The paper analyzes land use changes, notably cropland expansion, in SE-Niger from the mid-1980s to 2011. It scrutinizes land use trajectories and investigates how cultivation shifts between dune landscapes and valleys (bas-fonds) in response to climate, population pressure, and sociocultural opportunities, combining lenses rooted in land change science and the notions of double exposure and human-environmental timelines. Specifically, the interest is directed towards exploring the value of different methods of land use data harvesting. The importance of cropland expansion is assessed in two ways: by interpreting Landsat satellite images and by interviewing local people to obtain qualitative descriptions. The results demonstrate a glaring discrepancy between the assessed land use trends derived from these two data sources. Issues such as important developments in landscape priorities, allocation of cropland between dunes and valleys, possible land saturation, and adaptation to climate change or
Measuring biological attributes. Qualitative measures. Detailed surveys of abundance and distribution of biota. Design. Throughout the history of rocky shore studies, successively more detailed methods have been devised for describing the distribution and abundance of organisms. Pioneers like Stephenson and Stephenson (1949) and Lewis (1964) gave broad scale qualitative descriptions. Later, semi-quantitative techniques, (Crisp and Southward 1958) allowed rapid estimates to be made of the abundances of organisms in particular localities. More recently, quantitative techniques involving prescribed sampling regimes and analytical methods have been used to provide very fine-scale descriptions of distribution and abundance. In addition to these techniques, experiments can be conducted to test specific hypotheses. Each of the above methods has a role to play in surveillance and monitoring programmes for rocky shores. More quantitative techniques allow changes to be assessed and understood in more ...
Comparing Figure 5 and 6 (weight change and AHinsp as a function of breathing volume, respectively), it is interesting that the curves in these figures show a very different shape. The AHinsp (see Fig. 6) decays exponentially, similar to previously described in vivo AHinsp measurements.6,13,15 Weight change (see Fig. 5) increases linearly for small volumes and then levels off. This difference can be understood qualitatively as follows. The difference in AHinsp with HME versus without HME represents the amount of water that is evaporated from the HME. For small volumes the difference in AHinsp with HME versus without HME is relatively large (see Fig. 6), so the HME weight changes quickly (see Fig. 5). For larger volumes the constant, but small, AHinsp difference causes a slower weight change with increasing volume. This qualitative description is quantified in the supplementary materials at http://www.rcjournal.com.. The correlation between weight change at 1.0 L and water loss using the ISO ...
The Opinion Online Forum is a general discussion forum mainly dealing with Australian politics, news and current affairs. Get involved and have your say.
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Li Qin joined Certara as an associate scientist in May, 2017, providing PKPD data management and data programming support. Before joining, Li worked as a health scientist in Academic Medical Centers and involved herself in: methodology research in epidemiological and integrated cohort data; clinical research and
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Aspects of family caregiving as addressed in planned discussions between nurses, patients with chronic diseases and family caregivers: a qualitative content analysis. AU - Hagedoorn, Ellen. AU - Paans, Wolter. AU - Jaarsma, Tiny. AU - Keers, Joost. AU - van der Schans, Cees. AU - Luttik, Marie Louise. PY - 2017/7/15. Y1 - 2017/7/15. N2 - Background: Caregiving by family members of elderly with chronic conditions is currently intensifying in the context of an aging population and health care reform in the Netherlands. It is essential that nurses have attention for supporting roles of family caregivers of older patients and address family caregiving aspects on behalf of the continuity of care. This study aims to explore what aspects of family caregiving were addressed during planned discussions between nurses, patients and family caregivers in the hospital.Methods: Qualitative descriptive research was conducted using non-participant observation and audio-recordings of planned ...
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Extensive research shows a positive relationship between family caregivers support and optimization of self-care abilities of elderly individuals experiencing chronic diseases [1-5]. Family caregivers are expected to support their chronically ill family member more due to an increasing shift from professional to informal care [6]. In the light of these developments, it is essential that nurses have attention for support offered by family caregivers of older patients with chronic conditions who are admitted to the hospital. Therefore, nurses need to address family caregiving aspects in their nursing practice on behalf of the continuity of care of the patient in the hospital. Too little attention for supporting roles of family caregivers during the hospitalization of their ill relative could lead to discontinuity of care after discharge.. The importance of family caregiver support of chronically ill elderly is a relatively new concept in the Netherlands which is receiving more attention the last ...
The Betty Irene Moore School of Nursing at UC Davis launches a new Family Caregiving Institute, dedicated to the well-being of those who care for others, with a $5 million grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.
The overall aim of this thesis is to illuminate and describe bodily changes and problems in incurable cancer, with focus on prostate cancer, from the patients perspective. The thesis consists of four papers, each of which illuminates various aspects of the phenomenon studied. The study population consisted of 24 participants, three women with different cancer diagnoses in the palliative phase, and 21 men with hormone refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) and skeletal metastases. Data are based on interviews (papers I-IV) and a quality of life questionnaire (paper I). The study design is cross-sectional (papers I-III) and longitudinal (paper IV). Qualitative description, descriptive statistics, phenomenological hermeneutics, and analysis of discourse were used to analyze data.. The findings of study I show that the dominating symptoms for the men with HRPC (n=20) were pain and fatigue, and three different variants of each problem were described. The men said that changes in their sex life were not ...
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is accompanied by preceding symptoms in a significant proportion of victims, with a median duration of up to 2 hours in some cases. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics of SCD victims with heralding symptoms who refused medical care. We conducted a secondary data analysis of interview data from witnesses of 99 cases of out-of-hospital presumed myocardial infarction death with known symptoms. Qualitative description methods were used to analyze qualitative data. Logistic regression was used to test the influence of type of symptoms (chest pain vs. non-chest pain), history of heart disease, and age on refusal of medical care. Categorization as refusal of medical care required conversation with someone where refusal was expressed verbally by the victim. There were 19 cases (19%) that refused medical care; their mean age was 72. The majority were male (16/19, 84%). Fifteen cases involved persistent refusal, defined as refusing care until collapse ...
Electromagnetic Induction: Statement explanation of Faraday s laws of electromagnetic induction and Lenz s law - derivation of expression for emf induced in a rod moving in a uniform magnetic field -explanation of self induction and mutual induction - mention of expression for energy stored in a coil -explanation of eddy currents - alternating currents - derivation of expression for sinusoidal emf - definition of phase and frequency of ac - mention of the expression for instantaneous, peak, rms, and average values -derivation of expression for current in case of ac applied to a circuit containing (i) pure resistor (ii) inductor (iii) capacitor - derivation of expression for impedance and current in LCR series circuit by phasor diagrm method - explanation of resonance - derivation of expression for resonant frequency - brief account of sharpness of resonance and Q-factor - mention of expression for power in ac circuits - power factor and wattless current - qualitative description of choke -basic ...
I consulted a number of sources to determine their perspectives on left-bank vintages between 1995 and 2005. Robert Parker provides a separate numerical rating for the Medoc and Graves while Jancis Robinson, Decanter, and Berry Bros & Rudd provide qualitative descriptions of the vintages and, within that content, make any necessary distinction between the right and left banks. All reviewers consider the 2000 and 2005 left-bank wines to have been superior. Parker rates the 2008, 2003,1998 and 1996 as outstanding, with all others in the decade being Above Average to Excellent. Jancis Robinson relegates the 2003 and 1997s to "drink-now" status (you may remember the tiff between Robinson and Parker as to the merits of the 2003 vintage). She sees 1996 as a "tough, slow-maturing vintage ... for keeping not drinking ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Signaling Networks. T2 - Asynchronous Boolean Models. AU - Albert, Reka Z.. AU - Robeva, Raina. PY - 2015/3/25. Y1 - 2015/3/25. N2 - Signal transduction allows a cell to communicate with its surroundings. Many diseases such as developmental disorders, autoimmunity, and cancer have been shown to arise from mutations of signal transduction pathway components. Gaining a comprehensive understanding of the cells signaling mechanisms is vitally important as we attempt to control and combat these diseases. Boolean networks have recently emerged as a modeling tool that can successfully provide a qualitative description for signal transduction dynamics and reproduce complex behaviors such as excitation-adaptation, multistability, and hysteresis. A strength of the method is its ability to accommodate information gaps in the network topology, rules of interaction, initial conditions, and timing. Boolean models have led to a better understanding of cellular signaling and have provided ...
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People are social creatures and interacting with others is a fundamental human behavior. As people spend more time online, a larger part of their social life also become online. Online Forums such as Reddit have become very popular because of this. In this project, we want to define the what health means with regards to online forums - is it the quality of the comment, the average length of the comments, frequency of posts, number of users, the language of the posts or a combination of these. We also hope to determine which factors can affect the health of an online forum.. ...
Parents believe the benefits of testing their children for the genetic risk of some diseases outweigh the negative consequences, according to US scientists.. In the study, published in the journal Pediatrics, parents who were offered a genetic test supported their children also being tested.. The authors say doctors and politicians need to be more aware of the issue. Genewatch UK said children should never be tested for adult conditions.. Genetic testing used to be confined to specialist clinics, but direct-to-consumer testing is now possible. People send a sample to a company in the post and are told if they have any genes which carry an increased risk of illness.. In this study, 219 parents were tested for 15 genetic variants linked to heart disease, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, type 2 diabetes and colon, skin and lung cancer.. They were then asked a series of questions to compare benefits such as reassurance, knowledge and prevention, with risks such as invasion of ...
CONTENTS 1. Introduction Central Subject Businesslike Government Integrity in the Public Sector Research Questions Methodology Research Objectives...
Nigerian nurses forum connecting with other nurses. Sharing professional, clinical information and experience that promote our life, our job and profession
Our online cancer forum offers helpful information and support for lymphoma patients and their loved ones. Join CancerCompass.com to compare notes and research treatment methods.
Tips & skills for the family caregiver on all aspects of caregiving & senior care, managing your loved ones care, caring for your loved one at home, handling difficult elderly behavior, long-distance caregiving, and other areas of family caregiving.
It is amazing to experience all the resources available for finding happiness. The pitch for happiness is in abundance everywhere we turn. Do this, and you will be happy. If you go there, you will become happy. Enroll in this, to become happy. Buy this or that, then. . . we will become happy. What if true happiness isnt available to anyone . . . not you nor I. . . until we have dealt with our pain. Could there be some truth in this statement? From the moment of our birth, until our soul leaves the body, life is painful. Forced out through the canal of birth, our tiny bodies squeezed and contorted, we gasp in desperation for that first inflow of life-giving air. We scream. What pain! What fear! Our first real experience of our new world. Now, think of the other end of life. (Ive seen it many times.) It always concludes with an exhalation. One final outflow of breath as the spirit leaves its earthly vessel. Sandwiched between our first and final breaths is pain. Lots of pain. One painful ...
I dont know what you want me to say. Should I give a detailed rundown of every anecdotal encounter that Ive experienced within the specifics I mentioned...
Dear Game balancer, i think you are already aware of this if you already work on that, then skip the message. i reduced the video to 5 seconds. It shows a current imbalance whene from seeing what comes to basically dead (subtracting 2x150 ms ping) you…
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Do you want to participate in our online forums ? You might find that some of the abbreviations (particularly in our Tics and Tourettes and PANDAS / PANS
If you are a Womens Ministry Leader, or thinking of starting one at your church... there is a great website that is full of resources that may be helpful and an online forum where you can ask questions. For the next 2 weeks they are offering this free download ebook, with contributions from Womens Ministry…
Thanks, folks, though I wasnt offended. This is a very common situation for web help forums - sometimes a person really is "just being lazy," but more often, theyve honestly been trying and cannot solve the problem on their own. The real issue is that they may be expecting to be "attacked" or ridiculed, and so are defensive before even reading responses - and its easy to misinterpret the "tone" of plain text. Combine that with the fact that a person may already be quite frustrated with a problem they cant solve on their own, and its not surprising that anything that is "not a solution" is interpreted as "what an *******, Im asking for help, not to feel stupid.". Not saying that thats the *correct* attitude/interpretation, of course, but it takes experience and patience to successfully ask for and accept help in an online forum.. ...
I too am totally new to this online forum thing. I had at FET last monday (28th June) and am now on my 2ww. This is my fourth transfer and the last of my frozen embryos so I have all fingers and toes crossed that this one works. I have had some cramping for the past few days and occasionally get some stabbing pain in my left side ovary area. Not sure what thats all about?? I am having accupuncture to try to assist the process this time. Has anyone else had luck with that ...
According to an online forum, this new update comes with some new sophisticated gadgets, weapons changes and modification, new skills, gear set, new game modes and also fixing the bugs.
Last year COB was approached by reaearchers from the University of Southampton to ask if they could use the postings on our Forums to help with their research. We were only too happy to help the researchers highlight the plight of those with chronic bladder illness. Here are the results of their study :-HOW WOMEN MANAGE RECURRENT URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS: AN ANALYSIS OF POSTINGS ON A POPULAR WEB FORUM Andrew Flower, Felicity L Bishop and George Lewith Complementary and Integrated Medicine Research Unit, University of Southampton, Aldermoor Close, Southampton SO16 5ST Background: Recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs) are commonly presented by women in primary care. In order to explore the poorly described experience of women with RUITs, a qualitative study was conducted that analysed data from a publically accessible internet-based self-help forum. Methods: Qualitative Description was used to analyse the text with an emphasis on using the naturalistic language of the information to portray ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - In-group rationalizations of risk and indoor tanning. T2 - A textual analysis of an online forum. AU - Carcioppolo, Nick. AU - Chudnovskaya, Elena V.. AU - Gonzalez, Andrea Martinez. AU - Stephan, Tyler. PY - 2016/7/1. Y1 - 2016/7/1. N2 - Unlike other health behaviors, there does not appear to be a strong relationship between perceived skin cancer risk and reduction or cessation of indoor tanning bed use. This study seeks to address this inconsistency by determining how indoor tanning bed users rationalize skin cancer risk with their tanning behavior. Qualitative textual analysis of indoor tanning message board posts (N = 330) revealed varied perceptions of risk, including acknowledging the risk of indoor tanning; denying or downplaying risk, often citing perceived health benefits associated with tanning; blaming outside forces for cancer, such as lotion or genetics; and fatalistic beliefs about cancer. These results highlight the nuanced relationship between perceived skin ...
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Dr. Mallick joined Texas A&M University in 1998, and has recently been promoted to Associate Professor. He is a co- investigator (with Drs. Carroll and S. Wang) on their NCI-funded statistical methodology research grant, and a co-investigator (with Dr. Calvin) on the NIEHS Superfund grant. Dr. Mallick is well-known for his work on Bayesian statistical methodology, and more generally on Bayesian statistical computing. ...
Three PhD positions in ultra high-field MRI Job Offer from November 17, 2016 The MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High field Methodology Research Group of the High-Field MR Center (MRC) at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics in Tuebingen, Germany invites applications for three PhD positions in methodological development for ultra-high-field MRI. The global aim is…
Section 98 of Chapter VII of Finance (No.2) Act, 2004, provides for charge of securities transaction tax (STT). It was provided that in the case of sale of a de
Some of the positives that online organizing offers us right now are that most people, confined to specific areas, are constantly looking for things to do. Plus, people are hungry for reliable information and inspiration for how we can win against what could feel too many to be overwhelming odds. These are all ingredients for a recipe of ready audiences ready to listen and participate in our work providing the information indicated above. And, with online forums to express these ideas, geography isnt a factor in anyones ability to participate. For us as Pan-Africanists, this presents wonderful opportunities. Since we dont recognize or let colonial borders limit our political organizing work, online forums fit nicely into our perspective that we are all Africans, wherever we are. For example, the All African Peoples Revolutionary Party (A-APRP) is organizing this years African Liberation Day commemoration online. We will be offering a number of streaming options to watch the event. Twitter, ...
01/06/2012) More than 800 members are currently taking part in the online discussion platform which Neelie Kroes launched on 19 April in preparation for the Digital Agenda Assembly (Brussels, 21-22 June) and the forthcoming review of the Digital Agenda for Europe. The members making the most interesting contributions in each group will be invited to attend the Assembly. Highlights include, an active online forum on Public Services and sustainability featuring a lively discussion in which concrete ways Europe should enable and deliver innovation in digital public services and sustainability. The Jobs and Skills online forum has also engaged participants to discuss how to bridge the gap between the shortage of ICT skilled workforce and the high supply of young Europeans in search for a job and an attractive career. They are already sharing good examples of practices (from ICT companies or others) bridging that gap. Share your example ! If you are interested in these or other issues discussed in ...
Juice, you are more than welcome to come down to Petstock Camperdown next Sunday (29th January) and have a chat directly with Dr Bruce Syme. Some dogs do h...