1. The effect of insulin-induced hypoglycaemia on gastro-jejunal motility was studied in five, healthy, male subjects using tethered, pressure sensitive, radiotelemetry capsules.. 2. Thirty minutes after the intravenous injection of soluble insulin (0.15 unit/kg body weight), a significant reduction in blood glucose concentration (control: 5.26 ± 0.19 sem mmol/l; insulin: 1.48 ± 0.44 mmol/l; P , 0.001) was associated with a rise in heart rate (mean peak rise 29 ± 8 beats/min, P , 0.05), systolic arterial blood pressure (mean peak rise 28 ± 4 mmHg, P , 0.01) and plasma pancreatic polypeptide concentration (control: 20 ± 7 pmol/l; insulin: 287 ± 66 pmol/l; P , 0.01). These events coincided with a short period of jejunal motor activity, which was not associated with gastric motor activity nor with raised plasma motilin concentrations.. 3. During the control study, there were no changes in blood glucose concentration, heart rate, arterial blood pressure or plasma pancreatic polypeptide ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of methods to cap molecular fragments in calculating energies of interaction in avian pancreatic polypeptide. AU - Hatfield, Marcus P.D.. AU - Palermo, Nicholas Y.. AU - Csontos, József. AU - Murphy, Richard F.. AU - Lovas, Sándor. PY - 2008/4. Y1 - 2008/4. N2 - The accuracy of the determination of the energy of interaction between Phe20 and the Pro5-Thr6-Tyr7-Pro8 complex inside the hydrophobic core of avian pancreatic polypeptide was investigated using three capping strategies for molecular fractionation with conjugated caps and DFT quantum chemical calculations at the BHandHLYP/cc-pVTZ level of theory. The most accurate determination resulted from acetylation of the α-amino group combined with methyl amidation of the α-carbonyl group, with relative deviations less than 10%. Combinations of hydrogenation of the α-amino group with the replacement of the α-carbonyl group with a hydrogen and the hydrogenation of the α-amino group with methylation of the ...
The pancreatic polypeptide (PP) response to a protein-rich meal has been studied in similarly aged patients with gastric ulcer, duodenal ulcer, and controls. The response of the gastric ulcer patients was significantly lower at all points than that o
A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pancreatic polypeptide administration improves abnormal glucose metabolism in patients with chronic pancreatitis. AU - Brunicardi, F. Charles. AU - Chaiken, Rochelle L.. AU - Ryan, Alice S.. AU - Seymour, Neal E.. AU - Hoffmann, James A.. AU - Lebovitz, Harold E.. AU - Chance, Ronald E.. AU - Gingerich, Ronald L.. AU - Andersen, Dana K.. AU - Elahi, Dariush. PY - 1996. Y1 - 1996. N2 - Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is associated with lowered plasma levels and a blunted nutrient-induced release of pancreatic polypeptide (PP). To investigate the possible role of PP on glucose metabolism, we studied male patients with documented CP (n = 5) and obesity-matched control subjects (NL) (n = 6). Hepatic glucose production (HGP) and overall glucose disposal rates were determined by [3-3H]glucose infusion during a hyperinsulinemic- euglycemic clamp during three separate admissions. Basal rates of HGP were higher in CP patients. In response to an infusion of insulin (60 pmol · m- 2 · min-1), ...
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Brown, M.R.; Crim, J.W.; Lea, A.O., 1986: FMRFamide- and pancreatic polypeptide-like immunoreactivity of endocrine cells in the midgut of a mosquito
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Measurement of Pancreatic Polypeptide and Its Peptide Variant in Human Serum and Plasma by Immunocapture-Liquid-Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Reference Intervals and Practical Assay Considerations. Abstract.
Radioimmunoassay (RIA) for the determination Pancreatic Polypeptide (PP) in human serum. For research use only, not for use in diagnostic procedures.
This test measures a substance in your blood called pancreatic polypeptide. Higher levels may mean you have a type of pancreatic tumor.
The endocrine pancreas of birds contains 3 islet types and releases glucagon, insulin, somatostatin and avian pancreatic polypeptide (APP).Analysis: The Economic Value of Birds. may be the most important bird ecological function. were losing an average of 25 percent of their crops to birds,.As an avian. in birds that vary tremendously in structure depending on the functions necessary and the. when the crop is empty and the bird is.. I also have an online album of Crops for reference. and organ function, but. and if food is not reaching this area then the meds are of no value to the bird.CROP DISORDERS IN BABY BIRDS Normal structure and function of the crop The crop is a dilatation of the.The crop functions as a storage place for food. Saint Francis Veterinary Center of South Jersey ...
A long history in transplant medicine and now the era of Regenerative Medicine. Cord blood stem cells are doing amazing things. Learn More ...
ABSTRACT: Epilithic bacterial communities play a major role in biogeochemical cycles of rivers; however, distributional patterns and controls of epilithic communities remain unclear. The objective of the present study was to examine possible environmental factors that affect longitudinal distributional patterns of epilithic bacterial communities in 2 rivers (Yasu and Ado Rivers) draining the Lake Biwa basin, Japan. Phylogenetic analyses were conducted using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of 16S rRNA genes and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with oligonucleotide probes targeted to small subunit rRNA. Non-metric multidimensional scaling and canonical correspondence analysis of the DGGE profile indicated that a clear shift in community composition occurred at the middle reach of the Yasu River. This shift was most closely related to variation in the nitrogen stable isotope ratio (δ15N) of epilithic materials (BIOENV analysis, ρw = 0.512), which is an indicator of the ...
Distribution patterns of most fresh-water fishes in Texas closely resemble those of terrestrial organisms, though there are 3 exceptional groups: (1) those limited by stream divides, (2) those of marine and freshwater forms meeting in fresh waters near the coast, and (3) certain species of northeastern Texas (Austroripraian) whose ranges include outliners or extensions into other biotic provinces. It is concluded that the basic factors controlling distribution patterns of fishes are climatic and geological, these determining the properties of the water ...
Investigating pancreatic beta cell production and function The vertebrate pancreas includes exocrine and endocrine tissues that are responsible for digesting food and regulating sugar metabolism, respectively. Several diseases associate with the pancreas, including pancreatitis, diabetes, and pancreatic cancer, amongst which diabetes is the most prevalent that inflicts more than 27 million individuals in the United States. We investigate the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying islet cell differentiation and function, which include multiple endocrine cell types that secrete insulin (beta cells), glucagon (alpha cells), somatostatin (delta cells), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP cells), respectively. Our basic strategy is to first unambiguously identify progenitors of each specific cell type, then examine the molecular networks and cellular interactions for their development and function. Our studies focus on the following areas: 1) Technology development: A challenge of studying
As part of the endocrine system the pancreas produces several different hormones. The four hormones it produces are called insulin, glucagon somatostatin and pancreatic polypeptide. Insulin is the hormone responsible for decreasing the glucose level (sugars) in your blood. It does this by increasing the rate at which your cells can absorb glucose. When too much glucose is present insulin causes the body to store the excess amount as glycogen in the liver. Glucagon is the hormone the body secretes to increase the level of glucose (sugars) in the blood. The pancreas will release this hormone when the level of glucose (sugars) in the blood falls too low. This triggers the body to convert some of the glycogen stored in the liver back into glucose of the body to use. Without sufficient amounts of glucose the body cannot function correctly as the absorption of glucose releases energy. Somatostatin regulates the production of both hormones insulin and glucagon within the pancreas. The function of ...
Conventional insulins contain impurities which are immunogenic; these include pancreatic polypeptide (PP), glucagon and somatostatin and intermediates of insulin synthesis co-extracted during purification.
(1992) Merlo Pich et al. Brain Research. Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a peptide of the pancreatic polypeptide family, exerts a potent stimulatory action on eating when injected into the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVN) in rats. Several...
Ramachandran V, Robin VV, Tamma K, Ramakrishnan U. 2017. Climatic and geographic barriers drive distributional patterns of bird phenotypes within peninsular India. Journal of Avian Biology. 48(5):620-630. ...
Buy our Human PP5 peptide. Ab27751 is a blocking peptide for ab34693 and has been validated in BL. Abcam provides free protocols, tips and expert support for…
Distributional patterns of South American species of aquatic and semiaquatic Heteroptera from the Chaco biogeographic province were analyzed. Based on a tr
TY - JOUR. T1 - Method of determining protein conformations by the two-dimensional nuclear overhauser enhancement spectroscopy data. AU - Sherman, S. A.. AU - Andrianov, A. M.. AU - Akhrem, A. A.. PY - 1987/4. Y1 - 1987/4. N2 - A method is suggested to determine the most probable values of the angles, y of the protein backbone by the data on the availability and absence of d connectivities in the two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser enhancement spectra. In view of this, the dependences of the protonproton distances in dipeptide units of L-amino acid residues on the dihedral angles tp, y, x, are considered and the conformational states of amino acid residues of the proteins with the known spatial structure are analysed statistically. The potentialities of the method are assessed with the aid of model spectral nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) parameters obtained from the X-ray data for the bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor and avian pancreatic polypeptide. It is shown that the developed procedure ...
pancreatic hormones peptide hormones secreted into the blood by cells in the islets of langerhans of the pancreas. The alpha cells secrete glucagon; the beta cells secrete insulin; the delta cells secrete somatostatin; and the pp cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide. ...
The mammalian pancreas is a compound gland of endocrine and exocrine tissues derived from the embryonic endoderm (62). Approximately 90% of the pancreas is exocrine tissue, comprising acinar cells that synthesize and secrete digestive enzymes and ductal cells that secrete and channel the fluid that transports the acinar enzymes to the duodenum. About 1% of the pancreas is endocrine tissue, comprising four principal cell types synthesizing insulin (β-cells), glucagon (α-cells), somatostatin (δ-cells), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP cells) organized into islets scattered throughout the exocrine pancreas. The endocrine and exocrine compartments are structurally and functionally integrated through an islet-acinar portal blood system that facilitates the regulation of acinar cell functions directly by islet peptide hormones (81).. The exocrine-endocrine relationship begins at the inception of pancreogenesis: both tissues are derived from a common endodermal cell lineage (for reviews, see ...
Several hormones and bioactive peptides are secreted from specialized cells within the gastrointestinal tract. The stomach and small intestines are the major sites for the secretion of these proteins. Several of these factors, following release to the blood stream, have been known for some time to exert effects within the central nervous system that affect our desire to eat and also the level of satiety experienced following the consumption of food. These gut appetite regulating proteins are of two types: those that inhibit the desire for food are called anorexigenic factors, while those that stimulate our desire for food are called orexigenic. The majority of gut proteins that exert effects on appetite and satiety are anorexigenic, whereas, there is but a single gut peptide (ghrelin) that acts in an orexigenic manner in the brain. The anorexigenic gut peptides include protein tyrosine tyrosine (PYY), pancreatic polypeptide (PP), cholecystokinin (CCK), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), ...
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), peptide YY (PYY) and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) belong to a structurally and functionally related family of peptides (NPY peptides), also known as the neuropeptide Y family. Whereas PYY and PP are gut hormones, NPY is one of the most abundant neuropeptides in the central and peripheral nervous system. All three peptide hormones consist of 36 amino acid residues and are C-terminally amidated. The functions of the NPY peptides have been implicated in a number of serious disease states. One of the preeminent is obesity. Today, obesity is a concerning health problem in the industrialized countries. According to estimations by the World Health Organization (WHO), about 1.7 billion adults are overweight and 400 million obese, and these numbers are expected to increase. Thereby, also 10 % of the worlds childrens under the age of 15 years might be affected by obesity in future. Obesity itself is a major risk factor for a number of severe diseases and health problems like ...
PIPERAZINE-META TRIFLUOROMETHYLTHIORIBOSE-5 h. Am J Psychiatry 1997;154(9)1248в54. Serradeil-Le Gal that multiple receptor types (the granisetron iv administration Y1, Y2, Y3, PP1 or Y4, PYY-preferring and appetite receptors) support granisetron iv administration diverse actions of NPY and those of the two closely related hormones, peptide YY (PYY) and pancreatic polypeptides (PP) (Tatemoto et aL, 1982). 123 Introduction .
We hypothesized that an increased PNS input to the pancreas contributes to hypersecretion of insulin and hyperinsulinemia of Pima Indians. We reasoned that if our hypothesis was correct then a graded infusion of the PNS blocker atropine should mitigate the ethnic differences in PP and in insulin secretion in response to meal ingestion. We found that PNS blockade abolished the ethnic difference in plasma PP but not in insulin secretory responses, suggesting that an increased PNS input of the β-cells is not the primary cause of hyperinsulinemia in Pima Indians.. What is the significance of hyperinsulinemia in Pima Indians? We have shown that the variability in fasting plasma insulin concentrations is only partially (∼55%) explained by the difference in insulin sensitivity (2) and that "relative" hyperinsulinemia in Pima Indians with normal glucose tolerance is an independent predictor of type 2 diabetes, probably due to a deleterious effect on insulin secretion (5). Hyperinsulinemia is also an ...
3. Analysis of the combined data indicated that numbers of fungal taxa per seedling, numbers of successive root depth increments colonized by the same taxon, and distances to neighbouring seedlings colonized by the same taxon, were randomly distributed across the site for the majority of mycorrhizal fungi. These distributional patterns suggest that the post-fire mycorrhizal community structure on P. muricata arose primarily from successful colonization by randomly distributed point-source fungal inocula within the upper mineral soil layer of the forest floor ...
BioAssay record AID 460480 submitted by ChEMBL: Displacement of [125I]Pancreatic polypeptide from human neuropeptide Y4 receptor in human HEK293 cells after 40 mins.
Initially, we will collect 30 patients with type 2 diabetes with a ≧ 3-month history of dyspeptic symptoms. An upper GI endocopy will be obtained to rule out possibility of organic obstruction. Cardiac arrhythmia and pregnancy will be excluded. None of them ever received abdominal surgery. Patients are then randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: 15 patients received EA stimulation on acupoints St-36 (Zusanli) and Li-4 (Hegu). Arm II: 15 subjected to EA stimulation on non-acupoints around St-36 and Li-4 with the same electrical pulse and amplitude. Gastroparesis Cardinal Symptom Index (GCSI) and solid-phase gastric emptying time will be measured on baseline and after EA. In addition, serum gastrin, motilin, human pancreatic polypeptide, fasting blood sugar, and postprandial glucose levels will be also monitored ...
4015PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide leader sequence 1Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa1 525PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide leader sequence 2Phe Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa1 535PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide leader sequence 3Xaa Ile Xaa Xaa Xaa1 545PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide leader sequence 4Xaa Xaa Val Xaa Xaa1 555PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide leader sequence 5Xaa Xaa Xaa Ser Xaa1 565PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide leader sequence 6Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Ile1 575PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide leader sequence 7Phe Ile Val Ser Ile1 584PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide secretion pre-sequence 8Met Lys Trp Val199PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide secretion pre-sequence 9Leu Phe Leu Phe Ser Ser Ala Tyr Ser1 51010PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide secretion pre-sequence 10Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa Xaa1 5 101115PRTArtificial SequenceSynthetic polypeptide secretion pre-sequence 11Leu Phe Leu Phe Ser Ser Ala ...
Ahlgren et al. (24) had shown previously through tissue recombination studies using Isl-1 null embryos that Isl-1 expression in the mesenchyme is essential for proper differentiation of the exocrine pancreas, while the epithelial expression of Isl-1 is required for early endocrine pancreas development). We have identified novel roles for Isl-1 later in the pancreatic epithelium. Our findings establish Isl-1 as transcriptional regulator required in the formation, proliferation, and survival of islet α-, β-, δ-, and PP cells after the secondary transition and in postnatal lives.. A striking phenotype of Pdx1-Cre;Isl-1L/L animals is the dramatic loss of glucagon, insulin, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide expression in developing cells, with a severe reduction in islet cell mass after birth. Lack of Isl-1 in the developing endocrine pancreas has a global impact on islet cells, with the exception of ghrelin expression. We showed that the decrease in α, β, δ, and PP production was not ...
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the upper abdomen that serves as both a hormone-producing endocrine gland and a digestive exocrine gland. The endocrine cells are located in the islets of Langerhans, which are irregularly shaped patches of tissue that release hormones directly into the bloodstream (Islets of Langerhans). There are five known types of hormone-producing cells in the pancreas: alpha cells producing glucagon, beta cells producing insulin, delta cells producing somatostatin, PP cells producing pancreatic polypeptide, and epsilon cells producing ghrelin.. All of these hormones work together to maintain a balance in the body. Insulins main function is lowering glucose concentration in the bloodstream, and glucose works to raises sugar levels when they are too low. Somatostatin inhibits glucagon and insulin secretion, PP regulates pancreatic secretion activities and ghrelin regulates appetite, while also playing a role in regulating energy use. Endocrine features of PWS include low ...
The pancreas is comprised of separate functional units that regulate two major physiological processes: digestion and glucose metabolism. The exocrine pancreas consists of acinar and duct cells. The acinar cells produce digestive enzymes and constitute the bulk of the pancreatic tissue. They are organized into grape-like clusters that are at the smallest termini of the branching duct system. The ducts, which add mucous and bicarbonate to the enzyme mixture, form a network of increasing size, culminating in main and accessory pancreatic ducts that empty into the duodenum. The endocrine pancreas, consisting of four specialized cell types that are organized into compact islets embedded within acinar tissue, secretes hormones into the bloodstream. The α- and β-cells regulate the usage of glucose through the production of glucagon and insulin, respectively. Pancreatic polypeptide and somatostatin that are produced in the PP and δ-cells modulate the secretory properties of the other pancreatic cell ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In vitro trans-differentiation of rat mesenchymal cells into insulin-producing cells by rat pancreatic extract. AU - Choi, Kyung Suk. AU - Shin, Jun Seop. AU - Lee, Jae Jeong. AU - Kim, Young Soo. AU - Kim, Seung Bum. AU - Kim, Chan Wha. PY - 2005/5/20. Y1 - 2005/5/20. N2 - Recent reports have suggested that mesenchymal cells derived from bone marrow may differentiate into not only mesenchymal lineage cells but also other lineage cells. There is possibility for insulin-producing cells (IPCs) to be differentiated from mesenchymal cells. We used self-functional repair stimuli of stem cells by partial injury. Rat pancreatic extract (RPE) from the regenerating pancreas (2 days after 60% pancreatectomy) was treated to rat mesenchymal cells. After the treatment of RPE, they made clusters like islet of Langerhans within a week and expressed four pancreatic endocrine hormones; insulin, glucagon, pancreatic polypeptide, and somatostatin. Moreover, IPCs released insulin in response to ...
Beta Blocker And Diabetes Diabetic Leg Ulcers Pictures :: Beta Blocker And Diabetes Diabetic Neuropathy Guidelines :: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus are along with the lifestyle you lead. Insulin is a powerful hormone that is released by the bodys pancreas in response to The following is a meal plan for: This diabetes mellitus amount of urine causes a Diabetes and Coronary Heart Disease.. This Anti-Pancreatic Polypeptide Antibody is validated for use in IH(P) for the detection of Pancreatic Polypeptide. Diabetes Free Foods List Diabetes is often a hard illness to cialis side effects fever. About 300 per 1 million individuals develop acute pancreatitis each year.. Peripheral neuropathy restricted areas that maintain normal sweating. HOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE GESTATIONAL DIABETES ] The REAL cause of Diabetic diabetes mellitus and cancer risk fast how you kill Tattoo Ink Self Type Care 2 Card Diabetes (and the solution). - Anne Carroll RN CDE. Before stepping into the arena of these two modern day ...
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digeestive seestem an endocrine seestem o vertebrates. In humans, it is locatit in the abdominal cavity behind the stomach. It is an endocrine gland producin several important hormones, includin insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, an pancreatic polypeptide which circulate in the bluid. ...
been designated as one of the most critical geographic priorities for conservation action retaining less than 10 of the natural habitats that existed before human colonization It is critical that information be obtained as quickly as possible to document the biota that occurs in the remaining and highly threatened forested areas of western Madagascar to gain an understanding of the evolutionary processes and associated distributional patterns that have shaped this diversity and to use this information to help set conservation priorities Phylogenetic and biogeographic analysis of Malagasy vertebrates each with unique life history and dispersal characteristics are conducted to identify areas of high endemism potentially associated with underlying geological features and also to test for the role that geographic features have played in generating patterns of vertebrate diversity and distribution My lab also has a significant focus on capacity building through the education and training of both ...
Ecological interactions between freshwater consumer and prey species are the primary foci of my lab group, the Plankton Ecology and Limnology Laboratory (PEL Lab). Our studies have covered a broad range of aquatic organisms, from bacteria to fish, with emphases on lake and reservoir ecosystems. We are particularly interested in understanding how consumers affect community and ecosystem level dynamics through direct and indirect effects on planktonic microbial assemblages via mechanisms such as selective consumption, alteration of competitive forces, and changes in nutrient cycling dynamics. Laboratory and field experimentation play key roles in PEL Lab research, and we typically employ multiple but separate approaches to both basic and applied questions. Graduate and undergraduate students working in the PEL lab are free to explore any topic in aquatic ecology and evolutionary biology. Current student research includes the investigation of factors that affect distributional patterns of the ...
Neuropeptide Y receptors are a class of G-protein coupled receptors which are activated by the closely related peptide hormones neuropeptide Y, peptide YY and pancreatic polypeptide. These receptors are involved in the control of a diverse set of behavioral processes including appetite, circadian rhythm, and anxiety.. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent orexigenic neuropeptide, and antagonism of NPY Y1 and NPY Y5 receptors (NPYxR) is considered a potentially important anti-obesity drug target.. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is widely distributed in the human body and contributes to a vast number of physiological processes. A number of other uses for modulators of NPY receptors have been implied in a range of diseases.. ...
... s are a family of receptors belonging to class A G-protein coupled receptors and they are activated by the closely related peptide hormones neuropeptide Y, peptide YY and pancreatic polypeptide.[1] These receptors are involved in the control of a diverse set of behavioral processes including appetite, circadian rhythm, and anxiety.[2][3][4][5][6][7] Activated neuropeptide receptors release the Gi subunit from the heterotrimeric G protein complex. The Gi subunit in turn inhibits the production of the second messenger cAMP from ATP. Only the crystal structure of Y1 in complex with two antagonist is available.[8] ...
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36 amino acid peptide and one of the most abundant peptides found in the mammalian brain, shares high sequence homology with peptide YY (PYY) and the pancreatic polypeptides (PPs). Intracerebroventricular injections of NPY/PYY fragments and analogs, as well as direct administration into specific brain nuclei, induce several biological responses, including increased food intake, modulation of the release of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) and corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), regulation of cardio-respiratory parameters, enhanced cognitive function associated with learning and memory, shifts of circadian rhythms, reduction of anxiety-related behaviors and alcohol consumption. In peripheral tissues, NPY is one of the most potent neurotransmitters capable of inducing vasoconstriction and has been implicated in several biological responses in the gastrointestinal tract. Furthermore, studies in rodents suggest that NPY and its receptors may be implicated in ...
Neuropeptide Y Receptors: Cell surface proteins that bind neuropeptide Y with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells.
Shop Neuropeptide Y receptor ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Neuropeptide Y receptor Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
During July 16-21, 2012 we found 70 Orthoptera species (34 Ensifera and 36 Caelifera) in 22 Carpathian sites and two sites outside Carpathian Mountains in Romania (2100 km by car). The sites were located between 87 and 1700 m a.s.l., most of them between 400 and 1000 m a.s.l. The material was sampled mostly by sweeping herbs and partially also the shrub vegetation. This method was supplemented with individual collection of specimens. We spent at least two hours of collection at each site. Regarding taxonomy, we recorded 32 species and 16 genera of the family Tettigoniidae, 2 species and 2 genera Gryllidae (effect of mountains) and 1 species, 1 genus of the family Tetrigidae, 35 species, 20 genera Acrididae. The 70 species found represented 38.3% of the 183 species known in Romania (Iorgu et al. 2008, updated). Furthermore, we updated the distributional patterns in e.g. Pholidoptera frivaldskyi (found in 11 sites) and all accompanying species. The most frequent were Metrioptera bicolor, ...
Update of /cvsroot/sashimi/trans_proteomic_pipeline/fastar/spare/bm In directory sc8-pr-cvs8.sourceforge.net:/tmp/cvs-serv29173/trans_proteomic_pipeline/fastar/spare/bm Modified Files: bmchar1.hpp bmchar1_i.hpp bmchar1_p.hpp bmchar2.hpp bmchar2_i.hpp bmchar2_p.hpp bms.hpp bms1.hpp bms1_i.hpp bms1_p.hpp bmsh1-1.hpp bmsh1-1_i.hpp bmsh1-1_p.hpp bmsh1-2.hpp bmsh1-2_i.hpp bmsh1-2_p.hpp bmshnaiv.hpp bmshnaiv_i.hpp bmslfst1.cpp bmslfst1.hpp bmslfst1_i.hpp bmslfst1_p.hpp bmslfst2.cpp bmslfst2.hpp bmslfst2_i.hpp bmslfst2_p.hpp bmslnone.cpp bmslnone.hpp bmslnone_i.hpp bmslsfc.cpp bmslsfc.hpp bmslsfc_i.hpp bmslsfc_p.hpp pm-bm.hpp pm-bm_i.hpp pm-bm_p.hpp Log Message: modified the SPAREPARTS library code to use char * instead of std::string. This shallow copy should reduce max memory usage by about 2/3 (since it was formerly making 2 copies of everything during trie building due to the use of std::string). Index: bmslfst1.cpp =================================================================== RCS file: ...
C) Copyright Ion Gaztanaga 2005-2009. Distributed under the Boost // Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file // LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt) // // See http://www.boost.org/libs/interprocess for documentation. // ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// #ifndef BOOST_OFFSET_PTR_HPP #define BOOST_OFFSET_PTR_HPP #if (defined _MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER ,= 1200) # pragma once #endif #include ,boost/interprocess/detail/config_begin.hpp, #include ,boost/interprocess/detail/workaround.hpp, #include ,boost/interprocess/interprocess_fwd.hpp, #include ,boost/interprocess/detail/utilities.hpp, #include ,boost/interprocess/detail/cast_tags.hpp, #include ,boost/interprocess/detail/mpl.hpp, #include ,boost/pointer_cast.hpp, #include ,boost/pointer_to_other.hpp, #include ,boost/assert.hpp, #include ,ostream, #include ,istream, #include ,iterator, #include ,boost/aligned_storage.hpp, #include ,boost/type_traits/alignment_of.hpp, ...
file match_results.hpp /// Contains the definition of the match_results type and associated helpers. /// The match_results type holds the results of a regex_match() or /// regex_search() operation. // // Copyright 2004 Eric Niebler. Distributed under the Boost // Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying file // LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt) #ifndef BOOST_XPRESSIVE_MATCH_RESULTS_HPP_EAN_10_04_2005 #define BOOST_XPRESSIVE_MATCH_RESULTS_HPP_EAN_10_04_2005 // MS compatible compilers support #pragma once #if defined(_MSC_VER) && (_MSC_VER ,= 1020) # pragma once #endif #include ,iterator, #include ,boost/assert.hpp, #include ,boost/shared_ptr.hpp, #include ,boost/iterator_adaptors.hpp, #if BOOST_ITERATOR_ADAPTORS_VERSION ,= 0x0200 # include ,boost/iterator/filter_iterator.hpp, #endif #include ,boost/xpressive/regex_constants.hpp, #include ,boost/xpressive/detail/detail_fwd.hpp, #include ,boost/xpressive/detail/core/sub_match_vector.hpp, #include ...