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Overweight, energy expenditure and caloric intake are associated with an increased prevalence of asthma. To measure resting energy expenditure and calculate caloric intake of overweight adolescents with asthma and compare results with those of groups of well-nourished adolescents with asthma and overweight adolescents without asthma. Cross-sectional study with 69 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years divided into three matched groups. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric and body composition measurements. Indirect calorimetry was used to measure energy expenditure; caloric intake was estimated from dietary recalls. In each group, there were 23 adolescents (10 girls) aged 12.39±2.40 years. Results for each group (overweight adolescents with asthma; well-nourished adolescents with asthma; and overweight adolescents without asthma) were, respectively: Body mass index = 24.83±2.73 kg/m2, 19.01±2.10 kg/m2, and 25.35±3.66 kg/m2; resting energy expenditure (REE) = 1550.24±547.23 ...
Being overweight affects many aspects of your life. In addition to issues of social interactions and self-esteem, body weight can greatly affect a persons health. Being overweight puts you at a greater risk for a number of health problems, including an increased risk of heart disease. Being overweight can have an impact on fertility. Being overweight can also affect your pregnancy. One of the biggest risks for an overweight woman who is pregnant is the increased risks of complications. Conditions such as preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are much more common in women who are at least 20% over their healthy body weight. Being overweight puts you at increased risk of having a baby that is larger than normal. Being overweight also puts you at a higher risk of needing to have a cesarean section birth, as opposed to a vaginal birth. Being overweight also affects the amount of weight you will have to lose after pregnancy, as well as the difficulty that is involved in losing weight after ...
Overweight is the condition of a person when they have more fat in their body than what is thought as to be normal for their height. To find out if a person is overweight, you can calculate their body mass index. People with a BMI of 25 or more are said to be overweight. Anything above 30 is said to be obese (very overweight). Overweight used to be a BMI of 27 or more. In 1998 this changed.[1]. Being overweight is associated with health problems such as Type 2 diabetes.[2] Obesity is associated with greater health problems than overweight. In 2006 Adams et al. estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people.[3] Some people think that being overweight is not as unhealthy as is commonly thought. A 2013 review of 97 Pubmed articles with a sample size of 2.88 million found that overweight is associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality (death) than normal weight.[4] Body fat contains energy that the body can use to heal when it is sick. 51.3% of ...
Overweight is the condition of a person when they have more fat in their body than what is thought as to be normal for their height. To find out if a person is overweight, you can calculate their body mass index. People with a BMI of 25 or more are said to be overweight. Anything above 30 is said to be obese (very overweight). Overweight used to be a BMI of 27 or more. In 1998 this changed.[1] Being overweight is associated with health problems such as Type 2 diabetes.[2] Obesity is associated with greater health problems than overweight. In 2006 Adams et al. estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people.[3] Some people think that being overweight is not as unhealthy as is commonly thought. A 2013 review of 97 Pubmed articles with a sample size of 2.88 million found that overweight is associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality (death) than normal weight.[4] Body fat contains energy that the body can use to heal when it is sick. 51.3% of ...
Results Overweight showed consistent positive associations with leptin, CRP, IL-6, E-selectin and t-PA and inverse associations with adiponectin; vWF was not consistently related across age. In age and sex-adjusted models fitted separately for each age, being overweight at 11 years and onwards was associated with adverse levels of adipokines and inflammatory markers and being overweight from 15 and onwards for endothelial markers. For CRP and adiponectin, an earlier association with overweight at 2 years was also apparent. Adjustment for overweight at age 60-64 years reduced all overweight associations at earlier ages, entirely explaining those for E-selectin and t-PA, but only partly explaining those for leptin, adiponectin, CRP and IL-6. An accumulation model best described the associations between overweight across the life course with adiponectin (mean percentage difference [95% CI] for each additional time overweight at age 15, 36 and 60-64: -12.8% [-16.3%, -9.1%], leptin: 60.2% [53.6%, ...
Overweight/obesity has gained more and more attention from healthcare professionals in developing and developed countries (Kopelman, 2007; Lin, Strong, Tsai, Lin, & Fung, 2018). The problem also exists in children: the combined global prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity rose by 47.1% from 1980 to 2013 (Lin, Griffiths, & Pakpour, 2018). In brief, the prevalence of overweight/obesity was over 20% in developed countries; over 15% in developing countries in 2013 (Lin, Griffiths, et al., 2018). Taiwan bears the burden of rising prevalence in overweight and obesity among children and adolescents: Over 20% of Taiwanese children and adolescents suffer from overweight or obesity (Kuo et al., 2014; Lin, Su, Wang, & Ma, 2013). Childhood overweight/obesity is linked to cardiovascular problems, type 2 diabetes and adulthood obesity (Brisbois, Farmer, & McCargar, 2012). In addition to the physical consequences of overweight/obesity for children, psychological issues (e.g., high levels of depression and ...
Results In 2005 a total of 3,622 patients with JIA were included in the analysis, median age was 11 years, 14.4% were overweight. Associated variables with overweight were subgroup, age, participation in school sports, medication with glucocorticoids and level of functional restriction. As influencing factors for overweight the systemic JIA, functional restrictions, and the non-participation in school sports were identified.. Weight status did not differ from controls, although slight differences in health- and lifestyle-aspects were found. Differences between patients and reference group affected duration and frequency of physical activity.. Trend analysis showed a reduction in overweight prevalence from 2003 until 2010 (-4.9%). Especially among patients with systemic JIA the overweight prevalence decreased (-9.6%). Reduction of overweight rate was accociated by an improved funtional status.. ...
Overweight children as young as 7 years old have high blood pressure and damaged arteries, and area at high risk for developing diabetes, so say Italian and American researchers.. A new study of 100 overweight children, ranging from 6 to 14 years old, found that children who are overweight have many health risks that could seriously impact their adulthood - even increasing their risk of an early death. The most startling revelation was that even the youngest children studied showed signs of artery disease.. According to recent studies, approximately 15% of U.S. children are overweight and an additional 15% are at risk for being overweight.. What to do if your child is overweight. While some parents may shrug off their childrens weight issues as baby fat, the fact is that the number of overweight children in the United States is on the rise, and being overweight affects your childs health. Below are some tips to get your entire family back into a health frame of mind.. • Take action . . . ...
In this nationally representative sample of overweight adolescents, we found that the proportion of overweight adolescents who were misperceivers (reported they are about right or underweight) was substantial, ranging from 29% to 33% from 1999 through 2007. Significantly more male respondents were misperceivers compared with female respondents. In addition, both female and male accurate perceivers had significantly higher odds of reporting some healthy weight-related behaviors compared with misperceivers, after adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and BMI percentile.. Our finding that nearly 1 in 3 overweight adolescents misperceives their weight coincides with previous findings. In previous studies of adolescents, the proportion of misperceivers ranged from 20% to 40%,5,-,7,13 and recent adult data shows that the rate of weight misperception increased from 32% in the years 1988-1994 to 38% in the years 1999-2004.26 There may be opposing influences on weight perception in children. Some ...
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders and being overweight are major health problems with increasing prevalence. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that being overweight is associated with a range of psychiatric conditions including minor and atypical depressive disorders, binge eating, and aggression. METHOD: Prospective community-based cohort study of young adults (n = 591) followed between ages 19 and 40. Information derived from six subsequent semi-structured diagnostic interviews conducted by professionals over twenty years. Outcomes were being overweight [body-mass index (BMI), 25] and average yearly weight change between ages 20 and 40 (BMI slope). RESULTS: 18.9 % of the participants were classified as being overweight. Being overweight turned out to be a stable trait: 77.7% of subjects were assigned to the same weight class at each interview. Atypical depression and binge eating were positively associated with both, increased weight gain and being overweight, while ...
Being overweight or obese increases the chances of developing the common type of diabetes, type 2 diabetes. in this disease, the body makes enough insulin but the cells in the body have become resistant to the salutary action of insulin.. For type 2 diabetes, this includes being overweight or obese (having a body mass index - bmi - of 30 or greater). in fact, obesity is believed to account for 80-85% of the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, while recent research suggests that obese people are up to 80 times more likely to develop type 2…. Overweight and obesity are risk factors for many health problems such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, joint problems, and gallstones, among other conditions. 1,6,7. for more information on the causes and health consequences of overweight and obesity, please visit niddks webpages on understanding adult overweight and obesity... More than 87% of adults with diabetes are overweight or obese. 4 it isnt clear why people who are overweight are more ...
STRASBOURG, FRANCE. Obesity is a growing problem among adolescents and is often accompanied by metabolic syndrome (MS). Metabolic syndrome involves a cluster of several metabolic abnormalities including overweight (specifically abdominal adiposity), insulin resistance, high triglycerides and low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) levels, and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.. Researchers at the Louis Pasteur University of Strasbourg now report that overweight adolescents and overweight adolescents with MS exhibit significant differences in the fatty acid content of plasma phospholipids when compared to their non-overweight peers. Their study involved 60 12-year-olds (30 boys and 30 girls) with normal weight and 60 12-year-olds who were overweight. Twenty-five per cent of the overweight children had been diagnosed with MS as well (none of the normal weight children had MS). Analyses of the phospholipid phase of the blood plasma revealed several important differences ...
Like other nations experiencing rapid industrialization, urbanization and a nutrition transition, there is concern in Malaysia of a possible escalation in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. In 1996, the National Health and Morbidity Survey reported a 16.6% and 4.4% prevalence of overweight and obesity, respectively. In the following decade, there have been several national and community surveys on overweight and obesity in Malaysia. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the trend from 1996 to 2009 in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults in Malaysia nationally and by gender, age and race. Results indicate that there has been a small rise in overweight adults in the years 1996, 2003 and 2006 (20.7%, 26.7% and 29.1%) and a much more dramatic increase in obesity in 1996, 2003, 2004 and 2006 (5.5%, 12.2%, 12.3% and 14.0%). Evidence showed a greater risk for overweight and obesity among women compared with men. Based on the highest-quality studies, overweight and ...
In this study we observed a higher prevalence of elevated CRP concentration in overweight children compared with normal weight children, even after carefully controlling for disease and other factors known to influence CRP concentrations. Being overweight was also associated with a higher white blood cell count, confirming the presence of low-grade systemic inflammation. A positive association between BMI and CRP concentration has been repeatedly observed in adults.5,8,9,15-18 Our study extends these important findings to children in whom the prevalence of any confounding subclinical disease is very low.. Overweight at young age is associated with dyslipidemia42,43 and insulin resistance.44,45 Prospective studies have shown that overweight in childhood is an important determinant of overweight in adulthood.46-48 Moreover, childhood overweight is associated with the metabolic syndrome in adulthood, independent of adult weight,49 and is a more powerful predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and ...
What is already known about this subject Overweight and obesity can be linked to different parental socioeconomic factors already in very young children. In Western developed countries, the association of childhood overweight and obesity and parental socioeconomic status shows a negative gradient. Ambiguous results have been obtained regarding the association between socioeconomic factors and childhood overweight and obesity in different countries and over time. What this study adds European regions show heterogeneous associations between socioeconomic factors and overweight and obesity in a multi-centre study with highly standardized study protoco. The strength of association between SES and overweight and obesity varies across European regions. In our study, the SES gradient is correlated with the regional mean income and the country-specific Human development index indicating a strong influence not only of the family but also of region and country on the overweight and obesity prevalence. ...
The prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (,5 years) in Cameroon, based on weight-for-height index, has doubled between 1991 and 2006. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of overweight and obesity among children aged 6 months to 5 years in Cameroon in 2011. Four thousand five hundred and eighteen children (2205 boys and 2313 girls) aged between 6 to 59 months were sampled in the 2011 Demographic Health Survey (DHS) database. Body Mass Index (BMI) z-scores based on WHO 2006 reference population was chosen to estimate overweight (BMI z-score , 2) and obesity (BMI for age , 3). Regressionanalyses were performed to investigate risk factors of overweight/obesity.. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 8% (1.7% for obesity alone). Boys were more affected by overweight than girls with a prevalence of 9.7% and 6.4% respectively. The highest prevalence of overweight was observed in the Grassfield area (including people iving in West and North-West regions) ...
6 in 10 members of the population in the U.S. are overweight and 5 in 10 members of the population in the U.K. and Spain are overweight. If the latest health statistics for the general population are true for photographers, than probably at least half of you reading this are overweight. So why are dignified, overweight models an endangered species in stock?. You might contend that our societies prefer to show men and women with impossible bodies (literally, in the case of some photoshop touch-ups) on the covers of magazines, etc. And you might be right. But that doesnt explain why photographers dont make photos of overweight models. Believe it or not, clients are looking for those photos. See these excerpts from real researcher/client requests:. We are always looking for overweight people…. Please note, they want an overweight man doing all sorts of typical, everyday activities like eating breakfast at home, leaving his house, getting in the car, driving to work, stopping for coffee, ...
An overweight child, or a child with a tendency to carry excess weight around the waist - may be at risk of being INSULIN RESISTANT!. In South Africa, about one in three children are overweight!. 80 % of individuals that are overweight are insulin resistant.. Children with Insulin Resistance have a very good chance of getting diabetes within 2 years of being diagnosed with insulin resistance if it is not treated successfully.. Insulin Resistance in children (as with adults) is also associated with an increased incidence (the chance of getting something) of heart disease, stroke or being overweight later in life.. When is a child at risk of developing or having Insulin Resistance?. -Any child or teenager who is overweight especially if they carry excess weight around their stomach, is at risk of developing or having insulin resistance ...
This study will examine the health effects of calcium supplements in overweight adults. Overweight adults often eat a diet low in calcium. Some studies have found low calcium intake in people who have some of the medical problems often seen in overweight adults. This study will see if extra calcium improves the health of overweight adults.. Volunteers in general good health 18 years of age or older who are overweight (body mass index equal to or greater than 25 kilograms per square meter of body surface) may be eligible for this study. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not participate. The study includes four visits, described below.. Visit 1. Volunteers will be screened for participation in the study with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests. At home, they will collect a 24-hour urine sample; fill out questionnaires to assess their average calcium intake; and record their food intake for 7 days. Those enrolled in the study will continue with the next 3 ...
Are you an overweight adult? Do you have an overweight child? Are you familiar with how unhappy a person can be when they are overweight? Parents are entirely responsible if their child grows up to be an overweight, unhappy adult, not to mention them having heart disease, diabetes, etc., caused by you.. I am amazed to see parents on talk shows complaining about their child being overweight. Do they think the child is the one responsible for going to the store to buy fattening snack food? Do they think the child will eat enough dinner for a grown man if the parent does not allow it? Once again, it all comes back to what the parent buys, serves, and the serving sizes.. Most of the time the parents buy fattening snack foods, and then hands them out as rewards or as a replacement for attention. If a parent feels guilty for not giving enough positive attention to the child, they can easily get in the rut of making the child smile by handing them fattening treats. But, why is the house stocked with ...
Overweight and obesity are an increasingly prevalent nutritional disorder among adolescents and its prevention is a public health priority. The study aims to know the prevalence of obesity among school going adolescents and to assess the associated factors. The present study was a cross sectional study conducted in 12 schools of Bhubaneswar from July 2013 to December 2013. 1800 adolescents of 10-16 years (Class VI to X) were included in the study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents was found to be 27.8% (overweight-16.4% and obesity-11.4%). Overweight/ Obesity was significantly higher in adolescents with working mothers, joint family, having less than 2 siblings, not doing regular exercise, watching television more than 2 hours/day, playing computer games, consuming junk food regularly and not playing of outdoor games. There is a need for periodic screening for overweight in schools followed by counselling of parents of overweight adolescents.
The recent increase in childhood obesity is expected to add significantly to the prevalence of chronic diseases. We used multivariate multilevel analysis to examine associations between parks/green space and childhood overweight/obesity across communities in Calgary, Canada, a city characterized by intensified urban sprawl and high car use. Body Mass Index was calculated from measured height and weight data obtained from 6,772 children (mean age = 4.95 years) attending public health clinics for pre-school vaccinations. Each childs home postal code was geocoded using ESRI ArcGIS 9.2. We examined four measures of spatial access to parks/green space (based on Geographic Information Systems): 1) the number of parks/green spaces per 10,000 residents, 2) the area of parks/green space as a proportion of the total area within a community, 3) average distance to a park/green space, and 4) the proportion of parks/green space service area as a proportion of the total area within a community. Analyses were
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in primary school children in Glasgow and to evaluate a pilot activity programme for overweight and obese children. Body mass index (BMI) was measured in 1548 children. Overweight, obesity and severe obesity were defined as BMI ≥ 85th, 95th and 98th centile, respectively. Overweight and obese children were then invited to participate in a 10 week school-based activity programme. The programme was evaluated by recording weekly attendance, intensity (using the Childrens Effort Rating Scale) and enjoyment (scale 1-10). Focus groups were used to explore the experiences and views of the children, teachers, coaches and parents. 31.4% of the children were overweight, 19.1% were obese and 12.4% were severely obese. 38% of those invited, attended the activity programme. Weekly programme attendance was 83% (range 56% to 99%). Mean enjoyment rating (scale 1-10) was 8 for boys and 9 for girls. The intensity of activity ...
Suggested Citation: Garko, M.G. (2011, April). Overweight and obesity epidemic in America - Part VII: Health risks associated with being overweight or obese. Health and Wellbeing Monthly. Retrieved (insert month, day, year), from www.letstalknutrition.com. Overweight and Obesity Epidemic in America - Part VII: Health Risks Associated With Being Overweight Or Obese Michael G. Garko, Ph.D. […]
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of a 10,000 steps per day goal in overweight adults. AU - Schneider, Patrick L.. AU - Bassett, David R.. AU - Thompson, Dixie L.. AU - Pronk, Nicolaas P.. AU - Bielak, Kenneth. PY - 2006/1/1. Y1 - 2006/1/1. N2 - Purpose. This study was designed (1) to examine the effects of a 10,000 steps·d-1 exercise prescription on sedentary, overweight/obese adults, and (2) to examine the effects of adherence on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors. Methods. Fifty-six overweight/obese adults participated in the study. Body composition and cardiovascular risk factors were determined at baseline, 20 weeks, and 36 weeks. Adherence, was defined as averaging ≥ 9500 steps·d-1 from week 4 to week 36. Results. 38 participants (68%) wore pedometers daily for 36 weeks and, were available for posttesting. Significant improvements were noted in mean values for walking volume. (3994 steps·d-1), body weight (-2.4 kg), body mass index (-0.8 kg·m-2), percentage body fat, (-1.9%), fat ...
London, June 17 (IANS) Being overweight during adolescence can put men at significantly higher risk of developing severe liver disease later in life, says a study. The findings are based on 40 years follow-up of study of nearly 45,000 Swedish men.. The study showed that adolescent males with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 are at a 64 per cent increased risk of developing severe liver diseases and liver cell cancer in their late lives. Even for one kg/m2 increase in BMI, obese males can face a five per cent increased risk, the study said.. It is possible that this increased risk is caused by a longer exposure to being overweight, compared to becoming overweight or obese later in life and that individuals with a longer history of being overweight have an increased risk of severe liver disease, said lead investigator Hannes Hagstrom from Karolinska University in Sweden.. In addition, overweight and obesity are associated with a worse prognosis in several liver diseases, such as non-alcoholic ...
There are many negative health outcomes associated with obesity and being overweight. The generally accepted view is estimated that the risk of death increases by 20 to 40 percent among overweight people and the Framingham heart study found that being overweight at age 40 reduced life expectancy by an average three years. A review in 2013 came to the result that being overweight significantly increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men. People who have insulin dependant diabetes and chronically overdose insulin may gain weight, while people who already are overweight may develop insulin tolerance, and in the long run type II diabetes and heart ailments ...
Does Physical Activity and Sport Practice Lead to a Healthier Lifestyle and Eating Habits in Male Adolescents?. Articles related to Adolescents overweight are open access to read here.
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Child health care providers often fail to detect overweight children and fail to address behaviors that lead to progressive unhealthy weight gain in the office setting. Further, the process of behavior change often requires repeated contacts to address external or family pressures that may eliminate or reduce the ability of the child and family to adopt healthy behaviors suggested during the clinical encounter. Repeated contacts are often outside the scope of the medical office. Without help to assess the cause of behavior change failure or help to identify strategies to overcome barriers to healthy behaviors, the chances of families making needed behavior change on their own is low.. A comprehensive, multifaceted model for obesity detection and intervention in primary care settings is under development. The model consists of 1) improved identification of overweight and at risk for overweight patients, 2) clinicians informed on the management of overweight patients who provide effective ...
Almost one child in four is either overweight or obese at age three, a UK-wide survey has found.. The study, the biggest-ever of its kind, measured the height and weight of 14,000 children aged three. Preliminary results reveal that 18 per cent were overweight and a further 5 per cent obese.. Researchers from the Institute of Child Health at University College London and the Institute of Education, University of London, found that boys and girls were equally likely to be overweight or obese.. Children in Northern Ireland and Wales were, on average, more likely to be overweight or obese than those living in England and Scotland. Children in less advantaged areas of England and Scotland were slightly more likely to be overweight or obese than those living in more advantaged areas.. There were marked differences between ethnic groups. Only 9 per cent of Indian children were overweight or obese compared with 23 per cent of White and 33 per cent of Black Caribbean children.. The research was carried ...
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Twelve 11-year-old girls (six lean, six overweight) were given meals in the laboratory and at school for 5 days, with exercise imposed for 2 days and sedentary activities on another 2 days in counterbalanced sequences. During a preliminary visit, the FLEX heart rate method was used to predict individual exercise durations eliciting 1.5 MJ energy expenditure. Morning and afternoon cycling exercise was subsequently imposed in the laboratory on 2 consecutive days as part of the 5-day intervention. Energy intake was measured via observation with meals being standardised between conditions, prepared and weighed by the research team. Hunger, fullness and desire to eat were rated by subjects immediately before and after meals and exercise. Energy expenditure was significantly elevated in the exercise condition, compared to sedentary. No exercise-induced differences in total daily or 5-day total energy intake were observed between groups or treatments. Overweight girls, however, rated their appetite ...
WebMD, April 6, 2012: Want to get your overweight child to lose weight, but dont know how? Do the same thing yourself. This is the main finding from a new study of 80 overweight or obese children and their parents. When parents lost weight, their kids did, too. For each one unit decrease in the parents body mass index or BMI, children lost one quarter of a BMI unit.. Since 1970, the rate of childhood obesity in the U.S. has tripled. About 1 in 3 children in America are overweight or obese. As a result, obesity-related diseases and conditions normally only seen in adults are increasingly diagnosed in kids.. The average BMI of parents in the study was obese, but not all the parents in the study were overweight. The findings may have been even more dramatic if all the parents were overweight or obese.. Children look up to their parents. It is not fair to tell a child to lose weight if you dont do it yourself. It has to be a team effort.. You must walk your own talk.. This study reaffirms the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The direct health services costs of providing assisted reproduction services in overweight or obese women. T2 - a retrospective cross-sectional analysis. AU - Maheshwari, Abha. AU - Scotland, Graham Stewart. AU - Bell, J.s.. AU - McTavish, Alison. AU - Hamilton, M. AU - Bhattacharya, Siladitya. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - Prevalence of overweight and obesity is rising. Hence, it is likely that a higher proportion of women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment are overweight or obese.In a retrospective cross-sectional analysis using routinely collected data of an IVF Unit and maternity hospital in a tertiary care setting in the UK, direct costs were assessed for all weight classes. Costs for underweight, overweight and obese were compared with those for women with normal body mass index (BMI).Of 1756 women, who underwent their first cycle of IVF between 1997 and 2006, 43 (2.4%) were underweight; 988 (56.3%) had normal BMI; 491 (28.0%) were overweight; 148 (8.4%) were obese ...
Reduce Belly Fat Naturally Exercise : Overweight Dogs And Walking - often an overweight and out-of-shape dog has an owner that is also overweight and out-of-shapenstead of investing in diet dog food and 100 calorie pack doggie treats, invest in a nice collar with a matching leash and a good set of walking shoesog owners can get started walking wearing any shoe, but choosing a shoe like the Stepgym shoe will maximize the Benefits of walkingn overweight dog will be at risk for health problems similar to that of a person who is overweightor huge dogs, being overweight increases the risk of hip problems when they age and it may cause them to be unable to walk at allelping a dog be at a healthy weight usually causes the dog owner to be at a healthy weight toohen starting a dog on a weight loss program, having a healthy diet will be importantrastically reducing the food amount may cause a dog to be cranky and act outeduce the amount of food gradually while increasing the dogs exercise to help a dog ...
Obesity is considered to be a major public health problem and its prevalence is increasing not only in developed countries (1, 2) but also in countries that are undergoing economic and social transition (3-5). The World Health Organization estimates that the prevalence of obesity is 4.8% in developing countries, 17.1% in transitional countries, and 20.4% in developed countries (6). In 1970 in Brazil, the prevalence of overweight was estimated to be 4% among young people (6-18 years old), and it grew to 14% by the end of 1990 (7). Overweight and obesity cause or exacerbate a large number of health problems, both independently and in association with other diseases (8, 9). Although the health consequences associated with excess weight are not identical in adults and children, risk factors associated with overweight and obesity installed in childhood and adolescence may be higher for cardiovascular diseases than when installed at more advanced ages (10). Overweight and obesity in children and ...
Asthma and obesity are highly prevalent in children, and are interrelated resulting in a difficult-to-treat asthma-obesity phenotype. The exact underlying mechanisms of this phenotype remain unclear, but decreased physical activity (PA) could be an important lifestyle factor. We hypothesize that both asthma and overweight/obesity decrease PA levels and interact on PA levels in asthmatic children with overweight/obesity. School-aged children (n = 122) were divided in 4 groups (healthy control, asthma, overweight/obesity and asthma, and overweight/obesity). Children were asked to perform lung function tests and wear an activity monitor for 7 days. PA was determined by: step count, active time, screen time, time spent in organized sports and active transport forms. We used multiple linear regression techniques to investigate whether asthma, body mass index-standard deviation score (BMI-SDS), or the interaction term asthma x BMI-SDS were associated with PA. Additionally, we tested if asthma features
When we are insulted, we tend to tell ourselves that this treatment will stop when we lose weight. Truth is those insulting would just find another fault to make fun of. People will always be judgmental, and there is no changing that. A portion of society seems to think that when a person is overweight that it is self-inflicted. People associate heavy people, with those who do nothing, but stuff their face. The next time you see an overweight person, dont automatically assume their weight is self-inflicted. Dont stereotype them about being overweight with thoughts that they must eat way too much. Little do you know, but they might eat less than you.. Losing weight is not an easy thing to do despite what you may think. Overweight people are not lazy. It is not that we dont know when to leave the table. It is not just a matter of motivation. I for one have hypothyroid. Many hypothyroid patients struggle with an inability to lose weight. You dont know why a person is overweight. Society has ...
1.Barlow SE and the Expert Committee. Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report. Pediatrics 2007;120 Supplement December 2007:S164 - S192.. 2.Freedman DS, Mei Z, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS, Dietz WH. Cardiovascular risk factors and excess adiposity among overweight children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. J Pediatr. 2007;150(1):12 - 17.e2.. 3.Whitlock EP, Williams SB, Gold R, Smith PR, Shipman SA. Screening and interventions for childhood overweight: a summary of evidence for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Pediatrics. 2005;116(1):e125 - 144.. 4.Han JC, Lawlor DA, Kimm SY. Childhood obesity. Lancet. May 15 2010;375(9727):1737 - 1748.. 5.Sutherland ER. Obesity and asthma. Immunol Allergy Clin North Am. 2008;28(3):589 - 602, ix.. 6.Taylor ED, Theim KR, Mirch MC, et al. Orthopedic complications of overweight in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. Jun 2006;117(6):2167 - ...
While the negative health outcomes associated with obesity are accepted within the medical community, the health implications of the overweight category are more controversial. The generally accepted view is that being overweight causes similar health problems to obesity, but to a lesser degree. A 2016 review estimated that the risk of death increases by seven percent among overweight people with a BMI of 25 to 27.5 and 20 percent among overweight people with a BMI of 27.5 to 30.[10] The Framingham heart study found that being overweight at age 40 reduced life expectancy by three years.[11] Being overweight also increases the risk of oligospermia and azoospermia in men.[12] Katherine Flegal et al., however, found that the mortality rate for individuals who are classified as overweight (BMI 25 to 30) may actually be lower than for those with an ideal weight (BMI 18.5 to 25), noting that many studies show that the lowest mortality rate is at a BMI close to 25.[13][14] Being overweight has been ...
Objective: To determine the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity in French youth from 2009 to 2013 and to determine if there are differences in weight categories according to socio-economic status.. Design: Cross-sectional study performed in different regions of France. Physical measures included weight, height and BMI. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined according to age- and sex-specific BMI cut-off points from the International Obesity Task Force.. Setting: France.. Subjects: Children and adolescents (n 9670; 4836 boys, 4834 girls) from the French national BOUGE Program between 2009 and 2013.. Results: The prevalence of obesity was higher in boys than girls (P,0·05). In contrast, underweight was more prevalent in girls (P,0·05). Although there were no significant changes in overweight or underweight boys or girls from 2009 to 2013, there was a significant increase in obesity in boys and girls (P,0·05) during the same time period. The prevalence of underweight ...
In addition to the markers above, your dogs veterinarian can also let you know if your dog is overweight based on your dogs size and breed. The American Kennel Club has a more comprehensive list that can help owners identify if their dogs are overweight.. What can make your dog overweight. While there could be a number of medical conditions that are the reason behind your dog being overweight, the primary cause of overweight dogs is overeating. Different dog breeds have different nutritional requirements which not all owners may be aware of as noted by the Association for Pet Obesity Prevention. Because of this, overfeeding a dog is more common than most people think.. A sedentary lifestyle also contributes to dog obesity. The combination of no activity and an excess in consumed calories make sure that everything your dog eats turns into unhealthy fat.. Diet. Much like humans, a dogs weight is best controlled by paying attention and controlling what they eat. Make sure to give your dog just ...
The prevalence of obesity and overweight in most population is increasing alarmingly. This rise is associated with economic development, increasing urbanization, change in dietary and other lifestyle patterns and also reduced physical activity. Last studies showed that type 2 diabetes incidence rise with increasing body mass index (BMI). This paper evaluated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among diabetic patients. A total of 518 consecutive central-based patients (198 males and 320 females) with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were investigated in this prospective cross-sectional study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity (BMI > 25 kg/m²) was 76%. The mean of BMI in women was 26.66 ± 3.98 and in men was 28.70 ± 4.36. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 48% and 28%, respectively. This paper indicated a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in diabetic patients in Yazd (central province of Iran).. ...
Background:. The investigators know that exercise helps children develop strong bones and muscles and generally stay healthy. What is unclear however, is how much exercise a child needs to lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.. Objective:. The investigators will try to find out whether high-intensity exercise for a short-period of time is better than moderately intense exercise for improving the diabetes risk profile in teens who are at risk for type 2 diabetes.. The working hypothesis is that exercise-mediated improvements in insulin sensitivity (a risk factor for diabetes) will be greater following vigorous intermittent physical activity than following low intensity physical activity in overweight adolescents 13-18 yrs at risk for T2DM.. Brief Description of Research Project: Teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 yrs, who are at risk for type 2 diabetes (either by their family history or an abnormal response to sugar) will be randomly assigned to one of two activity groups or a ...
Originally published on ArlNow.com More than half of the dogs in the U.S. are overweight. Much like with people, it is a result of too much processed food, large portion sizes, and just plain overeating.. What amazes me the most about this epidemic is the number of dog owners who simply do not know that their dog is overweight. Check out this awesome chart at projectpetslimdown.com. Once you know your dogs body condition score (BCS) you can make adjustments to their feeding.. The easiest way to tell if your dog is overweight is to feel for their ribs. I recommend placing your thumbs on your dogs back bone and using your fingers to feel for the ribs. You should be able to feel your dogs ribs through no more than about a 1/4 inch of skin, muscle and fat. If you cannot easily feel your dogs ribs, without having to push down, then your dog is likely overweight.. If you do find that your dog is overweight, simply cut down on the amount of food they get per day and increase their exercise. Sound ...
...HERSHEY Pa. -- Overweight women are not receiving proper advice on he... Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with weight rete...Overweight is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 25-29 and ...Guidelines for weight gain are based on the weight of the woman at the...,Overweight,pregnant,women,not,getting,proper,weight-gain,advice,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Obesity is a huge problem in America that has already reached the ranks in the Army. Look inside any Army Reserve or Army National Guard unit and you will quickly discover that 15% up to 40% of the unit is overweight and unable to pass the height/weight standards and/or APFT. Obesity is a huge problem that really affects the readiness of the ARNG and USAR.. As a part-time Army leader, you have a HUGE challenge solving this issues, because you arent training with your Soldiers every day like the Active Duty Army does. That being said, there are still a few things you can do to help your overweight Soldiers. Here is what I recommend you do:. # 1 FLAG Your Overweight Soldiers. As a leader, you need to ensure your overweight soldiers are flagged. I truly believe that FLAGGING them is taking care of them. By doing so, you show them that you are serious about enforcing the Army Standards. It also shows your overweight Soldiers that if they want to advance their career they need to get in shape and ...
BACKGROUND: Very few studies on glucose abnormalities in European overweight/obese children and adolescents are available, and scientific evidence on the value of standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in childhood is lacking. We therefore aimed to establish prevalence and features of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in a large cohort of Italian overweight/obese children and adolescents and to assess the validity of standard OGTT in the paediatric population. METHODS: This is a 1-year observational study conducted on 736 (535 overweight/obese and 201 normal weight) consecutive paediatric patients attending the outpatient clinic of Paediatric Endocrine Unit. Clinical and biochemical parameters were collected for all participants. All overweight/obese subjects underwent OGTT. RESULTS: We observed a high prevalence of IFG (7.66%), more than twice that observed in other European children, but a low prevalence of IGT (3.18%) and T2D ...
Unfortunately, more teens are overweight or obese than ever before. This realization worries experts as they fear that a negative body image may compromise the mental health of teens.. This anxiety has lead to a new study that may provide hope as researchers discover overweight teens who are satisfied with their bodies are less depressed and less prone to unhealthy behaviors.. These findings could lead to proactive strategies to manage mental health among overweight adolescents.. In the study, researchers discovered overweight adolescents who are happy with the size and shape of their bodies report higher levels of self-esteem and may also be protected against the negative behavioral and psychological factors sometimes associated with being overweight.. Study findings will be published in an upcoming issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.. Investigators surveyed a group of 103 overweight adolescents between 2004 and 2006, assessing body satisfaction, weight-control behavior, importance ...
A University of Limerick study has found that mothers of overweight and obese children struggle to recognize their child as overweight or obese. The study reported on 7,655 mothers and their nine year old children using data from the national longitudinal study of children, Growing Up in Ireland. Study co-author, Professor Ailish Hannigan, highlighted that while three quarters of overweight mothers and 60% of obese mothers in the study recognised themselves as overweight or obese, mothers of overweight or obese children were much less likely to recognise this in their child. Just 1 in 6 mothers of obese children classified their child as moderately or very overweight.. Interestingly, overweight or obese mothers with accurate perceptions of their own weight were more likely to correctly classify their overweight or obese child, said study co-author, Dr. Helen Purtill. The public health significance of the study was highlighted by Dr. Kieran Dowd, Centre for Physical Activity and Health ...
OBJECTIVES: To examine overweight prevalence and its association with demographic and lifestyle factors in 11-15 year olds in the HBSC 2005-2006 survey. METHODS: Self-reports of height, weight, eating patterns, physical activity and sedentary behaviours were obtained from nationally representative samples in 41 countries (n=204,534). RESULTS: Overweight prevalence was highest in USA (28.8 %) and lowest in Latvia (7.6 %). In most countries, overweight was more prevalent in boys than girls. Overweight was consistently negatively associated with breakfast consumption and moderate to vigorous physical activity; OR range: 0.48-0.79 and 0.50-0.78, respectively. CONCLUSION: Overweight prevalence in youth remained high across the countries examined. The primary factors linked to overweight were breakfast consumption and physical activity. These data should contribute to formulating preventive programs and policies ...
Body mass index (BMI) and skeletal age (SA) are important indicators of individual growth and maturation. Although the results have not been unified, most studies indicated that accelerated skeletal maturation is associated with overweight/obesity. However, there have so far been insufficient studies about the association between accelerated skeletal maturation and overweight/obesity in preschoolers, particularly Asian children. A cross-sectional study was conducted on Chinese children to verify the association between accelerated skeletal maturation and overweight/obesity at preschool age. The study involved 1330 participants aged 3.1-6.6 years old (730 males and 600 females) in Shanghai, China. The skeletal age was determined according to the method of TW3-C RUS. Accelerated skeletal maturation was defined as relative SA (SA minus chronological age [CA]) ≥1.0 years. BMI was classified as thinness, normal weight, overweight, and obesity according to the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) BMI cut
Overweight in adolescence is considered an important predictor of long-term morbidity and mortality. The impact of adolescent overweight on adult overweight and related multiple cardiovascular risk factors was examined in a biracial (black-white) cohort (N = 783) who participated in two cross-sectio …
Civil servants are disposing individuals to sedentary lifestyle and, may lead to overweight and obesity. Thus, the purpose of the study was to identify factors associated with overweight and obesity among employees in Ethiopia ministries. Respondents who were age 45 years and above [AOR = 11.56, 95% CI 3.75-35.56], 35-44 years [AOR = 11.17, 95% CI 3.89-32.06] and 25-34 [AOR = 3.08 95% CI 1.07-8.83] were more likely to be overweight/obesity as compared to those who were in age category of 18-24 years. The study also found that ever alcohol consumption [AOR = 2.27, 95% CI 1.23, 4.16] was associated with increased risk of overweight and obesity as compared to non-consumers. Another risk factor was adult who did not practice ten minutes walk per day, more likely to overweight and obesity [AOR = 11.28, 95% CI 5.96-21.36] as compared to the counter parts. Similarly, participants who did not involve physical activity (sport) [AOR = 2.42% 95% CI 1.36-4.30] were 2.42 times more likely to overweight and obesity
OBJECTIVE: Many overweight adolescents display elevated risk for the development of eating disorders, as seen in higher rates of weight/shape concerns and disordered eating behaviors, but the extent of impairment in this subset of high-risk adolescents has not been explored.. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Eighty-one overweight adolescents (63% girls) presenting for an Internet-based weight loss program were assessed at baseline using the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale, and the Pediatric Quality of Life questionnaire. Adolescents who earned elevated scores on both the Weight Concern and Shape Concern subscales of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire were considered at high risk for the development of eating disorders (56.8%).. RESULTS: Comparisons of high- and normal-risk groups revealed that high-risk adolescents reported higher levels of depression [F(3,76) = 5.75, p = 0.019], anxiety [F(3,76) = 5.67, p = 0.020], and stress ...
The market for wearable devices that can be used for sustained health monitoring purposes is continuously growing within the healthcare sec- tor. However, to function effectively, these devices must collect a large amount of data from the users. There are privacy concerns that may inhibit the behavioural intention of overweight adult to use wearable de- vices for health monitoring in the long term. This study examined the privacy factors influencing the behavioural intention of overweight adult to make use of wearable devices of sustained health monitoring. The study made use of a qualitative research approach with an inter- view design. A purposive sampling technique was used to select and interview twenty overweight adults (aged 18-59 years) who are using wearable devices in East London, South Africa. The Expectation Confirmation Model (ECM) framework was adopted as the underlying re- search theory in this study. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data provided by participants. The ...
In this population-based study of Canadian adults, neither breakfast consumption (versus non-consumption) nor the type of breakfast consumed (whether or not RTEC was included) was consistently associated with BMI or the prevalence of overweight/obesity. For the overall adult population, mean BMI of breakfast non-consumers and those who consumed other breakfasts was almost identical (27.1 ± 0.3 and 27.1 ± 0.1 kg/m2, respectively). While mean BMI of RTEC breakfast consumers (26.5 kg/m2) was significantly lower than that of other breakfast consumers, the difference of 0.6 kg/m2 reflects a difference of only 1.7 kg at the mean population height of 1.68 m. Furthermore, the prevalence of overweight/obesity and the OR for being overweight/obese did not differ among the three breakfast groups for the adult population as a whole: Overweight/obesity prevalence was close to 60 % in all groups, and adjusted OR (and 95 % CI) for consumers of RTEC breakfasts and other breakfasts were 0.95 (0.72, 1.26) and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Child-feeding practices and child overweight perceptions of family day care providers caring for preschool-aged children. AU - Brann, Lynn S.. N1 - Funding Information: I would like to acknowledge the editorial assistance of Dr. Tanya Horacek. Core support for this research project was provided by the College of Human Ecology Research Center at Syracuse University. PY - 2010/9. Y1 - 2010/9. N2 - Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitudes, feeding practices, and child overweight perceptions of family day-care providers caring for preschool-aged children and to examine whether child feeding practices differ based on child weight perceptions. Method: One hundred twenty-three family day-care providers participated in this cross-sectional exploratory study and completed a self-administered survey measuring feeding attitudes and practices from the Child Feeding Questionnaire, demographic information, and self-reported height and weight. Participants selected ...
BACKGROUND/AIM: To study the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), insulin resistance (IR) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in overweight/obese children with clinical hepatomegaly and/or raised alanine aminotransferase (ALT).. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-three overweight and obese children, aged 2-13 years, presenting with hepatomegaly and/or raised ALT, were studied for the prevalence of MS, IR and NAFLD. Laboratory analysis included fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, serum triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) and liver biochemical profile, in addition to liver ultrasound and liver biopsy.. RESULTS: Twenty patients (60.6%) were labeled with MS. IR was present in 16 (48.4%). Fifteen (44%) patients had biopsy-proven NAFLD. Patients with MS were more likely to have NAFLD by biopsy (P=0.001). Children with NAFLD had significantly higher body mass index, waist circumference, ALT, total ...
Childhood overweight is not restricted to developed countries: a number of lower- and middle-income countries are struggling with the double burden of underweight and overweight. Another public health problem that concerns both developing and, to a lesser extent, developed countries is food insecurity. This study presents a comparative gender-based analysis of the association between household food insecurity and overweight among 10-to-11-year-old children living in the Canadian province of Québec and in the country of Jamaica. Analyses were performed using data from the 2008 round of the Québec Longitudinal Study of Child Development and the Jamaica Youth Risk and Resiliency Behaviour Survey of 2007. Cross-sectional data were obtained from 1190 10-year old children in Québec and 1674 10-11-year-old children in Jamaica. Body mass index was derived using anthropometric measurements and overweight was defined using Coles age- and sex-specific criteria. Questionnaires were used to collect data on food
For some time, there have been indications that the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents in Germany has stabilised at a high level. The second wave of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 2, 2014-2017) once again provides nationwide measurements on height and weight of children and adolescents aged 3 to 17 years. The results are confirming this trend. The prevalence of overweight is 15.4% and 5.9% for obesity. There are no differences between girls and boys. Overweight and obesity prevalence increases with age. Children and adolescents with low socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to be overweight and obese than those with high SES. Compared to the KiGGS baseline study (2003-2006), there was no further increase in overweight and obesity prevalence overall and in all age groups ...
Background Obesity and overweight are rising worldwide while underweight rates persist in low-income countries. The aim of this study was to examine changes in the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity among non-pregnant women aged 15-49 years, and its socio-demographic correlates in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods The data are from 2000, 2005 and 2011 nationally representative Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys in Addis Ababa. The dependent variable was womens nutritional status measured in terms of body mass index coded in binary outcomes to examine risk of being underweight (|18.5 kg/m2 vs. ≥18.5 kg/m2) or overweight/obese (|25 kg/m2 vs. ≤25 kg/m2). Logistic regression models were used to estimate the strength of associations. Results The prevalence of overweight/obesity increased significantly by 28%; while underweight decreased by 21% between 2000 and 2011. Specifically, the prevalence of urban obesity increased by 43.3% i.e., from 3.0% to 4.3% in about 15 years. Overall,
TY - JOUR. T1 - Childhood overweight and obesity and the risk of depression across the lifespan. AU - Gibson-Smith, Deborah. AU - Halldorsson, Thorhallur I.. AU - Bot, Mariska. AU - Brouwer, Ingeborg A.. AU - Visser, Marjolein. AU - Thorsdottir, Inga. AU - Birgisdottir, Bryndis E.. AU - Gudnason, Vilmundur. AU - Eiriksdottir, Gudny. AU - Launer, Lenore J.. AU - Harris, Tamara B.. AU - Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg. PY - 2020/1/21. Y1 - 2020/1/21. N2 - BACKGROUND: Obesity has been longitudinally associated with depression but only few studies take a life course approach. This longitudinal study investigates whether being overweight or obese at age 8 and 13 years is associated with depressive symptoms more than 60 years later and whether this association is independent of late-life body mass index (BMI). We also investigated the association of being overweight/obese at age 8 or 13 years with ever having major depressive disorder (lifetime MDD). METHOD: This analysis is based on a sub-sample of 889 ...
Obesity is defined as an excess of body weight, relative to height, that is attributed to an abnormally high proportion of body fat. A common metric to calculate presence and degree of obesity is body mass index (BMI). The mathematical formula is for BMI is weight in kilograms / (height in meters)². For adults, a BMI of 25-29.9 represents an overweight status, and a BMI over 30 corresponds to obesity. While there is no scientifically accepted definition of obesity in children and adolescents, pediatric overweight is defined as a BMI-for-age meeting or exceeding the 95th percentile; the 85th percentile marks the point at which a child or adolescent becomes at risk for overweight. Overweight and obesity, which are alarmingly on the rise among children, adolescents, and adults, are established risk factors for a number of medical complications and diseases including diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and sleep apnea. Obesity is not an eating disorder, but it can be associated with ...
BackgroundComparable evidence on adiposity inequalities in early life is lacking across a range of European countries. This study investigates whether low maternal education is associated with overweight and obesity risk in children from distinct European settings during early childhood. MethodsProspective data of 45 413 children from 11 European cohorts were used. Childrens height and weight obtained at ages 4-7 years were used to assess prevalent overweight and obesity according to the International Obesity Task Force definition. The Relative/Slope Indices of Inequality (RII/SII) were estimated within each cohort and by gender to investigate adiposity risk among children born to mothers with low education as compared to counterparts born to mothers with high education. Individual-data meta-analyses were conducted to obtain aggregate estimates and to assess heterogeneity between cohorts. ResultsLow maternal education yielded a substantial risk of early childhood adiposity across 11 European ...
There is a real link between overweight children and video games. Children who are or become overweight usually sit in front of a television or a computer the majority of the day and do nothing except play video games. As every parent knows this is not good for the health of any child. The child must not be, allowed to concentrate so intently on these games. An over weight child is at risk.. Some of these risks are heart problems developing; a risk of bone and joint problems developing. These overweight children will begin to have trouble with the bowels and the urinary tracks as well as become dependent upon junk foods. Some of these children can also develop breathing problems such as asthma.. The reason for all or this is the fact that the child becomes inactive. When anyone is inactive, the body metabolism begins to slow down. The slower the metabolism the less movement this creates fat cells to grow rapidly. This causes the child to become over weight. This can also cause the child to begin ...
BACKGROUND: Circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) was identified as a predictor of weight loss maintenance in overweight/obese women of the Diogenes project. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether ACE acted also as a predictor in men of the Diogenes study and to compare it with that in women. DESIGN: Subjects, who lost ≥ 8% of body weight induced by low-caloric diet in an 8-week weight loss period, were assigned to weight loss maintenance with dietary intervention for 6 months. SUBJECTS: 125 overweight/obese healthy men from eight European countries who completed whole intervention. MEASUREMENTS: Concentrations and activity of serum ACE at baseline and after the 8-week weight loss, in addition to anthropometric and physiological parameters. RESULTS: Serum ACE concentration decreased by 11.3 ± 10.6% during the weight loss period in men. A greater reduction is associated with less body weight regain during the maintenance period (r=0.227, P=0.012). ACE change was able to predict a weight regain
The incidence of several liver diseases, especially non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), has increased globally over the last few decades. During the same time, overweight, defined as a BMI above 25, and obesity, defined as a BMI above 30, have increased in both Europe and the USA, as well as globally. It has been estimated that if current trends continue, there will be more than two billion overweight and over one billion obese individuals worldwide by 2030. Obesity in adults has been linked to an increased risk for liver-related death or hospitalization in individuals both with and without liver disease, as well as a higher risk for liver cell cancer. In addition, overweight and obesity are associated with a worse prognosis in several liver diseases, such as NAFLD, hepatitis B and C, and alcoholic liver disease ...
Overweight girls who lose weight before they reach adulthood greatly reduced their risk for developing type 2 diabetes, according to researchers from the National Institutes of Health and Harvard Univ...
Over the past 3 decades the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased markedly in Ireland and worldwide. In the Republic of Ireland it is currently estimated that 60% of adults and 25% of children are overweight or obese. Obesity is a chronic disorder described by the World Health Organization as a condition of abnormal or excessive fat accumulation to the extent that health may be impaired. Excess body weight is associated with a significant burden of chronic disease, with attendant negative effects on overall life expectancy, disability-free life expectancy, quality of life, healthcare costs and productivity.. While the personal and social cost of this global phenomenon are incalculable, researchers and policy makers in a number of countries have estimated the economic costs of overweight and obesity. Estimates of the economic burden of illness provide critical information for priority setting, policy development and investment in both prevention and health services. The lack of ...
What is overweight and Obesity?. Overweight and obesity are both labels for ranges of weight that are greater than what is generally considered healthy for a given height. The terms also identify ranges of weight that have been shown to increase the likelihood of certain diseases and other health problems.. For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the body mass index (BMI). BMI is used because, for most people, it correlates with their amount of body fat. Overweight and Obesity means having excess body fat.. ...
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic disorders that include abdominal obesity, high blood sugar levels, blood pressure levels, cholesterol levels and triglyceride levels. MetS is turning out to be an epidemic thats spreading like wildfire affecting more than a quarter of the worlds population placing them at a higher risk of cardiovascular diseases, stroke and diabetes. Still, this is a disease that can be easily controlled by reducing your weight and eating a proper diet. Likewise, obesity/overweight also exists as a global epidemic with more than 1.9 billion people aged above 18 years branded as overweight and 650 million of them listed as obese (acc to WHO 2016 statistics). On a positive note, people are beginning to realize the importance of a healthy lifestyle and have started making healthy diet modifications. All these play an integral role in reducing the risk of MetS and overweight/obesity. Including more of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, proteins, dairy and nuts and ...
TOKYO -- Japans institutional investors remain overweight on domestic stocks, a recent survey shows.In the QUICK monthly survey for November, release
Daphne Roth, Head Equity Research, Asia at ABN AMRO Private Banking tells CNBCs Cash Flow why she remains overweight on Asia equities in 2013.
Overweight and obesity constitute global public health problems with consequences on health and productivity of workers. This study was designed to describe the gender variation in the factors associated with overweight, obesity and hypertension among civil servants in Lagos, Nigeria. This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in 280 civil servants recruited from seven local government areas in Lagos state using random sampling technique. A pre-tested, interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics and blood pressure. Weight, height and waist circumference (WC) were measured using standard procedure. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test at p = 0.05. Age was 44.8 ± 8.5 years, 68.2% were males and 80.4% were married. About 64% had tertiary education; higher in males (70.7%) than females (49.4%). The crude prevalence of overweight and obesity was 70.7%. Overweight was
Kidney failure may be sudden (acute) or chronic. Chronic kidney failure develops when kidney function progressively diminishes over time. When the kidneys of patients with chronic kidney failure no longer function, the patients are said to have end-stage renal disease (ESRD). They are usually treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation. Risk factors for chronic kidney failure and ESRD include diabetes, high blood pressure, and smoking. Some research suggests that being overweight or obese may contribute to loss of kidney function. Being overweight or obese increases a persons risk for diabetes and high blood pressure. Whether being overweight or obese increases risk for ESRD, independent of these other common risk factors, is unknown ...
Results Upwardly socially mobile participants did not have lower prevalence of overweight and obesity compared to the socially stable at low SEP (62.3 vs 63.9% in women). Downwardly socially mobile participants had higher prevalence of overweight and obesity than the socially stable at high SEP (52.0% vs 36.1% in women). The odds of adult overweight and obesity increased with social accumulation of disadvantage. Among women, one life phase in low SEP was associated with 61% higher odds (OR 1.61; 95% CI 1.05 to 2.47), two phases low with 66% higher odds (1.66; 1.14 to 2.42) and all phases low with 2.6 times the odds (2.61; 1.79 to 3.78) of overweight and obesity compared to women with all phases in high SEP. ...
Being overweight can raise the likelihood of being diagnosed with cancers of the stomach and digestive tract, as well as certain brain and reproductive tumors, international researchers said.. A report in the New England Journal of Medicine adds eight more kinds of cancer to the list of those already known to be more likely among overweight people.. In 2002, the World Health Organizations International Agency for Cancer on Research (IARC), based in France, said excess pounds could raise the risk of colon, esophagus, kidney, breast and uterine cancer.. Now, it has added stomach, liver, gall bladder, pancreas, ovary and thyroid cancers, as well as a type of brain tumor known as meningioma and the blood cancer multiple myeloma, the report said.. Researchers reviewed more than 1,000 studies of excess weight and cancer risks, saying that limiting weight gain over decades can help to reduce the risk of those cancers.. The burden of cancer due to being overweight or obese is more extensive than what ...
Group membership, loyalty, and weight are highly relevant for adolescent peer evaluations at school. This research tested how in-group/out-group membership affected judgments of peers who deviated from social norms for weight and loyalty. Two hundred and forty 11-13-year-olds (49 percent female; 94 percent Caucasian) judged two in-group or out-group peers: one was normative (loyal and average weight) and the other was non-normative (i.e., deviant). The deviant target was overweight, disloyal to their own group (school), or both (doubly deviant). Derogation of overweight relative to average weight peers was greater if they were in-group rather than out-group members, revealing a strong black sheep effect for overweight peers. Disloyal out-group deviants were judged favorably, but this effect was eliminated if they were doubly deviant, suggesting that their disloyalty was insufficient to overcome the overweight stigma. Consistent with developmental subjective group dynamics theory, effects ...
About 8,100 load shift tickets were issued in 2017 for overweight axle or axle group load limit violations. TRC2001 will determine if there is a significant amount of damage on Arkansas roadways due to overweight axle or axle group loads and determine pavement and bridge repair life-cycle costs attributed to overweight axle and axle groups. A literature review and a survey to other State departments of transportation (DOTs) will identify various methodological approaches. Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) training will support pavement conditions assessment. The research team will then develop a methodology to quantify damages caused by overweight axle and axle groups. The survey results, load shift citations, and data from FWD tests will be collected and analyzed. ...
Central obesity has been associated with adverse events in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). We undertook this study to evaluate predictors of overweight awareness, desire to lose weight and weight loss attempts in patients with CVD and central obesity. Association of physician-rendered diagnosis of overweight with weight loss attempts was also evaluated. Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 -2004 were used. CVD was defined as self-referred history of coronary artery disease or stroke. Central obesity was determined based on a waist circumference , 102 cm in men and , 88 cm in women. Motivational factors considered as determinant for behavioral change that were evaluated included: participants awareness of their overweight status; desire to lose weight; any weight loss attempts in last year. We examined demographic, anthropometric and clinical determinants of each stage of change using multivariate models. Of the 1484 participants with CVD that were ...
Patients who underwent LTx presented with a progressive increase in BMI and excessive weight (table II). The median BMI and the prevalence of obesity three years after LTx were greater than before liver disease. Greater relative weight gain was seen the first year after LTx (an average weight gain of 9.0 kg in relation to the weight the first post-LTx appointment). Patients with overweight or obesity at each evaluation had greater weight loss (in relation to their weight before liver disease and immediately after LTx) and greater weight gain in relation to those with under or normal weight.. A significant number of patients who were overweight or obese one, two and three years after LTx were also overweight before having liver disease (McNemar test; p , 0.01), but the percentage of patients with excessive weight was higher within two and three years after surgery than before liver disease (51.3% and 56.3% versus 49.4%). Independent risk factors for weight gain one, two and three years after ...
|p|The impact of ER XbaI and PvuII α gene polymorphisms on overweight and obesity were studied in 77 subjects with Down Syndrome (DS), of which 32 were children (18 boys, 14 girls), mean age 8.7 ± 2.3 years, and 45 adolescents (28 boys, 17 girls) mean age 14 ± 2.5 years. Their lifestyle was compared to 40 healthy age-matched controls. DS subjects had significant lesser physical activity than controls (p<0.05) and a lower caloric intake than the recommended requirements, which was significantly lesser than controls (p<0.05). Body Mass Index (BMI), Arm Circumference (AC) and Triceps Skinfold Thickness (TST) were significantly higher in DS subjects than controls (p<0.05), while metabolic and cardiovascular parameters were not significantly different between the groups (p>0.05). The frequency of ER genotypes in DS subjects was compared with the healthy controls, finding that there was a high prevalence of XXER genotype in DS subjects. Children and adolescents with DS,
TY - JOUR. T1 - Insufficient Physical Activity and Overweight. T2 - Does Caregiver Screen-Viewing Matter?. AU - Lin, Yi Ching. AU - Fung, Xavier C.C.. AU - Tsai, Meng-Che. AU - Strong, Carol. AU - Hsieh, Yi Ping. AU - Lin, Chung Ying. PY - 2019/1/15. Y1 - 2019/1/15. N2 - Physical activity (PA) is essential for childrens health and well-being, yet many children around the world do not meet the recommended PA levels. Screen-viewing behavior is one of the possible factors leading to low levels of PA and being overweight. Although research in Western countries shows that caregivers screen-viewing behavior and rule-setting are associated with their childrens screen-viewing behavior, these results may not be generalizable to East Asian populations. Therefore, the current study proposed two mediation models to investigate whether insufficient physical activity mediates the relationship between childrens screen viewing behavior and overweight status, and whether such screen-viewing behavior mediates ...
In addition to these health risks, overweight children tend to go through puberty earlier. There are also social consequences of being an overweight child which can lead to low self-esteem and a decreased quality of life. Overweight children and adolescents are often targets of early social discrimination. Some research indicates that the psychological stress of social labeling can cause low self-esteem which, in turn, can effect academic and social functioning which may continue into adulthood.. ...
Childhood predictors of becoming overweight or obese as adults in New Zealand include being male, born into a single-parent family, having parents with larger body size and limited or no breastfeeding, new University of Otago research reveals.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Overweight among New Zealand adolescents: Associations with ethnicity and deprivation. AU - Utter, Jennifer. AU - Denny, Simon. AU - Crengle, Sue. AU - Ameratunga, Shanthi. AU - Robinson, Elizabeth. AU - Clark, Terryann. AU - Percival, Teuila. AU - Maddison, Ralph. PY - 2010/12. Y1 - 2010/12. N2 - Objectives. The objectives of the current study are: to describe the prevalence of overweight/obesity among New Zealand adolescents and to describe the demographic characteristics, including neighbourhood deprivation, associated with overweight/obesity. Methods. Data for the current study were collected as part of Youth07, a national survey of the health and well-being of 9 107 New Zealand secondary school students (approximate ages 13 to 17 years). Students answered a comprehensive, multimedia survey about their health and wellbeing and were weighed and measured for height. Small area deprivation was measured by the New Zealand Deprivation Index, based on the students residential ...
Research suggests there are factors that may exacerbate or otherwise serve as a protective factor for the effects being overweight. This study explores the association between BMI and adolescents academic achievement, and the moderating effects of individual-level (e.g., race/ethnicity) and socio-contextual factors (e.g., economic disadvantage) on this association. Furthermore, research suggests that overweight adolescents are at an increased risk of becoming overweight adults. As such, other developmental outcomes may be impacted as adolescents mature into young adulthood. Given this likelihood, the association between BMI and achievement over time was also tested. Findings suggests an overlapping sphere of influence on BMI and adolescents academic achievement, as well as a consistent effect of BMI on achievement as adolescents enter into young adulthood.
Lots of people think that being overweight is an appearance issue. But being overweight can impact a persons entire quality of life, affecting things like emotions, energy, and sleep.