Thompson G (Ed). Pioneers of Medicine without a Nobel Prize. London: Imperial College Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-78326-383-7. Hardback. 296 pp USD128 (also available as softcover and eBook). The Nobel Prize was established in 1901 using a bequest from Alfred Nobel and is probably the most highly regarded international award. Nobel prizes are currently awarded annually in several categories, including Physiology or Medicine, and winners are termed Nobel Laureates.1 The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine is awarded for "discovery of major importance in life science or medicine. Discoveries that have changed the scientific paradigm and are of great benefit for mankind are awarded the prize, whereas life time achievements or scientific leadership cannot be considered for the Nobel Prize".1 While many medical researchers have been recognised with the Nobel prize for Physiology or Medicine, many famous medical researchers over the years did not win a Nobel Prize. Pioneers of Medicine without a Nobel ...
I was beyond thrilled to be selected to represent the university at the 68th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting and to be named a Future Leader in my field by the American Chemical Society CAS SciFinder programme. Unlike traditional conferences, these two meetings were focused on what shapes a scientist and on the importance of science communication, leadership, outreach activities, interdisciplinary science, and global integration. All of these topics are close to my heart as I have advocated for them on internal committees in our department. My proudest moments have always been about lobbying and succeeding in introducing change to internal policies. My recent achievement, along with other committee members, was introducing management trainings for new principal investigators/group leaders. I believe that being great at science and people management are not necessarily related; these trainings will help to further create a better environment for graduate students, ensure their wellbeing, and ...
Abstract Until recently, most of the 24 d-block transition metals had been used primarily as useful materials for (i) construction and also as tools and containers, etc., (Ti, Zr, Fe and their alloys with V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, etc.), (ii) precious and ornamental items (Au, Pt, Ir, Os, Ag, etc.), and (iii) electromagnetic applications (Cu, Nb, Ta, W, Re, etc.). Over the past several decades, their superb properties as chemically useful substances, especially as catalysts for chemical reactions, have been increasingly recognized. "Why are they so useful as catalysts?" In most cases, their superb catalytic properties may be attributed to one or both of the following two: (1) ability to provide simultaneously both filled nonbonding valence-shell orbitals (one or more) and empty valence-shell orbitals (one or more) within thermally stable species and (2) ability to undergo simultaneously both reduction and oxidation under one set of reaction conditions in one reaction vessel. A combination of these two ...
Congratulations all. The Nobel Prizes in 2019 including the Nobel Prize in Literature 2018 The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019 was awarded jointly to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer "for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.". Peace The Nobel Peace Prize 2019 was awarded to Abiy Ahmed Ali "for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.". Literature The Nobel Prize in Literature 2019 was awarded to Peter Handke "for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.". The Nobel Prize in Literature 2018 was awarded to Olga Tokarczuk "for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life."…. Chemistry John B. ...
Thousands of people plan scholars selected the Nobel prize in chemistry science and technology - people.com.cn this network reporter interview Nobel chemical award jury member Gustafson Claes? People.com.cn October 5 Stockholm Xinhua (reporter Li Meiyi intern reporter Liu Geliu Jing) local time 5 days at 11:45, in more than 50 media reporters from around the world are looking forward to the next the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, deputy general secretary Hansen, Golan? Nobel prize jury President Sara (Sara S.Linse) and Linse? Nobel prize jury member Orlov Lang? James into quasi Trent Nobel hall, seated. Hansen announced that this year the Nobel prize in chemistry is the protagonist of the worlds smallest machine, and will be awarded to Jean Pierre? Sovic (Jean Pierre Sauvage), J Fraser Stoddart (J.Fraser?? Stoddart), and Bernard? L? (Bernard L.Feringa) with Fehling three scientists, in recognition of outstanding contributions to their design in the molecular machines and the synthesis of ...
The Nobel Prize is awarded to individuals whose entire lifes work has culminated into knowledge that can be utilized to benefit humanity. But Nobel Prize winners are not child protégés with special training. Like the rest of us, they ventured into their PhD studies with similar goals and worked hard to obtain their degrees. Scientists today hope to make great contributions to society and but are apprehensive of how their failed experiments will impact their careers. The distinction between Nobel Prize winners and the rest of us in science is that they chose to take on more risky projects that may not always lead to successful results. Dr. Ohsumi, who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine this year, took the road less travelled and dedicated his life to an undefined cellular structure with relatively little known function.. "Unfortunately, these days, at least in Japan, young scientists want to get a stable job, so they are afraid to take risks," said Yoshiniro Ohsumi. Dr. Ohsumi ...
CHEMISTRY - Wednesday 7 October, 11:45 a.m. at the earliest. LITERATURE - October 8, 13:00 a.m.. PEACE - Friday 9 October, 11:00 a.m.. ECONOMIC SCIENCES - Monday 12 October, 1:00 p.m. at the earliest. The Nobel Prize is awarded since 1901. the Nobel Prize has been honoring men and women from all corners of the globe for outstanding achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and for work in peace. In 1895 Alfred Nobel wrote his last will, leaving much of his wealth to the establishment of the Nobel Prize. Nobel is the inventor of dynamite and holder of 355 patents. He was born in 1833 and died 1896.. Holiday Gift Guides and Deals Get your Holiday gifting inspired by Best Toy Gifts with High STEM Value and the Top 10 toy gifts under $10 if you are on budget. The most popular Holiday 2017 toy list include Fingerlings, Crate Creatures and more. Dont miss the new Holiday deals on Amazon Devices, including $29.99 Fire tablet. ...
Heinrich Wieland received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1928. During the selection process in 1927, the Nobel Committee for Chemistry decided that none of the years nominations met the criteria as outlined in the will of Alfred Nobel. According to the Nobel Foundations statutes, the Nobel Prize can in such a case be reserved until the following year, and this statute was then applied. Heinrich Wieland therefore received his Nobel Prize for 1927 one year later, in 1928 ...
The winners of this years Nobel Prize in Chemistry have been announced, and the prize will be shared equally between Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas Steitz, and Ada Yonath "for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome." The information encoded in DNA is decoded to produce functional proteins in two stages: transcription (DNA -> RNA) and translation (RNA -> protein). This prize was awarded for the work that described this second stage in atomic detail, and you can read more about it in the scientific background document released with the prize announcement. This prize complements the 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, which was awarded for atomic-resolution work on transcription (although the transcription prize was specifically for work on eukaryotes, and the work recognized by the translation prize was carried out on prokaryotes).. This prize marks the sixth time in eight years that the Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded for biological work, and most of these have been for ...
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin) is awarded annually by the Swedish Karolinska Institute to scientists and doctors in the various fields of physiology or medicine. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel (who died in 1896), awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine.[1] As dictated by Nobels will, the award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and awarded by a committee that consists of five members and an executive secretary elected by the Karolinska Institute.[2][3] While commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Medicine, Nobel specifically stated that the prize be awarded for "physiology or medicine" in his will. Because of this, the prize can be awarded in a broader range of fields.[3] The first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded in 1901 to Emil Adolf von Behring, of Germany. Each recipient receives a medal, a ...
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The Nobel Prize awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet is commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Medicine. The wording in Alfred Nobels will, however, is Physiology or Medicine. It is important to make this distinction since, in the days of Alfred Nobel, physiology was used to describe what is today a number of biological fields. Interpreting the term physiology or medicine in accordance with the intentions expressed in Alfred Nobels will of 1895, therefore, leaves the Prize-Awarding Institution with considerable freedom to award Prizes in a broad biomedical field as well as in clinical medicine. Although the discussion of what is physiology and what is medicine is likely to continue indefinitely, it is clear that the prize awarder has, on several occasions, applied a broad definition. The prize in 1973 to Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaas Tinbergen "for their discoveries concerning organisation and elicitation of individual and social behaviour patterns" could ...
The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology received a double dose of excitement last month when not one, but two of its members were honored with Nobel Prizes. The good news began with the announcement that Carol Greider, a professor in the department of molecular biology and genetics at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, received one-third of the 2009 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine, becoming one of 10 women to have won a Nobel in the category (and one of 40 overall). Just two days later, ASBMB member Thomas Steitz, the Sterling professor of molecular biophysics and biochemistry, a professor of chemistry and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator at Yale University, also received a call from Stockholm informing him that he had been awarded one-third of the 2009 Nobel Prize in chemistry.. Greider, who shared the award with her Ph.D. adviser Elizabeth H. Blackburn (currently a professor at the University of California, San Francisco) and Harvard ...
On October 9, the Swedish Academy awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature to Dario Fo, the Italian playwright who is most known for his attacks on the Roman Catholic Church. His most famous work, "Mistero Buffo" ("Comic Mystery"), was branded by the Vatican in 1977 as the "most blasphemous show in the history of television"; it is not surprising, then, that the Vatican expressed astonishment when it learned that Fo had been given the Nobel Prize.. William Donohue released the following statement on Fos selection:. "I am well aware of the extent to which literature has become thoroughly politicized and debased in the West. Giving the Nobel Prize in Literature to an anti-Catholic bigot, and to a man who describes his own scatological work as grotesque, settles the issue: the deans of literature enjoy celebrating what the common folk regard as trash.. "It is not accurate to maintain, as one Italian critic did, that this prize means that everything changes, even literature changes. No, for that ...
While inhalation anesthesia was invented in the 19th century, well before the first Nobel Prize was awarded in 1901, major improvements to this medical procedure were developed after the turn of the century, when the inventor and namesake of the famous inhalation mask, Friedrich von Esmarch (1823 to 1908), was still alive. Furthermore, several pioneers in the field of local anesthesia lived throughout the age of the Nobel Prize and therefore had the theoretical chance to become a laureate: Carl Koller (1857 to 1944), Maximilian Oberst (1849 to 1925), Paul Reclus (1847 to 1914), Alfred Einhorn (1857 to 1917), Heinrich Braun (1862 to 1934), August Bier (1861 to 1949), and Carl Ludwig Schleich (1859 to 1922). Some of them were actually nominated, even several times, and their nominations were reviewed by the Nobel Prize Committee for physiology or medicine. Why were none of them successful in the end? Did this happen just by chance? The aim of this article is to discuss these questions on the basis ...
It is the time of the year again. The physics, chemistry, and medicine communities anxiously turn their heads to Stockholm. Who will be awarded the Nobel Prize this year thus lining up with the great figures in the history of science? Some scientists - unfortunately, this year it is again only men that were honored - are likely to spend a sleepless night in anticipation of the awaited call from Stockholm, which is not less than the highlight of an often already outstand scientific career. And like in the case of the movie stars and starlets the announcement is followed by the discussions, who earned the award or who possibly should have earned it instead.. In physics there is no question whether this years awardees deserve the honor. The detection of gravitational waves was a "once-in-twenty-years" event in physics and did not lag much the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012 (Nobel Prize 2015) in significance. In fact, there are parallels in the Nobel Prizes for Physics of 2015 and 2017 and ...
On October 2nd the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Michael Rosbash, Jeffrey Hall, and Michael Young for their research on circadian rhythms. This years award is especially exciting as Rosbash and Hall share a history of teaching and research in Brandeis biology department in addition to being the first long-term Brandeis faculty to win the Nobel Prize. Rosbash, whose research continues in the labs of the Carl J. Shapiro Science Center, is a current professor at Brandeis while Hall has retired to Maine. Young is currently on the faculty of Rockefeller University.. Rosbash and Hall met at Brandeis in the 1970s striking up a friendship over basketball. This friendship evolved into a working partnership in the biology labs researching circadian rhythms using fruit flies as a model organism. The work that won them the Nobel Prize was the discovery of molecular mechanisms that control the circadian rhythm. The circadian rhythm, colloquially known as the biological clock or body ...
Nobelprize.org is the official web site of the Nobel Prize. Here you will find information for every Nobel Prize since 1901, including the Nobel Laureates biographies, Nobel Lectures, interviews, photos, articles, video clips, press releases, educational games and more ...
List of Nobel Prize Winners and Laureates around World in economics, literature, chemistry, physics, peace, physiology, medicine, Nobel prize winners wiki.
Monday, October 3, 2005 Two Australian researchers, J. Robin Warren and Barry Marshall, are the 2005 winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work in discovering the role of ulcer bacteria in producing digestive ulcers. [1]. They were announced Monday morning in Stockholm, Sweden. Warren and Marshall will equally share a US$1.3 million cash prize award for discovering "the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease." [2] Dr Marshall cultivated the previously unknown bacterial species H. pylori from a study of biopsies from 100 ulcer patients, firmly establishing that gastric disorders are infectious diseases. Before their discovery, peptic ulcer was attributed to stress and lifestyle. [3] The Nobel Committee has awarded the Nobel Prize in the category Physiology or Medicine since 1901, when Emil Adolf von Behring won for developing a treatment for diphtheria. The announcement begins a week of Nobel announcements. The Physics and ...
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is one of the Nobel Prizes which were created by Alfred Nobel. This award is decided by the Karolinska Institutet, a major medical center in Sweden. The Prize is given every year to a person or persons who have done excellent work in the area of medicine (treating or stopping disease) or physiology (the way the body works). ...
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is one of the Nobel Prizes which were created by Alfred Nobel. This award is decided by the Karolinska Institutet, a major medical center in Sweden. The Prize is given every year to a person or persons who have done excellent work in the area of medicine (treating or stopping disease) or physiology (the way the body works).. ...
One of the consequences of Einsteins theory of gravity is that when gravitational monsters such as black holes shunt their weight around, they should create ripples in the very fabric of spacetime. These ripples are the gravitational waves researchers at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) had been looking for.. In 2016 they rewarded by a discovery that counts as a major milestone in modern physics. Rainer Weiss received one half of the Nobel Prize for his part in the detection of gravitational waves by LIGO, and Barry Barish and Kip Thorne share the other half. "The 2017 Nobel Laureates have, with their enthusiasm and determination, each been invaluable to the success of LIGO. Pioneers Rainer Weiss and Kip S. Thorne, together with Barry C. Barish, the scientist and leader who brought the project to completion, have ensured that more than four decades of effort led to gravitational waves finally being observed," says the Nobel Prize website.. We recently had the ...
The National Academy of Future Physicians and Medical Scientists today announced Nobel Prize winner Dr. Mario R. Capecchi as its new Science Director.. Dr. Capecchi, a biophysicist, won the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work in finding ways to manipulate the mammalian genome by inserting new genes into cells. This research led to the breeding of "knock-out mice" and "knock-in mice," animals with a single gene removed or inserted.. Today Dr. Capecchi is a distinguished professor of human genetics at the University of Utah School of Medicine. His research interests include the molecular genetic analysis of early mouse development, neural development in mammals, the production of murine models of human genetic diseases, gene therapy, homologous recombination and programmed genomic rearrangements in mice. Dr. Capecchi has also received many awards and honors including the National Medal of Science (2001), the Lasker Award (2001), and the Wolf Prize in Medicine (2003).. The ...
Anybody ever heard of Kary Mullis?  I guess he was a chemist who won the nobel prize in 1993 for the invention of polymerase chain reactions.  Quote: Nobel Prize Winner for Chemistry in
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The laureates used fruit flies to isolate a gene that controls the normal daily biological rhythm and showed how this gene encoded a protein that accumulates in the cell during the night and degrades during the day.. "The clock regulates critical functions such as behaviour, hormone levels, sleep, body temperature and metabolism," the Assembly said on awarding the prize of 9 million Swedish crowns ($1.41 million).. Thomas Perlmann, secretary at the Karolinska Institute Nobel Committee, described Mr Rosbashs reaction when he was first informed of the award: "He was silent and then he said you are kidding me.". Medicine is the first of the Nobel Prizes awarded each year.. The prizes for achievements in science, literature and peace were created in accordance with the will of dynamite inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel and have been awarded since 1901.. Nobel medicine laureates have included scientific greats such as Alexander Fleming, the discoverer of penicillin, and Karl Landsteiner, whose ...
1896 Dec 10, Alfred Nobel (63), Swedish Nobel Prize ceremony on this date, died. By the time of his death Nobel had acquired a massive fortune. In his will, he left instructions that the bulk of his estate should endow the annual Nobel prizes for those who had most contributed to the areas of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. In 1968, a sixth award for economics was established [see Nov 27, 1895]. The Nobel Peace Prize is therefore awarded on December 10. The first of the Nobel Prizes was presented in 1901 according to instructions in his will. At his death he was one of the richest men in the world, he also felt it would be wrong to leave his fortune to relatives. "Inherited wealth is a misfortune which merely serves to dull mans faculties." Nobel wished the Peace Prize to be administered in Norway ...
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is one of the Nobel Prizes which were created by Alfred Nobel. This award is decided by the Karolinska Institutet, a major medical center in Sweden. The Prize is given every year to a person or persons who have done excellent work in the area of medicine (treating or stopping disease) or physiology (the way the body works).. ...
Readers may recall this story: Nobel laureate resigns from American Physical Society to protest the organizations stance on global warming. Hes back. From the Observations, Scientific American Blog Network Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting: From the Big Bang to the Big Controversy (aka Climate Change) Ivar Giaever, who shared the 1973 prize for work on tunneling…
As is the case every five years, the 65th meeting of its kind will bring together scientist of all three natural sciences that are Nobel Prize disciplines. "The scientific landscape of the future will be significantly more interdisciplinarily organised than today because this is the only way we can succeed in dealing with the pending big challenges of mankind. With our interdisciplinary meetings we want to make a contribution to educating the next generation of leading researchers working at the interface of the classical scientific disciplines", says Wolfgang Lubitz, director of the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion and Vice-President of the Council for the Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings.. A six-day programme abundant with lectures and panel discussions is in store for the 672 selected young participants. Many consider presenting in one of the master classes a special opportunity. Exchange, networking, and inspiration have been at the core of the Lindau Meetings ever since ...
Extractions: 100 years of the Nobel Prize Exhibition from 28 June through 27 October 2002 German version Since 1901 the foundation established by the Swedish inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel identifies worldwide outstanding achievements in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, and (since 1968) economics, as well as in literature: It also honors an outstanding commitment to peace. The exhibition examines this history using three primary themes: the Nobel Prize and the First World War, the Nobel Prize at the time of the Third Reich, and the Nobel Prize in the post-war world. The Laureates and the City of Goettingen At four multi-media computers, information can be called up from a CD-ROM made for the exhibition. They let you find the research facilities and residences of the scientists on a digitized map of Goettingen, using the mouse. In the city itself, one encounters the great names everywhere. Memorial plaques hang on the sides of buildings where the laureates once ...
Posted on 05/16/2007 6:54:51 AM PDT by SirLinksalot. Charles Townes is the Nobel Prize Physics winner whose pioneering work led to the maser and later the laser. The University of California, Berkeley interviewed him on his 90th birthday where they talked about evolution, intelligent design and the meaning of life. I thought this would be good to share... ---------------------------------------- BERKELEY Religion and science, faith and empirical experiment: these terms would seem to have as little in common as a Baptist preacher and a Berkeley physicist. And yet, according to Charles Hard Townes, winner of a Nobel Prize in Physics and a UC Berkeley professor in the Graduate School, they are united by similar goals: science seeks to discern the laws and order of our universe; religion, to understand the universes purpose and meaning, and how humankind fits into both. Where these areas intersect is territory that Townes has been exploring for many of his 89 years, and in March his insights were ...
Posted on 05/16/2007 6:54:51 AM PDT by SirLinksalot. Charles Townes is the Nobel Prize Physics winner whose pioneering work led to the maser and later the laser. The University of California, Berkeley interviewed him on his 90th birthday where they talked about evolution, intelligent design and the meaning of life. I thought this would be good to share... ---------------------------------------- BERKELEY Religion and science, faith and empirical experiment: these terms would seem to have as little in common as a Baptist preacher and a Berkeley physicist. And yet, according to Charles Hard Townes, winner of a Nobel Prize in Physics and a UC Berkeley professor in the Graduate School, they are united by similar goals: science seeks to discern the laws and order of our universe; religion, to understand the universes purpose and meaning, and how humankind fits into both. Where these areas intersect is territory that Townes has been exploring for many of his 89 years, and in March his insights were ...
Ralph Steinmans discovery of dendritic cells made an invaluable contribution to the field of immunology. Although it took many years for the expansive nature of his discovery to be recognized, in his last years of life he was widely commended for his find. He was aware of his consideration for the Nobel Prize, and while he was not informed of his final status as a winner, the designation is one that will serve his legacy well. Steinman was one of three Nobel Prize recipients in Physiology or Medicine this year, and of the three he was the primary winner. He was awarded one half of the prize, and his two companion winners were each awarded one quarter.1 The two other winners, Bruce Beutler and Jules Hoffmann, contributed to the discovery of a receptor found in fruit flies and mice, respectively. This receptor is expressed on Steinmans dendritic cells and is found to form a catalytically active dimer upon activation. It is clear that Steinmans legacy will live on in the works of others and that ...
This years Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded on Monday to Andrew Fire and Craig Mellow, for their research on RNA interference.. 47-year old Fire is a professor of pathology and genetics at Stanford University, and Mello, 45, is a professor in Molecular Medicine at the University of Massachusetts.. The statement from the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institute in Sweden said: "This years Nobel Laureates have discovered a fundamental mechanism for controlling the flow of genetic information." Fire and Mellos (then at Washingtons Carnegie Institution) seminal publication in Nature in 1998 opened the door for "exciting possibilities", the jury in Stockholm added.. RNA interference (or RNAi) is the process of using double stranded RNA fragments which bind and interfere with a specific messenger RNA, so that its not longer used to make proteins. It has been recognised as a natural way of gene regulation in plants and animals. Today, the technology is being used by biomedical ...
Professor Saiful Islam, Professor of Materials Chemistry at the University of Bath, welcomed the news: "Im absolutely delighted that John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino have been awarded the Chemistry Nobel Prize for the development of lithium-ion batteries. As we know, these batteries have helped power the portable revolution and now have a crucial role in electric vehicles to lowering emissions and improving air quality. In my view, this award is long overdue and its great to see that this important area of materials chemistry has been recognised. In fact, most people probably saw this Nobel Prize news on a device powered by a lithium-ion battery.". Professor Richard Catlow, Professor of Catalytic and Computational Chemistry, at Cardiff Catalysis Institute said: "I remember well when John, then in Oxford, did his pioneering work on the lithium cobalt oxide cathode. We were all impressed by this typically imaginative and creative piece of solid state chemistry; but ...
Tweet On October 5, 2015 one half of the Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine was jointly awarded to William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura for their discoveries concerning a novel therapy against infections caused by roundworm parasites. The research of Campbell and Ōmura has led to the development of drugs to effectively treat . . . → Read More: Nobel Prize for Discoveries on the Treatment of Lymphatic Filariasis. ...
Play fun Third (3rd) grade Nobel Prize Educational Games games online for free. Third (3rd) grade Nobel Prize Educational Games games are even categorized by educational subject.
Play fun Second (2nd) grade Nobel Prize Educational Games games online for free. Second (2nd) grade Nobel Prize Educational Games games are even categorized by educational subject.
Artemisinin is an anti-malarial parasite drug extracted from a Chinese medicinal plant called sweet wormwood (Artemisia annua; Asteraceae family). It is also known as qinghaosu in Chinese and it is the most rapid acting drug currently available against the malarial parasite, Plasmodium falciparum.. The 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine is shared by William C. Campbell, Satoshi Omura and Youyou Tu for the discoveries of therapies against parasitic infections which saved millions of life over the globe. Among the three Nobel laureates, Professor Youyou Tu of China shares half of the Prize money for the credit of isolation, purification and structure elucidation of Artemisinin, the anti-malarial parasite drug for the first time from a Chinese traditional medicinal plant Artemisia annua. Professor Tu is the first China based Woman scientist to win the science Nobel.. Continue reading→. ...
Here are some more numbers. Since 1950, NSF has supported 197 Nobel laureates. And heres the difference between NSF and the Nobel Prize committee: we identify Nobel laureates several decades before the Nobel Prize committee identifies them. And, on average, weve given the Nobel Prize winners more money than the Nobel Prize committee has. Those are important points to remember. Its more difficult to identify potential than it is to identify performance.. So NSF has used the peer review system; it has used it for 62 years. Its not perfect, but we had the heads of 50 research funding agencies from across 50 countries at NSF two weeks ago. They all unanimously agreed that as imperfect as it may be, NSFs merit review system is probably the best system. They are trying to emulate it. Countries including Ireland, South Korea, China, India, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Nigeria have all created -- or, are in the process of creating -- science funding agencies that are modeled after the U.S. National ...
Witness: Ms. Hsieh (Yann Jiun Hsieh), a young sister of the patient.. The Revealment of True Applied Science of Centurial Nobel Prize in Physiology & Medicine:. How can we explore “etiology†with failure to delve into “life phenomena†?. Why do we have no solutions for Tumors and Cancers after nearly one hundred years of research from 20th century till now ?. Founder of the Nobel Prize: Alfred Nobel, 1833-1896. According to his will, the Nobel Foundation was created in Jun. 29th, 1900. The Nobel Prize was first awarded in Dec. 10th, 1901.. From Molecular Biology to Systems Biology, it is like striding from the 20th Century to the 21st Century. But you can’t possibly understand the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Physiology & Medicine without the knowledge of Molecular Biology and Systems Biology.. To illustrate, taking Nobel Prize in Physiology & Medicine over one hundred years in the 20th century, we should divide the time period in accordance with in half : You can ...
MAX VON LAUE ( )  1914 Nobel Laureate in Physics His best known work, however, for which he received the Nobel Prize for Physics for 1914, was his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays on crystals. His best known work, however, for which he received the Nobel Prize for Physics for 1914, was his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays on crystals.
... achievments in coverups for political crime. Al Gore won a Nobel Peace Prize last year for his contributions to global awareness of global warming. He also won several awards for his 2007 film An Inconvenient Truth. Gore was apparently honored by the Nobel Committee for raising public awareness that elevated CO2 levels from human activity will melt icecaps and flood the world. Gore never mentions the millions of tons of chemicals elites such as himself have been dumping in the atmosphere to facilitate the projection of military power as platforms for cloaking, communications, weather modification, virtual imaging and immune suppression technologies. Gore also fails to mention that the toxic chemicals contained in the CO2, which is the real problem facing all life on earth, would no longer be in use but elites such as himself have been blocking development and access to better and cleaner ways of doing things. Then, on Nov. 19, 2008, on his blog at ...
For this lecture - the rest of this lecture and then the next couple of lectures, Ill be discussing some basic aspects of human nature that are, to some extent or another, informed by evolutionary theory. And what I want to start for the remainder of this lecture is a discussion of rationality. Now, some of you maybe not want to go into - not want to go into psychology because theres no Nobel Prize for psychology. You might all think, "Hey, if Im going to go into the sciences I want a Nobel Prize. Think how proud Bubby and Zadie would be if I won a Nobel Prize. Wouldnt that be the best?" You can get one. Psychologists have won the Nobel Prize. Most recently, Danny Kahneman won a Nobel Prize. You win it in economics, sometimes medicine; not a big deal. He won it for his work done over the course of many decades on human rationality. And this work was done in collaboration with Amos Tversky, who passed away several years ago. And this work entirely transformed the way we think about human ...
Nobel Lectures A. Yonath Angewandte Chemie 4340 www.angewandte.org 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 4340 - 4354 Angewandte Ribosomes Chemie DOI: 10.1002/anie.201001297 Nobel Lectures Hibernating Bears, Antibiotics, and the Evolving Ribosome (Nobel Lecture)** Ada Yonath* antibiotics · Nobel lecture · protein synthesis · ribosomes H igh-resolution structures of ribosomes, the cellular machines that translate the genetic code into proteins, revealed the decoding mechanism, detected the mRNA path, identified the sites of the tRNA molecules in the ribosome, elucidated the position and the nature of the nascent proteins exit tunnel, illuminated the interactions of the ribosome with non-ribosomal factors, such as the initiation, release and recycling factors. Notably, these structures proved that the ribosome is a ribozyme whose active site, namely where the peptide bonds are being formed, is situated within a universal symmetrical region that is ...
The Nobel Prize in Literature 2011 is awarded to Tomas Tranströmer "because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality".. Chemistry. The 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to Dan Shechtman "for the discovery of quasicrystals". Physics. The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae" with one half to Saul Perlmutter and the other half jointly to Brian P. Schmidt andAdam G. Riess. Physiology or Medicine. The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was divided, one half jointly to Bruce A. Beutler and Jules A. Hoffmann "for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity" and the other half to Ralph M. Steinman "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity. Nobel Peace Prize. "The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2011 is to be divided in three equal parts between Ellen ...
The 2013 Nobel Prize honors Dr. James E. Rothman, Dr. Randy W. Schekman and Dr. Thomas C. Südhof who have solved the mystery of how the cell organizes its transport system. The three Nobel Laureates have discovered the molecular principles that govern how the machinery regulating vesicle traffic within cells functions.
Nobel Fisiologi atau Kedokteran (bahasa Swedia: Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin) dianugerahi secara tahunan oleh Institut Karolinska Swedia kepada ilmuwan dan dokter dalam berbagai bidang fisiologi atau kedokteran. Penghargaan tersebut adalah salah satu dari lima Penghargaan Nobel yang didirikan pada 1895 atas kehendak Alfred Nobel (yang meninggal pada 1896), yang dianugerahi untuk jasa-jasa menakjubkan dalam bidang kimia, fisika, kesusastraan, perdamaian, dan fisiologi atau kedokteran.[1] Sesuai dengan kehendak Nobel, penghargaan tersebut diurus oleh Yayasan Nobel dan dianugerahi oleh sebuah komite yang terdiri dari lima anggota dan seorang sekretaris eksekutif yang dipilih oleh Institut Karolinska.[2][3] Meskipun umumnya disebut sebagai Nobel Kedokteran, Nobel secara spesifik menyatakan bahwa penghargaan tersebut dianugerahi untuk "fisiologi atau kedokteran" atas kehendaknya. Karena itu, penghargaan tersebut dapat diberikan dalam bidang yang lebih luas.[3] Nobel Fisiologi dan Pengobatan ...
alphadogg writes Charles Kao, whose work in the 1960s laid the foundation for todays long-distance fiber-optic networks, has won a share of this years Nobel Prize in Physics (PDF). Kao, sometimes referred to as the father of fiber-optic communications, was formally honored by the Nobel Foundati...
The 2014 Ig Nobel Prizes, honoring achievements that first make people laugh, and then make them think, were awarded at Harvard Universitys historic Sanders Theatre on the evening of September 18, before 1,100 spectators in a ceremony filled with bananas, toast, dogs, cats, humans impersonating polar bears, opera singers, and paper airplanes. This was the 24th First Annual Ig Nobel Prize Ceremony (and the 20th consecutive year the ceremony was webcast). Most of the new winners journeyed to Harvard - at their own expense - to accept their prizes. The Ig Nobel Prizes were physically handed to the winners by four genuine Nobel laureates: Carol Greider (Nobel in Physiology or Medicine, 2009) Eric Maskin (Nobel in Economics, 2007), Rich Roberts (Nobel in Physiology or Medicine, 1993), and Frank Wilczek (Nobel in Physics, 2004). Rich Roberts was also given away in the Win-a-Date-with-a-Nobel-Laureate Contest. The event was produced by the science humor magazine "Annals of Improbable Research" (AIR), ...
The Nobel Prize Committee awarded last years Physiology and Medicine prize to 3 scientists who identified the causes of 2 diseases that kill millions of people worldwide: HIV/AIDS and cancer of the cervix. Harald zur Hausen received half of the prize "for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer" and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier shared the other half of the award "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus."1 The knowledge that stemmed directly or indirectly from the vigorous research by these 3 outstanding scientists will prevent the countless premature deaths caused by these diseases. As epidemiologists working in public health on the global scene, we applaud the Nobel Committees decision. We hasten to add, however, that in this era in which advances in medical knowledge can come only from strong multidisciplinary approaches, the laurels of recognition to those who initiate or sustain the basic science discoveries are grounded on a foundation ...
This picture book provides a brief but interesting and well-illustrated account of Alfred Nobels adult life. I never realized that the man that invented dynamite was also the man behind the Nobel Prizes for achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and for peace. While I wish that Wargin had chosen to discuss Nobels youth, the information presented about his inventions and scientific discoveries fascinated me. It also surprised me that Nobels own brother died in an explosion in one of his workshops researching nitroglycerin. Zachary Pullens action filled illustrations show the bearded Nobel at various points in his busy life and a couple illustrations show rough schematics of two of Nobels inventions, the blasting cap and dynamite. Maybe those children that read the book will be inspired to achieve great things in their own lives. Wargin certainly hopes so. In her inscription in the beginning of the book, she writes, "To all children who carry the vision, the ...
The Nobel prize winners all played a seminal role in the discovery of the gravitational waves in February 2016. A LIGO detector is coming up in India.
TUESDAY, Jan. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Nations whose people consume the most milk and dairy products have a lot of Nobel Prize winners, research shows.. For the study, investigators analyzed 2007 data on milk consumption in 22 countries and found that Sweden had the highest consumption of milk/dairy products (750 pounds per person per year) and also had highest rate of Nobel Prize winners at 33 per 10 million people.. Switzerland was also near the top in milk/dairy product consumption (661 pounds per person per year) and had 32 Nobel Prize winners per 10 million people, according to the authors of the letter published in the current issue of the journal Practical Neurology.. China had the lowest milk/dairy product consumption of the countries included in the study (55 pounds per person per year) and the lowest rate of Nobel Prize winners, the authors pointed out in a journal news release.. The data also seemed to suggest that once a nations milk/dairy product consumption reaches about 772 pounds ...
The Everything Quests: The Nobel Prize winners Is Now a W r a p !! For all those who submitted enteries thank you - this turned out better than Id hop...
Nobel Prize Winner Bruce Beutler Joins Sound Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 11/29/2012 11:39:18 AM SEATTLE, Nov. 28, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Sound Pharmaceuticals, Inc. is honored to have Bruce A. Beutler, a...
Ex-microbiologist (wouldnt it be nice to have more disclosure than anonymity). "With respect to the notion that data, not ideas, are important for Nobel prizes, thats just nonsense. Examples include Delbruck (fluctuation analysis), Burnett (clonal selection), Watson/Crick (model of DNA structure), and many others.". Its an odd argument that the Nobel Prize is awarded for an idea. In science, as anywhere else, ideas are a dime a dozen. If ideas received Nobels we would all have multiple medals and the Nobel would be less significant than published papers. Lets consider a couple of the examples given. Watson and Crick (and Wilkins) did not receive the Nobel for the model of DNA structure. But even if Watson and Crick did receive their awards for their model was this simply an idea? I encourage those not familiar with the work to read their Nature paper (Nature. 1953. 171:737-8). The model only came about through an understanding of what the x-ray data meant (including Cricks knowledge to ...
The first Nobel Prize of 2015 has been awarded jointly to three scientists for their groundbreaking work in developing therapies that fight infections...
The man who discovered induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) has received the 2012 Nobel Prize for medicine. Dr. Shinya Yamanaka, a researcher from Kyoto University, developed a new process in 2006 that used four genes to reprogram skin cells in mice to behave like embryonic stem cells, which are pluripotent and thus capable of developing into any cell of the human body. In November 2007, Yamanaka and his team were able to create human iPSCs.. Yamanaka and the co-recipient, John B. Gurdon, received the prize owing to their discovery that "mature, specialised cells can be reprogrammed to become immature cells capable of developing into all tissues of the body," according to a press release from the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet. "By reprogramming human cells, scientists have created new opportunities to study diseases and develop methods for diagnosis and therapy.". The discovery means that embryonic stem cell research, which has just begun to undergo human clinical trials in Europe, ...
Unraveling the Ribosome: Chemistry Nobel Awarded to Modelers of Living Cells Protein-Maker: Scientific AmericanThe 2009 Nobel Prize in chemistry will be split among three researchers who, over the course of the past two decades, puzzled out-at the atomic level-the function of the ribosome in piecing together proteins.The prize will be equally split between biophysicist Venkatraman…
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet on 3 October 2016 decided to award the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to Yoshinori Ohsumi.. Ohsumi is bestowed with the prize for his discoveries of mechanisms for autophagy. He discovered and elucidated mechanisms underlying autophagy, a fundamental process for degrading and recycling cellular components.. What is autophagy?. • Autophagy is the natural, destructive mechanism that disassembles, through a regulated process, unnecessary or dysfunctional cellular components.. • It allows the orderly degradation and recycling of cellular components.. • During this process, targeted cytoplasmic constituents are isolated from the rest of the cell within a double-membraned vesicle known as an autophagosome.. • The autophagosome then fuses with a lysosome and the contents are degraded and recycled.. • Three different forms of autophagy are commonly described as macroautophagy, microautophagy and chaperone-mediated autophagy.. • The name ...
Canadian short-story writer Alice Munro has been awarded the Nobel Prize in literature. Ms. Munro is only the thirteenth woman to win the prize since its inception in 1901. The Nobel Foundation said
At the same time, however, Axelrod grew increasingly aware of the public power conferred on him as a Nobel Laureate and became involved in many contested political issues that extended far beyond the laboratory. As he remarked to the Washington Post in 1978, I was always conscious of [political issues], but before no one asked me to sign petitions. A Nobel Laureates signature is very visible. At the Nobel ceremony in Stockholm in December 1970, Axelrod criticized younger people who, he felt, wrongly challenged the research performed by him and his generation of scientists in the cultural climate of late 1960s anti-establishment thinking. Viewers can examine this speech in the Documents section. In June 1973, after President Richard Nixon signed a bill to create the Conquest of Cancer Agency, a group of NIH-affiliated Laureates led by Axelrod, Christian Anfinsen, and Marshall Nirenberg organized an emergency meeting of the Federation of American Scientists. The FAS released a petition to Nixon ...
The Nobel prize in chemistry has been awarded to the three scientists for developing a technique to produce images of the molecules of life frozen in time. The technique, called cryo-electron microscopy, allows biomolecules to be visualised in their natural configuration for the first time, triggering a "revolution in biochemistry", according to the Nobel committee. The latest versions of the technology mean scientists can record biochemical processes as they unfold in film-like sequences.. Richard Henderson, a Scottish scientist and professor at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, was the first to successfully modify the electron microscope to image a protein involved in photosynthesis, by using a weaker beam and taking pictures from many angles. Joachim Frank, a German-born professor at Columbia University in New York, developed mathematical algorithms that allowed the method to be applied to a wider array of molecules. Jacques Dubochet, who is Swiss and an honorary professor at the ...
Also awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry today were Stefan W. Hell of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry and William E. Moerner of Stanford University. Due to the trios inventions, now known as nanoscopy, "scientists visualize the pathways of individual molecules inside living cells. They can see how molecules create synapses between nerve cells in the brain; they can track proteins involved in Parkinsons, Alzheimers and Huntingtons diseases as they aggregate; they follow individual proteins in fertilized eggs as these divide into embryos," the Nobel Foundation stated in its announcement today. "Theoretically, there is no longer any structure too small to be studied.". Betzig and Moerner, working separately, laid the foundation for single-molecule microscopy. This method relies upon the possibility to turn the fluorescence of individual molecules on and off. Scientists image the same area multiple times, letting just a few interspersed molecules glow each time. Superimposing ...
Earlier this morning, The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has announced that British scientist Robert G. Edwards has been awarded the Nobel Prize i
In a testament to the revolutionary potential of the field of regenerative medicine, in which scientists are able to create and replace any cells that are at fault in disease, the Nobel Prize committee on Monday awarded the 2012 Nobel in Physiology or ... ...
Dr. Stanley Prusiner, who took his undergraduate degree in chemistry from the College and an M.D. from Penn Med, has been awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for his work in discovering the agent that may cause such brain diseases as Mad Cow and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. The Nobel Assembly cited Prusiner for his discovery of the prion (PREE-on), a rogue protein that is totally unlike anything else previously known to cause infectious disease.. Prusiner was the first researcher to suspect that a protein, which does not contain the genes or genetic material that allows viruses and bacteria to reproduce themselves, could cause disease. The idea was immediately controversial -- so much so that many in the scientific community dismissed Prusiner and his work as heretical. As Dr. Britton Chance, emeritus professor of biochemistry and biophysics explains, "Nobody believed in the existence of prions for many years, but with his dogged persistence and wonderful integrity he went on until he unlocked the ...
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2006 jointly to Andrew Z. Fire and Craig C. Mello for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA.
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has today decided to award The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 2008 with one half to
The Nobel Prize: an Olympic gold medal of the mind. See our recommendations to the Nobel committee, in all six categories-and Fields Medal for Mathematics.
LONDON - British biochemist Frederick Sanger, 95, who twice won the Nobel Prize in chemistry and was a pioneer of genome sequencing, has died.. His death was confirmed Wednesday by the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology - which Sanger helped found in 1962.. The laboratory praised Sanger, who died in his sleep Tuesday at Addenbrookes Hospital in Cambridge, as an "extremely modest and self-effacing man whose contributions have made an extraordinary impact on molecular biology.". Sanger was one of four individuals to have been awarded two Nobel Prizes; the others being Marie Curie, Linus Pauling and John Bardeen.. Jeremy Farrar, director of the Wellcome Trust, called Sanger "the father of the genomic era.". Sanger first won the Nobel Prize in 1958 at the age of 40 for his work on the structure of proteins. He had determined the sequence of the amino acids in insulin and showed how they are linked together.. He later turned his attention to the sequencing of nucleic acids and developing techniques ...
Cons: This would definitely be a lifetime achievement award. Karplus did do the first MD simulation of a protein ever but that by itself wouldnt command a Nobel Prize. The other question is regarding what field exactly the prize would honor. If its specifically applications to biochemistry, then Karplus alone would probably suffice. But if the prize is for computational methods and applications in general, then others would also have to be considered, most notably Allinger but perhaps also Ken Houk who has been foremost in applying such methods to organic chemistry. Another interesting candidate is David Baker whose program Rosetta has really produced some fantastic results in predicting protein structure and folding. It even spawned a cool game. But the field is probably too new for a prize and would have to be further validated ...
Cons: This would definitely be a lifetime achievement award. Karplus did do the first MD simulation of a protein ever but that by itself wouldnt command a Nobel Prize. The other question is regarding what field exactly the prize would honor. If its specifically applications to biochemistry, then Karplus alone would probably suffice. But if the prize is for computational methods and applications in general, then others would also have to be considered, most notably Allinger but perhaps also Ken Houk who has been foremost in applying such methods to organic chemistry. Another interesting candidate is David Baker whose program Rosetta has really produced some fantastic results in predicting protein structure and folding. It even spawned a cool game. But the field is probably too new for a prize and would have to be further validated ...
Clues are now starting to form. So, water is being used as the drug with some sort of imprinted memory of a real drug. Yes, it is a techno-babble derivative of homeopathy. Indeed, "Coherence Domain" is one of those bits of jargon that a few homeopaths have appropriated to give their ideas of the memory of water the veneer of scientific language.. If anything Nativis were claiming was real, you would expect there to be an explosion of papers published, and the world buzzing with groundbreaking discoveries. But nothing. There are just a number of patents - and I will come on to those.. But what of the Nobel Prize winning discoveries that appear to underpin the technology?. The Nativis web site goes on to explain that Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) is the underpinning breakthrough. The work of Dirac, Schrödinger and Feynman describing how photons interact with matter has led to their breakthroughs and that "Nativis may be the first to successfully apply QED theory to medicine by converting ...
The Nobel Prizes are being awarded this week. Here's a look back at a few of the most notable winners in the history of the institution.
The biochemist won the 1976 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for discovering the hepatitis B virus, which causes severe liver disease and cancer. He later developed the vaccine that protects against it.
Written By: Jack Zhong Edited By: Josephine McGowan On October 6, 2015, the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology was awarded to William C. Campbell and Satoshi Ōmura for
Shop our Nobel Prize Winnners category for authentic pamphlets, autographs, signed photographs, collectibles, memorabilia, historical documents and manuscripts from the worlds largest collection. Industry recognized COA. Shipping worldwide.
Tom Cech, a distinguished professor at the University of Colorado and currently president of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in Chevy Chase, Md., became the universitys first Nobel Prize winner in 1989. He shared the prize in chemistry with Sidney Altman of Yale University for their independent discoveries that RNA can act as a catalyst in cell development.. Cech was cited for his groundbreaking work with ribonucleic acid enzymes, or ribozymes, which is helping scientists better understand the role of RNA in living systems. The research may pave the way for the use of RNA molecules as therapeutic agents against a variety of human diseases.. Prior to Cechs RNA research in the early 1980s, scientists believed that DNA served as the warehouse of genetic information, RNA decoded the information and proteins used it to create physical attributes such as skin, hair and eyes. These proteins were thought to be the only catalysts in determining cell development.. Research conducted by Cech and his ...
Just be thankful you wont be around when the universe is ending - according to the winners of this years Nobel Prize in physics the end will be freezing and very, very dark and dominated by "black skies unbroken by the light of galaxies." (Or at least thats how the Associated Press describes it).. The U.S. trio of scientists Saul Perlmutter, Brian Schmidt and Adam Riess discovered that not only is our universe expanding, but its also accelerating - a notion that went against all previous assumptions that gravity will eventually slow things down.. The cause of this gravity-defying repulsion is likely due to dark energy - the elusive unknown force that many experts say represents the biggest mystery in modern physics, if not modern science.. By locating distant supernova, specifically the type Ia supernovae, the researchers noticed that the these exploding stars were much dimmer than theyd expected - illuminating the fact that their galaxies must be moving away from each other faster than ...
Americans James Rothman and Randy Schekman, and German-born researcher Thomas Suedhof won this years Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine yesterday for discoveries on how hormones, enzymes and other key substances are transported within cells.
Three researchers who discovered how hormes, enzymes and other key substances are transported within cells have won this years Nobel Prize in medicine.
This years Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar for having mapped, at a molecular level, how cells repair damaged DNA and safeguard the genetic information. Tomas Lindahl made these crucial discoveries, for which he is now being rewarded, at Karolinska Institutet.
Glowing proteins - a guiding star for biochemistry The remarkable brightly glowing green fluorescent protein, GFP, was first observed in the beautiful jellyfish, Aequorea victoria in 1962. Since then, this protein has become one of the most important tools used in contemporary bioscience. With the aid of GFP, researchers have developed ways to watch processes that were previously invisible, such as the development of nerve cells in the brain or how cancer cells spread. Tens of thousands of different proteins reside in a living organism, controlling important chemical processes in minute detail. If this protein machinery malfunctions, illness and disease often follow. That is why it has been imperative for bioscience to map the role of different proteins in the body. This years Nobel Prize in Chemistry rewards the initial discovery of GFP and a series of important developments which have led to its use as a tagging tool in bioscience. By using DNA technology, researchers can now connect GFP to ...
This years Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine is being shared by scientists for work done 40 years apart. British scientist John Gurdon cloned a frog back in 1962. In 2006 and 2007, Japanese research Shinya Yamanaka used a different technique to reprogram cells of both mice and humans beings.
Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan features in the list of probables for this years Nobel Prize in Economics, The Wall Street Journal has reported.
Peace: The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo. Every year. According to the dying wish of Alfred himself. At the time, Sweden and Norway had a nice little union, and Nobel was a fan of the union. Some people think by giving Oslo the Peace prize he was trying to create his own version of peace between the two parties in their union which would dissolve just a short while after Nobels death. But no one really knows. Because he didnt write it down. Let this serve as a warning to all of you who intend on leaving your vast fortunes to the creation of international awards. Explain everything ...
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/becquerel-bio.html Henri Becquerel] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1922/bohr-bio.html Niels Bohr] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/marie-curie-bio.html Marie Curie] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1921/einstein-bio.html Albert Einstein] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1938/fermi-bio.html Enrico Fermi] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1944/hahn-bio.html Otto Hahn] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1939/lawrence-bio.html Ernest Lawrence] - [http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Meitner.html Lise Meitner] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1901/rontgen-bio.html Wilhelm Roentgen] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1908/rutherford-bio.html Sir Ernest Rutherford],br ...
http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/becquerel-bio.html Henri Becquerel] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1922/bohr-bio.html Niels Bohr] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1903/marie-curie-bio.html Marie Curie] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1921/einstein-bio.html Albert Einstein] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1938/fermi-bio.html Enrico Fermi] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1944/hahn-bio.html Otto Hahn] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1939/lawrence-bio.html Ernest Lawrence] - [http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Meitner.html Lise Meitner] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1901/rontgen-bio.html Wilhelm Roentgen] - [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1908/rutherford-bio.html Sir Ernest Rutherford],br ...
The Nobel Peace Prize is an award presented to either an individual or an organization in accordance with Alfred Nobels living will. Alfred Nobel, creatoar of the five Nobel Prizes, was a Swedish inventor and industrialist. He disposed the Nobel Prize in his will to be awarded to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between the nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses. The Nobel Peace Prize differs from the Nobel Prizes in literature, physics, chemistry, and medicine or physiology in that it may be presented not only to individuals, but also to organizations that are actively engaged in a process or effort that intends to promote world peace. The prize can be awarded for current efforts, rather than for having accomplished a goal or resolved an issue. ...
By Ryan Jones Matthews. Widely considered the most prestigious accolade in science, the Nobel Prize is awarded to scientists whose work is considered an "outstanding contribution for humanity" in their respective fields. This year, the prize in Chemistry has been awarded to 3 European scientists for their work in developing a method to produce high-resolution three-dimensional models of biomolecules such as DNA. The recipients of the award are Jacques Dubochet, a Swiss biophysicist at the University of Lausanne; Joachim Frank, a German professor of biochemistry and biophysics at Colombia University; and Richard Henderson, a British researcher at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. They will share a prize fund of 9 million Swedish Kroner (about £850,000). The method, called cryo-electron microscopy, freezes biomolecules in mid-movement to perfectly preserve their physical shape and, using electron microscopes, makes previously invisible processes into precise atomic models. The ...
The Swedish Academy has awarded the 2017 Nobel Prize in Literature to British author Kazuo Ishiguro, whose "novels of great emotional force" shift between literary fiction, science fiction, and horror-sometimes in one book, as in his dystopian coming-of-age tale Never Let Me Go. The Noble Prize is awarded based on body of work; the Academy praised Ishiguros for "uncover[ing] the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world.". Betting service Ladbrokes had pegged Margaret Atwood and Haruki Murakami as some of the frontrunners for the prize, which went to singer/songwriter Bob Dylan last year. Curious minds wont know who the 194 other candidates were for another 50 years, as thats how long the Swedish Academy waits to share that information.. Following the announcement of the award, the Academys Permanent Secretary Sarah Danius described Ishiguros writing style to an interviewer: "If you mix Jane Austen and Franz Kafka, then you have Kazuo Ishiguro in a nutshell-but you have ...
After Bob Dylan was named the winner of the Nobel Prize in literature last October, the literary commentariat wrestled with a fundamental question: Can song lyrics be literature? For some, the though
Photo by Andreas Rentz/Getty This week, theyve been announcing the 2009 Nobel Prize winners. Herta Mueller, a German author, won the Li...
Story of Gertrude Belle Elion, Nobel Prize Winner, scientific research led to the discovery of drugs to treat leukemia, malaria, gout, herpes and AIDS.
In fact, the discoveries have facilitated development of advanced treatments for Parkinsons disease, depression, Alzheimers disease, schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and even drug abuse. Mr. Greengard, for example, discovered how dopamine acts on the nervous system and how other chemicals cause the brains 100 billion nerve cells to communicate and ultimately make the body function. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, a hormonelike chemical that triggers the brains nerve cells to act. It travels to parts of the brain that produce smooth body movement. Thus discovering how dopamine works was remarkably important for those with Parkinsons disease, which destroys the chemical, causes tremors and, among other things, affects the ability to walk. Mr. Greengards revelations facilitated production of drugs for Parkinsons and schizophrenia, along with other diseases. Mr. Greengard is the second Roosevelt University Nobel Prize winner in two years and the 21st in the universitys ...
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was announced this morning in Stockholm, to laureates who were applauded for their "fundamental and groundbreaking discoveries on the enzymatic mechanisms of DNA repair".. Lindahl, of the UKs Francis Crick Institute and Clare Hall Laboratory, "demonstrated that DNA is an inherently unstable molecule, subject to decay even under physiological conditions".. Having made this observation, Lindahl was the first scientist to identify "a completely new group of DNA glycosylases" and described how they functioned in base excision repair in a 1986 paper entitled "DNA Glycosylases in DNA Repair" and published in Mechanisms of DNA Damage and Repair, which has been cited by more than 3,900 other articles in the field, according to Google Scholar.. Modrich, of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Duke University School of Medicine, "transformed the field of mismatch repair from genetic observations to a detailed biochemical understanding, first in bacteria, and later in ...