The Chicago Community Adult Health Study (CCAHS) consists of four interrelated components that were conducted simultaneously: (1) a survey of adult health on a probability sample of 3,105 Chicago adults, including direct physical measurements of their blood pressure and heart rate and of height, weight, waist and hip circumference, and leg length; (2) a biomedical supplement which collected blood and/or saliva samples on a subset of 661 survey respondents; (3) a community survey in which individuals described aspects of the social environment of all survey respondents neighborhoods; and (4) a systematic social observation (SSO) of the blocks in which potential survey respondents resided, including a lost letter drop (Milgram et al. 1965) as an unobtrusive measure of neighborhood social capital/sense of responsibility to help others. The latter two extend a community survey and SSO of neighborhoods carried out by the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) in 1995. The ...
The Chicago Community Adult Health Study (CCAHS) consists of four interrelated components that were conducted simultaneously: (1) a survey of adult health on a probability sample of 3,105 Chicago adults, including direct physical measurements of their blood pressure and heart rate and of height, weight, waist and hip circumference, and leg length; (2) a biomedical supplement which collected blood and/or saliva samples on a subset of 661 survey respondents; (3) a community survey in which individuals described aspects of the social environment of all survey respondents neighborhoods; and (4) a systematic social observation (SSO) of the blocks in which potential survey respondents resided, including a lost letter drop (Milgram et al. 1965) as an unobtrusive measure of neighborhood social capital/sense of responsibility to help others. The latter two extend a community survey and SSO of neighborhoods carried out by the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) in 1995. The ...
The Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Program of the University of Illinois at Chicago, offers a 1-3 week externship to qualified dental students. The externship program offers the dental student considering a career in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery the opportunity to gain experience and knowledge in the specialty of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. The extern will be expected to participate in inpatient and operating room care, and the outpatient clinical management of patients. The extern is also expected to attend all of the scheduled didactic conferences of the residency program. The extern will be involved in clinical patient care that occurs at the University of Illinois at Chicago Medical Center, and the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Outpatient Clinic at the UIC College of Dentistry. On-call responsibilities are encouraged during the externship. The extern will be required to present an abstract at one of the OMS conferences during their stay in Chicago, and involvement in research is ...
This image may be used freely, with attribution, for research, study and education purposes. The University of Illinois at Chicago Library and Department of Neurosurgery do not claim exclusive ownership of the copyrights to all the original documents. We are simply granting permission to use images in our collections. This permission is nonexclusive and nontransferable. For permission to publish, distribute, or use this image for any other purpose, please contact Special Collections and University Archives, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, 801 S. Morgan St., Chicago, IL 60607. Phone: (312) 996-2742; email: [email protected] ...
This image may be used freely, with attribution, for research, study and education purposes. The University of Illinois at Chicago Library and Department of Neurosurgery do not claim exclusive ownership of the copyrights to all the original documents. We are simply granting permission to use images in our collections. This permission is nonexclusive and nontransferable. For permission to publish, distribute, or use this image for any other purpose, please contact Special Collections and University Archives, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, 801 S. Morgan St., Chicago, IL 60607. Phone: (312) 996-2742; email: [email protected] ...
This image may be used freely, with attribution, for research, study and education purposes. The University of Illinois at Chicago Library and Department of Neurosurgery do not claim exclusive ownership of the copyrights to all the original documents. We are simply granting permission to use images in our collections. This permission is nonexclusive and nontransferable. For permission to publish, distribute, or use this image for any other purpose, please contact Special Collections and University Archives, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, 801 S. Morgan St., Chicago, IL 60607. Phone: (312) 996-2742; email: [email protected] ...
This image may be used freely, with attribution, for research, study and education purposes. The University of Illinois at Chicago Library and Department of Neurosurgery do not claim exclusive ownership of the copyrights to all the original documents. We are simply granting permission to use images in our collections. This permission is nonexclusive and nontransferable. For permission to publish, distribute, or use this image for any other purpose, please contact Special Collections and University Archives, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, 801 S. Morgan St., Chicago, IL 60607. Phone: (312) 996-2742; email: [email protected] ...
This image may be used freely, with attribution, for research, study and education purposes. The University of Illinois at Chicago Library and Department of Neurosurgery do not claim exclusive ownership of the copyrights to all the original documents. We are simply granting permission to use images in our collections. This permission is nonexclusive and nontransferable. For permission to publish, distribute, or use this image for any other purpose, please contact Special Collections and University Archives, University of Illinois at Chicago Library, 801 S. Morgan St., Chicago, IL 60607. Phone: (312) 996-2742; email: [email protected] ...
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Purpose: Children with specific language impairment (SLI) demonstrate difficulty on many performance-based measures of executive function, although their executive performance on ratings of behavior is not well understood. The current investigation used the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Preschool (BRIEF-P; Gioia, Espy, & Isquith, 2003), a rating scale designed to investigate executive behaviors in everyday activities, to examine the executive skills of preschool children with SLI relative to their typically developing (TD) peers. Method: Seventeen preschool children with SLI were age- and gender- matched to 17 typically developing peers. Both parents and teachers of participants completed the BRIEF-P to assess the perceptions of executive behaviors in the home and school environments. Results: Parents and teachers were consistent in their ratings of preschool childrens overall executive skills. As predicted, the executive skills of children with SLI were rated significantly
Eating Disorder research has highlighted the role of neuropsychological functioning, informing the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa. There is ambiguity in the data relating to cognitive impairment in Bulimia Nervosa, with the latest review providing inconclusive results. Executive function impairments in the area of set shifting and inhibition reported in BN are proposed to relate to traits of compulsivity and impulsivity. Other psychological disorders have also demonstrated executive function impairments. Among anxiety disorders, only PTSD and OCD have strong evidence of executive function deficits while a number of studies point towards executive function deficits in depression. This thesis aims to investigate the specificity of cognitive impairments seen in a group of female outpatients with bulimia nervosa, using a clinical comparison group of anxious and/or depressed female outpatients. Methods A systematic review was conducted to address a gap in the anxiety disorder literature and assess the ...
The Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System - Sorting Test is one of the nine tests presented in the DKEFS manual and explores the patients executive abilities. It has a standard form (version A, administered at screening and Month-18 visit) and an alternate form (version B, administered at Month-9 visit). The standard form consists of the practice card set, card set 1 and card set 2. The alternate form consists of the same practice card set, card set 3 and card set 4. In free sorting, six scores were obtained: Confirmed Correct sorts for card sets 1 and 2 (or 3 and 4 for version B), sum of confirmed Correct Sorts, Free Sorting Description score for card set 1 and 2 (or 3 and 4 for version B) and sum of Free Sorting Description scores. In sort recognition, a description score for card set 1 and 2 (or 3 and 4 for version B) was obtained, as well as the sum of description scores of both sets. The total score ranged from 0 to 64. Higher values represent a better ...
The BRIEF-P is a standardized rating scale intended to evaluate executive function in preschoolers. Various aspects of executive functioning are assessed with scales for Inhibit, Shift, Emotional Control, Working Memory, and Plan/Organize.. Academic Therapy Publications publishes materials for learning disabilities and special education, tests, assessments, parent and teacher resources, hi lo readers, and visual perceptual aids.
Gregory Pacelli attended medical school at the University of Illinois at Chicago after having received his Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Campaign. In addition, prior to completing his medical degree, Dr. Pacelli completed a thesis on learning and memory earning his doctorate in Philosophy (PhD) at the University of Illinois at Chicago.. Dr. Pacellis post-graduate training includes an internship performed at Illinois Masonic Medical Center, a residency in Ophthalmology performed at the University of Illinois at Chicago, and a fellowship in Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus performed at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center.. Subsequent to completing his training, Dr. Pacelli held academic positions a Louisiana State University (Director of Pediatric Ophthalmology, Assistant Professor) and Childrens Surgical Foundation and Northwestern University (Clinical Assistant Professor). In addition, Dr. Pacelli is currently on a staff ...
Category based induction is the process by which individuals project prior knowledge from one category to another based on salient relations between the categories. Research suggests that people do this selectively by making different inferences for different properties. Such selectivity may be related to executive function(i.e. the ability to suppress initial responses and consider alternatives). Our experiment explored the connection between selective induction and executive function. Subjects were given three tasks. In the induction task participants were asked whether two related species shared a property. We varied property, relation, and the amount time people had to respond. Executive function tasks were a classic Stroop interference task as well as a Semantic Inhibitory Control task. We anticipated that inferences would be selective (i.e., that frequency of inferences should vary with inter-species relations and property). We also expected that interference on the executive function ...
Media multitasking is an ever more popular form of media consumption, in particular among youth. The increasing prevalence of media multitasking is concerning because frequent media multitasking may be negatively related to childrens cognitive control abilities (i.e. executive function). This study investigated the relationship between media multitasking and executive function in 118 early adolescents (aged 11 to 13; 50% girls). The three central components of executive functions (i.e., working memory, shifting, and inhibition) were measured using self-reports on daily-life functioning, as well as experimental tasks (Digit Span, the Dots-Triangles Task, and the Eriksen Flankers Task). Regression analyses revealed that media multitasking significantly predicted self-reported measures of executive function. Adolescents who media multitask more frequently reported having more problems in the three domains of executive function. Media multitasking was however not related to the performance on the ...
Cognitive control is a central issue in developmental psychology. Traditional theories of psychology solve this problem by positing a top-down central executive, which coordinates cognitive resources in pursuit of goals. We propose an alternative explanation: cognitive control arises from physical interactions across many different timescales within the system. We examined whether measures of individual differences of these multi-scale interactions could predict individual differences in executive function development. Preschool-aged participants were asked to complete a series of executive function tasks while we tracked the motion of their dominant hand. We found that multi-scale interactions differed depending on experimental constraints. We also found that individual differences on multi-scale interactions correlated with individual differences of behavioral measures. These results suggest that multi-scale measures can be used to measure executive function, and that changes in multi-scale effects
Recent research considers distress (in)tolerance as an essential component in the development of various forms of psychopathology. A behavioral task frequently used to assess distress tolerance is the breath holding task. Although breath holding time (BHT) has been associated with behavioral outcomes related to inhibitory control (e.g., smoking cessation), the relationship among breath holding and direct measures of executive control has not yet been thoroughly examined. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between a series of executive function tasks and breath holding duration. Furthermore, we assessed the BHT-tasks test-retest reliability in a one-year follow-up. 113 students completed an initial BHT assessment, 58 of which also completed a series of executive function tasks (the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Parametric Go/No-Go task and the N-back memory updating task). A subsample of these students (N = 34) repeated the breath holding task in a second session one year later.
The results from this approach are jaw-dropping: variance shared among each variety of executive function (inhibition, updating, and shifting) is nearly perfectly heritable: the contribution of the "A" component to those correlations is 99%. This heritable variance in the common executive function predicts nearly all of the genetic variance in the inhibition factor, consistent with the idea that those constructs are isomorphic from a heritability standpoint. Second, genetic influences on updating and shifting were roughly half due to the common executive function (43% and 44%, respectively) and half due to unique genetic influences (56% and 42%, respectively). Thus, the overall picture is that executive functions, in both their unity and diversity, are somewhere between 86 to 100% heritable ...
The BRIEFA captures views of an adults executive function and self-regulation in everyday environments, through both a self-report and an informant report.. Academic Therapy Publications publishes materials for learning disabilities and special education, tests, assessments, parent and teacher resources, hi lo readers, and visual perceptual aids.
Executive function declines with age, but engaging in aerobic exercise may attenuate decline. One mechanism by which aerobic exercise may preserve executive function is through the up-regulation of brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF), which also declines with age. The present study examined BDNF as a mediator of the effects of a 1-year walking intervention on executive function in 90 older adults (mean age = 66.82). Participants were randomized to a stretching and toning control group or a moderate intensity walking intervention group. BDNF serum levels and performance on a task-switching paradigm were collected at baseline and follow-up. We found that age moderated the effect of intervention group on changes in BDNF levels, with those in the highest age quartile showing the greatest increase in BDNF after 1-year of moderate intensity walking exercise (p = .036). The mediation analyses revealed that BDNF mediated the effect of the intervention on task-switch accuracy, but did so as a function of
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Children and adolescents with spina bifida are at risk for poor neuropsychological functioning and psychological outcomes. The relationship between executive functioning and psychological adjustment is an area worthy of investigation in this population. The current study assessed executive functioning and psychological outcomes in a group of children and adolescents with spina bifida (SBM) (n = 51) and nondisabled controls (n = 45). A mediation model was hypothesized, such that Metacognition, as measured by the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF), mediated the relationship between group status (spina bifida versus nondisabled controls) and psychological outcomes. Results indicated that metacognitive skills fully explained the relationship between group and internalizing and depressive symptoms as reported by mothers. In particular, specific components of the BRIEF Metacognition composite were most responsible for this relationship, including Initiate, Working Memory, and ...
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Background: The object of this study was to analyze the executive functioning of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or reading disability (RD) independent of their non-executive deficits.. Methods: Three carefully diagnosed groups of children, aged between 7 and 12 years (35 ADHD, 22 RD and 30 typically developing children), were tested on a wide range of tasks related to five major domains of executive functioning (EF): inhibition, visual working memory, planning, cognitive flexibility, and verbal fluency. Additional tasks were selected for each domain to control for non-executive processing.. Results: ADHD children were impaired on interference control, but not on prepotent and ongoing response suppression. ADHD showed deficits on visual working memory, planning, cognitive flexibility and phonetic fluency. RD children were impaired on phonetic fluency. The only EF measure that differentiated ADHD from RD was planning.. Conclusions: The present sample of ADHD ...
Results Among patients with MCI, greater severity of depressive symptoms was associated with greater global cognitive impairment, with a moderate effect size. A mediation analysis revealed that patients with MCI experiencing depressive symptoms may exhibit global cognitive impairment because their depressive symptoms were reducing their capacity for working memory, episodic memory and non-speed-based executive functions. A moderation analysis indicated that this effect was consistent across age, gender, years of education and APOE-e4 status for working memory and episodic memory, and was observed in patients with MCI older than 65 years for executive functions. In cognitively normal elderly adults and patients with AD, depressive symptoms were not associated with global cognitive impairment. ...
The present study assessed absolute (e.g., CoV) and relative (e.g., ICC) between-day variability of executive function (i.e., Eriksen-Flanker-test, Stroop-Color-test, Digit-Span and Five-Point-test) before and after a single bout of moderately intense aerobic cycling exercise (30 min at 70% of the heart rate reserve). The study was applied to healthy and active seniors using a three-day (habituation day, first day, second day) repeated measures design.. First, we found notable between-day habituation (from 1st to 2nd day) mainly for some time-dependent measures obtained from the Eriksen-Flanker-, Stroop-Color as well as completed figures in the Five-Point test at both pre and post testing. This is not surprising from a general viewpoint of between-day-learning. However, our testing and training session were interspersed by 7 days. Thus, also longer during between-trial breaks of up to 7 days should account for habituation effects. As these habituation effects became smaller from day 2 to day 3, ...
BACKGROUND Amelioration of cognitive impairment is an important treatment goal for a broad range of neuropsychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. One critical issue in clinical trial design is the extent to which repeated exposure to cognitive tests (i.e., practice effects) may lead to improvement in performance on the cognitive tests in the absence of any true treatment effect. The current study examined the extent to which practice effects on a measure of executive function may influence the sensitivity of that task to detecting the cognitive-enhancing effects of a single acute dose of d-amphetamine in individuals with chronic schizophrenia. METHODS Twenty-four men with chronic schizophrenia were randomized to receive a constant or random/matched alternate form version of a hidden maze learning measure of executive function (Groton Maze Learning Test; GMLT) on four separate occasions in one month. They also completed a measure of psychomotor speed. Using a double-blind, placebo-controlled,
Research indicates that executive functioning is a multidimensional construct in school-age children (Korkman, Kemp, & Kirk, 2001; Welsh & Pennington, 1988). Executive dysfunction is primarily associated with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; Barkley, 2003). This association is because of a `core deficit in inhibitory control found in ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C; Barkley, 1997); however, inhibitory control is only one component of executive functioning. Children with dyslexia are thought to demonstrate a `core deficit in phonological awareness (Wagner & Torgesen, 1987). However, little consideration is given to the potential executive deficits that may exist in children with dyslexia. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to test for convergent and divergent executive functioning deficits in 8-to 12-year-old children with ADHD or dyslexia using a comprehensive battery of executive measures. On neuropsychological measures when intelligence (IQ) was used as a covariate, the
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent conditions among school children. Executive function deficits representing difficulties in maintaining an appropriate problem set for the attainment of future goals are reported to be the major deficit in ADHD populations. There is a high rate of co-morbidity of learning disabilities and ADHD, with empirical evidence indicating an association with math and reading difficulties, but there is little research on the written expression of this population. There is a body of emergent research indicating that written expression is mediated by executive function. Written expression is a complex task that is affected by motivation, working memory, cognitive processes and long term memory, factors which are reported to be compromised in ADHD populations. This study evaluated the working memory and fluid reasoning in children with (combined and predominantly inattentive types) and without ADHD. Second, it explored the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A topography of executive functions and their interactions revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging. AU - Fassbender, Catherine. AU - Murphy, K.. AU - Foxe, J. J.. AU - Wylie, G. R.. AU - Javitt, D. C.. AU - Robertson, I. H.. AU - Garavan, H.. PY - 2004/7/1. Y1 - 2004/7/1. N2 - We used fMRI to study the brain processes involved in the executive control of behavior. The Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART), which allows unpredictable and predictable NOGO events to be contrasted, was imaged using a mixed (block and event-related) fMRI design to examine tonic and phasic processes involved in response inhibition, error detection, conflict monitoring and sustained attention. A network of regions, including right ventral prefrontal cortex (PFC), left dorsolateral PFC (DLPFC) and right inferior parietal cortex, was activated for successful unpredictable inhibitions, while rostral anterior cingulate was implicated in error processing and the pre-SMA in conflict ...
This presentation (PPT; PDF) summarizes the essential findings from three studies on the clinical neuropsychology of executive function. It begins with a preface on the basic differences between cognitive neuroscience and clinical neuropsychology, then delving into the difficulties facing any attempt to use theories of executive dysfunction in clinical neuropsych (this section is based on the Royall et al paper, covered here ...
Post-stroke cognitive impairment is associated with poor long-term outcomes and increased functional dependency. The overall study aim was to explore the relationships between global cognition, executive function and metacognition in a stroke population, to examine correlates and potential predictors of cognitive impairment and to determine the relationship between cognitive impairment and stroke in a Bahraini stroke sample in comparison to an age- and sex- matched control group. A sample of 130 stroke patients (case group) were recruited from the largest medical complex in Bahrain and 55 control participants from the non-stroke general population were recruited from two primary local health centres in the country. General demographic data, clinical assessment and neuropsychological battery of cognitive assessments was conducted on participants. The study found that individuals not affected by stroke have proportional risk factors to a stroke population in Bahrain. Approximately 48% of the stroke sample
Purpose: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) is a signature injury of modern warfare. Unlike impact injuries, which are focal, blast-induced MTBI damage is diffuse, affecting multiple portions of the brain via impaired axonal connectivity, impairing operations involving memory, impulse control and prediction/planning ("executive function."). Current MTBI testing uses highly subjective self-reporting and questionnaires. It is estimated that up to 25% of brain-injured veterans are not properly diagnosed, and may not receive treatment. Previously, we presented a saccade-based test that effectively detected decreased performance in MTBI. Here we present results for these same subjects on smooth pursuit tasks designed to evaluate executive function deficits, and compare their diagnostic value to saccadic testing.. Methods: We compared 11 controls with no history of closed-head injury, and 11 MTBI subjects involved in at least one close-proximity explosion. Subjects were excluded if they were taking ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Impaired sustained attention and executive dysfunction. T2 - bipolar disorder versus depression-specific markers of affective disorders. AU - Maalouf, Fadi T. AU - Klein, Crystal. AU - Clark, Luke. AU - Sahakian, Barbara J. AU - Labarbara, Edmund J. AU - Versace, Amelia. AU - Hassel, Stefanie. AU - Almeida, Jorge R C. AU - Phillips, Mary L. N1 - © 2010, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/. PY - 2010/5. Y1 - 2010/5. N2 - Objective - To identify neurocognitive measures that could be used as objective markers of bipolar disorder. Methods - We examined executive function, sustained attention and short-term memory as neurocognitive domains in 18 participants with bipolar disorder in euthymic state (Beuth), 14 in depressed state (Bdep), 20 with unipolar depression (Udep) and 28 healthy control participants (HC). We conducted four-group comparisons followed by relevant ...
Dyslexia and dyscalculia are learning disorders with a high prevelance. They correlate strongly. A possible explanation can be found in the hypothesis of deficits in executive functioning. Therefore, this research maps out the profiles of executive functions. This is done by use of a comparative study existing of four groups: dyslexia, dyscalculia, a comorbid and a control group ...
Gestational urinary BPA concentrations were associated with some neurobehavioral measures at 3 years of age in this cohort. In particular, gestational BPA exposure was associated with higher scores for measures of anxiety, hyperactivity, emotional control, and behavioral inhibition. Similar to our previous findings, the effects of gestational BPA exposure on these behavioral domains were larger among girls than boys.2 The different responses to gestational BPA exposure were especially pronounced for hyperactivity; girls exhibited increases in hyperactivity, and boys exhibited decreases in hyperactivity. In contrast, childhood urinary BPA concentrations were less important predictors of behavior or executive functions in this study.. The findings presented are consistent with numerous studies demonstrating altered neurobehavior among BPA-exposed animals.14,38 Gestational BPA exposures might affect endocrine or other neurotransmitter pathways and disrupt sexual differentiation of the brain, to ...
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of Executive Director Anna Gilmore Hall. Bethesda, MD (January 13, 2016) - The Board of Trustees of the Hearing Loss Association of America (HLAA), the nations leading organization representing people with hearing loss, has announced the departure of Executive Director Anna Gilmore Hall.. Anna noted, "My husband and I are planning to relocate to Florida and will seek employment there." She commented that she had truly enjoyed her tenure as executive director of the Hearing Loss Association of America, noting that it is a great organization. Margaret Wallhagen, Ph.D., chairperson of the HLAA Board of Trustees, noted that the Board thanks Anna for her dedication and service over the past two-and-a-half years. Anna has effected many positive changes and leaves HLAA poised for future growth." Effective immediately, Deputy Executive Director Barbara Kelley is acting executive director while a search is conducted for the executive directors position. Barbara has been with the organization for 28 ...
Wyomissing, Pa., February 6, 2017 - Executive Vice President of Business Development Gerry Romanelli of TRIOSE Inc., a non-asset based nationwide healthcare logistics management firm located in Wyomissing, Pa., has been named one of Philadelphia SmartCEOs 2017 Executive Management Award (EMA) winners.. "Gerry brings tremendous vision to (TRIOSE), one thats as invaluable as it is ambitious. Thirty years of experience in transportation and logistics will give you that. Its only fitting to have him listed among the top executives in the Philadelphia business community," said Chief Executive Officer Carl "CJ" Joyner, TRIOSE, Wyomissing, Pa.. Romanelli will accept the award on Wednesday, March 8, 2017 at an awards ceremony at Ballroom at the Ben, Philadelphia, Pa.,from 6 - 9 p.m. in the presence of 300 local C- level executives and guests.. The Executive Management Awards program recognizes the leadership and accomplishments of Philadelphias management all-stars - the CFOs, CIOs/CTOs, COOs and ...
An Update: March 17, 2017. On March 6, 2017, President Trump signed Executive Order 13780, entitled "Protecting the Nation from Terrorist Entry into the United States." The order includes a revised entry ban on nationals of 6 countries (Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen). The new order states that it revokes and replaces Executive Order 13769 in its entirety, effective March 16, 2017. The administration hopes that the new order will address the legal challenges that barred enforcement of the prior 90-day entry bar on citizens of the same six countries plus Iraq, that had been instituted by Executive Order 13769 before its enforcement was enjoined by court order in February. Given the similarity of the second executive order to the first one, on March 13, 2017, the State of Washington filed a motion asking the Seattle District Court to extend the preliminary injunction issued on the first executive order to the second executive order. If the court does so, enforcement of the second ...
Background: Comorbidity among developmental disorders such as dyslexia, language impairment, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder is common. This study explores comorbid weaknesses in preschool children at family risk of dyslexia with and without language impairment and considers the role that comorbidity plays in determining childrens outcomes. Method: The preschool attention, executive function and motor skills of 112 children at family risk for dyslexia, 29 of whom also met criteria for language impairment, were assessed at ages 3½ and 4½ years. The performance of these children was compared to the performance of children with language impairment and typically developing controls. Results: Weaknesses in attention, executive function and motor skills were associated with language impairment rather than family risk status. Individual differences in language and executive function are strongly related during the preschool period, and preschool motor skills
Abnormal Executive function (EF) profile was considered a major characteristic of Attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism, and is frequently implicated in Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) children as well. The scientific literature implies that the EF profile among these three groups share some common abnormalities, but differ significantly in specific features. Abnormal EF profile may be a core feature of the developmental trajectory of each syndrome.. The fine measurement of eye movements may shed light on the underlying mechanisms of specific disorders, and point to abnormal attention, information processing, or motor organization. Gaze is an important component of social interaction. Eye contact and recognition of others gaze direction are crucial to empathy assessment.. The current study will embark in the assessment of a wide range of EF in these populations and in a matched control group, as well as their relation to other important parameters such as ...
Recent evidence suggests that prepulse inhibition (PPI) levels relate to executive function possibly by a prefrontal cortex (PFC) dopamine (DA) link. We explored the effects of enhanced PFC DA signaling by the nonstimulant catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor tolcapone, on PPI and working memory of subjects homozygous for the Val (low PFC DA) and the Met (high PFC DA) alleles of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism. Twelve Val/Val and eleven Met/Met healthy male subjects entered the study. Tolcapone 200 mg was administered in two weekly sessions, according to a balanced, crossover, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. PPI was assessed with 5 dB and 15 dB above background prepulses, at 30-, 60-, and 120 ms prepulse-pulse intervals. Subjects also underwent the n-back and the letter-number sequencing (LNS) tasks. PPI was lower in the Val/Val compared to the Met/Met group in the placebo condition. Tolcapone increased PPI significantly in the Val/Val group and tended to have the opposite effect in
FRY, Jessica D.; GREENOP, Kirston e SCHUTTE, Enid. The effects of fatigue and the post-concussion syndrome on executive functioning in traumatic brain injury and healthy comparisons. Health SA Gesondheid (Online) [online]. 2010, vol.15, n.1, pp.1-8. ISSN 2071-9736.. In this study, behavioural manifestations of compromised executive control, including perseveration and reduced inductive reasoning, on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) were investigated. Performance was affected by fatigue in both a head-injured and matched population, which has implications for health care professionals involved in rehabilitation and assessment. A fatigue condition was manipulated for 15 moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) individuals through the course of a three-hour neuropsychological testing session. A comparison sample of 15 participants in a group of no history of TBI was fatigued through the same approach. All fatigued participants (with and without TBI) displayed trends towards increased ...
INTRODUCTION: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and previous history of concussion (PHC) are being reported more frequently in college athletes; the presence of these co-morbidities and their effects on concussion assessment has been somewhat limited. PURPOSE: Determine if a relationship exists between ADHD and PHC and the effect of these co-morbidities on neuropsychological test scores. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional between groups design. D-1 college athletes (N=1840, males N=1737, females N=103) with a mean age of 19.8+1.6 years completed a computerized neuropsychological test (ImPACT) to establish baseline assessment of concussion history during pre-participation physicals. Participants were divided into groups based upon self-reported diagnosis of ADHD and PHC. Self-report symptoms and ImPACT composite scores served as dependent variables. Comparisons of groups were calculated utilizing regression models and ...
We thank Dr. Rockwood for his thoughtful and perceptive response to our review. We completely agree that aggregate scores on instruments that do not measure executive function may fail to capture useful improvements in individuals receiving cholinesterase inhibitors or other cognition-enhancing agents. Of the many attempts to isolate meaningful individual responses to treatment, goal attainment scaling is among the most sensitive and robust. Although "listening to patients" is not always a means of determining outcome and is rarely quantified in as rigorous a manner as advocated by Dr. Rockwood, we share his enthusiasm for it, the most basic and satisfying element of clinical care ...
ANDRADE, Silviane Pinheiro Campos de; BRUCKI, Sônia Maria Dozzi; BUENO, Orlando Francisco Amodeo and SIQUEIRA NETO, José Ibiapina. Neuropsychological performance in patients with subcortical stroke. Arq. Neuro-Psiquiatr. [online]. 2012, vol.70, n.5, pp.341-347. Epub Feb 24, 2012. ISSN 0004-282X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0004-282X2012005000012.. Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) is characterized by cognitive compromise predominantly of executive dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To assess cognitive functions in VCI, focusing on executive functions, to observe functional losses in relation to activities of daily living (ADLs) and to detect early symptoms prior to the onset of dementia. METHODS: We evaluated healthy subjects matched for gender, education and age to patients with diagnosis of subcortical vascular disease who had a stroke classified into three groups: 1) vascular lesions and no impairment; 2) vascular cognitive impairment with no dementia (VCIND); 3) vascular dementia (VaD). RESULTS ...
Dysexecutive syndrome (DES) consists of a group of symptoms, usually resulting from brain damage, that fall into cognitive, behavioural and emotional categories and tend to occur together. The term was introduced by Alan Baddeley to describe a common pattern of dysfunction in executive functions, such as planning, abstract thinking, flexibility and behavioural control. It is thought to be Baddeleys hypothesized working memory system and the central executive that are the hypothetical systems impaired in DES. The syndrome was once known as frontal lobe syndrome, however dysexecutive syndrome is preferred because it emphasizes the functional pattern of deficits (the symptoms) over the location of the syndrome in the frontal lobe, which is often not the only area affected. Classification code in ICD-10 - F07 Symptoms of DES fall into three broad categories: cognitive, emotional and behavioural. Many of the symptoms can be seen as a direct result of impairment to the central executive component of ...
BACKGROUND: Founded in 1987, Executive Risk Inc. is a specialty insurance holding company. Executive Risks companies develop and underwrite a wide variety of specialty insurance coverages, including policies for directors and officers liability, professional liability, employment practices liability and medical institution malpractice insurance. PLATFORMS: PLATINUM Forest & Trees supports dBASE, DB2 for OS/2, Lotus Notes, Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, Sybase, ODBC-compliant RDBMS databases and Windows 95, Windows 98 and Windows NT 4.X operating systems. Executive Risk is running Forest & Trees on Windows 95 with Informix databases running on UNIX servers.. PROBLEM SOLVED: Executive Risk needed a more timely system that delivered more summarized reports than underwriters and upper-level managers were getting from our operational systems. The company initiated its data warehouse effort using Forest & Trees to build an application to access data from Executive Risks Informix warehouse. PRODUCT ...
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Neuropsychological examination is an important way of formally assessing brain function. While there is so much documentation about the influence that some factors such as age and education has on neuropsychological tests (NP), not so much has been done to assess the influence that residency (rural/urban) may have. The specific objectives of this study were to establish if there is a significant difference in mean test scores on NP tests between rural and urban participants, to assess which tests on the Zambia Neurobehavioural Test Battery (ZNTB) are more affected by the participants residency (rural/urban) and to determine the extent to which education, gender and age predict test performance on NP tests for rural and urban participants. The participants (324) were drawn from both urban and rural areas of Zambia (Rural =152 and Urban = 172). However, only 234 participants (Rural =152 and Urban 82) were used for all the analyses in this particular study. The 234 participants were used as the ...
The effect of seasons and seasonal variation on neuropsychological test performance in patients with bipolar I disorder and their first-degree ...
Dr. M. Zelime Elibol is a Pediatric Neurologist at MGH and an Instructor in Neurology at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Elibol received her undergraduate degree in physics from Harvard University and her M.D. from the University of Texas Medical Branch, where she graduated with high honors and received the Seymour Fisher Academic Excellence Award in Neuroscience and the John R. Calverly Award for Excellence in Neurology. She completed pediatrics training at MassGeneral for Children and residency in Neurology/Pediatric Neurology at Partners (combined MGH and Brigham and Womens program), where she served as Co-Chief Resident. She was awarded an NIH R25 research fellowship in 2011. Dr. Elibol is board certified in Neurology with special qualifications in Child Neurology.. In addition to her ongoing clinical work in general pediatric neurology, Dr. Elibol has a strong background and interest in Pediatric Cognitive Behavioral Neurology, including ADHD, Executive Function Deficits, Learning Disorders ...
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Emerging evidence suggests that depression is associated with executive dysfunction, particularly after committing errors or receiving negative performance feedback. To test this hypothesis, 57 participants performed two executive tasks known to elicit errors (the Simon and Stroop Tasks) during positive or negative performance feedback. Participants with elevated depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory scores ,= 13) were characterized by impaired posterror and postconflict performance adjustments, especially during emotionally negative task-related feedback. Additionally, for both tasks, depressive symptoms were inversely related to postconflict reaction time adjustments following negative, but not positive, feedback. These findings suggest that subclinical depression is associated with impairments in behavioral adjustments after internal (perceived failure) and external feedback about deficient task performance ...
March 29, 2016 Wyomissing, Pa., March 29, 2016 -TRIOSE, a non-asset based nationwide healthcare logistics management firm, is proud to announce that Executive Vice President Tom Wengrowski has been named a 2016 Executive Management Award (EMA) Winner by Philadelphia SmartCEO. Wengrowski is one of 40 management all-stars recognized in the Philadelphia region for their commitment to uphold the highest ethics, lead collaboratively and creatively, and enhance and support their organizations mission.. When Tom joined the TRIOSE team, he immediately had a tremendously positive influence on our business," said CJ Joyner, CEO of TRIOSE. "He is a remarkable leader and a great asset to our team - consistently providing vision and innovative ideas - and he truly deserves to be recognized as a top executive.". Wengrowski has more than 20 years of experience within the logistics industry and leverages his expertise to spearhead strategic leadership and growth initiatives at TRIOSE. This includes a focus ...
Cognitive impairment is common in patients with cerebral small vessel disease, but is not well detected using common cognitive screening tests which have been primarily devised for cortical dementias. We developed the Brief Memory and Executive Test (BMET); a rapid screening measure sensitive to the impaired executive function and processing speed characteristic of small vessel disease (SVD). To assess the BMETs validity for general use, we evaluated it when administered by non-psychologists in a multicentre study and collected control data to derive normative scores. Two-hundred participants with SVD, defined as a clinical lacunar stroke and a corresponding lacunar infarct on MRI, and 303 healthy controls aged between 40-90 years old were recruited. The BMET, as well as the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) and Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), were performed. Overall, 55 SVD participants underwent repeat testing at 3 months to assess the BMET test-retest reliability. Administering the BMET
Objective: The Trail Making Test (TMT) and Stroop Test (ST) are attention tests widely used in clinical practice and research. The aim of this study was to provide normative data for the adult Brazilian population and to study the influence of gender, age and education on the TMT parts A and B, and ST cards A, B and C. Methods: We recruited 1447 healthy subjects aged ≥18 years with an educational level...
Neuropsychological profile in a specific cohort of HIV patients infected postnatally: a cross-sectional study Silvia Riva,1,2 Ilaria Cutica,1 Gabriella Pravettoni1,3 1Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, 2Department of Neuroscience, IRCCS, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri", 3European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy Abstract: HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HANDs) are one of the most important complications of HIV infection reported in the current literature. Although HANDs have been closely studied in vertically infected HIV populations or in specific subgroups such as drug abusers or homosexuals, they have been completely understudied in hemophilia patients with HIV, infected through transfusions postnatally. For this reason, it seemed interesting to evaluate the presence of HAND in this specific population. The aim of this work is to present a study protocol aimed at assessing the neuropsychological profile of HIV+ hemophilia patients ...
These findings emphasise the importance of considering CJD in the differential diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy, from which it is at times differentiated by a "wait and see" policy because unlike other dementia-akinetic-rigid syndromes such as corticobasal degeneration and multisystem atrophy, CJD progresses much more rapidly and death ensues within a few months. Neuropsychological assessment in progressive supranuclear palsy shows deficits of attention, executive function, memory retrieval, visual and auditory perception, and language production.3 In this case, however, early neuropsychological impairment was limited to an executive deficit, although it was followed by further cognitive impairment which we were unable to assess fully at later stages of the disease. Interestingly, in progressive supranuclear palsy, there is a strong correlation between abnormal eye movements and neuropsychological deficit, particularly in sustained and divided attention.8 It is yet to be shown whether ...
Introduction: Semi-automatic neuropsychological testing has gained a position both in clinical use and in research. Comparison studies with traditional neuropsychological tests are sparse and the role of such semi-automated testing is debated. To integrate semi-automated neuropsychological testing in the established clinical setting the tests must be validated in the patient groups addressed. The aim of this study was to validate Cambridge Neuropsychological Tests Automated Battery (CANTAB) in patients with epilepsy. Material and Methods: Patients scheduled for traditional neuropsychological testing with Category test (CT), Trail Making Test part B (TMT-B), WAIS-III and WMS-R were also asked to complete the CANTAB battery. Our hypothesis was that memory tests from CANTAB (DMS, PAL) would correlate with visual memory tests from WMS-R and that a test of executive functions from CANTAB (SOC) would correlate with functions tested with TMT-B, CT and WAIS-III. Results: Scores from DMS correlated ...
ISS032-E-016876 (8 Aug. 2012) --- NASA astronaut Sunita Williams, Expedition 32 flight engineer, performs a VO2max experiment while using the Cycle Ergometer with Vibration Isolation System (CEVIS) in the Destiny laboratory of the International Space Station. VO2max uses the Portable Pulmonary Function System (PPFS), CEVIS, Pulmonary Function System (PFS) gas cylinders and mixing bag system, plus multiple other pieces of hardware to measure oxygen uptake and cardiac output.
Injury to the frontal lobes or interruptions of subcortical connections with the frontal lobe impair the functions of the frontal lobes, and some of these deficits of frontal lobe function are called executive deficits. Several studies suggest that frontal lobe dysfunction is often associated with aging. For example, Mittenberg, Seidenberg, OLeary, and DiGiulio (1989) compared older and younger individuals on tests that assessed frontal, parietal, and temporal lobe functions. These investigators found that it was frontal lobe function that best correlated with age.. Some of the most common executive deficits associated with frontal lobe dysfunction are forms of perseverative behavior. One of the tests that patients with frontal lobe perform poorly is the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. In this test there are a series of cards that have different geometric designs, and these geometric designs have different colors and a different number of designs on each card. The participants are asked to sort ...
Health, ... The National Association of Health Services Executives (NAHSE) woul...Washington DC (PRWEB) November 10 2008 -- The a href http://www.na... ... The National Association of Health Services Executives would l...,The,National,Association,of,Health,Services,Executives,(NAHSE),Congratulates,President-Elect,Barack,Obama,on,Historic,Win,,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Executive Budget DETAIL Fiscal Years 2002 and 2003 Jane Dee Hull Governor Provisions for Individuals with Disabilities If individuals with disabilities require reasonable accommodation in order to use this document, please contact the Governors Office of Strategic Planning and Budgeting at (602) 542-5381 January 2001 To the Citizens of Arizona and the Members of the Forty-Fourth Legislature: The Executive Budget is my opportunity to highlight priorities and address numerous public policy issues. The Executive Budget for the Fiscal Years 2002 and 2003 Biennium encompasses operating recommendations for over one hundred State agencies. It includes thousands of spe-cific issues relating to 191 appropriated funding sources. My budget is best summarized by five principles that I established to guide its overall develop-ment. 1. Conservative revenue estimates. The budget must be based on conservative revenue esti-mates reflecting both hard data and a growing sentiment that suggests a slowing of ...
Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week From 14 to 17 January 2013, the Executive Secretary participates in the Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week, including the World Future Energy Summit, the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) 3rd General Assembly and the International Water Summit. Within the high level segment of the plenary of the IRENA Assembly, the Executive Secretary participated in the Ministerail round table Renewable energy costs and benefits held in Abu Dhabi on 14 January 2013.. The discussions touched upon the broader economic, social, and environmental benefits of renewable energy. The Executive Secretary recalled that renewable energy currently comprises 15% of the global energy mix. In order to meet the objective of the UN Secretary Generals Sustainable Energy for All initiative to double its share by 2030, sustained efforts are required from all actors and stakeholders.. Investments in renewable often are blocked by risks of various sorts, including political and regulatory ...
Objective The aim of this paper was to assess the efficacy of process-based cognitive training (pb-CT) combined with reminiscence therapy (RT) in patients with mild Alzheimers disease (mAD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and in healthy elderly (HE) subjects. Methods This multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involved 348 participants with mAD, MCI, and HE from four European countries. Participants were randomly assigned to two arms of a crossover design: those in arm A underwent 3 months of computerized pb-CT for memory and executive functions combined with RT and 3 months of rest; those in arm B underwent the reverse. The primary outcome was the effect of the training on memory and executive functions performance. The secondary outcome was the effect of the training on functional abilities in mAD assessed with the instrumental activities of daily living. Results We found a significant effect of the training for memory in all three groups on delayed recall of the Rey Auditory Verbal ...
Age-related alterations in brain structure and function have been challenging to link to cognition due to potential overlapping influences of multiple neurobiological cascades. We examined multiple brain markers associated with age-related variation in cognition. Clinically normal older humans aged 65-90 from the Harvard Aging Brain Study (N = 186) were characterized on a priori magnetic resonance imaging markers of gray matter thickness and volume, white matter hyperintensities, fractional anisotropy (FA), resting-state functional connectivity, positron emission tomography markers of glucose metabolism and amyloid burden, and cognitive factors of processing speed, executive function, and episodic memory. Partial correlation and mediation analyses estimated age-related variance in cognition shared with individual brain markers and unique to each marker. The largest relationships linked FA and striatum volume to processing speed and executive function, and hippocampal volume to episodic memory. ...
Verbal fluency tests are a kind of psychological test in which participants have to produce as many words as possible from a category in a given time (usually 60 seconds). This category can be semantic, including objects such as animals or fruits, or phonemic, including words beginning with a specified letter, such as p, for example. The semantic fluency test is sometimes described as the category fluency test or simply as "freelisting". The COWAT (Controlled oral word association test) is the most employed phonetic variant. Although the most common performance measure is the total number of words, other analyses such as number of repetitions, number and length of clusters of words from the same semantic or phonetic subcategory, or number of switches to other categories can be carried out. Performance in verbal fluency tests show a number of consistent characteristics in both children and adults: There is an hyperbolic decline in the rate of production of new items over the duration of the task. ...
presented in person). * Richard Futrell. 2017. Memory and Locality in Natural Language. Brown University LingLangLunch, 9/27/2017.. * Richard Futrell and Timothy J. ODonnell. 2017. A generative model of phonotactics. MIT Workshop on Simplicity in Grammar Learning, 9/23/2017. [video]. * Richard Futrell. 2017. Memory and Locality in Natural Language. University of Arizona Linguistics Colloquium, 9/15/2017.. * Richard Futrell. 2017. Information locality in natural language. Lightning talk at the Workshop on Executive Functions and Language Processing, MIT, 5/25/2017. [video]. Cory Shain, Marten van Schijndel, Richard Futrell, Edward Gibson, and William Schuler. Retrieving structures from memory causes difficulty during incremental processing. Talk at CUNY 2017, 4/1/2017. [video]. * Richard Futrell and Roger Levy. 2017. Noisy-context surprisal as a human sentence processing cost model. Talk at CUNY 2017, 3/30/2017. [video]. * Richard Futrell. 2017. Comment on Semantic Typology and Efficient ...
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder with subtle impact on cognition. Inhibitory processes and cognitive flexibility were examined in FRDA by assessing the ability to suppress a predictable verbal response. We administered the Hayling Sentence Completion Test (HSCT), the Trail Making Test, and the Stroop Test to 43 individuals with FRDA and 42 gender- and age-matched control participants. There were no significant group differences in performance on the Stroop or Trail Making Test whereas significant impairment in cognitive flexibility including the ability to predict and inhibit a pre-potent response as measured in the HSCT was evident in individuals with FRDA. These deficits did not correlate with clinical characteristics of FRDA (age of disease onset, disease duration, number of guanine-adenine-adenine repeats on the shorter or larger FXN allele, or Friedreich Ataxia Rating Scale score), suggesting that such impairment may not be related to the disease ...
OBJECTIVE: Phenylketonuria (PKU) is an inherited metabolic disease which affects cognitive functions due to an inability to metabolize phenylalanine which leads to the accumulation of toxic by-products (Phe) in the brain. PKU can be effectively treated with a low phenylalanine diet, but some cognitive deficits remain. Studies have reported impairments, especially for processing speed and executive functions, but there is a lack of comprehensive assessment across cognitive domains. Moreover, it is important to establish outcomes in early treated adults with PKU (AwPKU) who have better metabolic control than groups previously reported in the literature.. METHOD: We tested 37 AwPKU with an unprecedented number of tasks (N = 28) and measures (N = 44) and compared results with 30 controls matched for age and education.. RESULTS: We found (a) group impairments, particularly in tasks tapping speed of processing and complex executive functions; (b) high variability across participants, with a ...
en] The phonological loop and central executive components of working memory were examined in patients with Alzheimers disease (AD patients) and elderly controls. Patients with Alzheimers disease showed reduced verbal spans, with smaller phonological similarity and word length effects. They also showed a decreased performance in tasks examining processing speed and articulation rate. However, phonological analysis was normal. With regard to the central executive, AD patients showed deficits in an alphabetical span task in which subjects were asked to recall a random series of words in their alphabetical order, while they performed normally on a dual task in which they had to perform simultaneously a digit repetition and a visuomotor task. These results suggests that Alzheimers disease may affect several components of working memory but all aspects of the central executive mechanism are not necessarily affected ...
Psychometrics in neuropsychological assessment -- Norms selection in neuropsychological assessment -- History taking -- Test selection, test administration, and preparation of the patient -- Report writing and feedback sessions -- General cognitive functioning, neuropsychological batteries, and assessment of premorbid intelligence -- Achievement tests -- Executive functions -- Attention -- Memory -- Language tests -- Tests of visual perception -- Tests of somatosensory function, olfactory function, and body orientation -- Tests of motor function -- Assessment of mood, personality, and adaptive functions -- Assessment of response bias and suboptimal performance ...
Conclusions: Relationships between depression, OGM and EF in an older adult population were found. There is partial support for the EF hypothesis of OGM in older adults, as shifting ability was found to account for the relationship between depression and OGM. Findings indicate that inhibition may be a key element in explaining this relationship, although further research is needed to clarify this using larger sample sizes. Further research should aim to address certain methodological limitations of this study, such as larger sample sizes and using multiple neuropsychological tests per executive functioning ability. ...
Regular member Institutions: School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, McGill University Research interests: acquired language disorders, semantic cognition, syntax, morphology, connected speech, executive functions Dr. Auclair-Ouellets research focuses on the interaction between language, other domains of cognition, and the global clinical profile in acquired language disorders of vascular and neurodegenerative origin. The goal of this research is to identify language markers that are reliable, distinctive, and predictive of decline or recovery, depending on the population, and to develop treatments and interventions that are better adapted to communication impairments in different acquired language disorders. Dr. Auclair-Ouellets current work focuses on semantic cognition, executive functions and on the domains of language that involve structure and relationships between words: morphology, syntax, and connected speech. She uses a combination of methods and approaches including ...
The new study involved 80 HIV-positive people in the Successful Aging Seniors With HIV (SASH) study, all between 50 and 70 years old. SASH members undergo a battery of neurocognitive tests encompassing seven domains. Study participants self-reported physical activity on an examiner-administrated International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), which queries people on frequency and duration of walking, moderate physical activity, and vigorous physical activity over the past 7 days. IPAQ yields a continuous score based on minutes/week x intensity for each activity level ...
2017 - Apraxia-KIDS - the Internets largest, most comprehensive and trusted website for information on childhood apraxia of speech (verbal dyspraxia, developmental apraxia of speech) and childrens speech and language topics - including evaluation, speech therapy, research and other childhood communication topics. Invaluable for parents, speech language pathologists, teachers and all those who care about a child with apraxia.. This web site is a program of the Childhood Apraxia of Speech Association, the national organization representing the needs and interests of children affected by apraxia of speech ...
1181 Seymour Street, Vancouver. Following up on the informative and engaging talk from Dr. Dan Siegel about how we can use mindsight to prevent our children from "flipping their lid", the Speakers Series is excited to welcome Dr. Adele Diamond to continue the conversation. Nourishing the Body, Spirit and Mind will explore the practical ways we can help develop executive functions to produce children, and eventually adults, who are well-adjusted, confident and strong. This event is designed for all those who live and work with children.. Dr. Diamonds presentation will be followed by her dialogue with Maria LeRose, award-winning television producer who has moderated panels featuring the Dalai Lama, Mikhail Gorbachev, Sir Ken Robinson and other luminaries.. Adele Diamond, Ph.D., is the Canada Research Chair Professor of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia.. Prof. Diamond studies how executive functions can be modified by the ...
1181 Seymour Street, Vancouver. Following up on the informative and engaging talk from Dr. Dan Siegel about how we can use mindsight to prevent our children from "flipping their lid", the Speakers Series is excited to welcome Dr. Adele Diamond to continue the conversation. Nourishing the Body, Spirit and Mind will explore the practical ways we can help develop executive functions to produce children, and eventually adults, who are well-adjusted, confident and strong. This event is designed for all those who live and work with children.. Dr. Diamonds presentation will be followed by her dialogue with Maria LeRose, award-winning television producer who has moderated panels featuring the Dalai Lama, Mikhail Gorbachev, Sir Ken Robinson and other luminaries.. Adele Diamond, Ph.D., is the Canada Research Chair Professor of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia.. Prof. Diamond studies how executive functions can be modified by the ...
Oklahoma Health Care Authority ECHO® Child Behavioral Health Survey for SoonerCare Choice Executive Summary and Technical Specifications Report for Contract: State Fiscal Year 2010 Data Reviewed: December 1, 2008 - November 30, 2009 Submitted: June 2010 Submitted by: APS Healthcare 4545 North Lincoln Boulevard Suite 24 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105 (405) 556-9700 ECHO® Child SoonerCare Choice Survey Fiscal Year 2010 June 2010 Page 2 ECHO® Child Behavioral Health Survey for SoonerCare Choice Executive Summary The Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) is the states single agency responsible for administering Medicaid. The managed care component of this program is known as SoonerCare Choice, which operated under a partially capitated case management system during the first half of state fiscal year (SFY) 2009. A patient-centered medical home model was implemented January 1, 2009. In order to evaluate service satisfaction, the OHCA contracted with APS Healthcare (APS) to survey children enrolled ...
Oklahoma Health Care Authority ECHO® Adult Behavioral Health Survey For SoonerCare Choice Executive Summary and Technical Specifications Report for Fiscal Year 2009 Report Submitted June 2009 Submitted by: APS Healthcare 4545 North Lincoln Boulevard Suite 24 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105 (405) 556-9700 ECHO® Adult Survey Fiscal Year 2009 June 2009 Page 2 ECHO® Adult Behavioral Health Survey for SoonerCare Choice Executive Summary The Oklahoma Health Care Authority (OHCA) is the states single agency responsible for administering Medicaid. The managed care component of this program is known as SoonerCare Choice, which operated under a partially capitated case management system during the first half of state fiscal year (SFY) 2009. A patient-centered medical home model was implemented January 1, 2009. In order to evaluate service satisfaction, the OHCA contracted with APS Healthcare to survey the members enrolled in SoonerCare Choice who accessed outpatient behavioral health services between ...
Executive Chiropractic of Iowa is the West Des Moines back pain practice ready to relieve pain due to lumbar spinal stenosis. New studies point to financial and clinical benefits of conservative care which Executive Chiropractic of Iowa specializes.
Exercise has been proposed for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the proper intensity of exercise in the early phase following a severe TBI is largely unknown. To compare two different treadmill exercise intensities on the cognitive function following a severe TBI in its early phase, rats experienced a controlled cortical impact (CCI) and were forced to treadmill exercise for 14 days. The results revealed that the rats in the low intensity exercise group had a shorter latency to locate a platform and a significantly better improvement in spatial memory in the Morris water maze (MWM) compared to the control group (p < 0.05). The high intensity exercise group showed a longer latency and a mild improvement in spatial memory compared to the control group rats in the MWM; however, this difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and p-CREB protein levels in the contralateral hippocampus were increased significantly in the
Exercise has been proposed for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the proper intensity of exercise in the early phase following a severe TBI is largely unknown. To compare two different treadmill exercise intensities on the cognitive function following a severe TBI in its early phase, rats experienced a controlled cortical impact (CCI) and were forced to treadmill exercise for 14 days. The results revealed that the rats in the low intensity exercise group had a shorter latency to locate a platform and a significantly better improvement in spatial memory in the Morris water maze (MWM) compared to the control group (p < 0.05). The high intensity exercise group showed a longer latency and a mild improvement in spatial memory compared to the control group rats in the MWM; however, this difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and p-CREB protein levels in the contralateral hippocampus were increased significantly in the
Executive Summary Energy Policy in Arizona: A Plan for Sustainable Development Presented to the Joint Legislative Task Force on Energy Policy and Planning of the Arizona Legislature By the Advisory Committee on Energy Policy and Planning William J. Murphy Committee Chair 1990 Richard Bingmann (1 989) Dr. Daniel Brennan Douglas M. Brooks Dr. Rocco Fazzolari (1 990) Mark Ginsberg Lina Gormley Dr. Clyde N. Holland Daniel Hunter (Chair - 1989) Renz Jennings Wally Kolberg Barbara Norton Bob Preston J. R. Ramirez Ron Rayner George Ross Arnie Schwalb Dr. Robert Seale Martin Shultz Dr. Byard Wood Guy Yates (1 989) Executive Summary Including Participation by: Larry Auge Dennis Beals Jerome P. Dion Dick Forman Jane Gray Biff Hoffman Tamara Huddleston Jane Hyler Roland James David L. Kezell Mary Martin Vince Marziani Jay Taylor Ray Williamson Robert L. Young Staff Support provided by the Arizona Energy Office of the Department of Commerce Jerome P. Dion, M.U.P. Project Director Michael Walters, M.P.A. ...
Salary ranges, benefits, bonuses, stats, job descriptions and open positions for Chief Executive Officer - Physician Practice in Tennessee. Including Chief Executive Officer - Physician Practice salaries in Chattanooga, Clarksville, Franklin, Germantown, Hendersonville, Jackson, Johnson City, Kingsport, Knoxville, Memphis, Murfreesboro, Nashville
On January 27, 2017, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order titled "Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States." The Executive Order (the "EO") includes, among other items, a 90-day restriction on travel to the United States by foreign nationals from seven countries: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. The EO led to the detention-and, in many cases, refusal-of individuals carrying passports from the seven designated countries. Confusion as to the scope of individuals included within the travel restriction (for example, whether "green card" holders or dual passport holders are included), as well as the potential for new countries to be added to the list, created significant concerns in the business community. Although many of the initial questions have been answered by Trump administration representatives about the EO, controversy about its legality continues and is the subject of multiple court actions. To assist employers in providing ...
Poughkeepsie... Dutchess County Executive William R. Steinhaus is pleased to announce his selection of Dana Smith as Dutchess County Emergency Response Coordinator. County Executive Steinhaus said, "The coordination of emergency services is one of the most critical priorities of county government. Dana Smith is a proven leader in emergency services, operating in critical roles in the development of our Medical Reserve Corps into a national model, storm emergency operations, and dealing with the critical issues of emergency medical services in our community." Mr. Smith has been in public service with Dutchess County Department of Emergency Response since 2006. Prior to county government, he worked for Mobile Life Support Services in Newburgh as Director of Field Operations where he planned, directed and coordinated all activities, including personnel management and budget development, of a nationally accredited Emergency Medical Service (EMS) agency for a three county area. Mr. Smith is a ...
In this months interview, we talk to James M. Hussey, Chief Executive Officer and member of the Board of Directors of NanoInk, Inc. Mr. Hussey brings 25 years of experience in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry as executive, founder, investor and consultant to senior management and boards of directors. Prior to joining NanoInk, Mr. Hussey was with Ovation Pharmaceuticals, where he was a member of the senior operating committee, serving as Head of Alliances and Vice President of Corporate Development. He was President and CEO of NeoPharm, Inc., as well as a member of the Board of Directors and an investor/shareholder. In 1994, he founded Physicians Quality Care, a health care services IPA Management Company, which was sold to a public company in 1998. Prior to founding Physicians Quality Care, he was with Bristol Myers Squibb in Princeton, New Jersey, serving as General Manager as well as other positions in marketing, new business development and sales. Mr. Hussey holds a B.S. in ...
Mr. Rittenmeyer has served as the chairman, president and chief executive officer of Expert Global Solutions, Inc., a provider of business process outsourcing services, since March 2011. From 2005 to 2008, Mr. Rittenmeyer held a number of senior management positions with Electronic Data Systems Corporation (EDS), including chairman and chief executive officer from 2007 to 2008, president from 2006 to 2008, chief operating officer from 2005 to 2007 and executive vice president, global service delivery from 2005 to 2006. Prior to that, he was a managing director of the Cypress Group, a private equity firm, serving from 2004 to 2005. He served as chairman, chief executive officer and president of Safety-Kleen Corp. from 2001 to 2004. Among his other leadership roles, Mr. Rittenmeyer served as chief executive officer and president of AmeriServe Food Distribution Inc. from 2000 to 2001, chairman, chief executive officer and president of RailTex, Inc. from 1998 to 2000, president and chief operating ...
Mr. Rittenmeyer has served as the chairman, president and chief executive officer of Expert Global Solutions, Inc., a provider of business process outsourcing services, since March 2011. From 2005 to 2008, Mr. Rittenmeyer held a number of senior management positions with Electronic Data Systems Corporation (EDS), including chairman and chief executive officer from 2007 to 2008, president from 2006 to 2008, chief operating officer from 2005 to 2007 and executive vice president, global service delivery from 2005 to 2006. Prior to that, he was a managing director of the Cypress Group, a private equity firm, serving from 2004 to 2005. He served as chairman, chief executive officer and president of Safety-Kleen Corp. from 2001 to 2004. Among his other leadership roles, Mr. Rittenmeyer served as chief executive officer and president of AmeriServe Food Distribution Inc. from 2000 to 2001, chairman, chief executive officer and president of RailTex, Inc. from 1998 to 2000, president and chief operating ...
The present study examined the influence of cultural factors in the assessment of African Americans (N = 45) who had suffered a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Following the administration of a neuropsychological test battery and functional outcome measures, participants completed a self-report measure of African American acculturation (African American Acculturation Scale-Short Form; Landrine & Klonoff, 1995). In the first study, hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the possible relationship between acculturation and neuropsychological test performance. After controlling for various injury-related (TBI severity, time since injury) and demographic factors (age, sex, and education/occupation), lower levels of acculturation were associated with poorer overall neuropsychological test performance (Overall Test Battery Mean; Rohling, Langhinrichsen-Rohling, & Miller, in press) and lower scores on three of the administered tests (Grooved Pegs, WAIS-R Block Design, and Wisconsin Card
The neuropsychological battery of the Uniform Data Set (UDSNB) was implemented in 2005 by the National Institute on Aging (NIA) Alzheimer Disease Centers program to measure cognitive performance in dementia and mild cognitive impairment due to Alzheimer Disease. This paper describes a revision, the UDSNB 3.0. Methods: The Neuropsychology Work Group of the NIA Clinical Task Force recommended revisions through a process of due diligence to address shortcomings of the original battery. The UDSNB 3.0 covers episodic memory, processing speed, executive function, language, and constructional ability. Data from 3602 cognitively normal participants in the National Alzheimer Coordinating Center database were analyzed. Results: Descriptive statistics are presented. Multivariable linear regression analyses demonstrated score differences by age, sex, and education and were also used to create a normative calculator available online. Discussion: The UDSNB 3.0 neuropsychological battery provides a valuable ...
The neurocognitive disorders associated with HIV (HAND) remain among the most common clinical disorders encountered in people infected with HIV, even in an era in which potent antiretroviral therapy is widely deployed. HAND is currently considered to encompass a hierarchy of progressively more severe patterns of central nervous system (CNS) involvement ranging from asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment (ANI), to minor neurocognitive disorder (MND), to the more severe HIV-associated dementia (HAD) [1]. With the improved survival of individuals treated with antiretrovirals, comorbid conditions have become increasingly salient, including particularly coinfection with hepatitis C and the effects of aging. Treatment guidelines for preferred initial antiretroviral regimens and for second or salvage regimens are essentially silent on the approach to HAND. For example, HIV-nephropathy is one indication for initiation of HAART, yet inexplicably HAND is not, unless it is severe enough to manifest as ...