Bagheri MH, Hosseini SK, Mostafavi SH, Alavi SA. Highresolution CT in chronic pulmonary changes after mustard gas exposure. Acta Radiol 2003; 44:241-5. Willems, J. L. Clinical management of mustard gas csualties. Ann Med Mil Belg 1989; 3:1-61. Cox BM. Torald Sollmanns studies of mustard gas. Mol Interv 2007; 7:124-8. Kehe, K. and Szinicz, L. Medical aspects of sulphur mustard poisoning. Toxicol 2005; 214, 198-209. Shulman LN. The biology of alkylating-agent cellular injury. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am 1993; 72:325-35. Afshinniaz F, Ghanei M. Relationship of the chronic respiratory symptoms with spirometric and laboratory parameters. Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran, 1996. Dissertation. Steinritz D, Emmler J, Hintz M, Worek F, Kreppel H, Szinicz L, Kehe K. Apoptosis in sulfur mustard treated A549 cell cultures. Life Sci 2007; 80:2199-201. Emad A, Rezaian GR. The diversity of the effects of sulfur mustard gas inhalation on respiratory system 10 years after a single, heavy ...
The VA generally authorizes service-connection and compensation to veterans who were exposed to significant levels of mustard gas or Lewisite, a blister-producing chemical, and suffer from health problems, including chronic conjunctivitis, keratitis, laryngeal and lung cancer, emphysema, asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. Mustard gas has been uses as a chemical weapon during combat in World War I, World War II, and the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s. It is an organic compound related to sulfur mustard and nitrogen mustard. Lewisite is an arsenic-containing agent, and like mustard gas, appears a yellow brown color. Both gases smell like mustard, garlic, or horseradish; however, at room temperature, they are thick and odorless.. If you served in the military and have suffered due to the exposure of mustard gas, contact Jan Dils, Attorneys at Law today at 877-838-3726.. There were at least three secret chemical experiments conducted by the military in the mid to late 1900s. Between 1942 ...
The bacterial endotoxin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), is a well-characterized inflammatory factor found in the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria. In this investigation, we studied the cytotoxic interaction between 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES or ClCH2CH2SCH2CH3) and LPS using murine RAW264.7 macrophages. CEES is a sulfur vesicating agent and is an analog of 2,2-dichlorodiethyl sulfide (sulfur mustard). LPS is a ubiquitous natural agent found in the environment. The ability of LPS and other inflammatory agents (such as TNF-alpha and IL-1beta) to modulate the toxicity of CEES is likely to be an important factor in the design of effective treatments. RAW 264.7 macrophages stimulated with LPS were found to be more susceptible to the cytotoxic effect of CEES than unstimulated macrophages. Very low levels of LPS (20 ng/ml) dramatically enhanced the toxicity of CEES at concentrations greater than 400 μM. The cytotoxic interaction between LPS and CEES reached a maximum 12 hours after exposure. In addition
Sulfur mustard (SM) is an alkalizing chemical which has been used mostly as a weapon all over the world. Sulfur mustard can cause damages to many organs, especially the skin, respiratory system and the eyes. Generally, many complications of mustard gas result from its alkalizing potency and reaction with cellular components like DNA, RNA, proteins and lipid membranes. The damages caused by SM will lead to many complications which persist during the lifespan of exposed subjects. Pro-inflammatory cytokines including especially TNF-α and IL-1β can cause systemic inflammatory reactions and vast changes like altered cell signaling, migration, cytokine production changes and fever. This study was designed to analyze cytokine levels in mustard-gas-exposed peoples serum in the war between Iraq and Iran, who had the chronic dry-eye symptoms compared to the normal group, 30 years after exposure. In this study, 25 veterans who were exposed to mustard gas were compared to 25 healthy people as control group. The
Many countries around the world have produced chemical weapons and some may still be doing so. Because mustard gas is easier to produce than the more potent nerve agents, a country intent on chemical arms could be expected to start with mustard gas. The manufacturing processes are tried, proven, and relatively simple. In World War I, Germany adapted its dye industry to make mustard gas without the use of special equipment. A country could manufacture mustard gas using controlled chemicals that are widely available. These precursors even could be purchased from other CWC parties and diverted to the production of mustard gas. If distilled, mustard gas can be stockpiled either as bulk agent or in munitions for decades.. There are, however, drawbacks. It has been estimated that approximately 10 to 20 agent tons are required per square kilometer to create 50 percent casualties among defended troops in European weather conditions. It is not easy to deliver agent in such a quantity. Casualties normally ...
Sulfur mustard, also known as mustard gas or mustard agent, is a chemical warfare agent and was used as such in World Wars I and II. It was reportedly used in the Iran-Iraq war in 1980-1988. It is not presently used in the United States, except for research purposes and the U.S. Department of Defense must destroy all remaining stocks of sulfur mustard. Sulfur mustard sometimes smells like garlic, onions, or mustard and sometimes has no odor. It can be a vapor (the gaseous form of a liquid), an oily-textured liquid, or a solid. Sulfur mustard can be clear to yellow or brown when it is in liquid or solid. ...
In this story, Dr. Marilyn Radke tells how she gave critical information to a veteran with a serious skin condition from exposure to sulfur mustard while swimming in Italy during World War II. A German attack sank ships carrying mustard gas bombs which exploded and dumped sulfur mustard into the water. After years of seeking relief for his condition, a poison control center referred him to CDC. Dr. Radke gave him information about sulfur mustard and recommended specialists for treatment, resulting in his improved health and appreciation.
Natural News) One hundred years ago, America fought in World War I, and statistics afterward horrified the world, revealing 17 million people dead or missing in action. Industrial chemists played a major role in developing poisonous and deadly biological weapons of mass destruction when they created mustard gas that was used in the trenches to wipe out soldiers en masse. It turns out that mustard gas can be absorbed through the skin, so the gas masks our soldiers wore were useless. It can take up to two months to die from mustard gas poisoning and its a terrible way to go. The same chemist who invented mustard gas, Fritz Haber, also created an industrial-scale production of ammonia-based fertilizer. World War I was known as the chemists war, but it was just the beginning of a bigger chemical war on mankind, which would soon include poisoning food and medicine. Who knew?. Around the time of WWII, researchers discovered that mustard gas from WWI severely lowered the number of immune cells in the ...
This Tier 1 Discovery award is focused on identifying a novel immune mechanism of Sulfur mustard mustard gas bis2-chloroethyl sulfide SM pathophysiological effects that could contribute to Gulf War Illness GWI mediated through mast cells. Mast cells are well known to contribute to allergic inflammatory diseases, but also have wide ranging effects on many physiological systems that are affected in GWI including pulmonary, dermal, gastrointestinal and nervous systems when activated e.g. degranulation. Importantly, a role for mast cells has been suggested in the mechanism of vesicating chemical agents-induced inflammatory response, changes in immune parameters and tissue damage.
Mustard Gas: Severe irritant and vesicant of skin, eyes, and lungs. It may cause blindness and lethal lung edema and was formerly used as a war gas. The substance has been proposed as a cytostatic and for treatment of psoriasis. It has been listed as a known carcinogen in the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP-85-002, 1985) (Merck, 11th ed).
Read chapter 8 Ocular Effects of Mustard Agents and Lewisite: Recently, World War II veterans have come forward to claim compensation for health effects t...
Central to the movie is a German superweapon, a new chemical weapon that its developers believe will allow Germany to triumph. This Wunderwaffe is seen as an ominous orange gas destroying gas masks and breaking glass, killing all it touches. And just what is this Wunderwaffe called?. Hydrogen-based mustard gas.. This is utter nonsense. Mustard gas isnt a gas; it is a liquid. It is deployed as a fine mist of clear droplets, not a thick billowing colored cloud. Further, mustard gas is composed of sulfur, chloride and, in a couple of formulae, oxygen. Hydrogen-based mustard gas would yield, among other things, hydrogen sulfide (which was actually used by the British as a chemical weapon and later discarded) or hydrochloric acid. The only reason hydrogen comes up would be to justify the final major explosion, which is ridiculous. Having hydrogen atoms does not automatically make something explosive: water, among other things, will not ignite.. This is the third lesson: if you must use ...
The chemical weapons destruction plant in Gorny has destroyed 248.9 tonnes of mustard gas since its opening. According to the information and analytical cen...
Before destruction began last month, the depot for years was in the safe storage business. Workers set up igloos underground in which to stack the mortars and their deadly cargo. You can see the igloos in satellite photos lined up in neat row after row in the brown high plains fields of the grounds.. Weather conditions were excellent for PCD personnel to load and transfer the first installment of stockpile items to the EDS for destruction, said Depot Commander Col. Michael S. Quinn in a March 18 release. Our personnel in support of todays event performed methodically and safely to make today a success. This is a proud day for everyone here at the Pueblo Chemical Depot. The event was reportedly delayed a day due to high winds.. The work of destroying all of the mustard gas will take roughly three years and then the the plant will be dismantled and restored by 2020. The Depot grounds will then be transferred to the community, which presumably means it will revert to the county. According ...
Lincolnshire Police have released three people on bail following the discovery of a stockpile of mustard gas canisters near Woodhall Spa. A man and woman f
esmaeelzadeh, F (2004) Mustard Gas Keratitis. اولین کنگره سراسری دستاوردهای بهداشت و درمان نزاجا 1382. ...
Acute and chronic respiratory effects of sulfur mustard intoxication in guinea pig.: Sulfur mustard (SM) has been used as a vesicant chemical warfare agent. To
Vesicants definition, definition of vesicants, Anagrams of vesicants, words that start with Vesicants, and words that can be created from vesicants
Chemical ionization reaction time-of-flight mass spectrometry (CIR-TOF-MS) has been used for the analysis of prepared mixtures of chemical weapon agents (CWAs) sarin and sulfur mustard. Detection of the CWA simulants 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, triethyl phosphate, and dimethyl methyl phosphonate has also been investigated. Chemical ionization of all the agents and simulants was shown to be possible using the CIR-TOF-MS technique with a variety of reagent ions, and the sensitivity was optimized by variation of instrument parameters. The ionization process was found to be largely unaffected by sample humidity levels, demonstrating the potential suitability of the method to a range of environmental conditions, including the analysis of CWAs in air and in the breath of exposed individuals ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Serum testosterone level and semen indices in sulfur mustard exposed men. T2 - Comment on sperm chromatin structure assay analysis of iranian mustard gas casualties: A long-term outlook. AU - Ghabili, Kamyar. AU - Mohajel Shoja, Mohammadali. AU - Golzari, Samad E J. AU - Ansarin, Khalil. PY - 2012/9/1. Y1 - 2012/9/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84867222501&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84867222501&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1159/000343522. DO - 10.1159/000343522. M3 - Letter. AN - SCOPUS:84867222501. VL - 6. JO - Current Urology. JF - Current Urology. SN - 1661-7649. IS - 2. ER - ...
In the present study, tenorite (CuO) nanoparticles have been assayed for their catalytic properties. The decontamination reaction of chloro ethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES) as an surrogate of sulfur mustard simulant have been accomplished on the surface of CuO NPs with different weight ratios at ambient temperature and monitored by Gas chromatography equipped with Flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and Gas chromatography coupled with a mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). CuO NPs were successfully synthesized via precipitation method in the absence and presence of polyvinylpyrrolydone (PVP) and copper (ΙΙ) nitrate as the precursors. PVP was used as a capping agent to control and reduce the agglomeration of the nanoparticles. The synthesized CuO NPs were characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The GC analysis results has revealed that the decontamination of CEES occurred in n-hexane solvent with the weight ratio of 1:40 (CEES:
Sulfur mustard (SM), an alkylating chemical warfare agent, leads to tissue damage, including inflammation, blister formation, and impaired wound healing. Especially wound healing is of concern because after SM exposure, wound healing is prolonged. In this study, we focused on the effect of SM (30 and 100μM) on endothelial tube formation, apoptosis, and proliferation in mouse embryoid bodies (EBs), which provide an appropriate model for investigating vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. EBs were exposed to SM for 30 min on day 0, 3, or 6 of EBs growth, were allowed to grow until day 7, then fixed, and immunostained (PECAM-1, Ki67, and activated caspase-3). SM significantly decreased endothelial tube formation compared with unexposed EBs. Additionally, we observed a significant increase of apoptosis. As the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is discussed to be involved in the pathophysiology of SM toxicity, we evaluated the effect of ROS scavengers (α-linolenic acid [ALA] and N-acetyl ...
Sulfur mustard/vesicant research library - A curated list of all known references for mustard gas and related blistering agents. This site is maintained for the UMDNJ/Rutgers University CounterACT Research Center of Excellence ...
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesicant chemical warfare and terrorism agent. Besides skin and eye injury, respiratory damage has been mainly responsible for morbidity and mortality after SM exposure. Previously, it was shown that suppressing the death receptor (DR) response by the dominant-negative Fas-associated death domain protein prior to SM exposure blocked apoptosis and microvesication in skin. Here, we studied whether antagonizing the Fas receptor (FasR) pathway by small-interfering RNA (siRNA) applied after SM exposure would prevent apoptosis and, thus, airway injury. Normal human bronchial/tracheal epithelial (NHBE) cells were used as an in vitro model with FasR siRNA, FasR agonistic antibody CH11, and FasR antagonistic antibody ZB4 as investigative tools. In NHBE cells, both SM (300 µM) and CH11 (100 ng/ml) induced caspase-3 activation, which was inhibited by FasR siRNA and ZB4, indicating that SM-induced apoptosis was via the Fas response. FasR siRNA inhibited SM-induced caspase-3 ...
1942-1945: U.S. Navy initiated poisonous Mustard Gas and Lewisite (derivative of arsenic) experiments to test protective clothing and anti-blister ointments at the Naval Research Laboratory and at the Armys Edgewood Arsenal. According to declassified records and reports, mustard gas experiments were conducted . . . Continue reading →. ...
Islamic State is alleged to have developed and used warfare poisonous agents in the areas under their control. Russias Foreign Ministry says ISIS now has
On the night of 12 July 1917, troops of the 45th Infantry Brigade, 15th (Scottish) Division in the Ypres sector, were subjected to an intense bombardment of gas shells containing a substance not previously encountered.. As the first casualties arrived at the nearby Casualty Clearing Stations, medical officers reported the main symptoms as being severe swelling of the eyelids, reddening and blistering of the skin, sore throats and chests and vomiting of a noxious yellow fluid.. Over the next 24 hours, as ever greater numbers arrived with similar symptoms, more serious throat and chest infections began to develop and many men found themselves unable to open their eyes. The first fatalities were recorded. Within a few days of the attack, the substance had been identified as dichlorodiethyl sulphide. It was an oily liquid with a distinctive mustardy smell, which was released when a shell was detonated.. The liquid attacked the skin, even through clothing, and the gas vapour given off damaged the ...
Their discovery was made through working on mustard gas - which was known to cause cancer. In 1960, Professors Lawley and Brookes published a paper which showed that mustard gas reacted with both pure DNA and with the DNA of mice when injected into tumours.. In 1964, Professors Lawley and Brookes published their second classic paper. This used radiolabelled poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are among the chemicals that give cigarettes their cancer-causing properties. They found a direct correlation between a PAHs ability to induce tumours when applied to mouse skin, and the degree to which it bound to DNA. There was no correlation with the degree to which the PAH bound to proteins. It was this finding that showed that cancer was caused by chemicals damaging DNA rather than proteins.. ...
It acts on all the tissues with which it comes in contact-eyes, respiratory tract, and skin. It is a heavy, oily liquid, volatilizing slowly. It dissolves in the ordinary fat solvents, fats, and lipoids, but only to a very small extent in water. It penetrates the cells with considerable rapidity and by virtue of its lipoid solubility, tends to collect in the fat droplets and lipoids of the cell. In the watery phase of the cell it hydrolyzes to produce hydrochloric acid. The passage from oil solution to water solution, and finally to hydrochloric acid, is slow and may continue for several days in the cells of a tissue exposed to mustard gas. This leads to a slowly developing injury to skin, eye, and respiratory tract, which increases in intensity, at times, for a period of two to three days and is then followed by the removal of the necrotic tissue and the very slow process of repair. There is very little evidence that mustard gas owes its tremendous toxicity to anything more than its ability to ...
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Like chlorine gas, mustard gas (or sulphur mustard) is a chemical weapon that originated with WWI trench warfare. The substance is a cytotoxic and vesicant chemical agent, so it causes blistering of both the skin and lungs of its victims. The chemical is also mutagenic and carcinogenic, meaning it can cause genetic mutations as well as cancer. Victims rarely suffer immediate symptoms, so many are unknowingly exposed to high dosages and may feel completely normal at first. And the substance easily penetrates common clothing fabrics such as wool and cotton, so its hard to protect the skin.. Once exposed, victims smell an odour similar to mustard plants, garlic or horseradish. Soon, they begin to feel intense itching and skin irritation over the next 24 hours. Gradually, those irritated areas become a chemical burn and victims develop blisters filled with a yellow fluid (heres the least graphic photo I could find). These burns can range anywhere from first-degree burns to deadly third-degree ...
Definition of vesication in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of vesication. What does vesication mean? Information and translations of vesication in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Purpose : The sight threatening sulfur mustard (SM) induced ocular injury presents specific symptoms for each clinical stage. The acute injury develops in all of the exposed eyes and is characterized by erosions and severe inflammation. The irreversible chronic pathology develops only in part of the eyes, and is clinically expressed by chronic inflammation and neovascularization (NV). The mechanisms underlying this injury are still in research and treatment is insufficient. Aiming to shed light on pathological mechanisms and improve the therapeutic strategies, we studied the expression pattern of various cytokines and chemokines at different clinical stages of the ocular injury. Methods : Rabbit eyes were exposed to SM vapor and a clinical follow-up was carried out up to 4 weeks. Corneal and limbal tissues were collected at 48h, 1w and 4w post exposure and IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, TNFα, macrophage chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 and IL-8 levels were measured by commercial ELISA kits. Results : Typical ...
A war gas. It is a vesicant, a lung irritant like mustard gas, a systemic poison entering the circulation through the lungs or skin, and a mitotic poison arresting mitosis in the metaphase;
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Amir A., Dachir S., Cohen L., Cohen M., Gutman H., Shalem Y., Kadar T.. 2004. The corneal epithelium in sulfur mustard ocular injury-In vitro and ex vivo studies. Proceedings of the U.S. Army Medical Defense Bioscience Review. 198:1-10. ...
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Synonyms for mustard in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for mustard. 4 synonyms for mustard: table mustard, mustard greens, Indian mustard, leaf mustard. What are synonyms for mustard?
1996. Vesicants (blister agents). Handbook on the Medical Aspects of NBC Defensive Operations, III: Chemical [AMedP-6(B) part III].. ...
Chemical, biological (CB) - and sometimes radiological - warfare agents were assigned what is termed a military symbol by the U.S. military until the American chemical and biological weapons programs were terminated (in 1990 and 1969, respectively). Military symbols applied to the CB agent fill, and not to the entire weapon. A chemical or biological weapon designation would be, for example, Aero-14/B, which could be filled with GB, VX, TGB, or with a biological modification kit - OU, NU, UL, etc. A CB weapon is an integrated device of (1) agent, (2) dissemination means, and (3) delivery system. Military symbols evolved out of the First World War from the British in part for secrecy, and to simplify reference to chemicals by something other than a chemical name. These symbols were sometimes applied as marking on weapons to indicate the agent contents. Military symbols constantly changed and had transitory definitions. For example, mustard gas was assigned the military symbol originally HS for ...
Chemical, biological (CB) - and sometimes radiological - warfare agents were assigned what is termed a military symbol by the U.S. military until the American chemical and biological weapons programs were terminated (in 1990 and 1969, respectively). Military symbols applied to the CB agent fill, and not to the entire weapon. A chemical or biological weapon designation would be, for example, Aero-14/B, which could be filled with GB, VX, TGB, or with a biological modification kit - OU, NU, UL, etc. A CB weapon is an integrated device of (1) agent, (2) dissemination means, and (3) delivery system. Military symbols evolved out of the First World War from the British in part for secrecy, and to simplify reference to chemicals by something other than a chemical name. These symbols were sometimes applied as marking on weapons to indicate the agent contents. Military symbols constantly changed and had transitory definitions. For example, mustard gas was assigned the military symbol originally HS for ...
Source: New York Times, July 11, 2003. A Better Mousetrap Is Built, Detecting Deadly Bacteria. By KENNETH CHANG. Taking a biological approach toward detecting biological weapons, scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have genetically engineered white blood cells from mice to light up when they come into contact with deadly bacteria or viruses.. Its extremely fast, much faster than the existing methods, said Dr. Todd H. Rider, a senior scientist at the M.I.T. Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, Mass., and lead author of a paper describing the new sensor technology in todays issue of the journal Science.. The researchers said they had already developed cells that can detect a dozen different pathogens, including smallpox, anthrax, plague and equine encephalitis. While fairly quick, accurate sensors exist for chemical weapons like mustard gas or sarin, reliable detectors of biological weapons have lagged. Accurate systems are slow, bulky and expensive, while the quick tests are ...
The pursuit of cancer cell death by cancer chemotherapy dates to the earliest observations in the 1940s that mustard gas could shrink lymph nodes and to the synthesis of derivatives such as nitrogen mustard that ultimately found application in the curative therapy of Hodgkins disease. Other than hormonal or immunologic approaches, the cancer therapies developed in the last four decades of the 20th century were considered cytotoxic therapy, and often, DNA was the chosen target. Simultaneously, study of the molecular biology of the cancer cell advanced, allowing molecularly targeted agents to be the drugs of promise for the 21st century.. This issue of CCR Focus explores cell death pathways and strategies aimed at exploiting those pathways as molecular targets. It is dedicated to the late Dr. Stanley Korsmeyer, whose seminal work has led us to understand that aberrations in these pathways are a critical derangement in cancer, is highlighted. With Drs. Edward Benz and David Nathan as guest ...
This page is about the Sulfur added by Gaspunk. For other uses, see Sulfur. Sulfur is a crafting material added by Gaspunk. It can be randomly found in nether fortress chests, and is used to brew Mustard Gas grenades. Gaspunks Sulfur is oredicted as dustSulfur.
To make mustard gas you actually need ethene (ethylene) and sulphur dichloride - I cant think of a good reason to have those in a dairy factory - unless they are making some very odd flavoured yogurt? The only chemicals you might have around that are nasty when combined would be Sodium Hypochlorite (bleach) and any acid, e.g: (2NaOCl + 4HCl => 4NaCl +2H2O + Cl2). (You can try this in your own dunny if you want to expire from Chlorine poisoning ...
That having been said, I am also concerned that to date we have found basically nothing to support the UNSCOM resports and the independant sources used to deifne the WMD assesment (incuding I might add, Iraqs own admissions of what thier capabilities are, or were, as the case may be) Hundreds of thousands of gallons of Botulism toxin, VX nerve agent, Anthrax, and other less leathal agents such as blister agents like mustard gas are unaccounted for since the toppling of Saddam. This worrys me and to that I certainly support the Presidents decision to nullify this threat ...
With war in Europe an immediate prospect in July 1914, the young First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, felt a tinge of guilt at his growing excitement and hideous fascination with the detailed preparation. He caught the mood of the moment. No one can measure the consequences, he recorded; we all drift on in a kind of dull cataleptic trance. As if it was somebody elses operation! More than three years into a conflict that many had wished for and others merely succumbed to in ignorance, costs both human and material were being counted by John Maynard Keynes, who agonised about working for a government he despised for ends I think criminal. The war had, indeed, fast become an increasingly disreputable enterprise which with every discarded corpse raised the stakes of peace. Blinded by the poisonous sting of mustard gas or deafened by the roar of big guns to the rear, the surviving serviceman had every reason to demand a better world. The top-hats and dress-coats who arrived in ...
Looking at the actor on the right, I surmised right away that he, like Rondo Hatton, was very probably a victim of acromegaly. The end credits listed the actor as Fred Lightner, and I promptly looked him up on the IMDb to see if he left behind any other outstanding credits. His IMDb page, which does not mention the FOLLOW THAT MAN episode, lists only four other screen credits, ranging from a 1935 Western to a supporting role in 1948s THE BABE RUTH STORY. Legend has it that Rondo Hatton was a handsome college football star until wartime exposure to mustard gas prompted his disfiguring disease, so I began wondering if this might also have been the fate of Fred Lightner, whose long absence from films coincides with the war years. I also became curious about whether he had looked conspicuously different in his earliest pictures ...
IMMEDIATELY report diseases, syndromes, poisonings and conditions of any kind suspected or caused by a biological, chemical, or radiological agent or toxin when there is reasonable suspicion that the disease, syndrome, poisoning or condition may be the result of a deliberate act such as terrorism. Examples of these include (but are not limited to) anthrax, mustard gas, sarin gas, ricin, tularemia and smallpox.. ...