article{2fa90bd3-8499-4b42-9d3c-c05bbdf377b8, abstract = {,p,The effect of alertness on the time constant of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) and the time constant of the slow rise of the optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) was studied in nine pigmented rabbits. When the rabbits were alerted by vibration, the time constant of the VOR was prolonged, and that of the slow rise in OKN was shortened, whereas the gain of VOR and OKN remained largely unaffected. These findings agree with the suggestion that the state of alertness affects the vestibular system by way of the so-called velocity storage mechanism.,/p,}, author = {Magnusson, M}, issn = {0196-0709}, keyword = {Algorithms,Animals,Arousal,Models, Biological,Nystagmus, Physiologic,Physical Stimulation,Rabbits,Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular,Time Factors,Vibration,Comparative Study,Journal Article,Research Support, Non-U.S. Govt}, language = {eng}, month = {09}, number = {5}, pages = {9--353}, publisher = {W.B. Saunders Ltd}, series = {American Journal of ...
The purpose of eye movements is to ensure clear, optimal vision. In order to see clearly, images must be held steady on the retina. Best visual acuity is achieved when the image of the object of interest is brought to and held on the fovea of the retina. Two main types of eye movements are responsible for that: those that keep images stable on the retina (gaze holding mechanisms) and those that change the line of sight (gaze shifting mechanisms). Several functional classes of eye movements have been defined; each has distinctive physiological properties that suit best to its particular task. Thus, vestibular and optokinetic eye movements hold images of the seen world steady on the retina during perturbations of the head. Saccades are rapid eye movements that bring the image of an object of interest, detected in the periphery of vision, onto the fovea where it can be seen best. Smooth pursuit eye movements place the images of a moving target close to fovea. Vergence eye movements place the images ...
The postnatal development of two avian brain areas, the nucleus of the basal optic root (nBOR) and the lentiform nucleus of the mesencephalon (LM), was studied using the 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) method. Previous studies have shown that these nuclei respond to whole field visual motion, which is used for optokinetic eye movements. In the present study vertical whole field visual motion presented to one eye resulted in the accumulation of 2-DG label in the contralateral nBOR in both hatchlings and 3-week or older chicks. In hatchlings the nBOR was diffusely labeled whether upward or downward motion was used as the test stimulus, whereas in older birds the label was localized within different subdivisions of the nBOR depending on the direction of vertical motion: upward motion resulted in concentration of 2-DG label in the dorsal nBOR, whereas downward motion resulted in label in the ventral nBOR. Horizontal whole field visual motion presented to one eye resulted in 2-DG label in the contralateral ...
Complex spikes generated in a cerebellar Purkinje cell via a climbing fiber have been assumed to encode errors in the performance of neuronal circuits involving Purkinje cells. To reexamine this notion, in this review I analyzed structures of motor control systems involving the cerebellum. A dichotomy was found between the two types of error: sensory and motor errors play roles in the feedforward and feedback control conditions, respectively. To substantiate this dichotomy, here in this article I reviewed recent data on neuronal connections and signal contents of climbing fibers in the vestibuloocular reflex, optokinetic eye movement response, saccade, hand reaching, cursor tracking, as well as some other cases of motor control. In our studies, various sources of sensory and motor errors were located in the neuronal pathways leading to the inferior olive. We noted that during the course of evolution, control system structures involving the cerebellum changed rather radically from the prototype seen in
Cats were submitted to repeated step stimulations either vestibular or optokinetic. Regardless of which of the two stimuli was used, dynamic modifications were observed in both vestibulo-ocular response and optokinetic after-nystagmus (OKAN). The pro
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Bremner, J. Gavin (1989) Perceptual & intellectual development in infancy. Science Progress, 73 (292). pp. 443-456. ISSN 0036-8504. Crawford, Trevor and Goodrich, S. and Henderson, L. and Kennard, Christopher (1989) Predictive responses in Parkinsons disease: manual keypresses and saccadic eye movements to regular stimulus events. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 52 (9). pp. 1033-1042. ISSN 0022-3050. Crawford, Trevor and Henderson, Leslie and Kennard, Christopher (1989) Abnormalities of nonvisually-guided eye movements in Parkinsons Disease. Brain, 112 (6). pp. 1573-1586. ISSN 0006-8950. Lewis, Clive and Walker, Peter (1989) Typographic influences on reading. British Journal of Psychology, 80. pp. 241-257. ISSN 0007-1269. Lueck, C J and Tanyeri, S and Mossman, S and Crawford, T J and Kennard, C (1989) Unilateral reversal of smooth pursuit and optokinetic nystagmus. Revue Neurologique, 145 (8-9). pp. 656-660. ISSN 0035-3787. ...
Sam Chown, drummer for the psychedelic synth prog duo Zorch, has released the first song and visuals from his upcoming solo project Shmu. "House of Stares" is much less spastic and speedy than Zorch, relying more on funky grooves then dense layers of synths. It works really well and creates a pretty creepy atmosphere with Chowns haunting vocal repeating the hook as if it were a mantra.. The video is build of raw cuts of Chown wandering around in a carnival wearing pink pajamas and playing around with mirrors as well as some simple visual after effects.. Discipline/Communication is set to be released June 5th. "House of Stares" can be downloaded now via Consequence of Sound here. ...
I have no doubt that most of the people who had a hard time taking their eyes off the girl with the spastic walk, were good people. I dont judge you or wish you ill will. I only ask that from this point on, you make a conscious effort to not stare at the adults or children who cannot control their physical limitations. The memories I have will be with me forever, but Id love for the disabled children nowadays to be able to look back at their childhood and not remember receiving a long, blank stare ...
Jai décidé de commencer lannée avec un triplé: Tryptych, un triple CD signé Demdike Stare, le duo électro-dub de Sean Canty et Miles Whittaker - mais "électro-dub" donne une mauvaise idée de leur musique qui savère parfois très expérimentale. Tryptych réunit trois albums parus sur vinyle en 2010 (Forest of Evil, Liberation Through Hearing et Voices of Dust), plus 40 minutes de matériel supplémentaire réparti à la fin des trois disques compacts. Ces trois albums suivent des veines similaires, même sils ont chacun leurs idiosyncrasies: Forest of Evil est plus "musique concrète" et propose deux longues suites; Liberation Through Hearing est plus dub (basses profondes, arrangements très spatieux); enfin Voices of Dust met laccent sur les sources premières du duo, soit une vaste collection de vinyles en tout genre. Par leur goût du vieux vinyle, on peut dire que Demdike Stare offre une variation plus électro-dub de lapproche dun Philip Jeck. Et ce triplé est très ...
As a dwarf, I get stared at a lot. Thats why the "This American Life" story resonated with me. Though Id like to think that I share some kind of bond with attractive people who suffer through the stares of others, there are significant differences between the stares generated by dwarfs, even attractive dwarfs, and those generated by attractive people in general. The differences arent just about the motivation behind a stare. There is also a difference within the consequences of those who stare. In his routine, Birbiglia looked away from the woman because he knew it was wrong to stare. He talked about the dividing line between acceptable behavior and creepy behavior. In my opinion, that line exists because attractive people are held in more esteem than others. They hold power over others. With dwarfs, that line doesnt exist, at least not to the same extent as it does with attractive people. If it does exist, it exists in a space that is farther away from acceptable behavior, which allows the ...
A H-R diagram (the red line represents the Main Sequence Stars).. Stages in the Life of an Evolving Star Welcome to the life of a new born star. Main sequence stars are a range of stars based on size and surface temperature starting from the hot, bright, bluish stars in the upper left corner of a H-R diagram to the cool , dim, reddish stars in teh lower right corner of the diagram. Life for new stars begins in the Main Sequence. These mature stars undergo a remarkable transformation after they consume all the hydrogen in their core. With the hydrogen consumed, stars leave the main sequence and expand to form red giants. With this new stage, the fusion of helium begins to form heavier elements like Oxygen and Carbon. This process of expansion- collapse-expansion of stars forms the light elements present in the universe (up to Fe). Life in the Suburbs : a Main Sequence Star. Main sequence stars are stars who s luminosity and surface temperature place it in the main sequence of a Hertzsprung- ...
A H-R diagram (the red line represents the Main Sequence Stars).. Stages in the Life of an Evolving Star Welcome to the life of a new born star. Main sequence stars are a range of stars based on size and surface temperature starting from the hot, bright, bluish stars in the upper left corner of a H-R diagram to the cool , dim, reddish stars in teh lower right corner of the diagram. Life for new stars begins in the Main Sequence. These mature stars undergo a remarkable transformation after they consume all the hydrogen in their core. With the hydrogen consumed, stars leave the main sequence and expand to form red giants. With this new stage, the fusion of helium begins to form heavier elements like Oxygen and Carbon. This process of expansion- collapse-expansion of stars forms the light elements present in the universe (up to Fe). Life in the Suburbs : a Main Sequence Star. Main sequence stars are stars who s luminosity and surface temperature place it in the main sequence of a Hertzsprung- ...
The mouse has emerged as an animal model for many diseases. At IRO, we have used this animal to understand the development of many eye diseases and treatment of some of them. Precise evaluation of vision is a prerequisite for both these approaches. In this unit we describe three ways to measure vision: testing the optokinetic response, and evaluating the fundus by direct observation and by fluorescent angiography. Curr. Protoc. Mouse Biol. 2:207-218 © 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Video articles in JoVE include Deep Proteome Profiling by Isobaric Labeling, Extensive Liquid Chromatography, Mass Spectrometry, and Software-assisted Quantification, Saturated Fatty Acids Induce Ceramide-associated Macrophage Cell Death, Quantitative Localization of a Golgi Protein by Imaging Its Center of Fluorescence Mass, Generation of Integration-free Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells from Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Using Episomal Vectors, Retrograde Labeling of Retinal Ganglion Cells in Adult Zebrafish with Fluorescent Dyes, Using Microfluidics Chips for Live Imaging and Study of Injury Responses in Drosophila Larvae, Electric Field-controlled Directed Migration of Neural Progenitor Cells in 2D and 3D Environments, Mapping and Application of Enhancer-trap Flippase Expression in Larval and Adult Drosophila CNS, Using the optokinetic response to study visual function of zebrafish, Shrinky-Dink Hanging Drops: A Simple Way to Form and Culture Embryoid Bodies.
On todays Tomorrow Daily, we discuss mood-sensing blankets on planes, hoverbikes, the Wii Us future via Luigis death stare, Space Quest, Android L, and your feedback on that space capsule.
Expertise Antibiotic resistance Escherichia coli Virulence factors Role in StARE The University of Aveiro team will evaluate the efficiency of advanced water treatment processes in the removal of genes conferring resistance to antibiotics that are critically important to humans. We will use culture-dependent and independent approaches and our experiments will include the analysis of field…
They not only stare at them, they eat them. Well, maybe not all trees, but woody browse in general. Hopefully, this penchant for woody invasives like...
Hi, I notice this post is now a few months old but thought I would share my experience as I have a 10 month old son who watches TV out of the corner of eyes. I first noticed this when he was about 5 months old though he turns his head from one side to the other, sometimes looking out of the right corner and sometimes looking out of the left corner. He also does the same thing when you point a camera at him so I have very few photos of him where he is looking straight on at the camera from about the age of 5 months on. He also occasionally does it when he meets someone he is unfamiliar with as though he is being shy or coy, though in all other instances he looks straight on - it is only with TV and cameras so its quite odd. I had him referred to an eye clinic at the local childrens hospital and they are still unsure what is causing it as his eyesight appears to be normal - they were so intrigued they wanted to film him doing it (its a teaching hospital) as they hadnt come across it before. ...
A]cademics argue that it is sometimes suitable to disregard horizontal precedent. Professor Gary Lawson, such as, has argued that stare decisis itself could be unconstitutional if it needs the Court to adhere to an faulty looking at from the Structure. When the Structure claims X and a previous judicial conclusion suggests Y, a court docket has not simply the facility, though the obligation, to want the Structure. In precisely my review here the same vein, Professors Ahkil Amar and Vikram Amar have mentioned, Our basic watch is that the Rehnquist Courts articulated theory of stare decisis tends to improperly elevate judicial doctrine around the Structure by itself. It does so, they argue, by demanding excessive deference to earlier conclusions that themselves might have been misinterpretations in the regulation with the land. For Lawson, Akhil Amar, and Vikram Amar, dismissing faulty horizontal precedent wouldnt be judicial activism; alternatively, It might be suitable constitutional ...
The Nash Run Rig Kit is the solution to running rig tangles.The Nash Run Rig Kit eliminates the need to attach your lead by a link clip and allows you to achieve a streamlined tangle-free set up with quick lead change capability. The lead is nearer to
No, no, no! In fact, Jonas put a guard on my door so no one would go near me. Not that they would. I was safe, Sal." Something crosses his face and he stares at me so intently that I look away and stare at the floor. He moves back into my space and lifts my head up. "Thank you for getting me coffee. Lets go have breakfast and Im buying. I think I shall keep you in my sights to make sure nothing else happens to you. I have never met a woman who allows herself to get into so many dangerous situations, in such a short space in time. You, my Amare, are a handful." He moves away from me and does up his shirt, then grabs his jacket. He opens the door to his room and extends his arm. "Shall we?" he asks, offering me a smile that reveals his dimple. My core clenches again and I have to fight the urge to throw myself at him. ...
No, no, no! In fact, Jonas put a guard on my door so no one would go near me. Not that they would. I was safe, Sal." Something crosses his face and he stares at me so intently that I look away and stare at the floor. He moves back into my space and lifts my head up. "Thank you for getting me coffee. Lets go have breakfast and Im buying. I think I shall keep you in my sights to make sure nothing else happens to you. I have never met a woman who allows herself to get into so many dangerous situations, in such a short space in time. You, my Amare, are a handful." He moves away from me and does up his shirt, then grabs his jacket. He opens the door to his room and extends his arm. "Shall we?" he asks, offering me a smile that reveals his dimple. My core clenches again and I have to fight the urge to throw myself at him. ...
And "tare issues"? Let me tell you what they mean by the "tare issues" that was not actually put into words in the letter to me. The cashiers at WinCo are not informed as to what a tare is. (And in case you are not aware, a tare is just a fancy way of saying "the weight of the empty container".) This last time I went through the line at WinCo, I said, "The tare is written on a tag on the bottom." while pointing out what I meant. The cashier just gave me a blank stare. I then said, "You know, the weight of the container?" She continued to stare. Me: sighing, "Look, just weigh the whole thing without pressing any buttons. Write down the weight, subtract the tare that I showed you, then manually charge me the price per pound for that weight." Bless her, she tried. She did what I said, and got a correct weight, but in the end did not know how to manually input a price per pound. In the end I said screw it and just let her do it as if it were in one of their plastic bags (although that particular ...
I enjoyed the movie for what it was - a satirical look at the US militarys attempt to develop more of the full potential of their warriors using so called paranormal approaches.
View Image (1024×694) ][ View Image (1280×868) ] Vintage Movie Wallpaper of the DaySunday, December 21, 2008 Seems slightly surreal that in his dip to 80s music nostaligia on… Read more ». ...
People with anxiety disorders such as OCD know that nothing can be more paralyzing than having too many options. Go to a store to buy a sweater, find four that you like and the odds are pretty good youll stare and stare...and buy nothing at all.
I think it was really well done. Ive done a few of these cakes for people and they thought they were just the cutest cakes! I cant say I agree or disagree. Im cool with either. Even the naked one I would do if they asked (I cant say that one appeals to me now....but hey - what people like is what they like) That being said, that frigging cake that says push olivia push! on google images, much like the one you have above, is just gross. I mean, I make penis cakes, boob cakes, etc... but that one is just a special kind of gross to me. Exhibiting body parts is one thing in the name of fun and levity, but showing a delivery thats edible (although the craftmanship is cool) is just a bit icky to me. Id probably still make it if someone wanted it though ...
Then we are gone... I returned while they were eating supper at the table seated side by side upon a special stool. So I said when they were finished with their whole wheat toast and spinach, we should go back to the secret room that had only been constructed recently to be conductive to the force that grew around the twins. Once inside, we all admired its silver gleaming pointed spire that rose into the center of the room. Up and up toward the ceiling, gracefully it stretched not yielding to the confines of the smallish room. For it pierced and open circle and vanished deep into the murky night that held its crown somewhere above. The room had been and inspiration of the twins that I had taken -- building it of wood and tile and chrome. And they would stay inside for hours, while the rain dripped down the tower, sitting on a bench around its base. But this time we were not there for inspiration but to bare our other sides and feel the kiss of flesh."Take your clothes off", I commanded like a ...
first song ive written, hope you like... I watched as you walked towards me, to my place you came, You stood there staring straight through me, a...
In 1979 a secret unit was established by the most gifted minds within the US Army. Defying all known military practice - and indeed the laws of physics ...
トップページ - チョコレート関連の特許ヵ特許出願を紹介しています》 チョコレートは好きですか? 東京で特許事務所をお探しなら オーブ国際特許事務所(東京都千代田区飯田橋3-3-11新生ビル5階(を御確認ください》 ...
Before a star actually dies, it goes through a series of death throes. In nearly all cases, this involves some form of a red giant: the star expands, usually over the course of up to several hundred million years, to many times its main sequence diameter. In the process, its outer layers cool and thus become redder. The expansion occurs because, when the core runs out of hydrogen, its outward radiative pressure ceases and a shell of material around the core collapses down onto it. This shell then gets hot and high-pressure enough to start burning hydrogen into helium itself. Due to its greater surface area, the hydrogen-burning shell actually produces more outward radiation pressure than the core did during the stars main sequence lifetime. The red giant phase can last for upwards of several million years, if the star started out small enough. Once the inert stellar core reaches a temperature of around 108K and a density high enough (103kg cm-3), helium fusion into carbon and oxygen ensues. For ...
For about 5 days Asa was very distressed and uncomfortable, and could be distracted from the discomfort only fleetingly. His appetite was faltering, and then dropped off almost to nothing. For two or three days following he was limp, too weak at one point even to roll over in bed. When he was left to himself, hed either sleep or stare blankly at whatever was before his eyes. When he was moved, hed feel pain, and protest ...
ok i have a 1 yr old. when she was 3 months old she was put into a induced comma as she had rsv real bad and her lung collapsed. she was on a ventilator for a week and was in childrens hospital for a month. after she came home she kept having these spells. where she will cry and then her eyes will roll back or she will stare at you her hands will curl up and soemtiems her body. and she stops breathing to where she turns blue and purple. it lasts few minnuts then she comes out of it and then falls alseep. everytime it happens we call 911 but by time they get there she is fine and they think nothing happens. we have taken her for many tests and everything comes back normal. even went as far as a nose ears and throut specialist and nothing found there either. as she has gotten older they occure more and the symptoms keep progressing. we jsut want our little angel to be ok and find out what is going on so we can fix the problem. can someone please help us ...
Well, now they are worried because Graham only wants to nap for 20-30 minutes. Duh. Thats all he ever naps at home. When I try to explain that to the three women who all address it with me every time I pick up, Im met with blank stares as if they just cant fathom the thought of a 10-month-old who doesnt need a ninety minute nap at 12:00 pm in a foreign place with strange people and 7 other noisy babies. Hmmm ...
They say that if you stare into the mad eyes of Far Cry 3 villain, Vaas, for too long then you lose all sense of time and language. Im not sure thats true. Ive been staring into his eyes for the last few minutes trying to think of an intro and oogle bloogle barble blom. We put Vaas on our cover this month to spread the madness and let the world know about our six page Far Cry 3 preview. The
Instructions: 1. Stare at the gray dot on the womans nose for 30 seconds (click on image for larger size). 2. Look quickly at the gray box below (or look at a plain surface like a ceiling or blank wall). 3. Blink repeatedly and quickly.. ...
They say that we are made up of stars and the universe. I believe that. The world runs an efficient system where nothing is wasted and energies are transformed and manifested on different frequencies to create different forms of beings and the inanimate. When I stare up into the darkness of the night skies and look at my…
Lyrics to Questionable Ethics by Dismember: You look at me with eyes filled with pain / And I stare back with a promise of death / Ill
Granular sense of escapism, tricked into nude photographs of self for generations, stare into the skulls heart-shaped eyes for too long and become a short-lived meme. Dye your hair halfway down, coughing up the funk with a fist in the air, tired of the same blatant use of sub quality…
Lyrics to To Rid The Disease by Opeth: Theres nobody here, theres nobody near / I try not to care, dead eyes always stare / Let these
I think the biggest things I have to deal with is constantly people staring at me as soon as I walk into a room, Velasquez told Dr. Drew. Recently, its been a lot of adults Ive been having to deal with who will slowly walk in front of me and turn their heads, and look me up and down. So the stares are what Im really dealing with in public right now ...
I sure have. Id look at my Vit C bottle and just stare at it for 30 seconds...did I take that this morning or not??? :confused: So I came up with this system. I line all the bottles up and once I take that one, Ill push it back on the shelf. If its a bottle I take twice a day, Ill keep ...
Towards the end of his life, Bruin started ignoring us when we asked him to do something. Hed just lay there and stare. Loss of hearing could result in disobedience, but his hearing was fine. It wasnt until he got to the point that we knew the end was near when we learned what was happening. We took him in to the clinic thinking it was his time; indeed it was. His heart was so weak the vet couldnt even detect a pulse. Poor Bruin just didnt have the energy to do what we were asking of him ...
Whether your goal is expanding your vocabulary, expanding your circle of friends or just making sure you dont sound like an absolute oaf on your overseas vacation, it can be quite intimidating to stare down the task of learning a new language
The problem with this, as it manifests in Metafilter, is that there is a dedicated cadre of members here whose views on gender are as fanatical and credible as Tom Cruises views on psychiatry, and this cadre swarms any gender-related thread and collectively shouts down any nonconforming view. So, with that being the background, the mods know this will happen, and understandably dont want the headache of moderating a thread highlighting a nonconforming view. However, if a link is posted that conforms with the fanatical viewpoint, all the loudmouth/fighty people are okay with that, so it becomes a love-in, and thus not a problem for the mods. So, effectively, there is a higher standard for posts that would offend the fanatics among us. As one of the mods stated, the deleted post from last night could have been reworked but come on, who really wants to do that? It puts the person who reworks it in the position of looking ax grindy and most people with shit to do other than stare into the glow ...
Your site just made my dick fall off and a pair of tits just popped outta my head. YOU WIN. XD BTW you should change the name to Gman Stares into your balls ...
Day One He: Takes to the bed at the first sign of illness and sleeps for 24 hours. She: Drags herself to the nearest sitting spot. Stares blankly into the distance. Mumbles that this is bs and she doesnt have time for it. Gets up and drags herself to the next spot that may or […]. ...
He was a quiet, withdrawn loner. A young man who would stare at the floor and press himself against the wall, gripping his briefcase, if others approached him. This is how Adam Lanza - the gunman who ...