Transportation noise increases risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. This is shown by the first results of the SiRENE study under the lead of Swiss TPH, which was presented on 20 June 2017 in the framework of the ICBEN Congress (International Commission on Biological Effects of Noise) in Zurich.
Background Both road traffic noise and ambient air pollution have been associated with risk for ischemic heart disease, but only few inconsistent studies include both exposures. Methods In a population-based cohort of 57 053 people aged 50 to 64 years at enrolment in 1993-1997, we identified 1600 cases of first-ever MI between enrolment and 2006. The mean follow-up time was 9.8 years. Exposure to road traffic noise and air pollution from 1988 to 2006 was estimated for all cohort members from residential address history. Associations between exposure to road traffic noise and incident MI were analysed in a Cox regression model with adjustment for air pollution (NOx) and other potential confounders: age, sex, education, lifestyle confounders, railway and airport noise. Results We found that residential exposure to road traffic noise (Lden) was significantly associated with MI, with an incidence rate ratio IRR of 1.12 per 10 dB for both of the two exposure windows: yearly exposure at the time of
Aims: This study aimed to investigate the effects of long-term exposure to road traffic noise on incident CVD in three large cohorts: HUNT, EPIC-Oxford and UK Biobank. Methods: In a complete-case sample (N=361,699), 4,014 IHD and 2,109 cerebrovascular incident cases were ascertained between baseline (1993-2010) and end of follow-up (2008- 2015) through medical record linkage. Annual mean road traffic noise exposure was modelled at baseline address. Individual-level covariate data were harmonised and data were pooled. Analyses used Cox proportional hazards model with adjustments for confounders, including air pollution. Results: For an interquartile range (IQR) (3.9 dBA) higher daytime noise, a non-significant association with incident IHD was seen (Hazard ratio (HR): 1.015, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.989-1.042), fully adjusted. Statistically significant associations and interaction terms were seen in obese individuals (HR: 1.099, 95%CI: 1.029-1.174), and current-smokers (HR: 1.054, 95%CI: ...
http://feeds.sciencedaily.com/~r/sciencedaily/~3/kqxYT8223X8/150623200112.htm Living in an area with noisy road traffic may reduce life expectancy. Research has found a link between long-term exposure to road traffic noise and deaths, as well as a greater risk of stroke, particularly in the elderly.
Aims: Aircraft noise causes endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Transportation noise increases the incidence of coronary artery disease, hypertension, and stroke. The underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Herein, we investigated effects of phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase (Nox2) knockout and different noise protocols (around-the-clock, sleep/awake phase noise) on vascular and cerebral complications in mice. Methods and results: C57BL/6j and Nox2-/- (gp91phox-/-) mice were exposed to aircraft noise (maximum sound level of 85 dB(A), average sound pressure level of 72 dB(A)) around-the-clock or during sleep/awake phases for 1, 2, and 4 days. Adverse effects of around-the-clock noise on the vasculature and brain were mostly prevented by Nox2 deficiency. Around-the-clock aircraft noise of the mice caused the most pronounced vascular effects and dysregulation of Foxo3/circadian clock as revealed by next generation sequencing (NGS), suggesting impaired sleep quality in ...
FP5,RANCH,1.1.1.-4.,CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS(ES),QUEEN MARY AND WESTFIELD COLLEGE - ST. BARTHOLOMEWS & THE ROYAL LONDON SCHOOL OF MEDICINE & DENTISTRY(UK),NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT(NL),STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITET(SE),GOETEBORG UNIVERSITY(SE)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Glucocorticoid metabolites in newborns: a marker for traffic noise related stress?. AU - Lech Cantuaria, Manuella. AU - Usermann, Jakob. AU - Proietti, Elena. AU - Blanes-Vidal, Victoria AU - Dick, Bernhard. AU - Fluck, Christa E.. AU - Ruedi, Simone. AU - Heritier, Harris. AU - Wunderli, Jean-Marc. AU - Latzin, Philipp. AU - Frey, Urs. AU - Roosli, Martin. AU - Vienneau, Danielle. PY - 2018/8. Y1 - 2018/8. N2 - Background: Traffic noise has been associated with an increased risk for several non-auditory health effects, which may be explained by a noise-induced release of stress hormones (e.g. glucocorticoids). Although several studies in children and adults have indicated an increased secretion of glucocorticoids after exposure to noise, information regarding newborns is scarce. Objectives: To investigate the association between residential exposure to road traffic noise and postnatal stress response, as assessed by the concentration of glucocorticoids at five weeks of age. ...
The subject of the book is directly related to environmental noise and vibration phenomena (sound emission by vibrating structures, prediction and reduction, ...). Transportation noise is one of the m
The World Health Organization recently recognized environmental noise as harmful pollution, with adverse psychosocial and physiological effects on public health.
According to the WHO (2009), risk groups are people who may be either sensitive to or more exposed to environmental noise exposure or both. Children are considered to be one of those groups where environmental noise has more significant health impacts relative to the rest of the general population. A substantial body of research has emerged in the last two decades which has demonstrated, quite convincingly, that excessive environmental noise exposure has specific detrimental effects on children (Stansfeld and Matheson, 2003). The most consistent impact on children exposed to excessive noise levels are in terms of cognitive impairments, motivation and annoyance. Studies that have considered the effect of noise on children have tended to focus on noise in schools rather than at home. As such, there is now a useful body of literature highlighting the impacts of noise exposure on child cognition and learning. Studies have found that tasks involving central processing and language comprehension, such ...
What size of sample should I provide?. For BS EN 1793 part 1 testing a 12m2 sample the ratio of the dimensions is important; a 3m x 4m sample is adequate to fulfil the requirements of the standard. The aperture size is 2.40m x 3.62m and for BS EN 1793 part 2 testing you should expect to fill this for the test.. What do our customers most often forget when preparing for testing at the laboratory?. The assembled sample must include one timber post.. How long is each test?. For BS EN 1793 part 1 testing the first test is always the longest because empty room reverberation times need to be measured prior to testing. After calibration the first test should take 40-60mins and subsequent tests should take 30mins.. For BS EN 1793 part 2 testing the longest part of each test is always the build process. When it comes to the acoustic tests the first sound insulation test is the longest because we need to measure the reverberation times in the receiver room, after this provided the material of the ...
Empa has a long tradition in the development of engineering models, going back to the 1980s with a first generation of road, railway and aircraft traffic as well as shooting noise models (StL-86, SEMIBEL, FLULA, Wapa).. The current generation of engineering models is labeled with son. Already available are sonROAD for road traffic noise, sonRAIL are railway noise and sonARMS for shooting noise. Currently being developed is sonAIR for aircraft noise, which shall replace the currently used model FLULA2 within the next years. In another ongoing project an update of the road traffic model sonROAD to sonROAD+ is undertaken. All members of the son family feature a uniform layout with a clear separation between sound emission and sound propagation and incorporate an identical propagation core, called sonX.. Note: The sonRAIL emission model is available as a free of charge web application. A derived application allows the calculation of pass-by noise of trams (sonTRAM).. ...
BRAMS member, Prof. Sylvie Hébert, contributed a chapter to Burden of disease from environmental noise - Quantification of healthy life years lost in Europe, published by the World Health Organization (WHO) et JRC European Commission in 2011. Prof. Hébert contributed to Chapter 5, entitled Environmental Noise and Tinnitus.. To read the chapter (p.71), please click here.. ...
Parris, K. M., M. Velik-Lord, and J. M. A. North. 2009. Frogs call at a higher pitch in traffic noise. Ecology and Society 14(1): 25. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-02687-140125
Noise, or unwanted sound, is a pollutant and an environmental stressor. The frequency of noise events seems to have increased in recent years while the amount of the day without noise has lessened. 1
Shadow chancellor John McDonnell believes a 3rd runway at Heathrow will never get built because of the serious environmental issues the expansion would cause. McDonnell, MP for Hayes & Harlington, and a close ally of Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn has been a longstanding campaigner against the runway, due to the devastating impact it would have on his constituency. He does not believe Heathrow can get round the problem of air pollution from the runway and associated road traffic. At a local meeting about Heathrows expansion plans, John said:
The provider will check your childs blood pressure and heart. Your childs blood pressure is usually checked more than once in different positions. It may be taken while your child is lying down sitting, and standing. The provider will look for changes in blood pressure that occur with orthostatic hypotension. Often your child will not need any tests. If your childs provider thinks there may be a serious problem, he or she may refer you to a pediatric cardiologist. This is a doctor with special training to treat heart problems in children. He or she may order tests, such as: ...
If you live near a busy boulevard or interstate, you already know how annoying that traffic can be during your daily commute. But according to a new study cited in the New York Times, it may also be the source of a bigger pain: a heart attack. The news comes from a group of Danish researchers who tracked the health of 57,053 people in Copenhagen and Aarhus...
noiseBgEffects simulates observational noise with a proportion of the effect shared across samples and a proportion independent across samples.
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Traffic noise increases the risk of high blood pressure in men, a new study has shown. However, when it comes to women, they remain unaffected by it.
A new video co-produced by a Simon Fraser University researcher highlights how low-level exposures to prevalent environmental toxicants have adverse life-long effects on childrens intellectual and behavioral development.
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Pollard, T.M., Ward, G.A., Thornley, J., Wooster, G., Wooster, J. & Panter-Brick, C. (2000). Modernisation and childrens blood pressure: on and off the tourist trail in Nepal. American Journal of Human Biology 12: 478-486. ...
I have had two machines from CPAP Australia and both S9 auto set machines sound like a furnace,they replaced the first one and I cant even use the second one as its louder than the traffic noise out
I come here often to the place of green pine bows blowing through this timeless valley the rich green maple leaves dancing and turning on the softest sheathes of wind In he distance I can hear the traffic noises of the town where my father was...
Economic damage to the EU due to environmental noise, including increased medical costs, cost of lost productivity in the workplace, reduction of house prices and reduced possibilities of land use: 40 billion EUR.. Check the health impacts ...
The primary aim of the present study was to test for latitudinal differences in the immune function of larvae of three moth species, focusing on the consistency of the possible differences across environmental conditions. Based on our results, immunological traits showed no consistent cross-species latitudinal trends; however, there was some indication of higher immunity at higher latitudes. Immunological parameters showed species-specific relationships with indices of growth performance, which were also dependent on experimental conditions (temperature, host plant). The overall pattern of limited consistency across populations, immune parameters and environmental conditions was despite the highly unified setting used in our common-garden experiments, which should have minimised any environmental noise and yielded comparable results across populations and species. The values of the two immunological indices used were not correlated with each other.. Overall, the values of PO activity were ...
Read the interesting facts about the Indian Railways and the foundation of the Indian Railways network was laid in 1853 during the British rule.
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It is possible to travel independently using local transport at any time of the year, as train #6201 Matanya assures the connection between Slyudyanka 1 (Слюдянка 1) and Port Baikal (Байкал) through the Circumbaikal Railway. Updated timetables are available online from the Russian Railways website. As with any local train, its not possible to buy tickets online, but they can be bought aboard for 67 roubles (one-way, October 2013).
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We take the transcontinental railroad for granted; it doesnt overtly affect our daily lives. The transcontinental railroad, though, is responsible for the North Tahoe-Truckee-Donner Summit area today. Without the
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The leasing marketplace is volatile, aggressive, and hungry. Welcome to the 2014 Railway Age Guide to Equipment Leasing. This special report is devote...
The leasing marketplace is volatile, aggressive, and hungry. Welcome to the 2014 Railway Age Guide to Equipment Leasing. This special report is devote...
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It sneaks up on you. Its very subtle at first. The mild annoyance over lifes daily interactions. Getting pissed off because the inconsiderate person ahead of you goes through the express check out clearly has more than twelve items or less. And the stupid kid behind the register lets them go through anyway. What…
The following news items appeared in The Tribune on this date 100, 75, 50 and 25 years ago. 1906: Authorities at Notre Dame complained that considerable annoyance had been caused by trespassers
Worthing.co.uk. It was Worthings FIRST and Original Community Website. It was originally set up in 1996 by Grant Rainford. It is designed to be a hub of information for the Worthing ...
Built for the main line of the B&O Railroad in 1869. Moved to present location around 1887. Remained in service until 1947. Restored in 1968 (perhaps 1983). ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate health and annoyance reactions to change in chronic exposure to aircraft noise on a sample of South African children. It was the intention of this study to examine if effects of noise on health and annoyance can be demonstrated. If so, whether such effects persist over time, or whether such effects are reversible after the cessation of exposure to noise. A cohort of 732 children with a mean age of 11.1 (range = 8-14) participated at baseline measurements in Wave 1 (2009), and 649 (mean age = 12.3; range = 9-15) and 174 (mean age = 13.3; range = 10-16) children were reassessed in Wave 2 (2010) and Wave 3 (2011) after the relocation of the airport, respectively. The findings revealed that the children who were exposed to chronic aircraft noise continued to experience significantly higher annoyance than their counterparts in all the waves at school, and only in Wave 1 and Wave 2 at home. Aircraft noise exposure did not have adverse effects on the childrens self
Objectives: To assess the association between hypertension and traffic noise.. Methods: The prevalence and incidence of hypertension were examined in a Swedish municipality partly affected by noise from a highway (20 000 vehicles/24 h) and a railway (200 trains/24 h). A-weighed 24 h average sound levels (LAeq,24h) from road and railway traffic were calculated at each residential building using a geographical information system and a validated model. Physician-diagnosed hypertension, antihypertensive medication and background factors were evaluated in 1953 individuals using postal questionnaires (71% response rate). Prevalence ratios and odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for different noise categories. Based on year of moving into the residence and year of diagnosis, person-years and incidence rates of hypertension were estimated, as well as relative risks including covariates, using Poisson and Cox regression.. Results: When road traffic noise, age, sex, heredity and body mass index were ...
The Park Inn by Radisson London Heathrow Hotel is close to Heathrow Airport terminals 1 to 3, and easy drive from terminals 4 & 5, has 895 well appointed rooms and suites, modern dining, complimentary high-speed Internet access, fitness centre with indoor pool. This convenient hotel offers Heathrow Airport travelers an ideal resting place with services to help ease journeys, including plasma screens displaying live flight schedules and multiple transportation options to all Heathrow Airport terminals including the BAA operated Heathrow Hoppa bus service (chargeable). The hotel also offers extensive on-site car parking at an additional charge. Bedrooms at the Park Inn Hotel & Conference Centre feature air conditioning, flat-screen TV with pay movies, private bathroom, refrigerator & tea/coffee facilities, along with a work desk, hairdryer & bedroom safe. Bravo Bravo restaurant and bar serves an à la carte and carvery buffet menu, along with cocktails from an extensive drinks menu. Newly opened ...
An airplane flying at a cruise altitude of about 35,000 feet can threaten the health of people on the ground, according to a new study from MITs aviation research organization, the Partnership for AiR Transportation Noise and Emissions Reduction (PARTNER), that suggests that aircraft cruise emissions cause about 8,000 deaths per year - nearly half of which occur in China and India.. The research, reported online this month in Environmental Science and Technology, provides the first estimate of premature deaths attributable to aircraft emissions at cruise altitudes. Aircraft emit nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur oxides (SOx), which react with gases already existing in the atmosphere to form tiny harmful particles known as fine particulate matter. The danger to humans comes when these particles are inhaled and trapped in the lungs, where they can then enter the bloodstream and lead to the development of cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses, including lung cancer.. Current worldwide ...
Eze, Ikenna C; Foraster, Maria; Schaffner, Emmanuel; Vienneau, Danielle; Héritier, Harris; Rudzik, Franziska; Thiesse, Laurie; Pieren, Reto; Imboden, Medea; von Eckardstein, Arnold; Schindler, Christian; Brink, Mark; Cajochen, Christian; Wunderli, Jean-Marc; Röösli, Martin; Probst-Hensch, Nicole (2017). Long-term exposure to transportation noise and air pollution in relation to incident diabetes in the SAPALDIA study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 46(4):1115-1125.. Boillat-Blanco, Noémie; Bovet, Pascal; Ramaiya, Kaushik L; Mganga, Maliwasa; Minja, Lilian T; Saleh, Lanja; Imboden, Medea; Schindler, Christian; Gagneux, Sebastien; Daubenberger, Claudia; Reither, Klaus; Probst-Hensch, Nicole (2016). Association between tuberculosis, diabetes and 25 hydroxyvitamin D in Tanzania: a longitudinal case control study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 16(1):626.. Eze, Ikenna C; Imboden, Medea; Kumar, Ashish; von Eckardstein, Arnold; Stolz, Daiana; Gerbase, Margaret W; Künzli, Nino; Pons, Marco; ...
Mass transit has been part of the urban scene in the United States since the early 19th century. Regular steam ferry service began in New York City in the early 1810s and horse-drawn omnibuses plied city streets starting in the late 1820s. Expanding networks of horse railways emerged by the mid-19th century. The electric streetcar became the dominant mass transit vehicle a half century later. During this era, mass transit had a significant impact on American urban development. Mass transits importance in the lives of most Americans started to decline with the growth of automobile ownership in the 1920s, except for a temporary rise in transit ridership during World War II. In the 1960s, congressional subsidies began to reinvigorate mass transit and heavy-rail systems opened in several cities, followed by light rail systems in several others in the next decades. Today concerns about environmental sustainability and urban revitalization have stimulated renewed interest in the benefits of mass transit.
Past research has shown that the presence of roads negatively affects the distribution of birds, but that research has not teased out what factors-visual disturbance, collisions, pollution, or traffic noise-impact birds the most. Recently, a group of researchers set up a phantom road, or a line of speakers playing traffic sounds, in an otherwise secluded and wooded area in southern Idaho. Almost all species normally observed were disturbed by the traffic noise and opted for more circuitous routes to avoid the road. Two species in particular, Cedar Waxwings and Yellow Warblers, were not seen at all while traffic sounds played. The research suggests that traffic noise alone negatively impacts birds and that the decrease in abundance would likely be magnified by the other factors of a road such as pollution and visual disturbance. The location used by the scientists for their phantom road was a popular migratory stopover site; however, the added traffic sounds made this location unsuitable ...
by Lisa Goines, RN; Louis Hagler, MD. Medscape Today (www.medscape.com). April 10, 2007. Abstract. Noise is defined as unwanted sound. Environmental noise consists of all the unwanted sounds in our communities except that which originates in the workplace. Environmental noise pollution, a form of air pollution, is a threat to health and well-being. It is more severe and widespread than ever before, and it will continue to increase in magnitude and severity because of population growth, urbanization, and the associated growth in the use of increasingly powerful, varied, and highly mobile sources of noise. It will also continue to grow because of sustained growth in highway, rail, and air traffic, which remain major sources of environmental noise. The potential health effects of noise pollution are numerous, pervasive, persistent, and medically and socially significant. Noise produces direct and cumulative adverse effects that impair health and that degrade residential, social, working, and ...
1 ] Univ Copenhagen, Dept Publ Hlth, Ctr Epidemiol & Screening, Oster Farimagsgade 5A, DK-1014 Copenhagen K, Denmark [ 2 ] Danish Canc Soc, Res Ctr, Strandboulevarden 49, DK-2100 Copenhagen O, Denmark [ 3 ] Statens Serum Inst, Dept Epidemiol Res, Ctr Fetal Programming, Artillerivej 5, DK-2300 Copenhagen S, Denmark Show the Organization-Enhanced name(s) [ 4 ] Harvard Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115 USA Show the Organization-Enhanced name(s) [ 5 ] Univ Iceland, Fac Food Sci & Nutr, Saemundargata 2, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland Show the Organization-Enhanced name(s) [ 6 ] Landspitali Univ Hosp, Unit Nutr Res, Eiriksgata 29, Reykjavik, Iceland Show the Organization-Enhanced name(s) [ 7 ] Eunice Kennedy Shriver Natl Inst Child Hlth & Hum, Div Intramural Populat Hlth Res, 6100 Execut Blvd,Rm 7B03, Rockville, MD 20852 USA Show the Organization-Enhanced name(s) [ 8 ] Aarhus Univ, Dept Environm Sci, Frederiksborgvej 399, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark Show the Organization-Enhanced ...
From Monday December 3rd, visually impaired passengers at Heathrow will have access to on-demand, personalised assistance via the Aira app.. The app, available free of charge, will connect passengers directly to a trained professional agent for advice on navigating through Heathrow and assist with finding specific locations - including gates, special assistance facilities, retail outlets and restaurants. It will also provide live information on news affecting their journeys.. The app can be accessed by pre-loading it on mobile phones and an agent will be available to provide guided assistance on demand upon arrival at Heathrow.. Alternatively, passengers can also pre-book special assistance through their airline and seek information on the app at the same time.. The Aira app will benefit the 6,000 visually impaired passengers that travel through Heathrow each year.. The launch of the Aira app at Heathrow coincides with International Day of Persons with Disabilities. First launched by the United ...
Aircraft noise is a major issue in urban areas and is one of the research topics within the FP7 SONORUS project. Current methods for determining the impact of aircraft noise on annoyance and sleep disturbance are based on energetic quantities neglecting the dynamic character of the sound. To obtain a more complete representation of annoyance, it would be helpful to predict the audible aircraft sound and determine the impact of the aircraft sound on people. In a related project at Empa, sonAIR, recordings were made of aircraft taking off and landing. These recordings were made at several positions and with several microphones simultaneously. Combined with cockpit data, flight path information and an inverse sound propagation model, this gives the possibility to determine the emission as function of aircraft conditions and observer angle. An inverse sound propagation model is used to estimate the emission in the time-domain. The obtained signal corresponds to the immission of a microphone flying along
With very low numbers of planes using Heathrow (97% down) over the past 3 months, due to the Covid lockdown, this has been an excellent opportunity to get data on air pollution - comparing days with, and without, the planes. Using data from Air Quality England, local group Stop Heathrow Expansion have found that five air quality monitors around Heathrow which breached the maximum legal limit in March - May 2019 have shown an average 41% improvement in the same period in 2020. Our current air quality laws state that nitrogen dioxide concentrations must not average more than 40 micrograms per cubic metre (µg/m3), per year. This level is often exceeded at a range of locations around Heathrow. Readings from a site on the Northern Perimeter Road showed a 50% improvement in air quality. Another site outside Cherry Lane Primary School had a 46% reduction in NO2 emissions, from 44.1µg/m3 in March - May 2019 to a safer 23.9 µg/m3 in the same period in 2020. As well as fewer planes, there were fewer road
and more. Symptoms of Environmental Noise. The early symptoms of environmental noise pollution might be a mild sensation of stuffy ears or ringing in the ears known as tinnitus. Sometimes the only sign of early damage to the inner ear from noise is difficulty understanding speech and hearing high frequency noise. Depending upon the health issue, a large number of symptoms can manifest in individuals that look like the disease. For example, if hypertension were caused by environmental noise the symptoms might be headaches, fainting or noise bleeds. If ischemic heart disease was caused by environmental noise, the symptoms might be chest pain or difficulty breathing.. Noise at Work Employees in a workplace should not be exposed to anything greater than 85 dBA (decibala) per eight-hours daily. Workplace noise for construction workers allows a higher limit of 90 dBA per eight hours of noise exposure. However, outdoor noise should never exceed between 60 and 65 dBA. Workplace noise can result from a ...
Various studies have shown that long term exposure to aircraft noise can lead to increased development of cardiovascular diseases. Read full report here.
American National Standard Institute (ANSI). 2003. ANSI Standard S12.9. Quantities and procedures for description and measurement of environmental sound - Part 4: Noise assessment and prediction of long term community response, London, UK:IHS Markit.. Anselin L. 2002. Under the hood issues in the specification and interpretation of spatial regression models. Agr Econ 27(3):247-267, 10.1111/j.1574-0862.2002.tb00120.x.. Ash M, Boyce JK, Chang G, Scharber H. 2013. Is environmental justice good for white folks? Industrial air toxics exposure in urban America. Soc Sci Q 94(3):616-636, 10.1111/j.1540-6237.2012.00874.x.. Basner M, Babisch W, Davis A, Brink M, Clark C, Janssen S, et al. 2014. Auditory and non-auditory effects of noise on health. Lancet 383(9925):1325-1332, PMID: 24183105, 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61613-X.. Basner M, Muller U, Elmenhorst EM. 2011. Single and combined effects of air, road, and rail traffic noise on sleep and recuperation. Sleep 34(1):11-23, PMID: 21203365.. Bell ML, Ebisu K. ...
Living under a flight path with aeroplanes thundering over your head could put your heart at risk, according to a new study. Researchers found that dying from a heart attack was more common among people with increased exposure to aircraft noise. The effect was especially evident for people who were exposed to really high levels of noise, and was dependent on how long those people had lived in the noisy place, researcher Matthias Egger of the University of Bern, said. This is not the first study to link the negative health effects, including cardiovascular risks, of living near flight paths. But this study could help determine whether the sound is really the main effect, or if it is something else tagging along with the noise, such as air pollution. Its been a problem that when you look at road traffic noise there are both high levels of noise and high levels of air pollution, said Mr Egger. By looking at airports we were in a position to disentangle these effects. Mr Egger and his ...
24h. Directions. If you are an economy class traveller, you can wait for your flight in the comfort of the Plaza Premium Lounge at London Heathrow Airport in Terminal 4. 2. Learn more about the lounge: amenities, photos, review, opening hours, location. Part of the Plaza Premium group, the Aerotel London Heathrow T% is opening at the beginning of April 2018. The signs took you near the A gates and the terminalâ s other non-British Airways lounge, The Plaza Premium Lounge. Learn more about the lounge: amenities, photos, review, opening hours, location. Airport Lounges. Save money and relax before your next flight. A new oasis of tranquility has arrived in London Heathrows Terminal 5, and all travelers now have the privilege of escaping the noise and chaos of the public waiting area. It has also meant that non-oneworld flyers and non-premium passengers were left without lounge access, given that British Airways doesnâ t sell lounge access. Speciality & Gift Shops. See all. Reviews: 2.5/5. How ...
Global Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment Market Professional Survey Report 2017 1 Industry Overview of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 1.1 Definition and Specifications of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 1.1.1 Definition of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 1.1.2 Specifications of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 1.2 Classification of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 1.2.1 Taildock 1.2.2 Wing access 1.2.3 Cargo door 1.2.4 Passenger door 1.2.5 Underwing 1.3 Applications of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 1.3.1 Civil Aircraft 1.3.2 Military Aircraft 1.3.3 Application 3 1.4 Market Segment by Regions 1.4.1 North America 1.4.2 China 1.4.3 Europe 1.4.4 Southeast Asia 1.4.5 Japan 1.4.6 India 2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 2.1 Raw Material and Suppliers 2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment 2.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Aircraft Docking and Staging Equipment ...
New European research has found that exposure to annoying levels of noise could increase the risk of atrial fibrillation, a heart rhythm irregularity also known as heart flutter which can lead to stroke, heart failure and other serious health conditions.. Carried out by researchers from the Department of Cardiology at the Mainz University Medical Center, Germany, the team looked at data taken from the Gutenberg Health Study (GHS), one of the largest studies of its kind which has already looked at the effects of noise pollution on health.. For the new research the team surveyed 15,010 men and women aged 35 to 74 taking part in the GHS, asking them how much they had been annoyed in recent years by road, rail, construction, trade, neighborhood noise and aircraft noise during both the day and night.. Atrial fibrillation was diagnosed using participants medical history and/or ECG tests.. The results showed that as the level of noise annoyance increases, so does frequency of atrial fibrillation, with ...
Living in neighbourhoods with high levels of aircraft noise is associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, U.S. and British research suggests.
Vehicle traffic is the major source of noise in urban environments, which in turn has multiple impacts on health. In this paper we investigate the spatial distribution of community noise exposures and annoyance. Traffic data from the City of San Francisco were used to model noise exposure by neighborhood and road type. Remote sensing data were used in the model to estimate neighborhood-specific percentages of cars, trucks, and buses on arterial versus non-arterial streets. The model was validated on 235 streets. Finally, an exposure-response relationship was used to predict the prevalence of high annoyance for different neighborhoods. Urban noise was found to increase 6.7 dB (p | 0.001) with 10-fold increased street traffic, with important contributors to noise being bus and heavy truck traffic. Living along arterial streets also increased risk of annoyance by 40%. The relative risk of annoyance in one of the Citys fastest growing neighborhoods, the South of Market Area, was found to be 2.1 times that
Noise exposure is considered a threat to human health, causing not only annoyance or hearing impairment but also hypertension and...
The goal of therapy is to keep the childs blood pressure below the 90th percentile for age and sex. Parents must be taught not only to monitor their childs blood pressure at home, but also to monitor for signs of medication-induced side effects.. Successful therapy should not interfere with the childs academic performance, involvement in sports, or interest in social activities. Participation in team sports should be encouraged unless there is clear evidence of heart dysfunction.. Once the childs blood pressure is under good control, the child should be evaluated (at least) on an annual basis to assess cardiac status, physical growth and development, and sexual maturation patterns.. top. References. Report of the Second Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. Pediatrics 1987;79(1):1-25.. Sinaiko AR. Pharmacologic management of childhood hypertension. Pediatr Clin North Am 1993;40(1):195-212.. Falkner B. Management of hypertensive children and adolescents. In: Izzo JL, Black HR, ...
The goal of therapy is to keep the childs blood pressure below the 90th percentile for age and sex. Parents must be taught not only to monitor their childs blood pressure at home, but also to monitor for signs of medication-induced side effects.. Successful therapy should not interfere with the childs academic performance, involvement in sports, or interest in social activities. Participation in team sports should be encouraged unless there is clear evidence of heart dysfunction.. Once the childs blood pressure is under good control, the child should be evaluated (at least) on an annual basis to assess cardiac status, physical growth and development, and sexual maturation patterns.. top. References. Report of the Second Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. Pediatrics 1987;79(1):1-25.. Sinaiko AR. Pharmacologic management of childhood hypertension. Pediatr Clin North Am 1993;40(1):195-212.. Falkner B. Management of hypertensive children and adolescents. In: Izzo JL, Black HR, ...
The goal of therapy is to keep the childs blood pressure below the 90th percentile for age and sex. Parents must be taught not only to monitor their childs blood pressure at home, but also to monitor for signs of medication-induced side effects.. Successful therapy should not interfere with the childs academic performance, involvement in sports, or interest in social activities. Participation in team sports should be encouraged unless there is clear evidence of heart dysfunction.. Once the childs blood pressure is under good control, the child should be evaluated (at least) on an annual basis to assess cardiac status, physical growth and development, and sexual maturation patterns.. top. References. Report of the Second Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. Pediatrics 1987;79(1):1-25.. Sinaiko AR. Pharmacologic management of childhood hypertension. Pediatr Clin North Am 1993;40(1):195-212.. Falkner B. Management of hypertensive children and adolescents. In: Izzo JL, Black HR, ...
The goal of therapy is to keep the childs blood pressure below the 90th percentile for age and sex. Parents must be taught not only to monitor their childs blood pressure at home, but also to monitor for signs of medication-induced side effects.. Successful therapy should not interfere with the childs academic performance, involvement in sports, or interest in social activities. Participation in team sports should be encouraged unless there is clear evidence of heart dysfunction.. Once the childs blood pressure is under good control, the child should be evaluated (at least) on an annual basis to assess cardiac status, physical growth and development, and sexual maturation patterns.. top. References. Report of the Second Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. Pediatrics 1987;79(1):1-25.. Sinaiko AR. Pharmacologic management of childhood hypertension. Pediatr Clin North Am 1993;40(1):195-212.. Falkner B. Management of hypertensive children and adolescents. In: Izzo JL, Black HR, ...
Air Traffic Control (ATC) is a safety-critical system which places high demands on air traffic controllers (ATCO) multitasking abilities. Having the requisite information for well-informed decision making is central, and as new technologies such as remote towers demand an increase in capacity, efficiency, and safety there is a need for research that informs system development. Adopting a systems perspective, Distributed Cognition is an approach for investigating system functioning, and Resilience Engineering is a way of observing safety factors in everyday work. The purpose of this study is to understand how air traffic controllers work from a distributed cognition perspective, and manage safety in everyday tasks from a resilience perspective. Six observations and six interviews were conducted in a Swedish control tower. The data was analyzed using Distributed Cognition for Teamwork (DiCoT) and Resilience markers (REM), which both focus on the transformation and propagation of information. The ...
We are always looking for students to get involved with Victoria Infant and Child Cognition Lab! Here is some information to consider before applying: What kind of research are we doing at the VUW Infant and Child Cognition Lab? Student researchers at the VUW Infant and Child Cognition Lab study social cognitive development in infants,…
A British Airways plane has suffered a nose gear collapse on the tarmac at Heathrow Airport. Video shows the Dreamliner 787 with its nose on the ground while a stair car stands by.
Counties that invest in mass transit may find their obesity rates drop, according to a study released this week in the journal Preventive Medicine.The studys findings also suggest that getting more people to use mass transit is as effective at lowering obesity rates as getting them to engage in leisure-time physical activity.
The main source of environmental (ambient) noise is transport. Road traffic is the most widespread source. Percentage of the population exposed to different noise levels is high. People in urban areas are exposed to the highest levels of noise, because of concentration of population and traffic in the cities. Most worrying is a significant increase in noise at night, because people are most sensitive to noise at that time.. ...
Rail traffic disrupted due to the derailment of 12 bogies of the Delhi-Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express in Bihar s Saran district was restored partially on Thursday, an official said
Without available direct measurements, the only method of assessing the impact of a completely new aircraft or power-plant design is to utilize a reliable prediction procedure. Such a procedure may be able to make use if a limited amount of directly relevant data, for instance, engine test data, or may have to rely entirely upon empirical component prediction procedures. Traditional aircraft noise prediction procedures based on engine static noise data are generally costly in time, since the engine source separation process is not a straightforward task, demanding several side routines to make it feasible. This paper attempts to present a new and simplified approach to assess community noise levels of a new aircraft design based on static engine noise data. The simplified procedure proposes an alternative to the complete engine source separation process, based on the definition of master parameters like jet noise cut-off frequencies, tonal frequencies and resultant broadband spectra ...
Current legislation sets out that noise pollution caused by road traffic must be measured in equivalent A-weighted noise levels expressed in [dB(A)], namely a parameter that time-averages individual noise events caused by vehicle transit on the basis of the sensitivity of the human ear (A-weighting).. ...
Title Aircraft allocation - stochastic optimization (AIRSP3,SEQ=69) $Ontext The objective of this model is to allocate aircrafts to routes to maximize the expected profit when traffic demand is uncertain. Several problems are solved with standard LP solvers and DECIS: Also see models AIRCRAFT, AIRSP and AIRSP2. Dantzig, G B, Chapter 28. In Linear Programming and Extensions. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1963. $Offtext set i aircraft types and unassigned passengers / a, b, c, d / j assigned and unassigned routes / route-1, route-2, route-3, route-4, route-5 / ; table c(i,j) costs per aircraft (1000s) route-1 route-2 route-3 route-4 route-5 a 18 21 18 16 10 b 15 16 14 9 c 10 9 6 d 17 16 17 15 10 ; table pcap(i,j) passenger capacity of aircraft i on route j route-1 route-2 route-3 route-4 route-5 a 16 15 28 23 81 b 10 14 15 57 c 5 7 29 d 9 11 22 17 55 ; parameter aircraft(i) aircraft availability / a 10 b 19 c 25 d 15 /; parameter costbumped(j) costs associated with bumping ...
Trandes Corp., Linthicum, Maryland, is awarded a $24,388,698 for an indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity, cost-plus-fixed-fee contract (N66001-20-D-0336) to provide engineering services to support electronic tactical air navigation, air traffic and command control, landing systems and joint tactical systems. Work will be performed in San Diego, California (75%); and potential air traffic control sites, ships, and Department of Defense facilities worldwide (25%). The period of performance of the base award is from June 2, 2020, to June 1, 2022. If all options are exercised, the period of performance will extend through June 1, 2025. ...
Iris, element 10 of the ARTES programme, aims to develop a new air-ground communication system for air traffic management. It is the satellite-based solution for the Single European Sky ATM Research (SESAR) programme. By 2020 it will contribute to the modernisation of air traffic manageme…
To assess the effects of modifying dietary sodium intake, 80 school children with blood pressures above the 95th percentile for age and sex but below 130/90 mm Hg at school screening were randomized to a family intervention program or a control group. Twenty children aged 6 to 9 years and their families began a program to modify the family diet toward a goal of 70 mEq sodium per person per day. Adherence was assessed by 3-day food records and urine collections in children and adults. The sodium intakes and blood pressures of the intervention and control group were compared 1 year after randomization. Sodium intake was significantly lower in the intervention group only in the active participants as compared to dropouts and controls (87 vs 130 and 133 mmoles/24 hr). There were no significant differences between the groups in height, weight, or blood pressure. ...
AECOM develops comprehensive transit and intercity rail projects from concept through operation.. Our mass transit expertise spans more than 100 years and includes work with rail and bus companies, major transit agencies as well as with federal state and local governments around the globe. Our interdisciplinary team includes transit, railroad, tunnel, bridge, and systems engineers, transit architects, urban designers and financial experts who use their talents to transform a conceptual design into a functioning system.. ...
W Wr Y Z Rifkind, Sir Malcolm. Chamber Debates. Heathrow Airport (11.11.2008) 648. Questions. Democratic Republic of Congo 125. USA, Foreign relations 623. Rightmove. Valuation Office 118w, 1315w. Ringmer. Reservoirs 650w. Riordan, Linda. Questions. Genetically modified organisms, Crops 650-1w. Genetically modified organisms, Food 347. River Lymington. Ferries 45w. River Rom. Environment protection 399-400w. River Severn. Tidal power 577w, 1143w, 1333-4w. River Thames. Freight 649w, 849w. Public transport 649w, 849w. Road signs and markings. 245w. Road traffic. 245-6w. Essex 246-7w. Greater London 649w. Road traffic control. Petitions (10.11.2008) 609. Roads. Accidents 247w, 361w, 472w, 617w, 646-7w, 961-2w. Essex 960w. Noise 158-9w. Olympic Games 2012 1168w. Repairs and maintenance 470-1w. Safety 23ws. Robathan, Mr Andrew. Questions. Armoured fighting vehicles 18-9. BBC, Standards 814w. Broadcasting, Standards 483-4. Business questions 367. Government departments, Marketing 759. Robertson, ...
Ambient traffic sounds are everywhere, whether it is the daily hum of a busy street so loud that it limits normal conversation, or the roar of a muffler-less vehicle piercing through a residential street in the small hours of the morning. For some, the volume and type of traffic close to their homes cause diminished home enjoyment.
To develop a no-reference video quality model, it is important to know how the perceived strengths of artifacts are related to their physical strengths and to the perceived annoyance. When more than one artifact is present, it is important to know whether and how its corresponding perceived strength depends on the presence of other artifacts and how perceived strengths combine to determine the overall annoyance. We study the characteristics of different types of artifacts commonly found in compressed videos. We create artifact signals predominantly perceived as blocky, blurry, ringing, and noisy and combine them in various proportions. Then, we perform two psychophysical experiments to independently measure the strength and overall annoyance of these artifact signals when presented alone or in combination. We analyze the data from these experiments and propose models for the overall annoyance based on combinations of the perceptual strengths of the individual artifact signals. We also test the ...
An anonymous reader writes It is now compulsory for people selected for a full body scan to take part, or they will not be allowed to fly from Heathrow or Manchester airports. There is no optional pat down. Also, a rule which meant that people under 18 were not allowed to participate in the body sc...
The present study investigated the psychosocial complaints related to urban noise among the population of Curitiba. We used a questionnaire of closed-set questions to collect data on demographics and psychosocial reactions to environmental noise when subjects are at home. Eight hundred and ninety-two individuals (892) participated of the study. The main noise sources associated with discomfort or
The measure, which must still be considered by the U.S. Senate, would give New York $237 million to cope with increased mass transit ridership caused by the surge in gas prices.
So popular that the money is running out. Thats the problem facing the rural mass transit system in Peoria County - a once-troubled service that has seen ridership spike in the last 15 months since the county took over more direct oversight, then transferred day-to-day control to a new, private vendor. By March or April of 2013, the on-demand operation that provides rides from Point A to Point B anywhere within county borders for $3 each way will be running in the red.
Cantuaria Manuella Lech, Usemann Jakob, Proietti Elena, Blanes-Vidal Victoria, Dick Bernhard, Flück Christa E., Rüedi Simone, Héritier Harris, Wunderli Jean-Marc, Latzin Philipp, Frey Urs, Röösli Martin, Vienneau Danielle ...
Police were last night investigating after a drone crashed into a British Airways jet over Heathrow in what is believed to be the first case of its kind.
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