From vapor pressure osmometry data, the activity of water, osmotic coeffs. and mean ionic activity coeffs. of glycine (m = 0.006-3.2 mol/kg-1), L-histidine (m = 0.005-0.23 mol/kg-1), L-histidine monohydrochloride (m = 0.008-0.63 mol/kg-1), glutamic acid (m = 0.004-0.05 mol/kg-1), sodium L-glutamate (m = 0.007-0.6 mol/kg-1), and calcium L-glutamate (m = 0.008-0.6 mol/kg-1) have been obtained in aq. solns. at 298.15 and 310.15 K. The Pitzer equations and the mean spherical approxn. (MSA) are used for theor. modeling. ...
High-Throughput Osmometry Product: Advanced 20G osmometer Applications: Cell culture process development and optimization Features: New approaches to accelerate cell culture process development and optimization require higher sample throughput for osmolality testing. The Advanced 20G high-throughput osmometer was developed by combining state-of-the-art osmometry technology and robotics within a parallel sample processing scheme. Samples can be analyzed in 96-well format within 35 minutes, with the same accuracy as provided by stand-alone osmometers. This system has been applied to support osmolality…. ...
In this worksheet, we will practice using the mass, van t Hoff factor, and osmotic pressure of a solute to calculate its molar mass.
KNAUER develop and manufacture scientific instruments for liquid chromatography systems and components, including high-performance liquid chromatography.
The serum osmolality calculator determines blood osmolarity, by using the BUN, glucose and ethanol value and the equation that delivers the mOsm/Kg answer.
In DHYD, serum osmolality increased at 3% (p = 0.005) and 5% (p , 0.001) ETBW losses, while FR decreased serum osmolality at the 5% loss of ETBW time point (p = 0.009). In DHYD, KE muscle volume declined from 1,464 ± 446 ml to 1,406 ± 425 ml (3.9%, p , 0.001) at 3% ETBW loss and to 1,378 ± 421 ml (5.9%, p , 0.001) at 5% ETBW loss. The largest decline in KE volume in DYHD occurred in the mid-belly (31 ml, p = 0.001) and proximal (24 ml, p = 0.001) regions of the grouped vasti muscles. There were no changes in volume for the biceps/triceps (p = 0.35) or deltoid (p = 0.92) during DHYD. FR prevented the loss of KE muscle volume at 3% (1,430 ± 435 ml, p = 0.074) and 5% (1,431 ± 439 ml, p = 0.156) ETBW loss time points compared to baseline (1,445 ± 436 ml).. ...
Membranes surround the individual cells of animals and organelles within the cell. They are composed of lipids and proteins. Specific proteins are responsible for the transport of specific inorganic ions across the membrane. Invariably, this transport of inorganic ions across […]
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In the recent consensus statement by Kitabchi et al. (1) is a serious contradiction. In diagnosis, the authors write that "the initial laboratory evaluation of patients with suspected [diabetic keotacidosis] … should include determination of … osmolality … Studies on serum osmolality and mental alteration have established a positive linear relationship between osmolality and mental obtundation (14). The occurrence of stupor or coma in diabetic patients in the absence of definitive elevation of effective osmolality (320 mOsm/kg) demands immediate consideration of other causes of mental status change." In sharp contrast to this statement is Table 1 of the consensus statement, where the effective serum osmolality is in all three categories of mental status, "Alert," "Alert/drowsy," and "Stupor/coma," the same: "variable." On the other hand, the mental status "Alert" has arterial pH of 7.25 to 7.30, "Alert/drowsy" 7.00 to ,7.25, and "Stupor/coma" ,7.00. Thus, the impression from this Table 1 ...
In the Dehydration Recognition in our Elders Study (DRIE) Study, we found that none of the commonly-used signs and symptoms of dehydration (feeling thirsty, dryness of the skin, eyes, or oral mucosa; loss of skin elasticity; fever; rapid pulse; hypotension; urine colour) were effective in identifying low-intake dehydration in older people living in care homes. This is when compared to the reference standard (or gold standard) of serum osmolality.. Health professionals and care workers often rely on these signs and symptoms of dehydration to identify residents who they think may be dehydrated because they are easy to use, inexpensive and provide instantaneous results, so the aim for this research was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of these commonly-used tests to know whether they work or not. It is important to establish the accuracy of tests so that health professionals and care workers can provide appropriate care. ​. In our DRIE Study, 188 care home residents participated, and we ...
I have heard other sjogrens people say in the early stages they experienced times of excessive saliva production alternating with too little. I occassionally have a lot and then none at all. I will say when I first started the evoxac we did it 3 times a day and I drooled really bad. Cut back to 1-2 a day and it solved that problem. I wish I could offer more help. I suggest you see a neuro and get screened again if you are worried ...
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The behavior of monoclonal antibodies at high concentrations is important in downstream processing, drug formulation, and drug delivery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the osmotic pressure of a highly purified monoclonal antibody at concentrations up to 250 g/L over a range of pH and ionic strength, and in the presence of specific excipients, using membrane osmometry. Independent measurements of the second virial coefficient were obtained using self-interaction chromatography, and the net protein charge was evaluated using electrophoretic light scattering. The osmotic pressure at pH 5 and low ionic strength was ,50 kPa for antibody concentrations above 200 g/L. The second virial coefficients determined from the oncotic pressure (after subtracting the Donnan contribution) were in good qualitative agreement with those determined by self-interaction chromatography. The second virial coefficient decreased with increasing ionic strength and increasing pH due to the reduction in ...
Looking for quebracho? Find out information about quebracho. name for a tanning substance and for the trees from which it comes, chiefly the red quebracho, or quebracho colorado , of the family Anacardiaceae . Explanation of quebracho
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Question - Reddish bumps on the back of the tongue, excessive saliva production, whitish tongue. Difficulty in swallowing. Remedy? . Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Swallowing difficulties, Ask a Dentist
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A 76-year-old man had a hypopituitarism including adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadism and hypothyroidism. Based on various findings including the swelling of the pituitary gland, increase of serum IgG4 level and abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration in immunostaining of the pituitary gland, we diagnosed this subject as IgG4-related hypophysitis. In general, a high-dose glucocorticoid treatment is effective for IgG4-related disease. His clinical symptom, laboratory data and adrenal insufficiency were almost improved without any therapy. The serum IgG4 level was decreased and pituitary size was normalized with hydrocortisone as physiological replacement. This case report provides the possibility that IgG4 level is decreased spontaneously or with physiological dose of glucocorticoid therapy. ...
Only male Asian Elephants have tusks, so in areas where poaching for ivory is high, it can lead to highly skewed sex ratios among the surviving population. Elephants are also poached for leather or for their meat.. Another threat peculiar to Asian Elephants is that of trafficking of live animals: elephants are in demand, particularly in the forestry industry and work within the toruism industry. To meet the demand, particularly for young animals for the latter, elephants are seized from the wildin Myanmar and smuggled across the border into Thailand. TRAFFIC first drew attention to this illegal trade in live Asian Elephants in 2008, and followed this up with an in-depth study. The Thai authorities have taken action, with seizures of unregistered and illegally registered elephants from elephant camps and regulations introduced for the compulsory registration of domesticated elephants.. ...
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Serious acute complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) characterised by increased serum osmolality and hyperglycaemia but distinguishable from diabetec ketocaidosisi (DKA) from the lack of ketone production and more moderate metabolic acidosis ...
Insulin is a principle mediator of metabolic and reproductive function and could provide an indicator for health status in elephants as in humans, equines and other species. This study was intended to validate a radioimmunoassay for insulin in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Four Asian elephant cows (age 11-39 y) at the Fort Worth Zoo were fed coastal hay only overnight ...
Name: Drug, bio-affecting and body treating compositions > Designated organic active ingredient containing (doai) > Phosphorus containing other than solely as part of an inorganic ion in an addition salt doai > P-x-x containing (x is chalcogen ...
నెల్లూరు: మనుబోలు మండలం బద్వేలు క్రాస్‌రోడ్డు దగ్గర కారు బోల్తా, ముగ్గురికి గాయాలు,కర్నూలు: 16 వ రోజు జగన్ ప్రజా సంకల్ప యాత్ర,రంగారెడ్డి: మైలార్‌దేవ్‌పల్లిలో కింగ్స్‌ కాలనీలో ముస్తఫా అనే వ్యక్తిపై దుండగుల కాల్పులు,కడప: జగన్ సీఎం అయితే తన ఆస్తులు పెరుగుతాయి..చంద్రబాబు సీఎంగా ఉంటే ప్రజల ఆస్తులు పెరుగుతాయి: మంత్రి సోమిరెడ్డి,సిరిసిల్ల: అన్ని గ్రామాల్లో కేసీఆర్ గ్రామీణ ప్రగతి ...
Only pastilles indicated to help saliva production during sleep Patients Samples Bag of 25 Limit of 1 bag per order. If more is ordered, 1 bag w.... View full details ...
A non-volatile solute has a low tendency to escape as vapor from a solution. Its vapor pressure is less than the vapor pressure of the...
Figure S1. Predictions of monthly probability of birth inferred from climatic data in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Here, in contrast to the model in Figure , this model does not explicitly include birth month, but only considered the climatic data at birth (in addition to birth order and sex). The association with birth month was performed a posteriori: For each calf we calculated the predicted probability of birth based on climatic conditions at birth, and then computed the average probability of birth across all calves born in each month. The dashed line indicates the probability of birth if births were distributed equally across months.. Figure S2. Predictions of the probability that calves die between 1 and 5 years of age by birth months, in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Predictions were calculated for each calf individually and then averaged across birth months. As such, predictions captured the effect of sex, birth order, relatedness, location, and cohort effects.. Table S1. Summary table ...
Saliva production, salivary flow & composition, and salivary dysfunction. Big impact on health. Not just about the quantity of saliva, but also the quality!
Abstract. A selection of models for estimating vapour pressures have been tested against experimental data for a set of compounds selected for their particular relevance to the formation of atmospheric aerosol by gas-liquid partitioning. The experimental vapour pressure data (all ,100 Pa) of 45 multifunctional compounds provide a stringent test of the estimation techniques, with a recent complex group contribution method providing the best overall results. The effect of errors in vapour pressures upon the formation of organic aerosol by gas-liquid partitioning in an atmospherically relevant example is also investigated. The mass of organic aerosol formed under typical atmospheric conditions was found to be very sensitive to the variation in vapour pressure values typically present when comparing estimation methods. ...
The vapor pressure of water at 25 degrees Celsius is 23.8 mmHg. The formula for calculating the vapor pressure of water is P = exp (20.386 - 5132 /T) mmHg. P stands for the vapor pressure in mmHg...
Influence of the lime on inorganic ion and glucosinolate contents in Chinese cabbage - Calcium;Chinese cabbage;Inorganic ion;Glucosinolates;Slaked lime;
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
When you click a link on this website and it brings you to a particular merchant site and make a purchase, this will result in a commission that is credited to this website! Akes 2 to 4 hours. 1 reason doctors prescribe antibiotics to adults," says Ralph Gonzales, a professor of medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. Il peut aussi interagir avec la rifampicine, cephalexin for cats upper respiratory le phénobarbital, la phénytoïne et la carbamazépine. Sodium is the dominant cation in extracellular fluid and the primary determinant of serum osmolality! You have spent so much money on drugs, cephalexin dosage for cats uriinjections,surgeries etc and yet you have no good result to show for it? In der Schweiz, in der EU und in den USA ist es hingegen nicht registriert! Barium x-rays may also be used to determine the severity and size of an ulcer? Wenn Erektionsstörungen werden durch psychologische Faktoren bei der Behandlung von Stress verursacht, cephalexin when to take um es ...
ACT® Dry Mouth Lozenges offer patients a great-tasting and convenient way to moisturize oral mucosa, soothe oral dryness and stimulate saliva production on the go.
Mineral referss to a group inorganic ions in their elemental from. The essential minerals for nutrition, which must be supplied in the diet, may be classified as :1. Macroelements - essential for the normal development and functioning of the body at levels of 100 mg or more per day.2. Microelements - essential to the body…
Words with pair BR sorted by length. bromizing, quebracho, intercalibrations, lugubriousnesses... Find all the words formed by specified pair of letters here!
BACKGROUND: Tannins added to animal diets may have a positive effect on energy and protein utilisation in the rumen. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different sources and concentrations (20, 50, 100, 150 and 200 g kg-1 dry matter (DM)) of condensed (acacia and quebracho) and hydrolysable (chestnut and valonea) tannins on rumen microbial fermentation in vitro. The experiment also included a negative control with no tannins (control) and a positive control with monensin (10mg L-1). RESULTS: In vitro gas production and total volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentration decreased as tannin concentration increased. Addition of acacia, chestnut or valonea tannins at ≥50 g kg-1 or quebracho tannins at ≥100 g kg-1 resulted in a decrease (up to 40%) in methane (CH4) production compared with the control. Valonea tannins were the only tannin source that reduced (-11%) CH4 production at 50 g kg-1 without affecting VFA concentration. Tannin treatments reduced ammonia (NH3) and ...
The molecular weight and aggregation tendency of a reference-soil fulvic acid in Armadale horizon Bh were determined by vapor-pressure osmometry using tetrahydrofuran and water as solvents. With tetrahydrofuran, number-average molecular weight values of 767 ?? 34 and 699 ?? 8 daltons were obtained from two separate sets of measurements. Two sets of measurements with water also yielded values within this range (754 ?? 70 daltons) provided that the fulvic acid concentration in water did not exceed 7 mg ml-1; at higher concentrations (9.1-13.7 mg ml-1) a number-average molecular weight of 956 ?? 25 daltons was resolved, providing evidence of molecular aggregation. Extension of these studies to 80% neutralized fulvic acid showed that a sizeable fraction of the sodium counter ion is not osmotically active....
R. J. Quesada, M Gorman, E., Cebra, C. K., Verdugo, C., and Mosley, C. A., "Direct colloid osmometry in healthy New World camelids.", Veterinary clinical pathology / American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 248-52, 2011. ...
1EMY: CRYSTAL STRUCTURE OF ASIAN ELEPHANT (ELEPHAS MAXIMUS) CYANO-MET MYOGLOBIN AT 1.78 ANGSTROMS RESOLUTION. PHE 29 (B10) ACCOUNTS FOR ITS UNUSUAL LIGAND BINDING PROPERTIES
Prices in US$ apply to orders placed in the Americas only. Prices in GBP apply to orders placed in Great Britain only. Prices in € represent the retail prices valid in Germany (unless otherwise indicated). Prices are subject to change without notice. Prices do not include postage and handling if applicable. RRP: Recommended Retail Price ...
The vapor pressure of pure ethanol at 20 degrees C is 44 mmHg, and the vapor pressure of pure methanol at the same temperature is 94 mmHg. In a solution of the two, the mole fraction of ethanol is .439; the mole fraction for methanol ...
In our study, the equiosmolar load of mannitol and HS led to similar acute increases in serum osmolality by the end of infusion, which is consistent with the data of Erard et al. ,22 who compared an equiosmolar load but different volumes of 7.5% HS and 20% mannitol. With both agents, we observed a sustained increase in blood osmolality for 6 h, and an increase in CSF osmolality 6 h after the treatment. Because the composition of CSF is highly dependent on the integrity of the BBB, an observed increase of osmolality in CSF with both agents and an increase of Na in CSF with HS may reflect an impaired permeability of the BBB. On the other hand, it may suggest dynamics of mannitol and sodium over time across the BBB. Recently, Ito et al. 23 reported an increase in CSF sodium over time after a single bolus of HS in dogs with an intact BBB. With an impaired BBB, aggravation of cerebral edema with HS has been repoted,24,25 suggesting a potentially detrimental effect of HS due to leakage of sodium ...
Measurement of osmolality aids interpretation of electrolyte disturbance in the context of SIADH (especially following head injury/surgery), diabetes insipidus, confirmation of laboratory-derived electrolyte findings, and diagnosis of alcohol/ethylene glycol abuse via determination of the osmolar gap. Measurement of serum osmolality is best performed in conjunction with that of urine osmolality to assess the appropriateness of the renal response.. ...
Video on vapor pressure, which is the pressure caused by the evaporation of liquids. Three common factors that influence vapor press are surface area, intermolecular forces and temperature.
Vapour pressure of an aqueous solution of glucose is 750 mm of Hg at 373K. Calculate the molality and mole fraction of solution. ...
SACAQMD RULE 447 ORGANIC LIQUID LOADING LAST REVISED 11/16/93 SACRAMENTO METROPOLITAN AQMD RULES AND REGULATIONS RULE 447 ORGANIC LIQUID LOADING Adopted 1-14-74 (Amended 11-20-84, 4-18-89, 4-30-91, 11-16-93) INDEX 100 GENERAL 101 PURPOSE 110 EXEMPTION, LOW VAPOR PRESSURE MATERIALS 200 DEFINITIONS 201 BACKGROUND 202 BULK PLANTS 203 BULK TERMINAL 204 EXEMPT COMPOUNDS 205 LEAK FREE 206 LOADING FACILITY 207 VAPOR TIGHT 208 VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS 300 STANDARDS 301 VAPOR RECOVERY REQUIRED 302 VAPOR RECOVERY REQUIREMENTS, BULK TERMINALS 303 VAPOR RECOVERY REQUIREMENTS, BULK PLANTS 304 EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE 305 VAPOR DIAPHRAGM REQUIREMENTS 400 ADMINISTRATIVE REQUIREMENTS 401 COMPLIANCE SCHEDULE 500 MONITORING AND RECORDS 501 TESTING PROCEDURE 502 RECORDS 100 GENERAL 101 PURPOSE: To limit emissions from the loading of organic liquids. 110 EXEMPTION, LOW VAPOR PRESSURE ORGANIC LIQUIDS: The loading of organic liquids having a vapor pressure less than 0.5 psia under actual loading conditions is exempt ...
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Deionized water is pure from heavy metals and inorganic ions that interfere with analytical procedures employing atomic absorption photometry, chromatography,
Name: Drug, bio-affecting and body treating compositions > Designated organic active ingredient containing (doai) > Nitrogen containing other than solely as a nitrogen in an inorganic ion of an addition salt, a nitro or a nitroso doai > Thiocarboxamides, (i.e., c(=s)-n ...