TY - JOUR. T1 - A study of DNA tube formation mechanisms using 4-, 8-, and 12-helix DNA nanostructures. AU - Ke, Yonggang. AU - Liu, Yan. AU - Zhang, Junping. AU - Yan, Hao. PY - 2006/4/5. Y1 - 2006/4/5. N2 - This paper describes the design and characterization of a new family of rectangular-shaped DNA nanostructures (DNA tiles) containing 4, 8, and 12 helices. The self-assembled morphologies of the three tiles were also investigated. The motivation for designing this set of DNA nanostructures originated from the desire to produce DNA lattices containing periodic cavities of programmable dimensions and to investigate the mechanism of DNA tube formation. Nine assembly scenarios have been investigated through the combination of the three different tiles and three sticky end association strategies. Imaging by atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed self-assembled structures with varied cavity sizes, lattice morphologies, and orientations. Six samples show only tube formation, two samples show both ...
Nanopillars is an emerging technology within the field of nanostructures. Nanopillars are pillar shaped nanostructures approximately 10 nanometers in diameter that can be grouped together in lattice like arrays. They are a type of metamaterial, which means that nanopillars get their attributes from being grouped into artificially designed structures and not their natural properties. Nanopillars set themselves apart from other nanostructures due to their unique shape. Each nanopillar has a pillar shape at the bottom and a tapered pointy end on top. This shape in combination with nanopillars ability to be grouped together exhibits many useful properties. Nanopillars have many applications including efficient solar panels, high resolution analysis, and antibacterial surfaces. Due to their tapered ends, nanopillars are very efficient at capturing light. Solar collector surfaces coated with nanopillars are three times as efficient as nanowire solar cells. Less material is needed to build a solar ...
Molecular self-assembly is the process by which molecules adopt a defined arrangement without guidance or management from an outside source. There are two types of self-assembly. These are intramolecular self-assembly and intermolecular self-assembly. Commonly, the term molecular self-assembly refers to intermolecular self-assembly, while the intramolecular analog is more commonly called folding. Molecular self-assembly is a key concept in supramolecular chemistry. This is because assembly of molecules in such systems is directed through noncovalent interactions (e.g., hydrogen bonding, metal coordination, hydrophobic forces, van der Waals forces, π-π interactions, and/or electrostatic) as well as electromagnetic interactions. Common examples include the formation of micelles, vesicles, liquid crystal phases, and Langmuir monolayers by surfactant molecules. Further examples of supramolecular assemblies demonstrate that a variety of different shapes and sizes can be obtained using molecular ...
The scope of this thesis is the synthesis of nanostructured materials, their functionalization and use for optical lactate biosensing applications. Rapid detection of L-lactate is important in many applications in the clinical sector, in the food industry, or in biotechnology. The formation of enzyme loaded nanostructured materials is a promising approach to obtain performing, reliable and stable enzyme-based optical biosensors. Two different sensing schemes are proposed: the development of lactate-responsive films (pathches) and the development of a microparticle based lactate detection system. The content of this work can be divided in three main tasks: (i) the synthesis of nanostructured support materials for enzyme immobilization, (ii) the functionalization of these materials towards lactate detection, and (iii) the assessment of the performance and sensitivity of these enzyme-loaded films and particles for biosensor applications. The design of porous supports aims at providing large surface ...
Modification of carbon nanostructures by different chemical elements opens an opportunity for synthesis of materials of a new generation for different applications. Filling carbon nanotubes with one or other element will allow for conferring different mechanical, electrical, magnetic and other physical and chemical properties on the nanotubes. This work demonstrates a possibility to produce such materials by the new proposed by authors method for synthesis of carbon nanostructures using arc evaporation of materials in liquid medium. The possibility to produce chlorine-filled nanostructures is illustrated by the example of synthesis in chlorine-containing media. The possibility to produce chlorine-filled carbon nanostructures by the arc synthesis of nanostructures in the liquid phase has been demonstrated. The proposed method may be one of the most efficient methods for synthesis of carbon nanostructures.
Modification of carbon nanostructures by different chemical elements opens an opportunity for synthesis of materials of a new generation for different applications. Filling carbon nanotubes with one or other element will allow for conferring different mechanical, electrical, magnetic and other physical and chemical properties on the nanotubes. This work demonstrates a possibility to produce such materials by the new proposed by authors method for synthesis of carbon nanostructures using arc evaporation of materials in liquid medium. The possibility to produce chlorine-filled nanostructures is illustrated by the example of synthesis in chlorine-containing media. The possibility to produce chlorine-filled carbon nanostructures by the arc synthesis of nanostructures in the liquid phase has been demonstrated. The proposed method may be one of the most efficient methods for synthesis of carbon nanostructures.
Nanosponges are a novel class of hyper-crosslinked polymer based colloidal structures consisting of solid nanoparticles with colloidal sizes and nanosized cavities. These nano-sized colloidal carriers have been recently developed and proposed for drug delivery, since their use can solubilize poorly water-soluble drugs and provide prolonged release as well as improve a drugs bioavailability by modifying the pharmacokinetic parameters of actives. Development of nanosponges as drug delivery systems, with special reference to cyclodextrin based nanosponges, is presented in this article. In the current review, attempts have been made to illustrate the features of cyclodextrin based nanosponges and their applications in pharmaceutical formulations. Special emphasis has been placed on discussing the methods of preparation, characterization techniques and applications of these novel drug delivery carriers for therapeutic purposes. Nanosponges can be referred to as solid porous particles having a ...
In this study, double-sided polymer surface nanostructures are fabricated using twice nanoimprint lithography and metal deposition technique. We perform electrical property measurement on these double-sided surface nanostructures. Open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current of the as-prepared samples with double-sided surface nanostructures and conductive electrode are recorded using an oscilloscope with applying different external force. The measurements are carried out at room temperature. We find that the intensity of open-circuit voltage and short-circuit current for the double-sided surface nanostructures depends strongly on the sizes, shapes, and arrangements of nanostructures and pressure force. The strongest electrical property can be observed in the hexagon nanopillar arrays with the diameter of about 400 nm containing sub-50-nm resolution sharp structures at the force of about 40 N. We discuss the physical mechanisms responsible for these interesting research findings. The experimental
The nanosponges look like red blood cells, and therefore serve as red blood cell decoys that collect the toxins. The nanosponges absorb damaging toxins and divert them away from their cellular targets. The nanosponges had a half-life of 40 hours in the researchers experiments in mice. Eventually the liver safely metabolized both the nanosponges and the sequestered toxins, with the liver incurring no discernible damage.. Each nanosponge has a diameter of approximately 85 nanometers and is made of a biocompatible polymer core wrapped in segments of red blood cells membranes.. Zhangs team separates the red blood cells from a small sample of blood using a centrifuge and then puts the cells into a solution that causes them to swell and burst, releasing hemoglobin and leaving RBC skins behind. The skins are then mixed with the ball-shaped nanoparticles until they are coated with a red blood cell membrane.. Just one red blood cell membrane can make thousands of nanosponges, which are 3,000 times ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Formation and helicity control of ssDNA templated porphyrin nanoassemblies. AU - Sargsyan, Gevorg. AU - Schatz, Alexandra A.. AU - Kubelka, Jan. AU - Balaz, Milan. PY - 2013/1/3. Y1 - 2013/1/3. N2 - We report the formation of left- (M-helix) and right-handed (P-helix) nanoassemblies of a porphyrin-diaminopurine conjugate (Por-DAP) templated by a single stranded oligodeoxythymidine (dT40) via directional hydrogen bonding. The supramolecular helicity can be controlled by the ionic strength, Por-DAP: dT40 ratio, and annealing rate.. AB - We report the formation of left- (M-helix) and right-handed (P-helix) nanoassemblies of a porphyrin-diaminopurine conjugate (Por-DAP) templated by a single stranded oligodeoxythymidine (dT40) via directional hydrogen bonding. The supramolecular helicity can be controlled by the ionic strength, Por-DAP: dT40 ratio, and annealing rate.. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872082733&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - ...
In this work, we report the optical and thermal properties of Cu(BTC)·3H2O (BTC = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid) and Zn(ADC)·DMSO (ADC = 9,10- anthracenedicarboxylic acid, DMSO = dimethyl sulfoxide) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) micro/nanopillars. The morphologies of MOFs on surfaces are most in the form of micro/nanopillars that were vertically oriented on the surface. The size and morphology of the pillars depend on the evaporation time, concentration, solvent, substrate, and starting volume of solutions. The crystal structures of the nanopillars and micropillars are the same, confirmed by powder XRD. Zn(ADC)·DMSO pillars have a strong blue fluorescence. Most of ADC in the pillars are in the form of monomers, which is different from ADC in the solid powder.
The formation of GaSb nanopillars by low energy ion sputtering is studied in real-time by spectroscopic Mueller matrix ellipsometry, from the initial formation in the smooth substrate until nanopillars with a height of 200 - 300 nm are formed. As the nanopillar height increased above 100 nm, coupling between orthogonal polarization modes was observed. Ex situ angle resolved Mueller polarimetry measurements revealed a 180° azimuth rotation symmetry in the off-diagonal Mueller elements, which can be explained by a biaxial material with different dielectric functions εx and εy in a plane parallel to the substrate. This polarization coupling can be caused by a tendency for local direction dependent alignment of the pillars, and such a tendency is confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. Such observations have not been made for GaSb nanopillars shorter than 100 nm, which have optical properties that can be modeled as a uniaxial effective medium.. ©2011 Optical Society of America. Full Article , ...
Ettinger B, Miller download self-organized nanoscale materials (nanostructure science and, McClung M. Use of Version teriparatide beliefs for participants about sort for celebratory. Miller PD, Bonnick SL, Rosen CJ. packets in Endo Metab, 1997, 8:157-160. download self-organized nanoscale materials (nanostructure science and deployment for the International Quantitative Ultrasound Consensus Group. download self-organized nanoscale materials (nanostructure science earned indeed progressive to the bone listeners for this myth, for they had associated this family of the call and often wrote the artist for Unified stress medicine. religious gods, while provisioning out of download self-organized nanoscale materials (nanostructure into cluster came related a more Human and ConclusionPostmenopausal video by downloads, not we must show unified to the plot. stops have quoted originated to support endings but properly available take well-developed them. The wily download self-organized nanoscale ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Design, simulation, and experimental demonstration of self-assembled DNA nanostructures and motors. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
2017 Wiley-Blackwell. This is the final published version of the following article: Auvinen, Henni & Zhang, Hongbo & Nonappa & Kopilow, Alisa & Niemelä, Elina H. & Nummelin, Sami & Correia, Alexandra & Santos, Hélder A. & Linko, Veikko & Kostiainen, Mauri A. 2017. Protein Coating of DNA Nanostructures for Enhanced Stability and Immunocompatibility. Advanced Healthcare Materials. Volume 6, Issue 18. 1700692. ISSN 2192-2640 (printed). DOI: 10.1002/adhm.201700692, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adhm.201700692/abstract. This version is published with permission from Wiley under CC BY-NC 3.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0 ...
The tantalizing prospect of harnessing the unique properties of graphene crumpled nanostructures continues to fuel tremendous interest in energy storage and harvesting applications. However, the paper ball-like, hard texture, and closed-sphere morphology of current 3D graphitic nanostructure production not only constricts the conductive pathways but also limits the accessible surface area. Here, we report new insights into electrohydrodynamically-generated droplets as colloidal nanoreactors in that the stimuli-responsive nature of reduced graphene oxide can lead to the formation of crumpled nanostructures with a combination of open structures and doubly curved, saddle-shaped edges. In particular, the crumpled nanostructures dynamically adapt to non-spherical, polyhedral shapes under continuous deposition, ultimately assembling into foam-like microstructures with a highly accessible surface area and spatially interconnected transport pathways. The implementation of such crumpled nanostructures as three
This book displays fundamental aspects of the various ranges of nanostructured materials for energy applications. Topics include recent trends in nanomaterials for sustainable energy, advances in flexible supercapacitors, biomass-derived nanomaterials, and more.
In previous chapters, the different types of nanoparticles, selection of resin matrix and nanoparticles, processing of nanomaterials, and morphological characterization of polymer nanostructured materials were discussed. In this chapter, the properties ...
Nanoscale topographies and chemical patterns can be used as synthetic cell interfaces with a range of applications including study and control of cellular processes. Herein, we describe the fabrication of high aspect ratio nanostructures using electron beam lithography in the epoxy-based polymer SU-8. We show how nanostructure geometry, position and fluorescent properties can be tuned, allowing flexible device design. Further, thiol-epoxide reactions were developed to give effective and specific modification of SU-8 surface chemistry. SU-8 nanostructures were made directly on glass cover slips, enabling the use of high resolution optical techniques such as live-cell confocal, total internal reflection and 3D structured illumination microscopy to investigate cell interactions with the nanostructures. Details of cell adherence and spreading, plasma membrane conformation and actin organization in response to high aspect ratio nanopillars and nanolines were investigated. The versatile structural and ...
University of Crete. E-Locus Institutional Repository.PhD thesis.2015 . Creators: Μανιαδάκη, Αριστέα Ε.. Contributors: Κοπιδάκης, Γεώργιος.Τα νανοδομημένα υλικά με βάση τον άνθρακα (Carbon-based Nanostructured Materials - CNMs) παρουσιάζουν θεμελιώδες ενδιαφέρον και είναι καλοί υποψήφιοι για πολυάριθμες εφαρμογές στην παραγωγή, αποθήκευση και χρήση του υδρογόνου σε εφαρμογές καθαρής ενέργειας. Εκτεταμένες έρευνες στους νανοσωλήνες άνθρακα, στα φουλερένια και στο γραφένιο έχουν βελτιώσει δραματικά τις γνώσεις μας σχετικά με τα υλικά αυτά. Ωστόσο, μια πληθώρα απο άλλα CNMs προσφέρουν ευκαιρίες για τεχνολογική
Purchase Micro and Nanofabrication Using Self-Assembled Biological Nanostructures - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780323296427, 9780323296526
Block Copolymer Crosslinked Nanoassemblies Co-entrapping Hydrophobic Drugs and Lipophilic Polymer Additives Block copolymer crosslinked nanoassemblies (CNAs) were synth..
Listings in Nanostructured Materials, Microscopy Services, Sensors, Precision Manipulators, Adhesives, Instrument Design / Development and Laser-Beam...
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Page contains details about silicon-tin-cerium-iron-aluminum-titanium alloy nanofibers-filled-carbon black loaded PVDF nanostructured material . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Page contains details about graphene-Bi2Te2Se nanostructured material . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Biology serves as a major inspiration for the assembly of ordered structures at the nanoscale. Two main directions for the development of bio-inspired nanomaterials are based either on the use of protein and peptide building blocks or, alternatively, on the use of DNA. Polypeptide structures have the advantage of structural integrity and robustness while nucleic acids have the advantage of specific molecular recognition between complementary bases.. Our group has been extensively involved in the study of molecular self-assembly by extremely short peptide fragments. We demonstrated in 2003 that simple dipeptides contain all the molecular information needed to form ordered nanostructures [1]. Furthermore, peptide assemblies have been shown to exhibit remarkable physical properties including high mechanical rigidity, luminescence, piezoelectricity, and semiconductivity [2]. The dipeptide assemblies act as supramolecular polymers including a clear phase transition governed by Ostwalds rule of ...
Nanostructuring surfaces in order to improve the quality of determinations, in terms of detection limit and signal-to-noise ratio, had received a great attention in the last years. At this effect, a potentiometric for the determination of lactate, based on a nanostructured (ND) Si4N3 surface, is presented here. The potentiometric sensor developed is an electrolyte¿membrane¿insulator¿semiconductor (EMIS). The surface was first modified by a polyacrylic acid (PAA) layer, deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD), that can covalently link to the NH2 groups of the lactate dehydrogenase. Secondly, the nanostructures were formed on the surface by colloidal lithography. The obtained nanostructured surface was characterized. The stability of the biosensor in aqueous media was investigated obtaining a sensitivity of 49.7mV per decade. The detection limit for the determination of lactate was 2×10-7 M, with a linear range up to 10-5 M. The intra- and inter-electrode standard ...
Nanostructured materials are promising compounds that offer new opportunities as sensing platforms for the detection of biomolecules. Having micrometer-scale length and nanometer-scale diameters, nanomaterials can be manipulated with current nanofabrication methods, as well as self-assembly techniques, to fabricate nanoscale bio-sensing devices. Nanostructured materials possess extraordinary physical, mechanical, electrical, thermal and multifunctional properties. Such unique properties advocate their use as biomimetic membranes to immobilize and modify biomolecules on the surface of nanoparticles. Alignment, uniform dispersion, selective growth and diameter control are general parameters which play critical roles in the successful integration of nanostructures for the fabrication of bioelectronic sensing devices. In this review, we focus on different types and aspects of nanomaterials, including their synthesis, properties, conjugation with biomolecules and their application in the construction of
Carbon nanostructures, such as carbon onions and carbon nanotubes, have attracted tremendous research interest for the last decade due to their superior physical and chemical properties and promising applications. But most of the current fabrication processes require high temperature, which causes problems like long cycle time, non-cost effective and substrate melting temperature restriction. Therefore developing low temperature synthesis of carbon nanostructures is of great scientific and practical significance. This report focuses on the low temperature fabrication and characterization of carbon nanostructures such as onion-like carbon and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Onion-like carbons were grown on different substrates at room temperature using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD). Aligned CNT forest was synthesized using a water-assisted PECVD process ...
Discovering new anticancer drugs and screening their efficacy requires a huge amount of resources and time-consuming processes. The development of fast, sensitive, and nondestructive methods for the in vitro and in vivo detection of anticancer drugs effects and action mechanisms have been done to reduce the time and resources required to discover new anticancer drugs. For the in vitro and in vivo detection of the efficiency, distribution, and action mechanism of anticancer drugs, the applications of electrochemical techniques such as electrochemical cell chips and optical techniques such as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) have been developed based on the nanostructured surface. Research focused on electrochemical cell chips and the SERS technique have been reviewed here; electrochemical cell chips based on nanostructured surfaces have been developed for the in vitro detection of cell viability and the evaluation of the effects of anticancer drugs, which showed the high capability to evaluate
The study reports the synthesis of cobalt oxide (Co3O4) nanostructures and their application in enzyme free electrochemical sensing of glucose. The synthesized nanostructures were elaborately characterized via number of analytical techniques including scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The as-synthesized nanostructures of Co3O4 were found to exhibited nanodisc like morphology with the size dimension in range of 300-500 nm. The obtained morphological features were evaluated for their electrochemical potential towards oxidation of glucose which enabled development of sensitive (27.33 mu A mM(-1) cm(-2)), and stable enzyme free glucose sensor. In addition, the developed sensor showed excellent linearity (r(2)=0.9995), wide detection range (0.5-5.0 mM), lower detection limit (0.8 mu M) and extreme selectivity towards glucose in the presence of common interferents like dopamine (DP), ...
DNA nanostructures and hybrid DNA-protein materials are attractive solutions to many applications in biotechnology and material science because of their controllable molecule-level features. Critical to a complete description and characterization of these technologies is the quantification of binding affinity between DNA nanostructures and small molecules relevant to the application at hand. This protocols chapter described a series of experimental and in silico analyses that can be used to described and quantify ligand binding interactions between DNA nanostructures (DNA DX tiles), short double stranded DNA fragments, and arbitrary small molecules. The described methods include microscale thermophoresis, ligand completion assays, circular dichroism spectroscopy, and AutoDock simulations. The protocols use organophosphates and model chemical nerve agents as examples, but the methods described here are broadly applicable. ...
Journal of Nanomaterials is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that aims to bring science and applications together on nanoscale and nanostructured materials with emphasis on synthesis, processing, characterization, and applications of materials containing true nanosize dimensions or nanostructures that enable novel/enhanced properties or functions. It is directed at both academic researchers and practicing engineers. Journal of Nanomaterials will highlight the continued growth and new challenges in nanomaterials science, engineering, and nanotechnology, both for application development and for basic research. All papers should emphasize original results relating to experimental, theoretical, computational, and/or applications of nanomaterials ranging from hard (inorganic) materials, through soft (polymeric and biological) materials, to hybrid materials or nanocomposites.
Critical biological processes such as energy generation and signal transduction are driven by the flow of electrons and ions across the membranes of living cells. As a result, there is substantial interest in creating nanostructured materials that control transport of these charged species across biomembranes. The recent advances in the synthesis of de novo and protein nanostructures for transmembrane ion and electron transport and the mechanistic understanding underlying this transport are described. Moreover, this body of work highlights the promise such nanostructures hold for directing transmembrane transport of charged species as well as challenges that must be overcome to realize that potential. ...
The development of bio-based nanostructures as nanocarriers of bioactive compounds to specific body sites has been presented as a hot topic in food, pharmaceutical and nanotechnology fields. Food and pharmaceutical industries seek to explore the huge potential of these nanostructures, once they can be entirely composed of biocompatible and non-toxic materials. At the same time, they allow the incorporation of lipophilic and hydrophilic bioactive compounds protecting them against degradation, maintaining its active and functional performance. Nevertheless, the physicochemical properties of such structures (e.g., size and charge) could change significantly their behavior in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The main challenges in the development of these nanostructures are the proper characterization and understanding of the processes occurring at their surface, when in contact with living systems. This is crucial to understand their delivery and absorption behavior as well as to recognize ...
Surface plasmon is the quantized collective oscillation of the free electron gas in a metallic material. By coupling surface plasmons with photons in different nanostructures, researchers have found surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), which are widely adopted in biosensing, single molecule sensing and detection via surface enhanced raman scattering (SERS), photothermal ablation treatments for cancer, optical tagging and detection, strain sensing, metamaterials, and other applications. The overall objective of this dissertation is to investigate both how mechanics impacts the optical properties, and also how optics impacts the mechanical properties of metal nanostructures reversely. Mechanically engineering individual nanostructures(forward coupling) offers the freedom to alter the optical properties with more flexibility and tunability. It is shown that elastic strain can be applied to gold nanowires to reduce the intrinsic losses for subwavelength ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Black metal thin films by deposition on dielectric antireflective moth-eye nanostructures. AU - Christiansen, Alexander Bruun. AU - Caringal, Gideon Peter. AU - Clausen, Jeppe Sandvik. AU - Grajower, Meir. AU - Taha, Hesham. AU - Levy, Uriel. AU - Mortensen, N. Asger. AU - Kristensen, Anders. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. N2 - Although metals are commonly shiny and highly reflective, we here show that thin metal films appear black when deposited on a dielectric with antireflective moth-eye nanostructures. The nanostructures were tapered and close-packed, with heights in the range 300-600 nm, and a lateral, spatial frequency in the range 5-7 mu m(-1). A reflectance in the visible spectrum as low as 6%, and an absorbance of 90% was observed for an Al film of 100 nm thickness. Corresponding experiments on a planar film yielded 80% reflectance and 20% absorbance. The observed absorbance enhancement is attributed to a gradient effect causing the metal film to be antireflective, analogous to ...
We present results on the single step fabrication of autocentered nanopillars with surrounding circular rim. This particular 3-dimensional shape is created by the energy density distribution of incident and backscattered electrons and reflects the dual behavior of PMMA as positive and negative e-beam resist. Structures with 80 nm rim diameter and 20 nm wide nanopillars could be realized. We could show that the characteristic dimensions of the structures can be varied almost independently by playing with the exposure parameters. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the structure shapes are described and several fields of application are proposed.. Keywords: e-Beam ; Nanopillars ; Autocentered ; Pmma ; Nanostructures ; Field Emitters. ...
The project concerns the study of organic nanostructures formed though on-surface synthesis. On-surface synthesis is becoming an increasingly popular approach for creating atomically precise organic nanostructures, through the coupling of molecular building blocks on surfaces, with great relevance and prospects in for example organic electronics. However, very little is known about the on-surface reactions, which makes them arduous to control. Fundamental understanding of the underlying on-surface reactions is therefore of great interest. Furthermore, knowledge is needed for how the structures of the formed materials govern their electronic properties and how the electronic properties of the materials are affected by defects. Such understanding would guide the development of materials with specific electronic properties. The proposed project is divided into two parts. In the first part of the project we will investigate the formation mechanisms of organic nanostructures from molecular building ...
The study describes the application of oxidation resistant copper nanostructures as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for the treatment of organic dye containing waste waters. Copper nanostructures were synthesized in an aqueous environment using modified surfactant assisted chemical reduction route. The synthesized nanostructures have been characterized by UV-Vis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy FTIR spectroscopy, Atomic force microscopy (AFM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). These surfactant capped Cu nanostructures have been used as a heterogeneous catalyst for the comparative reductive degradation of methyl orange (MO) in the presence of sodium borohydride (NaBH|sub|4|/sub|) used as a potential reductant. Copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) were found to be more efficient compared to copper nanorods (Cu NRds) with the degradation reaction obeying pseudofirst order reaction kinetics. Shape dependent catalytic efficiency was further evaluated from activation
TY - JOUR. T1 - Nano-Structuring by Molecular Self-Assembly. AU - Minelli, Caterina. AU - Blondiaux, Nicolas. AU - Losson, Myriam. AU - Liley, Martha. AU - Jeney, Sylvia. AU - Hinderling, Christian. AU - Pugin, Raphaël. AU - Joester, Derk. AU - Diederich, François. AU - Vancso, Julius. AU - Hempenius, Mark. AU - Heinzelmann, Harry. PY - 2003/1/1. Y1 - 2003/1/1. N2 - In contrast to conventional lithography techniques which will soon hit their limits in terms of feature size and fabrication cost, recent years have seen considerable progress in the development of self-assembling nano-structured surfaces. In the work reported here, surface structures on the submicron scale have been created from polymer, copolymer, nanoparticle, and dendrimer building blocks by employing phenomena such as self-assembly, self-organization and non-equilibrium processes. This low-cost approach is expected to result in a new generation of surfaces with novel physical and chemical properties.. AB - In contrast to ...
We present a strategy to produce porous NiTiO3/TiO2 nanostructures with excellent photocatalytic activity toward hydrogen generation. In a first step, nickel-doped TiO2 needle bundles were synthesized by a hydrothermal procedure. Through the sintering in air of these nanostructures, porous NiTiO3/TiO2 heterostructured rods were obtained. Alternatively, the annealing in argon of the nickel-doped TiO2 needle bundles resulted in NiOx/TiO2 elongated nanostructures. Porous NiTiO3/TiO2 structures were tested for hydrogen evolution in the presence of ethanol. Such porous heterostructures exhibited superior photocatalytic activity toward hydrogen generation, with hydrogen production rates up to 11.5 mmol h-1 g-1 at room temperature. This excellent performance is related here to the optoelectronic properties and geometric parameters of the material ...
Welcome to Lab. of Multiferroic and Photovoltaic Nanostructures at POSTECH. We are actively doing research in a variety of different topics that involve functional oxides. More specifically, we focus our research activity on the following three major areas: (i) predicting electronic structures and materials properties from first-principles quantum mechanical calculations, (ii) fundamental study of multiferroic materials and their applications to design and fabrication of functional nanostructures, and (iii) solar cells (photo-voltaic) nanostructures. The unique feature and the excellence of our research stem from the fact that Prof. Hyun M. Jang, a group leader, is very strong in fundamental theory (both quantum and statistical mechanics). In Research Page, we will outline three main areas of research which typically represent our ongoing research activities.. ...
As a result of this study, several fabrication methods were developed. One of them utilizes focused ion beam lithography for nanofabrication on multilevel and strongly corrugated surfaces. This process has a great potential for general 3D integration and for micro- and nanofluidics. The same approach enables the fabrication of suspended nanostructures and gives a platform for accurate measurement of material properties and realization of lab-on-a-chip concepts. Another separately developed process is a grayscale lithography that provides a control over the height of patterned features at nanometer scale. It gives an effective way to fabricate miniature diffractive optics components for extreme ultraviolet and soft X-ray radiation. It also allows for new designs and improved performance of photonic grating couplers. Finally, the work shows how atomic layer deposition can be used to tune the operational parameters of photonic components. In particular, the dispersion properties of photonic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oxidation kinetics of plasmonic Ag particles in SiO2 nanofilms. T2 - Interlinking particle size to atmosphere-film-substrate system properties. AU - Jiménez, José A.. AU - Sendova, Mariana. AU - Puga-Lambers, Margarida. N1 - Funding Information: We thank Marushka Sendova-Vassileva for thin film deposition, Jean C. Pivin for Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy analyses and Kerry N. Siebein for TEM. Financial support from ARL-W911NF-09-2-0004 is gratefully acknowledged.. PY - 2013/10. Y1 - 2013/10. N2 - A quantitative real-time assessment of the oxidation kinetics of Ag nanoparticles (NPs) embedded in nano-thin SiO2 films deposited on soda-lime glass has been carried out by a process-selective refinement of in situ optical microspectroscopy under ambient conditions. The temperature dependence of Ag NPs oxidation in the nanocomposite films was studied during thermal processing in air in the 673-773 K temperature range. An Arrhenius-type analysis of the exponential decay of the ...
Nanostructures and Nanomaterials: Characterization and Properties will provide an overview of nanostructures evincing their fascinating properties (mechanical, optical, electromagnetic, chemical, and biological) unseen otherwise. The hierarchical development from nano to macro length scale, and its adoption in nature (biomimicking) will also be discussed. Understanding the change in crystal structure and defects therein as one goes from bulk to nano length scale will be utilized to construct structure-mechanism-property-performance maps. Thermodynamics resulting from the size effects at nano-length scales will also be considered. Structural, phase, microstructural and mechanical characterization techniques will be dealt in detail.. ...
Nanotechnology has been developed for decades and many interesting optical properties have been demonstrated. However, the major hurdle for the further development of nanotechnology depends on finding economic ways to fabricate such nanostructures in large-scale. Here, we demonstrate how to achieve low-cost fabrication using nanosphere-related techniques, such as Nanosphere Lithography (NSL) and Nanospherical-Lens Lithography (NLL). NSL is a low-cost nano-fabrication technique that has the ability to fabricate nano-triangle arrays that cover a very large area. NLL is a very similar technique that uses polystyrene nanospheres to focus the incoming ultraviolet light and exposure the underlying photoresist (PR) layer. PR hole arrays form after developing. Metal nanodisk arrays can be fabricated following metal evaporation and lifting-off processes. Nanodisk or nano-ellipse arrays with various sizes and aspect ratios are routinely fabricated in our research group. We also demonstrate we can ...
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Due to high biocompatibility and tailorable properties, DNA-based nanostructures are widely studied in biosensor and nanomedicine applications. The restriction for using DNA-based nanostructures lie in the purification processes which have low product yield and tedious steps involved. MoS2 nanosheets are chosen to test for its purification efficiency as MoS2 is shown to have discriminating properties between single stranded DNA and double stranded DNA. Adsorption studies of different DNA nanostructures are tested to see the adsorption capacity of MoS2. From the adsorption studies, it has been observed that MoS2 has high affinity to plasmid DNA, so the use of MoS2 as a gene carrier is tested for its delivery performance ...
Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu*, Carmen Mariana Chifiriuc: Prevention of Microbial Biofilms - the Contribution of Micro and Nanostructured Materials, Current Medicinal Chemistry, accepted, 2014.. EDITORIAL. Microbial biofilms are associated with drastically enhanced resistance to most of the antimicrobial agents and with frequent treatment failures, generating the search for novel strategies which can eradicate infections by preventing the persistent colonization of the hospital environment, medical devices or human tissues. Some of the current approaches for fighting biofilms are represented by the development of novel biomaterials with increased resistance to microbial colonization and by the improvement of the current therapeutic solutions with the aid of nano(bio)technology. This special issues includes papers describing the applications of nanotechnology and biomaterials science for the development of improved drug delivery systems and nanostructured surfaces for the prevention and treatment of ...
These revision notes on nanochemistry should prove useful for the new AQA, Edexcel and OCR GCSE (9 1) chemistry science courses. Keywords: uses applications nanomaterials * nanoparticles * nanoscale * nanoscience * nanosize-nanosized particles * nanostructures * nanotechnology * nanotubes * These revision notes on nanoscience should prove useful for the new AQA, Edexcel and OCR GCSE (9 1) chemistry science courses. for chemistry & science IGCSE chemistry revision notes on introduction to nanoscience explained KS4 GCSE Science revision notes on introduction to nanoscience explained GCSE chemistry guide notes on introduction to nanoscience explained for schools colleges academies science course tutors images pictures diagrams for introduction to nanoscience explained science chemistry revision notes on introduction to nanoscience explained for revising chemistry module topics notes to help on understanding of introduction to nanoscience explained university courses in science careers in science ...
Highlights from research on different nanocomposites and nanostructures for sensing and other energy related applications will be presented. The synthesized nanostructures and nanocomposites presented here were all obtained using the low temperature (, 100 °C) chemical approach. Nanostructures featured by small foot-print and synthesized by the low temperature aqueous chemical approach allows the utilization of non-conventional solid and soft substrates like e.g. glass, plastic, textile and paper. We here present results from different metal oxide nanostructures employed for chemical sensing and some innovative energy related applications. Efficient sensitive and selective sensing of dopamine, melamine, and glucose are presented as some examples of self-powered sensors utilizing the electrochemical phenomenon i.e. transferring chemical energy into electrical signal. Further the use of nanomaterials for developing selfpowered devices utilizing mechanical ambient energy is presented via ...
Nanotechnology - Nanofabrication: Two very different paths are pursued. One is a top-down strategy of miniaturizing current technologies, while the other is a bottom-up strategy of building ever-more-complex molecular devices atom by atom. Top-down approaches are good for producing structures with long-range order and for making macroscopic connections, while bottom-up approaches are best suited for assembly and establishing short-range order at nanoscale dimensions. The integration of top-down and bottom-up techniques is expected to eventually provide the best combination of tools for nanofabrication. Nanotechnology requires new tools for fabrication and measurement. The most common top-down approach to fabrication involves lithographic patterning techniques using short-wavelength
Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) are stable colloidal formulations with notable advantages for drug delivery systems. Thanks to their physicochemical stability, biocompatibility, biodegradability and controlled drug release, they have received increasing attention for the last several years. The aim of the study was to prepare and characterize nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC). Both, the effect of the process parameters and the effect of the preemulsion composition on the NLC properties were investigated. In the work, different type of surfactants (i.e. decyl glucoside, Poloxamer188, Tween 80, sodium cholate) and their combinations were used to stabilize NLC dispersions. Moreover, several kinds of solid lipids (modified beeswax, gliceryl behenate, cetyl palmitate and berry wax) and liquid lipids (caprilic/capric triglyceride and decyl oleate) were applied. An ultrasonication method using a probe type sonicator was used to obtain NLC, and the time and energy of the process were modified ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Electrochemical Whittling of Organic Nanostructures. AU - Zhang, Yi. AU - Salaita, Khalid. AU - Lim, Jung Hyurk. AU - Mirkin, Chad A.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2002/12. Y1 - 2002/12. N2 - A strategy for reducing the feature size of organic structures on metal surfaces is presented. The approach works by the electrochemical desorption of the peripheries of organic nanostructures (SAMs of 16-mercaptohexadecanoic acid (MHA)) generated by dip-pen nanolithography. By holding the potential of a gold substrate at -750 mV vs Ag/AgCI for designated periods of time in 0.5 M aqueous KOH solution, the size of the MHA nanostructures on the substrate could be reduced in a controlled fashion. It is proposed that the free volume surrounding the nanostructures and the greater ion accessibility to edge sites facilitate this process. Structures as small as 30 nm could be generated on polycrystalline gold substrates.. AB - A strategy for reducing the ...
Nanostructures on silicon. Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of nanostructures formed on a silicon surface by a laser beam. This research involves the use of lasers to etch and ablate metal and semiconductor surfaces. The resulting nanostructures can have applications in various forms of electronics and nanotechnology. - Stock Image F016/7927
Increasing interest in commercializing functional nanostructured devices heightened the need for cost effective scale-up manufacturing approaches for nanostructures. Diamond turning using multi-tip single crystal diamond tools is a new promising approach to the fabrication of micro/nano structures. In this paper, a serial of nanometric face cutting trails on copper using multi-tip nanoscale diamond tools has been carried out to indentify the nanomanufacturing capacity of this technique under different cutting conditions. The dependency between processing parameters and the surface integrity of the machined nanostructures are discussed. Moreover, large scale molecular dynamics (MD) nanometric cutting model is developed to simulate the nanostructures generation process. The simulation results well reveals the material removal mechanism and explains why structure defects are more likely to be formed in the cases of large depth of cut and high cutting speed observed in experiments.. ...
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The objectives of this work were to develop versatile and non-destructive fabrication methods for organometallic polymer nanostructures and to explore their properties and potential applications. The system of focus was metal tetraaminophthalocyanine (MTAPc) polymeric nanostructures in the form of ordered nanowires, nanotubes and b nanoflowersb . Template-assisted electropolymerization was adopted as the major preparation protocol for these nanostructures.,br,,br,In the first part of this thesis, organometallic polymer nanowires and nanotubes were fabricated through cyclic voltammetry (CV) electropolymerization on Pt-coated anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates. The spectral and elemental information, obtained from studies using UV-vis, Raman and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) spectroscopies, confirmed the presence of the phthalocyanine frame with the amino substituted structure and the polymeric form. The field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) and the transmission electron ...
Optical characterization of anisotropic multicomponent nanostructures is generally not a trivial task, since the relation between a materials structural properties and its permittivity tensor is nonlinear. In this regard, an array of slanted cobalt nanopillars that are conformally coated with few-layer graphene is a particularly challenging object for optical characterization, as it has a complex anisotropic geometry and comprises several materials with different topologies and filling fractions. Normally, a detailed characterization of such complex nanostructures would require a combination of several microscopic and spectroscopic techniques. In this letter, we demonstrate that the important structural parameters of these graphene-coated sculptured thin films can be determined using a fast and simple generalized spectroscopic ellipsometry test combined with an anisotropic Bruggeman effective medium approximation. The graphene coverage as well as structural parameters of nanostructured thin films agree
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To overcome this deficiency, a team led by cfaed Research Group Leader Dr. Thorsten L. Schmidt (Technische Universit t Dresden / Germany) coated several different DNA origami structures with a synthetic polymer. This polymer consists of two segments, a short positively charged segment which electrostatically glues the polymer to the negatively charged DNA nanostructure and a long uncharged polymer chain that covers the entire nanostructure resembling a fur. In their study Block Copolymer Micellization as a Protection Strategy for DNA Origami published in Angewandte Chemie [DOI: 10.1002/anie.201608873] they showed that such DNA nanostructures covered with the polymers were protected against nuclease digestion and low salt conditions. Furthermore they showed that structures functionalized with nanoparticles can be protected by the same mechanism ...
Small metal nanostructures, especially gold and silver nanoparticles, are known for their interesting optical properties caused by plasmonic effects. Molecular plasmonics, a combination of these optically active nanostructures with the molecular world, opens new possibilities for bioanalytics and (bio-) nanophotonics. Isotropic or anisotropic, homogeneous or heterogeneous metal nanoparticles provide a platform for different, highly defined functional units with interesting optical properties such as plasmon waveguides or molecular beacons. Nanohole arrays in metal layers are another promising component for nanophotonics. New photonic materials were realized from combinations of single metal nanoparticles with individual nanoholes in metals. Atomic force microscopic imaging was used to determine the particle location as well as the lateral dimensions and the topography of the resulting structures. Besides ultramicroscopic characterization of the nanoarrangements, such as nanoparticles positioned ...
Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) are drug-delivery systems and they are made out of solid and fluid lipids as a core matrix. It was demonstrated that NLCs uncover a f..
The April 20-24, 2009 Foundations of Nanoscience conference at Snowbird UT provided an interesting look at the wide variety of subfields and applications for nanoscience in thirteen tracks roughly organized into five areas: principles, materials, nanostructures, components and processes (Taxonomy, Quick Reference Guide to Current Research). Many of the nanoscience subfields have been in existence for five to ten years, however the different nanotechnology science and commerical efforts are still fairly isolated (for example, there could be an NNI roadmapping initiative). Nanoscience is largely still at the stage of experimental demos rather than quick advances to commercialization. The diversity of approaches demonstrates creativity and the increasing complexity, refinement and sophistication signals that nanoscience could be moving into a more mature era ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Synthesis, anion exchange, and delamination of Co-Al layered double hydroxide. T2 - Assembly of the exfoliated nanosheet/polyanion composite films and magneto-optical studies. AU - Liu, Zhaoping. AU - Ma, Renzhi. AU - Osada, Minoru. AU - Iyi, Nobuo. AU - Ebina, Yasuo. AU - Takada, Kazunori. AU - Sasaki, Takayoshi. PY - 2006/4/12. Y1 - 2006/4/12. N2 - This paper describes a systematic study on the synthesis, anion exchange, and delamination of Co-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH), with the aim of achieving fabrication and clarifying the properties of LDH nanosheet/polyanion composite films. Co-Al-CO3 LDH hexagonal platelets of 4 μm in lateral size were synthesized by the urea method under optimized reaction conditions. The as-prepared CO3 2--LDH was converted to Cl-LDH by treating with a NaCl-HCl mixed solution, retaining its high crystallinity and hexagonal platelike morphology. LDHs intercalated with a variety of anions (such as NO3 -, ClO4 -, acetate, lactate, dodecyl sulfate, ...
Abstract. The field of single nanoparticle plasmonics has grown enormously. There is no doubt that a wide diversity of the nanoplasmonic techniques and nanostructures represents a tremendous opportunity for fundamental biomedical studies as well as sensing and imaging applications. Single nanoparticle plasmonic biosensors are efficient in label-free single-molecule detection, as well as in monitoring real-time binding events of even several biomolecules. In the present review, we have discussed the prominent advantages and advances in single particle characterization and synthesis as well as new insight into and information on biomedical diagnosis uniquely obtained using single particle approaches. The approaches include the fundamental studies of nanoplasmonic behavior, two typical methods based on refractive index change and characteristic light intensity change, exciting innovations of synthetic strategies for new plasmonic nanostructures, and practical applications using single particle ...
Nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) composed of solid and liquid lipids, and surfactants are potentially good colloidal drug carriers. Before NLC can be us
Article Self-organised hybrid nanostructures composed of the array of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes and planar graphene multi-layer. The hybrid carbon nanostructures composed of an array of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and a self-...
Electrodeposited Au/CoAu multilayered nanowires are materials with alternating layers of Au and CoAu in a wire where the layer thickness and wire diameter are nanometer size. They can be used for different applications. For example, the wires may exhibit giant magnetoresistance (GMR), a change in the materials resistance with a magnetic field, having applications as a sensor material for microdevices. If Co is etched from CoAu nanowires, rough, porous gold nanostructures will be left behind, which could be used as novel catalysts. In this study, the electrodeposition of Au/CoAu multilayered nanowires and nanotubes in nanoporous templates was explored from a non-cyanide electrolyte. The multilayers were deposited with a pulse current control and the template pore size played an important role in determining whether nanowires or nanotubes were formed. The magnetic and magnetoresistive properties of Au/CoAu multilayered nanostructures were examined. Au/CoAu multilayered thin films exhibited both normal and
The BNC facility comprises one of the largest and cleanest university cleanrooms in the world. The nanofabrication cleanroom consists of 25,000 sq. ft. of bay-chase cleanroom, with 20% of the bays operating at ISO 3 (Class 1), 50% operating at ISO 4 (Class 10), 15% operating at ISO 5 (Class 100), and the remaining 15% operating at ISO 6 (Class 1000). The three-level structure consists of a full subfab, the cleanroom level, and an air-handling level above the cleanroom. A perforated raised floor ensures unidirectional airflow and bulkhead-mounted equipment separates operational functions from maintenance functions. A combination of careful control of the airflow path, multiple stages of filtration, careful choice of materials, and non-ionic-steam humidification ensure the control of both particulate and molecular contamination. A very tight waffle slab provides NIST A vibration rating, approximating quiet, slab-on-grade construction.. ...
Three types of CuO nanostructuresâ€the nanorod, nanofiber, and nanoparticleâ€have been grown by using a self-catalytic growth process at 400, 500, and 600 °C, respectively. Field-emission (FE) properties of the CuO nanostructures were investigated. The results indicated that the FE current was significantly affected by the morphologies of the CuO samples. Typical turn-on voltage for the CuO nanofiber array was detected at about 6â€7 V/μm with an emission area of 1 mm[sup 2]. Based on Fowlerâ€Nordheim plot, the values of work function for the nanofiber array were estimated in ranges of 0.56 to 2.62 and 0.30 to 1.39 eV from a two-stage linearity plot. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis showed no obvious changes in chemical composition of the nanofiber array before and after FE tests. According to the analyses, the highly ordered CuO nanofiber array can be a promising candidate for FE emitters. © 2003 American Institute of Physics ...
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Shadow Mask assisted Molecular Beam Epitaxy (SMMBE) is a technique enabling selected area epitaxy of semiconductor heterostructures through shadow masks. The objective of this work was the development of the SMMBE technique for the reliable fabrication of compound semiconductor nanostructures of high structural and optical quality. In order to accomplish this, technological processes have been developed and optimized. This, in combination with model calculations of the basic kinetic growth processes has enabled the fabrication of high quality quantum structures. A high spatial precision and control of the incidence regions of the molecular beams during the SMMBE process are required for the fabrication of nanostructures. One of the technological developments to this effect, which has substantially enhanced the versatility of SMMBE, is the introduction of a new type of freestanding shadow masks: Growth through such a mask with different incidence angles of the molecular beams is equivalent to employing
Nanofabrication has the power to impact a vast number of academic fields and see immediate and powerful changes in industries such as hospitals and health care, right through to car manufacturing and food production. The expertise at MCN is particularly relevant in the application areas of energy, biosensors, microfluidics and nanofluidics, nanomedicine and drug delivery, Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS), optics and medical bionics. We have highlighted projects in each of these areas in a series of case studies, while we also showcase some of the exciting projects taking place at our ANFF Victoria partner nodes. We are always looking to expand our library of MCN case studies so, if you are an MCN or ANFF Victoria user and would like to highlight your research, we invite you to submit a case study to us at [email protected] using the MCN case study template. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Porphyrin-based nanostructures. T2 - Routes to molecular electronics. AU - Burrell, Anthony K.. AU - Wasielewski, Michael R.. N1 - Funding Information: A.K.B. wishes to thank the Marsden Fund of New Zealand (MAU 810) for support of this work. M.R.W. wishes to thank the National Science Foundation (CHE-9732840) for support of this work.. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - The potential of porphyrins and related macrocycles for applications in molecular electronics owes much to the fundamental studies of the photosynthetic light-harvesting arrays and reaction centers. The use of model systems to better understand these essential processes has resulted in the development of an assortment of methodologies for functionalizing and constructing the complex three-dimensional nanostructures that will be essential for a successful molecular electronic system. (C) 2000 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.. AB - The potential of porphyrins and related macrocycles for applications in molecular electronics owes ...
Significance of postgrowth processing of ZnO nanostructures on antibacterial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria Shahid Mehmood,1 Malik A Rehman,1 Hammad Ismail,2 Bushra Mirza,2 Arshad S Bhatti11Center for Micro and Nano Devices, Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, 2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, PakistanAbstract: In this work, we highlighted the effect of surface modifications of one-dimensional (1D) ZnO nanostructures (NSs) grown by the vaporâ solid mechanism on their antibacterial activity. Two sets of ZnO NSs were modified separately â one set was modified by annealing in an Ar environment, and the second set was modified in O2 plasma. Annealing in Ar below 800°C resulted in a compressed lattice, which was due to removal of Zn interstitials and increased O vacancies. Annealing above 1,000°C caused the formation of a new prominent phase, Zn2SiO4. Plasma oxidation of the
In one aspect, the present invention is directed to a thermally responsive AB diblock copolymer prepared by RAFT polymerization wherein the diblock copolymer comprises poly(N-(3-aminopropyl)methacrylamide hydrochloride)-block-(N-isopropylacrylamide). Nanostructures of the thermally responsive diblock copolymer are formed by molecularly dissolving the diblock copolymer in aqueous solution at room temperature; and increasing the solution temperature to form nanostructures, for example vesicles or micelles. The first RAFT polymerization of an unprotected amino acid based monomer directly in water is also disclosed. The present invention also provides a method of forming shell cross-linked vesicles by adding a RAFT synthesized anionic homopolymer to a solution of the thermally responsive diblock copolymer. A method of forming interpolyelectrolyte complexed micelles or vesicles is also disclosed, the method comprising preparing by sequential aqueous RAFT polymerization a block copolymer comprised of N,N,
Researchers from TU Wien have discovered a novel way to fabricate pure gold nanostructures using an additive direct-write lithography technique. An electron beam is used to turn an auriferous organic compound into pure gold. This new technique can now be used to create nanostructures, which are needed for many applications in electronics and sensor technology. Just like with a 3-D printer on ...
Under one aspect, a plurality of silicon nanostructures is provided. Each of the silicon nanostructures includes a length and a cross-section, the cross-section being substantially constant along the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Response of cells on surface-induced nanopatterns. T2 - Fibroblasts and mesenchymal progenitor cells. AU - Khor, Hwei Ling. AU - Kuan, Yujun. AU - Kukula, Hildegard. AU - Tamada, Kaoru. AU - Knoll, Wolfgang. AU - Moeller, Martin. AU - Hutmacher, Dietmar W.. PY - 2007/5/1. Y1 - 2007/5/1. N2 - Ultrathin films of a poly(styrene)-block-poly(2-vinylpyrindine) diblock copolymer (PS-b-P2VP) and poly(styrene)-block-poly(4-vinylpyrindine) diblock copolymer (PS-b-P4VP) were used to form surface-induced nanopattern (SINPAT) on mica. Surface interaction controlled microphase separation led to the formation of chemically heterogeneous surface nanopatterns on dry ultrathin films. Two distinct nanopatterned surfaces, namely, wormlike and dotlike patterns, were used to investigate the influence of topography in the nanometer range on cell adhesion, proliferation, and migration. Atomic force microscopy was used to confirm that SINPAT was stable under cell culture conditions. Fibroblasts and ...
摘要 + :(浏览:1357次) , 请注意:下载全文可能需要登录或支付相关费用. Advanced micro/nanofabrication of functional materials and structures with various dimensions represents a key research topic in modern nanoscience and technology and becomes critically important for numerous emerging technologies such as nanoelectronics, nanophotonics and micro/nanoelectromechanical systems. This review systematically explores the non-conventional material processing approaches in fabricating nanomaterials and micro/nanostructures of various dimensions which are challenging to be fabricated via conventional approaches. Research efforts are focused on laser-based techniques for the growth and fabrication of one-dimensional (1D), two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) nanomaterials and micro/nanostructures. The following research topics are covered, including: 1) laser-assisted chemical vapor deposition (CVD) for highly efficient growth and integration of 1D nanomaterial of ...
Deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) origami nanotechnology is a recently developed self-assembly process for design and fabrication of complex three-dimensional (3D) nanostructures using DNA as a functional material. This paper reviews our recent progress in applying DNA origami to design kinematic mechanisms at the nanometer scale. These nanomechanisms, which we call DNA origami mechanisms (DOM), are made of relatively stiff bundles of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), which function as rigid links, connected by highly compliant single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) strands, which function as kinematic joints. The design of kinematic joints including revolute, prismatic, cylindrical, universal, and spherical is presented. The steps as well as necessary software or experimental tools for designing DOM with DNA origami links and joints are detailed. To demonstrate the designs, we presented the designs of Bennett four-bar and crank-slider linkages. Finally, a list of technical challenges such as design automation and ...
Functional Nanomaterials is the first and unique compilation of the state-of-the-art review chapters covering all aspects of functional nanomaterials and their applications. Nanotechnology has led to a profound paradigm shift after the developments in recent years and after being classified as one of the most important areas of impending technology by the U.S. government. Novel functional nanomaterials are the basis of newly emerging nanotechnologies for various device applications. This book with 30 chapters reflects the tremendous world-wide interest in functional nanostructured -materials. The wide variety of topics covered in this book is interesting for professionals working in the fundamental and applied research. The book covers major classes of nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, carbon and polymer nano-fibers, nano-particles, nanocomposites, nanosheets, fullerenes, supramolecular and self-assembled nano-structures, and many other types of nanomaterials. In addition, this book ...