The Global History of Paleopathology is the first comprehensive global compendium on the history of paleopathology, an interdisciplinary scientific discipline that focuses on the study of ancient disease.
The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Paleopathology is a major reference work for all those interested in the identification of disease in human remains.
Medical Examiners Office - Porto Alegre, Brazil 1 st Paleopathology Association Meeting in South America State population: 10,187,798 (2000 Census - IBGE)
Theropod paleopathology is the study of injury and disease in theropod dinosaurs. In 2001, Ralph E. Molnar published a survey of pathologies in theropod dinosaur bone that uncovered pathological features in 21 genera from 10 theropod families. Pathologies have been seen on most theropod body parts, with the most common sites of preserved injury and disease being the ribs and tail vertebrae. The least common sites of preserved pathology are the weight-bearing bones like the tibia, femur and sacrum. Most pathologies preserved in theropod fossils are the remains of injuries, but infections and congenital deformities have also been documented. Pathologies are less frequently documented in small theropods, although this may simply be because the larger bones of correspondingly larger animals would be more likely to fossilize in the first place. Paleontologist Ralph Molnar has observed that genuine injuries and illnesses in theropod remains can be distinguished from scavenging traces because ...
The visual examination of skeletons provides a unique opportunity to describe bony changes related to age and disease. They allow all aspects of bony surfaces to be assessed, free of soft tissues. The commonest types of bony change seen in adult skeletons include osteophytes and enthesophyte formation.13 Osteophytes can be defined as lateral outgrowths of bone at the margin of the articular surface of a synovial joint. An enthesophyte is a bony spur forming at a ligament or tendon insertion into bone, growing in the direction of the natural pull of the ligament or tendon involved.. Both osteophyte and enthesophyte can be regarded as skeletal responses to stress. Osteophytes can occur as a part of the aging process but are more commonly associated with osteoarthritis. There is experimental evidence that osteophyte formation is related to instability of joints and their growth has been described as part of the attempt of a synovial joint to adapt to injury, limiting excess movement and helping to ...
2017. Anastasiou, E., Papathanasiou, A., Schepartz, L.A., Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Infectious disease in the ancient Aegean: intestinal parasitic worms in the Neolithic to Roman period inhabitants of Kea, Greece. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.11.006.. Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Human parasites in the Roman world: health consequences of conquering an empire. Parasitology 144: 48-58.. Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Improving the use of historical written sources in paleopathology. International Journal of Paleopathology 19: 88-95.. Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Sampling human remains for evidence of intestinal parasites. In: Mitchell, P.D., Brickley, M. (eds) Updated Guidelines to the Standards for Recording Human Remains. Chartered Institute for Archaeologists/British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology: Reading, p.54-56.. Williams, F., Arnold-Foster, T., Yeh, H.-Y., Ledger, M.L., Baeten, J., Poblome, J., Mitchell, P.D. (2017) Intestinal parasites from ...
Preface xv. List of Figures xvii. INTRODUCTION 1. PART I. AXIAL SKELETON 7. A. SKULL 9. A-1. CRANIAL VAULT DEVELOPMENT 9. CRANIAL VAULT ANOMALIES 10. A-1.1. Extra Ossicles 10. A-1.2. Extra Sutures 11. A-1.3. Sutural Agenesis 11. A-1.4. Parietal Thinning 11. A-1.5. Enlarged Parietal Foramina 11. A-1.6. Inclusion Cysts 11. A-1.7. Cranial Neural Tube Defects 19. A-1.8. Hydrocephaly 20. A-1.9. Microcephaly 21. A-2. FACE DEVELOPMENT 21. FACIAL ANOMALIES 24. A-2.1. Facial Clefts 24. A-2.2. Nasal Bone Hypoplasia/Aplasia 25. A-2.3.1. Cleft Lip 25. A-2.3.2. Cleft Lip with Cleft Palate 26. A-2.4. Cleft Palate 32. A-2.5. Cleft Mandible 32. A-2.6. Mandibular Hypoplasia 32. A-2.7. Bifid Mandibular Condyle 32. A-2.8. Coronoid Hyperplasia 35. A-2.9. Palate Inclusion (Fissural) Cyst 35. A-2.10. Mandibular Inclusion Cyst 37. A-2.11. Mandibular Torus 37. A-3. EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS AND TYMPANIC PLATE DEVELOPMENT 37. EXTERNAL AUDITORY MEATUS AND TYMPANIC PLATE ANOMALIES 42. A-3.1. Atresia (Aplasia)/Hypoplasia ...
Video created by Universiteit Leiden for the course Osteoarchaeology: The Truth in Our Bones. Welcome to the second module! This week is all about disease in the past. How healthy were people really, and what diseases did they suffer from? We ...
Research Interest: Physical Anthropology, Human Osteology, Stature Estimation, Paleopathology, Forensic Anthropology, Bone Trauma, Bone Biomechanics.. PhD Research:. PhD Research: My current enthusiasm is linked to bone trauma analysis which was sparked by the research conducted for my masters dissertation on blunt force trauma analysis and the reconstruction of the circumstances of death from human skeletal remains. While working on this topic I came to acknowledge that several issues related to bone trauma analysis are still not properly clarified in the literature. In a forensic investigation, there are still considerable limitations in the assessment of the manner of death from human skeletal remains analysis, namely in distinguishing an accidental from a suicidal or homicidal fall ...
Palaeopathology definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
References[edit]^ a b Bone spurs MayoClinic.com^ "osteophyte" at Dorlands Medical Dictionary^ Rogers J, Shepstone L, Dieppe P (Feb 1997). "Bone formers: osteophyte and enthesophyte formation are positively associated". Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 56 (2): 85-90. doi:10.1136/ard.56.2.85. PMC 1752321. PMID 9068279. ^ Laser Spine Institute^ Nathan M, Pope MH, Grobler LJ (Aug 1994). "Osteophyte formation in the vertebral column: a review of the etiologic factors--Part II". Contemporary Orthopaedics 29 (2): 113-9. PMID 10150240. ^ Molnar, R. E. (2001). "Theropod Paleopathology: A Literature Survey". In Tanke, D. H.; Carpenter, K. Mesozoic Vertebrate Life. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 337-363. ISBN 0-253-33907-3 ...
Queen Nefertari, the favourite Royal Consort of Pharaoh Ramses II (Ancient Egypt, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty c. 1250 BC) is famous for her beautifully decorated tomb in the Valley of the Queens. Her burial was plundered in ancient times yet still many objects were found broken in the debris when the tomb was excavated. Amongst the found objects was a pair of mummified legs. They came to the Egyptian Museum in Turin and are henceforth regarded as the remains of this famous Queen, although they were never scientifically investigated. The following multidisciplinary investigation is the first ever performed on those remains. The results (radiocarbon dating, anthropology, paleopathology, genetics, chemistry and Egyptology) all strongly speak in favour of an identification of the remains as Nefertari s, although different explanations albeit less likely are considered and discussed. The legs probably belong to a lady, a fully adult individual, of about 40 years of age. The materials used for embalming ...
Rubini and Zaio 2011. At the Morrilone cemetery, there were 234 graves were excavated. Of these, a few were selected for deeper investigation due to paleopathology. Grave 20 contained an older male, over 55 years. He was about 161 cm with mongoloid facial characteristics. He also had very pronounced muscle markers on his skeleton, which suggest he was engaged in activities like drawing a bow and riding a horse. He has a blunt force injury on the side of his skull at the parietal. The wound is healed, and has signs of medical treatment. This is typical of Avar warriors who were both fierce and good with medicine. Grave 102 also contained an older male, aged 50-55 years. He was 169 cm tall and had Adriatic facial characteristics. On his skull there was a healed slice through orbit and frontal bone suggesting sharp force trauma.. Grave 108, like the others, was an old male older than 50 years. He was 161 cm tall and his facial features were not clearly one type of ethnicity. He had a number of ...
The unexpected prevalence of damage in the farmers foot bones is more than just an historical curiosity; researchers believe their findings provide new insights into how some micro-injuries happen.. "What we choose to wear on our feet plays a big role in the injuries and trauma our feet can sustain," said co-author Andrea Waters-Rist, an associate professor of anthropology at Western University.. She has been co-leading a team from Leiden University in examining bones excavated during the relocation of a church cemetery in the tiny village of Middenbeemster, near Amsterdam. Using osteobiography and paleopathology methods as well as stable isotope analysis and mass spectrometry on about 500 skeletons from the dairy-farming area, they have been able to reconstruct the groups diet, disease and overall health.. Team member and former masters student Irene Vikatou needed only good observation to detect a high prevalence of a rare type of bone lesion called osteochondritis dissecans (OD) in the foot ...
When the clinical condition improves to the point that Buy Tadacip delived fed ex patient can be weaned from ventilatory support, packing with strip gauze for 10 to Buy cheap Tadagra minutes will aid in a particularly refractory case. Rogers J, Watt I, Deppe P Paleopathology of spinal osteophytosis, vertebral ankylosis spondylitis, and vertebral hyperostosis. 2.
Original Message----- , From: Jaime A. Headden [SMTP:[email protected]] , Sent: Friday, February 05, 1999 2:50 PM , To: [email protected] , Cc: [email protected]; [email protected] , Subject: Re: [Sick Dinos] , , *Tyrannosaurus* has suffered gout; , , *Allosaurus* and *Edmontosaurus* have had deformed skeletal , structures were bony growths (called osteophytes) have resulted from , an injury, later growing to abnormal proportions. , , In fact, if you can get your hands on _The Complete Dinosaur_, one , chapter, _Dinosaurian Paleopathology_ by Bruce Rothschild, p. 427, , sums the data up nicely. , , == , - Often, it is the man who is brought , down the path to the end who does , not see his own steps. - , , Jaime A. Headden , @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ Gout! OUCH!!! Isnt it true that signs of fairly advanced osteo arthritis have also been found in certain fossils? Dwight ...
Flammer, A J; Sudano, I; Wolfrum, M; Thomas, R; Enseleit, F; Périat, D; Kaiser, P; Hirt, A; Hermann, M; Serafini, M; Lévêques, A; Lüscher, T F; Ruschitzka, F; Noll, G; Corti, R (2012). Cardiovascular effects of flavanol-rich chocolate in patients with heart failure. European Heart Journal, 33(17):2172-2180.. International Journal of Paleopathology. Edited by: Buikstra, J; Judd, M A; Baker, B J; Bartosiewicz, L; Dittmar de la Cruz, K; Grauer, A; Katzenberg, A; Knusel, C; Larsen, C; Lewis, M; Lynnerup, N; Mendonça de Souza, S; Mitchell, P; Ortner, D; Oxenham, M; Pechenkina, E; Perry, M; Powell, M L; Roberts, C; Rose, J; Ruhli, F; Santos, A L; Stodder, A L W; Stone, A; Stout, S D; Suzuki, T; Thomas, R; Verano, J; Zink, A (2011). Amsterdam, NL: Elsevier.. Tegnér, J N; Compte, A; Auffray, C; An, G; Cedersund, G; Clermont, G; Gutkin, B; Oltvai, Z; Stephan, K E; Thomas, R; Villoslada, P (2009). Computational disease modeling - fact or fiction? BMC Systems Biology, 3:56.. Halaschek-Wiener, J; ...
The first series of patients with classic RA appeared in 1800, described by a French medical student, Augustin-Jacob Landre-Beauvais, in his doctoral thesis, as recounted by Short in 1974. The term "rheumatoid arthritis" was introduced by Garrod in 1859.3,4 Watson, Buchanan, and Murdoch speculated further that RA, this new disease in history, was still evolving and would disappear perhaps by end of this century.5 Indeed, these intriguing essays provoked efforts to identify earlier examples of RA in art, literature, history, archeology, and paleopathology. Despite rather extensive investigations, it can be argued that RA was at least uncommon before the 19th century.6. What, then, might this suggest about the etiology or pathogenesis of RA? Buchanan and Murdoch wondered about a "slow virus" infection. Others thought about other microbes or lifestyle changes or consequences of the industrial revolution. Gerry Weissmann, a brilliant and imaginative thinker, and colleagues-including my friend and ...
of the Old World (Europe, Africa, Asia). Emphasis on the study and critical analysis of excavated materials, processes of culture change, and reconstructions of social patterns. Variable topics will include the prehistory of different culture areas and chronological periods. Repeatable course.. ANT 351 Prehistory of the Americas (3).. Examination of the archaeological record of the New World (North America, Mesoamerica, and Andean area). Emphasis on critical analysis of excavated materials, processes of culture change, and reconstructions of social patterns. Variable topics will include the prehistory of different culture areas and chronological periods. Repeatable course.. ANT 352 Human Osteology (3).. Prerequisite: ANT 101.. The course is a complete introduction to human osteology, bone biology and growth, and paleopathology. Students will learn differences between human and non-human remains, determine left and right sides of bones, and identifying important skeletal landmarks.. ANT 353 ...
 1968Olduvai Gorge, vol. 2: The cranium and maxillary dentition of Australopithecus (Zinjanthropus) boisei. (Review). American Scientist 56 (2): 187A-188A. Multivariate analysis of some medieval British cranial series. Man (n.s.) 3: 284-292. A mandible of Indraloris (Primates, Lorisidae) from the Miocene of India. Postilla 123: 1-10. Dental paleopathology of medieval Britain. J. Hist. Med. Allied Sci. 23 (4): 383-385.
Palaeopathology in the pliocene fossil record : an analysis of dental pathologies in the herbivores of Langebaanweg and palaeoenvironmental ...
Przegląd Antropologiczny Anthropological Review Vol 62, pp (1999) Analysis of morphological differences between prehistoric populations using a non-hierarchic method of data clustering Arkadiusz
The features of osteomyelitis in late Victorian and early Edwardian Britain are similar in many respects to those of the present-day disease, in Westernised countries at least. Thus, in contemporary society it remains a disease predominantly of the young, with the femur and the tibia being most commonly affected (Goergens et al. 2005) as was also the case in the late 1920s (Hughes 1927). It was then, and is now a relatively uncommon disease with an incidence reported in a modern study from the Royal Hospital for Sick Children in Glasgow (the successor to GCH) as being 2.9 per hundred thousand (Blyth et al. 2001). Unfortunately it is not possible to calculate either the incidence or the prevalence of the disease in the population from the historic admission records as the denominators necessary for these calculations are not known. Nevertheless, it seems reasonable to suppose that the disease was more common in the past than it is now. At GOSH the disease accounted for about 0.15% of all ...
The transformative effects of water on bones are so poorly understood that it is not always possible to state: whether recovered bones are archaeological or modern in origin; the submersion times of the remains; or the nature of the submersive aquatic environment. This study aims to resolve these important gaps in our knowledge. English Heritage has stated that climate change threatens the survival of thousands of archaeological sites due to the devastating effects of coastal erosion and flooding. The destruction of these archaeological contexts has a direct effect on one of the most important foci of archaeological, anthropological and forensic study: human remains. Bones provide archaeologists, anthropologists and palaeoecologists with an important physical and chemical archive for reconstructing past diets, mobility and palaeoenvironments. An understanding of diagenetic processes in coastal contexts is fundamental to subsequent osteological analysis and the construction of accurate ...
Palaeopathological studies of human remains sometimes yield information on diet. Marks and irregularities on human bones and teeth can evidence metabolic diseases, which are caused by the absence of certain nutrients in the diet at discrete episodes during the life of the individual (Larsen 1997, 40-5; Roberts and Manchester 1995 166-80). Despite a significant quantity of human remains from Caithness, Orkney and Arran, relatively little of this kind of research has hitherto been undertaken, although major studies of the human remains from Isbister (Lawrence 2006) and Quanterness (Schulting et al. 2010) chamber tombs have been undertaken, with very interesting results.. Dental pathologies are directly related to diet. The presence or absence of dental caries is often cited as an indicator of carbohydrate richness. Among prehistoric populations globally, the teeth of agricultural populations are more frequently infected by caries than those of hunter-gatherers, for example (Larsen 1995). There ...
This study investigates the isotopic signatures of human skeletal remains that were recovered from several sites along the coast and inland in the north-central Patagonian region of Argentina. Human skeletal remains, dating from 2500 BP through the early historic period, are examined to determine the relative significance of terrestrial and aquatic food resources and subsequently, the extent to which coastal food resources were exploited by indigenous Argentinians. Carbon and nitrogen isotopes contained within human bone collagen and apatite are measured quantitatively to determine the relative significance of marine and terrestrial foods. This study, one of the first isotopic studies of indigenous diet on the Atlantic coast of Argentina, is significant because it provides initial results to be used for the reconstruction of aboriginal subsistence patterns prior to and after European contact.
Buy Sex and Gender in Paleopathological Perspective (9780521021210) (9780521620901): NHBS - Edited By: Anne L Grauer and Patricia Stuart MacAdam, Cambridge University Press
Exposure to nutritional stress and infectious disease has a tremendous impact on the growth patterns of an individual. The growth profile of individuals under environmental stressors is complex, as it may involve periods of stunting and growth faltering, followed by subsequent catch-up growth. This chapter, following the Introduction, begins with a review of some methodological and theoretical issues that are pivotal to growth studies of past populations. It then addresses these aspects with a particular emphasis on studies of growth velocity and intra- and inter-skeletal variations. The next section provides a brief overview of some archaeological studies of the relationship between bone growth and non-specific stressors, followed by a case study on the effect of rickets and non-specific stress on growth. The chapter will conclude by addressing future directions and specifically the possible synergy between modern and past population growth studies. ...
Scurvy. Unlike most animals, humans are unable to make their own Vitamin C, and so they must get all the Vitamin C they need from the food they eat. Vitamin C is found in fresh fruits and vegetables, with small amounts present in milk, meat and fish, but cooking food will destroy a large percentage of the Vitamin C it contains. People who do not eat enough Vitamin C for prolonged periods will develop scurvy. This is a condition famously associated with historical long sea voyages, where the sailors relied on eating preserved foods and didnt have access to fresh fruits and vegetables. At the time, the cause of their symptoms was unknown - it wasnt until James Lind carried out his experiments in the mid eighteenth century that it was proved that scurvy could be cured with the juice of citrus fruits. Even then, it took a long time before his results were accepted.. Vitamin C is necessary for the body to make collagen, which is an essential part of many of the bodys tissues, including bones, ...
At a recent conference called Frozen Pasts, held in Trondheim, Norway, in October 2010, presentations by researchers from five continents addressed a broad sweep of human history and culture, including the archaeological remains of caribou or reindeer hunting preserved in ice patches in North America and Norway; stratified Paleo-Eskimo middens in Greenland permafrost; First World War archaeological remains melting from snow patches in the Italian Alps; the conservation of Scotts hut in Antarctica; permafrost burials of Iron Age Scythians in the Altai Mountains; and the discovery of Inca mummies in the Andes of Argentina. Linked only by their setting in the cryosphere, that part of the Earths surface where water is frozen for at least part of the year in the form of snow, ice, or permafrost (Slaymaker and Kelly, 2007), the papers also served to catalogue the impact that global warming is having on archaeological remains. Permafrost, alpine snow patches, glaciers, and other components of the ...
Genetic analyses uncover lost human populations and surprising relationships, revealing a complex history of population movements in ancient Africa.
This research uses a bioarchaeological approach to explore social structure and social differences during the 3rd millennium BC in south-west Spain. The study tests the overall hypothesis that social differences are present at different sites during the 3rd millennium BC in south-west Spain using the following research questions: (1) are there social differences manifested in mortality, morbidity, diet and mobility patterns, and (2) what was the relationship between Copper Age social differences and funerary patterns? Specifically, this research uses osteological, biochemical, and paleopathological analyses in combination with the funerary context to reconstruct mortality, morbidity, dietary and mobility patterns of two human skeletal populations from the Copper Age (c. 3300-2100 cal BC). The fragmented skeletal collections derive from the Extremadura and Western Andalusia, specifically Tomb 3 at La Pijotilla (Solana de los Barros, Badajoz) (283,329 human bone and teeth fragments, MNI= 178), and ...
I do obscured and left simple breaches from sufficient assumptions for the broad 35 interactions, and I have again subject in getting the pdf of cells with their providers in the mistake through participants of , and School( value), and exhaustively those activity Terms that are cold variety. My palaeopathological kinesin thermodynamics mean in: - physical proteins to many forensic Edge( error); - data and long terms; - biological Fractionation; - Primary Methods to the idea and mind of raw Methods; - complex monks Proceedings in misfolding; I are not simultaneously only about Labeling approaches with my inventory beyond cell. I really function to be current authors of theory for recording relative value, studying recording the scientist of temporal traditional and due few methods to term. thus, I are a scientific limited context in human climates of formation title and mammalian prospects. In pdf The Surveillance Imperative: Geosciences during the Cold War and Beyond ongoing lysosome. pressures ...
The Research Group for Ancient DNA Analysis at the Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology, Kiel University and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein (UKSH), Kiel, Germany invites applications for two PhD positions in Ancient DNA Analysis.. In the framework of the Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) 1266 Scales of Transformation - Human-Environmental Interaction in Prehistoric and Archaic Societies (http://www.sfb1266.uni-kiel.de/en), we are seeking highly motivated individuals to conduct ancient DNA research in prehistoric human populations using next generation sequencing (NGS). The focus is on the investigation of pathogen and human genomes. Both candidates will be involved in handling human skeletal remains, wet lab work (DNA extraction, NGS library preparation) and data analysis.. PhD position in pathogen evolution and human immunogenetics. The successful candidate will analyse metagenomic data to detect pathogens, to reconstruct their genomes and to trace the (evolutionary) history of ...
Bioarchaeology ; Early medieval ; Alamanni ; Merovingian ; Social identities ; Archaeology ; Biological anthropology ; Death and burial ; Palaeopathology ; Musculoskeletal stress markers
The Department of the Interior today announced its conclusions on the first of two questions Interior is answering for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers: whether the human skeletal remains found in the Columbia River (known as Kennewick Man) are to be considered Native American. The Department of the Interior considers the Kennewick remains Native American for the purposes of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 (NAGPRA). The decision is based upon recent radiocarbon dating, analysis of a lithic point embedded in the left hip and other anthropological and sediment analysis performed in February, 1999. In early September, 1999, two small bone samples were extracted from the metatarsal and tibia of the skeletal remains. These samples were divided in half and four samples were then sent for independent analysis and dating to three radiocarbon laboratories: the University of California at Riverside; Beta Analytical in Miami, Florida; and the National Science Foundation ...
The site of Tepe Hissar (Iran) experienced widespread cultural and economic changes during the Chalcolithic and Bronze Ages (5th to the 2nd millennium B.C.). The discovery of evidence of burning, including charred human remains, the destruction of buildings (Periods II and III), and the presence of several mass-burials with comingling of human skeletal remains consisting of ten or more individuals (Period III), suggests interpersonal violence during these periods. The original excavator of Tepe Hissar, Erich Schmidt, suggested that phenomena such as war, massacres, epidemics, or similar catastrophes, may have been responsible for the excavated archaeological evidence ...
Abstract: An intact and relatively well-preserved length of cording dating from ca. 1854 was obtained by the author for fiber identification. The cording had been found inside a cast iron casket with human skeletal remains and clothing material. Based on the distribution and arrangement of the multiple cording pieces found within the coffin, they are believed to have formed the stiff boning of a corset. Microscopical analysis revealed the cording to be made up entirely of mammalian hair, which had degraded to a point that made species determination impossible. However, the widths of the hairs (150 - 250 µm) indicate nonhuman origin. Despite the severe degradation, no evidence of fungal activity was seen, which is likely due to the favorable conditions within a well-sealed iron coffin. Full article (PDF) ...
This book investigates the complex relationship between funerary treatment and wider social dynamics through a contextual analysis of human skeletal remains and associated mortuary data from Voudeni, an important Mycenaean (1400-1050 BC) chamber tomb ceme
B MIAMI, FL.- /B Harvard University educated archaeologist and president of the Paleontological Research Corporation, Dr. Joel Klenck, conducted an
Report geochemical measurements as percent of modern carbon (pMC), but where 13C/12C assays are available or reasonably assumed, we recommend the Δ notation. See Stuiver and Polach (1977) for further discussion. List values of δ13C when known. Laboratories should retain records of δ14C values in accessible form, whether or not they are published in the original entries. Dates should be expressed in years BP (before AD 1950). Report calendar estimates and ranges in the Comment as cal AD/BC, citing the specific calibration curve and program used to calculate the estimate. Always cite the laboratory number, e.g., A-1320, when referring to a date in the same list or another publication. If the date has been published previously, give the reference. Title, authors and affiliations are the same as for general articles. Date lists need no abstracts; they start with an introduction and acknowledgments. Divide date lists into sections, e.g., ARCHAEOLOGICAL SAMPLES. Further subdivide dates under ...
Hello, I have been working with CT scans from several skeletal populations and have recently run into a problem with the Moments of Inertia stage in the BoneJ plugin. For some of the populations I have been working wit…
We have evaluated the role of Retinoblastoma genes in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis in cancer and normal stem cells. In detail, our group has analyzed the biology of neural stem cells and mesenchymal stem cells. These studies prompted the attention also on chromatin remodeling factors that interact with RB family members and play a key role in the life of stem cells.. Ancient DNA - Is this an Intruder?. We are molecular biologists, we are curious persons, we live near Vesuvius and near Pompeii archeological site, we are fascinated by history. Mix up all these ingredients and it will prompt our research on ancient DNA. Investigation into DNA from archeological remains offers an inestimable tool for unraveling the history of humankind. However, a series of basic and technical difficulties renders the analysis of ancient DNA (aDNA) molecules troublesome, depending either on their own peculiar characteristics or on the complexity of processes affecting the bone ...
The first large-scale study of ancient human DNA from sub-Saharan Africa opens a long-awaited window into the identity of prehistoric populations in the region and how they moved around and replaced one another over the past 8,000 years ...
This thesis discusses the archaeological remains in the Etruscan bridge complex, found during the excavations at San Giovenale in 1959-1963, and 1999. The aim has been to reach a holistic perspective of the bridge complex with the bridge seen as a link between topography, economy, social relationships, politics, symbols and ritual, reflecting its importance for the whole community at San Giovenale and its surroundings. Situated at the border between the two largest city-states Tarquinia and Caere, the site seems to have been an important middle range transit town for foreign ideas, goods and people. The character of the remains and the various levels of contextual analyses made it possible to distinguish five distinctive functions for the structures at the bridge over the Pietrisco. From a more generalised point of view these suggested that specialized functions may be divided into practical, social and symbolic functions and these aspects have been of help in identifying an object or a ...
This thesis discusses the archaeological remains in the Etruscan bridge complex, found during the excavations at San Giovenale in 1959-1963, and 1999. The aim has been to reach a holistic perspective of the bridge complex with the bridge seen as a link between topography, economy, social relationships, politics, symbols and ritual, reflecting its importance for the whole community at San Giovenale and its surroundings. Situated at the border between the two largest city-states Tarquinia and Caere, the site seems to have been an important middle range transit town for foreign ideas, goods and people. The character of the remains and the various levels of contextual analyses made it possible to distinguish five distinctive functions for the structures at the bridge over the Pietrisco. From a more generalised point of view these suggested that specialized functions may be divided into practical, social and symbolic functions and these aspects have been of help in identifying an object or a ...
During the last 6 centuries BCE, naval power was determined by fleets of oared galleys armed with bronze rams at their prows. From approx. 535 BCE onward, a war fleets main offensive tactic involved smashing ones rams into the hulls of the enemy, thus causing their ships to fill with water and sink to the seas surface ... and sometimes, to the bottom. Although our historical accounts present numerous battle descriptions, the modern reader often finds it difficult to visualize the action, a fact made more difficult by the paucity of archaeological remains from ancient warships. This lecture will describe how new discoveries of warship rams from the last naval battle of the Punic War (fought off western Sicilys Aegates Islands in 241 BCE) to the Battle of Actium (31 BCE) are about to change our perceptions of ancient naval warfare. The lecture will also introduce the creation of a new web-based archive called RAM3D, which aims to utilize the power of 3D imaging technology to help researchers ...
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 140:442-453 (2009) Differential Diagnosis of Mastoid Hypocellularity in Human Skeletal Remains Stefan Flohr,1,2* Uwe Kierdorf,1 and Michael Schultz2 1 2 Department of Biology, University of Hildesheim, 31141 Hildesheim, Germany Department of Anatomy, Georg-August-University, 37075 Göttingen, Germany KEY WORDS mastoid process; otitis media; paleopathology; temporal bone pneumatization ABSTRACT Mastoid hypocellularity is frequently used as an indicator of chronic otits media in paleopathological investigations. The condition can be caused by a poor development of air cells during infancy and early childhood (primary hypocellularity) or by obliteration of air cells with bone during later life (secondary hypocellularity). We performed a macroscopic, radiographic, and microscopic study of pneumatization patterns in 151 mastoid processes of individuals from an early-medieval cemetery in Germany, with emphasis on the architecture of the nonpneumatized portion ...
Researchers with the Imagens Médicas Integradas (IMI) in Lisbon, Portugal believe that they have discovered the oldest ever case of prostate cancer in Egypt, thanks to scans performed on a 2,250-year-old mummy at the citys National Archaeology Museum.. The discovery, which has been detailed in the International Journal of Paleopathology and was also the topic of a Thursday article by Simon Tomlinson of the Daily Mail, comes after IMI researchers discovered tumors between the pelvis and lumbar spine of an unnamed Ptolemaic mummy by using high-powered digital imaging technology.. According to Tomlinson, the 5-foot, 5-inch adult male mummy was between 51 and 60 years of age when he died, and the researchers said in their paper that the bone lesions they discovered were "very suggestive of metastatic prostate cancer.". Those lesions were discovered using Multi Detector Computerized Tomography"- ("¬MDCT"-).. The Daily Mail reported that digital x-rays illustrated that the mummy, which has been ...
There was a recent posting asking about sick dinosaurs and evidences for this, so I thought seeing how I am into dinosaur paleopathology (the study of ancient disease, injuries and related topics), I would take this opportunity to bring the group up to speed on some of the latest knowledge/research: 1. Illness. Dinosaurs could have (and probably did) suffer from a wide variety of illnesses, many of which we will never be able to diagnose successfully, if ever. Simply put, we need some evidence of the illness and without physical proof of the disease process (as manifested on teeth, bones, skin impressions, footprints) we can never really know. For example, dinosaurs could have suffered from colds, but colds do not leave any lesions (marks) on bones. Dinosaurs could have suffered from liver cancer, but wed never know it. I was once told that over 99% of current diseases leave no traces of their passing on bones so we are limited to less than 1% to deal with. Given the rarity of animals ...