IF: 4.606] GENOME REPLICATION AND REGULATION OF VIRAL GENE EXPRESSION: Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus Nucleocapsid Protein Interacts with Nsp9 and Cellular DHX9 To Regulate Viral RNA ...
Publications related to biomolecular condensates, phase separation, llps and more. Tightly packed complexes of nucleocapsid protein and genomic RNA form the core of viruses and may assemble within viral factories, dynamic compartments formed within the host cells. Here, we examine the possibility that the multivalent RNA-binding nucleocapsid protein (N) from the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) compacts RNA via protein-RNA liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) and that N interactions with host RNA-binding proteins are mediated by phase separation. To this end, we created a construct expressing recombinant N fused to a N-terminal maltose binding protein tag which helps keep the oligomeric N soluble for purification. Using in vitro phase separation assays, we find that N is assembly-prone and phase separates avidly. Phase separation is modulated by addition of RNA and changes in pH and is disfavored at high concentrations of salt. Furthermore, N enters into in vitro phase
Rabbit polyclonal H1N1 Influenza A virus Nucleocapsid protein antibody validated for WB, ELISA, ICC/IF and tested in InfA. Immunogen corresponding to synthetic…
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HIV nucleocapsid protein. Molecular model of the nucleocapsid protein (blue) from HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus-type 1) complexed with the Psi RNA (ribonucleic acid) packaging element (pink). The Psi element is involved in the packaging of viral RNA into the capsid during replication. - Stock Image C025/1461
Recombinant DNA techniques were used to delete regions of a cDNA clone of the phosphoprotein NS gene of vesicular stomatitis virus. The complete NS gene and four mutant genes containing internal or terminal deletions were inserted into a modified pGem4 vector under the transcriptional control of the phage T7 promoter. Run-off transcripts were synthesized and translated in vitro to provide [35S]methionine-labeled complete NS or deletion mutant NS proteins. Immune coprecipitation assays involving these proteins were developed to map the regions of the NS protein responsible for binding to the structural viral nucleocapsid protein N and the catalytic RNA polymerase protein L. The data indicate the NS protein is a bivalent protein consisting of two discrete functional domains. Contrary to previous suggestions, the negatively charged amino-terminal half of NS protein binds to L protein, while the carboxyl-terminal half of NS protein binds to both soluble recombinant nucleocapsid protein N and viral ...
Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV) Nucleocapsid Protein is produced by our E.coli expression system and the target gene encoding Met1-Ala419 is expressed with a 6His tag at the N-terminus. Bon Opus Cat.# DRA31
We have professional and advanced research and production capacity for Nucleocapsid/NP reagents production, including Proteins, Antibodies, cDNA Clones,etc. All NP products are produced in house and quality controlled.
Retrotransposon TYA Gag gene co-transcribed with TYB Pol; translated as TYA or TYA-TYB polyprotein; Gag is a nucleocapsid protein that is the structural constituent of virus-like particles (VLPs); similar to retroviral Gag
DNA sequence encoding the COVID-19 Nucleocapsid protein domain ,amino acids[1-419] (accession# YP_009724397.2) including a C-terminal His tag was expressed in CHO Cells.
Bonjour mon ordi est infecté par le virus N039. Voici le rapport dhijackthis: Logfile of Trend Micro HijackThis v2.0.0 (BETA) Scan saved at 14:46:31, on 02/10/2007 Platform: Windows XP SP2 (WinN
Summary Antigenic and structural variation in the major nucleocapsid protein, VPN41, from different strains of respiratory syncytial (RS) virus was observed using a combination of monoclonal antibodies and two-dimensional peptide mapping. Limited trypsin treatment of intact nucleocapsids produced two peptide fragments M r 27K and M r 14K. Two monoclonal antibodies, N1 and N2, reactive with primary sequence epitopes located on intact nucleocapsids also reacted with either the 27K fragment (N2) or the 14K fragment (N1). Competitive radioimmunoassay studies using N1 and N2 antibodies revealed two discrete antigenic groups among the seven human strains of RS virus examined. A bovine strain of RS virus, although antigenically similar to the human strain of RS virus, was placed in a separate group. Two-dimensional peptide mapping of 125I-labelled VPN41 purified by SDS-PAGE revealed extensive structural homology between all strains. However, several unique tryptic/chymotryptic peptides supported the grouping
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , GenWay \ Hepatitis C Virus Nucleocapsid Genotype 6a - N_A N_A \ 10-663-45387 for more molecular products just contact us
1DSQ: The NMR structure of the nucleocapsid protein from the mouse mammary tumor virus reveals unusual folding of the C-terminal zinc knuckle.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Viral Antigen ID: Performed on specimens obtained via nasopharyngeal or nasal swabs.. The test methodology is a well-established, widely used Fluorescent Immunoassay (FIA), provided under FDA-granted EUA for the detection and identification of specific protein structures associated with SARS-CoV-2, namely: the spike protein, and the nucleocapsid protein (both known as viral antigens), is highly specific for confirming COVID-19. The FDA has authorized one. (1) testing system EUA in determining the presence of SARS-Co-V-2 Antigen. That test, ...
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... The INgezim COVID assays use the SARS-CoV-2 nucleoprotein (N protein) as the antigen for the detection of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. The N protein is one of the most abundant early-onset proteins of the virus.
Shi, Y.; Yi, Y.; Li, P.; Kuang, T.; Li, L.; Dong, M.; Ma, Q.; Cao, C., 2003: Diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) by detection of SARS coronavirus nucleocapsid antibodies in an antigen-capturing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is an arterivirus responsible for a widespread contagious disease of domestic pigs with high economic impact. Switzerland is one of the rare PRRSV-free countries in Europe, although sporadic outbreaks have occurred in the past. The PRRSV isolate IVI-1173 from the short outbreak in Switzerland in 2012 was entirely sequenced, and a functional full-length cDNA clone was constructed. Genetic and antigenic characterization of IVI-1173 revealed the importance of amino acid 90 of the nucleocapsid protein N as part of a conformational epitope. IVI-1173 was not detected by SDOW17, a monoclonal antibody against N widely used to detect PRRSV-infected cells. Substitution of alanine at position 90 of N [N(A90)] with a threonine [N(T90)] restored reactivity of vIVI1173-N(T90) to SDOW17 completely. The relevance of this amino acid for the conformational SDOW17 epitope of PRRSV N was further confirmed by the opposite substitution in a functional cDNA clone of
The details of the mechanism by which severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) causes severe pneumonia are unclear. We investigated the immune responses and pathologies of SARS-CoV-infected BALB/c mice that were immunized intradermally with recombinant vaccinia virus (VV) …
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Targeted RNA recombination of the membrane and nucleocapsid protein genes between mouse hepatitis virus and bovine coronavirus.. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Coronaviruslike viruses previously have been identified in feces of diarrheic foals and adult horses (1, 7, 8, 13, 17). In the present study, a coronavirus associated with diarrhea in a young foal was serially propagated in cell culture and partially characterized. The virus was identified as a coronavirus based on (i) virion size and morphology, (ii) antigenic relatedness to BCV and HEV as determined by serological procedures, and (iii) genetic relatedness to BCV, HCV strain OC43, and MHV as determined by N gene sequence analysis. The virus tentatively is identified as equine coronavirus (ECV) based on the origin of the virus.. The coronavirus N protein has been shown to be highly variable in amino acid composition between the viruses that comprise the three coronavirus antigenic groups but highly conserved within these groups (27, 30). In the present study, a high degree of identity (66.7 to 90.1%) was observed between the N protein sequences of ECV strain NC99 and N protein sequences of group ...
Serum samples from 317 patients with patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) were tested for the nucleocapsid (N) protein of SARS-associated coronavirus, with sensitivities of 94% and 78% for the first 5 days and 6-10 days after onset, respectively. The specificity was 99.9%. N protein can be used as an early diagnostic maker for SARS ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Nucleocapsid and glycoprotein organization in an enveloped virus. AU - Holland Cheng, R.. AU - Kuhn, Richard J.. AU - Olson, Norman H.. AU - Rossmann^Hok-Kin Choi, Michael G.. AU - Smith, Thomas J.. AU - Baker, Timothy S.. PY - 1995/2/24. Y1 - 1995/2/24. N2 - Alphaviruses are a group of icosahedral, positive-strand RNA, enveloped viruses. The membrane bilayer, which surrounds the ∼ 400 Å diameter nucleocapsid, is penetrated by 80 spikes arranged in a T = 4 lattice. Each spike is a trimer of heterodimers consisting of glycoproteins Ell and E2. Cryoelectron microscopy and image reconstruction of Ross River virus showed that the T=4 quaternary structure of the nucleocapsid consists of pentamerand hexamer clusters of the capsid protein, but not dimers, as have been observed in several crystallographic studies. The E1-E2 heterodimers form one-to-one associations with the nucleocapsid monomers across the lipid bilayer. Knowledge of the atomic structure of the capsid protein and our ...
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is a newly detected porcine coronavirus causing serious vomiting and diarrhea in piglets, especially newborn piglets. There has been an outbreak of PDCoV in worldwide since 2014, causing significant economic losses in the pig industry. The interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral response is an important component of virus-host interactions and plays an essential role in inhibiting virus infection. However, the mechanism of PDCoV escaping the porcine immune surveillance is unclear. In the present study, we demonstrated that the PDCoV nucleocapsid (N) protein antagonizes porcine IFN-β production after vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) infection or poly(I:C) stimulation. PDCoV N protein also suppressed the activation of porcine IFN-β promoter when it was stimulated by porcine RLR signaling molecules. PDCoV N protein targeted porcine retinoic acid-inducible gene I (pRIG-I) and porcine TNF receptor associated factor 3 (pTRAF3) by directly interacting with them. The N-terminal
For two members of the order Mononegavirales, i.e., vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), a rhabdovirus, and RSV, a paramyxovirus, it has been determined that the L polymerase is capable of RNA synthesis in vitro, using naked RNA as a substrate, with L initiating RNA synthesis de novo at the 3′ terminus of the leader (Le) RNA (40, 43). For VSV, it was also demonstrated that P serves as a processivity factor for L, even with naked RNA, and that full processivity of the P-L heterocomplex additionally requires the template-associated N protein (43). In living cells, the genomic RNA of RSV is not naked but wrapped by the N protein, forming an N-RNA complex in which RNA is sequestered and hidden. Reading of the RNA sequence by the polymerase requires (i) specific targeting to this template, which is mediated by the interaction between the nucleocapsid and the C terminus of P (31), and (ii) the local opening of the N-RNA complex, since RNA is sequestered in a basic groove located between the two ...
Genome packaging is a key step in retrovirus replication. Two copies of the virus RNA are specifically selected and packaged into an assembling virion. The nucleocapsid (NC) domain of the Gag polyprotein and the packaging signal (?-site) region of the genomic RNA are critical to this process. Different packaging mechanisms have been proposed for HIV-1 and HIV-2. In HIV-1, the ?-site is downstream of the major splice donor (SD), and any splicing removes both NC binding sites. The proposed HIV-2 ?-site is upstream of the SD. A "co-translational packaging" hypothesis was presented explaining this contradiction. In this mechanism, NC binds the full-length RNA from which it was translated. Other studies indicated the region between the SD and the Gag initiation codon is critical for NC binding and genome packaging. This finding supports the hypothesis that HIV-1 and HIV-2 package their genomes in a similar manner. However, the minimal NC binding domain(s) in HIV-2 had not been determined. The work ...
Profiles of antibodies towards the nucleocapsid proteins from the severe acute respiratory symptoms (SARS)-associated coronavirus in 445 possible SARS sufferers and 3,749 healthy people or non-SARS sufferers were analyzed by antigen-capturing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. and non-SARS sufferers, just seven (0.187%) were weakly positive. The novel serious acute respiratory symptoms (SARS)-linked coronavirus (CoV) continues to be defined as the etiologic Rabbit polyclonal to MAP1LC3A. agent of SARS (1, 3, 5). Its been confirmed that, at least in early replies, the antibodies towards the nucleocapsid proteins (N proteins) predominate, as assayed by Traditional western blotting and proteomic evaluation. To comprehend the humoral immunity towards the N proteins of SARS CoV and the chance of using the N proteins in MP470 SARS medical diagnosis, antibodies towards the N proteins from 445 sufferers who acquired SARS most likely, as diagnosed based on World Health Firm requirements, from four ...
Structure of the equine arteritis virus nucleocapsid protein reveals a dimer-dimer arrangement. Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography. 63:581-586. 2007 ...
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Encapsidates the genome, protecting it from nucleases. The encapsidated genomic RNA is termed the NC and serves as template for transcription and replication. Nucleocapsid assembly is concommitant with replication, therefore viral replication depends on the intracellular concentration of free N, termed N(0). All replicative products are resistant to nucleases.
Other ORFs on the one-third of the genome near the 3-terminus encodes at least four main structural protein: spike (S), membrane (M), envelope (E) and nucleocapsid (N) proteins. Besides these four main structural proteins, such as HE protein, 3a/b protein, and 4a/b protein. All the structural and accessory proteins are translated from the from the…
Retrotransposon TYA Gag And TYB Pol Genes; Transcribed/translated As One Unit; Polyprotein Is Processed To Make A Nucleocapsid-like Protein (Gag), Reverse Transcriptase (RT), Protease (PR), And Integrase (IN); Similar To Retroviral Genes
In a previous study, a scFv phage display library against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) was constructed and yielded a clone designated A I with conformational specificity against native but not denatured viral antigen. Although the clone A1 has been used successfully as a diagnostic antibody, its precise target antigen has not been elucidated. A different strategy was adopted involving the construction of a second T7 phage display library utilizing mRNA isolated from shrimp infected with WSSV. Following RT-PCR and T7 phage library construction, phages displaying the candidate epitope were selected with A I scFv. Since successive enrichment steps were not associated with an increased titer of the phages, enrichment after successive tests was confirmed by PCR resulting in the prefer-red selection of a specific DNA sequence encoding a novel nucleocapsid protein WSSV388. Immune electron microscopy revealed that WSSV388 is located on the nucleocapsid. This result demonstrated that unknown antigen ...
Buy our Recombinant Measles virus Priorix, Schwarz strain, nucleocapsid protein. Ab74559 is a full length protein produced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and has…
Retroviral genome recognition is mediated by the nucleocapsid (NC) domain of the virally encoded Gag polyprotein, which interacts with cognate RNA packaging elements that typically reside within the 5-untranslated region (5-UTR) of the genome. Recent studies suggest that the packaging signal of Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV), a member of the human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV)/BLV family and a non-primate animal model for HTLV-induced leukemogenesis, comprises elements that reside within both the 5-UTR and gag open reading frame. The recombinant BLV NC protein has been prepared and purified. Electrophoretic mobility shift and isothermal titration calorimetry studies with RNA fragments corresponding to these proposed packaging elements have been conducted. The gag-derived RNAs did not exhibit significant affinity for NC, suggesting an alternate role in packaging. However, an 83-nucleotide fragment of the 5-UTR that resides just upstream of the gag start codon binds NC stoichiometrically and with ...
This study investigated the long-term excretion of severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus in sputum and stool specimens from 56 infected patients. The median (range) duration of virus excretion in sputa and stools was 21 (14-52) and ...
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US Air Force Research Lab. Monday, April 24, 2017, Colloquia Auditorium. Electron microscopy has been one of the robust tools in characterizing the life cycle of viruses, such as Semliki Forest Virus (SFV), an alphavirus that belongs to Togavirus family and causes encephalitis in human. The viral particle of SFV is composed of a nucleocapsid enclosed by a lipid-anchored glycoprotein spikes and infects cell through clathrin-dependent endocytosis pathway where it releases the nucleocapsid into the cytoplasm after membrane fusion at the late endosome. Cryo-electron microscopy and single particle reconstruction revealed the structure of SFV virion that both the nucleocapsid and surface spikes adapted into icosahedral symmetry with T4 surface lattice and that the connection between nucleocapsid protein and C-terminal tail of the glycoprotein stabilizes the particle integrity. Mutation at nucleocapsid does not changed the assembly of the viral particle although truncation at the RNA-binding domain ...
All viruses utilize host cell machinery to synthesize their own genetic materials. Upon entry into cells, the virus has to initiate replication and gene expression. Paramyxoviruses use a unique strategy for replication and gene expression. The active template for paramyxovirus replication is not the naked RNA genome but the protein and RNA complex. Viral genomic RNA is completely encapsidated by the nucleocapsid (N) protein to form an N-RNA complex. During RNA synthesis, the N-RNA template is recognized by viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) that carries out two distinct processes: (i) transcription to yield 6-10 capped, methylated and polyadenylated messenger RNAs and (ii) replication to yield full-length antigenomic and subsequently genomic RNA.. Our lab uses hMPV and aMPV as models to understand the mechanisms by which the RdRp controls these two processes: replication and transcription. We will focus on the two major components of RdRp, the large protein catalytic subunit (L) and the ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
watermelon silver mottle virus ATCC ® PVMC-55™ Designation: WS-Y NP Application: contains sequence nucleocapsid protein C polypeptide Plant research
A molecular compound created by an Indian-American researcher prevents replication of the SARS virus that could open the way for its treatment.
Retrotransposon TYA Gag And TYB Pol Genes; Transcribed/translated As One Unit; Polyprotein Is Processed To Make A Nucleocapsid-like Protein (Gag), Reverse Transcriptase (RT), Protease (PR), And Integrase (IN); Similar To Retroviral Genes
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به منظور بررسی تاثیر کودهای شیمیایی، زیستی و آلی و سطوح آبیاری بر برخی شاخص-های رشد و عملکرد آفتابگردان، آزمایشی در سال 1394 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، به صورت کرت-های خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک-های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار اجرا شد. تیمارها شامل دو سطح آبیاری بهینه و کم آبیاری (به ترتیب آبیاری پس از 60 و 120 میلی-متر تبخیر تجمعی از تشتک تبخیر کلاس A) به عنوان کرت-های اصلی و تیمارهای کودی شامل:1- عدم کاربرد کود (شاهد)، 2- کاربرد 100 درصد کود شیمیایی پیشنهاد شده (NP)، 3- ورمی-کمپوست، 4- فسفونیتروکارا، 5- ورمی-کمپوست+ فسفونیتروکارا، 6- ورمی-کمپوست+ 50% کود
Efforts to contain severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) have been limited by the lack of a standardized, sensitive, and specific test for SARS-associated coronavirus (CoV). We used a standardized reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay to detect SARS-CoV in lung samples obtained from well-characterized patients who died of SARS and from those who died of other reasons. SARS-CoV was detected in all 22 postmortem lung tissues (to 109 viral copies/g) from 11 patients with probable SARS but was not detected in any of the 23 lung control samples (sample analysis was blinded). The sensitivity and specificity (95% confidence interval) were 100% (84.6% to 100%) and 100% (85.1% to 100%), respectively. Viral loads were significantly associated with a shorter course of illness but not with the use of ribavirin or steroids. CoV was consistently identified in the lungs of all patients who died of SARS but not in control patients, supporting a primary role for CoV in deaths.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a dangerous infection with pandemic potential. It emerged in 2002 and its aetiological agent, the SARS Coronavirus (SARS-CoV), crossed the species barrier to infect humans, showing high morbidity and mortality rates. No vaccines are currently licensed for SARS-CoV and important efforts have been performed during the first outbreak to develop diagnostic tools. Here we demonstrate the transient expression in Nicotiana benthamiana of two important antigenic determinants of the SARS-CoV, the nucleocapsid protein (N) and the membrane protein (M) using a virus-derived vector or agro-infiltration, respectively. For the M protein, this is the first description of production in plants, while for plant-derived N protein we demonstrate that it is recognized by sera of patients from the SARS outbreak in Hong Kong in 2003. The availability of recombinant N and M proteins from plants opens the way to further evaluation of their potential utility for the development of
Serological response of animals vaccinated against PRRSV can differ between individuals. Some pigs may not show any response, or very low level of ELISA antibodies. Positive results of ELISA prove contact of a population with PRRSV (wild type or modified live vaccine). The larger the number of pigs tested, the more accurate is the diagnosis. PRRS ELISA can detect antibodies starting from 10-14 days after the contact with the virus. Some pigs can seroconvert later than others. ELISA results are very difficult to interpret in individual pigs. The antibodies detected in ELISA are usually targeted against nucleocapsid protein. These antibodies play no role in immunity against PRRSV. There are no commercially available ELISA kits (or experimental ones) to verify the level of immunity. Pigs negative in ELISA can still be immune. Vaccines against PRRS usually dont protect pigs against infection for entire life. They are intended to limit virus shedding and clinical signs after infection. Vaccines may ...