A new book, Min Jgħidu n-Nies li Jien - il-Faqar tal-Paternaliżmu (Who do people say I am - the poverty of paternalism), written by Mark Montebello, explores paternalism from all sides. It discusses paternalism on an interpersonal level as much as on the institutional and legal levels. The book,...
At first blush, Thaler and Sunstein seem to be proposing that voluntarily helping people to overcome or cope with their rash, ignorant, impulsive selves be called…
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric staff members have the power to decide the options that frame encounters with patients. Intentional as well as unintentional framing can have a crucial impact on patients opportunities to be heard and participate in the process. We identified three dominant ethical perspectives in the normative medical ethics literature concerning how doctors and other staff members should frame interactions in relation to patients; paternalism, autonomy and reciprocity. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse statements describing real work situations and ethical reflections made by staff members in relation to three central perspectives in medical ethics; paternalism, autonomy and reciprocity.. METHODS: All staff members involved with patients in seven adult psychiatric and six child and adolescent psychiatric clinics were given the opportunity to freely describe ethical considerations in their work by keeping an ethical diary over the course of one week and 173 persons ...
· Reminder: submissions for the BREAD conference on Development in Africa to be held at the World Bank in Match are due November 15th. Details are here.
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Regarding [What a dairymaid does all day long] SHE SEES CHEESE:. I agree with Amy regarding the casual paternalism of the nomenclature, and I suspect it was used (a) specifically to get at the gender in the answer and (b) without a thought by either the woman constructor, the men editors, or the mixed group of test-solvers. Milkmaid and dairymaid are just SO in-the-language-been around since the 1500s!. That said, (a) there is no reason why cruciverbalists should not metaphorically don extra-sensitive antennae for this type of thing and seek new solutions and (b) this clue-answer combo is, imho, but one more item in a convention (I hope that is the right word) that has been seeping into crosswords for the past 2-3 decades, by my imprecise calculations. It is a convention that I am generally averse to, as it seems to break a long-standing rule or tradition that the answer to a clue should be one item. Not one word necessarily, not at all, but not a clause, dependent or independent, that serves as ...
In nasogastric (NG) intubation, a thin tube is placed through your nose into your stomach. Learn why this procedure is used and what it involves.
What could be more soothing than curling up at bedtime with a good book and a cup of chamomile tea made from flowers fresh from your garden? The flowers can also be dried for floral arrangements, pressed for crafts, or woven into charming wreaths, and their edible petals can be tossed into salads. In the garden, chamomile attracts beneficial insects and pollinators.
Much of the discussion of ethical issues in therapeutic research on children is based on the application of general moral principles to categories of problems. The authors believe that this approach does not adequately address the complexity of a treatment regimen for catastrophically ill children which is both therapeutic and research oriented. Using a case study to illustrate the potential complications of such a situation, they argue that medical paternalism is justified in therapeutic research on children even if it diminishes the patients autonomy, on the grounds that the best interests of the patient must take precedence over preservation of complete autonomy. (KIE abstract) ...
More than half of libertarians say government regulation of business does more harm than good (56 percent vs. 47 percent). However, four-in-ten libertarians say that government regulation of business is necessary to protect the public interest (41 percent).. More than half say "government aid to the poor does more harm than good by making people too dependent on government assistance" (57 percent vs. 48 percent), while almost four-in-ten (38 percent) say government aid "does more good than harm because people cant get out of poverty until their basic needs are met.". Libertarians are more supportive of legalizing marijuana than the public overall (65 percent vs. 54 percent). But they are also more likely than the general public to favor allowing the police "to stop and search anyone who fits the general description of a crime suspect" (42 percent of libertarians, 41 percent of the public) and to think "it is best for the future of our country to be active in world affairs" (43 percent of ...
Posted on 10/09/2005 3:00:11 PM PDT by ct235. LISTEN, Libertarian! By Tim Condon October 9, 2005 Libertarians are such losers. I know, this is not a way to endear myself to them, even when my best friends are all libertarian or near-libertarian. But success is staring them in the face, and a significant proportion of them deploy massive brainpower and argument to make sure that nothing ever gets better. Its incredible. LISTEN, libertarian! Its over 30 years later, and were still hearing endless platitudes that keep us from gaining political power in the service of individual freedom. All we need to do is a better job at selling our product! the activists say. But weve been trying to sell our product for decades, and the people of America arent buying. All we need to do is a better job of educating people about what we stand for! say the activists. But after 30 years of libertarian presidential candidates and campaigns, the voters are more than aware of what we stand for. We are caught ...
I think you have to go on the assumption that the majority of Libertarian votes would go to a Republican candidate if the Libertarian candidate was not on the ballot," said Dick Wadhams, a political strategist and former state GOP chairman. "I think history would dictate that.. "I think in a race as close as this one, clearly that Libertarian candidate affected the outcome and handed it to a Democrat.". There were Libertarian candidates in 40 state House races and 12 in state Senate races, but the Hudak-Sias matchup was the only contest in which Libertarian votes arguably changed the outcome.. There were also American Constitution Party candidates in two Senate races and eight House contests, and two House races with unaffiliated candidates. But the margins of victory for the winners in those races were large enough that the involvement of third-party candidates had no effect on the outcome.. Tim Hoover: 303-954-1626, [email protected] or twitter.com/timhoover ...
Three and a half years ago, I bought a new car. The reason why I mention this as a means of beginning this post is because that car had something I had never had in a car before, namely Sirius XM satellite radio preinstalled. Curious, I subscribed, and I now barely listen to regular radio anymore. A couple of years after I had bought the car, a new channel was added to the lineup, a channel called Radio Classics. I dont know how I discovered it, but I rapidly became hooked on whats commonly referred to as old time radio. Basically, thats classic radio of the sort that was broadcast between the 1920s until around 1962, when the last of the scripted radio dramas and comedies that were so popular went the way of the dodo with the final broadcast of a couple of my now favorite old time radio shows, Suspense and Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar. (For any other geeks like me, my favorite episodes were the ones starring Bob Bailey as Johnny Dollar.) Its true that some of these shows were truly cheesy ...
RSA USA We all know the vast majority of Internet-of-Things devices havent anything more than a fig leaf for protection. Now the unlikeliest of folks are calling for rules to improve IoT security: libertarians.. In a session today at the RSA infosec conference in San Francisco, Olaf Kolkman, the Internet Societys chief internet technology officer, and Bruce Schneier, IBM Resilients CTO and the bloke who literally wrote the book on cryptography, found themselves in an unlikely alliance on the matter of IoT security.. Essentially, Kolkman has called for strict industry requirements to bring IoT defenses up to scratch. Schneier, an anti-regulation libertarian, agrees, yes, its time to draw up rules for internet-connected gadgets.. "A lot of us have been libertarian for years and dont want regulation, but that wont be an option when the internet crashes into the real world and people get killed," Schneier said. "You cant talk about regulation versus no regulation - that ship has sailed. Now ...
moving in peacefully to affect voting outcomes] Thats close enough to invasion for me. Suit yourself. The term sure has lost 99.999% of its bite since the days of the Mongol Hordes.... If you look at the link provided above, the goals are to do all sorts of libertarian things, all of which require a strong majority. Which is pretty much taking over, nest pas? Well I should explain. Certainly I agree that their goal is overt and it is to affect the body politic of some state by concentrating their votes so that their votes will be significant. Duh. A big reason I object to a characterization of this as taking over is because nobody can take over anything in the United States. We have limited government here. If the libertarians or anyone else really were taking over some state or part of a state, it would be cause to send in the troops, IMHO. Whatever libertarian things they intend to do, will by definition have to be things that are already within the power of NH state ...
However, in the context of becoming politically relevant and "herding these cats", recent history - at least in terms of pragmatism - is not encouraging. We have succumbed to the modern cultural equivalent of Instant Gratification. Ron Paul for President . . . I could go for that personally, but from a pragmatic and realistic standpoint, it aint gonna happen! To get that bloc of 12-14 in the House (and a lesser number in the Senate) we need to identify those with truly libertarian views at the (House) district level and in perhaps one or two states, support them financially (think Koch brothers, Tea Party Express, etc.), and ELECT them. For the immediate future, these candidates would no doubt have to run as "conservative" Republicans (a la Ron Paul, and Rand in the KY Senate race), and when we achieve a handful in the House and Senate, they could remain a member of the Republican causcus, but also form a "small L" libertarian caucus (similar to the Black caucus in the Democrat party). In a ...
TUCSON SENTINEL) Tucsonan David F. Nolan, one of the founders of the Libertarian Party, died Sunday just two days before his 67th birthday.. Nolan, influenced by the works of Ayn Rand and Robert Heinlein, helped found the Libertarian Party in 1971, following President Richard Nixons implementation of wage and price controls.. READ THE FULL ARTICLE HERE. ...
The question is: Did Shadowfax go too far?. I would argue that, in this case at least, he did not. Sometimes the only way to overcome a severe case of denial is through extreme bluntness. This case, however, was fairly obvious. Without surgery, this patient was definitely going to die a very unpleasant death within a matter of hours, or at most, a couple of days. The question of paternalism and how far a doctor can go in badgering a patient to let him do what needs to be done. Patient autonomy is important. Consider the case of a breast cancer patient newly diagnosed. Indeed, I wrote about just such a case last year presented to a tumor board I attended. She had an early stage breast cancer that could have been very effectively treated with a high probability of long term survival if she had let the surgeon do surgery on her. She decided instead to pursue woo and then came back a couple of years later with a huge mass that was no longer so straightforward to treat. When death is imminent without ...
For centuries, it did not matter much because medical types did medicine and forensic types did administration and law. Now, however, we have medicine beholden to mulyiple administrative entities, and to government and the results are disastrous and getting worse. This is why all the talk about healthcare reform is so futile; because it does not resolve the irresolvable cultural conflict between the players. The solution is to return healthcare to the healthcare providers. However, we live in a time of profound distrust of authority figures. (Wow! We made it full circle to the original topic of paternalism, didnt we!) And so, because a lot people do not trust the medical experts who know how to provide the care that is needed, we will get more and more administrative, legal, and governmental incursions into medicine (all in the name of "fixing the broken system"), worse care, and lots of otherwise smart people who never figure out that they are sending medicine straight to Hell even as they do ...
Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, and now a documentary from Ken Burns on PBS, The Emperor of All Maladies is a magnificent, profoundly humane "biography" of cancer-from its first documented appearances thousands of years ago through the epic battles in the twentieth century to cure, control, and conquer it to a radical new understanding of its essence.. Physician, researcher, and award-winning science writer Siddhartha Mukherjee examines cancer with a cellular biologists precision, a historians perspective, and a biographers passion. The result is an astonishingly lucid and eloquent chronicle of a disease humans have lived with-and perished from-for more than five thousand years.. The story of cancer is a story of human ingenuity, resilience, and perseverance, but also of hubris, paternalism, and misperception. Mukherjee recounts centuries of discoveries, setbacks, victories, and deaths told through the eyes of his predecessors and peers, training their wits against an infinitely resourceful ...
Winner of the Pulitzer Prize, and now a documentary from Ken Burns on PBS, The Emperor of All Maladies is a magnificent, profoundly humane "biography" of cancer-from its first documented appearances thousands of years ago through the epic battles in the twentieth century to cure, control, and conquer it to a radical new understanding of its essence.. Physician, researcher, and award-winning science writer Siddhartha Mukherjee examines cancer with a cellular biologists precision, a historians perspective, and a biographers passion. The result is an astonishingly lucid and eloquent chronicle of a disease humans have lived with-and perished from-for more than five thousand years.. The story of cancer is a story of human ingenuity, resilience, and perseverance, but also of hubris, paternalism, and misperception. Mukherjee recounts centuries of discoveries, setbacks, victories, and deaths told through the eyes of his predecessors and peers, training their wits against an infinitely resourceful ...
A new party system emerged in the wake of the War of 1812. In those years, the United States reestablished its vital economic ties with Britain and began to exploit more thoroughly the potential of the cotton gin, particularly in the lower Mississippi Valley. The new industries in Britain needed cotton, giving rise to the first great American fortunes, based upon a plantation system that imposed a more rigorous and brutal kind of African slavery.. The end of the legal Transatlantic slave trade radically increased the value of these owned workers, and created closer ties between the Deep South that produced cotton on a massive scale and the Upper South and Border slave states in the lucrative business of supplying new slaves. Although entrepreneurial and exploitive in the most modern sense, the plantation economy clothed itself in the guise of traditional paternalism.. Alongside this, the states during these years began revisiting the property requirement for voting. Starting with Connecticut and ...
2017 Council for Exceptional Children( CEC). Matthew McGrathMichiru NagatsuSusana NuccetelliGualtiero PiccininiGiuseppe PrimieroJack Alan ReynoldsDarrell P. This group is the client of in model. Thomas Nys, Yvonne Denier download mathematical tools for one-dimensional dynamics; T. Paternalism: education and fall.
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1) Week before last: Willie Jackson tells me hes persuaded Mitch Harris to put me on in place of him and Tamihere for a week, the week were now in. They want a break, Willie and I had a very successful pairing a couple of years back, and Willies looking for a repeat in July when JTs away for a month. So this is a good way to ease me back. Mitch is a fan of mine but gets it in the ear from other Mediaworks execs whenever he has me on.. 2) Monday morning this week, before my first show, Mitch gives me my riding instructions. No opera, no Mario-"makes us sound a hundred years old." I have no plans for opera or Mario, so am not worried about that. "Dont want your libertarian gang." That makes me laugh, since I am estranged from my "libertarian gang" and always berated them for being utterly useless when it came to phoning up my shows anyway. "Not too much of that libertarian stuff." Whoa! But I *am* a libertarian! Well, I shrug, lets suck it and see.. 3) Monday afternoon. I do my first show. ...
Kane asserts that the choice which is made by an agent must be probabilistically and, thereby, indeterministically caused by the reasons for making that choice,[29] where both the choice[30] and the reasons[31] for which it is made have corresponding neural connections or brain-wave patterns. But what do indeterministic, probabilistic causes explain about the making of a choice that is not teleologically accounted for by the reasons for making it?[32] Kane s view seems to be that causation involving an agent s reasons is required as a link to explain why the choice is the agent s doing rather than a mere happening .[33] Three responses are in order.. First, if Kane is claiming that causation is required to make the choice an action, he is simply mistaken. As I explained in setting forth my account of the nature of choice in the previous section, the view that a choice is intrinsically active is most plausible in light of both libertarian and epistemological considerations about action.. Second, ...
For politically oriented libertarians, politics is the art of picking the most libertarian candidate who has a chance of winning. Bill Richardson has no chance of winning, and the other Democratic hopefuls offer nothing to supporters of limited government. On the Republican side, we can safely skip the Ron Paul debate -- he is not going to be the next president of the United States. John McCain sometimes blunders into support of limited government, but his usual reaction to his personal whim of the day is that government should do something about it. And, his honorable service to his country notwithstanding, his unstable personality and temper make him uniquely unqualified for the presidency. That leaves three electable candidates who can offer some legitimate claim to libertarian sympathies -- Mitt Romney, Rudy Giuliani, and Fred Thompson. Romney is an easy choice. Governor Romneys tax policy should make a libertarians mouth water. It begins with the no-brainers -- make the Bush tax cuts ...
Wow. I know plenty of libertarians, and I simply havent heard any of them claim that its desirable to keep around uneducated people in society, basically to do everyone elses dirty work. Im not saying that no libertarian thinks that, but I just dont think that there is any reason to specifically mention libertarians as maintaining that belief. Most libertarians I know tend to be pretty pro-technology, and believe that innovation can replace many menial jobs, leaving more and more humans to innovate, and to do more creative work. Additionally, while the long-term goal is for immigrants and people in developing countries, to also have meaningful jobs, immigration and trade means that fewer and fewer people in developed countries must take on less intellectual jobs, allowing others, who previously had no jobs, to fulfill these roles (and hopefully be on the track for them or their children to one day have intellectually demanding jobs, as well). ...
html); 2) DC prohibits buildings over 10-12 stories, including in Anacostia and other neighborhoods far from the Mall or Capitol, and even in neighborhoods like Friendship Heights, Foggy Bottom, or Takoma Park DC that are literally across the street or across a river from 30 and 40 story buildings in Arlington, Bethesda, or Silver Spring; 3) DC is the one place where Nixons wage and price controls were never lifted, in the form of DC rent control, which applies to even very small investors who own 4 or 5 units in DC, discouraging them from investing in or maintaining smaller, older, multi-unit buildings for medium income renters, and instead selling them for condominium conversion or demolition ...
PANORAMA CITY, CA (PRWEB) October 28, 2004 -- The Libertarian Party of California urges California voters to vote down Proposition 69, the ballot initiative
First off, I am not saying that I am for or against the war on drugs. Instead I am rebutting an argument that I commonly see employed when people...
my name is anthony ,i want to thank DON zaggy,for making me rich, powerful and connected in my line of business today....after i finish serving my oga, and my oga never want to settle me insted of him to settle me he was posting me 6 months coming after the expire of 6 months he promise another 4 months,in fact i was still working for him thinking he want the best for me not knowing he want to set me up with his wife,we where in the shop one day when he told me that his wife is sick at home that i should go and give her drugs at home not knowing that my oga was following me in my back, that i must set and watch her taking the drugs before coming,so i went home getting home i meet my madam lieing down in her room and i gave her the drugs to eat and i stand watching her to take the drugs as i was living the room my oga work inside and start betting me not even allow me to say anything before i could know my oga called the police to arrest me,when we get to the station my madam said i wanted to ...
my name is anthony ,i want to thank DON zaggy,for making me rich, powerful and connected in my line of business today....after i finish serving my oga, and my oga never want to settle me insted of him to settle me he was posting me 6 months coming after the expire of 6 months he promise another 4 months,in fact i was still working for him thinking he want the best for me not knowing he want to set me up with his wife,we where in the shop one day when he told me that his wife is sick at home that i should go and give her drugs at home not knowing that my oga was following me in my back, that i must set and watch her taking the drugs before coming,so i went home getting home i meet my madam lieing down in her room and i gave her the drugs to eat and i stand watching her to take the drugs as i was living the room my oga work inside and start betting me not even allow me to say anything before i could know my oga called the police to arrest me,when we get to the station my madam said i wanted to ...
Its well known that folks who describe themselves as "libertarian" (as the most convenient and accurate label relative to other labels, so long as such labels are deemed expedient) often disagree on many specific political issues. I dont think there is a "pure" form of libertarianism (i.e. anarchy is a separate political philosophy). Rather, libertarianism simply means to me that government power should be decentralized and limited to its essential purposes. As such, it is simply an emphasis on some of our core founding constitutional principles that unfortunately seem too often to be de-emphasized or forgotten. Certainly there is plenty of room for rational debate as to what are the essential purposes of government to which government should be limited, so that I dont think anyone can credibly claim that their view is the one true "pure" libertarian view. I , for one, while favoring significantly less overall government spending and taxing, would like to see the federal estate tax ...
Eat less saturated fat: that has been the take-home message from the U.S. government for the past 30 years. But while Americans have dutifully reduced the percentage of daily calories from saturated fat since 1970, the obesity rate during that time has more than doubled, diabetes has tripled, and heart disease is still the countrys biggest killer. Now a spate of new research, including a meta-analysis of nearly two dozen studies, suggests a reason why: investigators may have picked the wrong culprit. Processed carbohydrates, which many Americans eat today in place of fat, may increase the risk of obesity, diabetes and heart disease more than fat does-a finding that has serious implications for new dietary guidelines expected this year. ...
Polio or Something More Sinister? April 7, 2015 (F. William Engdahl - NEO) - Polio is something I have more than a passing acquaintance with. Two days before my fifth birthday a medical doctor in Minneapolis diagnosed me with polio. I only learned ...
Originally Posted by VanceMack Drop ANY mention of legalizing drugs. Focus on states rights, roles, and responsibilities. Promote return to constituti
Some posts are overlong or hopelessly misplaced and might best be relocated off the beaten track. If I had the rights to move comments in the dashboard, I would: Check the box to move the comment to a better location. Include an url from where the post originally came from for reference purposes.
Humorous views on interesting, bizarre and amusing articles, submitted by a community of millions of news junkies, with regular Photoshop contests.
Libertarianism was a philosophy I held dear. However, after having moved to a more liberal city, and examining my beliefs(as I ever so periodically do), I realized that I couldnt agree with everything the libertarians believe... However, there is still much about them that I agree with. I would like to thing of myself as a moderate-left-leaning-libertarian. But, taking the "Are you a libertarian?" test again, I came up as a Liberal!!! I keep these pages up as a reference to what was, and still I think its got some interesting links. This will be part of my newer and more diverse political site. I dont have much to contribute politically right now, and I may never offer much substance, but I will from time to time post rants and raves regarding the state of the world, and Americas esteemed position within it... ...
Marco Bassanis speech for the 2014 Annual Meeting is now available (see below). For others, see the links in the Program, or the PFS YouTube channel. Other speeches will be uploaded presently.
Ill probably get in trouble. After all, I write new car reviews. Advising people not to buy new cars is not what youd probably expect. But, heres the fulsome scurvy truth: I - and every car journalist I know - drive used. Because we know.
Tweet. I dont believe that Ive shared this video at Cafe Hayek before now, but if I did, its no matter: this video deserves to be shared again. In it, Donald Trumps appallingly ignorant economic commentaries - Trumps idiotic rantings which are detached from reality and utterly at odds with economics - are offered along side the deep, informed wisdom of Milton Friedman. Learn, and enjoy!. ...
I want to thank David MacGregor (It Aynt Rand, Critical Review 11, no. 3) and Jeffrey Friedman (Whats Wrong with Libertarianism, ibid.) for contributing to a much-needed dialogue on the nature of libertarian social theory. In this response, it is impossible for me to address all of the issues raised by MacGregor and Friedman in their essays, so I will focus on just a few themes.(1) MacGregor (1997) disagrees with my thesis that Rand provides us with an alternative to the dialectical standpoints of either Hegel or Marx. He sees the problem as partially an outgrowth of my indifference to one of Rands pernicious flaw[s]--her maintenance of the duality of statism and capitalism (382). Of greater significance, perhaps, is MacGregors charge that my account suffers from having drawn from the Marxist theorist, Bertell Ollman, whose works illustrate a trivialization of the dialectic such that it would be difficult to imagine a philosopher or social thinker who didnt employ this method ...
Those of you paying attention will have noticed several approving references here recently to Cafe Hayek, run by one Don Boudreaux (an American libertarian economist, author, professor...). For economics or law, I like it.
Calling yourself a libertarian today is a lot like wearing a mullet back in the 1980s. It sends a clear signal: business up front, party in the back.
Respecting and encouraging autonomy in the elderly is basic to the practice of geriatrics. In this paper, we examine the practice of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and artificial feeding in a geriatric ...
Since Professor Hampton announced the death of clinical freedom in 1983, the increasing influence of Evidence-based Medicine and Health Technology Assessment has contributed to augment the feeling that clinicians have a secondary role in the therapeutic decision-making process. This article constitutes a reflection on how clinicians may use the results of economic evaluations in their daily clinical practice, making decisions about cost-effectiveness on a case by case basis, and addressing both the patients and societys needs. To that end, some illustrating examples are taken from the literature to show there are factors with great impact on cost-effectiveness results that can be easily identified and modified by clinicians. The evolution of the discipline and the trend towards a tailored therapy suggest that health economics is not the end of clinical freedom but the start of it.
Levy therefore argues that libertarians and liberals can find common ground in opposing a variety of government interventions that restrict liberty in order to benefit the non-poor, often at the expense of the disadvantaged. I am sympathetic to Levys argument and have made similar points myself (e.g. - here and here). The problem is that the vast majority of liberals do not agree; most of them support a wide range of government interventions that are intended to benefit groups other than the poor, sometimes even at the expense of the latter. Thats one of the reasons why Brink Lindseys original 2006 proposal for a liberaltarian alliance found few if any takers on the left, even though it was based on much the same premises as Levys (libertarians agreeing to accept a welfare state that benefits the poor in exchange for liberals joining libertarians in opposing a wide range of other interventionist policies). This state of affairs could change if liberal thought moves in a more pro-market ...
The Libertarian National Committee. The Libertarian Party calls on the Republicans and Democrats to become aware of the tremendous changes Americans are dealing with in their lives, and to make a similar change in the way Congress operates.. Firstly, it is critical that Congress allow remote voting immediately. In the absence of a functioning congress, the Executive branch has too much power. With members of both the House and Senate stricken, the need is urgent and logical. There are no technical issues that could not be overcome.. Secondly, Congress must put aside its constant game of position and opposition and recognize when they put things into bills that their opponents cannot live with, that they are hurting the American people. Of course as Libertarians wed prefer Congress stimulate the economy by removing regulations. Wed prefer Americans be given more money by telling them theres no income tax this year. And wed prefer the government completely get out of the process of handling ...