Overweight, energy expenditure and caloric intake are associated with an increased prevalence of asthma. To measure resting energy expenditure and calculate caloric intake of overweight adolescents with asthma and compare results with those of groups of well-nourished adolescents with asthma and overweight adolescents without asthma. Cross-sectional study with 69 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years divided into three matched groups. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric and body composition measurements. Indirect calorimetry was used to measure energy expenditure; caloric intake was estimated from dietary recalls. In each group, there were 23 adolescents (10 girls) aged 12.39±2.40 years. Results for each group (overweight adolescents with asthma; well-nourished adolescents with asthma; and overweight adolescents without asthma) were, respectively: Body mass index = 24.83±2.73 kg/m2, 19.01±2.10 kg/m2, and 25.35±3.66 kg/m2; resting energy expenditure (REE) = 1550.24±547.23 ...
Being overweight affects many aspects of your life. In addition to issues of social interactions and self-esteem, body weight can greatly affect a persons health. Being overweight puts you at a greater risk for a number of health problems, including an increased risk of heart disease. Being overweight can have an impact on fertility. Being overweight can also affect your pregnancy. One of the biggest risks for an overweight woman who is pregnant is the increased risks of complications. Conditions such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are much more common in women who are at least 20% over their healthy body weight. Being overweight puts you at increased risk of having a baby that is larger than normal. Being overweight also puts you at a higher risk of needing to have a cesarean section birth, as opposed to a vaginal birth. Being overweight also affects the amount of weight you will have to lose after pregnancy, as well as the difficulty that is involved in losing weight after ...
Overweight is the condition of a person when they have more fat in their body than what is thought as to be normal for their height. To find out if a person is overweight, you can calculate their body mass index. People with a BMI of 25 or more are said to be overweight. Anything above 30 is said to be obese (very overweight). Overweight used to be a BMI of 27 or more. In 1998 this changed.[1]. Being overweight is associated with health problems such as Type 2 diabetes.[2] Obesity is associated with greater health problems than overweight. In 2006 Adams et al. estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people.[3] Some people think that being overweight is not as unhealthy as is commonly thought. A 2013 review of 97 Pubmed articles with a sample size of 2.88 million found that overweight is associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality (death) than normal weight.[4] Body fat contains energy that the body can use to heal when it is sick. 51.3% of ...
Overweight is the condition of a person when they have more fat in their body than what is thought as to be normal for their height. To find out if a person is overweight, you can calculate their body mass index. People with a BMI of 25 or more are said to be overweight. Anything above 30 is said to be obese (very overweight). Overweight used to be a BMI of 27 or more. In 1998 this changed.[1] Being overweight is associated with health problems such as Type 2 diabetes.[2] Obesity is associated with greater health problems than overweight. In 2006 Adams et al. estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people.[3] Some people think that being overweight is not as unhealthy as is commonly thought. A 2013 review of 97 Pubmed articles with a sample size of 2.88 million found that overweight is associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality (death) than normal weight.[4] Body fat contains energy that the body can use to heal when it is sick. 51.3% of ...
Results Overweight showed consistent positive associations with leptin, CRP, IL-6, E-selectin and t-PA and inverse associations with adiponectin; vWF was not consistently related across age. In age and sex-adjusted models fitted separately for each age, being overweight at 11 years and onwards was associated with adverse levels of adipokines and inflammatory markers and being overweight from 15 and onwards for endothelial markers. For CRP and adiponectin, an earlier association with overweight at 2 years was also apparent. Adjustment for overweight at age 60-64 years reduced all overweight associations at earlier ages, entirely explaining those for E-selectin and t-PA, but only partly explaining those for leptin, adiponectin, CRP and IL-6. An accumulation model best described the associations between overweight across the life course with adiponectin (mean percentage difference [95% CI] for each additional time overweight at age 15, 36 and 60-64: -12.8% [-16.3%, -9.1%], leptin: 60.2% [53.6%, ...
Overweight/obesity has gained more and more attention from healthcare professionals in developing and developed countries (Kopelman, 2007; Lin, Strong, Tsai, Lin, & Fung, 2018). The problem also exists in children: the combined global prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity rose by 47.1% from 1980 to 2013 (Lin, Griffiths, & Pakpour, 2018). In brief, the prevalence of overweight/obesity was over 20% in developed countries; over 15% in developing countries in 2013 (Lin, Griffiths, et al., 2018). Taiwan bears the burden of rising prevalence in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents: Over 20% of Taiwanese children and adolescents suffer from overweight or obesity (Kuo et al., 2014; Lin, Su, Wang, & Ma, 2013). Childhood overweight/obesity is linked to cardiovascular problems, type 2 diabetes and adulthood obesity (Brisbois, Farmer, & McCargar, 2012). In addition to the physical consequences of overweight/obesity for children, psychological issues (e.g., high levels of depression and ...
Results In 2005 a total of 3,622 patients with JIA were included in the analysis, median age was 11 years, 14.4% were overweight. Associated variables with overweight were subgroup, age, participation in school sports, medication with glucocorticoids and level of functional restriction. As influencing factors for overweight the systemic JIA, functional restrictions, and the non-participation in school sports were identified.. Weight status did not differ from controls, although slight differences in health- and lifestyle-aspects were found. Differences between patients and reference group affected duration and frequency of physical activity.. Trend analysis showed a reduction in overweight prevalence from 2003 until 2010 (-4.9%). Especially among patients with systemic JIA the overweight prevalence decreased (-9.6%). Reduction of overweight rate was accociated by an improved funtional status.. ...
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders and being overweight are major health problems with increasing prevalence. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that being overweight is associated with a range of psychiatric conditions including minor and atypical depressive disorders, binge eating, and aggression. METHOD: Prospective community-based cohort study of young adults (n = 591) followed between ages 19 and 40. Information derived from six subsequent semi-structured diagnostic interviews conducted by professionals over twenty years. Outcomes were being overweight [body-mass index (BMI), 25] and average yearly weight change between ages 20 and 40 (BMI slope). RESULTS: 18.9 % of the participants were classified as being overweight. Being overweight turned out to be a stable trait: 77.7% of subjects were assigned to the same weight class at each interview. Atypical depression and binge eating were positively associated with both, increased weight gain and being overweight, while ...
Like other nations experiencing rapid industrialization, urbanization and a nutrition transition, there is concern in Malaysia of a possible escalation in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. In 1996, the National Health and Morbidity Survey reported a 16.6% and 4.4% prevalence of overweight and obesity, respectively. In the following decade, there have been several national and community surveys on overweight and obesity in Malaysia. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the trend from 1996 to 2009 in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults in Malaysia nationally and by gender, age and race. Results indicate that there has been a small rise in overweight adults in the years 1996, 2003 and 2006 (20.7%, 26.7% and 29.1%) and a much more dramatic increase in obesity in 1996, 2003, 2004 and 2006 (5.5%, 12.2%, 12.3% and 14.0%). Evidence showed a greater risk for overweight and obesity among women compared with men. Based on the highest-quality studies, overweight and ...
What is already known about this subject Overweight and obesity can be linked to different parental socioeconomic factors already in very young children. In Western developed countries, the association of childhood overweight and obesity and parental socioeconomic status shows a negative gradient. Ambiguous results have been obtained regarding the association between socioeconomic factors and childhood overweight and obesity in different countries and over time. What this study adds European regions show heterogeneous associations between socioeconomic factors and overweight and obesity in a multi-centre study with highly standardized study protoco. The strength of association between SES and overweight and obesity varies across European regions. In our study, the SES gradient is correlated with the regional mean income and the country-specific Human development index indicating a strong influence not only of the family but also of region and country on the overweight and obesity prevalence. ...
6 in 10 members of the population in the U.S. are overweight and 5 in 10 members of the population in the U.K. and Spain are overweight. If the latest health statistics for the general population are true for photographers, than probably at least half of you reading this are overweight. So why are dignified, overweight models an endangered species in stock?. You might contend that our societies prefer to show men and women with impossible bodies (literally, in the case of some photoshop touch-ups) on the covers of magazines, etc. And you might be right. But that doesnt explain why photographers dont make photos of overweight models. Believe it or not, clients are looking for those photos. See these excerpts from real researcher/client requests:. "We are always looking for overweight people…". "Please note, they want an overweight man doing all sorts of typical, everyday activities like eating breakfast at home, leaving his house, getting in the car, driving to work, stopping for coffee, ...
An overweight child, or a child with a tendency to carry excess weight around the waist - may be at risk of being INSULIN RESISTANT!. In South Africa, about one in three children are overweight!. 80 % of individuals that are overweight are insulin resistant.. Children with Insulin Resistance have a very good chance of getting diabetes within 2 years of being diagnosed with insulin resistance if it is not treated successfully.. Insulin Resistance in children (as with adults) is also associated with an increased incidence (the chance of "getting" something) of heart disease, stroke or being overweight later in life.. When is a child at risk of developing or having Insulin Resistance?. -Any child or teenager who is overweight especially if they carry excess weight around their stomach, is at risk of developing or having insulin resistance ...
This study will examine the health effects of calcium supplements in overweight adults. Overweight adults often eat a diet low in calcium. Some studies have found low calcium intake in people who have some of the medical problems often seen in overweight adults. This study will see if extra calcium improves the health of overweight adults.. Volunteers in general good health 18 years of age or older who are overweight (body mass index equal to or greater than 25 kilograms per square meter of body surface) may be eligible for this study. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not participate. The study includes four visits, described below.. Visit 1. Volunteers will be screened for participation in the study with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests. At home, they will collect a 24-hour urine sample; fill out questionnaires to assess their average calcium intake; and record their food intake for 7 days. Those enrolled in the study will continue with the next 3 ...
Overweight and obesity are an increasingly prevalent nutritional disorder among adolescents and its prevention is a public health priority. The study aims to know the prevalence of obesity among school going adolescents and to assess the associated factors. The present study was a cross sectional study conducted in 12 schools of Bhubaneswar from July 2013 to December 2013. 1800 adolescents of 10-16 years (Class VI to X) were included in the study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents was found to be 27.8% (overweight-16.4% and obesity-11.4%). Overweight/ Obesity was significantly higher in adolescents with working mothers, joint family, having less than 2 siblings, not doing regular exercise, watching television more than 2 hours/day, playing computer games, consuming junk food regularly and not playing of outdoor games. There is a need for periodic screening for overweight in schools followed by counselling of parents of overweight adolescents.
The problem of increasing overweight among children has prompted a search for factors that contribute to this trend. Our study provides evidence that the consumption of sweet drinks as infrequently as 1 to 2 times daily increases the odds of becoming overweight among those who are at risk for overweight at baseline and of remaining overweight among those who are already overweight by 60% or more. Although comparisons are limited because no other known studies provided results stratified by baseline BMI, our results support those obtained by Ludwig et al,14 who found that increased consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks was associated with increased weight in middle school children. In contrast to the Ludwig et al study that found a dose-response effect, we found a threshold effect with the daily intake of 1 or more sweet drinks.. Our failure to find an association between the consumption of fruit juice and the incidence of overweight (among normal/underweight children or children at risk of ...
The recent increase in childhood obesity is expected to add significantly to the prevalence of chronic diseases. We used multivariate multilevel analysis to examine associations between parks/green space and childhood overweight/obesity across communities in Calgary, Canada, a city characterized by intensified urban sprawl and high car use. Body Mass Index was calculated from measured height and weight data obtained from 6,772 children (mean age = 4.95 years) attending public health clinics for pre-school vaccinations. Each childs home postal code was geocoded using ESRI ArcGIS 9.2. We examined four measures of spatial access to parks/green space (based on Geographic Information Systems): 1) the number of parks/green spaces per 10,000 residents, 2) the area of parks/green space as a proportion of the total area within a community, 3) average distance to a park/green space, and 4) the proportion of parks/green space service area as a proportion of the total area within a community. Analyses were
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school children in Glasgow and to evaluate a pilot activity programme for overweight and obese children. Body mass index (BMI) was measured in 1548 children. Overweight, obesity and severe obesity were defined as BMI ≥ 85th, 95th and 98th centile, respectively. Overweight and obese children were then invited to participate in a 10 week school-based activity programme. The programme was evaluated by recording weekly attendance, intensity (using the Childrens Effort Rating Scale) and enjoyment (scale 1-10). Focus groups were used to explore the experiences and views of the children, teachers, coaches and parents. 31.4% of the children were overweight, 19.1% were obese and 12.4% were severely obese. 38% of those invited, attended the activity programme. Weekly programme attendance was 83% (range 56% to 99%). Mean enjoyment rating (scale 1-10) was 8 for boys and 9 for girls. The intensity of activity ...
Suggested Citation: Garko, M.G. (2011, April). Overweight and obesity epidemic in America - Part VII: Health risks associated with being overweight or obese. Health and Wellbeing Monthly. Retrieved (insert month, day, year), from www.letstalknutrition.com. Overweight and Obesity Epidemic in America - Part VII: Health Risks Associated With Being Overweight Or Obese Michael G. Garko, Ph.D. […]
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of a 10,000 steps per day goal in overweight adults. AU - Schneider, Patrick L.. AU - Bassett, David R.. AU - Thompson, Dixie L.. AU - Pronk, Nicolaas P.. AU - Bielak, Kenneth. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Purpose. This study was designed (1) to examine the effects of a 10,000 steps·d-1 exercise prescription on sedentary, overweight/obese adults, and (2) to examine the effects of adherence on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods. Fifty-six overweight/obese adults participated in the study. Body composition and cardiovascular risk factors were determined at baseline, 20 weeks, and 36 weeks. Adherence, was defined as averaging ≥ 9500 steps·d-1 from week 4 to week 36. Results. 38 participants (68%) wore pedometers daily for 36 weeks and, were available for posttesting. Significant improvements were noted in mean values for walking volume. (3994 steps·d-1), body weight (-2.4 kg), body mass index (-0.8 kg·m-2), percentage body fat, (-1.9%), fat ...
London, June 17 (IANS) Being overweight during adolescence can put men at significantly higher risk of developing severe liver disease later in life, says a study. The findings are based on 40 years follow-up of study of nearly 45,000 Swedish men.. The study showed that adolescent males with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 are at a 64 per cent increased risk of developing severe liver diseases and liver cell cancer in their late lives. Even for one kg/m2 increase in BMI, obese males can face a five per cent increased risk, the study said.. "It is possible that this increased risk is caused by a longer exposure to being overweight, compared to becoming overweight or obese later in life and that individuals with a longer history of being overweight have an increased risk of severe liver disease," said lead investigator Hannes Hagstrom from Karolinska University in Sweden.. In addition, overweight and obesity are associated with a worse prognosis in several liver diseases, such as non-alcoholic ...
There are many negative health outcomes associated with obesity and being overweight. The generally accepted view is estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people and the Framingham heart study found that being overweight at age 40 reduced life expectancy by an average three years. A review in 2013 came to the result that being overweight significantly increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men. People who have insulin dependant diabetes and chronically overdose insulin may gain weight, while people who already are overweight may develop insulin tolerance, and in the long run type II diabetes and heart ailments ...
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Twelve 11-year-old girls (six lean, six overweight) were given meals in the laboratory and at school for 5 days, with exercise imposed for 2 days and sedentary activities on another 2 days in counterbalanced sequences. During a preliminary visit, the FLEX heart rate method was used to predict individual exercise durations eliciting 1.5 MJ energy expenditure. Morning and afternoon cycling exercise was subsequently imposed in the laboratory on 2 consecutive days as part of the 5-day intervention. Energy intake was measured via observation with meals being standardised between conditions, prepared and weighed by the research team. Hunger, fullness and desire to eat were rated by subjects immediately before and after meals and exercise. Energy expenditure was significantly elevated in the exercise condition, compared to sedentary. No exercise-induced differences in total daily or 5-day total energy intake were observed between groups or treatments. Overweight girls, however, rated their appetite ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The direct health services costs of providing assisted reproduction services in overweight or obese women. T2 - a retrospective cross-sectional analysis. AU - Maheshwari, Abha. AU - Scotland, Graham Stewart. AU - Bell, J.s.. AU - McTavish, Alison. AU - Hamilton, M. AU - Bhattacharya, Siladitya. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - Prevalence of overweight and obesity is rising. Hence, it is likely that a higher proportion of women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment are overweight or obese.In a retrospective cross-sectional analysis using routinely collected data of an IVF Unit and maternity hospital in a tertiary care setting in the UK, direct costs were assessed for all weight classes. Costs for underweight, overweight and obese were compared with those for women with normal body mass index (BMI).Of 1756 women, who underwent their first cycle of IVF between 1997 and 2006, 43 (2.4%) were underweight; 988 (56.3%) had normal BMI; 491 (28.0%) were overweight; 148 (8.4%) were obese ...
Reduce Belly Fat Naturally Exercise : Overweight Dogs And Walking - often an overweight and out-of-shape dog has an owner that is also overweight and out-of-shapenstead of investing in diet dog food and 100 calorie pack doggie treats, invest in a nice collar with a matching leash and a good set of walking shoesog owners can get started walking wearing any shoe, but choosing a shoe like the Stepgym shoe will maximize the Benefits of walkingn overweight dog will be at risk for health problems similar to that of a person who is overweightor huge dogs, being overweight increases the risk of hip problems when they age and it may cause them to be unable to walk at allelping a dog be at a healthy weight usually causes the dog owner to be at a healthy weight toohen starting a dog on a weight loss program, having a healthy diet will be importantrastically reducing the food amount may cause a dog to be cranky and act outeduce the amount of food gradually while increasing the dogs exercise to help a dog ...
Obesity is considered to be a major public health problem and its prevalence is increasing not only in developed countries (1, 2) but also in countries that are undergoing economic and social transition (3-5). The World Health Organization estimates that the prevalence of obesity is 4.8% in developing countries, 17.1% in transitional countries, and 20.4% in developed countries (6). In 1970 in Brazil, the prevalence of overweight was estimated to be 4% among young people (6-18 years old), and it grew to 14% by the end of 1990 (7). Overweight and obesity cause or exacerbate a large number of health problems, both independently and in association with other diseases (8, 9). Although the health consequences associated with excess weight are not identical in adults and children, risk factors associated with overweight and obesity installed in childhood and adolescence may be higher for cardiovascular diseases than when installed at more advanced ages (10). Overweight and obesity in children and ...
When we are insulted, we tend to tell ourselves that this treatment will stop when we lose weight. Truth is those insulting would just find another fault to make fun of. People will always be judgmental, and there is no changing that. A portion of society seems to think that when a person is overweight that it is self-inflicted. People associate heavy people, with those who do nothing, but stuff their face. The next time you see an overweight person, dont automatically assume their weight is self-inflicted. Dont stereotype them about being overweight with thoughts that they must eat way too much. Little do you know, but they might eat less than you.. Losing weight is not an easy thing to do despite what you may think. Overweight people are not lazy. It is not that we dont know when to leave the table. It is not just a matter of motivation. I for one have hypothyroid. Many hypothyroid patients struggle with an inability to lose weight. You dont know why a person is overweight. Society has ...
While the negative health outcomes associated with obesity are accepted within the medical community, the health implications of the overweight category are more controversial. The generally accepted view is that being overweight causes similar health problems to obesity, but to a lesser degree. A 2016 review estimated that the risk of death increases by seven percent among overweight people with a BMI of 25 to 27.5 and 20 percent among overweight people with a BMI of 27.5 to 30.[10] The Framingham heart study found that being overweight at age 40 reduced life expectancy by three years.[11] Being overweight also increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men.[12] Katherine Flegal et al., however, found that the mortality rate for individuals who are classified as overweight (BMI 25 to 30) may actually be lower than for those with an "ideal" weight (BMI 18.5 to 25), noting that many studies show that the lowest mortality rate is at a BMI close to 25.[13][14] Being overweight has been ...
Objective: To determine the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in French youth from 2009 to 2013 and to determine if there are differences in weight categories according to socio-economic status.. Design: Cross-sectional study performed in different regions of France. Physical measures included weight, height and BMI. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined according to age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off points from the International Obesity Task Force.. Setting: France.. Subjects: Children and adolescents (n 9670; 4836 boys, 4834 girls) from the French national BOUGE Program between 2009 and 2013.. Results: The prevalence of obesity was higher in boys than girls (P,0·05). In contrast, underweight was more prevalent in girls (P,0·05). Although there were no significant changes in overweight or underweight boys or girls from 2009 to 2013, there was a significant increase in obesity in boys and girls (P,0·05) during the same time period. The prevalence of underweight ...
The prevalence of obesity and overweight in most population is increasing alarmingly. This rise is associated with economic development, increasing urbanization, change in dietary and other lifestyle patterns and also reduced physical activity. Last studies showed that type 2 diabetes incidence rise with increasing body mass index (BMI). This paper evaluated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among diabetic patients. A total of 518 consecutive central-based patients (198 males and 320 females) with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were investigated in this prospective cross-sectional study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity (BMI > 25 kg/m²) was 76%. The mean of BMI in women was 26.66 ± 3.98 and in men was 28.70 ± 4.36. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 48% and 28%, respectively. This paper indicated a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in diabetic patients in Yazd (central province of Iran).. ...
Background:. The investigators know that exercise helps children develop strong bones and muscles and generally stay healthy. What is unclear however, is how much exercise a child needs to lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.. Objective:. The investigators will try to find out whether high-intensity exercise for a short-period of time is better than moderately intense exercise for improving the diabetes risk profile in teens who are at risk for type 2 diabetes.. The working hypothesis is that exercise-mediated improvements in insulin sensitivity (a risk factor for diabetes) will be greater following vigorous intermittent physical activity than following low intensity physical activity in overweight adolescents 13-18 yrs at risk for T2DM.. Brief Description of Research Project: Teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 yrs, who are at risk for type 2 diabetes (either by their family history or an abnormal response to sugar) will be randomly assigned to one of two activity groups or a ...
Originally published on ArlNow.com More than half of the dogs in the U.S. are overweight. Much like with people, it is a result of too much processed food, large portion sizes, and just plain overeating.. What amazes me the most about this epidemic is the number of dog owners who simply do not know that their dog is overweight. Check out this awesome chart at projectpetslimdown.com. Once you know your dogs body condition score (BCS) you can make adjustments to their feeding.. The easiest way to tell if your dog is overweight is to feel for their ribs. I recommend placing your thumbs on your dogs back bone and using your fingers to feel for the ribs. You should be able to feel your dogs ribs through no more than about a 1/4 inch of skin, muscle and fat. If you cannot easily feel your dogs ribs, without having to push down, then your dog is likely overweight.. If you do find that your dog is overweight, simply cut down on the amount of food they get per day and increase their exercise. Sound ...
...HERSHEY Pa. -- Overweight women are not receiving proper advice on he... Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with weight rete...Overweight is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 25-29 and ...Guidelines for weight gain are based on the weight of the woman at the...,Overweight,pregnant,women,not,getting,proper,weight-gain,advice,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
03/07/2011 // Greensboro, NC, USA // Personal Injury Lawyers News // Nicole Howley. "Many people who are overweight and obese either dont realize it or are in denial - and too few doctors are setting them straight…One-third of the obese participants and percent of overweight participants had never been told by a doctor that they were overweight," a study in the Archives of Internal Medicine stated. If doctors had a "weight talk" with their overweight and obese patients, I bet the obseity epidemic could be helped. Many people just dont believe they are really that fat.. Media Information:. Address: ...
Background Childhood overweight and obesity have increased during the past decades and there is a need for effective intervention programs both for treatment and prevention to interrupt the increased trend. Overweight and obesity result from a combination of genetic predisposition and lifestyle where an imbalance in energy intake (EI) and total energy expenditure (TEE) is the key factor. The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the impact of a 2-year lifestyle intervention on food habits, anthropometry and metabolic markers on children with overweight and obesity.. Methods Overweight and obese children 8-12 years old were recruited to participate in a 2-year randomized controlled trial (RCT). One hundred and five children agreed to participate and were randomized into one intervention group and one control group. Both groups participated in the same measurements while the intervention group also participated in a lifestyle program aiming at improving food habits and increasing physical ...
Specific information on overweight and obesity is provided, including: prevalence of overweight and obesity; how overweight and obesity is defined; calculate your BMI (for adults only); causes of overweight and obesity; health consequences; economic consequences.
Many children are overweight or obese simply because they eat and drink more than their body needs.. A lack of physical activity. Being overweight or obese does run in families. This may partly be due to learning bad eating habits from your parents as a child.. Lack of sleep. Two hormones called leptin and ghrelin may be culprits. Leptin is released by fat cells to tell your brain that fat stores are sufficient. Ghrelin is released by your stomach as a signal of hunger. In someone who does not have enough sleep, leptin levels are low and ghrelin levels are high. These changes in hormone levels may encourage a child to eat more.. Medical problems. There are some rare genetic diseases that can cause overweight and obesity in children. Conditions such as hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland) or other hormone problems may also be a cause.. How much weight should a child lose if they are overweight or obese?. In general, rapid weight loss or strict dieting is not recommended for children who ...
Childrens weight and height can impact chance of developing illness. Overweight girls more susceptible to getting ovarian cancer
Objective This study investigated the association of residential density with overweight among adolescents in an urban area of China.. Methods Using multistage proportional sampling methods, a population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Nanjing between September and November 2004 (n=2375; mean age=13.9±1.0 years old; 46.2% boys; survey response rate=89.3%). Body mass index was calculated from self-reported body weight and height. Overweight, the main outcome variable, was defined as a BMI ≥85 percentile value for age- and gender-specific reference data according to the recommendation for Chinese adolescents. The primary explanatory variable was the residential density of the urban districts. Mixed-effects logistic regression models were used for the analysis.. Results Students in the higher and middle tertiles of residential density had a 2.17-fold (95% CI 1.41 to 3.33) and 1.89-fold (95% CI 1.22 to 2.92) higher likelihood of being overweight, respectively, compared with those in ...
Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity people were 29.6% and 5.6%, and all the prevalence of overweight and obesity, male were 38.0% higher than female 33.1%, the difference was not statistically significant (p,0.05). The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemia in GanZhou residents were 34.07%, male was 39.8%, female was 29.9%, and also male higher than female, there was no significant difference between the two groups (p,0.05). The overweight and obesity had different conditions in hypertriglyceridemia group and normal group, and there were significant differences, had statistics significance (p,0.001). The obesity group had the highest triglyceride concentration, and the overweight group higher than the normal group.. ...
Teenagers who are overweight, or who think they are overweight, may be more likely to make a suicide attempt. Thats according to researchers from the College of Health and Human Sciences and Georgia State Universiy, both in the U.S., who studied the links beteen BMI, perceived overweight and sucide attempts in 14,000 teenagers. Both the children who were overweight and those who only thought they were were more likely to try and kill themselves ...
Monday October 7th 2013. Owners with overweight dogs run the risk of losing their pets before they should, new research shows.. Researchers at the Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition studied information on normal and overweight dogs between the ages of six-and-a-half and eight-and-a-half across 10 popular breeds in the US. They discovered overweight, middle-aged dogs have a shorter life expectancy of up to 10 months compared with those of a normal weight. Study leader Carina Salt said Labradors, Shih Tzus, American Cocker Spaniels, Golden Retrievers and Beagles were particularly at risk.. "The research highlights the very real consequences of being overweight for dogs in the family home," she added.. "Key tips for combating excess weight and keeping your dog fit and healthy include carefully controlling food portions in line with the pack feeding guidelines, regular exercise appropriate for your dogs needs and regular weighing sessions. Owners concerned about their dogs weight should speak to a ...
High body mass index is associated with multiple cardiovascular diseases. However, emerging data suggest that there is an obesity paradox, that being overweight may actually protect patients from cardiovascular mortality. Investigators have now confirmed that the risk of total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and myocardial infarction is highest among underweight patients, while cardiovascular mortality is lowest among overweight patients, according to two reports published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Women with indexes of 18.5 and 24.9 were normal weight, those with 25 and 29.9 were overweight, those with 30 and over were defined as obese.. The probability of giving birth to an overweight woman is 25%, but its up to 60% in obese women.As the weight increases, the chance of the baby being born earlier is increased threefold.. ...
There are several risks of being overweight, according to the Weightcontrol Information Network (WIN) of the National Institutes of Health. Overweight individuals are more likely to develop health
Overweight couples may suffer in their relationships. If both people in a couple are overweight there may be some bonding and support from each other, and this can be nuturing. If you stay isolated from the rest of the world this would probably be O.K. But we all live in some sort of community and overweight people are often subjected to taunts, discrimination and rejection. These issues can lead to feelings of low self esteem, shame and depression.. Overweight couples may also suffer from feelings of failure. Its likely both people have tried to lose weight in the past. Maybe they have and recall a time when they felt good about themselves. Now that picture, or time in the past, can become the enemy as they hold it up to themselves as a measure for their happiness. "If I could only be that size again, my life would be O.K." When we struggle to attain a desired weight, or look, we suffer with feelings of sadness and disappointment if we dont succeed. We might even get annoyed or angry at ...
A new study found that nearly 1 in 4 overweight American women believes her body weight as normal, while conversely, around 1 in 6 normal weight women regards herself as overweight.
About one-third of U.S. children are overweight or at risk of becoming overweight, and two-thirds of adults are overweight or obese, a CDC study finds. |i|USA Today|/i|, et al.
Downloadable! Global patterns of overweight and obesity trends, main factors influencing the process and instruments for public intervention are discussed. Special attention is paid to implications (economic costs) of overweight. By using RLMS data the authors estimate prevalence of overweight and obesity in Russia and identify its specific features. Estimations of direct and indirect costs of overweight for Russia are provided.