AIMS: Freshwater fish has been found to be the reservoir of Laribacter hongkongensis, a recently discovered bacterium associated with community-acquired gastroenteritis. However, little is known about the ecology of this bacterium in the aquatic envi
The Neisseriaceae are a family[2] of Proteobacteria, within the Neisseriales order. While many organisms in the family are mammalian commensals or part of the normal flora, the genus Neisseria includes two important human pathogens, specifically those responsible for gonorrhea (caused by N. gonorrhoeae) and many cases of meningitis ("meningococcal meningitis", caused by N. meningitidis). As a group, the Neisseriaceae are strictly aerobic and Gram-negative, occur mainly in pairs (diplococci), and typically do not have flagella. ...
A novel chitin-degrading aerobe, Chitinibacter tainanensis, was isolated from a soil sample from southern Taiwan, and was proved to produce N-acetyl glucosamine (NAG). Chitin degrading factors (CDFs) were proposed to be the critical factors to degrade chitin in this work. When C. tainanensis was incubated with chitin, CDFs were induced and chitin was converted to NAG. CDFs were found to be located on the surface of C. tainanensis. N-Acetylglucosaminidase (NAGase) and endochitinase activities were found in the debris, and the activity of NAGase was much higher than that of endochitinase. The optimum pH of the enzymatic activity was about 7.0, while that of NAG production by the debris was 5.3. These results suggested that some factors in the debris, in addition to NAGase and endochitinase, were crucial for chitin degradation.
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(EMAILWIRE.COM, January 12, 2018 ) Middle East and Africa Neisseriaceae Infections market size was around USD XX billion in 2016. It is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX% to reach USD XX billion by 2021. Bacteria represent the essential class of micro-organisms that play a crucial role in the development...
ID NEMEN2_1_PE1008 STANDARD; PRT; 146 AA. AC NEMEN2_1_PE1008; A1IRJ0; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE SubName: Full=Putative cell-surface protein; (NEMEN2_1.PE1008). GN OrderedLocusNames=NMA1173; OS NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS Z2491. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Neisseriales; Neisseriaceae; OC Neisseria. OX NCBI_TaxID=122587; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS NEMEN2_1.PE1008. CC Neisseria meningitidis Z2491, complete genome. CC sequence. CC -!- ANNOTATIONS ORIGIN:A1IRJ0_NEIMA CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000218903 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot; A1IRJ0; -. DR EMBL; AL157959; CAM08377.1; -; Genomic_DNA. DR PIR; G81884; G81884. DR RefSeq; YP_002342571.1; NC_003116.1. DR EnsemblBacteria; EBNEIT00000000121; EBNEIP00000000121; EBNEIG00000000121. DR GeneID; 907142; -. DR GenomeReviews; AL157959_GR; NMA1173. DR KEGG; nma:NMA1173; ...
Branhamella catarrhalis. Coloured Scanning Elect- ron Micrograph (SEM) of Branhamella catarrhalis bacteria, cause of ear and nose infections. These Gram- negative, green-coloured spherical bacteria are usually found in pairs and hence referred to as diplococci. Here they are seen alongside three red blood cells. B. catarrhalis is associated with low-grade infections of the lower respiratory tract and occasionally with acute infections of the middle ear (otitis media) in immune deficient patients. Treatment is with antibiotics. Magnification: x5,000 at 6x6cm size. - Stock Image B220/0863
Branhamella catarrhalis. Coloured Scanning Elect- ron Micrograph (SEM) of Branhamella catarrhalis bacteria, cause of ear and nose infections. These Gram- negative, brown-coloured spherical bacteria are usually found in pairs and hence referred to as diplococci. B. catarrhalis is associated with low-grade infections of the lower respiratory tract and occasionally with acute infections of the middle ear (otitis media) in immune deficient patients. Treatment is with antibiotics. Magnification: x6, 250 at 6x6cm size. - Stock Image B220/0866
View Stock Photo of Branhamella Catarrhalis Bacteria Bound To The Surface Of A Human Red Blood Cell Sem X9401. Find premium, high-resolution photos at Getty Images.
Branhamella catarrhalis activates human B lymphocytes following interactions with surface IgD and class I major histocompatibility complex antigens.
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Neisseriales; Neisseriaceae; Neisseria; Neisseria meningitidis; Neisseria meningitidis serogroup ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Branhamella catarrhalis peritonitis in two continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients. AU - MacArthur, Rodger David. PY - 1990/1/1. Y1 - 1990/1/1. N2 - Two cases of peritonitis caused by Branhamella catarrhalis are presented. Both occurred in CAPD patients dialyzed and hospitalized at the same institution, but no common source of infection could be found. Branhamella catarrhalis infections can be difficult to treat and cause significant morbidity if not recognized early and treated aggressively with appropriate antibiotics.. AB - Two cases of peritonitis caused by Branhamella catarrhalis are presented. Both occurred in CAPD patients dialyzed and hospitalized at the same institution, but no common source of infection could be found. Branhamella catarrhalis infections can be difficult to treat and cause significant morbidity if not recognized early and treated aggressively with appropriate antibiotics.. KW - Branhamella catarrhalis. KW - CAPD. KW - Case reports. KW - ...
To the editor: Attention has focused recently on a number of slow-growing, fastidious, gram-negative bacteria, all upper respiratory commensal flora, as causes of infective endocarditis (1): Cardiobacterium hominis, Haemophilus aphrophilus, and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, patients with underlying valvular heart disease presumably develop vegetations on their valves after bacteremia from an upper respiratory site. Due to the unusual growth characteristics of these organisms, isolation is difficult and the diagnosis may be missed. We haave seen a patient with endocarditis caused by Kingella denitrificans, another member of this group.. A 31-year-old man with aortic stenosis and insufficiency was admitted to Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center ...
Kingella kingae is a member of the Neisseriaceae and is being recognized increasingly as an important cause of serious disease in children. Recent work has demonstrated that K. kingae expresses type IV pili that mediate adherence to respiratory epithelial and synovial cells and are selected against during invasive disease. In the current study, we examined the genome of K. kingae strain 269-492 and identified homologs of the rpoN and the pilS and pilR genes that are essential for pilus expression in Pseudomonas aeruginosa but not in the pathogenic Neisseria species. The disruption of either rpoN or pilR in K. kingae resulted in a marked reduction in the level of transcript for the major pilus subunit (pilA1) and eliminated piliation. In contrast, the disruption of pilS resulted in only partial reduction in the level of pilA1 transcript and a partial decrease in piliation. Furthermore, the disruption of pilS in colony variants with high-density piliation resulted in variants with low-density ...
Ampicillin is similar to benzyl penicillin in its bactericidal action against susceptible organisms during the stage of active multiplication. It acts through the inhibition of cell wall mucopeptide biosynthesis. Ampicillin has a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against many gram-positive and gram-negative aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. (Ampicillin is, however, degraded by beta-lactamases and therefore the spectrum of activity does not normally include organisms which produce these enzymes.). A wide range of beta-lactamases found in microorganisms resistant to penicillins and cephalosporins have been shown in biochemical studies with cell free bacterial systems to be irreversibly inhibited by sulbactam. Although sulbactam alone possesses little useful antibacterial activity except against the Neisseriaceae, whole organism studies have shown that sulbactam restores ampicillin activity against beta-lactamase producing strains. In particular, sulbactam has good inhibitory activity against ...
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34. Indigofera galegoides Candolle, Prodr. 2: 225. 1825. 假大青蓝 jia da qing lan Indigofera finlaysoniana Graham ex Ridley; I. mansuensis Hayata; I. uncinata Roxburgh.. Shrubs or shrublets, 1-2 m tall. Young branches angular, with appressed white or grayish brown medifixed symmetri-cally 2-branched trichomes, glabrescent. Stipules linear, 3-4 mm. Leaves ca. 20 cm, 11-25-foliolate; petiole and rachis with appressed white mixed brownish gray medifixed trichomes; petiole 1.5-3 cm; rachis adaxially grooved; stipels subulate, 0.5-1 mm; petiolules ca. 2 mm, with brown trichomes; leaflet blades opposite or subopposite, oblong to oblanceolate-oblong, 2-4 × 0.7-1.6 cm, membranous, both surfaces with appressed brown and white medifixed trichomes, midvein abaxially prominent and adaxially impressed, secondary veins 11 on each side of midvein, base broadly cuneate to rounded, apex rounded to acute and mucronate. Racemes 5-12 cm, densely flowered; peduncle and rachis with appressed white medifixed ...
Acute respiratory failure in adults with severe thoracic scoliosis is said to be a preterminal event. The following analysis of 13 consecutive cases contradicts this assumption. All patients demonstrated a severe restrictive ventilatory defect (average vital capacity, 39% of predicted). In addition, five patients had evidence of airways obstruction, and six had abnormal steady-state diffusing capacities (average, 49% of predicted). Respiratory failure was precipitated by acute bronchopulmonary infection in seven cases, cor pulmonale in five, and barbiturates in one. Admission arterial blood gases were severely deranged: average arterial PCO2, 66 mm Hg; average pH, 7.31; average arterial oxygen saturation, 54%. ...
大森 明美 , 吉田 俊昭 , 古川 佳奈 , 高橋 淳 , 持永 俊一 , 永武 毅 感染症学雑誌 : 日本伝染病学会機関誌 : the journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 73(4), 311-317, 1999-04-20 医中誌Web 参考文献20件 ...
Fifty strains of Branhamella catarrhalis were examined for susceptibility to sulphamethoxazole, trimethoprim and a combination of the two by determinating minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and fractional inhibitory concentrations (FICs). All strains were susceptible to sulphamethoxazole and resistant to trimethoprim. On the basis of the MIC results it was predicted that greater synergy between sulphamethoxazole and trimethoprim would be observed with approximately equal proportions of each component. The lowest FIC values were obtained with a ratio of 1:1 and the greatest synergy was observed at this ratio with 39 strains (78%). Only seven strains were most synergistically inhibited at the ratio of 20:1 (sulphamethoxazole: trimethoprim) although this ratio was still synergic for most strains. Overall the 1:20 ratio was not synergic.. ...
Curated}} {{Biorealm Genus}} [[Image:ng-lym1.jpg,thumb,250px,right,Neisseria gonorrhoeae. From [http://neisseria.org/ng/images/ Dr. Ian Boulton.]]] ==Classification== ===Higher order taxa:=== Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Neisseriales; Neisseriaceae ===Species:=== Neisseria animalis; N. bacilliformis; N. canis; N. cinerea; N. dentrificans; N. dentiae; N. elongata; N. flava; N. flavescens; [[N. gonorrhoeae]]; N. iguanae; N. lactamica; N. macacae; N. meningitidis; N. mucosa; Neisseria perflava; Neisseria pharyngis; Neisseria polysaccharea; N. sicca; N. subflava; N. weaveri; N. sp. {, , height="10" bgcolor="#FFDF95" align="center" , NCBI: [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Info&id=482&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock Taxonomy] Genome: -,font size="2">[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genomes/framik.cgi?db=Genome&gi=155 Neisseria meningitidis MC58] -[http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genomes/framik.cgi?db=Genome&gi=156 Neisseria meningitidis Z2491 ...
Empyema caused by Kingella denitrificans and Peptostreptococcus spp. was diagnosed in a patient with bronchogenic carcinoma. This appears to be the third report providing evidence of a pathogenic role for K. denitrificans, and the first concerning infection in the pleural space and in a patient with underlying immunosuppressive disease. K. denitrificans should be added to the list of fastidious gram-negative bacteria associated with opportunistic infections in the compromised host.. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The Indigofera boot is inspired by the #919 Lineman Boot that we first released in 1977 in which 8-inch boots were a common staple to our collection. The Indigofera crew are a big fan of such styles as the Engineer, Logger and Pecos so when it came down to pencil and paper it made it easy on deciding the direction of t
From the results of our investigation, 80.3% of children have received PCV at least once. Serotypes of Pneumococcus were determined in 92.4% of tested strains and PCV13 strains accounted for only 9.8%. Major isolated serotypes were 15A (21.3%), 35B (19.7%), and 6C (13.1%). Those were not included in PCV13, i.e. serotype replacement occurs in bronchopulmonary infection just as in IPD. The results of antimicrobial susceptibility testing for Penicillin G indicated that penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) accounted for 4.5%, penicillin-intermediate resistant S. pneumoniae (PISP) accounted for 47.0% and penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae (PSSP) accounted for 48.5%. When examining the drug susceptibility by serotypes, 15A, 19A, 23A and 35B showed a high percentage of non-susceptibility. This means there is a difference in the resistant trend by serotypes ...
Kingella species answers are found in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad, Android, and Web.
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Huber, R., Sthr, J., Hohenhaus, S., Rachel, R., Burggraf, S., Jannasch, H.W., and Stetter, K.O. Thermococcus chitonophagus sp. nov., a novel, chitin-degrading, hyperthermophilic archaeum from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent environment. Arch. Microbiol. (1996) 164:255-264 ...
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Referencias:. 1. Hill JD, OBrien TG, Murray JJ, et al. Prolonged Extracorporeal Oxygenation for Acute Post-Traumatic Respiratory Failure (Shock-Lung Syndrome)-Use of the Bramson Membrane Lung. N Eng J Med 1972;286:629-34. [ Links ] 2. Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Database, International Summary. (2016, July). Recuperado de www.elso.org. [ Links ] 3. El Houmami N, Cointat V, Mirand A. An Outbreak of Kingella kingae Infections Complicating a Severe Hand, Foot, And Mouth Disease Outbreak in Nice, France, 2016. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2017;36(5):530-32. [ Links ] 4. Petti CA, Bhally HS, Weinstein MP, et al. Utility of Extended Blood Culture Incubation for Isolation of Haemophilus, Actinobacillus, Cardiobacterium, Eikenella, and Kingella Organisms: a Retrospective Multicenter Evaluation. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2006;44(1):257-59. [ Links ] 5. Martínez P, Romero C, Torroba L, Pérez A. Endocarditis por Kingella Kingae. An Pediatr (Barc). 2011;74(4):274-5. [ Links ] 6. Berkun Y, ...
The #4328 is inspired by the #919 Lineman Boot, which was first released in 1977, a time period when 8-inch boots were a common staple to the Red Wing collection. The Indigofera crew are big fans of tall Red Wing styles, such as as the Engineer, Logger and Pecos, so it was a natural decision deciding on the direction o
Looking for online definition of Aquaspirillum serpens subsp. serpens in the Medical Dictionary? Aquaspirillum serpens subsp. serpens explanation free. What is Aquaspirillum serpens subsp. serpens? Meaning of Aquaspirillum serpens subsp. serpens medical term. What does Aquaspirillum serpens subsp. serpens mean?
The Neisseria gonorrhoeae population structure is not clonal [1-5], its panmictic structure being the result of horizontal genetic exchange [6]. The pathogenic Neisseria spp. are naturally transformable [7] and chromosomal changes are largely mediated by homologous recombination. Natural competence for transformation and homologous recombination allow the generation of mosaic genes, such as the divergent opa genes [8, 9], antigenic variation through recombination with silent cassettes, such as in the pilE/pilS system [10, 11], and the horizontal exchange of whole genes or groups of genes in Minimal Mobile Elements (MMEs) [12]. A Minimal Mobile Element (MME) is defined as a region between two conserved genes within which different genes are found in different strains. These elements are described as minimal reflecting the fact that they do not have features suggesting mobilization by associated transposases, nor do they currently appear to have features by which remotely encoded systems would ...
Results: Among the aerobic organism from meatus and oropharynx, the most frequent isolated strains were alpha-hemolytic Streptococcus (15.4%), followed by coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (14.6%), and Branhamella catarrhalis (13.2%), and the most prevalent isolated strains from sinus were S. aureus (19.1%), Klebsiella pneumonia (16.4%), and B. catarrhalis (15.6%), respectively. The highest antibiotic susceptibility was detected to ciprofloxacin and ceftriaxone in most of the strains; susceptibility to ciprofloxacin ranged from 76.7% (for Pseudomonas aeruginosa) to 100% (for Escherichia coli and Haemophilus influenza); susceptibility to ceftriaxone ranged from 71.4% (for Acinetobacter baumannii) to 100% (for S. pneumonia, Corynebacterium diphtheria, and H. influenza). Besides, regardless of strain, the highest resistance was mostly detected to penicillin (ranging from 33.3% to 91.7%), and to ampicillin (ranging from 38.4% to 83.7%). ...
Taxonomy of Moraxellaceae fam. nov., a new bacterial family to accommodate the genera Moraxella, Acinetobacter, and Psychrobacter and related ...
Author Summary Many bacteria are able to secrete toxins targeted against neighboring cells. In order to protect themselves against their own toxin, they also express an
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Moraxella catarrhalis is a fastidious, nonmotile, Gram-negative, aerobic, oxidase-positive diplococcus that can cause infections of the respiratory system, middle ear, eye, central nervous system, and joints of humans. It causes the infection of the host cell by sticking to the host cell using trimeric autotransporter adhesins. M. catarrhalis is a human pathogen with an affinity for the human upper respiratory tract. Other primates, such as macaques, might become infected by this bacterium. M. catarrhalis was previously placed in a separate genus named Branhamella. The rationale for this was that other members of the genus Moraxella are rod-shaped and rarely caused infections in humans. However, results from DNA hybridization studies and 16S rRNA sequence comparisons were used to justify inclusion of the species M. catarrhalis in the genus Moraxella. As a consequence, the name Moraxella catarrhalis is currently preferred for these bacteria. Nevertheless, some in the medical field continue to ...
The Neisseria species are believed to be non-clonal bacteria with a high degree of genetic transfer within and between different species [2, 3, 14-18]. Previous reports of transformation in N. meningitidis have suggested that different regions of the genome may have different recombination rates [19, 20]. This work identified the region upstream of folP as particularly active in recombination events. The most obvious example is the insertion of a complete Correia element, upstream of folP in N. lactamica. Correia elements are small putative transposable elements, around 152 base pairs long with inverted repeats at the ends [12]. Hundreds of Correia copies are scattered around the genomes of pathogenic Neisseriae [13, 21, 22] and they have also been reported in N. lactamica [23]. We detected another copy of a Correia repeat in the N. subflava sequence, suggesting that these elements are ubiquitous in the Neisseria genus and possibly was introduced before the divergence into different ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Animal Models for the Study of Noninvasive Haemophilus influenzae Disease. T2 - Pulmonary Clearance Systems. AU - Hansen, Eric J.. AU - Toews, Galen B.. PY - 1992/6. Y1 - 1992/6. N2 - Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae are increasingly being recognized as an important cause of disease in the lower respiratory tract. Information about the pathogenesis of these infections has been limited until recently by the paucity of experimental animal models for studying the host-parasite interaction in vivo. Three different animal models for investigation of the interaction of nontypeable H. influenzae with the lower respiratory tract have been used: Two involve the evaluation of short-term pulmonary clearance in mice or rats, while a new, long-term infection model in rats mimics the more chronic bronchopulmonary infections sometimes caused by these organisms. Results obtained in these three model systems indicate that both humoral and cellular immune mechanisms are involved in immunity to ...
... - Cardiobacterium hominis is a slow-growing, fastidious, capnophilic, Gram- negative bacillus represented by the C in HACEK, an acronym for.
LILIANA POPESCU(1), FL. BOGDAN(2), C. POPESCU (1) (1) Municipality Hospital of Caracal; (2) Department of Histology University of Medicine and Pharmacy ABSTRACT The study was conducted over a period of seven years in respiratory medicine department of the Municipal Hospital Caracal, which worked with 45 beds. During this period, 4862 patients were investigated. Bacteriological examination of sputum can be helpful in diagnosing bronchopulmonary infections if measure of sampling, decontamination and rapid processing are met
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease characterized by mutations in CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane conductance Regulator) gene. Mortality and morbidity are mostly related to the respiratory affection which appears early in neonates.. The constant improvement in symptomatic treatments and care strategies allowed CF patients life expectancy to be increased over the last decades.. Vital prognostic is related to bronchopulmonary infections. 39% of CF patients under 18 years old and 70% of adult CF patients are chronically infected by Pseudomonas aeruginosa.. Elevated concentrations of tobramycin in broncho secretions, about 1000 times the MIC, is obtained by inhaled administration of tobramycin and is active against in-vitro resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.. Study hypotheses :. Regarding literature data and in-vitro studies, the administration of Nebcinal® 150mg/3ml administered twice a day by Aeroneb® Idehaler® pocket® would deliver the same quantity of antibiotic in lung and plasma ...
Symptoms of cystic fibrosis include exocrine dysfunction of the pancreas, intestinal glands (manifesting as meconium ileus in neonates), bronchial glands (chronic bronchopulmonary infections with emphysema), apocrine glands, and bile excretion (biliary cirrhosis). Infertility may occur in males and females ...
Kingella kingae is responsible for 5% of HACEK infective endocarditis. We describe the intracerebral ischaemic and haemorrhagic complications of Kingella endocarditis. A review of 21 available adult cases shows that patients are relatively young and have more vascular and immunological complications. The mitral valve was mostly involved, 20% had congestive heart failure and 23% cerebral complications. Penicillins and cephalosporins should be used.. ...
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Genus Neisseria has a specie called Neisseria gonorhea or commonly called Gonococcus. It has a gram negative, kidney or bean shaped intracellular diplococcic. This is usually killed when outside of the human body. It is transmitted through sexual intercourse, with an infected partner via infected birth canal of infected mother during delivery; indirectly transmitted via contaminated hands, fomites contaminated with purulent discharges; directly also via oral sex.. Gonorrhea originated from the two Greek words: "gono" meaning semen and "rhein" which means flow. It is an acute, inflammatory and infectious disease o the mucus membrane of the genitor-urinary tracts of men and women as well as the eyes of the newborn due to N. Gonorrhoea. Its incubation period usually is 3-5 days after the contact with an infected partner. ...