Define interconnect. interconnect synonyms, interconnect pronunciation, interconnect translation, English dictionary definition of interconnect. v. in·ter·con·nect·ed , in·ter·con·nect·ing , in·ter·con·nects v. intr. To be connected with each other: The two buildings interconnect. v. tr.
Dynamic functional connectivity (DFC) refers to the observed phenomenon that functional connectivity changes over a short time. Dynamic functional connectivity is a recent expansion on traditional functional connectivity analysis which typically assumes that functional networks are static in time. DFC is related to a variety of different neurological disorders, and has been suggested to be a more accurate representation of functional brain networks. The primary tool for analyzing DFC is fMRI, but DFC has also been observed with several other mediums. DFC is a recent development within the field of functional neuroimaging whose discovery was motivated by the observation of temporal variability in the rising field of steady state connectivity research Functional connectivity refers to the functionally integrated relationship between spatially separated brain regions. Unlike structural connectivity which looks for physical connections in the brain, functional connectivity is related to similar ...
A system automatically routes interconnect of an integrated circuit design using variable width interconnect lines. For example, a first automatically routed interconnect may have a different width from a second automatically routed interconnect. The system will vary the width of the interconnect lines based on certain factors or criteria. These factors include current or power handling, reliability, electromigration, voltage drops, self-heating, optical proximity effects, or other factors, or combinations of these factors. The system may use a gridded or a gridless (or shape-based) approach.
Whole brain resting state connectivity is a promising biomarker that might help to obtain an early diagnosis in many neurological diseases, such as dementia. Inferring resting-state connectivity is often based on correlations, which are sensitive to indirect connections, leading to an inaccurate representation of the real backbone of the network. The precision matrix is a better representation for whole brain connectivity, as it considers only direct connections. The network structure can be estimated using the graphical lasso (GL), which achieves sparsity through l1-regularization on the precision matrix. In this paper, we propose a structural connectivity adaptive version of the GL, where weaker anatomical connections are represented as stronger penalties on the corresponding functional connections. We applied beamformer source reconstruction to the resting state MEG recordings of 81 subjects, where 29 were healthy controls, 22 were single-domain amnestic Mild Cognitive Impaired (MCI), and 30 were
Whole brain resting state connectivity is a promising biomarker that might help to obtain an early diagnosis in many neurological diseases, such as dementia. Inferring resting-state connectivity is often based on correlations, which are sensitive to indirect connections, leading to an inaccurate representation of the real backbone of the network. The precision matrix is a better representation for whole brain connectivity, as it considers only direct connections. The network structure can be estimated using the graphical lasso (GL), which achieves sparsity through l1-regularization on the precision matrix. In this paper, we propose a structural connectivity adaptive version of the GL, where weaker anatomical connections are represented as stronger penalties on the corresponding functional connections. We applied beamformer source reconstruction to the resting state MEG recordings of 81 subjects, where 29 were healthy controls, 22 were single-domain amnestic Mild Cognitive Impaired (MCI), and 30 were
Looking for Neutral Interconnect? Find out information about Neutral Interconnect. Network infrastructure where network service providers can freely exchange traffic without policy restrictions. Examples are the GIX at MAE-East , and the... Explanation of Neutral Interconnect
An electron beam projection system having a projection lens arranged so that upon pre-deflection of the electron beam the electron optical axis of the lens shifts to be coincident with the deflected beam. The projection system includes means for producing an electron beam, means for deflecting the beam, a magnetic projection lens having rotational symmetry for focusing the deflected beam and a pair of magnetic compensation yokes positioned within the bore of the projection lens means. The pair of correction yokes has coil dimensions such that, in combination, they produce a magnetic compensation field proportional to the first derivative of the axial magnetic field strength distribution curve of the projection lens. Upon application of current to the pair of compensation yokes the electron optical axis of the projection lens shifts to the position of the deflected beam so that the electron beam remains coincident with the shifted electron optical axis and lands perpendicular to a target.
Interconnected integrated circuits (16) packaged at a very high density are fabricated beginning with a plurality of substrates (50 or 400 or 500) where each substrate has metal edge contact sites (12 or 507). Several substrates are joined together in a stack (82 or 402 or 512) held together tightly by bolts (62) or by a thermoplastic adhesive (510). An interconnect pattern (250 or 423) electrically connects integrated circuits (16) on different substrates. Defective substrates are removable from the stack for repair by removing the bolts or by heating the adhesive to soften it sufficiently to allow removal of the individual substrate. The interconnect pattern, which is removed whenever a substrate is replaced, is reapplied after the removed substrate has been replaced.
A semiconductor device including a damascene superconducting interconnect, formed of a Ba-Cu-Ca-O superconducting material. A method of forming a superconducting damascene interconnect structure, and the structure made thereby, the method including forming a cavity in an interlevel dielectric; forming a barrier layer in the cavity; forming a seed layer in the cavity over the barrier layer; forming a Cu-Ba alloy layer; filling the cavity by depositing a Cu-Ca-O film; and annealing in oxygen flow to form a Ba-Cu-Ca-O superconductor on the barrier layer. In an alternate embodiment, no barrier layer is formed.
The present invention develops a bond pad interconnect in an integrated circuit device, by forming an aluminum pad; bonding a metal layer (such as copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), tungsten (W), gold (Au), silver (Ag) or platinum (Pt)) or a metal alloy (such as titanium nitride) to the aluminum bond pad by chemical vapor deposition or by electroless deposition; and adhering a conductive epoxy film to the metal layer, thereby forming a low resistive bond pad interconnect.
We introduce the combination of three-dimensional transient electro-thermal interconnect simulations for intrinsic thermo-mechanical stress problems. In order to study the development of thermal stresses we use a finite element simulator for the investigation on stresses of complex layered interconnect structures at different operating conditions. Together with the potential distribution we obtain the complete input data for accurate electromigration analysis.
An in situ transmission-electron-microscopy methodology is developed to observe time-dependent dielectric breakdown (TDDB) in an advanced Cu/ultra-low-k interconnect stack. A test structure, namely a "tip-to-tip" structure, was designed to localize the TDDB degradation in small dielectrics regions. A constant voltage is applied at 25 °C to the "tip-to-tip" structure, while structural changes are observed at nanoscale. Cu nanoparticle formation, agglomeration, and migration processes are observed after dielectric breakdown. The Cu nanoparticles are positively charged, since they move in opposite direction to the electron flow. Measurements of ionic current, using the Triangular-Voltage-Stress method, suggest that Cu migration is not possible before dielectric breakdown, unless the Cu/ultra-low-k interconnect stacks are heated to 200 °C and above. ...
In order to fabricate practical free-space optical interconnect systems, a thorough understanding of the effect of optical misalignment on the power throughput of an optical link is required. Further, not only assembly tolerances (resulting in misalignment) but also component manufacturing tolerances that also introduce vignetting into the optical system need to be studied. We present a study of a wide variety of assembly and component manufacturing errors and their effect on the integrated power falling onto the detector for planar space variant optical systems. We also discuss the trends of the different misalignment sensitivities as the interconnect distance increases ...
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A lithographic apparatus includes an illumination system configured to condition a radiation beam, a support for a patterning device, a substrate table for a substrate, a projection system, and a control system. The patterning device is capable of imparting the radiation beam with a pattern in its cross-section to form a patterned radiation beam. The projection system is configured to project the patterned radiation beam as an image onto a target portion of the substrate along a scan path. The scan path is defined by a trajectory in a scanning direction of an exposure field of the lithographic apparatus. The control system is coupled to the support, the substrate table and the projection system for controlling an action of the support, the substrate table and the projection system, respectively. The control system is configured to correct a local distortion of the image in a region along the scan path by a temporal adjustment of the image in that region, hereby reducing the intra-field overlay errors.
This is Digital Version of (Ebook) 978-0792373148 Boundary-Scan Interconnect Diagnosis (Frontiers in Electronic Testing) Product Will Be Delivered Via
Vision systems satisfying the single viewpoint constraint are called central projection systems. The perspective camera is an example of a central projection system. The mapping of points in the scene into points in the image is linear in homogeneous coordinates, and can be described by a 3 × 4 projection matrix P (pin-hole model). Perspective projection can be modeled by intersecting a plane with a pencil of lines going through the scene points and the projection center O. There are central projection systems whose geometry can not be described using the conventional pin-hole model. Mt is composed of two lines m and l lying on the projective plane ℘2 . In this case the conic is said to be degenerate, the 3 ×3 symmetric matrix Ω is rank 2, and Equation (15) becomes ⎤ ⎡ 1 0 0 0 0 0 ⎢0 2 0 0 0 0⎥ ⎥ ⎢ ⎢0 0 1 0 0 0⎥ t t ⎥. Γ(m, l) ⎢ Ω = ml + lm −→ ω = ⎢ (16) ⎥ ⎢0 0 0 2 0 0⎥ ⎣0 0 0 0 2 0⎦ 0 0 0 0 0 1 e D In a similar way a conic locus can be composed of a ...
Development of structural connectivity and network characteristics (longitudinal analysis). Of 7 neonates, longitudinal assessment of brain development was poss
log in you can tag this publication with additional keywords A publication can refer to another publication (outgoing references) or it can be referred to by other publications (incoming references).. ...
Significantly reduced functional connectivity in depressed patients between cerebellar executive and default-mode seed regions (shown in the lower row) with cer
Grays Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice, Expert Consult - Online and Print, 40e de Susan Standring PhD DSc en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 0443066841 - ISBN 13: 9780443066849 - Churchill Livingstone - 2008 - Tapa dura
Dear Jean-Pierre, Chris and all, just a few comments regarding the current ontology spec: Since TargetAudienceAuthority is no longer a sub class of Contributor the object property targetAudienceAuthorityIs shouldnt be a sub property of contributorIs as well. Leaving this sub property relation would infer that the domain of property targetAudienceAuthorityIs is Contributor, since Contributor is domain of property contributorIs. As Chris wrote there is no direct connection between a MediaResource and the value of TargetAudienceAuthority, the same problem/pattern exists between a MediaResource and a given rating value. Since a rating value is directly related to a RatingProvider (via data property ratingValue), it is not expressible that the same RatingProvider rates different MediaResources (or MediaFragments) including different rating values. I propose to directly connect a rating value to a MediaResource and annotate this rating value with additional information (RatingProvider, etc.). A new ...
A Redditor found a direct connection between James Hardens play in away games and the citys quality of strip clubs. The better the strippers, the worse he plays. Hardens worst outings come against the Heat
This is a direct connection to the MS-DOS read function call, int 0x21, %ah = 0x3f. No conversion is done on the data; it is read as raw binary data. This function can be hooked by the See section File System Extensions. If you dont want this, you should use See section _dos_read. ...
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The mouse has become the mainstay of genetic and cancer research, and mouse imaging has allowed scientists to monitor tumor development or remission serially. The combination of mu/PET, which provides functional biological information (e.g. tumor uptake, gene expression, etc.) with mu/CT techniques, which provides the anatomical context for the functional information, has proved to be a very important tool for this. However, the radiation dose associated with these procedures can be high, and this limits their frequent use. While the radiation does not harm the animal, it may affect immune response mechanisms and change the experimental outcome. We hypothesize that 2D images may be sufficient in some scientific applications to provide the biological information necessary, in lieu of 3D image data sets that mu/CT and mu/PET provide. In this application, we propose the development of a hybrid two-dimensional imaging system for the mouse and other small animals. ...
Sanmina designed the 78 connector ATM cable inter-connect system and helped the customer accelerate time to market by reducing the system design cycle from 14 months to 5.. ...
For context, the analysis is based on the 2 x 2 x 2 mixed ANOVA example on page 26 of the CONN manual. There are pre- and post-treatment scans and so each subject has a set of components for the pre and a set for the post. Based on this I was assuming that CONN was running some sort of omnibus test across components, so the contrasts would be something like (using 3 components as an example ...
Packet Optical Networking Platforms with Connection-Oriented Ethernet provide worry-free connectivity between business locations and data centers to assure business continuity and enterprise information flow. Fujitsu data center connectivity solutions meet diverse customer business needs and provide the highest levels of network performance.
How can you have no more than 300 rows if you have 1800 inserts and no deletes ? Before asking for a solution, make sure you are describing the problem properly. No indexes - means every select/update will have to do a full tablescan, which means you must constantly be moving all the table blocks across the interconnect. If you cant isolate the activity to just one node you need to spread the contention as much as possible. If the table really is small and is going to stay small you could try implementing a single table hash cluster with one key per block, so two nodes will only compete for a block if they both want the same row at the same time. (With a single table hash cluster you can also avoid having to maintain an index and still get high precision access ...
A variety of 25G and 50G devices, switches, cables, interconnect and testers proved largely interoperable. Other companies looking to build 25G/50G product have a stable spec now available.
PCI Express is the latest I/O interconnect technology that will replace the existing PCI. With a bus bandwidth 4 times higher than that of AGP 8X interface, PCI Express x16 bus performs much better than AGP 8X in applications such as 3D gaming. PCI Express x1 also outperforms PCI interface with its exceptional high bandwidth up to 500MB/s. The high speed PCI Express interface creates new usages on desktop PCs e.g., Gigabit LAN, 1394b, and high-speed RAID systems ...
A low-k dielectric material with increased cohesive strength for use in electronic structures including interconnect and sensing structures is provided that includes atoms of Si, C, O, and H in which a fraction of the C atoms are bonded as Si-CH3 functional groups, and another fraction of the C atoms are bonded as Si-R-Si, wherein R is phenyl, -[CH2]n- where n is greater than or equal to 1, HC═CH, C═CH2, C≡C or a [S]n linkage, where n is a defined above.
The data center interconnect market is poised for significant growth, thanks to a number of factors altering the IT landscape -- including the growing use of cloud services, the massive proliferation of data, the increasing adoption of ...Continue Reading ...
(15-10-2016 05:20 AM)unknowndevil666 Wrote: (14-10-2016 09:28 PM)Peebothuhul Wrote: Also of note is exactly how disparagingly simplified hes being when you read Mathildas comments about interconnect
José Julio Rodríguez Arellano, Researching on the neuroanatomy and functional connectivity of neural circuits in the context of memory-related plasticity under normal and pathological conditions, investigated by in vivo and in vitro approaches.
I want to test one peripheral which connects to a COM port. Can anybody teach me on how to use simple VB coding to test the connectivity?
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Around 2.8 million patients worldwide were using a home monitoring service based on equipment with integrated connectivity at the end of 2012, a report said.
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The Estimates and Projections (E&P) database is the most extensive update available, covering a broad range of demographic characteristics for the current year, and 5-year projections. Variables include:. ...
Map projection that represents areas in their true form on a two-dimensional map. Distances are only correct along parallels and central meridian. Shape...
9 Financial projections Contents …
In the absence of external stimuli or task demands, correlations in spontaneous brain activity (functional connectivity) reflect patterns of anatomical connectivity. Hence, resting-state functional connectivity has been used as a proxy measure for structural connectivity and as a biomarker for brain changes in disease. To relate changes in functional connectivity to physiological changes in the brain, it is important to understand how correlations in functional connectivity depend on the physical integrity of brain tissue. The causal nature of this relationship has been called into question by patient data suggesting that decreased structural connectivity does not necessarily lead to decreased functional connectivity. Here we provide evidence for a causal but complex relationship between structural connectivity and functional connectivity: we tested interhemispheric functional connectivity before and after corpus callosum section in rhesus monkeys. We found that forebrain commissurotomy severely reduced
There is striking overlap between the spatial distribution of amyloid-β pathology in patients with Alzheimers disease and the spatial distribution of high intrinsic functional connectivity in healthy persons. This overlap suggests a mechanistic link between amyloid-β and intrinsic connectivity, and indeed there is evidence in patients for the detrimental effects of amyloid-β plaque accumulation on intrinsic connectivity in areas of high connectivity in heteromodal hubs, and particularly in the default mode network. However, the observed spatial extent of amyloid-β exceeds these tightly circumscribed areas, suggesting that previous studies may have underestimated the negative impact of amyloid-β on intrinsic connectivity. We hypothesized that the known positive baseline correlation between patterns of amyloid-β and intrinsic connectivity may mask the larger extent of the negative effects of amyloid-β on connectivity. Crucially, a test of this hypothesis requires the within-patient comparison of
Three regions of the macaque inferior parietal lobule and adjacent lateral intraparietal sulcus (IPS) are distinguished by the relative strengths of their connections with the superior colliculus, parahippocampal gyrus, and ventral premotor cortex. It was hypothesized that connectivity information could therefore be used to identify similar areas in the human parietal cortex using diffusion-weighted imaging and probabilistic tractography. Unusually, the subcortical routes of the 3 projections have been reported in the macaque, so it was possible to compare not only the terminations of connections but also their course. The medial IPS had the highest probability of connection with the superior colliculus. The projection pathway resembled that connecting parietal cortex and superior colliculus in the macaque. The posterior angular gyrus and the adjacent superior occipital gyrus had a high probability of connection with the parahippocampal gyrus. The projection pathway resembled the macaque inferior
A polymer film interconnect forms an electrical interconnect between a first pattern of electrical conductors on a first electrical component and a second pattern of electrical conductors on a second electrical component. The polymer film interconnect includes a thin, flexible, self-supporting dielectric polymeric film having a pattern of spaced apart thru-holes containing separate quantities of an electrically conductive bonding material capable of heat bonding to the first electrical conductors adjacent the first surface of the film and to the second conductors adjacent the second surface of the film. This provides a plurality of discrete electrically isolated conductive paths from the first pattern of electrical conductors through the film to the second pattern of electrical conductors on the opposite side of the film. The polymer film interconnect can be used for forming interconnects between a number of electrical components, including connections between an IC chip and a leadframe or
A direct connection multi-chip semiconductor element structure is proposed. A plurality of semiconductor chips are mounted and supported on a metal heat sink, such that heat generated by the chips during operation can be dissipated via the heat sink. A circuit structure is extended from the chips to provide direct electrical extension for the chips and improve the electrical performances. And exposed electrical connection terminals can be formed in the circuit structure extended from the chips to be directly electrically connected to an external electronic device.
The present invention includes a fuel cell system having a plurality of adjacent electrochemical cells formed of an anode layer, a cathode layer spaced apart from the anode layer, and an electrolyte layer disposed between the anode layer and the cathode layer. The fuel cell system also includes at least one interconnect, the interconnect being structured to conduct free electrons between adjacent electrochemical cells. Each interconnect includes a primary conductor embedded within the electrolyte layer and structured to conduct the free electrons.
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is one of the most useful methods to generate functional connectivity networks of the brain. However, conventional network generation methods ignore dynamic changes of functional connectivity between brain regions. Previous studies proposed constructing high-order functional connectivity networks that consider the time-varying characteristics of functional connectivity, and a clustering method was performed to decrease computational cost. However, random selection of the initial clustering centers and the number of clusters negatively affected classification accuracy, and the network lost neurological interpretability. Here we propose a novel method that introduces the minimum spanning tree method to high-order functional connectivity networks. As an unbiased method, the minimum spanning tree simplifies high-order network structure while preserving its core framework. The dynamic characteristics of time series are not lost with this approach, and the
A semiconductor device has a substrate and semiconductor die disposed over a first surface of the substrate. A wire stud is attached to the first surface of the substrate. The wire stud includes a base portion and stem portion. A bonding pad is formed over a second surface of the substrate. An encapsulant is deposited over the substrate, semiconductor die, and wire stud. A portion of the encapsulant is removed by LDA to expose the wire stud. A portion of the encapsulant is removed by LDA to expose the substrate. An interconnect structure is formed over the encapsulant and electrically connected to the wire stud and semiconductor die. A bump is formed over the interconnect structure. A semiconductor package is disposed over the encapsulant and electrically connected to the substrate. A discrete semiconductor device is disposed over the encapsulant and electrically connected to the substrate.
The number of resting state functional connectivity MRI studies continues to expand at a rapid rate along with the options for data processing. Of the ...
article{MaScClMo07, author = {J{o}rg Mayer and Heinz Georg Schuster and Jens Christian Claussen and Matthias M{o}lle}, title = {Corticothalamic projections control synchronization in locally coupled bistable thalamic oscillators}, journal = {Physical Review Letters}, pages = {068102}, volume = {99}, year = {2007}, abstract = {Thalamic circuits are able to generate state-dependent oscillations of different frequencies and degrees of synchronization. However, little is known about how synchronous oscillations, such as spindle oscillations in the thalamus, are organized in the intact brain. Experimental findings suggest that the simultaneous occurrence of spindle oscillations over widespread territories of the thalamus is due to the corticothalamic projections, as the synchrony is lost in the decorticated thalamus. In this Letter we study the influence of corticothalamic projections on the synchrony in a thalamic network, and uncover the underlying control mechanism, leading to a control method ...
A paper in the journal Heliyon titled: Imbalance in resting state functional connectivity is associated with eating behaviors and adiposity in children. The authors write: We hypothesized that unhealthy eating habits and adiposity among children are associated with functional connectivity between brain regions associated with impulsivity, response inhibition, and reward. You can find a good summary…
Liu, J.; Wannier, T.; Rouiller, E.M.; Jeanmonod, D.; Morel, A., 2000: Organization of thalamic projections to frontal motor areas m1, PMd, SMA and pre-SMA in relation to pallidothalamic pathways a multiple tracer study in monkey
In other words. . . . I always speak of the duality which exists everywhere. We put it towards technology-educationally, let us say-rather than towards humanity. And slowly I think many people are beginning to realize the importance of human beings. And a starving human being is a very important person, whether we know them or not. And I feel this greatly towards people.. PK: Well this. . . . Youre talking right now about a world view and a philosophy and I would like very much to wrap up later with that.. BW: Oh.. PK: Really what right now I was asking was about you specifically and the work itself and its connection to you; and basically I was trying to confirm what I think we were saying earlier-or what you were saying-that there is a direct connection, very direct connection between these things that you make. . . .. BW: Oh, yeah.. PK: . . . and your own life and experience.. BW: But definitely so. Because I feel we are what our life has been, and. . . .. PK: But we dont necessarily have ...
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The LightCONEX active blind mate optical interconnect for VPX systems includes a fixed plug-in module connector and a floating backplane connector.
Reliability computer-aided design tool for full-chip electromigration analysis and comparison with different interconnect metallizations ...
We try to fit in one charity project a year at interconnect/it and this year it was the turn of the Plaza community cinema in Waterloo. Read on for the design…
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The brains of adults with autism may be wired differently from people without the disorder, and this abnormal pattern of connectivity may be
Explaining the work which is being published in Cerebral Cortex, Dr Kaiser, Reader in Neuroinformatics at Newcastle University, says: "Long-distance connections are difficult to establish and maintain but are crucial for fast and efficient processing. If you think about a social network, nearby friends might give you very similar information - you might hear the same news from different people. People from different cities or countries are more likely to give you novel information. In the same way, some information flow within a brain module might be redundant whereas information from other modules, say integrating the optical information about a face with the acoustic information of a voice is vital in making sense of the outside world.". Brain "pruned". The researchers at Newcastle, Glasgow and Seoul Universities evaluated the scans of 121 healthy participants between the ages of 4 and 40 years as this is where the major connectivity changes can be seen during this period of maturation and ...
A fault-tolerant, high-speed wafer scale system comprises a plurality of functional modules, a parallel hierarchical bus which is fault-tolerant to defects in an interconnect network, and one or more bus masters. This bus includes a plurality of bus lines segmented into sections and linked together by programmable bus switches and bus transceivers or repeaters in an interconnect network. By: 1) use of small block size (512K bit) for the memory modules; 2) use of programmable identification register to facilitate dynamic address mapping and relatively easy incorporation of global redundancy; 3) Use of a grid structure for the bus to provide global redundancy for the interconnect network; 4) Use of a relatively narrow bus consisting of 13 signal lines to keep the total area occupied by the bus small; 5) Use of segmented bus lines connected by programmable switches and of bus defects; 6) use of special circuit for bus transceivers and asynchronous handshakes to facilitate dynamic bus configuration; 7) use
Our results identify a novel set of regions in the rostral and dorsal striatum that concurrently exhibit structural and functional connectivity to orbitofrontal, lateral prefrontal, and posterior parietal regions of cortex. The location of these convergence zones is anatomically consistent with previous reports of parietal (Selemon and Goldman-Rakic, 1985, 1988; Cavada and Goldman-Rakic, 1991) and frontal (Haber et al., 1995; Averbeck et al., 2014) white matter projections, based on ex vivo nonhuman primate histology. Although the distribution of cortical regions associated with the striatal convergence zones differed to some degree between structural and functional connectivity measures, reflecting methodological limitations of each approach, a majority of cortical areas structurally connected to the convergence zones also showed strong functional connectivity. This supports the notion that these corticostriatal projections form an integrative functional circuit.. The current findings support a ...
0025] In FIG. 2A, interconnect transitional component 210 may include a microstrip line 212, a via 214, and a strip line 216. Microstrip line 212 may include a portion of the interconnect transitional component 210 that is disposed on an outer surface of a conductive plane, such as conductive plane 202, but electrically insulated from the conductive plane by non-conductive material (not shown). In some embodiments, microstrip line 212 may be disposed at least partially on a top or bottom surface of the electronic packaging structure 200. Microstrip line 212 may be used to connect the electronic packaging structure 200 with external signal sources/destinations and/or other electronic units. Via 214 may be a portion of the interconnect transitional component 210 that passes through one or more conductive planes, such as plane 202 of FIG. 2A, but electronically insulated from the conductive plane(s) being passed through by non-conductive material. For example, via 214 may pass conductive plane 202 ...
Researchers report too many connections form between neurons in the cerebellum and learning difficulties are expressed in mice who lack the RNF8 gene.
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ABSTRACT: Although the amygdala complex is a brain area critical for human behavior, knowledge of its subspecialization is primarily derived from experiments in animals. We here employed methods for large-scale data mining to perform a connectivity-derived parcellation of the human amygdala based on whole-brain coactivation patterns computed for each seed voxel. Voxels within the histologically defined human amygdala were clustered into distinct groups based on their brain-wide coactivation maps. Using this approach, connectivity-based parcellation divided the amygdala into three distinct clusters that are highly consistent with earlier microstructural distinctions. Meta-analytic connectivity modelling then revealed the derived clusters brain-wide connectivity patterns, while meta-data profiling allowed their functional characterization. These analyses revealed that the amygdalas laterobasal nuclei group was associated with coordinating high-level sensory input, whereas its centromedial nuclei ...
Ken Mogi1) & Yoshi Tamori2) In this paper, we discuss two fundamental aspects of cortical information processing. The first aspect concerns the principles of neural coding. We argue that unlike todays digital computer, the elementary coding units in the brain should be a cluster of bits connected via synaptic interaction (interaction-connected bits) rather than a set of bits which may not be interaction-connected. Specifically, it is not the mapping between patterns of neural firings and some concepts or objects but the internal relation between the neural activities that characterise the neural code. In other words, the code should be embedded in the dynamics of the system, rather than in an abstract "lookup" table. In order to establish this point, we review recent research directions in brain science, especially as regards cortical information representation, with an emphasis on the non-local character of the neural code. The second aspect concerns more systematic features of cortical ...
To understand the importance of this improvement, we need to make a short excursion into network theory. This field of study maps various objects and the relationships among them into "nodes" and "edges" respectively: the nodes are points on a graph, the edges are lines connecting them. The resulting network can then be analyzed without reference to how those objects relate, considering only which objects relate (are connected by an edge) to which, how many relationships (edges) each object has, looking at averages, loops, path lengths between nodes without direct connections, and so on. Obviously, creating a bunch of new "edges", connecting previously unconnected nodes, will change the characteristics of the network. It will be more "tightly" connected, and potentially modules that were only distantly connected will now be cross-talking ...
Biological and social networks are composed of heterogeneous nodes that contribute differentially to network structure and function. A number of algorithms have been developed to measure this variation. These algorithms have proven useful for applications that require assigning scores to individual nodes-from ranking websites to determining critical species in ecosystems-yet the mechanistic basis for why they produce good rankings remains poorly understood. We show that a unifying property of these algorithms is that they quantify consensus in the network about a nodes state or capacity to perform a function. The algorithms capture consensus by either taking into account the number of a target nodes direct connections, and, when the edges are weighted, the uniformity of its weighted in-degree distribution (breadth), or by measuring net flow into a target node (depth). Using data from communication, social, and biological networks we find that that how an algorithm measures consensus-through ...
Helps in making sound decisions by directing your attention more clearly. STRESS AND THE BRAIN. The Central Nervous System is made up of the brain and the spinal cord so how we think has a direct connection to the way we feel and vice- versa.. PARASYMPATHETIC AND SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM. Our brains are wired so that we are either in the relaxation, rest and digest or flight or fight mode. When our brain perceives a threat, our core brain instantly shifts into survival mode sending stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol into the blood stream.. Our nervous system hasnt quite caught up with the modern world, so this natural flash response to danger that once helped us run from wild animals, is now reacting in the same way to email alerts, phones ringing, and deadlines etc. Keeping up with the demands of todays 24/7 technology can be very challenging and can often feel very stressful. Many of those in the business world of today, are operating in the fight or flight mode whilst ...
12 May 2016. Numerous benefits to customers from joint network between Hong Kong and Europe. More direct connections, greater flexibility and time savings combined with service enhancements - these are just some of the benefits customers will enjoy in the future thanks to the cooperation between the cargo division of Cathay Pacific Airways, the leading air cargo carrier in Asia, and Lufthansa Cargo, Europes largest air cargo carrier.. Simon Large, Director Cargo at Cathay Pacific, and Peter Gerber, CEO and Chairman of the Executive Board of Lufthansa Cargo, signed an agreement for a highly integrated bilateral cooperation in Frankfurt. With respect to the cooperation routes between Hong Kong and Europe, both airlines will in the future work closely together on network planning, as well as sales, IT and ground-handling. This will bring Hong Kong, the worlds busiest air cargo hub, closer to Europe, strengthening one of the worlds great trade lanes.. "Our joint network will cover more than 140 ...
The 9DBL0641 device is a 3.3V member of IDTs Full-Featured PCIe family. The 9DBL0641 supports PCIe Gen1-4 Common Clocked (CC) and PCIe Separate Reference Independent Spread (SRIS) systems. It offers an integrated output termination providing direct connection to 100Ω transmission lines. The 9DBL06P1 can be factory programmed with a user-defined power up default SMBus configuration ...
The java.net package contains classes that deal with connections across the network. If there is a direct connection to the Internet via a modem, various classes like the HttpConnection or the ...
Originally, analytical results were calculated from measurements made directly on the chromatogram provided by the chart recorder. This is still true for many chromatographs in use today, but analyses obtained from contemporary instruments commonly process the results using a computer. The output from the detector (which is only rarely the direct output from the detector sensor) is usually in millivolts and is suitable for direct connection to a potentiometric recorder. This output represents a voltage that is linearly related to solute concentration being measured by the detector sensor and as the sensor response is often nonlinear, the signal usually requires nonlinear processing to provide the equired output. This is carried out by the detector electronics. The FID is an exception to this, as the ion current from the flame itself happens to be linearly related to the mass of carbon passing through it per unit time. A block diagram showing the essential elements of a data acquisition and ...
Pointing to this story on Ananova, bl968 writes: Stephen Hawking the noted physicist has suggested using genetic engineering and biomechanical interfaces to computers in order to make possible a direct connection between brain and computers, so that artificial brains contribute to human intelligen...
The 9DBV0641 is a member of IDTs 1.8 V Very-Low-Power (VLP) PCIe family. It has integrated output terminations providing Zo=100 ohms for direct connection to 100 ohm transmission lines. The device has 6 output enables for clock management and 3 selectable SMBus addresses ...
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Get medical eval. The fact that there is a direct connection between caffeine and the symptoms is a good reason to get an evaluation as soon as possible by a physician. Anxiety caused symptoms that might resemble these would most likely cluster around stressful situations. There is no good reason to not get an expeditious medical assessment. Read more... ...
Large I, Bridge H, Ahmed B, Clare S, Kolasinski J, Lam WW, Miller KL, Dyrby TB, Parker AJ, Smith JET, Daubney G, Sallet J Bell AH, Krug K, Individual differences in the alignment of structural and functional markers of the V5/MT complex in primates, Cerebral Cortex, 2016, Accepted. Donahue C, Sotiropoulos S, Jbabdi S, Hernandez-Fernandez M, Beherens T, Dyrby TB, Kennedy H, Knoblauch K, Coalson T, Glasser M, Van Essen D, Using Diffusion Tractography to Predict Cortical Connection Strength and Distance: A Quantitative Comparison with Tracers in the Monkey, Journal Neuroscience, 2016, Accepcted Innocenti GM, Dyrby TB, Winther-Andersen K , Rouillier EM, Caminiti R, The crossed projection to the striatum in two species of monkey and in humans: Behavioral and evolutionary significance, Cerebral Cortex accepted. Reislev NL, Dyrby TB, Siebner HR, Kupers R, Simultaneous assessment of white matter changes in microstructure and connectedness in the blind brain, Neural Plasticity, Article ID 795865, ...
After our experiments in the darkroom, I thought it prudent to show a few related images. Man Ray is an obvious leader in the medium, with his Ray-o-grams from the 1930s, but there is a pre-history and recent advances that go beyond Man Ray. Fox Talbot, one of the inventors of photography, was frustrated with…
The flagship monthly journal of SPIE, |i|Optical Engineering|/i| (OE) publishes peer-reviewed papers reporting on research and development in all areas of optics, photonics, and imaging science and engineering.
BT is now mandated to offer symmetric services in six months and different ATM traffic content types within two months.. The ruling means that the trio will be able to move packets of data off BTs network onto their own as close as possible to the users geographical base instead of having to install their own equipment at BT exchanges.. Because they will be able to deliver via ATM-based networks, the operators will be able to reduce prices and have a lot of control over traffic contracts, contention ratios and other factors so that it becomes much easier to produce differentiated services.. The ATM level interconnect will also allow an operator to increase the number of interconnect points to BTs network, as there are around 80 of these exchanges in the UK. Thus, Colt and Energis operate networks that link to a large proportion of these exchanges.. David Edmonds, director general at Oftel, said: Prices for these new services will be set at Oftel at a level that encourages competition between ...
你知道光網路"last mile" PON 的最新演進與測試需求嗎?想瞭解超高速網路40/100GbE 測試祕密嗎? Intel lightPeak 平台又是什麼樣的傳輸平台呢? 只要參加2011 Anritsu光論壇,三個願望, 一次滿足!. 本次由安立知與電機電子公會主辦的研討會,將以Next Generation PON、40G/100G Ethernet以及Optical Interconnect等光通訊技術為主題,介紹最新概況與量測解決方案。邀請工研院資通所 徐達儒副理與Alcatel-lucent 馮國璋技術經理,以不同角度探討XG-PON 發展;以及安立知日本市場部經理 近本 寬和先生與各位分享最新40G/100G市場與技術趨勢;另有國內專業學者中央大學 伍茂仁教授蒞臨講解Optical Interconnect相關技術,現場還有實機展示,歡迎各位先進踴躍報名參加!. 議程:. ...
In the last 20 years there has been an increased interest in estimating signals that are sent between neurons and brain areas. During this time many new methods have appeared for measuring those signals. Here we review a wide range of methods for which connected neurons can be identified anatomically, by tracing axons that runs between the cells, or functionally, by detecting if the activity of two neurons are correlated with a short lag. The signals that are sent between the neurons are represented by the activity in the neurons that are connected to the target population or by the activity at the corresponding synapses. The different methods not only differ in the accuracy of the signal measurement but they also differ in the type of signal being measured. For example, unselective recording of all neurons in the source population encompasses more indirect pathways to the target population than if one selectively record from the neurons that project to the target population. Infact, this degree of
Background Projections from hippocampal CA1-subiculum (CA1/SB) areas to the prefrontal cortex (PFC), which are involved in memory and learning processes, produce long term synaptic plasticity in PFC...
Brain injuries are exceedingly complex, which makes treatment and rehabilitation difficult in many cases. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have reported using a new imaging technique called High-Definition Fiber Tracking (HDFT) to identify the disrupted neural pathways (paths made up of brain cells that communicate with one another) in patients with traumatic brain injury. ...
So far there is no RNA folding program that is specialized on modeling the interaction of two sequences not to speak of a whole network consisting of RNA based switches and signaling sequences. Combining the concepts of Kinefold[4] and Vienna[5] and using sets of secondary structures that are adjusted to having two sequences instead of only one sequence one could get rid of the bulky linkers. The linkers we used did not play a significant role for our simulation as we were just handling one terminator and one signal sequence, but for larger networks they are likely to be sterically hindering. This obstacle has to be overcome to allow reliable in silcio modeling of RNA devices. With appropriate software RNA devices like our switches could in future be used to interconnect BioBricks, as demonstrated on our Software page, and to simulate those interconnections at elementary step resolution. ...
So far there is no RNA folding program that is specialized on modeling the interaction of two sequences not to speak of a whole network consisting of RNA based switches and signaling sequences. Combining the concepts of Kinefold[4] and Vienna[5] and using sets of secondary structures that are adjusted to having two sequences instead of only one sequence one could get rid of the bulky linkers. The linkers we used did not play a significant role for our simulation as we were just handling one terminator and one signal sequence, but for larger networks they are likely to be sterically hindering. This obstacle has to be overcome to allow reliable in silcio modeling of RNA devices. With appropriate software RNA devices like our switches could in future be used to interconnect BioBricks, as demonstrated on our Software page, and to simulate those interconnections at elementary step resolution. ...
Using an fMRI machine fitted with a stereoscopic projection system, researchers at the University of Texas at Austin identified the region of the brain res
The interthalamic adhesion is made up of extensions of gray matter that interconnect the side walls of the third ventricle across the cavity of the ventricule above the hypothalamic sulci (fissures).. ...
SAP HANA is an analytics engine that is optimized to run in-memory on Cisco UCS servers. It benefits from server features including processing speed, large memory capacity, high throughput and low latency network interconnect, and massive scalability.
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Sorcerers Primergy hardware platform Sorcerer 2 on Primergy platform - Came out in 2008 - Introducing 3 rd rev in Q3 this year - Further uptick in CPU and system components SNR-Fujitsu partnership developed with Sorcerer 2 - Joint platform design - Testing and tuning - Manufacturing - Worldwide field support Enables Enterprise platform - Collaboration for optimal blade server, storage and interconnect design - Result: takes throughput to next level with high performance and scalability
FCIs SFP+ cable assembly is designed to meet data center, networking and high performance computing application needs for a high density cabling interconnect system capable of 10Gb/s per channel transmission rates.
A family of variously configured, new, improved and universally compatible infusion sites and medical connectors that employ a cannula and which function to interconnect uniquely configured T sites, Y sites, heparin locks and the like with a liquid source, such as an I.V. source.
AWC's eUpdate Oct 2009 - AWC becomes Sumitomo Electric Interconnect Products Authorized Distributor. You vote for Charity Week 2009. Tim Flynn and Tony Spina tour SAB Germany.