 2005. Y1 - 2005. N2 - In this study, blood samples and jaws were collected from 2 genotypes of blue mink (n = 289) in order to examine phenotypic expression of specific characteristics of Chediak-Higashi Syndrome (C-HS). Blood samples were subjected to differential counts to assess the proportion of abnormal polymorphonuclear leukocytes characteristic for CH-S (C-HS-leukocytes). Abnormal leukocytes with characteristic signs of C-HS were found in blood smears from all mink included in this study. Four teeth in one half of the mandible (P3, P4, M1, M2) were subjected to quantitative radiographic evaluation of alveolar bone loss and tooth loss. There was a high prevalence of destructive periodontal disease among blue ...
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During the past decade the association between periodontal diseases and general diseases has attracted renewed research interest. The mouth has once again become an integral part of the rest of the human body. This review covers the possible associations between periodontal disease and diabetes, coronary heart disease, osteoporosis, pulmonary diseases and depression and focuses on more recent publications.. A majority of published studies confirms support for a relationship between periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus. Treatments of periodontal disease including the use of local or systemic antibiotics have been shown to affect the glycemic control. From a clinical point of view diabetes should be regarded as one of the factors increasing the risk for periodontal disease.. At present there is but limited evidence that periodontitis is associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease and further research is needed to explore such a relationship in prospective studies. Studies ...
This multicenter clinical study will investigate biomarkers of periodontal disease progression. The study will enroll 375 subjects with periodontal disease and 125 periodontally healthy subjects. All subjects will be monitored clinically and have samples taken every 2 months for 12 months for analysis of inflammatory and immunological biomarkers and microbial species. Subjects displaying periodontal disease progression greater than an established threshold will receive periodontal rescue therapy at progressing periodontal sites and continue with monitoring. Periodontally healthy subjects and non-progressing sites in subjects with periodontal disease will serve as controls. After 12 months, subjects with periodontal disease will receive periodontal therapy consisting of 4 quadrants of scaling and root planing. Periodontally healthy subjects will receive prophylaxis and scaling and exit the study. Following periodontal therapy, subjects with periodontal disease will be followed for a maintenance ...
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Osaka-Dental-University-Susceptible rats (ODUS/Odu) are a useful animal model for human periodontal disease. Through comprehensive gene expression profiling, we aimed to evaluate the utility of ODUS/Odu-derived cells as an alternative to animal models for biomedical research into human periodontal disease. Using a GeneChip Rat Expression Array containing 15923 probes, the gene expression profiles of embryonic fibroblasts obtained from 13.5-day-old embryos of ODUS/Odu or control rats were comprehensively analyzed. This profiling revealed alterations in some genes that are likely to be related to periodontal disease in ODUS/Odu, based on a comparison with genes found in databases. Osteopontin (OPN), which is involved in immune defense reactions, bone metabolism and chronic inflammation, was among the genes whose expressions were significantly altered. Realtime RT-PCR analysis showed that the OPN mRNA level was increased by more than 5.8-fold in ODUS/Odu. Moreover, the expression of CD44, a ...
Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a progressive condition and the leading cause of tooth loss amongst adults in the developed world. Periodontal disease occurs when the toxins found in plaque begin to irritate or inflame the gingiva (gum tissue). The resulting bacterial infection often known as gingivitis, can eventually lead to the destruction of the gum tissue and underlying bone. If periodontal disease is not treated, it can also lead to loose teeth or tooth loss.. There are many common types of periodontal disease including aggressive, chronic, necrotizing periodontitis, and periodontitis associated with systemic diseases. Each of these types of periodontal disease has its own distinct characteristics and symptoms, and all require prompt treatment by a dentist to halt subsequent bone and tissue loss.. Common Signs & Symptoms. It is extremely important to note that periodontal disease can progress without any signs or symptoms such as pain. This is why ...
Define periodontal disease rate. periodontal disease rate synonyms, periodontal disease rate pronunciation, periodontal disease rate translation, English dictionary definition of periodontal disease rate. n. 1. A quantity measured with respect to another measured quantity: a rate of speed of 60 miles an hour. 2. A measure of a part with respect to a whole; a...
Los Angeles, CA, April 24, 2013-- Dr. Sam Markzar, Los Angeles periodontist, warns parents of the effects of periodontal disease on children.
The word periodontal means "around the tooth". Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.. Four out of five people have periodontal disease and dont know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.. Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal ...
The word periodontal means "around the tooth". Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.. Four out of five people have periodontal disease and dont know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.. Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal ...
The word periodontal means "around the tooth". Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.. Four out of five people have periodontal disease and dont know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.. Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal ...
The meaning of the word "periodontal" is around the tooth. Also known as gum diseases periodontal diseases are nothing but serious infections caused by bacteria that harm the gums and tissues in the vicinity of the mouth. While dental cavities or caries only affects the tooth Periodontal disease is devastating affecting the bones that surround the tooth, gums, coverings of teeth root and tooth membrane. A physician specializing in the treatment of periodontal disease is known as Periodontist.. The disease should not be taken lightly and if its left untreated it can spread and affect the bones under the teeth which would eventually dissolve and would not longer support the teeth in its place. The chronic form of the disease is responsible for tooth loss in seventy percent of the cases affecting seventy five percent of the people at some time in their lives.. The causes of periodontal disease are similar to any other oral disease wherein plaque buildup and bacteria are responsible for the ...
Attempts at treating periodontal disease during pregnancy to achieve improved outcomes have had inconsistent conclusions. Recently, several large clinical randomized controlled trials failed to conclude that standard periodontal therapy during pregnancy reduced the incidence of adverse pregnancy outcomes (e.g., preterm birth and low birth weight) [20-22] The question of when to treat periodontal disease was put forward.. Pregnancy may not be an appropriate period for periodontal disease treatment as discussed by Xiong et al. [23]: 1) Treating periodontal disease during pregnancy may be too late to reduce the local and systemic inflammation activated by oral bacterial pathogens. 2) Dental scaling and root planning during treatment itself may cause bacteremia triggering systemic inflammation, leading to adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes, 3) Because of safety concerns on the frequency of periodontal treatment during pregnancy, the treatments are often restrict to 1 or 2 courses, which may not be ...
Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a progressive disease which affects the supporting and surrounding tissue of the gums, and also the underlying jawbone. If left untreated, periodontal disease can result in loose, unstable teeth, and even tooth loss. Periodontal disease is in fact the leading cause of tooth loss in adults in the developed world and should not be taken lightly.. Periodontal disease begins when the toxins found in plaque start to attack the soft or gingival tissue surrounding the teeth. This bacterium embeds itself in the gum and rapidly breeds, causing a bacterial infection. As the infection progresses, it starts to burrow deeper into the tissue causing inflammation or irritation between the teeth and gums. The response of the body is to destroy the infected tissue, which is why the gums appear to recede. The resulting pockets between the teeth deepen and, if no treatment is sought, the tissue which makes up the jawbone also recedes causing ...
Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a progressive disease which affects the supporting and surrounding tissue of the gums, and also the underlying jawbone. If left untreated, periodontal disease can result in loose, unstable teeth, and even tooth loss. Periodontal disease is in fact the leading cause of tooth loss in adults in the developed world and should not be taken lightly.. Periodontal disease begins when the toxins found in plaque start to attack the soft or gingival tissue surrounding the teeth. This bacterium embeds itself in the gum and rapidly breeds, causing a bacterial infection. As the infection progresses, it starts to burrow deeper into the tissue causing inflammation or irritation between the teeth and gums. The response of the body is to destroy the infected tissue, which is why the gums appear to recede. The resulting pockets between the teeth deepen and, if no treatment is sought, the tissue which makes up the jawbone also recedes causing ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Periodontal disease, chronic kidney disease and mortality. T2 - Results from the third national health and nutrition examination survey. AU - Ricardo, Ana C.. AU - Athavale, Ambarish. AU - Chen, Jinsong. AU - Hampole, Hemanth. AU - Garside, Daniel. AU - Marucha, Phillip. AU - Lash, James P.. PY - 2015/7/7. Y1 - 2015/7/7. N2 - Background: Periodontal disease is associated with increased mortality in the general population, however its prognostic significance in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not known. We evaluated the joint effect of periodontal disease and CKD on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Methods: Prospective observational study of 10,755 adult participants in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994 (NHANES III). CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate ,60 ml/minute/1.73 m2 or albumin-to-creatinine ratio ≥ 30 mg/g. Periodontal disease was defined as moderate (, 4 mm attachment loss in ≥ 2 mesial sites or 5 mm pocket ...
Aim: To estimate the prevalence of periodontal disease in Brazilian adults and to test its association with skin colour after controlling for socio-demographic variables. Methods: The periodontal status of 11,342 Brazilian adults was informed by a nationwide oral health survey. Socio-demographic variables included skin colour, gender, schooling, per capita income, age and geographical region. The association between periodontal disease and skin colour was tested by a logistic regression model, adjusting for covariates. Interactions between skin colour and socio-demographic variables were tested. Results: The prevalence of periodontal diseases was 9.0% [95% confidence interval (CI) 7.6-10.3]. Lighter-skinned black people (pardos) and dark-skinned black people (pretos) presented higher levels of periodontal disease when compared with white people [odds ratio (OR)=1.5; 95% CI 1.2; 1.8; OR=1.6; 95% CI 1.2; 2.1, respectively] even after controlling for age, gender, schooling, per capita income and ...
Periodontal disease (also called periodontitis and gum disease) has been linked to respiratory disease through recent research studies. Researchers have concluded that periodontal disease can worsen conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and may actually play a causal role in the contraction of pneumonia, bronchitis and emphysema.. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition which generally begins with a bacterial infection. The bacteria found in plaque begin to colonize in gingival tissue, causing an inflammatory response in which the body destroys both gum and bone tissue. The sufferer may notice the teeth "lengthening" as the gums recede while the disease progresses. If left untreated, erosion of the bone tissue brings about a less stable base for the teeth, meaning loose, shifting or complete tooth loss.. There are a number of different respiratory diseases linked to periodontal disease. Pneumonia, COPD, and bronchitis are among the most common. Generally, ...
Periodontal disease (also called periodontitis and gum disease) has been linked to respiratory disease through recent research studies. Researchers have concluded that periodontal disease can worsen conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and may actually play a causal role in the contraction of pneumonia, bronchitis and emphysema.. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition which generally begins with a bacterial infection. The bacteria found in plaque begin to colonize in gingival tissue, causing an inflammatory response in which the body destroys both gum and bone tissue. The sufferer may notice the teeth "lengthening" as the gums recede while the disease progresses. If left untreated, erosion of the bone tissue brings about a less stable base for the teeth, meaning loose, shifting or complete tooth loss.. There are a number of different respiratory diseases linked to periodontal disease. Pneumonia, COPD, and bronchitis are among the most common. Generally, ...
Periodontal disease (also called periodontitis and gum disease) has been linked to respiratory disease through recent research studies. Researchers have concluded that periodontal disease can worsen conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and may actually play a causal role in the contraction of pneumonia, bronchitis and emphysema.. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition which generally begins with a bacterial infection. The bacteria found in plaque begin to colonize in gingival tissue, causing an inflammatory response in which the body destroys both gum and bone tissue. The sufferer may notice the teeth "lengthening" as the gums recede while the disease progresses. If left untreated, erosion of the bone tissue brings about a less stable base for the teeth, meaning loose, shifting or complete tooth loss.. There are a number of different respiratory diseases linked to periodontal disease. Pneumonia, COPD, and bronchitis are among the most common. Generally, ...
Periodontal disease is characterized by a progressive loss of supportive gingival tissue in the gums and jawbone. It is the number one cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world. Periodontal disease occurs when toxins found in oral plaque inflame and irritate the soft tissues surrounding the teeth. If left untreated, bacteria colonies initially cause the systematic destruction of gum tissue, and then proceed to destroy the underlying bone tissue.. Osteoporosis is a common metabolic bone disease which frequently occurs in postmenopausal women, and occurs less frequently in men. Osteoporosis is characterized by bone fragility, low bone mass and a decrease in bone mineral density. Many studies have explored and identified a connection between periodontal disease and osteoporosis.. A study conducted at the University of New York at Buffalo in 1995 concluded that post-menopausal women who suffered from osteoporosis were 86% more likely to also develop periodontal disease.. Reasons for ...
Periodontal disease is characterized by a progressive loss of supportive gingival tissue in the gums and jawbone. It is the number one cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world. Periodontal disease occurs when toxins found in oral plaque inflame and irritate the soft tissues surrounding the teeth. If left untreated, bacteria colonies initially cause the systematic destruction of gum tissue, and then proceed to destroy the underlying bone tissue.. Osteoporosis is a common metabolic bone disease which frequently occurs in postmenopausal women, and occurs less frequently in men. Osteoporosis is characterized by bone fragility, low bone mass and a decrease in bone mineral density. Many studies have explored and identified a connection between periodontal disease and osteoporosis.. A study conducted at the University of New York at Buffalo in 1995 concluded that post-menopausal women who suffered from osteoporosis were 86% more likely to also develop periodontal disease.. Reasons for ...
... may seem to be unlikely bedfellows, but researchers have found that gum disease sufferers are nearly twice as likely to also suffer from coronary heart disease. In addition, research studies have discovered that oral infection is indeed a risk factor for stroke. People diagnosed with acute cerebrovascular ischemia were more likely to also be experiencing some degree of periodontal disease.. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition in which the gingival tissue surrounding the teeth is infected by the colonization of bacteria. Bacteria found in plaque colonize first above, then below the gumline, causing the tissue to pull away from the teeth. If periodontal disease is left untreated, deep pockets form between the gums and the teeth and the tissue of the underlying jawbone is also destroyed. The destruction of bone tissue causes the teeth to shift, wobble or completely detach from the bone.. Coronary heart disease occurs when the walls of the ...
... may seem to be unlikely bedfellows, but researchers have found that gum disease sufferers are nearly twice as likely to also suffer from coronary heart disease. In addition, research studies have discovered that oral infection is indeed a risk factor for stroke. People diagnosed with acute cerebrovascular ischemia were more likely to also be experiencing some degree of periodontal disease.. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition in which the gingival tissue surrounding the teeth is infected by the colonization of bacteria. Bacteria found in plaque colonize first above, then below the gumline, causing the tissue to pull away from the teeth. If periodontal disease is left untreated, deep pockets form between the gums and the teeth and the tissue of the underlying jawbone is also destroyed. The destruction of bone tissue causes the teeth to shift, wobble or completely detach from the bone.. Coronary heart disease occurs when the walls of the ...
1. Pihlstrom BL, Michalowicz BS, Johnson NW. Periodontal diseases. Lancet 2005; 366: 1809-20. 16298220. 2. Calsina G, Ramon JM, Echeverría JJ. Effects of smoking on periodontal tissues. J Clin Periodontol. 2002; 29(8): 771-6. 12390575. 3. Haffajee AD and Socransky SS. Microbial etiological agents of destructive periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000. 2005; 5: 78-111.. 4. Darveau RP. Periodontitis: a polymicrobial disruption of host homeostasis. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2010; 7: 481-490.. 5. Dewhirst FE, Chen T, Izard J, Paster BJ, Tanner AC, Yu WH et al. The human oral microbiome. J Bacteriol. 2010; JB.00542-10.. 6. Abusleme L, Dupuy AK, Dutzan N, Silva N, Burleson JA, Strasbaugh LD, et al. The subgingival microbiome in health and periodontitis and its relationship with community biomass and inflammation. ISME J. 2013; 7: 1016-1025. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2012.174 23303375. 7. Hajishengallis G, Lamont RJ. Beyond the red complex and into more complexity: the polymicrobial synergy and dysbiosis (PSD) model ...
The goal of periodontal therapy is to substantially lower the risk for future progression of periodontitis (Page and Beck, 1997). A literature search yielded more than 400 published articles related to periodontitis and risk assessment. Many of these published articles were primarily speculative in nature. Except for studies assessing the influence of individual periodontal risk factors at a tooth-site basis there appears to be few comprehensive studies assessing what risk factors are associated with periodontal disease at the subject level. Information on how clinicians assess periodontal risk for disease progression in the absence of care is almost non-existent. However, in one study it was concluded that there are significant disagreements between clinicians on the scale of risk assessment and that clinicians appear to predominantly base their risk assessments on radiographic evidence of bone loss, excluding most factors that have otherwise been associated with risk for future periodontal ...
Our understanding about periodontal disease progression improved tremendously during 1960s, when animal and human experiments demonstrated the role of bacteria in the initiation of gingivitis and periodontitis 1, 2. These studies led to the proposal of the model of bacterial etiology of periodontal disease. Further investigations in this field led to the advancement of our knowledge of pathogenic bacteria causing disease progression. Specific Gram-negative, anaerobic, or microaerophilic bacteria were implicated in the causation of periodontitis 3-7. During late 1970s and early 1980s protective and destructive roles of the immunoinflammatory responses were described in health and disease 8-14.. Most of the models of periodontal disease progression in the late 1980s stated that specific bacteria initiated the disease process by activating host responses, which were protective and destructive. The actual destruction of connective tissue and bone resulted primarily from inflammatory chemical ...
Contrary to popular belief, periodontal or gum disease is NOT something that only happens to grown-ups and the elderly; children and adolescents are susceptible, too. Broadly speaking, gum diseases refer to a set of ailments resulting from an inflammation of the tissues and bone that support the teeth. If left untreated, it could result in rotting teeth and possible underlying complications. Usually, periodontal disease is caused by a buildup of plaque, a sticky layer of bacteria that naturally forms on teeth and gums. The most common types that affect children are chronic gingivitis and aggressive periodontitis ...
Periodontal diseases affect the majority of the population either as gingivitis or periodontitis. Recently there have been many studies that link or seek to find a relationship between periodontal disease and other systemic diseases including, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. For adverse pregnancy outcomes, the literature is inconclusive and the magnitude of the relationship between these 2 has not been fully decided. The goal of this paper is to review the literature regarding periodontal diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes, and provide oral health care providers with resources to educate their patients. Alternatively, this paper will also discuss what is occurring to help increase the availability of care for pregnant women and what oral health care providers can do to help improve these issues.. ...
This long term study looked at the effectiveness of a preventive programme on dental health in people with Down syndrome, who are known to have increased prevalence of periodontal disease (affecting the neck and root of a tooth). The researchers looked at the long-term effect of periodic plaque control on the progression of periodontal diseases and tooth mortality in 25 patients with Down syndrome in Germany. They used standard measure to assess dental caries and periodontal disease. They carried out routine dental and preventive care over at least ten years.. Results were reported for two patient groups based on age at first attendance - group (10 patients aged ≤ 15 years; group 2 (15 patients aged ≥ 16 years).. They found that nearly 60% of patients had slight bone loss in relation to age and that 25% exhibited advanced bone loss. During the 10 year period, an average of 2.5 teeth were lost in all patients, 0.5 in Group I and 3.8 in Group II.. The authors conclude that from their overall ...
In the most drastic stage of periodontal disease, the bone and the attachment of the gums to the teeth have been destroyed. This may cause your teeth to shift or loosen and can affect how your teeth come together. You may notice a bad taste or smell in your mouth. Proper dental care must be initiated to save the teeth or they may need to be removed. Professional intervention may involve pocket reduction therapy and bone grafting along with the incorporation of other therapies.. Pocket reduction therapy is required for this form of periodontal disease when the gingival tissues have not resolved after initial treatment or tissue and root therapy. This is usually necessary when gingival tissues have not shrunk enough or when the supporting bone around the teeth has been lost. Since the gum tissue has not shrunk, they provide a greater place for bacteria to live and attack the bone and tissue causing further damage to occur.. Pocket reduction is a periodontal disease therapy that turns or pulls back ...
Periodontal diseases result in the inflammation of the supporting structures of the teeth, thereby leading to attachment loss and bone loss. One of the main etiological factors responsible for this condition is the presence of subgingival biofilms, comprising microorganisms, namely bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Candida species is one of the fungi reported to be found in periodontal disease which is suggestive of the presence of an association between these variables. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the association of Candida species with periodontal disease and determine the prevalence of these species in the patients affected with this disease. The articles related to the subject of interest were searched in several databases, including the PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus. The search process was accomplished using three keywords, namely Candida species, Chronic periodontitis, and Gingivitis. All the identified studies
Epidemiology of periodontal disease is the study of patterns, causes, and effects of periodontal diseases. Periodontal disease is a disease affecting the tissue surrounding the teeth. This causes the gums and the teeth to separate making spaces that become infected. The immune system tries to fight the toxins breaking down the bone and tissue connecting to the teeth to the gums. The teeth will have to be removed. This is an advance stage of gum disease that has multiple definitions. Adult periodontitis affects less than 10 to 15% of the population in industrialized countries, mainly adults around the ages of 50 to 60. The disease is now declining world-wide. Many studies look at the prevalence of "advanced periodontitis", but have differing definitions of this term. Generally though, severe forms of periodontitis do not seem to affect more than 15% of the population of industrialized countries. The proportion of such subjects increases with age and seems to peak between 50 and 60 years. A later ...
The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections that destroy the gums and the surrounding tissues of the mouth. If the inflammation is left untreated, the disease will continue and the underlying bone around the teeth will dissolve and will no longer be able to hold the teeth in place. Generally, periodontal disease isnt painful, so it is possible to have it and not be aware of it. A dentist specializing in periodontal disease is called a periodontist.. ...
The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections that destroy the gums and the surrounding tissues of the mouth. If the inflammation is left untreated, the disease will continue and the underlying bone around the teeth will dissolve and will no longer be able to hold the teeth in place. Generally, periodontal disease isnt painful, so it is possible to have it and not be aware of it. A dentist specializing in periodontal disease is called a periodontist.. ...
Regular examinations are very important to keep track of the present status of your disease and any disease progression over time. Your periodontist will work with you to create a maintenance schedule depending on how advanced your periodontal disease is at that time. Based on many variable factors such as your overall health, the severity of bone loss, and risk factors such as smoking and genetics, your periodontist will constantly tailor your care so your periodontal disease does not progress further. He or she may recommend exams every six months for mild periodontal disease, or every few months for more advanced stages.. ...
Periodontal disease is the most common disease of companion animals-more common than kidney disease, diabetes and lymphoma. Most dogs and cats show early signs of periodontal disease by 4 years old. Many practices are realizing theres more to the treatment of periodontal disease than just cleaning and polishing. Advancing your knowledge of perio-dontal disease treatment is good for the patient and good for your practice. What follows is a list of dental …
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Details of the image Marked hard plaque (tartar) and floating teeth due to severe periodontal disease Modality: CT (bone window)
Diabetes mellitus is a complex disease characterized by insufficient insulin secretion and / or an inefficiency of target tissues to its metabolic action. Periodontal disease was recognized as the sixth leading complication of a diabetes. Gingival sulcus bleeding is considered as an important clinical parameter in the diagnosis of periodontal disease. This research is based on comparison of the clinical and paraclinical data between groups of patients with type 1 diabetes and periodontal disease on the one hand and groups of patients with periodontal disease without diabetic disease on the other hand. We can conclude that there is sufficient data to confirm the existence of a bidirectional relationship between metabolic changes in type 1 diabetes and periodontal (odontal-periodontal) disorder of patients, especially in adolescents and young adults. Both diseases can influence each other more or less, so for diabetics there is a predilection to develop periodontal disease as diabetes is a risk factor for
Our results support the hypothesis that periodontal disease is an independent stroke risk factor. This is the first case-control study that performed a meticulous clinical and radiographic evaluation of orodental conditions and etiologic subgroup analyses of stroke as a heterogeneous disease. Our patient group is representative of stroke patients in the age segment studied because our hospital is the main stroke center in the area and stroke patients ,75 years of age are commonly admitted to our wards. The role of periodontal disease as a risk factor could be explained by residual confounding, mainly by smoking, a health-neglecting lifestyle, and socioeconomic variables. We separately evaluated every smoking period using a standardized approach14 and adjusted for adult and childhood socioeconomic variables and specific periodontal risk factors, such as dental plaque and frequency of dentist visits, that are indicators of dental care and general health awareness. These factors did not modify the ...
Sacramento Periodontists, The Professionals at Capitol Periodontal Group specialize in dentistry procedures such as periodontics, implants, and dental anesthesia in the Roseville, Elk Grove, Folsom, and Sacramento, California areas.
This project will have two specific goals: 1. Identify microorganism components in the serum of patients with severe periodontitis; and 2. Characterize the immune regulator activity of periodontitis serum. This proposed feasibility study will then aid in providing the support for an increased sample size and other design requirements for larger, more expanded human clinical trial testing.In this study, forty (40) subjects will be divided into 2 groups: 1) Healthy oral status group and 2) Severe periodontal disease. Patients will be clinically screened using standard periodontal measurements ...
PERIODONTAL DISEASE CHARACTERIZATION IN DOGS WITH NORMAL RENAL FUNCTION OR CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE. Barbudo GR, Carvalho MB, Selmi AL, et al. Objective: To compare periodontal disease (PD) in dogs with chronic renal failure (CRF) to dogs with normal renal function (NRF). Design: Prospective, randomized study. Procedure: Twelve dogs with CRF and 24 dogs with NRF all with periodontal pocket formation were studied. Serum creatinine, BUN, USG, and RBC and WBC counts were determined for all the dogs. A complete oral examination was performed, including evaluation of bacterial plaque, gingivitis, gingival recession, pocket depth, calculus, dental mobility, tooth loss, and ulcers. Data were used to calculate Plaque index, Gingival index and Periodontal destruction index. PD was grade as mild, moderate or severe based on the results. Statistical analysis was done by comparison of means using the Student s T test. Results: Mild, moderate or severe PD was observed in dogs with NRF, whereas dogs with CRF ...
Amaliya, Timmerman MF, Abbas F, Loos BG, Van der Weijden GA, Van Winkelhoff AJ, et al. Java project on periodontal diseases: the relationship between vitamin C and the severity of periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol. 2007 Apr;34(4):299-304.. Boggess KA; Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine Publications Committee. Maternal oral health in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Apr;111(4):976-86.. Eberhard J, Jepsen S, Jervøe-Storm PM, Needleman I, Worthington HV. Full-mouth disinfection for the treatment of adult chronic periodontitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23;(1):CD004622.. Eberhard J, Jervøe-Storm PM, Needleman I, Worthington H, Jepsen S. Full-mouth treatment concepts for chronic periodontitis: a systematic review. J Clin Periodontol. 2008 Jul;35(7):591-604. Epub 2008 May 21.. Friedewald VE, Kornman KS, Beck JD, Genco R, Goldfine A, Libby P, et al. The American Journal of Cardiology and Journal of Periodontology Editors Consensus: periodontitis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. ...
Systemic infection and/or inflammation has been related with an increased risk of brain abscesses, cerebrovascular disease, cognitive impairment and other pathological states of the brain. Therefore, it is plausible, that a chronic infection and inflammation disease, such as periodontitis, may affect the central nervous system (CNS). Chronic periodontal disease is a condition that causes breakdown of the supporting tissues of the teeth, alveolar bone and soft tissues. Chronic periodontitis is a multifactorial disease caused by dental plaque composed of pathogenic bacteria that triggers the immune response in susceptible hosts. Oral pathogenic bacteria is a source of chronic infection that can induce local and peripheral production of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF- , inflammatory mediators, as well as bacterial products such as lipopolysaccaride endotoxin. Viruses, such as herpes and Epstein-Barr, can also be found in periodontal pockets. It is well established that oral ...
Periodontal diseases are disorders of the gums, or gingiva, and other tissues around the teeth. Periodontal diseases vary in severity, from the reversible,...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Relationship of metabolic syndrome to periodontal disease in Japanese women. T2 - The Hisayama study. AU - Shimazaki, Y.. AU - Saito, T.. AU - Yonemoto, K.. AU - Kiyohara, Y.. AU - Iida, M.. AU - Yamashita, Y.. PY - 2007/3/1. Y1 - 2007/3/1. N2 - Recent studies have suggested that several systemic conditions - such as obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and diabetes - are related to periodontitis. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between periodontitis and 5 components of metabolic syndrome-abdominal obesity, triglyceride level, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level, blood pressure, and fasting blood sugar level - in 584 Japanese women. In multivariate analyses, persons exhibiting more components of metabolic syndrome had significantly higher odds ratios for a greater pocket depth and clinical attachment loss than did those with no components; the odds ratios for a greater pocket depth and clinical attachment loss of the persons exhibiting 4 or 5 ...
Periodontal disease, which is also known as gum disease and periodontitis, is a progressive disease which, if left untreated, may result in tooth loss. Gum disease begins with the inflammation and irritation of the gingival tissues which surround and support the teeth. The cause of this inflammation is the toxins found in plaque which cause an ongoing bacterial infection.. The bacterial infection colonizes in the gingival tissue, and deep pockets form between the teeth and the gums. If treated promptly by a periodontist, the effects of mild inflammation (known as gingivitis) are completely reversible. However, if the bacterial infection is allowed to progress, periodontal disease begins to destroy the gums and the underlying jawbone, promoting tooth loss. In some cases, the bacteria from this infection can travel to other areas of the body via the bloodstream.. Common Causes of Gum Disease. There are genetic and environmental factors involved in the onset of gum disease, and in many cases, the ...